Anda di halaman 1dari 19

# Bearing Capacity of Rocks

Intact Rock Mass A rock mass with joint spacing greater than 4 to 5 times the width of the footing. Local and General shear failure is associated to brittle and ductile rock respectively.

## Compressive Failure: A case characterized h t i db by poorly l constrained t i d columns of poor rock.

Splitting Failure For widely spaced and vertically oriented discontinuities, failure generally initiates by splitting beneath the foundation.

## Allowable Bearing Stresses on Rock Masses

Foundations on Fr actur ed Rock For mation

30

## Allo owable Be earing Str ress qa (M MPa)

25 20 15 10 5 0
0

Note: Use maximum qa < q u wher e q u = compr essive str ength of intact r ock specimens

q ALLOWABLE ( MPa ) 1 +
NOTE: 1 MPa = 10 tsf

## Peck, et al. ( (1974) ) Approximation

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

## Rock Quality Designation, RQD

In case of rock mass with favorable discontinuities, the net allowable bearing pressure may be estimated from: q a = qc * N j Where qc = average uniaxial compressive strength of rock cores Nj = empirical coefficient depending on the spacing of the discontinuities

3+ S / B = 10 [1 + 300( / S )]
= thickness of discontinuity S = spacing of discontinuities B = width of footing The above relationship is valid for a rock mass with spacing of continuities > 0.3 m, < 10 mm (15 mm if filled with soil) and B >0.3 >0 3 m m.

Pile Foundations:
The allowable bearing capacity of socketed piles is given by: qa = qc * N j * N d Where Nd = 0.8 + 0.2 h/d h = depth of socket in rock d = diameter of socket

## Determination of Net Allowable Bearing Pressure from P Pressuremeter t T Test: t 1 qa = [D f + K d ( Pl D f )] 3

Where qa = allowable bearing pressure in t/m2 Pl = limit pressure determined by the Pressuremeter in t/m2 Df = overburden pressure in t/m2

Values of Kd