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1.

DATA:
P
u
= 1500 KN
column size
b = 300 mm
D = 500 mm
p = 185 KN/m
2
f
ck
= 20
KN/mm
2
f
y
= 415
KN/mm
2
2.SIZE OF FOOTING:
self weight of footing (10%)= 150 KN
u
= 1650 KN
footing area = W
u
/(1.5*p) = 5.95
m
2
proportion the footing area in the same proportion as the sides of the column.
hence (b/100)x * (D/100)x = footing area
x = 0.63
short side = 1.89
long side = 3.15
x= 2 m
y= 3 m
factored soil pressure at base is computed as :
p
u
= P
u
/(x*y) = 250 <(1.5*p)= 277.5
hence the footing area is adequate since the soil pressure developed at
the base is less than the factored bearing capacity of the soil
3.FACTORED BENDING MOMENT:
cantilver projection from the short side face of the column a =
cantilver projection from the long side face of the column =
bending moment at short side face of column is (0.5*p
u
*L
2
)=
bending moment at long side face of column is (0.5*p
u
*L
2
)=
4.DEPTH OF FOOTING:
DESIGN OF FOOTING(ISOLATED MAT)
From moment consideration we have :
M
u
=0.138f
ck
bd
2
d= 266.02 mm
from shear strength considerations we have critical section for one way
shear is located at a distance d from the face of column
shear force per metre width (longer direction)is :

c
= 0.36
V
ul
= p
u
(a-d)N p
t
= 0.25

c
= (V
ul
/b*d )
by solving d= 512.3 mm
hence adopt d = 550 mm
overall depth D = 600 mm
5.REINFORCEMENT IN FOOTING:
Longer direction:
M
u
= 0.87. f
y
. A
st
d
Ast= 1023.6 mm
2
dia of bar= 16
no of bar= 5.093437 6
Ast=
adopt 16mm dia bar at 16m dia bar at 160mm centres
shorter direction:
by solving Ast = 463.1
ratio of long to short side== 1.5
reinforcement in central band width of short span
(y/(+1)2Ast= 740.99
minimum reinforcement=0.0012*b*D= 1440 > 740.99
dia of bar= 12
no f bar= 7 =7nos
hence provide 12mm diameter bars at 150mm centres
6.CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS:
The sritical section for one way shear is located at a distance d from the
face of the column .
Ultimate shear force per metre width in the longer direction is:

bd f
A f
ck
stx y
.
.
1
V
u
=P
u
*0.7= 175
100Ast/bd= 0.22
refer table 19 of IS 456-2000
k
s
= 1

c
= 0.33
k
s
*
c
= 0.33
N/mm
2
nominal shear stress =
v
= V
u
/bd= 0.32
N/mm
2
since
v
<k
s
*
c
shear stresses are within the safe permissible limits.
KN/m
2
1.25 m
0.85 m
195.3 KN.m
90.3 KN.m
DESIGN OF FOOTING(ISOLATED MAT)
calculation
0.148502
0.851498
0.922766
1205.76 mm
2
0.077234
1023.577
calculation
0.068667
0.931333
0.965056
0.034944
463.1163