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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 1: _________every major judo title, Mark retired from international competition. A. When he won B. Having won C. Winning D. On winning Question 2: I assure you that I _________ no hostile feeling toward you. A. shelter B. har or C. em race D. cover Question 3: !he opposition will e elected into government at the ne"t election, without a _________ of a dou t. A. shade B. shadow C. enefit D. hue Question 4: _________ her fiction descri es women in unhappy marriages. A. Many of B. # large num er of C. # great volume of D. Much of Question 5: It seems that the world record for this event is almost impossi le to _________ A. get B. eat C. take D. achieve Question 6: Tom : $I read somewhere recently that a out %&' species of animals and plants ecome e"tinct every day.( Mary ) $__________(. A. Well, may e all is not lost yet. B. What*s point+ C. What a pity D. It can*t have happened like that Question 7: ,ohn first da led_________ uying old maps for his collection. A. on B. in C. at D. for Question 8: I am not sure how old he is ut he must e _________ for '-. A. going y B. getting up C. getting on D. going off Question 9: !he smell was so ad that it completely _________ us off our food. A. set B. took C. got D. put Question 10: .ome drivers seem to e"pect everyone else to get _________ their way. A. away from B. out of C. off D. after Question 11: He has een waiting for this letter for days, and at _________ it has come. A. last B. the end C. present D. the moment Question 12: It is _________ opportunity to see #frican wildlife in its natural environment. A. an uni/ue B. a uni/ue C. the uni/ue D. uni/ue Question 13: !he issue _________ /uestion is more comple" than you think. A. from B. at C. on D. in Question 14: 0or the first time _________, large portions of the universe can e o served simultaneously. A. since history B. in history C. history egan D. of the eginning of history Question 15: 1etermining the mineral content of soil samples is an e"acting process2 _________ e"perts must perform detail tests to analy3e soil specimens. A. so that B. however C. afterwards D. therefore Question 16: Peter: $Is it important+(. !homas) $_________________(. A. 4ot on your life 5 B. It*s a matter of life and death5 C. 4o worry, that*s nothing . D. It*s ridiculous. Question 17: #nn) $1oes the glo al warming worry you+( Mathew) $ __________(. A. What a shame5 B. Oh, it*s hotter and hotter C. I can*t ear to think a out it. D. I don*t like hot weather. Question 18: 6ou look e"hausted. 6ou __________ in the garden all day. A. must have een working B. must have worked C. must e working D. can*t have worked Question 19: I*ve never really enjoyed going to the allet or the opera2 they*re not really my_________. A. piece of cake B. sweets and candy C. iscuit D. cup of tea Question 20: !he__________ cheered when the final goal was scored in the match today. A. spectators B. onlookers C. viewers D. audience Question 21: Only when humans employ non7chemical approaches to pest control _________. 1

A. will creatures such as roaches and rodents e sucessfully eliminated. B. creatures such as roaches and rodents will e successfully eliminated. C. will creatures such as roaches and rodents e successful elimination. D. that creatures such as roaches and rodents will e successfully eliminated. Question 22: !heir discussion /uickly developed into a _________ argument over who should receive the money. A. hot B. urning C. heated D. scorching Question 23: #t first there was silence. !hen _________ that I knew. A. came a voice B. a voice came C. a voice is coming D. a voice comes Question 24: $Have I done something wrong+( $ I wish you_______ more tactful2 you*re always offending people(. A. had een eing B. have een C. were eing D. were Question 25: Why don*t we ask Martin to chair the meeting+( Well, suppose _________ to ask him, do you think he would accept+( A. were we B. we have C. we try D. we were Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOS S! in "eaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions. Question 26: .he is always diplomatic when she deals with angry students. A. strict B. outspoken C. tactful D. firm Question 27: Her style of dress accentuated her e"treme slenderness. A. revealed B. etrayed C. disfigured D. emphasi3ed Question 28: 4o el*s original le ac! of nine million dollars was invested, and the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from 8&-,--- to 8%9:,---. A. fortune B. pri3e C. heritage D. e/uest #ead the following passage and "ark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word$s% for each of the following &lanks. C"iticism It can ;9<= _________a long time to ecome successful in your chosen field, however talented you are. One thing you have to e ;&-= _________ of is that you will face criticism along the way. !he world is full of people who would rather say something negative than positive. If you*ve made up your ;&%= _________ to achieve a certain goal, such as writing a novel, don*t let the negative criticism of others prevent you from reaching your ;&9= _________ and let constructive criticism have a positive ;&&= _________ on your work. If someone says you*re totally ;&>= _________ in talent, ignore them. !hat*s negative criticism. If, however, someone advises you to revise your work and gives you good reasons for doing so, you should ;&:= _________ their suggestions carefully. !here are many film stars who were once out of ;&?=_________ . !here are many famous novelists who made a complete ;&'= _________ of their first novel 7 or who didn*t, ut had to keep on approaching hundreds of pu lishers efore they could get it pu lished. @eing successful does depend on luck, to a certain e"tent. @ut things are more likely to ;&A=_________ well if you persevere and stay positive. Question 29: A. e B. have C. take D. do Question 30: A. kept in mind B. clever C. intelligent D. aware Question 31: A. mind B. thought C. decision D. idea Question 32: A. purpose B. o jectives C. target D. destination Question 33: A. affect B. effect C. result D. change Question 34: A. lacking B. short C. incapa le D. interested Question 35: A. cautious B. consider C. reckon D. remem er Question 36: A. career B. usiness C. jo D. work Question 37: A. mess B. success C. effort D. money Question 38: A. get out B. carry out C. turn out D. ring out

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 39: Our civili3ation is so commonplace to us that rarely we stop to think a out its comple"ity. # @ B 1 Question 40: !he composer Cerdi has written the opera #ida to cele rate the opening of the .ue3 # @ B Banal, ut the opera was not performed until %A'%. 1 Question 41: Wealthy people have always desired and wear precious stones ecause their eauty # @ B is lasting. 1 Question 42: Dvery city in the Enited .tates has traffic pro lems ecause the amount of cars # @ B on #merican streets and highways is increasing every year. 1 Question 43: 0rom archeological evidences, we know that Dgyptians were highly organi3ed and civili3ed. # @ Moreover, they were skillful in using crafts. B 1 #ead the following passage and "ark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Of all modern instruments, the violin is apparently one of the simplest. It consists in essence of a hollow, varnished wooden sound o", or resonator, and a long neck covered with a finger oard, along which four strings are stretched at high tension. !he eauty of design, shape, and decoration is no accident) the proportions of the instrument are determined almost entirely y acoustical considerations. Its simplicity of appearance is deceptive. # out '- parts are involved in the construction of a violin. Its tone and its outstanding range of e"pressiveness make it an ideal solo instrument. 4o less important, however, is its role as an orchestral and cham er instrument. In com ination with the larger and deeper7sounding mem ers of the same family, the violins form the nucleus of the modern symphony orchestra. !he violin has een in e"istence since a out %::-. Its importance as an instrument in its own right dates from the early %?--Fs, when it first ecame standa"d in Italian opera orchestras. Its stature as an orchestral instrument was raised further when in %?9? Gouis HIII of 0rance esta lished at his court the orchestra known as Ges vin/7/uatre violons du Ioy ;#$e %in &s 24 'iolins=, which was to ecome widely famous later in the century. In its early history, the violin had a dull and rather /uiet tone resulting from the fact that the strings were thick and were attached to the ody of the instrument very loosely. 1uring the eighteenth and nineteenth century, e"citing technical changes were inspired y such composer7violinists as 'i(aldi and #a"tini. !heir instrumental compositions demanded a fuller, clearer, and more rilliant tone that was produced y using thinner strings and a far higher string tension. .mall changes had to e made to the violinFs internal structure and to the finger oard so that t$e! could withstand the e"tra st"ain. Acco"din l!, a higher standard of performance was achieved, in terms of oth facility and interpretation. Geft7hand techni/ue was considera ly ela orated, and new fingering patterns on the finger oard were developed for very high notes. Question 44: !he word Jstanda"dJ is closest in meaning to _________. A. practical B. customary C. possi le D. unusual Question 45: J!he King*s 9> CiolinsJ is mentioned to illustrate _________. A. the competition in the %?--Fs etween 0rench and Italian orchestras B. how the violin ecame a renowned instrument C. the superiority of 0rench violins D. why the violin was considered the only instrument suita le to e played y royalty Question 46: What is the main idea presented in paragraph &+ 3

A. !he violin is pro a ly the est known and most widely distri uted musical instrument in the world. B. !he violin has een modified to fit its evolving musical functions. C. !he violin had reached the height of its popularity y the middle of the eighteenth century. D. !he techni/ue of playing the violin has remained essentially the same since the %?--Fs. Question 47: !he author mentions Civaldi and !artini in paragraph & as e"amples of composers whose music ___. A. inspired more people to play the violin B. had to e adapted to the violin C. demanded more sophisticated violins D. could e played only y their students Question 48: !he word Jt$e!J in paragraph & refers to_________. A. Bivaldi and !artini B. internal structure and finger oard C. thinner strings and a higher string tension D. small changes Question 49: !he word Jst"ainJ is closest in meaning to_________. A. struggle B. strength C. stress D. strategy Question 50: !he word JAcco"din l!) is closest in meaning to_________ A. However B. 4evertheless C. Bonse/uently D. Eltimately Question 51: #ccording to the passage, early violins were different from modern violins in that early violins_____ A. were heavier B. roke down more easily C. produced softer tones D. were easier to play Question 52: #ccording to the passage, which of the following contri utes to a dull sound eing produced y a violin+ A. # long finger oard B. # small ody C. High string tension D. !hick strings Question 53: #ll of the following are mentioned in the passage as contri uting to the a ility to play modern violin music DHBDL!_________. A. use of rare wood for the finger oard and neck B. more complicated techni/ues for the left hand C. different ways to use the fingers to play very high notes D. minor alterations to the structure of the instrument #ead the following passage and "ark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Bities develop as a result of functions that they can perform. .ome functions result directly from the in enuit! of the citi3enry, ut most functions result from the needs of the local area and of the surrounding hinterland ;the region that supplies goods to the city and to which the city furnishes services and other goods=. Meographers often make a distinction etween the situation and the site of a city. .ituation refers to the general position in relation to the surrounding region, whereas site involves in physical characteristics of the specific location. .ituation is normally much more important to the continuing prosperity of a city. If a city is well situated in regard to its hinterland, its development is much more likely to continue. Bhicago, for e"ample, possesses an almost unparalleled situation) it is located at the southern end of a huge lake that forces Dast7West transportation lines to e compressed into its vicinity, and at a meeting of significant land and water transport routes. It also overlooks what is one of the world*s finest large farming regions. !hese factors ensured that Bhicago would ecome a great city regardless of the disadvantageous c$a"acte"istics of the availa le site, such as eing prone to flooding during thunderstorm activity. .imilarly, it can e argued that much of 4ew 6ork Bity*s importance stems from its early and continuing advantage of situation. Lhiladelphia and @oston oth originated at a out the same time as 4ew 6ork and shared 4ew 6ork*s location at the Western end of one of the world*s most important oceanic trade routes, ut only 4ew 6ork possesses an easy7access *unctional connection ;the Hudson7Mohawk lowland= to the vast Midwestern hinterland. !his account does not alone e"plain 4ew 6ork*s primacy, ut it does include several important factors. #mong the many aspects of situation that help to e"plain why some cities grow and others do not, original location on a naviga le waterway seems particularly applica le. Of course, such characteristic as slope, drainage, power resources, river crossings, coastal shapes, and other physical characteristics help to determine city location, ut such factors are normally more significant in early stages of city development than later. Question 54: What does the passage mainly discuss? 4

A. !he development of trade routes through Enited .tates cities B. !he importance of geographical situation in the growth of Enited .tates cities C. Bontrasts in settlement patterns in Enited .tates D. Historical differences among three large Enited .tates cities Question 55: The word ingenuity is closest in meaning to _________. A. wealth B. traditions C. resourcefulness D. organi3ation Question 56: The passage suggests that a geographer would consider a citys soil type part of its _____ A. hinterland B. situation C. site D. function Question 57: According to the passage, a citys situation is more important than its site in regard to the citys_____ A. long7term growth and prosperity B. a ility to protect its citi3enry C. possession of favora le weather conditions D. need to import food supplies Question 58: The author mentions each of the following as an advantage of hicagos location !" !PT its _____. A. hinterland B. nearness to a large lake C. position in regard to transport routes D. flat terrain Question 59: The word characteristics is closest in meaning to _________. A. choices B. attitudes C. /ualities D. inha itants Question 60: The primary purpose of paragraph # is to _________. A. summari3e past research and introduce a new study B. descri e a historical period C. define a term and illustrate it with an e"ample D. emphasi3e the advantages of one theory over another Question 61: According to the passage, Philadelphia and $oston are similar to %ew &or' ity in _________. A. si3e of population B. availa ility of rail transportation C. site D. age Question 62: The word functional is closest in meaning to _________. A. alternate B. useful C. original D. usa le Question 63: The word 'it refers to _________. A. hinterland B. account C. connection D. primacy Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on you answer sheet to indicate the word that differs fro" the rest in the position of the "ain stress in each of the following questions. Question 64: A. mutually B. apologi3e C. permission D. reaction Question 65: A. footsteps B. superstitious C. melancholy D. forceful Question 66: A. survival B. industry C. endangered D. commercial Question 67: A. geographical B. # origine C. e"pedition D. #ustralian Question 68: A. officialdom B. millennium C. westerni3e D. division Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that &est co"&ines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 69: It was an interesting novel. I stayed up all night to finish it. A. I stayed up all night to finish the novel so it was interesting. B. Enless it were an interesting novel, I would not stay up all night to finish it. C. !hough it was an interesting novel, I stayed up all night to finish it. D. .o interesting was the novel that I stayed up all night to finish it. Question 70: I did not read his ook. I did not understand what the lecturer was saying . A. What the lecturer wrote and said was too difficult for me to understand. B. I found it very difficult to understand what the lecturer said in his ook. C. I would have understood what the lecturer was saying if I had read his ook. D. !he lecturerFs ook which I had not read was difficult to understand. 5

Question 71: We arrived at the airport. We reali3ed our passports were still at home. A. It was until we arrived at the airport that we reali3e our passports were still at home. B. We arrived at the airport and reali3ed that our passports are still at home. C. 4ot until had we arrived at the airport, we reali3ed our passports were still at home. D. 4ot until we arrived at the airport, did we reali3e that our passports were still at home. Question 72: I understand why you detest her. I*ve finally met her. A. I understand why you don*t like her due to I*ve lastly met her B. 4ow that I have finally met her, I understand why you hate her. C. I met her and I know your feeling to her. D. .ince I finally met her, I understand why you like her. Question 73: .he gave in her notice. .he planned to start her new jo in ,anuary A. .he gave in her notice, plan to start her new jo in ,anuary. B. .he gave in her notice with a view to starting her new jo in ,anuary. C. Her notice was given in with an aim to start her new jo in ,anuary. D. Her notice was given in in order for her to start her new jo in ,anuary. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in "eaning to the original sentence. Question 74: #fter Dinstein*s theory of relativity, people egan to perceive the universe in a different way. A. Dinstein*s theory of relativity confirmed many ideas a out how the universe egan. B. Entil Dinstein*s theory of relativity, people knew hardly anything a out the universe. C. 0ollowing Dinstein*s theory of relativity, people reali3ed that the universe was changing constantly. D. Dinstein*s theory of relativity introduced people to a new manner of seeing the universe. Question 75: It is not possi le to e constantly on good terms with all of the people around you. A. 6ou may, from time to time, not get along with some of the individuals around you. B. !hough it seems difficult, you should try to get on well with all the people around you. C. Having conflict with the people around you is inevita le, ut you ought to try to e on good terms with most of them. D. It may not e possi le all the time, ut at least you can try to e on good terms with the people around you. Question 76: More petrol is consumed nowadays than ten years ago. A. 4ot so much petrol was consumed ten years ago as nowadays. B. Letrol consumption is going down nowadays. C. We had more petrol ten years ago than we do nowadays. D. We should consume as much petrol as possi le. Question 77: !he num er of accidents has gone down steadily since the speed limit was imposed. A. !here has een a steady decline in the num er of accidents since the speed limit was imposed. B. It is the speed limit that reduce steadily the num er of accidents. C. !he imposing of speed limit has resulted from the num er of accidents. D. !here have een few accidents than efore since they used the speed limit. Question 78: It was wrong of you to critici3e your son efore his friends left. A. If you had critici3ed your son after his friends had left, he wouldn*t e so upset now. B. 6our son must have een em arrassed when you critici3ed him in front of his friends. C. 6ou should have delayed critici3ing your son until after his friends had gone. D. 6ou must e careful not to em arrass your son when he is with his friends. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is O((OS)! "eaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions. Question 79: His physical condition was not an impediment to his career as a violinist. A. hindrance B. o struction C. furtherance D. set ack Question 80: !he ship went down although st"enuous efforts were made to save it. A. e"hausting B. forceful C. energetic D. half7hearted 77777777777777777777777777777777777777777777777 6 in

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