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7+1 Wastes Worksheet The Seven Muda (the Japanese word for any activity that consumes resources

but adds not value; also known as waste) According to Taiichi Ohnos enumeration of the types of waste commonly found in physical production of tasks and conversion of activity into services W1) Overproducing ahead of demand W2) Waiting for the next process step W3) Unnecessary transport of materials [and information] W4) Over-processing of parts due to poor tool and product design [extra and over processing documents and approvals] W5) Inventories [of parts, data, information, people, electrons, cash] more than the absolute minimum W6) Unnecessary movement of people [parts, data, information, electrons, cash], during the course of work or processing (looking for things, help, etc.) W7) Production of defective parts [and services that are not performed correctly] W8) Under or over-utilizing people, not using people top their full potential (This is the "8th" or extra waste beyond Ohno's original "7" wastes) Instructions: 1) Identify at least 3 examples of each of the 8 Wastes 2) If you can't find them in your workplace, then look around you and find them in your house or in your community For each "Waste" occurrence: 3) Estimate (then later verify) how often it happens: you will have to decide the most appropriate units: hourly, daily, yearly. etc. 4) Estimate (then later verify) the amount of the occurrence: you will have to define the measurement in number of pieces/occurrences, weight, volume, lines of code, etc. 5) Estimate (then later verify) the cost Identifying Waste Exercise (A) Waste Examples: (B) Description:
(C) How Often (D) Time Duration of Measure 3 times per day (E) Amount or (F) Unit(s) of (G) Cost of Quantity Measure the Waste Measured 6 cups dishwasher load =36 cups 75 (H) Explanation of Units total person minutes per day $ (labour, handling equipment, inventry cost, damage) per week cost of carrying & storing

example

(W2) waiting for cups while serving coffee at a Tim Horton's Shop

coffee is ready but all cups are in the dishwasher resulting in the customer and server having to wait for the cleaning cycle to finish

example

(W3) transport of partially machine shop produces too many parts in large batches so parts have to be moved into finished goods into the warehouse until needed warehouse

6 times

week

4 of Part A 3 of Part C 9 of Part G

skids damage

$2000 $400

example

(W5) extra inventory of partially finished goods in warehouse

machine shop produces too many parts in large batches so parts have to be moved into the warehouse until needed

6 times

week

4 of Part A 3 of Part C 9 of Part G

skids

$50,000 per year

Sheridan Quality Assurance Program "7+1" Wastes Worksheet 1 of 2

"221916922.xlsx.ms_office"

(A) Waste Examples


Waste

(B) Description:

(C) How Often (D) Time Duration of Measure

(E) Amount or (F) Unit(s) of (G) Cost of Quantity Measure the Waste Measured

(H) Explanation of Units

1) Overproducing

2) Waiting

3) Transport

4) Over-processing

5) Inventories

6) Movement

7) Defects

8) Under-utilized a) People

8) Over-utilized b) People

Total =

Sheridan Quality Assurance Program "7+1" Wastes Worksheet 2 of 2

"221916922.xlsx.ms_office"