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# 8.

Transformations
3.2
Reflections
Write : Reflection on axis
Example:
Draw image under reflection on PQ

4
C

3
2
1

P
-3 -2 -1

0 1
-1

-2
-3
Q

2.
The polygon ABCDE is the image
polygon ABCDE under the certain
transformation W. Describe in full the
transformation W.

## 2. Diagram ABCDEFABCDEF is the

image of diagram ABCDEF under the certain
transformation P. Describe the transformation P.
A 4

2
P

D C1

C D

-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5
F
E
E
F
-1
-2
-3
Q

Example:
1. DrawtheimageoftriangleABCunder
thereflectiononaxis
(a) x=1
(b) y=1
(c) x
(d) y
(e) AB

Exercise11:
1. FigurePistheimageoffigureQunder

thecertaintransformationW.

4
C

3 P
2

1
- 3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4
-1 Q

-2
-3
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(a)

(b)

DescribethetransformationW

8.2

Markandnamethecoordinateofthe
imagecoordinateAunderthesame
transformation.

## 13. PMR 2005

Diagram below shows two quadrilateral, ABCD
and ABCD, draw on a grid of equal squares.
ABCD is the image of ABCD under a
reflection. On the diagram, draw the axis of
reflection.
[2 marks]

Translations

Write ; Translation
y

Where:
x is moved parallel with x axis
[If moved to right side, the sign is (+) and
Moved to left side, the sign is (-) ]
y is moved parallel with y-axis
[If moved to up ward, the sign is (+) and
Moved to down ward, the sign is (-) ]
Example:
1.
Draw and label the image of triangle P

## under the translations

B
C

2.
The diagram Q is the image diagram P
under the certain transformation W. Describe in
full the transformation W.

D
A
C

## 14. PMR 2006

Diagram below shows object P and straight line
MN drawn on a grid of equal squares. On the
diagram in the answer space, draw the image of
P under a reflection in the straight line MN.
[2 marks]
M
P

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Example2:
1. DrawtheimageoftriangleABCunder
thereflection

Exercise 11:
1. Figure P is the image of figure Q under the
certain transformation W.

3 P

1
-3 -2 -1

0 1
-1

-3 -2 -1 0
-1

1 2 3 4 5
Q

-2

-2

-3

-3

## (a) Describe the transformation W

2. Diagram ABCDEFABCDEF is the
image of diagram ABCDEF under the certain
transformation P. Describe the transformation P.
A

## (b) Mark and name the coordinate of the image

coordinate A under the same
transformation.

3
B

2
E F 1

-3 -2 -1
C

0
-1

1 B2

3 4
E

-2

2. PMR 2004
In diagram below P is the image of P under
transformation M

-3
C

12
10
P

6
8 10 12
2
4
Describe in full transformation M.
[2 marks]

23

3. PMR 2006
Diagram below shows two polygon, H and
H, drawn on a grid of equal squares with
sides of 1 unit.

(c)

H
H

2
The diagram P is the image diagram Q
under the certain transformation W. Describe the
transformation W.

## H is the image of H under transformation L.

Describe in full transformation L.
[2 marks]

..

..
8.3
Rotation
Write : Rotation about centre (x,y) @ A thought
90 clockwise @ anti clockwise.
Example:
1.
Draw the image of P under the rotation

## To Find the centre of rotation

1. Join the corresponding vertex
2. Draw the perpendicular bisector
3. Intersect of two perpendicular line is a
center of rotation.

(a)

(b)

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Example:
1. Draw the image of triangle ABC under the
rotation about point (1,1) through 900
anticlockwise.

## 17. PMR 2005

Diagram below shows three triangles, P,Q and
R, which are drawn on a Cartesian plane.

10

-3 -2 -1 0
-1

1 2 3 4

-3
2. Diagram ABCDEFABCDEF is the
image of diagram ABCDEF under the certain
transformation P. Describe the transformation P.
A 4
C

3
2
D C1

-3 -2
F

-1 0
-1
E

3 4

-2
-3
-4

-2

6
-4 -2 O
2
4
8
(a) Q is the image of P under a rotation of
900. State
(i) the direction of the rotation.
(ii) the coordinates of the centre of the
rotation.
(b) R is the image of P under transformation
M. Describe in full transformation M.
[4 marks]

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8.4

Enlargement
Write : Enlargement at centre (x, y) @ P
with scale factor k
scale factor, k =

## 3. Draw the image of triangle ABC under an

enlargement at centre (4,4) with scale factor - 2

## length of side of the image

length of corresponding side of the object

Example:
1. Draw the image of triangle ABC under an
enlargement at centre (4,3) with scale factor 2

P
(a)

## 4. The diagram P is the image diagram Q under

the certain transformation W. Describe the
transformation W.

Q
(b)

P
2. Draw the image of triangle ABC under an

1
enlargement at centre (5,2) with scale factor
2

## 1. Join corresponding point object and image.

2. Intersection point is the centre of enlargement
scale factor, k =

## length of side of the image

length of corresponding side of the object

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Exercise 12:
1. Figure P is the image of figure Q under the
certain transformation W.

4
C

3 P
2

1
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5
Q
-1
-2
-3
(a) Describe the transformation W

## (b) Mark and name the coordinate of the image

coordinate A under the same
transformation.

5.5 Congruent
Example:
1. PMR 2004
Diagram below in the answer space shows
polygon ABCDEF and straight line PQ drawn on
a grid of equal squares. Starting from the line
PQ, draw polygon PQRSTU which is congruent
to polygon ABCDEF.

F
E

D
C
P

NOTE

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