Anda di halaman 1dari 16

This document consists of 16 printed pages.

SP (SM) S45376/2
CIE 2003 [Turn over
CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS
General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level
CHEMISTRY 5070/01
Paper 1 Multiple Choice
May/June 2003
1 hour
Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet
Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the answer sheet in the spaces provided
unless this has been done for you.
There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible
answers A, B, C, and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate answer sheet.
Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.
A copy of the Periodic Table is to be found on page 16.
2
5070/01/M/J/03
1 The equation for the reaction between aqueous lead(II) nitrate and aqueous potassium iodide is
shown.
Pb(NO
3
)
2
(aq) + 2KI(aq) PbI
2
(s) + 2KNO
3
(aq)
colourless colourless yellow colourless
Which method could be used to separate the products?
A chromatography
B crystallisation
C distillation
D filtration
2 A gas Y, is less dense than air, very soluble in water and is an alkali.
Which method is used to collect a dry sample of the gas?
dry Y
water
Y
dry Y
Y
A B
C D
calcium
oxide
dry Y
Y
Y
dry Y
calcium
oxide
concentrated
sulphuric acid
3
5070/01/M/J/03
[Turn over
3 The diagrams show mixtures of chemicals that react to produce gases.
In which reaction will the litmus paper change colour?
4 Methylamine, CH
3
NH
2
(M
r
= 31), and hydrogen chloride, HCl (M
r
= 36.5) are both gases which are
soluble in water.
The gases react together to form a white solid, methylammonium chloride.
In an experiment to demonstrate rates of diffusion the following apparatus is set up.
Where will the white solid form?
cotton wool soaked in
concentrated methylamine
solution
cotton wool soaked in
concentrated
hydrochloric acid
A B C D
damp blue
litmus paper
dilute
hydrochloric acid
zinc
A
damp red
litmus paper
dilute
hydrochloric acid
sodium carbonate
B
damp blue
litmus paper
aqueous sodium
hydroxide
ammonium chloride
C
damp red
litmus paper
aqueous sodium
hydroxide
sodium nitrate and
aluminium
D
4
5070/01/M/J/03
5 A 25 cm
3
sample of dilute sulphuric acid contains 0.025 moles of the acid.
What is the hydrogen ion concentration in the solution?
A 0.25 mol / dm
3
B 0.50 mol / dm
3
C 1.00 mol / dm
3
D 2.00 mol / dm
3
6 For which of the following can graphite be used?
A as an abrasive only
B as an abrasive and as an electrode
C as an electrode and as a lubricant
D as a lubricant only
7 The letters X, Y and Z represent different atoms.
40 39 40
X Y Z
19 19 20
What can be deduced from the proton numbers and nucleon numbers of X, Y and Z?
A X and Y are the same element.
B X and Z are the same element.
C X has more protons than Y.
D Z has more neutrons than Y.
8 How does a magnesium atom form a bond with an oxygen atom?
A by giving one pair of electrons to the oxygen atom
B by sharing one pair of electrons, both electrons provided by the magnesium atom
C by sharing two pairs of electrons, both pairs provided by the oxygen atom
D by sharing two pairs of electrons, each atom donating one pair of electrons
5
5070/01/M/J/03
[Turn over
9 Which diagram represents the structure of the metal sodium?
10 Elements X and Y combine to form the gas XY
2
.
What are X and Y?
11 Which of the following contains the same number of electrons as an atom of neon?
A Cl

B Li
C Li
+
D O
2
12 Which sulphide contains the greatest mass of sulphur in a 10 g sample?
A B C D
e e
e
e
e e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
A
B
C
D
X
calcium
carbon
carbon
hydrogen
Y
chlorine
hydrogen
oxygen
oxygen
sulphide
A
B
C
D
formula
NiS
FeS
2
MoS
2
PbS
mass of one
mole / g
90
120
160
239
6
5070/01/M/J/03
13 124 g of phosphorus vapour has the same volume as 71 g of chlorine gas at the
same temperature and pressure.
What is the formula of a molecule of phosphorus?
A P
8
B P
4
C P
2
D P
14 A piece of metal is to be electroplated.
Which set of conditions give the thickest plate?
15 Rubidium is above sodium in the reactivity series.
What is formed when concentrated aqueous rubidium chloride is electrolysed?
A
B
C
D
type of current
a.c.
d.c.
a.c.
d.c.
size of current
low
high
high
low
time
short
long
short
long
A
B
C
D
cathode ()
products
chlorine
hydrogen
hydrogen
rubidium
anode (+)
hydrogen
rubidium
chlorine
chlorine
7
5070/01/M/J/03
[Turn over
16 Nitrogen dioxide, NO
2
, is a dark brown gas that decomposes as shown by the equilibrium equation.
2NO
2
(g) 2NO(g) + O
2
(g)
dark brown colourless
The diagram shows a glass flask containing a mixture of the three gases.
The mixture is pale brown.
More oxygen is forced into the flask.
What colour change is seen in the mixture?
A there is no change
B it turns colourless
C it becomes darker brown
D it becomes a paler brown
17 Two cells were set up as shown in the diagram. The arrow shows the direction of electron flow in
the external circuit.
Which set of metals would give the electron flows in the direction shown?
metal X metal Y
dilute
sulphuric
acid
metal Y metal Z
inlet for gas
NO
2
,
NO, O
2
mixture
A
B
C
D
metal X
Ag
Ag
Cu
Zn
metal Y
Cu
Zn
Zn
Cu
metal Z
Zn
Cu
Ag
Ag
8
5070/01/M/J/03
18 The equation shows the effect of heat on copper(II) carbonate.
CuCO
3
(s) CuO(s) + CO
2
(g)
A known mass of copper(II) carbonate was placed in an open crucible and heated until no more
change occurred.
The mass of the crucible and contents was weighed every minute during the heating.
Which graph shows what happens to the mass of the crucible and contents?
19 Substance X liberates iodine from aqueous potassium iodide and decolourises acidified aqueous
potassium manganate(VII).
How is the behaviour of X described?
A as an oxidising agent only
B as an oxidising agent and a reducing agent
C as neither an oxidising agent nor a reducing agent
D as a reducing agent only
20 Salts are made by reacting acids with bases.
For which combination of acids and bases is the titration method of preparation suitable?
A an insoluble acid with an insoluble base
B an insoluble acid with a soluble base
C a soluble acid with an insoluble base
D a soluble acid with a soluble base
21 The following equations represent reactions of dilute sulphuric acid.
Which reaction is not typical of a dilute acid?
A 2KOH(aq) + H
2
SO
4
(aq) K
2
SO
4
(aq) + 2H
2
O(l)
B CuO(s) + H
2
SO
4
(aq) CuSO
4
(aq) + H
2
O(l)
C Pb(NO
3
)
2
(aq) + H
2
SO
4
(aq) PbSO
4
(s) + 2HNO
3
(aq)
D ZnCO
3
(s) + H
2
SO
4
(aq) ZnSO
4
(aq) + CO
2
(g) + H
2
O(l)
A
mass
time
B
mass
time
C
mass
time
D
mass
time
9
5070/01/M/J/03
[Turn over
22 A black powder is burned in air.
The gas produced dissolves in water to form solution R. The pH of R is close to 7.
The gas is readily absorbed in aqueous sodium hydroxide.
What type of substance is present in solution R?
A strong acid
B strong base
C weak acid
D weak base
23 The results of three halogen displacement experiments are shown.
The table shows the results.
What are halogens X, Y and Z?
24 Which statement about the Periodic Table is correct?
A the melting point of the elements increases down Group I
B the reactivity of the elements increases down Group VII
C the reactivity of the elements decreases down Group I
D the colour of the elements becomes darker down Group VII
experiment
1
2
3
halogen added
X
2
Y
2
Z
2
halide solution
X

no reaction
no reaction
Y

Y
2
displaced

Y
2
displaced
Z

Z
2
displaced
no reaction

A
B
C
D
X
Br
Br
Cl
Cl
Y
Cl
I
Br
I
Z
I
Cl
I
Br
10
5070/01/M/J/03
25 In which process is a catalyst not used?
A The Blast furnace for the manufacture of iron.
B The Contact process for the manufacture of sulphuric acid.
C The Haber process for the manufacture of ammonia.
D The manufacture of margarine from unsaturated vegetable oils.
26 The table shows the results of two tests carried out on separate portions of a solution of salt X.
What is X?
A calcium chloride
B iron(II) sulphate
C lead(II) nitrate
D zinc sulphate
27 Why is cryolite, Na
3
AlF
6
, used in the extraction of aluminium from aluminium oxide?
A to dissolve aluminium oxide
B to prevent the anodes from burning away
C to prevent the oxidation of aluminium
D to remove the impurities from the aluminium oxide
test
1 acidified aqueous barium nitrate
added
2 aqueous sodium hydroxide
added
observation
white precipitate
white precipitate soluble in an excess
of aqueous sodium hydroxide
11
5070/01/M/J/03
[Turn over
28 The diagram compares the amount of carbon in two steels, P and Q.
Which two diagrams correctly compare the strength and brittleness of P and Q?
P Q
strength
P Q
brittleness
A
P Q
strength
P Q
brittleness
B
P Q
strength
P Q
brittleness
C
P Q
strength
P Q
brittleness
D
P Q
amount of
carbon
12
5070/01/M/J/03
29 An experiment is carried out to find the order of reactivity of some metals.
Three metals are placed in solutions containing aqueous metal ions.
The results are shown.
key
= reaction
observed
= no reaction
observed
What is the order of reactivity (most reactive first)?
A Mg Zn Fe Al
B Fe Zn Al Mg
C Mg Al Zn Fe
D Mg Al Fe Zn
30 The carbonate of metal X is a white solid. It decomposes when heated. Carbon dioxide and a
yellow solid oxide are formed.
What is metal X?
A copper
B iron
C lead
D sodium
31 An 80 cm
3
sample of air is trapped in a syringe. The air is slowly passed over heated iron in a tube
until there is no further decrease in volume.
When cooled to the original temperature, which volume of gas remains?
A 80 cm
3
B 64 cm
3
C 20 cm
3
D 16 cm
3
80cm
3
of air
iron
heat
metal
Mg
Fe
Zn
aqueous metal ions
Mg
2+

Al
3+
Fe
2+
Zn
2+
13
5070/01/M/J/03
[Turn over
32 In the Haber process, nitrogen and hydrogen react to form ammonia.
What is the source of the hydrogen?
A air
B oil
C limestone
D sulphuric acid
33 Which reaction will not occur using cold, dilute sulphuric acid?
A formation of copper(II) sulphate from copper(II) oxide
B formation of copper(II) sulphate from copper
C formation of hydrogen from magnesium metal
D formation of carbon dioxide from sodium carbonate
34 Why are catalytic converters fitted to car exhausts?
A to decrease the amount of carbon dioxide emitted
B to decrease the amount of nitrogen oxides emitted
C to improve energy conservation
D to reduce global warming
35 Why is carbon used in the purification of drinking water?
A disinfects the water
B filters out solids
C removes tastes and odours from the water
D desalinates the water
36 What is produced when ethanol is boiled with an excess of acidified potassium dichromate(VI)?
A ethane
B ethanoic acid
C ethene
D ethyl ethanoate
14
5070/01/M/J/03
37 When 1 volume of gas X reacts with exactly 5 volumes of oxygen it forms carbon dioxide and
water only.
What is gas X?
A methane, CH
4
B ethane, C
2
H
6
C propane, C
3
H
8
D butane, C
4
H
10
38 Which structure shows a compound that reacts with ethanol to give a sweet-smelling liquid?
39 The tables shows the properties of four compounds.
Which compound could be ethanoic acid?
A
H
H
H
H
C C
B
C D
O
O H
C
H
C C C H
H
H
H
H
H
C
O
O
C H
C C H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H C O C
H
H
C
H
H
C
H
H
H
H
H
compound
A
B
C
D
degree of ionisation
in water
high
high
low
low
addition of an aqueous
solution of the
compound to magnesium
hydrogen produced
no reaction
hydrogen produced
no reaction
15
5070/01/M/J/03
40 Amino acids are produced when proteins are
A hydrolysed.
B oxidised.
C polymerised.
D substituted.
16
5070/01/M/J/03
G
r
o
u
p
D
A
T
A

S
H
E
E
T
T
h
e

P
e
r
i
o
d
i
c

T
a
b
l
e

o
f

t
h
e

E
l
e
m
e
n
t
s
1
4
0
C
e
C
e
r
i
u
m
5
8
1
4
1
P
r
P
r
a
s
e
o
d
y
m
i
u
m
5
9
1
4
4
N
d
N
e
o
d
y
m
i
u
m
6
0
P
m
P
r
o
m
e
t
h
i
u
m
6
1
1
5
0
S
m
S
a
m
a
r
i
u
m
6
2
1
5
2
E
u
E
u
r
o
p
i
u
m
6
3
1
5
7
G
d
G
a
d
o
l
i
n
i
u
m
6
4
1
5
9
T
b
T
e
r
b
i
u
m
6
5
1
6
2
D
y
D
y
s
p
r
o
s
i
u
m
6
6
1
6
5
H
o
H
o
l
m
i
u
m
6
7
1
6
7
E
r
E
r
b
i
u
m
6
8
1
6
9
T
m
T
h
u
l
i
u
m
6
9
1
7
3
Y
b
Y
t
t
e
r
b
i
u
m
7
0
1
7
5
L
u
L
u
t
e
t
i
u
m
7
1
2
3
2
T
h
T
h
o
r
i
u
m
9
0
P
a
P
r
o
t
a
c
t
i
n
i
u
m
9
1
2
3
8
U
U
r
a
n
i
u
m
9
2
N
p
N
e
p
t
u
n
i
u
m
9
3
P
u
P
l
u
t
o
n
i
u
m
9
4
A
m
A
m
e
r
i
c
i
u
m
9
5
C
m
C
u
r
i
u
m
9
6
B
k
B
e
r
k
e
l
i
u
m
9
7
C
f
C
a
l
i
f
o
r
n
i
u
m
9
8
E
s
E
i
n
s
t
e
i
n
i
u
m
9
9
F
m
F
e
r
m
i
u
m
1
0
0
M
d
M
e
n
d
e
l
e
v
i
u
m
1
0
1
N
o
N
o
b
e
l
i
u
m
1
0
2
L
r
L
a
w
r
e
n
c
i
u
m
1
0
3
1
H
H
y
d
r
o
g
e
n
1
7
L
i
L
i
t
h
i
u
m
3
2
3
N
a
S
o
d
i
u
m
1
1
2
4
M
g
M
a
g
n
e
s
i
u
m
1
2
4
0
C
a
C
a
l
c
i
u
m
2
0
4
5
S
c
S
c
a
n
d
i
u
m
2
1
4
8
T
i
T
i
t
a
n
i
u
m
2
2
5
1
V
V
a
n
a
d
i
u
m
2
3
5
2
C
r
C
h
r
o
m
i
u
m
2
4
5
5
M
n
M
a
n
g
a
n
e
s
e
2
5
5
6
F
e
I
r
o
n
2
6
5
9
C
o
C
o
b
a
l
t
2
7
5
9
N
i
N
i
c
k
e
l
2
8
6
4
C
u
C
o
p
p
e
r
2
9
6
5
Z
n
Z
i
n
c
3
0
7
0
G
a
G
a
l
l
i
u
m
3
1
2
7
A
l
A
l
u
m
i
n
i
u
m
1
3
1
1
B
B
o
r
o
n
5
1
2
C
C
a
r
b
o
n
6
1
4
N
N
i
t
r
o
g
e
n
7
1
6
O
O
x
y
g
e
n
8
1
9
F
F
l
u
o
r
i
n
e
9
2
8
S
i
S
i
l
i
c
o
n
1
4
3
1
P
P
h
o
s
p
h
o
r
u
s
1
5
3
2
S
S
u
l
p
h
u
r
1
6
3
5
.
5
C
l
C
h
l
o
r
i
n
e
1
7
4
0
A
r
A
r
g
o
n
1
8
2
0
N
e
N
e
o
n
1
0
4
H
e
H
e
l
i
u
m
2
7
3
G
e
G
e
r
m
a
n
i
u
m
3
2
7
5
A
s
A
r
s
e
n
i
c
3
3
7
9
S
e
S
e
l
e
n
i
u
m
3
4
8
0
B
r
B
r
o
m
i
n
e
3
5
8
4
K
r
K
r
y
p
t
o
n
3
6
3
9
K
P
o
t
a
s
s
i
u
m
1
9
8
8
S
r
S
t
r
o
n
t
i
u
m
3
8
8
9
Y
Y
t
t
r
i
u
m
3
9
9
1
Z
r
Z
i
r
c
o
n
i
u
m
4
0
9
3
N
b
N
i
o
b
i
u
m
4
1
9
6
M
o
M
o
l
y
b
d
e
n
u
m
4
2
T
c
T
e
c
h
n
e
t
i
u
m
4
3
1
0
1
R
u
R
u
t
h
e
n
i
u
m
4
4
1
0
3
R
h
R
h
o
d
i
u
m
4
5
1
0
6
P
d
P
a
l
l
a
d
i
u
m
4
6
1
0
8
A
g
S
i
l
v
e
r
4
7
1
1
2
C
d
C
a
d
m
i
u
m
4
8
1
1
5
I
n
I
n
d
i
u
m
4
9
1
1
9
S
n
T
i
n
5
0
1
2
2
S
b
A
n
t
i
m
o
n
y
5
1
1
2
8
T
e
T
e
l
l
u
r
i
u
m
5
2
1
2
7
I
I
o
d
i
n
e
5
3
1
3
1
X
e
X
e
n
o
n
5
4
1
3
7
B
a
B
a
r
i
u
m
5
6
1
3
9
L
a
L
a
n
t
h
a
n
u
m
5
7
*
1
7
8
H
f
H
a
f
n
i
u
m
7
2
1
8
1
T
a
T
a
n
t
a
l
u
m
7
3
1
8
4
W
T
u
n
g
s
t
e
n
7
4
1
8
6
R
e
R
h
e
n
i
u
m
7
5
1
9
0
O
s
O
s
m
i
u
m
7
6
1
9
2
I
r
I
r
i
d
i
u
m
7
7
1
9
5
P
t
P
l
a
t
i
n
u
m
7
8
1
9
7
A
u
G
o
l
d
7
9
2
0
1
H
g
M
e
r
c
u
r
y
8
0
2
0
4
T
l
T
h
a
l
l
i
u
m
8
1
2
0
7
P
b
L
e
a
d
8
2
2
0
9
B
i
B
i
s
m
u
t
h
8
3
P
o
P
o
l
o
n
i
u
m
8
4
A
t
A
s
t
a
t
i
n
e
8
5
R
n
R
a
d
o
n
8
6
F
r
F
r
a
n
c
i
u
m
8
7
2
2
7
A
c
A
c
t
i
n
i
u
m
8
9














9
B
e
B
e
r
y
l
l
i
u
m
4
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
V
V
V
I
V
I
I
0
8
5
R
b
R
u
b
i
d
i
u
m
3
7
1
3
3
C
s
C
a
e
s
i
u
m
5
5
2
2
6
R
a
R
a
d
i
u
m
8
8
T
h
e

v
o
l
u
m
e

o
f

o
n
e

m
o
l
e

o
f

a
n
y

g
a
s

i
s

2
4
d
m
3
a
t

r
o
o
m

t
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

a
n
d

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e

(
r
.
t
.
p
.
)
.
a
X
b
a

=

r
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

a
t
o
m
i
c

m
a
s
s
X
=

a
t
o
m
i
c

s
y
m
b
o
l
b

=

p
r
o
t
o
n

(
a
t
o
m
i
c
)

n
u
m
b
e
r
K
e
y
*
5
8
-
7
1

L
a
n
t
h
a
n
o
i
d

s
e
r
i
e
s

9
0
-
1
0
3

A
c
t
i
n
o
i
d

s
e
r
i
e
s