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2
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3
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8 0 ! ! 9 :
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= { " = < ; 7) }
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= {! ! 4 < 77 }

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5 6.3- " 7

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$= 7 " @ = ? }
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5 6.3- @ 7

'->6 / $*3 >2 {


/= B" < }
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5 6.3- = 7

'->6 / $*3 >2 {


6 = 6 &>,& 3-+&> 0 >-6 . >,0 }
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0 9 : : : 9 : 9 :
! ∈ 9 9 : 9 : 9 :

0 9 : 9 : 9 :
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5 6.3- ? 7

0, = { } ∈ ∉ ∈ ∉

5 6.3- < 7

0 $ = {" = < ; 7) "" } ?∉$ <∈$ 77 ∉ $ ") ∈ $

# $ # $ #2 *

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5 6.3- C 7

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5 6.3- ; 7

0 D= {! ! } 9& :

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5 6.3- E 7

= { } $= { }

5 6.3- 7) 7

3 0= {! ! } / = {" }

5 6.3- 77 7

0 F = {! ! }
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F = {" = < ; } ' = { " = ; 7< }
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5 6.3- 7" 7

8 = {! !" + = = ) ! } 9 :

5 6.3- 7@ 7

8 $= { ")) H } 9 :

= { } 9-:

+*.# (
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9 :

5 6.3-7= 7

Υ = { }
5 6.3- 7? 7

Υ = { }
# 2 0 9 :
9 : 9 : 9 : 2 9 :
9 : ∈ ∈ 3
2


& ⊂ 9 : 29 :
9 : 9 9 :

5 6.3- 7< 7

0 = { } $ = { } ⊂ $

5 6.3- 7C 7

0 ' = {! ! } F = {! ! "}
⊂ ∈ ∈ 9':
9$:

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A B A

5 6.3- 7; 7

0 ⊂ ≠ 9 :
9 :

5 6.3- 7E 7

0 = {7 " @ =} $ = {@ = ? < }
A 2

5 >%,%,- 7 7

7 3 !
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8 {!
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8 $ = { }
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8 = { H }
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8 = { 7" 7= 7< 7; }
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8 3 9-: 9 :
8 9 :
8 0 91:
8 9#: 9 :
8 9!: 9 :

= & 2

= {7 " @ = ? < C ; E ) } & = {@ < E }


$ = {" = < ; ) } = {7 ? C E }
% = {7 @ ? C E } ' = {" = }

J% !
K

8 ⊂ 8 ⊂
8 ⊄ 8 =
8 ⊂ 8 ⊂
8 ⊂ 8 ∅ ⊂
8 ⊂ 8 ⊂
? 0 = { " @ =} $ = {! !" = = ! }
% = {! ! B <! + ; = )
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}
J% 2

8 ⊂
8 ⊂
8 ⊂
8 ⊂ ∅
8 =
8 & & ( *
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3 9 : 9 :
9 : 9 : 0

0 ∪ 9 $:
∪ ={ ∈ ∈ }
5 6.3- ") 7

0 0={ } / ={ }
3* F- 0 ∪ / = { }

5 6.3- "7 7

0 = {7 @ ? C } $ = {" = < }

∪$ = {7 " @ = ? < C}

0 ∪ $ = $ ∪ 9 : 9 :
∪ $ 2

⊂ L ∪ $8 $ ⊂ L ∪ $8

*.#* 3 9 : 9 :
9 :
9 : 0 ∩
0 ∩ $ 9 :

∩ $ = {! ! ∈ ! ∈ $}

5 6.3- "" 7

0 A = {" = < ; 7) } M = {7 " @ =? <}


3 A ∩ M = {" = <}

5 6.3- "@ 7

0 0 = {! ! " B ;! + 7? = ) } / = {" @ =}

3 0 ∩ / = {@ }
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9 : 9*: 0

9 : 2 9 9 :

N = {! ! ∈* ! ∉ }

5 6.3- "= 7

0 = { } 9*:
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N = { }
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0 * = {7 " @ 7) } $ = {" = < ; 7) }

$N = {7 @ ? C E}

% 2

∪ N = * ∩ N = ∅

O L P8P (

5 >%,%,- " 7

< 0 = {7 " @ =} $ = {" = < ;} % = {@ = ? <}


2

8 ∪ $ 8 ∩ %
8 ∪ % 8 $ ∩ %
8 $ ∪ %
8 ∩ $

C . $ % 2

8 ∩ L$ ∪ %8 8 % ∪ L ∪ %8
8 ∪ L$ ∪ %8 Q8 ∩ L$ ∩ %8
8 $ ∩ L$ ∪ %8

; 0 2* = { } = { }
$ = { } % = { }
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8 ∪ % 8 L ∩ N 8N
8 $ ∩
8 %N
8 $N ∪ %
8 %N ∩

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5 6.3- "< 7

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5 6.3- "C 7

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5 6.3- "; 7

3 4
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∈ ∈$ 0 2 9 ! $: 29 $:
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0 = {7 " @} $ = { }
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5 6.3- @) 7

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& 9 : 9 :
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5 6.3- @= 7

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(= U ( 7"))

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L6 ! 8

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8 L@8 LBC8
8 LB;8 L B7" 8

7= 3 E 0 LB"8
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9 : .7 ." = .7 ."

LI 8

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+ ( " B 7 ) "

2 = .7 ."

= ( !" B !7 )" + ( " B 7 )"


L% 8

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L !" B !7 8" ( L !7 B !" 8"

5 6.3- =) 7
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8

= .7 ."

= [" B LB=8 ]" + [C BL B@ 8 ]


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= 7@<
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= .7 ."

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8
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=
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5 6.3- =7 7

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= 7=;
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= C=
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= C=

0 % = $%
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% "
+ $% " = % "
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7? 2

8 L? ;8 LB@ "8 8 LBC =8 L 7 77 8


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 B 78   B" 
8 L 7) " 8 L B " B"8
@   @
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7< % 2

8 LB" ?8 L= @8 LC B"8 8 LB7 B"8 L= "8 LB@ ?8


8 L" B?8 LB@ =8 L) @8

7C &
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8 L= =8 L= B"8 LC B"8
8 L" <8 LB@ B@8 L< "8 8 LB@ B"8 LC =8 L 7 7= 8

( )
8 L B" B " 8 L " " 8 8 %
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7; I

8 L@ @8 L= B78 L; B"8 8 L" @8 L= B78 L? "8


8 L= @8 L= B78 LB @ B ; 8

7E 6

8 L 7 " 8 L B @ 7) 8 L = B=8
8 L B " @ 8 LB < 7 8 L B 7) B 7 8
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L@ B?8

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2

LI 8

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7
[L @ + 7 8 L ! @ − !7 8 B L " + 7 8 L ! " − !7 8 B L " + @ 8 L ! @ − ! " 8]
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=
7
[ !@ @ + ! @ 7 B !7 @ B !7 7 B ! " " − ! " 7 + !7 " + !7 7 B ! @ " B !@ @ + !" " + !" @ ]
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0 2

1> X .7.".@ =
7
[ !7 " + !" @ + !@ 7 B !7 @ B !" 7 B !@ " ]
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!7 7 7
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!@ @ 7

5 6.3- =" 7

% 2 LB" @8 LB= B78 L@ B"8

B" @ 7
7
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=
7
[ " + ; + E B ( B @ + = B 7" )]
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5 6.3- =" 7

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=
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= "? ? "

5 >%,%,- < 7

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8 L" B@8 L= "8 LB? B"8 8 ( " " ) LB= <8 L= B" " 8
8 LB; B"8 LB= B<8 LB7 ?8
8 LBC B?8 L7 78 LB@ @8

"7 I 2

8 L" ?8 LC ?8 L@ B=8 LB" @8


8 L7 ?8 LB" =8 LB@ B78 L" B@8 L? 78
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! L 7 B 8 = !7 + !"
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+
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7 +
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≠ B7

3 . L ! 8
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5 6.3- =@ 7

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= @
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+
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7+
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5 6.3- == 7

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+
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+  B 
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7

= <

+
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=  @ 
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3 . L < BC 8

5 6.3- =? 7

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8 LB= ?8 L< B@8

!7 + ! "
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8 .7 L = B @ 8 ." L 7 = 8( "
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8 .7 L ? @ 8 ." L B @ B @ 8 =
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8 .7 L ) @ 8 ." L C = 8 = B
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8 L" B78 L< C8 LB= B@8

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