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PART III AMENDMENTS/SUPPLEMENTS TO EN 13445 EN 13445-1 GENERAL 1.

2 Add to this clause: The following types of pressure vessels and components are not allowed for construction vessels: - pressure vessels constructed by brazing; - pressure vessels or parts fabricated by casting; - layered pressure vessels, unless authorised by the Principal; - forged pressure vessels, unless authorised by the Principal; - threaded, expanded and flued openings; - screwed connections/constructions are not allowed on the primary pressure boundary.
NOTE: The above amendment is applicable to all further clauses in EN13445 related to these aspects.

For applications where the PED is mandatory a Notified Body shall be involved. For applications where CE-marking is not required, a third party inspection agency shall be appointed unless this requirement is waived by the Principal. EN 13445-2 MATERIALS 4.2 Add clause: Cr-Mo equipment For equipment built from 1Cr-0.5Mo, 1.25Cr-0.5Mo, 2.25Cr-1Mo and 3Cr-1Mo steels, the requirements of Appendix 6 of this DEP SHALL [PS] apply. 4.2.1 Add to this clause: Materials of Group 1, see Annex A, with specified minimum tensile strength (Rm) exceeding 485 N/mm 2 may be used if the Manufacturer can prove that satisfactory welding results have been achieved (with either test plates or previous vessels); this shall be subject to the approval of the Principal. Materials with a specified minimum yield strength above 360 MPa should be restricted to a wall thickness of 80 mm. The application is limited to the grades: P460NL2 according to EN 10028-3 P500QL2 according to EN 10028-6 P500Q according to EN 10028-6 These grades of materials or their equivalents may only be used if their suitability can be demonstrated and after approval of the Principal has been obtained. Plates for equipment in hydrogen service SHALL [PS] be ultrasonically examined in accordance with EN 10160, grade S2E2. For clad materials in this service, see Appendix 1 of this DEP. 4.2.3 Add clause: If hardness results exceed the maximum specified values, appropriate corrective actions shall be proposed for the approval of the Principal. For hardness requirements and extent of hardness checks, see Appendix 3 of this DEP. 4.2.5 Add to this clause: For EP applications bolting materials SHALL [PS] be selected in accordance with DEP 39.01.10.11-Gen. and DEP 39.01.10.12-Gen.; for all other applications, bolts coated with zinc or cadmium shall not be used. Nickel-zinc, aluminium coatings or suitable nonmetallic coatings are permitted. DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen. January 2010 Page 14 4.3 Add to this clause: Material inspection certificates shall be in accordance with EN 10204 or ISO 10474, type 3.1.B. 4.3.3 Add to this clause: In cases where ASME and/or ASTM Specifications are used, it should be considered to specify elevated temperature tensile testing. The applicable test specification shall be approved by the Principal and agreed with the

Notified Body representative. 4.3.4 Replace this clause by: Clad products shall comply with Appendix 1 of this DEP. Annex B Add to this Annex: The requirements of DEP 30.10.02.31-Gen SHALL [PS] apply. Method 3, the application of fracture mechanics analysis shall only be used in consultation with and after approval by the Principal. EN 13445-3 DESIGN 5.1 Add to this clause: Unless other precautions are taken to prevent deformation or damage during transport and handling, no vessel shall have a wall thickness less than: 3 mm for high-alloy steel vessels; tmin (including the corrosion allowance) for carbon and low-alloy steel vessels transported as one unit or in cylindrical parts. tmin shall be derived from the following equation, with a minimum of 6 mm: 1.8 650 t D min (mm) where D = mean vessel diameter in mm. 5.2.4 Add to this clause: Pressure vessels constructed of material with corrosion resistant, integral cladding, weld metal overlay cladding or applied linings shall comply with the requirements as specified in Appendix 1 of this DEP. See also on PART II 3.6.2 of this DEP. 5.3.3 Add to this clause: Tower deflection at the top of the equipment SHALL [PS] be no greater than a) H/500 for brick lined equipment b) H/200 for all other equipment The calculation of the deflection during operational conditions shall take into account insulation, steel structures and piping that are guided or supported by the equipment. Calculations shall be submitted for review and shall be approved by the Principal when the tower has a natural frequency of less than 1.1 Hz. DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen. January 2010 Page 15 The shape factors (Cf) shall be as follows: ITEM SHAPE FACTOR, Cf Equipment (if cylindrical) 0.7 Steel structures (platforms, ladders etc) 1.0 if the distance between the pipe and the equipment is more than 20 percent of the average diameter* 0.7 Piping supported or guided by the equipment if the distance between the pipe and the equipment is not more than 20 percent of the average diameter* 1.5
* NOTE Average diameter = (diameter of equipment + diameter of pipe) / 2

The area to be taken into account for steel structures shall be:

ITEM DETAIL AREA (m2) Circular platform full circumference 1.1 Square platform full circumference 1.7 Cage ladder per metre length 0.33 Flush ladder per metre length 0.11 5.7.4 Add to this clause Joggle joints SHALL [PS] not be used. The severe limitations on the use of lap joints and joints with permanent backings strips are described in 5.7.4.2 and 5.7.4.3. DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen. January 2010 Page 16 9. Add to this clause: For nozzles, Standard Drawing S 10.101 shall apply. Nozzle types SHALL [PS] be as follows: Type of service vessel wall thickness, t (mm) Nozzle type All t < 50 set-in Non-cyclic nozzle thickness t/2 set-in 50 t < 100 nozzle thickness < t/2 set-on (Notes 1 and 2) or set-in All t 100 forged saddle type Cyclic t 50 forged saddle type
NOTES 1. For set-on nozzles, the following conditions shall apply to the plate material of the shell: - The plate material SHALL [PS] meet ASTM A 770 S3 (with a minimum area reduction of 35%) or EN 10164 (Quality Class Z35); and - 100% ultrasonic examination shall be performed on a 100 mm wide band around the nozzle opening before attachment of the nozzle. Acceptance criteria shall be EN 10160, grade S2E2. 2. Set-on nozzles SHALL [PS] not be used in hydrogen service above 230 C (Part I, 1.3.2). However, they may be used on the header boxes of air-cooled heat exchangers in all services.

For both set-in and set-on nozzles, the attachment weld shall blend smoothly with both vessel and nozzle wall without any notch, sharp corner or undercut. All inside edges of nozzles and connections, whether flush or extended, shall be rounded off to a radius of at least 3 mm. 9.4.5.2 Add to this clause: Reinforcing pads SHALL [PS] not be used in hydrogen service above 230 C. Reinforcing pads shall have one hole, tapped 1/4 " NPT, per closed compartment. Tell-tale holes shall not be plugged, but shall be filled with a non-corrosive compound (e.g. Shell Ensis) or grease to prevent ingress of water. 11.4 Add to this clause: Flanges shall be in accordance with ASME B16.5 or ASME B16.47 unless the Principal specifies that European standard flanges shall be used. B16.47 Series A is permitted when required to flange to equipment supplied with a Series A flange, or when analysis shows rotation is acceptable with a Rigidity Index < 1.0 in accordance with ASME Section VIII.
NOTE: In considering the use of European standard flanges, the Principal should be aware that EN 1092 was developed from DIN-standard flanges and EN 1759 is being developed from ASME-standard flanges. The Principal should also be aware that the flange surface finish requirements in the European standards are not the same as in ASME B16.5 and their use on sites that have been ASME-based could be problematic.

Welding neck flanges shall be used for vessels, except that lap-joint flanges may be used for austenitic stainless steel and non-ferrous vessels if approved by the Principal.

Unless otherwise approved by the Principal, only raised-face (narrow-faced) flanges shall be used. Flange facing finish shall be in accordance with ASME B16.5. DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen. January 2010 Page 17 Gasket, jointing and packing materials shall be purchased only from suppliers accepted by the Principal. Sheet gaskets shall be 1.5 mm thick unless otherwise approved by the Principal. 11.4.3 Add to this clause: Bolting of less than 16 mm diameter (5/8") shall not be used for flanged connections. The height of the nut shall be equal to the bolt diameter. Bolting up to 24 mm (1") shall have UNC standard thread and bolting 30 mm (1 1/8") and larger shall have UN threading (8-thread series). Metric threads shall be used if specified in the ordering information. All boltholes shall straddle the normal centre lines of the vessel. Where bare bolts/nuts are specified, bolts and nuts shall be coated with a suitable thread lubricant to prevent corrosion during transport and outdoor storage. The coating shall be removable with mineral spirits or a solvent. Copper or molybdenum di-sulphide containing thread lubricants shall not be used. 13 Add to this clause: The alternative calculation method described in Annex J SHALL [PS] not be used for design of tube sheets. If heat exchangers are considered outside the field of application of the classical method, a design by analysis shall be applied instead. EN 13445-4 FABRICATION 6.1 Add to this clause: For additional welding requirements, reference shall be made to DEP 30.10.60.18-Gen. For hazard categories II, III and IV, the following weld details SHALL [PS] be adhered to, unless otherwise authorized by the Principal. Only full penetration welds are allowed. Double sided welds with crevice in between are not allowed in the primary pressure boundary or for nozzle attachments to the shell. Backing strips should normally not be used. If used nonetheless, all backing strips shall be carefully removed. Double fillet weld constructions are only permitted in secondary pressure boundaries (e.g. slip-on flanges), but not in hydrogen sulphide or hydrogen service. Socket welds are not allowed. Continuous fillet welds shall be used for all supports, fittings and internal structures to be welded to the vessel shell. 7.9 Add to this clause: If steels of grades 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.5 or 2.1 are used with a specified minimum tensile strength (Rm) exceeding 485 N/mm2, the need to employ preheat for all thicknesses shall be ascertained in view of the required hardness of the end product. 9.4.5 Add to this clause Normalizing of carbon steel components and base materials SHALL [PS] be performed separately, and not as part of the hot-forming operation, unless the finishing hot-forming temperature is in the normalizing temperature range of 850 C to 960 C. 9.7 Add to this clause For tolerances not covered by code requirements see Appendix 2 of this DEP. DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen. January 2010 Page 18 9.9 Add to this clause For the despatch of drawings and documents, approval drawing specification form DEP 05.00.54.81-Gen. and final drawing specification form DEP 05.00.54.82-Gen. shall be used, except that the Contractor's own despatch standard forms may be used if approved by the Principal.

NOTE: Certified drawings shall be understood to mean drawing(s) and calculation reports bearing an approval stamp of the approval office and, where applicable, an official stamp of the authorities concerned, signed and dated.

10.2 Add to this clause PWHT is also a method to reduce the hardness of the end product so that the required maximum values are no longer exceeded. 10.7 Add to this clause For Cr-Mo equipment the requirements of Appendix 6 of this DEP SHALL [PS] apply. 12 Add to this clause The external surface of pressure vessels SHALL [PS] be prepared and painted as specified in Part II 3.12 of this DEP. Internal surfaces shall not be painted unless so specified by the Principal, in which case a paint system selected from DEP 30.48.00.31-Gen shall be indicated on the data/requisition sheets. Machined parts shall be treated with an easily removable anti-corrosion compound, e.g. Shell Ensis Fluid. All flanges not connected to a mating flange shall have their gasket contact surfaces treated similarly and shall be protected with wooden blanks. These blanks shall be securely attached to the flanges with at least four bolts. Welding stub ends shall be provided with steel or plastic weld bevel protectors. Closures shall prevent the entry of moisture during shipment and subsequent storage. Location mark 0 shall be indicated on the vessel, preferably by painting. EN 13445-5 INSPECTION AND TESTING 4.1 Add to this clause: The Principal shall specify whether he (or his nominee) will perform shop surveillance and if so he shall specify the scope. The Principal should tailor the scope of the Principal's inspection to avoid duplication with that of the Notified Body or Inspecting Authority. A pre-manufacturing meeting shall be held if considered necessary by the Manufacturer or Principal. 5.2.2. Add to this clause: Manholes and inspection openings See (3.11) of this DEP. 6.5 Add to this clause: If backing strips are used (against the recommendation of EN 13445-4 Clause 6.1), they shall be carefully removed after welding. Where the back of the joint cannot be dressed after welding, an adequate inert gas backing shall be applied. Production control test plates are not required for material group 1, except for material which have a specified minimum tensile strength (Rm) greater than 485 N/mm 2. Production control test plates are also required for weld-deposited cladding. The test plates shall be made at an early stage of production welding with a thickness equal to the thickness of the shell. DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen. January 2010 Page 19 In the case of spherical vessels, the test plates shall be welded separately and they shall represent each type of seam and welding position. For site-constructed vessels, the test plates shall be welded at the construction site. Half the total number of plates (minimum one plate) shall be selected and tested at an early stage. If the vessel will be post-weld heat treated, then these test plates shall be given a simulated heat treatment before testing, and a time/temperature record shall be retained by the Manufacturer. The test plates results shall be considered valid if the eventual vessel post-weld heat treatment is performed within the specified time/temperature range. The other test plates shall be placed inside the vessel during its post-weld heat treatment, and shall be retained in case later testing may be required. Subject to the Principals approval, the simulated post weld heat treatment may comprise up to three simulated PWHT cycles to prevent problems in case a vessel weld repair and additional PWHT is required. DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen.

January 2010 Page 20 6.6.3 Add to this clause: For full penetration welds in Testing Group 1, with a plate thickness exceeding 40 mm (or 20 mm if the double-wall technique would be required for radiographic inspection), ultrasonic examination SHALL [PS] be employed instead of radiography. The following techniques and procedures apply: 1. TOFD shall be used on butt welds, fabricated of low alloyed steels, and other materials that exhibit low ultrasonic attenuation, which allow access to both sides of the weld seam. For but welds joining flat or cylindrical plates of equal thickness the requirements (a) to (e) shall apply. For a weld joining plates of unequal thickness, a plate having the direction of curvature normal to the weld seam (e.g. a spherical end cap) or an angle between the joined plates, requirement (f) applies in addition. a. The TOFD method shall be applied in accordance with CEN/TS 14751, using examination level B or higher. b. Acceptance criteria for the TOFD technique shall be in accordance with EN 15617, acceptance level 2, except for vessels fabricated of Cr-Mo-materials (see DEP 30.10.02.32-Gen.), for which Level 1 (most stringent) shall be used. c. To cover the zone near the scanning surface, use shall be made of pulse-echo based examination from the scanning surface, using creep wave probes, or alternatively, TOFD applied from the opposite surface. d. When examining the outer surface of the weld using creep wave probes, the following requirements hold: i. The probes have to be calibrated on a 3.0 mm diameter Side Drilled Hole (SDH) located at a depth of 3.0 mm below the outer surface. The probe to SDH distance shall be 10 mm. ii. Acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with EN 1712, Acceptance Level B, except for vessels fabricated of Cr-Mo-materials (see DEP 30.10.02.32-Gen.), for which Level C (most stringent) shall be used. iii. The creep wave procedure shall have the approval of a UT Level III individual and shall be subject to the approval of the Principal. e. The examination procedure and the qualification and certification of TOFD personnel shall be subject to the approval of Principal. f. For butt welds not joining flat or cylindrical plates of equal thickness, blind zones may occur that may require special probe settings, and/or coverage by additional angle beam or creep wave examination. A procedure with a fully developed scan plan shall be available during the pre-qualification meeting, for review and approval by the Principal. g. If the examination of butt welds cannot satisfy the requirements of this clause 1, an alternative inspection plan shall be developed, for approval by the Principal. 2. All other full penetration welds requiring ultrasonic examination shall be examined according to the requirements in Table 6.6.3-1 of Section 5 of the code, using method 1 (3 mm side drilled holes) for setting sensitivity and reference levels in accordance with EN 1712, and satisfying the following additional requirements: a. Examination from both sides of the plate and from within the bore of a nozzle should be considered. b. Removal of the weld reinforcement should be considered to allow scanning across the weld surface, thereby improving access to the weld volume. c. At least one of the probes shall irradiate the weld bevel perpendicularly (within 5 degrees for 4 MHz shear wave probes and 10 degrees for 2 MHz probes shear wave probes or 4 MHz compression probes). DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen. January 2010 Page 21

d. When normal incidence on the weld bevel cannot be realized within the angle range specified above, supplementary examination with tandem techniques shall be applied, using methods as specified in EN 583-4. e. For wall thicknesses above 100 mm the size of reference defect (side drilled hole) may have to be adjusted f. A scan plan shall be developed for each of the welds, or for sections of weld of which the geometry varies such that a different scan plan results (e.g. nozzle on a cylindrical shell). The scan plan shall, as a minimum, show the scan surfaces used, placement and scanning range for each probe, coverage of the weld volume, the minimum-maximum length of beam paths required, and the angle of incidence on weld bevels. g. The procedure and the scan plan shall be available during the pre-qualification meeting, for review and approval by the Principal. h. For critical welds on which acceptable performance of manual ultrasonic techniques may be difficult to achieve, the use of a mechanized scanning system with automated recording of data may be required; selection of welds subject to automated examination has to be mutually agreed between the Manufacturer and the Principal. i. For critical welds where acceptable NDE performance may be difficult to achieve, a qualification test may be requested by the Principal, to qualify the procedure and NDE personnel. Qualification may require reference blocks representing the weld geometries involved, allowing, as a minimum, demonstration of weld coverage, angle of incidence at weld bevels, and sensitivity across the examination volume. For development of a qualification program guidance can be taken from CEN/TR 14748; the level of qualification has to be mutually agreed between the Manufacturer and the Principal. 3. Vessels with an internally welded overlay clad shall be examined with the following additional requirements: a. For butt welds allowing access on both sides of the weld seam, TOFD shall be applied, following the requirements under item (1) above. b. For all other full penetration welds the requirements of item (2) above hold, minus the items (2.a), (2.d), plus the following requirements: i. When each part of the inspection volume can be covered, by at least one beam from a set of two or more angle beam probes, this is deemed acceptable, if one of the following requirements can also be satisfied: 1. Prior to the application of welded overlay, the weld proves to be acceptable when examining it according to the requirements of items (2.a), (2.b), (2.c) and (2.d); 2. The weld is acceptable, when examining the fusion lines from the bore of a nozzle with a normal beam compression probe (TR-probe), after suitable preparation of the welded overlay surface, and satisfying the requirement of item (2.c); ii. If the approaches (i.1) and (i.2) above cannot be realized, a solution shall be proposed, for which the approval has to be obtained from the Principal. 4. For the inspection of coarse grained weld materials or dissimilar metal welds, the use of standard ultrasonic techniques, with shear wave angle beam probes or TOFD, may not provide an acceptable signal to noise ratio. In such cases compression angle beam probes shall be used, with the following requirements: DEP 31.22.11.32-Gen. January 2010 Page 22 a. A procedure shall be developed for approval by the Principal. As ISO 22825:2006 is under significant revision, guidance on technique selection and procedure development may also be taken from the Handbook on the

ultrasonic examination of austenitic and dissimilar welds. b. Suitable reference blocks shall be available, to be used for validation of the procedure. c. Items (2.g2.h) and (2.i) may be applicable, at the decision of the Principal. Requirements applicable for all examinations: Unless stated otherwise, NDE SHALL [PS] be performed at least 24 h after the welds have been intermediate post weld heat treated and cooled down to ambient temperature. 6.6.3 Add to this clause: For hardness testing requirements on carbon steel equipment see Appendix 3 of this DEP. 10.2.3.2.5 Replace this clause: For test water quality see DEP 61.10.08.11-Gen. 10.2.4 Add to this clause: Gaskets shall not be reused after breaking the joints. Tell-tale holes shall not be plugged, but shall be filled with a non-corrosive compound (e.g. Shell Ensis) or grease to prevent ingress of water. 11.4 Add to this clause: Standard Drawing S 10.114 shall apply to nameplates. On stainless steel equipment, a stainless steel nameplate shall be used. For vessels required for low-temperature service (0 C or lower) and for equipment containing liquefied gas, the nameplates shall include the lower design temperature. The nameplate bracket should be attached to a non-insulated, non-removable part of the pressure vessel (e.g. skirt). EN 13445-6 SPHEROIDAL CAST IRON Delete this Part of EN 13445 and replace with: Pressure vessels of spheroidal cast iron shall not be used.