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Kementerian Perdagangan Direktorat Perundingan Perdagangan Jasa

Rangkuman Indonesia-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (IJEPA) Sektor Jasa dan MNP
Di dalam Indonesia-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (IJEPA) terdapat persetujuanpersetujuan yang telah disepakati bersama antara pihak Indonesia dan pihak Jepang sejak diratifikasi pada tahun 2008. Persetujuan-persetujan tersebut disusun dalam 15 chapter dengan 154 article dan 12 annex. Adapaun rangkuman berikut berisi catatan ringkas tentang persetujuan perdagang jasa (Trade In Services (TIS)) dan persetujuan pergerakan orang perseorangan (Movement of Natural Person (MNP)) dalam kerangka IJEPA. A. Text Persetujuan Perdagangan Jasa (TIS) Pembahasan persetujuan perdagangan jasa (Trade In Services (TIS)) dalam IJEPA terdapat dalam Chapter 6. Chapter 6 ini berisikan 16 article yang terdiri atas article 76 sampai dengan article 91. Adapaun ke 16 article tersebut adalah : Article 76 Article 77 Article 78 Article 79 Article 80 Article 81 Article 82 Article 83 Article 84 Article 85 Article 86 Article 87 Article 88 Article 89 Article 90 Article 91 Scope Definition Market Access National Treatment Additional Commitment Schedule of Specific Commitments Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment Authorization, Licensing or Qualification Mutual Recognition Transparency Monopolies and Exclusive Service Suppliers Payment and Transfers Restrictions to Safeguard the Balance of Payments Emergency Safeguard Measures Denial of Benefits Sub-Committee on Trade in Services

B. Annex TIS Ada 3 annex yang terkait dengan persetujuan perdagangan jasa (TIS). Ketiga annex tersebut adalah annex 7 mengenai Fianacial Services, annex 8 mengenai Schedules of Specific Commitments in relation to Article 81, dan annex 9 mengenai Lists of Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment Examptions in realation to article 82. 1. Financial Services (Annex 7) Lampiran financial services ini berlaku untuk tindakan-tindakan yang mempengaruhi pemasokan jasa keuangan. Dalam annex 7 ini terdapat 4 section (bagian). Section 1 mengenai scope and definition, secton 2 mengenai domestic regulation, section 3 mengenai recognition, dan section 4 mengenai dispute settlement 2. Schedules of Specific Commitments (Annex 8)

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Kementerian Perdagangan Direktorat Perundingan Perdagangan Jasa

Annex 8 mengenai Schedules of Specific Commitments terkait dengan article 81 terdiri dari 2 bagian (part). Part 1 yakni SoC yang diberikan Jepang dan Part 2 yakni SoC yang diberikan Indonesia. Adapun sektor dan sub sektor jasa yang terdapat dalam Schedule of Specific Commitment Jepang adalah sebagai berikut : 1. Business services A. Professional services (CPC 861, 861**, 86119, 8612, 8613, 8619, 862, 863, 86712, 86713, 86714, 86722, 86723, 86724, 8671, 8672, 86742, 86725, 86727, 8673, 8674, 86721, 86727, 86729, 86741, 86761, 86751, 86752, 9312, 932, 93191**, 93191**) B. Computer and related services (Excluding computer reservation system services for air transport)(CPC 841, 842, 843, 844, 845, 849) C. Research and development services (CPC 851, 852, 853) D. Real estate services (CPC 821**, 822**) E. Rental and leasing services without operators (CPC 83103, 83104, 83101, 83102, 83105, 83106-83109, 832) F. Other Business Services (CPC 871, 864, 865, 86601, 86609, 8676**, 86763**, 881, 883, 5115, 884**, 885, 887, 87201, 87202, 87203, 87209, 873, 87301, 86751**, 86752**, 86753**, 86754**, 633, 8861-8866, 87401, 87402, 87403, 87409, 875, 876, 88442, 87909**, 87901, 87902**, 87903, 87904, 87905, 87906, 87907, 87909**) 2. Communication Services A. Postal B. Courier services (Suppliers of postal/courier services are subject to permission/registration requirements for related modes of transport services. Japans commitments in postal/courier services other than correspondence-delivery services including printed matter, parcels, goods or other items, are indicated in the sector of Transport Services.) C. Telecommunications services (CPC 7521, 7523**, 7521**, 7529**, 7522**, 7522, 7523**, 843**) D. Audiovisual services (CPC 9611, 9612, 9613, 7524) 3. Construction and related engineering services A. General Construction Work for Buildings (512) B. General Construction Work for Civil Engineering (513) C. Installation and Assembly Work (514, 516) D. Building Completion and Finishing Work (517) E. Other (CPC 511, 515, 518) 4. Distribution services A. Commission Agents Services (CPC 621, 61111, 61130, 61210) B. Wholesale Trade Services (CPC 622, 61111, 61130, 61210) C. Retailing Services (CPC 631, 632, 61112, 61130, 61210) D. Franchising Services (CPC 8929) E. Other 5. Educational services

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Kementerian Perdagangan Direktorat Perundingan Perdagangan Jasa

A. Primary Education Services, Pre-school education services supplied by nursery schools (CPC 92110**), Child day-care services (CPC 93321), Primary education services (supplied as formal education (92110**, 9219) B. Secondary Education Services (supplied as formal education) (CPC 9221, 9222, 9223) C. Higher education services (CPC 9231, 9239) D. Adult education services (CPC 924) E. Other education services (929) 6. Environmental Services A. Sewage Services (CPC 9401) B. Refuse Disposal Services (CPC 9402) C. Sanitation and Similar Services (CPC 9403) D. Other ( CPC 9405, 9406, 9407, 9409) 7. financial services A. Insurance and Insurance-Related Services B. Banking and Other Financial Services (excluding Insurance and Insurance-Related Services) 8. Health related and social services A. Hospital Services (9311) B. Other Human Health Services (CPC 93192, 93193, 93199) C. Social Services (excluding child day-care services) (CPC 933, except 93321) 9. Tourism and travel related services A. Hotels and Restaurants (CPC 641-643 (except 6423) , 6423) B. Travel Agencies and Tour Operators Services (7471) C. Tourist Guides Services (CPC 7472) 10. Recreational, cultural and sporting services A. Entertainment Services (including theater, live bands and circus services) (CPC 9619) B. News Agency Services (CPC 962) C. Libraries, Archives, Museum and Other Cultural Services (CPC 96311, 96312, 9632, 9633) D. Sporting and Other Recreational Services (CPC 9641, 96491, 96499) 11. Transport services A. Maritime Transport Services (CPC 7211, 7212, 7213) dan Maritime Auxiliary Transport Services (CPC 8868**, 7214, 7454**, 7459**) B. Internal Waterways Transport (CPC 8868**, 7224, 7454**, 7459**) C. Air Transport Services D. Space Transport (CPC 733) E. Rail Transport Services (CPC 7111, 7112, 7113, 8868**, 743) F. Road Transport services (CPC 71211, 71212, 71213, 71214, 71221, 7123, 7124, 6112, 8867, 744) G. Pipeline transport(CPC 7131, 7139) H. Services Auxiliary to All Modes of Transport (CPC 741, 742, 748) 12. Otherservices not included elsewhere (CPC 9701 (except 97011), 97011, 97021, 97022)

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Kementerian Perdagangan Direktorat Perundingan Perdagangan Jasa

Dalam Schedule of Specific Commitment Indonesia terdapat horizontal commitments untuk semua sektor jasa yang tercakup dalam schedule. Horizontal Commitments tersebut terkait moda 3 dan moda 4 baik dalam limitasi market access maupun limitasi national treatment. Untuk moda 3 dalam market access, penyelenggara jasa asing bisa hadir dalam bentuk perusahaan usaha patungan dan/atau dalam bentuk kantor perwakilan. Jika dalam bentuk perusahaan usaha patungan harus berbentuk perseroan terbatas (PT) dan kepemilikan saham modal asing dibatasi hanya sampai 49 %. Sedangkan untuk moda 4 dalam market access pekerja asing yang dizinkan hanya direktur, manajer dan ahli/penasehat teknis. Mereka diijinkan untuk tinggal selama dua tahun dan ijin tinggal tersebut bisa diperpanjang maksimal dua kali. Ijin

masuk dan tinggal sementara (para) pengunjung usaha diijinkan selama jangka waktu 60 hari dan ijin tinggal tersebut bisa diperpanjang selama maksimum 120 hari. Untuk moda 3 dalam national treatment para wajib pajak non-residen akan dikenakan pajak sebesar 20% jika mereka memperoleh pendapatan dari bunga, royalti, dividen ataupun upah dari jasa yang dilaksanakan di Indonesia. Selain itu ditambahkan terkait dengan akuisisi tanah mengikuti Undang-Undang Pokok Agraria No. 5 tahun 1960. Sedangkan untuk moda 4 dalam national treatment menyatakan bahwa para pekerja asing dikenakan biaya yang dipungut oleh pemerintah sentral dan lokal. Serta berdasarkan hukum dan peraturan perburuhan para pekerja asing harus mendapatkan ijin kerja yang masih berlaku yang dikeluarkan oleh Kemenakertrans.
Adapun sektor dan sub sektor jasa yang terdapat dalam Schedule of Specific Commitment Indonesia adalah sebagai berikut : 1. Business services A. Professional Services (CPC 861, 8671, 8672 (except 86721 and 86725), 86721, 86725, 8673, 86741) B. Computer and related services (CPC 841, 842, 844) C. Research and development services (CPC 853) D. Other business services (CPC 871, 86601, 8676, 884, 885, 633, 8866, 8867, 8868, 83104) 2. Communication services A. Telecommunication services (CPC 7521, 7523**, 7522, 7521**, 7529**, 7522**) B. audiovisual services (9611, 9612) 3. Costruction and related engineering services A. General construction work for building (CPC 512 except CPC 51210) B. General contruction work for civil engineering (CPC 513) C. Installation and assembly work (CPC 514) D. Other (CPC 511 except CPC 51110 and 51113, 51550, 518, 51510, 5163, 51642, 51643, 51691) 4. Distribution services (CPC 6111, 6224, and 6228) 5. Educational services A. Secondary education services (CPC 92230) B. Higher education services (CPC 92310) C. Adult educatin (CPC 924) D. Other education services (CPC 92900) 6. Financial services (CPC 8129, 8121, 8140, 81120, 8113)

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Kementerian Perdagangan Direktorat Perundingan Perdagangan Jasa

7. Health related and social services (CPC 9311) 8. Tourism and travel related services (CPC 74710, 64310, 91135) 9. Transport services A. Maritime transport services (CPC 7211, 7212, 741, 83103) 3. Lists of Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment Exemptions (Annex 9) Dalam annex List of Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment Exemptions terkait dengan article 82 ini terdapat dua bagian (part). Part 1 untuk daftar sektor atau sub-sektor Jepang dan part 2 untuk daftar sektor atau sub-sektor Indonesia. Sektor atau sub-sektor yang terdapat dalam daftar Jepang adalah sebagai berikut : Maritime freight forwarding services International shipping services (including passenger transportation and freight transportation services) Energy Services Fisheries related services Sektor atau sub-sektor yang terdapat dalam daftar Indonesia adalah Semua Sektor, dan Komitmen berdasarkan Persetujuan Kerangka Kerja ASEAN di bidang Jasa, kecuali : Construction and Related Engineering Services - Construction work for building (CPC 512 except CPC 51210) - Construction work for civil engineering (CPC 513) - Assembly and erection of prefabricated construction (CPC 514) - Pre-erection work at construction system (CPC 511 except CPC 51110 and 51113) - Steel binding and erection (including welding) (CPC 51550) - Renting services related to equipment for construction or demolition of building or civil engineering works, with operator (CPC 518) - Foundation work including pile driving (CPC 51510) - Gas fitting construction work (CPC 51630) - Fire alarm construction work (CPC 51642) - Burglar alarm system construction work (CPC 51643) - Lift and escalator construction work (CPC 51691) Non Banking Financial Services - Insurance - Securities

C. Text Persetujuan Pergerakan Orang Perseorangan (Movement of Natural Persons (MNP)) Text MNP ini terkait dengan tindakan-tindakan yang mempengaruhi perpindahan orang perseorangan dari suatu Pihak yang memasuki pihak lainnya. Pembahasan persetujuan Pergerakan Orang Perseorangan (Movement of Natural Persons (MNP)) dalam IJEPA terdapat dalam Chapter 7. Chapter 7 ini berisikan 5 article yang terdiri atas article 92 sampai dengan article 96, ke 5 article tersebut adalah : Article 92 Article 93 Article 94 Article 95 Article 96 Scope Definition Specific Commitments Requirements and procedures Sub-Committee on Movement of Natural Persons

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Kementerian Perdagangan Direktorat Perundingan Perdagangan Jasa

Annex 10 (Specific Commitments for the Movement of natural Persons) merupakan lampiran sebagaiaman yang disebut di dalam Chapter 7. Annex 10 ini memiliki 2 bagian (part). Part 1 mengenai Specific Commitments of Japan dan Part 2 mengenai Specific Commitments of Indonesia. Dalam bagian-bagian (part) ini terdapat beberapa sub-bagian di dalamnya. Ada 6 section yang terdapat dalam part 1 mengenai Specific Commitment of Japan antara lain yaitu : - Section 1 Short-term Business Visitors of Indonesia - Section 2 Intra-corporate Transferees of Indonesia - Section 3 Investors of Indonesia - Section 4 Natural Persons of Indonesia who engage in professional services - Section 5 Natural Persons of Indonesia Who Engage in Business Activities on the Basis of a Personal Contract with a Public or Private Organization in Japan - Section 6 Natural Persons of Indonesia Who Engage in Supplying Services as Nurses or Certified Careworkers or Related Activities on the Basis of a Personal Contract with a Public or Private Organization in Japan Dalam Part 2 mengenai Specific Commitment of Indonesia terdiri dari 5 section, yaitu: - Section 1 Short-term Business Visitors of Japan - Section 2 Intra-corporate Transferees of Japan - Section 3 Intra-corporate Transferees of Japan - Section 4 Natural Persons of Japan Who Engage in Business Activities on the Basis of a Personal Contract with a Public or Private Organization in Indonesia - Section 5 Natural Persons of Japan Who Engage in Supplying Services as Nurses or Certified Careworkers or Related Activities on the Basis of a Personal Contract with a Public or Private Organization in Indonesia

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