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3.29

What are the indices for the directions indicated by the two vectors in the sketch below?

3.29 What are the indices for the di rections indicated by the two vectors in the

Solution

For direction 1, the projection on the x-axis is zero (since it lies in the y-z plane), while projections on the y- and z-axes, b/2 and c, respectively. This is a [012 ] direction as indicated in the summary below.

 

x

y

z

Projections

0a

b/2

c

Projections in terms of a, b, and c

0

1/2

1

Reduction to integers

0

1

2

Enclosure

[012 ]

Direction 2 is [11 2 ] as summarized below.

 

x

y

z

Projections

a/2

b/2

-c

Projections in terms of a, b, and c

1/2

1/2

-1

Reduction to integers

1

1

-2

Enclosure

[11 2 ]

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3.30

Within a cubic unit cell, sketch the following directions:

  • (a) ] ,

[ 1 10

(e)

[ 1 1 1 ] ,

  • (b) (f)

[ 1 2 1 ] ,

[ 1 22 ] ,

  • (c) (g)

[ 01 2 ] ,

[ 12 3 ] ,

  • (d) [ 13 3 ] , Solution

(h)

[ 1 03] .

The directions asked for are indicated in the cubic unit cells shown below.

3.30 Within a cubic unit cell, sketch the following directions: (a) ] , [ 1 10

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3.32

Determine the indices for the directions shown in the following cubic unit cell:

3.32 Determine the indices for the directions shown in the following cubic unit cell: Solution Direction

Solution Direction B is a [2 3 2] direction, which determination is summarized as follows.

We first of all position

the origin of the coordinate system at the tail of the direction vector; then in terms of this new coordinate system

 

x

y

z

Projections

2a

b

2c

3

3

Projections in terms of a, b, and c

2

–1

2

3

3

Reduction to integers

2

–3

2

Enclosure

[2 3 2]

Direction D is a [13 6 ] direction, which determination is summarized as follows.

We first of all position

the origin of the coordinate system at the tail of the direction vector; then in terms of this new coordinate system

 

x

y

z

a

b

Projections

 

c

6

2

Projections in terms of a, b, and c

1

1

–1

6

2

Reduction to integers

1

3

–6

Enclosure

[13 6 ]

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3.33 For tetragonal crystals, cite the indices of directions that are equivalent to each of the following directions:

  • (a) [001]

  • (b) [110]

  • (c) [010]

Solution

For tetragonal crystals a = b c and α = β = γ = 90°; equivalent, which are not equivalent to projections along the z axis.

therefore, projections along the x and y axes are

  • (a) Therefore, for the [001] direction, there is only one equivalent direction: [00 1 ] .

  • (b) For the [110] direction, equivalent directions are as follows:

[ 1 1 0] , [ 1 10] , and [1 1 0]

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3.40

Sketch within a cubic unit cell the following planes:

  • (a) (e)

(01 1 ) ,

(1 11 ) ,

  • (b) (f)

(112 ) ,

(12 2 ) ,

  • (c) (g)

(102 )

,

(1 23 ) ,

  • (d) (h)

(13 1)

,

(01 3 )

Solution

The planes called for are plotted in the cubic unit cells shown below.

3.40 Sketch within a cubic unit cell the following planes: (a) (e) ( 01 1 )

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3.42

Determine the Miller indices for the planes shown in the following unit cell:

3.42 Determine the Miller indices for the planes shown in the following unit cell: Solution For

Solution

For plane A we will move the origin of the coordinate system one unit cell distance to the upward along the

z axis; thus, this is a (32 2 ) plane, as summarized below.

 

x

y

z

a

b

c

Intercepts

 

3

2

2

1

1

1

Intercepts in terms of a, b, and c

 

3

2

2

Reciprocals of intercepts

3

2

– 2

Reduction

(not necessary)

Enclosure

(32 2 )

For plane B we will move the original of the coordinate system on unit cell distance along the x axis; thus,

this is a (1 01) plane, as summarized below.

 

x

y

z

Intercepts

a

b

c

2

2

1

1

Intercepts in terms of a, b, and c

2

2

Reciprocals of intercepts

– 2

0

2

Reduction

– 1

0

1

Enclosure

(1 01)

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