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South Valley University Faculty of Engineering Department of Mechatronics Engineering

Automotive Electronics Exam 2013/2014 Time: 2 Hrs.

Answer THREE Questions Only


Total: 30 marks Question One: (10 marks) a. State the benefits of using electronics application in automotive? b. Automotive electronics in the automotive field can be classified into several groups: List five systems that can be controlled by electronics. c. Draw a block diagram of an engine management system showing all the main inputs and outputs. d. Explain what is meant by ECM, TCM, PCM and VCM? e. Mention the main process of ECM, and describe its operation? f. Describe what is meant by Engine management. g. What are the brake assist systems? h. Identify the major component of the ABS? i. Explain with sketch the operation of ignition coil of direct ignition? j. What is the difference between: i. Sensors and actuators. ii. Centrifugal advance mechanism and a vacuum advance mechanism. iii. Static friction and dynamic friction of brake system. iv. Diagonally split and front/rear split systems. v. Cam shaft position sensor and crank shaft position sensor. Question Two: (10 marks) a. Select five engine sensors and explain what are the function, location and theory of operation? b. What are different types of actuators, explain the operation of one of them? c. There are different types of memory that is used in ECM, Explain? d. Describe the term digital signal and provide an example e. List three types of voltage generating sensors and provide an example of each f. List three types of actuators and provide an example of each g. Describe the operation of oxygen sensor h. Outline the construction and common uses of a magnetic inductance sensor i. Describe the basic operation of stepper motor and how they are used j. Describe the purpose of on-board diagnostics (OBD). k. State the information provided by a throttle potentiometer. l. Explain the operation of a gasoline direct injection (GDI) system. m. Explain the operation of fuel injector? n. Why the spark plugs must be replaced regularly.

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South Valley University Faculty of Engineering Department of Mechatronics Engineering

Automotive Electronics Exam 2013/2014 Time: 2 Hrs.

Question Three:

(10 marks)

a. Explain the main components of conventional ignition system, as shown in Fig., and its theory of operation? b. What are the main defects of conventional ignition system? c. Identify the advantages of electronic ignition systems? d. How does an ignition coil produce a high voltage? e. Show the different between the hall generator and pulse generator? f. Mention the stages of the ignition systems development? g. Explain how the ignition system controls the ignition timing with engine speed and load. h. Discuss the operation principle of the Transistorized Type. Question Four: (10 marks) a. What are the different types of automotive brake systems? b. Describe the major component of the disc brake system? c. Explain with sketch two layout of the hydraulic brake systems used in cars? d. What are the properties of the brake fluid? e. Describe the main advantages of ABS and theory of operation? f. Describe the three main control phases of an ABS system. g. Explain with the aid of a neat sketch the operation of a wheel speed sensor. h. Describe the operating of modulator action, When a front wheel locks during the braking of a vehicle fitted with ABS. Question Five: (10 marks) a. Explain the difference between the gasoline engine and diesel engine? b. Describe with a neat sketch the four phases of the four stroke cycle? c. State the purpose of: cooling system, lubrication system, transmission electronics, ignition system, GPS and ECM? d. Describe with a neat sketch the four phases of the four stroke cycle? e. What are the factors that affect the performance of the brake? f. What are the advantages and disadvantages of drum, disk brake? g. Explain with sketch p& diagram Ignition delay period and Flame propagation period. With my best wishes Dr. Nouby M. Ghazaly
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