Anda di halaman 1dari 32

Penginderaan Jauh Sistem Satelit Sebagai Teknologi Informasi Penyedia Data Spatial Wilayah Pesisir dan Laut

Muhammad Helmi
081 81 081 29 helmi@waindo.co.id

Penginderaan Jauh Sistem Satelit

Remote Sensing (Penginderaan Jauh): is the science of collecting information about ground features without being in physical contact.
(SPOT Asia, 2003).

Remote Sensing Definition


The science, technology and art of obtaining information about an object, area or phenomenon through the analysis of data acquired by a sensor which is located at a distance from the object, area or phenomenon (Lillesand and Kiefer, 1994)

Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Laut


Indonesia memiliki wilayah pesisir dan laut yang luas, serta pulau-pulau kecil yang berjumlah ribuan. Sumberdaya pesisir dan laut melimpah Diperlukan data/informasi spasial untuk pemetaan dan monitoring guna pengelolaan dan pelestarian sumberdaya tersebut.
5

Penginderaan Jauh Satelit Sebagai Teknologi Penyedia Data/ Informasi Spasial


Kelebihan Penggunaan Teknologi ini adalah: - Informasi yang diperoleh mutakhir (terbaru) - Data/informasi yang diperoleh Akurat - Cepat dalam perolehan data dan informasi - Mudah - Low cost (biaya rendah dibandingkan metode survei) - Efektif dalam penggunaan - Konsisten dalam peyediaan data - Tenaga operasional yang diperlukan sedikit
6

Keterbatasan Penggunaan Teknologi Satelit Sebagai penyedia Data/Informasi Spatial Adalah:

Investasi di awal besar Tenaga terampil relatif terbatas Kendala liputan awan pada daerah tropis (khususnya pada sensor pasif)

Data/Informasi Spasial yang Dapat Diperoleh Dari Teknologi ini untuk Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Laut Adalah:
Pulau-pulau kecil Terumbu karang Padang lamun Mangrove Perikanan Hutan pantai Fitoplankton dll
8

Gelombang Arus laut Angin Tipologi pantai Perairan dangkal Morfologi pantai Estuaria dan Laguna Pasir Laut dll

Platforms for Recording Data


Remotes sensing data may be collected from a variety of platforms, such as:

aircraft

satellites
balloons rockets space shuttles

Remote Sensing Concept


Electromagnetic Radiation

Sources of energy

Re-transmission through the atmosphere

Propagation through the atmosphere

Earth surface features

Wavelength Bands Used in Remote Sensing

Visible
Blue Red

Infrared
SWIR LWIR

Microwaves
X Band L Band

Green

NIR

MWIR

C Band

Remote Sensing Satellite Technology


Satelit Resolusi Tinggi dan Menengah
> 1998: Landsat 7: 30m XS & 15m PAN (180km X 180km)
> 1998: SPOT4: 20m XS, 10m PAN (60km X 60km) > 1999: IKONOS: 4m XS, 1m PAN (11km X 11km)

> 2002: SPOT5: 10m XS, 2.5m PAN (60km X 60km)


> 2003: QuickBird: 2.44m XS, 0.61PAN(16.5km X 16.5km) > 2004: ResourceSat: 15mXS, 5.8m PAN (70km X 70km)

> 2004: Formosat-2: 8m XS, 2m PAN (24km X 24km)


> 2005: Cartosat-1(P5): 2m PAN

> 2005: Terra-ASTER 15m, 30m, 60m, 90m XS


> 2006: ALOS: 2m Pan, 10m XS & Radar > 2006: Kompsat-2 (July 2006)

> 2006: TerraSAR-X (Feb 2007)

Remote Sensing Satellite Technology


Satelit Resolusi Tinggi dan Menengah

> > >

KOMPSAT-2 = 1m colour (15km X 15km) TerraSAR (Radar) = 1m SAR (5km X 10km) GeoEye-1 (2007) = 0.5m colour (15km X 15km)
WorldView (2007) = 0.5m B/W (16.5km X 16.5km)

>

> Pleiades 1 & 2 (to be launched in 2009/10) = 0.7m colour (20km X 20km)

Satellite System

IKONOS launched at Vandenberg AFB, California on September 24, 1999

Orbit: 680km, sun-synchronous, 98.2 inclination

> Unibody Construction Commercial Components & Practices Design Life 7-years, MMD 5+ years Body Size - 6 x 5 (1.8 x 1.6 m) Solar Array Extended - 15.5 (4.7 m) Weight - 1800 Pounds (817 kg) Power - 1100 Watts 3 Axis Stabilized; Body Agile Commandable Off-Nadir pointing 80 Gb solid state memory > Digital Panchromatic and Multispectral Sensors Aperture 0.7 Meter 1 m to 26 Obliquity Monoscopic and Stereoscopic Points, Lines-of-Communications, Broad-Area Coverage > Communications : Downlinks (X-Band) Imagery and Metadata - 320 Mbps Telemetry Data - 32 Kbps Uplinks (S-Band) Tasking & Command - 2 Kbps

Integration at the Factory

Assembly

Vehicle Assembly

Fairing Preparation

Encapsulating at the Factory

Launch Preparation

Stacking

Stacking Prior to Launch

Launch of IKONOS

GeoEye-1
Satellite Tecnology

Stereo Collection Scenario

Collection Capability
The satellite circles the globe 14 times per day, or once every 98 minutes

Designed to take digital images of earth from 400 miles (680 kilometers) up and moving at a speed of about four and a half miles (seven kilometer) per second the satellite camera can distinguish objects on earths surface as small as one meter square, about three feet, in size. This is significantly more detail then has ever been available in commercial satellite imagery before.

SPOT Global Network


- 5 Channel Partners
- 5 subsidiaries & 2 rep. offices - >80 Distributors in 65 countries - 26 SPOT Stations network

Spot Image Mexico office

Tokyo Spot Image Spot Image Brazil office

IKONOS Production System


CS1 SGI PowerChallenge 16 CPU, R10K, 195MHz 4GB local RAM CS2 SGI Origin 8CPU, R12K, 350MHz 6GB local RAM CS3 SGI Origin 8 CPU, R12K, 350MHz 6GB local RAM

RFT

AML-E 50 TerraByte

350GB Scratchpad

Compute Server
HPPI (800mbps) FDDI (100mbps)

Compute Server

Compute Server

Online Archive

DB1 SGI PowerChallenge 4 CPU, R10K, 195MHz 1GB local RAM

DB2 SGI PowerChallenge 4 CPU, R10K, 195MHz 1GB local RAM

Order Entry

Production

Delivery

2 * Rimage

Application Server

Database Server

12 * O2 Workstation

12 * Indigo2 Workstation

Backbone of IKONOS Production

SGI Supercomputer

Resolusi Citra Satelit


> Resolusi Spasial (Ukuran Pixel) > Resolusi Spektral (Jumlah Band) > Resolusi Temporal (Perekaman Ulang)

29

Height Resolution Satellite for Detail Ecosystem Mapping

SPOT5-2,5m, Kota Padang, West Sumatera, 2006

Detail Condition of Coral Reef Ecosystem

Pulau Seribu, North Jakarta SPOT5-2.5m, 2006

Terimakasih
32