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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.

doc
1. A card is drawn at random from a deck of 52 playing cards.
What is the probability that it is a king or a heart?
2. If two fair dice are rolled, what is the probability of
getting a seven or an eleven as the sm of the ptrned faces?
!. If ! dice are thrown, find the probability that "a# all ! will
show for, "b# all three will be alike, "c# all three will
be different "i.e. no two or three are the same# ?
$. %rom a bo& containing ' white balls and $ black balls, $ balls
are drawn at random. %ind the probability that ! were white,
and 1 was black "a# if each ball was retrned before the ne&t
was drawn "b# if the $ balls were drawn sccessively withot
replacement.
5. %rom 1( men and 5 women, how many committees can be selected
consisting of "a# ! men and 2 women "b# 5 people of which at
least ! are men.
'. )wo cards are drawn sccessively and withot replacement from
an ordinary deck of cards "52 well*shffled cards#. %ind the
probability that+
"a# the first card is an ace bt the second is not.
"b# at least one card is a diamond.
"c# the cards are not the same sit.
"d# not more than one card is a face card.
,. -ne bag contains ' oranges and 5 grapefrits and a second bag
contains . grapefrits and ' oranges. If a bag is selected at
random and then one frit is chosen, find the probability that
an orange will be selected.
.. A man owns a /orvette and a 0ambler. )he probability of the
/orvette being stolen is .2,, while the probability of the
0ambler being stolen is .($. Assming independence what is
the probability that "a# both will be stolen, "b# neither
will be stolen, "c# one or the other will be stolen?
1. -n a board in a booth at the fair are 2(( balloons, 5 of which
contain slips for pri2es worth 31( and 1 of which contains the
slip for a pri2e worth 32(. If it costs 31 to randomly break
a balloon, what is the financial e&pectation of an individal
making sch an attempt?
1(. If 5 coins are tossed what is the probability that the sides
trned p are all alike?
11. A rond robin tennis tornament of 2( players re4ires that
each player oppose every other player in the grop. 5ow many
matches mst be held?
12. At the end of the season a nrsery pts on sale 12 apple trees
from which the tags have fallen. It is known from inventory
records that . are of one variety, $ of another. If a byer
prchases ! of the trees, what is the probability that the !
are of the same variety?
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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc
1!. In a variant of the famos shell game the better does not know
nder which of three given shells the pea is placed, and is
given even money of gessing the right shell. If, however, he
gesses incorrectly he then has the opportnity, withot
ptting p any more money, of gessing nder which of the
remaining two shells the pea rests. If he now gesses
correctly he loses only one*half of the amont of his bet.
What is the better6s e&pected loss per complete game for every
31( wagered?
1$. )wo*thirds of the secretaries in a large stenographic pool are
licensed motor*vehicle operators. If $ secretaries are drawn
at random to go on a trip, what is the probability that at
least 2 are licensed drivers?
15. )he probability that a fertile egg hatches is 57.. )hree eggs
are taken from a bo& of 12 eggs, ten of which are fertile.
What is the probability that at least one egg hatches?
1'. -n a mltiple*choice e&am each 4estion has five listed
answers, only one of which is correct. )here are ten
4estions and at least seven mst be answered correctly for a
passing grade. If a stdent randomly selects the answer to
each 4estion, what is the probability that the stdent will
pass the e&am?
1,. -f ten sample cps of orange 8ice, si& were of fresh 8ice
and for contained fro2en 8ice. If an individal is asked to
select the for cps containing fro2en orange 8ice and that
selection is made prely by chance, what is the probability of
the selection contains at least three cps containing fro2en
8ice?
1.. %or people, who live in the same neighborhood, work in
different offices in the city bt take the same sbway home.
)hey try to leave their offices reglarly at $+!(, and each
takes the first sbway that comes along. 0andom flctation
in travel time is sch that each has a 17! chance of catching
the $+$5 sbway, a 172 chance of catching the $+5( sbway, and
a probability of 17' of having to wait for the 5+(( sbway.
Assming independence, what is the probability that they all
take the same sbway home?
11. A rolette wheel has !. spaces in which the ball can rest
after the wheel has been spn. )hey are nmbered (, ((, and 1
throgh !'. ( and (( are green, the even*nmbered places from
1 throgh !' are black, the odd*nmbers are red. -n a fair
wheel what is the probability of+
"a# a bet on nmber seven winning
"b# a bet of black winning
"c# a gambler who repeatedly bets on red winning on two ot of
three tosses?
2(. A father and son are skeet shooting. If on average the father
hits the pigeon ! times ot of $, and the son hits $ times ot
of ', what is the probability "assming independence# if both
shoot simltaneosly, that the pigeon is hit?
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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc

13
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16
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1
52
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6
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6
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(c)
36
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216
6
6
6
(b)
216
1
6
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(a) 3.
2 3 3 3


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tric hypergeome (b)
625
216
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3
4
binomial (a) . 4
1 3

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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc

2502
0
5
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1
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3
10
(b) 1200
2
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(a) 5.

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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc
( )
217
210
52
12
51
11
1 (!)
17
13
52
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51
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4 1 (c)
34
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1 (b)
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62 . 0
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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc
11
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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc
9
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3
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3
2
4
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3
2
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1
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p an! 4 n #ith binomial 14.
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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc
15. 1 - P(0 hatch) where P(0 hatch) =

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12
0
2
3
10
3 fertile and 0 hatch
3 0
8
3
8
5
0
3

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OR
Page 8 of 12
Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc

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12
1
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2
10
2 fertile and 0 hatch
2 0
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2

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1 fertile and 0 hatch
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Page 9 of 12
Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc
OR
impossible 0 fertile and 0 hatch 1
so answer =
2816
2525
2816
291
1
16. binomial with p = 1/5 and n = 10 P(X 7 | n=10 and p=0.2)

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
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8 . 0 2 . 0
10
10
8 . 0 2 . 0
9
10
8 . 0 2 . 0
8
10
8 . 0 2 . 0
7
10

0 10 1 9 2 8 3 7

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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc
42
5
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10
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6
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3
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1
6
17.

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Probability Problems for Practice 227850037.doc
648
49
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18.
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2430
19
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19
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p an! 3 n #ith binomial (c)
19
9
38
18
(b)
38
1
(a) 19.
1 2

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