Anda di halaman 1dari 8

|||

l|l :- ||||l| ||| |||l|








Introduction :- Jeevaka is one among the jeevaniya gana quoted by | |l|. Jeevaka consists
of dried and fresh pseudo-bulb of Microstylis wallichii Lindl. (Fam. Orchidaceae), a short
stemmed terrestrial herb up to 25cm in height, distributed throughout India on hills at an altitude
of 2000 -3000 m.






Botanical name :- Microstylis wallichii







Family :- Orchidaceae








Taxonomy :-

Kingdom : Plantae
Subkingdom : Viridaeplantae
Phylum : Tracheophyta
Subphylum : Euphyllophytina
Infraphylum : Radiatopses
Class : Magnoliopsida
Subclass : Liliidae
Superorder : Lilianae
Order : Asparagales
Genus : Microstylis
Species : Wallichii












Synonyms :-

|||
l|||
l|||||




Vernacular names :-

English : Jeevak
Hindi : Jeevak
Malayalam : Jeevakam
Telugu : Jeevakamu
Tamil : Jeevakam



Classical Categorization :-

| :
||||||, 7|+|||, -||||
-|>|| :
l||l|||l |'|
||+| :
||||||



Geographical distribution :- Throughout India on hills at an altitude of 2000 -3000 m



Morphology :- A terrestrial, pseudo bulbous, 5-25 cm in height, perennial, tender herb. Its stem
is underground, spreading, fibrous roots downwards, ribbed.

Leaves : Usually 2-4, sessile or petioled, 7.5-12.5 cm long, ovate-lanceolate, often discolored,
light green acute with prominent veins, leaves in whorls on the nodes directly raised upwards,
angular, attenuate, stem covered by basal leaves forming a tubular structure.
Flowers : 7.5-20 cm long, flower small shortly stalked in terminal raceme, about 10 mm in
diameter, yellowish-green with purple centre.
Fruits : 6 chambered capsule.
Seeds : Minute, powdery, ovoid.
Pseudo bulbs : 3-9 cm long & 1-3 cm in diameter, conical, fleshy, smooth, shining in pairs, new
look like garlic cloves, greenish-white, covered with membranous sheath, slightly mucilaginous,
remain alive over long period.



Flowering :- July August

Fruiting :- September - October



Properties :-

Rasa : Madhura
Guna : Picchila, Snigdha
Veerya : Sheeta
Vipaka : Madhura






Doshagnatha :- Pittahara, Vatahara



Karma :-

||
-||||
|||||

7|+|
|'|
-||||

||||||




Parts Used :- Pseudo bulb




Chemical Constituents :-

Alcohol (ceryl alcohol)
Glucose
Rhamnose
Diterpenes



Substitute :- ||| (Tinospora cordifolia)




Dosage form :- |'| (Powder)







Medicinal Use :-

7||-|
|
|-|

+||
l||
l||

|7|
7|||




Posology :- 5 gms to 10 gms






|||| :- -||'| ||







Important Formulations :-

|||-|l|| |
7||||l2
|||||7|
||8 -||||

l7|| |l|
||||7| ||
7|| ||
||| ||

||| ||
|||l ||
|| 7||| ||









7|| :-


||||+|| ||| 7|||| 7|++||
| l||||-||7|7|||+|||||




Jeevaka and Rishabhaka are strength promoting, cooling and spermatopoetic. They
aggravate Kapha. They cure aggravated Pitta, daaha (burning syndrome), vitiated blood, kaarshya
(emaciation), shosha (consumption) and kshaya (phthisis).






















































||| (Microstylis wallichi)