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ASSIGNMENT 1 BTE 4416: BIOPROCESS CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION

NAME: MOHD IZHAR ABDUL MALEK MATRIC NUMBER: 1011409 SECTION 1 DATE OF SUBMISSION: 13/9/2013

1.

Write down the rules (algorithm) that you use when you drive an automobile or bicycle.

Solution: a) To start the automobile 1. Open the door and sit. 2. Adjust the side and rear mirrors. 3. Turn on the cars engine. 4. Depress the clutch and slot the stick into first gear. 5. Slowly release clutch and depress the accelerator. b) Gear upshift 1. Begin upshift process by removing foot from the accelerator and depressing clutch. 2. Move shift lever to next highest gear. 3. Release clutch and add throttle. c) Gear downshift 1. Begin downshift by removing your foot from the accelerator and depressing clutch. 2. Depress clutch fully, move shift lever to lower gear. 3. Slowly release clutch. d) Braking 1. While vehicle still in gear, press the brake to decelerate. 2. Depress clutch and bring stick into neutral position. 3. Continue braking normally until you are about to stop. 2. Formulate questions with answers and trade with members of your study group.

Questions: Based on your understanding, what is process control? Answer: Process control is the way to regulate a process so that it proceeds at a desired operating condition. Main objectives are to ensure process occur safely and efficiently while satisfying environmental and product quality requirements. Questions: What is the foundation of process control? Answer: Process understanding

Questions: What is process? Answer: The conversion of feed materials to products using chemical and physical operations. Questions: Give an example from Quranic verse that relates to process control. Answer: And the earth We have spread out, and have placed therein firm mountains, and caused to grow therein all kinds of things in due proportion. Surah Al-Hijr, Chapter 15, Verse 19. The word proportion in this surah is related to process control because it means every creations in this world are created with balance and order. For example, every human are created with a pair of hands, ears, eyes and legs. 3. Find a P&I drawing in one of the textbook references (or recent volume of Chemical

Engineering Progress), explain the strategy, and prepare questions for your instructor on aspects that you do not understand. 4. Find examples of control systems in your house. Hint: look at the heating, air

conditioning, toilet tank, and the most highly automated room, the kitchen.