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# Assignment foi N-Su1

Page 1

Complex Analysis

1. Show that the function (z) = z is continuous at z = u but not differentiable there.
2. Does there exist a function which differentiable at some point but no-where analytic?
Give justification with examples.
3. Show that the function u(x, y) = x
2
+y cant be a real part of any analytic function.
4. Prove that the function u = 2x - x
3
+ Sxy
2
is harmonic and find its harmonic
conjugate and hence corresponding analytic function. [Ans:(z) = 2z - z
3
+ ic].
5. Verify that the real and imaginary parts of the following functions satisfy the Cauchy -
Riemann equations and thus deduce the analyticity of each function :
(a) (z) = z
2
+ Siz + S - i , (b) f(z) = ze
-z
, (c) f(z) = sin 2z.
6. Determine which of the following functions u are harmonic. For each harmonic
function find the conjugate harmonic function v and express u + iv as an analytic
function of z.
(a) 3x
2
y + 2x
2
y
3
2y
2
, (b) 2xy + 3xy
2
2y
3
, (c) xe
x
cos y ye
x
sin y,
7. An electrostatic field in the xy-plane is given by the potential function = x
2
y
2
, find
the stream function.
8. If w = + i represents the complex potential for an electric field and
2 2
2 2
x
y x
x
y
+
+ = determine the function .
9. Show that the functions (z) = Rc z, Im z, z are no-where analytic.
10. Show that (z) = |z|
2
is differentiable at z = u only and consequently no-where
analytic.
11. State Taylors Theorem. Expand z Sin z f = ) ( in Taylors series about z =
n
4
.
12. Evaluate ( )

+
c
dz iy x
2 2
around the circle |z| = 2.
13. Determine the angle of rotation and scalar factor at the point z = 1 + i under the map
w = z
2
.
14. Show that w =
5-4z
4z-2
is a bilinear transformation and it maps |z| = 1 into the circle of
radius unity and centre -
1
2
.
15. Show that w =
-z
z+1
is a bilinear transformation and it maps |z| = 1 into the real axis
of the w-plane.
Assignment foi N-Su1

Page 2

16. Show that w =
z-1
1+z
is a bilinear transformation and it maps the img. oxis in the z-
plane onto the circle|w| = 1.
17. Expand f(z) =
) 2 )( 1 ( + + z z
z
about z = -2 and find the radius of convergence.
18. Obtain the Laurent series which represents the function
) 3 )( 2 (
1
2
+ +

z z
z
, 2 < |z| <3.

19. Define non-isolated essential singularity and give examples to justify.
20. State Cauchys Integral formula and use it to evaluate the following integrals
i) dz
z
e
z
z

=1
ii) dz
z
z
z

=

2
2
1
iii) dz
z z
z

=

2
3
) 1 (
1
iv) dz
z
e z Sin
z
z

=1

21. Evaluate dz
z
e
C
z

4
2
) 1 (
, where C is the circle |z| =
2
3
.
22. Evaluate dz
z z z
z
C

) 3 ( ) 1 (
3 4
, where C is the circle |z| =
2
5
.
23. Using Cauchys Residue theorem evaluate dz
z z z
z
C

) 3 ( ) 1 (
1 2
, where C is the circle |z|
=2.
24. State and prove Cauchys Integral Formula.
25. Find out the values following integrals:
(i) 2 : ;
) )( 9 (
2
=

Z C dz
i z z
z
C
(ii) dz
z
e
i z
z

=
+
2
2
4

(iii) ; 2 : ;
3
=

Z C dz
z
e
C
iz
(iv) ) 3 ( ; 1 1 : ;
1
2
2
2
i Ans Z C dz
z
z z
C
=

(v) )
! 5
2
( ; 2 : ;
6
i
Ans Z C dz
z
Sinz
C

(vi) ) 4 ( ; 3 circle the is ;
) 2 )( 1 (
cos
2
i Ans Z C where dz
z z
z
C

Assignment foi N-Su1

Page S

26. Find the nature of the singularity:
(i)
Cosz -
1
) (
z Sin
z f = at
4

= z (ii)
z
e z f
1
) ( = at 0 = z (iii)
z
z
) (
Sin
z f = at 0 = z
(iv) = = z at ) (
z
e z f

(v)
z
e - 1
1
) ( = z f (vi)
2
1
) (
z
ze z f =
(vii)

=
1
1 ) 2 (
) (
2
z
Sin
z
z
z f

(viii) (z) = Cot
1
z
, ot z = u.
27. State Laurents theorem. Expand
) 2 )( 1 (
1
) (

=
z z
z f in the region
(o) 1 < Z (b) 2 1 < < Z (c) 2 > Z

Assignment foi N-Su1

Fourier Series

1. Expand the function (x) = x
2
, x e |- n, n]onJ (x + 2n) = (x), xeR in
Fourier Series and hence deduce the following
i)
n
2
6
= _
1
n
2
n>1

ii)
n
2
8
= _
1
(2n+1)
2
n>0

iii)
n
2
12
= _ (-1)
n+1
1
n
2
n>1
.
2. Expand the function (x) = x sin x, x e |- n, n]onJ (x + 2n) = (x), x e R
in Fourier Series and hence deduce the following
n
4
=
1
2
+
1
1.3
-
1
3.5
+
1
5.7
-
3. Find a Fourier Sine series of the function (x) = x , x e ju,
n
2
[
4. Expand the function (x) = _
x x e |u, n]
-n x e |-n, u)

## onJ (x + 2n) = (x), x e R in

Fourier Series and hence deduce the following

n
2
8
= _
1
(2n+1)
2
n>0

5. Determine the half range sine series for the function(t), wbcrc (t) = t + t
2
, t e
|u, n]. [Also find half range cosine series].
6. Determine the Fourier series for the periodic triangle function : |-
1
2
,
1
2
] - R with
period T, where(x) = _
1 -
|x|
u
|x| o
u o < |x|
1
2

## onJ (x +I) = (x), x e R.

[Try to draw the graph for the extended function.]
7. Write the Fourier series of a function (in standard format) in complex form and give
justification with example where this form can be used.
8. Can you find the Fourier series of a function : |-l, l] - R witb pcrioJ 2l. Give
justification. Now suppose you are given a non-periodic function; can you express
the function in Fourier series?
9. Find the complex Fourier series for the function
(x) = c
x
, x e |-n, n] onJ (x + 2n) = (x).
10. Find the half-range cosine series for c
x
, u < x < 1.

Assignment foi N-Su1

Page S

Ordinary Differential Equations

1. Prove that sin2x onJ cos 2x are solutions of the differential equation (
2
+
4
)
y = u onJ these are linearly independent.
2. Show that (
2
- 2 +2)y = u has exactly two linearly independent solutions.
[These are c
x
sinx onJ c
x
cos x. ] Find the solution y(x)witb y(u) = 2, y
i
(u) =
-S.
3. Show LhaL Lhe funcLlons c
x
sinx onJ e
x
cos x are llnearly lndependenL soluLlons
of a 2
nd
order CuL. WrlLe down Lhe general soluLlon y(x). Also flnd
y(x) witb tbc conJitions y(u) = 2, y (u) = -S.
4. Suppose w(y
1,
y
2
; x) = u or somc x, can the functions y
1
onJ y
2
be linearly
independent solutions of a 2
nd
order ODE? If yes, generalize the result.
5. Show that the functions x
2
onJ x
2
log x are linearly independent and form an ODE
whose solutions are these functions. [Hint. General soln of the required ODE will
be y = Ax
2
+ B x
2
log x , A, B-arbitrary const. Eliminate A & B to get the ODE].
6. Show that c
x
onJ c
-x
are linearly independent solutions of (
2
- 1)y = u on any
interval.
7. Solve the ODE |x
2
- (2x - 1) + (x - 1)]y = u , in terms of known integral.
[Hint. By inspection, find the known integral].
8. Solve the following ODE in terms of known integral:
i) |x
2
+ (1 -x) - 1]y = c
x

ii) |
2
- x
2
+ x ] y = x
iii) (x
2

2
+ x - 9 )y = u, gi:cn tbot y = x
3
is o solution.
9. Solve the following ODE by method of variations of parameters:
i) |
2
+ o
2
]y = sec ox
ii) |
2
+ 1]y = cosec x
iii) (x
2

2
+ x - 1 )y = x
2
c
x
, gi:cn tbot y = x onJ y =
1
x
orc two inJ. solutions.
iv) (
2
- S + 2 )y =
c
x
1+c
x
.
10. Solve the following simultaneous differential equations:
i) ( - 7)x + y = u, ( - S)y - 2x = u;
d
dt

ii) ( + S)x + y = c
t
, ( + S)y - x = c
2t
;
d
dt

iii) (
2
- S)x - 4y = u, (
2
+ 1)y + x = u;
d
dt

iv) ( + 2)x + ( + 1)y = u, ( + S)y + Sx = u;
d
dt
.
11. Give the geometrical interpretation of the equations

dx
P
=
d

=
dz
R
; P, , R orc unctions o x, y, z.
Assignment foi N-Su1

12. Let y = u onJ y = : be two linearly independent soln of (
2
+ P + )y = u
then show that w(u, :) = Ac
-]Pdx
, A bcing o constont.
13. Solve the following simultaneous differential equations:
i)
dx
x
=
d

2
=
dz
xz-2x
2

ii)
dx
(1+)
=
d
1+x
=
dz
z

iii)
dx
x
2
=
d

2
=
dz
ux

iv)
dx
(z+)
=
d
z+x
=
dz
x+

v)
xdx
(z
2
-2z-
2
)
=
d
+z
=
dz
-z
.

Partial Differential Equations

1. Form PDE from the following system of curves
i) z = (x + o)(y + b); o, b orc orb. const.
ii) z = o(x + y) + b(x - y) + obt + c; o, b, c orc orb const.
iii) lx + my + nz = (x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
); is on orb unction.
iv) y = (x - ot) + g(x + ot); onJ g orc orb. unctions.
v) y = (x + ot) + xg(x + ot); onJ g orc orb. unctions.
2. Solve the following first order PDE by Lagranges Method
i) (y
2
+ z
2
- x
2
)p - 2xyq + 2zx = u
ii) z
2
- pz +qz + (x +y)
2
= u
iii) xp + yq = z
iv) x
2
p + y
2
q = z
2

v) x
2
p + y
2
q = (x + y)z.

3. Verify that the equations z
xx
- z

## = u is reduced to the form z

u
= u by the
transformations u =
1
2
(x + y)onJ : =
1
2
(x - y).
4. Solve the following homogeneous PDE(with Constant Coefficients)
i) (
3
- 6
2

+11

2
- 6

3
)z = u
ii) (
3
- 4
2

+ 4

2
)z = u
iii) (
4
-

4
)z = u
iv) 2Sr - 4us + 16t = u
v) r + 2s + t = u
vi) (
2
+ S

+ 2

2
)z = x + y
vii) (
2
+

2
)z = 12(x + y)
viii) ( +

)
2
z = c
2x+3

ix) ( +

)
2
z = c
2x+3

Assignment foi N-Su1

Page 7

x) ( -

)
2
z = sin(x +y).
xi)

2
z
x
2
-

2
z
x
= cos x cos 2y

5. Transform each of the following PDEs to the corresponding canonical form and justify
the necessity
i) 2r + 6s + St +p = u
ii) r - 2s + t + Sp - q = u
iii) r - t = u
iv) x
2
r - y
2
t = u
v) z
xx
=
1
c
2
z
tt
, c u
vi) r + 2s + t = u
vii) r + 2xs + x
2
t = u
viii) r + x
2
t = u
ix) y
2
r + x
2
t = u
x) r + y
2
t = y.

6. Determine the region within the xy -plonc in which the following linear second order
PDEs in z = z(x, y) are hyperbolic, parabolic or elliptic. Transform the equation in
each region to the corresponding canonical form.
i) yr - xt = u, y = u, x u
ii) x
2
y
2
r + 2xys + t = u.

7. Reduce the one-dimensional wave equation z
xx
=
1
c
2
z
tt
, c u to its canonical form
and hence find its general solution. [First part same as Q. No. -5 (v).]

Multiple and Vector Integration

1. Give the Geometrical interpretation of Double integration (x, y)JxJy
R
,
wbcrc R = |o, b] |c, J].
2. Evaluate (x, y)JxJy
R
, for the following functions:
i) (x, y) = y
3
cos
2
x; R = j-
n
2
, n[ |1,2].
ii) (x, y) = sin(x + y) ; R = |u, n] |u,2n].
iii) (x, y) = yc
x
; R = |-1,1] |u,1].

Assignment foi N-Su1

3. If D is a plate defined by 1 x 2, u y 1(measured in cm), and the mass density
is(x, y) = yc
x
grams per square cm, integrate over D to find the mass of the plate.
4. Find the volume under the graph of (x, y) = x
2
+ y and lying above the rectangle
R = |u,1] |1,2].
5. Evaluate xy(x + y)JxJy

## , where D is the region bounded by y = x

2
onJ y =
x.
6. Evaluate x(x + y)JxJy

## , where D is the region bounded by y = x

2
onJ y =
u onJ x =
1
2

7. By changing the order of integration evaluate the following integrals:

2u
0
(x
2
+ y
2
)JxJy
3u-

2
4u
onJ
1
0
1 - y
2
JyJx
1-x
2
0

8. Express the unit ball B = (x, y, z): x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
1 in R
3
as an elementary region
9. Evaluate
xyzJxJyJz

where W is the region defined by x
2
+ y
2
1, u z x
2
+ y
2
.
10. Evaluate
xJxJyJz

where W is the region bounded by the planes x = u, y = u, onJ z = 2 and the surface
z = x
2
+ y
2
and lying in first octant. [Hint. Express the given region in elementary
region as u x 2, u y 2 - x
2
, x
2
+ y
2
z 2 .]
11. Verify Stokes theorem for

= (2x - y, -yz
2
, -y
2
z) , where S is the upper half
surface of the sphere x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
= 1 and C is its boundary.
12. State and prove Greens Theorem.
1S. Evaluate
R

. n J,

where is any closed surface and R

= x + y + z

## . [Hint. You can use

Divergence Theorem to find the surface integral and it is equal to
S. olumc o w(rcgion bounJcJ by closcJ surocc).]
14. Let

= (2x, y
2
, z
2
) and S be the surface of the unit sphere. Then evaluate
Assignment foi N-Su1

Page 9

. J

15. Evaluate

. J

, wbcrc = (xy
2
, x
2
y, y)
And S is the surface of the can W defined by x
2
+ y
2
1, -1 z 1.
[Hint. It is easier to use the Divergence Theorem. This is equal to
(

x
2
+ y
2
)JxJyJz =
1
-1
(x
2
+y
2
)JxJy
x
2
+
2
1
Jz onJ onswcr is n. ]
16. Let

= (Sx y
2
, Sx
2
y, z
3
) and S be the surface of the unit sphere. Then evaluate

. J

17. e cuive tht ounus iegion B, then show tht the ie o B is
1
2
xJy -yJx
C

|Bint. 0se uieen's Theoiem to inu the conclusion.]
18. veiiy uieen's theoiem oi P(x, y) = x, (x, y) = xy on ( is the unit uisc.)
19. Let e the ounuiy o the squie |u,1] |u,1] oiienteu counteiclockwise.
Evlute
(y
4
+ x
3
)Jx + 2x
6
Jy.
C