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UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES COLLEGE OF LAW Bar Operations 200 CRI!

INAL LAW II Bar Operations Hea" A#a"e$i#s Hea" Arianne Re%es Henr% A&'"a R%an Ba(isa#an Sa$ Po)(a#ion *C20+0, S')-e#t Hea" S')-e#t Co$$ittee Ara&ones. R'se(( *B20++, / B'r0(e%. Fi1i *C20+0, / Cate"ra(. Ra(p2 *C20+0, / C'nanan. T2erese *B20++, / 3%. !i#2e((e *320++, / Geroni$o. L'is *B20++, / Ha)a#on. Geor&e *B20++, / Le##2io. Patri#2 *B20++, / Loren4o. 5o2anna *B20++, / Pe6a. C2arisse *B20++, / Sa)itsana. !i$s *C20++, / 7a$ora. 8rin& *B20++, C2ino Ba%)a% 9Hea": / Si$o'n Sa(inas 93ep't%: / Rania 5o%a 93esi&n ; La%<o't: / L'"ee P'(i"o 93o#'$entations: / Lin's !a"a$)a / 3es !a%ora(&o / 5i((ian 3e 3'$o / !i0e O#a$po / A)e( !a&(an='e / E"an !arri R> Ca6ete In1or$ation !ana&e$ent Co$$ittee

Cri$ina( La? 2 TITLE I@ CRI!ES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AN3 THE LAW OF NATIONS CRI!ES AGAINST FUN3A!ENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST CO!PREHENSIVE 3ANGEROUS 3RUGS ACT CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC !ORALS CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS + TITLE II@ TITLE III@ TITLE IV@ TITLE V@ TITLE VI@ TITLE VII@ A +B 2C B D+ DA AA CE ED ++A +2A +2 +BB +BF +B +D0 +DD TITLE VIII@ CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS TITLE IG@ TITLE G> TITLE GI@ CRI!ES AGAINST PESONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY TITLE GII@ CRI!ES AGAINST THE CIVIL STATUS OF PERSONS TITLE GIII@ CRI!ES AGAINST HONOR TITLE GIV@ HUASI<OFFENSES APPEN3IG+@ RA EB2C *T2e H'$an Se#'rit% A#t o1 200C, APPEN3IG II@ CASE U3PATES APPEN3IG III@ SUGGESTE3 ANSWERS TO THE 0C BAR HUESTIONS APPEN3IG IV@ H;A

I> CRI!ES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AN3 THE LAW OF NATIONS CRI!INAL LAW II TITLE I@ CRI!ES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AN3 THE LAW OF NATIONS Cri$es a&ainst nationa( se#'rit%@ +> Treason *Art> ++D, 2> Conspira#% an" proposa( to #o$$it treason *Art> ++F, B> !isprision o1 treason *Art> ++A,I an" D> Espiona&e *Art> ++C, Cri$es a&ainst t2e (a? o1 nations@ +> In#itin& to ?ar or &iJin& $otiJes 1or reprisa(s *Art> ++ , 2> Vio(ation o1 ne'tra(it% *Art> ++E, B> Correspon"in& ?it2 2osti(e #o'ntr% *Art> 220, D> F(i&2t to ene$%Ks #o'ntr% *Art> +2+, F> Pira#% in &enera( an" $'tin% on t2e 2i&2 seas *Art> +22, A($ost a(( o1 t2ese are #ri$es #o$$itte" in ti$es o1 ?ar. eL#ept t2e 1o((o?in&. ?2i#2 #an )e #o$$itte" in ti$es o1 pea#e@ *+, Espiona&e. 'n"er Arti#(e ++D M T2is is a(so #oJere" )% Co$$on?ea(t2 A#t No> A+A ?2i#2 p'nis2es #onspira#% to #o$$it espiona&e> *2, In#itin& to War or GiJin& !otiJes 1or Reprisa(s. 'n"er Arti#(e ++ M T2is #an )e #o$$itte" eJen i1 t2e P2i(ippines is not a parti#ipant> o Re(eJant #ases@ F(or Conte$p(a#ion *+EEF, A)ner A1'an& *B,Vio(ation o1 Ne'tra(it%. 'n"er Arti#(e ++E M T2e P2i(ippines is not a part% to a ?ar )'t t2ere is a ?ar &oin& on> A> Treason an" Espiona&e +> ARTICLE ++D TREASON I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER@ T2e #ri$es 'n"er t2is tit(e #an )e prose#'te" eJen i1 t2e #ri$ina( a#t or a#ts ?ere #o$$itte" o'tsi"e t2e P2i(ippine territoria( -'ris"i#tion> Ho?eJer. prose#'tion #an pro#ee" on(% i1 t2e o11en"er is ?it2in P2i(ippine territor% or )ro'&2t to t2e P2i(ippines p'rs'ant to an eLtra"ition treat%> Cri$es a&ainst nationa( se#'rit% #an )e trie" on(% in t2e P2i(ippines. as t2ere is a nee" to )rin& t2e o11en"er 2ere )e1ore 2e #an )e $a"e to s'11er t2e #onse='en#es o1 t2e (a?> In t2e #ase o1 #ri$es a&ainst t2e (a? o1 nations. t2e o11en"er #an )e prose#'te" ?2eneJer 2e $a% )e 1o'n" )e#a'se t2e #ri$es are re&ar"e" as #o$$itte" a&ainst 2'$anit% in &enera(> W2en ?e sa% nationa( se#'rit%. it s2o'(" )e interprete" as in#('"in& re)e((ion. se"ition an" s')Jersion> T2e a#ts a&ainst nationa( se#'rit% $a% )e #o$$itte" a)roa" an" sti(( )e p'nis2a)(e 'n"er o'r (a?. )'t it #an not )e trie" 'n"er 1orei&n (a?> E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a Fi(ipino or resi"ent a(ienI 2> T2ere is a ?ar in ?2i#2 t2e P2i(ippines is inJo(Je"I B> O11en"er eit2er M a> LEVIES WAR AGAINST THE GOVERN!ENTI OR )> a"2eres to t2e ene$ies. &iJin& t2e$ ai" or #o$1ort ?it2in t2e P2i(ippines or e(se?2ere I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE Re='ire$ents o1 (eJ%in& ?ar +> A#t'a( asse$)(in& o1 $enI 2> To eLe#'te a treasona)(e "esi&n )% 1or#eI B> Intent is to "e(iJer t2e #o'ntr% in ?2o(e or in part to t2e ene$%I an" D> Co((a)oration ?it2 1orei&n ene$% or so$e 1orei&n soJerei&n T?o ?a%s o1 proJin& treason +> Testi$on% o1 at (east t?o ?itnesses to t2e sa$e oJert a#tI or 2> Con1ession o1 a##'se" in open #o'rt> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e + o1 +FF

I> CRI!ES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AN3 THE LAW OF NATIONS CRI!INAL LAW II 2> ARTICLE ++F CONSPIRACY AN3 PROPOSAL TO CO!!IT TREASON E(e$ents o1 #onspira#% to #o$$it treason +> T2ere is a ?ar in ?2i#2 t2e P2i(ippines is inJo(Je"I 2> At (east t?o persons #o$e to an a&ree$ent to M ?ar a&ainst t2e a> (eJ% &oJern$entI or to t2e ene$ies. )> a"2ere &iJin& t2e$ ai" or #o$1ortI #> T2e% "e#i"e to #o$$it it> T2e #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% arises i1 t2e treasono's a#tiJit% ?as sti(( at t2e #onspiratoria( sta&e> An% person in a't2orit% 2aJin& t2e e='iJa(ent -'ris"i#tion *o1 a $a%or. 1is#a( or &oJernor,. (i0e a proJin#ia( #o$$an"er. ?i(( a(rea"% ne&ate #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%> B(oo" re(ations2ip is a(?a%s s')serJient to nationa( se#'rit%> Arti#(e 20 "oes not app(% 2ere> Un"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. t2ere is no #ri$e o1 $isprision o1 re)e((ion> E(e$ents o1 proposa( to #o$$it treason +> T2ere is a ?ar in ?2i#2 t2e P2i(ippines is inJo(Je"I 2> At (east one person "e#i"es to M ?ar a&ainst t2e a> (eJ% &oJern$entI or )> a"2ere to t2e ene$ies. &iJin& t2e$ ai" or #o$1ortI #> He proposes its eLe#'tion to so$e ot2er persons> D> ARTICLE ++C ESPIONAGE ACTS PUNISHE3 +> B% enterin&. ?it2o't a't2orit% t2ere1ore. a ?ars2ip. 1ort or naJa( or $i(itar% esta)(is2$ent or reserJation to o)tain an% in1or$ation. p(ans. p2oto&rap2 or ot2er "ata o1 a #on1i"entia( nat're re(atiJe to t2e "e1ense o1 t2e P2i(ippinesI E(e$ents a> O11en"er enters an% o1 t2e p(a#es $entione"I )> He 2as no a't2orit% t2ere1oreI #> His p'rpose is to o)tain in1or$ation. p(ans. p2oto&rap2s or ot2er "ata o1 a #on1i"entia( nat're re(atiJe to t2e "e1ense o1 t2e P2i(ippines> 2> B% "is#(osin& to t2e representatiJe o1 a 1orei&n nation t2e #ontents o1 t2e arti#(es. "ata or in1or$ation re1erre" to in para&rap2 + o1 Arti#(e ++C. ?2i#2 2e 2a" in 2is possession )% reason o1 t2e p')(i# o11i#e 2e 2o("s> E(e$ents a> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI )> He 2as in 2is possession t2e arti#(es. "ata or in1or$ation re1erre" to in para&rap2 + o1 Arti#(e ++C. )% reason o1 t2e p')(i# o11i#e 2e 2o("sI #> He "is#(oses t2eir #ontents to a representatiJe o1 a 1orei&n nation> B> ARTICLE ++A !ISPRISION OF TREASON E(e$ents +> O11en"er o?es a((e&ian#e to t2e &oJern$ent. an" not a 1orei&nerI 2> He 2as 0no?(e"&e o1 #onspira#% to #o$$it treason a&ainst t2e &oJern$entI B> He #on#ea(s or "oes not "is#(ose an" $a0e 0no?n t2e sa$e as soon as possi)(e to t2e &oJernor or 1is#a( o1 t2e proJin#e in ?2i#2 2e resi"es. or t2e $a%or or 1is#a( o1 t2e #it% in ?2i#2 2e resi"es> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER@ !isprision o1 treason is a #ri$e t2at $a% )e #o$$itte" on(% )% #iti4ens o1 t2e P2i(ippines> T2e essen#e o1 t2e #ri$e is t2at t2ere are persons ?2o #onspire to #o$$it treason an" t2e o11en"er 0ne? t2is an" 1ai(e" to $a0e t2e ne#essar% report to t2e &oJern$ent ?it2in t2e ear(iest possi)(e ti$e> W2at is re='ire" is to report it as soon as possi)(e> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS a> CO!!ONWEALTH ACT A+A *ESPIONAGE LAW,@ AN ACT TO PUNISH ESPIONAGE AN3 OTHER OFFENSES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY A#ts p'nis2e" 200 Pa&e 2 o1 +FF

I> CRI!ES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AN3 THE LAW OF NATIONS +> Un(a?1'((% o)tainin& or per$ittin& to )e o)taine" in1or$ation a11e#tin& nationa( "e1enseI 2> Un(a?1'( "is#(osin& o1 in1or$ation a11e#tin& nationa( "e1enseI B> 3is(o%a( a#ts or ?or"s in ti$es o1 pea#eI D> 3is(o%a( a#ts or ?or"s in ti$es o1 ?arI F> Conspira#% to Jio(ate pre#e"in& se#tionsI an" A> Har)orin& or #on#ea(in& Jio(ators o1 (a?> )> BP CRI!INAL LAW II BE *FOREIGN AGENTS ACT OF +ECE, For reasons o1 nationa( P'rpose@ se#'rit% an" interest. t2is a#t s2a(( re&'(ate t2e a#tiJities o1 1orei&n a&ents an" re='ire t2e$ to re&ister an" "is#(ose t2eir po(iti#a( a#tiJities in t2e Rep')(i# o1 t2e P2i(ippines. so t2at t2e &oJern$ent an" t2e peop(e o1 t2e P2i(ippines $a% )e in1or$e" o1 t2eir i"entit% an" $a% appraise t2eir state$ents an" a#tions> ELe$ptions> T2is A#t s2a(( not app(% to an% person en&a&in& or a&reein& to en&a&e on(% O +> In priJate an" non<po(iti#a( a#tiJities in 1'rt2eran#e o1 t2e )ona 1i"e tra"e or #o$$er#e o1 a 1orei&n prin#ipa(I 2> In a#tiJities in 1'rt2eran#e o1 )ona 1i"e #2arita)(e. re(i&io's. s#2o(asti#. a#a"e$i#. artisti# or s#ienti1i# p'rs'itsI B> In t2e (e&a( representation o1 a 1orei&n prin#ipa( )e1ore an% #o'rt or &oJern$ent a&en#%@ ProJi"e". T2at 1or p'rposes o1 t2is s')se#tion. (e&a( representation "oes not in#('"e atte$pts to in1('en#e or pers'a"e &oJern$ent personne( or o11i#ia(s ot2er t2an in t2e #o'rse o1 t2eir or"inar% o11i#ia( )'siness> Un(a?1'( A#ts@ +> It s2a(( )e 'n(a?1'( 1or an% person ?it2in t2e P2i(ippines ?2o is a 1orei&n a&ent@ a> to trans$it. #onJe%. or ot2er?ise 1'rnis2 to an% a&en#% or o11i#ia( o1 t2e &oJern$ent 1or or in t2e interest o1 a 1orei&n prin#ipa( an% po(iti#a( propa&an"a. or to re='est 1ro$ an% a&en#% or o11i#ia( 1or or in t2e interest o1 s'#2 1orei&n prin#ipa( an% in1or$ation or a"Ji#e pertainin& to an% po(iti#a( or p')(i# interests. +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS po(i#ies or re(ations o1 1orei&n #o'ntr% or o1 a po(iti#a( part% or pertainin& to t2e 1orei&n or "o$esti# po(i#ies o1 t2e P2i(ippines. i> 'n(ess t2e propa&an"a )ein& iss'e" or t2e re='est )ein& $a"e is pre1a#e" or a##o$panie" )% a tr'e an" a##'rate state$ent to t2e e11e#t t2at s'#2 person is re&istere" as a 1orei&n a&ent 'n"er t2is A#t> )> to )e a part% to an% #ontra#t. a&ree$ent. or 'n"erstan"in&. eit2er eLpress or i$p(ie". ?it2 a 1orei&n prin#ipa( p'rs'ant to ?2i#2 t2e a$o'nt or pa%$ent o1 t2e #o$pensation. 1ee or ot2er re$'neration o1 s'#2 a&ent is #ontin&ent in ?2o(e or in part 'pon t2e s'##ess o1 an% po(iti#a( a#tiJit% #arrie" o't )% s'#2 a&ent> #> to $a0e. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. an% #ontri)'tion o1 $one% or ot2er t2in& or Ja('e. or pro$ise eLpress(% or i$p(ie"(% to $a0e an% s'#2 #ontri)'tion. in #onne#tion ?it2 an% #onJention. #a'#'s or ot2er pro#ess to se(e#t #an"i"ates 1or an% po(iti#a( o11i#e> 2> It s2a(( )e 'n(a?1'( 1or an% person in t2e P2i(ippines to so(i#it. a##ept. or re#eiJe. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. 1ro$ an% 1orei&n a&ent or 1ro$ a 1orei&n prin#ipa(. an% o1 t2e #ontri)'tions. or pro$ises to $a0e s'#2 #ontri)'tions. re1erre" to in s')se#tion *#, o1 t2is Se#tion> B> It s2a(( )e 'n(a?1'( 1or an% p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%ee or 2is spo'se to a#t as a 1orei&n a&ent> Ho?eJer. t2e &oJern$ent $a% e$p(o% an% 1orei&n a&ent@ ProJi"e". T2at t2e 2ea" o1 t2e e$p(o%in& a&en#% #erti1ies t2at s'#2 e$p(o%$ent is re='ire" in t2e nationa( interest> A #erti1i#ation iss'e" 'n"er t2is para&rap2 s2a(( )e 1or?ar"e" )% t2e 2ea" o1 s'#2 a&en#% to t2e !inister ?2o s2a(( #a'se t2e sa$e to )e 1i(e" a(on& ?it2 t2e re&istration state$ent an" ot2er "o#'$ents 1i(e" )% s'#2 a&ent> #> P3 +0AE *THE PHILIPPINE EGTRA3ITION LAW, Ai$s o1 ELtra"ition@ ELtra"ition $a% )e &rante" on(% p'rs'ant to a treat% or #onJention. an" ?it2 a Jie? to@ 200 Pa&e B o1 +FF

I> CRI!ES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AN3 THE LAW OF NATIONS +> A #ri$ina( inJesti&ation instit'te" )% a't2orities o1 t2e re='estin& state or &oJern$ent #2ar&in& t2e a##'se" ?it2 an o11ense p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2e (a?s )ot2 o1 t2e re='estin& state or &oJern$ent an" t2e Rep')(i# o1 t2e P2i(ippines )% i$prison$ent or ot2er 1or$ re(eJant eLtra"ition treat% or #onJentionI or 2> T2e eLe#'tion o1 a prison senten#e i$pose" )% a #o'rt o1 t2e re='estin& state or &oJern$ent. ?it2 s'#2 "'ration as t2at stip'(ate" in t2e re(eJant eLtra"ition treat% or #onJention. to )e serJe" in t2e -'ris"i#tion o1 an" as a p'nis2$ent 1or an o11ense #o$$itte" )% t2e a##'se" ?it2in t2e territoria( -'ris"i#tion o1 t2e re='estin& state or &oJern$ent> Re='estI B% ?2o$ $a"eI Re='ire$ents> P T2e re='est s2a(( )e $a"e )% t2e Forei&n 3ip(o$at o1 t2e re='estin& state or &oJern$ent. a""resse" to t2e Se#retar% o1 Forei&n A11airs> P An% 1orei&n state or &oJern$ent ?it2 ?2i#2 t2e Rep')(i# o1 t2e P2i(ippines 2as entere" into eLtra"ition treat% or #onJention t2at re$ains in 1or#e. $a% re='est 1or t2e eLtra"ition o1 an% a##'se" ?2o is or s'spe#te" o1 )ein& in t2e territoria( -'ris"i#tion o1 t2e P2i(ippines> CRI!INAL LAW II t2e re='estin& state or &oJern$ent. at a ti$e an" p(a#e to )e "eter$ine" )% t2e Se#retar% o1 Forei&n A11airs. a1ter #ons'(tation ?it2 t2e 1orei&n "ip(o$at o1 t2e re='estin& state or &oJern$ent> ProJisiona( Arrest> A re='est 1or proJisiona( arrest s2a(( )e sent to t2e 3ire#tor o1 t2e Nationa( B'rea' o1 InJesti&ation. !ani(a. eit2er t2ro'&2 t2e "ip(o$ati# #2anne(s or "ire#t )% post or te(e&rap2> CONST> ART> IV. SECTION F> 3'a( a((e&ian#e o1 #iti4ens is ini$i#a( to t2e nationa( interest an" s2a(( )e "ea(t ?it2 )% (a?> B> ProJo0in& War an" "is(o%a(t% in #ase o1 ?ar +> ARTICLE ++ INCITING TO WAR OR GIVING !OTIVES FOR REPRISALS E(e$ents +> O11en"er per1or$s 'n(a?1'( or 'na't2ori4e" a#tsI 2> T2e a#ts proJo0e or &iJe o##asion 1or M a> a ?ar inJo(Jin& or (ia)(e to inJo(Je t2e P2i(ippinesI or )> eLpos're o1 Fi(ipino #iti4ens to reprisa(s on t2eir persons or propert%> 2> ARTICLE ++E VIOLATION OF NEUTRALITY E(e$ents +> T2ere is a ?ar in ?2i#2 t2e P2i(ippines is not inJo(Je"I 2> T2ere is a re&'(ation iss'e" )% a #o$petent a't2orit% to en1or#e ne'tra(it%I B> O11en"er Jio(ates t2e re&'(ation> Iss'an#e o1 S'$$onsI Te$porar% ArrestI Hearin&. SerJi#e o1 Noti#es> +> I$$e"iate(% 'pon re#eipt o1 t2e petition. t2e presi"in& -'"&e o1 t2e #o'rt s2a((. as soon as pra#ti#a)(e. s'$$on t2e a##'se" to appear an" to ans?er t2e petition on t2e "a% an" 2o'r 1iLe" in t2e or"er> 2> T2e or"er an" noti#e as ?e(( as a #op% o1 t2e ?arrant o1 arrest. i1 iss'e". s2a(( )e pro$pt(% serJe" ea#2 'pon t2e a##'se" an" t2e attorne% 2aJin& #2ar&e o1 t2e #ase> Nat're an" Con"'#t o1 Pro#ee"in&s> In t2e 2earin&. t2e proJisions o1 t2e R'(es o1 Co'rt inso1ar as pra#ti#a)(e an" not in#onsistent ?it2 t2e s'$$ar% nat're o1 t2e pro#ee"in&s. s2a(( app(% to eLtra"ition #ases> S'rren"er o1 A##'se"> A1ter t2e "e#ision o1 t2e #o'rt in an eLtra"ition #ase 2as )e#o$e 1ina( an" eLe#'tor%. t2e a##'se" s2a(( )e p(a#e" at t2e "isposa( o1 t2e a't2orities o1 +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e D o1 +FF

I> CRI!ES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AN3 THE LAW OF NATIONS CRI!INAL LAW II B> ARTICLE +20 CORRESPON3ENCE WITH HOSTILE COUNTRY E(e$ents +> It is in ti$e o1 ?ar in ?2i#2 t2e P2i(ippines is inJo(Je"I 2> O11en"er $a0es #orrespon"en#e ?it2 an ene$% #o'ntr% or territor% o##'pie" )% ene$% troopsI B> T2e #orrespon"en#e is eit2er M a> pro2i)ite" )% t2e &oJern$entI on in #ip2ers or )> #arrie" #onJentiona( si&nsI or noti#e or #> #ontainin& in1or$ation ?2i#2 $i&2t )e 'se1'( to t2e ene$%> A#ts p'nis2e" as pira#% +> Atta#0in& or sei4in& a Jesse( on t2e 2i&2 seas or in P2i(ippine ?atersI 2> Sei4in& in t2e Jesse( ?2i(e on t2e 2i&2 seas or in P2i(ippine ?aters t2e ?2o(e or part o1 its #ar&o. its e='ip$ent or persona( )e(on&in&s o1 its #o$p(e$ent or passen&ers> Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> FB2 *T2e AntiPira#% an" Anti<Hi&2?a% Ro))er% La? o1 +ECD, Was iss'e" in A'&'st +ECD. p'nis2in& pira#%. )'t not $'tin%. in P2i(ippine territoria( ?aters> P T2's #a$e a)o't t?o 0in"s o1 pira#%@ *+, t2at ?2i#2 is p'nis2e" 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e i1 #o$$itte" in t2e 2i&2 seasI an" *2, t2at ?2i#2 is p'nis2e" 'n"er Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> FB2 i1 #o$$itte" in P2i(ippine territoria( ?aters> Rep')(i# A#t No> CAFE *AN ACT TO I!POSE THE 3EATH PENALTY ON CERTAIN HEINOUS CRI!ES. A!EN3ING FOR THAT PURPOSE THE REVISE3 PENAL CO3E. AS A!EN3E3. OTHER SPECIAL PENAL LAWS. AN3 FOR OTHER PURPOSES, P P a$en"e" Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> FB2 an" no? p'nis2es pira#%. as ?e(( as $'tin%. ?2et2er #o$$itte" in t2e 2i&2 seas or in P2i(ippine territoria( ?aters. an" t2e pena(t% 2as )een in#rease" to re#('sion perpet'a 1ro$ re#('sion te$pora(> T2ere is sti(( t2e #ri$e o1 a)ettin& pira#% in P2i(ippine ?aters 'n"er Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> FB2> Pira#% #annot #o<eList ?it2 t2e #ri$e o1 ro))er%> Ro))er%. t2ere1ore. #annot )e #o$$itte" on )oar" a Jesse(> B't i1 t2e ta0in& is ?it2o't Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation on persons o1 1or#e 'pon t2in&s. t2e #ri$e o1 pira#% #annot )e #o$$itte". )'t on(% t2e1t> PIRACY is 2'$anit% &eneris, a #ri$e a&ainst *2ostes 2'$anes D> ARTICLE +2+ LIGHT TO ENE!YQS COUNTRY E(e$ents +> T2ere is a ?ar in ?2i#2 t2e P2i(ippines is inJo(Je"I 2> O11en"er $'st )e o?in& a((e&ian#e to t2e &oJern$entI B> O11en"er atte$pts to 1(ee or &o to ene$% #o'ntr%I D> Goin& to t2e ene$% #o'ntr% is pro2i)ite" )% #o$petent a't2orit%> C> Pira#% an" !'tin% on t2e Hi&2 Seas or in P2i(ippine Pira#% Waters an" H'a(i1ie" +> ARTICLE +22> PIRACY IN GENERAL AN3 !UTINY ON THE HIGH SEAS OR IN PHILIPPINE WATERS E(e$ents o1 pira#% +> T2e Jesse( is on t2e 2i&2 seas or P2i(ippine ?atersI 2> O11en"ers are neit2er $e$)ers o1 its #o$p(e$ent nor passen&ers o1 t2e Jesse(I B> O11en"ers eit2er M a> atta#0 or sei4e a Jesse( on t2e 2i&2 seas or in P2i(ippine ?atersI or )> sei4e in t2e Jesse( ?2i(e on t2e 2i&2 seas or in P2i(ippine ?aters t2e ?2o(e or part o1 its #ar&o. its e='ip$ent or persona( )e(on&in&s o1 its #o$p(e$ent or passen&ersI #> T2ere is intent to &ain> P P P I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e F o1 +FF

I> CRI!ES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AN3 THE LAW OF NATIONS CRI!INAL LAW II 2> ARTICLE +2B> HUALIFIE3 PIRACY E(e$ents +> T2e Jesse( is on t2e 2i&2 seas or P2i(ippine ?atersI 2> O11en"ers $a% or $a% not )e $e$)ers o1 its #o$p(e$ent. or passen&ers o1 t2e Jesse(I B> O11en"ers eit2er M a> atta#0 or sei4e t2e Jesse(I or )> sei4e t2e ?2o(e or part o1 t2e #ar&o. its e='ip$ent>. or persona( )e(on&in&s o1 t2e #re? or passen&ersI D> T2e pre#e"in& ?ere #o$$itte" 'n"er an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& #ir#'$stan#es@ a> ?2eneJer t2e% 2aJe sei4e" a Jesse( )% )oar"in& or 1irin& 'pon t2e sa$eI )> ?2eneJer t2e pirates 2aJe a)an"one" t2eir Ji#ti$s ?it2o't $eans o1 saJin& t2e$se(JesI or t2e #ri$e is #> ?2eneJer a##o$panie" )% $'r"er. 2o$i#i"e. p2%si#a( in-'ries or rape> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE I1 an% o1 t2e #ir#'$stan#es in Arti#(e +2B is present. pira#% is ='a(i1ie"> !'r"er. rape. 2o$i#i"e. p2%si#a( in-'ries are $ere #ir#'$stan#es ='a(i1%in& pira#% an" #annot )e p'nis2e" as separate #ri$es. nor #an t2e% )e #o$p(eLe" ?it2 pira#%> A(t2o'&2 in Arti#(e +2B $ere(% re1ers to ='a(i1ie" pira#%. t2ere is a(so t2e #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" $'tin%> !'tin% is ='a(i1ie" 'n"er t2e 1o((o?in& #ir#'$stan#es@ *+,W2en t2e o11en"ers a)an"one" t2e Ji#ti$s ?it2o't $eans o1 saJin& t2e$se(JesI or *2,W2en t2e $'tin% is a##o$panie" )% rape. $'r"er. 2o$i#i"e. or p2%si#a( in-'ries> Note t2at t2e 1irst #ir#'$stan#e ?2i#2 ='a(i1ies pira#% "oes not app(% to $'tin%> +> REPUBLIC ACT NO> A2BF *THE ANTI HI<5AC8ING LAW, Anti 2i<-a#0in& is anot2er 0in" o1 pira#% ?2i#2 is #o$$itte" in an air#ra1t> In ot2er #o'ntries. t2is #ri$e is 0no?n as air#ra1t pira#%> Fo'r sit'ations &oJerne" )% anti 2i-a#0in& (a?@ *+,'s'rpin& or sei4in& #ontro( o1 an air#ra1t o1 P2i(ippine re&istr% ?2i(e it is in 1(i&2t. #o$pe((in& t2e pi(ots t2ereo1 to #2an&e t2e #o'rse or "estination o1 t2e air#ra1tI *2,'s'rpin& or sei4in& #ontro( o1 an air#ra1t o1 1orei&n re&istr% ?2i(e ?it2in P2i(ippine territor%. #o$pe((in& t2e pi(ots t2ereo1 to (an" in an% part o1 P2i(ippine territor%I *B,#arr%in& or (oa"in& on )oar" an air#ra1t operatin& as a p')(i# 'ti(it% passen&er air#ra1t in t2e P2i(ippines. an% 1(a$$a)(e. #orrosiJe. eLp(osiJe. or poisono's s')stan#eI an" *D,(oa"in&. s2ippin&. or transportin& on )oar" a #ar&o air#ra1t operatin& as a p')(i# 'ti(it% in t2e P2i(ippines. an% 1(a$$a)(e. #orrosiJe. eLp(osiJe. or poisono's s')stan#e i1 t2is ?as "one not in a##or"an#e ?it2 t2e r'(es an" re&'(ations set an" pro$'(&ate" )% t2e Air Transportation O11i#e on t2is $atter> P T2e i$portant t2in& is t2at )e1ore t2e anti 2i<-a#0in& (a? #an app(%. t2e air#ra1t $'st )e in 1(i&2t> I1 not in 1(i&2t. ?2ateJer #ri$es #o$$itte" s2a(( )e &oJerne" )% t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e A o1 +FF

II> CRI!ES AGAINST FUN3A!ENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE TITLE II@ CRI!ES AGAINST FUN3A!ENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE +> Ar)itrar% "etention *Art> +2D,I 2> 3e(a% in t2e "e(iJer% o1 "etaine" persons to t2e proper -'"i#ia( a't2orities *Art> +2F,I B> 3e(a%in& re(ease *Art> +2A,I D> ELp'(sion *Art> +2C,I F> Vio(ation o1 "o$i#i(e *Art> +2 ,I A> Sear#2 ?arrants $a(i#io's(% o)taine" an" a)'se in t2e serJi#e o1 t2ose (e&a((% o)taine" *Art> +2E,I C> Sear#2in& "o$i#i(e ?it2o't ?itnesses *Art> +B0,I > Pro2i)ition. interr'ption. an" "isso('tion o1 pea#e1'( $eetin&s *Art> +B+,I E> Interr'ption o1 re(i&io's ?ors2ip *Art> +B2,I +0>O11en"in& t2e re(i&io's 1ee(in&s *Art> +BB, I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS TITLE@ TO RE!E!BER CRI!INAL LAW II T2e #ri$e o1 ar)itrar% "etention ass'$es seJera( 1or$s@ +> 3etainin& a person ?it2o't (e&a( &ro'n"sI 2> HaJin& arreste" t2e o11en"e" part% 1or (e&a( &ro'n"s )'t ?it2o't ?arrant o1 arrest. an" t2e p')(i# o11i#er "oes not "e(iJer t2e arreste" person to t2e proper -'"i#ia( a't2orit% ?it2in t2e perio" o1 +2. + . or BA 2o'rs. as t2e #ase $a% )eI or B> 3e(a%in& re(ease )% #o$petent a't2orit% ?it2 t2e sa$e perio" $entione" in n'$)er 2> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ A p')(i# o11i#er is "ee$e" s'#2 ?2en 2e is a#tin& ?it2in t2e )o'n"s o1 2is o11i#ia( a't2orit% or 1'n#tion> P A po(i#e o11i#er ?2o e$p(o%s 1or#e in eL#ess o1 ?2at is ne#essar% is a#tin& o'tsi"e t2e )o'n"s o1 2is "'ties an" is #onsi"ere" a#tin& in 2is priJate #apa#it% *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?,> In a #ase "e#i"e" )% t2e S'pre$e Co'rt a Baran&a% C2air$an ?2o 'n(a?1'((% "etains anot2er ?as 2e(" to )e &'i(t% o1 t2e #ri$e o1 ar)itrar% "etention> P T2is is )e#a'se 2e is a person in a't2orit% Jeste" ?it2 -'ris"i#tion to $aintain pea#e an" or"er ?it2in 2is )aran&a% *!i(o J> Sa(an&a. +E C,> T2ere $'st )e an a#t'a( restraint o1 (i)ert% o1 t2e o11en"e" part%> P T2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is on(% &raJe or (i&2t t2reat i1 t2e o11en"e" part% $a% sti(( &o to t2e p(a#e ?2ere 2e ?ants to &o. eJen t2o'&2 t2ere 2aJe )een ?arnin&s> I1 t2e o11en"er 1a(se(% i$p'tes a #ri$e a&ainst a person to )e a)(e to arrest 2i$ an" appear not "eter$ine" to 1i(e a #2ar&e a&ainst 2i$. t2e #ri$e is ar)itrar% "etention t2ro'&2 'n(a?1'( arrest *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?,> ARBITRAR Y 3ETENTIO N P')(i# o11i#er ?2o 2as a't2orit% to $a0e ILLEGAL 3ETENTI ON +,PriJat e personI OR 2,P')(i# UNLAWFUL ARREST An% person Cri$es 'n"er t2is tit(e are t2ose t2at Jio(ate #ertain proJisions in t2e Bi(( o1 Ri&2ts> T2e pri$ar% o11en"er in ARTICLES +2D+B2 is a p')(i# o11i#er a#tin& 'n"er s'ppose" eLer#ise o1 o11i#ia( 1'n#tions. a()eit i((e&a((%> P A priJate person $a% )e (ia)(e 'n"er t2ese arti#(es ONLY WHEN 2e@ o Conspires ?it2 a p')(i# o11i#erI OR o Be#o$es an a##o$p(i#e or a##essor% to sai" #ri$es I1 t2ese #ri$es are #o$$itte" )% priJate persons a(one. t2e% ?o'(" )e (ia)(e 'n"er TITLE IG *Cri$es A&ainst Persona( Li)ert% an" Se#'rit%,> ARTICLE +BB #an )e #o$$itte" )% EITHER a p')(i# o11i#er OR a priJate person> A> Ar)itrar% 3etention an" ELp'(sion +> ARTICLE +2D> ARBITRARY 3ETENTION E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI 2, He "etains a personI B, T2e "etention is ?it2o't (e&a( &ro'n"s. $eanin& M i> No #ri$e ?as #o$$itte" )% t2e "etaine"I ii> 3etainee is not Jio(ent(% insaneI iii> T2e person "etaine" 2as no ai($ent ?2i#2 re='ires #o$p'(sor% #on1ine$ent in a 2ospita(> O11en" er +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e C o1 +FF

II> CRI!ES AGAINST FUN3A!ENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE arrests an" "etain persons o11i#er ?2o is a#tin& in a priJate #apa#it% or )e%on" t2e s#ope o1 2is o11i#ia( "'t% 3en% t2e o11en"e" part% o1 2is (i)ert% o CRI!INAL LAW II ?it2o't t2e arrestin& o11i#er 1i(in& a 1or$a( #2ar&e ?it2 t2e proper #o'rt> T2e perio"s state" are #o'nte" on(% ?2en t2e prose#'torKs o11i#e is rea"% to re#eiJe t2e #o$p(aint or in1or$ation> P Ni&2tti$e is NOT in#('"e" in t2e perio"> CASES@ +> Sa%o J> C2ie1 o1 Po(i#e *+ED , P R3e(iJerS $eans t2e 1i(in& o1 #orre#t in1or$ation ?it2 t2e proper #o'rt *or #onstr'#tiJe "e(iJer% <<< t'rnin& oJer t2e person arreste" to t2e -'ris"i#tion o1 t2e #o'rt,> o P'rpose is to "eter$ine ?2et2er t2e o11ense is )ai(a)(e or not> 2> Peop(e J> Tan *+EE , P T2e e(e$ents o1 #'sto"ia( inJesti&ation are@ o T2e s'spe#t is "epriJe" o1 (i)ert% in an% si&ni1i#ant $annerI o T2e interro&ation is initiate" )% (a? en1or#e$ent a't2oritiesI o T2e interro&ation is in#'(pator% in #2ara#ter> B> San#2e4 J> 3e$etrio' *+EEB, P W2ere t2e inJitation #o$es 1ro$ a po?er1'( &ro'p #o$pose" pre"o$inant(% o1 ran0in& $i(itar% o11i#ers an" t2e "esi&nate" interro&ation site is a $i(itar% #a$p. t2e sa$e #an )e easi(% ta0en. NOT as a stri#t(% Jo('ntar% inJitation> o It is an a't2oritatiJe #o$$an" t2at one #an on(% "e1% at 2is peri(> Cri$in a( intent 3en% t2e o11en"e" part% o1 2is (i)ert% A##'se t2e o11en"e" part% o1 a #ri$e 2e "i" not #o$$it. "e(iJer 2i$ to t2e proper a't2orit %. an" 1i(e t2e ne#essar % #2ar&es to in#ri$in ate 2i$ 2> ARTICLE +2F> 3ELAY IN THE 3ELIVERY OF 3ETAINE3 PERSONS TO THE PROPER 5U3ICIAL AUTHORITIES E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI 2, He "etains a person 1or so$e (e&a( &ro'n"I B, He 1ai(s to "e(iJer s'#2 person to t2e proper -'"i#ia( a't2orities ?it2in M i> +2 2o'rs 1or (i&2t pena(tiesI ii> + 2o'rs 1or #orre#tiona( pena(tiesI an" iii> BA 2o'rs 1or a11(i#tiJe or #apita( pena(ties RA CDB @ RIGHTS OF PERSONS ARRESTE3. 3ETAINE3. OR UN3ER CUSTO3IAL INVESTIGATIONI 3UTIES OF PUBLIC OFFICERS Be in1or$e". in a (an&'a&e 0no?n to an" 'n"erstoo" )% 2i$. o1 2is ri&2ts to re$ain si(ent an" to 2aJe #o$petent an" in"epen"ent #o'nse( Be assiste" )% #o'nse( at a(( ti$es P Pre1era)(% o1 2is o?n #2oi#e o I1 t2e person arreste". "etaine". or 'n"er #'sto"ia( inJesti&ation #annot a11or" t2e serJi#es o1 #o'nse(. t2e inJesti&atin& o11i#er $'st proJi"e 2i$ ?it2 one> 200 Pa&e o1 +FF I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2is is app(i#a)(e ONLY WHEN t2e arrest is ?it2o't a ?arrant> At t2e )e&innin&. t2e "etention is (e&a( sin#e it is in t2e p'rs'an#e o1 a (a?1'( arrest> P 3etention )e#o$es ar)itrar% ?2en t2e o app(i#a)(e perio" (apses +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

II> CRI!ES AGAINST FUN3A!ENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE CRI!INAL LAW II P Co'nse( s2a(( at a(( ti$es )e a((o?e" to #on1er priJate(% ?it2 t2e person Be Jisite" )% or 2aJe #on1eren#es ?it2@ P An% $e$)er o1 2is i$$e"iate 1a$i(%. ?2i#2 INCLU3ES M o spo'se. o 1ian#T or 1ian#Te. o parent or #2i(". o )rot2er or sister. o &ran"parent or &ran"#2i(". o 'n#(e or a'nt. o nep2e? or nie#e. AN3 o &'ar"ian or ?ar" P An% $e"i#a( "o#tor OR priest OR re(i&io's $inister o C2osen )% 2i$. or )% an% $e$)er o1 2is i$$e"iate 1a$i(%. or )% 2is #o'nse( An% nationa( non<&oJern$enta( or&ani4ation "'(% a##re"ite" )% t2e Co$$ission on H'$an Ri&2ts or t2e O11i#e o1 t2e Presi"ent> An% ?aiJer )% a person arreste" or "etaine" 'n"er t2e proJisions o1 Arti#(e +2F o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. or 'n"er #'sto"ia( inJesti&ation. s2a(( )e in ?ritin& an" si&ne" )% s'#2 person in t2e presen#e o1 2is #o'nse(> B> ARTICLE RELEASE +2A> 3ELAYING P T2e #'sto"ia( inJesti&ation report s2a(( )e re"'#e" to ?ritin& )% t2e inJesti&atin& o11i#er> P Its #ontents s2a(( )e rea" an" a"e='ate(% eLp(aine" )% t2e #o'nse( to t2e person arreste" or "etaine" BEFORE 2e si&ns or p'ts 2is t2'$)$ar0 t2ereto> P Ot2er?ise. s'#2 inJesti&ation report s2a(( )e n'(( an" Joi" an" o1 no e11e#t ?2atsoeJer> E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI 2, T2ere is a -'"i#ia( or eLe#'tiJe or"er 1or t2e re(ease o1 a prisoner or "etention prisoner. OR A pro#ee"in& 'pon a petition 1or t2e (i)eration o1 s'#2 personI B, O11en"er ?it2o't &oo" reason "e(a%s M i> t2e serJi#e o1 t2e noti#e o1 s'#2 or"er to t2e prisonerI o1 s'#2 ii> t2e per1or$an#e -'"i#ia( or eLe#'tiJe or"er 1or t2e re(ease o1 t2e prisonerI OR iii> t2e pro#ee"in&s 'pon a petition 1or t2e re(ease o1 s'#2 person> D> ARTICLE +2C> EGPULSION E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI 2, He eit2er M i> eLpe(s an% person 1ro$ t2e P2i(ippinesI or ii> #o$pe(s a person to #2an&e resi"en#eI B, O11en"er is not a't2ori4e" to "o so )% (a?> An% eLtra-'"i#ia( #on1ession $a"e )% a person arreste". "etaine" or 'n"er #'sto"ia( inJesti&ation s2a(( )e in ?ritin&> P It s2a(( )e si&ne" )% t2e person in t2e presen#e o1 2is #o'nse(> o In t2e a)sen#e o1 #o'nse( AN3 'pon a Ja(i" ?aiJer. in t2e presen#e o1 an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in&@ ParentsI E("er )rot2ers an" sistersI Spo'seI !'ni#ipa( $a%or. $'ni#ipa( -'"&e. "istri#t s#2oo( s'perJisorI OR Priest or $inister o1 t2e &ospe( as #2osen )% t2e person P s'#2 eLtra-'"i#ia( Ot2er?ise. #on1ession s2a(( )e ina"$issi)(e as eJi"en#e in an% pro#ee"in&> UP CASES@ +> Vi((aJi#en#io J> L'0)an *+E+E, P T2e #it% $a%or o1 !ani(a #o$$itte" t2e #ri$e o1 eLp'(sion ?2en 2e or"ere" #ertain prostit'tes to )e trans1erre" to 3aJao WITHOUT o)serJin& "'e pro#esses sin#e t2e% 2aJe not )een #2ar&e" ?it2 an% #ri$e> 2> !ar#os J> !an&(ap's *+E E, P T2e re='est or "e$an" o1 t2e !ar#oses to )e a((o?e" to ret'rn to t2e P2i(ippines #annot )e #onsi"ere" in (i&2t so(e(% o1 t2e #onstit'tiona( proJisions &'aranteein& (i)ert% o1 a)o"e an" +00N UP LAW BAROPS 200 Pa&e E o1 +FF

II> CRI!ES AGAINST FUN3A!ENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE t2e ri&2t to traJe( ?2i#2 are neit2er a)so('te nor in1(eLi)(e> P Consi"erin& t2e 'n's'a( #ir#'$stan#es an" t2e atten"ant nationa( se#'rit% iss'es. t2e $atter #an )e appropriate(% a""resse" )% t2e resi"'a( po?ers o1 t2e presi"ent ?2i#2 are i$p(i#it in an" #orre(atiJe to t2e para$o'nt "'t% resi"in& in t2at o11i#e to sa1e&'ar" an" prote#t &enera( ?e(1are> CRI!INAL LAW II Stop an" 1ris0 is no (on&er in#('"e"> RA&ainst t2e ?i((S $eans t2at t2e o11en"er i&nore" t2e pro2i)ition o1 t2e o?ner ?2i#2 $a% )e eLpress or i$p(ie" as ?2en t2e "oor is #(ose" eJen t2o'&2 not (o#0e" *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?,> 2> UNLAWFUL USE OF WARRANTS *Arts> +2E<+B0, SEARCH B> Vio(ation o1 3o$i#i(e ARTICLE +2E> SEARCH WARRANTS !ALICIOUSLY OBTAINE3. AN3 ABUSE OF SERVICE OF THOSE LEGALLY OBTAINE3 A#ts p'nis2e" Pro#'rin& a sear#2 ?arrant +> ?it2o't -'st #a'seI E(e$ents@ i> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI ii> He pro#'res a sear#2 ?arrantI iii> T2ere is no -'st #a'se> EL#ee"in& 2is a't2orit% or 'sin& 2> 'nne#essar% seJerit% in eLe#'tin& a sear#2 ?arrant (e&a((% pro#'re"> E(e$ents@ i> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI ii> He 2as (e&a((% pro#'re" a sear#2 ?arrantI iii> He eL#ee"s 2is a't2orit% or 'ses 'nne#essar% seJerit% in eLe#'tin& t2e sa$e> +> ARTICLE +2 > VIOLATION OF 3O!ICILE E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI 2, He is not a't2ori4e" )% -'"i#ia( or"er M i> To enter t2e "?e((in&. or ii> To $a0e a sear#2 t2erein 1or papers or ot2er e11e#tsI OR iii> He re1'ses to (eaJe. a1ter 2aJin& s'rreptitio's(% entere" s'#2 "?e((in& an" )een re='ire" to (eaJe t2e sa$e H'a(i1%in& Cir#'$stan#es@ +, I1 #o$$itte" at ni&2tti$eI or 2, I1 an% papers or e11e#ts not #onstit'tin& eJi"en#e o1 a #ri$e are not ret'rne" i$$e"iate(% a1ter t2e sear#2 $a"e )% o11en"er I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER ARTICLE +B0> SEARCHING 3O!ICILE WITHOUT WITNESSES E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI 2, He is ar$e" ?it2 sear#2 ?arrant (e&a((% pro#'re"I B, He sear#2es t2e "o$i#i(e. papers or ot2er )e(on&in&s o1 an% personI D, T2e o?ner. or an% $e$)ers o1 2is 1a$i(%. or t?o ?itnesses resi"in& in t2e sa$e (o#a(it% are not present> Un"er RULE ++B OF THE REVISE3 RULES OF COURT a p')(i# o11i#er. ?2o )rea0s into t2e pre$ise. in#'rs no (ia)i(it% WHEN a person to )e arreste" enters sai" pre$ise an" #(oses it t2erea1ter> P T2e p')(i# o11i#er s2o'(" 2aJe 1irst &iJen noti#e o1 an arrest> A##or"in& to Peop(e Js> 3oria *+EEE, an" Peop(e Js> E(a$paro *2000,+. t2e 1o((o?in& are t2e a##epte" eL#eptions to t2e ?arrant re='ire$ent@ P Sear#2 in#i"enta( to an arrestI P Sear#2 o1 $oJin& Je2i#(esI P EJi"en#e in p(ain Jie?I P C'sto$s sear#2esI AN3 P Consente" ?arrant(ess sear#2> RULE ++A@ SEARCH AN3 SEI7URE A sear#2 ?arrant is an or"er in ?ritin& P Si&ne" )% a -'"&e P 3ire#te" to a pea#e o11i#er. #o$$an"in& 2i$ to sear#2 1or persona( propert% "es#ri)e" t2erein an" )rin& it )e1ore t2e #o'rt Re='isites 1or iss'in& a sear#2 + ?arrant@ Co$pare t2ese t?o to t2e ear(ier #ase@ !a(a#at J> CA. 3e#e$)er +EEC> UP BAROPS 200 +00N UP LAW Pa&e +0 o1 +FF

II> CRI!ES AGAINST FUN3A!ENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE P Pro)a)(e #a'se. in #onne#tion ?it2 one spe#i1i# o11ense. to )e "eter$ine" persona((% )% t2e -'"&e o AFTER eLa$ination 'n"er oat2 or a11ir$ation o1 t2e #o$p(ainant an" t2e ?itness 2e $a% pro"'#e Parti#'(ar "es#ription o1 M o P(a#e to )e sear#2e"I AN3 o T2in&s to )e sei4e" ?2i#2 $a% )e an%?2ere in t2e P2i(ippines CRI!INAL LAW II a&e an" "is#retion resi"in& in t2e sa$e (o#a(it%> C> ARTICLE +B+> PROHIBITION. INTERRUPTION AN3 3ISSOLUTION OF PEACEFUL !EETINGS E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI 2, He per1or$s an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& a#ts@ i> pro2i)itin& or )% interr'ptin&. ?it2o't (e&a( &ro'n". t2e 2o("in& o1 a pea#e1'( $eetin&. or )% "isso(Jin& t2e sa$eI ii> 2in"erin& an% person 1ro$ -oinin& an% (a?1'( asso#iation. or atten"in& an% o1 its $eetin&sI iii> pro2i)itin& or 2in"erin& an% person 1ro$ a""ressin&. eit2er a(one or to&et2er ?it2 ot2ers. an% petition to t2e a't2orities 1or t2e #orre#tion o1 a)'ses or re"ress o1 &rieJan#es> P EVEN IF t2e sear#2 ?arrant is Ja(i" t2ere is Jio(ation o1 "o$i#i(e in t2e 1o((o?in& sit'ations ?2ere@ P T2e o11i#er eL#ee"e" 2is a't2orit% 'n"er t2e sear#2 ?arrantI P He e$p(o%e" eL#essiJe seJerit% or "estr'#tion in t2e 2o'seI T2e sear#2 ?as $a"e ?2en t2e o##'pants ?ere a)sent an" t2e sear#2 is #on"'#te" ?it2o't at (east 2 ?itnesses resi"in& in t2e (o#a(it% ?2ere t2e sear#2 ?as $a"e *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?,> P An o11i#er $a% )rea0 open an% o'ter or inner "oor or ?in"o? o1 a 2o'se or an% part o1 a 2o'se or an%t2in& t2erein WHEN t2ese #ir#'$stan#es #on#'r@ P He is re1'se" a"$ittan#e to t2e p(a#e o1 "ire#te" sear#2I P His p'rpose is to eLe#'te t2e ?arrant to (i)erate 2i$se(1 or an% person (a?1'((% ai"in& 2i$ ?2en 'n(a?1'((% "etaine" t2ereinI He 2as &iJen noti#e o1 2is p'rpose an" a't2orit%> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2e &oJern$ent 2as a ri&2t to re='ire a per$it )e1ore an% &at2erin& #o'(" )e $a"e> P HOWEVER. t2e &oJern$ent on(% 2as re&'(ator%. NOT PROHIBITORY. po?ers ?it2 re&ar" to s'#2 re='ire$ent> T2e per$it s2o'(" state t2e "a%. ti$e. an" p(a#e o1 t2e &at2erin&> I1 t2e per$it is "enie" ar)itrari(%. OR t2e o11i#er "i#tates t2e p(a#e ?2ere t2e $eetin& is to )e 2e(". t2is arti#(e is VIOLATE3> I1 in t2e #o'rse o1 t2e asse$)(%. ?2i#2 starte" o't pea#e1'((%. t2e parti#ipants #o$$ite" i((e&a( a#ts (i0e ora( "e1a$ation or in#itin& to se"ition. a p')(i# o11i#er or (a? en1or#er #an stop or "isso(Je t2e $eetin&> T?o #riteria to "eter$ine ?2et2er t2is arti#(e ?o'(" )e Jio(ate"@ M P 3an&ero's ten"en#% r'(e app(i#a)(e in ti$es o1 nationa( 'nrest s'#2 as to preJent #o'p "Ketat> P C(ear an" present "an&er r'(e M app(ie" in ti$es o1 pea#e> Stri#ter r'(e> P T2e ?arrant $'st "ire#t t2at it )e serJe" in t2e "a% ti$e> P HOWEVER. it #an )e serJe" at an% ti$e o1 t2e "a% or ni&2t WHEN t2e a11i"aJit asserts t2at t2e propert% is on t2e person or in t2e p(a#e or"ere" to )e sear#2e"> A sear#2 ?arrant s2a(( )e Ja(i" 1or ten *+0, "a%s 1ro$ its "ate> T2e o11i#er sei4in& t2e propert% 'n"er t2e ?arrant $'st &iJe a "etai(e" re#eipt 1or t2e sa$e to t2e (a?1'( o##'pant o1 t2e pre$ises in ?2ose presen#e t2e sear#2 an" sei4're ?ere $a"e> P In t2e a)sen#e o1 s'#2 o##'pant. t2e o11i#er $'st (eaJe a re#eipt in t2e p(a#e in ?2i#2 2e 1o'n" t2e sei4e" propert% in t2e presen#e o1 at (east t?o ?itnesses o1 s'11i#ient +00N UP LAW UP 3> Cri$es a&ainst Re(i&io's Wors2ip BAROPS 200 Pa&e ++ o1 +FF

II> CRI!ES AGAINST FUN3A!ENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE CRI!INAL LAW II +> ARTICLE +B2> INTERRUPTION OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI #ere$onies or 2, Re(i&io's $ani1estations o1 an% re(i&io's are a)o't to ta0e p(a#e or are &oin& onI B, O11en"er preJents or "ist'r)s t2e sa$e> Jie?e" t2ro'&2 an 'n)iase" -'"i#ia( #riterion> o T2is (ater )e#a$e t2e $a-orit% "e#ision in Peop(e J> Ten&son> 2> Peop(e J> Nano% P T2e #ri$e is on(% UN5UST VEGATION ?2en t2e a#t is NOT "ire#te" to t2e re(i&io's )e(ie1 itse(1 an" t2ere is no intention o1 #a'sin& so serio's a "ist'r)an#e as to interr'pt a re(i&io's #ere$on%> H'a(i1ie" i1 #o$$itte" )% Jio(en#e or t2reat> 2> ARTICLE +BB> OFFEN3ING THE RELIGIOUS FEELINGS E(e$ents@ #o$p(aine" o1 ?ere +, A#ts per1or$e" in a p(a#e "eJote" to re(i&io's ?ors2ip. OR "'rin& t2e #e(e)ration o1 an% re(i&io's #ere$on%I 2, T2e a#ts $'st )e notorio's(% o11ensiJe to t2e 1ee(in&s o1 t2e 1ait21'(> CASES@ +> Peop(e J> Baes *+EBE, P An a#t is NOTORIOUSLY OFFENSIVE to t2e re(i&io's 1ee(in&s ?2en a person@ o ri"i#'(es or $a0es (i&2t o1 an%t2in& #onstit'tin& a re(i&io's "o&$a o ?or0s or s#o11s at an%t2in& "eJote" to re(i&io's #ere$onies o p(a%s ?it2 or "a$a&es or "estro%s an% o)-e#t or Jeneration )% t2e 1ait21'( P WON an a#t is o11ensiJe to t2e re(i&io's 1ee(in&s. is a ='estion o1 1a#t ?2i#2 $'st )e a"-'"&e" on(% a##or"in& to t2e 1ee(in&s o1 t2e Cat2o(i#s an" not t2ose o1 ot2er 1ait21'( ones> o W2at 2appene" in t2is #ase ?as t2at a Cat2o(i# priest #o$p(aine" a&ainst a &ro'p t2at passe" )% t2e #2'r#2%ar" as t2e% ?ere 2o("in& t2e 1'nera( rites o1 a C2'r#2 o1 C2rist $e$)er> La're( 3issent@ T2e "eter$ination s2o'(" NOT )e $a"e to "epen" 'pon $ore or (ess )roa" or narro? #on#eption o1 an% &iJen re(i&ion> Fa#ts an" #ir#'$stan#es s2o'(" )e UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +2 o1 +FF P +00N UP LAW

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER TITLE III@ CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER +> Re)e((ion or ins'rre#tion *Art> +BD,I 2> Conspira#% an" proposa( to #o$$it re)e((ion *Art> +BA,I B> 3is(o%a(t% to p')(i# o11i#ers or e$p(o%ees *Art> +BC,I D> In#itin& to re)e((ion *Art> +B ,I F> Se"ition *Art> +BE,I A> Conspira#% to #o$$it se"ition *Art> +D+,I C> In#itin& to se"ition *Art> +D2,I > A#ts ten"in& to preJent t2e $eetin& o1 Con&ress an" si$i(ar )o"ies *Art> +DB,I E> 3ist'r)an#e o1 pro#ee"in&s o1 Con&ress or si$i(ar )o"ies *Art> +DD,I +0>Vio(ation o1 par(ia$entar% i$$'nit% *Art> +DF,I ++>I((e&a( asse$)(ies *Art> +DA,I +2>I((e&a( asso#iations *Art> +DC,I +B>3ire#t assa'(ts *Art> +D ,I +D>In"ire#t assa'(ts *Art> +DE,I +F>3iso)e"ien#e to s'$$ons iss'e" )% Con&ress. its #o$$ittees. et#>. )% t2e #onstit'tiona( #o$$issions. its #o$$ittees. et#> *Art> +F0,I +A>Resistan#e an" "iso)e"ien#e to a person in a't2orit% or t2e a&ents o1 s'#2 person *Art> +F+,I +C>T'$'(ts an" ot2er "ist'r)an#es o1 p')(i# or"er *Art> +FB,I + >Un(a?1'( 'se o1 $eans o1 p')(i#ation an" 'n(a?1'( 'tteran#es *Art> +FD,I +E>A(ar$s an" s#an"a(s *Art> +FF,I 20>3e(iJerin& prisoners 1ro$ -ai(s *Art> +FA,I 2+>EJasion o1 serJi#e o1 senten#e *Art> +FC,I 22>EJasion on o##asion o1 "isor"ers *Art> +F ,I 2B>Vio(ation o1 #on"itiona( par"on *Art> +FE,I 2D>Co$$ission o1 anot2er #ri$e "'rin& serJi#e o1 pena(t% i$pose" 1or anot2er preJio's o11ense *Art> +A0,> A> Re)e((ion. Co'p "K Etat. Se"ition an" 3is(o%a(t% +> Re)e((ion or Ins'rre#tion Art> +BD@ Re)e((ionUIns'rre#tion E(e$ents@ +> T2ere is a p')(i# 'prisin& an" ta0in& ar$s a&ainst t2e &oJern$entI 2> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e 'prisin& or $oJe$ent is M a> to re$oJe 1ro$ t2e a((e&ian#e to t2e &oJern$ent or its (a?s P2i(ippine territor% or an% part t2ereo1. or an% )o"% o1 (an". naJa(. or ot2er ar$e" 1or#esI or )> to "epriJe t2e C2ie1 ELe#'tiJe or Con&ress. ?2o((% or partia((%. o1 +00N UP LAW UP CRI!INAL LAW II an% o1 t2eir prero&atiJes> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO po?ers or RE!E!BER Re)e((ionO$ore 1re='ent(% 'se" ?2ere t2e o)-e#t o1 t2e $oJe$ent is #o$p(ete(% to oJert2ro? an" s'perse"e t2e eListin& &oJern$ent *Re%es. #itin& B0 A$> 5r> +, Ins'rre#tionO$ore #o$$on(% e$p(o%e" in re1eren#e to a $oJe$ent ?2i#2 see0s $ere(% to e11e#t so$e #2an&e o1 $inor i$portan#e. or to preJent t2e eLer#ise o1 &oJern$enta( a't2orit% ?it2 respe#t to parti#'(ar $atters or s')-e#ts *Re%es. #itin& B0 A$> 5r> +, T2ere is no #ri$e o1 $isprision o1 re)e((ion> Re)e((ion #annot )e #o$p(eLe" ?it2. )'t a)sor)s ot2er #ri$es #o$$itte" in 1'rt2eran#e o1 re)e((ion> T2ere is no #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 re)e((ion ?it2 $'r"er an" ot2er #o$$on #ri$es> Re)e((ion is not #oJere" )% Art> 2 on eLtraterritoria( -'ris"i#tion> 3i11eren#e Bet?een Re)e((ion an" Treason Re)e((ion T2e (eJ%in& o1 ?ar a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent "'rin& pea#e ti$e 1or an% p'rpose $entione" in Art> +BD A(?a%s inJo(Jes ta0in& 'p ar$s a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent> 3i11eren#e S')Jersion )et?een Treason T2e (eJ%in& o1 ?ar a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent ?o'(" #onstit'te treason ?2en per1or$e" to ai" t2e ene$% !ere a"2eren#e to t2e ene$% &iJin& 2i$ ai" an" #o$1ort Re)e((ion an" Re)e((ion Cri$e a&ainst p')i# or"er T2ere $'st )e p')(i# 'prisin& to oJert2ro? t2e &oJern$ent S')Jersion Cri$e a&ainst nationa( se#'rit% Bein& o11i#ers an" ran0in& $e$)ers o1 s')JersiJe &ro'ps #onstit'te s')Jersion Re)e((ion an" 3i11eren#e Se"ition )et?een Re)e((ion T2ere $'st )e ta0in& 'p or ar$s a&ainst t2e 200 Se"ition It is s'11i#ient t2at t2e p')(i# 'prisin& )e t'$'(t'o's> Pa&e +B o1 +FF BAROPS

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER &oJern$ent> CRI!INAL LAW II Arti#(e +BD<A@ Co'p "K Etat T2e p'rpose is a(?a%s po(iti#a(> T2e p'rpose $a% )e po(iti#a( or so#ia(> E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a person or persons )e(on&in& to t2e $i(itar% or po(i#e or 2o("in& an% p')(i# o11i#e or e$p(o%$entI 2> It is #o$$itte" )% $eans o1 a s?i1t atta#0 a##o$panie" )% Jio(en#e. inti$i"ation. t2reat. strate&% or stea(t2I B> T2e atta#0 is "ire#te" a&ainst t2e "'(% #onstit'te" a't2orities o1 t2e Rep')(i# o1 t2e P2i(ippines. or an% $i(itar% #a$p or insta((ation. #o$$'ni#ation net?or0s. p')(i# 'ti(ities or ot2er 1a#i(ities nee"e" 1or t2e eLer#ise an" #ontin'e" possession o1 po?erI D> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e atta#0 is to sei4e or "i$inis2 state po?er> +> Enri(e J Sa(a4ar *+EE0, T2e "o#trine (ai" "o?n in Peop(e J Hernan"e4 re$ains &oo" (a?> *In Hernan"e4. t2e Co'rt r'(e" t2at re)e((ion #annot )e #o$p(eLe" ?it2 #o$$on #ri$es>, W2%V P T2ere are no ne? #2a((en&es presente" to t2e Co'rt t2at are pers'asiJe eno'&2 to $erit t2e reJersa( o1 Hernan"e4> P Presi"ent A='ino repea(e" P3 ED2 ?2i#2 so'&2t to n'((i1% Hernan"e4> B% ena#tin& a ne? proJision in t2e RPC ?2i#2 states t2at. R?2en reason. or on t2e o##asion. o1 an o1 t2e #ri$es pena(i4e" in t2is C2apter. a#ts ?2i#2 #onstit'te o11enses 'pon ?2i#2 &raJer pena(ties are i$pose" )% (a? are #o$$itte". t2e pena(t% 1or t2e $ore serio's o11ense in its $aLi$'$ perio" s2a(( )e i$pose".S s2e 2as reinstate" Hernan"e4 as )in"in&> 2> Pon#e Enri(e J A$in *+EE0, A(( #ri$es. ?2et2er p'nis2a)(e 'n"er spe#ia( a or &enera( (a?. ?2i#2 are $ere #o$ponents or in&re"ients. or #o$$itte" in 1'rt2eran#e t2ereo1. )e#o$e a)sor)e" in t2e #ri$e or re)e((ion an" #annot )e iso(ate" an" #2ar&e" as separate #ri$es t2e$se(Jes> B> Peop(e J> LoJe"ioro *+EEF, T2e po(iti#a( $otiJe o1 t2e a#t s2o'(" )e #(ear(% "e$onstrate"> I1 t2is #o'(" not )e "one. t2e a##'se" s2o'(" )e #onJi#te" o1 t2e #o$$on #ri$e not o1 re)e((ion> 2> Co'p "K etat I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER Essen#e o1 t2e #ri$e@ S?i1t atta#0 a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent. its $i(itar% #a$ps an insta((ations. et#> It $a% #o((e#tiJe(% )e #o$$itte" sin&(% or Re='ires as a prin#ipa( o11en"er a $e$)er o1 t2e AFP. PNP. or a p')(i# o11i#er ?it2 or ?it2o't #iJi(ian s'pport O)-e#tiJe@ To "esta)i(i4e. i$$o)i(i4e. or para(%4e t2e eListin& &oJern$ent )% ta0in& oJer s'#2 1a#i(ities essentia( to t2e #ontin'e" eLer#ise o1 &oJern$enta( po?ers> Co$$itte" t2ro'&2 1or#e. Jio(ation. inti$i"ation. t2reat. strate&% or stea(t2 *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?,> Pena(t% 1or Re)e((ion. Co'p "K etat *Art> +BF, Ins'rre#tion or Persons (ia)(e 1or ins'rre#tion or #o'p "Q etat re)e((ion. T2e (ea"ers M a> An% person ?2o pro$otes. $aintains or 2ea"s a re)e((ion or ins'rre#tionI or +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +D o1 +FF

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER CRI!INAL LAW II D> 3is(o%a(t% o1 P')(i# O11i#ers or E$p(o%ees P'nis2a)(e a#ts@ +> Fai(in& to resist a re)e((ion )% a(( $eans in t2eir po?er 2> Contin'in& to "is#2ar&e t2e "'ties o1 t2eir o11i#e 'n"er t2e #ontro( o1 t2e re)e(s B> A##eptin& appoint$ent to o11i#e 'n"er t2e re)e(s> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER )> An% person ?2o (ea"s. "ire#ts or #o$$an"s ot2ers to 'n"erta0e a #o'p "Q etatI T2e parti#ipants M a> An% person ?2o parti#ipates or eLe#'tes t2e #o$$an"s o1 ot2ers in re)e((ion. ins'rre#tion or #o'p "Q etatI )> An% person not in t2e &oJern$ent serJi#e ?2o parti#ipates. s'pports. 1inan#es. a)ets or ai"s in 'n"erta0in& a #o'p "Q etat> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ !ere si(en#e p'nis2a)(e> or TO RE!E!BER T2e #ri$e pres'pposes re)e((ion #o$$itte" )% ot2er persons> O11en"er $'st not )e in #onspira#% ?it2 t2e re)e(s> E11e#t o1 #onspira#%@ P')(i# o11i#er is 2i$se(1 &'i(t% o1 re)e((ion> o$ission is not I1 'n"er t2e #o$$an" o1 'n0no?n (ea"ers. an% person ?2o spo0e 1or. si&ne" re#eipts an" ot2er "o#'$ents iss'e" in t2eir na$e on )e2a(1 o1 t2e re)e(s s2a(( )e "ee$e" a (ea"er> Not a "e1ense@ T2e a##'se" "i" not ta0e t2e oat2 o1 a((e&ian#e to. or t2at t2% neJer re#o&ni4e" t2e &oJern$ent> H'estion@ W2at is a po(iti#a( #ri$eV Ans?er@ T2ose "ire#t(% ai$e" a&ainst t2e po(iti#a( or"erI in#('"es #o$$on #ri$es #o$$itte" to a#2ieJe a po(iti#a( p'rpose> 3e#isiJe 1a#tor@ Intent> B> Conspira#% an" Proposa( to Co$$it Re)e((ion. Ins'rre#tion. or Co'p "KEtat *Art> +BA, T2ere are t?o #ri$es p'nis2e" 2ere@ Conspira#% to #o$$it re)e((ionI an" Proposa( to #o$$it re)e((ion> Conspira#%O?2en t?o or $ore persons #o$e to an a&ree$ent to rise p')(i#(% an" ta0e ar$s a&ainst &oJern$ent 1or an% o1 t2e p'rposes o1 re)e((ion an" "e#i"e to #o$$it it> Proposa(O?2en t2e person ?2o 2as "e#i"e" to rise p')(i#(% an" ta0e ar$s a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent 1or an% o1 t2e p'rposes o1 re)e((ion proposes its eLe#'tion to so$e ot2er person or persons> F> In#itin& to Re)e((ion or Ins'rre#tion Arti#(e +B > In#itin& to Re)e((ion or Ins'rre#tion E(e$ents +> O11en"er "oes not ta0e ar$s or is not in open 2osti(it% a&ainst t2e &oJern$entI 2> He in#ites ot2ers to t2e eLe#'tion o1 an% o1 t2e a#ts o1 re)e((ionI B> T2e in#itin& is "one )% $eans o1 spee#2es. pro#(a$ations. ?ritin&s. e$)(e$s. )anners or ot2er representations ten"in& I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ Can on(% )e #o$$itte" )% #iJi(ians ?2o "o not ta0e part t2erein> 3i11eren#e Bet?een In#itin& to Re)e((ion an" Proposa( to Co$$it Re)e((ion In#itin& to Proposa( to Co$$it Re)e((ion Re)e((ion T2e o11en"er in"'#es anot2er to #o$$it re)e((ion> T2e person ?2o T2ere is no nee" proposes 2as t2at t2e o11en"er "e#i"e" to #o$$it 2as "e#i"e" to re)e((ion> #o$$it re)e((ion> T2e person ?2o T2e a#t o1 in#itin& proposes t2e is "one p')(i#(%> eLe#'tion o1 t2e #ri$e 'ses se#ret 200 Pa&e +F o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER $eans> NOTE@ In )ot2. t2e #ri$e o1 re)e((ion s2o'(" not )e a#t'a((% #o$$itte" )% t2e persons to ?2o$ it is propose" or ?2o are in#ite"I ot2er?ise. t2e% )e#o$e prin#ipa(s )% in"'#e$ent in t2e #ri$e o1 re)e((ion> A> Se"ition Arti#(e +BE@ Se"ition E(e$ents@ +> O11en"ers rise p')(i#(% an" t'$'(t'o's(%I 2> O11en"ers e$p(o% 1or#e. inti$i"ation. or ot2er $eans o'tsi"e o1 (e&a( $et2o"sI B> P'rpose is to attain an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& o)-e#ts@ a> To preJent t2e pro$'(&ation or eLe#'tion o1 an% (a? or t2e 2o("in& o1 an% pop'(ar e(e#tionI To preJent t2e nationa( &oJern$ent or an% proJin#ia( or $'ni#ipa( &oJern$ent. or an% p')(i# o11i#er 1ro$ eLer#isin& its or 2is 1'n#tions or preJent t2e eLe#'tion o1 an a"$inistratiJe or"erI To in1(i#t an% a#t o1 2ate or reJen&e 'pon t2e person or propert% o1 an% p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI To #o$$it. 1or an% po(iti#a( or so#ia( en". an% a#t o1 2ate or reJen&e a&ainst priJate persons or an% so#ia( #(assesI To "espoi( 1or an% po(iti#a( or so#ia( en". an% person. $'ni#ipa(it% or proJin#e. or t2e nationa( &oJern$ent o1 a(( its propert% or an% part t2ereo1> CRI!INAL LAW II Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?,> 3i11eren#e Bet?een Se"ition an" Treason Se"ition It is t2e raisin& o1 #o$$otions or "ist'r)an#es in t2e State> Treason It is t2e Jio(ation )% a s')-e#t o1 2is a((e&ian#e to 2is soJerei&n> Note@ For "i11eren#es )et?een Se"ition an" Re)e((ion. p(ease GO to pa&e +F> +> Peop(e J Ca)rera P 3e1inition o1 Se"ition@ T2e raisin& o1 #o$$otions or "ist'r)an#e in t2e State P No "istin#tionW It is not ne#essar% t2at t2e o11en"er )e a priJate #iti4en an" t2e o11en"e" part% a p')(i# 1'n#tionar%> Persons Lia)(e 1or Se"ition *Art> +D0, Persons (ia)(e 1or se"ition 'n"er Arti#(e +D0 +> T2e (ea"er o1 t2e se"itionI 2> Ot2er person parti#ipatin& in t2e se"ition> )> #> C> Conspira#% to Co$$it Se"ition *Art> +D+, In t2is #ri$e. t2ere $'st )e an a&ree$ent an" a "e#ision to rise p')(i#(% an" t'$'(t'o's(% to attain an% o1 t2e o)-e#ts o1 se"ition> T2ere is se"ition> no proposa( to #o$$it "> e> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER 3e1inition o1 T'$'(t'o's@ I1 #a'se" )% $ore t2an t2ree persons ?2o are ar$e" or proJi"e" ?it2 t2e $ans o1 Jio(en#e T2e p'rpose o1 t2is #ri$e is not t2e oJert2ro? o1 t2e &oJern$ent )'t t2e Jio(ation o1 p')(i# pea#e> Un"er R>A> 2ED. se"ition a)sor)s t2e 'se o1 'n(i#ense" 1irear$ as an e(e$ent t2ereo1I 2en#e. not a&&raJatin&. an" t2e o11en"er #an no (on&er )e prose#'te" 1or i((e&a( possession o1 1irear$> *Boa"o. +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +A o1 +FF

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER > In#itin& to Se"ition CRI!INAL LAW II o11i#er #on#erne" or a so#ia( #(ass $a% a$o'nt to In#itin& to Se"ition> Arti#(e +D2 is. t2ere1ore. ='ite )roa"> Tests re(atiJe to se"itio's ?or"s@ C(ear an" Present 3an&er. an" 3an&ero's Ten"en#% +> US J To(entino P T2e $ani1est. 'n$ista0a)(e ten"en#% o1 t2e p(a%. in Jie? o1 t2e ti$e. p(a#e. an" $anner o1 its presentation. ?as to in#'(#ate a spirit o1 2atre" an" en$it% a&ainst t2e A$eri#an peop(e an" t2e GoJern$ent o1 t2e US in t2e P2i(ippines> B> Cri$es A&ainst Pop'(ar Representation +> A#ts Ten"in& to PreJent t2e !eetin& o1 t2e Asse$)(% an" Si$i(ar Bo"ies Arti#(e +D2@ In#itin& to Se"ition A#ts p'nis2e" +> In#itin& ot2ers to t2e a##o$p(is2$ent o1 an% o1 t2e a#ts ?2i#2 #onstit'te se"ition )% $eans o1 spee#2es. pro#(a$ations. ?ritin&s. e$)(e$s. et#>I 2> Utterin& se"itio's ?or"s or spee#2es ?2i#2 ten" to "ist'r) t2e p')(i# pea#eI B> Writin&. p')(is2in&. or #ir#'(atin& s#'rri(o's (i)e(s a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent or an% o1 t2e "'(% #onstit'te" a't2orities t2ereo1. ?2i#2 ten" to "ist'r) t2e p')(i# pea#e> E(e$ents o1 A#t No> +@ +> O11en"er "oes not ta0e "ire#t part in t2e #ri$e o1 se"itionI 2> He in#ites ot2ers to t2e a##o$p(is2$ent o1 an% o1 t2e a#ts ?2i#2 #onstit'te se"itionI In#itin& is "one )% $eans o1 spee#2es. pro#(a$ations. ?ritin&s. e$)(e$s. #artoons. )anners. or ot2er representations ten"in& to?ar"s t2e sa$e en"> A#ts No> 2 an" No>B P'nis2a)(e ?2en@ +> T2e% ten" to "ist'r) or o)str'#t an% (a?1'( o11i#er in eLe#'tin& t2e 1'n#tions o1 2is o11i#e 2> T2e% ten" to insti&ate ot2ers to #a)a( an" $eet to&et2er 1or 'n(a?1'( p'rposes B> T2e% s'&&est or in#ite re)e((io's #onspira#ies or riots D> T2e% (ea" or ten" to stir 'p t2e peop(e a&ainst t2e (a?1'( a't2orities or "ist'r) t2e pea#e o1 t2e #o$$'nit%. an" t2e sa1et% an" or"er o1 t2e &oJern$ent> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER Arti#(e +DB> A#ts Ten"in& to PreJent t2e !eetin& o1 t2e Con&ress o1 t2e P2i(ippines an" Si$i(ar Bo"ies E(e$ents +> T2ere is a pro-e#te" or a#t'a( $eetin& o1 Con&ress or an% o1 its #o$$ittees or s')#o$$ittees. #onstit'tiona( #o$$ittees or "iJisions t2ereo1. or o1 an% proJin#ia( )oar" or #it% or $'ni#ipa( #o'n#i( or )oar"I 2> O11en"er. ?2o $a% )e an% person. preJents s'#2 $eetin&s )% 1or#e or 1ra'"> 2> 3ist'r)an#e o1 Pro#ee"in&s Arti#(e +DD> 3ist'r)an#e o1 Pro#ee"in&s E(e$ents +> T2ere is a $eetin& o1 Con&ress or an% o1 its #o$$ittees or s')#o$$ittees. #onstit'tiona( #o$$issions or #o$$ittees or "iJisions t2ereo1. or o1 an% proJin#ia( )oar" or #it% or $'ni#ipa( #o'n#i( or )oar"I 2> O11en"er "oes an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& a#ts@ a> He "ist'r)s an% o1 s'#2 $eetin&sI )> He )e2aJes ?2i(e in t2e presen#e o1 an% s'#2 )o"ies in s'#2 a $anner as to interr'pt its pro#ee"in&s or to i$pair t2e respe#t "'e it> 200 Pa&e +C o1 +FF On(% non<parti#ipant in se"ition $a% )e (ia)(e> Consi"erin& t2at t2e o)-e#tiJe o1 se"ition is to eLpress protest a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent an" in t2e pro#ess #reatin& 2ate a&ainst p')(i# o11i#ers. an% a#t t2at ?i(( &enerate 2atre" a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent or a p')(i# +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER CRI!INAL LAW II Par(ia$entar% i$$'nit% "oes not prote#t $e$)ers o1 Con&ress 1ro$ responsi)i(it% )e1ore Con&ress itse(1 +E C Consti@ !e$)ers o1 Con&ress not (ia)(e 1or o11enses p'nis2a)(e )% a pena(t% (ess t2an prision $a%or *A %rs an" + "a% to +2 %rs,. ?2i(e Con&ress is in session> C> I((e&a( Asse$)(ies an" Asso#iations I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER Co$p(aint $a% )e 1i(e" )% a $e$)er o1 t2e (e&is(atiJe )o"%> One ?2o "ist'r)s $a% a(so )e p'nis2e" 1or #onte$pt )% Con&ress> B> Vio(ation o1 Par(ia$entar% I$$'nit% +> I((e&a( Asse$)(ies Arti#(e +DF> Vio(ation o1 Par(ia$entar% I$$'nit% A#ts p'nis2e" +> Usin& 1or#e. inti$i"ation. t2reats. or 1ra'"s to preJent an% $e$)er o1 Con&ress 1ro$ atten"in& t2e $eetin&s o1 Con&ress or o1 an% o1 its #o$$ittees or s')#o$$ittees. #onstit'tiona( #o$$issions or #o$$ittees or "iJisions t2ereo1. or 1ro$ eLpressin& 2is opinion or #astin& 2is JoteI E(e$ents a, O11en"er 'ses 1or#e. inti$i"ation. t2reats or 1ra'"I ),T2e p'rpose o1 t2e o11en"er is to preJent an% $e$)er o1 Con&ress 1ro$@ i> atten"in& t2e $eetin&s o1 t2e Con&ress or o1 an% o1 its #o$$ittees or #onstit'tiona( #o$$issions. et#>I ii> eLpressin& 2is opinionI or iii> #astin& 2is Jote> 2> Arrestin& or sear#2in& an% $e$)er t2ereo1 ?2i(e Con&ress is in re&'(ar or spe#ia( session. eL#ept in #ase s'#2 $e$)er 2as #o$$itte" a #ri$e p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2e Co"e )% a pena(t% 2i&2er t2an prision $a%or> E(e$ents a> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er o1 e$p(o%eeI )> He arrests or sear#2es an% $e$)er o1 Con&ressI #> Con&ress. at t2e ti$e o1 arrest or sear#2. is in re&'(ar or spe#ia( sessionI "> T2e $e$)er arreste" or sear#2e" 2as not #o$$itte" a #ri$e p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2e Co"e )% a pena(t% 2i&2er t2an prision $a%or> ARTICLE +DA> ASSE!BLIES ILLEGAL A#ts p'nis2e" +> An% $eetin& atten"e" )% ar$e" persons 1or t2e p'rpose o1 #o$$ittin& an% o1 t2e #ri$es p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2e Co"eI E(e$ents a> T2ere is a $eetin&. a &at2erin& or &ro'p o1 persons. ?2et2er in 1iLe" p(a#e or $oJin&I )> T2e $eetin& is atten"e" )% ar$e" personsI #> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e $eetin& is to #o$$it an% o1 t2e #ri$es p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2e Co"e> 2> An% $eetin& in ?2i#2 a'"ien#e. ?2et2er ar$e" not. is in#ite" to #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e treason. re)e((ion ins'rre#tion. se"ition. assa'(t 'pon person a't2orit% or 2is a&ents> t2e or t2e o1 or or in E(e$ents a> T2ere is a $eetin&. a &at2erin& or &ro'p o1 persons. ?2et2er in a 1iLe" p(a#e or $oJin&I )> T2e a'"ien#e. ?2et2er ar$e" or not. is in#ite" to t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e o1 treason. re)e((ion or ins'rre#tion. se"ition or "ire#t assa'(t> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER Persons (ia)(e 1or i((e&a( asse$)(% +> T2e or&ani4er or (ea"ers o1 t2e $eetin&I 2> Persons $ere(% present at t2e $eetin&. ?2o $'st 2aJe a #o$$on intent to #o$$it t2e 1e(on% o1 i((e&a( asse$)(%> Pres'$ptions i1 a person #arrie" an 'n(i#ense" 1irear$@ I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ +00N UP LAW TO RE!E!BER UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e + o1 +FF

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER P T2e p'rpose o1 t2e $eetin& inso1ar as 2e is #on#erne" is to #o$$it a#ts p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2e RPC He is #onsi"ere" a (ea"er or or&ani4er o1 t2e $eetin&> *Note@ Not a(( persons present at t2e $eetin& o1 t2e 1irst 1or$ o1 i((e&a( asse$)(% $'st )e ar$e">, CRI!INAL LAW II 3> Assa'(t Upon. an" Resistan#e an" 3iso)e"ien#e to. Persons in A't2orit% an" t2eir A&ents +> 3ire#t Assa'(t P ARTICLE +D > 3IRECT ASSAULT ACTS PUNISHE3 +> Wit2o't p')(i# 'prisin&. )% e$p(o%in& 1or#e or inti$i"ation 1or t2e attain$ent o1 an% o1 t2e p'rposes en'$erate" in "e1inin& t2e #ri$es o1 re)e((ion an" se"itionI E(e$ents a> O11en"er e$p(o%s 1or#e or inti$i"ationI )> T2e ai$ o1 t2e o11en"er is to attain an% o1 t2e p'rposes o1 t2e #ri$e o1 re)e((ion or an% o1 t2e o)-e#ts o1 t2e #ri$e o1 se"itionI #> T2ere is no p')(i# 'prisin&> 2> Wit2o't p')(i# 'prisin&. )% atta#0in&. )% e$p(o%in& 1or#e or )% serio's(% inti$i"atin& or )% serio's(% resistin& an% person in a't2orit% or an% o1 2is a&ents. ?2i(e en&a&e" in t2e per1or$an#e o1 o11i#ia( "'ties. or on o##asion o1 s'#2 per1or$an#e> E(e$ents a> O11en"er $a0es an atta#0. e$p(o%s 1or#e. $a0es a serio's inti$i"ation. or $a0es a serio's resistan#eI )> T2e person assa'(te" is a person in a't2orit% or 2is a&entI #> At t2e ti$e o1 t2e assa'(t. t2e person in a't2orit% or 2is a&ent is en&a&e" in t2e a#t'a( per1or$an#e o1 o11i#ia( "'ties. or t2at 2e is assa'(te" )% reason o1 t2e past per1or$an#e o1 o11i#ia( "'tiesI "> O11en"er 0no?s t2at t2e one 2e is assa'(tin& is a person in a't2orit% or 2is a&ent in t2e eLer#ise o1 2is "'ties> e> T2ere is no p')(i# 'prisin&> 2> I((e&a( Asso#iations ILLEGAL ASSOCIATIONS +> Asso#iations tota((% or partia((% or&ani4e" 1or t2e p'rpose o1 #o$$ittin& an% o1 t2e #ri$es p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2e Co"eI 2> Asso#iations tota((% or partia((% or&ani4e" 1or so$e p'rpose #ontrar% to p')(i# $ora(s> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ Persons (ia)(e +> Fo'n"ers. "ire#tors an" presi"ent o1 t2e asso#iationI 2> !ere $e$)ers o1 t2e asso#iation> P')(i# !ora(s< $atters ?2i#2 a11e#t t2e interest o1 so#iet% an" p')(i# #onJenien#e an" is not (i$ite" to &oo" #'sto$s 3i11eren#e Bet?een I((e&a( Asso#iation an" I((e&a( Asse$)(% I((e&a( Asse$)(% T2ere $'st )e an a#t'a( $eetin& or asse$)(% W2at is p'nis2e" are t2e $eetin& an" t2e atten"an#e t2erein Persons (ia)(e@ +> Or&ani4ers or (ea"ers o1 t2e $eetin& 2> Persons present at t2e $eetin& I((e&a( Asso#iation A#t'a( $eetin& not ne#essar% W2at is p'nis2e" is t2e a#t o1 1or$in& or or&ani4in& t2e asso#iation Persons (ia)(e@ +> Fo'n"ers. "ire#tors. presi"ent 2> T2e $e$)ers TO RE!E!BER I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER T2e 1irst 1or$ o1 "ire#t assa'(t is tanta$o'nt to re)e((ion or se"ition. eL#ept t2at t2ere is no p')i# 'prisin&> C(assi1i#ations o1 "ire#t si$p(e an" ='a(i1ie"> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 assa'(t@ Pa&e +E o1 +FF

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER W2en ='a(i1ie"@ P T2ere is a ?eapon e$p(o%e" in t2e atta#0 P T2e o11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er P T2e o11en"er (a%s 2an"s on a p')(i# a't2orit% W2en t2e assa'(t res'(ts in t2e 0i((in& o1 t2at a&ent or o1 a person in a't2orit%. t2ere arises a #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 "ire#t assa'(t ?it2 $'r"er or 2o$i#i"e> T2e on(% ti$e ?2en it is not #o$p(eLe" is ?2en $ateria( #onse='en#e is a (i&2t 1e(on%. t2at is. s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'r%> 3ire#t assa'(t a)sor)s t2e (i&2ter 1e(on%> Resistan#e or "iso)e"ien#e to an a&ent o1 a person in a't2orit% is a(?a%s serio's. )'t to an a&ent o1 a person in a't2orit%. it $a% or $a% not )e serio's> I1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er is not a person in a't2orit%. t2e assa'(t on 2i$ is an a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e in Art> +D. no> B *ran0,> *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?, Persons in A't2orit% an" A&ents Persons in A't2orit% *Art> +F2, P')(i# O11i#er An% person ?2o ta0es part in t2e per1or$an# e o1 p')(i# 1'n#tions in t2e &oJern$en t> Persons in A't2orit% An% person "ire#t(% Jeste" ?it2 -'ris"i#tion. ?2et2er as an in"iJi"'a( or as a $e$)er o1 so$e #o'rt or &oJern$ent a( #orporation. )oar" or #o$$ission> o1 CRI!INAL LAW II Tea#2ers. (a?%ers an" 2ea"s o1 s#2oo(s re#o&ni4e" )% &oJern$ent are persons in a't2orit% on(% 1or p'rposes o1 Art> +F2 in re(ation to Arts> +D an" +F+. an" in #onne#tion ?it2 t2eir "'ties> A person in a't2orit% in#('"es a )aran&a% #2air$an an" $e$)ers o1 t2e L'pon& Ta&apa&0as'n"o as proJi"e" 'n"er t2e Lo#a( GoJern$ent Co"e> *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?, 2> In"ire#t Assa'(t ARTICLE +DE> IN3IRECT ASSAULT E(e$ents +> A person in a't2orit% or 2is a&ent is t2e Ji#ti$ o1 an% o1 t2e 1or$s o1 "ire#t assa'(t "e1ine" in Arti#(e +D I 2> A person #o$es to t2e ai" o1 s'#2 a't2orit% or 2is a&entI B> O11en"er $a0es 'se o1 1or#e or inti$i"ation 'pon s'#2 person #o$in& to t2e ai" o1 t2e a't2orit% or 2is a&ent> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER A&ents o1 a Person in A't2orit% An% person ?2o. )% "ire#t proJision o1 (a? or )% e(e#tion or )% appoint$en t )% #o$petent a't2orit%. is #2ar&e" ?it2 t2e $aintenan# e o1 p')(i# or"er an" 2e prote#tion an" se#'rit% o1 (i1e an" propert%> Can on(% )e #o$$itte" ?2en a "ire#t assa'(t is a(so #o$$itte"> Art> +F2 #(ot2es an% person ?2o #o$es to t2e ai" o1 a person in a't2orit% ?it2 t2e 1i#tion o1 an a&ent o1 a person in a't2orit%> An% assa'(t on 2i$ on t2e o##asion o1 2is ai"in& a person in a't2orit% or 2is a&ent in in"ire#t assa'(t> B> 3iso)e"ien#e to S'$$ons Iss'e" )% Con&ress. Its Co$$ittees or S')#o$$ittees. )% t2e Constit'tiona( Co$$issions. Its Co$$ittees. S')#o$$it<tees or 3iJisions +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e 20 o1 +FF

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE +F0> 3ISOBE3IENCE TO SU!!ONS ISSUE3 BY CONGRESS. ITS CO!!ITTEES OR SUBCO!!ITTEES. BY THE CONSTITUTIONAL CO!!ISSIONS. ITS CO!!ITTEES. SUBCO!!ITTEES OR 3IVISIONS A#ts p'nis2e" +> B% re1'sin&. ?it2o't (e&a( eL#'se. to o)e% s'$$ons o1 Con&ress. its spe#ia( or stan"in& #o$$ittees an" s')#o$$ittees. t2e Constit'tiona( Co$$issions an" its #o$$ittees. s')#o$$ittees or "iJisions. or )% an% #o$$ission or #o$$ittee #2air$an or $e$)er a't2ori4e" to s'$$on ?itnessesI 2> B% re1'sin& to )e s?orn or p(a#e" 'n"er a11ir$ation ?2i(e )ein& )e1ore s'#2 (e&is(atiJe or #onstit'tiona( )o"% or o11i#ia(I B> B% re1'sin& to ans?er an% (e&a( in='ir% or to pro"'#e an% )oo0s. papers. "o#'$ents. or re#or"s in 2is possession. ?2en re='ire" )% t2e$ to "o so in t2e eLer#ise o1 t2eir 1'n#tionsI ARTICLE +F+> RESISTANCE AN3 3ISOBE3IENCE TO A PERSON IN AUTHORITY OR THE AGENTS OF SUCH PERSON E(e$ents o1 resistan#e an" serio's "iso)e"ien#e@ +> A person in a't2orit% or 2is a&ent is en&a&e" in t2e per1or$an#e o1 o11i#ia( "'t% or &iJes a (a?1'( or"er to t2e o11en"erI 2> O11en"er resists or serio's(% "iso)e%s s'#2 person in a't2orit% or 2is a&entI B> T2e a#t o1 t2e o11en"er is not in#('"e" in t2e proJision o1 Arti#(es +D . +DE an" +F0> E(e$ents o1 si$p(e "iso)e"ien#e@ +> An a&ent o1 a person in a't2orit% is en&a&e" in t2e per1or$an#e o1 o11i#ia( "'t% or &iJes a (a?1'( or"er to t2e o11en"erI 2> O11en"er "iso)e%s s'#2 a&ent o1 a person in a't2orit%I B> S'#2 "iso)e"ien#e serio's nat're> is not o1 a D> B% restrainin& anot2er 1ro$ atten"in& as a ?itness in s'#2 (e&is(atiJe or #onstit'tiona( )o"%I F> B% in"'#in& "iso)e"ien#e to a s'$$ons or re1'sa( to )e s?orn )% an% s'#2 )o"% or o11i#ia(> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2e a##'se" $'st 2aJe 0no?(e"&e t2at t2e person &iJin& t2e or"er is a pea#e o11i#er> 3i11eren#e Bet?een Serio's 3iso)e"ien#e an" 3ire#t Assa'(t I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2e testi$on% o1 a person s'$$one" $'st )e 'pon $atters into ?2i#2 t2e (e&is(at're 2as -'ris"i#tion to in='ire> D> Arti#(e +F+> Resistan#e an" 3iso)e"ien#e to A Person in A't2orit% or t2e A&ents o1 S'#2 Person Serio's 3iso)e"ien#e On(% in t2e a#t'a( per1or$an#e o1 "'ties 3ire#t Assa'(t T2e P') A't2orit% or t2e A&ent o1 t2e P') A't2orit% $'st )e en&a&e" in t2e per1or$an#e o1 o11i#ia( "'ties or t2at 2e is assa'(te" )% reason t2ereo1> T2ere is 1or#e e$p(o%e"> Use o1 1or#e is not so serio's> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e 2+ o1 +FF

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER E> P')(i# 3isor"ers +> T'$'(ts an" Ot2er 3ist'r)an#es CRI!INAL LAW II 3e1inition o1 o't#r%@ to s2o't s')JersiJe or proJo#atiJe ?or"s ten"in& to stir 'p t2e peop(e to o)tain )% $eans o1 1or#e or Jio(en#e an% o1 t2e o)-e#ts o1 re)e((ion or se"ition> I1 "one 'n#ons#io's(%@ T2is arti#(e app(ies> I1 "one ?it2 intent to #o$$it re)e((ion or se"ition@ T2e #ri$e is in#itin& to re)e((ion or se"ition> 3e1inition o1 t'$'(t'o's@ I1 #a'se" )% $ore t2an B persons ?2o are ar$e" or proJi"e" ?it2 t2e $eans o1 Jio(en#e 3e1inition o1 R)'r%in& ?it2 po$p t2e )o"% o1 a personS@ ostentatio's "isp(a% o1 a )'ria( 2> Un(a?1'( Use o1 !eans o1 P')(i#ation an" Un(a?1'( Utteran#es I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER ARTICLE +FB> TU!ULTS AN3 OTHER 3ISTURBANCES OF PUBLIC OR3ER A#ts P'nis2e"@ +> Ca'sin& an% serio's "ist'r)an#e in a p')(i# p(a#e. o11i#e or esta)(is2$entI 2> Interr'ptin& or "ist'r)in& per1or$an#es. 1'n#tions or &at2erin&s. or pea#e1'( $eetin&s. i1 t2e a#t is not in#('"e" in arti#(es +B+ an" +B2I B> !a0in& an% o't#r% ten"in& to in#ite re)e((ion or se"ition in an% $eetin&. asso#iation or p')(i# p(a#eI D> 3isp(a%in& p(a#ar"s or e$)(e$s ?2i#2 proJo0e a "ist'r)an#e o1 p')(i# or"er in s'#2 p(a#eI F> B'r%in& ?it2 po$p t2e )o"% o1 a person ?2o 2as )een (e&a((% eLe#'te"> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ Serio's "ist'r)an#e $'st )e p(anne" or inten"e"> T2is arti#(e app(ies i1 t2e "ist'r)an#e is not #a'se" )% a p')(i# o11i#erI or. i1 it is #o$$itte" )% a p')(i# o11i#er. 2e is a parti#ipant t2erein> To )e (ia)(e. t2e o11en"er $'st 0no? t2at t2e ne?s is 1a(se A#t'a( p')(i# "isor"er or a#t'a( "a$a&e to t2e #re"it o1 t2e State is not ne#essar%> Arti#(e +FD@ Un(a?1'( Use o1 !eans o1 P')(i#ation an" Un(a?1'( Utteran#es A#ts P'nis2e"@ +> P')(is2in& or #a'sin& to )e p')(is2e" as ne?s an% 1a(se ne?s ?2i#2 $a% en"an&er t2e p')(i# or"er. or #a'se "a$a&e to t2e interest or #re"it o1 t2e State 2> En#o'ra&in& "iso)e"ien#e to t2e (a? or t2e #onstit'te" a't2orities or )% praisin&. -'sti1%in& or eLto((in& an% a#t p'nis2e" (a?. )% t2e sa$e $eans or )% ?or"s. 'tteran#es or spee#2es B> !a(i#io's(% p')(is2in& or #a'sin& to )e p')(is2e" an% o11i#ia( reso('tion or "o#'$ent ?it2o't a't2orit%. or )e1ore t2e% 2aJe )een p')(is2e" o11i#ia((% D> Printin&. p')(is2in& or "istri)'tin& *or #a'sin& t2e sa$e, )oo0s. pa$p2(ets. perio"i#a(s. or (ea1(ets ?2i#2 "o no )ear t2e rea( printerKs na$e. or ?2i#2 are #(assi1ie" as anon%$o's> 200 Pa&e 22 o1 +FF ARTICLE +FF> SCAN3ALS ALAR!S AN3 A#ts P'nis2e" +> 3is#2ar&in& an% 1irear$. ro#0et. 1ire#ra#0er. or ot2er eLp(osiJe ?it2in an% to?n or p')(i# p(a#e. #a(#'(ate" to #a'se *?2i#2 pro"'#es, a(ar$ o1 "an&erI 2> Insti&atin& or ta0in& an a#tiJe part in an% #2ariJari or ot2er "isor"er(% $eetin& o11ensiJe to anot2er or pre-'"i#ia( to p')(i# tran='i(it%I +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER B> A(ar$s an" S#an"a(s CRI!INAL LAW II priJate person> Bot2 #ri$es $a% )e #o$$itte" )% p')(i# o11i#ers as ?e(( as priJate persons> T2e on(% point o1 "istin#tion )et?een t2e t?o #ri$es (ies on ?2et2er t2e o11en"er is t2e #'sto"ian o1 t2e prisoner or not at t2e ti$e t2e prisoner ?as $a"e to es#ape> I1 t2e prisoner ?2o es#apes is on(% a "etention prisoner. 2e "oes not in#'r (ia)i(it% 1ro$ es#apin& i1 2e "oes not 0no? o1 t2e p(an to re$oJe 2i$ 1ro$ -ai(> B't i1 s'#2 prisoner 0no?s o1 t2e p(ot to re$oJe 2i$ 1ro$ -ai( an" #ooperates t2erein )% es#apin&. 2e 2i$se(1 )e#o$es (ia)(e 1or "e(iJerin& prisoners 1ro$ -ai( as a prin#ipa( )% in"ispensa)(e #ooperation> I1 t2ree persons are inJo(Je" M a stran&er. t2e #'sto"ian an" t2e prisoner M t2ree #ri$es are #o$$itte"@ *+,In1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 prisonersI *2,3e(iJer% o1 t2e prisoner 1ro$ -ai(I an" *B,EJasion o1 serJi#e o1 senten#e> B> 3ist'r)in& t2e p')(i# pea#e ?2i(e ?an"erin& a)o't at ni&2t or ?2i(e en&a&e" in an% ot2er no#t'rna( a$'se$entsI D> Ca'sin& an% "ist'r)an#e or s#an"a( in p')(i# p(a#es ?2i(e intoLi#ate" or ot2er?ise. proJi"e" Arti#(e +FB in not app(i#a)(e> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER T2e #ri$e a(ar$s an" s#an"a( is on(% one #ri$e> S#an"a( 2ere "oes not re1er to $ora( s#an"a(I t2at one is &raJe s#an"a( in Arti#(e 200> T2e essen#e o1 t2e #ri$e is "ist'r)an#e o1 p')(i# tran='i(it% an" p')(i# pea#e> An% 0in" o1 "ist'r)an#e o1 p')(i# or"er ?2ere t2e #ir#'$stan#e at t2e ti$e ren"ers t2e a#t o11ensiJe to t2e tran='i(it% preJai(in&. t2e #ri$e is #o$$itte"> 3e1inition o1 #2ariJari@ in#('"es a $e"(e% o1 "is#or"ant Joi#es. a $o#0 serena"e o1 "is#or"ant noises $a"e on 0ett(es. tin. 2orns. et#> "esi&ne" to anno% or ins'(t D> 3e(iJer% o1 Prisoners 1ro$ 5ai( F> EJasion o1 SerJi#e o1 Senten#e +> EJasion o1 SerJi#e o1 Senten#e ARTICLE +FA> 3ELIVERY PRISONERS FRO! 5AIL E(e$ents +> T2ere is a person #on1ine" in a -ai( or pena( esta)(is2$entI 2> O11en"er re$oJes t2ere1ro$ s'#2 person. or 2e(ps t2e es#ape o1 s'#2 person> OF ARTICLE +FC> OF SENTENCE E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a #onJi#t )% 1ina( -'"&$entI 2> He is serJin& senten#e ?2i#2 #onsists in t2e "epriJation o1 (i)ert%I B> He eJa"es serJi#e o1 2is senten#e )% es#apin& "'rin& t2e ter$ o1 2is i$prison$ent> H'a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#es as to pena(t% i$pose" i1 s'#2 eJasion or es#ape ta0es p(a#e M +> B% $eans o1 'n(a?1'( entr% *t2is s2o'(" )e R)% s#a(in&S < Re%es,I 2> B% )rea0in& "oors. ?in"o?s. &ates. ?a((s. roo1s or 1(oorsI B> B% 'sin& pi#0(o#0. 1a(se 0e%s. "is&'ise. "e#eit. Jio(en#e or inti$i"ationI or D> T2ro'&2 #onniJan#e ?it2 ot2er #onJi#ts or e$p(o%ees o1 t2e pena( instit'tion> EVASION OF SERVICE I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER In re(ation to in1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 prisoners. #orre(ate t2e #ri$e o1 "e(iJerin& person 1ro$ -ai( ?it2 in1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 prisoners p'nis2e" 'n"er Arti#(es 22B. 22D an" 22F o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> In )ot2 a#ts. t2e o11en"er $a% )e a p')(i# o11i#er or a priJate #iti4en> 3o not t2in0 t2at in1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 prisoners #an on(% )e #o$$itte" )% a p')(i# o11i#er an" "e(iJerin& persons 1ro$ -ai( #an on(% )e #o$$itte" )% +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e 2B o1 +FF

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ CRI!INAL LAW II TO RE!E!BER EJasion o1 serJi#e o1 senten#e 2as t2ree 1or$s@ *+,B% si$p(% (eaJin& or es#apin& 1ro$ t2e pena( esta)(is2$ent 'n"er Arti#(e +FCI *2,Fai('re to ret'rn ?it2in D 2o'rs a1ter 2aJin& (e1t t2e pena( esta)(is2$ent )e#a'se o1 a #a(a$it%. #on1(a&ration or $'tin% an" s'#2 #a(a$it%. #on1(a&ration or $'tin% 2as )een anno'n#e" as a(rea"% passe" 'n"er Arti#(e +F I *B, Vio(atin& t2e #on"ition o1 #on"itiona( par"on 'n"er Arti#(e +FE> In (eaJin& or es#apin& 1ro$ -ai( or prison. t2at t2e prisoner i$$e"iate(% ret'rne" is i$$ateria(> It $a% )e $iti&atin&. )'t it ?i(( not a)so(Je 2is #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%> T2e (eaJin& 1ro$ t2e pena( esta)(is2$ent is not t2e )asis o1 #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%> It is t2e 1ai('re to ret'rn ?it2in D 2o'rs a1ter t2e passin& o1 t2e #a(a$it%. #on1(a&ration or $'tin% 2a" )een anno'n#e"> Un"er Arti#(e +F . t2ose ?2o ret'rn ?it2in D 2o'rs are &iJen #re"it or "e"'#tion 1ro$ t2e re$ainin& perio" o1 t2eir senten#e e='iJa(ent to +UF o1 t2e ori&ina( ter$ o1 t2e senten#e> I1 t2e prisoner 1ai(s to ret'rn ?it2in sai" D 2o'rs. an a""e" pena(t%. a(so +UF. s2a(( )e i$pose" )'t t2e +UF pena(t% is )ase" on t2e re$ainin& perio" o1 t2e senten#e. not on t2e ori&ina( senten#e> In no #ase s2a(( t2at pena(t% eL#ee" siL $ont2s> !'tin% is one o1 t2e #a'ses ?2i#2 $a% a't2ori4e a #onJi#t serJin& senten#e in t2e penitentiar% to (eaJe t2e -ai( proJi"e" 2e 2as not ta0en part in t2e $'tin%> 2> EJasion o1 SerJi#e o1 Senten#e on t2e O##asion o1 3isor"ers. Con1(a&rations. Eart2='a0es. or Ot2er Ca(a$ities ARTICLE +F > EVASION OF SERVICE OF SENTENCE ON THE OCCASION OF 3ISOR3ERS. CONFLAGRATIONS. EARTHHUA8ES. OR OTHER CALA!ITIES E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a #onJi#t )% 1ina( -'"&$ent. ?2o is #on1ine" in a pena( instit'tionI 2> T2ere is "isor"er. res'(tin& 1ro$ M a> #on1(a&rationI )> eart2='a0eI #> eLp(osionI or "> si$i(ar #atastrop2eI or e> $'tin% in ?2i#2 2e 2as not parti#ipate"I B> He eJa"es t2e serJi#e o1 2is senten#e )% (eaJin& t2e pena( instit'tion ?2ere 2e is #on1ine". on t2e o##asion o1 s'#2 "isor"er or "'rin& t2e $'tin%I D> He 1ai(s to &iJe 2i$se(1 'p to t2e a't2orities ?it2in D 2o'rs 1o((o?in& t2e iss'an#e o1 a pro#(a$ation )% t2e C2ie1 ELe#'tiJe anno'n#in& t2e passin& a?a% o1 s'#2 #a(a$it%> B> Ot2er Cases o1 EJasion o1 SerJi#e o1 Senten#e ARTICLE +FE> OTHER CASES OF EVASION OF SERVICE OF SENTENCE E(e$ents +> O11en"er ?as a #onJi#tI 2> He ?as &rante" par"on )% t2e C2ie1 ELe#'tiJeI B> He Jio(ate" an% o1 t2e #on"itions o1 s'#2 par"on> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER Vio(ation o1 #on"itiona( par"on is a "istin#t #ri$e> In Jio(ation o1 #on"itiona( par"on. as a r'(e. t2e Jio(ation ?i(( a$o'nt to t2is #ri$e on(% i1 t2e #on"ition is Jio(ate" "'rin& t2e re$ainin& perio" o1 t2e senten#e> I1 t2e #on"ition o1 t2e par"on is Jio(ate" ?2en t2e re$ainin& 'nserJe" portion o1 t2e senten#e 2as a(rea"% (apse". t2ere ?i(( )e no $ore #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% 1or t2e Jio(ation> Ho?eJer. t2e #onJi#t $a%)e re='ire" to serJe t2e 'nserJe" portion o1 t2e senten#e. t2at is. #ontin'e serJin& ori&ina( pena(t%> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

200 Pa&e 2D o1 +FF

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER G> H'asi<Re#i"iJis$ Co$$ission o1 Anot2er Cri$e 3'rin& SerJi#e o1 Pena(t% I$pose" 1or Anot2er PreJio's O11ense CRI!INAL LAW II REPUBLIC ACT NO> 2ED@ A!EN3ING P3 + AA ON ILLEGAL POSSESSION OF FIREAR!S A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> Un(a?1'( $an'1a#t're. sa(e. a#='isition. "isposition or possession o1 1irear$s or a$$'nition or instr'$ents 'se" or inten"e" to )e 'se" in t2e $an'1a#t're o1 1irear$s or a$$'nition> ARTICLE +A0> CO!!ISSION OF ANOTHER CRI!E 3URING SERVICE OF PENALTY I!POSE3 FOR ANOTHER PREVIOUS OFFENSE E(e$ents o1 H'asi<Re#i"iJis$ +> O11en"er ?as a(rea"% #onJi#te" )% 1ina( -'"&$ent o1 one o11enseI 2> He #o$$itte" a ne? 1e(on% )e1ore )e&innin& to serJe s'#2 senten#e or ?2i(e serJin& t2e sa$e> Note@ I1 2o$i#i"e or $'r"er is #o$$itte" ?it2 t2e 'se o1 an 'n(i#ense" 1irear$. s'#2 'se o1 an 'n(i#ense" 1irear$ s2a(( )e #onsi"ere" as an a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e> Note@ I1 t2e Jio(ation o1 t2is Se#> is in 1'rt2eran#e o1. or in#i"ent to. or in #onne#tion ?it2 t2e #ri$e o1 re)e((ion. ins'rre#tion. se"ition or atte$pte" #o'p "Qetat. s'#2 Jio(ation s2a(( )e a)sor)e" as an I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ 3o not #on1'se t2e 1o((o?in&@ Ha)it'a( 3e(in='en#% Art> A2 *F, Cri$es Spe#i1ie"@ a> (ess serio's or serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries )> ro))er% #> t2e1t "> esta1a e>1a(si1i#ation Re#i"iJis$ Art> +D *E, Ha)it'a(it%U Reitera#ion U Repetition Art> +D *+0, Ne#essar% t2at t2e o11en"er s2a(( 2aJe serJe" o't 2is senten#e 1or t2e 1irst o11ense e(e$ent o1 t2e #ri$es o1 re)e((ion. ins'rre#tion. se"ition or atte$pte" #o'p "Qetat> T2e sa$e pena(t% s2a(( )e i$pose" 'pon t2e o?ner. presi"ent. $ana&er. "ire#tor or ot2er responsi)(e o11i#er o1 an% p')(i# or priJate 1ir$. #o$pan%. #orporation or entit%. ?2o s2a(( ?i((1'((% or 0no?in&(% a((o? an% o1 t2e 1irear$s o?ne" )% s'#2 1ir$. #o$pan%. #orporation or entit% to )e 'se" )% an% person or persons 1o'n" &'i(t% o1 Jio(atin& t2e proJisions o1 t2e pre#e"in& para&rap2s or ?i((1'((% or 0no?in&(% a((o? an% o1 t2e$ to 'se 'n(i#ense" 1irear$s or 1irear$s ?it2o't an% (e&a( a't2orit% to )e #arrie" o'tsi"e o1 t2eir resi"en#e in t2e #o'rse o1 t2eir e$p(o%$ent> T2e pena(t% o1 arresto $a%or s2a(( )e i$pose" 'pon an% person ?2o s2a(( #arr% an% (i#ense" 1irear$ o'tsi"e 2is resi"en#e ?it2o't (e&a( a't2orit% t2ere1or> 2> Un(a?1'( $an'1a#t're. sa(e. a#='isition. "isposition or possession o1 eLp(osiJes> Note@ W2en a person #o$$its an% o1 t2e #ri$es "e1ine" in t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e or spe#ia( (a?s ?it2 t2e 'se o1 t2e a1ore$entione" eLp(osiJes. "etonation a&ents or in#en"iar% "eJi#es. ?2i#2 res'(ts in t2e "eat2 o1 an% person or persons. t2e 'se o1 s'#2 eLp(osiJes. 200 Pa&e 2F o1 +FF Perio" o1 ti$e N'$)er o1 #ri$es Wit2in +0 %ears 1ro$ 2is (ast re(ease or #onJi#tion G'i(t% t2e t2ir" ti$e or o1tener S'11i#ient t2at t2e o11en"er 2aJe )een preJio's(% #onJi#te" )% 1ina( -'"&$ent 1or anot2er #ri$e e$)ra#e" in t2e sa$e tit(e o1 t2e Co"e on t2e "ate o1 2is tria( No perio" o1 ti$e T2e se#on" #onJi#tion 1or an o11ense e$)ra#e" in t2e sa$e tit(e o1 t2is Co"e T2eir e11e#ts An a""itiona( I1 not o11set pena(t% s2a(( )% an% )e i$pose" $iti&atin& #ir#'$stan#e . in#rease t2e pena(t% on(% to t2e $aLi$'$

T2e preJio's an" s')se='ent o11enses $'st NOT )e e$)ra#e" in t2e sa$e tit(e o1 t2e Co"e Not a(?a%s an a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan# e +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

III> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC OR3ER "etonation a&ents or in#en"iar% "eJi#es s2a(( )e #onsi"ere" as an a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e> I1 t2e Jio(ation o1 t2is Se#> is in 1'rt2eran#e o1. or in#i"ent to. or in #onne#tion ?it2 t2e #ri$e o1 re)e((ion. ins'rre#tion. se"ition or atte$pte" #o'p "Qetat. s'#2 Jio(ation s2a(( )e a)sor)e" as an e(e$ent o1 t2e #ri$es o1 re)e((ion. ins'rre#tion. se"ition or atte$pte" #o'p "Qetat> T2e sa$e pena(t% s2a(( )e i$pose" 'pon t2e o?ner. presi"ent. $ana&er. "ire#tor or ot2er responsi)(e o11i#er o1 an% p')(i# or priJate 1ir$. #o$pan%. #orporation or entit%. ?2o s2a(( ?i((1'((% or 0no?in&(% a((o? an% o1 t2e eLp(osiJes o?ne" )% s'#2 1ir$. #o$pan%. #orporation or entit%. to )e 'se" )% an% person or persons 1o'n" &'i(t% o1 Jio(atin& t2e proJisions o1 t2e pre#e"in& para&rap2s> B> Ta$perin& o1 1irear$Qs seria( n'$)er> D> Repa#0in& or a(terin& t2e #o$position o1 (a?1'((% $an'1a#t're" eLp(osiJes> CoJera&e o1 t2e Ter$ Un(i#ense" Firear$> O T2e ter$ 'n(i#ense" 1irear$ s2a(( in#('"e@ in t2e 1irear$s ?it2 eLpire" (i#enseI or 'na't2ori4e" 'se o1 (i#ense" 1irear$ t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e> +> A"Jin#'(a J CA *2000, T?o t2in&s $'st )e s2o?n to eList@ P T2e eListen#e o1 t2e 1irear$ P T2e 1a#t t2at it is not (i#ense" Ho?eJer. it s2o'(" a(so )e s2o?n t2at eJen o1 2e 2as a (i#ense. 2e #annot #arr% t2e 1irear$ o'tsi"e 2is resi"en#e ?it2o't (e&a( a't2orit% t2ere1ore> 2> Peop(e J Tio4on *+EE+, It $a% )e (oose(% sai" t2at 2o$i#i"e or $'r"er ='a(i1ies t2e o11ense> It "oes not 1o((o? 2o?eJer t2at t2e 2o$i#i"e or $'r"er is a)sor)e" in t2e o11ense> It ?o'(" )e ano$a(o's@ a $ore serio's #ri$e is a)sor)e" )% a +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 CRI!INAL LAW II stat'tor% o11ense ?2i#2 is -'st $a('$ pro2i)it'$> In 1ine t2en t2e 0i((in& o1 a person ?it2 t2e 'se o1 an 'n(i#ense" 1irear$ $a% &iJe rise to separate prose#'tions 1or *a, Jio(ation o1 se#tion + o1 P3 + AA. or *), $'r"er or 2o$i#i"e> T2e a##'se" #annot p(ea" one as a )ar to anot2er> B> Peop(e J Nepo$'#eno *+EEE, A##'se" #an no (on&er )e separate(% #2ar&e" ?it2 parri#i"e an" i((e&a( possession o1 1irear$s> T2e a$en"$ent sa%s t2at t2e (atter is on(% to )e treate" as an a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e> D> Peop(e J 3e Gra#ia *+EED, R'(e@ O?ners2ip is not an essentia( e(e$ent o1 i((e&a( possession o1 1irear$s an" a$$'nition> W2at t2e (a? re='ires is $ere(% possession ?2i#2 in#('"es not on(% a#t'a( p2%si#a( possession )'t a(so #onstr'#tiJe possession> Pa&e 2A o1 +FF

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST TITLE IV@ CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST +> Co'nter1eitin& t2e &reat sea( o1 t2e GoJern$ent o1 t2e P2i(ippines *Art> +A+,I 2> Usin& 1or&e" #o'nter1eitin& sea( +A2,I si&nat're or sta$p or *Art> CRI!INAL LAW II 2F>!onopo(ies an" #o$)inations in restraint o1 tra"e *Art> + A,I 2A>I$portation an" "isposition o1 1a(se(% $ar0e" arti#(es or $er#2an"ise $a"e o1 &o(". si(Jer. or ot2er pre#io's $eta(s or t2eir a((o%s *Art> + C,I 2C>S')stit'tin& an" a(terin& tra"e$ar0s an" tra"e na$es or serJi#e $ar0s *Art> + ,I 2 >Un1air #o$petition an" 1ra'"'(ent re&istration o1 tra"e$ar0 or tra"e na$e. or serJi#e $ar0I 1ra'"'(ent "esi&nation o1 ori&in. an" 1a(se "es#ription *Art> + E,> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS TITLE@ T2e #ri$es in t2is tit(e are in t2e nat're o1 1ra'" or 1a(sit% to t2e p')(i#> 3e#eit perpetrate" 'pon t2e p')(i# is t2e a#t )ein& p'nis2e"> B> !a0in& an" i$portin& an" 'tterin& 1a(se #oins *Art> +AB, D> !'ti(ation o1 #oins. i$portation an" 'tterin& o1 $'ti(ate" #oins *Art> +AD,I F> Se((in& o1 1a(se or $'ti(ate" #oins. ?it2o't #onniJan#e *Art> +AF,I A> For&in& treas'r% or )an0 notes or ot2er "o#'$ents pa%a)(e to )earer. i$portin& an" 'tterin& o1 s'#2 1a(se or 1or&e" notes an" "o#'$ents *Art> +AA,I C> Co'nter1eitin&. i$portin& an" 'tterin& instr'$ents not pa%a)(e to )earer *Art> +AC,I > I((e&a( possession an" 'se o1 1or&e" treas'r% or )an0 notes an" ot2er instr'$ents o1 #re"it *art> +A ,I E> Fa(si1i#ation o1 (e&is(atiJe "o#'$ents *Art> +C0,I +0>Fa(si1i#ation )% p')(i# o11i#er. e$p(o%ee or notar% *Art> +C+,I ++>Fa(si1i#ation )% priJate in"iJi"'a(s an" 'se o1 1a(si1ie" "o#'$ents *Art> +C2,I +2>Fa(si1i#ation o1 ?ire(ess. #a)(e. te(e&rap2 an" te(ep2one $essa&es an" 'se o1 sai" 1a(si1ie" $essa&es *Art> +CB,I +B>Fa(se $e"i#a( #erti1i#ates. 1a(se #erti1i#ates o1 $erit or serJi#e *Art> +CD,I +D>Usin& 1a(se #erti1i#ates *Art> +CF,I +F>!an'1a#t'rin& an" possession o1 instr'$ents or i$p(e$ents 1or 1a(si1i#ation *Art> +CA,I +A>Us'rpation o1 a't2orit% 1'n#tions *Art> +CC,I or o11i#ia( A> For&eries +> ACTS OF COUNTERFEITING *+A+<+AC, +> ARTICLE +A+@ COUNTERFEITING THE GREAT SEAL OF THE GOVERN!ENT OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLAN3S. FORGING THE SIGNATURE OR STA!P OF THE CHIEF EGECUTIVE A#ts p'nis2e" +> For&in& t2e &reat sea( o1 t2e GoJern$ent o1 t2e P2i(ippinesI 2> For&in& t2e si&nat're o1 t2e Presi"entI B> For&in& t2e sta$p o1 t2e Presi"ent> +C> Usin& 1i#titio's na$e an" #on#ea(in& tr'e na$e *Art> +C , + >I((e&a( 'se o1 'ni1or$s or insi&nia *Art> +CE,I +E>Fa(se testi$on% a&ainst a "e1en"ant *Art> + 0,I 20>Fa(se testi$on% 1aJora)(e "e1en"ant *Art> + +,I to t2e I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE@ W2en t2e si&nat're o1 t2e presi"ent is 1or&e". t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is #oJere" )% t2is proJision an" not 1a(si1i#ation o1 p')(i# "o#'$ent> 2> ARTICLE +A2> USING FORGE3 SIGNATURE COUNTERFEIT SEAL OR STA!P OR 2+>Fa(se testi$on% in #iJi( #ases *Art> + 2,I 22>Fa(se testi$on% in ot2er #ases an" per-'r% *Art> + B,I 2B>O11erin& 1a(se testi$on% in eJi"en#e *Art> + D,I 2D>!a#2inations in p')(i# a'#tion *Art> + F,I +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS E(e$ents +> T2e &reat sea( o1 t2e Rep')(i# ?as #o'nter1eite" or t2e si&nat're or sta$p o1 t2e C2ie1 ELe#'tiJe ?as 1or&e" )% anot2er personI 0ne? o1 t2e 2> O11en"er #o'nter1eitin& or 1or&er%I B> He 'se" t2e #o'nter1eit sea( or 1or&e" si&nat're or sta$p> 200

Pa&e 2C o1 +FF

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE@ O11en"er 'n"er t2is arti#(e s2o'(" not )e t2e 1or&er> T2e parti#ipation o1 t2e o11en"er is in e11e#t t2at o1 an a##essor%> A(t2o'&2 t2e &enera( r'(e is t2at 2e s2o'(" )e p'nis2e" )% a pena(t% o1 t?o "e&rees (o?er. 'n"er Art> +A2 2e is p'nis2e" )% a pena(t% on(% one "e&ree (o?er> CRI!INAL LAW II T2e 1irst a#ts o1 1a(si1i#ation or 1a(sit% are P Co'nter1eitin& P For&er% P Fa(si1i#ation In so 1ar as #oins in #ir#'(ation are #on#erne". t2ere are t?o #ri$es t2at $a% )e #o$$itte"@ P Co'nter1eitin& #oins P !'ti(ation o1 #oins Re='isites o1 $'ti(ation ReJise" Pena( Co"e 'n"er t2e AN3 B> ARTICLE +AB@ !A8ING AN3 I!PORTING UTTERING FALSE COINS E(e$ents +> T2ere )e 1a(se or #o'nter1eite" #oinsI 2> O11en"er eit2er $a"e. i$porte" or 'ttere" s'#2 #oinsI B> In #ase o1 'tterin& s'#2 1a(se or #o'nter1eite" #oins. 2e #onniJe" ?it2 t2e #o'nter1eiters or i$porters> 8in"s o1 #oins t2e #o'nter1eitin& o1 ?2i#2 is p'nis2e" Si(Jer #oins o1 t2e P2i(ippines or #oins o1 t2e Centra( Ban0 o1 t2e P2i(ippinesI Coins o1 t2e $inor #oina&e o1 t2e P2i(ippines or o1 t2e Centra( Ban0 o1 t2e P2i(ippinesI Coin o1 t2e #'rren#% o1 a 1orei&n #o'ntr%> Peop(e Js> 8on& Leon. D OG AAD For$er #oins ?it2"ra?n 1ro$ #ir#'(ation $a% )e #o'nter1eite" 'n"er Art +AB )e#a'se o1 t2e 2ar$ t2at $a% )e #a'se" to t2e p')(i# in #ase it &oes into #ir#'(ation a&ain> *+,Coin $'ti(ate" is o1 (e&a( ten"erI *2,O11en"er &ains 1ro$ t2e pre#io's $eta( "'st a)stra#te" 1ro$ t2e #oinI *B,It 2as to )e a #oin> T2e #oin $'ti(ate" s2o'(" )e o1 (e&a( ten"er an" on(% o1 t2e P2i(ippines> T2ere is no eLpertise inJo(Je" 2ere> T2e o11en"er $'st "e(i)erate(% re"'#e t2e pre#io's $eta( in t2e #oin> 3e(i)erate intent arises on(% ?2en t2e o11en"er #o((e#ts t2e pre#io's $eta( "'st 1ro$ t2e $'ti(ate" #oin> I1 t2e o11en"er "oes not #o((e#t s'#2 "'st. intent to $'ti(ate is a)sent. )'t Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC ?i(( app(%> Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC *3e1a#e$ent. !'ti(ation. Tearin&. B'rnin& or 3estro%in& Centra( Ban0 Notes an" Coins, It s2a(( )e 'n(a?1'( 1or an% person to ?i((1'((% "e1a#e. $'ti(ate. tear. )'rn. or "estro% in an% $anner ?2atsoeJer. #'rren#% notes an" #oins iss'e" )% t2e Centra( Ban0> !'ti(ation 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e is tr'e on(% to #oins> It #annot )e a #ri$e 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e to $'ti(ate paper )i((s )e#a'se t2e i"ea o1 $'ti(ation 'n"er t2e #o"e is #o((e#tin& t2e pre#io's $eta( "'st> Ho?eJer. 'n"er Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC. $'ti(ation is not (i$ite" to #oins> Note t2at persons $a0in& )ra#e(ets o't o1 so$e #oins Jio(ate Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC> So. i1 t2e a#t o1 $'ti(atin& #oins "oes not inJo(Je &at2erin& "'st (i0e p(a%in& #ara % #r'4. t2at is not $'ti(ation 'n"er t2e 200 Pa&e 2 o1 +FF D> ARTICLE +AD@ !UTILATION OF COINS A#ts p'nis2e" +> !'ti(atin& #oins o1 t2e (e&a( #'rren#%. ?it2 t2e 1'rt2er re='ire$ents t2at t2ere )e intent to "a$a&e or to "e1ra'" anot2erI or 'tterin& s'#2 2> I$portin& $'ti(ate" #oins. ?it2 t2e 1'rt2er re='ire$ent t2at t2ere $'st )e #onniJan#es ?it2 t2e $'ti(ator or i$porter in #ase o1 'tterin&> I!PORTANT POINTS RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE@ +00N UP LAW TO UP BAROPS

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST ReJise" Pena( Co"e )e#a'se t2e o11en"er "oes not #o((e#t t2e $eta( "'st> B't )% r'))in& t2e #oins on t2e si"e?a(0. 2e a(so "e1a#es an" "estro%s t2e #oin an" t2at is p'nis2a)(e 'n"er Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC> F> ARTICLE +AF SELLING OF FALSE OR !UTILATE3 COIN. WITHOUT CONNIVANCE A#ts p'nis2e" +> Possession o1 #oin. #o'nter1eite" or $'ti(ate" )% anot2er person. ?it2 intent to 'tter t2e sa$e. 0no?in& t2at it is 1a(se or $'ti(ate"I E(e$ents a> PossessionI )> Wit2 intent to 'tterI an" #> 8no?(e"&e> A#t'a((% 'tterin& s'#2 1a(se or 2> $'ti(ate" #oin. 0no?in& t2e sa$e to )e 1a(se or $'ti(ate"> E(e$ents a> A#t'a((% 'tterin&I an" )> 8no?(e"&e> CRI!INAL LAW II C> ARTICLE +AC COUNTERFEITING. I!PORTING. AN3 UTTERING INSTRU!ENTS NOT PAYABLE TO BEARER E(e$ents +> T2ere is an instr'$ent pa%a)(e to or"er or ot2er "o#'$ents o1 #re"it not pa%a)(e to )earerI 2> O11en"er eit2er 1or&e". i$porte" or 'ttere" s'#2 instr'$entI B> In #ase o1 'tterin&. 2e #onniJe" ?it2 t2e 1or&er or i$porter> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE T2is #oJers instr'$ents or ot2er "o#'$ents o1 #re"it iss'e" )% a 1orei&n &oJern$ent or )an0> 2> ACTS OF FORGERY > ARTICLE +A @ ILLEGAL POSSESSION USE OF FALSE TREASURY OR BAN8 NOTES AN3 OTHER INSTRU!ENTS OF CRE3IT AN3 I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE T2e possession pro2i)ite" in t2is arti#(e pertains not on(% to p2%si#a( possession )'t a(so to #onstr'#tiJe possession or s')-e#tion o1 t2e t2in& to oneKs #ontro(> T2e possessor s2o'(" not )e t2e #o'nter1eiter. $'ti(ator. or i$porter o1 t2e #oins T2e o11en"er nee" not #onniJe ?it2 t2e #o'nter1eiter or $'ti(ator as (on& as 2e 2as 0no?(e"&e t2at t2e #oin is 1a(se or $'ti(ate"> E(e$ents +> An% treas'r% or )an0 note or #erti1i#ate or ot2er o)(i&ation an" se#'rit% pa%a)(e to )earer. or an% instr'$ent pa%a)(e to or"er or ot2er "o#'$ent o1 #re"it not pa%a)(e to )earer is 1or&e" or 1a(si1ie" )% anot2er personI 2> O11en"er 0no?s t2at an% o1 t2ose instr'$ents is 1or&e" or 1a(si1ie"I B>He eit2er M a> 'ses an% o1 s'#2 1or&e" or 1a(si1ie" instr'$entsI or )> possesses ?it2 intent to 'se A> ARTICLE +AA@ FORGING TREASURY OR BAN8 NOTES OR OTHER 3OCU!ENTS PAYABLE TO BEARERI I!PORTING AN3 UTTERING SUCH FALSE OR FORGE3 NOTES AN3 3OCU!ENTS A#ts p'nis2e" o1 +> For&in& or 1a(si1i#ation treas'r% or )an0 notes or ot2er "o#'$ents pa%a)(e to )earerI 2> I$portation o1 s'#2 1a(se or 1or&e" o)(i&ations or notesI B> Utterin& o1 s'#2 1a(se or 1or&e" o)(i&ations or notes in #onniJan#e ?it2 t2e 1or&ers or i$porters> Peop(e Js> Sen"a%"ie&o. 2 SCRA +20 *+EC , T2e r'(e is t2at i1 a person 2a" in 2is possession a 1a(si1ie" "o#'$ent an" 2e $a"e 'se o1 it. ta0in& a"Janta&e o1 it an" pro1itin& t2ere)%. t2e pres'$ption is t2at 2e is t2e $ateria( a't2or o1 t2e 1a(si1i#ation> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e 2E o1 +FF

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST E> Arti#(e +AE Ho? 1or&er% is #o$$itte" 'n"er +> B% &iJin& to a treas'r% or )an0 note or an% instr'$ent pa%a)(e to )earer or to or"er $entione" t2erein. t2e appearan#e o1 a tr'e an" &en'ine "o#'$entI erasin&. s')stit'tin&. 2> B% #o'nter1eitin&. or a(terin& )% an% $eans t2e 1i&'res. (etters. ?or"s. or si&n #ontaine" t2erein> CRI!INAL LAW II ++> ARTICLE +C+@ FALSIFICATION BY PUBLIC OFFICER. E!PLOYEE OR NOTARY OR ECCLESIASTICAL !INISTER E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er. e$p(o%ee. or notar% p')(i#I 2> He ta0es a"Janta&e o1 2is o11i#ia( positionI B> He 1a(si1ies a "o#'$ent )% #o$$ittin& an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& a#ts@ a> Co'nter1eitin& or i$itatin& an% 2an"?ritin&. si&nat're or r')ri# M intent or atte$pt to i$itate is in1erre" ?2en t2ere is s'11i#ient rese$)(an#e or ?2en it is (i0e(% to "e#eiJe an or"inar% person re#eiJin& or "ea(in& ?it2 t2e "o#> Fei&nin& is #oJere" )% t2is para&rap2. ?2i#2 in#('"es t2e #ase o1 1or&in& si&nat'res o1 peop(e ?2o "o not 0no? 2o? to ?rite> )> Ca'sin& it to appear t2at persons 2aJe parti#ipate" in an% a#t or pro#ee"in& ?2en t2e% "i" not in 1a#t so parti#ipate M as oppose" to t2e 1or$er para&rap2. i$itation o1 si&nat're is not ne#essar%> #> Attri)'tin& to persons ?2o 2aJe parti#ipate" in an a#t or pro#ee"in& state$ents ot2er t2an t2ose in 1a#t $a"e )% t2e$I "> !a0in& 'ntr't21'( state$ents in a narration o1 1a#ts M t2ere s2o'(" )e a (e&a( o)(i&ation to "is#(ose t2e tr't2 *Bera"io Js> CA,> T2ere s2o'(" a(so )e $a(i#e or "e(i)erate intent 'n(ess t2e "o#'$ent 1a(si1ie" is a p')(i# one *S%='ian Js> Peop(e,> e> A(terin& tr'e "ates M t2e "ate $'st )e essentia( an" #o'(" #2an&e t2e e11e#ts o1 t2e "o#'$ent *s'#2 as "ates o1 )irt2. $arria&e. or "eat2, I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE For possession o1 1a(se treas'r% or )an0 note to #onstit'te a #ri$ina( o11ense. it $'st )e ?it2 intent to 'se> T2e essen#e o1 1or&er% is &iJin& a "o#'$ent t2e appearan#e o1 a tr'e an" &en'ine "o#'$ent> Not an% a(teration o1 a (etter. n'$)er. 1i&'re or "esi&n ?o'(" a$o'nt to 1or&er%> At $ost. it ?o'(" on(% )e 1r'strate" 1or&er%> Peop(e Js> Ga(ano. B SCRA AF0 It ?as 2e(" t2at 1or&er% #an )e #o$$itte" t2ro'&2 t2e 'se o1 &en'ine paper )i((s t2at 2aJe )een ?it2"ra?n 1ro$ #ir#'(ation. )% &iJin& t2e$ t2e appearan#e o1 so$e ot2er tr'e an" &en'ine "o#'$ent> Ho?eJer. t2e "issentin& opinion state" t2at t2e proJision on(% e$)ra#es sit'ations in ?2i#2 sp'rio's. 1a(se or 1a0e "o#'$ents are &iJen t2e appearan#e o1 a tr'e an" &en'ine "o#'$ent> B> ACTS OF FALSIFICATION A> FALSIFICATION BY PUBLIC OFFICER. E!PLOYEE OR ECCLESIASTICAL !INISTER +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e B0 o1 +FF

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST CRI!INAL LAW II 1> !a0in& an% a(teration or inter#a(ation in a &en'ine "o#'$ent ?2i#2 #2an&es its $eanin& M #2an&e or insertion $'st a11e#t t2e inte&rit% or e11e#ts o1 t2e "o#'$ent> F'rt2er$ore. t2e a(teration s2o'(" $a0e t2e "o#'$ent spea0 so$et2in& 1a(se. ot2er?ise it ?o'(" $ere(% )e a #orre#tion> &> Iss'in& in an a't2enti#ate" 1or$ a "o#'$ent p'rportin& to )e a #op% o1 an ori&ina( "o#'$ent ?2en no s'#2 ori&ina( eLists. or in#('"in& in s'#2 a #op% a state$ent #ontrar% to. or "i11erent 1ro$. t2at o1 t2e &en'ine ori&ina( 2> Inter#a(atin& an% instr'$ent or note re(atiJe to t2e iss'an#e t2ereo1 in a proto#o(. re&istr%. or o11i#ia( )oo0> +2> ARTICLE +C2 FALSIFICATION BY PRIVATE IN3IVI3UAL AN3 USE OF FALSIFIE3 3OCU!ENTS A#ts p'nis2e" +> Fa(si1i#ation o1 p')(i#. o11i#ia( or #o$$er#ia( "o#'$ent )% a priJate in"iJi"'a(I a> O11en"er is a priJate in"iJi"'a( or p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%ee ?2o "i" not ta0e a"Janta&e o1 2is o11i#ia( positionI )> He #o$$itte" 1a(si1i#ationI an% a#t o1 #>T2e 1a(si1i#ation ?as #o$$itte" in a p')(i#. o11i#ia(. or #o$$er#ia( "o#'$ent or (etter o1 eL#2an&e> 2> Fa(si1i#ation o1 priJate "o#'$ent )% an% personI a> O11en"er #o$$itte" an% o1 t2e a#ts o1 1a(si1i#ation eL#ept Arti#(e +C+*C,. t2at is. P iss'in& in an a't2enti#ate" 1or$ a "o#'$ent p'rportin& to )e a #op% o1 an ori&ina( "o#'$ent ?2en no s'#2 ori&ina( eLists. or P in#('"in& in s'#2 a #op% a state$ent #ontrar% to. or "i11erent 1ro$. t2at o1 t2e &en'ine ori&ina(I )> Fa(si1i#ation ?as #o$$itte" in an% priJate "o#'$entI #> Fa(si1i#ation #a'ses "a$a&e to a t2ir" part% or at (east t2e 1a(si1i#ation ?as #o$$itte" ?it2 intent to #a'se s'#2 "a$a&e> B> Use o1 1a(si1ie" "o#'$ent> In intro"'#in& pro#ee"in& in a -'"i#ia( A #2e#0 is not %et a "o#'$ent ?2en it is not #o$p(ete" %et> I1 so$e)o"% ?rites on it. 2e $a0es a "o#'$ent o't o1 it> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE T2ere are 1o'r 0in"s o1 "o#'$ents@ *+,P')(i# "o#'$ent in t2e eLe#'tion o1 ?2i#2. a person in a't2orit% or notar% p')(i# 2as ta0en partI *2,O11i#ia( "o#'$ent in t2e eLe#'tion o1 ?2i#2 a p')(i# o11i#ia( ta0es partI *B,Co$$er#ia( "o#'$ent or an% "o#'$ent re#o&ni4e" )% t2e Co"e o1 Co$$er#e or an% #o$$er#ia( (a?I an" *D,PriJate "o#'$ent in t2e eLe#'tion o1 ?2i#2 on(% priJate in"iJi"'a(s ta0e part> To )e#o$e an o11i#ia( "o#'$ent. t2ere $'st )e a (a? ?2i#2 re='ires a p')(i# o11i#er to iss'e or to ren"er s'#2 "o#'$ent> T2e e(e$ent o1 "a$a&e is not ne#essar% )e#a'se it is t2e interest o1 t2e #o$$'nit% ?2i#2 is inten"e" to )e &'arantee"> T2e #2ara#ter o1 t2e o11en"er an" 2is 1ait21'(ness to 2is "'t% is t2e $ain(% ta0en into #onsi"eration> a> FALSIFICATION BY PRIVATE IN3IVI3UALS +> O11en"er 0ne? t2at t2e "o#'$ent ?as 1a(si1ie" )% anot2er personI 2> T2e 1a(se "o#'$ent is in Arti#(es +C+ or +C2 *+ or 2,I B> He intro"'#e" sai" "o#'$ent in eJi"en#e in an% -'"i#ia( pro#ee"in&> In 'se in an% ot2er transa#tion M +> O11en"er 0ne? t2at a "o#'$ent ?as 1a(si1ie" )% anot2er personI 2> T2e 1a(se "o#'$ent is e$)ra#e" in Arti#(es +C+ or +C2 *+ or 2,I B> He 'se" s'#2 "o#'$entI USE OF FALSIFIE3 3OCU!ENTSI USING FALSE CERTIFICATES AN3 D> T2e 'se #a'se" "a$a&e to anot2er or at (east 'se" ?it2 intent to #a'se "a$a&e> 200 Pa&e B+ o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST CRI!INAL LAW II I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE Pres'$ption@ Peop(e Js> !anansa(a. +0F P2i( +2FB T2e possessor o1 a 1a(si1ie" "o#'$ent is pres'$e" to )e t2e a't2or o1 t2e 1a(si1i#ation Peop(e Js> Sen"a%"ie&o. 2 SCRA +20 T2e pres'$ption a(so 2o("s i1 t2e 'se ?as so #(ose(% #onne#te" in ti$e ?it2 t2e 1a(si1i#ation an" t2e 'ser 2a" t2e #apa#it% o1 1a(si1%in& t2e "o#'$ent T2ere is no #ri$e o1 esta1a t2ro'&2 1a(si1i#ation o1 a priJate "o#'$ent> P Bot2 #ri$es re='ire t2e e(e$ent o1 "a$a&e ?2i#2 ea#2 o1 t2e t?o s2o'(" 2aJe its o?n> P T2e 1ra'"'(ent &ain o)taine" t2ro'&2 "e#eit s2o'(" not )e t2e Jer% sa$e "a$a&e #a'se" )% t2e 1a(si1i#ation o1 t2e priJate "o#'$ent> Sin#e "a$a&e is not an e(e$ent o1 1a(si1i#ation o1 a p')(i# "o#'$ent. it #o'(" )e #o$p(eLe" ?it2 esta1a as a ne#essar% $eans to #o$$it t2e (atter> C> +F> ARTICLE +CF@ USING FALSE CERTIFICATES E(e$ents +> T2e 1o((o?in& iss'es a 1a(se #erti1i#ate@ a> P2%si#ian or s'r&eon. in #onne#tion ?it2 t2e pra#ti#e o1 2is pro1ession. iss'es a 1a(se #erti1i#ateI )> P')(i# o11i#er iss'es a 1a(se #erti1i#ate o1 $erit o1 serJi#e. &oo" #on"'#t or si$i(ar #ir#'$stan#esI or s'r&eon. in #> P2%si#ian #onne#tion ?it2 t2e pra#ti#e o1 2is pro1ession. iss'es a 1a(se #erti1i#ateI "> P')(i# o11i#er iss'es a 1a(se #erti1i#ate o1 $erit o1 serJi#e. &oo" #on"'#t or si$i(ar #ir#'$stan#esI person 1a(si1ies a e> PriJate #erti1i#ate 1a((in& ?it2in t2e #(asses $entione" in t2e t?o pre#e"in& s')"iJisions> 2> O11en"er 0no?s #erti1i#ate ?as 1a(seI B> He 'ses t2e sa$e> t2at t2e T2ere #an )e 1a(si1i#ation o1 p')(i# "o#'$ent t2ro'&2 re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e )'t t2ere is no #ri$e o1 1a(si1i#ation o1 priJate "o#'$ent t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e or i$pr'"en#e> I1 t2e "o#'$ent is inten"e" )% (a? to )e part o1 t2e p')(i# or o11i#ia( re#or". t2e 1a(si1i#ation. a(t2o'&2 it ?as priJate at t2e ti$e o1 1a(si1i#ation. is re&ar"e" as 1a(si1i#ation o1 a p')(i# or o11i#ia( "o#'$ent> FALSIFICATION OF WIRELESS. CABLE. TELEGRAPH AN3 TELEPHONE !ESSAGES AN3 USE OF FALSIFIE3 !ESSAGE. OF LEGISLATIVE 3OCU!ENTS. OF !E3ICAL CERTIFICATES AN3 CERTIFICATE OF !ERITI SEE ALSO RA D200 +B> ARTICLE +CB@ FALSIFICATION OF WIRELESS. CABLE. TELEGRAPH AN3 TELEPHONE !ESSAGES. AN3 USE OF SAI3 FALSIFIE3 !ESSAGES A#ts p'nis2e" 1i#titio's ?ire(ess. +> Utterin& te(e&rap2 or te(ep2one $essa&eI 2> Fa(si1%in& ?ire(ess. te(e&rap2 or te(ep2one $essa&eI B> Usin& s'#2 1a(si1ie" $essa&e> A#ts p'nis2e" +> Utterin& 1i#titio's ?ire(ess. te(e&rap2 or te(ep2one $essa&eI E(e$ents a> O11en"er is an o11i#er or e$p(o%ee o1 t2e &oJern$ent or an o11i#er or e$p(o%ee o1 a priJate #orporation. en&a&e" in t2e serJi#e o1 sen"in& or re#eiJin& ?ire(ess. #a)(e or te(ep2one $essa&eI )> He 'tters 1i#titio's ?ire(ess. #a)(e. te(e&rap2 or te(ep2one $essa&e> 2> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Fa(si1%in& ?ire(ess. te(ep2one $essa&eI te(e&rap2 or Pa&e B2 o1 +FF

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST CRI!INAL LAW II E(e$ents a> O11en"er is an o11i#er or e$p(o%ee o1 t2e &oJern$ent or an o11i#er or e$p(o%ee o1 a priJate #orporation. en&a&e" in t2e serJi#e o1 sen"in& or re#eiJin& ?ire(ess. #a)(e or te(ep2one $essa&eI )> He 1a(si1ies ?ire(ess. #a)(e. te(e&rap2 or te(ep2one $essa&e> B> Usin& s'#2 1a(si1ie" $essa&e> E(e$ents a> O11en"er 0ne? t2at ?ire(ess. #a)(e. te(e&rap2. or te(ep2one $essa&e ?as 1a(si1ie" )% an o11i#er or e$p(o%ee o1 t2e &oJern$ent or an o11i#er or e$p(o%ee o1 a priJate #orporation. en&a&e" in t2e serJi#e o1 sen"in& or re#eiJin& ?ire(ess. #a)(e or te(ep2one $essa&eI )> He 'se" s'#2 1a(si1ie" "ispat#2I #> T2e 'se res'(te" in t2e pre-'"i#e o1 a t2ir" part% or at (east t2ere ?as intent to #a'se s'#2 pre-'"i#e> FALSIFICATION FORGERY t2e #o$$ission o1 as 'se" in Arti#(e an% o1 t2e ei&2t +AE re1ers to t2e a#ts $entione" in 1a(si1i#ation an" Arti#(e +C+ on #o'nter1eitin& o1 (e&is(atiJe *on(% t2e treas'r% or )an0 a#t o1 $a0in& notes or an% a(teration,. p')(i# instr'$ents or o11i#ia(. pa%a)(e to )earer #o$$er#ia(. or or to or"er> priJate "o#'$ents. or ?ire(ess. or te(e&rap2 $essa&es> #ri$es 'n"er For&eries> +D> ARTICLE +CD@ FALSE !E3ICAL CERTIFICATES. FALSE CERTIFICATES OF !ERITS OR SERVICE. ETC> Persons (ia)(e +> P2%si#ian or s'r&eon ?2o. in #onne#tion ?it2 t2e pra#ti#e o1 2is pro1ession. iss'es a 1a(se #erti1i#ate *it $'st re1er to t2e i((ness or in-'r% o1 a person,I 9T2e #ri$e 2ere is 1a(se $e"i#a( #erti1i#ate )% a p2%si#ian>: 2> P')(i# o11i#er ?2o iss'es a 1a(se #erti1i#ate o1 $erit o1 serJi#e. &oo" #on"'#t or si$i(ar #ir#'$stan#esI #ri$e 2ere is 1a(se 9T2e #erti1i#ate o1 $erit or serJi#e )% a p')(i# o11i#er>: B> PriJate person ?2o 1a(si1ies a #erti1i#ate 1a((in& ?it2in t2e #(asses $entione" in t2e t?o pre#e"in& s')"iJisions> +0> ARTICLE +C0 FALSIFICATION OF LEGISLATIVE 3OCU!ENTS E(e$ents +> T2ere is a )i((. reso('tion or or"inan#e ena#te" or approJe" or pen"in& approJa( )% eit2er Ho'se o1 t2e Le&is(at're or an% proJin#ia( )oar" or $'ni#ipa( #o'n#i(I 2> O11en"er a(ters t2e sa$eI B> He 2as no proper a't2orit% t2ere1orI D> T2e a(teration 2as #2an&e" t2e $eanin& o1 t2e "o#'$ents> T2e ?ritin& $'st )e@ P #o$p(ete in itse(1I an" P #apa)(e o1 eLtin&'is2in& an o)(i&ation or #reatin& ri&2tsI or P #apa)(e o1 )e#o$in& eJi"en#e o1 t2e 1a#ts state" t2erein> FiJe #(asses o1 1a(si1i#ation@ *+,Fa(si1i#ation o1 (e&is(atiJe "o#'$entsI *2,Fa(si1i#ation o1 a "o#'$ent )% a p')(i# o11i#er. e$p(o%ee or notar% p')(i#I *B,Fa(si1i#ation o1 a p')(i# or o11i#ia(. or #o$$er#ia( "o#'$ents )% a priJate in"iJi"'a(I *D,Fa(si1i#ation o1 a priJate "o#'$ent )% an% personI *F,Fa(si1i#ation o1 ?ire(ess. te(e&rap2 an" te(ep2one $essa&es> 3istin#tion )et?een 1a(si1i#ation an" 1or&er%@ +00N UP LAW UP RA D200@ ANTI<WIRETAPPING LAW It s2a(( )e 'n(a?1'( 1or an% person. P not )ein& a't2ori4e" )% a(( t2e parties to an% priJate #o$$'ni#ation or spo0en ?or". X to tap an% ?ire or #a)(e. or X )% 'sin& an% ot2er "eJi#e or arran&e$ent. to se#ret(% oJer2ear. inter#ept. or re#or" s'#2 #o$$'ni#ation or spo0en ?or" )% Y 'sin& a "eJi#e #o$$on(% 0no?n as a "i#tap2one or "i#ta&rap2 or "i#tap2one or ?a(0ie<ta(0ie or tape re#or"er. or 2o?eJer ot2er?ise "es#ri)e" Pa&e BB o1 +FF BAROPS 200

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST CRI!INAL LAW II It s2a(( a(so )e 'n(a?1'( 1or an% person. P )e 2e a parti#ipant or not in t2e a#t or a#ts pena(i4e" in t2e neLt pre#e"in& senten#e. X to 0no?in&(% possess an% tape re#or". ?ire re#or". "is# re#or". or an% ot2er s'#2 re#or". or #opies t2ereo1. o1 an% #o$$'ni#ation or spo0en ?or" Y se#'re" eit2er )e1ore or a1ter t2e e11e#tiJe "ate o1 t2is A#t in t2e $anner pro2i)ite" )% t2is (a?I X or to rep(a% t2e sa$e 1or an% ot2er person or personsI or to #o$$'ni#ate t2e #ontents t2ereo1. eit2er Jer)a((% or in ?ritin&. or X to 1'rnis2 trans#riptions t2ereo1. ?2et2er #o$p(ete or partia(. to an% ot2er person@ P ProJi"e". T2at t2e 'se o1 s'#2 re#or" or an% #opies t2ereo1 as eJi"en#e in an% #iJi(. #ri$ina( inJesti&ation or tria( o1 o11enses s2a(( not )e #oJere" )% t2is pro2i)ition> +A> ARTICLE +CA@ !ANUFACTURING AN3 POSSESSION OF INSTRU!ENTS OR I!PLE!ENTS FOR FALSIFICATION A#ts p'nis2e" +> !a0in& or intro"'#in& into t2e P2i(ippines an% sta$ps. "ies. $ar0s. or ot2er instr'$ents or i$p(e$ents 1or #o'nter1eitin& or 1a(si1i#ationI 2> Possession ?it2 intent to 'se t2e instr'$ents or i$p(e$ents 1or #o'nter1eitin& or 1a(si1i#ation $a"e in or intro"'#e" into t2e P2i(ippines )% anot2er person> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE As in Art> +AF. t2e possession #onte$p(ate" 2ere is #onstr'#tiJe possession> T2e i$p(e$ents #on1is#ate" nee" not 1or$ a #o$p(ete set> B> Ot2er Fa(sities +C> ARTICLE +CC@ USURPATION OF AUTHORITY OR OFFICIAL FUNCTIONS A#ts p'nis2e" o1 a't2orit%> *no +> Us'rpation #onne#tion ?it2 t2e o11i#e represente", 2> Us'rpation o1 o11i#ia( *eL#ess o1 a't2orit%, 1'n#tions> An% person ?2o ?i((1'((% or 0no?in&(% "oes or ?2o s2a(( ai". per$it. or #a'se to )e "one an% o1 t2e a#ts "e#(are" to )e 'n(a?1'( in t2e pre#e"in& se#tion or ?2o Jio(ates t2e proJisions o1 t2e 1o((o?in& se#tion or o1 an% or"er iss'e" t2ere'n"er. or ai"s. per$its. or #a'ses s'#2 Jio(ation s2a((. 'pon #onJi#tion t2ereo1. )e p'nis2e" )% i$prison$ent 1or not (ess t2an siL $ont2s or $ore t2an siL %ears an" ?it2 t2e a##essor% pena(t% o1 perpet'a( a)so('te "is='a(i1i#ation 1ro$ p')(i# o11i#e i1 t2e o11en"er )e a p')(i# o11i#ia( at t2e ti$e o1 t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e o11ense. an". i1 t2e o11en"er is an a(ien 2e s2a(( )e s')-e#t to "eportation pro#ee"in&s> A#ts p'nis2e" +> Us'rpation o1 a't2orit%> *no #onne#tion ?it2 t2e o11i#e represente", E(e$ents a> O11en"er 0no?in&(% an" 1a(se(% represents 2i$se(1I )> As an o11i#er. a&ent or representatiJe o1 an% "epart$ent or a&en#% o1 t2e P2i(ippine &oJern$ent or o1 an% 1orei&n &oJern$ent> 2> Us'rpation o1 *eL#ess o1 a't2orit%, E(e$ents a> O11en"er per1or$s an% a#tI )> Pertainin& to an% person in a't2orit% or p')(i# o11i#er o1 t2e P2i(ippine &oJern$ent or an% o11i#ia( 1'n#tions> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e BD o1 +FF

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST 1orei&n &oJern$ent. or an% a&en#% t2ereo1I #> Un"er pretense o1 o11i#ia( positionI "> Wit2o't )ein& (a?1'((% entit(e" to "o so> CRI!INAL LAW II P EL#ept as proJi"e" in t2e pre#e"in& arti#(e. no person s2a(( 'se "i11erent na$es an" s'rna$es> + > ARTICLE +C @ USING FICTITIOUS AN3 CONCEALING TRUE NA!E A#ts p'nis2e" +> Usin& 1i#titio's na$e a> O11en"er 'ses a na$e ot2er t2an 2is rea( na$eI )> He 'ses t2e 1i#titio's na$e p')(i#(%I #> P'rpose o1 'se is to #on#ea( a #ri$e. to eJa"e t2e eLe#'tion o1 a -'"&$ent or to #a'se "a$a&e 9to p')(i# interest M Re%es:> 2> Con#ea(in& tr'e na$e +E> ARTCLE +CE@ ILLEGAL USE OF UNIFOR!S AN3 INSIGNIA E(e$ents $a0es 'se o1 +> O11en"er insi&nia. 'ni1or$s or "ressI 2> T2e insi&nia. 'ni1or$s or "ress pertains to an o11i#e not 2e(" )% s'#2 person or a #(ass o1 persons o1 ?2i#2 2e is not a $e$)erI B> Sai" insi&nia. 'ni1or$ or "ress is 'se" p')(i#(% an" i$proper(%> a> O11en"er #on#ea(s 2is tr'e na$e an" ot2er persona( #ir#'$stan#esI )> P'rpose is on(% to #on#ea( 2is i"entit%> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE ELa#t i$itation o1 a 'ni1or$ or "ress is 'nne#essar%I a #o(ora)(e rese$)(an#e #a(#'(ate" to "e#eiJe t2e #o$$on r'n o1 peop(e is s'11i#ient> RA CF a(so p'nis2es 'sin& t2e 'se o1 'ni1or$. "e#oration or re&a(ia o1 a 1orei&n state )% peop(e not entit(e" to "o so> RA DEB p'nis2es ?earin& an insi&nia. )a"&e. or e$)(e$ o1 ran0 o1 t2e $e$)ers o1 t2e AFP or #onsta)'(ar%> +> FALSE TESTI!ONY Co$$on?ea(t2 A#t No> +D2 *Re&'(atin& t2e Use o1 A(iases, No person s2a(( 'se an% na$e "i11erent 1ro$ t2e one ?it2 ?2i#2 2e ?as P re&istere" at )irt2 in t2e o11i#e o1 t2e (o#a( #iJi( re&istr%. or P ?it2 ?2i#2 2e ?as re&istere" in t2e )'rea' o1 i$$i&ration 'pon entr%I or P s'#2 s')stit'te na$e as $a% 2aJe )een a't2ori4e" )% a #o$petent #o'rt> EL#eption@ P Pse'"on%$ so(e(% 1or #ine$a. te(eJision. ra"io. entertain$ent an" in eJents ?2ere t2e pse'"on%$ is a nor$a((% pra#ti#e> AGAINST 20> ARTICLE + 0@ FALSE TESTI!ONY A 3EFEN3ANT (iterar%. or ot2er at2(eti# 'se o1 a##epte" CC Art> BCE P T2e e$p(o%$ent o1 pen na$es or sta&e na$es is per$itte". proJi"e" it is "one in &oo" 1ait2 an" t2ere is no in-'r% to t2ir" persons> Pen na$es an" sta&e na$es #annot )e 's'rpe"> CC Art> B 0> +00N UP LAW UP E(e$ents +> T2ere is a #ri$ina( pro#ee"in&I 2> O11en"er testi1ies 1a(se(% 'n"er oat2 a&ainst t2e "e1en"ant t2ereinI ?2o &iJes 1a(se B> O11en"er testi$on% 0no?s t2at it is 1a(se> D> 3e1en"ant a&ainst ?2o$ t2e 1a(se testi$on% is &iJen is eit2er a#='itte" or #onJi#te" in a 1ina( -'"&$ent> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE T2e ?itness ?2o &aJe t2e 1a(se testi$on% is (ia)(e eJen i1 2is testi$on% ?as not #onsi"ere" )% t2e #o'rt> BAROPS 200 Pa&e BF o1 +FF

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST T2ree 1or$s o1 1a(se testi$on% +> Fa(se testi$on% in #ri$ina( #ases 'n"er Arti#(e + 0 an" + +I 2> Fa(se testi$on% in #iJi( #ase 'n"er Arti#(e + 2I B> Fa(se testi$on% in ot2er #ases 'n"er Arti#(e + B> Arti#(es + 0 M + D p'nis2 t2e a#ts o1 $a0in& 1a(se testi$onies sin#e )e#a'se s'#2 a#ts serio's(% eLpose t2e #o'rt to $is#arria&e o1 -'sti#e> 2+> ARTICLE + +@ FALSE TESTI!ONY FAVORABLE TO THE 3EFEN3ANT E(e$ents +> A person &iJes 1a(se testi$on%I 2> In 1aJor o1 t2e "e1en"antI B> In a #ri$ina( #ase> CRI!INAL LAW II I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE 3ia4 Js> Peop(e. +E+ SCRA A E(e$ents o1 per-'r% +> O11en"er $a0es a state$ent 'n"er oat2 or eLe#'tes an a11i"aJit 'pon a $ateria( $atterI 2> T2e state$ent or a11i"aJit is $a"e )e1ore a #o$petent o11i#er. a't2ori4e" to re#eiJe an" a"$inister oat2sI B> O11en"er $a0es a ?i((1'( an" "e(i)erate assertion o1 a 1a(se2oo" in t2e state$ent or a11i"aJitI D> T2e s?orn state$ent or a11i"aJit #ontainin& t2e 1a(sit% is re='ire" )% (a?. t2at is. it is $a"e 1or a (e&a( p'rpose> T2e state$ent s2o'(" )e o'tsi"e t2e #oJera&e o1 art + 0<+ +> Be#a'se o1 t2e re='ire$ent t2at t2e assertion o1 a 1a(se2oo" )e $a"e ?i((1'((% an" "e(i)erate(%. t2ere #o'(" )e no per-'r% t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e or i$pr'"en#e> F'rt2er$ore. &oo" 1ait2 or (a#0 o1 $a(i#e is a "e1ense in per-'r%> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2ere )e a (a? re='irin& t2e state$ent to )e $a"e 'n"er oat2. as (on& as it is $a"e 1or a (e&a( p'rpose> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE T2e testi$on% nee" not )e )ene1i#ia( to t2e "e1en"ant> ConJi#tion or a#='itta( o1 "e1en"ant in t2e prin#ipa( #ase is not ne#essar%> Re#ti1i#ation $a"e spontaneo's(% a1ter rea(i4in& t2e $ista0e is not 1a(se testi$on%> ARTICLE + D@ OFFERING FALSE TESTI!ONY IN EVI3ENCE E(e$ents +> O11en"er o11ers in eJi"en#e a 1a(se ?itness or testi$on%I 2> He 0no?s t2at t2e ?itness or t2e testi$on% ?as 1a(seI B> T2e o11er is $a"e in an% -'"i#ia( or o11i#ia( pro#ee"in&> 22> ARTICLE + 2@ FALSE TESTI!ONY IN CIVIL CASES E(e$ents +> Testi$on% &iJen in a #iJi( #aseI 2> Testi$on% re(ates to t2e iss'es presente" in sai" #aseI B> Testi$on% is 1a(seI D> O11en"er 0no?s t2at testi$on% is 1a(seI F> Testi$on% is $a(i#io's an" &iJen ?it2 an intent to a11e#t t2e iss'es presente" in sai" #ase> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE T2e #o'nse( is t2e one (ia)(e in t2is #ase> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE + 2 "oes not app(% in spe#ia( pro#ee"in&s> T2ese are #oJere" )% + B 'n"er Rot2er #asesS> ARTICLE + B@ FALSE TESTI!ONY IN OTHER CASES PER5URY IN SOLE!N AFFIR!ATION A#ts p'nis2e" +> B% 1a(se(% testi1%in& 'n"er oat2I 2> B% $a0in& a 1a(se a11i"aJit> +00N UP LAW UP C> Fra'"s AN3 BAROPS 200 Pa&e BA o1 +FF

IV> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE + F@ !ACHINATIONS IN PUBLIC AUCTIONS A#ts p'nis2e" So(i#itin& an% &i1t or pro$ise as a +> #onsi"eration 1or re1rainin& 1ro$ ta0in& part in an% p')(i# a'#tionI E(e$ents a> T2ere is a p')(i# a'#tionI )> O11en"er so(i#its an% &i1t or a pro$ise 1ro$ an% o1 t2e )i""ersI #> S'#2 &i1t or pro$ise is t2e #onsi"eration 1or 2is re1rainin& 1ro$ ta0in& part in t2at p')(i# a'#tionI "> O11en"er 2as t2e intent to #a'se t2e re"'#tion o1 t2e pri#e o1 t2e t2in& a'#tione"> Atte$ptin& to #a'se )i""ers to 2> sta% a?a% 1ro$ an a'#tion )% t2reats. &i1ts. pro$ises or an% ot2er arti1i#e> E(e$ents a> T2ere is a p')(i# a'#tionI )> O11en"er atte$pts to #a'se t2e )i""ers to sta% a?a% 1ro$ t2at p')(i# a'#tionI #> It is "one )% t2reats. &i1ts. pro$ises or an% ot2er arti1i#eI "> O11en"er 2as t2e intent to #a'se t2e re"'#tion o1 t2e pri#e o1 t2e t2in& a'#tione"> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER IN THIS ARTICLE T2e #ri$e is #ons'$$ate" )%@ P $ere so(i#itation o1 &i1t or pro$ise as #onsi"eration 1or not )i""in&. or )% $ere atte$pt to #a'se prospe#tiJe )i""ers to sta% a?a% 1ro$ an a'#tion P +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e BC o1 +FF

V> CO!PREHENSIVE 3ANGEROUS 3RUGS ACT P Rep')(i# A#t No> E+AF *Co$pre2ensiJe 3an&ero's 3r'&s A#t o1 2002, P W2at is t2e "e1inition o1 R3an&ero's 3r'&sSV P 3an&ero's 3r'&s in#('"e t2ose (iste" in t2e S#2e"'(es anneLe" to t2e +EA+ Sin&(e ConJention on Nar#oti# 3r'&s. as a$en"e" )% t2e +EC2 Proto#o(. an" in t2e S#2e"'(es anneLe" to t2e +EC+ Sin&(e ConJention on Ps%#2otropi# S')stan#es as en'$erate" in t2e atta#2e" anneL ?2i#2 is an inte&ra( part o1 t2is A#t> 9Se#tion B *-,. RA E+AF: CRI!INAL LAW II Possession o1 3an&ero's 3r'&s 3'rin& Parties. So#ia( Gat2erin&s or !eetin&s *Se#tion +B, Possession o1 E='ip$ent. Instr'$ent. Apparat's an" Ot2er Parap2erna(ia 1or 3an&ero's 3r'&s 3'rin& Parties. So#ia( Gat2erin&s or !eetin&s *Se#tion +D, Use o1 3an&ero's 3r'&s *Se#tion +F, C'(tiJation or C'(t're o1 P(ants C(assi1ie" as 3an&ero's 3r'&s or are So'r#es T2ereo1> *Se#tion +A, !aintenan#e an" 8eepin& o1 Ori&ina( Re#or"s o1 Transa#tions on 3an&ero's 3r'&s an"Uor Contro((e" Pre#'rsors an" Essentia( C2e$i#a(s *Se#tion +C, Unne#essar% Pres#ription o1 3an&ero's 3r'&s *Se#tion + , Un(a?1'( Pres#ription o1 3an&ero's 3r'&s *Se#tion +E, P P P W2at are t2e 'n(a?1'( a#ts "e1ine" an" p'nis2e" in Rep')(i# A#t No> E+AFV P I$portation o1 3an&ero's 3r'&s an"Uor Contro((e" Pre#'rsors an" Essentia( C2e$i#a( *Se#tion D, Sa(e. Tra"in&. A"$inistration. 3ispensation. 3e(iJer%. 3istri)'tion an" Transportation o1 3an&ero's 3r'&s an"Uor Contro((e" Pre#'rsors an" Essentia( C2e$i#a(s *Se#tion F, !aintenan#e o1 a 3en. 3iJe or Resort> *Se#tion A, E$p(o%ees an" Visitors o1 a 3en. 3iJe or Resort *Se#tion C, P P P W2at #o$$on pena(ties an" 1ines are app(ie" to t2ose 'n(a?1'( a#tsV P T2e pena(t% o1 (i1e i$prison$ent to "eat2 an" a 1ine ran&in& 1ro$ FiJe 2'n"re" t2o'san" pesos *PF00.000>00, to Ten $i((ion pesos *P+0.000.000>00, X T2ose a#ts ?2i#2 in#('"e or inJo(Je an% "an&ero's "r'&s *Se#tions D. F. A. . ++. +A an" +E, P P P P !an'1a#t're o1 3an&ero's 3r'&s an"Uor Contro((e" Pre#'rsors an" Essentia( C2e$i#a(s *Se#tion , I((e&a( C2e$i#a( 3iJersion o1 Contro((e" Pre#'rsors an" Essentia( C2e$i#a(s> *Se#tion E, !an'1a#t're or 3e(iJer% o1 E='ip$ent. Instr'$ent. Apparat's. an" Ot2er Parap2erna(ia 1or 3an&ero's 3r'&s an"Uor Contro((e" Pre#'rsors an" Essentia( C2e$i#a(s> *Se#tion +0, Possession o1 3an&ero's 3r'&s *Se#tion ++, Possession o1 E='ip$ent. Instr'$ent. Apparat's an" Ot2er Parap2erna(ia 1or 3an&ero's 3r'&s *Se#tion +2, P P T2e pena(t% o1 t?e(Je *+2, %ears an" one *+, "a% to t?ent% *20, %ears o1 i$prison$ent an" a 1ine ran&in& 1ro$ One 2'n"re" t2o'san" pesos *P+00.000>00, to FiJe 2'n"re" t2o'san" pesos *PF00.000>00, X T2ose a#ts ?2i#2 inJo(Je an% #ontro((e" pre#'rsor an" essentia( #2e$i#a( *Se#tions D. F. A. . E an" +0, An%one ?2o a#ts as a

Zprote#torU#o""(erZ o1 an% Jio(ator o1 t2e proJisions 'n"er se#tions D. F. A. Se#tions C. +0. +A. +C> P X P X P

an" +A

T2e $aLi$'$ pena(t% proJi"e" 1or 'n"er se#tions D. F. A. an" +A s2a(( )e i$pose" 'pon an% person. ?2o or&ani4es. $ana&es or a#ts as a Z1inan#ierZ o1 an% o1 t2e i((e&a( Pa&e B o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200

V> CO!PREHENSIVE 3ANGEROUS 3RUGS ACT a#tiJities pres#ri)e" in t2ose se#tions> P An% person #2ar&e" 'n"er an% proJision o1 t2is A#t re&ar"(ess o1 t2e i$posa)(e pena(t% s2a(( not )e a((o?e" to aJai( o1 t2e proJision on p(ea<)ar&ainin&> X Se#tion 2B. Arti#(e II. RA E+AF CRI!INAL LAW II Jio(ation s2a(( )e 2e(" #ri$ina((% (ia)(e as a #o<prin#ipa(> *Se#tion B0, X Se#tion B0. Arti#(e II. RA E+AF An% person #onJi#te" 1or "r'& tra11i#0in& or p's2in& 'n"er t2is A#t. re&ar"(ess o1 t2e pena(t% i$pose" )% t2e Co'rt. #annot aJai( o1 t2e priJi(e&e &rante" )% t2e Pro)ation La? or Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> EA . as a$en"e"> X Se#tion 2D. Arti#(e II. RA E+AF In a""ition to t2e pena(ties pres#ri)e" in t2e 'n(a?1'( a#t #o$$itte". an% a(ien ?2o Jio(ates s'#2 proJisions o1 t2is A#t s2a((. a1ter serJi#e o1 senten#e. )e "eporte" i$$e"iate(% ?it2o't 1'rt2er pro#ee"in&s. 'n(ess t2e pena(t% is "eat2> *Se#tion B+, X Se#tion B+. Arti#(e II. RA E+AF A##essor% Pena(ties *se#tion BF, P A person #onJi#te" 'n"er t2is A#t s2a(( )e "is='a(i1ie" to eLer#ise 2isU2er #iJi( ri&2ts s'#2 as )'t not (i$ite" to. X t2e ri&2ts o1 parenta( a't2orit% or &'ar"ians2ip. Y X eit2er as to t2e person or propert% o1 an% ?ar" Not?it2stan"in& t2e proJisions o1 an% (a? to t2e #ontrar%. a positiJe 1in"in& 1or t2e 'se o1 "an&ero's "r'&s s2a(( )e a ='a(i1%in& a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e in t2e #o$$ission o1 a #ri$e )% an o11en"er. an" t2e app(i#ation o1 t2e pena(t% proJi"e" 1or in t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e s2a(( )e app(i#a)(e> X Se#tion 2F. Arti#(e II. RA E+AF t2e ri&2ts to "ispose o1 s'#2 propert% )% an% a#t or an% #onJe%an#e inter JiJos. an" po(iti#a( ri&2ts s'#2 as )'t not (i$ite" to. t2e ri&2t to Jote an" )e Jote" 1or> S'#2 ri&2ts s2a(( a(so )e s'spen"e" "'rin& t2e pen"en#% o1 an appea( 1ro$ s'#2 #onJi#tion> X X T2e $aLi$'$ pena(ties o1 t2e 'n(a?1'( a#ts proJi"e" 1or in t2is A#t s2a(( )e i$pose". in a""ition to a)so('te perpet'a( "is='a(i1i#ation 1ro$ an% p')(i# o11i#e. i1 t2ose 1o'n" &'i(t% o1 s'#2 'n(a?1'( a#ts are &oJern$ent o11i#ia(s an" e$p(o%ees> X Se#tion 2 . Arti#(e II. RA E+AF X P Se#tion BF. Arti#(e II. RA E+AF An% person ?2o is 1o'n" &'i(t% o1 Zp(antin&Z an% "an&ero's "r'& an"Uor #ontro((e" pre#'rsor an" essentia( #2e$i#a(. re&ar"(ess o1 ='antit% an" p'rit%. s2a(( s'11er t2e pena(t% o1 "eat2> *Se#tion 2E, X Se#tion 2E. Arti#(e II. RA E+AF !a% a "r'& "epen"ent ?2o is 1o'n" &'i(t% o1 t2e 'se o1 "an&ero's "r'&s Jo('ntari(% s')$it 2i$se(1 1or treat$ent an" re2a)i(itationV P Yes> T2e "r'& "epen"ent $a%. )% 2i$se(1U2erse(1 or t2ro'&2 2isU2er parent. spo'se. &'ar"ian or re(atiJe ?it2in t2e 1o'rt2 "e&ree o1 #onsan&'init% or a11init%. app(% to t2e Boar" or its "'(% re#o&ni4e" representatiJe. 1or treat$ent an" re2a)i(itation o1 t2e "r'& "epen"en#%> Upon s'#2 app(i#ation. t2e Boar" s2a(( )rin& 1ort2 t2e $atter to t2e Co'rt ?2i#2 s2a(( or"er t2at t2e app(i#ant )e eLa$ine" 1or "r'& "epen"en#%> Se#tion FD. Arti#(e VIII. RA E+AF Pa&e BE o1 +FF In #ase an% Jio(ation o1 t2is A#t is #o$$itte" )% a partners2ip. #orporation. asso#iation or an% -'ri"i#a( entit%. t2e partner. presi"ent. "ire#tor. $ana&er. tr'stee. estate a"$inistrator. or o11i#er ?2o #onsents to or 0no?in&(% to(erates s'#2 P +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200

V> CO!PREHENSIVE 3ANGEROUS 3RUGS ACT CRI!INAL LAW II Is t2ere a(so #o$p'(sor% #on1ine$entV P Yes> Not?it2stan"in& an% (a?. r'(e an" re&'(ation to t2e #ontrar%. an% person "eter$ine" an" 1o'n" to )e "epen"ent on "an&ero's "r'&s s2a((. 'pon petition )% t2e Boar" or an% o1 its a't2ori4e" representatiJe. )e #on1ine" 1or treat$ent an" re2a)i(itation in an% Center "'(% "esi&nate" or a##re"ite" 1or t2e p'rpose> A petition 1or t2e #on1ine$ent o1 a person a((e&e" to )e "epen"ent on "an&ero's "r'&s to a Center $a% )e 1i(e" )% an% person a't2ori4e" )% t2e Boar" ?it2 t2e Re&iona( Tria( Co'rt o1 t2e proJin#e or #it% ?2ere s'#2 person is 1o'n"> Se#tion A+. Arti#(e VIII. RA E+AF 3an&ero's 3r'&s A#t o1 +EC2 or Rep')(i# A#t No> AD2F. as a$en"e"I t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. as a$en"e"I or an% spe#ia( pena( (a?s B> HeUs2e 2as no re#or" o1 es#ape 1ro$ a Center D> HeUs2e poses no serio's "an&er to 2i$se(1U2erse(1. 2isU2er 1a$i(% or t2e #o$$'nit% )% 2isU2er eLe$ption 1ro$ #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%> Se#tion FF. Arti#(e VIII. RA E+AF W2at are t2e 1'n#tions o1 t2e 3an&ero's 3r'&s Boar"V P T2e Boar" s2a((@ X Be t2e po(i#%<$a0in& an" strate&%<1or$'(atin& )o"% in t2e p(annin& an" 1or$'(ation o1 po(i#ies an" pro&ra$s on "r'& preJention an" #ontro(> X "eJe(op an" a"opt a #o$pre2ensiJe. inte&rate". 'ni1ie" an" )a(an#e" nationa( "r'& a)'se preJention an" #ontro( strate&%> X )e 'n"er t2e O11i#e o1 t2e Presi"ent> P Se#tion CC. Arti#(e IG. RA E+AF W2at is t2e P3EAV T2e P3EA is t2e P2i(ippine 3r'& En1or#e$ent A&en#% It serJes as t2e i$p(e$entin& ar$ o1 t2e 3an&ero's 3r'&s Boar" It s2a(( )e responsi)(e 1or t2e e11i#ient an" e11e#tiJe (a? en1or#e$ent o1 a(( t2e proJisions on an% "an&ero's "r'& an"Uor #ontro((e" pre#'rsor an" essentia( #2e$i#a( as proJi"e" in t2is A#t> Se#tion 2. Arti#(e IG. RA E+AF P P Ho? (on& ?i(( t2e "r'& "epen"ent )e #on1ine" 1or treat$ent an" re2a)i(itationV P Con1ine$ent in a Center 1or treat$ent an" re2a)i(itation s2a(( not eL#ee" one *+, %ear. a1ter ?2i#2 ti$e t2e Co'rt. as ?e(( as t2e Boar". s2a(( )e apprise" )% t2e 2ea" o1 t2e treat$ent an" re2a)i(itation #enter o1 t2e stat's o1 sai" "r'& "epen"ent an" "eter$ine ?2et2er 1'rt2er #on1ine$ent ?i(( )e 1or t2e ?e(1are o1 t2e "r'& "epen"ent an" 2isU2er 1a$i(% or t2e #o$$'nit%> Se#tion FD. Arti#(e VIII. RA E+AF PPP P Ho? ?i(( a "r'& "epen"ent ?2o is 'n"er t2e Jo('ntar% s')$ission pro&ra$ an" is 1ina((% "is#2ar&e" 1ro$ #on1ine$ent in t2e Center )e eLe$pt 1ro$ #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%V +> HeUs2e 2as #o$p(ie" ?it2 t2e r'(es an" re&'(ations o1 t2e #enter. t2e app(i#a)(e r'(es an" re&'(ations o1 t2e Boar". in#('"in& t2e a1ter<#are an" 1o((o?<'p pro&ra$ 1or at (east ei&2teen *+ , $ont2s 1o((o?in& te$porar% "is#2ar&e 1ro$ #on1ine$ent in t2e Center 2> HeUs2e 2as neJer )een #2ar&e" or #onJi#te" o1 an% o11ense p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2is A#t. t2e +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS P 200 Pa&e D0 o1 +FF

VI> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC !ORALS TITLE VI@ CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC !ORALS +> Ga$)(in& *Art> +EF,I 2> I$portation. sa(e an" possession o1 (otter% ti#0ets or a"Jertise$ents *Art> +EA,I B> Bettin& in sport #ontests *Art> +EC,I D> I((e&a( )ettin& on 2orse ra#es *Art> +E ,I F> I((e&a( #o#01i&2tin& *Art> +EE,I A> GraJe s#an"a( *Art> 200,I C> I$$ora( "o#trines. o)s#ene p')(i#ations an" eL2i)itions *Art> 20+,I > Va&ran#% an" prostit'tion *Art> 202, A> Ga$)(in& an" Bettin& +> Ga$)(in& I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ CRI!INAL LAW II TO RE!E!BER Arts> +EF<+EE an" proJisions o1 P3 D B an" E are repea(e" inso1ar as t2e% are in#onsistent ?it2 P3 +A02. ?2i#2 proJi"es 1or sti11er pena(ties 1or Jio(ation o1 t2e Ga$)(in& La?s> 3e1inition o1 Ga$)(in&@ an% &a$e o1 #2an#e or s#2e$e. ?2et2er 'pon #2an#e or s0i((. ?2erein ?a&ers #onsistin& o1 $one%. arti#(es or Ja('e or representatiJe or Ja('e are at sta0e or $a"e> Spe#tators are not (ia)(e in &a$)(in&. )e#a'se t2e% "o not ta0e part "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%> ARTICLE +EF> WHAT ACTS PUNISHABLE IN GA!BLING A#ts p'nis2e" ARE +> Ta0in& part "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(% in M a> an% &a$e o1 $onte. -'eten&. or an% ot2er 1or$ o1 (otter%. po(i#%. )an0in&. or per#enta&e &a$e. "o& ra#es. or an% ot2er &a$e or s#2e$e t2e res'(ts o1 ?2i#2 "epen" ?2o((% or #2ie1(% 'pon #2an#e or 2a4ar"I or ?2erein ?a&ers #onsistin& o1 $one%. arti#(es o1 Ja('e. or representatiJe o1 Ja('e are $a"eI or )> t2e eLp(oitation or 'se o1 an% ot2er $e#2ani#a( inJention or #ontriJan#e to "eter$ine )% #2an#e t2e (oser or ?inner o1 $one% or an% o)-e#t or representatiJe o1 Ja('eI 2> 8no?in&(% per$ittin& an% 1or$ o1 &a$)(in& to )e #arrie" on in an% p(a#e o?ne" or #ontro((e" )% t2e o11en"erI B> Bein& $aintainer. #on"'#tor. or )an0er in a &a$e o1 -'eten& or si$i(ar &a$eI D> 8no?in&(% an" ?it2o't (a?1'( p'rpose possessin& (otter% (ist. paper. or ot2er $atter #ontainin& (etters. 1i&'res. si&ns or s%$)o( ?2i#2 pertain to or are in an% $anner 'se" in t2e &a$e o1 -'eten& or an% si$i(ar &a$e> Be1ore. t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e #onsi"ere" t2e s0i(( o1 t2e p(a%er in #(assi1%in& ?2et2er a &a$e is &a$)(in& or not> B't 'n"er t2e ne? &a$)(in& (a?. t2e s0i(( o1 t2e p(a%ers is i$$ateria(> EJen sports #ontents (i0e )oLin&. ?o'(" )e &a$)(in& inso1ar as t2ose ?2o are )ettin& t2erein are #on#erne"> E(e$ents o1 Lotter%@ +> Consi"eration 2> C2an#e B> Pri4e or so$e a"Janta&e or ine='a(it% I a$o'nt or Ja('e ?2i#2 is in t2e nat're o1 a pri4e> T2ere is no (otter% ?2en t2e person &ets t2e 1'(( Ja('e 1or 2is $one%> P ELa$p(e@ A pa#0a&e o1 #i&arette so(" at P0>B0 ea#2 in#('"es a #o'pon ?2i#2 $a% a((o? t2e )'%er to ?in a &o(" ?at#2> T2is is not (otter%> Winnin& t2e ?at#2 is on(% a )on's> Criteria to "eter$ine a(rea"% &a$)(in&@ i1 (otter% is +> I1 t2e p')(i# is $a"e to pa% not on(% 1or t2e $er#2an"ise t2at 2e is )'%in&. )'t a(so 1or t2e #2an#e to ?in a pri4e o't o1 t2e (otter%> P')(i# is $a"e to pa% a 2i&2er pri#e> 2> I1 t2e $er#2an"ise is not sa(ea)(e )e#a'se o1 its in1erior ='a(it%. so t2at t2e p')(i# a#t'a((% "oes not )'% t2e$. )'t ?it2 t2e (otter% t2e p')(i# starts patroni4in& s'#2 $er#2an"ise> In e11e#t. t2e p')(i# BAROPS 200 Pa&e D+ o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP

VI> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC !ORALS is pa%in& 1or t2e (otter% an" not 1or t2e $er#2an"ise. an" t2ere1ore t2e (otter% is a &a$)(in& &a$e> P')(i# is not $a"e to pa% a 2i&2er pri#e> CRI!INAL LAW II I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2e possession o1 an% (otter% ti#0et or a"Jertise$ent is pri$a 1a#ie eJi"en#e o1 an intent to se((. "istri)'te or 'se t2e sa$e in t2e P2i(ippines> E(e$ents o1 R8no?in&(% Per$ittin& Ga$)(in& to )e Carrie" on in a P(a#e O?ne" or Contro((e" )% t2e O11en"erS@ +> T2at a &a$)(in& &a$e ?as #arrie" on in an in2a)ite" or 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e or in an% )'i("in&. Jesse(. or ot2er $eans o1 transportation 2> T2at t2e p(a#e. )'i("in&. Jesse( or ot2er $eans o1 transportation is o?ne" or #ontro((e" )% t2e o11en"er B> T2at t2e o11en"er per$itte" t2e #arr%in& on o1 s'#2 &a$es 0no?in& t2at it is a &a$)(in& &a$e> 2> Arti#(e +EC> Bettin& in Sports Contests T2is arti#(e 2as )een repea(e" )% Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> D B *Bettin&. Ga$e<1iLin& or Point<s2aJin& an" !a#2inations in Sport Contests,@ Se#tion 2> Bettin&. &a$e<1iLin&. points2aJin& or &a$e $a#2ination 'n(a?1'(> M Ga$e<1iLin&. point<s2aJin&. &a$e $a#2ination. as "e1ine" in t2e pre#e"in& se#tion. in #onne#tion ?it2 t2e &a$es o1 )as0et)a((. Jo((e%)a((. so1t)a((. )ase)a((I #2ess. )oLin& )o'ts. -ai<a(ia. sipa. pe(ota an" a(( ot2er sports #ontests. &a$es or ra#esI as ?e(( as )ettin& t2erein eL#ept as $a% )e a't2ori4e" )% (a?. is 2ere)% "e#(are" 'n(a?1'(> BETTING )ettin& $one% or an% o)-e#t or arti#(e o1 Ja('e or representatiJe o1 Ja('e 'pon t2e res'(t o1 an% &a$e. ra#es an" ot2er sport #ontests> GA!E<FIGING an% arran&e$ent. #o$)inations. s#2e$e or a&ree$ent )% ?2i#2 t2e res'(t o1 an% &a$e. ra#es or sport #ontests s2a(( )e pre"i#ate" an"Uor 0no?n ot2er t2an on t2e )asis o1 t2e 2onest p(a%in& s0i(( or a)i(it% o1 t2e p(a%ers or parti#ipants> POINT<SHAVING an% s'#2 arran&e$ent. #o$)ination. s#2e$e or a&ree$ent )% ?2i#2 t2e s0i(( o1 a)i(it% o1 an% p(a%er or parti#ipant in a &a$e. ra#es or sports #ontests to $a0e points or s#ores s2a(( )e (i$ite" "e(i)erate(% in or"er to in1('en#e t2e res'(t t2ereo1 in 1aJor one or t2e ot2er tea$. p(a%er or parti#ipant t2erein> GA!E !ACHINATION an% ot2er 1ra'"'(ent. "e#eit1'(. 'n1air or "is2onest $eans. $et2o"s. $anner or pra#ti#e e$p(o%e" 1or t2e p'rpose o1 in1('en#in& t2e res'(t o1 an% &a$e. ra#es or sports #ontest> B> I((e&a( Bettin& on Horse Ra#e T2e $aintainer or #on"'#tor in a &a$)(in& &a$e is (i0e?ise p'nis2e"> W2o is a $aintainerV@ A person ?2o sets 'p an" 1'rnis2es t2e $eans ?it2 ?2i#2 to #arr% on t2e &a$)(in& &a$e or s#2e$e> W2o is a #on"'#torV@ A person ?2o $ana&es or #arries on t2e &a$)(in& &a$e or s#2e$e> To )e prose#'te" 1or possessin& a -'eten& (ist. proo1 t2at t2e &a$e too0 p(a#e or is a)o't to ta0e p(a#e is not ne#essar%> 2> I$portation. Sa(e an" Possession o1 Lotter% Ti#0ets or A"Jertise$ents ARTICLE +EA> I!PORTATION. SALE AN3 POSSESSION OF LOTTERY TIC8ETS OR A3VERTISE!ENTS A#ts p'nis2e" +> I$portin& into t2e P2i(ippines 1ro$ an% 1orei&n p(a#e or port an% (otter% ti#0et or a"Jertise$entI or 2> Se((in& or "istri)'tin& t2e sa$e in #onniJan#e ?it2 t2e i$porterI B> Possessin&. 0no?in&(% an" ?it2 intent to 'se t2e$. (otter% ti#0ets or a"Jertise$entsI or D> Se((in& or "istri)'tin& t2e sa$e ?it2o't #onniJan#e ?it2 t2e i$porter o1 t2e sa$e> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e D2 o1 +FF

VI> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC !ORALS CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE +E > ILLEGAL BETTING ON HORSE RACE A#ts p'nis2e" +> Bettin& on 2orse ra#es "'rin& perio"s not a((o?e" )% (a?I 2> !aintainin& or e$p(o%in& a tota(i4er or ot2er "eJi#e or s#2e$e 1or )ettin& on ra#es or rea(i4in& pro1it t2ere1ro$ "'rin& t2e perio"s not a((o?e" )% (a?> B> O11enses A&ainst 3e#en#% an" Goo" C'sto$s +> GraJe S#an"a( ARTICLE 200> GRAVE SCAN3AL E(e$ents +> O11en"er per1or$s an a#t or a#tsI 2> S'#2 a#t or a#ts )e 2i&2(% s#an"a(o's as o11en"in& a&ainst "e#en#% or &oo" #'sto$sI B> T2e 2i&2(% s#an"a(o's #on"'#t is not eLpress(% 1a((in& ?it2in an% ot2er arti#(e o1 t2is Co"eI an" D> T2e a#t or a#ts #o$p(aine" o1 )e #o$$itte" in a p')(i# p(a#e or ?it2in t2e p')(i# 0no?(e"&e or Jie?> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER W2en 2orse ra#es are not a((o?e"@ P 5'(% D *Rep')(i# A#t No> +BC,I P 3e#e$)er B0 *Rep')(i# A#t No> 22E,I P An% re&istration or Jotin& "a%s *Rep')(i# A#t No> + 0. ReJise" E(e#tion Co"e,I an" P Ho(% T2'rs"a% an" Goo" Fri"a% *Rep')(i# A#t No> EDA,> An% ra#e 2e(" on t2e sa$e "a% an" at t2e sa$e p(a#e s2a(( )e 2e(" p'nis2a)(e as a separate o11ense> D> Arti#(e +EE> I((e&a( Co#01i&2tin& T2is arti#(e 2as )een $o"i1ie" or repea(e" )% Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> DDE *T2e Co#01i&2tin& La? o1 +ECD,@ P On(% a((o?s one #o#0pit per $'ni#ipa(it%. 'n(ess t2e pop'(ation eL#ee"s +00.000 in ?2i#2 #ase t?o #o#0pits $a% )e esta)(is2e"I P Co#01i&2ts #an on(% )e 2e(" in (i#ense" #o#0pits on S'n"a%s an" (e&a( 2o(i"a%s an" (o#a( 1iestas 1or not $ore t2an t2ree "a%sI P A(so a((o?e" "'rin& proJin#ia(. $'ni#ipa(. #it%. in"'stria(. a&ri#'(t'ra( 1airs. #arniJa(s. or eLposition not $ore t2an t2ree "a%sI P Co#01i&2tin& not a((o?e" on 3e#e$)er B0. 5'ne +2. NoJe$)er B0. Ho(% T2'rs"a%. Goo" Fri"a%. E(e#tion or Re1eren"'$ 3a%. an" re&istration "a%s 1or re1eren"'$s an" e(e#tionsI P On(% $'ni#ipa( an" #it% $a%ors are a((o?e" to iss'e (i#enses 1or s'#2> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2is "e#ree "oes not p'nis2 a person atten"in& as a spe#tator in a #o#01i&2t> To )e (ia)(e. 2e $'st parti#ipate as a )ettor> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER 3ECENCY@ $eans proprietar% o1 #on"'#tI proper o)serJan#e o1 t2e re='ire$ents o1 $o"est%. &oo" taste. et#> CUSTO!S@ esta)(is2e" 'sa&e. so#ia( #onJentions #arrie" on )% tra"ition an" en1or#e" )% so#ia( "isapproJa( o1 an% Jio(ation t2ereo1> GRAVE SCAN3AL@ #onsists o1 a#ts ?2i#2 are o11ensiJe to "e#en#% an" &oo" #'sto$s ?2i#2. 2aJin& #o$$itte" p')(i#(%. 2aJe &iJen rise to p')(i# s#an"a( to persons ?2o 2aJe a##i"enta((% ?itnesse" t2e sa$e> T2e a#ts $'st )e per1or$e" in a p')(i# p(a#e or ?it2in t2e p')(i# 0no?(e"&e or Jie?> I1 it is #o$$itte" in a priJate p(a#e. t2e #ri$e o1 &raJe s#an"a( is not #o$$itte"> In #on"'#ts inJo(Jin& (as#iJio'sness. it is &raJe s#an"a( on(% ?2ere t2ere is $'t'a( #onsent> *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?, An% a#t ?2i#2 is notorio's(% o11ensiJe to "e#en#% $a% )rin& a)o't #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% 1or t2e #ri$e o1 &raJe s#an"a( proJi"e" s'#2 a#t "oes not #onstit'te so$e ot2er #ri$e 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> GraJe s#an"a( is a #ri$e o1 (ast resort> 200 Pa&e DB o1 +FF +00N UP LAW

UP BAROPS

VI> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC !ORALS I(('stration@ +> A $an an" a ?o$an ?ent to L'neta an" s(ept t2ere> T2e% #oJere" t2e$se(Jes t2eir )(an0et an" $a"e t2e &rass t2eir #on-'&a( )e"> T2is is &raJe s#an"a(> CRI!INAL LAW II !ORALS@ i$p(% #on1or$it% ?it2 t2e &enera((% a##epte" stan"ar"s o1 &oo"ness or ri&2tness in #on"'#t or #2ara#ter. so$eti$es. spe#i1i#a((%. to seL'a( #on"'#t> THE TEST OF OBSCENITY@ P T2e test is o)-e#tiJe> It is $ore on t2e e11e#t 'pon t2e Jie?er an" not a(one on t2e #on"'#t o1 t2e per1or$er> I1 t2e $ateria( 2as t2e ten"en#% to "epraJe an" #orr'pt t2e $in" o1 t2e Jie?er t2en t2e sa$e is o)s#ene an" ?2ere s'#2 o)s#enit% is $a"e p')(i#(%. #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% arises> As (on& as t2e porno&rap2i# $atter or eL2i)ition is $a"e priJate(%. t2ere is no #ri$e #o$$itte" 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e )e#a'se ?2at is prote#te" is t2e $ora(it% o1 t2e p')(i# in &enera(> 2> I$$ora( 3o#trines. O)s#ene P')(i#ations an" EL2i)itions an" In"e#ent S2o?s ARTICLE 20+> I!!ORAL 3OCTRINES. OBSCENE PUBLICATIONS AN3 EGHIBITIONS AN3 IN3ECENT SHOWS A#ts p'nis2e" +> T2ose ?2o s2a(( p')(i#(% eLpo'n" or pro#(ai$ "o#trines open(% #ontrar% to p')(i# $ora(sI 2> a> T2e a't2ors o1 o)s#ene (iterat're. p')(is2e" ?it2 t2eir 0no?(e"&e in an% 1or$. t2e e"itors p')(is2in& s'#2 (iterat'reI an" t2e o?nersUoperators o1 t2e esta)(is2$ent se((in& t2e sa$eI )> T2ose ?2o. in t2eaters. 1airs. #ine$ato&rap2s. or an% ot2er p(a#e. eL2i)it in"e#ent or i$$ora( p(a%s. s#enes. a#ts. or s2o?s. it )ein& 'n"erstoo" t2at t2e o)s#ene (iterat're or in"e#ent or i$$ora( p(a%s. s#enes. a#ts or s2o?s. ?2et2er (iJe or in 1i($. ?2i#2 are pros#ri)e" )% Jirt'e 2ereo1. s2a(( in#('"e t2ose ?2i#2@ +> &(ori1% #ri$ina(s or #on"one #ri$esI 2> serJe no ot2er p'rpose )'t to satis1% t2e $ar0et 1or Jio(en#e. ('st or porno&rap2%I B> o11en" an% ra#e. or re(i&ionI * D> ten" to a)et tra11i# in an" 'se o1 pro2i)ite" "r'&sI an" F> are #ontrar% to (a?. p')(i# or"er. $ora(s. &oo" #'sto$s. esta)(is2e" po(i#ies. (a?1'( or"ers. "e#rees an" e"i#tsI an" P P +> Peop(e J 8ottin&er *+E2B, P T2e SC sai" t2at t2e post#ar"s ?ere not o)s#ene )e#a'se t2e a&&re&ate -'"&$ent o1 t2e #o$$'nit%. an" t2e $ora( sense o1 t2e peop(e ?ere not s2o#0e" )% t2ose pi#t'res> T2e% ?ere not o11ensiJe to #2astit% )'t $ere(% "epi#te" persons as t2e% a#t'a((% (iJe"> 2> Peop(e J Apari#i P T2e rea#tion o1 t2e p')(i# "'rin& t2e per1or$an#e o1 a "an#e )% one ?2o 2a" not2in& to #oJer 2erse(1 ?it2. eL#ept n%(on pat#2es oJer 2er )reasts an" too a))reJiate" pair o1 n%(on panties to interr'pt 2er star0 na0e"ness s2o'(" )e $a"e t2e &a'&e in t2e "eter$ination o1 ?2et2er t2e "an#e or eL2i)ition ?as in"e#ent or i$$ora(> B> Peop(e J Pa"an *+EFC, P An a#t'a( eL2i)ition o1 t2e seL'a( a#t #an 2aJe no re"ee$in& 1eat'reOno roo$ 1or art> T2ere1ore. it is a #(ear an" 'n$iti&ate" o)s#enit%> B> T2ose ?2o s2a(( se((. &iJe a?a%. or eL2i)it 1i($s. prints. en&raJin&s. s#'(pt'res. or (iterat're ?2i#2 are o11ensiJe to $ora(s> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e DD o1 +FF

VI> CRI!ES AGAINST PUBLIC !ORALS CRI!INAL LAW II $eans o1 (iJe(i2oo"I it is to preJent 1'rt2er #ri$ina(it%> B> Va&ran#% an" Prostit'tion ARTICLE 202> PROSTITUTION VAGRANCY AN3 Persons Lia)(e@ +> An% person 2aJin& no apparent $eans o1 s')sisten#e. ?2o 2as t2e p2%si#a( a)i(it% to ?or0 an" ?2o ne&(e#ts to app(% 2i$se(1 or 2erse(1 to so$e (a?1'( #a((in&I 2> An% person 1o'n" (oiterin& a)o't p')(i# or se$i<p')(i# )'i("in&s or p(a#es or tra$p(in& or ?an"erin& a)o't t2e #o'ntr% or t2e streets ?it2o't Jisi)(e $eans o1 s'pportI B> An% i"(e or "isso('te person ?2o (e"&es in 2o'ses o1 i(( 1a$eI D> R'11ians or pi$ps an" t2ose ?2o 2a)it'a((% asso#iate ?it2 prostit'tesI F> An% person ?2o. not )ein& in#('"e" in t2e proJisions o1 ot2er arti#(es o1 t2is Co"e. s2a(( )e 1o'n" (oiterin& in an% in2a)ite" or 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e )e(on&in& to anot2er ?it2o't an% (a?1'( or -'sti1ia)(e p'rposeI An% person 1o'n" ?an"erin& in an estate )e(on&in& to anot2er ?2et2er p')(i# or priJate ?it2o't an% (a?1'( p'rpose a(so #o$$its Ja&ran#%. 'n(ess 2is a#ts #onstit'tes so$e ot2er #ri$e in t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> P3 +FAB !EN3ICANCY LAW OF +EC W2at is a !en"i#antV A $en"i#ant re1ers to an% person *eL#ept t2ose en'$erate" in se#tion D o1 t2e (a?, ?2o 2as no Jisi)(e an" (e&a( $eans o1 s'pport. or (a?1'( e$p(o%$ent an" ?2o is p2%si#a((% a)(e to ?or0 )'t ne&(e#ts to app(% 2i$se(1 to so$e (a?1'( #a((in& an" instea" 'ses )e&&in& as a $eans o1 (iJin&> T2ose en'$erate" in se#tion D. ?2o are not #onsi"ere" $en"i#ants are t2e 1o((o?in&@ +> An% in1ant or #2i(" %ears o(" an" )e(o? ?2o is 1o'n" )e&&in& or is )ein& 'ti(i4e" )% a $en"i#ant 1or p'rposes o1 )e&&in& 2> An% $inor oJer E %ears o1 a&e an" 'n"er +F 1o'n" )e&&in& or is )ein& 'ti(i4e" 1or p'rposes o1 )e&&in&. an" ?2o a#te" ?it2 or ?it2o't "is#ern$ent B> An% person ?2o is 1o'n" )e&&in& an" ?2o is p2%si#a((% or $enta((% in#apa)(e o1 &ain1'( o##'pation W2o are p'nis2a)(eV I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ PROSTITUTES@ ?o$en ?2o. 1or $one% or pro1it 2a)it'a((% in"'(&e in seL'a( inter#o'rse or (as#iJio's #on"'#t VAGRANTS@ +> An i"(e or "isso('te person ?2o (o"&es in 2o'ses o1 i((<1a$e 2> R'11ian or pi$pI or B> One ?2o 2a)it'a((% asso#iates ?it2 prostit'tes> T2e #o$$on #on#ept o1 a Ja&rant is a person ?2o (oiters in p')(i# p(a#es ?it2o't an% Jisi)(e $eans o1 (iJe(i2oo" an" ?it2o't an% (a?1'( p'rpose> EJen $i((ionaires or one ?2o 2as $ore t2at eno'&2 1or 2is (iJe(i2oo" #an #o$$it Ja&ran#% )% 2a)it'a((% asso#iatin& ?it2 prostit'tes. pi$ps. r'11ians. or )% 2a)it'a((% (o"&in& in 2o'ses o1 i((<rep'te> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e (a? is not si$p(% to p'nis2 a person )e#a'se 2e 2as no +> A $en"i#ant s2a((. 'pon #onJi#tion. )e p'nis2e" )% a 1ine not eL#ee"in& PF00>00 or )% i$prison$ent 1or a perio" not eL#ee"in& 2 %ears or )ot2 at t2e "is#retion o1 t2e #o'rt> 2> A 2a)it'a( $en"i#ant *one ?2o 2as )een #onJi#te" o1 $en"i#an#% 'n"er t2is (a? 2 or $ore ti$es, s2a(( )e p'nis2e" )% a 1ine not eL#ee"in& P+000>00 or )% i$prison$ent 1or a perio" not eL#ee"in& %ears. or )ot2 at t2e "is#retion o1 t2e #o'rt> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e DF o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS TITLE VII@ CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS +> W2o are p')(i# o11i#ers *Art> 20B,I 2> 8no?in&(% ren"erin& 'n-'st -'"&$ent *Art> 20D,I B> 5'"&$ent ren"ere" t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e *Art> 20F,I D> Un-'st inter(o#'tor% or"er *Art> 20A,I F> !a(i#io's "e(a% in t2e a"$inistration o1 -'sti#e *Art> 20C,I A> Prose#'tion o1 o11ensesI ne&(i&en#e an" to(eran#e *Art> 20 ,I C> Betra%a( o1 tr'st )% an attorne% or so(i#itor> O ReJe(ation o1 se#rets *Art> 20E,I > 3ire#t )ri)er% *Art> 2+0,I E> In"ire#t )ri)er% *Art> 2++,I +0> H'a(i1ie" )ri)er% *Art> 2++<A,I ++>Corr'ption o1 p')(i# o11i#ia(s *Art> 2+2,I +2>Fra'"s a&ainst t2e p')(i# treas'r% an" si$i(ar o11enses *Art> 2+B,I +B>Ot2er 1ra'"s *Art> 2+D,I +D>Pro2i)ite" transa#tions *Art> 2+F,I +F>Possession o1 pro2i)ite" interest )% a p')(i# o11i#er *Art> 2+A,I +A>!a(Jersation o1 p')(i# 1'n"s or propert%I Pres'$ption o1 $a(Jersation *Art> 2+C,I +C>Fai('re o1 a##o'nta)(e o11i#er to ren"er a##o'nts *Art> 2+ ,I + >Fai('re o1 a responsi)(e p')(i# o11i#er to ren"er a##o'nts )e1ore (eaJin& t2e #o'ntr% *Art> 2+E,I +E>I((e&a( 'se o1 p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% *Art> 220,I 20>Fai('re to $a0e "e(iJer% o1 p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% *Art> 22+,I 2+>O11i#ers in#('"e" in t2e pre#e"in& proJisions *Art> 222,I 22>ConniJin& ?it2 or #onsentin& to eJasion *Art> 22B,I 2B>EJasion t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e *Art> 22D,I 2D>Es#ape o1 prisoner 'n"er t2e #'sto"% o1 a person not a p')(i# o11i#er *Art> 22F,I 2F>Re$oJa(. #on#ea($ent or "estr'#tion o1 "o#'$ents *Art> 22A,I 2A>O11i#er )rea0in& sea( *Art> 22C,I 2C>Openin& o1 #(ose" "o#'$ents *Art> 22 ,I 2 >ReJe(ation o1 se#rets )% an o11i#er *Art> 22E,I 2E>P')(i# o11i#er reJea(in& se#rets o1 priJate in"iJi"'a( *Art> 2B0,I B0>Open "iso)e"ien#e *Art> 2B+,I B+>3iso)e"ien#e to or"er o1 s'perior o11i#ers. ?2en sai" or"er ?as s'spen"e" )% in1erior o11i#er *Art> 2B2,I B2>Re1'sa( o1 assistan#e *Art> 2BB,I BB>Re1'sa( to "is#2ar&e e(e#tiJe o11i#e *Art> 2BD,I BD>!a(treat$ent o1 prisoners *Art> 2BF,I +00N UP LAW UP CRI!INAL LAW II BF>Anti#ipation o1 "'ties o1 a p')(i# o11i#e *Art> 2BA,I BA>Pro(on&in& per1or$an#e o1 "'ties an" po?ers *Art> 2BC,I BC>A)an"on$ent o1 o11i#e or position *Art> 2B ,I B >Us'rpation o1 (e&is(atiJe po?ers *Art> 2BE,I BE>Us'rpation o1 eLe#'tiJe 1'n#tions *Art> 2D0,I D0>Us'rpation o1 -'"i#ia( 1'n#tions *Art> 2D+,I D+>3iso)e%in& re='est 1or "is='a(i1i#ation *Art> 2D2,I D2>Or"ers or re='ests )% eLe#'tiJe o11i#ers to an% -'"i#ia( a't2orit% *Art> 2DB,I DB>Un(a?1'( appoint$ents *Art> 2DD,I DD>A)'ses a&ainst #2astit%I Pena(ties *Art> 2DF,I I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS TITLE@ TO RE!E!BER T2is is one o1 t2e instan#es ?2ere t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e $a% )e &iJen eLtra<territoria( app(i#ation 'n"er Arti#(e 2 *F, t2ereo1> Cri$es 'n"er t2is tit(e #an )e #o$$itte" )% p')(i# o11i#ers or a nonp')(i# o11i#er. ?2en t2e (atter )e#o$e a #onspirator ?it2 a p')(i# o11i#er. or an a##o$p(i#e. or a##essor% to t2e #ri$e> T2e p')(i# o11i#er 2as to )e t2e prin#ipa(> +> ARTICLE 20B> PUBLIC OFFICERS WHO ARE Re='isites@ +, Ta0in& part in t2e per1or$an#e o1 p')(i# 1'n#tions in t2e &oJern$entI 2, Per1or$in& in sai" &oJern$ent or in an% o1 its )ran#2es p')(i# "'ties as an e$p(o%ee. a&ent or s')or"inate o11i#ia(. or an% ran0 or #(assI B, His a't2orit% to ta0e part in t2e per1or$an#e o1 p')(i# 1'n#tions or to per1or$ p')(i# "'ties $'st )e M a> B% "ire#t proJision o1 t2e (a?I )> B% pop'(ar e(e#tionI or #> B% appoint$ent )% #o$petent a't2orit%> T2e ter$ Rp')(i# o11i#ersS e$)ra#es eJer% p')(i# serJant 1ro$ t2e 2i&2est to (o?est> O11i#ers an" e$p(o%ees o1 &oJern$ent o?ne" an" #ontro((e" 200 Pa&e DA o1 +FF BAROPS

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS #orporations t2ose o1 #orporation> in#('"e" )'t not a se='estere" CRI!INAL LAW II D> ARTICLE 20A> UN5UST INTERLOCUTORY OR3ER E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a -'"&eI 2> He per1or$s an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& a#ts@ a> 8no?in&(% ren"erin& an 'n-'st inter(o#'tor% or"er or "e#reeI or )> Ren"erin& a $ani1est(% 'n-'st inter(o#'tor% or"er or "e#ree t2ro'&2 ineL#'sa)(e ne&(i&en#e or i&noran#e> A> !a(1easan#e an" !is1easan#e in O11i#e !a(1easan#e 3oin& o1 an a#t ?2i#2 a p')(i# o11i#er s2o'(" not 2aJe "one I$proper "oin& o1 an a#t ?2i#2 a person $i&2t (a?1'((% "o Fai('re o1 an a&ent to per1or$ 2is 'n"erta0in& 1or t2e prin#ipa( !is1easan#e Non1easan#e 2> ARTICLE 20D> 8NOWINGLY REN3ERING UN5UST 5U3G!ENT E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a -'"&eI 2> He ren"ers a -'"&$ent in a #ase s')$itte" to 2i$ 1or "e#isionI B> 5'"&$ent is 'n-'stI D> T2e -'"&e 0no?s t2at 2is -'"&$ent is 'n-'st> T2e #ri$e $a% )e #o$$itte" on(% )% a -'"&e o1 a tria( #o'rt an" neJer o1 an appe((ate #o'rt> T2e reason 1or t2is is t2at in appe((ate #o'rt. not on(% one $a&istrate ren"ers or iss'es t2e inter(o#'tor% or"er> I1 t2e or"er (eaJes so$et2in& to )e "one in t2e tria( #o'rt ?it2 respe#t to t2e $erits o1 t2e #ase. it is inter(o#'tor%> I1 it "oes not. it is 1ina(> No (ia)i(it% i1 $ere error in &oo" 1ait2> T2ere $'st )e eJi"en#e t2at t2e -'"&$ent is 'n-'st 1or it #annot )e pres'$e"> B> ARTICLE 20F> 5U3G!ENT REN3ERE3 THROUGH NEGLIGENCE E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a -'"&eI 2> He ren"ers a -'"&$ent in a #ase s')$itte" to 2i$ 1or "e#isionI B> T2e -'"&$ent is $ani1est(% 'n-'stI D> It is "'e to 2is ineL#'sa)(e ne&(i&en#e or i&noran#e> F> ARTICLE 20C> !ALICIOUS 3ELAY IN THE A3!INISTRATION OF 5USTICE E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a -'"&eI 2> T2ere is a pro#ee"in& in 2is #o'rtI B> He "e(a%s in t2e a"$inistration o1 -'sti#eI D> T2e "e(a% is $a(i#io's. t2at is. ?it2 "e(i)erate intent to in1(i#t "a$a&e on eit2er part% in t2e #ase> !a(i#e $'st )e proJen> !a(i#e is present ?2ere t2e "e(a% is so'&2t to 1aJor one part% to t2e pre-'"i#e o1 t2e ot2er> A $ani1est(% 'n-'st -'"&$ent is one ?2i#2 is so $ani1est(% #ontrar% to (a? t2at eJen a person 2aJin& a 1e? 0no?(e"&e o1 t2e (a? #annot "o')t t2e in-'sti#e> Lo'is V'itton SA J> 5'"&e Vi((an'eJa T2e S'pre$e Co'rt 2e(" t2at a -'"&$ent is sai" to )e 'n-'st ?2en it is #ontrar% to t2e stan"ar"s o1 #on"'#t pres#ri)e" )% (a?> T2e test to "eter$ine ?2et2er an or"er or -'"&$ent is 'n-'st $a%)e in1erre" 1ro$ t2e #ir#'$stan#es t2at it is #ontrar% to (a? or is not s'pporte" )% eJi"en#e> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e DC o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS CRI!INAL LAW II A> ARTICLE 20 > PROSECUTION OF OFFENSESI NEGLIGENCE AN3 TOLERANCE A#ts P'nis2e"@ +> !a(i#io's(% re1rainin& 1ro$ instit'tin& prose#'tion a&ainst Jio(ators o1 t2e (a?I 2> !a(i#io's(% to(eratin& t2e #o$$ission o1 o11enses> E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or o11i#er o1 t2e (a? ?2o 2as a "'t% to #a'se t2e prose#'tion o1. or to prose#'te. o11ensesI 2> T2ere is a "ere(i#tion o1 t2e "'ties o1 2is o11i#e. t2at is. 0no?in& t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e. 2e "oes not #a'se t2e prose#'tion o1 t2e #ri$ina(. or 0no?in& t2at a #ri$e is a)o't to )e #o$$itte". 2e to(erates its #o$$issionI B> O11en"er a#ts ?it2 $a(i#e an" "e(i)erate intent to 1aJor t2e Jio(ator o1 t2e (a?> C> ARTICLE 20E> BETRAYAL TRUST BY AN ATTORNEY SOLICITOR> O REVELATION SECRETS OF OR OF A#ts P'nis2e"@ +> Ca'sin& "a$a&e to 2is #(ient. eit2erO a> B% an% $a(i#io's )rea#2 o1 pro1essiona( "'t%I )> B% ineL#'sa)(e ne&(i&en#e or i&noran#e> Note@ W2en t2e attorne% a#ts ?it2 $a(i#io's a)'se o1 2is e$p(o%$ent or ineL#'sa)(e ne&(i&en#e or i&noran#e. t2ere $'st )e "a$a&e to 2is #(ient> 2> ReJea(in& an% o1 t2e se#rets o1 2is #(ient (earne" )% 2i$ in 2is pro1essiona( #apa#it% *"a$a&e is not ne#essar%,I B> Un"erta0in& t2e "e1ense o1 t2e opposin& part% in t2e sa$e #ase. ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 2is 1irst #(ient. a1ter 2aJin& 'n"erta0en t2e "e1ense o1 sai" 1irst #(ient o1 a1ter 2aJin& re#eiJe" #on1i"entia( in1or$ation 1ro$ sai" #(ient> T2is #ri$e #an on(% )e #o$$itte" )% a p')(i# o11i#er ?2ose o11i#ia( "'t% is to prose#'te o11en"ers> W2i(e in Arti#(e 20 . "ere(i#tion o1 "'t% re1ers on(% to prose#'tin& o11i#ers. t2e ter$ PREVARICACION app(ies to p')(i# o11i#ers in &enera( ?2o is re$iss or ?2o is $a(i#io's(% re1rainin& 1ro$ eLer#isin& t2e "'ties o1 2is o11i#e> Co$$'ni#ations $a"e ?it2 prospe#tiJe #(ients to a (a?%er ?it2 a Jie? to en&a&in& 2is pro1essiona( serJi#es are a(rea"% priJi(e&e" eJen t2o'&2 t2e #(ient<(a?%er re(ations2ip "i" not eJent'a((% $ateria(i4e> T2e #on1i"entia( $atters or in1or$ation $'st )e #on1i"e" to t2e (a?%er in t2e (atterKs pro1essiona( #apa#it%> !ere $a(i#io's )rea#2 ?it2o't "a$a&e is not Jio(atiJe o1 Arti#(e 20EI at $ost 2e ?i(( )e (ia)(e a"$inistratiJe(% as a (a?%er. e>&>. s'spension or "is)ar$ent 'n"er t2e Co"e o1 Pro1essiona( Responsi)i(it%> SeJera( a#ts ?2i#2 ?o'(" $a0e a (a?%er #ri$ina((% (ia)(e@ *+,!a(i#io's(% #a'sin& "a$a&e to 2is #(ient t2ro'&2 a )rea#2 o1 2is pro1essiona( "'t%> T2e )rea#2 o1 pro1essiona( "'t% $'st )e $a(i#io's> I1 it is -'st in#i"enta(. it ?o'(" not &iJe rise to #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%. a(t2o'&2 it $a% )e t2e s')-e#t o1 a"$inistratiJe "is#ip(ineI *2,T2ro'&2 &ross i&noran#e. #a'sin& "a$a&e to t2e #(ientI *B,IneL#'sa)(e ne&(i&en#eI *D,ReJe(ation o1 se#rets (earne" in 2is pro1essiona( #apa#it%I +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e D o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS *F,Un"erta0in& t2e "e1ense o1 t2e opposite part% in a #ase ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e 1irst #(ient ?2ose "e1ense 2as a(rea"% )een 'n"erta0en> Peop(e J> San"i&an)a%an T2e S'pre$e Co'rt 2e(" t2at not a(( in1or$ation re#eiJe" )% #o'nse( 1ro$ #(ient is #(assi1ie" as priJi(e&e"> A "istin#tion $'st )e $a"e )et?een #on1i"entia( #o$$'ni#ations re(atin& to past #ri$es a(rea"% #o$$itte". an" 1't're #ri$es inten"e" to )e #o$$itte" )% t2e #(ient> CRI!INAL LAW II t2en t2ere is no a&ree$ent an" not a(( t2e a#ts ne#essar% to #o$$it t2e #ri$e ?ere present> Te$porar% per1or$an#e o1 p')(i# 1'n#tions is s'11i#ient to #onstit'te a person a p')(i# o11i#er> Bri)er% eLists ?2en t2e &i1t is@ a> Jo('ntari(% o11ere" )% a priJate person )> so(i#ite" )% t2e p')(i# o11i#er an" Jo('ntari(% "e(iJere" )% t2e priJate person #> so(i#ite" )% t2e p')(i# o11i#er )'t t2e priJate person "e(iJers it o't o1 1ear o1 t2e #onse='en#es s2o'(" t2e p')(i# o11i#er per1or$ 2is 1'n#tions *2ere t2e #ri$e )% &iJer is not #orr'ption o1 p')(i# o11i#ia(s "'e to inJo('ntariness, Un"er t2e 1irst t%pe o1 )ri)er%. a#t'a( re#eipt o1 t2e &i1t is not ne#essar%> An a##epte" o11er or pro$ise o1 a &i1t is s'11i#ient> Ho?eJer. i1 t2e o11er is not a##epte". on(% t2e person o11erin& t2e &i1t is (ia)(e 1or atte$pte" #orr'ption o1 a p')(i# o11i#er> Un"er t2e se#on" t%pe o1 )ri)er%. t2e &i1t $'st )e a##epte" )% t2e p')(i# o11i#er> T2e &i1t $'st 2aJe a Ja('e or #apa)(e o1 pe#'niar% esti$ation> It #o'(" )e in t2e 1or$ o1 $one%. propert% or serJi#es> I1 t2e a#t re='ire" o1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er a$o'nts to a #ri$e an" 2e #o$$its it. 2e s2a(( )e (ia)(e 1or t2e pena(t% #orrespon"in& to t2e #ri$e> T2e t2ir" t%pe o1 )ri)er% an" preJari#a#ion *art 20 , are si$i(ar o11enses. )ot2 #onsistin& o1 o$issions to "o an a#t re='ire" to )e per1or$e"> In "ire#t )ri)er% 2o?eJer. a &i1t or pro$ise is &iJen in #onsi"eration o1 t2e o$ission> T2is is not ne#essar% in preJari#a#ion> 3ire#t )ri)er% "oes not a)sor) Art> 20 *"ere(i#tion o1 "'t%,> E> ARTICLE 2++> IN3IRECT BRIBERY E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He a##epts &i1tsI B> T2e &i1ts are o11ere" to 2i$ )% reason o1 2is o11i#e> > ARTICLE 2+0> 3IRECT BRIBERY A#ts p'nis2e" +> A&reein& to per1or$. or per1or$in&. in #onsi"eration o1 an% o11er. pro$ise. &i1t or present M an a#t #onstit'tin& a #ri$e. in #onne#tion ?it2 t2e per1or$an#e o1 2is o11i#ia( "'tiesI 2> A##eptin& a &i1t in #onsi"eration o1 t2e eLe#'tion o1 an a#t ?2i#2 "oes not #onstit'te a #ri$e. in #onne#tion ?it2 t2e per1or$an#e o1 2is o11i#ia( "'t%I B> A&reein& to re1rain. or )% re1rainin&. 1ro$ "oin& so$et2in& ?2i#2 it is 2is o11i#ia( "'t% to "o. in #onsi"eration o1 &i1t or pro$ise> E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er ?it2in t2e s#ope o1 Arti#(e 20BI 2> O11en"er a##epts an o11er or a pro$ise or re#eiJes a &i1t or present )% 2i$se(1 or t2ro'&2 anot2erI B> S'#2 o11er or pro$ise )e a##epte". or &i1t or present re#eiJe" )% t2e p')(i# o11i#er M a> Wit2 a Jie? to #o$$ittin& so$e #ri$eI or )> In #onsi"eration o1 t2e eLe#'tion o1 an a#t ?2i#2 "oes not #onstit'te a #ri$e. )'t t2e a#t $'st )e 'n-'stI or #> To re1rain 1ro$ "oin& so$et2in& ?2i#2 it is 2is o11i#ia( "'t% to "o> T2e #ri$e o1 )ri)er% 2as no 1r'strate" sta&e> I1 one part% "oes not #on#'r. +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e DE o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS T2e prin#ipa( "istin#tion )et?een "ire#t an" in"ire#t )ri)er% is t2at in t2e 1or$er. t2e o11i#er a&rees to per1or$ or re1rain 1ro$ "oin& an a#t in #onsi"eration o1 t2e &i1t or pro$ise> In t2e (atter #ase. it is not ne#essar% t2at t2e o11i#er "o an% a#t> It is s'11i#ient t2at 2e a##epts t2e &i1t o11ere" )% reason o1 2is o11i#e> I1 a1ter re#eiJin& t2e &i1t. t2e o11i#er "oes an% a#t in 1aJor o1 t2e &iJer ?2i#2 is 'n1air to t2e ot2ers. it #eases to )e in"ire#t )'t )e#o$es "ire#t )ri)er%> T2is is a(?a%s in t2e #ons'$$ate" sta&e> T2ere is no atte$pte" $'#2 (ess 1r'strate" sta&e in in"ire#t )ri)er%> T2ere $'st )e #(ear intention on t2e part o1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er o to ta0e t2e &i1t o11ere" an" o #onsi"er t2e propert% as 2is o?n 1or t2at $o$ent> !ere p2%si#a( re#eipt 'na##o$panie" )% an% ot2er si&n. #ir#'$stan#e or a#t to s2o? s'#2 a##eptan#e is not s'11i#ient to #onJi#t t2e o11i#er> P')(i# o11i#ers re#eiJin& &i1ts an" priJate persons &iJin& &i1ts on an% o##asion. in#('"in& C2rist$as are (ia)(e 'n"er P3 DA> "ire#t CRI!INAL LAW II )ri)er% T2e "ere(i#tion o1 t2e "'t% p'nis2e" 'n"er Arti#(e 20 o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e is a)sor)e"> ++> ARTICLE 2+2> CORRUPTION OF PUBLIC OFFICIALS E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er $a0es o11ers or pro$ises or &iJes &i1ts or presents to a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> T2e o11ers or pro$ises are $a"e or t2e &i1ts or presents &iJen to a p')(i# o11i#er. 'n"er #ir#'$stan#es t2at ?i(( $a0e t2e p')(i# o11i#er (ia)(e 1or "ire#t )ri)er% or in"ire#t )ri)er%> T2e o11en"er is t2e &iJer o1 t2e &i1t or t2e o11eror o1 t2e pro$ise> T2e a#t $a% or $a% not )e a##o$p(is2e"> T2e 1o((o?in& are t2e SPECIAL LAWS re(ate" to t2e prose#'tion an" p'nis2$ent o1 GRAFT an" CORRUPTION@ +> PRESI3ENTIAL 3ECREE NO> CDE 2> RA NO> B0+E *ANTI<GRAFT AN3 CORRUPT PRACTICES ACT, B> RA NO> C0 0 *ANTI<PLUN3ER ACT, D> RA NO> +BCE *FORFEITURE OF ILLGOTTEN WEALTH, F> PRESI3ENTIAL 3ECREE NO> DA A> RA AC+B@ CO3E OF CON3UCT AN3 ETHICAL STAN3AR3S FOR PUBLIC OFFICIALS AN3 E!PLOYEES +0> ARTICLE BRIBERY 2++<A> HUALIFIE3 E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er entr'ste" ?it2 (a? en1or#e$entI 2> He re1rains 1ro$ arrestin& or prose#'tin& an o11en"er ?2o 2as #o$$itte" a #ri$e p'nis2a)(e )% re#('sion perpet'a an"Uor "eat2I B> O11en"er re1rains 1ro$ arrestin& or prose#'tin& in #onsi"eration o1 an% o11er. pro$ise. &i1t. or present> PRESI3ENTIAL 3ECREE NO> CDE GiJers o1 )ri)es an" ot2er &i1ts as ?e(( as a##o$p(i#es in )ri)er% an" Jio(ations o1 t2e Anti<&ra1t an" Corr'pt Pra#ti#es A#t are i$$'ne 1ro$ prose#'tion 'n"er t2e 1o((o?in& #ir#'$stan#es@ a> in1or$ation re1ers to #ons'$$ate" Jio(ations )> ne#essit% o1 t2e in1or$ation or testi$on% #> t2e in1or$ation an" testi$on% are not %et in t2e possession o1 t2e State "> in1or$ation an" testi$on% #an )e #orro)orate" on its $ateria( points 200 Pa&e F0 o1 +FF T2e #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" )ri)er% $a% )e #o$$itte" on(% )% p')(i# o11i#ers Rentr'ste" ?it2 en1or#e$entS ?2ose o11i#ia( "'ties a't2ori4e t2en to arrest or prose#'te o11en"ers> T2e pena(t% is ='a(i1ie" i1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er is t2e one ?2o as0s or "e$an"s s'#2 present> I1 pena(t% is (o?er t2an re#('sion perpet'a an"Uor "eat2. t2e #ri$e is +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS e> in1or$ant 2as )een preJio's(% #onJi#te" o1 a #ri$e inJo(Jin& $ora( t'rpit'"e Be1ore t2e )ri)e<&iJer $a% )e "roppe" 1ro$ t2e in1or$ation. 2e 2as to )e #2ar&e" 1irst ?it2 t2e re#eiJer> T2e i$$'nit% &rante" t2e )ri)e<&iJer is (i$ite" on(% to t2e i((e&a( transa#tion ?2ere t2e in1or$ant &aJe Jo('ntari(% t2e testi$on%> F> T2e i$$'nit% s2a(( not atta#2 ?2en it t'rns o't t2at t2e in1or$ation &iJen is 1a(se an" $a(i#io's. 1or t2e p'rposes o1 2arassin& t2e o11i#er> T2e p')(i# o11i#er in t2is eJen is entit(e" to t2e appropriate a#tion a&ainst t2e in1or$ant> CRI!INAL LAW II RA NO> B0+E *ANTI<GRAFT AN3 CORRUPT PRACTICES ACT, A#ts P'nis2e" *Se#> B,@ A> Pers'a"in&. in"'#in& or in1('en#in& anot2er p')(i# o11i#er to per1or$ an a#t #onstit'tin& a Jio(ation o1 r'(es an" re&'(ations "'(% pro$'(&ate" )% #o$petent a't2orit% or an o11ense in #onne#tion ?it2 t2e o11i#ia( "'ties o1 t2e (atter. or a((o?in& 2i$se(1 to )e pers'a"e". in"'#e". or in1('en#e" to #o$$it s'#2 Jio(ation or o11ense> B> 3ire#t(% or in"ire#t(% re='estin& or re#eiJin& an% &i1t. present. s2are. per#enta&e. or )ene1it 1or 2i$se(1 or 1or an% ot2er person in #onne#tion ?it2 an% #ontra#t or transa#tion )et?een t2e &oJern$ent an" an% ot2er part% ?2erein t2e p')(i# o11i#er in 2is o11i#ia( #apa#it% 2as to interJene 'n"er t2e (a?> C> 3ire#t(%. or in"ire#t(% re='estin& or re#eiJin& an% &i1t. present. or ot2er pe#'niar% or $ateria( )ene1it. 1or 2i$se(1 or 1or anot2er. 1ro$ an% person 1or ?2o$ t2e p')(i# o11i#er. in an% $anner o1 #apa#it%. 2as se#'re" or o)taine". or ?i(( se#'re or o)tain. an% GoJern$ent per$it or (i#ense. in #onsi"eration 1or t2e 2e(" &iJen or to )e &iJen> 3> A##eptin& or 2aJin& an% $e$)er o1 2is 1a$i(% a##ept e$p(o%$ent in a priJate enterprise ?2i#2 2as pen"in& o11i#ia( )'siness ?it2 2i$ "'rin& t2e pen"en#% t2ereo1 or ?it2in one %ear a1ter its ter$ination> E> Ca'sin& an% 'n"'e in-'r% to an% part%. in#('"in& t2e GoJern$ent. +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS G> H> I> 5> 8> or &iJin& an% priJate part% an% 'n?arrante" )ene1its. a"Janta&e. or pre1eren#e in t2e "is#2ar&e o1 2is o11i#ia(. a"$inistratiJe or -'"i#ia( 1'n#tion t2ro'&2 $ani1est partia(it%. eJi"ent )a" 1ait2 or &ross ineL#'sa)(e ne&(i&en#e> T2is proJision s2a(( app(% to o11i#ers an" e$p(o%ees o1 o11i#es or &oJern$ent #orporations #2ar&e" ?it2 t2e &rant o1 (i#enses or per$its or ot2er #on#essions> Ne&(e#tin& or re1'sin&. a1ter "'e "e$an" or re='est. ?it2o't s'11i#ient -'sti1i#ation. to a#t ?it2in a reasona)(e ti$e on an% $atter pen"in& )e1ore 2i$ 1or t2e p'rpose o1 o)tainin& "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. 1ro$ an% person intereste" in t2e $atter so$e pe#'niar% or $ateria( )ene1it or a"Janta&e. or 1or t2e p'rpose o1 1aJorin& 2is o?n interest o1 &iJin& 'n"'e a"Janta&e in 1aJor o1 or "is#ri$inatin& a&ainst an% ot2er intereste" part%> Enterin&. on )e2a(1 o1 t2e GoJern$ent. into an% #ontra#t or transa#tion $ani1est(% an" &ross(% "isa"Janta&eo's to t2e sa$e. ?2et2er or not t2e p')(i# o11i#er pro1ite" or ?i(( pro1it t2ere)%> 3ire#t(% or in"ire#t(% 2aJin& 1inan#ia( or pe#'niar% interest in an% )'siness. #ontra#t or transa#tion in #onne#tion ?it2 ?2i#2 2e interJenes or ta0e part in 2is o11i#ia( #apa#it%. or in ?2i#2 2e is pro2i)ite" )% t2e #onstit'tion or )% an% (a? 1ro$ 2aJin& an% interest> 3ire#t(% or in"ire#t(% )e#o$in& intereste". 1or persona( &ain. or 2aJin& a $ateria( interest in an% transa#tion or a#t re='irin& t2e approJa( o1 a )oar". pane(. or &ro'p o1 ?2i#2 2e is a $e$)er. an" ?2i#2 eLer#ises "is#retion in s'#2 approJa(. eJen i1 2e Jotes a&ainst t2e sa$e or "oes not parti#ipate in t2e a#tion o1 t2e )oar". #o$$ittee. pane( or &ro'p> 8no?in&(% approJin& or &rantin& an% (i#ense. per$it. priJi(e&e. or )ene1it in 1aJor o1 an% person not ='a(i1ie" 1or or not (e&a((% entit(e" to s'#2 (i#ense. per$it. priJi(e&e. or a"Janta&e. or o1 a $ere representatiJe or "'$$% o1 one ?2o is not so ='a(i1ie" or entit(e"> 3iJ'(&in& Ja('a)(e in1or$ation o1 a #on1i"entia( #2ara#ter.

a#='ire" )% 2is o11i#e or )% 2i$ on a##o'nt o1 2is o11i#ia( position to 'na't2ori4e" persons. or re(easin& s'#2 in1or$ation in a"Jan#e o1 its a't2ori4e" re(ease "ate> Pa&e F+ o1 +FF 200

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS CRI!INAL LAW II Persons Lia)(e@ A> An% p')(i# o11i#er ?2o s2a(( per1or$ an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& a#ts en'$erate" in Se#> B B> An% person 2aJin& 1a$i(% or #(ose persona( re(ation ?it2 an% p')(i# o11i#ia( ?2o s2a(( #apita(i4e or eLp(oit or ta0e a"Janta&e o1 s'#2 1a$i(% or #(ose persona( re(ation )% "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(% re='estin& or re#eiJin& an% present. &i1t. or $ateria(. or pe#'niar% a"Janta&e 1ro$ an% person 2aJin& so$e )'siness. transa#tion. app(i#ation. re='est. or #onta#t ?it2 t2e &oJern$ent in ?2i#2 s'#2 p')(i# o11i#ia( 2as to interJene *Se#> D, C> An% person ?2o s2a(( 0no?in&(% in"'#e or #a'se an% p')(i# o11i#ia( to #o$$it an% o1 t2e o11enses 'n"er *A,> *Se#> D, 3> Spo'se or an% re(atiJe. )% #onsan&'init% or a11init%. ?it2in t2e Br" #iJi( "e&ree. o1 t2e presi"ent o1 t2e P2i(ippines. t2e Ji#e<presi"ent. t2e presi"ent o1 t2e Senate. or spea0er o1 t2e 2o'se o1 RepresentatiJes. ?2o s2a(( interJene. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. in an% )'siness transa#tion. #ontra#t or app(i#ation ?it2 t2e &oJKt *Se#> F,> T2is pro2i)ition s2a(( not app(% to@ +> An% person ?2o. prior to t2e ass'$ption o1 o11i#e o1 an% o1 t2e a)oJe o11i#ia(s to ?2o$ 2e is re(ate". 2as )een a(rea"% "ea(in& ?it2 t2e &oJKt a(on& t2e sa$e (ine o1 )'sinessI 2> An% transa#tion. #ontra#t or app(i#ation a(rea"% eListin& or pen"in& at t2e ti$e o1 s'#2 ass'$ption o1 p')(i# o11i#eI B> An% app(i#ation 1i(e" )% 2i$. t2e approJa( o1 ?2i#2 is not "is#retionar% on t2e part o1 t2e o11i#ia(*s, #on#erne" )'t "epen"s 'pon #o$p(ian#e ?it2 re='isites proJi"e" )% (a?. or r'(es or re&'(ations iss'e" p'rs'ant to (a?I D> An% a#t (a?1'((% per1or$e" an o11i#ia( #apa#it% or in t2e eLer#ise o1 a pro1ession> E> An% $e$)er o1 #on&ress. "'rin& t2e ter$ 1or ?2i#2 2e 2as )een e(e#te". ?2o s2a(( a#='ire or re#eiJe an% persona( pe#'niar% interest in an% spe#i1i# )'siness enterprise ?2i#2 s2a(( )e "ire#t(% an" parti#'(ar(% 1aJore" or )ene1ite" )% an% (a? or reso('tion a't2ore" )% 2i$ preJio's(% approJe" or a"opte" )% Con&ress "'rin& 2is ter$ *Se#> A,> +00N UP LAW UP F> An% p')(i# o11i#er ?2o re#o$$en"e" t2e initiation in Con&ress o1 t2e ena#t$ent or a"option o1 an% (a? or reso('tion or a#='ires or re#eiJes an% s'#2 interest "'rin& 2is in#'$)en#% *Se#> A,> G> T2e $e$)er o1 Con&ress or ot2er p')(i# o11i#er ?2o. 2aJin& s'#2 interest prior to t2e approJa( o1 a (a? or reso('tion a't2ore" or re#o$$en"e" )% 2i$. #ontin'es 1or t2irt% "a%s a1ter s'#2 approJa( to retain 2is interest *Se#> A,> H> An% p')(i# o11i#er ?2o s2a(( 1ai( to 1i(e a tr'e. "etai(e" an" s?orn state$ent o1 assets an" (ia)i(ities ?it2in B0 "a%s a1ter ass'$in& o11i#e an" t2erea1ter on or )e1ore t2e +Ft2 "a% o1 Apri( 1o((o?in& t2e #(ose o1 eJer% #a(en"ar %ear. as ?e(( as 'pon t2e eLpiration o1 2is ter$ o1 o11i#e. or 'pon 2is resi&nation or separation 1ro$ o11i#e *Se#> C,> Pri$a Fa#ie EJi"en#e o1 an" 3is$issa( "'e to 'neLp(aine" Wea(t2 *Se#> ,@ I1 a p')(i# o11i#ia( 2as )een 1o'n" to 2aJe a#='ire" "'rin& 2is in#'$)en#%. ?2et2er in 2is na$e or in t2e na$e o1 ot2er persons. an a$o'nt o1 propert% an"Uor $one% $ani1est(% o't o1 proportion to 2is sa(ar% an" to 2is ot2er (a?1'( in#o$e> Properties in t2e na$e o1 t2e spo'se an" "epen"ents o1 s'#2 p')(i# o11i#ia( $a% )e ta0en into #onsi"eration. ?2en t2eir a#='isition t2ro'&2 (e&iti$ate $eans #annot )e satis1a#tori(% s2o?n> Ban0 "eposits in t2e na$e o1 or $ani1est(% eL#essiJe eLpen"it'res in#'rre" )% t2e p')(i# o11i#ia(. 2is spo'se or an% o1 t2eir "epen"ents in#('"in& )'t not (i$ite" to a#tiJities in an% #(') or asso#iation or an% ostentatio's "isp(a% o1 ?ea(t2 in#('"in& 1re='ent traJe( a)roa" o1 a non<o11i#ia( #2ara#ter )% an% p')(i# o11i#ia( ?2en s'#2 a#tiJities entai( eLpenses eJi"ent(% o't o1 proportion to (e&iti$ate in#o$e> Co$petent #o'rt@ [ A(( prose#'tions 'n"er t2is A#t s2a(( )e ?it2in t2e ori&ina( -'ris"i#tion o1 t2e San"i&an)a%an *Se#> +0,> Pres#ription o1 o11enses@ [ A(( o11enses p'nis2a)(e 'n"er t2is A#t s2a(( pres#ri)e in +F %ears *Se#> ++,> EL#eptions@ 200 Pa&e F2 o1 +FF BAROPS

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS [ Unso(i#ite" &i1ts or presents o1 s$a(( or insi&ni1i#ant Ja('e o11ere" or &iJen as a $ere or"inar% to0en o1 &ratit'"e o1 1rien"s2ip a##or"in& to (o#a( #'sto$s or 'sa&e. s2a(( )e eL#epte" 1ro$ t2e proJisions o1 t2is a#t *Se#> +D,> RA NO> C0 0 *ANTI<PLUN3ER ACT, 3e1inition o1 I((<&otten ?ea(t2@ An% asset. propert%. )'siness enterprise or $ateria( possession o1 an% person a#='ire" )% 2i$ "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(% t2ro'&2 "'$$ies. no$inees. a&ents. s')or"inates. an"Uor )'siness asso#iates )% an% #o$)ination or series o1 t2e 1o((o?in& $eans or si$i(ar s#2e$es@ A> T2ro'&2 $isappropriation. #onJersion. $is'se or $a(Jersation o1 p')(i# 1'n"s or rai"s on t2e p')(i# treas'r%> B> B% re#eiJin&. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. an% #o$$ission. &i1t. s2are. per#enta&e. 0i#0)a#0s or an% ot2er 1or$ o1 pe#'niar% )ene1it 1ro$ an% person an"Uor entit% in #onne#tion ?it2 an% &oJern$ent #ontra#t or pro-e#t or )% reason o1 t2e o11i#e or position o1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er #on#erne"I C> B% t2e i((e&a( or 1ra'"'(ent #onJe%an#e or "isposition o1 assets )e(on&in& to t2e Nationa( GoJern$ent or an% o1 its s')"iJisions. a&en#ies or instr'$enta(ities or &oJern$ento?ne" or #ontro((e" #orporations an" t2eir s')si"iariesI 3> B% o)tainin&. re#eiJin& or a##eptin&. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. an% s2ares o1 sto#0. e='it% or an% ot2er 1or$ o1 interest or parti#ipation. in#('"in& t2e pro$ise o1 1't're e$p(o%$ent in an% )'siness enterprise or 'n"erta0in&> E> B% esta)(is2in& a&ri#'(t'ra(. in"'stria( or #o$$er#ia( $onopo(ies or ot2er #o$)inations. an"Uor i$p(e$entation o1 "e#rees an" or"ers inten"e" to )ene1it parti#'(ar persons or spe#ia( interestsI F> B% ta0in& 'n"'e a"Janta&e o1 o11i#ia( position. a't2orit%. re(ations2ip. #onne#tion or in1('en#e to 'n-'st(% enri#2 2i$se(1 or t2e$se(Jes at t2e eLpense an" to t2e "a$a&e or pre-'"i#e o1 t2e Fi(ipino peop(e an" t2e Rep')(i# o1 t2e P2i(ippines> Estra"a J> San"i&an)a%an T2e S'pre$e Co'rt 2e(" t2at t2e $eans an" s#2e$es to a#='ire i((+00N UP LAW UP BAROPS CRI!INAL LAW II &otten ?ea(t2 s2o'(" )e #o$$itte" )% a #o$)ination or t2ro'&2 a series o1 a#ts> T2ere s2o'(" )e at (east t?o a#ts ot2er?ise t2e a##'se" s2o'(" )e #2ar&e" ?it2 t2e parti#'(ar #ri$e #o$$itte" an" not ?it2 p('n"er> A #o$)ination $eans at (east t?o a#ts o1 a "i11erent #ate&or% ?2i(e a series $eans at (east t?o a#ts o1 t2e sa$e #ate&or%> Persons Lia)(e@ A> An% p')(i# o11i#er ?2o. )% 2i$se(1 or in #onniJan#e ?it2 $e$)ers o1 2is 1a$i(%. re(atiJes )% a11init% or #onsan&'init%. )'siness asso#iates an" s')or"inates or ot2er persons. a$asses. a##'$'(ates. or a#='ires i((&otten ?ea(t2 t2ro'&2 a #o$)ination or series o1 oJert or #ri$ina( a#ts as "es#ri)e" 'n"er *I, in t2e a&&re&ate a$o'nt or tota( Ja('e o1 at (east F0 $i((ion pesos. s2a(( )e &'i(t% o1 t2e #ri$e o1 p('n"er *as a$en"e" )% RA CAFE,> B> An% person ?2o parti#ipate" ?it2 t2e sai" p')(i# o11i#er in t2e #o$$ission o1 p('n"er> 5'ris"i#tion@ A(( prose#'tions 'n"er t2is A#t s2a(( )e ?it2in t2e ori&ina( -'ris"i#tion o1 t2e San"i&an)a%an> R'(e o1 EJi"en#e@ For p'rposes o1 esta)(is2in& t2e #ri$e o1 p('n"er. it s2a(( not )e ne#essar% to proJe ea#2 an" eJer% #ri$ina( a#t "one )% t2e a##'se" in 1'rt2eran#e o1 t2e s#2e$e an" #onspira#% to a$ass. a##'$'(ate or a#='ire i((<&otten ?ea(t2. it )ein& s'11i#ient to esta)(is2 )e%on" reasona)(e "o')t a pattern o1 oJert or #ri$ina( a#ts in"i#atiJe o1 t2e oJera(( 'n(a?1'( s#2e$e or #onspira#%> Pres#ription o1 Cri$e@ T2e #ri$e o1 p('n"er s2a(( pres#ri)e in 20 %ears> Ho?eJer. t2e ri&2t o1 t2e State to re#oJer properties 'n(a?1'((% a#='ire" )% p')(i# o11i#ers 1ro$ t2e$ or 1ro$ t2eir no$inees or trans1erees s2a(( not )e )arre" )% pres#ription. (a#2es or estoppe(> RA NO> +BCE *FORFEITURE OF ILLGOTTEN WEALTH, T2e pro#ee"in&s are #iJi( an" not #ri$ina( in nat're> I1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er is 1o'n" to 2aJe a$asse" ?ea(t2 o't o1 proportion to 2is (e&iti$ate in#o$e. t2e sai" ?ea(t2 ?i(( )e 1or1eite" in 1aJor o1 t2e &oJern$ent> 200 Pa&e FB o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS CRI!INAL LAW II No #ri$ina( #2ar&es #an )e 1i(e" a&ainst t2e p')(i# o11i#er 'n"er t2is (a?I 2o?eJer t2e sai" p')(i# o11i#er $a% )e 2e(" #ri$ina((% an"Uor a"$inistratiJe(% (ia)(e 'n"er ot2er (a?s> PRESI3ENTIAL 3ECREE NO> DA Pro2i)its &iJin& an" a##eptan#e o1 &i1ts )% a p')(i# o11i#er or to a p')(i# o11i#er. eJen "'rin& anniJersar%. or ?2en t2ere is an o##asion (i0e C2rist$as. Ne? Year. or an% &i1t&iJin& anniJersar%> Bot2 &iJer an" re#eiJer are p'nis2e"> T2e &iJin& o1 a part% is a(so p'nis2a)(e an" is not (i$ite" to t2e p')(i# o11i#er on(% )'t a(so to an% $e$)er o1 2is 1a$i(%> RA AC+B@ CO3E OF CON3UCT AN3 ETHICAL STAN3AR3S FOR PUBLIC OFFICIALS AN3 E!PLOYEES 3e1inition o1 ter$s@ A> ZCon1(i#t o1 interestZ arises ?2en a p')(i# o11i#ia( or e$p(o%ee is a $e$)er o1 a )oar". an o11i#er. or a s')stantia( sto#02o("er o1 a priJate #orporation or o?ner or 2as a s')stantia( interest in a )'siness. an" t2e interest o1 s'#2 #orporation or )'siness. or 2is ri&2ts or "'ties t2erein. $a% )e oppose" to or a11e#te" )% t2e 1ait21'( per1or$an#e o1 o11i#ia( "'t%> B> Z3iJest$entZ is t2e trans1er o1 tit(e or "isposa( o1 interest in propert% )% Jo('ntari(%. #o$p(ete(% an" a#t'a((% "epriJin& or "ispossessin& onese(1 o1 2is ri&2t or tit(e to it in 1aJor o1 a person or persons ot2er t2an 2is spo'se an" re(atiJes as "e1ine" in t2is A#t> C> ZRe(atiJesZ re1ers to an% an" a(( persons re(ate" to a p')(i# o11i#ia( or e$p(o%ee ?it2in t2e 1o'rt2 #iJi( "e&ree o1 #onsan&'init% or a11init%. in#('"in& )i(as. inso an" )a(ae> a&ent. tr'stee or no$inee in an% priJate enterprise re&'(ate". s'perJise" or (i#ense" )% t2eir o11i#e 'n(ess eLpress(% a((o?e" )% (a?I 2> En&a&e in t2e priJate pra#ti#e o1 t2eir pro1ession 'n(ess a't2ori4e" )% t2e Constit'tion or (a?. proJi"e". t2at s'#2 pra#ti#e ?i(( not #on1(i#t or ten" to #on1(i#t ?it2 t2eir o11i#ia( 1'n#tionsI or B> Re#o$$en" an% person to an% position in a priJate enterprise ?2i#2 2as a re&'(ar or pen"in& o11i#ia( transa#tion ?it2 t2eir o11i#e> C> P')(i# o11i#ia(s an" e$p(o%ees s2a(( not 'se or "iJ'(&e. #on1i"entia( or #(assi1ie" in1or$ation o11i#ia((% 0no?n to t2e$ )% reason o1 t2eir o11i#e an" not $a"e aJai(a)(e to t2e p')(i#. eit2er@ +> To 1'rt2er t2eir priJate interests. or &iJe 'n"'e a"Janta&e to an%oneI or 2> to pre-'"i#e t2e p')(i# interest> 3> P')(i# o11i#ia(s an" e$p(o%ees s2a(( not so(i#it or a##ept. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. an% &i1t. &rat'it%. 1aJor. entertain$ent. (oan or an%t2in& o1 $onetar% Ja('e 1ro$ an% person in t2e #o'rse o1 t2eir o11i#ia( "'ties or in #onne#tion ?it2 an% operation )ein& re&'(ate" )%. or an% transa#tion ?2i#2 $a% )e a11e#te" )% t2e 1'n#tions o1 t2eir o11i#e> Pro2i)ite" A#ts an" Transa#tions *se#> C,@ A> P')(i# o11i#ia(s an" e$p(o%ees s2a(( not 2aJe an% 1inan#ia( or $ateria( interest in an% transa#tion re='irin& t2e approJa( o1 t2eir o11i#e> B> P')(i# o11i#ia(s an" e$p(o%ees "'rin& t2eir in#'$)en#% s2a(( not@ +> O?n. #ontro(. $ana&e or a##ept e$p(o%$ent as o11i#er. e$p(o%ee. #ons'(tant. #o'nse(. )ro0er. +00N UP LAW UP Gi1ts or &rants 1ro$ 1orei&n &oJern$ents@ A> T2e a##eptan#e an" retention )% a p')(i# o11i#ia( or e$p(o%ee o1 a &i1t o1 no$ina( Ja('e ten"ere" an" re#eiJe" as a so'Jenir or $ar0 o1 #o'rtes%I B> T2e a##eptan#e )% a p')(i# o11i#ia( or e$p(o%ee o1 a &i1t in t2e nat're o1 a s#2o(ars2ip or 1e((o?s2ip &rant or $e"i#a( treat$entI or C> T2e a##eptan#e )% a p')(i# o11i#ia( or e$p(o%ee o1 traJe( &rants or eLpenses 1or traJe( ta0in& p(a#e entire(% o'tsi"e t2e P2i(ippine *s'#2 as a((o?an#es. transportation. 1oo". an" (o"&in&, o1 $ore t2an no$ina( Ja('e i1 s'#2 a##eptan#e is appropriate or #onsistent ?it2 t2e interests o1 t2e P2i(ippines. an" per$itte" )% t2e 2ea" o1 o11i#e. )ran#2 or a&en#% to ?2i#2 2e )e(on&s> T2ese pro2i)itions s2a(( #ontin'e to app(% 1or a perio" o1 one *+, %ear a1ter resi&nation. retire$ent. or separation 1ro$ p')(i# o11i#e. eL#ept in t2e #ase 200 Pa&e FD o1 +FF BAROPS

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS o1 s')para&rap2 *), *2, a)oJe. )'t t2e pro1essiona( #on#erne" #annot pra#ti#e 2is pro1ession in #onne#tion ?it2 an% $atter )e1ore t2e o11i#e 2e 'se" to )e ?it2. in ?2i#2 #ase t2e one<%ear pro2i)ition s2a(( (i0e?ise app(%> 3iJest$ent *se# E,@ W2en a #on1(i#t o1 interest arises. 2e s2a(( resi&n 1ro$ 2is position in an% priJate )'siness enterprise ?it2in t2irt% *B0, "a%s 1ro$ 2is ass'$ption o1 o11i#e an"Uor "iJest 2i$se(1 o1 2is s2are2o("in&s or interest ?it2in siLt% *A0, "a%s 1ro$ s'#2 ass'$ption> T2e sa$e r'(e s2a(( app(% ?2ere t2e p')(i# o11i#ia( or e$p(o%ee is a partner in a partners2ip> B> Fra'"s an" I((e&a( ELa#tions an" Transa#tions CRI!INAL LAW II 2> He 2as ta0en a"Janta&e o1 2is o11i#e. t2at is. 2e interJene" in t2e transa#tion in 2is o11i#ia( #apa#it%I B> He entere" into an a&ree$ent ?it2 an% intereste" part% or spe#'(ator or $a"e 'se o1 an% ot2er s#2e$e ?it2 re&ar" to@ a> 1'rnis2in& s'pp(ies )> t2e $a0in& o1 #ontra#ts. or #> t2e a"-'st$ent or sett(e$ent o1 a##o'nts re(atin& to p')(i# propert% or 1'n"sI D> He 2a" intent to "e1ra'" t2e &oJern$ent T2e essen#e o1 t2is #ri$e is $a0in& t2e &oJern$ent pa% 1or so$et2in& not re#eiJe" or $a0in& it pa% $ore t2an ?2at is "'e> It is a(so #o$$itte" )% re1'n"in& $ore t2an t2e a$o'nt ?2i#2 s2o'(" proper(% )e re1'n"e"> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2e &oJern$ent is a#t'a((% "e1ra'"e" )% reason o1 t2e transa#tion> It is s'11i#ient t2at t2e p')(i# o11i#er ?2o a#te" in 2is o11i#ia( #apa#it% 2a" t2e intent to "e1ra'" t2e &oJern$ent> T2e o11en"er $'st 2aJe t2e "'t% as p')(i# o11i#er to "ea( ?it2 an% person ?it2 re&ar" to 1'rnis2in& s'pp(ies. $a0in& o1 #ontra#ts. or t2e a"-'st$ents or sett(e$ent o1 a##o'nts re(atin& to p')(i# propert% or 1'n"s> T2e 1e(on% is #ons'$$ate" )% $ere(% enterin& into an a&ree$ent ?it2 an% intereste" part% or spe#'(ator or )% $ere(% $a0in& 'se o1 an% s#2e$e to "e1ra'" t2e GoJern$ent> E(e$ents o1 i((e&a( eLa#tions 'n"er par> 2 +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er entr'ste" ?it2 t2e #o((e#tion o1 taLes. (i#enses. 1ees an" ot2er i$postsI 2> He is &'i(t% o1 an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& a#ts or o$issions@ a> 3e$an"in&. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. t2e pa%$ent o1 s'$s "i11erent 1ro$ or (ar&er t2an t2ose a't2ori4e" )% (a?I or )> Fai(in& Jo('ntari(% to iss'e a re#eipt. as proJi"e" )% (a?. 1or an% s'$ o1 $one% #o((e#te" )% 2i$ o11i#ia((%I or #> Co((e#tin& or re#eiJin&. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. )% ?a% o1 pa%$ent or ot2er?ise. t2in&s or o)-e#ts o1 a nat're "i11erent 1ro$ t2at proJi"e" )% (a?> 200 Pa&e FF o1 +FF +2> ARTICLE 2+B> FRAU3S AGAINST THE PUBLIC TREASURY AN3 SI!ILAR OFFENSES A#ts P'nis2e"@ +> Enterin& into an a&ree$ent ?it2 an% intereste" part% or spe#'(ator or $a0in& 'se o1 an% ot2er s#2e$e. to "e1ra'" t2e &oJern$ent. in "ea(in& ?it2 an% person ?it2 re&ar" to 1'rnis2in& s'pp(ies. t2e $a0in& o1 #ontra#ts. or t2e a"-'st$ent or sett(e$ent o1 a##o'nts re(atin& to p')(i# propert% or 1'n"sI 2> 3e$an"in&. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. t2e pa%$ent o1 s'$s "i11erent 1ro$ or (ar&er t2an t2ose a't2ori4e" )% (a?. in #o((e#tion o1 taLes. (i#enses. 1ees. an" ot2er i$postsI B> Fai(in& Jo('ntari(% to iss'e a re#eipt. as proJi"e" )% (a?. 1or an% s'$ o1 $one% #o((e#te" )% 2i$ o11i#ia((%. in t2e #o((e#tion o1 taLes. (i#enses. 1ees an" ot2er i$postsI D> Co((e#tin& or re#eiJin&. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. )% ?a% o1 pa%$ent or ot2er?ise. t2in&s or o)-e#ts o1 a nat're "i11erent 1ro$ t2at proJi"e" )% (a?. in t2e #o((e#tion o1 taLes. (i#enses. 1ees an" ot2er i$posts> E(e$ents o1 1ra'"s a&ainst treas'r% 'n"er para&rap2 + +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI +00N UP LAW p')(i# UP BAROPS

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS T2is #an on(% )e #o$$itte" prin#ipa((% )% a p')(i# o11i#er ?2ose o11i#ia( "'t% is to #o((e#t taLes. (i#ense 1ees. i$port "'ties an" ot2er "'es pa%a)(e to t2e &oJern$ent> !ere "e$an" o1 a (ar&er or "i11erent a$o'nt is s'11i#ient to #ons'$$ate t2e #ri$e> T2e essen#e is t2e i$proper #o((e#tion *"a$a&e to &oJern$ent is not re='ire", T2e a#t o1 re#eiJin& pa%$ent "'e t2e &oJern$ent ?it2o't iss'in& a re#eipt ?i(( &iJe rise to i((e&a( eLa#tion eJen t2o'&2 a proJisiona( re#eipt 2as )een iss'e"> W2at t2e (a? re='ires is a re#eipt in t2e 1or$ pres#ri)e" )% (a?. ?2i#2 $eans o11i#ia( re#eipt> I1 s'$s are re#eiJe" ?it2o't "e$an"in& t2e sa$e. a 1e(on% 'n"er t2is arti#(e is not #o$$itte"> Ho?eJer. i1 t2e s'$ is &iJen as a sort o1 &i1t or &rati1i#ation. t2e #ri$e is in"ire#t )ri)er%> W2en t2ere is "e#eit in "e$an"in& a &reater 1ee t2an t2ose pres#ri)e" )% (a?. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is esta1a an" not i((e&a( eLa#tion> !a% )e $a(Jersation #o$p(eLe" ?it2 CRI!INAL LAW II +D> ARTICLE 2+F> TRANSACTIONS PROHIBITE3 E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is an appointiJe p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He )e#o$es intereste". "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. in an% transa#tion o1 eL#2an&e or spe#'(ationI B> T2e transa#tion ta0es p(a#e ?it2in t2e territor% s')-e#t to 2is -'ris"i#tionI D> He )e#o$es intereste" in t2e transa#tion "'rin& 2is in#'$)en#%> ELa$p(es o1 transa#tions o1 eL#2an&e or spe#'(ation are@ )'%in& an" se((in& sto#0s. #o$$o"ities. (an" et# ?2erein one 2opes to ta0e a"Janta&e o1 an eLpe#te" rise or 1a(( in pri#e P'r#2asin& o1 sto#0s or s2ares in a #o$pan% is si$p(e inJest$ent an" not a Jio(ation o1 t2e arti#(e> Ho?eJer. re&'(ar(% )'%in& se#'rities 1or resa(e is spe#'(ation T2e o11en"er $a% a(so )e 2e(" (ia)(e 'n"er RA B0+E Se# B*i, O11i#ers an" e$p(o%ees o1 t2e BIR or C'sto$s are not #oJere" )% t2e arti#(e> T2e ReJise" A"$inistratiJe Co"e is t2e app(i#a)(e (a?> +F> ARTICLE 2+A> POSSESSION OF PROHIBITE3 INTEREST BY A PUBLIC OFFICER Persons (ia)(e@ +> P')(i# o11i#er ?2o. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. )e#a$e intereste" in an% #ontra#ts or )'siness in ?2i#2 it ?as 2is o11i#ia( "'t% to interJeneI 2> ELperts. ar)itrators. an" priJate a##o'ntants ?2o. in (i0e $anner. too0 part in an% #ontra#t or transa#tion #onne#te" ?it2 t2e estate or propert% in t2e appraisa(. "istri)'tion or a"-'"i#ation o1 ?2i#2 t2e% 2a" a#te"I B> G'ar"ians an" eLe#'tors ?it2 respe#t to t2e propert% )e(on&in& to t2eir ?ar"s or t2e estate +B> ARTICLE 2+D> OTHER FRAU3S E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He ta0es a"Janta&e o1 2is o11i#ia( positionI B> He #o$$its an% o1 t2e 1ra'"s or "e#eits en'$erate" in Arti#(e B+F to B+ *esta1a. ot2er 1or$s o1 s?in"(in&. s?in"(in& a $inor. ot2er "e#eits,> Fra'" is not ne#essar%> InterJention $'st )e )% Jirt'e o1 t2e p')(i# o11i#e 2e("> T2e )asis 2ere is t2e possi)i(it% t2at 1ra'" $a% )e #o$$itte" or t2at t2e o11i#er $a% p(a#e 2is o?n interest +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e FA o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS a)oJe t2at o1 t2e &oJern$ent or part% 2e represents> C> !a(Jersation Propert% o1 P')(i# F'n"s or CRI!INAL LAW II T2e 1'n"s or propert% $'st )e re#eiJe" in an o11i#ia( #apa#it%> Ot2er?ise. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is esta1a> I1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er is not a##o'nta)(e 1or t2e 1'n"s or propert% )'t so$eone e(se. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is t2e1t or ='a(i1ie" t2e1t i1 t2ere is an a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e> Ret'rnin& t2e e$)e44(e" 1'n"s is not eLe$ptin&. it is on(% $iti&atin& A person ?2ose ne&(i&en#e $a"e possi)(e t2e #o$$ission o1 $a(Jersation )% anot2er #an )e 2e(" (ia)(e as a prin#ipa( )% in"ispensa)(e #ooperation 3e$an" as ?e(( as "a$a&e to t2e &oJern$ent are not ne#essar% e(e$ents A priJate person $a% a(so #o$$it $a(Jersation 'n"er t2e 1o((o?in& sit'ations@ *+,Conspira#% ?it2 a p')(i# o11i#er in #o$$ittin& $a(JersationI *2,W2en 2e 2as )e#o$e an a##o$p(i#e or a##essor% to a p')(i# o11i#er ?2o #o$$its $a(JersationI *B,W2en t2e priJate person is $a"e t2e #'sto"ian in ?2ateJer #apa#it% o1 p')(i# 1'n"s or propert%. ?2et2er )e(on&in& to nationa( or (o#a( &oJern$ent. an" 2e $isappropriates t2e sa$eI *D,W2en 2e is #onstit'te" as t2e "epositar% or a"$inistrator o1 1'n"s or propert% sei4e" or atta#2e" )% p')(i# a't2orit% eJen t2o'&2 sai" 1'n"s or propert% )e(on& to a priJate in"iJi"'a(> Te#2ni#a( $a(Jersation is not in#('"e" in t2e #ri$e o1 $a(Jersation> Pres'$ption o1 $isappropriation@ W2en a "e$an" is $a"e 'pon an a##o'nta)(e o11i#er an" 2e #annot pro"'#e t2e 1'n" or propert% inJo(Je". t2ere is a pri$a 1a#ie pres'$ption t2at 2e 2a" #onJerte" t2e sa$e to 2is o?n 'se> T2ere $'st )e in"')ita)(e proo1 t2at t2in& 'na##o'nte" 1or eLists> A'"it s2o'(" )e $a"e to "eter$ine i1 t2ere ?as s2orta&e> A'"it $'st )e #o$p(ete an" tr'st?ort2%> I1 t2ere is "o')t. pres'$ption "oes not arise> H'i4o J> San"i&an)a%an T2e a##'se" in#'rre" s2orta&e *P+>CD, $ain(% )e#a'se t2e a'"itor "isa((o?e" #ertain #as2 a"Jan#es t2e a##'se" 200 Pa&e FC o1 +FF +A> ARTICLE 2+C> !ALVERSATION OF PUBLIC FUN3S OR PROPERTYI PRESU!PTION OF !ALVERSATION A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> Appropriatin& p')(i# 1'n"s or propert%I 2> Ta0in& or $isappropriatin& t2e sa$eI B> Consentin&. or t2ro'&2 a)an"on$ent or ne&(i&en#e. per$ittin& an% ot2er person to ta0e s'#2 p')(i# 1'n"s or propert%I an" D> Bein& ot2er?ise &'i(t% o1 t2e $isappropriation or $a(Jersation o1 s'#2 1'n"s or propert%> E(e$ents #o$$on to a(( a#ts@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He 2a" t2e #'sto"% or #ontro( o1 1'n"s or propert% )% reason o1 t2e "'ties o1 2is o11i#eI B> T2ose 1'n"s or propert% ?ere p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% 1or ?2i#2 2e ?as a##o'nta)(eI D> He appropriate". too0. $isappropriate" or #onsente" or. t2ro'&2 a)an"on$ent or ne&(i&en#e. per$itte" anot2er person to ta0e t2e$> !a(Jersation is e$)e44(e$ent ot2er?ise #a((e" T2e p')(i# o11i#er $'st 2aJe o11i#ia( #'sto"% or t2e "'t% to #o((e#t or re#eiJe 1'n"s "'e t2e &oJern$ent. or t2e o)(i&ation to a##o'nt 1or t2e$> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2e o11en"er pro1ite" 1or as (on& as t2e a##o'nta)(e o11i#er ?as re$iss in 2is "'t% o1 sa1e0eepin& p')(i# 1'n"s or propert%> He is (ia)(e 1or $a(Jersation i1 s'#2 1'n"s ?ere (ost or ot2er?ise $isappropriate" )% anot2er> It #an )e #o$$itte" eit2er ?it2 $a(i#e or t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e or i$pr'"en#e> T2is is one #ri$e in t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e ?2ere t2e pena(t% is t2e sa$e ?2et2er #o$$itte" ?it2 "o(o or #'(pa> T2e nat're o1 t2e "'ties o1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er. not t2e na$e o1 t2e o11i#e. is #ontro((in&> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS &rante" to e$p(o%ees> B't on t2e sa$e "ate t2at t2e a'"it ?as $a"e. 2e part(% rei$)'rse" t2e a$o'nt an" pai" it in 1'(( t2ree "a%s (ater> T2e S'pre$e Co'rt #onsi"ere" t2e #ir#'$stan#es as ne&atiJe o1 #ri$ina( intent> T2e #as2 a"Jan#es ?ere $a"e in &oo" 1ait2 an" o't o1 &oo" ?i(( to #o<e$p(o%ees ?2i#2 ?as a pra#ti#e to(erate" in t2e o11i#e> T2ere ?as no ne&(i&en#e. $a(i#e. nor intent to "e1ra'"> !a(Jersation *Art> 2+C, F'n"s or propert% 's'a((% p')(i# O11en"er is 's'a((% a p')(i# o11i#er ?2o is a##o'nta)(e 1or t2e p')(i# 1'n"sUpropert% Cri$e is #o$$itte" )% approa#2in&. ta0in&. or $isappropriatin&U #onsentin&. or t2ro'&2 a)an"on$ent or ne&(i&en#e. per$ittin& an% ot2er person to ta0e t2e p')(i# 1'n"sUpropert% No e(e$ent o1 "a$a&e> 3e$an" not ne#essar%> Esta1a ?it2 A)'se o1 Con1i"en#e *Art> B+F, F'n"sUpropert% are a(?a%s priJate O11en"er is a priJate in"iJi"'a( or eJen a p')(i# o11i#er ?2o is not a##o'nta)(e 1or p')(i# 1'n"sUpropert% Cri$e is #o$$itte" )% $isappropriatin&. #onJertin&. or "en%in& 2aJin& re#eiJe" $one%. &oo"s or ot2er persona( propert% present. t2e $a(Jersation> CRI!INAL LAW II #ri$e ?o'(" )e + > ARTICLE 2+E> FAILURE OF A RESPONSIBLE PUBLIC OFFICER TO REN3ER ACCOUNTS BEFORE LEAVING THE COUNTRY E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He is an a##o'nta)(e o11i#er 1or p')(i# 1'n"s or propert%I B> He 'n(a?1'((% (eaJes or atte$pts to (eaJe t2e P2i(ippine Is(an"s ?it2o't se#'rin& a #erti1i#ate 1ro$ t2e Co$$ission on A'"it s2o?in& t2at 2is a##o'nts 2aJe )een 1ina((% sett(e"> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e (a? is to "is#o'ra&e responsi)(e or a##o'nta)(e o11i#ers 1ro$ (eaJin& ?it2o't 1irst (i='i"atin& t2eir a##o'nta)i(it%> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2e% rea((% $isappropriate" p')(i# 1'n"s> +E> ARTICLE 220> ILLEGAL USE OF PUBLIC FUN3S OR PROPERTY E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> T2ere are p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% 'n"er 2is a"$inistrationI B> S'#2 1'n" or propert% ?ere appropriate" )% (a? or or"inan#eI D> He app(ies s'#2 p')(i# 1'n" or propert% to an% p')(i# 'se ot2er t2an 1or ?2i#2 it ?as appropriate" 1or> T2ere is "a$a&e> T2ere is a nee" 1or prior "e$an"> +C> ARTICLE 2+ > FAILURE ACCOUNTABLE OFFICER REN3ER ACCOUNTS OF TO E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is p')(i# o11i#er. ?2et2er in t2e serJi#e or separate" t2ere1ro$ )% resi&nation or an% ot2er #a'seI 2> He is an a##o'nta)(e o11i#er 1or p')(i# 1'n"s or propert%I B> He is re='ire" )% (a? or re&'(ation to ren"er a##o'nt to t2e Co$$ission on A'"it. or to a proJin#ia( a'"itorI D> He 1ai(s to "o so 1or a perio" o1 t?o $ont2s a1ter s'#2 a##o'nts s2o'(" )e ren"ere"> I((e&a( 'se o1 p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% is a(so 0no?n as te#2ni#a( $a(Jersation> T2e ter$ te#2ni#a( $a(Jersation is 'se" )e#a'se in t2is #ri$e. t2e 1'n" or propert% inJo(Je" is a(rea"% appropriate" or ear$ar0e" 1or a #ertain p')(i# p'rpose> !a(Jersation *Art> 2+C, T2e o11en"er $isappropriates p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% 1or 2is o?n persona( 'se. or a((o?s an% ot2er person to ta0e s'#2 200 3e$an" 1or a##o'ntin& is not ne#essar%> It is a(so not essentia( t2at t2ere )e $isappropriation )e#a'se i1 +00N UP LAW UP Te#2ni#a( $a(Jersation *Art> 220, T2e p')(i# o11i#er app(ies t2e p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% 'n"er 2is a"$inistration to anot2er p')(i# 'se "i11erent 1ro$ t2at Pa&e F o1 +FF BAROPS

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS 1'n"s or propert% 1or t2e (atterKs o?n persona( 'se> 1or ?2i#2 t2e p')(i# 1'n" ?as appropriate" )% (a? or or"inan#e> CRI!INAL LAW II 3>> In1i"e(it% o1 P')(i# O11i#ers 20> ARTICLE 22+> FAILURE TO !A8E 3ELIVERY OF PUBLIC FUN3S OR PROPERTY A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> Fai(in& to $a0e pa%$ent )% a p')(i# o11i#er ?2o is 'n"er o)(i&ation to $a0e s'#2 pa%$ent 1ro$ &oJern$ent 1'n"s in 2is possessionI 2> Re1'sin& to $a0e "e(iJer% )% a p')(i# o11i#er ?2o 2as )een or"ere" )% #o$petent a't2orit% to "e(iJer an% propert% in 2is #'sto"% or 'n"er 2is a"$inistration> E(e$ents@ +> P')(i# o11i#er 2as &oJern$ent 1'n"s in 2is possessionI 2> He is 'n"er o)(i&ation to eit2er@ a> $a0e pa%$ent 1ro$ s'#2 1'n"sI )> to "e(iJer an% propert% in 2is #'sto"% or 'n"er 2is a"$inistration B> He 1ai(s to $a0e t2e pa%$ent or re1'ses to $a0e "e(iJer% $a(i#io's(%> B> He 1ai(s to $a0e t2e pa%$ent $a(i#io's(%> 22> ARTICLE 22B> CONNIVING WITH OR CONSENTING TO EVASION E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He 2a" in 2is #'sto"% or #2ar&e a prisoner. eit2er "etention prisoner or prisoner )% 1ina( -'"&$entI B> S'#2 prisoner es#ape" 1ro$ 2is #'sto"%I D> He ?as in #onniJan#e ?it2 t2e prisoner in t2e (atterKs es#ape> C(asses o1 prisoners inJo(Je" +> T2ose ?2o 2aJe )een senten#e" )% 1ina( -'"&$ent to an% pena(t%I 2> 3etention prisoners ?2o are te$porari(% 2e(" in #'sto"% 1or an% #ri$e or Jio(ation o1 (a? or $'ni#ipa( or"inan#e> T2is in#('"es a((o?in& prisoners to s(eep an" eat in t2e o11i#erKs 2o'se or 'ti(i4es t2e prisonerKs serJi#es 1or "o$esti# #2ores> T2e re(ease o1 a "etention prisoner ?2o #o'(" not )e "e(iJere" to -'"i#ia( a't2orities ?it2in t2e ti$e 1iLe" )% (a? is not in1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 a prisoner> 2B> ARTICLE 22D> THROUGH NEGLIGENCE 2+> ARTICLE INCLU3E3 IN PROVISIONS 222> OFFICERS THE PRECE3ING EVASION Persons W2o !a% Be He(" Lia)(e Un"er Arts 2+C To 22+@ +> PriJate in"iJi"'a( ?2o. in an% #apa#it%. 2aJe #2ar&e o1 an% nationa(. proJin#ia( or $'ni#ipa( 1'n"s. reJen'e. or propert% 2> A"$inistrator or "epositar% o1 1'n"s or propert% t2at 2as )een atta#2e". sei4e" or "eposite" )% p')(i# a't2orit%. eJen i1 o?ne" )% a priJate in"iJi"'a( E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He is #2ar&e" ?it2 t2e #onJe%an#e or #'sto"% o1 a prisoner or prisoner )% 1ina( -'"&$entI B> S'#2 prisoner es#apes t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e> T2is #oJers on(% positiJe #are(essness an" "e1inite (aLit% ?2i#2 a$o'nts to "e(i)erate non<per1or$an#e o1 "'ties> T2e 1a#t t2at t2e p')(i# o11i#er re#apt're" t2e prisoner ?2o 2a" es#ape" 1ro$ 2is #'sto"% "oes not a11or" #o$p(ete eL#'(pation> T2e (ia)i(it% o1 an es#apin& prisoner@ a> I1 2e is a prisoner )% 1ina( -'"&$ent. 2e is (ia)(e 1or eJasion o1 serJi#e *Art> +FC, 200 Pa&e FE o1 +FF S2eri11s an" re#eiJers 1a(( 'n"er t2e ter$ Ra"$inistratorS A -'"i#ia( a"$inistrator in #2ar&e o1 sett(in& t2e estate o1 t2e "e#ease" is not #oJere" )% t2e arti#(e +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS )> I1 2e is a "etention prisoner. 2e "oes not in#'r #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% *'n(ess #ooperatin& ?it2 t2e o11en"er,> CRI!INAL LAW II 2D> ARTICLE 22F> ESCAPE OF PRISONER UN3ER THE CUSTO3Y OF A PERSON NOT A PUBLIC OFFICER E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a priJate personI 2> T2e #onJe%an#e or #'sto"% o1 a prisoner or person 'n"er arrest is #on1i"e" to 2i$I B> T2e prisoner or person 'n"er arrest es#apesI D> O11en"er #onsents to t2e es#ape. or t2at t2e es#ape ta0es p(a#e t2ro'&2 2is ne&(i&en#e> eLtin&'is2e"> I1 t2e ?ritin&s are $ere 1or$s. t2ere is no #ri$e> 3a$a&e to p')(i# interest is ne#essar%> Ho?eJer. $ateria( "a$a&e is not ne#essar%> Re$oJa( is #ons'$$ate" 'pon re$oJa( or se#retin& a?a% o1 t2e "o#'$ent 1ro$ its 's'a( p(a#e> It is i$$ateria( ?2et2er or not t2e i((i#it p'rpose o1 t2e o11en"er 2as )een a##o$p(is2e" T2is #o'(" #oJer 1ai('re on t2e part o1 t2e post o11i#e to 1or?ar" t2e (etters to t2eir "estination> 3a$a&e in t2is arti#(e $a% #onsist in $ere a(ar$ to t2e p')(i# or in t2e a(ienation o1 its #on1i"en#e in an% )ran#2 o1 t2e &oJern$ent serJi#e> 2A> ARTICLE BREA8ING SEAL I1 t2e o11en"er ?2o ai"e" or #onsente" to t2e prisonerKs es#apin& 1ro$ #on1ine$ent. ?2et2er t2e prisoner is a #onJi#t or a "etention prisoner. is not t2e #'sto"ian. t2e #ri$e is "e(iJerin& prisoners 1ro$ -ai( 'n"er Arti#(e +FA> T2e part% ?2o is not t2e #'sto"ian ?2o #onspire" ?it2 t2e #'sto"ian in a((o?in& t2e prisoner to es#ape "oes not #o$$it in1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e prisoner> He #o$$its t2e #ri$e o1 "e(iJerin& prisoners 1ro$ -ai(> Art> 22F not app(i#a)(e i1 a priJate person ?as t2e one ?2o $a"e t2e arrest an" 2e #onsente" to t2e es#ape o1 t2e person 2e arreste"> 22C> OFFICER E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He is #2ar&e" ?it2 t2e #'sto"% o1 papers or propert%I B> T2ese papers or propert% are sea(e" )% proper a't2orit%I D> He )rea0s t2e sea( or per$its t2e$ to )e )ro0en> In Z)rea0in& o1 sea(Z. t2e ?or" Z)rea0in&Z s2o'(" not )e &iJen a (itera( $eanin&> EJen i1 a#t'a((%. t2e sea( ?as not )ro0en. )e#a'se t2e #'sto"ian $ana&e" to open t2e par#e( ?it2o't )rea0in& t2e sea(> T2e e(e$ent re='ire"> o1 "a$a&e is not 2F> ARTICLE 22A> RE!OVAL. CONCEAL!ENT OR 3ESTRUCTION OF 3OCU!ENTS E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He a)stra#ts. "estro%s or #on#ea(s a "o#'$ent or papersI B> Sai" "o#'$ent or papers s2o'(" 2aJe )een entr'ste" to s'#2 p')(i# o11i#er )% reason o1 2is o11i#eI D> 3a$a&e. ?2et2er serio's or not. to a t2ir" part% or to t2e p')(i# interest 2as )een #a'se"> 2C> ARTICLE 22 > OPENING CLOSE3 3OCU!ENTS OF E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> An% #(ose" papers. "o#'$ents. or o)-e#ts are entr'ste" to 2is #'sto"%I B> He opens or per$its to )e opene" sai" #(ose" papers. "o#'$ents or o)-e#tsI D> He "oes not 2aJe proper a't2orit%> Can on(% )e #o$$itte" )% t2e p')(i# o11i#er ?2o is $a"e t2e #'sto"ian o1 t2e "o#'$ent in 2is o11i#ia( #apa#it%> I1 t2e o11i#er ?as p(a#e" in possession o1 t2e "o#'$ent )'t it is not 2is "'t% to )e t2e #'sto"ian t2ereo1. t2is #ri$e is not #o$$itte"> T2e "o#'$ent $'st )e #o$p(ete an" one )% ?2i#2 a ri&2t #o'(" )e esta)(is2e" or an o)(i&ation #o'(" )e +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS T2e a#t s2o'(" not 1a(( 'n"er 22C> 3a$a&e a(so not ne#essar%

200 Pa&e A0 o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS t2e p')(i# o11i#er 2aJin& #2ar&e t2ereo1 re$oJes an" "e(iJers t2e$ ?ron&1'((% to a t2ir" person> CRI!INAL LAW II 2 > ARTICLE 22E> REVELATION SECRETS BY AN OFFICER OF A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> ReJea(in& an% se#rets 0no?n to t2e o11en"in& p')(i# o11i#er )% reason o1 2is o11i#ia( #apa#it%I E(e$ents@ a> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI )> He 0no?s o1 a se#ret )% reason o1 2is o11i#ia( #apa#it%I #> He reJea(s s'#2 se#ret ?it2o't a't2orit% or -'sti1ia)(e reasonsI "> 3a$a&e. &reat or s$a((. is #a'se" to t2e p')(i# interest> 2> 3e(iJerin& ?ron&1'((% papers or #opies o1 papers o1 ?2i#2 2e $a% 2aJe #2ar&e an" ?2i#2 s2o'(" not )e p')(is2e"> E(e$ents@ a> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI )> He 2as #2ar&e o1 papersI #> T2ose papers s2o'(" not )e p')(is2e"I "> He "e(iJers t2ose papers or #opies t2ereo1 to a t2ir" personI 2E> ARTICLE 2B0> PUBLIC OFFICER REVEALING SECRETS OF PRIVATE IN3IVI3UAL E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He 0no?s o1 t2e se#rets o1 a priJate in"iJi"'a( )% reason o1 2is o11i#eI B> He reJea(s s'#2 se#rets ?it2o't a't2orit% or -'sti1ia)(e reason> Espiona&e is not #onte$p(ate" in t2is arti#(e sin#e reJe(ation o1 se#rets o1 t2e State to a )e((i&erent nation is a(rea"% "e1ine" in Art ++C an" CA A+A> Se#rets $'st a11e#t p')(i# interest> Se#rets o1 priJate persons are not in#('"e"> C2ar&eS@ $eans #'sto"% or #ontro(> I1 2e is $ere(% entr'ste" ?it2 t2e papers an" not ?it2 t2e #'sto"% t2ereo1. 2e is not (ia)(e 'n"er t2is arti#(e> I1 t2e papers #ontain se#rets ?2i#2 s2o'(" not )e p')(is2e". an" t2e p')(i# o11i#er 2aJin& #2ar&e t2ereo1 re$oJes an" "e(iJers t2e$ ?ron&1'((% to a t2ir" person. t2e #ri$e is reJe(ation o1 se#rets> On t2e ot2er 2an". i1 t2e papers "o not #ontain se#rets. t2eir re$oJa( 1or an i((i#it p'rpose is in1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 "o#'$ents> 3a$a&e is essentia( to t2e a#t #o$$itte"> ReJe(ation O1 Se#rets B% An O11i#er *Art> 22E, Re$oJa(. Con#ea($ent 3estr'#tion 3o#'$ents 22A, ReJe(ation to one person is s'11i#ient W2en t2e o11en"er is a p')(i# attorne% or a so(i#itor. t2e a#t o1 reJea(in& t2e se#ret s2o'(" not )e #oJere" )% Art 20E> 3a$a&e to priJate in"iJi"'a( is not ne#essar%> T2e reason 1or t2is proJision is to 'p2o(" 1ait2 an" tr'st in p')(i# serJi#e> 3> Ot2er O11enses or Irre&'(arities )% P')(i# O11i#ers B0> ARTICLE 3ISOBE3IENCE 2B+> OPEN E(e$ents@ +> O11i#er is a -'"i#ia( or eLe#'tiJe o11i#erI 2> T2ere is a -'"&$ent. "e#ision or or"er o1 a s'perior a't2orit%I B> S'#2 -'"&$ent. "e#ision or or"er ?as $a"e ?it2in t2e s#ope o1 t2e -'ris"i#tion o1 t2e s'perior a't2orit% an" iss'e" ?it2 a(( t2e (e&a( 1or$a(itiesI D> He. ?it2o't an% (e&a( -'sti1i#ation. open(% re1'ses to eLe#'te t2e sai" -'"&$ent. "e#ision or or"er. ?2i#2 2e is "'t% )o'n" to o)e%> or o1 *Art> T2e papers #ontain se#rets an" t2ere1ore s2o'(" not )e p')(is2e". an" +00N UP LAW T2e papers "o not #ontain se#rets )'t t2eir re$oJa( is 1or an i((i#it p'rpose> UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e A+ o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS CRI!INAL LAW II B+> ARTICLE 2B2> 3ISOBE3IENCE TO OR3ER OF SUPERIOR OFFICERS. WHEN SAI3 OR3ER WAS SUSPEN3E3 BY INFERIOR OFFICER E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> An or"er is iss'e" )% 2is s'perior 1or eLe#'tionI B> He 2as 1or an% reason s'spen"e" t2e eLe#'tion o1 s'#2 or"erI D> His s'perior "isapproJes t2e s'spension o1 t2e eLe#'tion o1 t2e or"erI F> O11en"er "iso)e%s 2is s'perior "espite t2e "isapproJa( o1 t2e s'spension> On#e an in"iJi"'a( is e(e#te" to an o11i#e )% t2e ?i(( o1 t2e peop(e. "is#2ar&e o1 "'ties )e#o$es a $atter o1 "'t%. not on(% a ri&2t> T2is on(% app(ies 1or e(e#tiJe. not appointiJe o11i#ers> BD> ARTICLE 2BF> !ALTREAT!ENT OF PRISONERS E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI 2> He 2as 'n"er 2is #2ar&e a prisoner or "etention prisonerI B> He $a(treats s'#2 prisoner in eit2er o1 t2e 1o((o?in& $anners@ a> B% oJer"oin& 2i$se(1 in t2e #orre#tion or 2an"(in& o1 a prisoner or "etention prisoner 'n"er 2is #2ar&e eit2er M i> B% t2e i$position o1 p'nis2$ent not a't2ori4e" )% t2e re&'(ationsI ii> B% in1(i#tin& s'#2 p'nis2$ents *t2ose a't2ori4e", in a #r'e( an" 2'$i(iatin& $annerI )> B% $a(treatin& s'#2 prisoners to eLtort a #on1ession or to o)tain so$e in1or$ation 1ro$ t2e prisoner> T2is "oes not app(% i1 t2e or"er o1 t2e s'perior is i((e&a(> B2> ARTICLE ASSISTANCE 2BB> REFUSAL OF E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> A #o$petent a't2orit% "e$an"s 1ro$ t2e o11en"er t2at 2e (en" 2is #ooperation to?ar"s t2e a"$inistration o1 -'sti#e or ot2er p')(i# serJi#eI B> O11en"er 1ai(s to "o so $a(i#io's(%> T2e re='est $'st #o$e 1ro$ one p')(i# o11i#er to anot2er> I1 2e re#eiJes #onsi"eration t2ere1ore. )ri)er% is #o$$itte"> B't $ere "e$an" ?i(( 1a(( 'n"er t2e pro2i)ition 'n"er t2e proJision o1 Rep')(i# A#t No> B0+E *Anti<Gra1t an" Corr'pt Pra#ti#es A#t,> T2is is #o$$itte" on(% )% s'#2 p')(i# o11i#er #2ar&e" ?it2 "ire#t #'sto"% o1 t2e prisoner> O11en"er $a% a(so )e 2e(" (ia)(e 1or p2%si#a( in-'ries or "a$a&e #a'se"> I1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er is not t2e #'sto"ian o1 t2e prisoner. an" 2e $an2an"(es t2e (atter. t2e #ri$e is p2%si#a( in-'ries> T2e o11en"e" part% #an eit2er )e a #onJi#t )% 1ina( -'"&$ent or a "etention prisoner> To )e #onsi"ere" a "etention prisoner. t2e person arreste" $'st )e p(a#e" in -ai( eJen 1or -'st a s2ort ?2i(e> T2e $a(treat$ent "oes not rea((% re='ire p2%si#a( in-'ries> An% 0in" o1 p'nis2$ent not a't2ori4e" or t2o'&2 a't2ori4e" i1 eLe#'te" in eL#ess o1 t2e pres#ri)e" "e&ree> BB> ARTICLE 2BD> REFUSAL 3ISCHARGE ELECTIVE OFFICE TO E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is e(e#te" )% pop'(ar e(e#tion to a p')(i# o11i#eI 2> He re1'ses to )e s?orn in or to "is#2ar&e t2e "'ties o1 sai" o11i#eI B> T2ere is no (e&a( $otiJe 1or s'#2 re1'sa( to )e s?orn in or to "is#2ar&e t2e "'ties o1 sai" o11i#e> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e A2 o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS CRI!INAL LAW II I1 t2e $a(treat$ent ?as "one in or"er to eLtort #on1ession. t2e pena(t% is ='a(i1ie" to t2e neLt 2i&2er "e&ree> BF> ARTICLE 2BA> ANTICIPATION OF 3UTIES OF A PUBLIC OFFICE E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is entit(e" to 2o(" a p')(i# o11i#e or e$p(o%$ent. eit2er )% e(e#tion or appoint$entI 2> T2e (a? re='ires t2at 2e s2o'(" 1irst )e s?orn in an"Uor s2o'(" 1irst &iJe a )on"I B> He ass'$es t2e per1or$an#e o1 t2e "'ties an" po?ers o1 s'#2 o11i#eI D> He 2as not ta0en 2is oat2 o1 o11i#e an"Uor &iJen t2e )on" re='ire" )% (a?> T2e o11ense is ='a(i1ie" ?2en t2e p'rpose o1 t2e a)an"on$ent is to eJa"e t2e "is#2ar&e o1 "'ties o1 preJentin&. prose#'tin&. p'nis2in& an% o1 t2e #ri$es 1a((in& ?it2in Tit(e One an" C2apter One o1 Tit(e T2ree o1 )oo0 t?o o1 t2e RPC> A)an"on$ent o1 O11i#e or Position *Art> 2B , Co$$itte" )% an% p')(i# o11i#er 3ere(i#tion o1 3't% *Art> 20 , Co$$itte" on(% )% p')(i# o11i#ers ?2o 2aJe t2e "'t% to instit'te prose#'tion 1or t2e p'nis2$ent o1 Jio(ations o1 t2e (a? P')(i# o11i#er "oes not a)an"on 2is o11i#e )'t $ere(% 1ai(s to prose#'te a Jio(ation o1 t2e (a?> T2ere is a#t'a( a)an"on$ent t2ro'&2 resi&nation to eJa"e t2e "is#2ar&e o1 "'ties> BA> ARTICLE 2BC> PROLONGING PERFOR!ANCE OF 3UTIES AN3 POWERS E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is 2o("in& a p')(i# o11i#eI 2> T2e perio" proJi"e" )% (a?. re&'(ations or spe#ia( proJision 1or 2o("in& s'#2 o11i#e. 2as a(rea"% eLpire"I B> He #ontin'es to eLer#ise t2e "'ties an" po?ers o1 s'#2 o11i#e> B > ARTICLE 2BE> USURPATION OF LEGISLATIVE POWERS E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is an eLe#'tiJe or -'"i#ia( o11i#erI 2> T2at 2e@ a> $a0es &enera( r'(es or re&'(ations )e%on" t2e s#ope o1 2is a't2orit%I or )> atte$pts to repea( a (a?I or #> s'spen"s t2e eLe#'tion t2ereo1> T2e o11en"ers 2ere #an )e t2ose s'spen"e". separate". "e#(are" oJera&e". or "is$isse"> BC> ARTICLE 2B > ABAN3ON!ENT OF OFFICE OR POSITION E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He 1or$a((% resi&ns 1ro$ 2is positionI B> His resi&nation 2as not %et )een a##epte"I D> He a)an"ons 2is o11i#e to t2e "etri$ent o1 t2e p')(i# serJi#e> Arts 2BE<2D+ p'nis2 inter1eren#e )% p')(i# o11i#ers o1 t2e eLe#'tiJe or -'"i#iar% ?it2 t2e 1'n#tions o1 anot2er "epart$ent o1 &oJern$ent to 0eep t2e$ ?it2in (e&iti$ate #on1ines o1 t2eir respe#tiJe -'ris"i#tions> Le&is(atiJe o11i#ers are not (ia)(e 1or 's'rpation o1 po?ers> For t2e resi&nation to )e 1or$a(. it 2as to )e in ?ritten 1or$> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e AB o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS CRI!INAL LAW II BE> ARTICLE 2D0> USURPATION OF EGECUTIVE FUNCTIONS E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a -'"&eI 2> T2at 2e@ a> ass'$es a po?er pertainin& to t2e eLe#'tiJe a't2orities. or )> o)str'#ts t2e eLe#'tiJe a't2orities in t2e (a?1'( eLer#ise o1 t2eir po?ers> D2> ARTICLE 2DB> OR3ERS OR REHUESTS BY EGECUTIVE OFFICERS TO ANY 5U3ICIAL AUTHORITY E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is an eLe#'tiJe o11i#erI 2> He a""resses an% or"er or s'&&estion to an% -'"i#ia( a't2orit%I B> T2e or"er or s'&&estion re(ates to an% #ase or )'siness #o$in& ?it2in t2e eL#('siJe -'ris"i#tion o1 t2e #o'rts o1 -'sti#e> D0> ARTICLE 2D+> USURPATION OF 5U3ICIAL FUNCTIONS E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is an o11i#er o1 t2e eLe#'tiJe )ran#2 o1 t2e &oJern$entI 2> T2at 2e@ a> ass'$es -'"i#ia( po?ers. or )> o)str'#ts t2e eLe#'tion o1 an% or"er or "e#ision ren"ere" )% an% -'"&e ?it2in 2is -'ris"i#tion> T2e p'rpose is to $aintain t2e in"epen"en#e o1 t2e -'"i#iar% 1ro$ eLe#'tiJe "i#tations> DB> ART 2DD> APPOINT!ENTS UNLAWFUL D+> ARTICLE 2D2> 3ISOBEYING REHUEST FOR 3ISHUALIFICATION E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> A pro#ee"in& is pen"in& )e1ore s'#2 p')(i# o11i#erI B> T2ere is a ='estion )ro'&2t )e1ore t2e proper a't2orit% re&ar"in& 2is -'ris"i#tion. ?2i#2 is not %et "e#i"e"I D> He 2as )een (a?1'((% re='ire" to re1rain 1or$ #ontin'in& t2e pro#ee"in&I F> He #ontin'es t2e pro#ee"in&> E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He no$inates or appoints a person to a p')(i# o11i#eI B> S'#2 person (a#0s t2e (e&a( ='a(i1i#ations t2ere1oreI D> O11en"er 0no?s t2at 2is no$inee or appointee (a#0s t2e ='a(i1i#ation at t2e ti$e 2e $a"e t2e no$ination or appoint$ent> T2is #an a(so )e #oJere" )% RA B0+E> Re#o$$en"in&. 0no?in& t2at t2e person re#o$$en"e" is not ='a(i1ie" is not a #ri$e> T2ere $'st )e a (a? proJi"in& 1or t2e ='a(i1i#ations o1 a person to )e no$inate" or appointe" to a p')(i# o11i#e> T2e "iso)e"ient o11i#er is (ia)(e eJen i1 t2e -'ris"i#tiona( ='estion is reso(Je" in 2is 1aJor> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e AD o1 +FF

VII> CRI!ES CO!!ITTE3 BY PUBLIC OFFICERS an" i$$ora( to a a"Jan#es $'st )e in"e#ent> CRI!INAL LAW II ?o$an> T2e i$$ora( or DD> ART> CHASTITY 2DF> ABUSES AGAINST A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> So(i#itin& or $a0in& i$$ora( or in"e#ent a"Jan#es to a ?o$an intereste" in $atters pen"in& )e1ore t2e o11en"in& o11i#er 1or "e#ision. or ?it2 respe#t to ?2i#2 2e is re='ire" to s')$it a report to or #ons'(t ?it2 a s'perior o11i#erI 2> So(i#itin& or $a0in& i$$ora( or in"e#ent a"Jan#es to a ?o$an 'n"er t2e o11en"erKs #'sto"%I B> So(i#itin& or $a0in& i$$ora( or in"e#ent a"Jan#es to t2e ?i1e. "a'&2ter. sister or re(atiJe ?it2in t2e sa$e "e&ree )% a11init% o1 an% person in t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e o11en"in& ?ar"en or o11i#er> Proo1 o1 so(i#itation is not ne#essar% ?2en t2ere is seL'a( inter#o'rse> A)'se a&ainst #2astit% is not a)sor)e" in rape )e#a'se t2e )asis o1 pena(i4in& t2e a#ts is "i11erent 1ro$ ea#2 ot2er> E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#erI 2> He so(i#its or $a0es i$$ora( or in"e#ent a"Jan#es to a ?o$anI B> S'#2 ?o$an is M a> intereste" in $atters pen"in& )e1ore t2e o11en"er 1or "e#ision. or ?it2 respe#t to ?2i#2 2e is re='ire" to s')$it a report to or #ons'(t ?it2 a s'perior o11i#erI or )> 'n"er t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e o11en"er ?2o is a ?ar"en or ot2er p')(i# o11i#er "ire#t(% #2ar&e" ?it2 t2e #are an" #'sto"% o1 prisoners or persons 'n"er arrestI or #> t2e ?i1e. "a'&2ter. sister or re(atiJe ?it2in t2e sa$e "e&ree )% a11init% o1 t2e person in t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e o11en"er> T2e #ri$e is #ons'$$ate" )% $ere proposa(> T2e $ot2er o1 t2e person in t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e p')(i# o11i#er is not in#('"e" )'t t2e o11en"er $a% )e prose#'te" 'n"er t2e Se#tion 2 o1 Rep')(i# A#t No> B0+E *Anti<&ra1t an" Corr'pt Pra#ti#es A#t,> I1 t2e o11en"er ?ere not t2e #'sto"ian. t2en #ri$e ?o'(" 1a(( 'n"er Rep')(i# A#t No> B0+E *T2e Anti<Gra1t an" Corr'pt Pra#ti#es A#t,> So(i#it@ $eans to propose earnest(% an" persistent(% so$et2in& 'n#2aste +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e AF o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS TITLE VIII@ CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS CRI!INAL LAW II +> ARTICLE 2DA> PARRICI3E +> Parri#i"e *Art> 2DA,I 2> 3eat2 or p2%si#a( in-'ries in1(i#te" 'n"er eL#eptiona( #ir#'$stan#es *Art> 2DC,I B> !'r"er *Art> 2D ,I D> Ho$i#i"e *Art> 2DE,I F> 3eat2 #a'se" in a t'$'(t'o's a11ra% *Art> 2F+,I A> P2%si#a( in-'ries in1(i#te" in a t'$'(t'o's a11ra% *Art> 2F2,I C> GiJin& assistan#e to s'i#i"e *Art> 2FB,I > 3is#2ar&e o1 1irear$s *Art> 2FD,I E> In1anti#i"e *Art> 2FF,I +0>Intentiona( a)ortion *Art> 2FA,I ++>Unintentiona( a)ortion *Art> 2FC,I +2>A)ortion pra#ti#e" )% t2e ?o$an 2erse(1 or )% 2er parents *Art> 2F ,I +B>A)ortion pra#ti#e" )% a p2%si#ian or $i"?i1e an" "ispensin& o1 a)ortiJes *Art> 2FE,I +D>3'e( *Art> 2A0,I +F>C2a((en&in& to a "'e( *Art> 2A+,I +A>!'ti(ation *Art> 2A2,I +C>Serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries *Art> 2AB,I + >A"$inisterin& in-'rio's s')stan#es or )eJera&es *Art> 2AD,I +E>Less serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries *Art> 2AF,I 20>S(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries an" $a(treat$ent *Art> 2AA,I an" 2+>Rape *Art> 2AA<A, I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS TITLE@ T2e essen#e o1 #ri$es inJo(Jes t2e ta0in& o1 2'$an (i1e. "estr'#tion o1 t2e 1et's. or in1(i#tin& in-'ries> Parri#i"e is pre$ise" on t2e re(ations2ip )et?een t2e o11en"er an" t2e o11en"e"> A stran&er ?2o #onspires ?it2 t2e parent is &'i(t% o1 $'r"er> In in1anti#i"e. t2e Ji#ti$ is %o'n&er t2an t2ree "a%s or C2 2o'rs o("I #an )e #o$$itte" )% a stran&er> I1 a stran&er ?2o #onspires ?it2 parent. )ot2 #o$$it t2e #ri$e o1 in1anti#i"e> A> E(e$ents@ +> Person is 0i((e"I 2> 3e#ease" is 0i((e" )% t2e a##'se"I B> 3e#ease" is t2e a> (e&iti$ateUi((e&iti$ate 1at2er )> (e&iti$ateUi((e&iti$ate $ot2er #> (e&iti$ateUi((e&iti$ate #2i(" o s2o'(" not )e (ess t2an B "a%s o(" )e#a'se i1 so. #ri$e is in1anti#i"e "> (e&iti$ate ot2er as#en"ant e> (e&iti$ate ot2er "es#en"ant o (e&iti$ate spo'se I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ Essentia( e(e$ent@ re(ations2ip o1 o11en"er ?it2 t2e Ji#ti$I eL#ept 1or spo'ses. on(% re(atiJes )% )(oo" an" in "ire#t (ine *a"opte" are not in#('"e", S'pre$e Co'rt r'(e" t2at !'s(i$ 2's)an"s ?it2 seJera( ?iJes #an )e #onJi#te" o1 parri#i"e on(% in #ase t2e 1irst ?i1e is 0i((e"> Re(ations2ip $'st )e a((e&e"> I1 not. re(ations2ip ?o'(" on(% )e #onsi"ere" as a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e> Cases o1 parri#i"e ?2en t2e pena(t% s2a(( not )e re#('sion perpet'a to "eat2@ +> parri#i"e t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e *Art >BAF, 2> parri#i"e )% $ista0e *Art> DE, B> parri#i"e 'n"er eL#eptiona( #ir#'$stan#es *Art> 2DC, +> Peop(e Js> 3a(a& A stran&er ?2o #ooperates an" ta0es part in t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e o1 parri#i"e. is not &'i(t% o1 parri#i"e )'t on(% 2o$i#i"e or $'r"er. as t2e #ase $a% )e> T2e 0e% e(e$ent in parri#i"e is t2e re(ations2ip o1 t2e o11en"er ?it2 t2e Ji#ti$> 3estr'#tion o1 Li1e +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e AA o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS CRI!INAL LAW II 2> ARTICLE 2DC> 3EATH OR PHYSICAL IN5URIES UN3ER EGCEPTIONAL CIRCU!STANCES Re='isites 1or App(i#ation@ +> T2e a##'se" is@ a> (e&a((% $arrie" person or )> parent *(e&iti$ateUi((e&iti$ate, o1 sin&(e "a'&2ter 'n"er + %ears o(" an" (iJin& ?it2 2i$ ?2o s'rprises 2is spo'se *in 1(a&rant a"'(ter%, or "a'&2ter in t2e a#t o1 #o$$ittin& seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 anot2er person 2> In t2e a#t or i$$e"iate(% a1ter. t2e a##'se"@ 0i((s an% or )ot2 or in1(i#ts an% serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries B> A##'se" "i" not pro$ote or 1a#i(itate t2e prostit'tion o1 2is ?i1e or "a'&2ter. or t2at 2e 2as not #onsente" to t2e in1i"e(it% o1 spo'se> 2> Peop(e J> A)ar#a T2e 0i((in& $'st )e t2e "ire#t res'(t o1 t2e o'tra&e s'11ere" )% t2e #'#0o("e" 2's)an"> A(t2o'&2 a)o't one 2o'r 2a" passe" )et?een t2e ti$e t2e a##'se" "is#oJere" 2is ?i1e 2aJin& seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 t2e Ji#ti$ an" t2e ti$e t2e (atter ?as a#t'a((% 0i((e". it ?as 2e(" t2at Arti#(e 2DC ?as app(i#a)(e. as t2e s2ootin& ?as a #ontin'ation o1 t2e p'rs'it o1 t2e Ji#ti$ )% t2e a##'se"> In1(i#tin& "eat2 'n"er eL#eptiona( #ir#'$stan#es is not $'r"er> T?o ot2er persons s'11ere" p2%si#a( in-'ries as t2e% ?ere #a'&2t in t2e #ross1ire ?2en t2e a##'se" s2ot t2e Ji#ti$> A #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 "o')(e 1r'strate" $'r"er ?as not #o$$itte" as t2e a##'se" "i" not 2aJe t2e intent to 0i(( t2e t?o Ji#ti$s> Here. t2e a##'se" "i" not #o$$it $'r"er ?2en 2e 1ire" at t2e para$o'r o1 2is ?i1e> No a)erratio i#t's )e#a'se 2e ?as a#tin& (a?1'((%> B> ARTICLE 2D > !UR3ER I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ Re='isites $'st )e esta)(is2e" )% eJi"en#e o1 t2e "e1ense R(iJin& ?it2 parentS is 'n"erstoo" to )e in t2eir o?n "?e((in& )e#a'se o1 t2e e$)arrass$ent an" 2'$i(iation "one to t2e parent an" parenta( a)o"e o I1 "one in a $ote(. arti#(e "oes not app(%> \s'rpriseK $eans Rto #o$e 'pon s'""en(% an" 'neLpe#te"(%S Arti#(e "oes not app(%@ I1 t2e s'rprisin& too0 p(a#e )e1ore an% a#t'a( seL'a( inter#o'rse #o'(" )e "one or a1ter t2e a#t'a( seL'a( inter#o'rse ?as 1inis2e" Pena(t% o1 "estierro 1or 0i((er spo'se is $eant to prote#t 2i$ 1ro$ a#ts o1 reprisa( )% re(atiJes o1 "ea" spo'se> No #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% ?2en (ess serio's or s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries are in1(i#te"> +> Peop(e J> P'e"an EJi"en#e o1 t2e Ji#ti$Ks pro$is#'it% is in#onse='entia( to t2e 0i((in&> T2e o11en"er $'st proJe t2at 2e a#t'a((% s'rprise" 2is ?i1e an" 92er para$o'r: in 1(a&rante "e(i#to. an" t2at 2e 0i((e" t2e $an "'rin& or i$$e"iate(% t2erea1ter> E(e$ents@ +> Person ?as 0i((e"I 2> A##'se" 0i((e" 2i$I B> 8i((in& atten"e" )% an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#es M trea#2er%. ta0in& a> Wit2 a"Janta&e o1 s'perior stren&t2. ?it2 t2e ai" or ar$e" $en. or e$p(o%in& $eans to ?a0en t2e "e1ense. or o1 $eans or persons to ins're or a11or" i$p'nit%I )> In #onsi"eration o1 a pri#e. re?ar" or pro$iseI #> B% $eans o1 in'n"ation. 1ire. poison. eLp(osion. s2ip?re#0. stran"in& o1 a Jesse(. "erai($ent or assa'(t 'pon a rai(roa". 1a(( o1 an airs2ip. )% $eans o1 $otor Je2i#(es. or ?it2 t2e 'se o1 an% ot2er $eans inJo(Jin& &reat ?aste an" r'inI "> On o##asion o1 an% o1 t2e #a(a$ities en'$erate" in t2e pre#e"in& para&rap2. or o1 an eart2='a0e. er'ption o1 a Jo(#ano. "estr'#tiJe #%#(one. epi"e$i#. or an% ot2er p')(i# #a(a$it%I e> Wit2 eJi"ent pre$e"itationI 1> Wit2 #r'e(t%. )% "e(i)erate(% an" in2'$an(% a'&$entin& t2e s'11erin& o1 t2e Ji#ti$. or o'tra&in& or s#o11in& at 2is person or #orpse> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e AC o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ One atten"ant ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#e is eno'&2> I1 t2ere are $ore t2an one a((e&e" in t2e in1or$ation 1or $'r"er. on(% one ?i(( ='a(i1% t2e 0i((in& to $'r"er an" t2e ot2er #ir#'$stan#es ?i(( )e ta0en as &eneri#> An% o1 t2e ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#es en'$erate" in Art> 2D $'st )e a((e&e" in t2e in1or$ation> W2en t2e ot2er #ir#'$stan#es are a)sor)e" or in#('"e" in one ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#e. t2e% #annot )e #onsi"ere" as &eneri# a&&raJatin&> W2en t2e Ji#ti$ is a(rea"% "ea". intent to 0i(( )e#o$es irre(eJant> It is i$portant on(% i1 t2e Ji#ti$ "i" not "ie to "eter$ine i1 t2e 1e(on% is p2%si#a( in-'r% or atte$pte" or 1r'strate" 2o$i#i"e> TREACHERY o T2e essen#e o1 trea#2er% is t2at t2e o11en"e" part% ?as "enie" t2e #2an#e to "e1en" 2i$se(1 )e#a'se o1 t2e $eans. $et2o"s. 1or$ in eLe#'tin& t2e #ri$e "e(i)erate(% a"opte" )% t2e o11en"er an" ?ere not $ere(% in#i"enta( to t2e 0i((in&> o 8i((in& o1 a #2i(" o1 ten"er a&e is $'r"er ='a(i1ie" )% trea#2er%> o A)'se o1 s'perior stren&t2 is in2erent in an" #o$pre2en"e" )% t2e #ir#'$stan#e o1 trea#2er% or 1or$s part o1 trea#2er%> FIRE o W2en a person is 0i((e" )% 1ire. t2e pri$or"ia( #ri$ina( intent o1 t2e o11en"er is #onsi"ere"> I1 t2e pri$or"ia( #ri$ina( intent o1 t2e o11en"er is to 0i(( an" 1ire ?as on(% 'se" as a $eans to "o so. t2e #ri$e is on(% $'r"er> I1 t2e pri$or"ia( #ri$ina( intent o1 t2e o11en"er is to "estro% propert% ?it2 t2e 'se o1 p%rote#2ni#s an" in#i"enta((%. so$e)o"% ?it2in t2e pre$ises is 0i((e". t2e #ri$e is arson ?it2 2o$i#i"e. a sin&(e in"iJisi)(e #ri$e pena(i4e" 'n"er Arti#(e B2A. ?2i#2 is "eat2 as a #onse='en#e o1 arson> +> Peop(e J> P'&a% an" Sa$son +00N UP LAW UP CRI!INAL LAW II Intent to 0i(( $'st )e present 1or t2e 'se o1 1ire to )e appre#iate" as a ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#e> Inten"in& to $a0e 1'n o1 a retar". P'&a% po're" &aso(ine on t2e (atter ?2i(e Sa$son set 2i$ on 1ire> T2e retar" "ie"> T2ere ?as no ani$osit% )et?een t2e t?o a##'se" an" t2e Ji#ti$ s'#2 t2at it #annot )e sai" t2at t2e% resort to 1ire to 0i(( 2i$> It ?as $ere(% a part o1 t2eir 1'n $a0in& )'t )e#a'se t2eir a#ts ?ere 1e(onio's. t2e% are #ri$ina((% (ia)(e> POISON o Trea#2er% an" eJi"ent pre$e"itation are in2erent in $'r"er )% poison on(% i1 t2e o11en"er 2as t2e intent to 0i(( t2e Ji#ti$ )% 'se o1 poison> EVI3ENT PRE!E3ITATION o a#t o1 t2e o11en"er $ani1est(% in"i#atin& t2at 2e #('n& to 2is "eter$ination to 0i(( 2is Ji#ti$ o EJi"ent pre$e"itation is a)sor)e" in pri#e. re?ar" or pro$ise. i1 ?it2o't t2e pre$e"itation t2e in"'#tor ?o'(" not 2aJe in"'#e" t2e ot2er to #o$$it t2e a#t )'t not as re&ar"s t2e one in"'#e"> CRUELTY o Un"er Arti#(e +D. t2e &eneri# a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e o1 #r'e(t% re='ires t2at t2e Ji#ti$ )e a(iJe. ?2en t2e #r'e( ?o'n"s ?ere in1(i#te" an". t2ere1ore. $'st )e eJi"en#e to t2at e11e#t> Yet. in $'r"er. asi"e 1ro$ #r'e(t%. an% a#t t2at ?o'(" a$o'nt to s#o11in& or "e#r%in& t2e #orpse o1 t2e Ji#ti$ ?i(( ='a(i1% t2e 0i((in& to $'r"er> D> ARTICLE 2DE> HO!ICI3E E(e$ents@ +> Person ?as 0i((e"I 2> O11en"er 0i((e" 2i$ ?it2o't an% -'sti1%in& #ir#'$stan#esI B> O11en"er 2a" t2e intention to 0i((. ?2i#2 is pres'$e"I D> 8i((in& ?as not atten"e" )% an% o1 t2e ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#es o1 $'r"er. or )% t2at o1 parri#i"e or in1anti#i"e BAROPS 200 Pa&e A o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ Use o1 'n(i#ense" 1irear$ is an a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e in 2o$i#i"e> In atte$pte" or 1r'strate" 2o$i#i"e. t2ere is intent to 0i((> In p2%si#a( in-'ries. t2ere is none> Ho?eJer. i1 as a res'(t o1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries in1(i#te". t2e Ji#ti$ "ie". t2e #ri$e ?i(( )e 2o$i#i"e )e#a'se t2e (a? p'nis2es t2e res'(t. an" not t2e intent o1 t2e a#t> P2%si#a( in-'ries are one o1 t2e essentia( e(e$ents o1 1r'strate" 2o$i#i"e> W2en seJera( assai(ants not a#tin& in #onspira#% in1(i#te" ?o'n"s on a Ji#ti$ )'t it #annot )e "eter$ine" ?2o in1(i#te" ?2i#2 ?o'(" ?2i#2 #a'se" t2e "eat2 o1 t2e Ji#ti$. a(( are (ia)(e 1or t2e Ji#ti$Ks "eat2> In a##i"enta( 2o$i#i"e ?2erein "eat2 o1 a person is )ro'&2t a)o't )% a (a?1'( a#t per1or$e" ?it2 proper #are an" s0i(( an" ?it2o't 2o$i#i"a( intent. t2ere is no (ia)i(it%> +> Peop(e J> Casti((o T2ere is no o11ense o1 1r'strate" 2o$i#i"e t2ro'&2 i$pr'"en#e> A##'se" p2ar$a#ist prepare" t2e $e"i#ine on pres#ription )'t erroneo's(% 'se" a 2i&2(% poisono's s')stan#e> W2en ta0en )% t2e patient. t2e (atter near(% "ie"> A##'se" is &'i(t% on(% o1 p2%si#a( in-'ries t2ro'&2 re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e> T2e e(e$ent o1 intent to 0i(( in 1r'strate" 2o$i#i"e is in#o$pati)(e ?it2 ne&(i&en#e or i$pr'"en#e> ARTICLE 2F0> PENALTY FOR FRUSTRATE3 PARRICI3E. !UR3ER OR HO!ICI3E> Co'rts $a% i$pose a pena(t%@ a> 2 "e&rees (o?er 1or 1r'strate" parri#i"e. $'r"er. or 2o$i#i"e )> B "e&rees (o?er 1or atte$pte" parri#i"e. $'r"er. or 2o$i#i"e CRI!INAL LAW II F> ARTICLE 2F+> 3EATH CAUSE3 IN TU!ULTUOUS AFFRAY E(e$ents@ +> T2ere are seJera( personsI 2> T2e% "o not #o$pose &ro'ps or&ani4e" 1or t2e #o$$on p'rpose o1 assa'(tin& an" atta#0in& ea#2 ot2er re#ipro#a((%I B> T2ese seJera( persons ='arre(e" an" assa'(te" one anot2er in a #on1'se" an" t'$'(t'o's $annerI D> So$eone ?as 0i((e" in t2e #o'rse o1 t2e a11ra%I F> It #an not )e as#ertaine" ?2o a#t'a((% 0i((e" t2e "e#ease"I A> T2e person or persons ?2o in1(i#te" serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries or ?2o 'se" Jio(en#e #an )e i"enti1ie"> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ T'$'(t'o's a11ra% is a #o$$otion in a #on1'se" $anner to an eLtent t2at it ?o'(" not )e possi)(e to i"enti1% ?2o t2e 0i((er is i1 "eat2 res'(ts. or ?2o in1(i#te" t2e serio's p2%si#a( in-'r%. )'t t2e person or persons ?2o 'se" Jio(en#e are 0no?n> I1 t2ere is #onspira#%. t2is #ri$e is not #o$$itte"> I1 no)o"% #o'(" sti(( )e tra#e" to 2aJe e$p(o%e" Jio(en#e 'pon t2e Ji#ti$. no)o"% ?i(( ans?er> T2e #ri$es #o$$itte" $i&2t )e "ist'r)an#e o1 p')(i# or"er. or i1 parti#ipants are ar$e". it #o'(" )e t'$'(t'o's "ist'r)an#e. or i1 propert% ?as "estro%e". it #o'(" )e $a(i#io's $is#2ie1> A> PHYSICAL IN5URIES CAUSE3 IN TU!ULTUOUS AFFRAY *2F2, E(e$ents +> T2ere is a t'$'(t'o's a11ra%I 2> A parti#ipant or so$e parti#ipants t2ereo1 s'11ere" serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries or p2%si#a( in-'ries o1 a (ess serio's nat're on(%I B> T2e person responsi)(e t2ereo1 #an not )e i"enti1ie"I D> A(( t2ose ?2o appear to 2aJe 'se" Jio(en#e 'pon t2e person o1 t2e o11en"e" part% are 0no?n> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e AE o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ P2%si#a( in-'r% s2o'(" )e serio's or (ess serio's No #ri$e o1 p2%si#a( in-'ries res'(tin& 1ro$ a t'$'(t'o's a11ra% i1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'r% is on(% s(i&2t> S(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'r% is #onsi"ere" as in2erent in a t'$'(t'o's a11ra%> > ARTICLE 2FD> FIREAR!S CRI!INAL LAW II 3ISCHARGE OF E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er "is#2ar&es a 1irear$ a&ainst or at anot2er person> 2> O11en"er 2as no intention to 0i(( t2at person> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ No #ri$e i1 1irear$ is not "is#2ar&e"> It is essentia( 1or prose#'tion to proJe t2at t2e "is#2ar&e o1 1irear$ ?as "ire#te" pre#ise(% a&ainst t2e o11en"e" part%> I1 t2ere is intention to 0i((. it $a% )e #(assi1ie" as 1r'strate" or atte$pte" parri#i"e. $'r"er. or 2o$i#i"e> No intent to 0i(( i1 t2e "istan#e is 200 $eters> T2ere is a spe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 i((e&a( "is#2ar&e o1 1irear$ ?it2 serio's or (ess serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries> E> ARTICLE 2FF> INFANTICI3E E(e$ents@ A #2i(" ?as 0i((e" )% t2e a##'se"I 2> T2e "e#ease" #2i(" ?as (ess t2an B "a%s o("> +> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ I1 t2e o11en"er is t2e parent an" t2e Ji#ti$ is (ess t2an t2ree "a%s o(". t2e #ri$e is in1anti#i"e an" not parri#i"e> T2e 1a#t t2at t2e 0i((in& ?as "one to #on#ea( 2er "is2onor ?i(( not $iti&ate t2e #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% an%$ore )e#a'se #on#ea($ent o1 "is2onor in 0i((in& t2e #2i(" is not $iti&atin& in parri#i"e> On(% t2e $ot2er an" $aterna( &ran"parents o1 t2e #2i(" are entit(e" to t2e $iti&atin& #ir#'$stan#e o1 #on#ea(in& t2e "is2onor> A stran&er ?2o #ooperates in t2e perpetration o1 in1anti#i"e #o$$itte" )% t2e $ot2er or &ran"parent on t2e $ot2erKs si"e. is (ia)(e 1or in1anti#i"e. )'t 2e $'st s'11er t2e pena(t% pres#ri)e" 1or $'r"er> Con#ea($ent o1 "is2onor is not an e(e$ent o1 in1anti#i"e> It $ere(% 200 Pa&e C0 o1 +FF C> ARTICLE 2FB> GIVING ASSISTANCE TO SUICI3E A#ts p'nis2e" @ +> Assistin& anot2er to #o$$it s'i#i"e. ?2et2er t2e s'i#i"e is #ons'$$ate" or notI 2> Len"in& 2is assistan#e to anot2er to #o$$it s'i#i"e to t2e eLtent o1 "oin& t2e 0i((in& 2i$se(1> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ GiJin& assistan#e to s'i#i"e $eans &iJin& $eans *ar$s. poison. et#>, or ?2ateJer $anner o1 positiJe an" "ire#t #ooperation *inte((e#t'a( ai". s'&&estions re&ar"in& t2e $o"e o1 #o$$ittin& s'i#i"e. et#>,> I1 t2e person "oes t2e 0i((in& 2i$se(1. t2e pena(t% is si$i(ar to t2at o1 2o$i#i"e. ?2i#2 is re#('sion te$pora(> T2ere #an )e no ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#e )e#a'se t2e "eter$ination to "ie $'st #o$e 1ro$ t2e Ji#ti$> T2is "oes not #onte$p(ate e't2anasia or $er#% 0i((in& ?2ere t2e #ri$e is 2o$i#i"e *i1 ?it2o't #onsentI ?it2 #onsent. #oJere" )% Arti#(e 2FB,> T2e person atte$ptin& to #o$$it s'i#i"e is not (ia)(e i1 2e s'rJiJes> E't2anasia is not (en"in& assistan#e to s'i#i"e> In e't2anasia. t2e Ji#ti$ is not in a position to #o$$it s'i#i"e> A "o#tor ?2o resorts to e't2anasia o1 2is patient $a% )e (ia)(e 1or $'r"er> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS (o?ers t2e pena(t%> I1 t2e #2i(" is a)an"one" ?it2o't an% intent to 0i(( an" "eat2 res'(ts as a #onse='en#e. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is not in1anti#i"e )'t a)an"on$ent 'n"er Arti#(e 2CA> CRI!INAL LAW II e$p(o%$ent o1 a"e='ate an" s'11i#ient $eans to $a0e t2e pre&nant ?o$an a)ort> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ Unintentiona( a)ortion re='ires p2%si#a( Jio(en#e in1(i#te" "e(i)erate(% an" Jo('ntari(% )% a t2ir" person 'pon t2e pre&nant ?o$an> I1 t2e pre&nant ?o$an a)orte" )e#a'se o1 inti$i"ation. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is not 'nintentiona( a)ortion )e#a'se t2ere is no Jio(en#eI t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is (i&2t t2reats> I1 t2e pre&nant ?o$an ?as 0i((e" )% Jio(en#e )% 2er 2's)an". t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is t2e #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 parri#i"e ?it2 'n(a?1'( a)ortion> Unintentiona( a)ortion $a% )e #o$$itte" t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e as it is eno'&2 t2at t2e 'se o1 Jio(en#e )e Jo('ntar%> I1 t2e a#t o1 Jio(en#e is not 1e(onio's. t2at is. a#t o1 se(1<"e1ense. an" t2ere is no 0no?(e"&e o1 t2e ?o$anKs pre&nan#%. t2ere is no (ia)i(it%> I1 t2e a#t o1 Jio(en#e is not 1e(onio's. )'t t2ere is 0no?(e"&e o1 t2e ?o$anKs pre&nan#%. t2e o11en"er is (ia)(e 1or 'nintentiona( a)ortion> +> Peop(e J> 5ose 5ose is "e#(are" &'i(t% o1 t2e #ri$e o1 'nintentiona( a)ortion t2ro'&2 re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e 1or 2aJin& )'$pe" a #a(esa ?2i#2 res'(te" a pre&nant ?o$an to )'$p 2er a)"o$en a&ainst t2e ?a(( o1 t2e #a(esa an" eJent'a((% (e" to an a)ortion> 2> Peop(e J> Sa('1rania !ere )oLin& o1 t2e sto$a#2 ta0en to&et2er ?it2 t2e i$$e"iate stran&(in& o1 t2e Ji#ti$ in a 1i&2t. is not s'11i#ient proo1 to s2o? an intent to #a'se a)ortion> T2e a##'se" $'st 2aJe $ere(% inten"e" to 0i(( t2e Ji#ti$ )'t not ne#essari(% to #a'se a)ortion> T2e a##'se" is (ia)(e 1or #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 parri#i"e ?it2 'nintentiona( a)ortion 1or it ?as $ere(% in#i"enta( to t2e 0i((in&> B> Peop(e J> Carnaso For t2e #ri$e o1 a)ortion. eJen 'nintentiona(. to )e 2e(" #o$$itte". t2e a##'se" $'st 2aJe 0no?n o1 t2e pre&nan#%> +0>ARTICLE 2FA> ABORTION INTENTIONAL E(e$ents@ +> T2ere is a pre&nant ?o$anI 2> Vio(en#e is eLerte". or "r'&s or )eJera&es a"$inistere". or t2at t2e a##'se" ot2er?ise a#ts 'pon s'#2 pre&nant ?o$anI B> As a res'(t o1 t2e 'se o1 Jio(en#e or "r'&s or )eJera&es 'pon 2er. or an% ot2er a#t o1 t2e a##'se". t2e 1et's "ies. eit2er in t2e ?o$) or a1ter 2aJin& )een eLpe((e" t2ere1ro$I D> T2e a)ortion is inten"e"> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ Wa%s o1 #o$$ittin& intentiona( a)ortion +> Usin& an% Jio(en#e 'pon t2e person o1 t2e pre&nant ?o$anI 2> A#tin&. )'t ?it2o't 'sin& Jio(en#e. ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e ?o$an> *B% a"$inisterin& "r'&s or )eJera&es 'pon s'#2 pre&nant ?o$an ?it2o't 2er #onsent>, B> A#tin& *)% a"$inisterin& "r'&s or )eJera&es,. ?it2 t2e #onsent o1 t2e pre&nant ?o$an> ABORTION J INFANTICI3E ABORTION INFANTICI3E Fet's #o'(" not Fet's #o'(" s'stain s'stain an in"epen"ent (i1e in"epen"ent (i1e> a1ter separation No (e&a( Jia)i(it%> 1ro$ t2e $ot2erKs ?o$)> I1 t2e $ot2er as a #onse='en#e o1 a)ortion s'11ers "eat2 or p2%si#a( in-'ries. %o' 2aJe a #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 $'r"er or p2%si#a( in-'ries an" a)ortion> In intentiona( a)ortion. t2e o11en"er $'st 0no? o1 t2e pre&nan#% )e#a'se t2e parti#'(ar #ri$ina( intention is to #a'se an a)ortion> I1 t2e ?o$an t'rns o't not to )e pre&nant an" so$eone per1or$s an a)ortion 'pon 2er. 2e is (ia)(e 1or an i$possi)(e #ri$e i1 t2e ?o$an s'11ers no p2%si#a( in-'r%> I1 s2e "oes. t2e #ri$e ?i(( )e 2o$i#i"e. serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries. et#> Fr'strate" a)ortion is #o$$itte" i1 t2e 1et's t2at is eLpe((e" is Jia)(e an". t2ere1ore. not "ea" as a)ortion "i" not res'(t "espite t2e +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e C+ o1 +FF

++> ARTICLE 2FC> UNINTENTIONAL ABORTION VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS E(e$ents@ +> T2ere is a pre&nant ?o$anI 2> Vio(en#e is 'se" 'pon s'#2 pre&nant ?o$an ?it2o't inten"in& an a)ortionI Jio(en#e is intentiona((% B> T2e eLerte"I D> Res'(t o1 Jio(en#e M 1et's "ies. eit2er in t2e ?o$) or eLpe((e" t2ere1ro$ I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ I1 t2e p'rpose o1 a)ortion is to #on#ea( "is2onor. $iti&ation app(ies on(% to pre&nant ?o$an an" not to parents o1 pre&nant ?o$an. 'n(i0e in in1anti#i"e> I1 t2e p'rpose o1 parents is not to #on#ea( "is2onor. t2e #ri$e is intentiona( a)ortion> a##o$p(i#e a)ortion> in CRI!INAL LAW II t2e #ri$e o1 +D> ARTICLE 2A0> RESPONSIBILITY OF PARTICIPANTS IN A 3UEL A#ts p'nis2e" +> 8i((in& oneKs a"Jersar% in a "'e(I 2> In1(i#tin& 'pon s'#2 a"Jersar% p2%si#a( in-'riesI B> !a0in& a #o$)at a(t2o'&2 no p2%si#a( in-'ries 2aJe )een in1(i#te"> Persons (ia)(e +> T2e person ?2o 0i((e" or in1(i#te" p2%si#a( in-'ries 'pon 2is a"Jersar%. or )ot2 #o$)atants in an% ot2er #ase. as prin#ipa(s> 2> T2e se#on"s. as a##o$p(i#es> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ 3'e( is a 1or$a( or re&'(ar #o$)at preJio's(% #onsente" to )% t?o parties in t2e presen#e o1 t?o or $ore se#on"s o1 (a?1'( a&e on ea#2 si"e. ?2o $a0e t2e se(e#tion o1 ar$s an" 1iL a(( t2e ot2er #on"itions o1 t2e 1i&2t to sett(e so$e ante#e"ent ='arre(> T2ere is no s'#2 #ri$e no?a"a%s )e#a'se peop(e 2it ea#2 ot2er eJen ?it2o't enterin& into an% pre#on#eiJe" a&ree$ent> T2is is an o)so(ete proJision> I1 t2ese are not t2e #on"itions o1 t2e 1i&2t. it is not a "'e( in t2e sense #onte$p(ate" in t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> It ?i(( )e a ='arre( an" an%one ?2o 0i((e" t2e ot2er ?i(( )e (ia)(e 1or 2o$i#i"e or $'r"er. as t2e #ase $a% )e> +F> ARTICLE 2A+> CHALLENGING TO A 3UEL A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> C2a((en&in& anot2er to a "'e(I 2> In#itin& anot2er to &iJe or a##ept a #2a((en&e to a "'e(I B> S#o11in& at or "e#r%in& anot2er p')(i#(% 1or 2aJin& re1'se" to a##ept a #2a((en&e to 1i&2t a "'e(> Persons responsi)(e 'n"er Art> 2A+ are@ +> C2a((en&er 2> Insti&ators +> Peop(e J> Ta#o$o% I1 one #2a((en&es anot2er to a "'e( )% s2o'tin& RCo$e "o?n. O(%$pia. (et 's $eas're %o'r pro?ess> We ?i(( see ?2ose intestines ?i(( #o$e o't> Yo' are a 200 Pa&e C2 o1 +FF +2> ARTICLE 2F > ABORTION PRACTICE3 BY THE WO!AN HERSELF OR BY PARENTS E(e$ents@ +> T2ere is a pre&nant ?o$an ?2o 2as s'11ere" an a)ortionI 2> A)ortion is inten"e"I B> A)ortion is #a'se" )% M a> T2e pre&nant ?o$an 2erse(1I )> An% ot2er person. ?it2 2er #onsentI or #> An% o1 2er parents. ?it2 2er #onsent 1or t2e p'rpose o1 #on#ea(in& 2er "is2onor> +B> ARTICLE 2FE> ABORTION BY A PHYSICIAN OR !I3WIFE AN3 3ISPENSING OF ABORTIVES E(e$ents +> T2ere is a pre&nant ?o$an ?2o 2as s'11ere" an a)ortionI 2> T2e a)ortion is inten"e"I B> O11en"er. ?2o $'st )e a p2%si#ian or $i"?i1e. #a'se" or assiste" in #a'sin& t2e a)ortionI D> Sai" p2%si#ian or $i"?i1e too0 a"Janta&e o1 2is or 2er s#ienti1i# 0no?(e"&e or s0i((> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ I1 t2e a)ortion is pro"'#e" )% a p2%si#ian to saJe t2e (i1e o1 t2e $ot2er. t2ere is no (ia)i(it%> Arti#(e p'nis2es a p2ar$a#ist ?2o $ere(% "ispenses ?it2 an a)ortiJe ?it2o't t2e proper pres#ription o1 a p2%si#ian> I1 p2ar$a#ist 0ne? t2at t2e a)ortiJe ?o'(" )e 'se 1or a)ortion. 2er ?o'(" )e (ia)(e as an +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS #o?ar" i1 %o' "o not #o$e "o?nS. t2e #ri$e o1 #2a((en&in& to a "'e( is not #o$$itte"> W2at is #o$$itte" is t2e #ri$e o1 (i&2t t2reats 'n"er Arti#(e 2 F. para&rap2 + o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> B> P2%si#a( In-'ries +A> ARTICLE 2A2> !UTILATION A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> Intentiona((% $'ti(atin& anot2er )% "epriJin& 2i$. eit2er tota((% or partia((%. o1 so$e essentia( or&an 1or repro"'#tionI E(e$ents@ a> T2ere )e a #astration. t2at is. $'ti(ation o1 or&ans ne#essar% 1or &eneration. s'#2 as t2e penis or oJari'$I )> T2e $'ti(ation is #a'se" p'rpose(% an" "e(i)erate(% 2> Intentiona((% $a0in& ot2er $'ti(ation. t2at is. )% (oppin& or #(ippin& o11 an% part o1 t2e )o"% o1 t2e o11en"e" part%. ot2er t2an t2e essentia( or&an 1or repro"'#tion. to "epriJe 2i$ o1 t2at part o1 2is )o"%> CRI!INAL LAW II +C>ARTICLE 2AB> SERIOUS PHYSICAL IN5URIES Ho? #o$$itte"@ +> B% ?o'n"in&I 2> B% )eatin&I B> B% assa'(tin&I or D> B% a"$inisterin& in-'rio's s')stan#e> * Art> 2AD , LeJe(s o1 Pena(t%@ W2en t2e in-'re" person. in #onse='en#e o1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries in1(i#te". ] +> ] )e#o$es insane. i$)e#i(e. i$potent or )(in" 2> a> ](oses t2e 'se o1 spee#2 or t2e po?er to 2ear or to s$e((. or (oses an e%e. a 2an". a1oot. an ar$. or a (e&I )> ](oses t2e 'se o1 an% s'#2 $e$)erI or #> ])e#o$es in#apa#itate" 1or t2e ?or0 in ?2i#2 2e ?as t2ereto1ore 2a)it'a((% en&a&e". in #onse='en#e o1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries in1(i#te"I B> a> ])e#o$es "e1or$e"I or )> ](oses an% ot2er $e$)er o1 2is )o"%I #> ](oses t2e 'se t2ereo1I or "> ])e#o$es i(( or in#apa#itate" 1or t2e per1or$an#e o1 t2e ?or0 in ?2i#2 2e ?as 2a)it'a((% en&a&e" 1or $ore t2an E0 "a%s in #onse='en#e o1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries in1(i#te"I Intent to $'ti(ate $'st )e esta)(is2e"> I1 t2ere is no intent. t2e #ri$e is on(% serio's p2%si#a( in-'r%> D> ])e#o$es i(( or in#apa#itate" 1or (a)or 1or $ore t2an B0 "a%s *)'t $'st not )e $ore t2an E0 "a%s,. as a res'(t o1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries in1(i#te"> + >ARTICLE 2AD> A3!INISTERING IN5URIOUS SUBSTANCES OR BEVERAGES E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er in1(i#te" 'pon anot2er an% serio's p2%si#a( in-'r%I 2> It ?as "one )% 0no?in&(% a"$inisterin& to 2i$ an% in-'rio's s')stan#e or )eJera&es or )% ta0in& a"Janta&e o1 2is ?ea0ness o1 $in" or #re"'(it%I B> He 2a" no intent to 0i((> P2%si#a( In-'ries Js> Fr'strate" 2o$i#i"e P2%si#a( In-'ries T2e o11en"er in1(i#ts p2%si#a( in-'ries> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Atte$pte" or Atte$pte" or Fr'strate" 2o$i#i"e Atte$pte" 2o$i#i"e $a% )e #o$$itte". eJen i1 no p2%si#a( Pa&e CB o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS in-'ries are in1(i#te"> T2e o11en"er 2as an intent to 0i(( t2e o11en"e" part%> CRI!INAL LAW II a"$ission into $e$)ers2ip in a 1raternit% or sororit% or an% or&ani4ation ?2i#2 p(a#es t2e neop2%te or app(i#ant in so$e e$)arrassin& or 2'$i(iatin& sit'ations or ot2er?ise s')-e#tin& 2i$ to p2%si#a( or ps%#2o(o&i#a( s'11erin& o1 in-'r%> T2ese "o not in#('"e an% p2%si#a(. $enta(. ps%#2o(o&i#a( testin& an" trainin& pro#e"'re an" pra#ti#e to "eter$ine an" en2an#e t2e p2%si#a( an" ps%#2o(o&i#a( 1itness o1 t2e prospe#tiJe re&'(ar $e$)ers o1 t2e )e(o?> Or&ani4ations in#('"e an% #(') or AFP. PNP. P!A or o11i#er or #a"et #orps o1 t2e C!T or CAT> Se#tion 2 re='ires a ?ritten noti#e to s#2oo( a't2orities 1ro$ t2e 2ea" o1 t2e or&ani4ation seJen "a%s prior to t2e rites an" s2o'(" not eL#ee" t2ree "a%s in "'ration> Se#tion B re='ires s'perJision )% 2ea" o1 t2e s#2oo( or t2e or&ani4ation o1 t2e rites> Se#tion D ='a(i1ies t2e #ri$e i1 rape. so"o$% or $'ti(ation res'(ts t2ere1ro$. i1 t2e person )e#o$es insane. an i$)e#i(e. or i$potent or )(in" )e#a'se o1 s'#2. i1 t2e person (oses t2e 'se o1 spee#2 or t2e po?er to 2ear or s$e(( or an e%e. a 1oot. an ar$ or a (e&. or t2e 'se o1 an% s'#2 $e$)er or an% o1 t2e serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries or t2e (ess serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries> A(so i1 t2e Ji#ti$ is )e(o? +2. or )e#o$es in#apa#itate" 1or t2e ?or0 2e 2a)it'a((% en&a&es in 1or B0. +0. +<E "a%s> It 2o("s t2e parents. s#2oo( a't2orities ?2o #onsente" or ?2o 2a" a#t'a( 0no?(e"&e i1 t2e% "i" not2in& to preJent it. o11i#ers an" $e$)ers ?2o p(anne". 0no?in&(% #ooperate" or ?ere present. present a('$ni o1 t2e or&ani4ation. o?ner o1 t2e p(a#e ?2ere s'#2 o##'rre" (ia)(e> T2is $a0es presen#e a pri$a 1a#ie pres'$ption o1 &'i(t 1or s'#2> O11en"er 2as no intent to 0i(( t2e o11en"e" part% T2e reason ?2% t2ere is no atte$pte" or 1r'strate" p2%si#a( in-'ries is )e#a'se t2e #ri$e o1 p2%si#a( in-'ries is "eter$ine" on t2e &raJit% o1 t2e in-'r%> It is a #ri$e o1 res'(t> As (on& as t2e in-'r% is not t2ere. t2ere #an )e no atte$pte" or 1r'strate" sta&e t2ereo1> C(assi1i#ation o1 p2%si#a( in-'ries@ *+,Bet?een (ess serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries an" serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries. %o' "o not #onsi"er t2e perio" o1 $e"i#a( treat$ent> Yo' on(% #onsi"er t2e perio" ?2en t2e o11en"e" part% is ren"ere" in#apa#itate" 1or (a)or> *2,W2en t2e in-'r% #reate" a "e1or$it% 'pon t2e o11en"e" part%. %o' "isre&ar" t2e 2ea(in& "'ration or t2e perio" o1 $e"i#a( treat$ent inJo(Je"> At on#e. it is #onsi"ere" serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries> 3e1or$it% re='ires t2e #on#'rren#e o1 t2e 1o((o?in& #on"itions@ *+,T2e in-'r% $'st pro"'#e '&(inessI *2,It $'st )e Jisi)(eI *B,T2e '&(iness ?i(( not "isappear t2ro'&2 nat'ra( 2ea(in& pro#ess> I(('stration@ Loss o1 $o(ar toot2 M T2is is not "e1or$it% as it is not Jisi)(e> Loss o1 per$anent 1ront toot2 M T2is is "e1or$it% as it is Jisi)(e an" per$anent> Loss o1 $i(0 1ront toot2 M T2is is not "e1or$it% as it is Jisi)(e )'t ?i(( )e nat'ra((% rep(a#e"> Serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries is p'nis2e" ?it2 2i&2er pena(ties in t2e 1o((o?in& #ases@ *+, I1 it is #o$$itte" a&ainst an% o1 t2e persons re1erre" to in t2e #ri$e o1 parri#i"e 'n"er Arti#(e 2DAI *2, I1 an% o1 t2e #ir#'$stan#es ='a(i1%in& $'r"er atten"e" its #o$$ission> REPUBLIC ACT NO> 0DE THE ANTI<HA7ING LAW Ha4in& << T2is is an% initiation rite or pra#ti#e ?2i#2 is a prere='isite 1or +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e CD o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS CRI!INAL LAW II "a%s. )'t i1 t2e o11en"e" part% is sti(( in#apa#itate" 1or (a)or )e%on" nine "a%s. t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries are a(rea"% #onsi"ere" (ess serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries> W2ere t2ere is no eJi"en#e o1 a#t'a( in-'r%. it is on(% s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries> In t2e a)sen#e o1 proo1 as to t2e perio" o1 t2e o11en"e" part%Ks in#apa#it% 1or (a)or or o1 t2e re='ire" $e"i#a( atten"an#e. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries> REPUBLIC ACT NO> CA+0 SPECIAL PROTECTION OF CHIL3REN AGAINST CHIL3 ABUSE. EGPLOITATION AN3 3ISCRI!INATION ACT *IN RELATION TO !UR3ER. !UTILATION OR IN5URIES TO A CHIL3, T2e (ast para&rap2 o1 Arti#(e VI o1 Rep')(i# A#t No> CA+0. proJi"es@ RFor p'rposes o1 t2is A#t. t2e pena(t% 1or t2e #o$$ission o1 a#ts p'nis2a)(e 'n"er Arti#(es 2D . 2DE. 2A2 *2, an" 2AB *+, o1 A#t No B +F. as a$en"e" o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e 1or t2e #ri$es o1 $'r"er. 2o$i#i"e. ot2er intentiona( $'ti(ation. an" serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries. respe#tiJe(%. s2a(( )e re#('sion perpet'a ?2en t2e Ji#ti$ is 'n"er t?e(Je %ears o1 a&e>S T2e re1eren#e to Arti#(e 2DE o1 t2e Co"e ?2i#2 "e1ines an" pena(i4es t2e #ri$e o1 2o$i#i"e ?ere t2e Ji#ti$ is 'n"er +2 %ears o(" is an error> 8i((in& a #2i(" 'n"er +2 is $'r"er. not 2o$i#i"e. )e#a'se t2e Ji#ti$ is 'n"er no position to "e1en" 2i$se(1 as 2e(" in t2e #ase o1 Peop(e J> Gano2on. +EA SCRA DB+> For $'r"er. t2e pena(t% proJi"e" )% t2e Co"e. as a$en"e" )% Rep')(i# A#t No> CAFE. is re#('sion perpet'a to "eat2 M 2i&2er t2an ?2at Rep')(i# A#t no> CA+0 proJi"es> A##or"in&(%. inso1ar as t2e #ri$e is $'r"er. Arti#(e 2D o1 t2e Co"e. as a$en"e". s2a(( &oJern eJen i1 t2e Ji#ti$ ?as 'n"er +2 %ears o1 a&e> It is on(% in respe#t o1 t2e #ri$es o1 intentiona( $'ti(ation in para&rap2 2 o1 Arti#(e 2A2 an" o1 serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries in para&rap2 + o1 Arti#(e 2AB o1 t2e Co"e t2at t2e ='ote" proJision o1 Rep')(i# A#t No> C+A0 $a% )e app(ie" 1or t2e 2i&2er pena(t% ?2en t2e Ji#ti$ is 'n"er +2 %ears o("> +E> ARTICLE 2AF> LESS SERIOUS PHYSICAL IN5URIES E(e$ents@ +> O11en"e" part% is in#apa#itate" 1or (a)or 1or +0 "a%s or $ore *)'t not $ore t2an B0 "a%s,. or nee"s $e"i#a( atten"an#e 1or t2e sa$e perio" o1 ti$eI 2> T2e p2%si#a( in-'ries $'st not )e t2ose "es#ri)e" in t2e pre#e"in& arti#(es> H'a(i1ie" as to pena(t% +> A 1ine not eL#ee"in& P F00>00. in a""ition to arresto $a%or. ?2en a> T2ere is a $ani1est intent to ins'(t or o11en" t2e in-'re" personI or )> T2ere are #ir#'$stan#es a""in& i&no$in% to t2e o11ense> 2> A 2i&2er pena(t% is i$pose" ?2en t2e Ji#ti$ is eit2er M a> T2e o11en"erKs parents. as#en"ants. &'ar"ians. #'rators or tea#2ersI or )> Persons o1 ran0 or person in a't2orit%. proJi"e" t2e #ri$e is not "ire#t assa'(t> 20> ARTICLE 2AA> SLIGHT PHYSICAL IN5URIES AN3 !ALTREAT!ENT A#ts p'nis2e" +> P2%si#a( in-'ries in#apa#itate" t2e o11en"e" part% 1or (a)or 1ro$ one to nine "a%s. or re='ire" $e"i#a( atten"an#e "'rin& t2e sa$e perio"I 2> PHYSICAL IN5URIES WHICH 3I3 NOT PREVENT THE OFFEN3E3 PARTY FRO! ENGAGING IN HIS HABITUAL WOR8 OR WHICH 3I3 NOT REHUIRE !E3ICAL ATTEN3ANCEI B> I((<treat$ent o1 anot2er )% "ee" ?it2o't #a'sin& an% in-'r%> T2is inJo(Jes eJen i((<treat$ent ?2ere t2ere is no si&n o1 in-'r% re='irin& $e"i#a( treat$ent> S(appin& t2e o11en"e" part% is a 1or$ o1 i((<treat$ent ?2i#2 is a 1or$ o1 s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries> B't i1 t2e s(appin& is "one to #ast "is2onor 'pon t2e person s(appe". or to 2'$i(iate or e$)arrass t2e o11en"e" part% o't o1 a ='arre( or an&er. t2e #ri$e is s(an"er )% "ee"> Bet?een s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries an" (ess serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries. not on(% t2e 2ea(in& "'ration o1 t2e in-'r% ?i(( )e #onsi"ere" )'t a(so t2e $e"i#a( atten"an#e re='ire" to treat t2e in-'r%> So t2e 2ea(in& "'ration $a% )e one to nine "a%s. )'t i1 t2e $e"i#a( treat$ent #ontin'es )e%on" nine "a%s. t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries ?o'(" a(rea"% ='a(i1% as (ess serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries> T2e $e"i#a( treat$ent $a% 2aJe (aste" 1or nine +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e CF o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS Rape RA BFB AN ACT EGPAN3ING THE 3EFINITION OF THE CRI!E OF RAPE. RECLASSIFYING THE SA!E AS A CRI!E AGAINST PERSONS CRI!INAL LAW II instr'$ent on ana( ori1i#e o1 $a(e. s2e or 2e #an )e (ia)(e 1or rape> Insertin& a 1in&er insi"e t2e &enita( o1 a ?o$an is rape t2ro'&2 seL'a( assa'(t ?it2in t2e #onteLt o1 \o)-e#tK> Pena(ties Tra"itiona( Rape SeL'a( Assa'(t In &enera(@ In &enera(@ Prision Re#('sion perpet'a $a%or A> Co$$itte"@ +, ?it2 t2e 'se o1 a "ea"(% ?eaponI or 2, )% 2 or $ore persons Re#('sion perpet'a Prision $a%or to to "eat2 re#('sion te$pora( B> Vi#ti$ )e#o$es insane )% reason or on t2e o##asion o1 rape Re#('sion perpet'a Re#('sion te$pora( to "eat2 C> Rape is atte$pte" ; 2o$i#i"e is #o$$itte" )% reason or on t2e o##asion t2ereo1 Re#('sion perpet'a Re#('sion te$pora( to "eat2 to re#('sion perpet'a 3> Rape is #ons'$$ate" ; 2o$i#i"e is #o$$itte" )% reason or on t2e o##asion t2ereo1 *a spe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$e, 3eat2 Re#('sion perpet'a E> Co$$itte" ?it2 an% o1 t2e 11> a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#es@ +, On t2e VICTI!@ i> Ji#ti$ is 'n"er + %rs> o(". ; t2e o11en"er is a parent. as#en"ant. step<parent. &'ar"ian. re(atiJe )% #onsan&'init% or a11init% ?Uin t2e Br" #iJi( "e&ree. or t2e #o$$on (a? spo'se o1 t2e parent o1 t2e Ji#ti$ Ji#ti$ is 'n"er t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e po(i#e U $i(itar% a't2orities U (a? en1or#e$ent a&en#% Ji#ti$ is a re(i&io's an" s'#2 (e&iti$ate Jo#ation is 0no?n )% t2e o11en"er )e1ore or at t2e ti$e o1 rape Ji#ti$ is a #2i(" )e(o? C %rs> o(" Ji#ti$ s'11ere" per$anent or p2%si#a( $'ti(ation or "isa)i(it% )% reason or on t2e o##asion o1 rape ARTICLE 2AA<A> Rape E(e$ents o1 rape t2ro'&2 seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2o't #onsent o1 t2e ?o$an@ *Tra"itiona( Rape, D, O11en"er is a $anI F, O11en"er 2a" #arna( 0no?(e"&e o1 a ?o$anI A, S'#2 a#t is a##o$p(is2e" 'n"er an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& #ir#'$stan#es@ iJ> B% 'sin& 1or#e. t2reat or inti$i"ationI J> W2en t2e ?o$an is "epriJe" o1 reason or is ot2er?ise 'n#ons#io'sI $eans o1 1ra'"'(ent Ji> B% $a#2ination or &raJe a)'se o1 a't2orit%I Jii> W2en t2e ?o$an is 'n"er +2 %ears o1 a&e *Stat'tor% Rape, or is "e$ente"> E(e$ents o1 rape t2ro'&2 SeL'a( Assa'(t@ +, O11en"er #o$$its an a#t o1 seL'a( assa'(tI 2, T2e a#t o1 seL'a( assa'(t is #o$$itte" )% an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& $eans@ i> B% insertin& 2is penis into anot2er personQs $o't2 or ana( ori1i#eI or ii> B% insertin& an% instr'$ent or o)-e#t into t2e &enita( or ana( ori1i#e o1 anot2er personI B, T2e a#t o1 seL'a( assa'(t is a##o$p(is2e" 'n"er an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& #ir#'$stan#es@ i> B% 'sin& 1or#e or inti$i"ationI or ii> W2en t2e ?o$an is "epriJe" o1 reason or ot2er?ise 'n#ons#io'sI or $eans o1 1ra'"'(ent iii> B% $a#2ination or &raJe a)'se o1 a't2orit%I or iL> W2en t2e ?o$an is 'n"er +2 %ears o1 a&e or "e$ente"> ii> iii> iJ> J> 2, On t2e OFFEN3ER@ I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ C(assi1i#ation o1 rape +, Tra"itiona( Rape O11en"e" part% is a(?a%s a ?o$an O11en"er is a(?a%s a $an> 2, SeL'a( assa'(t Rape #an no? )e #o$$itte" )% a $an or a ?o$an. t2at is. i1 a ?o$an or a $an 'ses an +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS Ji> O11en"er is a11(i#te" ?it2 a seL'a((% trans$issi)(e "isease ; t2e Jir's U "isease is trans$itte" to t2e Ji#ti$ Jii> O11en"er is a $e$)er o1 t2e AFP U PNP U an% (a? en1or#e$ent a&en#% U pena( instit'tion. ; too0 a"Janta&e o1 2is position Jiii> O11en"er 0ne? o1 t2e pre&nan#% o1 t2e o11en"e" part% at t2e ti$e o1 t2e #o$$ission o1 rape iL> O11en"er 0ne? o1 t2e $enta( "isa)i(it%. e$otiona( "isor"er. ; U 200 Pa&e CA o1 +FF

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS or p2%si#a( 2an"i#ap o1 t2e o11en"e" part% at t2e ti$e o1 t2e #o$$ission o1 rape B, On BR3 PERSONS@ L> Rape is #o$$itte" in 1'(( Jie? o1 t2e o1 t2e spo'se. parent. an% o1 t2e #2i("ren. or ot2er re(atiJes ?Uin t2e Br" #iJi( "e&ree o1 #onsan&'init% 3eat2 Re#('sion Te$pora( O(" rape (a? "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ RA BFB O(" Rape La? Ne? Rape La? Cri$e a&ainst Cri$e a&ainst #2astit% persons !a% )e #o$$itte" Un"er t2e 2n" t%pe. )% a $an a&ainst a seL'a( assa'(t $a% ?o$an on(% )e #o$$itte" )% ANY PERSON PRIVATE CRI!E M !a% )e prose#'te" Co$p(aint $'st )e eJen i1 t2e ?o$an 1i(e" )% t2e ?o$an "oes not 1i(e a or 2er parents. #o$p(aint &ran"parents or &'ar"ian i1 t2e ?o$an ?as a $inor or in#apa#itate" !arria&e o1 t2e !arria&e Ji#ti$ ?U one o1 eLtin&'is2es t2e t2e o11en"ers pena( a#tion on(% as )ene1its not on(% to t2e prin#ipa( t2e prin#ipa( )'t *t2e person ?2o a(so t2e $arrie" t2e a##o$p(i#es an" Ji#ti$,. an" #annot a##essories )e eLten"e" to #oprin#ipa(s in #ase o1 !ULTIPLE RAPE !arita( rape NOT !arita( rape re#o&ni4e" re#o&ni4e" Co$p(ete penetration is NOT ne#essar%> T2e s(i&2test penetrationO #onta#t ?it2 t2e (a)iaO?i(( #ons'$$ate t2e rape> +> Peop(e J> Orita A so("ier rape" a +E<%ear o(" st'"ent )% po0in& a 0ni1e on 2er ne#0> On(% a portion o1 2is penis entere" 2er Ja&ina )e#a'se t2e Ji#ti$ 0ept on str'&&(in& 'nti( s2e ?as a)(e to es#ape> T2e a##'se" ?as #onJi#te" o1 1r'strate" rape> HEL3@ T2ere is NO #ri$e o1 FRUSTRATE3 RAPE )e#a'se in rape. 1ro$ t2e $o$ent t2e o11en"er 2as #arna( 0no?(e"&e o1 t2e Ji#ti$. 2e a#t'a((% attains 2is p'rpose. a(( t2e essentia( e(e$ents o1 t2e o11ense 2aJe )een a##o$p(is2e"> 2> Peop(e J> Ca$p'2an T2e a##'se" 2a" 2is pants "o?n an" ?as on top o1 t2e D<%ear o(" #2i(" ?2en t2e #2i("Ks $ot2er arriJe"> !e"i#a( 1in"in&s s2o?e" no si&ns o1 &enita( in-'r% an" t2e Ji#ti$Ks 2%$en ?as inta#t> +00N UP LAW UP CRI!INAL LAW II HEL3@ For rape to )e #ons'$$ate". a s(i&2t )r's2 or s#rape o1 t2e penis on t2e eLterna( (a%er o1 t2e Ja&ina ?i(( not s'11i#e> !ere to'#2in& o1 t2e eLterna( (a%er o1 t2e Ja&ina is not t2e sa$e as \s(i&2test penetrationK> A##'se" is on(% (ia)(e 1or ATTE!PTE3 RAPE> ConJi#tion "oes not re='ire a $e"i#o(e&a( 1in"in& o1 an% penetration on t2e part o1 t2e ?o$an> For#e e$p(o%e" a&ainst t2e Ji#ti$ o1 t2e rape nee" not )e o1 s'#2 #2ara#ter as #o'(" )e resiste"> W2en t2e o11en"er 2as an as#en"an#% or in1('en#e oJer t2e &ir(. it is not ne#essar% t2at s2e p't 'p a "eter$ine" resistan#e> A rape Ji#ti$ "oes not 2aJe t2e )'r"en o1 proJin& resistan#e> Rape )% $eans o1 1ra'"'(ent $a#2inations an" &raJe a)'se o1 t2e #ri$e o1 a't2orit% a)sor)s ='a(i1ie" an" si$p(e se"'#tion> Stat'tor% rape is #ons'$$ate" ?2en t2e Ji#ti$ is )e(o? +2 %rs> o("> Vi#ti$Ks #onsent is i$$ateria(> O11en"erKs 0no?(e"&e o1 t2e Ji#ti$Ks a&e is i$$ateria( in stat'tor% rape> Carna( 0no?(e"&e o1 a #2i(" )e(o? +2 %rs> o(" eJen i1 s2e is en&a&e" in prostit'tion is sti(( #onsi"ere" stat'tor% rape> B> Peop(e J> Atento A +A<%ear o(" $enta( retar"ate. ?2o 2as t2e inte((e#t'a( #apa#it% o1 a E an" +2 %ear o(". ?as repeate"(% rape" )% t2e a##'se"> HEL3@ T2e a##'se" ?as 1o'n" &'i(t% o1 rapin& a ?o$an "epriJe" o1 reason or ot2er?ise 'n#ons#io's. an" ?as a(so 2e(" (ia)(e 1or rape 'n"er t2e Par> t2at pertains to a Ji#ti$ 'n"er +2 not?it2stan"in& t2e Ji#ti$Ks a#t'a( a&e> A&e re='ire$ent ?as a$en"e" to re1er to $enta( a&e> In#est'o's rape re1ers to rape #o$$itte" )% an as#en"ant o1 t2e o11en"e" ?o$an> o I1 t2e o11en"er is NOT 0no?n to t2e ?o$an. it is ne#essar% t2at t2ere )e eJi"en#e o1 a11ir$atiJe resistan#e p't 'p )% t2e o11en"e" ?o$an> A $ere Rno. noS is not eno'&2 i1 t2e o11en"er is a stran&er> I1 t2e rape is in#est'o's. 'tterin& a $ere Rno. noS is eno'&2> o D> Peop(e J> Ga((o Ga((o ?as 1o'n" &'i(t% o1 t2e #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" rape ?it2 t2e pena(t% o1 "eat2> T2e in1or$ation 1i(e" a&ainst 2i$ "oes 200 Pa&e CC o1 +FF BAROPS

VIII> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONS not a((e&e 2is re(ations2ip ?it2 t2e Ji#ti$. 2is "a'&2ter. t2's. it CANNOT )e #onsi"ere" as a ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#e> HEL3@ Spe#ia( ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#es 2aJe to )e a((e&e" in t2e in1or$ation 1or it to )e appre#iate"> T2e #ase ?as reopene" an" t2e -'"&$ent is $o"i1ie" 1ro$ "eat2 to re#('sion perpet'a> F> Peop(e J> Berana A +D<%ear o(" ?as rape" )% 2er )rot2erin<(a?> HEL3@ To e11e#tiJe(% prose#'te t2e a##'se" 1or t2e #ri$e o1 rape #o$$itte" )% a re(atiJe )% a11init% ?Uin t2e Br" #iJi( "e&ree. it $'st )e esta)(is2e" t2at@ +, t2e a##'se" is (e&a((% $arrie" to t2e Ji#ti$Ks sisterI an" 2, t2e Ji#ti$ an" t2e a##'se"Ks ?i1e are 1'(( or 2a(1<)(oo" si)(in&s> Sin#e re(ations2ip ='a(i1ies t2e #ri$e o1 rape. t2ere $'st )e #(earer proo1 o1 re(ations2ip an" in t2is #ase. it ?as not a"e='ate(% s')stantiate"> EVI3ENCE WHICH !AY BE ACCEPTE3 IN THE PROSECUTION OF RAPE@ +, An% p2%si#a( oJert a#t $ani1estin& resistan#e a&ainst t2e a#t o1 rape in an% "e&ree 1ro$ t2e o11en"e" part%I or 2, W2ere t2e o11en"e" part% is so sit'ate" as to ren"er 2i$U2er in#apa)(e o1 &iJin& 2is #onsent Rape s2ie(" r'(e@ C2ara#ter o1 t2e o11en"e" ?o$an is i$$ateria( in rape> An a##'se" $a% )e #onJi#te" o1 rape on t2e so(e testi$on% o1 t2e o11en"e" ?o$an> W2en seJera( persons #onspire" to rape a sin&(e Ji#ti$. ea#2 s2a(( )e (ia)(e 1or t2e rape #o$$itte" persona((% )% 2i$. as ?e(( as t2ose #o$$itte" )% t2e ot2ers> An a##'se" $a% )e #onsi"ere" a prin#ipa( )% "ire#t parti#ipation. )% in"'#e$ent. or )% in"ispensa)(e #ooperation> T2is is tr'e in a #2ar&e o1 rape a&ainst a ?o$an. proJi"e". a $an is #2ar&e" to&et2er ?it2 2er> E11e#t o1 Par"on S')se='ent Ja(i" $arria&e )et?een t2e o11en"er an" t2e o11en"e" part% s2a(( eLtin&'is2 t2e #ri$ina( a#tion or t2e pena(t% i$pose"> W2en t2e (e&a( 2's)an" is t2e o11en"er. t2e s')se='ent 1or&iJeness )% t2e ?i1e as t2e o11en"e" part% s2a(( eLtin&'is2 t2e #ri$ina( a#tion or t2e pena(t%. proJi"e" t2at t2eir $arria&e is NOT VOI3 a) initio> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 CRI!INAL LAW II Pa&e C o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY TITLE IG@ CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY CRI!ES AGAINST LIBERTY +> 8i"nappin& an" serio's i((e&a( "etention *Art> 2AC,I 2> S(i&2t i((e&a( "etention *Art> 2A ,I B> Un(a?1'( arrest *Art> 2AE,I D> 8i"nappin& an" 1ai('re to ret'rn a $inor *Art> 2C0,I F> In"'#in& a $inor to a)an"on 2is 2o$e *Art> 2C+,I A> S(aJer% *Art> 2C2,I C> ELp(oitation o1 #2i(" (a)or *Art> 2CB,I > SerJi#es ren"ere" 'n"er #o$p'(sion in pa%$ent o1 "e)ts *Art> 2CD,> CRI!ES AGAINST SECURITY +> A)an"on$ent o1 persons in "an&er an" a)an"on$ent o1 oneQs o?n Ji#ti$ *Art> 2CF,I 2> A)an"onin& a $inor *Art> 2CA,I B> A)an"on$ent o1 $inor )% person entr'ste" ?it2 2is #'sto"%I in"i11eren#e o1 parents *Art> 2CC,I D> ELp(oitation o1 $inors *Art> 2C ,I F> Trespass to "?e((in& *Art> 2 0,I A> Ot2er 1or$s o1 trespass *Art> 2 +,I C> GraJe t2reats *Art> 2 2,I > Li&2t t2reats *Art> 2 B,I E> Ot2er (i&2t t2reats *Art> 2 F,I +0>GraJe #oer#ions *Art> 2 A,I ++>Li&2t #oer#ions *Art> 2 C,I +2>Ot2er si$i(ar #oer#ions *Art> 2 ,I +B>For$ation. $aintenan#e an" pro2i)ition o1 #o$)ination o1 #apita( or (a)or t2ro'&2 Jio(en#e or t2reats *Art> 2 E,I +D>3is#oJerin& se#rets t2ro'&2 sei4're o1 #orrespon"en#e *Art> 2E0,I +F>ReJea(in& se#rets ?it2 a)'se o1 o11i#e *Art> 2E+,I +A> ReJea(in& o1 in"'stria( se#rets *Art> 2E2,> A> Cri$es A&ainst Li)ert% +> 8i"nappin& 3etention an" CRI!INAL LAW II Serio's I((e&a( ARTICLE 2AC> 8I3NAPPING SERIOUS ILLEGAL 3ETENTION AN3 E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a priJate in"iJi"'a(I 2> He 0i"naps or "etains anot2er. or in an% ot2er $anner "epriJes t2e (atter o1 2is (i)ert%I B> T2e a#t o1 "etention or 0i"nappin& $'st )e i((e&a(I D> In t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e o11ense. an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& #ir#'$stan#es is present@ a> T2e 0i"nappin& (asts 1or $ore t2an B "a%sI )> it is #o$$itte" si$'(atin& p')(i# a't2orit%I #> An% serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries are in1(i#te" 'pon t2e person 0i"nappe" or "etaine" or t2reats to 0i(( 2i$ are $a"eI or "> T2e person 0i"nappe" or "etaine" is a $inor. 1e$a(e. or a p')(i# o11i#er> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER H'a(i1%in& Cir#'$stan#es@ +> P'rpose is to eLtort ranso$> 2> W2en t2e Ji#ti$ is 0i((e" or "ies as a #onse='en#e o1 t2e "etention> B> W2en t2e Ji#ti$ is rape"> D> W2en Ji#ti$ is s')-e#te" to tort're o1 "e2'$ani4in& a#ts> T2e o11en"ers 2ere are priJate in"iJi"'a(s or p')(i# o11i#ers a#tin& in t2eir priJate #apa#it%> I1 t2e% are p')(i# o11i#ers. t2e% are #oJere" )% t2e #ri$es 'n"er Tit(e 2> W2en a p')(i# o11i#er #onspires ?it2 a priJate person in t2e #o$$ission o1 an% o1 t2e #ri$es 'n"er Tit(e IG. t2e #ri$e is a(so one #o$$itte" 'n"er t2is tit(e an" not 'n"er Tit(e II> T2e p'rpose is i$$ateria( ?2en an% o1 t2e #ir#'$stan#es in t2e 1irst para&rap2 o1 Art> 2AC is present> Essentia( e(e$ent@ "epriJation o1 (i)ert%> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e CE o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY 3e1inition o1 ranso$@ It is t2e $one%. pri#e or #onsi"eration pai" or "e$an"e" 1or re"e$ption o1 a #apt're" person or persons. a pa%$ent t2at re(eases a person 1ro$ #aptiJit%> P W2en t2e 0i"nappin& ?as "one to eLtort ranso$. it is not ne#essar% t2at one or an% o1 #ir#'$stan#es en'$erate" )e present> A#t'a( "e$an" 1or ranso$ not ne#essar%. as (on& as it #an )e proJen t2at t2e 0i"nappin& ?as "one 1or t2e p'rpose o1 eLtortin& $one%> Essentia(@ T2ere )e a#t'a( #on1ine$ent or restri#tion o1 t2e person o1 t2e o11en"e" part%> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2e Ji#ti$ )e p(a#e" in an en#(os're. as (on& as 2e is "epriJe". in an% $anner. o1 2is (i)ert%> W2en "etention is i((e&a(@ It is not or"ere" )% #o$petent a't2orit% nor per$itte" )% (a?> Spe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 8i"nappin& ?it2 !'r"er@ W2en t2e Ji#ti$ "ies or is 0i((e" as a #onse='en#e o1 t2e "etention> For#i)(e a)"'#tion@ I1 a ?o$an is transporte" 1ro$ one p(a#e to anot2er )% Jirt'e o1 restrainin& 2er o1 2er (i)ert%. an" t2at a#t is #o'p(e" ?it2 (e?" "esi&ns> Serio's i((e&a( "etention@ I1 a ?o$an is transporte" -'st to restrain 2er o1 2er (i)ert%> T2ere is no (e?" "esi&n or (e?" intent> GraJe #oer#ion@ I1 a ?o$an is #arrie" a?a% -'st to )rea0 2er ?i((. to #o$pe( 2er to a&ree to t2e "e$an" or re='est )% t2e o11en"er> 3i11eren#e Bet?een I((e&a( 3etention an" Ar)itrar% 3etention I((e&a( 3etention Ar)itrar% 3etention Co$$itte" )% a Co$$itte" )% priJate in"iJi"'a( p')(i# o11i#er or ?2o 'n(a?1'((% e$p(o%ee ?2o "epriJes a person "etains a person o1 2is (i)ert% ?it2o't (e&a( &ro'n" Cri$e a&ainst Cri$e a&ainst t2e persona( (i)ert% 1'n"a$enta( (a?s o1 t2e State +> Peop(e J Pa"i#a *+EEB, P W2ere t2e eJi"ent p'rpose o1 ta0in& t2e Ji#ti$ ?as to 0i(( 2i$. an" 1ro$ t2e a#ts o1 t2e a##'se" it +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 CRI!INAL LAW II #annot )e in1erre" t2at t2e (atterKs p'rpose ?as to a#t'a((% "etain or "epriJe t2e Ji#ti$ o1 2is (i)ert%. t2e s')se='ent 0i((in& o1 t2e Ji#ti$ "i" not #onstit'te t2e #ri$e o1 0i"nappin&> T2e "e$an" 1or ranso$ "i" not #onJert t2e #ri$e into 0i"nappin&. sin#e no "epriJation o1 (i)ert% ?as inJo(Je"> 2> Peop(e J L'artes *+EEE, P T2e essen#e o1 0i"nappin& is t2e a#t'a( "epriJation o1 t2e Ji#ti$Ks (i)ert% #o'p(e" ?it2 t2e intent o1 t2e a##'se" to e11e#t it> B> Peop(e J PaJi((are *2000, P T2e "'ration o1 t2e "etention eJen i1 on(% 1or a 1e? 2o'rs "oes not a(ter t2e nat're o1 t2e #ri$e #o$$itte"> D> Peop(e J> To$io P P2%si#a( "etention is not ne#essar%> It is eno'&2 t2at t2e Ji#ti$ is 'n"er t2e #o$p(ete #ontro( o1 t2e perpetrators as in t2is #ase ?2en t2e 5apanese Ji#ti$ 2a" to re(% on 2is a)"'#tors 1or s'rJiJa( a1ter 2e ?as tri#0e" into )e(ieJin& t2at t2e po(i#e ?as a1ter 2i$> P It ?as a(so 2e(" in t2is #ase t2at 0eepin& a person as a #o((atera( 1or pa%$ent o1 an o)(i&ation is 0i"nappin&> Arti#(e 2AC 2as )een $o"i1ie" )% Rep')(i# A#t No> CAFE in t2e 1o((o?in& respe#ts@ *+, I((e&a( "etention )e#o$es serio's ?2en it s2a(( 2aJe (aste" 1or $ore t2an t2ree "a%s. instea" o1 1iJe "a%s as ori&ina((% proJi"e"I In para&rap2 D. i1 t2e person 0i"nappe" or "etaine" ?as a $inor an" t2e o11en"er ?as an%one o1 t2e parents. t2e (atter 2as )een eLpress(% eL#('"e" 1ro$ t2e proJision> T2e (ia)i(it% o1 t2e parent is proJi"e" 1or in t2e (ast para&rap2 o1 Arti#(e 2C+I A para&rap2 ?as a""e" to Arti#(e 2AC. ?2i#2 states@ W2en t2e Ji#ti$ is 0i((e" or "ies as a #onse='en#e o1 t2e "etention or is rape". or is s')-e#te" to tort're. or "e2'$ani4in& a#ts. t2e $aLi$'$ pena(t% s2a(( )e i$pose"> Pa&e 0 o1 +FF *2, *B,

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY CRI!INAL LAW II T2e a$en"$ent intro"'#e" in o'r #ri$ina( stat'tes t2e #on#ept o1 Zspe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$eZ o1 0i"nappin& ?it2 $'r"er or 2o$i#i"e> It e(i$inate" t2e "istin#tion "ra?n )% t2e #o'rts )et?een t2ose #ases ?2ere t2e 0i((in& o1 t2e 0i"nappe" Ji#ti$ ?as p'rpose(% so'&2t )% t2e a##'se". an" t2ose ?2ere t2e 0i((in& o1 t2e Ji#ti$ ?as not "e(i)erate(% resorte" to )'t ?as $ere(% an a1tert2o'&2t> ARTICLE 2AE> UNLAWFUL ARREST E(e$ents +> O11en"er arrests or "etains anot2er personI 2> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e o11en"er is to "e(iJer 2i$ to t2e proper a't2oritiesI B> T2e arrest or "etention is not a't2ori4e" )% (a? or t2ere is no reasona)(e &ro'n" t2ere1or> ARTICLE 2A > 3ETENTION SLIGHT ILLEGAL I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a priJate in"iJi"'a(I 2> He 0i"naps or "etains anot2er. or in an% ot2er $anner "epriJes 2i$ o1 2is (i)ert%> B> T2e a#t o1 0i"nappin& or "etention is i((e&a(I D> T2e #ri$e is #o$$itte" ?it2o't t2e atten"an#e o1 an% o1 t2e #ir#'$stan#es en'$erate" in Arti#(e 2AC> T2is 1e(on% #onsists in $a0in& an arrest or "etention ?it2o't (e&a( or reasona)(e &ro'n" 1or t2e p'rpose o1 "e(iJerin& t2e o11en"e" part% to t2e proper a't2orities> Genera((%. t2is #ri$e is #o$$itte" )% in#ri$inatin& inno#ent persons )% t2e o11en"erKs p(antin& eJi"en#e to -'sti1% t2e arrest M a #o$p(eL #ri$e res'(ts. t2at is. 'n(a?1'( arrest t2ro'&2 in#ri$inator% $a#2inations 'n"er Arti#(e BAB> I1 t2e arrest is $a"e ?it2o't a ?arrant an" 'n"er #ir#'$stan#es not a((o?in& a ?arrant(ess arrest. t2e #ri$e ?o'(" )e 'n(a?1'( arrest> I1 t2e person arreste" is not "e(iJere" to t2e a't2orities. t2e priJate in"iJi"'a( $a0in& t2e arrest in#'rs #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% 1or i((e&a( "etention 'n"er Arti#(e 2AC or 2A > I1 t2e o11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er. t2e #ri$e is ar)itrar% "etention 'n"er Arti#(e +2D> I1 t2e "etention or arrest is 1or a (e&a( &ro'n". )'t t2e p')(i# o11i#er "e(a%s "e(iJer% o1 t2e person arreste" to t2e proper -'"i#ia( a't2orities. t2en Arti#(e +2F ?i(( app(%> Note@ T2is 1e(on% $a% a(so #o$$itte" )% p')(i# o11i#ers> )e 2> S(i&2t I((e&a( 3etention I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER T2is 1e(on% is #o$$itte" i1 an% o1 t2e 1iJe #ir#'$stan#es in t2e #o$$ission o1 0i"nappin& or "etention en'$erate" in Arti#(e 2AC is not present> T2e pena(t% is (o?ere" i1@ *+,T2e o11en"e" part% is Jo('ntari(% re(ease" ?it2in t2ree "a%s 1ro$ t2e start o1 i((e&a( "etentionI *2,Wit2o't attainin& t2e p'rposeI *B,Be1ore t2e instit'tion o1 t2e #ri$ina( a#tion> T2e preJai(in& r'(e no? is Asistio J> 5'"&e. ?2i#2 proJi"es t2at Jo('ntar% re(ease ?i(( on(% $iti&ate #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% i1 #ri$e ?as s(i&2t i((e&a( "etention> I1 serio's. it 2as no e11e#t> T2e (ia)i(it% o1 one ?2o 1'rnis2es t2e p(a#e ?2ere t2e o11en"e" part% is )ein& 2e(" #aptiJe is t2at o1 a prin#ipa( an" not o1 an a##o$p(i#e> B> Un(a?1'( Arrest 3i11eren#e Bet?een Un(a?1'( Arrest an" 3e(a% in t2e 3e(iJer% o1 3etaine" Persons 3ELAY IN THE 3ELIVERY OF 3ETAINE3 PERSONS *Art> +2F, 3etention is 1or so$e (e&a( &ro'n" UNLAWFUL ARREST *Art> 2AE, 3etention is not a't2ori4e" )% (a? Pa&e + o1 +FF +00N UP LAW

UP BAROPS 200

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY Cri$e is #o$$itte" )% 1ai(in& to "e(iJer s'#2 person to t2e proper -'"i#ia( a't2orit% ?it2in a #ertain perio" Co$$itte" )% $a0in& an arrest not a't2ori4e" )% (a? CRI!INAL LAW II F> In"'#in& a !inor to A)an"on 2is Ho$e ARTICLE 2C+> IN3UCING A !INOR TO ABAN3ON HIS HO!E E(e$ents +> A $inor *?2et2er oJer or 'n"er seJen %ears o1 a&e, is (iJin& in t2e 2o$e o1 2is parents or &'ar"ians or t2e person entr'ste" ?it2 2is #'sto"%I 2> O11en"er in"'#es sai" $inor to a)an"on s'#2 2o$e> D> 8i"nappin& an" Fai('re to Ret'rn a !inor 8I3NAPPING AN3 FAILURE RETURN A !INOR *2C0, TO E(e$ents +> O11en"er is entr'ste" ?it2 t2e #'sto"% o1 a $inor person *?2et2er oJer or 'n"er seJen %ears )'t (ess t2an + %ears o1 a&e,I 2> He "e(i)erate(% 1ai(s to restore t2e sai" $inor to 2is parents or &'ar"ians> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER@ In"'#e$ent $'st )e *a, a#t'a(. an" *), #o$$itte" ?it2 #ri$ina( intent T2e $inor s2o'(" not (eaJe 2is 2o$e o1 2is o?n 1ree ?i((> W2at #onstit'tes t2e #ri$e is t2e a#t o1 in"'#in& a $inor to a)an"on 2is 2o$e o1 2is &'ar"ian. an" it is not ne#essar% t2at t2e $inor a#t'a((% a)an"ons t2e 2o$e> Fat2er or $ot2er $a% #o$$it t2e #ri$es in Art> +C0 an" +C+ ?2ere t2e% are (iJin& separate(% an" t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e $inor #2i("ren is &iJen to one o1 t2e$> A> S(aJer% ARTICLE 2C2> SLAVERY E(e$ents +> O11en"er p'r#2ases. se((s. 0i"naps or "etains a 2'$an )ein&I 2> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e o11en"er is to ens(aJe s'#2 2'$an )ein&> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER I1 an% o1 t2e 1ore&oin& e(e$ents is a)sent. t2e 0i"nappin& o1 t2e $inor ?i(( t2en 1a(( 'n"er Arti#(e 2AC> T2e essentia( e(e$ent ?2i#2 ='a(i1ies t2e #ri$e o1 0i"nappin& a $inor 'n"er Art> 2C0 is t2at t2e o11en"er is entr'ste" ?it2 t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e $inor> I1 t2e a##'se" is an% o1 t2e parents. Arti#(e 2AC "oes not app(%I Arti#(es 2C0 an" 2C+ app(%> I1 t2e ta0in& is ?it2 t2e #onsent o1 t2e parents. t2e #ri$e in Arti#(e 2C0 is #o$$itte"> +> Peop(e J> Generosa P T2e "e(i)erate 1ai('re to ret'rn a $inor 'n"er oneKs #'sto"% #onstit'tes "epriJation o1 (i)ert%> P 8i"nappin& an" 1ai('re to ret'rn a $inor is ne#essari(% in#('"e" in 0i"nappin& an" serio's i((e&a( "etention o1 a $inor 'n"er Arti#(e 2AC*D,> 2> Peop(e J> !en"o4a P W2ere a $inor #2i(" ?as ta0en )% t2e a##'se" ?it2o't t2e 0no?(e"&e an" #onsent o1 2is parents. t2e #ri$e is 0i"nappin& an" serio's i((e&a( "etention 'n"er Arti#(e 2AC. not 0i"nappin& an" 1ai('re to ret'rn a $inor 'n"er Arti#(e 2C0> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS T2is is #o$$itte" i1 an%one s2a(( p'r#2ase. 0i"nap. or "etain a 2'$an )ein& 1or t2e p'rpose o1 ens(aJin& 2i$> T2e pena(t% is in#rease" i1 t2e p'rpose o1 t2e o11en"er is to assi&n t2e o11en"e" part% to so$e i$$ora( tra11i#> I1 t2e p'rpose o1 t2e 0i"nappin& or "etention is to ens(aJe t2e o11en"e" part%. s(aJer% is #o$$itte"> T2e #ri$e is s(aJer% i1 t2e o11en"er is not en&a&e" in t2e )'siness o1 prostit'tion> I1 2e is. t2e #ri$e is ?2ite s(aJe tra"e 'n"er Arti#(e BD+> 200 Pa&e 2 o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY CRI!INAL LAW II T2e e$p(o%$ent or #'sto"% o1 a $inor ?it2 t2e #onsent o1 t2e parent or &'ar"ian a(t2o'&2 a&ainst t2e #2i("Ks o?n ?i(( #annot )e #onsi"ere" inJo('ntar% serJit'"e> B't ?2ere is proJen t2at t2e "e1en"ant ?as o)(i&e" to ren"er serJi#e in p(ainti11Ks 2o'se as a serJant ?it2o't re$'neration ?2ateJer an" to re$ain t2ere so (on& as s2e 2as not pai" 2er "e)t. t2ere is s(aJer%> RA E20 @ ANTI<TRAFFIC8ING OF PERSONS ACT OF 200B Se#> D en'$erates t2e 1o((o?in& as 'n(a?1'(@ +> re#r'itin&. transportin&. 2ar)orin&. trans1errin&. proJi"in& or re#eiJin& persons. eJen 'n"er t2e preteLt o1 oJerseas e$p(o%$ent. 1or p'rposes o1 prostit'tion. porno&rap2%. seL'a( eLp(oitation. 1or#e" (a)or. s(aJer%. inJo('ntar% serJit'"e an" "e)t )on"a&eI 2> 1a#i(itatin&. 1or pro1it or #onsi"eration. intro"'#tions or $ai(<or"er )ri"e s#2e$es )et?een Fi(ipinas an" 1orei&ners 1or p'rposes o1 prostit'tion. porno&rap2%. seL'a( eLp(oitation. 1or#e" (a)or. s(aJer%. inJo('ntar% serJit'"e an" "e)t )on"a&eI B> o11erin& an" #ontra#tin& $arria&es 1or p'rposes o1 prostit'tion. porno&rap2%. seL'a( eLp(oitation. 1or#e" (a)or. s(aJer%. inJo('ntar% serJit'"e an" "e)t )on"a&eI D> or&ani4in& RseLS to'rs an" si$i(ar traJe( pa#0a&esI F> 2irin& persons 1or p'rposes prostit'tion or porno&rap2%I o1 a#ts t2at pro$ote. 1a#i(itate or ot2er?ise assist in t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e a#ts en'$erate" in Se#> D> Un"er Se#> A. tra11i#0in& is ='a(i1ie" ?2en@ +> t2e tra11i#0e" person is a #2i("I 2> t2e inter<#o'ntr% a"option is e11e#te" 1or p'rposes o1 prostit'tion. porno&rap2%. seL'a( eLp(oitation. 1or#e" (a)or. s(aJer%. inJo('ntar% serJit'"e an" "e)t )on"a&eI B> tra11i#0in& is #o$$itte" s%n"i#ate *(ar&e<s#a(e,I )% a D> o11en"er is an as#en"ant. parent. si)(in&. &'ar"ian or ot2er?ise eLer#ises a't2orit% oJer t2e tra11i#0e" person or a p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%eeI F> tra11i#0in& is $a"e 1or p'rposes o1 en&a&in& in prostit'tion ?it2 (a? en1or#e$entU$i(itar% a&en#iesI A> o11en"er is a $e$)er o1 en1or#e$entU$i(itar% a&en#iesI (a? C> )% reason o1 tra11i#0in&. t2e Ji#ti$ "ies. )e#o$es insane. s'11ers $'ti(ation or is in1e#te" ?it2 HIV Jir'sU AI3S> > ELp(oitation o1 C2i(" La)or ARTICLE 2CB> CHIL3 LABOR EGPLOITATION OF E(e$ents +> O11en"er retains a $inor in 2is serJi#esI 2> It is a&ainst t2e ?i(( o1 t2e $inorI B> It is 'n"er t2e preteLt o1 rei$)'rsin& 2i$se(1 o1 a "e)t in#'rre" )% an as#en"ant. &'ar"ian or person entr'ste" I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2e eListen#e o1 an in"e)te"ness #onstit'tes no (e&a( -'sti1i#ation 1or 2o("in& a person an" "epriJin& 2i$ o1 2is 1ree"o$ to (iJe ?2ere 2e ?i((s> > SerJi#es Ren"ere" Un"er Co$p'(sion in Pa%$ent o1 3e)t A> a"optin& #2i("ren 1or p'rposes o1 prostit'tion. porno&rap2%. seL'a( eLp(oitation. 1or#e" (a)or. s(aJer%. inJo('ntar% serJit'"e an" "e)t )on"a&eI C> en&a&in& in i((e&a( tra"e o1 )o"% or&ans. in#(> A)"'#tin& an" 1or#in& persons to se((U"onate or&ansUtiss'es> > a"optin&Ure#r'itin& #2i(" so("iers 1or ar$e" #on1(i#t Se#> F a(so pena(i4es +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e B o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE 2CD> SERVICES REN3ERE3 UN3ER CO!PULSION IN PAY!ENT OF 3EBT E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er #o$pe(s a "e)tor to ?or0 1or 2i$. eit2er as a 2o'se2o(" serJant or 1ar$ (a)orerI 2> It is a&ainst t2e "e)torKs ?i((I B> T2e p'rpose is to re='ire or en1or#e t2e pa%$ent o1 a "e)t ARTICLE 2CF> ABAN3ON!ENT OF PERSONS IN 3ANGER AN3 ABAN3ON!ENT OF OWN VICTI! A#ts p'nis2e" +> Fai(in& to ren"er assistan#e to an% person ?2o$ t2e o11en"er 1in"s in an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e. ?o'n"e" or in "an&er o1 "%in& ?2en 2e #an ren"er s'#2 assistan#e ?it2o't "etri$ent to 2i$se(1. 'n(ess s'#2 o$ission s2a(( #onstit'te a $ore serio's o11ense> E(e$ents a> T2e p(a#e is not in2a)ite"I )> A##'se" 1o'n" t2ere a person ?o'n"e" or in "an&er o1 "%in&I #> A##'se" #an ren"er assistan#e ?it2o't "etri$ent to 2i$se(1I "> A##'se" 1ai(s to ren"er assistan#e> 2> Fai(in& to 2e(p or ren"er assistan#e to anot2er ?2o$ t2e o11en"er 2as a##i"enta((% ?o'n"e" or in-'re"I RA E2B+@ ANTI<CHIL3 LABOR ACT OF 200B RA E2B+ a$en"e" RA C+A0 )% i$posin& 2eaJier pena(ties on parents. &'ar"ians an" e$p(o%ers o1 #2i("ren + %rs> an" )e(o? ?2o #o$$it an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& a#ts@ F> !a0in& t2e #2i(" ?or0 )e%on" t2e $aLi$'$ no> o1 ?or0in& 2o'rs proJi"e" )% sai" (a?I A> !isappropriatin& t2e earnin&s o1 t2e #2i(" an"Uor 1ai('re to set 'p a tr'st 1'n" 1or t2e (atter an" ren"er a se$iann'a( a##o'ntin& o1 s'#2I +> Usin&. pro#'rin& or o11erin& t2e #2i(" 1or p'rposes o1 prostit'tion or porno&rap2i# a#tiJitiesI 2> Usin&. pro#'rin& or o11erin& t2e #2i(" 1or i((i#it a#tiJities. s'#2 as tra11i#0in& o1 "r'&s an" ot2er i((e&a( s')stan#esI B> !a0in& t2e #2i(" ?or0 in 2a4ar"o's ?or0in& #on"itionsI D> S')-e#tin& t2e #2i(" to Jario's 1or$s o1 s(aJer% as "e1ine" in RA E20 . in#(> Tra11i#0in& o1 #2i("ren. re#r'it$ent o1 #2i(" so("iers. et#> B> B% 1ai(in& to "e(iJer a #2i(". 'n"er seJen %ears o1 a&e. ?2o$ t2e o11en"er 2as 1o'n" a)an"one". to t2e a't2orities or to 2is 1a$i(%. or )% 1ai(in& to ta0e 2i$ to a sa1e p(a#e> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER 3oes not app(%@ W2en a person intentiona((% ?o'n"s anot2er an" (eaJes 2i$ in an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e I$$ateria(@ T2at t2e o11en"er "i" not 0no? t2at t2e #2i(" is 'n"er seJen %ears> B> Cri$es A&ainst Se#'rit% +> A)an"on$ent O1 Persons In 3an&er An" A)an"on$ent O1 O?n Vi#ti$ 2> A)an"onin& a !inor +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e D o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE !INOR 2CA> ABAN3ONING A E(e$ents +> O11en"er 2as t2e #'sto"% o1 a #2i("I 2> T2e #2i(" is 'n"er seJen %ears o1 a&eI B> He a)an"ons s'#2 #2i("I D> He 2as no intent to 0i(( t2e #2i(" ?2en t2e (atter is a)an"one"> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER E(e$ents a> O11en"er 2as #2ar&e o1 t2e rearin& or e"'#ation o1 a $inorI )> He "e(iJers sai" $inor to a p')(i# instit'tion or ot2er personsI #> T2e one ?2o entr'ste" s'#2 #2i(" to t2e o11en"er 2as not #onsente" to s'#2 a#tI or i1 t2e one ?2o entr'ste" s'#2 #2i(" to t2e o11en"er is a)sent. t2e proper a't2orities 2aJe not #onsente" to it> 2> Ne&(e#tin& 2is *o11en"erKs, #2i("ren )% not &iJin& t2e$ t2e e"'#ation ?2i#2 t2eir station in (i1e re='ires an" 1inan#ia( #on"ition per$its> E(e$ents@ a> O11en"er is a parentI )> He ne&(e#ts 2is #2i("ren )% not &iJin& t2e$ e"'#ationI #> His station in (i1e re='ires s'#2 e"'#ation an" 2is 1inan#ia( #on"ition per$its it> Cir#'$stan#es ='a(i1%in& t2e o11ense@ +> W2en t2e "eat2 o1 t2e $inor res'(te" 1ro$ s'#2 a)an"on$entI or 2> I1 t2e (i1e o1 t2e $inor ?as in "an&er )e#a'se o1 t2e a)an"on$ent> T2e p'rpose in a)an"onin& t2e $inor 'n"er 2is #'sto"% is to aJoi" t2e o)(i&ation o1 ta0in& #are o1 sai" $inor> Intent to 0i(( #annot )e pres'$e" 1ro$ t2e "eat2 o1 t2e #2i("> T2e r'(in& t2at t2e intent to 0i(( is pres'$e" 1ro$ t2e "eat2 o1 t2e Ji#ti$ o1 t2e #ri$e is app(i#a)(e on(% to #ri$es a&ainst persons. an" not to #ri$es a&ainst se#'rit%. parti#'(ar(% t2e #ri$e o1 a)an"onin& a $inor 'n"er Art> 2CA> 3i11eren#e Bet?een A)an"on$ent o1 !inor an" A)an"on$ent o1 !inor )% Persons Entr'ste" ?it2 C'sto"% ABAN3ON!ENT OF !INOR BY PERSONS ENTRUSTE3 WITH CUSTO3Y *ART> 2CC, T2e #'sto"% o1 t2e o11en"er is spe#i1i#. t2at is . t2e #'sto"% 1or t2e rearin& or e"'#ation o1 t2e $inor !inor is 'n"er + %rs> o1 a&e !inor is "e(iJere" to a p')(i# instit'tion or ot2er person ABAN3ON!ENT OF !INOR *ART> 2CA, B> A)an"on$ent O1 !inor B% Person Entr'ste" Wit2 C'sto"%I In"i11eren#e O1 Parents T2e #'sto"% o1 t2e o11en"er is state" in &enera( ARTICLE 2CC> ABAN3ON!ENT OF !INOR BY PERSON ENTRUSTE3 WITH CUSTO3YI IN3IFFERENCE OF PARENTS A#ts p'nis2e" +> 3e(iJerin& a $inor to a p')(i# instit'tion or ot2er persons ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e one ?2o entr'ste" s'#2 $inor to t2e #are o1 t2e o11en"er or. in t2e a)sen#e o1 t2at one. ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e proper a't2oritiesI !inor is 'n"er C %ears o1 a&e !inor is a)an"one" in s'#2 a ?a% as to "epriJe 2i$ o1 t2e #are an" prote#tion t2at 2is ten"er %ears nee" +00N UP LAW UP

BAROPS 200 Pa&e F o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY D> ELp(oitation o1 !inors CRI!INAL LAW II en-o% ?or0in& t2ere 'na?are o1 t2e "an&er to t2eir o?n (iJes an" (i$)s> A&e@ !'st )e )e(o? +A %ears> Arti#(e 2C 2as no app(i#ation i1 $inor is +A %ears o(" an" a)oJe> B't t2e eLp(oitation ?i(( )e "ea(t ?it2 )% Rep')(i# A#t No> CA+0> I1 t2e e$p(o%er is an as#en"ant. t2e #ri$e is not #o$$itte". 'n(ess t2e $inor is (ess t2an +2 %ears o("> I1 t2e $inor so e$p(o%e" ?o'(" s'11er so$e in-'ries as a res'(t o1 a Jio(ation o1 Arti#(e 2C . Arti#(e 2CE proJi"es t2at t2ere ?o'(" )e a""itiona( #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% 1or t2e res'(tin& 1e(on%> Arti#(e 2CE> A""itiona( pena(ties 1or ot2er o11enses> T2e i$position o1 t2e pena(ties pres#ri)e" in t2e pre#e"in& arti#(es. s2a(( not preJent t2e i$position 'pon t2e sa$e person o1 t2e pena(t% proJi"e" 1or an% ot2er 1e(onies "e1ine" an" p'nis2e" )% t2is Co"e> F> H'a(i1ie" Trespass to 3?e((in& ARTICLE 2 0> HUALIFIE3 TRESPASS TO 3WELLING E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a priJate personI 2> He enters t2e "?e((in& o1 anot2erI B> S'#2 entran#e is a&ainst t2e (atterKs ?i((> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER ARTICLE 2C > EGPLOITATION OF !INORS A#ts p'nis2e" +> Ca'sin& an% )o% or &ir( 'n"er +A %ears o1 a&e to per1or$ an% "an&ero's 1eat o1 )a(an#in&. p2%si#a( stren&t2 or #ontortion. t2e o11en"er )ein& an% personI 2> E$p(o%in& #2i("ren 'n"er +A %ears o1 a&e ?2o are not t2e #2i("ren or "es#en"ants o1 t2e o11en"er in eL2i)itions o1 a#ro)at. &%$nast. rope?a(0er. "iJer. or ?i("<ani$a( ta$er. t2e o11en"er )ein& an a#ro)at. et#>. or #ir#'s $ana&er or en&a&e" in a si$i(ar #a((in&I B> E$p(o%in& an% "es#en"ant 'n"er +2 %ears o1 a&e in "an&ero's eL2i)itions en'$erate" in t2e neLt pre#e"in& para&rap2. t2e o11en"er )ein& en&a&e" in an% o1 t2e sai" #a((in&sI D> 3e(iJerin& a #2i(" 'n"er +A %ears o1 a&e &rat'ito's(% to an% person 1o((o?in& an% o1 t2e #a((in&s en'$erate" in para&rap2 2. or to an% 2a)it'a( Ja&rant or )e&&ar. t2e o11en"er )ein& an as#en"ant. &'ar"ian. tea#2er I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER Cir#'$stan#e ='a(i1%in& t2e o11ense@ I1 t2e "e(iJer% o1 t2e #2i(" to an% person 1o((o?in& an% o1 t2e #a((in& o1 a#ro)at. &%$nast. rope<?a(0er. "iJer. ?i("<ani$a( ta$er or #ir#'s $ana&er or to an% 2a)it'a( Ja&rant or )e&&ar is $a"e in #onsi"eration o1 an% pri#e. #o$pensation or pro$ise. t2e pena(t% is 2i&2er> T2e o11en"er is en&a&e" in a 0in" o1 )'siness t2at ?o'(" p(a#e t2e (i1e or (i$) o1 t2e $inor in "an&er. eJen t2o'&2 ?or0in& 1or 2i$ is not a&ainst t2e ?i(( o1 t2e $inor> Nat're o1 t2e B'siness@ t2is inJo(Jes #ir#'ses ?2i#2 &enera((% attra#t #2i("ren so t2e% t2e$se(Jes $a% +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 3WELLING@ T2is is t2e p(a#e t2at a person in2a)its> It in#('"es t2e "epen"en#ies ?2i#2 2aJe interior #o$$'ni#ation ?it2 t2e 2o'se> It is not ne#essar% t2at it )e t2e per$anent "?e((in& o1 t2e personI 2en#e. a personKs roo$ in a 2ote( $a% )e #onsi"ere" a "?e((in&> It a(so in#('"es a roo$ ?2ere one resi"es as a )oar"er> I1 t2e p'rpose in enterin& t2e "?e((in& is not s2o?n. trespass is #o$$itte"> I1 t2e p'rpose is s2o?n. it $a% )e a)sor)e" in t2e #ri$e as in ro))er% ?it2 1or#e 'pon t2in&s. t2e trespass %ie("in& to t2e $ore serio's #ri$e> 200 Pa&e A o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY I1 t2e p'rpose is not s2o?n an" ?2i(e insi"e t2e "?e((in& 2e ?as 1o'n" )% t2e o##'pants. one o1 ?2o$ ?as in-'re" )% 2i$. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" ?i(( )e trespass to "?e((in& an" 1r'strate" 2o$i#i"e. p2%si#a( in-'ries. or i1 t2ere ?as no in-'r%. 'n-'st JeLation> I1 t2e entr% is $a"e )% a ?a% not inten"e" 1or entr%. t2at is pres'$e" to )e a&ainst t2e ?i(( o1 t2e o##'pant *eLa$p(e. entr% t2ro'&2 a ?in"o?,> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2ere )e a )rea0in&> RA&ainst t2e ?i((S@ T2is $eans t2at t2e entran#e is. eit2er eLpress(% or i$p(ie"(%. pro2i)ite" or t2e pro2i)ition is pres'$e"> Fra'"'(ent entran#e $a% #onstit'te trespass> T2e pro2i)ition to enter $a% )e $a"e at an% ti$e an" not ne#essari(% at t2e ti$e o1 t2e entran#e> To proJe t2at an entr% is a&ainst t2e ?i(( o1 t2e o##'pant. it is not ne#essar% t2at t2e entr% s2o'(" )e pre#e"e" )% an eLpress pro2i)ition. proJi"e" t2at t2e opposition o1 t2e o##'pant is #(ear(% esta)(is2e" )% t2e #ir#'$stan#es 'n"er ?2i#2 t2e entr% is $a"e. s'#2 as t2e eListen#e o1 en$it% or straine" re(ations )et?een t2e a##'se" an" t2e o##'pant> O11en"er is p')(i# o11i#er@ Cri$e is Jio(ation o1 "o$i#i(e No oJert a#t o1 t2e #ri$e inten"e" to )e #o$$itte"@ Cri$e is trespass to "?e((in&> ELa$p(es o1 trespass )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e@ +> P's2in& t2e "oor Jio(ent(% an" $a(treatin& t2e o##'pants a1ter enterin&> 2> C'ttin& o1 a ri))on or strin& ?it2 ?2i#2 t2e "oor (at#2 o1 a #(ose" roo$ ?as 1astene"> T2e #'ttin& o1 t2e 1astenin&s o1 t2e "oor ?as an a#t o1 Jio(en#e> B> Wo'n"in& )% $eans o1 a )o(o. t2e o?ner o1 t2e 2o'se i$$e"iate(% a1ter entran#e ELa$p(es o1 trespass )% $eans o1 inti$i"ation@ +> Firin& a reJo(Jer in t2e air )% persons atte$ptin& to 1or#e t2eir ?a% into a 2o'se> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 CRI!INAL LAW II 2> T2e 1(o'ris2in& o1 a )o(o a&ainst in$ates o1 t2e 2o'se 'pon &ainin& an entran#e F> Ot2er For$s o1 Trespass ARTICLE 2 +> TRESPASS OTHER FOR!S OF E(e$ents +> O11en"er enters t2e #(ose" pre$ises or t2e 1en#e" estate o1 anot2erI 2> T2e entran#e is $a"e ?2i(e eit2er o1 t2e$ is 'nin2a)ite"I B> T2e pro2i)ition to enter is $ani1estI D> T2e trespasser 2as not se#'re" t2e per$ission o1 t2e o?ner or t2e #areta0er t2ereo1> I!PORTANT POINT TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ Pre$ises@ si&ni1ies "istin#t an" "e1inite (o#a(it%> It $a% $ean a roo$. s2op. )'i("in& or "e1inite area. )'t in eit2er #ase. (o#a(it% is 1iLe"> 3i11eren#e Bet?een H'a(i1ie" Trespass an" Ot2er For$s o1 Trespass HUALIFIE3 TRESPASS TO 3WELLING *ART> 2 0, O11en"er is a priJate person O11en"er enters a "?e((in& P(a#e entere" is in2a)ite" A#t #onstit'tin& t2e #ri$e is enterin& t2e "?e((in& a&ainst t2e ?i(( o1 t2e o?ner OTHER FOR!S OF TRESPASS *ART> 2 +, T2e o11en"er is an% person O11en"er enters #(ose" pre$ises or 1en#e" estate P(a#e entere" is 'nin2a)ite" It is t2e enterin& t2e #(ose" pre$ises or t2e 1en#e" estate ?it2o't se#'rin& t2e per$ission o1 t2e o?ner or #areta0er t2ereo1 Pro2i)ition to enter $'st )e $ani1est Pro2i)ition to enter is eLpress or i$p(ie" Pa&e C o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY C> Arti#(e 2 2> GraJe T2reats CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE 2 2> GRAVE THREATS A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> T2reatenin& anot2er ?it2 t2e in1(i#tion 'pon 2is person. 2onor or propert% or t2at o1 t2is 1a$i(% o1 an% ?ron& a$o'ntin& to a #ri$e an" "e$an"in& $one% or i$posin& an% ot2er #on"ition. eJen t2o'&2 not 'n(a?1'(. an" t2e o11en"er attaine" 2is p'rposeI 2> !a0in& s'#2 t2reat ?it2o't t2e o11en"er attainin& 2is p'rposeI B> T2reatenin& anot2er ?it2 t2e in1(i#tion 'pon 2is person. 2onor or propert% or t2at o1 2is 1a$i(% o1 an% ?ron& a$o'ntin& to a #ri$e. t2e t2reat not )ein& s')-e#t to a #on"ition> E(e$ents o1 GraJe T2reats W2ere t2e O11en"er Attaine" His P'rpose@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er t2reatens anot2er person ?it2 t2e in1(i#tion 'pon t2e (atterKs person. 2onor or propert%. or 'pon t2at o1 t2e (atterKs 1a$i(%. o1 an% ?ron&> 2> T2at s'#2 ?ron& a$o'nts to a #ri$e> B> T2at t2ere is a "e$an" 1or $one% or t2at an% ot2er #on"ition is i$pose". eJen t2o'&2 not 'n(a?1'(> D> T2at t2e o11en"er attains 2is p'rpose> H'a(i1%in& Cir#'$stan#e@ I1 t2reat ?as $a"e in ?ritin& or t2ro'&2 a $i""(e$an> It is essentia( t2at t2ere )e inti$i"ation> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2e o11en"e" part% ?as present at t2e ti$e t2e t2reats ?ere $a"e> It is s'11i#ient t2at t2e t2reats #a$e to 2is 0no?(e"&e> W2en #ons'$$ate"@ As soon as t2e t2reats #a$e to t2e 0no?(e"&e o1 t2e o11en"e" part%> > Li&2t T2reats ARTICLE 2 B> LIGHT THREATS E(e$ents +> O11en"er $a0es a t2reat to #o$$it a ?ron&I 2> T2e ?ron& "oes not #onstit'te a #ri$eI B> T2ere is a "e$an" 1or $one% or t2at ot2er #on"ition is i$pose". eJen t2o'&2 not 'n(a?1'(I D> O11en"er 2as attaine" 2is p'rpose or. t2at 2e 2as not attaine" 2is p'rpose> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER T2e 2ar$ t2reatene" $'st not )e in t2e nat're o1 #ri$e an" t2ere is a "e$an" 1or $one% or an% ot2er #on"ition is i$pose". eJen t2o'&2 (a?1'(> B(a#0$ai(in& $a% )e p'nis2e" 'n"er t2is arti#(e> E(e$ents o1 GraJe T2reat S')-e#t to a Con"ition +> Not Arti#(e 2 D> Bon" 1or Goo" Be2aJior WHEN A PERSON IS REHUIRE3 TO GIVE BAIL BON3 +> W2en 2e t2reatens anot2er 'n"er t2e #ir#'$stan#es $entione" in Art> 2 2> 2> W2en 2e t2reatens anot2er 'n"er t2e #ir#'$stan#es $entione" in Art> 2 B> 2> B> T2at t2e o11en"er t2reatens anot2er person ?it2 t2e in1(i#tion 'pon t2e (atterKs person. 2onor or propert%. or 'pon t2at o1 t2e (atterKs 1a$i(%. o1 an% ?ron&> T2at s'#2 ?ron& a$o'nts to a #ri$e> T2at t2e t2reat is not s')-e#t to a #on"ition> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER +00N UP LAW UP

BAROPS 200 Pa&e o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY E> Ot2er Li&2t T2reats CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE 2 F> THREATS OTHER LIGHT A#ts p'nis2e" +> T2reatenin& anot2er ?it2 a ?eapon. or )% "ra?in& s'#2 ?eapon in a ='arre(. 'n(ess it )e in (a?1'( se(1<"e1enseI 2> Ora((% t2reatenin& anot2er. in t2e 2eat o1 an&er. ?it2 so$e 2ar$ #onstit'tin& a #ri$e. ?it2o't persistin& in t2e i"ea inJo(Je" in 2is t2reatI B> Ora((% t2reatenin& to anot2er an% 2ar$ #onstit'tin& a 1e(on%> "o not E(e$ents +> A person preJente" anot2er 1ro$ "oin& so$et2in& not pro2i)ite" )% (a?. or t2at 2e #o$pe((e" 2i$ to "o so$et2in& a&ainst 2is ?i((I )e it ri&2t or ?ron&I 2> 2> T2e preJention or #o$p'(sion )e e11e#te" )% Jio(en#e. t2reats or inti$i"ationI an" B> T2e person t2at restraine" t2e ?i(( an" (i)ert% o1 anot2er 2a" not t2e a't2orit% o1 (a? or t2e ri&2t to "o so. or in ot2er ?or"s. t2at t2e restraint s2a(( not )e $a"e 'n"er a't2orit% o1 (a? or in t2e eLer#ise o1 an% (a?1'( ri&2t> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER Un"er t2e 1irst t%pe. t2e s')se='ent a#ts o1 t2e o11en"er $'st s2o? t2at 2e "i" not persist in t2e i"ea inJo(Je" in t2e t2reat> T2reats ?2i#2 are or"inari(% &raJe t2reats. i1 $a"e in t2e 2eat o1 an&er. $a% )e ot2er (i&2t t2reats> I1 t2e t2reats are "ire#te" to a person ?2o is a)sent an" 'ttere" in a te$porar% 1it o1 an&er. t2e o11ense is on(% ot2er (i&2t t2reats> +0> GraJe Coer#ions P'rpose O1 T2e La?@ To en1or#e t2e prin#ip(e t2at no person $a% ta0e t2e (a? into 2is 2an"s. an" t2at o'r &oJern$ent is one o1 (a?. not o1 $en> Arises on(% i1 t2e a#t ?2i#2 t2e o11en"er preJente" anot2er to "o is not pro2i)ite" )% (a? or or"inan#e> I1 a person pro2i)its anot2er to "o an a#t )e#a'se t2e a#t is a #ri$e. eJen t2o'&2 so$e sort o1 Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation is e$p(o%e". it ?o'(" not &iJe rise to &raJe #oer#ion> P It $a% on(% &iJe rise to t2reat or p2%si#a( in-'ries. i1 so$e in-'ries are in1(i#te"> In #ase o1 &raJe #oer#ion ?2ere t2e o11en"e" part% is )ein& #o$pe((e" to "o so$et2in& a&ainst 2is ?i((. ?2et2er it )e ?ron& or not. t2e #ri$e o1 &raJe #oer#ion is #o$$itte" i1 Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation is e$p(o%e" in or"er to #o$pe( 2i$ to "o t2e a#t> A p')(i# o11i#er ?2o s2a(( preJent )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e or t2reats t2e #ere$onies or $ani1estations o1 an% re(i&ion is &'i(t% o1 interr'ption o1 re(i&io's ?ors2ip *Art> +B2,> An% person ?2o. )% 1or#e. preJents t2e $eetin& o1 a (e&is(atiJe )o"% is (ia)(e 'n"er Art> +DB> An% person ?2o s2a(( 'se 1or#e or inti$i"ation to preJent an% $e$)er o1 Con&ress 1ro$ atten"in& t2e $eetin&s t2ereo1. eLpressin& 2is ARTICLE 2 A> GRAVE COERCIONS A#ts p'nis2e" +> PreJentin& anot2er. )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e. t2reats or inti$i"ation. 1ro$ "oin& so$et2in& not pro2i)ite" )% (a?I 2> Co$pe((in& anot2er. )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e. t2reats or inti$i"ation. to "o so$et2in& a&ainst 2is ?i((. ?2et2er it )e ri&2t or ?ron&> +00N UP LAW

UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e E o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY opinions. or #astin& 2is Jote is (ia)(e 'n"er Art> +DF> T2e #ri$e is not &raJe #oer#ion ?2en t2e Jio(en#e is e$p(o%e" to sei4e an%t2in& )e(on&in& to t2e "e)tor o1 t2e o11en"er> It is (i&2t #oer#ion 'n"er Art> 2 C> T2e o?ner o1 a t2in& 2as no ri&2t to pro2i)it t2e inter1eren#e o1 anot2er ?it2 t2e sa$e. i1 t2e inter1eren#e is ne#essar% to aJert an i$$inent "an&er an" t2e t2reatene" "a$a&e. #o$pare" to t2e "a$a&e arisin& to t2e o?ner 1ro$ t2e inter1eren#e. is $'#2 &reater> *Art> DB2. CiJi( Co"e, +> Lee J> CA. 20+ SCAR D0F P Neit2er t2e #ri$e o1 t2reats nor #oer#ion is #o$$itte" a(t2o'&2 t2e a##'se". a )ran#2 $ana&er o1 a )an0 $a"e t2e #o$p(ainant si&n a ?it2"ra?a( s(ip 1or t2e a$o'nt nee"e" to pa% t2e sp'rio's "o((ar #2e#0 s2e 2a" en#as2e". an" a(so $a"e 2er eLe#'te an a11i"aJit re&ar"in& t2e ret'rn o1 t2e a$o'nt a&ainst 2er )etter sense an" -'"&$ent> P T2e #o$p(ainant $a% 2aJe a#te" re('#tant(% an" ?it2 2esitation. )'t sti((. it ?as Jo('ntar%> ++> Li&2t Coer#ions ARTICLE 2 C> LIGHT COERCIONS E(e$ents +> O11en"er $'st )e a #re"itorI 2> He sei4es an%t2in& )e(on&in& to 2is "e)tor@ B> T2e sei4're o1 t2e t2in& )e a##o$p(is2e" )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e or a "isp(a% o1 $ateria( 1or#e pro"'#in& inti$i"ationI D> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e o11en"er is to app(% t2e sa$e to t2e pa%$ent o1 t2e "e)t> CRI!INAL LAW II so$e p2%si#a( or $ateria( 2ar$ ?o'(". 2o?eJer. 'n-'sti1ia)(% anno% or JeL an inno#ent person> Un-'st VeLation is "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ &raJe #oer#ion )% t2e a)sen#e o1 Jio(en#e> +2> Ot2er Si$i(ar Coer#ions ART> 2 OTHER SI!ILAR A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> For#in& or #o$pe((in&. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. or 0no?in&(% per$ittin& t2e 1or#in& or #o$pe((in& o1 t2e (a)orer or e$p(o%ee o1 t2e o11en"er to p'r#2ase $er#2an"ise o1 #o$$o"ities o1 an% 0in" 1ro$ 2i$I E(e$ents@ a> O11en"er is an% person. a&ent or o11i#er o1 an% asso#iation or #orporationI )> He or s'#2 1ir$ or #orporation 2as e$p(o%e" (a)orers or e$p(o%eesI #> He 1or#es or #o$pe(s. "ire#t(% or in"ire#t(%. or 0no?in&(% per$its to )e 1or#e" or #o$pe((e". an% o1 2is or its (a)orers or e$p(o%ees to p'r#2ase $er#2an"ise or #o$$o"ities o1 an% 0in" 1ro$ 2i$ or 1ro$ sai" 1ir$ or #orporation> 2> Pa%in& t2e ?a&es "'e 2is (a)orer or e$p(o%ee )% $eans o1 to0ens or o)-e#t ot2er t2an t2e (e&a( ten"er #'rren#% o1 t2e P2i(ippines. 'n(ess eLpress(% re='este" )% s'#2 (a)orer or e$p(o%ee> E(e$ents@ )> O11en"er pa%s t2e ?a&es "'e a (a)orer or e$p(o%ee e$p(o%e" )% 2i$ )% $eans o1 to0ens or o)-e#tI #> T2ose to0ens or o)-e#ts are ot2er t2an t2e (e&a( ten"er #'rren#% o1 t2e P2i(ippinesI #> S'#2 e$p(o%ee or (a)orer "oes not eLpress(% re='est t2at 2e )e pai" )% $eans o1 to0ens or o)-e#ts> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER 3ea(s ?it2 (i&2t #oer#ions ?2erein Jio(en#e is e$p(o%e" )% t2e o11en"er ?2o is a #re"itor in sei4in& an%t2in& )e(on&in& to 2is "e)tor 1or t2e p'rpose o1 app(%in& t2e sa$e to t2e pa%$ent o1 t2e "e)t> Un-'st VeLation@ P an% a#t #o$$itte" ?it2o't Jio(en#e. )'t ?2i#2 'n-'sti1ia)(% anno%s or JeLes an inno#ent person a$o'nts to (i&2t #oer#ion> P s2o'(" in#('"e an% 2'$an #on"'#t ?2i#2. a(t2o'&2 not pro"'#tiJe o1 +00N UP LAW UP I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER > COERCIONS

BAROPS 200 Pa&e E0 o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY Genera( r'(e@ ?a&es s2a(( )e pai" in (e&a( ten"er an" t2e 'se o1 to0ens. pro$issor% notes. Jo'#2ers. #o'pons or an% ot2er 1or$s a((e&e" to represent (e&a( ten"er is a)so('te(% pro2i)ite" eJen ?2en eLpress(% re='este" )% t2e e$p(o%ee> *Se#tion +. R'(e VIII. Boo0 III. O$ni)'s R'(es I$p(e$entin& t2e La)or Co"e, No e$p(o%er s2a(( (i$it or ot2er?ise inter1ere ?it2 t2e 1ree"o$ o1 an% e$p(o%ee to "ispose o1 2is ?a&es> He s2a(( not in an% $anner 1or#e. #o$pe(. o)(i&e 2is e$p(o%ees to p'r#2ase $er#2an"ise. #o$$o"ities or ot2er propert% 1ro$ t2e e$p(o%er or 1ro$ an% ot2er person> *Art> ++2. La)or Co"e>, CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE 2E0> 3ISCOVERING SECRETS THROUGH SEI7URE OF CORRESPON3ENCE ELE!ENTS +> O11en"er is a priJate in"iJi"'a( or eJen a p')(i# o11i#er not in t2e eLer#ise o1 2is o11i#ia( 1'n#tionI 2> He sei4es t2e papers or (etters o1 anot2erI B> T2e p'rpose is to "is#oJer t2e se#rets o1 s'#2 anot2er personI D> O11en"er is in1or$e" o1 t2e #ontents o1 t2e papers or I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER +B> For$ation. !aintenan#e. an" Pro2i)ition o1 Co$)ination o1 Capita( or La)or t2ro'&2 Vio(en#e or T2reats ARTICLE 2 E> FOR!ATION. !AINTENANCE. AN3 PROHIBITION OF CO!BINATION OF CAPITAL OR LABOR THROUGH VIOLENCE OR THREATS E(e$ents +> O11en"er e$p(o%s Jio(en#e or t2reats. in s'#2 a "e&ree as to #o$pe( or 1or#e t2e (a)orers or e$p(o%ers in t2e 1ree an" (e&a( eLer#ise o1 t2eir in"'str% or ?or0I 2> T2e p'rpose is to or&ani4e. $aintain or preJent #oa(itions o1 #apita( or (a)or. stri0e o1 (a)orers or (o#0o't o1 e$p(o%ers> T2is is a #ri$e a&ainst t2e se#'rit% o1 oneKs papers an" e11e#ts> T2e p'rpose $'st )e to "is#oJer its e11e#ts> T2e a#t Jio(ates t2e priJa#% o1 #o$$'ni#ation> A##or"in& to Orte&a. it is not ne#essar% t2at t2e o11en"er s2o'(" a#t'a((% "is#oJer t2e #ontents o1 t2e (etter> Re%es. #itin& Peop(e J> Sin&2. CA. D0 OG. S'pp(> F. BF. )e(ieJes ot2er?ise> T2e (ast para&rap2 o1 Arti#(e 2E0 eLpress(% $a0es t2e proJision o1 t2e 1irst an" se#on" para&rap2 t2ereo1 inapp(i#a)(e to parents. &'ar"ians. or persons entr'ste" ?it2 t2e #'sto"% o1 $inors p(a#e" 'n"er t2eir #are or #'sto"%. an" to t2e spo'ses ?it2 respe#t to t2e papers or (etters o1 eit2er o1 t2e$> T2e tea#2ers or ot2er persons entr'ste" ?it2 t2e #are an" e"'#ation o1 $inors are in#('"e" in t2e eL#eptions> 3istin#tion 1ro$ esta1a. "a$a&e to propert%. an" 'n-'st JeLation@ P I1 t2e a#t 2a" )een eLe#'te" ?it2 intent o1 &ain. it ?o'(" )e esta1aI P I1. on t2e ot2er 2an". t2e p'rpose ?as not to "e1ra'". )'t on(% to #a'se "a$a&e to anot2erKs. it ?o'(" $erit t2e ='a(i1i#ation o1 "a$a&e to propert%I P I1 t2e intention ?as $ere(% to #a'se JeLation preJentin& anot2er to "o so$et2in& ?2i#2 t2e (a? "oes not pro2i)it or #o$pe( 2i$ to eLe#'te ?2at 2e "oes not ?ant. t2e a#t s2o'(" )e #onsi"ere" as 'n-'st JeLation> REPUBLIC ACT NO> D200 AN ACT TO PROHIBIT AN3 PENALI7E WIRE TAPPING AN3 OTHER RELATE3 VIOLATIONS OF THE PRIVACY OF I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER T2e a#t s2o'(" not )e a $ore serio's o11ense> I1 "eat2 or so$e serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries are #a'se" in an e11ort to #'rtai( t2e eLer#ise o1 t2e ri&2ts o1 t2e (a)orers an" e$p(o%ers. t2e a#t s2o'(" )e p'nis2e" in a##or"an#e ?it2 t2e ot2er proJisions o1 t2e Co"e> Pea#e1'( pi#0etin& is not pro2i)ite"> T2reats $a"e or Jio(en#e e$p(o%e" )% pi#0eters $a% $a0e t2e$ (ia)(e 1or #oer#ion> C> 3is#oJer% an" ReJe(ation o1 Se#rets +> 3is#oJerin& Se#rets t2ro'&2 Sei4're o1 Correspon"en#e +00N UP LAW UP

BAROPS 200 Pa&e E+ o1 +FF

IG> CRI!ES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AN3 SECURITY CO!!UNICATION. AN3 FOR OTHER PURPOSES> SECTION +>Un(a?1'( a#ts )% an% person or parti#ipant. not a't2ori4e" )% a(( t2e parties to an% priJate #o$$'ni#ation or spo0en ?or"> +> To tap an% ?ire or #a)(e 2> To 'se an% ot2er "eJi#e or arran&e$ent to se#ret(% oJer2ear. inter#ept or re#or" s'#2 #o$$'ni#ation )% 'sin& a "eJi#e 0no?n as "i#tap2one. "i#ta&rap2. "ete#tap2one. ?a(0ie<ta(0ie or tapere#or"er> B> To 0no?in&(% possess an% tapeU?ire or "is# re#or". or #opies o1 an% #o$$'ni#ation or spo0en ?or" D> To rep(a% t2e sa$e 1or an% person or persons F> To #o$$'ni#ate t2e #ontents t2ereo1. Jer)a((% or in ?ritin& A> To 1'rnis2 trans#riptions t2ereo1. ?2et2er #o$p(ete or partia( EGCEPTION@ +, W2en a pea#e o11i#er is a't2ori4e" )% ?ritten or"er 1ro$ t2e #o'rt> 2, An% re#or"in&. #o$$'ni#ation or spo0en ?or" o)taine" in Jio(ation o1 t2e proJisions o1 t2is A#t M INA3!ISSIBLE IN EVI3ENCE IN ANY 5U3ICIAL. HUASI<5U3ICIAL OR A3!INISTRATIVE HEARING OR INVESTIGATION> CRI!INAL LAW II t2e e$p(o%er or $aster so 2e s2o'(" respe#t t2e priJa#% o1 $atters persona( to t2e (atter> I1 t2e $atter pertains to t2e )'siness o1 t2e e$p(o%er or $aster. "a$a&e is ne#essar% an" t2e a&ent. e$p(o%ee or serJant s2a(( a(?a%s )e (ia)(e> Reason@ no one 2as a ri&2t to t2e persona( priJa#% o1 anot2er> D> ReJe(ation o1 In"'stria( Se#rets ARTICLE 2E2> REVELATION IN3USTRIAL SECRETS OF E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a person in #2ar&e. e$p(o%ee or ?or0$an o1 a $an'1a#t'rin& or in"'stria( esta)(is2$entI 2> T2e $an'1a#t'rin& or in"'stria( esta)(is2$ent 2as a se#ret o1 t2e in"'str% ?2i#2 t2e o11en"er 2as (earne"I B> O11en"er reJea(s s'#2 se#retsI D> Pre-'"i#e is #a'se" to t2e o?ner> E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a person in #2ar&e. e$p(o%ee or ?or0$an o1 a $an'1a#t'rin& or in"'stria( esta)(is2$entI 2> T2e $an'1a#t'rin& or in"'stria( esta)(is2$ent 2as a se#ret o1 t2e in"'str% ?2i#2 t2e o11en"er 2as (earne"I B> O11en"er reJea(s s'#2 se#retsI D> Pre-'"i#e is #a'se" to t2e o?ner> B> ReJea(in& O11i#e Se#rets Wit2 A)'se O1 ARTICLE 2E+> REVEALING SECRETS WITH ABUSE OF OFFICE E(e$ents +> O11en"er is a $ana&er. e$p(o%ee or serJantI 2> He (earns t2e se#rets o1 2is prin#ipa( or $aster in s'#2 #apa#it%I B> He reJea(s s'#2 se#rets> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER@ An e$p(o%ee. $ana&er. or serJant ?2o #a$e to 0no? o1 t2e se#ret o1 2is $aster or prin#ipa( in s'#2 #apa#it% an" reJea(s t2e sa$e s2a(( a(so )e (ia)(e re&ar"(ess o1 ?2et2er or not t2e prin#ipa( or $aster s'11ere" "a$a&es> Essen#e o1 t2is #ri$e is t2at t2e o11en"er (earne" o1 t2e se#ret in t2e #o'rse o1 2is e$p(o%$ent> He is en-o%in& a #on1i"entia( re(ation ?it2 +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER

Se#rets $'st re(ate to $an'1a#t'rin& pro#esses> T2e a#t #onstit'tin& t2e #ri$e is reJea(in& t2e se#ret o1 t2e in"'str% ?2i#2 t2e o11en"er 2as (earne"> T2e reJe(ation o1 t2e se#ret $i&2t )e $a"e a1ter t2e e$p(o%ee or ?or0$an 2a" #ease" to )e #onne#te" ?it2 t2e esta)(is2$ent> Pre-'"i#e is an e(e$ent o1 t2e o11ense> 200 Pa&e E2 o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY TITLE G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY +> W2o are &'i(t% o1 ro))er% *Art 2EB, 2> Ro))er% ?it2 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons *Art 2ED, B> Ro))er% ?it2 p2%si#a( in-'ries. #o$$itte" in an in2a)ite" p(a#e an" )% )an". or ?it2 t2e 'se o1 1irear$ on a street. roa" or a((e% *Art 2EF, D> 3e1inition o1 a )an" an" pena(t% in#'rre" )% t2e $e$)ers t2ereo1 *Art 2EA, F> Atte$pte" an" 1r'strate" ro))er% #o$$itte" 'n"er #ertain #ir#'$stan#es *Art 2EC,> A> ELe#'tion o1 "ee"s )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation *Art 2E , C> Ro))er% in an in2a)ite" 2o'se or p')(i# )'i("in& or e"i1i#e "eJote" to ?ors2ip *Art 2EE, > Ro))er% in an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e an" )% a )an" *Art B00, E> W2at is a in2a)ite" 2o'se. p')(i# )'i("in& or )'i("in& "e"i#ate" to re(i&io's ?ors2ip an" t2eir "epen"en#ies *Art B0+, +0> Ro))er% in an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e or in a priJate )'i("in& *Art B02, ++> Ro))er% o1 #erea(. 1r'its. or 1ire?oo" in an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e or priJate )'i("in& *Art B0B, +2> Possession o1 pi#0(o#0s or si$i(ar too(s *Art B0D, +B> W2o are (ia)(e o1 t2e1t *Art B0 , +D> Pena(ties *Art B0E, +F> H'a(i1ie" t2e1t *Art B+0, +A> T2e1t t2e propert% o1 t2e Nationa( Li)rar% an" Nationa( !'se'$ *Art B++, +C> O##'pation o1 rea( propert% or 's'rpation o1 rea( ri&2ts in propert% *ArtB+2, + > A(terin& )o'n"aries or (an"$ar0s *Art B+B, +E> Fa(se 0e%s *Art B0F, 20> W2o are )ri&an"s *Art B0A, 2+> Ai"in& an" a)ettin& a )an" o1 )ri&an"s *Art B0C, 22> Fra'"'(ent inso(Jen#% *Art B+D, 2B> S?in"(in& *ESTAFA, *Art B+F, 2D> Ot2er 1or$s o1 s?in"(in& *Art B+A, 2F> S?in"(in& a $inor *Art B+C, 2A> Ot2er "e#eits *Art B+ , 2C> Re$oJa(. sa(e p(e"&e o1 $ort&a&e" propert% *Art B+E, 2 > ARSON ; OTHER CRI!ES INVOLVING 3ESTRUCTION *REPEALE3 BY P3+A+B ; RACAFE, 2E> W2o are (ia)(e 1or $a(i#io's $is#2ie1 *Art B2C, B0> Spe#ia( #ases o1 $a(i#io's $is#2ie1 *Art B2 , B+> Ot2er $is#2ie1s *Art B2E, B2> 3a$a&e an" o)str'#tion to $eans o1 #o$$'ni#ation *Art BB0, BB> 3estro%in& or "a$a&in& stat'es. p')(i# $on'$ents or paintin&s *Art BB+, BD> Persons eLe$pt 1ro$ #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% *Art BB2, +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS CRI!INAL LAW II Ro))er% *2EB, +> ARTICLE 2EB> WHO ARE GUILTY OF ROBBERY E(e$ents o1 Ro))er% in Genera(@ a> T2at t2ere )e *+, persona( propert%I *2, )e(on&in& to anot2erI )> T2at t2ere is *B, 'n(a?1'( ta0in& o1 t2at propert%I #> T2at t2e ta0in& $'st )e *D, ?it2 intent to &ainI an" "> T2at t2ere is *F, Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 an% person. or 1or#e 'pon an%t2in&> T2e propert% ta0en $'st )e persona(. i1 rea( propert%Uri&2t is 's'rpe" t2e #ri$e is 's'rpation *Art> B+2,> Pro2i)itiJe arti#(es $a% )e t2e s')-e#t o1 ro))er%. e>&>. opi'$ RTa0in&S@ "epriJin& t2e o11en"e" part% o1 o?ners2ip o1 t2e t2in& ta0en ?it2 t2e #2ara#ter o1 per$anen#%> Intent to &ain is pres'$e" 1ro$ t2e 'n(a?1'( ta0in&> It #annot )e esta)(is2e" )% "ire#t eJi"en#e. eL#ept in #ase o1 #on1ession> VIOLENCE AGAINST OR INTI!I3ATION OF PERSON T2e ta0in& is a(?a%s ro))er% VALUE OF THE PROPERTY TA8EN IS I!!ATERIAL> T2e pena(t% "epen"s on@ *a, t2e res'(t o1 t2e Jio(en#e 'se" *2o$i#i"e. rape. intentiona( $'ti(ation. serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries. (ess serio's or s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries res'(te", an" *), t2e eListen#e o1 inti$i"ation on(% USE OF FORCE UPON THINGS T2e ta0in& is ro))er% on(% i1 'se" 1or#e to@ +enter t2e )'i("in& or 2, to )rea0 "oors. ?ar"ro)es. #2ests. or an% ot2er 0in" o1 (o#0e" or sea(e" 1'rnit're or re#epta#(e insi"e t2e )'i("in& or to 1or#e t2e$ open o'tsi"e a1ter ta0in& t2e sa$e 1ro$ t2e )'i("in& *Art> 2EE ; B02, I1 #o$$itte" in an in2a)ite" 2o'se. p')(i# )'i("in&. or e"i1i#e "eJote" to re(i&io's ?ors2ip. t2e pena(t% is )ase" on@ *a, t2e Ja('e Pa&e EB o1 +FF 200

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY o1 t2e t2in& ta0en an" *), ?2et2er or not t2e o11en"ers #arr% ar$sI +> WITH VIOLENCE AGAINST OR INTI!I3ATION OF PERSONS CRI!INAL LAW II T2e #ri$e "e1ine" in t2is arti#(e is a spe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$e> T2e Jio(en#e $'st )e a&ainst t2e person o1 t2e o11en"e" part%. not 'pon t2e t2in& ta0en> It $'st )e present )e1ore t2e ta0in& o1 persona( propert% is #o$p(ete> EL#eption@ W2en t2e Jio(en#e res'(ts in@ P *+, 2o$i#i"e. P *2, rape. P *B, intentiona( $'ti(ation. or P *D, an% o1 t2e serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries pena(i4e" in para&rap2s + ; 2 o1 Art> 2AB. X t2e ta0in& o1 persona( propert% is ro))er% #o$p(eLe" ?it2 an% o1 t2ose #ri$es 'n"er Art> 2ED. X eJen i1 t2e ta0in& ?as a(rea"% #o$p(ete ?2en t2e Jio(en#e ?as 'se" )% t2e o11en"er> T2ere is no #ri$e as ro))er% ?it2 $'r"er> T2e #ri$e is sti(( ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e i1. in t2e #o'rse o1 t2e ro))er%. a person ?as 0i((e" eJen i1 it ?as anot2er ro))er or a )%stan"er> EJen i1 t2e rape ?as #o$$itte" in anot2er p(a#e. it is sti(( ro))er% ?it2 rape> W2en t2e ta0in& o1 persona( propert% o1 a ?o$an is an in"epen"ent a#t 1o((o?in& "e1en"antKs 1ai('re to #ons'$$ate t2e rape. t2ere are t?o "istin#t #ri$es #o$$itte"@ atte$pte" rape an" t2e1t> A""itiona( rapes #o$$itte" on t2e sa$e o##asion o1 ro))er% ?i(( not in#rease t2e pena(t%> W2en rape an" 2o$i#i"e #o<eList in t2e #o$$ission o1 ro))er%. t2e #ri$e is ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e. t2e rape to )e #onsi"ere" as an a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e on(%> A)sen#e o1 intent to &ain ?i(( $a0e t2e ta0in& o1 persona( propert% &raJe #oer#ion i1 t2ere is Jio(en#e 'se" *Art> 2 A,> NAPOLIS V>CA *+EC2, +> I1 )ot2 Jio(en#eUinti$i"ation o1 persons *2ED, an" 1or#e 'pon t2in&s*2EEUB02, eList it ?i(( )e #onsi"ere" as Jio(ation o1 Art 2ED )e#a'se it is $ore serio's t2an in Art 2EEUB02> 2> BUT ?2en ro))er% is 'n"er Art 2ED par D ; F t2e pena(t% is (o?er t2an 200 Pa&e ED o1 +FF A> WITH VIOLENCE OR INTI!I3ATION OF PERSONS *2ED, A#ts p'nis2e" 'n"er Art> 2ED@ +> W2en )% reason or on o##asion o1 t2e ro))er%. t2e 2o$i#i"e is #o$$itte"> 2> W2en t2e ro))er% is a##o$panie" )% rape or intentiona( $'ti(ation or arson> B> W2en )% reason or on o##asion o1 s'#2 ro))er%. an% o1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries res'(tin& in insanit%. i$)e#i(it%. i$poten#%. or )(in"ness is in1(i#te"> D> W2en )% reason or on o##asion o1 ro))er%. an% o1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries res'(tin& in t2e (oss o1 t2e 'se o1 spee#2 or t2e po?er to 2ear or to s$e((. or t2e (oss o1 an e%e. a 2an". a 1oot. an ar$ or a (e& or t2e (oss o1 t2e 'se o1 an% s'#2 $e$)er. or in#apa#it% 1or t2e ?or0 in ?2i#2 t2e in-'re" person is t2ereto1ore 2a)it'a((% en&a&e" is in1(i#te"> F> I1 t2e Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation e$p(o%e" in t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e ro))er% is #arrie" to a "e&ree #(ear(% 'nne#essar% 1or t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e> A> W2en in t2e #o'rse o1 its eLe#'tion. t2e o11en"er s2a(( 2aJe in1(i#te" 'pon an% person not responsi)(e 1or t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e ro))er% an% o1 t2e p2%si#a( in-'ries in #onse='en#e o1 ?2i#2 t2e person in-'re" )e#o$es "e1or$e" or (oses an% ot2er $e$)er o1 2is )o"% or (oses t2e 'se t2ereo1 or )e#o$es i(( or in#apa#itate" 1or t2e per1or$an#e o1 t2e ?or0 in ?2i#2 2e is 2a)it'a((% en&a&e" 1or (a)or 1or $ore t2an B0 "a%s C> I1 t2e Jio(en#e e$p(o%e" )% t2e o11en"er "oes not #a'se an% o1 t2e serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries "e1ine" in Art> 2AB. or i1 t2e o11en"er e$p(o%s inti$i"ation on(%> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY in Art 2EE so t2e #o$p(eL #ri$e s2o'(" )e i$p'te" 1or t2e 2i&2er pena(t% to )e i$pose" ?it2o't sa#ri1i#in& t2e prin#ip(e t2at ro))er% ?U Jio(en#e a&ainst persons is $ore seJere t2an t2at ?U 1or#e 'pon t2in&s PEOPLEV> !ILLIAN *2000, +> W2en ta0in& o1 Ji#ti$s &'n ?s to preJent t2e Ji#ti$ 1ro$ reta(iatin& #ri$es are t2e1t an" 2o$i#i"e not ro))er% ?U2o$i#i"e CRI!INAL LAW II Arti#(e 2EA> 3e1inition o1 a Ban" an" Pena(t% In#'rre" )% t2e !e$)ers T2ereo1 O't(ine o1 Art> 2EA@ +> W2en at (east D ar$e" $a(e1a#tors ta0e part in t2e #o$$ission o1 a ro))er%. it is "ee$e" #o$$itte" )% a )an"> 2> W2en an% o1 t2e ar$s 'se" in t2e #o$$ission o1 ro))er% is not (i#ense". t2e pena(t% 'pon a(( t2e $a(e1a#tors s2a(( )e t2e $aLi$'$ o1 t2e #orrespon"in& pena(t% proJi"e" )% (a?. ?it2o't pre-'"i#e to t2e #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% 1or i((e&a( possession o1 s'#2 1irear$s> B> An% $e$)er o1 a )an" ?2o ?as present at t2e #o$$ission o1 a ro))er% )% t2e )an". s2a(( )e p'nis2e" as prin#ipa( o1 an% o1 t2e assa'(ts #o$$itte" )% t2e )an". 'n(ess it )e s2o?n t2at 2e atte$pte" to preJent t2e #ri$e> B> WITH PHYSICAL IN5URIES. IN AN UNINHABITE3 PLACE AN3 BY A BAN3 *2EF. 2EA, Arti#(e 2EF> Ro))er% ?it2 P2%si#a( In-'ries. in an Unin2a)ite" P(a#e an" )% a )an" Ro))er% ?it2 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation or persons is ='a(i1ie" ?2en it is #o$$itte"@ +> In an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e. or 2> B% a )an". or B> B% atta#0in& a $oJin& train. street #ar. $otor Je2i#(e. or airs2ip. or D> B% enterin& t2e passen&ersK #o$part$ents in a train. or in an% $anner ta0in& t2e passen&ers t2ereo1 )% s'rprise in t2e respe#tiJe #onJe%an#es. or F> On a street. roa". 2i&2?a%. or a((e%. an" t2e inti$i"ation is $a"e ?it2 t2e 'se o1 1irear$s. t2e o11en"er s2a(( )e p'nis2e" )% t2e $aLi$'$ perio"s o1 t2e proper pena(ties in Art> 2ED> Conspira#% is pres'$e" ro))er% is )% )an"> ?2en T2ere is no #ri$e as Rro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e in )an"S> Ban" is on(% or"inar% a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e in ro))er% ?U 2o$i#i"e Peop(e V> Ap"'2an +> In or"er t2at spe#ia( a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e o1 'n(i#ense" 1irear$ )e appre#iate" it is #on"ition sine ='a non t2at o11ense #2ar&e" )e ro))er% )% a )an" 'n"er Art 2EF> 2> P'rs'ant to Art 2EF. t2e #ir#'$stan#e o1 a )an" is ='a(i1%in& on(% in ro))er% 'n"er par B. D ;F o1 Art 2ED> T2's Art> 2EF "oes not app(% to ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e. or ro))er% ?it2 rape. or ro))er% ?it2 serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries 'n"er par> + o1 Art> 2AB> B> So spe#ia( a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#e o1 'n(i#ense" 1irear$ is inapp(i#a)(e to ro))er% ?U 2o$i#i"e ro))er% ?it2 rape. or ro))er% ?it2 p2%si#a( in-'ries. #o$$itte" )% a )an" ATTE!PTE3 AN3 FRUSTRATE3 ROBBERY WITH HO!ICI3E *2EC, RHo$i#i"eS in#('"es $'(tip(e 2o$i#i"es. $'r"er. parri#i"e. or eJen in1anti#i"e> T2e pena(t% is t2e sa$e. ?2et2er ro))er% is atte$pte" or 1r'strate"> It #annot )e o11set )% $iti&atin& #ir#'$stan#e> a &eneri# T2e inti$i"ation ?it2 t2e 'se o1 1irear$ ='a(i1ies on(% ro))er% on a street. roa". 2i&2?a%. or a((e%> +00N UP LAW UP

BAROPS 200 Pa&e EF o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY CRI!INAL LAW II C> IN AN INHABITE3 PLACE OR E3IFICE FOR WORSHIP *2EE. B0+, Ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e an" atte$pte" or 1r'strate" ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e are spe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$es. not &oJerne" )% Art> D . )'t )% t2e spe#ia( proJisions o1 Arts> 2ED ; 2EC. respe#tiJe(%> T2ere is on(% one #ri$e o1 atte$pte" ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e eJen i1 s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries ?ere in1(i#te" on ot2er persons on t2e o##asion or )% reason o1 t2e ro))er%> C> ARTICLE 2EE> ROBBERY IN AN INHABITE3 HOUSE OR PUBLIC BUIL3ING OR E3IFICE 3EVOTE3 TO WORSHIP E(e$ents o1 ro))er% ?it2 1or#e 'pon t2in&s 'n"er SUB3IVISION *A,@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er entere" *a, an in2a)ite" 2o'se. or *), p')(i# )'i("in&. or *#, e"i1i#e "eJote" to re(i&io's ?ors2ip> 2> T2at t2e entran#e ?as e11e#te" )% an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& $eans@ an openin& not a, T2ro'&2 inten"e" 1or entran#e or e&ressI ), B% )rea0in& an% ?a((. roo1. or 1(oor or )rea0in& an% "oor or ?in"o?I #, B% 'sin& 1a(se 0e%s. pi#0(o#0s or si$i(ar too(sI or ", B% 'sin& an% 1i#titio's na$e or preten"in& t2e eLer#ise o1 p')(i# a't2orit%> B> T2at on#e insi"e t2e )'i("in&. t2e o11en"er too0 persona( propert% )e(on&in& to anot2er ?it2 intent to &ain> EGECUTION OF 3EE3S THROUGH VIOLENCE OR INTI!I3ATION *2E , ARTICLE 2E > EGECUTION OF 3EE3S THROUGH VIOLENCE OR INTI!I3ATION E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er 2as intent to "e1ra'" anot2er 2> T2at t2e o11en"er #o$pe(s 2i$ to si&n. eLe#'te. or "e(iJer an% p')(i# instr'$ent or "o#'$ent B> T2at t2e #o$p'(sion is )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation> I1 t2e Jio(en#e res'(te" in t2e "eat2 o1 t2e person to )e "e1ra'"e". #ri$e is ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e an" s2a(( )e pena(i4e" 'n"er Art 2ED par> +> Art> 2E app(ies to #o$$er#ia( "o#'$ent> Art> 2E is not "o#'$ent is Joi"> priJate or T2ere $'st )e eJi"en#e t2at a##'se" entere" t2e "?e((in& 2o'se or )'i("in& )% an% o1 t2e $eans en'$erate" in s')"iJision *a,> In enterin& t2e )'i("in&. t2ere $'st )e t2e intent to ta0e persona( propert%> RIn2a)ite" 2o'seS@ an% s2e(ter. s2ip. or Jesse( #onstit'tin& t2e "?e((in& o1 one or $ore persons eJen t2o'&2 t2e in2a)itants t2ereo1 are te$porari(% a)sent t2ere1ro$ ?2en t2e ro))er% is #o$$itte"> RP')(i# )'i("in&S@ eJer% )'i("in& o?ne" )% t2e GoJern$ent or )e(on&in& to a priJate person )'t 'se" or rente" )% t2e GoJern$ent. a(t2o'&2 te$porari(% 'no##'pie" )% t2e sa$e> An% o1 t2e 1o'r $eans "es#ri)e" in s')"iJision *a, $'st )e resorte" to enter a 2o'se or )'i("in&. not to &et o't ot2er?ise it is on(% t2e1t> I(('stration@ I1 t2e #'(prit 2a" entere" t2e 2o'se t2ro'&2 an open "oor. an" t2e o?ner. not 0no?in& t2at t2e #'(prit ?as insi"e. #(ose" an" (o#0e" t2e "oor 1ro$ t2e o'tsi"e an" (e1t. an" t2e #'(prit. a1ter ta0in& persona( propert% in t2e 2o'se. ?ent o't t2ro'&2 t2e ?in"o?. it is on(% t2e1t. not ro))er%> 200 Pa&e EA o1 +FF app(i#a)(e i1 t2e W2en t2e o11en"e" part% is 'n"er o)(i&ation to si&n. eLe#'te or "e(iJer t2e "o#'$ent 'n"er t2e (a?. it is no ro))er% )'t #oer#ion 2> BY FORCE UPON THINGS Ro))er% )% t2e 'se o1 1or#e 'pon t2in&s is #o$$itte" on(% ?2en eit2er@ *+, O11en"er entere" a 2o'se or )'i("in& )% an% o1 t2e $eans spe#i1ie" in Art> 2EE or Art> B02. or *2, EJen i1 t2ere ?as no entran#e )% an% o1 t2ose $eans. 2e )ro0e a ?ar"ro)e. #2est. or an% ot2er 0in" o1 (o#0e" or #(ose" or sea(e" 1'rnit're or re#epta#(e in t2e 2o'se or )'i("in&. or 2e too0 it a?a% to )e )ro0en or 1or#e" open o'tsi"e> A> IN AN INHABITE3 PLACE OR E3IFICE FOR WORSHIP *2EE. B0+, B> IN AN UNINHABITE3 PLACE AN3 BY A BAN3 *B00. 2EA, +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY CRI!INAL LAW II )'i("in& ?2ere it is 0ept or ta0en 1ro$ to )e )ro0en o'tsi"e> T2e pena(t% "epen"s on t2e Ja('e o1 propert% ta0en an" on ?2et2er or not o11en"er #arries ar$> Ar$ #arrie" $'st not )e 'se" to inti$i"ate> EJen t2ose ?it2o't are (ia)(e to t2e sa$e pena(t%> T2e proJision p'nis2es $ore seJere(% t2e ro))er% in a 2o'se 'se" as a "?e((in& t2an t2at #o$$itte" in an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e. )e#a'se o1 t2e possi)i(it% p(a#e. )e#a'se o1 t2e possi)i(it% t2at t2e in2a)itants in t2e 1or$er $i&2t s'11er )o"i(% 2ar$ "'rin& t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e ro))er%> ARTICLE B0+> WHAT IS AN UNINHABITE3 HOUSE. PUBLIC BUIL3ING 3E3ICATE3 TO RELIGIOUS WORSHIP AN3 THEIR 3EPEN3ENCIES T2e p(a#e is sti(( in2a)ite" eJen i1 t2e o##'pant ?as a)sent> R3epen"en#iesS@ a(( interior #o'rts. #orra(s. ?are2o'ses. &ranaries or in#(ose" p(a#es #onti&'o's to t2e )'i("in& or e"i1i#e. 2aJin& an interior entran#e #onne#te" t2ere?it2. an" ?2i#2 1or$ part o1 t2e ?2o(e *Art> B0+. par> 2,> T2e ?2o(e )o"% o1 t2e #'(prit $'st )e insi"e t2e )'i("in& to #onstit'te enterin&> RBrea0in&S@ $eans enterin& t2e )'i("in&> T2e 1or#e 'se" in t2is $eans $'st )e a#t'a(. as "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ t2at in t2e ot2er $eans ?2i#2 is on(% #onstr'#tiJe 1or#e> RFa(se 0e%sS@ &en'ine 0e%s sto(en 1ro$ t2e o?ner or an% 0e%s ot2er t2an t2ose inten"e" 1or 'se in t2e (o#0 1or#i)(% opene" )% t2e o11en"er> o T2e &en'ine 0e% $'st )e sto(en. not ta0en )% 1or#e or ?it2 inti$i"ation. 1ro$ t2e o?ner> I1 1a(se 0e% is 'se" to open ?ar"ro)e or (o#0e" re#epta#(e or "ra?er or insi"e "oor it is on(% t2e1t E(e$ents o1 ro))er% ?it2 1or#e 'pon t2in&s 'n"er SUB3IVISION *B, o1 Art> 2EE@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er is insi"e a "?e((in& 2o'se. p')(i# )'i("in&. or e"i1i#e "eJote" to re(i&io's ?ors2ip. re&ar"(ess o1 t2e #ir#'$stan#es 'n"er ?2i#2 2e entere" it> 2> T2at t2e o11en"er ta0es persona( propert% )e(on&in& to anot2er. ?it2 intent to &ain. 'n"er an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& #ir#'$stan#es> a, B% t2e )rea0in& o1 "oors. ?ar"ro)es. #2ests. or an% ot2er 0in" o1 (o#0e" or sea(e" 1'rnit're or re#epta#(eI or ), B% ta0in& s'#2 1'rnit're or o)-e#ts a?a% to )e )ro0en or 1or#e" open o'tsi"e t2e p(a#e o1 t2e ro))er%> Re='isites@ +> !'st )e #onti&'o's to t2e )'i("in&I 2> !'st 2aJe an interior entran#e #onne#te" t2ere?it2I B> !'st 1or$ part o1 t2e ?2o(e> Entran#e into t2e )'i("in& )% an% o1 t2e $eans $entione" in s')"iJision *a, is not re='ire" in ro))er% 'n"er s')"iJision *), T2e ter$ R"oorS in par> +. s')"iJision *), o1 Art> 2EE. re1ers on(% to R"oors. (i"s or openin& s2eetsS o1 1'rnit're or ot2er porta)(e re#epta#(esOnot to insi"e "oors o1 2o'se or )'i("in&> Brea0in& t2e 0e%2o(e o1 t2e "oor o1 a ?ar"ro)e. ?2i#2 is (o#0e". is )rea0in& a (o#0e" 1'rnit're> It is t2e1t. i1 t2e (o#0e" or sea(e" re#epta#(e is not 1or#e" open in t2e +00N UP LAW UP Or#2ar"s an" (an"s 'se" 1or #'(tiJation or pro"'#tion are not in#('"e" in t2e ter$ R"epen"en#iesS *Art> B0+. par> B,> A> IN AN UNINHABITE3 PLACE AN3 BY A BAN3 *B00. 2EA, ARTICLE B00> ROBBERY IN AN UNINHABITE3 PLACE AN3 BY A BAN3 Ro))er% in an in2a)ite" 2o'se. p')(i# )'i("in& or e"i1i#e to re(i&io's ?ors2ip is ='a(i1ie" ?2en #o$$itte" )% a )an" an" (o#ate" in an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e> To ='a(i1% Ro))er% ?U 1or#e 'pon t2in&s *Art 2EE, 200 To ='a(i1% Ro))er% ?it2 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation Pa&e EC o1 +FF BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY It $'st )e #o$$itte" in 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e AN3 )% a )an" *Art B00, It $'st )e #o$$itte" in an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e OR )% a )an" *Art> 2EF, CRI!INAL LAW II 1'rnit're or re#epta#(e. or re$oJa( t2ereo1 to )e )ro0en open e(se?2ere> Brea0in& pa"(o#0 is 'se o1 1or#e 'pon t2in&s> Use o1 1i#titio's na$e or preten"in& t2e eLer#ise o1 p')(i# a't2orities is not #oJere" 'n"er t2is arti#(e> T2e re#epta#(e $'st )e R#(ose"S or Rsea(e"S> Pena(t% is )ase" on(% on Ja('e o1 propert% ta0en> ROBBERY IN A STORE P'nis2a)(e 'n"er P'nis2a)(e 'n"er Art 2EE Art B02 +> I1 t2e store is +> I1 t2e store ?as a#t'a((% 'se" as a "?e((in& not at t2e o1 one or $ore o##'pie" persons. t2e ti$e o1 t2e ro))er% ro))er% #o$$itte" an" ?as not 'se" a "?e((in&. t2erein ?o'(" )e as #onsi"ere" as sin#e t2e o?ner #o$$itte" in an (iJe" in a separate in2a)ite" 2o'se 2o'se. t2e ro))er% *Peop(e J S'are4, #o$$itte" t2erein *Peop(e J 2> I1 t2e store is Si(Jestre, (o#ate" on t2e &ro'n" 1(oor o1 t2e 2o'se )e(on&in& to t2e o?ner. 2aJin& an interior entran#e #onne#te" t2ere?it2. it is a "epen"en#% o1 an in2a)ite" 2o'se an" t2e ro))er% #o$$itte" t2erein*US J Tapan,> B> CEREALS. FRUITS OR FIREWOO3 IN AN INHABITE3 PLACE OR PRIVATE BUIL3ING *B0B, T2e pena(t% is one "e&ree (o?er T2e pa(a% $'st )e 0ept )% t2e o?ner as Rsee"(in&S or ta0en 1or t2at p'rpose )% t2e ro))ers> ARTICLE B0D> POSSESSION OF PIC8LOC8 OR SI!ILAR TOOLS E(e$ents +> O11en"er 2as in 2is possession pi#0(o#0s or si$i(ar too(sI 2> S'#2 pi#0(o#0 or si$i(ar too(s are espe#ia((% a"opte" to t2e #o$$ission o1 ro))er%I B> O11en"er "oes not 2aJe (a?1'( #a'se 1or s'#2 possession> Art> 2EA> 3e1inition o1 a )an" an" pena(t% in#'rre" )% t2e $e$)ers t2ereo1> O W2en $ore t2an t2ree ar$e" $a(e1a#tors ta0e part in t2e #o$$ission o1 a ro))er%. it s2a(( )e "ee$e" to 2aJe )een #o$$itte" )% a )an"> W2en an% o1 t2e ar$s 'se" in t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e o11ense )e an 'n(i#ense" 1irear$. t2e pena(t% to )e i$pose" 'pon a(( t2e $a(e1a#tors s2a(( )e t2e $aLi$'$ o1 t2e #orrespon"in& pena(t% proJi"e" )% (a?. ?it2o't pre-'"i#e o1 t2e #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% 1or i((e&a( possession o1 s'#2 'n(i#ense" 1irear$s> An% $e$)er o1 a )an" ?2o is present at t2e #o$$ission o1 a ro))er% )% t2e )an". s2a(( )e p'nis2e" as prin#ipa( o1 an% o1 t2e assa'(ts #o$$itte" )% t2e )an". 'n(ess it )e s2o?n t2at 2e atte$pte" to preJent t2e sa$e> IN AN *B02, INHABITE3 PLACE OR PRIVATE BUIL3ING E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er entere" an 'nin2a)ite" p(a#e or a )'i("in& ?2i#2 ?as not a "?e((in& 2o'se. not a p')(i# )'i("in&. or not an e"i1i#e "eJote" to re(i&io's ?ors2ip> 2> T2at an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& #ir#'$stan#es ?as present@ entran#e ?as e11e#te" a, T2e t2ro'&2 an openin& not inten"e" 1or entran#e or e&ressI ), A ?a((. roo1. 1(oor. or o'tsi"e "oor or ?in"o? ?as )ro0en #, T2e entran#e ?as e11e#te" t2ro'&2 t2e 'se o1 1a(se 0e%s. pi#0(o#0s or ot2er si$i(ar too(sI ", A "oor. ?ar"ro)e. #2est. or an% sea(e" or #(ose" 1'rnit're or re#epta#(e ?as )ro0enI or e, A #(ose" or sea(e" re#epta#(e ?as re$oJe". eJen i1 t2e sa$e )e )ro0en open e(se?2ere> B> T2at ?it2 intent to &ain. t2e o11en"er too0 t2ere1ro$ persona( propert% )e(on&in& to anot2er> RB'i("in&S@ in#('"es an% 0in" o1 str'#t're 'se" 1or stora&e or sa1e0eepin& o1 persona( propert%. s'#2 as *a, 1rei&2t #ar a" *), ?are2o'se> Entran#e t2ro'&2 an openin& not inten"e" 1or entran#e or e&ress is not ne#essar%. i1 t2ere is )rea0in& o1 ?ar"ro)e. #2est. or sea(e" or #(ose" +00N UP LAW UP Arti#(e B0F "e1ines 1a(se 0e%s to in#('"e t2e 1o((o?in&@ +> Too(s $entione" in Arti#(e B0DI 200 Pa&e E o1 +FF BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY 2> Gen'ine 0e%s sto(en 1ro$ t2e o?nerI B> An% 0e% ot2er t2an t2ose inten"e" )% t2e o?ner 1or 'se in t2e (o#0 1or#i)(% opene" )% t2e o11en"er> eLtortion or to o)tain ranso$. or *B, 1or an% ot2er p'rpose to )e attaine" )% $eans o1 1or#e an" Jio(en#e !ere 1or$ation o1 a )an" 1or an% o1 t2e p'rposes $entione" in t2e (a? is p'nis2e" ^no nee" to s2o? t2at t2e )an" a#t'a((% #o$$itte" ro))er% CRI!INAL LAW II to #o$$it on(% a parti#'(ar ro))er% it is ro))er% in )an"> B> Bri&an"a&e *B0A<B0C, ARTICLE B0A> WHO ARE BRIGAN3S ARTICLE BRIGAN3S B0A> WHO ARE Ne#essar% to proJe t2at ro))er% a#t'a((% #o$$itte" as $ere #onspira#% to #o$$it ro))er% is not p'nis2a)(e> E(e$ents o1 Bri&an"a&e +> T2ere )e at (east D ar$e" persons 2> T2e% 1or$e" a )an" o1 ro))ers B> T2e p'rpose is an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in&@ a, To #o$$it ro))er% in t2e 2i&2?a%I or ), To 0i"nap persons 1or t2e p'rpose o1 eLtortion or to o)tain ranso$I or #, To attain )% $eans o1 1or#e an" Jio(en#e an% ot2er p'rpose> ARTICLE B0C> AI3ING AN3 ABETTING A BAN3 OF BRIGAN3S E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2ere is a )an" o1 )ri&an"s 2> T2at t2e o11en"er 0no?s t2e )an" to )e o1 )ri&an"s B> T2at t2e o11en"er "oes an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in& a#ts@ a, He in an% $anner ai"s. a)ets or prote#ts s'#2 )an" o1 )ri&an"sI or ), He &iJes t2e$ in1or$ation o1 t2e $oJe$ents o1 t2e po(i#e or ot2er pea#e o11i#ers o1 t2e GoJern$entI or #, He a#='ires or re#eiJes t2e propert% ta0en )% s'#2 )ri&an"s> Pres'$ption o1 (a? as to )ri&an"a&e@ a(( are pres'$e" 2i&2?a% ro))ers or )ri&an"s. i1 an% o1 t2e$ #arries 'n(i#ense" 1irear$> T2e ar$s #arrie" $a% )e an% "ea"(% ?eapon> T2e $ain o)-e#t o1 t2e (a? is to preJent t2e 1or$ation o1 )an" o1 ro))ers> T2e ter$ streets> R2i&2?a%S in#('"es #it% It is pres'$e" t2at t2e person per1or$in& an% o1 t2e a#ts proJi"e" in t2is arti#(e 2as per1or$e" t2e$ 0no?in&(%. 'n(ess t2e #ontrar% is proJen> An% person ?2o ai"s or prote#ts 2i&2?a% ro))ers or a)ets t2e #o$$ission o1 2i&2?a% ro))er% or )ri&an"a&e s2a(( )e #onsi"ere" as an a##o$p(i#e> T2e 1o((o?in& $'st )e proJe"@ +> T2at t2ere is an or&ani4ation o1 $ore t2an B ar$e" persons 1or$in& a )an" o1 ro))ers 2> T2at t2e p'rpose o1 t2e )an" is an% o1 t2ose en'$erate" in Art> B0A> B> T2at t2e% ?ent 'pon t2e 2i&2?a% or roa$e" 'pon t2e #o'ntr% 1or t2at p'rpose> D> T2at t2e a##'se" is a $e$)er o1 s'#2 )an"> P3 FB2 ANTI<PIRACY AN3 ANTIHIGHWAY ROBBERY Hi&2?a% ro))er%UBri&an"a&e@ sei4're o1 an% person 1or ranso$. eLtortion or ot2er 'n(a?1'( p'rposes. or )% ta0in& a?a% propert% o1 anot2er. )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons or 1or#e 'pon t2in&s or ot2er 'n(a?1'( $eans. #o$$itte" )% an% person an% P2i(ippine 2i&2?a% *P3 FB2I Peop(e J> A&o$o<o 2000, Bri&an"a&e Ro))er% in Ban" Bot2 re='ire t2at t2e o11en"ers 1or$ a )an" o1 ro))ers> PURPOSE@ An% o1 t2e PURPOSE@ To 11@ *+, to #o$$it #o$$it ro))er%. not ro))er% in t2e ne#essari(% in t2e

2i&2?a%. or *2, to 2i&2?a%> 0i"nap persons 1or I1 $ore t2an B t2e p'rpose o1 ar$e" $en a&ree" +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e EE o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY P2i(ippine Hi&2?a%@ an% roa". street. passa&e. 2i&2?a%. )ri"&es or ot2er parts t2ereo1. or rai(?a% or rai(roa" ?it2in t2e P2i(ippines 'se" )% persons. or Je2i#(es. or (o#o$otiJes r trains 1or t2e $oJe$ent or #ir#'(ation o1 persons or transportation o1 &oo"s. arti#(es or propert% or )ot2 N'$)er o1 perpetrators is no (on&er an essentia( e(e$ent o1 #ri$e o1 )ri&an"a&e as per P3 FB2 *Peop(e J> !en"o4aI Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?, 2> CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE THEFT B0 > WHO ARE LIABLE FOR Persons (ia)(e 1or t2e1t@ +> T2ose ?2o. *a, ?it2 intent to &ain. *),)'t ?it2o't Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons nor 1or#e 'pon t2in&s. *#, ta0e. *", persona( propert%. *e, o1 anot2er. *1, ?it2o't t2e (atterKs #onsent> T2ose ?2o. *a, 2aJin& 1o'n" (ost propert%. *), 1ai( to "e(iJer t2e sa$e to t2e (o#a( a't2orities or to its o?ner> T2ose ?2o. *a, a1ter 2aJin& $a(i#io's(% "a$a&e" t2e propert% o1 anot2er. *), re$oJe or $a0e 'se o1 t2e 1r'its or o)-e#t o1 t2e "a$a&e #a'se" )% t2e$> T2ose ?2o. *a, enter an in#(ose" estate or 1ie(" ?2ere *), trespass is 1or)i""en or ?2i#2 )e(on&s to anot2er an". ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 its o?ner. *#, 2'nt or 1is2 'pon t2e sa$e or &at2er 1r'its. #erea(s. or ot2er 1orest or 1ar$ pro"'#ts> P3 FB2 Cri$e $'st )e #o$$itte" + $a(e1a#tor ?i(( s'11i#e No pre#on#eiJe" tar&et Proo1 o1 ro))eries re='ire" prior Bri&an"a&e in RPC !ere 1or$ation o1 )an" is p'nis2a)(e At (east D $a(e1a#tors Pre< #on#eiJe" Ji#ti$ Proo1 o1 ro))eries re='ire" prior not B> D> T2e1t *B0 . B0E. B++, an" H'a(i1ie" T2e1t *B+0, T2e1t@ #o$$itte" )% an% person ?2o. ?it2 intent to &ain )'t ?it2o't Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons nor 1or#e 'pon t2in&s. s2a(( ta0e persona( propert% o1 anot2er ?it2o't t2e (atterKs #onsent> T2e t2e1t ?as #ons'$$ate" ; ta0in& #o$p(ete ?2en t2e #'(prits ?ere a)(e to p(a#e t2e t2in& ta0en 'n"er 2is #ontro( an" in s'#2 a sit'ation as 2e #o'(" "ispose o1 it at on#e> Va(en4'e(a J> Peop(e *5'ne 200C, T2ere is no 1r'strate" t2e1t )e#a'se o1 t2e "e1inition o1 t2e1t in Art B0 > T2e o11en"er 2as eit2er #o$p(ete #ontro( o1 t2e propert% *#ons'$$ate", or ?it2o't *atte$pte", T2ere is Rta0in&S eJen i1 t2e o11en"er re#eiJe" t2e t2in& 1ro$ t2e o11en"e" part%> I1 -'ri"i#a( possession o1 t2in& ?as trans1erre" as oppose" to p2%si#a( possession an" t2in& ?as appropriate" t2e #ri$e is ESTAFA not t2e1t Se((in& s2are o1 a partner or #o<o?ner is not t2e1t> E$p(o%ee is not t2e o?ner o1 separation pa% ?2i#2 is not a#t'a((% "e(iJere" to 2i$> A#t'a( or rea( &ain is not ne#essar% in t2e1t> E(e$ents o1 T2e1t@ +, T2at t2e t2ere )e ta0in& o1 persona( propert% sai" propert% )e(on&s to 2, T2at anot2er B, T2at t2e ta0in& )e "one ?it2 intent to &ain> D, T2at t2e ta0in& )e "one ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e o?ner> F, T2at t2e ta0in& )e a##o$p(is2e" ?it2o't t2e 'se o1 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons or 1or#e 'pon t2in&s>

+00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +00 o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY T2e #onsent #onte$p(ate" in t2e e(e$ent o1 t2e1t re1ers to #onsent 1ree(% &iJen an" not $ere (a#0 o1 opposition )% o?ner o1 t2e propert% ta0en> It is not ro))er% ?2en Jio(en#e is 1or a reason entire(% 1orei&n to t2e 1a#t o1 ta0in&> Peop(e J> G'(inao +> G'(inao s2ot 3r> C2'a ; (e1t> T2en 2e ?ent )a#0 ; too0 3r> C2'aKs "ia$on" rin&> 2> T2e #ri$e ?as T2e1t an" not ro))er% as t2e ta0in& o1 t2e rin& ?as -'st an a1tert2o'&2t> Vio(en#e 'se" in 0i((in& 3r> C2'a 2a" no )earin& on t2e ta0in& o1 t2e rin&> One in possession o1 part o1 re#ent(% sto(en propert% is pres'$e" to )e t2ie1 o1 a((> RLost propert%S@ e$)ra#es (oss )% stea(in& or )% a#t o1 2e o?ner or )% a person ot2er t2an t2e o?ner. or t2ro'&2 so$e #as'a( o##'rren#e> It is ne#essar% to proJe t2e 1o((o?in& in or"er to esta)(is2 t2e1t )% 1ai('re to "e(iJer or ret'rn (ost propert%@ +, T2e ti$e o1 t2e sei4're o1 t2e t2in& 2, T2at it ?as a (ost propert% )e(on&in& to anot2erI an" B, T2at t2e a##'se" 2aJin& 2a" t2e opport'nit% to ret'rn or "e(iJer t2e (ost propert% to its o?ner or to t2e (o#a( a't2orities. re1raine" 1ro$ "oin& so> CRI!INAL LAW II *2, t2e Ja('e an" nat're o1 t2e propert% ta0en. or *B, t2e #ir#'$stan#es t2at i$pe((e" t2e #'(prit to #o$$it t2e #ri$e> I1 t2ere is no eJi"en#e o1 t2e Ja('e o1 t2e propert% sto(en. t2e #o'rt s2o'(" i$pose t2e $ini$'$ pena(t% #orrespon"in& to t2e1t inJo(Jin& t2e Ja('e o1 PF>00> T2e #o'rt $a% a(so ta0e -'"i#ia( noti#e o1 its Ja('e in t2e proper #ases> ARTICLE B+0> HUALIFIE3 THEFT T2e1t is ='a(i1ie" i1@ +, T2e t2e1t is #o$$itte" )% a "o$esti# serJant 2, T2e t2e1t is #o$$itte" ?it2 &raJe a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e B, T2e propert% sto(en is *a, $otor Je2i#(e.+ *), $ai( $atter. or *#, (ar&e #att(e D, T2e propert% sto(en #onsists o1 #o#on'ts ta0en 1ro$ t2e pre$ises o1 a p(antation F, T2e propert% sto(en is 1is2 ta0en 1ro$ a 1is2pon" or 1is2er% A, A>T2e propert% is ta0en on t2e o##asion o1 1ire. eart2='a0e. t%p2oon. Jo(#ani# er'ption. or an% ot2er #a(a$it%. Je2i#'(ar a##i"ent or #iJi( "ist'r)an#e> T2e (a? "oes not re='ire 0no?(e"&e o1 t2e o?ner o1 t2e propert%> E(e$ents o1 2'ntin&. 1is2in& or &at2erin& 1r'its. et#>. in en#(ose" estate@ +, T2at t2ere is an en#(ose" estate or a 1ie(" ?2ere trespass is 1or)i""en or ?2i#2 )e(on&s to anot2er 2, T2at t2e o11en"er enters t2e sa$e B, T2at t2e o11en"er 2'nts or 1is2es 'pon t2e sa$e or &at2ers 1r'its. #erea(s or ot2er 1orest or 1ar$ pro"'#ts in t2e estate or 1ie("I an" D, T2at t2e 2'ntin& or 1is2in& or &at2erin& o1 pro"'#ts is ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e o?ner> ARTICLE B0E> PENALTIES T2e )asis o1 t2e pena(t% in t2e1t is *+, t2e Ja('e o1 t2e t2in& sto(en. or +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS T2e pena(t% 1or ='a(i1ie" t2e1t is 2 "e&rees 2i&2er> T2e1t )% "o$esti# serJant is a(?a%s ='a(i1ie"> T2ereKs no nee" to proJe &raJe a)'se o1 "is#retion> T2e a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e $'st )e &raJe> T2ere $'st )e a((e&ation in t2e in1or$ation an" proo1 o1 a re(ation. )% reason o1 "epen"en#e. &'ar"ians2ip or Ji&i(an#e. )et?een t2e a##'se" an" t2e o11en"e" part%. t2at 2as #reate" a 2i&2 "e&ree o1 #on1i"en#e )et?een t2e$. ?2i#2 t2e a##'se" a)'se"> T2e1t o1 an% $ateria(. spare part. pro"'#t or arti#(e )% e$p(o%ees an" (a)orers is 2eaJi(% p'nis2e" 'n"er P3 +BB> R!otor Je2i#(eS@ a(( Je2i#(es prope((e" )% po?er. ot2er t2an $'s#'(ar po?er> W2en t2e p'rpose o1 ta0in& t2e #ar is to "estro% )% )'rnin& it. t2e #ri$e is arson> I1 a priJate in"iJi"'a( too0 a (etter #ontainin& posta( $one% or"er it is ='a(i1ie" t2e1t> I1 it ?as t2e post$aster. to ?2o$ t2e (etter ?as "e(iJere". t2e #ri$e ?o'(" )e in1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 "o#'$ents> RA AFBE ANTI<CARNAPPING 200 Pa&e +0+ o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY Carnappin&@ ta0in&. ?it2 intent to &ain. o1 $otor Je2i#(e )e(on&in& to anot2er ?it2o't t2e (atterKs #onsent or )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons. or )% 1or#e 'pon t2in&s *I4on J> Peop(e. +E +, !otor Ve2i#(e@ an% Je2i#(e ?2i#2 is$otorie" 'sin& t2e streets ?2i#2 arep')(i#.not eL#('siJe(%1or priJate 'se *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?, P3 FBB ANTI<CATTLE RUSTLING LAW Catt(e r'st(in&@ ta0in& a?a% )% $eans.$et2ors or s#2e$es. ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2eo?nerUraiser. o1 an% (ar&e #att(e ?2et2er or not 1or pro1it. or ?2et2er #o$$itte" ?it2 or ?it2o't Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 person or 1or#e 'pon t2in&s> It in#('"es 0i((in& o1 (ar&e #att(e. ta0in& its$eat or 2i"e ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 o?nerUraiser> Lar&e #att(e@ in#('"e #o?. #ara)ao. 2orse. $'(e. ass. ot2er "o$esti#ate" $e$)er o1 )oJine 1a$i(%> A &oat is not in#('"e" )e#a'se it is not (ar&e *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?, Pres'$ption@ EJer% person in possession o1 (ar&e #att(e s2a(( 'pon "e$an" )% #o$petent a't2orities eL2i)it re='ire" "o#'$ents> Fai('re to "o so is pri$a 1a#ie eJi"en#e t2at (ar&e #att(e in possession are 1r'its o1 #ri$e o1 #att(e r'st(in& 8i((in& o1 o?ner is a)sor)e" in #att(e r'st(in& *Boa"o. Co$pre2ensiJe ReJie?er in Cri$ina( La?, P3 C0D ILLEGAL FISHING Pri$a 1a#ie pres'$ption o1 i((e&a( 1is2in& ?2en@ +, ELp(osiJe. o)noLio's or poisono's s')stan#e or e='ip$ent or "eJi#e 1or e(e#tri# 1is2in& are 1o'n" in t2e 1is2in& )oat or in t2e possession o1 1is2er$anI or 2, W2en 1is2 #a'&2t ?it2 t2e 'se o1 eLp(osiJes. o)noLio's or poisono's s')stan#es or )% e(e#tri#it% are 1o'n" in a 1is2in& )oat P3 +A+2@ ANTI<FENCING LAW Fen#in&@ t2e a#t o1 an% person ?2o. ?it2 intent to &ain 1or 2i$se(1 or 1or anot2er. s2a(( )'%. re#eiJe. 0eep. a#='ire. #on#ea(. se((. or "ispose o1. or s2a(( )'% an " se(( or in an% ot2er $anner "ea( in an% arti#(e. ite$. o)-e#t. or an%t2in& o1 Ja('e ?2i#2 2e 0no?s. or s2o'(" )e 0no?n to +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 CRI!INAL LAW II 2i$. to 2aJe )een "eriJe" 1ro$ t2e pro#ee"s o1 t2e #ri$e o1 ro))er% or t2e1t> E(e$ents@ +> T2e #ri$e o1 ro))er% or t2e1t 2as )een #o$$itte"> 2> T2e a##'se". ?2o is not a prin#ipa( or a##o$p(i#e in t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e o1 ro))er% or t2e1t. )'%s. re#eiJes. possesses. 0eeps. a#='ires. #on#ea(s. se((s or "isposes. or )'%s an" se((s. or in an% $anner "ea(s in an% arti#(e. ite$. o)-e#t. or an%t2in& o1 Ja('e. ?2i#2 2as )een "eriJe" 1ro$ t2e pro#ee"s o1 t2e sai" #ri$e> B> T2e a##'se" 0no?s or s2o'(" 2aJe 0no?n t2at t2e sai" arti#(e. ite$. o)-e#t or an%t2in& o1 Ja('e 2as )een "eriJe" 1ro$ t2e pro#ee"s o1 t2e #ri$e o1 ro))er% or t2e1t> D> T2ere is. on t2e part o1 t2e a##'se". intent to &ain 1or 2i$se(1 or anot2er> !ere possession o1 an% &oo". arti#(e. ite$. o)-e#t. or an%t2in& o1 Ja('e ?2i#2 2as )een t2e s')-e#t o1 ro))er% or t2ieJer% s2a(( )e pri$a 1a#ie eJi"en#e o1 1en#in&> Ro))er%Ut2e1t an" 1en#in& are separate an" "istin#t o11enses> ARTICLE B++> THEFT OF THE PROPERTY OF THE NATIONAL LIBRARY AN3 NATIONAL !USEU! T2e1t o1 propert% o1 t2e Nationa( !'se'$ an" Nationa( Li)rar% 2as a 1iLe" pena(t% re&ar"(ess o1 its Ja('e> B't i1 it ?as ?it2 &raJe a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e. t2e pena(t% 1or ='a(i1ie" t2e1t s2a(( )e i$pose"> Us'rpation *B+2. B+B, Pa&e +02 o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE B+2> OCCUPATION OF REAL PROPERTY OR USURPATION OF REAL RIGHTS IN PROPERTY A#ts p'nis2a)(e 'n"er Art> B+2@ +> Ta0in& possession o1 an% rea( propert% )e(on&in& to anot2er )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons 2> Us'rpin& an% rea( ri&2ts in propert% )e(on&in& to anot2er )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons> E(e$ents@ t2e o11en"er ta0es a, T2at possession o1 an% rea( propert% or 's'rps an% rea( ri&2ts in propert% ), T2at t2e rea( propert% or rea( ri&2ts )e(on& to anot2er Jio(en#e a&ainst or #, T2at inti$i"ation o1 persons is 'se" )% t2e o11en"er in o##'p%in& rea( propert% or 's'rpin& rea( ri&2ts in propert%> ", T2at t2ere is intent to &ain> ARTICLE B+B> ALTERING BOUN3ARIES OR LAN3!AR8S E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2ere )e )o'n"ar% $ar0s or $on'$ents o1 to?ns. proJin#es. or estates. or an% ot2er $ar0s inten"e" to "esi&nate t2e )o'n"aries o1 t2e sa$e> 2> T2at t2e o11en"er a(ters sai" )o'n"ar% $ar0s> Art> B+B "oes not re='ire intent to &ain> T2e ?or" Ra(terS $a% in#('"e@ a> "estr'#tion o1 stone $on'$ent )> ta0in& it to anot2er p(a#e #> re$oJin& a 1en#e C'(pa)(e Inso(Jen#% *B+D, ART B+D> FRAU3ULENT INSOLVENCY E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er is a "e)torI t2at is. 2e 2as o)(i&ations "'e an" pa%a)(e 2> T2at 2e a)s#on"s ?it2 2is propert% B> T2at t2ere )e pre-'"i#e to 2is #re"itors I1 no Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation on(% #iJi( (ia)i(it% eLists> Art> B+2 "oes not app(% ?2en t2e Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation too0 p(a#e s')se='ent to t2e entr% into t2e propert%> Vio(en#e or inti$i"ation $'st )e t2e $eans 'se" in o##'p%in& rea( propert% or in 's'rpin& rea( ri&2ts> Art> B+2 "oes not app(% to a #ase o1 open "e1ian#e o1 t2e ?rit o1 eLe#'tion iss'e" in t2e 1or#i)(e entr% #ase> Cri$ina( a#tion 1or 's'rpation o1 rea( propert% is not a )ar to #iJi( a#tion 1or 1or#i)(e entr%> Us'rpation T2e1tURo))er% In )ot2 #ri$es. t2ere is intent to &ain !o"e@ B% !o"e@ B% ta0in& or o##'pation asportation Rea( propert% or Persona( propert% ri&2t is ta0en p'nis2es enterin& or RA EDC o##'p%in& p')(i# a&ri#'(t'ra( (an" in#('"in& (an"s &rante" to priJate in"iJi"'a(s> A#t'a( pre-'"i#e. not intention a(one. is re='ire"> EJen i1 t2e "e)tor "isposes o1 2is propert%. 'n(ess it is s2o?n t2at it( 2as a#t'a((% pre-'"i#e" 2is #re"itor. #onJi#tion ?i(( not (ie> Fra'"'(ent #on#ea($ent o1 propert% is not s'11i#ient i1 t2e "e)tor 2as so$e propert% ?it2 ?2i#2 to satis1% 2is o)(i&ation> RA)s#on"S@ "oes not re='ire t2at t2e "e)tor s2o'(" "epart an" p2%si#a((% #on#ea( 2is propert%> Rea( propert% #o'(" )e t2e s')-e#t $atter o1 Art> B+D> T2e person pre-'"i#e" #re"itor o1 t2e o11en"er> Art B+D No nee" to 2aJe "e1en"ant a"-'"&e" )an0r'pt or inso(Jent $'st )e Inso(Jen#% (a? Cri$e s2o'(" )e #o$$itte" a1ter t2e instit'tion o1 inso(Jen#% pro#ee"in&s +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +0B o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY SI!PLIFYING t2e Wa%s o1 Co$$ittin& ESTAFA WU ABUSE OF CONFI3ENCE +> Wit2 'n1ait21'(ness or a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e B+F par*+, *A<C, a, A(terin& s')stan#e. ='antit% or ='a(it% o1 o)-e#t s')-e#t o1 o)(i&ation to "e(iJer *B+F par +*a,, ), !isappropriation an" ConJersion *B+F par>+*),, Ta0in& a"Janta&e o1 si&nat're in )(an0 *B+F par>+*#,, CRI!INAL LAW II #, BY !EANS OF 3ECEIT B> T2ro'&2 1ra'"'(ent $eans 2> B% $eans o1 1a(se pretenses or 1ra'"'(ent a#tsI B+F par*B,*A<C, B+F par*2,*A<E,. BP22 a, Usin& 1i#titio's na$e or 1a(se a, B% in"'#in& anot2er. t2ro'&2 pretenses at po?er. in1('en#e] or "e#eit. to si&n an% "o#'$ent ot2er si$i(ar "e#eits *B+F. par *B+F par B*a,, 2*a,, ), B% resortin& to so$e 1ra'"'(ent ), B% a(terin& t2e ='a(it%. 1ineness pra#ti#e to ens're s'##ess in a or ?ei&2t o1 an%t2in& pertainin& &a$)(in& &a$e *B+F par>B*),, to art or )'siness *B+F par 2*),, #, #, B% re$oJin&. #on#ea(in& or #, B% preten"in& to 2aJe )ri)e" an% "estro%in& an% #o'rt re#or". &oJern$ent e$p(o%ee *B+F par> o11i#e 1i(es. "o#'$ent or an% 2*#,, ot2er papers *B+F par>B*#,, ", B% post"atin& a #2e#0 or iss'in& a )o'n#in& #2e#0 *B+F par 2*",, BP 22 B% o)tainin& 1oo". re1res2$ent or a##o$$o"ation ?U intent to "e1ra'" t2ro'&2 nonpa%$ent *B+F par 2*e,, e, 1, S?in"(in& an" ot2er "e#eits ESTAFA *B+F, E(e$ents o1 Esta1a in Genera(@ +> T2at t2e a##'se" "e1ra'"e" anot2er *a, )% a)'se o1 #on1i"en#eI or *), )% $eans o1 "e#eitI an" 2> T2at "a$a&e or pre-'"i#e #apa)(e o1 pe#'niar% esti$ation is #a'se" to t2e o11en"e" part% or t2ir" person> W2en t2e 1ra'" #o$$itte" #onsists in t2e a"'(teration or $iLin& o1 so$e eLtraneo's s')stan#e in an arti#(e o1 1oo" so as to (o?er its ='antit%. it $a% )e a Jio(ation o1 t2e P're Foo" La?> ItKs not esta1a i1 t2e t2in& "e(iJere" is not a##epta)(e to t2e #o$p(ainant ?2en t2ere is no a&ree$ent as to its ='a(it%> Esta1a $a% arise eJen i1 t2in& "e(iJere". is not s')-e#t o1 (a?1'( #o$$er#e. s'#2 as opi'$> WITH UNFAITHFULNESS OR ABUSE CONFI3ENCE *B+F PAR> +*A, *B, *C,, ALTERING PAR OF !ISAPPROPRIATION PAR>+*B,, E(e$ents@ AN3 CONVERSION *B+F SUBSTANCE. HUANTITY OR HUALITY OF OB5ECT SUB5ECT OF OBLIGATION TO 3ELIVER *B+F +*A,, E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er 2as an onero's o)(i&ation to "e(iJer so$et2in& o1 Ja('e> 2> T2at 2e a(ters its s')stan#e. ='antit%. or ='a(it% B> T2at "a$a&e or pre-'"i#e is #a'se" to anot2er

3e#eit is not an essentia( e(e$ent o1 esta1a ?it2 a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e> 3a$a&e or pre-'"i#e $'st )e #apa)(e o1 esti$ation. )e#a'se it is t2e )asis o1 t2e pena(t% 3e(iJer% o1 an%t2in& o1 Ja('e $'st )e R)% Jirt'e o1 an onero's o)(i&ation to "o soS> +> T2at $one%. &oo"s. or ot2er persona( propert% )e re#eiJe" )% t2e o11en"er in tr'st. or in #o$$ission. or 1or a"$inistration. or 'n"er an% ot2er o)(i&ation inJo(Jin& t2e "'t% to $a0e "e(iJer% o1. or to ret'rn. t2e sa$eI 2> T2at t2ere )e $isappropriation or #onJersion o1 s'#2 $one% or propert% )% t2e o11en"er. or "enia( on 2is part o1 s'#2 re#eiptI s'#2 $isappropriation or B> T2at #onJersion or "enia( is to t2e pre-'"i#e o1 anot2erI an" D> T2at t2ere is a "e$an" $a"e )% t2e o11en"e" part% to t2e o11en"er T2e Dt2 e(e$ent is not ne#essar% ?2en t2ere is eJi"en#e o1 $isappropriation o1 &oo"s )% t2e "e1en"ant> 200 Pa&e +0D o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY C2e#0 is R$one%S> in#('"e" in t2e ?or" CRI!INAL LAW II !one%. &oo"s or ot2er persona( propert% $'st )e re#eiJe" )% t2e o11en"er 'n"er #ertain 0in"s o1 transa#tion trans1errin& -'ri"i#a( possession to 2i$> W2en t2e t2in& re#eiJe" )% t2e o11en"er 1ro$ t2e o11en"e" part% *+, in tr'st. or *2, on #o$$ission. or *B, 1or a"$inistration. t2e o11en"er a#='ires )ot2 p2%si#a( possession an" -'ri"i#a( possession 'ri"i#a( possessionS@ $eans a possession ?2i#2 &iJes t2e trans1eree a ri&2t oJer t2e t2in& ?2i#2 2e $a% set 'p eJen a&ainst t2e o?ner> W2en t2e "e(iJer% o1 a #2atte( "oes not trans1er -'ri"i#a( possessionUtit(e. it is pres'$e" t2at t2e possessionUtit(e o1 t2e t2in& re$ain ?U o?ner> Fai('re to t'rn oJer to t2e )an0 t2e pro#ee"s o1 sa(e o1 &oo"s #oJere" )% tr'st re#eipts is esta1a> T2e p2rase Ror 'n"er an% o)(i&ation inJo(Jin& t2e "'t% to $a0e "e(iJer% o1. or to ret'rn t2e sa$eS. in#('"es ='asi<#ontra#ts an" #ertain #ontra#ts o1 )ai($ent> T2e o)(i&ation to ret'rn t2e t2in& $'st )e #ontra#t'a( )'t ?it2o't trans1errin& to a##'se" o?ners2ip o1 t2e t2in&> W2en o?ners2ip is trans1erre" to re#ipient. 2is 1ai('re to ret'rn it res'(ts in #iJi( (ia)i(it% on(%> App(i#a)(e CiJi( Co"e proJisions@ a, Transa#tion sa(e 1ai(s. t2ere is no esta1a i1 t2e a##'se" re1'se" to ret'rn t2e a"Jan#e pa%$ent> ), T2e $one% or persona( propert% re#eiJe" )% a##'se" is not to )e 'se" 1or a parti#'(ar p'rpose or to )e ret'rne"> #, T2in& re#eiJe" 'n"er a #ontra#t o1 sa(e on #re"it Pa%$ent )% st'"ents to t2e s#2oo( 1or t2e Ja('e o1 $ateria(s )ro0en is not $ere "eposit> NoJation o1 #ontra#t o1 a&en#% to one o1 sa(e. or to one o1 (oan. re(ieJes "e1en"ant 1ro$ in#ipient #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% 'n"er t2e 1irst #ontra#t> B Wa%s O1 Co$$ittin& Esta1a Wit2 A)'se O1 Con1i"en#e Un"er Art> B+F Par> *B,@ $isappropriatin& t2e t2in& +> B% re#eiJe"> 2> B% #onJertin& t2e t2in& re#eiJe"> B> B% "en%in& t2at t2e t2in& ?as re#eiJe"> RConJersionS@ pres'ppose" t2at t2e t2in& 2as )een "eJote" to a p'rpose or 'se "i11erent 1ro$ t2at a&ree" 'pon> T2e 1a#t t2at an a&ent so(" t2e t2in& re#eiJe" on #o$$ission 1or a (o?er pri#e t2an t2e one 1iLe". "oes not #onstit'te esta1a *US J Torres,> T2e (a? "oes not "istin&'is2 )et?een te$porar% an" per$anent $isappropriations> No esta1a 'n"er Art> B+F par *), ?2en t2ere is neit2er $isappropriation nor #onJersion> Ri&2t o1 a&ent to "e"'#t #o$$ission 1ro$ a$o'nts #o((e#te"@ I1 a&ent is a't2ori4e" to retain 2is #o$$ission o't o1 t2e a$o'nts 2e #o((e#te". t2ere is no esta1a> Ot2er?ise 2e is &'i(t% o1 esta1a. )e#a'se 2is ri&2t to #o$$ission "oes not $a0e t2e a&ent a #o<o?ner o1 $one% #o((e#te"> Br" e(e$ent o1 esta1a ?U a)'seo1 #on1i"en#e is t2at t2e #onJersion. or "enia( )% o11en"er res'(te" in t2e pre-'"i#e o1 t2e o11en"e" part%> RTo t2e pre-'"i#e o1 anot2erS@ not ne#essari(% o1 t2e o?ner o1 t2e propert%> Partners are not (ia)(e 1or esta1a o1 $one% or propert% re#eiJe" 1or t2e 200 Pa&e +0F o1 +FF Art> +DCC> T2e o?ners2ip o1 t2e t2in& so(" s2a(( )e trans1erre" to t2e Jen"ee 'pon a#t'a( or #onstr'#tiJe "e(iJer% t2ereo1> Art> +D 2> W2eneJer earnest $one% is &iJen in a #ontra#t o1 sa(e. it s2a(( )e #onsi"ere" as part o1 t2e pri#e an" as proo1 o1 t2e per1e#tion o1 t2e #ontra#t> In esta1a ?it2 a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e 'n"er par> *),. s')"iJision + o1 Art> B+F. t2e t2in& re#eiJe" $'st )e ret'rne" i1 t2ere is an o)(i&ation to ret'rn it> I1 no o)(i&ation to ret'rn t2ere is on(% #iJi( (ia)i(it%> NO ESTAFA WHEN@ +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY partners2ip ?2en t2e )'siness #o$$en#e" an" pro1its a##r'e"> Esta1a ?it2 a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e I1 a#='ire" -'ri"i#a( possession o1 t2in& $isappropriate" T2e1t I1 a#='ire" p2%si#a( possession on(% o1 t2in& $isappropriate" O11en"er ta0es t2e t2in& CRI!INAL LAW II $isappropriation o1 t2e sa$e is esta1a> P EL#eption@ W2en t2e o11en"er re#eiJe" t2e t2in& 1ro$ t2e o11en"e" part%. ?it2 t2e o)(i&ation to "e(Jer it to a t2ir" person an". instea" o1 "oin& so. $isappropriate" it to t2e pre-'"i#e o1 t2e o?ner. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is ='a(i1ie" t2e1t> Sa(e o1 t2in& re#eiJe" to )e p(e"&e" 1or o?ner is t2e1t. ?2en t2e intent to appropriate eListe" at t2e ti$e it ?as re#eiJe"> !a(Jersation Esta1a ?it2 a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e O11en"ers are entr'ste" ?it2 1'n"s or propert% Bot2 are #ontin'in& o11enses F'n"s or propert% Us'a((% p')(i# are a(?a%s priJate 1'n"s or propert% O11en"er is a O11en"er ?2o is priJate in"iJi"'a( 's'a((% a p')(i# or eJen a p')(i# o11i#er is o11i#er ?2o is not a##o'nta)(e 1or a##o'nta)(e 1or p')(i# 1'n"s or p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% propert% C#$$itte" )% Co$$itte" )% $isappropriatin&. $isappropriatin&. #onJertin& or or t2r' "en%in& 2aJin& a)an"on$ent or re#eiJe" $one%. ne&(i&en#e. (ettin& ot2er persona( ot2er person to propert% ta0e t2e p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% W2en in prose#'tion 1or $a(Jersation t2e p')(i# o11i#er is a#='itte". t2e priJate in"iJi"'a( in #onspira#% ?U 2i$ $a% )e 2e(" (ia)(e 1or esta1a> !isappropriation o1 1irear$s re#eiJe" )% a po(i#e@ o ESTAFA@ i1 it is not inJo(Je" in t2e #o$$ission o1 a #ri$e o !ALVERSATION@ i1 it is inJo(Je" in t2e #o$$ission o1 a #ri$e> O11en"er re#eiJes t2e t2in& 1ro$ t2e Ji#ti$ Fai('re o1 partner to a##o'nt 1or partners2ip 1'n"s $a% &iJe rise to #iJi( o)(i&ation on(%. not esta1a> P EL#eption@ ?2en partner $isappropriates t2e s2are o1 anot2er partner in t2e pro1its. t2e a#t #onstit'tes esta1a> A #o< o?ner is not (ia)(e 1or esta1a. )'t 2e is (ia)(e i1. a1ter t2e ter$ination o1 t2e #o<o?ners2ip. 2e $isappropriates t2e t2in& ?2i#2 2as )e#o$e t2e eL#('siJe propert% o1 t2e ot2er> B't ?2en t2e $one% or propert% 2a" )een re#eiJe" )% a partner 1or spe#i1i# p'rpose an" 2e $isappropriate" it. t2ere is esta1a> Un"er t2e Dt2 e(e$ent o1 esta1a ?it2 a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e "e$an" $a% )e re='ire"> In esta1a )% $eans o1 "e#eit. "e$an" is not nee"e". )e#a'se t2e o11en"er o)tains t2e t2in& ?ron&1'((% 1ro$ t2e start> In esta1a ?it2 a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e. t2e o11en"er re#eiJes t2e t2in& 'n"er a (a?1'( transa#tion> 3e$an" is not re='ire" )% (a?. )'t it $a% )e ne#essar%. )e#a'se 1ai('re to a##o'nt 'pon "e$an" is #ir#'$stantia( eJi"en#e o1 $isappropriation> Pres'$ption arises on(% ?2en t2e eLp(anation o1 t2e a##'se" is a)so('te(% "eJoi" o1 $erit> T2e $ere 1ai('re to ret'rn t2e t2in& re#eiJe" 1or sa1e0eepin& or 'n"er an% ot2er o)(i&ation ?U t2e "'t% to ret'rn t2e sa$e or "e(iJer t2e Ja('e t2ereo1 to t2e o?ner #o'(" on(% &iJe rise to a #iJi( a#tion an" "oes not #onstit'te t2e #ri$e o1 esta1a> T2ere is no esta1a t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e> T2e &raJit% o1 t2e #ri$e o1 est1a is )ase" on t2e a$o'nt not ret'rne" )e1ore t2e instit'tion o1 t2e #ri$ina( a#tion> Test to "istin&'is2 t2e1t 1ro$ esta1a@ In t2e1t. 'pon t2e "e(iJer% o1 t2e t2in& to t2e o11en"er. t2e o?ner eLpe#ts an i$$e"iate ret'rn o1 t2e t2in& to 2i$> *A()ert, W2en t2e o?ner "oes not eLpe#t t2e i$$e"iate ret'rn o1 t2e t2in& 2e "e(iJere" to t2e a##'se". t2e TA8ING A3VANTAGE PAR>+*C,, E(e$ents@ OF SIGNATURE IN BLAN8 *B+F +> T2at t2e paper ?it2 t2e si&nat're o1 t2e o11en"e" part% )e in )(an0> 2> T2at t2e o11en"e" part% s2o'(" 2aJe "e(iJere" it to t2e o11en"er> B> T2at a)oJe t2e si&nat're o1 t2e o11en"e" part% a "o#'$ent is ?ritten )% t2e o11en"er ?it2o't a't2orit% to "o so> D> T2at t2e "o#'$ent so ?ritten #reates a (ia)i(it% o1. or #a'ses "a$a&e to. t2e o11en"e" part% or an% t2ir" person> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

200 Pa&e +0A o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY P ESTAFA BY !EANS OF FRAU3ULENT ACTS *B+F PAR> 2*A, *B, *C,*3, *E, I BP22,@ CRI!INAL LAW II )e $a"e prior to. or. at (east si$'(taneo's(% ?it2. P t2e "e(iJer% o1 t2e t2in& )% t2e #o$p(ainant> It is essentia( t2at s'#2 1a(se state$ent or 1ra'"'(ent representation P #onstit'tes t2e #a'se or on(% $otiJe ?2i#2 in"'#e" t2e #o$p(ainant to part ?it2 t2e t2in&> P I1 t2ere )e no s'#2 prior or si$'(taneo's 1a(se state$ent or 1ra'"'(ent representation. P an% s')se='ent a#t o1 t2e a##'se". 2o?eJer 1ra'"'(ent an" s'spi#io's it $a% appear. X #annot serJe as a )asis 1or prose#'tion 1or t2e #(ass o1 esta1a> A #re"itor ?2o "e#eiJe" 2is "e)tor is (ia)(e 1or esta1a> In esta1a )% $eans o1 "e#eit 'n"er Art> B+F 2*a,. t2ere $'st )e eJi"en#e t2at t2e pretense o1 t2e a##'se" is 1a(se> Wit2o't s'#2 proo1. #ri$ina( intent to "e#eiJe #annot )e in1erre"> Fra'" $'st )e proJe" ?it2 #(ear an" positiJe eJi"en#e> W2ere #o$$ission sa(es$an too0 )a#0 t2e $a#2ines 1ro$ prospe#tiJe #'sto$ers an" $isappropriate" t2e$. t2e it is t2e1t. not esta1a> Esta1a t2ro'&2 1a(se pretense $a"e in ?ritin& is on(% a si$p(e #ri$e o1 esta1a. not a #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 esta1a t2ro'&2 1a(si1i#ation> !anip'(ation o1 s#a(e is p'nis2e" 'n"er t2e ReJise" A"$inistratiJe Co"e THROUGH FALSE PRETENSES ACTS *B+F PAR 2*A, TO *E,, OR FRAU3ULENT E(e$ents o1 esta1a )% $eans o1 "e#eit@ +> T2at t2ere $'st )e a 1a(se pretense. 1ra'"'(ent a#t or 1ra'"'(ent $eans> 2> T2at s'#2 1a(se pretense. 1ra'"'(ent a#t or 1ra'"'(ent $eans $'st )e $a"e or eLe#'te" prior to or si$'(taneo's(% ?it2 t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e 1ra'"> B> T2at t2e o11en"e" part% $'st 2aJe re(ie" on t2e 1a(se pretense. 1ra'"'(ent a#t. or 1ra'"'(ent $eans. t2at is. 2e ?as in"'#e" to part ?it2 2is $one% or propert% )e#a'se o1 t2e 1a(se pretense. 1ra'"'(ent a#t. or 1ra'"'(ent $eans> D> T2at as a res'(t t2ereo1. t2e o11en"e" part% s'11ere" "a$a&e> T2e a#ts $'st )e 1ra'"'(ent> A#ts $'st )e 1o'n"e" on. "e#eit. tri#0. or #2eat> In 1a(se pretenses t2e "e#eit #onsists in t2e 'se o1 "e#eit1'( ?or"s. in 1ra'"'(ent a#ts t2e "e#eit #onsists prin#ipa((% in "e#eit1'( a#ts> T2e 1ra'"'(ent a#ts $'st )e per1or$e" prior to or si$'(taneo's(% ?it2 t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e 1ra'"> T2e o11en"er $'st )e a)(e to o)tain so$et2in& 1ro$ t2e o11en"e" part% )e#a'se o1 t2e 1ra'"'(ent a#ts> USING FICTITIOUS NA!E OR FALSE PRETENSES AT POWER. INFLUENCE] OR OTHER SI!ILAR 3ECEITS *B+F. PAR 2*A,, Wa%s o1 #o$$ittin& t2e o11ense@ +> B% 'sin& 1i#titio's na$eI 2> B% 1a(se(% preten"in& to possess@ *a, po?er. *), in1('en#e. *#, ='a(i1i#ations. *", propert%. *e, #re"it. *1, a&en#%. *&,)'siness or i$a&inar% transa#tionsI B> B% $eans o1 ot2er si$i(ar "e#eits> BY ALTERING THE HUALITY. FINENESS OR WEIGHT OF ANYTHING PERTAINING TO ART OR BUSINESS *B+F PAR 2*B,, BY PRETEN3ING TO HAVE BRIBE3 ANY GOVERN!ENT E!PLOYEE *B+F PAR> 2*C,, Person ?o'(" as0 $one% 1ro$ anot2er 1or t2e a((e&e" p'rpose o1 )ri)in& a &oJern$ent e$p(o%ee )'t -'st po#0ete" t2e $one%> For esta1a 'n"er Art> B+F par> 2*a,. it is in"ispensa)(e t2at t2e 1a(se state$ent or 1ra'"'(ent representation o1 t2e a##'se". +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +0C o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY CRI!INAL LAW II P3 + app(ies on(% to esta1a 'n"er par 2*", o1 Art> B+F. an" "oes not app(% to ot2er 1or$s o1 esta1a> *Peop(e J Vi((ara4a. + SCRA EF,> Hen#e. t2e pena(t% pres#ri)e" in P3 + . not t2e pena(t% proJi"e" 1or in Art> B+F. s2o'(" )e i$pose" ?2en t2e esta1a #o$$itte" is #oJere" )% par 2*", o1 Art> B+F> Esta1a )% iss'in& a )a" #2e#0 is a #ontin'in& #ri$e> ANTI<BOUNCING CHEC8S LAW *BP22, BY POST3ATING A CHEC8 OR ISSUING A BOUNCING CHEC8 *B+F PAR 2*3,, E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er post"ate" a #2e#0. or iss'e" a #2e#0 in pa%$ent o1 an o)(i&ationI 2> T2at s'#2 post"atin& or iss'in& a #2e#0 ?as "one ?2en t2e o11en"er 2a" no 1'n"s in t2e )an0. or 2is 1'n"s "eposite" t2erein ?ere not s'11i#ient to #oJer t2e a$o'nt o1 t2e #2e#0> T2e #2e#0 $'st )e &en'ine. an" not 1a(si1ie"> T2e #2e#0 $'st )e post"ate" or 1or an o)(i&ation #ontra#te" at t2e ti$e o1 t2e iss'an#e an" "e(iJer% o1 t2e #2e#0 an" not 1or pre< eListin& o)(i&ation> EL#eption@ P W2en post"ate" #2e#0s are iss'e" an" inten"e" )% t2e parties on(% as pro$issor% notes P W2en t2e #2e#0 is iss'e" )% a &'arantor T2e a##'se" $'st )e a)(e to o)tain so$et2in& 1ro$ t2e o11en"e" part% )% $eans o1 t2e #2e#0 2e iss'es an" "e(iJers> T2e $ere 1a#t t2at t2e "ra?er 2a" ins'11i#ient or no 1'n"s in t2e )an0 to #oJer t2e #2e#0 at t2e ti$e 2e post"ate" or iss'e" a #2e#0. is s'11i#ient to $a0e 2i$ (ia)(e 1or esta1a> RA D F "e(ete" t2e p2rase Rt2e o11en"er 0no?in& at t2e ti$e 2e 2a" no 1'n"s in t2e )an0S P t2e 1ai('re o1 t2e "ra?er to "eposit t2e a$o'nt nee"e" to #oJer 2is #2e#0 ?it2in B "a%s 1ro$ re#eipt o1 noti#e o1 "is2onor o1 #2e#0 1or (a#0 or ins'11i#ien#% o1 1'n"s s2a(( )e pri$a 1a#ie eJi"en#e o1 "e#eit #onstit'tin& 1a(se pretense or 1ra'"'(ent a#t> BP 22 $a% )e Jio(ate" in 2 ?a%s@ E(e$ents o1 t2e o11ense "e1ine" in t2e +st para&rap2 o1 Se#> +@ +> T2at a person $a0es or "ra?s an" iss'e" an% #2e#0 2> T2at t2e #2e#0 is $a"e or "ra?n an" iss'e" to app(% on a##o'nt or 1or Ja('e> B> T2at t2e person ?2o $a0es or "ra?s an" iss'es t2e #2e#0 0no?s at t2e ti$e o1 iss'e t2at 2e "oes not 2aJe s'11i#ient 1'n"s in or #re"it ?it2 t2e "ra?ee )an0 1or t2e pa%$ent o1 s'#2 #2e#0 in 1'(( 'pon its present$ent> D> T2at t2e #2e#0 is s')se='ent(% "is2onore" )% t2e "ra?ee )an0 1or ins'11i#ien#% o1 1'n"s or #re"it. or ?o'(" 2aJe )een "is2onore" 1or t2e sa$e reason 2a" not t2e "ra?er. ?it2o't an% Ja(i" reason. or"ere" t2e )an0 to stop pa%$ent> E(e$ents o1 t2e o11ense "e1ine" in t2e 2n" para&rap2 o1 Se#> 2@ +> T2at a person 2as s'11i#ient 1'n"s in or #re"it ?it2 t2e "ra?ee )an0 ?2en 2e $a0es or "ra?s an" iss'es a #2e#0> 2> T2at 2e 1ai(s to 0eep s'11i#ient 1'n"s or to $aintain a #re"it to #oJer t2e 1'(( a$o'nt o1 t2e #2e#0 i1 presente" ?it2in a perio" o1 E0 "a%s 1ro$ t2e "ate appearin& t2ereon> B> T2at t2e #2e#0 is "is2onore" )% t2e "ra?ee )an0> P P T2e &raJa$en o1 BP 22 is t2e iss'an#e o1 a #2e#0> R'(e o1 Pre1eren#e in i$posin& pena(ties in BP 22@ A"$inistratiJe Cir#'(ar No> +2<2000 T2is #ir#'(ar esta)(is2es a r'(e o1 pre1eren#e in t2e app(i#ation o1 t2e pena( proJision o1 BP 22> T2e "eter$ination o1 ?2et2er t2e #ir#'$stan#es ?arrant t2e i$position o1 1ine a(one rests so(e(% 'pon t2e -'"&e> S2o'(" t2e -'"&e "e#i"e t2at 200 Pa&e +0 o1 +FF

Goo" 1ait2 is a "e1ense in a #2ar&e o1 esta1a )% post"atin& or iss'in& a #2e#0> One ?2o &ot 2o(" o1 a #2e#0 iss'e" )% anot2er. 0no?in& t2at t2e "ra?er 2a" no s'11i#ient 1'n"s in t2e )an0. an" 'se" t2e sa$e in t2e p'r#2ase o1 &oo"s. is &'i(t% o1 esta1a *Peop(e J> Is(eta,> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY i$prison$ent is t2e $ore appropriate pena(t%. A"$inistratiJe Cir#'(ar No> +22000 o'&2t not to )e "ee$e" a 2in"ran#e> T2e $a0erKs 0no?(e"&e o1 t2e ins'11i#ien#% o1 1'n"s is (e&a((% pres'$e" 1ro$ t2e "is2onor o1 2is #2e#0> EL#eptions@ a, W2en t2e #2e#0 is presente" a1ter E0 "a%s 1ro$ t2e "ate o1 t2e #2e#0> ), W2en t2e $a0er or "ra?er pa%s t2e 2o("er t2ereo1 t2e a$o'nt "'e t2ereon. or $a0es arran&e$ents 1or pa%$ents in 1'(( )% t2e "ra?ee o1 s'#2 #2e#0 ?it2in F )an0in& "a%s a1ter re#eiJin& noti#e t2at s'#2 #2e#0 2as not )een pai" )% t2e "ra?ee> Pri$a 1a#ie eJi"en#e "oes not arise ?2ere noti#e o1 non< pa%$ent is not sent to t2e $a0er o1 #2e#0> Se#> B re='ires t2e "ra?ee@ +> W2o re1'ses to pa% t2e #2e#0 to t2e 2o("er to #a'se to )e ?ritten. printe" or sta$pe" or atta#2e" t2ereto. t2e reason 1or "is2onor or re1'sa( to pa%> W2ere t2ere are no s'11i#ient 1'n"s t2e )an0 s2a(( eLp(i#it(% state t2at 1a#t in t2e noti#e o1 "is2onor or re1'sa(> 2> I1 t2e "ra?ee )an0 re#eiJe" an or"er to stop pa%$ent 1ro$ t2e "ra?er. t2e 1or$er s2a(( state in t2e noti#e t2at t2ere ?ere no s'11i#ient 1'n"s in or #re"it ?it2 it 1or t2e pa%$ent in 1'(( o1 t2e #2e#0. i1 s'#2 )e t2e 1a#t> In a(( prose#'tions 'n"er BP 22. t2e intro"'#tion in eJi"en#e o1 an% 'npai" an" "is2onore" #2e#0 ?it2 t2e "ra?eeKs re1'sa( to pa% sta$pe" or ?ritten t2ereon. or atta#2e" t2ereto. s2a(( )e pri$a 1a#ie eJi"en#e o1@ a> T2e $ai0in& or iss'an#e o1 t2e #2e#0I )> T2e "'e present$ent to t2e "ra?ee 1or pa%$ent an" t2e "is2onor t2ereo1I an" #> T2e 1a#t t2at t2e sa$e ?as proper(% "is2onore" 1or t2e reason ?ritten. sta$pe". or atta#2e" )% t2e "ra?ee on s'#2 "is2onore" #2e#0> T2e prose#'tion 2as to present in eJi"en#e on(% t2e 'npai" an" "is2onore" #2e#0 ?it2 t2e "ra?eeKs +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS CRI!INAL LAW II re1'sa( to pa% sta$pe" or ?ritten t2ereon. or atta#2e" t2ereto> Not )e ne#essar% to proJe@ +, t2e $a0in& or iss'an#e o1 t2e #2e#0 )% t2e "ra?erI 2, t2e "'e present$ent o1 t2e #2e#0 to t2e "ra?ee 1or pa%$ent an" t2e "is2onor t2ereo1I B, t2at t2e sa$e ?as proper(% "is2onore" 1or t2e reason ?ritten. sta$pe" or atta#2e" )% t2e "ra?ee on t2e "is2onore" #2e#0> Iss'in& a )'$ #2e#0 $a% )e p'nis2e" 'n"er t2e RPC or BP 22. or )ot2> BP 22 "e#eit "a$a&e i$$ateria( RPC re='ires "e#eit an" "a$a&e an" are BY OBTAINING ANY FOO3. REFRESH!ENT TO OR ACCO!!O3ATION WITH INTENT 3EFRAU3 THROUGH NONPAY!ENT *B+F PAR 2*E,, B ?a%s o1 #o$$ittin& t2e o11ense@ +> B% o)tainin& 1oo". re1res2$ent or a##o$$o"ation at a 2ote(. inn. resta'rant. )oar"in& 2o'se. (o"&in& 2o'se or apart$ent 2o'se ?it2o't pa%in& t2ere1or. ?it2 intent to "e1ra'" t2e proprietor or $ana&er t2ereo1I 2> B% o)tainin& #re"it a% an% o1 sai" esta)(is2$ents )% t2e 'se o1 an% 1a(se pretenseI or a)an"onin& or s'rreptitio's(% B> B% re$oJin& an% part o1 2is )a&&a&e 1ro$ an% o1 sai" esta)(is2$ents

a1ter o)tainin& #re"it. 1oo". re1res2$ent or a##o$$o"ation t2erein. ?it2o't pa%in& t2ere1or> THROUGH OTHER FRAU3ULENT !EANS *B+F PAR B*A, *B, *C,, BY IN3UCING ANOTHER. THROUGH 3ECEIT. TO SIGN ANY 3OCU!ENT *B+F PAR B*A,, E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er in"'#e" t2e o11en"e" part% to si&n a "o#'$ent> 2> T2at "e#eit )e e$p(o%e" to $a0e 2i$ si&n t2e "o#'$ent> B> T2at t2e o11en"e" part% persona((% si&ne" t2e "o#'$ent> D> T2at pre-'"i#e )e #a'se"> O11en"er $'st in"'#e t2e o11en"e" part% to si&n t2e "o#'$ent> I1 o11en"e" part% is ?i((in& 1ro$ t2e start to si&n t2e "o#'$ent. )e#a'se t2e #ontents are "i11erent 1ro$ t2ose ?2i#2 t2e o11en"e" to(" t2e a##'se" 200 Pa&e +0E o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY to state in t2e "o#'$ent. t2e #ri$e is 1a(si1i#ation> BY RESORTING TO SO!E FRAU3ULENT PRACTICE TO ENSURE SUCCESS IN A GA!BLING GA!E *B+F PAR>B*B,, CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE B+A> OTHER FOR!S OF SWIN3LING PAR +> BY OR CONVEYING. SELLING. ENCU!BERING. ANY REAL PROPERTY. !ORTGAGING PRETEN3ING TO BE THE OWNER OF THE SA!E BY RE!OVING. CONCEALING OR 3ESTROYING ANY COURT RECOR3. OFFICE FILES. 3OCU!ENT OR ANY OTHER PAPERS *B+F PAR>B*C,, E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2ere )e #o'rt re#or". o11i#e 1i(es. "o#'$ents or an% ot2er papers> 2> T2at t2e o11en"er re$oJe". #on#ea(e" or "estro%e" an% o1 t2e$> B> T2at t2e o11en"er 2a" intent to "e1ra'" anot2er> E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e t2in& )e i$$oJa)(e. s'#2 as a par#e( o1 (an" or a )'i("in&> 2> T2at t2e o11en"er ?2o is not t2e o?ner o1 sai" propert% s2o'(" represent t2at 2e is t2e o?ner t2ereo1> t2e o11en"er s2o'(" 2aJe B> T2at eLe#'te" an a#t o1 o?ners2ip *se((in&. en#'$)erin& or $ort&a&in& t2e rea( propert%,> D> T2at t2e a#t )e $a"e to pre-'"i#e o1 t2e o?ner or a t2ir" person> I1 t2ere is no $a(i#io's intent to "e1ra'". t2e "estr'#tion o1 #o'rt re#or" is $a(i#io's $is#2ie1> E(e$ents o1 "e#eit an" #on1i"en#e $a% #o<eList> a)'se o1 T2e t2in& "ispose" o1 $'st )e rea( propert%> I1 itKs #2atte(. #ri$e is Esta1a> T2ere $'st )e eListin& rea( propert%> EJen i1 t2e "e#eit is pra#ti#e" a&ainst t2e se#on" p'r#2aser )'t "a$a&e is in#'rre" )% t2e 1irst p'r#2aser. t2ere is Jio(ation o1 par>+ o1 Art> B+A> Sin#e t2e pena(t% is )ase" on t2e RJa('e o1 t2e "a$a&eS t2ere $'st )e a#t'a( "a$a&e #a'se"> I1 t2ere is neit2er "e#eit nor a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e. itKs not esta1a. eJen i1 t2ere is "a$a&e> T2ere is on(% #iJi( (ia)i(it%> T2e e(e$ent o1 "a$a&e or pre-'"i#e #apa)(e o1 pe#'niar% esti$ation $a% #onsist in@ +> T2e o11en"e" part% )ein& "epriJe" o1 2is $one% or propert%. as res'(t o1 t2e "e1ra'"ationI 2> 3ist'r)an#e in propert% ri&2tI or B> Te$porar% pre-'"i#e PARAGRAPH 2> BY 3ISPOSING OF REAL PROPERTY AS FREE FRO! ENCU!BRANCE. ALTHOUGH SUCH ENCU!BRANCE BE NOT RECOR3E3 Pa%$ent s')se='ent to t2e #o$$ission o1 esta1a "oes not eLtin&'is2 #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% or re"'#e t2e pena(t%> T2e #ri$e o1 esta1a is not o)(iterate" )% a##eptan#e o1 pro$issor% note> A priJate person ?2o pro#'res a (oan )% $eans o1 "e#eit t2ro'&2 a 1a(si1ie" p')(i# "o#'$ent o1 $ort&a&e. )'t pai" (oan ?it2in t2e perio" a&ree" 'pon. is not &'i(t% o1 esta1a )'t on(% 1a(si1i#ation o1 a p')(i# "o#'$ent> A##'se" #annot )e #onJi#te" o1 esta1a ?it2

a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e i1 #2ar&e" ?U esta1a )% $eans o1 "e#eit> OTHER FOR!S OF 3ECEITS *B+A<B+ , SWIN3LING AN3 E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e t2in& "ispose" o1 )e rea( propert%> 2> T2at t2e o11en"er 0ne? t2at t2e rea( propert% ?as en#'$)ere". ?2et2er t2e en#'$)ran#e is re#or"e" or not> t2ere $'st )e eLpress B> T2at representation )% t2e o11en"er t2at t2e rea( propert% is 1ree 1ro$ en#'$)ran#e> D> T2at t2e a#t o1 "isposin& o1 t2e rea( propert% )e $a"e to t2e "a$a&e o1 anot2er> REn#'$)ran#eS@ in#('"es eJer% ri&2t or interest in t2e (an" ?2i#2 eLists in 1aJor o1 t2ir" persons> T2e o11en"e" part% ?o'(" not 2aJe &rante" t2e (oan 2a" 2e 0no?n t2at t2e propert% ?as a(rea"% en#'$)ere"> W2en t2e (oan 2a" a(rea"% )een &rante" ?2en "e1en"ant o11ere" t2e +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e ++0 o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY propert% as se#'rit% 1or t2e (oan. Art> B+A par> 2 is not app(i#a)(e> Us'rio's (oan ?it2 e='ita)(e $ort&a&e is not an en#'$)ran#e on t2e propert%> I1 Br" e(e$ent not esta)(is2e". t2ere is no #ri$e> T2ere $'st )e "a$a&e #a'se"> It is not ne#essar% t2at a#t pre-'"i#e t2e o?ner o1 t2e (an"> T2e o$itte" p2rase Ras 1ree 1ro$ en#'$)ran#eS in par 2 o1 Art> B+A is t2e )asis o1 t2e r'(in& t2at si(en#e as to s'#2 en#'$)ran#e "oes not inJo(Je a #ri$e> PARAGRAPH B> BY OWNER OF HIS LAWFUL POSSESSOR CRI!INAL LAW II PARAGRAPH F> BY ACCEPTING ANY CO!PENSATION FOR SERVICES NOT REN3ERE3 OR FOR LABOR NOT PERFOR!E3 E(e$ents@ +> A##eptin& a #o$pensation &iJen to a##'se" 1or serJi#e not ren"ere" 2> !a(i#io's 1ai('re to ret'rn t2e #o$pensation ?ron&1'((% re#eiJe" *1ra'", T2ere $'st )e 1ra'" ot2er?ise it ?i((on(% )e so('tio in"e)iti. ?it2 #iJi( o)(i&ation to ret'rn t2e ?ron& pa%$ent> I1 t2e $one% in pa%$ent o1 a "e)t ?as "e(iJere" to a ?ron& person. Art> B+A par F is not app(i#a)(e. in #ase t2e person ?2o re#eiJe" it (ater re1'se" or 1ai(e" to ret'rn it to t2e o?ner o1 t2e $one%> Art> B+F s')"iJision +*), is app(i#a)(e> WRONGFULLY TA8ING BY THE PROPERTY FRO! ITS PERSONAL E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er is t2e o?ner o1 persona( propert%> 2> T2at sai" propert% is in t2e (a?1'( possession o1 anot2er> B> T2at t2e o11en"er ?ron&1'((% ta0es it 1ro$ its (a?1'( possessor> D> T2at pre-'"i#e is t2ere)% #a'se" to t2e (a?1'( possessor or t2ir" person> PARAGRAPH !ORTGAGING THE A> OR BY SELLING. REAL THE AS ENCU!BERING GUARANTEE3 HIS PROPERTY OR PROPERTIES WITH WHICH OFFEN3ER OF FULFILL!ENT SURETY OBLIGATION O11en"er $'st ?ron&1'((% ta0e t2e persona( propert% 1ro$ t2e (a?1'( possessor> I1 t2e o?ner too0 t2e persona( propert% 1ro$ its (a?1'( possessor ?it2o't t2e (atterKs 0no?(e"&e an" (ater #2ar&e" 2i$ ?it2 t2e Ja('e o1 t2e propert%. t2e #ri$e is t2e1t *US J A()ao,> I1 t2e t2in& is ta0en )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e. ?it2o't intent to &ain. it is not esta1a. )'t &raJe #oer#ion> I1 t2ere is intent to #2ar&e t2e )ai(ee ?it2 its Ja('e. t2e #ri$e is ro))er% *US J A()ao, PARAGRAPH D> BY EGECUTING ANY FICTITIOUS

CONTRACT TO THE PRE5U3ICE OF ANOTHER E(e$ents@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er is a s'ret% in a )on" &iJen in a #ri$ina( or #iJi( a#tion> 2e &'arantee" t2e 2> T2at 1'(1i(($ent o1 s'#2 o)(i&ation ?it2 2is rea( propert% or properties> B> T2at 2e se((s. $ort&a&es. or. in an% ot2er $anner en#'$)ers sai" rea( propert%> D> T2at s'#2 sa(e. $ort&a&e. or en#'$)ran#e is *a, ?it2o't eLpress a't2orit% 1ro$ t2e #o'rt. or *),$a"e )e1ore t2e #an#e((ation o1 2is )on". or *#, )e1ore )ein& re(ieJe" 1ro$ t2e o)(i&ation #ontra#te" )% 2i$> T2ere $'st )e "a$a&e #a'se" 'n"er Art> B+A> I(('stration@ A person ?2o si$'(ates a #onJe%an#e o1 2is propert% to anot2er. to "e1ra'" 2is #re"itors> I1 t2e #onJe%an#e is rea( an" not si$'(ate". t2e #ri$e is 1ra'"'(ent inso(Jen#%> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +++ o1 +FF

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY CRI!INAL LAW II ARTICLE B+C> SWIN3LING OF A !INOR E(e$ents@ t2e o11en"er ta0es +> T2at a"Janta&e o1 t2e ineLperien#e or e$otions or 1ee(in&s o1 a $inor> 2> T2at 2e in"'#es s'#2 $inor *+, to ass'$e an o)(i&ation. or *2, to &iJe re(ease. or *B, to eLe#'te a trans1er o1 an% propert% ri&2t> B> T2at t2e #onsi"eration is *+, so$e (oan o1 $one%. *2, #re"it. or *B, ot2er persona( propert%> D> T2at t2e transa#tion is to t2e "etri$ent o1 s'#2 $inor> ARTICLE B+E> RE!OVAL. SALE. OR PLE3GE OF !ORTGAGE3 PROPERTY A#ts p'nis2a)(e 'n"er Art> B+E@ +> B% 0no?in&(% re$oJin& an% persona( propert% $ort&a&e" 'n"er t2e C2atte( !ort&a&e La? to an% proJin#e or #it% ot2er t2an t2e one in ?2i#2 it ?as (o#ate" at t2e ti$e o1 eLe#'tion o1 t2e $ort&a&e. ?it2o't t2e ?ritten #onsent o1 t2e $ort&a&ee or 2is eLe#'tors. a"$inistrators or assi&ns> 2> B% se((in& or p(e"&in& persona( propert% a(rea"% p(e"&e". or an% part t2ereo1. 'n"er t2e ter$s o1 t2e C2atte( !ort&a&e La?. ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e $ort&a&ee ?ritten on t2e )a#0 o1 t2e $ort&a&e an" note" on t2e re#or" t2ereo1 in t2e o11i#e o1 t2e re&ister o1 "ee"s o1 t2e proJin#e ?2ere s'#2 propert% is (o#ate"> C2atte( $ort&a&e $'st )e Ja(i" an" s')sistin&> I1 #2atte( $ort&a&e "oes not #ontain an a11i"aJit o1 &oo" 1ait2 an" is not re&istere". it is Joi" an" #annot )e prose#'te" 'n"er Art B+E Rea( propert% is not in#('"e" sin#e a $inor #annot #onJe% rea( propert% ?it2o't -'"i#ia( a't2orit%> ARTICLE B+ > OTHER 3ECEITS Ot2er "e#eits are@ "e1ra'"in& or "a$a&in& +> B% anot2er )% an% ot2er "e#eit not $entione" in t2e pre#e"in& arti#(es> interpretin& "rea$s. )% 2> B% $a0in& 1ore#asts. )% te((in& 1ort'nes. or )% ta0in& a"Janta&e o1 t2e #re"'(it% o1 t2e p')(i# in an% ot2er $anner. 1or pro1it or &ain> E(e$ents o1 0no?in&(% re$oJin& $ort&a&e" persona( propert%@ persona( propert% is +> T2at $ort&a&e" 'n"er t2e C2atter !ort&a&e La?> 2> T2at t2e o11en"er 0no?s t2at s'#2 propert% is so $ort&a&e"> B> T2at 2e re$oJes s'#2 $ort&a&e" persona( propert% to an% proJin#e or #it% ot2er t2an t2e one in ?2i#2 it ?as (o#ate" at t2e ti$e o1 t2e eLe#'tion o1 t2e $ort&a&e> D> T2at t2e re$oJa( is per$anent> F> T2at t2ere is no ?ritten #onsent o1 t2e $ort&a&ee or 2is eLe#'tors. a"$inistrators or assi&ns to s'#2 re$oJa(> An% ot2er 0in" o1 #on#eiJa)(e "e#eit $a% 1a(( 'n"er t2is arti#(e> As in ot2er #ases o1 esta1a. "a$a&e to t2e o11en"e" part% is re='ire"> T2e "e#eits in t2is arti#(e in#('"e 1a(se pretenses an" 1ra'"'(ent a#ts> C2atte( !ort&a&e *B+E, A person ot2er t2an t2e $ort&a&or ?2o re$oJe" t2e propert% to anot2er proJin#e. 0no?in& it to )e $ort&a&e". $a% )e (ia)(e> T2e re$oJa( o1 t2e $ort&a&e" persona( propert% $'st )e #o'p(e" ?it2 intent to "e1ra'"> No 1e(onio's intent i1 trans1er o1 persona( propert% is "'e to #2an&e o1 resi"en#e> I1 t2e $ort&a&ee opte" to 1i(e 1or #o((e#tion. not 1ore#(os're. a)an"onin& t2e $ort&a&e as )asis 1or +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e ++2 o1 +FF T2e o)-e#t o1 t2e C2atte( !ort&a&e La? is to &iJe t2e ne#essar% san#tion to t2e stat'te. so t2at $ort&a&e "e)tors $a% )e "eterre" 1ro$ Jio(atin& its proJisions an" $ort&a&e #re"itors $a% )e prote#te" a&ainst (oss o1 in#onJenien#e 1ro$ ?ron&1'( re$oJa( or sa(e o1 $ort&a&e" propert%>

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY re(ie1. t2e re$oJa( o1 propert% to anot2er proJin#e is not a Jio(ation o1 Art B+E par+ CRI!INAL LAW II E(e$ents o1 se((in& or p(e"&in& persona( propert% a(rea"% p(e"&e"@ +> T2at persona( propert% is a(rea"% p(e"&e" 'n"er t2e ter$s o1 t2e C2atte( !ort&a&e La?> 2> T2at t2e o11en"er. ?2o is t2e $ort&a&or o1 s'#2 propert%. se((s or p(e"&es t2e sa$e o1 an% part t2ereo1> B> T2at t2ere is no #onsent o1 t2e $ort&a&ee ?ritten on t2e )a#0 o1 t2e $ort&a&e an" note" on t2e re#or" t2ereo1 in t2e o11i#e o1 t2e re&ister o1 "ee"s> Atte$pte" arson@ A person. inten"in& to )'rn a ?oo"en str'#t're. #o((e#ts so$e ra&s. soa0s t2e$ in &aso(ine an" p(a#es t2e$ )esi"e t2e ?oo"en ?a(( o1 t2e )'i("in&> W2en 2e a)o't to (i&2t a $at#2 to set 1ire to t2e ra&s. 2e is "is#oJere" )% anot2er ?2o #2ases 2i$ a?a%> Fr'strate" arson@ I1 t2at person is a)(e to (i&2t or set 1ire to t2e ra&s )'t t2e 1ire ?as p't o't )e1ore an% part o1 t2e )'i("in& ?as )'rne"> Cons'$$ate" arson@ I1 )e1ore t2e 1ire ?as p't o't. it 2a" )'rne" a part o1 t2e )'i("in&> In atte$pte" arson. it is ne#essar% t2at t2ere )e a 1ire> not T2e #onsent o1 t2e $ort&a&ee $'st )e *+, in ?ritin&. *2, on t2e )a#0 o1 t2e $ort&a&e. an" *B, note" on t2e re#or" t2ereo1 in t2e o11i#e o1 t2e re&ister o1 "ee"s> 3a$a&e is not essentia(> C2atte( $ort&a&e $a% &iJe rise to esta1a )% $eans o1 "e#eit> Art B+E Art B+A Esta1a In )ot2 t2ere is se((in& o1 a $ort&a&e" propert%> Persona( propert% Propert% inJo(Je" is rea( propert%*Art> B+A par 2, )% Co$$itte" )% t2e Co$$itte" rea( $ere 1ai('re to se((in& o)tain #onsent o1 propert% t2e $ort&a&ee in $ort&a&e" as 1ree. ?ritin&. eJen i1 eJen t2o'&2 t2e o11en"er s2o'(" Jen"or $a% 2aJe t2e in1or$ t2e o)taine" o1 t2e p'r#2aser t2at t2e #onsent in t2in& so(" is $ort&a&ee ?ritin&> $ort&a&e" P'rpose@ to P'rpose@ to prote#t prote#t t2e t2e p'r#2aser *+st $ort&a&ee or 2n", Arson an" 3estr'#tion ot2er Cri$es InJo(Jin& I1 t2e propert% )'rne" is an in2a)ite" 2o'se or "?e((in&. it is not re='ire" 2at t2e 2o'se )e o##'pie" )% one or $ore persons an" t2e o11en"er 0ne? it ?2en t2e 2o'se ?as )'rne"> No #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 arson ?it2 2o$i#i"e> I1 )% reason o1 or on t2e o##asion o1 arson "eat2 res'(ts. t2e pena(t% o1 re#('sion perpet'a to "eat2 s2a(( )e i$pose"> Ho$i#i"e is a)sor)e"> An% o1 C #ir#'$stan#es in Se#> A o1 P3 +A+B is s'11i#ient to esta)(is2 1a#t o1 arson i1 'neLp(aine"> P3 +A+B. _+> 3ESTRUCTIVE ARSON SEC> 2> 3estr'#tiJe Arson OT2e pena(t% o1 Re#('sion Te$pora( in its $aLi$'$ perio" to Re#('sion Perpet'a s2a(( )e i$pose" i1 t2e propert% )'rne" is an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in&@ +> An% a$$'nition 1a#tor% an" ot2er esta)(is2$ent ?2ere eLp(osiJes. in1(a$$a)(e or #o$)'sti)(e $ateria(s are store"> 2> An% ar#2iJe. $'se'$. ?2et2er p')(i# or priJate. or an% e"i1i#e "eJote" to #'(t're. e"'#ation or so#ia( serJi#es> B> An% #2'r#2 or p(a#e o1 ?ors2ip or ot2er )'i("in& ?2ere peop(e 's'a((% asse$)(e> D> An% train. airp(ane or an% air#ra1t. Jesse( or ?ater#ra1t. or #onJe%an#e 1or transportation o1 persons or propert%> F> An% )'i("in& ?2ere eJi"en#e is 0ept 1or 'se in an% (e&is(atiJe. -'"i#ia(. or 200 Pa&e ++B o1 +FF 8in"s o1 Arson@ +> Arson *P3 +A+B. Se#> +, 2> 3estr'#tiJe arson *Art> B20. as a$en"e" )% RA CAFE, B> Ot2er #ases o1 arson *Se#> B. P3 +A+B, Atte$pte". Fr'strate". Cons'$$ate" Arson@ +00N UP LAW UP an" BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY a"$inistratiJe pro#ee"in&> or ot2er o11i#ia( CRI!INAL LAW II in#('"es "e1a#in& it> *Peop(e J Asi"o. et> A(. FE OG BADA, A> An% 2ospita(. 2ote(. "or$itor%. (o"&in& 2o'se. 2o'sin& tene$ent. s2oppin& #enter. p')(i# or priJate $ar0et. t2eater or $oJie 2o'se or an% si$i(ar p(a#e or )'i("in&> C> An% )'i("in&. ?2et2er 'se" as "?e((in& or not. sit'ate" in pop'(ate" or #on&este" area> a a 2> SPECIAL CASES !ISCHIEF *B2 , OF !ALICIOUS Spe#ia( #ases o1 $is#2ie1@ *='a(i1ie" $is#2ie1, $a(i#io's $a(i#io's SEC> B> Ot2er Cases o1 ArsonOT2e pena(t% o1 Re#('sion Te$pora( to Re#('sion Perpet'a s2a(( )e i$pose" i1 t2e propert% )'rne" is an% o1 t2e 1o((o?in&@ +> An% )'i("in& 'se" as o11i#es o1 t2e &oJern$ent or an% o1 its a&en#ies 2> An% in2a)ite" 2o'se or "?e((in& B> An% in"'stria( s2ip%ar". oi( ?e(( p(at1or$ or t'nne( esta)(is2$ent. or $ine s2a1t. +> #a'sin& "a$a&e to o)str'#t t2e per1or$an#e o1 p')(i# 1'n#tions 2> 'sin& an% poisono's or #orrosiJe s')stan#e in1e#tion or B> sprea"in& #onta&ion a$on& #att(e D> #a'sin& "a$a&e to propert% o1 t2e Nationa( !'se'$ or Nationa( Li)rar%. or to an% ar#2iJe ore re&istr%. ?ater?or0s. roa". pro$ena"e. or an% ot2er t2in& 'se" in #o$$on )% t2e p')(i#> B> OTHER !ISCHIEFS *B2E, D> An% p(antation. 1ar$. past're (an". &ro?in& #rop. &rain 1ie(". or#2ar". )a$)oo &roJe or 1orestI F> An% ri#e $i((. s'&ar $i((. #ane $i(( or $i(( #entra( A> An% rai(?a% or )'s station. airport. ?2ar1 or ?are2o'se Ot2er $is#2ie1s not in#('"e" in Art> B2 are p'nis2e" )ase" on Ja('e o1 t2e "a$a&e #a'se"> I1 t2e a$o'nt inJo(Je" #annot )e esti$ate". t2e pena(t% o1 arresto $enor o1 1ine not eL#ee"in& P200 is 1iLe" )% (a?> Peop(e J 3'$(ao. B OG BC+F@ W2en seJera( persons s#attere" #o#on't re$nants ?2i#2 #ontaine" 2'$an eL#re$ent on t2e stairs an" 1(oor o1 t2e $'ni#ipa( )'i("in&. in#('"in& its interior. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is $a(i#io's $is#2ie1 'n"er Art> B2E> 3a$a&e an" o)str'#tion to $eans an" #o$$'ni#ation *BB0, Co$$itte" )% "a$a&in& an% rai(?a%. te(e&rap2. or te(ep2one (ines> I1 t2e "a$a&e s2a(( res'(t in an% "erai($ent o1 #ars. #o((ision. or ot2er a##i"ent. a 2i&2er pena(t% s2a(( )e i$pose"> *H'a(i1%in& Cir#'$stan#e, Te(e&rap2Up2one (ines $'st pertain to rai(?a%s> H@ W2en as a res'(t o1 t2e "a$a&e #a'se" to rai(?a%. #ertain passen&ers o1 t2e train are 0i((e"@ A@It "epen"s> Art> BB0 sa%s R?it2o't pre-'"i#e to t2e #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% o1 t2e o11en"er 1or ot2er #onse='en#es o1 2is 200 Pa&e ++D o1 +FF !a(i#io's !is#2ie1 +> WHO ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR *B2C, E(e$ents o1 $a(i#io's $is#2ie1@ +> T2at t2e o11en"er "e(i)erate(% #a'se" "a$a&e to t2e propert% o1 anot2er> s'#2 a#t "oes not 2> T2at #onstit'te arson or ot2er #ri$es inJo(Jin& "estr'#tion B> T2at t2e a#t o1 "a$a&in& anot2erKs propert% )e #o$$itte" $ere(% 1or t2e sa0e o1 "a$a&in& it> I1 no $a(i#e in #a'sin& "a$a&e. t2e o)(i&ation to pa% 1or t2e "a$a&es is on(% #iJi( *Art> 2+CA, 3a$a&e $eans not on(% (oss )'t a(so "i$in'tion o1 ?2at is a $anKs o?n> T2's. "a$a&e to anot2erKs 2o'se +00N UP LAW UP

BAROPS

G> CRI!ES AGAINST PROPERTY #ri$ina( a#t>S I1 t2ere is no intent to 0i((. t2e #ri$e is R"a$a&es to $eans to $eans o1 #o$$'ni#ationS ?it2 2o$i#i"e )e#a'se o1 t2e 1irst para&rap2 o1 Art> D an" Art> D > I1 t2ere is intent to 0i((. an" "a$a&in& t2e rai(?a%s ?as t2e $eans to a##o$p(is2 t2e #ri$ina( p'rpose. t2e #ri$e is $'r"er> CRI!INAL LAW II 3estro%in& or "a$a&in& stat'es. p')(i# $on'$ents or paintin&s *BB+, T2e pena(t% is (o?er i1 t2e t2in& "estro%e" is a p')(i# paintin&. rat2er t2an a p')(i# $on'$ent> ELe$ption 1ro$ Cri$ina( Lia)i(it% Cri$es A&ainst Propert% *BB2, Cri$es inJo(Je" in t2e eLe$ption@ +> t2e1t 2> s?in"(in& *esta1a, B> $a(i#io's $is#2ie1 in Persons eLe$pt 1ro$ #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%@ as#en"ants an" +> Spo'ses. "es#en"ants. or re(atiJes )% a11init% in t2e sa$e (ine> 2> T2e ?i"o?e" spo'se ?it2 respe#t to t2e propert% ?2i#2 )e(on&e" to t2e "e#ease" spo'se )e1ore t2e sa$e passe" into t2e possession o1 anot2er> B> )rot2ers an" sisters an" )rot2ersin<(a? an" sisters<in<(a?. i1 (iJin& to&et2er> T2ere is no #ri$ina(. )'t on(% #iJi( (ia)i(it%> Art> BB2 "oes not app(% to a stran&er ?2o parti#ipates in t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e> Peop(e J A(Jare4. F2 P2i( AFI Peop(e J A"a$e. et> a(>. CA>. D0 OG S'pp> 2+. AB@ Step1at2er an" step$ot2er are in#('"e" as as#en"ants )% a11init%> G'eJara@ An a"opte" or nat'ra( #2i(" s2o'(" a(so )e #onsi"ere" as in#('"e" in t2e ter$ R"es#en"antsS an" a #on#')ine or para$o'r ?it2in t2e ter$ Rspo'sesS> Art> +DD. CCI Peop(e J Constantino. CA. A0 OG BA0F@ Art> BB2 app(ies to #o$$on<(a? spo'ses> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e ++F o1 +FF

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY TITLE GI@ CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY +> A"'(ter% *Art> BBB,I 2> Con#')ina&e *Art> BBD,I B> A#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness *Art> BBA,I D> H'a(i1ie" se"'#tion *Art> BBC,I F> Si$p(e se"'#tion *Art> BB ,I A> A#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness ?it2 t2e #onsent o1 t2e o11en"e" part% *Art> BBE,I C> Corr'ption o1 $inors *Art> BD0,I > W2ite s(aJe tra"e *Art> BD+,I E> For#i)(e a)"'#tion *Art> BD2,I an" +0> Consente" a)"'#tion *Art> BDB, A> A"'(ter% +> ARTICLE BBB> A3ULTERY E(e$ents@ C, T2e ?o$an is $arrie"I , S2e 2as seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 a $an not 2er 2's)an"I E, As re&ar"s t2e $an ?it2 ?2o$ s2e 2as seL'a( inter#o'rse. 2e $'st 0no? 2er to )e $arrie"> I!PORTANT POINTS REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ O11en"e" part% $'st )e (e&a((% $arrie" to t2e o11en"er at t2e ti$e o1 t2e #ri$ina( #ase> T2ere is a"'(ter% eJen i1 t2e $arria&e o1 t2e &'i(t% ?o$an ?it2 t2e o11en"e" 2's)an" is s')se='ent(% "e#(are" Joi"> Carna( 0no?(e"&e $a% )e proJe" )% #ir#'$stantia( eJi"en#e> o 3ire#t proo1 o1 #arna( 0no?(e"&e is not ne#essar%> CRI!INAL LAW II $aintenan#e o1 a 1a$i(% not 2is o?n> A)an"on$ent ?it2o't -'sti1i#ation is not eLe$ptin&. )'t on(% $iti&atin&> o Bot2 "e1en"ants are entit(e" to t2is $iti&atin& #ir#'$stan#e> A $arrie" $an ?2o is not (ia)(e 1or a"'(ter%. )e#a'se 2e "i" not 0no? t2at t2e ?o$an ?as $arrie". $a% )e 2e(" (ia)(e 1or #on#')ina&e> I1 t2e ?o$an 0ne? t2at t2e $an ?as $arrie". s2e $a% )e 2e(" (ia)(e 1or #on#')ina&e as ?e((> A $arrie" $an $i&2t not )e &'i(t% o1 a"'(ter% )e#a'se 2e "i" not 0no? t2at t2e ?o$an ?as $arrie"> He ?i(( on(% )e 2e(" (ia)(e 1or #on#')ina&e i1 2e appeare" to )e &'i(t% o1 an% o1 t2e a#ts "e1ine" in Art> BBD> A#='itta( o1 one o1 t2e "e1en"ants "oes not operate as a #a'se o1 a#='itta( o1 t2e ot2er> E11e#t o1 "eat2 o1 para$o'r@ O11en"in& ?i1e $a% sti(( )e prose#'te"> T2e re='ire$ent t2at )ot2 o11en"ers s2o'(" )e in#('"e" in t2e #o$p(aint is a)so('te on(% ?2en t2e t?o o11en"ers are a(iJe> E11e#t o1 "eat2 o1 o11en"e" part%@ T2e pro#ee"in&s $a% #ontin'e> Par"on )% t2e o11en"e" part% to )e e11e#tiJe $'st )e &rante" to )ot2 o11en"ers )e1ore t2e instit'tion o1 #ri$ina( pro#ee"in&s> A#ts o1 inter#o'rse ?U t2e o11en"in& spo'se s')se='ent to a"'(tero's #on"'#t is an i$p(ie" par"on> An eLpress par"on is not ne#essar%> An eLpress par"on operates as s'#2 ?2et2er t2e seL'a( inter#o'rse a##o$panies t2e sa$e or not> E11e#t o1 #onsent@ +> Peop(e J> Sensano an" Ra$os T2e 2's)an". 0no?in& t2at 2is ?i1e. a1ter serJin& senten#e 1or a"'(ter%. res'$e" (iJin& ?it2 2er #o<"e1en"ant. "i" not2in& to inter1ere ?it2 t2eir re(ations or to assert 2is ri&2ts as 2's)an"> T2e se#on" #2ar&e o1 a"'(ter% s2o'(" )e "is$isse" )e#a'se o1 #onsent> 200 Pa&e ++A o1 +FF Ea#2 seL'a( inter#o'rse #onstit'tes a #ri$e o1 a"'(ter%> EJen i1 t2e 2's)an" par"ons t2e a"'(tero's ?i1e. s'#2 par"on ?o'(" not eLe$pt t2e ?i1e an" 2er para$o'r 1ro$ #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% 1or a"'(tero's a#ts #o$$itte" a1ter t2e par"on 2a" )een &rante". )e#a'se t2e par"on re1ers to preJio's an" not to s')se='ent a"'(tero's a#ts> *C'e((o Ca(on. 3ere#2o Pena(. an" Via"a. an" Groi4ar", W2at is t2e essen#e o1 t2e #ri$e o1 a"'(ter%V o t2e "an&er o1 intro"'#in& sp'rio's 2eirs into t2e 1a$i(%. ?2ere t2e ri&2ts o1 t2e rea( 2eirs $a% )e i$paire" an" a $an $a% )e #2ar&e" ?it2 t2e +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY CRI!INAL LAW II o t2e 2o$e o1 t2e 2's)an" an" ?i1e eJen i1 t2e ?i1e 2appens to )e te$porari(% a)sent on an% a##o'nt o a 2o'se #onstr'#te" 1ro$ t2e pro#ee"s o1 t2e sa(e o1 t2e #on-'&a( properties o1 t2e spo'ses o T2at t2e ?i1e neJer 2a" a #2an#e to resi"e t2erein or t2at t2e 2's)an" 'se" it ?it2 2is $istress instea". "oes not "etra#t 1ro$ its nat're> Con#')ina&e inter#o'rse #ir#'$stan#es )% 2aJin& seL'a( 'n"er s#an"a(o's A&ree$ent to separate $a% )e 'se" as eJi"en#e to s2o? #onsent )% t2e 2's)an" to t2e in1i"e(it% o1 2is ?i1e Un"er t2e (a?. t2ere is no a##o$p(i#e in a"'(ter%> B> Con#')ina&e 2> ARTICLE BBD> CONCUBINAGE E(e$ents@ +, T2e $an is $arrie"I 2, He is eit2er@ i> 0eepin& a $istress in t2e #on-'&a( "?e((in&I or seL'a( inter#o'rse. ii> 2aJin& 'n"er s#an"a(o's #ir#'$stan#es. ?it2 a ?o$an ?2o is not 2is ?i1eI or iii> #o2a)itin& ?it2 a ?o$an ?2o is not 2is ?i1e in an% ot2er p(a#e> B, As re&ar"s t2e ?o$an. s2e 0no?s t2at t2e $an is $arrie"> on(% o##'rs ?2en t2e $istress is 0ept e(se?2ere *o'tsi"e o1 t2e #on-'&a( "?e((in&, \S#an"a( #ir#'$stan#eK < #onsists in an% repre2ensi)(e ?or" or "ee" t2at o11en"s p')(i# #ons#ien#e. re"o'n"s to t2e "etri$ent o1 t2e 1ee(in&s o1 2onest persons. an" &iJes o##asion to t2e nei&2)orsK spirit'a( "a$a&e or r'in> *t2is is essentia( on(% in #on#')ina&e o1 t2e 2n" t%pe, T2ere is s#an"a( ?2en@ +, a $arrie" $an an" 2is $istress (iJe in t2e sa$e roo$ o1 a 2o'se 2, t2e% appear to&et2er in p')(i# an" per1or$ s#an"a(o's a#ts R'n"er s#an"a(o's #ir#'$stan#esS I!PORTANT POINTS REGAR3ING THIS ARTICLE@ A#ts p'nis2a)(e@ +, 8eepin& a $istress in t2e #on-'&a( "?e((in&I 2, HaJin& seL'a( inter#o'rse. 'n"er s#an"a(o's #ir#'$stan#esI B, Co2a)itin& ?it2 2er in an% ot2er p(a#e> Con#')ina&e $arita( Jo?> is a Jio(ation o1 t2e o A $arrie" $an is not (ia)(e 1or #on#')ina&e 1or $ere seL'a( re(ations ?it2 a ?o$an not 2is ?i1e> T2e ?o$an )e#o$es (ia)(e on(% ?2en s2e 0ne? 2i$ to )e $arrie" prior to t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e #ri$e> W2o is a $istressV o a ?o$an ta0en )% t2e a##'se" to (iJe ?it2 2i$ in t2e #on-'&a( "?e((in&. as 2is #on#')ine o \8eepin& a $istress in t2e #on-'&a( "?e((in&K M no positiJe proo1 o1 a#t'a( inter#o'rse ne#essar% W2at is a #on-'&a( "?e((in&V +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 t2e a#t o1 seL'a( inter#o'rse ?U# $a% )e proJe" )% #ir#'$stantia( eJi"en#e> W2en spies are e$p(o%e". t2ere is no eJi"en#e o1 s#an"a(o's #ir#'$stan#es> Peop(e in t2e Ji#init% are t2e )est ?itnesses to proJe s#an"a(o's #ir#'$stan#es> In t2e t2ir" ?a% o1 #o$$ittin& t2e #ri$e. $ere #o2a)itation is s'11i#ient> o Proo1 o1 s#an"a(o's #ir#'$stan#es is not ne#essar%> R#o2a)itS o to "?e(( to&et2er as 2's)an" an" ?i1e 1or a perio" o1 ti$e Pa&e ++C o1 +FF

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY *i>e> a ?ee0. a $ont2. or a %ear. or (on&er, A"'(ter% is $ore seJere(% p'nis2e" t2an #on#')ina&e> o Reason@ O11en"e" 2's)an" $a% 2aJe anot2er $anKs son )earin& 2is *2's)an"Ks, na$e an" re#eiJin& s'pport 1ro$ 2i$> t2e #onstr'#tiJe e(e$ent o1 1or#e> !'st a##o$panie" a#ts (as#iJio'sness (e?"ness> )e )% o1 or CRI!INAL LAW II #onstit'tin& t2e o11ense o1 &raJe #oer#ion> !ora( #o$p'(sion a$o'ntin& to inti$i"ation is s'11i#ient> A)'ses a&ainst #2astit% *Art> 2DF, "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness *Art> BBA, O11enses a&ainst C2astit% Co$$itte" )% a priJate in"iJi"'a(. in $ost #ases So$e a#t o1 (as#iJio'sness s2o'(" 2aJe )een eLe#'te" )% t2e o11en"er> A)'ses a&ainst C2astit% Co$$itte" )% a p')(i# o11i#er on(% !ere i$$ora( or in"e#ent proposa( $a"e earnest(% an" persistent(% is s'11i#ient> A#ts o1 Las#iJio'sness B> ARTICLE BBA> ACTS OF LASCIVIOUSNESS E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er #o$$its an% a#t o1 (as#iJio'sness or (e?"nessI 2, T2e a#t is #o$$itte" a&ainst a person o1 eit2er seLI B, It is "one 'n"er an% o1 t2e 11> #ir#'$stan#es@ 'sin& 1or#e or i> B% inti$i"ationI or ii> W2en t2e o11en"e" part% is "epriJe" o1 reason or ot2er?ise 'n#ons#io'sI iii> B% $eans o1 1ra'"'(ent $a#2ination or &raJe a)'se o1 a't2orit%I or iJ> W2en t2e o11en"e" part% is 'n"er +2 %rs> o1 a&e or is "e$ente"> A#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ atte$pte" rape A#ts o1 Atte$pte" Rape Las#iJio'sness Sa$e $eans o1 #o$$ittin& t2e #ri$e@ +, 1or#e. t2reat. or inti$i"ation is e$p(o%e"I or 2, )% $eans o1 1ra'"'(ent $a#2ination or &raJe a)'se o1 a't2orit%I or B, t2e o11en"e" part% is "epriJe" o1 reason or ot2er?ise 'n#ons#io'sI or D, Ji#ti$ is 'n"er +2 %rs> o1 a&e or is "e$ente" O11en"e" part% is a person o1 eit2er seL> T2e per1or$an#e o1 a#ts o1 (as#iJio's #2ara#ter A#ts per1or$e" "o A#ts per1or$e" not in"i#ate t2at t2e #(ear(% in"i#ate a##'se" ?as to (ie t2at t2e a##'se"Ks ?U t2e o11en"e" p'rpose ?as to (ie part%> ?U t2e o11en"e" ?o$an> Las#iJio's a#ts are Las#iJio's a#ts t2e 1ina( o)-e#tiJe are on(% t2e so'&2t )% t2e preparator% a#ts o11en"er> to t2e #o$$ission o1 rape> Consi"er t2e a#t an" t2e enJiron$ent to "istin&'is2 )et?een A#ts o1 Las#iJio'sness an" Atte$pte" Rape> 3esistan#e in t2e #o$$ission o1 atte$pte" rape $a% #onstit'te a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness> !otiJe o1 (as#iJio's a#ts is not i$portant )e#a'se t2e essen#e o1 (e?"ness is in t2e Jer% a#t itse(1> ELa$p(e@ I1 t2e 0issin& et#> ?as "one insi"e #2'r#2. a)sen#e o1 (e?" "esi&ns $a% )e proJen. an" t2e #ri$e is 'n-'st JeLation on(%> B't i1 t2e 0issin& ?as "one in t2e 2o'se o1 a ?o$an ?2en s2e ?as a(one. t2e #ir#'$stan#es $a% proJe t2e a##'se"Ks (e?" "esi&ns> A)sent an% o1 t2e #ir#'$stan#es o1 rape 'n"er t2e Br" e(e$ent. t2e #ri$e is UN5UST VEGATION> Las#iJio's intent is i$p(ie" 1ro$ t2e nat're o1 t2e a#t an" t2e s'rro'n"in& #ir#'$stan#es> A#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ &raJe #oer#ion A#ts o1 Las#iJio'sness Co$p'(sion or 1or#e is in#('"e" in +00N UP LAW GraJe Coer#ion Co$p'(sion or 1or#e is t2e Jer% a#t UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e ++ o1 +FF

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY RA CA+0 SPECIAL PROTECTION OF CHIL3REN AGAINST CHIL3 ABUSE. EGPLOITATION. AN3 3ISCRI!INATION +> Peop(e J> Fa$'(ar#ano T2e a##'se" 1o((o?e" t2e Ji#ti$. 2e(" 2er. e$)ra#e" 2er. tore 2er "ress. an" trie" to to'#2 2er )reast> W2en a #o$p(aint 1or a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness ?as 1i(e" a&ainst 2i$. a##'se" #(ai$e" t2at 2e 2a" no intention o1 2aJin& seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 2er an" t2at 2e "i" t2e a#ts on(% as reJen&e> Tria( Co'rt 1o'n" t2e a##'se" &'i(t% o1 FRUSTRATE3 ACTS OF LASCIVIOUSNESS> HEL3@ T2ere is no 1r'strate" #ri$e a&ainst #2astit% ?2i#2 in#('"es a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness. a"'(ter%. an" rape> Fro$ t2e $o$ent t2e o11en"er per1or$s a(( t2e e(e$ents ne#essar% 1or t2e eListen#e o1 t2e 1e(on%. 2e a#t'a((% attains 2is p'rpose> !otiJe o1 reJen&e is o1 no #onse='en#e sin#e t2e e(e$ent o1 (e?"ness is in t2e Jer% a#t itse(1> NO atte$pte" an" 1r'strate" a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness> RA C CC ANTI<SEGUAL HARASS!ENT ACT OF +EEF 3> H'a(i1ie" Se"'#tion T?o 0in"s o1 se"'#tion@ +> H'a(i1ie" se"'#tion *Art> BBC, 2> Si$p(e se"'#tion *Art> BB , CRI!INAL LAW II T?o #(asses o1 ='a(i1ie" se"'#tion@ +> Se"'#tion o1 a Jir&in oJer +2 %ears an" 'n"er + %ears o1 a&e )% #ertain persons. s'#2 as a person in a't2orit%. priest. tea#2erI an" 2> Se"'#tion o1 a sister )% 2er )rot2er. or "es#en"ant )% 2er as#en"ant. re&ar"(ess o1 2er a&e or rep'tation> Vir&init%@ a ?o$an o1 #2aste #2ara#ter an" o1 &oo" rep'tation> o T2e o11en"e" part% nee" not )e p2%si#a((% a Jir&in> No seL'a( inter#o'rse an" on(% a#ts o1 (e?"ness are per1or$e". t2e #ri$e is a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness> I1 an% o1 t2e #ir#'$stan#es in t2e #ri$e o1 rape is present. t2e #ri$e is not to )e p'nis2e" 'n"er Art> BBC> T2e a##'se" #2ar&e" ?it2 rape #annot )e #onJi#te" o1 ='a(i1ie" se"'#tion 'n"er t2e sa$e in1or$ation> W2o are persons (ia)(e 'n"er t2is arti#(eV +> T2ose ?2o a)'se" t2eir a't2orit%@ i> Person in p')(i# a't2orit%I ii> G'ar"ianI iii> Tea#2erI iJ> Person ?2o. in an% #apa#it%. is entr'ste" ?it2 t2e e"'#ation or #'sto"% o1 t2e ?o$an se"'#e"> 2> T2ose ?2o a)'se" #on1i"en#e repose" in t2e$@ i> PriestI ii> Ho'se serJantI iii> 3o$esti# B> T2ose ?2o a)'se" t2eir re(ations2ip@ i> Brot2er ?2o se"'#e" 2is sisterI ii> As#en"ant ?2o se"'#e" 2is "es#en"ant> R3o$esti#S@ a person 's'a((% (iJin& 'n"er t2e sa$e roo1. pertainin& to t2e sa$e 2o'se> Not ne#essar% t2at t2e o11en"er )e t2e tea#2er o1 t2e o11en"e" part%I it is s'11i#ient t2at 2e is a tea#2er in t2e sa$e s#2oo(> H'a(i1ie" se"'#tion $a% a(so )e #o$$itte" )% a $aster to 2is serJant. or a 2ea" o1 t2e 1a$i(% to an% o1 its $e$)ers> H'a(i1ie" se"'#tion o1 a sister or "es#en"ant. a(so 0no?n as INCEST. is p'nis2e" )% a pena(t% neLt 2i&2er in D> ARTICLE BBC> HUALIFIE3 SE3UCTION E(e$ents@ +, O11en"e" part% is a Jir&in. ?2i#2 is pres'$e" i1 s2e is 'n$arrie" an" o1 &oo" rep'tationI 2, S2e $'st )e oJer +2 an" 'n"er + %rs> o1 a&eI B, O11en"er 2as seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 2erI D, T2ere is a)'se o1 a't2orit%. #on1i"en#e. or re(ations2ip on t2e part o1 t2e o11en"er> Se"'#tion@ enti#in& a ?o$an to 'n(a?1'( seL'a( inter#o'rse )% pro$ise o1 $arria&e or ot2er $eans o1 pers'asion ?it2o't 'se o1 1or#e> It app(ies ?2en t2ere is a)'se o1 a't2orit% *='a(i1ie" se"'#tion, or "e#eit *si$p(e se"'#tion,> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e ++E o1 +FF

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY "e&ree> T2e a&e. rep'tation. or Jir&init% o1 t2e sister or "es#en"ant is irre(eJant> T2e re(ations2ip nee" not )e (e&iti$ate> +> Peop(e J> Fontani((a A +F<%ear o(" Jir&in. ?2o ?as )ro'&2t )% 2er $ot2er to t2e 2o'se o1 t2e a##'se" an" 2is ?i1e to serJe as a 2e(per. repeate"(% %ie("e" to t2e #arna( "esires o1 t2e a##'se". as s2e ?as in"'#e" )% 2is pro$ises o1 $arria&e an" 1ri&2tene" )% 2is a#ts o1 inti$i"ation> HEL3@ 3ECEIT. a(t2o'&2 an essentia( e(e$ent o1 or"inar% or si$p(e se"'#tion. "oes not nee" to )e proJe" or esta)(is2e" in a #2ar&e o1 ='a(i1ie" se"'#tion> It is rep(a#e" )% ABUSE OF CONFI3ENCE> F> Ba)anto J> 7osa T2e a##'se". a po(i#e$an. )ro'&2t a +B%ear o(" &ir( ?it2 (o? $enta(it%. to t2e ABC Ha(( ?2ere 2e s'##ee"e" in 2aJin& seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 2er> T2e #o$p(aint "i" not a((e&e t2at t2e &ir( ?as a Jir&in> T2e a##'se" ?as #2ar&e" ?it2 RAPE )'t #onJi#te" o1 HUALIFIE3 SE3UCTION> HEL3@ T2o'&2 it is tr'e t2at Jir&init% is pres'$e" i1 t2e &ir( is oJer +2 )'t 'n"er + . 'n$arrie" an" o1 &oo" rep'tation. Jir&init% is sti(( an essentia( e(e$ent o1 t2e #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" se"'#tion an" $'st )e a((e&e" in t2e #o$p(aint> A##'se" is &'i(t% o1 RAPE. #onsi"erin& t2e Ji#ti$Ks a&e. $enta( a)nor$a(it% an" "e1i#ien#%> T2ere ?as a(so inti$i"ation ?it2 t2e a##'se" ?earin& 2is 'ni1or$> G> Pere4 J> CA Pere4 s'##ee"e" in 2aJin& seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 !en"o4a a1ter 2e pro$ise" to $arr% 2er> As 2e "i" not $a0e &oo" on sai" pro$ise. !en"o4a 1i(e" a #o$p(aint 1or Consente" A)"'#tion> Tria( Co'rt 1o'n" t2at t2e a#ts #onstit'te" se"'#tion. a#='ittin& 2i$ on t2e #2ar&e o1 Consente" A)"'#tion> !en"o4a t2en 1i(e" a #o$p(aint 1or H'a(i1ie" Se"'#tion> Pere4 $oJe" to "is$iss t2e #ase on t2e &ro'n"s o1 "o')(e -eopar"%> HEL3@ T2ere are si$i(ar e(e$ents )et?een #onsente" a)"'#tion an" ='a(i1ie" se"'#tion. na$e(%@ +, t2e o11en"e" part% is a Jir&in. an" 2, oJer +2 )'t 'n"er + %rs> o1 a&e Ho?eJer. an a#='itta( 1or CONSENTE3 AB3UCTION ?i(( not pre#('"e t2e 1i(in& o1 a #2ar&e 1or HUALIFIE3 SE3UCTION )e#a'se t2e e(e$ent o1 t2e t?o #ri$es are "i11erent> Consente" A)"'#tion +00N UP LAW CRI!INAL LAW II !eans@ Re='ires t2e ta0in& a?a% o1 t2e Ji#ti$ ?U 2er #onsent O11en"er 2as seL'a( inter#o'rse> T2e &ir( Re='ires a)'se o1 a't2orit%. #on1i"en#e or re(ations2ip Ta0in& a?a% ?it2 (e?" "esi&ns T2e &ir(Ks 1a$i(% A#t@ Wron&e"@ T2at t2e &ir( &aJe #onsent to t2e seL'a( inter#o'rse is not a "e1ense> E> Si$p(e Se"'#tion F> ARTICLE BB > SI!PLE SE3UCTION E(e$ents@ +, O11en"e" part% is oJer +2 an" 'n"er + %rs> o1 a&eI 2, S2e is o1 &oo" rep'tation. sin&(e or ?i"o?I B, O11en"er 2as seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 2erI D, It is #o$$itte" )% $eans o1 "e#eit> W2at is t2e p'rpose o1 t2e (a?V o To p'nis2 t2e se"'#er ?2o )% $eans o1 pro$ise o1 $arria&e. "estro%s t2e #2astit% o1 an 'n$arrie" 1e$a(e o1 preJio's #2aste #2ara#ter Vir&init% o1 o11en"e" part% is not re='ire". &oo" rep'tation is s'11i#ient> 3e#eit &enera((% ta0es t2e 1or$ o1 'n1'(1i((e" pro$ise o1 $arria&e> W2at a)o't 'n1'(1i((e" pro$ise o1 $ateria( t2in&s. as ?2en t2e ?o$an a&rees to seL'a( inter#o'rse in eL#2an&e 1or -e?e(r%V o T2is is not se"'#tion )e#a'se s2e is a ?o$an o1 (oose $ora(s> Pro$ise o1 $arria&e a1ter seL'a( inter#o'rse "oes not #onstit'te "e#eit> Pro$ise o1 $arria&e )% a $arrie" $an is not a "e#eit. i1 t2e ?o$an 0ne? 2i$ to )e $arrie"> Se"'#tion is not a #ontin'in& o11ense> F> A#ts o1 Las#iJio'sness ?it2 Consent o1 t2e O11en"e" Part% 200 H'a(i1ie" Se"'#tion UP

t2e BAROPS Pa&e +20 o1 +FF

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY CRI!INAL LAW II "is='a(i1i#ation *As a$en"e" )% BP E2,> Ha)it'a(it% or a)'se o1 a't2orit% or #on1i"en#e is not ne#essar%> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2e 'n#2aste a#ts s2a(( 2aJe )een "one> !ere proposa( ?i(( #ons'$$ate t2e o11ense> RA CA+0 SPECIAL PROTECTION OF CHIL3REN AGAINST CHIL3 ABUSE. EGPLOITATION. AN3 3ISCRI!INATION ACT T2ere is a #ri$e o1 ATTE!PTE3 CHIL3 PROSTITUTION> *Se#> A. RA CA+0, H> W2ite S(aJe Tra"e A> ARTICLE BBE> ACTS OF LASCIVIOUSNESS WITH THE CONSENT OF THE OFFEN3E3 PARTY E(e$ents@ #o$$its a#ts o1 +, O11en"er (as#iJio'sness or (e?"nessI 2, T2e a#ts are #o$$itte" 'pon a ?o$an ?2o is a Jir&in or sin&(e or ?i"o? o1 &oo" rep'tation. 'n"er + %rs> o1 a&e )'t oJer +2 %rs>. or a sister or "es#en"ant. re&ar"(ess o1 2er rep'tation or a&e B, T2e o11en"er a##o$p(is2es t2e a#ts )% a)'se o1 a't2orit%. #on1i"en#e. re(ations2ip. or "e#eit> It is ne#essar% t2at it )e #o$$itte" 'n"er #ir#'$stan#es ?2i#2 ?o'(" $a0e it ='a(i1ie" or si$p(e se"'#tion 2a" t2ere )een seL'a( inter#o'rse. instea" o1 a#ts o1 (e?"ness on(%> W2en t2e Ji#ti$ is 'n"er +2 %rs>. t2e pena(t% s2a(( )e one "e&ree 2i&2er t2an t2at i$pose" )% (a?> Art> BBA "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ Art> BBE A#ts o1 Las#iJio'sness *Art> BBA, Co$$itte" 'n"er #ir#'$stan#es ?U#. 2a" t2ere )een #arna( 0no?(e"&e. ?o'(" a$o'nt to rape O11en"e" part% is a 1e$a(e or $a(e A#ts o1 Las#iJio'sness *Art> BBE, Co$$itte" 'n"er #ir#'$stan#es ?U#. 2a" t2ere )een #arna( 0no?(e"&e. ?o'(" a$o'nt to eit2er ='a(i1ie" or si$p(e se"'#tion O11en"e" part% s2o'(" on(% )e 1e$a(e A#ts pena(i4e" 'n"er Art> BD+@ +> En&a&in& in )'siness o1 prostit'tion 2> Pro1itin& )% prostit'tion B> En(istin& t2e serJi#es o1 ?o$en 1or t2e p'rpose o1 prostit'tion> Ha)it'a(it% is not a ne#essar% e(e$ent o1 ?2ite s(aJe tra"e> \Un"er an% en&a&e" t2e a((e&e"(% as a prostit'tion. arti#(e> preteLtK M one ?2o serJi#es o1 a ?o$an $ai". )'t in rea(it% 1or is &'i(t% 'n"er t2is Vi#ti$ is 'n"er +2 %rs>. pena(t% s2a(( )e one "e&ree 2i&2er> O11en"er nee" not )e t2e o?ner o1 t2e 2o'se> !aintainer or $ana&er o1 2o'se o1 i((rep'te nee" not )e present t2erein at t2e ti$e o1 rai" or arrest> Corr'ption o1 !inors !inorit% o1 Ji#ti$s essentia( Vi#ti$s $a% )e $a(e or 1e$a(e !a% not ne#essari(% )e 1or pro1it Co$$itte" )% a sin&(e a#t W2ite S(aJe Tra"e !inorit% is not re='ire" App(ies on(% to 1e$a(es Genera((% 1or pro1it Genera((% #o$$itte" 2a)it'a((% G> Corr'ption o1 !inors T2e pro$otion or A#t p'nis2a)(e@ 1a#i(itation o1 t2e prostit'tion or #orr'ption o1 persons 'n"er a&e *$inors,. to satis1% t2e ('st o1 anot2er W2o #an )e (ia)(eV o o o An% person P'nis2a)(e )% prision $a%or A p')(i# o11i#er or e$p(o%ee. in#('"in& t2ose in &oJern$ento?ne" or #ontro((e" #orporations s2a(( a(so )e pena(i4e" )% te$porar% a)so('te UP o +00N UP LAW BAROPS 200 Pa&e +2+ o1 +FF

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY I> For#i)(e A)"'#tion E> ARTICLE BD2> FORCIBLE AB3UCTION E(e$ents@ +, T2e person a)"'#te" is an% ?o$an. re&ar"(ess o1 2er a&e. #iJi( stat's or rep'tationI 2, T2e a)"'#tion is a&ainst 2er ?i((I B, T2e a)"'#tion is ?it2 (e?" "esi&ns> o CRI!INAL LAW II T2e a#t o1 t2e o11en"er is Jio(atiJe o1 t2e in"iJi"'a( (i)ert% o1 t2e a)"'#te". 2er 2onor an" rep'tation. an" p')(i# or"er> "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ For#i)(e a)"'#tion &raJe #oer#ion For#i)(e A)"'#tion GraJe Coer#ion A)"'#tion@ t2e ta0in& a?a% o1 a ?o$an 1ro$ 2er 2o'se or t2e p(a#e ?2ere s2e $a% )e 1or t2e p'rpose o1 #arr%in& 2er to anot2er p(a#e ?it2 t2e intent to $arr% or to #orr'pt 2er> T2ere is Jio(en#e or inti$i"ation )% t2e o11en"er> T2e o11en"e" part% is #o$pe((e" to "o so$et2in& a&ainst 2er ?i((> A)"'#tion is No (e?" "esi&n. #2ara#teri4e" )% proJi"e" t2at t2ere (e?" "esi&n> is no "epriJation o1 (i)ert% 1or an appre#ia)(e (en&t2 o1 ti$e> For#i)(e a)"'#tion "istin&'is2e" #orr'ption o1 $inors For#i)(e A)"'#tion P'rpose is to e11e#t 2is (e?" "esi&ns on t2e Ji#ti$> 1ro$ T?o 0in"s o1 a)"'#tion@ +> For#i)(e a)"'#tion *Art> BD2, 2> Consente" a)"'#tion *Art> BDB, Cri$es a&ainst #2astit% ?2ere a&e an" rep'tation are i$$ateria(@ +> A#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness a&ainst t2e ?i(( or ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e o11en"e" part% 2> H'a(i1ie" se"'#tion o1 sister or "es#en"ant B> For#i)(e a)"'#tion T2e ta0in& a?a% o1 t2e ?o$an $a% )e a##o$p(is2e" )% $eans o1 "e#eit 1irst an" t2en )% $eans o1 Jio(en#e an" inti$i"ation> I1 t2e 1e$a(e a)"'#te" is 'n"er +2. t2e #ri$e is 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion. eJen i1 s2e Jo('ntari(% &oes ?it2 2er a)"'#tor> SeL'a( inter#o'rse is not ne#essar% in 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion> Le?" "esi&ns $a% )e s2o?n )% t2e #on"'#t o1 t2e a##'se"> W2en t2ere are seJera( "e1en"ants. it is eno'&2 t2at one o1 t2e$ 2a" (e?" "esi&ns> H's)an" is not (ia)(e 1or a)"'#tion o1 2is ?i1e. as (e?" "esi&n is ?antin&> Atte$pt to rape is a)sor)e" in t2e #ri$e o1 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion. t2's t2ere is no #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion ?it2 atte$pte" rape> W2at is t2e nat're o1 t2e #ri$eV Corr'ption o1 !inors P'rpose is to (en" t2e Ji#ti$ to i((i#it inter#o'rse ?it2 ot2ers> For#i)(e a)"'#tion "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ 0i"nappin& U serio's i((e&a( "etention For#i)(e A)"'#tion T2ere "epriJation (i)ert% an" "esi&ns> is o1 (e?" Serio's I((e&a( 3etention T2ere is "epriJation o1 (i)ert% an" no (e?" "esi&ns> Co$$ission o1 ot2er #ri$es "'rin& #on1ine$ent o1 Ji#ti$ is i$$ateria( to t2e #2ar&e o1 0i"nappin& ?U serio's i((e&a( "etention> For#i)(e A)"'#tion ?it2 Rape a #o$p(eL #ri$e 'n"er Art> D . an" not a spe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$e +> Peop(e J> S'npon&#o T2e Ji#ti$ ?as a)"'#te" )% t2e a##'se" an" ?as )ro'&2t to a 2ote( ?2ere t2e (atter s'##ee"e" in 2aJin& seL'a( inter#o'rse ?it2 2er> HEL3@ T2e e(e$ents o1 )ot2 rape an" 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion are proJen> T2e presen#e o1 (e?" "esi&ns in 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion is $ani1este" )% t2e s')se='ent rape o1 t2e Ji#ti$> 200 Pa&e +22 o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY 2> Peop(e J> 5ose T2is is t2e !a&&ie 3e(a RiJa stor% ?2erein !a&&ie ?as a)"'#te" an" )ro'&2t to a 2ote(. ?2ere t2e D a##'se" too0 t'rns in rapin& 2er> HEL3@ W2i(e t2e 1irst a#t o1 rape ?as )ein& per1or$e". t2e #ri$e o1 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion 2a" a(rea"% )een #ons'$$ate". 2en#e. 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion #an on(% )e atta#2e" to t2e 1irst a#t o1 rape. "eta#2e" 1ro$ t2e B s')se='ent a#ts o1 rape> B> Peop(e J> A()'ro T2e a##'se" an" 2 ot2er $en rape" t2e Ji#ti$> T2e Ji#ti$ ?as a -eepne% passen&er ?2o ?as preJente" 1ro$ (eaJin& t2e -eepne%> S2e ?as ta0en to a re$ote p(a#e ?2ere s2e ?as rape"> HEL3@ T2e a##'se" is &'i(t% o1 FORCIBLE AB3UCTION WITH RAPE> It ?as proJen t2at t2e Ji#ti$ ?as ta0en a&ainst 2er ?i(( an" ?it2 (e?" "esi&n. an" ?as s')se='ent(% 1or#e" to s')$it to t2e a##'se"Ks ('st. ren"erin& 2er 'n#ons#io's in t2e pro#ess> For#i)(e a)"'#tion ?it2 "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ 0i"nappin& rape, For#i)(e A)"'#tion ?it2 Rape T2e Jio(ent ta0in& o1 t2e ?o$an is $otiJate" )% (e?" "esi&ns> Cri$e a&ainst #2astit% rape *?it2 5> Consente" A)"'#tion CRI!INAL LAW II +0> ARTICLE BDB> CONSENTE3 AB3UCTION E(e$ents@ +, O11en"e" part% is a Jir&inI 2, S2e is oJer +2 an" 'n"er + %rs> o1 a&eI B, O11en"er ta0es 2er a?a% ?it2 2er #onsent. a1ter so(i#itation or #a-o(er% 1ro$ t2e o11en"erI D, T2e ta0in& a?a% is ?it2 (e?" "esi&ns> W2at is t2e p'rpose o1 t2e (a?V o To pres#ri)e p'nis2$ent 1or t2e "is&ra#e to 2er 1a$i(% an" t2e a(ar$ #a'se" )% t2e "isappearan#e o1 one ?2o is. )% 2er a&e an" seL. s's#epti)(e to #a-o(er% an" "e#eit> 8i"nappin& *?it2 rape, Not so $otiJate" I1 t2e Jir&in is 'n"er +2 or is "epriJe" o1 reason. t2e #ri$e is 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion )e#a'se s'#2 is in#apa)(e o1 &iJin& a Ja(i" #onsent> T2e ta0in& a?a% o1 t2e &ir( nee" not )e ?it2 so$e #2ara#ter o1 per$anen#e> O11en"e" part% nee" not )e ta0en 1ro$ 2er 2o'se> W2en t2ere ?as no so(i#itation or #a-o(er% an" no "e#eit an" t2e &ir( Jo('ntari(% ?ent ?it2 t2e $an. t2ere is no #ri$e #o$$itte" eJen i1 t2e% 2a" seL'a( inter#o'rse> 8> Prose#'tion o1 priJate o11enses *a"'(ter%. #on#')ina&e. se"'#tion. a)"'#tion. an" a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness, W2o $a% 1i(e t2e #o$p(aintV o A"'(ter% an" #on#')ina&e $'st )e prose#'te" 'pon #o$p(aint si&ne" )% t2e o11en"e" spo'se> Cri$e (i)ert% a&ainst T2ere #an on(% )e one #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion ?it2 rape> D> Peop(e J> Go"ines T2e Ji#ti$ ?itnesse" t2e 0i((in& o1 anot2er )% t2e 2 a##'se"> Upon seein& 2er. t2e a##'se" "ra&&e" 2er to a Ja#ant (ot ?2ere t2e% too0 t'rns in rapin& 2er> TC #onJi#te" t2e$ o1 rape> HEL3@ FORCIBLE AB3UCTION is a)sor)e" in t2e #ri$e o1 RAPE i1 t2e $ain o)-e#tiJe is to rape t2e Ji#ti$> ConJi#tion o1 a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness is not a )ar to #onJi#tion o1 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion> +> Pi(api( J> I)a%<So$era A 1orei&ner. $arrie" to a Fi(ipina. ?as a)(e to o)tain a "e#ree o1 "iJor#e in anot2er #o'ntr% a&ainst t2e (atter> A1ter t2e iss'an#e o1 t2e "e#ree o1 "iJor#e. t2e 1orei&ner 1i(e" 2 #o$p(aints o1 a"'(ter% a&ainst t2e a##'se"> HEL3@ T2e person ?2o initiates an A3ULTERY U CONCUBINAGE #ase $'st )e an o11en"e" spo'se. an" )% t2is is $eant t2at 2e is sti(( $arrie" to t2e a##'se" 200 Pa&e +2B o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY spo'se. at t2e ti$e o1 t2e 1i(in& o1 t2e #o$p(aint> o Se"'#tion. a)"'#tion. or a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness $'st )e prose#'te" 'pon #o$p(aint si&ne" )%<2, o11en"e" part% B, 2er parents D, &ran"parents. or F, &'ar"ians. in t2e or"er in ?2i#2 t2e% are na$e" a)oJe> CRI!INAL LAW II Par"on $'st eList )e1ore t2e instit'tion o1 t2e #ri$ina( a#tion> Bot2 o11en"ers $'st )e par"one" )% t2e o11en"e" part%> 3e(a% in t2e 1i(in& o1 #o$p(aint. i1 satis1a#tori(% eLp(aine". "oes not in"i#ate par"on> Con"onation or 1or&iJeness o1 one a#t o1 a"'(ter% or #on#')ina&e is not a )ar to prose#'tion o1 si$i(ar a#ts t2at $a% )e #o$$itte" )% t2e o11en"er in t2e 1't're> Consent@ $a% )e eLpress or i$p(ie" &iJen )e1ore t2e a"'(ter% or #on#')ina&e ?as #o$$itte" A&ree$ent to (iJe separate(% $a% )e eJi"en#e o1 #onsent> A11i"aJit s2o?in& #onsent $a% )e a )asis 1or ne? tria(> Se"'#tion. a)"'#tion. (as#iJio'sness !'st )e prose#'te" #o$p(aint si&ne" )%@ +, a#ts o1 T2e #o'rt $ot' proprio #an "is$iss t2e #ase 1or 1ai('re o1 t2e a&&rieJe" part% to 1i(e t2e proper #o$p(aint eJen i1 t2e a##'se" neJer raise" t2e ='estion on appea(> Cri$es a&ainst #2astit% prose#'te" "e o1i#io> A"'(ter% an" Con#')ina&e T2e o11en"e" part% #annot instit'te #ri$ina( prose#'tion ?it2o't in#('"in& BOTH t2e &'i(t% parties i1 t2e% are a(iJe> Consent an" par"on )ar t2e 1i(in& o1 a #ri$ina( #o$p(aint> T2e i$p'tation o1 a #ri$e o1 prostit'tion a&ainst a ?o$an #an prose#'te" "e o1i#io> Bot2 parties $'st )e in#('"e" in t2e #o$p(aint eJen i1 one o1 t2e$ is not &'i(t%> Prose#'tion o1 rape $a% )e $a"e 'pon #o$p(aint )% an% person> W2en t2e o11en"e" part% is a $inor. 2er parents $a% 1i(e t2e #o$p(aint> W2en t2e o11en"e" part% is o1 a&e an" is in #o$p(ete possession o1 2er $enta( an" p2%si#a( 1a#'(ties. s2e a(one #an 1i(e t2e #o$p(aint> T2e ter$ R&'ar"ianS re1ers to (e&a( &'ar"ian> T2e #o$p(aint $'st )e 1i(e" in #o'rt. not ?it2 t2e 1is#a(> In #ase o1 #o$p(eL #ri$es. ?2ere one o1 t2e #o$ponent o11enses is a p')(i# #ri$e. t2e #ri$ina( prose#'tion $a% )e instit'te" )% t2e 1is#a(> E11e#t o1 Par"on@ Par"on o1 t2e o11en"ers )% t2e o11en"e" part% is a )ar to prose#'tion 1or a"'(ter% or #on#')ina&e> +00N UP LAW UP #annot )e 'pon t2e 2, B, D, F, o11en"e" part% i> eJen i1 a $inor ii> o1 (e&a( a&e an" not in#apa#itate". on(% s2e #an 1i(e t2e #o$p(aint iii> $inor or in#apa#itate" an" re1'ses to 1i(e. eit2er o1 t2e 1o((o?in& persons $a% 1i(e eit2er o1 t2e parents eit2er o1 t2e &ran"parents. paterna( or $aterna( si"e (e&a( or -'"i#ia( &'ar"ians t2e State as parens patriae ?2en t2e o11en"e" part% "ies or )e#o$es in#apa#itate" )e1ore s2e #o'(" 1i(e t2e #o$p(aint an" 2as no 0no?n parents. &ran"parents. or &'ar"ians E11e#t o1 Par"on@ O11en"e" part% #annot instit'te #ri$ina( pro#ee"in&s i1 t2e o11en"er 2as )een EGPRESSLY par"one" )% t2e o11en"e" part%. or 2er parents. &ran"parents or &'ar"ian> Par"on )% t2e parent. &ran"parent. or &'ar"ian $'st )e a##o$panie" )% t2e eLpress par"on o1 t2e o11en"e" ?o$an> T2e ri&2t to 1i(e a#tion o1 t2e parents. &ran"parents an" &'ar"ian s2a(( )e EGCLUSIVE o1 ot2er persons an" s2a(( )e eLer#ise" s'##essiJe(% in t2e or"er proJi"e"> 200 Pa&e +2D o1 +FF BAROPS

GI> CRI!ES AGAINST CHASTITY Par"on )% t2e o11en"e" part% ?2o is a $inor $'st 2aJe t2e #on#'rren#e o1 parents. EGCEPT ?2en t2e o11en"e" part% 2as no parents> W2en t2e o11en"e" part% is a $inor. 2er parents $a% 1i(e t2e #o$p(aint> O11en"e" part% is o1 a&e an" is in #o$p(ete possession o1 2er $enta( an" p2%si#a( 1a#'(ties. s2e a(one #an 1i(e t2e #o$p(aint> T2e &'ar"ian $'st )e (e&a((% appointe" )% t2e #o'rt> Rape #o$p(eLe" ?it2 anot2er #ri$e a&ainst #2astit% nee" NOT )e si&ne" )% t2e o11en"e" ?o$an. sin#e rape is a p')(i# #ri$e> W2en t2e eJi"en#e 1ai(s to proJe a #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 rape ?it2 anot2er #ri$e. an" t2ere is no #o$p(aint si&ne" )% t2e o11en"e" ?o$an. t2e a##'se" CANNOT )e #onJi#te" o1 rape> !arria&e o1 t2e o11en"er ?it2 t2e o11en"e" part% in se"'#tion. a)"'#tion. a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness an" rape. eLtin&'is2es #ri$ina( a#tion or re$its t2e pena(t% a(rea"% i$pose"> !> !arria&e *in #ases o1 se"'#tion. a)"'#tion. an" a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness, eLtin&'is2es t2e #ri$ina( a#tion eJen as to #o<prin#ipa(s. a##o$p(i#es. an" a##essories> !arria&e $'st )e entere" into in &oo" 1ait2> !arria&e $a% ta0e p(a#e AFTER #ri$ina( pro#ee"in&s 2aJe #o$$en#e". or eJen a1ter #onJi#tion *eLtin&'is2es #ri$ina( a#tion an" re$its pena(t%,> L> CiJi( Lia)i(it% o1 Persons G'i(t% o1 Cri$es A&ainst C2astit% CiJi( (ia)i(it% o1 persons &'i(t% o1 rape. se"'#tion or a)"'#tion@ +, To in"e$ni1% t2e o11en"e" ?o$an 2, To a#0no?(e"&e t2e o11sprin&. 'n(ess t2e (a? s2o'(" preJent 2i$ 1ro$ "oin& so B, In eJer% #ase to s'pport t2e o11sprin&. EGCEPT@ i> in #ases o1 a"'(ter% an" #on#')ina&e ii> ?2ere eit2er o1 t2e o11en"e" part% or a##'se" is $arrie" iii> ?2en paternit% #annot )e "eter$ine". s'#2 as in $'(tip(e rape +00N UP LAW UP CRI!INAL LAW II iJ> ot2er instan#es ?2ere t2e (a? preJents s'#2 T2e a"'(terer an" t2e #on#')ine #an )e senten#e" on(% to in"e$ni1% 1or "a$a&es #a'se" to t2e o11en"e" spo'se> Un"er t2e RPC. t2ere is no #iJi( (ia)i(it% 1or a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness> Art> 22+E. CC@ $ora( "a$a&es $a% )e re#oJere" in se"'#tion. a)"'#tion. rape. or ot2er (as#iJio's a#ts. as ?e(( as in a"'(ter% an" #on#')ina&e> T2e parents o1 t2e 1e$a(e se"'#e". a)"'#te". rape". or a)'se" $a% a(so re#oJer $ora( "a$a&es> In $'(tip(e rape. a(( t2e o11en"ers $'st s'pport t2e o11sprin&> Art> 2 B *+,. CC@ 5'"&$ent to re#o&ni4e t2e o11sprin& $a% on(% )e &iJen i1 t2ere is pre&nan#% ?it2in t2e perio" o1 #on#eption. ?2i#2 is ?it2in +20 "a%s 1ro$ t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e o11ense> In rape o1 a $arrie" ?o$an. on(% in"e$nit% is a((o?e"> Lia)i(it% o1 as#en"ants. &'ar"ians. tea#2ers or ot2er persons entr'ste" ?it2 t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e o11en"e" part% Persons ?2o #ooperate as a##o$p(i#es )'t are p'nis2e" as prin#ipa(s in rape. se"'#tion. a)"'#tion. et#> *see (ist )e(o? 1or t2e #o$p(ete set o1 #ri$es re1erre" to in t2is arti#(e,@ +, as#en"ants 2, &'ar"ians B, #'rators D, tea#2ers. an" F, an% ot2er person. ?2o #ooperate as a##o$p(i#e ?it2 a)'se o1 a't2orit% or #on1i"entia( re(ations2ip T2e tea#2ers or persons entr'ste" ?it2 e"'#ation an" &'i"an#e o1 t2e %o't2 s2a(( a(so )e pena(i4e" ?it2 "is='a(i1i#ation> RCri$es e$)ra#e" in t2e 2n". Br". ; Dt2 o1 t2is tit(eS@ +, rape 2, a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness B, ='a(i1ie" se"'#tion D, si$p(e se"'#tion F, a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness ?it2 #onsent o1 t2e o11en"e" part% A, #orr'ption o1 $inors C, ?2ite s(aJe tra"e , 1or#i)(e a)"'#tion E, #onsente" a)"'#tion 200 Pa&e +2F o1 +FF BAROPS

GII> CRI!ES AGAINST THE CIVIL STATUS OF PERSONS TITLE GII@ CRI!ES AGAINST THE CIVIL STATUS OF PERSONS Cri$es a&ainst t2e #iJi( stat's o1 persons +> Si$'(ation o1 )irt2s. s')stit'tion o1 one #2i(" 1or anot2er an" #on#ea($ent or a)an"on$ent o1 a (e&iti$ate #2i(" *art> BDC,I 2> Us'rpation o1 #iJi( stat's *Art> BD ,I B> Bi&a$% *Art> BDE,I D> !arria&e #ontra#te" a&ainst proJisions o1 (a? *Art> BF0,I F> Pre$at're $arria&es *Art> BF+,I A> Per1or$an#e o1 i((e&a( $arria&e #ere$on% *Art> BF2,> CRI!INAL LAW II CiJi( stat's see$s to in#('"e oneKs pro1ession> T2ere $'st )e an intent to en-o% t2e ri&2ts arisin& 1ro$ t2e #iJi( stat's o1 anot2er> B> I((e&a( !arria&es B> ARTICLE BDE> BIGA!Y E(e$ents@ 2as )een (e&a((% +> O11en"er $arrie"I 2> T2e $arria&e 2as not )een (e&a((% "isso(Je" or. in #ase 2is or 2er spo'se is a)sent. t2e a)sent spo'se #o'(" not %et )e pres'$e" "ea" a##or"in& to t2e CiJi( Co"eI B> He #ontra#ts a se#on" or s')se='ent $arria&eI se#on" or s')se='ent D> T2e $arria&e 2as a(( t2e essentia( re='isites 1or Ja(i"it%> A> Si$'(ation o1 )irt2s an" Us'rpation o1 CiJi( Stat's +> ARTICLE BDC> SI!ULATION OF BIRTHS. SUBSTITUTION OF ONE CHIL3 FOR ANOTHER. AN3 CONCEAL!ENT OR ABAN3ON!ENT OF A LEGITI!ATE CHIL3 A#ts p'nis2e"@ +> Si$'(ation o1 )irt2sI 2> S')stit'tion o1 one #2i(" 1or anot2erI B> Con#ea(in& or a)an"onin& an% (e&iti$ate #2i(" ?it2 intent to #a'se s'#2 #2i(" to (ose its #iJi( stat's> Goo" 1ait2 is a "e1ense in )i&a$%> Fai('re to eLer#ise "'e "i(i&en#e to as#ertain t2e ?2erea)o'ts o1 t2e 1irst ?i1e is )i&a$% t2ro'&2 re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e> A -'"i#ia( "e#(aration o1 t2e n'((it% o1 a $arria&e. t2at is. t2at t2e $arria&e ?as Joi" a) initio. is no? re='ire"> One #onJi#te" o1 )i&a$% $a% a(so )e prose#'te" 1or #on#')ina&e as )ot2 are "istin#t o11enses> T2e 1irst is an o11ense a&ainst #iJi( stat's. ?2i#2 $a% )e prose#'te" at t2e instan#e o1 t2e stateI t2e se#on" is an o11ense a&ainst #2astit%. an" $a% )e prose#'te" on(% at t2e instan#e o1 t2e o11en"e" part%> T2e test is not ?2et2er t2e "e1en"ant 2as a(rea"% )een trie" 1or t2e sa$e a#t. )'t ?2et2er 2e 2as )een p't in -eopar"% 1or t2e sa$e o11ense> I(('stration@ Peop(e ?2o 2aJe no #2i(" an" ?2o )'% an" a"opt t2e #2i(" ?it2o't &oin& t2ro'&2 (e&a( a"option> Sa$e is tr'e eJen i1 t2e #2i(" ?as 0i"nappe" )'t t2e% 0ne? t2at t2e 0i"nappers are not t2e rea( parents o1 t2e #2i("> W2en t2e rea( parents $a0e it appear in t2e )irt2 #erti1i#ate t2at t2e parents ?2o )o'&2t t2e #2i(" are t2e rea( parents 2> ARTICLE BD > USURPATION OF CIVIL STATUS T2is #ri$e is #o$$itte" ?2en a person represents 2i$se(1 to )e anot2er an" ass'$es t2e 1i(iation or t2e parenta( or #on-'&a( ri&2ts o1 s'#2 anot2er person> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +2A o1 +FF

GII> CRI!ES AGAINST THE CIVIL STATUS OF PERSONS CRI!INAL LAW II 2> ARTICLE BF0> !ARRIAGE CONTRACTE3 AGAINST PROVISIONS OF LAWS *ILLEGAL !ARRIAGE, E(e$ents@ +> O11en"er #ontra#te" $arria&eI 2> He 0ne? at t2e ti$e t2at M a> T2e re='ire$ents o1 t2e (a? ?ere not #o$p(ie" ?it2I or )> T2e $arria&e ?as in "isre&ar" o1 a (e&a( i$pe"i$ent> A> ARTICLE BF2> PERFOR!ANCE OF ILLEGAL !ARRIAGE CERE!ONY PERSONS LIABLE@ Priests or $inisters o1 an% re(i&io's "eno$ination or se#t. or #iJi( a't2orities ?2o s2a(( per1or$ or a't2ori4e an% i((e&a( $arria&e #ere$on% Bi&a$% is a 1or$ o1 i((e&a( $arria&e> I((e&a( $arria&e in#('"es a(so s'#2 ot2er $arria&es ?2i#2 are per1or$e" ?it2o't #o$p(%in& ?it2 t2e re='ire$ents o1 (a?. or $arria&es ?2ere t2e #onsent o1 t2e ot2er is Jitiate". or s'#2 $arria&e ?2i#2 ?as so(e$ni4e" )% one ?2o is not a't2ori4e" to so(e$ni4e t2e sa$e> F> ARTICLE BF+> PRE!ATURE !ARRIAGE Persons (ia)(e@ +> A ?i"o? ?2o is $arrie" ?it2in B0+ "a%s 1ro$ t2e "ate o1 t2e "eat2 o1 2er 2's)an". or )e1ore 2aJin& "e(iJere" i1 s2e is pre&nant at t2e ti$e o1 2is "eat2I 2> A ?o$an ?2o. 2er $arria&e 2aJin& )een ann'((e" or "isso(Je". $arrie" )e1ore 2er "e(iJer% or )e1ore t2e eLpiration o1 t2e perio" o1 B0+ "a%s a1ter t2e "ate o1 t2e (e&a( separation> T2e S'pre$e Co'rt #onsi"ere" t2e reason )e2in" $a0in& s'#2 $arria&es ?it2in B0+ "a%s #ri$ina(. t2at is. )e#a'se o1 t2e pro)a)i(it% t2at t2ere $i&2t )e a #on1'sion re&ar"in& t2e paternit% o1 t2e #2i(" ?2o ?o'(" )e )orn> I1 t2is reason "oes not eList )e#a'se t2e 1or$er 2's)an" is i$potent. or ?as s2o?n to )e steri(e s'#2 t2at t2e ?o$an 2as 2a" no #2i(" ?it2 2i$. t2at )e(ie1 o1 t2e ?o$an t2at a1ter a(( t2ere #o'(" )e no #on1'sion eJen i1 s2e ?o'(" $arr% ?it2in B0+ "a%s $a% )e ta0en as eJi"en#e o1 &oo" 1ait2 an" t2at ?o'(" ne&ate #ri$ina( intent> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +2C o1 +FF

GIII> CRI!ES AGAINST HONOR TITLE GIII@ CRI!ES AGAINST HONOR +> Li)e( )% $eans o1 ?ritin& or si$i(ar $eans *Art> BFF,I 2> T2reatenin& to p')(is2 an" o11er to preJent s'#2 p')(i#ation 1or #o$pensation *Art> BFA,I B> Pro2i)ite" p')(i#ation o1 a#ts re1erre" to in t2e #o'rse o1 o11i#ia( pro#ee"in&s *Art> BFC,I D> S(an"er *Art> BF ,I F> S(an"er )% "ee" *Art> BFE,I A> In#ri$inatin& inno#ent person *Art> BAB,I C> Intri&'in& a&ainst 2onor *Art> BAD, A> Li)e( CRI!INAL LAW II W2en t2e a((e&e" "e1a$ation is "ire#te" at a &ro'p or #(ass. it is essentia( t2at t2e state$ent $'st )e M P so s?eepin& or a((<e$)ra#in& as to app(% to eJer% in"iJi"'a( in t2at &ro'p or #(assI OR P s'11i#ient(% spe#i1i# so t2at ea#2 in"iJi"'a( in t2e #(ass or &ro'p #an proJe t2at t2e "e1a$ator% state$ent spe#i1i#a((% pointe" to 2i$. so t2at 2e #an )rin& t2e a#tion separate(%. i1 nee" )e *Ne?s?ee0 In#> Js> IAC,> ARTICLE BFB> 3EFINITION OF LIBEL E(e$ents@ +, T2ere $'st )e an i$p'tation o1M i> a #ri$e. ii> a Ji#e or "e1e#t. rea( or i$a&inar%. OR iii> an% a#t. o$ission. #on"ition. stat's. or #ir#'$stan#eI 2, T2e i$p'tation $'st )e $a"e p')(i#(%I B, It $'st )e $a(i#io'sI D, T2e i$p'tation $'st )e "ire#te" at a nat'ra( or -'ri"i#a( person. or one ?2o is "ea"I F, T2e i$p'tation $'st ten" to #a'se t2e "is2onor. "is#re"it or #onte$pt o1 t2e person "e1a$e"> +> Bor-a( J> CA *+EEE, P For a state$ent to )e #onsi"ere" $a(i#io's. it $'st )e s2o?n t2at it ?as ?ritten or p')(is2e" ?it2 t2e 0no?(e"&e t2at t2e% are 1a(se OR in re#0(ess "isre&ar" o1 WON t2e% ?ere 1a(se o REC8LESS 3ISREGAR3 M t2e "e1en"ant entertains serio's "o')t as to t2e tr't2 o1 t2e p')(i#ation. OR t2at 2e possesses a 2i&2 "e&ree o1 a?areness o1 t2eir pro)a)(e 1a(sit% P To aJoi" se(1<#ensors2ip t2at ?o'(" ne#essari(% a##o$pan% stri#t (ia)i(it% 1or erroneo's state$ents. r'(es &oJernin& (ia)i(it% 1or in-'r% to rep'tation are re='ire" to a((o? an a"e='ate $ar&in o1 error )% prote#tin& so$e ina##'ra#ies> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER A $anKs rep'tation is t2e esti$ate in ?2i#2 ot2ers 2o(" 2i$> Test o1 t2e "e1a$ator% #2ara#ter o1 ?or"s 'se"@ P W2et2er t2e% are #a(#'(ate" to in"'#e t2e 2earers to s'ppose an" 'n"erstan" t2at t2e person a&ainst ?2o$ t2e% ?ere 'ttere" ?as &'i(t% o1 #ertain o11ensesI or P are s'11i#ient to i$pea#2 2is 2onest%. Jirt'e or rep'tation. or to 2o(" 2i$ 'p to p')(i# ri"i#'(e> 2> Peop(e J> Ve(as#o *2000, P 3OCTRINE OF FAIR CO!!ENT@ Fair #o$$entaries on $atters o1 p')(i# an" interest are priJi(e&e" #onstit'te a Ja(i" "e1ense in an a#tion 1or (i)e( or s(an"er> P In or"er t2at a "is#re"ita)(e i$p'tation to a p')(i# o11i#ia( $a% )e a#tiona)(e. it $'st eit2er )e@ o A 1a(se a((e&ation o1 1a#tI OR o A #o$$ent )ase" on a 1a(se s'pposition> T2ere is no #ri$e i1 t2e "e1a$ator% i$p'tation is not p')(is2e". $eanin&. it is not #o$$'ni#ate" to a t2ir" person> It is essentia( t2at t2e Ji#ti$ )e i"enti1ia)(e. a(t2o'&2 it is not ne#essar% t2at 2e )e na$e"> +00N UP LAW UP B> A%er Pro"'#tions J> Cap'(on& *+E , P PUBLIC FIGURE M one ?2o. )% 2is a##o$p(is2$ents. 1a$e. $o"e o1 (iJin&. OR )% a"optin& a pro1ession or #a((in& ?2i#2 &iJes t2e p')(i# a (e&iti$ate interest in 2is "oin&s. 2is a11airs an" 2is #2ara#ter. 2as )e#o$e a Rp')(i# persona&eS ARTICLE BFD> PUBLICITY 200 REHUIRE!ENT

FOR BAROPS Pa&e +2 o1 +FF

GIII> CRI!ES AGAINST HONOR !ALICE IS PRESU!E3 in eJer% "e1a$ator% i$p'tation. EGCEPT in priJi(e&e" #o$$'ni#ations. na$e(%@ P A priJate #o$$'ni#ation to an o11i#er or a )oar". or s'perior. 2aJin& so$e interest or "'t% in t2e $atter. $a"e )% an% person in t2e per1or$an#e o1 an% (e&a(. $ora( or so#ia( "'t%I P A 1air an" tr'e report. $a"e in &oo" 1ait2. ?it2o't an% #o$$ents or re$ar0s. o1 o an% -'"i#ia(. (e&is(atiJe or ot2er o11i#ia( pro#ee"in&s ?2i#2 are not o1 #on1i"entia( nat're. OR o an% state$ent. report or spee#2 "e(iJere" in sai" pro#ee"in&s. OR o an% ot2er a#t per1or$e" )% p')(i# o11i#ers in t2e eLer#ise o1 t2eir 1'n#tions> CRI!INAL LAW II Unne#essar% p')(i#it% "estro%s &oo" 1ait2> ARTICLE BFF> LIBEL BY WRITING OR SI!ILAR !EANS Li)e( $a% )e #o$$itte" )% $eans o1@ +, Writin&I 2, Printin&I B, Lit2o&rap2%I D, En&raJin&I F, Ra"ioI A, P2oto&rap2I C, Paintin&I , T2eatri#a( eL2i)itionI E, Cine$ato&rap2i# eL2i)itionI or +0, An% si$i(ar $eans> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER PriJi(e&e" state$ents are o1 2 0in"s@ P A)so('te M NOT a#tiona)(e at a(( o State$ents )% (a?%ers in p(ea"in&s ?2i#2 are re(eJant to t2e #ase o State$ents $a"e in t2e #o'rse o1 -'"i#ia( pro#ee"in&s. REGAR3LESS o1 t2eir "e1a$ator% tenor an" t2e presen#e o1 $a(i#e P H'a(i1ie" M a((o?s p(ainti11 to proJe $a(i#e IN FACT o State$ents )% (a?%ers in p(ea"in&s ?2i#2 are NOT re(eJant to t2e #ase 3e1a$ation t2ro'&2 a$p(i1ier s%ste$ is s(an"er not (i)e(> I1 "e1a$ator% re$ar0s are $a"e in t2e 2eat o1 passion ?2i#2 #'($inate" in a t2reat. t2e "ero&ator% state$ents ?i(( not #onstit'te an in"epen"ent #ri$e o1 (i)e( )'t a part o1 t2e $ore serio's #ri$e o1 t2reats> In a (i)e( #ase 1i(e" in A'&'st 200A a&ainst RP N'#(ear So('tions an" )(o&&er A)e O(an"res. t2e Pasi& Cit% Prose#'tor "is$isse" t2e #2ar&es a&ainst t2e$ )e#a'se t2e% 2aJe no parti#ipation in t2e #reation nor a't2orit% to $o"i1% t2e #ontent o1 t2e site )ein& 2oste" ?2ere t2e a((e&e"(% (i)e(o's re$ar0s ?ere poste">2 P T2e prose#'tor 2o?eJer or"ere" t2e 1i(in& o1 #ases a&ainst t?o ot2er respon"ents ?2o neJer "enie" a't2ors2ip o1 t2e poste" #o$$ents> It re$ains "e)ata)(e ?2en t2e $o$ent o1 p')(i#ation o##'rs ?it2 respe#t to state$ents $a"e oJer t2e Internet>B P One Jie? 2o("s t2at t2ere is p')(i#ation on#e t2e state$ent is 'p(oa"e" or poste" on a ?e)site> P T2e ot2er Jie? $aintains t2at p')(i#ation o##'rs on(% ?2en anot2er person &ains a##ess or rea"s t2e state$ent on t2e site> T2e pres'$ption o1 $a(i#e is REBUTTE3. i1 it is s2o?n )% t2e a##'se" t2at M P T2e "e1a$ator% i$p'tation is tr'e. IN CASE t2e (a? a((o?s proo1 o1 t2e tr't2 o1 t2e i$p'tationI P It is p')(is2e" ?it2 &oo" intentionI AN3 T2ere is -'sti1ia)(e $a0in& it> $otiJe 1or P !ALICE IN LAW P Pres'$e" 1ro$ "e1a$ator% #2ara#ter o1 state$ent P State$ent is presente" to #o'rt. an" t2e (atter ?i(( "e#i"e ?2et2er it is "e1a$ator% or not !ALICE IN FACT P To )e proJe" )% prose#'tion ONLY IF $a(i#e in (a? 2as )een re)'tte" P Can )e ne&ate" )% eJi"en#e o1@ o Goo" $otiJes AN3 5'sti1ia)(e en"sI or o PriJi(e&e" #2ara#ter UP 2 2ttp@UUne?sin1o>in='irer>netU)rea0in&ne?sUin1ote#2UJie? `arti#(e>p2pVarti#(e`i"aA DFA

] +00N UP LAW BAROPS 200 Pa&e +2E o1 +FF

GIII> CRI!ES AGAINST HONOR printe" $e"ia ARTICLE BFA> THREATENING TO PUBLISH AN3 OFFER TO PREVENT SUCH PUBLICATION FOR A CO!PENSATION A#ts P'nis2e"@ +, T2reatenin& anot2er to p')(is2 a (i)e( #on#ernin& M i> 2i$. ii> 2is parents. iii> spo'se. iJ> #2i(". or J> ot2er $e$)ers o1 2is 1a$i(%I 2, O11erin& to preJent t2e p')(i#ation o1 s'#2 (i)e( 1or #o$pensation or $one% #onsi"eration> P CRI!INAL LAW II Can )e &raJe or si$p(e B> ARTICLE BF > SLAN3ER Fa#tors t2at "eter$ine t2e &raJit% o1 t2e ora( "e1a$ation@ +> eLpressions 'se" 2> persona( re(ations o1 t2e a##'se" an" t2e o11en"e" part%> B> t2e s'rro'n"in& #ir#'$stan#es> D> so#ia( stan"in& an" position o1 t2e o11en"e" part%> C> ARTICLE 3EE3 I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER BFE> SLAN3ER BY T2e essen#e o1 t2is #ri$e is )(a#0$ai(. ?2i#2 is "e1ine" as an% 'n(a?1'( eLtortion o1 $one% )% t2reats o1 a##'sation or eLpos're> B(a#0$ai( #an a(so )e in t2e 1or$ o1 (i&2t t2reats. ?2i#2 is p'nis2e" 'n"er ARTICLE 2 B> E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er per1or$s an% a#t not in#('"e" in an% ot2er #ri$e a&ainst 2onorI 2, S'#2 a#t is per1or$e" in t2e presen#e o1 ot2er person or personsI B, S'#2 a#t #asts "is2onor. "is#re"it or #onte$pt 'pon t2e o11en"e" part%> ARTICLE BFC> PROHIBITE3 PUBLICATION OF ACTS REFERRE3 TO IN THE COURSE OF OFFICIAL PROCEE3INGS E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er is a reporter. e"itor or $ana&er o1 a ne?spaper. "ai(% or $a&a4ineI 2, He p')(is2es 1a#ts #onne#te" ?it2 t2e priJate (i1e o1 anot2erI B, S'#2 1a#ts are o11ensiJe to t2e 2onor. Jirt'e an" rep'tation o1 sai" person> I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2is arti#(e is re1erre" to as t2e Ga& La?> Ne?spaper reports on #ases pertainin& "iJor#e. (e&iti$a#% o1 to a"'(ter%. #2i("ren. et#> are )arre" 1ro$ p')(i#ation> Un"er RA +DCC. a ne?spaper reporter #annot )e #o$pe((e" to reJea( t2e so'r#e o1 t2e ne?s report 2e $a"e. UNLESS M P t2e #o'rt or a Ho'se or #o$$ittee o1 Con&ress 1in"s t2at s'#2 reJe(ation is "e$an"e" )% t2e se#'rit% o1 t2e state> LIBEL 3e1a$ation is in ?ritin& OR SLAN3ER Ora( "e1a$ation UP ALSO o1 t?o 0in"s@ Si$p(e GraJe@ o1 a serio's nat're CO!PARE@ ACTUS REUS res'(tin& in ANNOYANCE a UN5UST VEGATION ACTUS REUS res'(tin& in 3A!AGE TO PROPERTY a !ALICIOUS !ISCHIEF ACTUS REUS b PUBLICITY res'(tin& in 3ISHONOR a SLAN3ER BY 3EE3 ACTUS REUS b CIRCU!STANCES IN RAPE *NO CARNAL 8NOWLE3GE, b LEW3 3ESIGNS a ACTS OF LASCIVIOUSNESS P P +00N UP LAW BAROPS 200

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GIII> CRI!ES AGAINST HONOR 3> Genera( ProJisions ARTICLE BA0> PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR LIBEL +> T2e person ?2o p')(is2es. eL2i)its or #a'ses t2e p')(i#ation or eL2i)ition o1 an% "e1a$ation in ?ritin& or si$i(ar $eans> 2> T2e a't2or or e"itor o1 a )oo0 or pa$p2(et> e"itor or )'siness B> T2e $ana&er o1 a "ai(% ne?spaper $a&a4ine or seria( p')(i#ation> D> T2e o?ner o1 t2e printin& p(ant ?2i#2 p')(is2es a (i)e(o's arti#(e ?it2 2is #onsent an" a(( ot2er persons ?2o in an% ?a% parti#ipate in or 2aJe #onne#tion ?it2 its p')(i#ation> PRIVATE PERSON CRI!INAL LAW II W2ere to 1i(e t2e #ri$ina( a#tionV W2o is t2e o11en"e" part%V CFI o1 t2e proJin#e or #it% ?2ere t2e (i)e(o's arti#(e is printe" an" 1irst p')(is2e" PUBLIC OFFICER CFI o1 t2e proJin#e or #it% ?2ere 2e 2e(" o11i#e at t2e ti$e o1 t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e o11ense CFI o1 t2e proJin#e or #it% ?2ere t2e (i)e(o's arti#(e is printe" an" 1irst p')(is2e" CFI o1 t2e proJin#e or #it% ?2ere 2e a#t'a((% resi"e" at t2e ti$e o1 t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e o11ense Un"er Rep')(i# A#t no> CE2. ot2er?ise 0no?n as t2e E(e#troni# Co$$er#e A#t. a part% or person a#tin& as a serJi#e proJi"er in#'rs NO #iJi( or #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% in t2e $a0in&. p')(i#ation. "isse$ination or "istri)'tion o1 (i)e(o's $ateria( i1@ a, t2e serJi#e proJi"er "oes not 2aJe a#t'a( 0no?(e"&e. or is not a?are o1 t2e 1a#ts or #ir#'$stan#es 1ro$ ?2i#2 it is apparent t2at $a0in&. p')(i#ation. "isse$ination or "istri)'tion o1 s'#2 $ateria( is 'n(a?1'( or in1rin&es an% ri&2tsI ), t2e serJi#e proJi"er "oes not 0no?in&(% re#eiJe a 1inan#ia( )ene1it "ire#t(% attri)'ta)(e to t2e in1rin&in& a#tiJit%I #, t2e serJi#e proJi"er "oes not "ire#t(% #o$$it an% in1rin&e$ent or ot2er 'n(a?1'( a#t an" "oes not in"'#e or #a'se anot2er person or part% to #o$$it an% in1rin&e$ent or ot2er 'n(a?1'( a#t an"Uor "oes not )ene1it 1inan#ia((% 1ro$ t2e in1rin&in& a#tiJit% or 'n(a?1'( a#t o1 anot2er person or part% *Se#tion B0. in re(ation to Se#tion F. ECo$$er#e La?. #ite" in 2ttp@UUt2e?arrior(a?%er>#o$U200 CU0BU0DU(i)e(<on<t2e<internet'n"er<p2i(ippine<(a?<part< iiU, ARTICLE BA+> PROOF OF TRUTH W2en a"$issi)(eV +> W2en t2e a#t or o$ission i$p'te" #onstit'tes a #ri$e re&ar"(ess o1 ?2et2er t2e o11en"e" part% is a priJate in"iJi"'a( or a p')(i# o11i#er> 2> W2en t2e o11en"e" part% is a GoJern$ent e$p(o%ee. eJen i1 t2e i$p'tation "oes not #onstit'te a #ri$e. proJi"e" it is re(ate" to t2e "is#2ar&e o1 2is o11i#ia( "'ties> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER RULE OF ACTUAL !ALICE@ EJen i1 t2e "e1a$ator% state$ent is 1a(se. NO (ia)i(it% #an atta#2 IF it re(ates to o11i#ia( #on"'#t. UNLESS <<P T2e p')(i# o11i#ia( #on#erne" proJes t2at t2e state$ent ?as $a"e ?it2 a#t'a( $a(i#e. i>e>. ?it2 0no?(e"&e t2at it ?as 1a(se or ?it2 re#0(ess "isre&ar" o1 ?2et2er it ?as 1a(se or not ARTICLE BA2> LIBELOUS RE!AR8S Li)e(o's re$ar0s or #o$$ents #onne#te" ?it2 t2e $atter priJi(e&e" 'n"er t2e proJisions o1 Art> BFD. i1 $a"e ?it2 $a(i#e. s2a(( NOT eLe$pt t2e a't2or t2ereo1 nor t2e e"itor or $ana&in& e"itor o1 a ne?spaper 1ro$ #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200

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GIII> CRI!ES AGAINST HONOR E> In#ri$inator% !a#2inations ARTICLE BAB> INCRI!INATING INNOCENT PERSON E(e$ents@ +, O11en"er per1or$s an a#tI 2, B% s'#2 an a#t. 2e in#ri$inates or i$p'tes to an inno#ent person t2e #o$$ission o1 a #ri$eI B, S'#2 a#t "oes not #onstit'te per-'r%> CRI!INAL LAW II T2is #ri$e is #o$$itte" )% an% person ?2o s2a(( $a0e an% intri&'e ?2i#2 2as 1or its prin#ipa( p'rpose to )(e$is2 t2e 2onor or rep'tation o1 anot2er person> I!PORTANT POINTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ TO RE!E!BER As 1ar as t2is #ri$e is #on#erne". t2is 2as )een interprete" to )e possi)(e on(% in t2e so< #a((e" p(antin& o1 eJi"en#e> P I1 t2is a#t is resorte" to. to ena)(e o11i#ers to arrest t2e s')-e#t. t2e #ri$e is 'n(a?1'( arrest t2ro'&2 in#ri$inatin& inno#ent persons> T2is #ri$e #annot t2ro'&2 Jer)a( state$ents> )e #o$$itte" in#ri$inator% INTRIGUIN G AGAINST HONOR t2e so'r#e o1 t2e "e1a$ator % 'tteran#e is 'n0no?n an" t2e o11en"er si$p(% repeats or passes t2e sa$e to )(e$is2 t2e 2onor or rep'tation o1 anot2er SLAN3ER o11en"er $a"e t2e 'tteran#e. ?2ere t2e so'r#e o1 t2e "e1a$ator% nat're o1 t2e 'tteran#e is 0no?n. an" o11en"er $a0es a rep')(i#ati on t2ereo1 INCRI!INATI NG INNOCENT PERSON o11en"er per1or$s an a#t )% ?2i#2 2e "ire#t(% in#ri$inates or i$p'tes to an inno#ent person t2e #o$$ission o1 a #ri$e INCRI!INATI NG INNOCENT PERSON a#t o1 p(antin& eJi"en#e an" t2e (i0e in or"er to in#ri$inate an inno#ent person PER5URY BY !A8ING FALSE ACCUSATIO NS &iJin& o1 1a(se state$ent 'n"er oat2 or $a0in& a 1a(se a11i"aJit. i$p'tin& to t2e person t2e #o$$ission o1 a #ri$e 3EFA!A TION p')(i# an" $a(i#io' s i$p'tati on #a(#'(at e" to #a'se "is2ono r. "is#re"i t. or #onte$ pt 'pon t2e o11en"e " part% ARTICLE HONOR BAD> INTRIGUING AGAINST Intri&'in& a&ainst 2onor is re1erre" to as &ossipin&@ t2e o11en"er. ?it2o't as#ertainin& t2e tr't2 o1 a "e1a$ator% 'tteran#e. repeats t2e sa$e an" pass it on to anot2er. to t2e "a$a&e o1 t2e o11en"e" part%> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +B2 o1 +FF

HUASI<OFFENSES TITLE GIV@ HUASI<OFFENSES o CRI!INAL LAW II Ot2er?ise. "o')(e -eopar"% ?o'(" arise> ARTICLE BAF> NEGLIGENCE I!PRU3ENCE AN3 H'asi<o11enses p'nis2e"@ re#0(ess +> Co$$ittin& t2ro'&2 i$pr'"en#e an% a#t ?2i#2. 2a" it )een intentiona(. ?o'(" #onstit'te a &raJe or (ess &raJe 1e(on% or (i&2t 1e(on%I si$p(e 2> Co$$ittin& t2ro'&2 i$pr'"en#e or ne&(i&en#e an a#t ?2i#2 ?o'(" ot2er?ise #onstit'te a &raJe or a (ess serio's 1e(on%I B> Ca'sin& "a$a&e to t2e propert% o1 anot2er t2ro'&2 re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e or si$p(e i$pr'"en#e or ne&(i&en#eI si$p(e D> Ca'sin& t2ro'&2 i$pr'"en#e or ne&(i&en#e so$e ?ron& ?2i#2. i1 "one $a(i#io's(%. ?o'(" 2aJe #onstit'te" a (i&2t 1e(on%> +> Cari((o J> Peop(e *+EED, P T2e &raJa$en o1 SI!PLE NEGLIGENCE is t2e 1ai('re to eLer#ise t2e "i(i&en#e ne#essitate" or #a((e" 1or )% t2e sit'ation ?2i#2 ?as NOT i$$e"iate(% (i1e"estr'#tiJe BUT ?2i#2 #'($inate". as in t2e present #ase. in t2e "eat2 o1 a 2'$an )ein& B "a%s (ater> 2> Gar#ia<R'e"a J> Pas#asio *+EEC, P !E3ICAL !ALPRACTICE. ?2i#2 is a 1or$ o1 ne&(i&en#e. #onsists in t2e 1ai('re o1 a p2%si#ian or s'r&eon to app(% to 2is pra#ti#e o1 $e"i#ine t2at "e&ree o1 #are an" s0i(( ?2i#2 is or"inari(% e$p(o%e" )% t2e pro1ession &enera((%. 'n"er si$i(ar #on"itions. an" in (i0e s'rro'n"in& #ir#'$stan#es> B> Re%es J> Sis> o1 !er#% Hospita( *2000, P E(e$ents inJo(Je" in $e"i#a( ne&(i&en#e #ases@ o 3't% o Brea#2 o In-'r% o ProLi$ate #a'sation A#ron%$@ 3>B>P>I> P Re='isites 1or t2e app(i#ation o1 res ipsa (o='it'r@ o T2e a##i"ent ?as o1 a 0in" ?2i#2 "oes NOT or"inari(% o##'r UNLESS so$eone is ne&(i&entI o T2e instr'$enta(it% or a&en#% ?2i#2 #a'se" t2e in-'r% ?as 'n"er t2e eL#('siJe #ontro( o1 t2e person in #2ar&eI an" o T2e in-'r% s'11ere" $'st NOT 2aJe )een "'e to an% Jo('ntar% a#tion or #ontri)'tion o1 t2e person in-'re"> Or"inari(%. on(% p2%si#ians an" s'r&eons o1 s0i(( an" eLperien#e are #o$petent to testi1% as to ?2et2er a patient 2as )een treate" or operate" 'pon ?it2 a reasona)(e "e&ree o1 s0i(( an" #are> o HOWEVER. testi$on% as to t2e state$ents an" a#ts o1 p2%si#ians an" s'r&eons. eLterna( appearan#es. an" $ani1est #on"itions ?2i#2 are o)serJa)(e )% an% one $a% )e &iJen )% non<eLpert ?itnesses> Pa&e +BB o1 +FF I!PRU3ENCE NEGLIGENCE P Bot2 in"i#ate a "e1i#ien#% o1 a#tion P Fai('re in P Fai('re in pre#a'tion a"Jerten#e I!PORTANT POINTS TO RE!E!BER ABOUT THIS ARTICLE@ T2e r'(es 1or &ra"'atin& pena(ties *'n"er Art> AD, )ase" on $iti&atin& an" a&&raJatin& #ir#'$stan#es are NOT app(i#a)(e to o11enses p'nis2a)(e t2r' #ri$ina( ne&(i&en#e> HUALIFYING CIRCU!STANCE@ 1ai('re to ren"er i$$e"iate assistan#e to t2e in-'re" part% P T2is ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#e $'st )e "istin&'is2e" 1ro$ t2e p'nis2a)(e O!ISSION 'n"er Arti#(e 2CF> I1 t2e "an&er t2at $a% res'(t 1ro$ t2e #ri$ina( ne&(i&en#e is #(ear(% per#eiJa)(e. t2e i$pr'"en#e is REC8LESS> I1 it #o'(" 2ar"(% )e per#eiJe". t2e #ri$ina( ne&(i&en#e ?o'(" on(% )e si$p(e> Cri$ina( ne&(i&en#e is on(% a $o"a(it% in in#'rrin& #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%> P THEREFORE. eJen i1 t2ere are seJera( res'(ts arisin& 1ro$ ONLY ONE CARELESSNESS. t2e a##'se" $a% on(% )e prose#'te" 'n"er one #o'nt 1or t2e #ri$ina( ne&(i&en#e> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 P

HUASI<OFFENSES o W2en t2e "o#trine o1 res ipsa (o='it'r is appropriate. a(( t2at t2e patient $'st "o is proJe a neL's )et?een t2e parti#'(ar a#t or o$ission #o$p(aine" o1 an" t2e in-'r% s'staine" ?2i(e 'n"er t2e #'sto"% an" $ana&e$ent o1 t2e "e1en"ant> CRI!INAL LAW II P E$er&en#% R'(e *as a "e1ense,@ one ?2o s'""en(% 1in"s 2i$se(1 in a p(a#e o1 "an&er. an" is re='ire" to a#t ?it2o't ti$e to #onsi"er t2e )est $eans t2at $a% )e a"opte" to aJoi" t2e i$pen"in& "an&er. is NOT &'i(t% o1 ne&(i&en#e. i1 2e 1ai(s to a"opt ?2at s')se='ent(% an" 'pon re1(e#tion $a% appear to 2aJe )een a )etter $et2o" o UNLESS t2e e$er&en#% in ?2i#2 2e 1in"s 2i$se(1 is )ro'&2t a)o't )% 2is o?n ne&(i&en#e> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +BD o1 +FF

APPEN3IG I@ RA EB2C APPEN3IG I@ RA EB2C Po(i#% *Se#> 2, [ Prote#t (i1e. (i)ert% an" propert% 1ro$ a#ts o1 terroris$I [ Con"e$n terroris$ as ini$i#a( an" "an&ero's to t2e nationa( se#'rit% o1 t2e #o'ntr% an" to t2e ?e(1are o1 t2e peop(e [ !a0e terroris$ a #ri$e a&ainst t2e Fi(ipino peop(e. a&ainst 2'$anit% an" a&ainst t2e (a? o1 nations Terroris$ *Se#> B, [ T2ree<part "e1inition@ +> pre"i#ate a#t. 2> res'(tsU#onse='en#es an" B> o)-e#tiJe +> Pre"i#ate a#ts a> Pira#% an" $'tin% on 2i&2 seas *Art> +22, )> Re)e((ion or ins'rre#tion *Art> +BD, #> Co'p "Ketat *Art> +BD<A, "> !'r"er *Art> 2D , e> 8i"nappin& an" Serio's I((e&a( 3etention *Art> 2AC, 1> Arson *Art> B2D/I P3 +A+B, &> RA No> AEAE *ToLi# s')stan#es an" Ha4ar"o's an" N'#(ear Waste Contro( A#t o1 +EE0, 2> RA No> F20C *Ato$i# Ener&% Re&'(ator% an" Lia)i(it% A#t o1 +EA , i> RA No> A2BF *Anti<Hi-a#0in& La?, -> P3 No> FB2 *Anti<Pira#% an" AntiHi&2?a% Ro))er% La? o1 +ECD, 0> P3 No> + AA *I((e&a( Possession o1 Firear$s an" A$$'nition, 2> Res'(tsUConse='en#es [ t2ere)% so?in& an" #reatin& a #on"ition o1 ?i"esprea" an" eLtraor"inar% 1ear an" pani# a$on& t2e pop'(a#e B> O)-e#tiJe [ in or"er to #oer#e t2e &oJern$ent to &iJe in to an 'n(a?1'( "e$an" [ Pena(t% is D0 %ears o1 i$prison$ent ?it2o't t2e )ene1it o1 paro(e Conspira#% to Co$$it Terroris$ *Se#> D, [ Pena(t% is D0 %ears o1 i$prison$ent> S'rJei((an#e o1 s'spe#ts an" inter#eption an" re#or"in& o1 #o$$'ni#ations *Se#> C, [ Upon ?ritten or"er o1 t2e Co'rt o1 Appea(s [ RT2e proJisions o1 RA D200 to t2e #ontrar% not?it2stan"in&S +00N UP LAW UP CRI!INAL LAW II [ Inter#ept an" re#or". ?it2 t2e 'se o1 an% $o"e. 1or$. 0in" or t%pe o1 e(e#troni# or ot2er s'rJei((an#e e='ip$ent o1 inter#eptin& an" tra#0in& "eJi#es. or ?it2 t2e 'se o1 an% ot2er s'ita)(e ?a%s an" $eans 1or t2at p'rpose. an% #o$$'ni#ation. $essa&e. #onJersation. "is#'ssion. or spo0en or ?ritten ?or"s )et?een $e$)ers o1 a -'"i#ia((% "e#(are" an" o't(a?e" terrorist or&ani4ation. asso#iation or &ro'p o1 persons or o1 an% person #2ar&e" ?it2 or s'spe#te" o1 t2e #ri$e o1 terroris$ or o1 #onspira#% to #o$$it terroris$ For$a( App(i#ation 1or 5'"i#ia( A't2ori4ation *Se#> , [ T2ere $'st )e an eL parte app(i#ation )% t2e po(i#e or (a? en1or#e$ent o11i#ia( [ T2e app(i#ant $'st 2aJe a't2ori4e" in ?ritin& )% t2e Terroris$ Co'n#i( )een Anti< [ ELa$ination 'n"er oat2 or a11ir$ation o1 t2e app(i#ant an" t2e ?itnesses 2e $a% pro"'#e to es%a)(is2@ a> t2ere is pro)a)(e #a'se to )e(ieJe )ase" on persona( 0no?(e"&e o1 1a#ts an" #ir#'$stan#es t2at t2e sai" #ri$e o1 terroris$ or #onspira#% to #o$$it terroris$ 2as )een #o$$itte" or is )ein& #o$$itte" or is a)o't to )e #o$$itte"I )> t2ere is pro)a)(e #a'se to )e(ieJe )ase" on persona( 0no?(e"&e o1 1a#ts or #ir#'$stan#es t2at eJi"en#e. ?2i#2 is essentia( to t2e #onJi#tion o1 an% #2ar&e" or s'spe#te" person 1or. or to t2e so('tion or preJention o1. an% s'#2 #ri$es. ?i(( )e o)taine". an" #> t2at t2ere is no ot2er e11e#tiJe $eans rea"i(% aJai(a)(e 1or a#='irin& s'#2 eJi"en#e Pros#ription o1 Terrorist Or&ani4ations. Asso#iation or Gro'p o1 Persons *Se#> +C, [ An% or&ani4ation. asso#iation or &ro'p o1 persons or&ani4e" 1or t2e p'rpose o1 en&a&in& in terroris$. or ?2i#2 a(t2o'&2 not or&ani4e" 1or t2is p'rpose. a#t'a((% 'ses t2e a#ts to terrori4e s2a((. 'pon app(i#ation o1 t2e 3epart$ent o1 5'sti#e )e1ore a #o$petent Re&iona( Tria( Co'rt. ?it2 "'e noti#e an" opport'nit% to )e 2ear" &iJen to t2e or&ani4ation. asso#iation or &ro'p o1 persons #on#erne". )e "e#(are" as a terrorist an" o't(a?e" or&ani4ation. asso#iation. or &ro'p o1 persons )% t2e #o'rt> 200 Pa&e +BF o1 +FF BAROPS

APPEN3IG I@ RA EB2C CRI!INAL LAW II [ A't2ori4e in ?ritin& an% po(i#e or (a? en1or#e$ent o11i#er to@ a> ELa$ine. or #a'se t2e eLa$ination o1. t2e "eposits. p(a#e$ents. tr'st a##o'nts. assets an" re#or"s in a )an0 or 1inan#ia( instit'tionI an" )> Gat2er or #a'se t2e &at2erin& o1 an% re(eJant in1or$ation a)o't s'#2 "eposits. p(a#e$ents. tr'st a##o'nts. assets. an" re#or"s 1ro$ a )an0 or 1inan#ia( instit'tion> Sei4're an" Se='estration *Se#> BE, [ T2e "eposits an" t2eir o'tstan"in& )a(an#es o1 persons s'spe#te" o1 terroris$ s2a(( )e sei4e". se='estere". an" 1ro4en in or"er to preJent t2eir 'se. trans1er. or #onJe%an#e 1or p'rposes t2at are ini$i#a( to t2e sa1et% an" se#'rit% o1 t2e peop(e or in-'rio's to t2e interest o1 t2e State> ELpan"e" Ro(e o1 t2e Co$$ission on H'$an Ri&2ts *Se#> FF, [ CHR s2a(( &iJe 2i&2est priorit% to t2e inJesti&ation an" prose#'tion o1 Jio(ations o1 #iJi( an" po(iti#a( ri&2ts o1 persons in re(ation to t2e i$p(e$entation o1 t2is A#tI [ CHR &iJen t2e #on#'rrent -'ris"i#tion to prose#'te p')(i# o11i#ia(s. (a? en1or#ers. an" ot2er persons ?2o $a% 2aJe Jio(ate" t2e #iJi( an" po(iti#a( ri&2ts o1 persons s'spe#te" o1. a##'se" o1. or "etaine" 1or t2e #ri$e o1 terroris$ or #onspira#% to #o$$it terroris$> ELtraterritoria(it% *Se#> F , [ S')-e#t to treat%. HSA s2a(( app(% to@ +> in"iJi"'a( persons ?2o #o$$it an% o1 t2e #ri$es "e1ine" an" p'nis2e" ?it2in t2e territor% o1 t2e P2i(ippinesI 2> to in"iJi"'a(s ?2o. a(t2o'&2 p2%si#a((% o'tsi"e t2e territor% o1 t2e P2i(ippines. #o$$it. #onspire or p(ot to #o$$it an% o1 t2e #ri$es "e1ine" in t2e HSA insi"e t2e territor% o1 t2e P2i(ippinesI B> to in"iJi"'a(s ?2o. a(t2o'&2 p2%si#a((% o'tsi"e t2e territor% o1 t2e P2i(ippines. #o$$it an% o1 t2e #ri$es "e1ine" on )oar" an% P2i(ippine s2ipI D> to in"iJi"'a(s ?2o. a(t2o'&2 p2%si#a((% o'tsi"e t2e territor% o1 t2e P2i(ippines. #o$$it an% o1 t2e #ri$es "e1ine" ?it2in an% e$)ass%I F> to in"iJi"'a(s ?2o. a(t2o'&2 p2%si#a((% o'tsi"e t2e territor% o1 t2e P2i(ippines. #o$$it t2e #ri$es "e1ine" a&ainst Fi(ipinos 200 Pa&e +BA o1 +FF Perio"s o1 3etention ?it2o't 5'"i#ia( Warrant o1 Arrest *Se#> + , [ T2e proJisions o1 Arti#(e +2F o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e to t2e #ontrar% not?it2stan"in&S [ C'sto"% o1 a person R#2ar&e" ?it2 or s'spe#te" o1 t2e #ri$e o1 terroris$ or t2e #ri$e o1 #onspira#% to #o$$it terroris$S [ 3e(iJer to t2e proper -'"i#ia( a't2orit% ?it2in a perio" o1 t2ree "a%s #o'nte" 1ro$ t2e $o$ent t2e #2ar&e" or s'spe#te" person 2as )een appre2en"e" or arreste". "etaine" an" ta0en into #'sto"%> [ T2e arrest o1 t2e persons ?it2o't a -'"i#ia( ?arrant $'st res'(t 1ro$ s'rJei((an#e 'n"er Se#> C an" eLa$ination o1 )an0 re#or"s 'n"er Se#> 2C> Perio"s o1 3etention in t2e EJent o1 an A#t'a( or I$$inent Terrorist Atta#0 *Se#> +E, [ S'spe#ts $a% )e "etaine" 1or $ore t2an B "a%s ?it2 t2e ?ritten approJa( o1 t2e $'ni#ipa(. #it%. proJin#ia( or re&iona( o11i#ia( o1 a H'$an Ri&2ts Co$$ission or -'"&e o1 t2e nearest #o'rt. San"i&an)a%an or CA> Restri#tion on TraJe( *Se#> 2A, [ Sit'ation #onte$p(ate"@ Bai( is &rante" )e#a'se ReJi"en#e o1 &'i(t is not stron&S [ Co'rt $a%. 'pon app(i#ation o1 t2e prose#'tion. (i$it t2e ri&2t to traJe( o1 t2e a##'se" to ?it2in t2e $'ni#ipa(it% or #it% ?2ere 2e resi"es or ?2ere t2e #ase is pen"in&. in t2e interest o1 nationa( se#'rit% an" p')(i# sa1et%I [ !a% a(so )e p(a#e" 'n"er 2o'se arrest )% or"er o1 t2e #o'rt at 2is or 2er 's'a( p(a#e o1 resi"en#eI ?2i(e 'n"er 2o'se arrest. 2eUs2e $a% not 'se te(ep2ones. #e((p2ones. e$ai(s. #o$p'ters. t2e internet or ot2er $eans o1 #o$$'ni#ation ?it2 peop(e o'tsi"e t2e resi"en#e 'nti( ot2er?ise or"ere" )% t2e #o'rt> 5'"i#ia( A't2ori4ation Re='ire" to ELa$ine Ban0 3eposits. A##o'nts. an" Re#or"s *Se#> 2C, [ Upon ?ritten or"er o1 t2e Co'rt o1 Appea(s [ ProJisions o1 Rep')(i# A#t No> +D0F as a$en"e". to t2e #ontrar% not?it2stan"in& +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

APPEN3IG I@ RA EB2C or persons o1 P2i(ippine "es#ent ?2ere t2eir et2ni#it% ?as a 1a#torI A> to in"iJi"'a(s ?2o. a(t2o'&2 p2%si#a((% o'tsi"e t2e territor% o1 t2e P2i(ippines. #o$$it t2e #ri$es "ire#t(% a&ainst t2e P2i(ippines> Spe#ia( E11e#tiJit% C(a'se *Se#> A2, [ T2e proJisions o1 t2is A#t s2a(( )e s'spen"e" one $ont2 )e1ore an" t?o $ont2s a1ter t2e 2o("in& o1 an% e(e#tion> CRI!INAL LAW II +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +BC o1 +FF

APPEN3IG II@ CASE UP3ATES APPEN3IG II@ CASE U3PATES Boo0 + Pa&e BF c si&ni1i#ant "e#isions GR Nos> +AFF+0<BB. Ro$'a("e4 !ar#e(o 2 5'(% 200A CRI!INAL LAW II a11i"aJit> RIn"ee". t2e State 2as (ost its ri&2t to prose#'te Ro$'a("e4 1or t2e o11enses pen"in& )e1ore t2e San"i&an)a%an an" t2e Re&iona( Tria( Co'rt o1 !ani(a.S t2e Co'rt sai"> T2e Co'rt a(so 2e(" t2at t2e si(en#e in se#tion 2 o1 RA BB2A as to ?2et2er t2e a)sen#e o1 t2e o11en"er 1ro$ t2e P2i(ippines )ars t2e r'nnin& o1 t2e pres#riptiJe perio" #an on(% )e interprete" to $ean t2at se#tion 2 "i" not inten" s'#2 an interr'ption o1 t2e pres#ription 'n(i0e t2e eLp(i#it $an"ate o1 Arti#(e E+ o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> Un"er se#tion 2. t2e pres#riptiJe perio" s2a(( )e interr'pte" R?2en pro#ee"in&s are instit'te" a&ainst t2e &'i(t% person>S Ho?eJer. t2e Co'rt note" t2at t2ere is no s'#2 pro#ee"in& instit'te" a&ainst Ro$'a("e4 to ?arrant t2e to((in& o1 t2e pres#riptiJe perio"s o1 t2e o11enses #2ar&e" a&ainst 2i$> J> Grantin& 2is $otion 1or re#onsi"eration. t2e S'pre$e Co'rt "is$isse" on t2e &ro'n" o1 pres#ription t2e &ra1t #2ar&es a&ainst 1or$er A$)assa"or Ben-a$in R8o0o%S T> Ro$'a("e4. )rot2er o1 1or$er 1irst (a"% I$e("a Ro$'a("e4 !ar#os. pen"in& )e1ore t2e San"i&an)a%an an" t2e !ani(a Cit% Re&iona( Tria( Co'rt in #onne#tion ?it2 2is a((e&e" 1ai('re to 1i(e 2is State$ents o1 Assets an" Lia)i(ities *SALs, 1or +EAB<+E F> Ro$'a("e4 2a" )een #2ar&e" ?it2 Jio(ation o1 se#tion C o1 RA B0+E. t2e RAnti<Gra1t an" Corr'pt Pra#ti#es A#t.S 1or a((e&e"(% 1ai(in& to 1i(e 2is SALs 1or +EAC<+E F "'rin& 2is ten're as A$)assa"or ELtraor"inar% an" P(enipotentiar% an" 1or +EAB<+EAA "'rin& 2is ten're as Te#2ni#a( Assistant in t2e 3epart$ent o1 Forei&n A11airs> T2e Co'rt r'(e" t2at t2e pres#riptiJe perio" o1 Ro$'a("e4Ks o11enses )e&an to r'n 1ro$ t2e "is#oJer% o1 t2e o11ense in +E C ?2en t2e PCGG 1i(e" t2e #ases> T2e Co'rt note" t2at t2e pres#riptiJe perio" 1or o11enses p'nis2a)(e 'n"er RA B0+E ?as on(% +0 %ears prior to its a$en"$ent to +F %ears )% BP B(&> +EF in +E 2 an" t2at se#tion 2 o1 RA BB2A. RA#t to Esta)(is2 Perio"s o1 Pres#ription 1or Vio(ations Pena(i4e" )% Spe#ia( A#ts an" !'ni#ipa( Or"inan#es an" to ProJi"e W2en Pres#ription S2a(( Be&in To R'n.S states t2at Rpres#ription s2a(( )e&in to r'n 1ro$ t2e "a% o1 t2e #o$$ission o1 t2e Jio(ation o1 t2e (a?. an" i1 t2e sa$e )e not 0no?n at t2e ti$e. 1ro$ t2e "is#oJer% t2ereo1 an" t2e instit'tion o1 -'"i#ia( pro#ee"in&s 1or its inJesti&ation an" p'nis2$ent>S RT2e app(i#a)(e +0<an"<+F<%ear pres#riptiJe perio"s in t2e instant #ase. ?ere not interr'pte" )% an% eJent 1ro$ t2e ti$e t2e% )e&an to r'n on !a% . +E C> As a #onse='en#e. t2e a((e&e" o11enses #o$$itte" )% 9Ro$'a("e4: 1or t2e %ears +EA2<+E 2 pres#ri)e" in +0 %ears 1ro$ !a% . +E A or on !a% . +EEC> On t2e ot2er 2an". t2e a((e&e" o11enses #o$$itte" )% t2e petitioner 1or t2e %ears +E B<+E F pres#ri)e" in +F %ears 1ro$ !a% . +E C or on !a% . 2002.S t2e Co'rt sai"> T2's t2e Co'rt r'(e" t2at Ro$'a("e4Ks a((e&e" o11enses 2a" a(rea"% pres#ri)e" ?2en t2e O11i#e o1 t2e Spe#ia( Prose#'tor initiate" t2e pre(i$inar% inJesti&ation in 200D )% re='irin& t2e 1or$er to s')$it #o'nter+00N UP LAW UP Cri$ina( Pro#e"'re GR No> +ACAEB. Peop(e J> Ca)a(='into +E Septe$)er 200A T2e Co'rt "ire#te" t2at na$es o1 ?o$en an" #2i(" Ji#ti$s in seL'a( a)'se #ases )e ?it22e(" in S'pre$e Co'rt "e#isions Rto respe#t t2e "i&nit% an" prote#t t2e priJa#% o1 ?o$en an" #2i(" Ji#ti$s>S Instea". 1i#titio's initia(s ?i(( )e 'se"> Li0e?ise. persona( #ir#'$stan#es o1 t2e Ji#ti$<s'rJiJors or an% ot2er in1or$ation ten"in& to esta)(is2 or #o$pro$ise t2eir i"entities. as ?e(( as t2ose o1 t2eir i$$e"iate 1a$i(% or 2o'se2o(" $e$)ers. s2a(( not )e "is#(ose"> T2e Co'rt sai" its r'(in& e11e#t'ates t2e proJisions o1 RA CA+0. RT2e Spe#ia( Prote#tion o1 C2i("ren A&ainst C2i(" A)'se. ELp(oitation. an" 3is#ri$ination A#t.S an" its i$p(e$entin& r'(esI RA E2A2. or RT2e Anti<Vio(en#e A&ainst Wo$en an" T2eir C2i("ren A#t o1 200D.S an" its i$p(e$entin& r'(esI an" t2e Co'rtKs o?n RR'(e on Vio(en#e A&ainst Wo$en an" t2eir C2i("ren>S Boo0 + GR No> +AAD0+. Peop(e J> Bon B0 O#to)er 200A T2e Co'rt r'(e" t2at RA EBDA not on(% pro2i)its t2e p2%si#a( i$position o1 t2e "eat2 pena(t% )'t a(so e11e#tiJe(% re$oJe" t2e pena(t% o1 R"eat2S 1ro$ t2e &ra"'ation o1 pena(ties 'n"er Arti#(e C+ o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> T2e Co'rt a(so #(ari1ie" t2at t2e pro2i)ition a&ainst t2e "eat2 pena(t% "i" not res'(t in t2e re#(assi1i#ation o1 t2ose #ri$es preJio's(% "e1ine" as R2eino's>S It 'n"ers#ore" t2e 1a#t t2at t2e a$en"ator% e11e#ts o1 t2e (a? pertain on(% to t2e app(i#ation o1 t2e "eat2

200 Pa&e +B o1 +FF BAROPS

APPEN3IG II@ CASE UP3ATES pena(t% an" not to t2e #(assi1i#ation o1 1e(onies> W2i(e t2e Co'rt #on#e"e" t2at it 2a" no #2oi#e )'t to a"2ere to Arti#(e 22 o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e an" eLten" t2e retroa#tiJe )ene1its o1 t2e ena#t$ent o1 RA EBDA to persons preJio's(% #onJi#te" o1 #apita( o11enses *eL#ept 2a)it'a( #ri$ina(s,. it stresse" t2at Rt2is "e#ision "oes not $a0e operatiJe t2e re(ease o1 s'#2 #onJi#tsS as t2ere are ot2er re$e"ies 'n"er t2e (a? ?2i#2 #o'(" )e 'ti(i4e" to se#'re t2e reasona)(e re(ease o1 s'#2 prisoners> Boo0 + G>R> No> +BEBAE. S'((on Js> Peop(e 2C 5'ne 200F Se(1<3e1ense In or"er to #onsi"er t2at 'n(a?1'( a&&ression ?as a#t'a((% #o$$itte". it is ne#essar% t2at an atta#0 or $ateria( a&&ression. an o11ensiJe a#t positiJe(% "eter$inin& t2e intent o1 t2e a&&ressor to #a'se an in-'r% s2a(( 2aJe )een $a"eI a $ere t2reatenin& or inti$i"atin& attit'"e is not s'11i#ient to -'sti1% t2e #o$$ission o1 an a#t ?2i#2 is p'nis2a)(e per se. an" a((o? a #(ai$ o1 -'sti1i#ation on t2e &ro'n" t2at it ?as #o$$itte" in se(1<"e1ense> *e$p2asis o'rs, Boo0 + an" 2 G> R> No> +A0+ . Va(en4'e(a Js> Peop(e 2+ 5'ne 200C W2o $a% )e Lia)(e 1or T2e1t Un(a?1'( ta0in&. or apo"era$iento. is "ee$e" #o$p(ete 1ro$ t2e $o$ent t2e o11en"er &ains possession o1 t2e t2in&. eJen i1 2e 2as no opport'nit% to "ispose o1 t2e sa$e> Un(a?1'( ta0in&. ?2i#2 is t2e "epriJation o1 oneKs persona( propert%. is t2e e(e$ent ?2i#2 pro"'#es t2e 1e(on% in its #ons'$$ate" sta&e> At t2e sa$e ti$e. ?it2o't 'n(a?1'( ta0in& as an a#t o1 eLe#'tion. t2e o11ense #o'(" on(% )e atte$pte" t2e1t. i1 at a((> Wit2 t2ese #onsi"erations. ?e #an on(% #on#('"e t2at 'n"er Arti#(e B0 o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. t2e1t #annot 2aJe a 1r'strate" sta&e> T2e1t #an on(% )e atte$pte" or #ons'$$ate"> Spe#ia( Pena( La?s G>R> No> +FA0+B. 3e G'4$an Js> Pere4 2F 5'(% 200A P3 A0B an" RA CA+0 !a% a parent ?2o 1ai(s or re1'ses to "o 2is part in proJi"in& 2is #2i(" t2e e"'#ation 2is station in (i1e an" 1inan#ia( #on"ition per$it. )e #2ar&e" 1or ne&(e#t o1 #2i(" 'n"er Arti#(e FE*D, o1 P3 A0BV Ho?eJer. ?2i(e petitioner #an )e in"i#te" 1or Jio(ation o1 Arti#(e FE*D, o1 P3 A0B. t2e #2ar&e a&ainst 2i$ #annot )e +00N UP LAW UP CRI!INAL LAW II $a"e in re(ation to Se#tion +0*a, o1 RA CA+0 ?2i#2 proJi"es@ SEC> +0> Ot2er A#ts o1 Ne&(e#t. A)'se. Cr'e(t% or ELp(oitation an" Ot2er Con"itions Pre-'"i#ia( to t2e C2i("Ks 3eJe(op$ent> M *a, An% person ?2o s2a(( #o$$it an% ot2er a#ts o1 #2i(" a)'se. #r'e(t% or eLp(oitation or )e responsi)(e 1or ot2er #on"itions pre-'"i#ia( to t2e #2i("Ks "eJe(op$ent in#('"in& t2ose #oJere" )% Arti#(e FE o1 P3 No> A0B. as a$en"e". )'t not #oJere" )% t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. as a$en"e". s2a(( s'11er t2e pena(t% o1 prision $a%or in its $ini$'$ perio"> *e$p2asis s'pp(ie", T2e (a? eLpress(% pena(i4es an% person ?2o #o$$its ot2er a#ts o1 ne&(e#t. #2i(" a)'se. #r'e(t% or eLp(oitation or )e responsi)(e 1or ot2er #on"itions pre-'"i#ia( to t2e #2i("Ks "eJe(op$ent in#('"in& t2ose #oJere" )% Arti#(e FE o1 P3 A0B R)'t not #oJere" )% t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e>S T2e Rne&(e#t o1 #2i("S p'nis2e" 'n"er Arti#(e FE*D, o1 P3 A0B is a(so a #ri$e *0no?n as Rin"i11eren#e o1 parentsS, pena(i4e" 'n"er t2e se#on" para&rap2 o1 Arti#(e 2CC o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> Hen#e. it is eL#('"e" 1ro$ t2e #oJera&e o1 RA CA+0> We $a0e no "eter$ination o1 petitionerKs &'i(t or inno#en#e o1 t2e #ri$e #2ar&e"> T2e pres'$ption o1 inno#en#e in 2is 1aJor sti(( stan"s> W2at 2as )een as#ertaine" is si$p(% t2e eListen#e o1 pro)a)(e #a'se 1or petitionerKs in"i#t$ent 1or t2e #2ar&e a&ainst 2i$. t2at is. ?2et2er t2ere is s'11i#ient &ro'n" to en&en"er a ?e((1o'n"e" )e(ie1 t2at a #ri$e 2as )een #o$$itte" an" t2at petitioner is pro)a)(% &'i(t% t2ereo1. an" s2o'(" t2's )e 2e(" 1or tria(> PetitionerKs &'i(t s2o'(" sti(( )e proJen )e%on" reasona)(e "o')t in Cri$ina( Case No> 0DB+<00> BAROPS 200 Pa&e +BE o1 +FF

APPEN3IG III@ SUGGESTE3 ANSWERS TO THE 0C BAR HUESTIONS APPEN3IG III@ SUGGESTE3 ANSWERS TO THE 0C BAR HUESTIONS CRI!INAL LAW I> *+0N, W2at are t2e pena(ties t2at $a% )e serJe" si$'(taneo's(%V Ans?er@ A##or"in& to Arti#(e C0 o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. t2e pena(ties ?2i#2 #o'(" )e si$'(taneo's(% serJe" are t2e prin#ipa( pena(ties an" t2e 1o((o?in&@ +> perpet'a( a)so('te "is='a(i1i#ation. 2> perpet'a( spe#ia( "is='a(i1i#ation. B> te$porar% a)so('te "is='a(i1i#ation. D> te$porar% spe#ia( "is='a(i1i#ation. F> s'spension. A> "estierro. C> p')(i# #ens're. > 1ine an" )on" to 0eep t2e pea#e. E> #iJi( inter"i#tion. an" +0>#on1is#ation an" pa%$ent o1 #osts> A(ternatiJe Ans?er@ T2e pena(ties t2at $a% )e serJe" si$'(taneo's(% are t2e prin#ipa( ?it2 t2e a##essor% pena(ties> Wit2 t2e eL#eption ?2en %o' are pena(i4e" ?it2 t?o #o'nts or $ore o1 "eat2 pena(t%> SeJera( #o'nts o1 "eat2 pena(t% is si$'(taneo's(% serJe" 1or t2e #onJi#t #o'(" on(% )e eLe#'te" on#e> CRI!INAL LAW II $o$ent t2e p(a#e ?as rai"e" )% po(i#e. in"i#atin& t2at 2e neJer too0 part in t2e pot session at a((> A(ternatiJe Ans?er@ Se#tion C o1 RA E+AF is re(eJant to t2e #ase at )ar> Se#tion C> E$p(o%ees an" Visitors o1 a 3en. 3iJe or Resort> < T2e pena(t% o1 i$prison$ent ran&in& 1ro$ t?e(Je *+2, %ears an" one *+, "a% to t?ent% *20, %ears an" a 1ine ran&in& 1ro$ One 2'n"re" t2o'san" pesos *P+00.000>00, to FiJe 2'n"re" t2o'san" pesos *PF00.000>00, s2a(( )e i$pose" 'pon@ *a, An% e$p(o%ee o1 a "en. "iJe or resort. ?2o is a?are o1 t2e nat're o1 t2e p(a#e as s'#2I an" *),An% person ?2o. not )ein& in#('"e" in t2e proJisions o1 t2e neLt pre#e"in&. para&rap2. is a?are o1 t2e nat're o1 t2e p(a#e as s'#2 an" s2a(( 0no?in&(% Jisit t2e sa$e A "en. "iJe or resort is "e1ine" in Se#tion + o1 t2e sai" (a? as p(a#e ?2ere an% "an&ero's "r'& an"Uor #ontro((e" pre#'rsor an" essentia( #2e$i#a( is a"$inistere". "e(iJere". store" 1or i((e&a( p'rposes. "istri)'te". so(" or 'se" in an% 1or$> III> *+0N, 5erJis an" !ar(on as0e" t2eir 1rien". 5onat2an. to 2e(p t2e$ ro) a )an0> 5erJis an" !ar(on ?ent insi"e t2e )an0. )'t ?ere 'na)(e to &et an% $one% 1ro$ t2e Ja'(t )e#a'se t2e sa$e ?as prote#te" )% a ti$e<"e(a% $e#2anis$> T2e% #ontente" t2e$se(Jes ?it2 t2e #'sto$erKs #e((p2ones an" a tota( o1 PF.000 in #as2> A1ter t2e% "as2e" o't o1 t2e )an0 an" r's2e" into t2e #ar. 5onat2an p'((e" t2e #ar o't o1 t2e #'r). 2ittin& a pe"estrian ?2i#2 res'(te" in t2e (atterKs "eat2> W2at #ri$e or #ri$es "i" 5erJis. !ar(on an" 5onat2an #o$$itV ELp(ain %o'r ans?er> Ans?er@ 5erJis. !ar(on an" 5onat2an #o$$itte" a spe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e> It is ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e )e#a'se t2e ori&ina( "esi&n o1 t2e t2ree $a(e1a#tors ?as ro))er% an" t2e 2o$i#i"e o##'rre" "'rin& t2e ro))er%> Sett(e" is t2e r'(e t2at t2e #ri$e is sti(( ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e i1 t2e person 0i((e" ?as an inno#ent )%stan"er an" not t2e 200 Pa&e +D0 o1 +FF II> *+0N, Ti)'r#io as0e" Anasta#io to -oin t2eir &ro'p 1or a ZsessionZ> T2in0in& t2at it ?as 1or a $a2-on& session. Anasta#io a&ree"> Upon rea#2in& Ti)'r#ioKs 2o'se. Anasta#io "is#oJere" t2at it ?as a#t'a((% a s2a)' session> At t2at pre#ise ti$e. t2e p(a#e ?as rai"e" )% t2e po(i#e. an" Anasta#io ?as a$on& t2ose arreste"> W2at #ri$e #an Anasta#io )e #2ar&e" ?it2. i1 an%V ELp(ain %o'r ans?er> Ans?er@ Base" on t2e &iJen 1a#ts. it ?o'(" see$ t2at Anasta#io !AY BE CHARGE3 WITH Jio(ation o1 t2e #o$pre2ensiJe "an&ero's "r'&s a#t> )'t 1or 2is eL#'(pation. 2e $a% assert t2at 2e 2a" no intention to perpetrate t2e sa$e> T2e 1a#ts o1 t2e #ase s2o? t2at Anasta#io ?as inJite" )% Ti)'r#io to &o oJer t2eir 2o'se *$a%)e )% teLt or te(ep2one, to -oin t2eir &ro'p 1or a RsessionS> Upon 2is arriJa( at Ti)'r#ioKs 2o'se Anasta#io "is#oJere" t2at it ?as a#t'a((% a s2a)' session an" at t2at Jer% +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

APPEN3IG III@ SUGGESTE3 ANSWERS TO THE 0C BAR HUESTIONS person ro))e" an" eJen i1 t2e "eat2 ?as s'perJene" )% $ere a##i"ent> 5erJis an" !ar(on #annot #(ai$ t2at it ?as 5onat2an ?2o ran oJer an" 0i((e" t2e pe"estrian an" t2ere1ore t2e% are not (ia)(e 1or ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e )e#a'se it is ?e(( entren#2e" in o'r -'rispr'"en#e t2at ?2en a 2o$i#i"e ta0es p(a#e as a #onse='en#e o1 or on o##asion o1 ro))er%. a(( t2ose ?2o too0 part in t2e ro))er% are &'i(t% as prin#ipa(s in t2e spe#ia( #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 ro))er% ?it2 2o$i#i"e. eJen i1 t2e% "i" not a#t'a((% parti#ipate in t2e 2o$i#i"e> CRI!INAL LAW II ELp(ain pro2i)ite" s')stan#esV %o'r ans?er> IV> *+0N, !a#0%. a se#'rit% &'ar". arriJe" 2o$e (ate one ni&2t a1ter ren"erin& oJerti$e> He ?as s2o#0e" to see 5o%. 2is ?i1e. an" 8en. 2is )est 1rien". in t2e a#t o1 2aJin& seL'a( inter#o'rse> !a#0% p'((e" o't 2is serJi#e &'n an" s2ot an" 0i((e" 8en> T2e #o'rt 1o'n" t2at 8en "ie" 'n"er eL#eptiona( #ir#'$tan#es an" eLonerate" !a#0% o1 $'r"er )'t senten#e" 2i$ to "estierro. #on1or$a)(% ?it2 Arti#(e 2DC o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> T2e #o'rt a(so or"ere" !a#0% to pa% in"e$nit% to t2e 2eirs o1 t2e Ji#ti$ in t2e a$o'nt o1 PF0.000> a> 3i" t2e #o'rt #orre#t(% or"er !a#0% to pa% in"e$nit% eJen t2o'&2 2e ?as eLonerate" o1 $'r"erV ELp(ain %o'r ans?er> Ans?er@ Yes. t2e #o'rt is #orre#t> !a#0% ?as eLonerate" o1 $'r"er )e#a'se o1 t2e )ene1it &rante" to 2i$ )% (a? 'n"er Art> 2DC o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. ?2i#2 is an a)so('tor% #a'se or eLe$ptin& #ir#'$stan#es> As a r'(e. eLe$ption 1ro$ #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% )% reason o1 an eLe$ptin& #ir#'$stan#es "oes not in#('"e eLe$ption 1ro$ #iJi( (ia)i(it%> T2ere are on(% t?o #ir#'$stan#es ?2i#2 are a((o?e" as eL#eptions to t2is r'(e. t2e% are @ +, in-'r% #a'se" )% $ere a##i"ent . an" 2, 1ai('re to per1or$ an a#t re='ire" )% (a? ?2en preJente" )% so$e (a?1'( or ins'pera)(e #a'se> T2e #ase at )ar s2o?s t2at t2e a#t #o$$itte" )% !a#0% is not one o1 t2ese #ir#'$stan#es> T2ere1ore. 2e is not eLe$pt 1ro$ pa%$ent o1 in"e$nit% a(t2o'&2 eLe$pt 1ro$ #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%> )> W2i(e serJin& 2is senten#e". !a#0% entere" t2e pro2i)ite" area an" 2a" a pot session ?it2 IJ% *5o%Ks sister,> Is !a#0% entit(e" to an in"eter$inate senten#e in #ase 2e is 1o'n" &'i(t% o1 t2e 'se o1 +00N UP LAW UP Ans?er@ !a#0% is not entit(e" to ISLAW> One o1 t2e &ro'n"s 1or t2e "is='a(i1i#ation 1or t2e app(i#ation o1 ISLAW is eJasion o1 senten#e> As t2e 1a#t proJi"e". ?2i(e 2e is serJin& 2is senten#e. 2e entere" t2e pro2i)ite" area. an" s'#2 entr% is a(rea"% an eJasion o1 2is senten#e o1 "estierro. an" ?2i(e eJa"in& 2is senten#e. 2e #o$$itte" anot2er #ri$e> For t2is reason. 2e is not entit(e" to ISLAW> A(t2o'&2 "estierro "oes not inJo(Je i$prison$ent. it is sett(e" t2at a senten#e i$posin& t2e pena(t% o1 "estierro is eJa"e" ?2en t2e #onJi#t enters an% o1 t2e p(a#e 2e is 1or)i""en 1ro$ enterin& 'n"er t2e senten#e *PP Js> A)i(on&. GR No> L<+EA0. 2A NoJ> +ED , V> *+0N, a> 3istin&'is2 )et?een an a##o$p(i#e an" a #onspirator> )> W2at are t2e t2ree *B, #(asses o1 o11en"er in t2e #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" se"'#tionV GiJe an eLa$p(e o1 ea#2> Ans?er@ *a, An a##o$p(i#e is one ?2o 0ne? t2e #ri$ina( "esi&n o1 t2e prin#ipa( an" 0no?in&(% or intentiona((% parti#ipate" t2ere?it2 )% an a#t ?2i#2 eJen i1 not ren"ere". t2e #ri$e ?o'(" )e #o$$itte" -'st t2e sa$eI a #onspirator is one ?2o enters into an a&ree$ent ?it2 one or $ore person to #o$$it a #ri$e an" "e#i"e to #o$$it it> *),T2e t2ree #(asses o1 o11en"er in t2e #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" se"'#tion are @ +> T2ose o1 a)'se t2eir a't2orit% *eL> tea#2er, 2> T2ose ?2o a)'se t2e #on1i"en#e repose" in t2e$ *eL> priest, B> T2ose ?2o a)'se t2eir re(ations2ip *eL> )rot2er ?2o se"'#e" 2is sister, VI> *+0N, W2at are t2e "i11erent a#ts o1 in#itin& to se"itionV Ans?er@ +> In#itin& ot2ers to t2e a##o$p(is2$ent o1 an% o1 t2e a#ts ?2i#2 #onstit'te se"ition )% $eans o1 spee#2es. pro#(a$ations. ?ritin&s. e$)(e$s et#I BAROPS 200 Pa&e +D+ o1 +FF

APPEN3IG III@ SUGGESTE3 ANSWERS TO THE 0C BAR HUESTIONS 2> Utterin& se"itio's ?or"s or spee#2es ?2i#2 ten" to "ist'r) t2e p')(i# pea#eI B> Writin&. p')(is2in&. or #ir#'(atin& s#'rri(o's (i)e(s a&ainst t2e &oJern$ent or an% o1 t2e "'(% #onstit'te" a't2orities t2ereo1. ?2i#2 ten" to "ist'r) t2e p')(i# pea#e. or D> 8no?in&(% #on#ea(in& s'#2 eJi( pra#ti#e CRI!INAL LAW II ai($ent an" none o1 ?2o$ is a $e"i#a( pra#titioner> T2e% are. t2ere1ore. &'i(t% o1 re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e res'(tin& in 2o$i#i"e an" NOT o1 $'r"er> VII> *+0N, E""ie )ro'&2t 2is son Ran"% to a (o#a( 1ait22ea(er 0no?n as Z!ot2er Hi$a(a>Z He ?as "ia&nose" )% t2e 1ait22ea(er as )ein& possesse" )% an eJi( spirit> E""ie t2ere'pon a't2ori4e" t2e #on"'#t o1 a Ztreat$entZ #a(#'(ate" to "riJe t2e spirit 1ro$ t2e )o%Ks )o"%> Un1ort'nate(%. t2e pro#e"'re #on"'#te" res'(te" in t2e )o%Ks "eat2> T2e 1ait2 2ea(er an" t2ree ot2ers ?2o ?ere part o1 t2e 2ea(in& rit'a( ?ere #2ar&e" ?it2 $'r"er an" #onJi#te" )% t2e (o?er #o'rt> I1 %o' are appe((ate #o'rt 5'sti#e. ?o'(" %o' s'stain t2e #onJi#tion 'pon appea(V ELp(ain %o'r ans?er> Ans?er@ Note@ T2e 1a#ts o1 t2e #ase are eLa#t(% sa$e as t2ose in Peop(e o1 t2e P2i(ippines Js> Car$en. et a(>. G>R> No> +BC2A . 2A !ar#2 200+> T2e eLa$iner on(% #2an&e" t2e a#tors> No. I ?o'(" not s'stain t2e #onJi#tion o1 t2e (o?er #o'rt> In t2e #ase at )ar. it $'st )e o)serJe" t2at t2e Rtreat$entS per1or$e" oJer t2e Ji#ti$ ?as #onsente" to )% E""ie. t2e )o%Ks 1at2er> Wit2 t2e per$ission o1 E""ie. t2e 1ait22ea(er an" t2ree ot2ers pro#ee"e" to s')-e#t t2e )o% to a Rtreat$entS #a(#'(ate" to "riJe t2e )a" spirit 1ro$ t2e )o%Ks )o"%> Un1ort'nate(%. t2e Rtreat$entS res'(te" in t2e "eat2 o1 t2e )o%> T2's. t2e a##'se"<appe((ants 2a" no #ri$ina( intent to 0i(( t2e )o%> T2eir (ia)i(it% arises 1ro$ re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e )e#a'se t2e% o'&2t t2at to 0no? t2eir a#tions ?o'(" not )rin& a)o't t2e #'re> !oreoJer. t2e e(e$ents o1 re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e are eJi"ent in t2e a#ts "one )% a##'se"<appe((ants ?2i#2 #onsists in Jo('ntari(%. )'t ?it2o't $a(i#e. "oin& or 1ai(in& to "o an a#t 1ro$ ?2i#2 $ateria( "a$a&e res'(ts )% reason o1 ineL#'sa)(e (a#0 o1 pre#a'tion on t2e part o1 t2e person per1or$in& s'#2 a#t> T2e 1a#ts s2o? t2e a##'se"<appe((ants (a#0 $e"i#a( s0i(( in treatin& t2e )o%Ks a((e&e" +00N UP LAW UP VIII *+0N, Fe is t2e $ana&er o1 a ri#e $i(( in B'(a#an> In or"er to s'pport a &a$)(in& "e)t. Fe $a"e it appear t2at t2e ri#e $i(( ?as earnin& (ess t2an it a#t'a((% ?as )% ?ritin& in a Zta(aanZ or (e"&er a 1i&'re (o?er t2an ?2at ?as #o((e#te" an" pai" )% t2eir #'sto$ers> Fe t2en po#0ete" t2e "i11eren#e> W2at #ri$eUs "i" Fe #o$$it. I1 an%V ELp(ain %o'r ans?er> Ans?er@ Fe #o$$itte" a #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" t2e1t t2ro'&2 1a(si1i#ation o1 #o$$er#ia( "o#'$ent> It is ='a(i1ie" t2e1t )e#a'se t2e 1a#ts o1 t2e #ase s2o? t2at Fe too0 a persona( propert% )e(on&in& to t2e ri#e $i(( o?ner ?it2o't t2e (atterKs #onsentI s2e "i" it ?it2 intent to &ain *s2e po#0ete" t2e $one% an" 'se" it to s'pport 2er &a$)(in& "e)t,I s2e a##o$p(is2e" t2e #ri$e ?it2o't t2e 'se o1 Jio(en#e a&ainst or inti$i"ation o1 persons or 1or#e 'pon t2in&sI an" s2e #o$$itte" t2e t2e1t ?it2 &raJe a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e. ?2i#2 ='a(i1ie" t2e #ri$e o1 t2e1t> T2e 1a#t t2at s2e as $ana&er 2a" #'sto"% o1 t2e (e"&er an" 2a" a##ess in t2e preparation o1 1inan#ia( report s'11i#es to "esi&nate t2e #ri$e as ='a(i1ie" t2e1t as s2e &raJe(% a)'se" t2e #on1i"en#e repose" in 2er )% t2e ri#e $i(( o?ner> T2e #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" t2e1t ?as #o$p(eLe" ?it2 t2e 1a(si1i#ation o1 #o$$er#ia( "o#'$ent )e#a'se t2e (atter #ri$e ?as a ne#essar% $eans to #o$$it t2e #ri$e o1 ='a(i1ie" t2e1t> T2ere ?as an eJi"ent 1a(si1i#ation o1 #o$$er#ia( "o#'$ent sin#e Fe. a priJate in"iJi"'a(. $a"e an 'ntr't21'( 1inan#ia( state$ent in t2e (e"&er *a priJate "o#'$ent,> A(ternatiJe Ans?er@ !% ans?er is an#2ore" on t2e prin#ip(e t2at a serJant. "o$esti# or e$p(o%ee ?2o $isappropriates a t2in& o1 2is $aster is &'i(t% o1 ='a(i1ie" t2e1t. not esta1a> It #annot )e esta1a *t2ro'&2 'n1ait21'(ness an" a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e, )e#a'se t2e e(e$ent o1 R"e$an" $a"e )% o11en"e" part% a&ainst t2e $a(e1a#torS is not present in t2e #ase at )ar> Not on(% t2at> Fe 2as no onero's o)(i&ation to "e(iJer so$et2in& o1 Ja('e. ?2i#2 is an essentia( e(e$ent> 200 Pa&e +D2 o1 +FF BAROPS

APPEN3IG III@ SUGGESTE3 ANSWERS TO THE 0C BAR HUESTIONS T2ere is no #ri$e o1 esta1a t2ro'&2 1a(si1i#ation o1 priJate "o#'$ent )e#a'se t2e i$$e"iate e11e#t o1 t2e (atter is sa$e as t2at o1 esta1a> 9A> Gre&orio. F'n"a$enta(s o1 Cri$ina( La? ReJie? *Et2 e">. +EEC,. p> DAD: Anot2er A(ternatiJe Ans?er@ Fe #o$$itte" a #ri$e o1 1a(si1i#ation o1 priJate "o#'$ent> It is 1a(si1i#ation o1 priJate "o#'$ent )e#a'se o1 t2e presen#e o1 a(( e(e$ents o1 t2is #ri$e in t2e #ase at )ar. ?2i#2 are @ *+, t2at t2e o11en"er #o$$itte" an a#t o1 1a(si1i#ation 9$a0in& 'ntr't21'( state$ent o1 1a#ts on t2e (e"&er:I *2, t2at t2e 1a(si1i#ation ?as #o$$itte" in an% priJate "o#'$ent 9(e"&er:I an" *B, t2at t2e 1a(si1i#ation #a'se" "a$a&e to a t2ir" part% 9ri#e $i(( o?ner s'11ere" pe#'niar% (oss:> T2e #ri$e is not esta1a )e#a'se 1a(si1i#ation o1 priJate "o#'$ent ?as #o$$itte" as a $eans to #o$$it esta1a> Un#2a((en&e" is t2e r'(e t2at i1 t2e 1a(si1i#ation o1 a priJate "o#'$ent is #o$$itte" as a $eans to #o$$it esta1a. t2e proper #ri$e to )e #2ar&e" is 1a(si1i#ation o1 priJate "o#'$ent on(%> Neit2er t2e #ri$e is a #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 esta1a t2ro'&2 1a(si1i#ation o1 priJate "o#'$ent )e#a'se it is sett(e" t2at t2ere is no s'#2 #o$p(eL #ri$e> CRI!INAL LAW II G> *+0N, Pin0% ?as a (essee o1 a $ar0et sta(( o?ne" )% GioJanni> W2en Pin0% re1'se" to pa% 2er renta(. GioJanni nai(e" so$e ?oo"en )arri#a"es on one o1 t2e si"es o1 t2e $ar0et sta(( an" poste" t2is ?arnin&@ ZWe 2aJe #(ose" t2is portion o1 t2e "oor> 3o not open it or e(se so$et2in& $a% 2appen to %o'>Z W2at #ri$eUs "i" GioJanni #o$$it. i1 an%V ELp(ain %o'r ans?er> Ans?er@ Note@ T2is is an o(" CA #ase. Peop(e Js> Ban4on. AA OG +0FBB. in toto #opie" 1ro$ Re%es Boo0 2. pa&e FEE> T2ere is a re#ent #ase 2aJin& si$i(ar 1a#ts ?it2 t2e #ase at )ar> We $a% re1er to !a"era4o Js> Peop(e. G>R> No> +AF0AF. 2A Septe$)er 200A> In t2is #ase t2e SC r'(e" t2at t2e #ri$e is not &raJe #oer#ion )'t 'n-'st JeLation> T2e a#t o1 t2e a##'se" is not s'#2 a serio's t2reat a$o'ntin& to #oer#ion )'t $ere(% t2e #ri$e o1 'n-'st JeLation> T2e #ri$e $ere(% anno%s t2e Ji#ti$> So'r#e@ 200C Bar H'estions> Bar ELa$s For'$ *P2i(ippines,> AJai(a)(e 2ttp@UUp2)ar>or&UJie?1or'$>p2pV1aBB; si"a02)CB#B+1DC0#E E20D"eD1aAeaD#11 > 0E 5'ne 200 > IG> *+0N, 3'rin& a #on#ert o1 Gar% V> an" in or"er to preJent t2e #ro?" 1ro$ r's2in& to t2e sta&e. Ra1ae( Pa"i((a da se#'rit% &'ar"e pointe" 2is &'n at t2e onr's2 o1 peop(e> W2en t2e #ro?" sti(( p's2e" 1or?ar". Ra1ae( 1ire" 2is &'n into air to s#are t2e$ o11> Ho?eJer. t2e )'((et 2it one o1 t2e $eta( roo1 s'pports. ri#o#2ete" an" t2en 2it one o1 t2e sta&e #re? $e$)ers. #a'sin& in-'ries ?2i#2 res'(te" in t2e (atterKs #on1ine$ent in a 2ospita( 1or t?e(Je "a%s> W2at #ri$eUs "i" Ra1ae( #o$$itV ELp(ain %o'r ans?er> Ans?er@ It ?as re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e res'(tin& to (ess serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries> I ?as te$pte" to ans?er i((e&a( "is#2ar&e o1 1irear$ an" 2aJe it #o$p(eLe" )'t I re1raine" sin#e 2is "is#2ar&e o1 1irear$ ?as (a?1'( an" t2at is to ?arn t2e #ro?" an" preJent t2e$ 1ro$ r's2in& to t2e sta&e )'t 2e (a#0e" t2e ne#essar% #are in "isre&ar"in& t2at t2e )'((et $i&2t ri#o#2et an" 2it t2e peop(e> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +DB o1 +FF

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A APPEN3IG IV@ H;A H+> In CRI!INAL LAW II HF> T2e o11en"e" part% ?as )ro'&2t to a t2e #o'rse o1 t2e 2i<-a#0. a passen&er or #o$p(e$ent ?as s2ot an" 0i((e"> W2at #ri$e or #ri$es ?ere #o$$itte"V A> T2e #ri$e re$ains to )e a Jio(ation o1 t2e anti 2i<-a#0in& (a?. )'t t2e pena(t% t2ereo1 s2a(( )e 2i&2er )e#a'se a passen&er or #o$p(e$ent o1 t2e air#ra1t 2a" )een 0i((e"> T2e #ri$e o1 2o$i#i"e or $'r"er is not #o$$itte"> p(a#e ?2i#2 2e #o'(" not (eaJe )e#a'se 2e "oes not 0no? ?2ere 2e is. a(t2o'&2 1ree to $oJe a)o't> Was ar)itrar% or i((e&a( "etention #o$$itte"V A> Eit2er ar)itrar% "etention or i((e&a( "etention ?as #o$$itte"> I1 a person is )ro'&2t to a sa1e 2o'se. )(in"1o("e". eJen i1 2e is 1ree to $oJe as 2e p(eases. )'t i1 2e #annot (eaJe t2e p(a#e. ar)itrar% "etention or i((e&a( "etention is #o$$itte"> H2> T2e 2i<-a#0ers t2reatene" to "etonate HA> A a )o$) in t2e #o'rse o1 t2e 2i<-a#0> W2at #ri$e or #ri$es ?ere #o$$itte"V A> A&ain. t2e #ri$e is Jio(ation o1 t2e anti 2i<-a#0in& (a?> T2e separate #ri$e o1 &raJe t2reat is not #o$$itte"> T2is is #onsi"ere" as a ='a(i1%in& #ir#'$stan#e t2at s2a(( serJe to in#rease t2e pena(t%> HB> A -anitor at t2e H'e4on Cit% Ha(( ?as assi&ne" in #(eanin& t2e $enKs roo$> One "a%. 2e noti#e" a 1e((o? 'rinatin& so #are(ess(% t2at instea" o1 'rinatin& at t2e )o?(. 2e ?as a#t'a((% 'rinatin& part(% on t2e 1(oor> T2e -anitor resente" t2is> He steppe" o't o1 t2e $enKs roo$ an" (o#0e" t2e sa$e> He (e1t> T2e 1e((o? ?as a)(e to #o$e o't on(% a1ter seJera( 2o'rs ?2en peop(e 1ro$ t2e o'tsi"e 1or#i)(% opene" t2e "oor> Is t2e -anitor (ia)(e 1or ar)itrar% "etentionV A> No> EJen i1 2e is a p')(i# o11i#er. 2e is not per$itte" )% 2is o11i#ia( 1'n#tion to arrest an" "etain persons> T2ere1ore. 2e is &'i(t% on(% o1 i((e&a( "etention> W2i(e t2e o11en"er is a p')(i# o11i#er. 2is "'t% "oes not in#('"e t2e a't2orit% to $a0e arrestI 2en#e. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is i((e&a( "etention> 2a" )een #o((e#tin& ton& 1ro$ "riJers> B. a "riJer. "i" not ?ant to #ontri)'te to t2e ton&> One "a%. B ?as appre2en"e" )% A. te((in& 2i$ t2at 2e ?as "riJin& #are(ess(%> Re#0(ess "riJin& #arries ?it2 it a pena(t% o1 i$$e"iate "etention an" arrest> B ?as )ro'&2t to t2e Tra11i# B'rea' an" ?as "etaine" t2ere 'nti( t2e eJenin&> W2en A ret'rne". 2e opene" t2e #e(( an" to(" B to &o 2o$e> Was t2ere a #ri$e o1 ar)itrar% "etention or 'n(a?1'( arrestV A> Ar)itrar% "etention> T2e arrest o1 B ?as on(% in#i"enta( to t2e #ri$ina( intent o1 t2e o11en"er to "etain 2i$> B't i1 a1ter p'ttin& B insi"e t2e #e((. 2e ?as t'rne" oJer to t2e inJesti&atin& o11i#er ?2o )oo0e" 2i$ an" 1i(e" a #2ar&e o1 re#0(ess i$pr'"en#e a&ainst 2i$. t2en t2e #ri$e ?o'(" )e 'n(a?1'( arrest> T2e "etention o1 t2e "riJer is in#i"enta( to t2e s'ppose" #ri$e 2e "i" not #o$$it> B't i1 t2ere is no s'ppose" #ri$e at a(( )e#a'se t2e "riJer ?as not #2ar&e" at a((. 2e ?as not &iJen p(a#e 'n"er )oo0in& s2eet or report arrest. t2en t2at $eans t2at t2e on(% p'rpose o1 t2e o11en"er is to stop 2i$ 1ro$ "riJin& 2is -eepne% )e#a'se 2e re1'se" to #ontri)'te to t2e ton&> HC> Wit2in ?2at perio" s2o'(" a po(i#e HD> A $'ni#ipa( treas'rer 2as )een #o'rtin& 2is se#retar%> Ho?eJer. t2e (atter a(?a%s t'rne" 2i$ "o?n> T2erea1ter. s2e trie" to aJoi" 2i$> One a1ternoon. t2e $'ni#ipa( treas'rer (o#0e" t2e se#retar% insi"e t2eir o11i#e 'nti( s2e starte" #r%in&> T2e treas'rer opene" t2e "oor an" a((o?e" 2er to &o 2o$e> W2at #ri$e ?as #o$$itte"V A> I((e&a( "etention> T2is is )e#a'se t2e $'ni#ipa( treas'rer 2as no a't2orit% to "etain a person a(t2o'&2 2e is a p')(i# o11i#er>

o11i#er ?2o 2as arreste" a person 'n"er a ?arrant o1 arrest t'rn oJer t2e arreste" person to t2e -'"i#ia( a't2orit%V A> T2ere is no ti$e (i$it spe#i1ie" eL#ept t2at t2e ret'rn $'st )e $a"e ?it2in a reasona)(e ti$e> T2e perio" 1iLe" )% (a? 'n"er Arti#(e +2F "oes not app(% )e#a'se t2e arrest ?as $a"e )% Jirt'e o1 a ?arrant o1 arrest> W2en a person is arreste" ?it2o't a ?arrant. it $eans t2at t2ere is no #ase 1i(e" in #o'rt %et> I1 t2e arrestin& o11i#er ?o'(" 2o(" t2e arreste" person t2ere. 2e is a#t'a((% "epriJin& t2e arreste" o1 2is ri&2t to )ai(> As (on& 200 Pa&e +DD o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A as t2ere is no #2ar&e in t2e #o'rt %et. t2e arreste" person #annot o)tain )ai( )e#a'se )ai( $a% on(% )e &rante" )% t2e #o'rt> T2e spirit o1 t2e (a? is to 2aJe t2e arreste" person "e(iJere" to t2e -'ris"i#tion o1 t2e #o'rt> CRI!INAL LAW II H+B> Can t2ere )e a #o$p(eL #ri$e o1 H > T2e arrest o1 t2e s'spe#t ?as "one in Ba&'io Cit%> On t2e ?a% to !ani(a. ?2ere t2e #ri$e ?as #o$$itte". t2ere ?as a t%p2oon so t2e s'spe#t #o'(" not )e )ro'&2t to !ani(a 'nti( t2ree "a%s (ater> Was t2ere a Jio(ation o1 Arti#(e +2FV A> T2ere ?as a Jio(ation o1 Arti#(e +2F> T2e #ri$e #o$$itte" ?as ar)itrar% "etention in t2e 1or$ o1 "e(a% in t2e "e(iJer% o1 arreste" person to t2e proper -'"i#ia( a't2orit%> T2e t%p2oon or 1(oo" is a $atter o1 "e1ense to )e proJe" )% t2e a##'se". t2e arrestin& o11i#er. as to ?2et2er 2e is (ia)(e> In t2is sit'ation. 2e $a% )e eLe$pt 'n"er Arti#(e +2*C,> #o'p "Ketat ?it2 re)e((ionV A> Yes. i1 t2ere ?as #onspira#% )et?een t2e o11en"erUs #o$$ittin& t2e #o'p "Ketat an" t2e o11en"ers #o$$ittin& t2e re)e((ion> B% #onspira#%. t2e #ri$e o1 one ?o'(" )e t2e #ri$e o1 t2e ot2er an" Ji#e Jersa> T2is is possi)(e )e#a'se t2e o11en"er in #o'p "Ketat $a% )e person or persons )e(on&in& to t2e $i(itar%. nationa( po(i#e or a p')(i# o11i#er. ?2ereas re)e((ion "oes not so re='ire> !oreoJer. t2e #ri$e o1 #o'p "Ketat $a% )e #o$$itte" sin&(%. ?2ereas re)e((ion re='ires a p')(i# 'prisin& an" ta0in& 'p ar$s to oJert2ro? t2e "'(% #onstit'te" &oJern$ent> Sin#e t2e t?o #ri$es are essentia((% "i11erent an" p'nis2e" ?it2 "istin#t pena(ties. t2ere is no (e&a( i$pe"i$ent to t2e app(i#ation o1 RPC Art> D > H+D> Can #o'p "Ketat )e #o$p(eLe" ?it2 se"itionV HE> Certain a(iens ?ere arreste" an" t2e% A> *S'&&este",@ ?ere -'st p't on t2e 1irst air#ra1t ?2i#2 )ro'&2t t2e$ to t2e #o'ntr% so t2at t2e% $a% )e o't ?it2o't "'e pro#ess o1 (a?> Was t2ere a #ri$e #o$$itte"V A> Yes> ELp'(sion> H+0> I1 a Fi(ipino #iti4en is sent o't o1 t2e #o'ntr%. ?2at #ri$e is #o$$itte"V #oer#ion. not eLp'(sion. )e#a'se a Fi(ipino #annot )e "eporte"> T2is #ri$e re1ers on(% to a(iens> H++> It ?as rainin& 2eaJi(%> A po(i#e$an too0 s2e(ter in one personKs 2o'se> T2e o?ner o)(i&e" an" 2a" 2is "a'&2ter serJe t2e po(i#e so$e #o11ee> T2e po(i#e$an $a"e a pass at t2e "a'&2ter> T2e o?ner o1 t2e 2o'se as0e" 2i$ to (eaJe> 3oes t2is 1a(( 'n"er Arti#(e +2 V A> No> It ?as t2e o?ner o1 t2e 2o'se ?2o (et t2e po(i#e$an in> T2e enterin& is not s'rreptitio's> A> GraJe Yes> Co'p "Ketat an" se"ition are essentia((% "i11erent an" "istin#t(% p'nis2e" 'n"er t2e RPC> Se"ition $a% not )e "ire#te" a&ainst t2e GoJern$ent 1or it #an )e nonpo(iti#a( in o)-e#tiJe )'t #o'p "Ketat is po(iti#a( in o)-e#tiJe 1or it is "ire#te" a&ainst t2e GoJern$ent an" (e" )% personsUp')(i# o11i#ers )e(on&in& to t2e $i(itar%Unationa( po(i#e> Art> D $a% )e app(ie"> *A(ternatiJe,@ No. #o'p "Ketat $a% not )e #o$p(eLe" ?it2 se"ition> W2i(e t2eir prin#ipa( o11en"ers $a% )e "i11erent. )ot2 #ri$es are po(iti#a( in p'rpose an" "ire#te" a&ainst t2e GoJern$ent> T2e essen#e is t2e sa$e an" t2's #onstit'te on(% one #ri$e> W2en t2e t?o #ri$es are not "istin#t. Art> D "oes not proper(% app(%> H+F> Is t2e Jio(ation o1 #on"itiona( par"on A> Un"er a s')stantiJe o11enseV Arti#(e +FE. t2ere sit'ations proJi"e"@ are

t?o H+2> A person s'rreptitio's(% enters t2e "?e((in& o1 anot2er> W2at #ri$e or #ri$es ?ere possi)(% #o$$itte"V A> T2e #ri$es #o$$itte" are *+, ='a(i1ie" trespass to "?e((in& 'n"er Arti#(e 2 0. i1 t2ere ?as an eLpress or i$p(ie" pro2i)ition a&ainst enterin&> T2is is tanta$o'nt to enterin& a&ainst t2e ?i(( o1 t2e o?nerI an" *2, Jio(ation o1 "o$i#i(e in t2e t2ir" 1or$ i1 2e re1'ses to (eaJe a1ter )ein& to(" to> +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS *+,T2ere is a pena(t% o1 prision #orre##iona( $ini$'$ 1or t2e Jio(ation o1 t2e #on"itiona( par"onI *2,T2ere is no ne? pena(t% i$pose" 1or t2e Jio(ation o1 t2e #on"itiona( par"on> Instea". t2e #onJi#t ?i(( )e re='ire" to serJe t2e 'nserJe" portion o1 t2e senten#e> 200 Pa&e +DF o1 +FF

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A I1 t2e re$itte" portion o1 t2e senten#e is (ess t2an siL %ears or 'p to siL %ears. t2ere is an a""e" pena(t% o1 prision #orre##iona( $ini$'$ 1or t2e Jio(ation o1 t2e #on"itiona( par"onI 2en#e. t2e Jio(ation is a s')stantiJe o11ense i1 t2e re$itte" portion o1 t2e senten#e "oes not eL#ee" siL %ears )e#a'se in t2is #ase a ne? pena(t% is i$pose" 1or t2e Jio(ation o1 t2e #on"itiona( par"on> B't i1 t2e re$itte" portion o1 t2e senten#e eL#ee"s siL %ears. t2e Jio(ation o1 t2e #on"itiona( par"on is not a s')stantiJe o11ense )e#a'se no ne? pena(t% is i$pose" 1or t2e Jio(ation> In ot2er ?or"s. %o' 2aJe to ='a(i1% %o'r ans?er> T2e S'pre$e Co'rt. 2o?eJer. 2as r'(e" in t2e #ase o1 An&e(es J> 5ose t2at t2is is not a s')stantiJe o11ense> T2is 2as )een 2i&2(% #riti#i4e"> CRI!INAL LAW II H+ > W2en t2e i$a&e o1 5ose Ri4a( on a 1iJe<peso )i(( is trans1or$e" into t2at o1 Ran"% Santia&o. is t2ere a Jio(ation o1 Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DCV A> Yes> Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC is Jio(ate" )% s'#2 a#t> H+E> So$eti$e )e1ore $artia( (a? ?as H+A> G 2as in 2is possession a #oin ?2i#2 ?as (e&a( ten"er at t2e ti$e o1 !a&e((an an" is #onsi"ere" a #o((e#torKs ite$> He $an'1a#t're" seJera( pie#es o1 t2at #oin> Is t2e #ri$e #o$$itte"V A> Yes> It is not ne#essar% t2at t2e #oin )e o1 (e&a( ten"er> T2e proJision p'nis2in& #o'nter1eitin& "oes not re='ire t2at t2e $one% )e o1 (e&a( ten"er an" t2e (a? p'nis2es t2is eJen i1 t2e #oin #on#erne" is not o1 (e&a( ten"er in or"er to "is#o'ra&e peop(e 1ro$ pra#ti#in& t2eir in&en'it% o1 i$itatin& $one%> I1 it ?ere ot2er?ise. peop(e $a% at t2e )e&innin& tr% t2eir in&en'it% in i$itatin& $one% not o1 (e&a( ten"er an" on#e t2e% a#='ire eLpertise. t2e% $a% t2en #o'nter1eit $one% o1 (e&a( ten"er> i$pose". t2e peop(e (ost #on1i"en#e in )an0s t2at t2e% pre1erre" 2oar"in& t2eir $one% t2an "epositin& it in )an0s> For$er Presi"ent Fer"inan" !ar#os "e#(are" 'pon "e#(aration o1 $artia( (a? t2at a(( )i((s ?it2o't t2e Ba&on& Lip'nan si&n on t2e$ ?i(( no (on&er )e re#o&ni4e"> Be#a'se o1 t2is. t2e peop(e 2a" no #2oi#e )'t to s'rren"er t2eir $one% to )an0s an" eL#2an&e t2e$ ?it2 t2ose ?it2 t2e Ba&on& Lip'nan si&n on t2e$> Ho?eJer. peop(e ?2o #a$e 'p ?it2 a (ot o1 $one% ?ere a(so )ein& #2ar&e" ?it2 2oar"in& 1or ?2i#2 reason #ertain printin& presses "i" t2e sta$pin& o1 t2e Ba&on& Lip'nan si&n t2e$se(Jes to aJoi" prose#'tion> Was t2ere a Jio(ation o1 Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DCV A> Yes> T2is a#t o1 t2e printin& presses is a Jio(ation o1 Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC> H20> An o(" ?o$an ?2o ?as a #i&arette H+C> T2e peop(e p(a%in& #ara % #r'4. )e1ore t2e% t2ro? t2e #oin in t2e air ?o'(" r') t2e $one% to t2e si"e?a(0 t2ere)% "i$inis2in& t2e intrinsi# Ja('e o1 t2e #oin> Is t2e #ri$e o1 $'ti(ation #o$$itte"V A> !'ti(ation. 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. is not #o$$itte" )e#a'se t2e% "o not #o((e#t t2e pre#io's $eta( #ontent t2at is )ein& s#rape" 1ro$ t2e #oin> Ho?eJer. t2is ?i(( a$o'nt to Jio(ation o1 Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC> Jen"or in H'iapo re1'se" to a##ept one<#entaJo #oins 1or pa%$ent o1 t2e Jen"ee o1 #i&arettes 2e p'r#2ase"> T2en #a$e t2e po(i#e ?2o a"Jise" 2er t2at s2e 2as no ri&2t to re1'se sin#e t2e #oins are o1 (e&a( ten"er> On t2is. t2e o(" ?o$an a##epte" in 2er 2an"s t2e one#entaJo #oins an" t2en t2re? it to t2e 1a#e o1 t2e Jen"ee an" t2e po(i#e> Was t2e o(" ?o$an &'i(t% o1 Jio(atin& Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DCV A> S2e ?as &'i(t% o1 Jio(atin& Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC )e#a'se i1 no one eJer pi#0s 'p t2e #oins. 2er a#t ?o'(" res'(t in t2e "i$in'tion o1 t2e #oin in #ir#'(ation> H2+> A #ertain #'sto$er in a resta'rant

?ante" to s2o? o11 an" 'se" a P 20>00 )i(( to (i&2t 2is #i&arette> Was 2e &'i(t% o1 Jio(atin& Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DCV A> He ?as &'i(t% o1 arreste" 1or Jio(atin& o1 Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC> An%one ?2o is in possession o1 "e1a#e" $one% is t2e one ?2o is t2e Jio(ator o1 Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 200 Pa&e +DA o1 +FF +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A 2DC> T2e intention o1 Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC is not to p'nis2 t2e a#t o1 "e1ra'"in& t2e p')(i# )'t ?2at is )ein& p'nis2e" is t2e a#t o1 "estr'#tion o1 $one% iss'e" )% t2e Centra( Ban0 o1 t2e P2i(ippines> CRI!INAL LAW II t2e #'rren#% note an" p(a#e" it on top o1 t2e t?ent%<peso )i(( an" p't so$e ?ei&2t on top o1 t2e paper> A1ter so$eti$e. 2e re$oJe" it an" t2e printin& on t2e t?ent%<peso )i(( ?as repro"'#e" on t2e $i$eo paper> He too0 t2e reJerse si"e o1 t2e P20 )i((. app(ie" toot2a#2e "rops an" reJerse" t2e $i$eo paper an" presse" it to t2e paper> A1ter so$eti$e. 2e re$oJe" it an" it ?as repro"'#e"> He #'t it o't. s#rape" it a (itt(e an" ?ent to a sari<sari store tr%in& to )'% a #i&arette ?it2 t2at )i((> W2at 2e oJer(oo0e" ?as t2at. ?2en 2e p(a#e" t2e )i((. t2e printin& ?as inJerte"> He ?as appre2en"e" an" ?as prose#'te" an" #onJi#te" o1 1or&er%> Was t2e #ri$e o1 1or&er% #o$$itte"V A> T2e S'pre$e Co'rt r'(e" t2at it ?as on(% 1r'strate" 1or&er% )e#a'se a(t2o'&2 t2e o11en"er 2as per1or$e" a(( t2e a#ts o1 eLe#'tion. it is not possi)(e )e#a'se )% si$p(% (oo0in& at t2e 1or&e" "o#'$ent. it #o'(" )e seen t2at it is not &en'ine> It #an on(% )e a #ons'$$ate" 1or&er% i1 t2e "o#'$ent ?2i#2 p'rports to )e &en'ine is &iJen t2e appearan#e o1 a tr'e an" &en'ine "o#'$ent> Ot2er?ise. it is at $ost 1r'strate"> H22> Instea" o1 t2e peso si&n *P,. so$e)o"% rep(a#e" it ?it2 a "o((ar si&n *f,> Was t2e #ri$e o1 1or&er% #o$$itte"V A> No> For&er% ?as not #o$$itte"> T2e 1or&e" instr'$ent an" #'rren#% note $'st )e &iJen t2e appearan#e o1 a tr'e an" &en'ine "o#'$ent> T2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is a Jio(ation o1 Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> 2DC> W2ere t2e #'rren#% note. o)(i&ation or se#'rit% 2as )een #2an&e" to $a0e it appear as one ?2i#2 it p'rports to )e as &en'ine. t2e #ri$e is 1or&er%> In #2e#0s or #o$$er#ia( "o#'$ents. t2is #ri$e is #o$$itte" ?2en t2e 1i&'res or ?or"s are #2an&e" ?2i#2 $ateria((% a(ters t2e "o#'$ent> H2B> An o(" $an. in 2is "esire to earn so$et2in&. s#rape" a "i&it in a (osin& s?eepsta0es ti#0et. #'t o't a "i&it 1ro$ anot2er ti#0et an" paste" it t2ere to $at#2 t2e series o1 "i&its #orrespon"in& to t2e ?innin& s?eepsta0es ti#0et> He presente" t2is ti#0et to t2e P2i(ippine C2arit% S?eepsta0es O11i#e> B't t2e a(teration is so #r'"e t2at eJen a #2i(" #an noti#e t2at t2e s'ppose" "i&it is $ere(% s'peri$pose" on t2e "i&it t2at ?as s#rape"> Was t2e o(" $an &'i(t% o1 1or&er%V A> Be#a'se o1 t2e i$possi)i(it% o1 "e#eiJin& ?2oeJer ?o'(" )e t2e person to ?2o$ t2at ti#0et is presente". t2e S'pre$e Co'rt r'(e" t2at ?2at ?as #o$$itte" ?as an i$possi)(e #ri$e> Note. 2o?eJer. t2at t2e "e#ision 2as )een #riti#i4e"> In a #ase (i0e t2is. t2e S'pre$e Co'rt o1 Spain r'(e" t2at t2e #ri$e is 1r'strate"> W2ere t2e a(teration is s'#2 t2at no)o"% ?o'(" )e "e#eiJe". one #o'(" easi(% see t2at it is a 1or&er%. t2e #ri$e is 1r'strate" )e#a'se 2e 2as "one a(( t2e a#ts o1 eLe#'tion ?2i#2 ?o'(" )rin& a)o't t2e 1e(onio's #onse='en#e )'t neJert2e(ess "i" not res'(t in a #ons'$$ation 1or reasons in"epen"ent o1 2is ?i((> H2F> A is one o1 t2ose se((in& resi"en#e #erti1i#ates in H'iapo> He ?as )ro'&2t to t2e po(i#e pre#in#ts on s'spi#ion t2at t2e #erti1i#ates 2e ?as se((in& to t2e p')(i# pro#ee" 1ro$ sp'rio's so'r#es an" not 1ro$ t2e B'rea' o1 Treas'r%> Upon Jeri1i#ation. it ?as 1o'n" o't t2at t2e #erti1i#ates ?ere in"ee" printe" ?it2 a )oo0(et o1 s'ppose" resi"en#e #erti1i#ates> W2at #ri$e ?as #o$$itte"V A> Cri$e #o$$itte" is Jio(ation o1 Arti#(e +CA *$an'1a#t'rin& an" possession o1 instr'$ents or i$p(e$ents 1or 1a(si1i#ation,> A #annot )e #2ar&e" o1 1a(si1i#ation )e#a'se t2e )oo0(et o1 resi"en#e #erti1i#ates 1o'n" in 2is possession is not in t2e nat're o1 R"o#'$entS in t2e (e&a( sense> T2e% are $ere 1or$s ?2i#2 are not to )e #o$p(ete" to )e a "o#'$ent in t2e (e&a( sense> T2is is i((e&a( possession ?it2 intent to 'se $ateria(s or apparat's ?2i#2 $a% )e 'se" in #o'nter1eitin&U1or&er% or 1a(si1i#ation> H2A> P')(i# H2D> A person 2as a t?ent%<peso )i((>

He app(ie" toot2a#2e "rops on one si"e o1 t2e )i((> He 2as a $i$eo&rap2 paper si$i(ar in teLt're to t2at o1 UP BAROPS o11i#ers 1o'n" a tra11i# Jio(ation re#eipts 1ro$ a #ertain person> T2e re#eipts ?ere not iss'e" )% t2e !otor Ve2i#(e O11i#e> Pa&e +DC o1 +FF +00N UP LAW 200

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A For ?2at #ri$e s2o'(" 2e )e prose#'te" 1orV A> It #annot )e a #ri$e o1 's'rpation o1 o11i#ia( 1'n#tions> It $a% )e t2e intention )'t no oJert a#t ?as %et per1or$e" )% 2i$> He ?as not arreste" ?2i(e per1or$in& s'#2 oJert a#t> He ?as appre2en"e" on(% ?2i(e 2e ?as stan"in& on t2e street s'spi#io's(%> Neit2er #an 2e )e prose#'te" 1or 1a(si1i#ation )e#a'se t2e "o#'$ent is not #o$p(ete" %et. t2ere )ein& no na$e o1 an% errin& "riJer> T2e "o#'$ent re$ains to )e a $ere 1or$> It not )ein& #o$p(ete" %et. t2e "o#'$ent "oes not ='a(i1% as a "o#'$ent in t2e (e&a( sense> CRI!INAL LAW II #onsent o1 t2e o?ner or oJerseer t2ereo1I *B, Va&ran#% 'n"er Arti#(e 202 i1 t2e estate is not 1en#e" or t2ere is no #(ear pro2i)ition a&ainst enterin&> HB0> Can t2ere )e prostit'tion )% #onspira#%V A> No> One ?2o #onspires ?it2 a ?o$an in t2e prostit'tion )'siness (i0e pi$ps. taLi "riJers or so(i#itors o1 #(ients are &'i(t% o1 t2e #ri$e 'n"er Arti#(e BD+ 1or ?2ite s(aJer%> HB+> T2e Centra( Ban0. )% reso('tion o1 H2C> Can t2e ?ritin& on t2e ?a(( )e #onsi"ere" a "o#'$entV A> Yes> It is #apa)(e o1 spea0in& o1 t2e 1a#ts state" t2erein> Writin& $a% )e on an%t2in& as (on& as it is a pro"'#t o1 t2e 2an"?ritin&. it is #onsi"ere" a "o#'$ent> H2 > In a #ase ?2ere a (a?%er trie" to eLtra#t $one% 1ro$ a spinster )% t%pin& on a )on" paper a s')poena 1or esta1a> T2e spinster a&ree" to pa%> T2e spinster ?ent to t2e prose#'torKs o11i#e to Jeri1% t2e eLa#t a$o'nt an" 1o'n" o't t2at t2ere ?as no #2ar&e a&ainst 2er> T2e (a?%er ?as prose#'te" 1or 1a(si1i#ation> He #onten"e" t2at on(% a &en'ine "o#'$ent #o'(" )e 1a(si1ie"> R'(e> A> As (on& as an% o1 t2e a#ts o1 1a(si1i#ation is #o$$itte". ?2et2er t2e "o#'$ent is &en'ine or not. t2e #ri$e o1 1a(si1i#ation $a% )e #o$$itte"> EJen tota((% 1a(se "o#'$ents $a% )e 1a(si1ie"> t2e !onetar% Boar". 2ires T2eo1 Sto> To$as. a retire" $ana&er o1 a (ea"in& )an0 as a #ons'(tant> T2eo1 (ater re#eiJes a Ja('a)(e &i1t 1ro$ a )an0 'n"er inJesti&ation )% t2e Centra( Ban0> !a% T2eo1 )e prose#'te" 'n"er RA B0+E 1or a##eptin& t2e &i1tV ELp(ain> A> No. T2eo1 $a% not )e prose#'te" 'n"er RA B0+E )'t 2e #an )e prose#'te" 1or Jio(ation o1 P3 DA. 'n"er ?2i#2 s'#2 a#t o1 re#eiJin& a Ja('a)(e &i1t is p'nis2e"> A(t2o'&2 T2eo1 is a Rp')(i# o11i#erS ?it2in t2e app(i#ation o1 RA B0+E. 2is a#t o1 re#eiJin& t2e &i1t "oes not appear to )e in#('"e" a$on& t2e a#ts p'nis2e" )% sai" (a? sin#e 2e "i" not interJene in 2is o11i#ia( #apa#it% in t2e inJesti&ation o1 t2e )an0 t2at &aJe t2e &i1t> Pena( (a?s $'st )e #onstr'e" a&ainst t2e state an" T2eo1 is a(so a"$inistratiJe(% (ia)(e> HB2> W2at #ri$e 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( H2E> W2en a person is appre2en"e" (oiterin& insi"e an estate )e(on&in& to anot2er. ?2at are t2e #ri$es t2at $a% 2aJe )een #o$$itte"V A> *+,Trespass to propert% 'n"er Arti#(e 2 + i1 t2e estate is 1en#e" an" t2ere is a #(ear pro2i)ition a&ainst enterin&. )'t t2e o11en"er entere" ?it2o't t2e #onsent o1 t2e o?ner or oJerseer t2ereo1> W2at is re1erre" to 2ere is estate. not "?e((in&> *2,Atte$pte" t2e1t 'n"er Arti#(e B0 . para&rap2 B. i1 t2e estate is 1en#e" an" t2e o11en"er entere" t2e sa$e to 2'nt t2erein or 1is2 1ro$ an% ?aters t2erein or to &at2er an% 1ar$ pro"'#ts t2erein ?it2o't t2e +00N UP LAW UP Co"e #arries t2e sa$e pena(t% ?2et2er #o$$itte" intentiona((% or t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#eV A> !a(Jersation 'n"er Arti#(e 2+C> T2ere is no #ri$e o1 $a(Jersation t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e> T2e #ri$e is $a(Jersation. p(ain an" si$p(e. ?2et2er #o$$itte" t2ro'&2 "o(o or #'(pa>

T2ere is no #ri$e o1 $a(Jersation 'n"er Arti#(e BAF M on #ri$ina( ne&(i&en#e M )e#a'se in $a(Jersation 'n"er Arti#(e 2+C. t2e sa$e pena(t% is i$pose" ?2et2er t2e $a(Jersation res'(ts 1ro$ ne&(i&en#e or ?as t2e pro"'#t o1 "e(i)erate a#t> T2e #ri$e o1 $a(Jersation #an )e #o$$itte" on(% )% an o11i#er a##o'nta)(e 1or t2e 1'n"s or propert% ?2i#2 is appropriate"> T2is #ri$e. t2ere1ore. )ears a re(ation )et?een 200 Pa&e +D o1 +FF BAROPS

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A t2e o11en"er an" t2e 1'n"s or propert% inJo(Je"> T2e o11en"er. to #o$$it $a(Jersation. $'st )e a##o'nta)(e 1or t2e 1'n"s or propert% $isappropriate" )% 2i$> I1 2e is not t2e one a##o'nta)(e )'t so$e)o"% e(se. t2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is t2e1t> It ?i(( )e ='a(i1ie" t2e1t i1 t2ere is a)'se o1 #on1i"en#e> A##o'nta)(e o11i#er "oes not re1er on(% to #as2ier. "is)'rsin& o11i#ers or propert% #'sto"ian> An% p')(i# o11i#er 2aJin& #'sto"% o1 p')(i# 1'n"s or propert% 1or ?2i#2 2e is a##o'nta)(e #an #o$$it t2e #ri$e o1 $a(Jersation i1 2e ?o'(" $isappropriate s'#2 1'n" or propert% or a((o? ot2ers to "o so> CRI!INAL LAW II re='este" 2is e$p(o%ee B to ?at#2 oJer 2is ta)(e ?2i(e 2e &oes to t2e restroo$> B too0 a"Janta&e o1 AKs a)sen#e an" too0 PF0>00 o't o1 t2e #o((e#tions> A ret'rne" an" 1o'n" 2is $one% s2ort> W2at #ri$es 2aJe )een #o$$itte"V A> A is &'i(t% o1 $a(Jersation t2ro'&2 ne&(i&en#e )e#a'se 2e "i" not eLer#ise "'e "i(i&en#e in t2e sa1e0eepin& o1 t2e 1'n"s ?2en 2e "i" not (o#0 t2e "ra?er o1 2is ta)(e> Inso1ar as B is #on#erne". t2e #ri$e is ='a(i1ie" t2e1t> Un"er -'rispr'"en#e. ?2en t2e p')(i# o11i#er (eaJes 2is post ?it2o't (o#0in& 2is "ra?er. t2ere is ne&(i&en#e> T2's. 2e is (ia)(e 1or t2e (oss> HBB> An 'n(i#ense" 1irear$ ?as #on1is#ate" )% a po(i#e$an> Instea" o1 t'rnin& oJer t2e 1irear$ to t2e propert% #'sto"ian 1or t2e prose#'tion o1 t2e o11en"er. t2e po(i#e$an so(" t2e 1irear$> W2at #ri$e ?as #o$$itte"V A> T2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is $a(Jersation )e#a'se t2at 1irear$ is s')-e#t to 2is a##o'nta)i(it%> HaJin& ta0en #'sto"% o1 t2e 1irear$. 2e is s'ppose" to a##o'nt 1or it as eJi"en#e 1or t2e prose#'tion o1 t2e o11en"er> HBD> Can t2e )'%er )e (ia)(e 'n"er t2e A> No> HBC> T2e s2eri11. a1ter 2aJin& (eJie" on Anti<1en#in& (a?V T2e #ri$e is neit2er t2e1t nor ro))er%. )'t $a(Jersation> HBF> A $e$)er o1 t2e P2i(ippine Nationa( Po(i#e ?ent on a)sen#e ?it2o't (eaJe> He ?as #2ar&e" ?it2 $a(Jersation o1 t2e 1irear$ iss'e" to 2i$> A1ter t?o %ears. 2e #a$e o't o1 2i"in& an" s'rren"ere" t2e 1irear$> W2at #ri$e ?as #o$$itte"V A> T2e #ri$e #o$$itte" ?as $a(Jersation> Pa%$ent o1 t2e a$o'nt $isappropriate" or restit'tion o1 propert% $isappropriate" "oes not erase #ri$ina( (ia)i(it% )'t on(% #iJi( (ia)i(it%> W2en priJate propert% is atta#2e" or sei4e" )% p')(i# a't2orit% an" t2e p')(i# o11i#er a##o'nta)(e t2ere1or $isappropriates t2e sa$e. $a(Jersation is #o$$itte" a(so> t2e propert% s')-e#t o1 a -'"&$ent. #on"'#te" a p')(i# a'#tion sa(e> He re#eiJe" t2e pro#ee"s o1 t2e p')(i# a'#tion> A#t'a((%. t2e pro#ee"s are to )e "e(iJere" to t2e p(ainti11> T2e s2eri11. a1ter "e"'#tin& t2e s2eri11Ks 1ees "'e to t2e o11i#e. spent part o1 t2at a$o'nt> He &aJe t2e )a(an#e to t2e p(ainti11 an" eLe#'te" a pro$issor% note to pa% t2e p(ainti11 t2e a$o'nt spent )% 2i$> Is t2ere a #ri$e #o$$itte"V A> T2e S'pre$e Co'rt r'(e" t2at t2e s2eri11 #o$$itte" t2e #ri$e o1 $a(Jersation )e#a'se t2e pro#ee"s o1 t2e a'#tion sa(e ?as t'rne" oJer to t2e p(ainti11. s'#2 pro#ee"s is i$presse" ?it2 t2e #2ara#teristi# o1 )ein& part o1 p')(i# 1'n"s> T2e s2eri11 is a##o'nta)(e t2ere1ore )e#a'se 2e is not s'ppose" to 'se an% part o1 s'#2 pro#ee"s> HB > I1 a priJate person approa#2e" t2e #'sto"ian o1 t2e prisoner an" 1or a #ertain #onsi"eration. to(" t2e #'sto"ian to (eaJe t2e "oor o1 t2e #e(( 'n(o#0e" 1or t2e prisoner to es#ape> W2at #ri$e 2a" )een #o$$itte"V A> It is not in1i"e(it% in t2e #'sto"% o1 prisoners )e#a'se as 1ar as t2e priJate person is #on#erne". t2is #ri$e is "e(iJerin& prisoners 1ro$ -ai(> T2e in1i"e(it% is on(% #o$$itte" )% t2e #'sto"ian> T2is #ri$e #an )e #o$$itte" a(so )% a priJate person i1 t2e #'sto"% o1 t2e prisoner 2as )een #on1i"e" to a priJate person> HBA> T2ere ?as a (on& (ine o1 pa%ors on

t2e (ast "a% o1 pa%$ent 1or resi"en#e #erti1i#ates> E$p(o%ee A o1 t2e $'ni#ipa(it% p(a#e" a(( 2is #o((e#tions insi"e 2is ta)(e an" +00N UP LAW UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +DE o1 +FF

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A HBE> A CRI!INAL LAW II ?it2 serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries )e#a'se t2e in-'ries pro"'#e" a s#ar> He ?as #onJi#te" 'n"er Arti#(e 2AB *D,> He appea(e" )e#a'se. in t2e #o'rse o1 t2e tria(. t2e s#ar "isappeare"> It ?as 2e(" t2at a##'se" #an not )e #onJi#te" o1 serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries> He is (ia)(e on(% 1or s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'ries )e#a'se t2e Ji#ti$ ?as not in#apa#itate". an" t2ere ?as no eJi"en#e t2at t2e $e"i#a( treat$ent (aste" 1or $ore t2an nine "a%s> pre&nant ?o$an "e#i"e" to #o$$it s'i#i"e> S2e -'$pe" o't o1 a ?in"o? o1 a )'i("in& )'t s2e (an"e" on a passer)%> S2e "i" not "ie )'t an a)ortion 1o((o?e"> Is s2e (ia)(e 1or 'nintentiona( a)ortionV A> No> W2at is #onte$p(ate" in 'nintentiona( a)ortion is t2at t2e 1or#e or Jio(en#e $'st #o$e 1ro$ anot2er> I1 it ?as t2e ?o$an "oin& t2e Jio(en#e 'pon 2erse(1. it $'st )e to )rin& a)o't an a)ortion. an" t2ere1ore. t2e #ri$e ?i(( )e intentiona( a)ortion> In t2is #ase. ?2ere t2e ?o$an trie" to #o$$it s'i#i"e. t2e a#t o1 tr%in& to #o$$it s'i#i"e is not a 1e(on% 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e> T2e one pena(i4e" in s'i#i"e is t2e one &iJin& assistan#e an" not t2e person tr%in& to #o$$it s'i#i"e> HDB> In a 1ree<1or<a(( )ra?( t2at ens'e" HD0> I1 t2e a)ortiJe "r'& 'se" in a)ortion is a pro2i)ite" "r'& or re&'(ate" "r'& 'n"er Presi"entia( 3e#ree No> AD2F *T2e 3an&ero's 3r'&s A#t o1 +EC2,. as a$en"e". ?2at are t2e #ri$es #o$$itte"V A> T2e #ri$es #o$$itte" are *+, intentiona( a)ortionI an" *2, Jio(ation o1 t2e 3an&ero's 3r'&s A#t o1 +EC2> HD+> W2at is t2e (ia)i(it% o1 a p2%si#ian a1ter so$e #'sto$ers insi"e a ni&2t #(') )e#a$e 'nr'(%. &'ns ?ere 1ire" )% a &ro'p. a$on& t2e$ A an" B. t2at 1ina((% p't t2e #'sto$ers )a#0 to t2eir senses> Un1ort'nate(%. one #'sto$er "ie"> S')se='ent inJesti&ation reJea(e" t2at BKs &'ns2ot 2a" in1(i#te" a 1ata( ?o'n" on t2e "e#ease" an" AKs &'ns2ot neJer $ateria((% #ontri)'te" to it> A #onten"s 2is (ia)i(it%. i1 at a((. is (i$ite" to s(i&2t p2%si#a( in-'r%> 3o %o' a&reeV A> S'&&este",@ No> He s2o'(" )e (ia)(e 1or atte$pte" 2o$i#i"e )e#a'se 2e in1(i#te" sai" in-'r% ?it2 t2e 'se o1 a 1irear$ t2at is a (et2a( ?eapon> Intent to 0i(( is in2erent in t2e 'se o1 a 1irear$ *Araneta Js> CA,> A*A(ternatiJe,@ Yes. )e#a'se 2e 1ire" 2is &'n on(% to pa#i1% t2e 'nr'(% #'sto$ers o1 t2e #(') an" 2a" no intent to 0i((> BKs &'ns2ot t2at in1(i#te" t2e 1ata( ?o'n" $a% not )e i$p'te" to A )e#a'se #onspira#% "oes not eList in a 1ree<1or<a(( )ra?( or t'$'(t'o's a11ra%> A an" B are (ia)(e on(% 1or t2eir a#ts> ?2o a)orts t2e 1et's to saJe t2e (i1e o1 t2e $ot2erV A> None> T2is is a #ase o1 t2erape'ti# a)ortion ?2i#2 is "one o't o1 a state o1 ne#essit%> T2ere1ore. t2e re='isites 'n"er Arti#(e ++. para&rap2 D. o1 t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e $'st )e present> T2ere $'st )e no ot2er pra#ti#a( or (ess 2ar$1'( $eans o1 saJin& t2e (i1e o1 t2e $ot2er to $a0e t2e 0i((in& -'sti1ie"> HDD> B(a#0$ai(in& HD2> T2e o11en"er t2re? a#i" on t2e 1a#e o1 t2e o11en"e" part%> Were it not 1or ti$e(% $e"i#a( attention. a "e1or$it% ?o'(" 2aJe )een pro"'#e" on t2e 1a#e o1 t2e Ji#ti$> A1ter t2e p(asti# s'r&er%. t2e o11en"e" part% ?as $ore 2an"so$e t2an )e1ore t2e in-'r%> W2at #ri$e ?as #o$$itte"V In ?2at sta&e ?as it #o$$itte"V A> T2e #ri$e is serio's p2%si#a( in-'ries )e#a'se t2e pro)(e$ itse(1 states t2at t2e in-'r% ?o'(" 2aJe pro"'#e" a "e1or$it%> T2e 1a#t t2at t2e p(asti# s'r&er% re$oJe" t2e "e1or$it% is i$$ateria( )e#a'se in (a? ?2at is #onsi"ere" is not t2e arti1i#ia( treat$ent )'t t2e nat'ra( 2ea(in& pro#ess>In a #ase "e#i"e" )% t2e S'pre$e Co'rt. a##'se" ?as #2ar&e" +00N UP LAW UP #onstit'tes ?2at #ri$eV A> It is a #ri$e o1 (i&2t t2reat 'n"er Arti#(e 2 B i1 t2ere is no t2reat to p')(is2 an% (i)e(o's or s(an"ero's $atter a&ainst t2e o11en"e" part%> I1 t2ere is

s'#2 a t2reat to $a0e a s(an"ero's or (i)e(o's p')(i#ation a&ainst t2e o11en"e" part%. t2e #ri$e ?i(( )e one o1 (i)e(. ?2i#2 is pena(i4e" 'n"er Arti#(e BFA> For eLa$p(e. a person t2reatens to eLpose t2e a11airs o1 $arrie" $an i1 t2e (atter "oes not &iJe 2i$ $one%> T2ere is inti$i"ation "one 'n"er a "e$an">T2e (a? i$poses t2e pena(t% o1 )on" 1or &oo" )e2aJior on(% in #ase o1 &raJe an" (i&2t t2reats> I1 t2e o11en"er #an not post t2e )on". 2e ?i(( )e )anis2e" )% ?a% o1 "estierro to preJent 2i$ 1ro$ #arr%in& o't 2is t2reat> 200 Pa&e +F0 o1 +FF BAROPS

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A CRI!INAL LAW II t2e ti$e o1 t2e ne&otiation> Ot2er?ise. 2e is not #ri$ina((% (ia)(e> B ?2o a##o$$o"ate" A ?it2 2is #2e#0 $a% )e prose#'te" 'n"er BP 22 1or 2aJin& iss'e" t2e #2e#0. 0no?in& t2at 2e 2a" no s'11i#ient 1'n"s at t2at ti$e an" t2at A ?i(( ne&otiate it to )'% a ne? tire. i>e> 1or Ja('e> B is not (ia)(e 1or esta1a )e#a'se 1a#ts in"i#ate 2e 2a" no intent to "e1ra'" an%one in iss'in& t2e #2e#0> 3o(o is a)sent sin#e B iss'e" t2e #2e#0 on(% to 2e(p A> HDF> Certain $en preten"e" to )e 1ro$ t2e Pri#e Contro( Co$$ission an" ?ent to a ?are2o'se o?ne" )% a priJate person> T2e% to(" t2e &'ar" to open t2e ?are2o'se p'rporte"(% to see i1 t2e priJate person is 2oar"in& essentia( #o$$o"ities t2ere> T2e &'ar" o)(i&e"> T2e% ?ent insi"e an" )ro0e in> T2e% (oa"e" so$e o1 t2e $er#2an"ise insi"e #(ai$in& t2at it is t2e pro"'#t o1 2oar"in& an" t2en "roJe a?a%> W2at #ri$e ?as #o$$itte"V A> It is on(% t2e1t )e#a'se t2e pre$ises ?2ere t2e si$'(ation o1 p')(i# a't2orit% ?as #o$$itte" is not an in2a)ite" 2o'se. not a p')(i# )'i("in&. an" not a p(a#e "eJote" to re(i&io's ?ors2ip> W2ere t2e 2o'se is a priJate )'i("in& or is 'nin2a)ite". eJen t2o'&2 t2ere is si$'(ation o1 p')(i# a't2orit% in #o$$ittin& t2e ta0in& or eJen i1 2e 'se" a 1i#titio's na$e. t2e #ri$e is on(% t2e1t> Note t2at in t2e #ri$e o1 ro))er% ?it2 1or#e 'pon t2in&s. ?2at s2o'(" )e #onsi"ere" is t2e $eans o1 entran#e an" $eans o1 ta0in& t2e persona( propert% 1ro$ ?it2in> I1 t2ose $eans "o not #o$e ?it2in t2e "e1inition 'n"er t2e ReJise" Pena( Co"e. t2e ta0in& ?i(( on(% &iJe rise to t2e1t> T2ose $eans $'st )e e$p(o%e" in enterin&> I1 t2e o11en"er 2a" a(rea"% entere" ?2en t2ese $eans ?ere e$p(o%e". an%t2in& ta0en insi"e. ?it2o't )rea0in& o1 an% sea(e" or #(ose" re#epta#(e. ?i(( not &iJe rise to ro))er%> HDC> A ?o$an ?2o 2as &iJen )irt2 to a #2i(" a)an"ons t2e #2i(" in a #ertain p(a#e to 1ree 2erse(1 o1 t2e o)(i&ation an" "'t% o1 rearin& an" #arin& 1or t2e #2i("> W2at #ri$e is #o$$itte" )% t2e ?o$anV A> T2e #ri$e #o$$itte" is a)an"onin& a $inor 'n"er Arti#(e 2CA> HD > S'ppose t2at t2e p'rpose o1 t2e ?o$an is a)an"onin& t2e #2i(" is to preserJe t2e in2eritan#e o1 2er #2i(" )% a 1or$er $arria&e. ?2at t2en is t2e #ri$e #o$$itte"V A> T2e #ri$e ?o'(" 1a(( 'n"er t2e se#on" para&rap2 o1 Arti#(e BDC> T2e p'rpose o1 t2e ?o$an is to #a'se t2e #2i(" to (ose its #iJi( stat's so t2at it $a% not )e a)(e to s2are in t2e in2eritan#e> HDE> S'ppose a #2i(". one "a% a1ter 2is HDA> A ; B a&ree" to $eet at t2e (atterKs 2o'se to "is#'ss BKs 1inan#ia( pro)(e$s> On 2is ?a%. one o1 AKs #ar tires )(e? 'p> Be1ore A (e1t t2e 1o((o?in& $eetin&. 2e as0e" B to (en" 2i$ $one% so 2e #o'(" )'% a ne? spare tire> B te$porari(% eL2a'ste" 2is )an0 "eposits. (eaJin& a 4ero )a(an#e> Anti#ipatin&. 2o?eJer. a rep(enis2$ent o1 2is a##o'nt soon. B iss'e" A a post"ate" #2e#0 t2at t2e (atter ne&otiate" 1or a ne? tire> W2en presente". t2e #2e#0 )o'n#e" 1or (a#0 o1 1'n"s> T2e tire #o$pan% 1i(e" #ri$ina( #2ar&es a&ainst A an" B> W2at ?o'(" )e t2e #ri$ina( (ia)i(it%. i1 an%. o1 ea#2 o1 t2e t?o a##'se"V A> *S'&&este",@ A ?2o ne&otiate" t2e 'n1o'n"e" #2e#0 o1 B $a% on(% )e prose#'te" 1or esta1a i1 2e ?as a?are t2at t2ere ?ere ins'11i#ient 1'n"s at +00N UP LAW UP )irt2. ?as ta0en to an" (e1t in t2e $i"st o1 a (one(% 1orest. an" 2e ?as 1o'n" )% a 2'nter ?2o too0 2i$ 2o$e> W2at #ri$e ?as #o$$itte" )% t2e person ?2o (e1t it in t2e 1orestV A> It is atte$pte" in1anti#i"e. as t2e a#t o1 t2e o11en"er is an atte$pt a&ainst t2e (i1e o1 t2e #2i("> See US J> Capi((o. et a(>. B0 P2i(> BDE> HF0> 3'rin&

a se$inar ?or0s2op atten"e" )% &oJern$ent e$p(o%ees 1ro$ t2e B'rea' o1 C'sto$s an" BIR. A. t2e spea0er. in t2e #o'rse o1 2is (e#t're. (a$ente" t2e 1a#t t2at a &reat $a-orit% o1 t2ose serJin& in t2e sai" a&en#ies ?ere 'tter(% "is2onest an" #orr'pt> T2e neLt $ornin&. t2e ?2o(e &ro'p o1 e$p(o%ees in t2e t?o a&en#ies ?2o atten"e" t2e se$inar 1i(e" a #ri$ina( #o$p(aint a&ainst A 1or 'tterin& ?2at t2e% #(ai$e" to )e "e1a$ator% state$ents o1 t2e (e#t'rer> In #o'rt. A 1i(e" a !otion to H'as2 t2e in1or$ation. #(ai$in& t2e 1a#ts a((e&e" "o not #onstit'te an o11ense> I1 %o' ?ere t2e -'"&e. 2o? ?o'(" %o' reso(Je t2e $otionV Pa&e +F+ o1 +FF BAROPS 200

APPEN3IG IV@ H;A A> *S'&&este",@ CRI!INAL LAW II H'estions 1ro$ Bar ELa$s 200A HFB> W2en #an a Fi(ipino #iti4en resi"in& I ?o'(" &rant t2e $otion to ='as2 on t2e &ro'n" t2at t2e 1a#ts a((e&e" "o not #onstit'te an o11ense sin#e t2ere is no "e1inite personUs "is2onore"> T2e #ri$e o1 (i)e( or s(an"er is a #ri$e a&ainst 2onor s'#2 t2at t2e personUs "is2onore" $'st )e i"enti1ia)(e eJen )% inn'en"oes@ ot2er?ise t2e #ri$e a&ainst 2onor is not #o$$itte" *Ne?s?ee0 Js> IAC,> !oreoJer. A is not $a0in& a $a(i#io's i$p'tation )'t $ere(% statin& an opinion> He ?as. ?it2o't $a(i#e. "e(iJerin& a (e#t're "'rin& t2e se$inar ?or0s2op> !a(i#e )ein& in2erent(% a)sent in t2e 'tteran#e. t2e state$ent is not a#tiona)(e as "e1a$ator%> in t2is #o'ntr% 'se an a(ias (e&a((%V GiJe B instan#es> 2>FN HFD> Un"er ?2at sit'ations $a% a priJate person enter an% "?e((in&. resi"en#e. or ot2er esta)(is2$ents ?it2o't )ein& (ia)(e 1or trespass to "?e((in& HFF> W2at are t2e B ?a%s o1 #o$$ittin& ar)itrar% "etentionV ELp(ain ea#2> 2>FN HFA> W2at HF+> Is #ontri)'tor% ne&(i&en#e p'nis2e" are t2e (e&a( "etentionV 2>FN &ro'n"s 1or 'n"er Arti#(e BAFV A> No> It is not app(i#a)(e in #ases 'n"er t2is arti#(e on t2e #ri$ina( aspe#t. an" is on(% $iti&atin& 1or t2e #iJi( (ia)i(it% *Peop(e Js> H'inones,> In Peop(e Js> Tan. it ?as 2e(" t2at t2e parents o1 a #2i(" ?2o "ie" in a Je2i#'(ar a##i"ent #an a(so )e perse#'te" I t2e% ?ere t2e$se(Jes ne&(i&ent an" not $ere(% #ontri)'tori(% so. ?it2o't pre-'"i#e to t2e (ia)i(it% o1 t2e "riJer 1or ne&(i&en#e> HFC> E"'ar"o H'intos. a ?i"o?er 1or t2e HF2> W2en #an a "riJer (eaJe 2is Je2i#(e ?it2o't ai"in& t2e Ji#ti$V A> I1 2e is in i$$inent "an&er o1 )ein& 2ar$e". i1 2e ?ants to report to t2e nearest o11i#er o1 t2e (a? or i1 2e ?ants to s'$$on $e"i#a( assistan#e 1or t2e in-'re" *Se#> FF o1 t2e Lan" Transportation Co"e. RA D+BA, past +0 %ears. 1e(t t2at 2is retire$ent at t2e a&e o1 C0 &aJe 2i$ t2e opport'nit% to en&a&e in 2is 1aJorite pasti$e < Jo%e'ris$> I1 not 'sin& 2is 2i&2<po?ere" )ino#'(ars to peep at 2is nei&2)orQs 2o$es an" "o$esti# a#tiJities. 2is se#on" #2oi#e ?as to 1o((o? s?eet %o'n& &ir(s> One "a%. 2e trai(e" a teena&e &ir( 'p to t2e LRT station at E3SAB'en"ia> W2i(e as#en"in& t2e stairs. 2e sta%e" one step )e2in" 2er an" in a $o$ent o1 )raJa"o. p(a#e" 2is 2an" on 2er (e1t 2ip an" &ent(% $assa&e" it> S2e s#rea$e" an" s2o'te" 1or 2e(p> E"'ar"o ?as arreste" an" #2ar&e" ?it2 a#ts o1 (as#iJio'sness> Is t2e "esi&nation o1 t2e #ri$e #orre#tV FN +00N UP LAW

UP BAROPS 200 Pa&e +F2 o1 +FF