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Ecology

Ch.3 The
Biosphere

Ch. 4
Ecosystems

Ch.5
Populations

Ch. 6
Humans in the Biosphere Random

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Question 1 - 10

Producer is to Autotroph as Consumer is to ___________________?

Answer 1 10

Producer is to Autotroph as Consumer is to __________________? Heterotroph

Question 1 - 20

What are the 3 different types of ecological pyramids?

Answer 1 20
What are the 3 different types of ecological pyramids?

Number, Biomass, and Energy

Question 1 - 30

What is the difference between a population and a species?

Answer 1 30
What is the difference between a population and a species?

A species is a group of similar organisms capable of sharing genetic information and interbreeding. A population is a group of individuals from the same species that lives in the same area.

Question 1 - 40

What is the difference between photosynthesis and chemosynthesis?

Answer 1 40
What is the difference between photosynthesis and chemosynthesis?

In photosynthesis, the organism uses light energy to produce food.


In chemosynthesis, the organism uses chemical energy to produce food.

Question 1 - 50

List the four cycles of matter.

Answer 1 50

List the four cycles of matter.


1. The Water Cycle 2. The Carbon Cycle 3. The Nitrogen Cycle 4. The Phosphorus Cycle

Question 2 - 10

What is the difference between weather and climate?

Answer 2 10
What is the difference between weather and climate?

Weather is the day-to-day condition of Earths atmosphere.


Climate refers to the average, yearafter-year conditions of temperature and precipitation of a particular region.

Question 2 - 20

What are the 3 main climate zones on Earth?

Answer 2 20
What are the 3 main climate zones on Earth?

1. Polar Zones 2. Temperate Zones 3. Tropical Zone

Question 2 - 30

What are the 5 types of community interactions?

Answer 2 30

What are the 5 types of community interactions?


Predation Competition Mutualism Commensalism Parasitism

Question 2 - 40

What is the difference between the photic zone and the aphotic zone?

Answer 2 40
What is the difference between the photic zone and the aphotic zone?

The photic zone is the relatively thin, well-lit, upper surface layer of the ocean (where algae and other producers can grow). The aphotic zone is below the photic zone and is permanently dark. Chemosynthetic autotrophs are the only producers that can survive in the aphotic zone.

Question 2 - 50

List 5 of the 10 major biomes on Earth.

Answer 2 50
1. Tropical Rain Forest 2. Tropical Dry Forest 3. Tropical Savanna 4. Desert 5. Temperate Grassland 6. Temperate Woodland/Shrubland 7. Temperate Forest 8. Northwestern Coniferous Forest 9. Boreal Forest 10. Tundra.

Question 3 - 10

What is population density? What factors go into calculating population density?

Answer 3 10
What is population density? What factors go into calculating population density?
Population density is the number of individuals per unit area. Determined by birth rate, death rate, and movement in (immigration) to and out (emigration) of the ecosystem.

Question 3 - 20
A density-dependent limiting factor becomes limiting only when the population density reaches a certain level. What is one example of a density-dependent limiting factor?

Answer 3 20
What is one example of a density-dependent limiting factor?
Competition, predation, parasitism, disease.

Question 3 - 30

What is the difference between exponential growth and logistic growth?

Answer 3 30
What is the difference between exponential growth and logistic growth?
Exponential growth occurs when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant rate. Under ideal conditions with unlimited resources, a population will grow exponentially.
Logistic growth occurs when a populations growth slows or stops following a period of exponential growth.

Question 3 - 40
A density-independent limiting factor affects populations in similar ways, regardless of the population size. What is one example of a densityindependent limiting factor?

Answer 3 40
What is one example of a density-independent limiting factor?

Unusual weather, natural disasters, seasonal cycles, damming rivers, clearcutting forests, etc.

Question 3 - 50
Which age-structure diagram represents rapid population growth?

Answer 3 50

Question 4 - 10

What is biodiversity and why is it important?

Answer 4 10

What is biodiversity and why is it important?


The sum total of the genetically based variety of all organisms in the biosphere. Each species plays a crucial role in an ecosystem.

Question 4 - 20

List 3 examples of human activities that affect the biosphere.

Answer 4 20
-industrialization/ factories -transportation (pollution) -agriculture -hunting/ gathering -burning coal (fossil fuels) -urbanization -deforestation -technology

Question 4 - 30
What is the difference between a renewable and a non-renewable resource?

Answer 4 30
Renewable resource: can regenerate if they are living or can be replenished by biochemical processes if they are nonliving.

Non-renewable resource: one that cannot be replenished by natural processes.

Question 4 - 40

Identify three of Earths resources on which humans and other organisms depend on for long-term survival of their species.

Answer 4 40

- Energy - Space - Water - Air

- Light - plants - food etc..

Question 4 - 50
Pick one resource, activity or threat and explain a connection to a potential conservation method.

Answer 4 50

Many answers!

Question 5 - 10

What is the difference between a food chain and a food web?

Answer 5 10
What is the difference between a food chain and a food web?
A food chain shows a series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten. Shows the one-way flow of energy within an ecosystem. A food web links all the food chains in an ecosystem together to show feeding relationships and energy flow.

Question 5 - 20
What is symbiosis?
Bonus (5 points): What are the three classes of symbiosis?

Answer 5 20
What is symbiosis?
Any relationship in which two species live closely together. - mutualism - parasitism - commensalism

Question 5 - 30

What is sustainable development?

Answer 5 30
Sustainable development is a way of using natural resources without depleting them and of providing for human needs without causing long term environmental harm.

Question 5 - 40
Describe 1 way in which heat is transferred in the biosphere.

Answer 5 40

Wind and Ocean currents

Question 5 - 50

Explain the concept of biological magnification. Provide an example.

Answer 5 50
In the process of biological magnification, concentrations of a harmful substance increase in organisms at higher trophic levels in a food chain or food web. Biological magnification affects the entire food web, although the top-level carnivores are at highest risk.