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SPM

Starting protection, synchronization and control for synchronous motors

KeY Benefits
Complete asset monitoring - Field Winding temperature and statistical data Improve uptime of auxiliary equipment - Through I/O monitoring Access to information - RS485 Communications port and Modbus RTU Protocol

Applications
Starting, synchronizing and protection of collector-ring or brushless-type synchronous motors

Features
Protection and Control
Field application DC field current loss, exciter current loss, DC field voltage check PF regulation, reluctance torque synchronizing Protects motor during start up and in the event of asynchronous operation Squirrel cage winding overheating protection Automatic phase rotation correction Auto-loading and incomplete sequence Regulator tuning mode True RMS metering with DFT filtering Optional power factor regulator with adjustable settings Power factor & pull out protection (Optional) Speed dependent squirrel cage overload protection Motor restart protection

User Interface
40 Character backlit display for easy viewing of settings and actual values Function keys allow programming of settings and viewing of measured values

Communications
RS485 Serial Communications Modbus RTU protocol Optional Ethernet communications using Multinet Serial to Ether converter

EnerVistaTM Software
State of the art software for configuration and commissioning GE Multilin products Document and software archiving toolset to ensure reference material and device utilities are up-to-date EnerVistaTM Integrator providing easy integration of data in the SPM into new or existing monitoring and control systems

Monitoring and Metering


Motor power factor DC excitor amps and voltage AC Current Exciter field resistance Motor run time Record of trips

Digital Energy Multilin

445

Motor Protection

SYnchronous motor protection sYstem

SPM Synchronous Motor Protection System

Protection
The SPM controls starting, synchronizing and protection of collector-ring or brushless type synchronous motors.

200
150

100
80

DC Field Current Loss Protection Option


This feature trips the motor when field current drops below the programmed setpoint after the motor has synchronized. To utilize this feature a DCCT and Field Current Calibration Module must be ordered with the SPM.
00

60 50

Run Time Allowable Zero Speed Stall Time

40

Squirrel Cage Protection


An important motor protection function is preventing squirrel cage winding overheating during motor starting. For brushless motors squirrel cage protection is derived from stator current inputs. Protection characteristics are shown in the following graph and the thermal limit is defined by the Stall Time and Locked Rotor Amps relay setpoints.
2000 1500

30 25 20 15
10 8 6 5 4

Reduced Voltage Starting


The SPM can dynamically adjust the motor stall time to allow successful starting during reduced voltage conditions.
80

3
2

Motor Protection

1.5 1
0

2. 05
4 1. 6

3.
5 1.0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

90 100
701761A8.eps

200 150 100 80 60 50 40 30 25 20 15 10 8 6 Voltage 5 50% 4 3


2

% Synchronous Speed

Typical cage heating protection characteristics for collector ring motors.

A
1000
900 700

Stall Time - 30 Sec Locked Rotor - 6XFLC Stall Time - 10 Sec Locked Rotor - 6XFLC Stall Time - 2 Sec Locked Rotor - 6XFLC

Restart Protection
The SPM simulates the cooling of a running motor, updating the relay thermal memory in one-minute spans. The SPM will also learn the amount of thermal capacity required for a successful motor start . Each new value of the thermal capacity is compared with the learned starting capacity required. The SPM will prevent an attempted restart if the cage winding has not had sufficient cooling time to allow a successful start. This element is used to avoid motor overheating due to frequent starts.
Run Time Zero Speed Stall Time

B C

800 600 500 400 300

Line

65% 80% 90%


100%

200 150

1.5 1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90 100
701760A8.cdr

Trip Time (seconds)

100 90
80 70

% Synchronous Speed

60
50

These curves show how the trip characteristic of the amortisseur winding protection is adjusted for reduced voltage starts.

40

B
30

Functional Block Diagram


AC BUS

20
15

48 86
C

SPM

ANSI DEVICE NUMBERS


26F Field overtemperature 27 Under voltage 37 Undercurrent or underpower 48 Incomplete sequence 50P Instantaneous overcurrent 55 Power factor Field application 56 86 Lock out 94 Tripping 95 Reluctance torque sync. / resync. 96 Autoloading relay

10 9 8 7
6

94
Stator Protection (469)

5 4
3

IA C V AC

50P

55

2 .8 .9 1

Trip Current (Multiples of Programmed Full Load Current)


701762A6.cdr

1.5

7 8

10

Calibrator

I DC V DC

37 27 26F 95

Typical cage heating protection for brushless motors.

For collector ring motors the squirrel cage protection algorithm is based on motor rotation speed during acceleration. Speed is determined from the frequency of the induced rotor voltage across the rotor discharge resistor. At less than synchronous speed the following typical cage heating protection characteristics are used:

DC CT MOTOR DC SUPPLY

48 94 95 56

CLUTCH COUPLING

LOAD

96
701767A9.cdr

446

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SPM Synchronous Motor Protection System

Incomplete Sequence Protection


The Incomplete Sequence protection will issue a trip if the SPM detects that the motor has not reached synchronous speed within the programmable time delay.

Exciter DC Voltage Protection


Exciter voltage protection is available by connecting the exciter output to the SPM terminals VE+ and VE- through a voltage divider network (VDN). This is used on equipment where the exciters are energized prior to motor startup.

If re-synchronization does not occur within this time the trip relay will operate and the motor will stop. In ride-thru mode the motor field excitation is not removed immediately. Instead, the SPM allows the motor to run for the power factor delay time. If the power factor dip or line current surge persists, the trip relay will operate and the motor will stop.

Main Contactor A B C MOTOR Field DC Supply to Motor Field Field Contactor SCR Proportional Exciter

Voltage Input

Current Input

PF Detection

PF Feedback

PF Regulator

Starting and Synchronizing


For collector ring motors, the SPM detects the rotor speed and angle and determines the correct time to close the field application relay based on the percent synchronous slip setpoint . This applies excitation to the motor field and opens up the field discharge resistor loop. For brushless motors, the voltage is applied to the exciter after a preset programmable time elapses. Power factor pullout protection is then enabled. A contact (FCX) is also provided to signal automatic motor loading.

Control Signal

PF Reg Setpoint Output

Reg Reg Reg Gain Stability Floor


701754A5.cdr

Field Winding Overtemperature Option


This function emulates a resistance temperature device (RTD) on the field windings. As the ratio of field voltage to field current increases, the field resistance increases, indicating an increase in temperature of the field winding. Field Winding Overtemperature is only available when the optional DCCT and Field Current Calibration Module have been ordered with the SPM.

Power factor regulation functional block diagram.

Monitoring and Metering


The SPM provides a number of monitoring and metering functions including:

SPM Displays and Messages


The SPM has a 40 character LCD display for programming, displaying trip information, and monitoring metered values such as line amperes, field amperes, power factor, line current, field volts, field current, and field ohms. The SPM also stores motor run time and the number and types of motor trips. Trip, Field Application (FAR) and FCX relay states may also be monitored.

Reluctance Torque Synchronizing


Reluctance torque synchronizing is when a lightly loaded synchronous motor pulls into synchronization before the rotor poles are externally magnetized. The SPMs field application control responds by applying excitation if a motor synchronizes on reluctance torque.

Control Features
The SPM offers users advanced control features such as:

Power Factor (Pull-Out) Protection


The SPM provides pull-out protection for synchronous motors operating in either generating or motoring modes. The SPM provides power factor settings and displays the measured leading/lagging power factor. The power factor regulation option enables field forcing in advance of a pull-out condition. Motor pull-out protection is provided by a circuit which monitors the power factor and has a built in time delay to prevent inadvertent tripping on transients. Two modes of pullout protection are available, re-sync mode and ride-thru mode. These modes will be initiated if the lagging power factor drops below the programmed set point, or if a line current surge occurs which is above four times the motor full load current. Re-sync mode operation will cause the Field Application Relay (FAR) to remove the motor field excitation. The motor will continue to run with the field removed for the programmed power factor delay time.

Self-Tests and Diagnostics


The SPM has built-in test diagnostics to indicate that the relay is operating properly prior to start-up. The SPM also contains a test mode, which includes the following tests: Trip relay contacts System test Squirrel cage protection test Synchronization Power factor test The system test performs a complete check of the internal memory, input-output devices and other system functions.

Power Factor Regulation


Power factor regulation is a DC control signal output used to control a variable SCR exciter output . This replaces the standard power factor analog signal output. This option is not recommended for brushless applications. The regulator has five set-points that can be adjusted while the motor is running to facilitate regulator tune-up. They are: PF setpoint range from 0.9 lagging, through 1.0 to 0.0 leading Reg output upper limit of the control voltage output signal Reg gain adjusted for optimum regulator performance Reg stability time adjustment to help compensate for instability Reg floor lower limit of the control voltage output signal

Inputs and Outputs


The SPM offers the user a variety of input and output solutions:

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447

Motor Protection

SPM

SPM Synchronous Motor Protection System

Field Voltage Input:


The induced field voltages VF+ and VF- are monitored through their connection to the external discharge resistor via the VDN, providing instantaneous value of motor slip.

Exciter Voltage Input:


The VE+ and VE- terminals are connected to the exciter via the VDN to monitor DC exciter voltage.
Motor Protection

closes when the motor reaches full voltage during a reduced inrush start. Control Power: The SPM has an AC power supply with a range from 85 to 265 VAC. If control voltage excursions occur outside this range, an external stabilizing ansformer should be used in conjunction with optional separate power factor reference voltage inputs.

Analog Output is replaced with a 0 to 10 V power factor regulation control output. This signal is used as an input to a variable SCR exciter.

Trip Relay:
The Trip contact is connected to a failsafe normally open contact. This contact closes on relay power up and opens on a trip condition to de-energize the motor.

Power Factor Reference Voltage:


The PF reference voltage is derived from the control power terminals, V1 and V2. The SPM also has an optional input for separately powered PF reference voltage, V1EXT and V2EXT. Effective range 85 to 265 VAC.

FAR Relay:
The field application relay is a normally open contact. This contact closes to apply DC to the motor field to pull motor into synchronization.

Exciter Current Input:


The field current IE+ and IE- terminals are connected to the DC field via a DCCT and a calibration module (ordered separately) to detect field loss.

Motor Line Current:


Two input terminals, or four for brushless, are connected to the system current transformers.

Power Factor Analog Signal Output:


A zero to ten volt DC output corresponds to the motor power factor. Zero volts represents zero lagging power factor, five volts represents unity power factor, and ten volts represents zero leading power factor. A one volt change corresponds to an 18 degree phase shift.

FCX Relay:
The field contactor auxiliary relay picks up at setpoint time delay after the FAR relay picks up and is used to signal external systems to auto load/unload the motor.

Motor On Input:
Accepts a normally closed dry electrical interlock that opens when the motor is energized and closes when the motor is de-energized. Reduced Voltage Starting Input: Accepts a normally open dry electrical interlock that

Communications
The SPM is equipped with a rear RS485 port that can be used for remote programming, or for connection to a DCS, SCADA, or PLC. The port supports ModBus RTU protocol. The RS485 port baud rate is variable from 300-115,000 bps.

Power Factor Control Signal:


If the relay is furnished with the power factor regulation option, then the Power Factor

Inf 120 Ohm Terminating Terminating Capacitor Resistor


GND A3 + A2 A1 GND A3 + A2 A1 + A2 A1

GND A3

COM Port RS232


ENTER

SPM

SPM

SPM

ENTER

ENTER

DB9 PERSONAL COMPUTER


987654321

SCROLL

SCROLL

SCROLL

SYNCRONOUS MOTOR PROTECTION & CONTROL

SYNCRONOUS MOTOR PROTECTION & CONTROL

SYNCRONOUS MOTOR PROTECTION & CONTROL

DB9 SIGNALS 1 DCD 2 RX (PC) 3 TX (PC) 4 DTR 5 SIGNAL GND 6 DSR 7 RTS 8 CTS 9 RI
987654321

SPM UNIT #1

SPM UNIT #2

SPM UNIT #32

GE Multilin RS485 Converter or Equivilent

RS485 DB9 RS232

POWER

GND

120 Ohm Inf Terminating Terminating Resistor Capacitor

448

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SPM Synchronous Motor Protection System

EnerVistaTM Software
The EnerVista Suite is an industry leading set of software programs that will simplify every aspect of using the SPM relay. Tools to monitor the status of your motor, maintain your relay, and integrate information measured by the SPM into HMI or SCADA monitoring systems are available.

modem connections, or offline by creating setting files to be sent to devices at a later time. Included in Launchpad is a document archiving and management system that ensures critical documentation is up-to-date and available when needed. Documents made available include: Manuals Application Notes Guideform Specifications Brochures Wiring Diagrams FAQs Service Bulletins

simple-to-use monitoring and data recording of small systems. Viewpoint Monitoring provides a complete HMI package with the following functionality: Plug-&-Play Device Monitoring Single-Line Monitoring & Control Annunciator Alarming Trending Reports

EnerVista Launchpad is a powerful software package that provides users with all of the setup and support tools needed for configuring and maintaining GE Multilin products. Launchpad allows configuring devices in real-time by communicating using serial, Ethernet, or

Viewpoint Monitoring
Viewpoint Monitoring is a powerful yet

OPC/DDE Server GE Multilin Drivers

The CM calibration module is included with the optional PG2SPM or PG4SPM overtemperature/ current loss accessory package.

Hardware
Space Saving Case
The SPM is supplied in a compact S1 drawout case. The drawout case allows the unit to be removed without disconnecting the rear terminal wiring.

DC Current Transformer (DCCT)


The optional DCCT detects DC field current. The DCCT is required for field current and/ or field over temperature features. 200A and 400A versions are available. The DCCT

Voltage Divider Network (VDN)


The VDN is provided to connect the SPM to field and/or exciter voltages.

The VDN is included as a standard accessory.

works in conjunction with the CM and both are available in a separate accessory package. See order code for more details.
DCCT is included with the optional PG2SPM or PG4SPM overtemperature/current loss accessory package.

Calibration Module (CM)


This optional accessory provides proper AC excitation to the DCCT and provides calibration adjustment to obtain correct field amp readings. The CM is required for field current and/or field over temperature features.

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Motor Protection

EnerVista Launchpad

EnerVista Integrator
EnerVista TM Integrator is a toolkit that allows seamless integration of GE Multilin devices into new or existing automation systems.Included in EnerVista Integrator is:

SPM Synchronous Motor Protection System

Typical Wiring
TYPICAL BRUSHLESS MOTOR CONNECTION
A B C
T1

EF1

T2
T3

SYNC MOTOR

FIELD

EF2

NOMENCLATURE
CM DCCT M OL T1, T2, T3 FIELD CURRENT CALIBRATION MODULE DIRECT CURRENT CT MAIN CONTACTOR OVERLOAD RELAY MOTOR TERMINALS OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
DCCT VOLTAGE DIVIDER NETWORK (VDN)

B1

B2

B3

B4

I2S

I2T I3S

I3T
EXCITER/FIELD VOLTAGE

VF+ VFVE+ VE-

A18
A19
FC

R FC

NOTES:
1) Relays shown with no control power applied to relay

PHASE CURRENT INPUT

A21
A20

(E+) (E-)

(V+) (V-)

Motor Protection

2)

*Trip Relay closed during normal operation

GE Multilin
FIELD CONTACTOR

SPM Sync. Protection/Control


CM 7
SUPPLY A B C

CM 8

EXCITER V-

EXCITER V+ FC

TYPICAL COLLECTOR RING MOTOR CONNECTION


T1
T2

F1
SYNC MOTOR

PHASE C

T3

FIELD

F2

FC
FIELD DISCHARGE RESISTOR

B1

B2

B3

B4

VOLTAGE DIVIDER NETWORK (VDN) V+


F

FIELD CONTACTOR

FC

EXCITER/FIELD VOLTAGE

I2S
CONTROL POWER . VOLT. REF

I2T I3S

I3T

A18 A19 A21 A20

(+)

(R1) (F2) (V+) (V-) +

PHASE CURRENT INPUT

B9 B10

V1
V2

VF

( )
(E+) (E-)

VE+ VE

G1 CHASSIS GROUND B8

FILTER GROUND

g
OUTPUT RELAYS

Multilin SPM Synchronous Motor Protection System

OL
A22 TRIP1 A23 TRIP2
MX REDUCED VOLTAGE MONITOR

DIGITAL INPUTS

*TRIP

MX1 MX2

A11
A12
A9
A10

EXCITER

STOP

START
M

MX MAIN AUXILIARY

FCX A13 N/O

M
ON REDUCED VOLTAGE STARTERS, REMOVE JUMPER AND CONNECT A NO. AUX CONTACT FROM THE FINAL STEP CONTACTOR HERE.

FIELD CONTACTOR AUX. (FCX)

A14 COM

NX2 NX1

RM TO EXCITER POWER SUPPLY TO PLC OR COMPUTER

FCX A15 N/C RM EXCITER CONTACTOR


A6 A7

RS485

A1
A2

FIELD APPLICATION (FAR)

FAR 1 FAR 2

COMM A3 GND N+
N-

POWER FACTOR OUTPUT

FC FIELD CONTACTOR

FIELD CURRENT

OPTIONAL REF. VOLT.

A17

IE -

I E+ V1EXT V2EXT
A4

A16

PF ANALOG OUTPUT OR PF REG CONTROL SIG OUTPUT (IF PF REGULATOR OPTION)

A24 A25 A5

6 1 3 240 VAC 120 VAC

5 2 4 7 8

USED FOR SEPARATELY SUPPLIED POWER FACTOR REFERENCE VOLTAGE (OPTIONAL CONNECTION)

FIELD CURRENT CALIBRATION MODULE (CM)

BRUSHLESS & COLLECTOR RING - 701756AP .cdr COLLECTOR RING - 701751.DWG BRUSHLESS - 701753.DWG

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SPM Synchronous Motor Protection System

Features
Front View

GE KEY Used to enter or exit the different modes of the SPM. These are Standby, Test, Statistics, and Programming modes.

QUICK RELEASE TABS Used to remove display for easy access to drawout.

ENTER KEY Used to make a selection or acts as an enter key.

SCROLL KEYS Used to scroll through the various menus and change setpoint parameter values.

DISPLAY FUNCTION MENU Menu of all accessible setpoints and actual values for easy reference.

CONTRAST DIAL Lightens or darkens display.

PULLDOWN DOOR Hides menu when not in use.

Rear View

S1 CASE Compact S1 rugged metal/bakelite case. Fits standard cutout.

TERMINAL BLOCK A RELAYS TRIP: Normally open, failsafe trip relay. FAR: Field application relay. FCX: Autoloading of the motor. INPUTS EXCITER: Exciter voltage inputs. Connected via DCCT and CM. FIELD: DC field voltage input. REDUCED VOLTAGE: Contact input for reduced voltage starting. Motor ON input. Exciter current input. Power Factor reference voltage (for separately powered option). OUTPUTS POWER FACTOR: 0-10 VDC analog signal.

MOTOR LINE CURRENT 2 Phase current inputs. Accept #8 wire. CONTROL POWER 85 TO 265 VAC. 701750AG.eps

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Motor Protection

LOCKING PROVISION A wire lead seal can be used to prevent unauthorized removal of relay.

LCD DISPLAY Backlit 32 character display for setpoints, actual values and status. Programmable auto scan sequence for unattended operation.

SPM Synchronous Motor Protection System

Technical Specifications
METERING pHASE current INPUTS CT primary: 5 2000 CT secondary: 5 Conversion range: 0.05 6 x CT Frequency: 50/60 Hz Accuracy: @ <2 x CT 0.5% of 2 x CT true RMS @ <2 x CT 1% of 6 x CT true RMS monitoring pOWER FACTOR Range: 0.01 to 1 to -0.01 Time delay: 0.1 10 sec Accuracy: 5% INPUTs FIELD current inputs CT primary: 5 1000 Conversion range: 0.05 1 x CT Accuracy: 2% EXCITER voltage inputs Conversion: 0 350 VDC (prior to VDN) Accuracy: 1% switch inputs (mx AND nx) Type: Dry contact Internal interrogation voltage: 85 265 VAC (control voltage) OUTPUTs PF analog output Type: Active Output: 0 10 VDC max @ RL 1K (min load) Accuracy: 10% (0.1 v) Isolation: 36 V VpK relaY contactS Type: FAR, TRP Form A FCX Form C Rated load: 10 A AC continuous NEMA A300 1 A DC continuous NEMA R300 Break: 10A 250 VAC or 30 VDC Max operating voltage: 250 VAC POWER SUPPLY control power Input: 85 265 VAC @ 48 60 Hz Power: 10 VA nominal Holdup: 100 ms typical @ 120 VAC environmentAL Humidity: 0 95% non-condensing Operating temperature: -20 C to +70 C Storage temperature: -40 C to +85 C PACKAGING Shipping box: Ship weight: approvals UL: CSA: 12.50 x 10.50 x 9.75 (L x H x D) 318 mm x 267 mm x 248 mm (L x H x D) 14.25 lbs/6.45 kg UL listed CSA approved Per IEC 255-5 and ANSI/IEEE C37.90, 2.0 kV for 1 minute from relays,CTs,VTs power supply to safety ground IEC255-5 500 VDC, from relays, CTs, VTs, power supply to safety ground ANSI C37.90.1 oscillatory (2.5 kV/1 MHz) ANSI C37.90.1 fast rise (5 kV/10 ns Ontario Hydro A-28M-82 IEC255-4 impulse/high frequency disturbance, Class III Level IEC 255-5 0.5 Joule 5 kV C37.90.2 electromagnetic interference @ 150 MHz and 450 MHz, 10 V/m IEC 801-2 static discharge Sinusoidal vibration 8.0 g for 72 hrs

tYpe tests Dielectric strength:

Insulation resistance:

Transients:

Motor Protection

Impulse test: EMI:

Static: Vibration:

*Specifications subject to change without notice.

Dimensions
SPM FRONT SPM SIDE SPM PANEL CUT-OUT

6.75" (171)

1.42" (36)

6.19" (157)

0.75" (19)

0.22" (5.6) (4 PLACES) 0.25" Dia. (6.3)

5.69" (144)

0.22" (5.6)

SPM Sync. Protection/Control

8.38" (212) 9.29" (236)


C L

2.19" (56)
C L CUTOUT

4.41" (112)

4.38" (111) 4.19" (106)

8.81" (224)

PANEL

6.94" (125)

Inches (mm)

701752A9.eps

Ordering
SPM
SPM PF
SPM: standard starting and protection relay with VDN board PF: power factor regulation option used on motors with proportional SCR exciter. (not recommended for brushless applications) H Harsh environment conformal coating

Accessories for the SPM


200A DCCT & Calibration Module 400A DCCT & Calibration Module mSPM Retrofit Package Viewpoint Monitoring PG2SPM PG4SPM MPSPM VP-1

Visit www.GEMultilin.com/SPM to:


View Guideform specifications Download the instruction manual Review applications notes and support documents Buy an SPM online

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0410-v6