Anda di halaman 1dari 18

The Epistle of

Barnabas
Barnabas, an apostle of Christ, bid you
greetings to the sons and daughters in the name of the Lord, with the blessings of Peace and Love. Having received an exceedingly great abundance of knowledge of the ordinances of God which now work in you, therefore I exceedingly rejoice in your blessed and admirable state of your souls, because you have so worthily received the Grace of Jesus Christ which was grafted into you.
2

few words to you, that along with your Faith you might have your knowledge also perfected. Well then, these are three ordinances of the Lord -the hope of Eternal Life, which is the beginning and end of our Faith; and secondly Righteousness through Him, which is the beginning and end of Judgment; and lastly Love shown in gladness and exultation, and is the testimony of the works of Righteousness.
6

For this reason I must congratulate myself hoping to also be saved; inasmuch I truly see the Spirit of Salvation working in you which was produced by the confession of the Word in your mouths and the greatness of joy of that Word you have received which flows in you like water from the Fountain of God. So great was the much desired effect of His Word in you that was I not astonished in respect of you?
3

For the Lord was made known to us by His prophets these things past and present, giving us likewise the first fruits of the taste of things to come. And seeing each of these things continuously coming to pass, according as He spoke, we ought to offer a richer and higher offering to the fear of Him. But I, not as though I were a teacher, but as one of yourselves, will show forth a few things, whereby you shall be gladdened in the present circumstances.
7

2 Seeing then that the days ahead are exceedingly full of evil, and that the Adversary himself has the power of this present World, we therefore ought to take heed of ourselves and to seek out the ordinances of the Lord. The aids of our Faith then are godly fear and patience, and our allies are long-suffering and self-restraint.
2

Being therefore persuaded by this, and being aware of that which I have said much among you I know that the Lord has journeyed with me on the way of righteousness, and I have fully constrained myself to this, to love you more than my own soul (for great faith and love dwells in you through the hope of the Eternal Life which is His)
4

While these abide in a pure spirit in matters relating to the Lord, wisdom, understanding, logic, and knowledge rejoice with them.
3

--considering this therefore, that, if it shall be my care to communicate to you some portion of that which I received, it shall return to my reward for having ministered to such good souls, for I was eager to write a
5

For He has made it known to us by all the prophets that He wanted neither sacrifices nor whole burnt offerings nor oblations, saying at one time:
4

To what purpose is the multitude of Your sacrifices to Me? Says the Lord.

I am full of the burnt-offerings of rams And the fat of fed cattle. I do not delight in the blood of bulls, Or of lambs or goats.
6

So we ought to come to the realization of that being said, unless we are without understanding, and consider thereby being mindful of the goodness of our Father; for He has spoken to us, desiring us not to go astray like them but to seek how we may approach Him.
11 12

Thus therefore He bespeaks to us

When you come to appear before Me,

Who has required this from your hand, To trample My courts? Bring no more futile sacrifices; Incense is an abomination to Me.
7

The sacrifices of God is a broken heart which offers up tears, and the smell of a sweet savor unto the Lord is a heart that glorifies and sings to its Maker. We ought to therefore, brethren, learn and be grounded accurately concerning our Salvation, lest the Evil One having deprave us should cause us to be cast away from our Eternal Life.

The New Moons, the Sabbaths, And the calling of the assemblies-

3 He spoke again therefore to them concerning these things: Why do you fast for Me? Is it to make so that your voice is heard on High? This is not the fast which have chosen, says the Lord Nor have I chosen a day for a man afflict his soul;
2

I cannot endure iniquity And the sacred meeting. Your New Moons And your appointed feasts My Soul hates. These things therefore He annulled, that the new law of our Lord Yeshua HaMashiach, being free from the yoke of constraint, might have its oblation not made by human hands.
8 9

And He said again to them:

As though you should bend your neck as a bulrush, And put on sackcloth and make your bed of ashes; Would you call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the Lord?
3

For I did not speak to your fathers, Or command them in that day that I brought Them out of the land of Egypt, to bring Me Whole burnt offerings and sacrifices? Nay, this is what I commanded them, saying,
10

But based upon this He therefore says to us:

Let none of you bear a grudge of evil Against his neighbor in his heart, And do not love a false oath.

Is this not the fast that I have chosen: To loosen the bonds of wickedness, To undo the heavy burdens, To let the oppressed go free, And that you break every yoke? Is it not to share your bread with the hungry, And that you bring to your house the poor who are cast out;
4

When you see the naked, that you cover him, And not hide yourself from your own flesh? Then your light shall break forth like the morning, Your healing shall spring forth speedily, And your righteousness shall go before you; The glory of the Lord shall be your rear guard. Then you shall call, and the Lord will answer; You shall cry, and He will say, Here I am.
5

like them. The consummation of sin is at hand, concerning which the Scripture spoke, as Enoch said, For to this end the Master has cut the seasons and the days short, that His beloved might hasten and come to His Inheritance.
3

If you take away the yoke from your midst, The pointing of the finger, and speaking wickedness, If you extend your soul to the hungry And satisfy the afflicted soul, 7 Then your light shall dawn in the darkness, And your darkness shall be as the noonday .
6

And the prophet also spoke on this subject, saying, Ten reigns shall reign upon the earth, and after them shall arise another king, who shall bring low three of the kings under one.
4

In like manner Daniel spoke concerning the same thing:


5

To this end therefore, my brethren, God has shown that he is long-suffering, foreseeing that the people ( both Jew and Gentile ) whom He had prepared in His well-beloved Son would believe in simplicity of His Word, manifested to us beforehand concerning all things, that we might not become as proselytes shipwrecking ourselves upon Jewish law.
8

A fter this I saw in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, exceedingly strong. It had huge iron teeth; it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet. It was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns. I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words.
6

4 Seeing that it behooves us to investigate


deeply concerning this present world, and to search out the things which have the power to save us. Let us therefore flee altogether from all the works of lawlessness, least the works of the Lawless One overpower us; and let us loathe the errors of this present time, that we may be happy in that which is to come. Let us give no relaxation to our soul that it should have liberty to consort with sinners and wicked men, least we haplessly become
2

Therefore you ought to understand this. For moreover I ask you this one thing, as though being one of you and loving you more particularly than all my own soul; to give heed to yourselves now and not become like certain persons who pile up sin upon sin, saying that our Covenant remains to them also.
7

Ours is the one true Covenant of God, but they lost it in this way forever, when Moses had just received it. For the scripture says,
8

And Moses was in the mountain fasting forty days and forty nights, and he received the Covenant from the Lord, even tablets of stone written with the finger of the hand of the Lord.

But they lost it by turning away to idols. For thus said the Lord, Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves. They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, This is your god, O Israel that brought you out of the land of Egypt! And Moses understood, and threw the two tables from his hands; and their covenant was broken in pieces, that the covenant of the beloved Jesus might be sealed upon our hearts in the Hope which springs from Faith in Him.
10

But though I would gladly write many things, not as a teacher, but as to become one who loves you nothing short of that which we possess, it was my anxious desire to write to you, being your devoted servant. Therefore let us give heed to these last days that are coming because the whole time of our Faith shall profit us nothing; unless we now in this season of lawlessness and in the days of offenses which are come, become sons of God and offer resistance to sin so that the Evil One may not overtake us and rob us of our Eternal Life.
11

us strive to keep His commandments that we may rejoice in His ordinances. 14 The Lord will judge the World without respect of persons, and each man shall receive according to his deeds. If a man shall have goodness in his heart, his righteousness shall go before him; if wicked, the reward of wickedness shall follow him. 15 Take heed therefore that we are not sitting idle now that we have been called by God, least we should fall asleep in our sins, and the Prince of Evil receive power against us and thrust us out from the Kingdom of the Lord. 16 Consider this also, my brothers, which you have seen so many signs and wonders done among the people of Israel, even though they have abandoned their Messiah, let us give heed, least we carelessly be found in error, as the scripture says, many are called but few are chosen.

5 For this reason did our Lord vouchsafe to


us by giving up His body to destruction, that through the forgiveness of sins we might be sanctified; that is, by the sprinkling of His blood. 2 For the Scripture concerning Him contained some things relating to Israel, and some things relating to us. And it spoke as thus: Surely He has borne our grief And carried our sorrows; Yet we esteemed Him stricken, Smitten by God, and afflicted. But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, 3 And by His stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned, every one, to his own way; And the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all. 4 He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He opened not His mouth; He was led as a lamb to the slaughter, And as a sheep before its shearers is silent, So He opened not His mouth.

Let us flee from all vanity, let us entirely hate the works of the evil way. Do not withdraw yourself from others, as if you were already justified; but coming altogether into one place, inquire what is agreeable to and profitable for the Beloved of God.
12
13

For thus the Scripture says:

Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes, And prudent in their own sight! Let us become spiritual, let us become a perfect temple to God. As much potential as we have which lies in us, let us exercise ourselves in the godly fear of God, and let

Therefore we ought to be very thankful to the Lord, for that He both revealed to us those things past, and made us wise in the present day in regards to the future and has not made us to suffer without knowing those things to come. 6 But to them have not turned from evil He says:
5

Surely, in vain the net is spread In the sight of any bird. He meant by this that a man shall justly perish, who having the knowledge of the way of righteousness has not refrained himself from the way of darkness. 8 There is this also, my brethren, for if the Lord was content to suffer for our souls, although He be the Lord God of the whole Earth; to whom the Father said before the foundation of the World, Let us make man after our image and likeness, how then did He endure to suffer at the hands of men? 9 Understand this, brethren, which the prophets having received the Spirit of Grace from Him, prophesied concerning Him. But He Himself endured that He might destroy Death and make known the resurrection of the dead; being content, for as it was necessary, to appear in the flesh, 10 that at the same time He might make good on the Promise made to the fathers, and thereby preparing Himself a new people in the Earth; where He might demonstrate to them while He was upon the earth that He would after His resurrection come to judge the World. 11 And finally teaching the people of Israel, and doing many signs and wonders among them; He preached to them, and showed the exceeding great Love of God which he bore towards them.
7

If He had not come in the flesh neither would men have looked upon Him and be saved, they would have beheld him as though they looking upon the sun and they would have cease to be, which is the work of His own hands, for they could not endure to face the light of its rays. 14 To this end therefore He endured. For God said of the wounds of His flesh that they came from them:
13

W hen they shall smite their own shepherd, then shall the sheep of the flock be lost. Thus He Himself desired so to suffer, because it behooved Him to suffer on a tree. For he that prophesied said concerning Him, Deliver me from the sword, my precious life from the power of the dog, and, For dogs have surrounded Me; the congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me. They pierced My hands and My feet; I can count all My bones. They look and stare at Me. 16 And again He said:
15

I gave My back to those who struck Me, And My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting.

And when He had fulfilled the command-

ment of God. What says He? For thus He says: He is near who justifies Me; Who will contend with Me? Let us stand together. Who is My adversary? Let him come near Me. Surely the Lord GOD will help Me; Who is he who will condemn Me? And again the prophet said, seeing that as a hard stone He was ordained for crushing:
2

And when He chose His own apostles who were to proclaim His Gospel, He took men who had been very great sinners that He might show that, I came not to call the righteous but sinners to repentance., then He manifested Himself to them to be the Son of God.
12

Behold, I lay in Zion a stone for a foundation, A tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation; He will be as a sanctuary, But a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense To both the houses of Israel.

Then again what did He say, was it, A nd whoever shall believe in His Word and hope in Him, shall live forever? Is our hope then set upon a stone? Far be it. But it is because the Lord has set His flesh in Strength. For He said, A nd He set Me as a hard rock. 4 Then again what did He say, was it, A nd whoever shall believe in His Word and hope in Him, shall live forever? Is our hope then set upon a stone? Far be it. But it is because the Lord has set His flesh in Strength. For He said, A nd He set Me as a hard rock. 5 I write these things all the more plainly to you that you may understand. For indeed my love is great for you, and I would be content even to die for your sakes. 6 But what does the prophet again? Thus it is written, The assembly of wicked has enclosed Me, they surrounded Me as bees surround a comb, and; For My garment they cast a lot. 7 Forasmuch then as He was about to appear in the flesh and be made to suffer, His suffering was manifested beforehand. For the prophet said concerning Israel:
3

Now what is the spiritual meaning of this, listen and learn; it is as if it had been said, Put your Hope and Faith in Jesus whom you have not seen yet, who shall be manifested to you in the flesh. For a man is of the Earth having sufferings, inasmuch as out of the substance of the Earth that Adam was formed. 10 What therefore does He mean when He says, Go into the good land, a land flowing with milk and honey? Blessed is our Lord, brethren, who established among us wisdom and understanding of His secret things. For the prophet spoke a parable concerning the Lord,
9

Who shall understand the hard sayings of the Lord? But he that is wise, and intelligent and that has love for his Lord? Seeing therefore He has renewed us by the remission of our sins, He has made us like new children of God; that we should have souls like those of children who above all things at first are innocent, trusting, and mirroring their parents as they grow thereby He is also being formed in us. 12 For the Scripture said concerning us, how He said to the Son:
11

Let Us make man in our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth. And the Lord said when He saw the fair creation of us men: Increase and multiply and fill the earth. These words refer to the Son. Again I will show you how the Lord spoke concerning us. He made a second creation at the last, for the Lord said. Behold I make the last things as the first. In reference to this the Prophet then spoke, Enter into a land flowing with milk and honey, and be lords over it. 14 Behold then we have been made new creatures, as He said again to another prophet; Behold, said the Lord, I will take out from
13

W oe unto their soul, for they have counseled an evil counsel against themselves, saying, Let us bind the Righteous One, for he is unprofitable for us.
8

What does Moses say to them?

Behold, these things said the Lord God; enter into the good land which the Lord swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and inherit it, a land flowing with milk and honey.

these, that is to say, from those whom the Spirit of the Lord foresaw their stony hearts, and I will put into them the hearts of flesh; for He Himself was to be manifested in the flesh and to dwell in us. 15 For a holy temple to the Lord, my brethren, is the abode of our heart. 16 For the Lord said again: For wherein shall I appear to the Lord my God and be glorified? I will make confession to You in the assembly of my brethren, and I will sing to You in the midst of the assembly of the saints. We therefore are they whom He brought into the Good Land. 17 What then signifies the milk and the honey? Because as the child is nourished first by honey, and then by milk. So in like manner are we also, being kept alive by the belief in our Faith in the Promise and by the Word, shall live and be lords of the Good Land. Now we have already said above, A nd let them increase and multiply and rule over beasts, fowls, and the fishes. But who is there now that is able to rule over beasts and fishes and fowls of the heaven; for we thought to perceive that to rule implied power, so it is that one who should give orders and have dominion. 19 If this then does not come not to pass now, then assuredly He spoke to us for the hereafter, when we ourselves shall be made perfect so that we may become heirs of the covenant of the Lord.
18

let us therefore believe that the Son of God could not have suffered except for our sakes. 3 But moreover when crucified, He was given vinegar and gall to Him to drink. Let us hear how on this matter that the priests of the temple foreshow this also. Seeing that there is a commandment in Scripture,, W hatsoever shall not observe the fast shall surely die, the Lord commanded, because He was in His own person about to offer the vessel of His Spirit as a sacrifice for our sins, that spiritual type was also given which was in Isaac who was offered by Abraham upon the alter that a final sacrifice for the people should be fulfilled. 4 What then did He say to the prophet? A nd let them eat of the goat that is offered at the fast for all their sins. Followed carefully by; A nd let all the priests alone eat the entrails unwashed with vinegar. Take heed diligently, my brethren, for all the priests, and they shall not only eat the flesh but the inwards as well washed with vinegar. 6 Why is this so? Because I know that when He had offered His flesh for the sins of a new people, they gave Him vinegar to drink mixed with gall; therefore not only do you eat he flesh but the inwards as well while the people fasted and lamented in sackcloth and ashes. 7 And this was done that He might foreshow that He was to suffer for them, hear then how He appointed it. 8 Pay attention to the commandments which He gave, Take two goats, fair and alike, and offer them, and let the priest take the one for a whole burnt offering for sins. 9 And what must be done with the other? A ccursed, says He, is the one. Consider how this is the spiritual type of Lord Jesus that is revealed. 10 And let all the congregation spit upon it, and prick it; and put the scarlet wool about its head, and thus let it be carried forth into the wilderness. And when it is so done, he will take the goat into the wilderness thereby leading it, and take off the scarlet wool, and put it upon the branch of a plant which is called gooseberry, it is a bush whose spouts are prickly and we dont eat of them when we find them
5

7 Understand this, my beloved children,


which the good Lord manifested all things to us beforehand, for so we might know to whom we ought to give thanksgiving and praise to Him. 2 If then the Son of God, being Lord and future Judge of the living and dead, suffered that His wounds might give us Eternal Life,

in the countryside. But this bush alone produces much fruit that is sweet. 11 What then is meant by all this? Consider this, The one was offered at the altar, and the other accursed. And why was the one which was the accursed crowned? For they shall see Him in that day wearing the long scarlet robe about His flesh, and shall say, Is not this He, whom we once crucified and having despised and spat upon Him; certainly this was He who then said that He was the Son of God. 12 For how is He like the goat? For this reason it says, the goats shall be fair and alike, that He being neither extraordinary nor marvelous but fair; they shall when they see Him coming again, may be astonished at His fairness in the likeness of the goat. Therefore the goat is a spiritual type of Jesus that was to suffer. 13 But what is the meaning that they place the scarlet wool in the midst of the thorns? It is a spiritual type of Jesus set forth for the Church. For whoever should desire to have the scarlet wool taken away must undergo many difficulties, because those thorns are very sharp, it therefore behooved the Messiah to suffer many things for the debt due to the terrible nature of the thorns, and through affliction He won the mastery over it. Thus, He said, they that desire to see Me, and to inherit My kingdom, must also suffer for Me through tribulation, persecution and affliction.

offer it, being sinners, are they that offered Him for the slaughter of the crucifixion. Afterwards they have no more to do with Him, for sinners have no more honor in the handling of the slaughter. 3 The children who sprinkle are they that preached to us the forgiveness of sins and the purification of our heart, they to whom, being twelve in number for a testimony to the tribes (for there are twelve tribes of Israel), He gave authority over the Gospel, that they should preach it. 4 But why were there three children appointed to sprinkle? For a testimony to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, because these men are mighty before God. 5 Then there is the placing the wool on the tree. This means that the Kingdom of Jesus is on the cross, and that they who set their hope on Him shall live forever. 6 And why was there the scarlet wool and the hyssop together at the same time? Because in His Kingdom there shall be evil and foul days, in which we shall be saved; for he who suffers ailment in the flesh is healed of the foulness through the hyssop. 7 Therefore these things being thus done, for so are to us indeed evident, but to the people of Israel they are obscure: because they hearkened not to the Voice of the Lord .

9 So furthermore He said concerning our


ears, how it is our heart which He circumcised. The Lord said to the prophet, W ith the hearing of the ears they listened to Me. And again He said: Hear, you who are afar off, what I have done; And you who are near, acknowledge My might. And: Circumcise yourselves, and take away the foreskins of your heart, says the Lord.
2

8 But what do you suppose it is meant by


this spiritual type? Where the commandment is given to Israel that those men, whose sins are full grown, offer a heifer and slaughter and burn it; and then that the children take up the ashes, and cast them into vessels, and twist the scarlet wool onto a tree (see here again is the type of the cross and the scarlet wool), and the hyssop. And when that this done the children sprinkle the people one by one, that they may be purified from their sins. 2 Consider this, how in all plainness it is spoken to you; the calf is Jesus, the men that

And again He said:

Hear, O Israel, for thus said the Lord your God. W ho is he that desires to live forever, let him hear with his ears the voice of My servant. And again He said: Hear, O heaven, and give ear, O earth, for the Lord has spoken these things for a testimony. And again He said: Hear the words of the Lord, you princes of this people. And again He said: Hear, O my children, the voice of one crying in the wilderness. Therefore He circumcised our ears so that we should in hearing the Word of God might believe. 3 But as for the circumcision in which they have confidence, it is abolished; for He has said that a circumcision not of the flesh should be practiced. For they have transgressed His commandments, because the Evil One has deceived.
4

bian and even the Egyptian and all their priests of the idols thereof are also included among the circumcised. But do they also belong therefore of the covenant of Israel? 6 Understand therefore, my children, these things more fully, that Abraham who first appointed circumcision, looked forward in the Spirit to Jesus, when he circumcised having received the ordinances of three letters. 7 For the Scripture said: A nd A braham circumcised eighteen males and three hundred of his household. What then was the knowledge given to him? Understand this that He said the eighteen first, and then after an interval three hundred. In the eighteen 'I' stands for ten, 'H' for eight. Here you have JESUS (IHSOYS). And because the cross in the 'T' was to have Grace, He said also three hundred. So He revealed Jesus in the two letters, and the remaining one in the cross. 8 He who has put the engrafted gift of His Covenant within us, knows that I could never taught to anyone a more certain Truth than this; therefore I trust that you are worthy of it.

10 But why did Moses say this? :


Y ou shall not eat of the swine, neither eagle or falcon; nor the crow; nor any creature of the water that has no fins or scales upon him, The answer is this, which he received in his spiritual understanding, he gathered comprehension of the three ordinances. 2 Besides which He further said to them in Deuteronomy: And I will lay as a covenant upon this people My ordinances. Therefore be careful to observe them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.

He said to them:

Thus said the Lord your God, Break up your fallow ground, and do not sow among thorns, circumcise yourselves to your Lord.
And what said He? Circumcise the hardness of your heart, and harden not your neck. Take this again: Behold, says the Lord, all the Gentiles are uncircumcised in their foreskin, but this people is uncircumcised in their hearts. But will you say that in truth all the people of Israel have been circumcised as a sign? But so likewise is every Syrian, Ara5

So then it is not a commandment of God that they should not physically bite with their teeth, but Moses spoke it in Spirit. 3 Accordingly he mentioned the swine with this intent that, You shall not join yourself to such persons who are like swine; for while they live in pleasure, and wallow in filth and decadence they forget the Lord their God; but when they are in want they recognize the Lord, just as the swine does when it eats therefore forgets his lord, but when it is hungry it cries out, but when it has received food it is silent again. 4 Neither, says he, shall you eat of the eagle nor the falcon nor the kite nor the crow, that is, You shall not keep company with such men who are not known by others to labor and sweat get food for themselves, but injuriously ravish away the things of others. But in their lawlessness seize what belongs to others, and as if they were walking in guilelessness; they watch and search about for someone to rob in their rapacity, just as these birds alone do not provide food for themselves, but sit idle and seek how they may eat the meat that belonged to others, being pestilent in their evil-doings. 5 And you shall not eat, said He, lamprey nor octopus nor cuttlefish; that is, You shall not, He means, become like such men, who are exceedingly wicked, and have already condemned themselves to death, for they swim in the depths of iniquity, For so as those fishes are accursed, and wallow in the mire, not swimming on the surface like the rest, but dwell on the ground beneath the deep sea. 6 But he also adds, Neither shall you eat of the hare. To what end? To signify this to us, You shall not be an adulterer, nor liken yourself to such persons. For the hare multiples the places of its copulatory every year; and for so many years as it lives, so many places it has multiplied itself. 7 Neither shall you eat the hyena, that is, again, be not an adulterer or a fornicator, nor corrupter of unnatural affections of others; neither liken yourself to such. Why so? Because this animal changes its natural desire and manner from year to year, and becomes at one time male and at another fe-

male. 8 For this reason He has hated the bat also and for good reason. You shall not, He said, become as such men who we hear working with their mouths performing unclean acts, neither shall you seek impure women who work iniquity with their mouths. For this animal conceives with its mouth. 9 Concerning meats, Moses therefore received three decrees to this effect and uttered them in a spiritual sense; but they accepted them according to the lust of the flesh, as though they referred to eating in a literal sense. 10 And David also received knowledge of the same three decrees, and said, Blessed is the man who has not gone in the council of the ungodly--even as the fishes go in darkness into the depths; and has not stood in the path of sinners--just as they who pretend to fear the Lord but sin like swine; and has not sat on the seat of the destroyers--as the birds that are seated for prey. You have now the complete lesson concerning eating. 11 Again Moses said, Y ou may eat whatever divides the hoof, having cloven hooves and chewing the cud. What did he mean? He that received the food knows Him that nourishes him, and being full of knowledge they rejoice in him. And in this he spoke well, having respect to the commandment. What therefore, is it that he says? That we should hold steadfastly with those who fear the Lord, with those who meditate in their heart on the knowledge of the Word which they have received, with those who tell of the ordinances of the Lord and keep them, with those who thereby know that meditation is a work of gladness and who chew the cud of the Word of the Lord. But why that which divided the hoof? Because the righteous man both walked in this world, and at the same time looks for the spiritual things of the holy world to come. You see how wise a lawgiver Moses was 12 But how should they thus not know all this, and therefore perceive not to understand them? We, therefore, understanding aright the commandments have perceived thereby tell them as the Lord willed. To this end He circumcised our ears and hearts, that we might understand these things.

11 Now let us inquire whether the Lord


took care to signify beforehand concerning the water and the cross. Now concerning the water it is written in reference to people of Israel, how that they would not receive the baptism which brings confirmation of the remission of sins, but they shall institute another for themselves.
2

The ungodly are not so, but are like the chaff which the wind drives away. Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous. For the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the ungodly shall perish.
7

You perceive how He pointed out the water and the cross at the same time. For this is the meaning:
8

For the prophet said:

Be astonished, O heavens, at this, And be horribly afraid; Be very desolate, says the LORD. For My people have committed two evils: They have forsaken Me, the fountain of living waters, And hewn themselves cisternsbroken cisterns that can hold no water. Is My holy mountain Zion, a desolate wilderness? - For you shall be as a wandering bird casted out of its nest.
3 4

And again the prophet said:

I will go before you, and level mountains and crush gates of brass and break in pieces bolts of iron, and I will give you treasures hidden in darkness, concealed, unseen, that they may know that I, the Lord God who brought out and called you by your name, am the God of Israel. 5 And: Y ou shall dwell in a lofty cave of a strong rock. And: He shall dwell on high: his place of defense shall be the fortress of rocks; bread shall be given him, his waters shall be sure.
6

Blessed are they that set their hope on the cross, and go down into the water; for He spoke of the reward at his proper season; then, said He, I will repay. But now what said He? His leaves shall not fall off ; He meant by this that every word, which shall come forth from you through your mouth in Faith and Love, shall be for the conversion and hope of many believers. 9 And again another prophet said: A nd the land of Jacob was praised above the whole earth. He meant this- He glorifies the vessel of His Spirit. 10 What next said He? A nd there was a river streaming from the right hand, and beautiful trees rose up from it; and whoever shall eat of them shall live forever. 11 What next said He? And there was a river streaming from the right hand, and beautiful trees rose up from it; and whoever shall eat of them shall live forever.

12

In like manner again concerning the cross He is determine to show them in another prophet, who said: And when shall these things be accomplished? The Lord answers, When the tree that has fallen shall rise, and when blood and water shall drop from the tree. Again you have learned concerning the cross, and Him that was to be crucified. And yet further He says again by Moses, when war was waged against Israel by men of another nation, and that He might remind them when the war was being waged against them
2

And again He said in another prophet:

He shall be like a tree Planted by the rivers of water, That brings forth its fruit in its season, Whose leaf also shall not wither; And whatever he does shall prosper.

that for their sins they were delivered to death; for the Spirit said to the heart of Moses, that he should make a type of the cross and of Him that was to suffer, that unless, He said, they shall set their hope on Him, so that they might know that if they did not believe in Him, they would be forever overwhelmed. So when Moses hands became heavy, they took a stone and sat him upon it in the midst of the encounter, and standing on higher ground than anyone he stretched out his hands, and so Israel was again victorious. But whenever he lowered them, they were slain with the sword. 3 Therefore why was this? That they might learn that they cannot be saved, unless they should set their hope on Him. 4 And again in another prophet He said: I have stretched out My hands all day long to a rebellious people, Who walk in a way that is not good, According to their own thoughts 5 And again Moses makes a type of Jesus, to illustrate that He must suffer, and that He Himself whom they shall think is dead shall be made alive in an emblem of the cross which was to give Eternal Life to others, in those that fell in the Good Land of Israel. For the Lord caused all manner of serpents to bite them, and they died; since it was by a serpent that transgression began in Eve, therefore it was so that He might convince them that by reason of their transgression they should be delivered over to the affliction of Death. 6 Furthermore Moses who then them gave the commandment, Y ou shall not have a molten or a carved image for your god, yet he himself made one that he might show them a type of Yeshua. So Moses makes a brazen serpent, and set it up high conspicuously, and summoned the people by proclamation. 7 When therefore they were assembled together they entreated Moses that he should offer up intercession for them that they might be healed. And Moses said to them, Whenever, said he, one of you shall be bitten, let him come to the serpent which is placed on the tree, and let him believe and

hope that the serpent being himself dead can make you alive; and here forth he shall be saved. And so they did. Here again you have in these things also the Glory of Jesus shown, how that in Him and to Him are all things. 8 Again what does Moses say to Jesus, that is, Joshua the son of Nun, when he gives him this name; for being a prophet that all the people might give ear to him alone, because the Father manifested all things concerning His Son Jesus in Jesus the son of Nun, and gave him that name when he sent out to spy out the land of Canaan.? 9 Moses therefore said to Jesus the son of Nun, giving him this name, when he sent him as a spy on the land, Take a book in your hands, and write what the Lord says, how the Son of God shall cut up by the roots all the house of Amalek in the last days. 10 Behold again it is Jesus, not a son of man, but the Son of God, as He was revealed figuratively in the flesh. Since then men will say that Christ is the son of David, he himself prophesied being afraid and understanding the error of sinners; The Lord God said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand, until I make your enemies for a footstool, said David.
11

And again thus says Isaiah:

The Lord God said to the Anointed One my Lord, of whose right hand I laid hold that the nations should give ear before Him, and I will break down the strength of kings. See how David called Him Lord, and not called Him Son.

13

Now let us see whether this new people or the first people of the covenant has the inheritance, and whether the covenant had reference to us or to them. 2 But first, concerning the people, hear then what the Scripture said: And Isaac prayed concerning Rebecca his wife, for she was barren. And she conceived. Then Rebecca went out to inquire of the Lord. And the Lord said to her, Two nations are in

your womb, and two peoples in your belly, and one people shall vanquish another people, and the greater shall serve the less. 3 You ought to understand who Isaac is, and who Rebecca is, and in whose case He has shown that the one people is greater than the other. 4 And in another prophecy Jacob spoke more plainly to Joseph his son, saying: I had not thought to see your face; But in fact, God has also shown me your offspring! Bring them here to me that I may bless your sons. 5 And he brought Ephraim and Manasseh, desiring that Manasseh should be blessed, because he was the elder; for Joseph led him by the right hand of his father Jacob. But Jacob saw in the spirit a type of the people that should come afterwards. And what said He? A nd Jacob crossed his hands, and placed his right hand on the head of Ephraim, the second and younger, and blessed him. And Joseph said to Jacob, Father, not so, transfer your right hand to the head of Manasseh, for he is my first born son. But Jacob said to Joseph, I know that, my son, I know that all too well; but He shall become a people, and he also shall be great; but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his descendants shall become a multitude of nations. Yet therefore they also both shall be blessed. 6 You see of whom He appointed it, that they should be ordained as the first people and the greater shall serve the lesser, and become also heirs of the covenant. 8 If we know therefore that God has taken this yet further, for He recorded it through Abraham; then our understanding of it will then be perfectly established. What then says the Scripture about Abraham, when he believed, and it was accounted to him for righteousness? For thus says the Scripture: As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many na-

tions. I will make you exceedingly fruitful; and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come from you. And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you.

14

Yes, assuredly, but as regards to the covenant which He swore to the fathers to give it to the people let us see whether He has actually given it. For you see that He has given it, but they themselves were found not worthy to receive it by reason of their sins. 2 For the scripture said: And Moses was fasting in Mount Sinai forty days and forty nights, that he might receive the covenant of the Lord to give to the people. And Moses received from the Lord the two tables which were written by the Finger of the Hand of the Lord.
3

And the Lord said to Moses:

Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves. They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, This is your god, O Israel that brought you out of the land of Egypt! And Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. So it was, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. So Moses anger became hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain. 4 Moses received them, but they themselves were not found worthy. But how did we receive them? You see whom He appointed this. Moses received them being a servant, but the Lord himself gave them to us to be the people of His inheritance, having endured patiently for our sakes. 5 He was therefore made manifest to them, that

at the same time in order that he might fill up the measure of their sins in Him, and we might receive the covenant through Him who inherited it; even the Lord Jesus, who was prepared beforehand as heir of the Covenant, that having appeared in person He might redeem us out of darkness of our hearts which had already been given over to Death and delivered Himself up for the iniquity of our error, and thus establish the covenant in us through the Word. For it is written how the Father charged Him to deliver us from darkness, and to prepare a holy people for Himself.
6 7

mandments, in which He spoke to Moses face to face on Mount Sinai, Sanctify the Sabbath of the Lord with clean hands, and with a pure heart.
2

And in another place He said;

If your children shall keep My Sabbaths, then I will put My mercy upon them. Of the Sabbath He spoke in the beginning of the creation, A nd on the seventh day God ended his work which he had done; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 4 Consider, children, what this means, He ended in six days. The meaning of it is this that in six thousand years the Lord shall bring all things to an end; for with Him one day is a thousand years as He Himself has testified, saying, Behold, the day of the Lord shall be as a thousand years. Therefore, my children, in six days that is in six thousand years everything shall come to an end. 5 And He rested on the seventh day, by this He means that when His Son shall come, and shall abolish the time of the Lawless One, and shall judge the ungodly, and shall renew the Earth and change the sun, the moon and the stars, then shall he truly rest on the seventh day.
3

Therefore said the prophet:

I, the Lord, have called You in righteousness, And will hold Your hand; I will keep You and give You as a covenant to the people, As a light to the Gentiles, To open blind eyes, To bring out prisoners from the prison, Those who sit in darkness from the prison house. We perceive then where we were ransomed. 8 Again the prophet said: I have set you to be a light to the Gentiles that you should be for salvation to the ends of the Earth. 9 Again the prophet said: The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on Me, because He has anointed Me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives and freedom to the prisoners; To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn.

Furthermore He said, Y ou shall sanctify it with clean hands and with a pure heart. If therefore we being greatly deceived by thinking that we can imagine that anyone now sanctify the day which God has sanctified, though he be pure in heart, then we have gone utterly astray.
6

15

Furthermore it is written concerning the Sabbath it is written in the Ten Com-

Behold, the time will truly come and not until then that we shall rest and sanctified it; for when we shall ourselves be able to do so only after having being justified by Him and receiving the Promise; when iniquity is no more and all things have been made anew by the Lord, we shall be able to sanctify it then, because we ourselves shall have been sanctify by Him first.
7

Finally He said to them:

You perceive that their hope is vain. 3 Furthermore He said again: Behold they that destroy this temple, Even they shall again themselves shall build it. 4 And so it comes to pass; for through their wars it is now destroyed by their enemies; and now the very servants of their enemies shall build it up. 5 Again, it was revealed how the city and the temple and the people of Israel should be betrayed. For the scripture said; And it shall be in the last days that the Lord shall deliver up the sheep of the pasture and the fold and the tower thereof to destruction. And it came to pass as the Lord spoken. 6 But let us inquire whether there be any temple of God. And there is, in the place where he himself undertakes to make and finish it. For it is written: And it shall come to pass, when the week has been accomplished, the temple of God shall be built gloriously in the Name of the Lord. I find then that there is a temple, but how then shall it be built in the Name of the Lord? Understand this. Before we believed on God, the abode of our heart was corrupt and weak, a temple truly built by corruptible hands; for it was full of idolatry of self-worship and was a house of demons, because we did whatever that was contrary to God. 8 But it shall be built in the Name of the Lord, therefore consider then that the temple of the Lord may be built gloriously. 9 How? Understand this. By receiving the remission of our sins and hoping in the Name we have become renewed in Him, being again created as it were from the beginning. Therefore God truly dwells within our habitation, that is, in us. How? The Word of His Faith, the Calling of his Promise, the Wisdom of the Ordinances, the commandments of His teaching. For Him prophesying in us, He Himself dwelling in us, opening for us who had been in bondage of Death the door of the temple, which is the mouth, and giving us repentance by which we
7

Bring no more futile sacrifices; Incense is an abomination to Me. The New Moons, the Sabbaths, and the calling of assemblies I cannot endure iniquity and the sacred meeting. Your New Moons and your appointed feasts My soul hates; They are a trouble to Me, I am weary of bearing them. Consider what He means by this. It is your present Sabbath that is not acceptable to Him, but the new Sabbath which He will make, in the which having created all things anew; when the Lord has set all things in a new Earth and a new heavens at rest, He will make a beginning of the eternal eighth day which will be the beginning of new universe.
9

For which we will also keep the eighth day for rejoicing, in which also Jesus rose from the dead; and having been manifested Himself to His disciples, ascended into the heavens.
10

16

It remains yet that I speak to you concerning the temple, how these miserable men being deceived by out their trust in the house, and not in their God that made them, as though it being the habitation of God. 2 For being almost like the Gentiles, they consecrated Him in the temple. But what said the Lord about abolishing the temple? Learn this: Who has measured the heaven with a span, or has measured the Earth with his hand? Was it not I?, says the Lord? The heaven is My throne and the earth the footstool of My feet. What manner of house will you build for Me? Or what shall be my resting place?

confess Him as God and ask for the forgiveness of sins has lead us to the incorruptible temple.

17

For he that desires to be saved looks

not to a man, but to Him that dwells within and speaks to him, being amazed at this that he has never at any one time heard these words of the mouth of the speaker from without, nor has he himself ever desired to hear them. This is the indwelling of God within the spiritual temple built up to the Lord. So far as it was possible with all simplicity to declare it to you, my soul hopes that I have not omitted anything of the matters pertaining to salvation and in so failed in my desire. 3 For if I should speak further of the things that now are, and of those things that are to come, you would not yet understand them, seeing they lie in parables. This therefore shall suffice as to these things. 4 But let us pass on to another lesson and teaching. There are two ways of teaching and of power, the one of Light and the other of Darkness; and there is a great difference between the two ways. For over are appointed the angels of God, followers of the Light; whereas on the other is the followers of Darkness, the demons of Satan. 5 And the one is the Lord from everlasting to everlasting, whereas the other is Lord of the time of unrighteousness that now is.
2

18

This then is the Way of Light, if

anyone desiring to travel on the way to his appointed place would be zealous in his works. The knowledge then which is given to us whereby we may walk therein is as follows. You shall love Him that made you, you shall fear Him that created you, you shall glorify Him that redeemed you from Death; you shall not be arrogant but rich in dis2

pensing knowledge; you shall not associate with those who walk the way of Death; you shall hate everything that is not pleasing to God; you shall hate all hypocrisy; you shall never forsake the commandments of the Lord. 3 You shall not exalt yourself, but shall be humble in all things. You shall not take honor for yourself. You shall not enter wicked counsel against your neighbor; you shall not be over -confident in your heart. 4 You shall not commit fornication, you shall not commit adultery, and you shall not commit pedophilia or any other sexual perversion. You shall not misuse the Word of God for impurity, and to deceive and mislead. You shall not accept any mans person when you have reprove him for a transgression. You shall be meek, you shall be quiet, and you shall fear the words of the Lord which you have heard. You shall not bear a grudge against your brother. 5 You shall be optimistic and not doubt whether a thing shall be or not be. Y ou shalt not take the name of the Lord in vain. You shall love your neighbor more than your own soul. You shall not murder an unborn child by abortion or cause a miscarriage, nor again shall commit infanticide when it is born. You shall not withhold the disciplinary hand from your son or daughter, but from their youth you shalt teach them the godly Fear of God. 6 You shall not be found coveting your neighbors goods; neither shall you extort for personal gain. You shall not join yourself with those who are proud, but shall walk with those who are humble and righteous. Whatever evil that befalls you shall accounted as good, knowing that nothing is done without God. You shall not be double minded nor double tongued. 7 You shall be subject to your masters as you would of your Lord God in reverence and fear. You shall not be bitter in your commands towards any of your servants who set their hope on the same the Lord God; but rather set at liberty least they should cease to fear God who is over both of you. He came not to call with respect of persons, but to call those whom the Spirit has prepared. 8 You shall communicate your neighbor and ask what he has need of, and share and help him with the blessings you have received. For if you are fellow partakers in that which is per-

ishable, how much more rather shall you be in those things which are imperishable. You shall not be hasty and control your own tongue, for the mouth is the snare of Death. So far as you are able, you shall be pure for your soul's sake. 9 Dont be holding out your hand to receive for what you need not, only to give away or squander what you have received. You shall love as the apple of your eye everyone that speaks to you the Word of the Lord. 10 You shall remember the coming Day of Judgment night and day, and you shall seek out day by day the saints of Righteousness, both of you shall consider and go about to extort others by the Word, and mediate how may save a soul, or you shall work with your hands for an atonement for your sins. 11 You shall not hesitate to give, neither shall you murmur when giving, but you shall know who the Good Paymaster of your reward is. You shall keep those things which you have received from God, neither adding to them nor taking away from them. You shall utterly hate the Evil One. You shall judge righteously. 12 You shall never cause divisions, but shall make peace between those that are at variance, bringing them together. You shall confess your sins daily. And do not come to God without doing so, and praying with an unrepentant heart. This is the Way of Light

orphan, watching to do wickedness, having no fear of God but having regard for that which is evil; men from whom gentleness and forbearance stand aloof and far off; loving vain things, pursuing a recompense, not pitying the poor man, not toiling for him that is oppressed with toil, ready to slander, not recognizing Him that made them. Murderers of children, destroyers of the creatures of God, turning away from him that is in want, oppressing him that is afflicted, advocates of the wealthy, unjust judges of the poor, sinful in all things.

20

19

But the Way of the Dark One is crooked and full of a curse. For it is a way of Eternal Death with punishment; in which they that walk meet those things that destroy men's souls--idolatry, overconfidence, the pride of power over people, hypocrisy, double-mindedness, adultery, murder, plundering, pride, transgression, treachery, malice, stubbornness, witchcraft, magic, covetousness, absence of the fear of God; 2 persecutors of good men, hating the Truth, loving lies, not perceiving the reward of Righteousness to be of worth, not adhering to the good nor to the righteous judgment, paying no heed to the widow and the

It is therefore good to learn the ordinances of the Lord, as many as have been written above, and to walk in them. For him that does these things shall be glorified in the Kingdom of God; whereas he that chooses their opposites shall perish altogether with his works. For this cause there shall be both a resurrection and a recompense. 2 I beseech those of you who are in a higher estate, if you will receive any counsel of good advice from me, keep amongst you those to whom you may do good, therefore do not forsake them. 3 For the day is at hand, in which all things shall be destroyed together with the Evil One. The Lord is near, and His reward is with them. 4 I beseech you again, therefore, be good lawgivers one to another; and continue to be faithful councilors to one another, and remove from you all hypocrisy. 5 And my God, who is Lord of the whole world, give you wisdom, judgment, learning, knowledge of His ordinances with all patience. 6 And may you be taught by God, seeking diligently what the Lord requires of you, and in doing it; that you may be saved in the Day of Judgment. And if there be among you who have any remembrance of good, think of me when you practice these things; for these things are both my desire and my watchfulness that may lead to some good result. I beseech you as if asking it as a favor of you. 8 So long as you dwell in the good tabernacle of the body, be not lacking in none of these
7

things; but search them out constantly, and fulfill every commandment. For these things are fitting and worthy to be done. 9 For this reason I was the more eager to write to you so far as I was able, that I might give you joy. Farewell, my children of Love and Peace. May the Lord of Glory and the Grace of the Lord be with you. Amen.