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There is /There are

We use there is for singular and there are for plural. There is one table in the classroom. There is a spider in the bath. There are three chairs in the classroom. There are many people at the bus stop.

Complete with there is /there are: a cup on my desk two computers in my office a knife in the kitchen Negative Form The negative is formed by putting not after is or are: There is not a horse in the field. There isnt a tree in the garden. There are not eight children in the school. There arent two elephants in the zoo. some students in the class a lot of students a new computer

Complete with There isnt or there arent: a ball under the sofa two babies in the room a clown in a magic box Questions To form a question we place is / are in front of there.

four dogs in the park a pet in Carlas house any apples in the fridge

Is there a dog in the supermarket? Are there any dogs in the park?

- No, there isnt. - Yes, there are.

Complete with Is there? / Are there? a security guard in the shop? any ice cream in the freezer? any books on the table? any polar bears in Antarctica? a cat under the box? one book in the library?

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS


COUNTABLE NOUNS A countable noun has a singular and plural form. We can use numbers with countable nouns. One person, three people UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS An uncountable noun has only one form. Write C for countable and U for uncountable: Time ------books --------sugar ------milk ------pens -----chairs - ----fingers - --houses-----one child, two children one woman, four women

Meat ------- butter - -----Apples ------ oil ------------

pencils -----cars - -------

bread ---salt -------

friends ----rice --------

The rules of some and many:


SOME: Use some in affirmative sentences. Some is used for both countable and uncountable
nouns. Examples: I have some friends.( friends is countable) I'd like some water. (Water is uncountable)

ANY: Use any for countable and countable nouns in:


1. Interrogative sentences Examples: Do you have any cheese? Do you have any friends. 2. Negative sentences Examples: He doesnt haveanycheese. He doesnt haveanyfriends in Chicago.

EXCEPTION:

Use some in questions when offering or requesting something. Example: Would you like some bread? (offer) Can I have some water, please? (request) Are there any tomatoes in the fridge? Is there any orange juice? Offering Would you like some coffee? Yes, there are some. Yes, thereis some. No, therearen't any. No, thereisn't any.

Responding Yes please I'd like some.

Put the correct word (some or any). I need a car and-------- dollars. He needs to make ------friends. There aren't--------- policemen in the street. I've got---------------- news for you.

Charley doesn't have---------- friends, too.

Much, many:

Much: Uncountable

Many: Countable

Study the following examples:


How much money have you got? How many students are in the classroom? I haven't got much money. Therearen't many.

Much with uncountable nouns (money, bread, water...) Example: How much money/bread/water...is there?

Many with countable nouns (Students, desks, windows...) Example: How many students/teachers/desks... are there?

In the negative forms we use:

Much with uncountable nouns. (Money, bread, water...) Example: I haven't got much money/bread/water... Many with countable nouns. (Students, desks, windows...) Example: There aren't many students/teachers/desks..

Put much or many: 1.-We dont have----------bananas, and we dont have ------------- fruit juice. 2.- How ----------players are in a baseball team? 3.- How --------- water is in the bottle? 4.- How ---------- sisters does Ella have? 5.- There isnt ---------- butter in the fridge. 6.- Do you have ----------- friends abroad?