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World History Final Exam 2014

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Less than a generation back the origin of Greek civilization, and with it the sources of all
great culture that has ever been, were wrapped in an impenetrable mist. . . . One man had
faith, accompanied by works, and in Dr. Schliemann the science of classical antiquity found
its Columbus. Armed with the spade, he brought to light from beneath the mounds of the ages
a real Troy; at Tiryns and Mycenae he laid bare the palace and the tombs and treasures of
Homeric Kings. A new world opened to investigation, and the discoveries of its first explorer
were followed up successfully by Dr. Tsountas and others on Greek soil. The eyes of
observers were opened, and the traces of this prehistoric civilization began to make their
appearance far beyond the limits of Greece itself.
Sir Arthur Evans, archaeologist,
as quoted in The Discoverers


____ 1. What discoverer is Dr. Schliemann compared to?
a. Homer c. King Priam
b. Columbus d. Magellan

. . . Athenians suffered further hardship [from the plague] owing to the crowding into the
city of people from the country districts; and this affected the new arrivals especially. For
since no houses were available for them, and they had to live in huts that were stifling in the
hot season, they perished in wild disorder. Bodies of dying men lay one upon another and
half-dead people rolled about in the streets and, in their longing for water, near all the
fountains. The temples, too, in which they had quartered themselves were full of the corpses
of those who had died in them; for the calamity which weighed upon them was so
overpowering that men, not knowing what was to become of them, became careless of all
law. . . .
Thucydides,
as quoted in Eyewitness to History

____ 2. Why did new arrivals to Athens live in huts?
a. Huts were the cheapest form of housing.
b. No houses were available for them.
c. They preferred living in huts.
d. Everyone in Athens lived in huts.

____ 3. When the Spartans needed room for expansion, they
a. conquered neighboring land.
b. set up colonies in Asia Minor.
c. bought land from neighbors.
d. all of the above

. . . when in the wrought chest the wind blowing over and the sea heaving struck her [Danae]
with fear, her cheeks not dry, she put her arm over Perseus and spoke: My child such trouble
I have. And you sleep, your heart is placid; you dream in the joyless wood; in the night nailed
in bronze, in the blue dark you lie still and shine. The salt water that towers above your head
as the wave goes by you heed not, nor the winds voice; you press your bright face to the red
blanket. If this danger were danger to you, your small ear would attend my words. But I tell
you, Sleep, my baby, and let the sea sleep, let our trouble sleep . . .
Simonides, Greek poet,
as quoted in A Soaring Spirit: Time Frame 600400 B.C.

____ 4. What is the relationship between Danae and Perseus?
a. they are not related c. aunt and nephew
b. sister and brother d. mother and child

____ 5. How does Danae feel about Perseus?
a. She loves him deeply.
b. She doesnt care what happens to him.
c. She is angry at him.
d. She wants to leave him behind.

Alexander made a reconnaissance in person of the enemys strength and dispositions and,
despite the eagerness of most of his generals, he decided against a night attack. Instead, he
retired to his tent to devise his strategy. He ordered his troops to be well fed and then to rest.
Darius, on the other hand, mindful of Alexanders unpredictable manoeuvres, ordered his
army to stand to throughout the night in readiness for a surprise attack. It is certain that the
alertness of one side and the fatigue of the other played at least some part in the outcome of
the battle next day.
Anthony Livesey,
Great Commanders and Their Battles

____ 6. What did Darius expect Alexander to do?
a. stage a morning attack
b. stage a night attack
c. wait for Darius to begin the battle
d. retire to his tent

____ 7. The last sentence of the passage hints of what outcome?
a. There is no battle. c. Alexander wins the battle.
b. Darius wins the battle. d. They fight, but neither side wins.



____ 8. What do Epicureanism and Stoicism have in common?
a. The goal of life is to seek out pleasure.
b. The goal of life is to enjoy friends.
c. The goal of life is happiness.
d. The goal of life is to do the right thing.

____ 9. Who said, Give me a lever and a place to stand, and I will move the earth?
a. Philip II c. Euripides
b. Homer d. Archimedes

____ 10. This Macedonian king loved Greek culture and planned to conquer Persia.
a. Alexander the Great c. Philip II
b. Aeschylus d. Homer

____ 11. They believed that the human mind could understand everything.
a. Epicureans c. Stoics
b. Sophists d. philosophers

KEY CONCEPTS

____ 12. Which of the following describes Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations?
a. Both relied on conquests to expand their power.
b. Both relied on trade to expand their power.
c. Both were strong and shared much culture.
d. Both used writing.

____ 13. With which of the following statements would some historians agree?
a. The Trojan Horse was used to defeat Troy.
b. The Trojan War was a single battle as told in epic poems.
c. Troy was located in modern-day Italy.
d. Greeks and Trojans fought and Troy was destroyed by fire.

____ 14. Which of the following statements best describes citizens of Athens and other Greek city-states?
a. They valued their freedoms and took an active role in government.
b. They spoke different languages.
c. They often overthrew their government by force.
d. They developed the art of war.

____ 15. Which of the following statements best describes public life in Athens?
a. It allowed young boys to be involved.
b. It did not include boys, women, or slaves.
c. It allowed men and women to be active in politics and society.
d. It involved visiting the temple each morning.

____ 16. Which of the following statements best describes the role of poor women in Athens?
a. They only cooked meals.
b. They only organized spinning and weaving.
c. They only kept track of the family finances.
d. They often worked outside the home.

____ 17. Spartans might be described as
a. lighthearted and fun-loving. c. very fond of business and trading.
b. artistic. d. tough, silent, and grim.

____ 18. Roman armies conquered territories controlled by which of the following?
a. Persia, Greece, Gaul. c. Carthage, Persia, Gaul.
b. Persia, Greece, Carthage. d. Carthage, Greece, Gaul.

____ 19. Rome enjoyed peace and prosperity
a. during all of the period of the five good emperors.
b. during some of the period of the five good emperors.
c. immediately after Augustus died in A.D. 14.
d. throughout the 500 years of the Roman Empire.

____ 20. Romans didnt like being ruled by an Etruscan king
a. but adopted parts of Etruscan culture including some gods and their alphabet.
b. and refused to fight in the Etruscan army.
c. but werent able to form their own government until Caesar took power.
d. modeled other parts of their government after the Etruscans.

____ 21. One of the reasons Caesar was killed was because he
a. broke up estates and gave them to plebeians.
b. lost control of the large territory of Gaul.
c. ruled for too long and ruled like a king.
d. took away the rights of the plebeians.

____ 22. Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judaea where
a. Jews already resented Roman rule.
b. the Romans allowed the Jews great freedom.
c. the empire was not yet established.
d. the Gospels had been written a few years before.

____ 23. Jesus taught that God
a. would not forgive those who sinned.
b. was one of many important gods.
c. would provide everlasting life for those who followed Jesus teachings.
d. was for Jews to worship but not Romans.

____ 24. Which of the following statements describes how Paul helped spread Christianity?
a. He promised that poor people would soon become wealthy.
b. He traveled throughout Africa to speak to Jesus followers.
c. He traveled to cities around the Mediterranean spreading Jesus message.
d. He wrote one of the Gospels.

____ 25. Constantine moved the capital of the Empire
a. from the west in Rome to the east in Constantinople.
b. to Alexandria, Egypt.
c. from the east in Rome to the west in Constantinople.
d. to Jerusalem because of his faith in Christianity.

____ 26. The Byzantines recorded and saved the knowledge of
a. ancient China. c. ancient Greece and Rome.
b. only ancient Rome. d. only ancient Greece.

____ 27. The Byzantine Empire lasted a long time because it
a. had no religious disputes.
b. had little contact with the rest of the world.
c. grew rich from trade.
d. had rulers with limited power.

____ 28. The saying, There is no god but God, expresses the importance of the Muslim belief in
a. prophets. c. one God.
b. muezzins. d. tolerating others.

____ 29. The people who finally drove the rulers of Aksum from the coast of Africa were
a. Muslim traders. c. Christian kings.
b. Jewish refugees. d. Bantu farmers.

____ 30. What item did the people of West Africa usually trade to get salt?
a. gold c. silk
b. bronze d. water

____ 31. Most serfs needed a lords permission to
a. have children. c. farm the lords fields.
b. marry or leave the manor. d. supply their own needs.

____ 32. During the Middle Ages, the largest and most powerful religion in Western Europe was the
a. Roman Catholic Church. c. Protestant Church.
b. Eastern Orthodox Church. d. Church of England.

____ 33. Peasants were often able to improve their standard of living by
a. staying on the manor for generations. c. farming the lords fields.
b. fighting in the Crusades. d. moving to towns.

____ 34. What was one problem medieval cities faced?
a. a lack of guilds c. invaders from other cities
b. no clergy d. crowded and unhealthy conditions

____ 35. The Hundred Years War was fought between
a. Christians and Muslims. c. France and Spain.
b. kings and clergy. d. France and England.

By now it was dawn, but the light was still dim and faint. The buildings round us were
already tottering. . . . This finally decided us to leave the town. Once beyond the buildings we
stopped, and there we had some . . . experiences which thoroughly alarmed us. The carriages .
. . began to run in different directions though the ground was quite level. . . . We also saw the
sea sucked away and apparently forced back by the earthquake: at any rate it receded from
the shore so that quantities of sea creatures were left stranded on dry sand. On the landward
side a fearful black cloud was rent by forked and quivering bursts of flame, and parted to
reveal great tongues of fire, like flashes of lightning magnified in size.
Pliny the Younger,
as quoted in Eyewitness to History

____ 36. This passage is about a volcano, but much of the description in the passage is about
a. burning buildings. c. carriages.
b. sea creatures. d. earthquakes.

____ 37. On the landward side means
a. away from the volcano. c. on the far side of the bay.
b. toward the volcano. d. on the sea floor.

____ 38. The great tongues of fire probably referred to
a. spurts of lava. c. burning carriages.
b. the burning town. d. the sunrise.

____ 39. Who could hold political office in early Rome?
a. any citizen c. only plebeians
b. women d. only patricians

____ 40. What happened on March 15 in the year 44 B.C.?
a. Caesar began a civil war.
b. Caesars enemies killed him.
c. The Council of the Plebs met.
d. All enslaved people were freed.

____ 41. What title did Octavian take?
a. Cicero c. King
b. Antony d. Augustus



____ 42. Which was true of patricians?
a. Most people in the Roman Empire were patricians.
b. People who owned only a small amount of land were patricians.
c. Patricians did not usually participate in Roman government.
d. Patricians made significant contributions to the economic welfare of the Roman Empire.

____ 43. Who was Cincinnatus?
a. a dictator who served 16 days
b. a dictator in power until his death
c. a plebeian
d. a member of the Senate

____ 44. The Julio-Claudian rulers included
a. Antony, Cleopatra, and Octavian.
b. Caligula, Nero, Tiberius, and Claudius.
c. Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.
d. Crassus, Pompey, and Caesar.



____ 45. According to the time line, which happened first?
a. Romans set up a code of laws.
b. Romans form a republic.
c. Plebeians could participate in Roman legislature.
d. The Roman legislature gains control of Rome.

The creation of a mosaic was a complicated procedure that called for careful timing and
teamwork. . . . Walls were painted with resin or tar before being covered with the first of
three layers of plaster. . . . A sketch of the projected work was then made on the plaster to
serve as a guide for the various artisans. The outermost layer of plaster, in which the pieces,
or tesserae, of the mosaic would be set, was spread on only enough area to contain a days
work. Some of the tesseraesmall, carefully cut fragments of colored glass, marble, and
semiprecious stoneswere pressed into the wet plaster so that they projected at a slight
angle. The stones thereby better reflected light and imbued the finished mosaic with a
shimmering life of its own.
Empires Besieged: Time Frame A.D. 200600

____ 46. How many layers of materials were under the tiles?
a. two c. four
b. three d. five

The gods confound the man who first found out
How to distinguish hours! Confound him, too.
Who in this place set up a sun-dial,
To cut and hack my days so wretchedly
Into small portions. When I was a boy,
My belly was my sun-dial; one more sure,
Truer, and more exact than any of them.
This dial told me when twas proper time
To go to dinner, when I had aught to eat.
But now-a-days, why even when I have,
I cant fall-to, unless the sun give leave.
Plautus, Roman poet,
as quoted in The Discoverers

____ 47. Which of these statements summarizes the poem?
a. The gods dislike sun-dials.
b. Sun-dials will lead to mass hunger.
c. Living by the clock is natural.
d. Living by the clock is not natural.

____ 48. What happened when Roman coins lost value in the A.D. 200s?
a. People began to barter.
b. People collected coins.
c. The price of goods decreased.
d. Workers quit their jobs.

____ 49. The empress Theodora helped
a. the theater prosper.
b. destroy the Byzantine Empire.
c. women gain more rights.
d. Rome become prosperous again.



____ 50. What were the Greek and Roman names for the goddess of love?
a. Aphrodite and Juno c. Venus and Artemis
b. Aphrodite and Venus d. Aphrodite and Diana

____ 51. When Diocletian took power in A.D. 284, he
a. harshly put down a peasant revolt.
b. stopped putting gold into coins.
c. introduced reforms.
d. fired all workers in Rome.

____ 52. When do historians date the fall of Rome?
a. when Augustulus took power c. in A.D. 550
b. when Odoacer took control d. when Odoacer was killed

____ 53. From the A.D. 500s to the A.D. 1100s, the Byzantine Empire
a. was a crossroads for trade.
b. was constantly at war with Rome.
c. struggled to survive.
d. was at war with Germanic tribes.

So was I speaking and weeping in the most bitter contrition of my heart, when, lo! I heard
from a neighboring house a voice, as of boy or girl, I know not, chanting and oft repeating,
Take up and read; Take up and read. Instantly, my countenance altered, I began to think
most intently, whether children were wont [likely] in any kind of play to sing such words: nor
could I remember ever to have heard the like. So checking the torrent of my tears, I arose;
interpreting it to be no other than a command from God, to open the book, and read the first
chapter I should find. . . . Instantly at the end of [the first] sentence, by a light as it were of
serenity infused into my heart, all the darkness of doubt vanished away.
St. Augustine,
as quoted in The Discoverers

____ 54. How much did Augustine read before his doubt vanished away?
a. one word c. one chapter
b. one sentence d. one book

When the Son of Man comes in his glory. . . . all the nations will be gathered before him,
and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the
goats. He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. Then the King will say to
those on his right, Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the
kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world. For I was hungry and you gave me
something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you
invited me in, I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was
in prison and you came to visit me. . . . I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the
least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.
Matthew 5:3140,
Holy Bible

____ 55. What is the inheritance the blessed ones receive?
a. sheep c. the throne
b. goats d. the kingdom

To suppress the rumor that he was the arsonist, Nero fabricated scapegoats, and punished
with every refinement the notoriously depraved Christians. First, Nero had the self-
acknowledged Christians arrested. Then, on their information, large numbers of others were
condemned. . . . Their deaths were made farcical. Dressed in wild animals skins, they were
torn to pieces by dogs, or crucified, or made into torches to be ignited after dark as substitutes
for daylight. Nero provided his Gardens for the spectacle, and exhibited displays in the
Circus, at which he mingled with the crowd, or stood in a chariot, dressed as a charioteer.
Tacitus, Roman historian,
as quoted in Old News

____ 56. On whom did Nero try to place blame for the fire?
a. Muslims c. Romans
b. Christians d. wild animals

____ 57. Why did Nero have self-acknowledged Christians arrested first?
a. to force them to be killed in awful ways
b. to force them to reveal names of other Christians
c. to protect them from certain death
d. to punish them with every refinement

____ 58. In the Eastern Orthodox church, icons were
a. once forbidden.
b. always against religious law.
c. never important.
d. iconoclasts.

____ 59. Jesus was from
a. Jerusalem. c. Nazareth.
b. Rome. d. Syria.



____ 60. One Christian city that was NOT located on the Mediterranean Sea was
a. Alexandria. c. Constantinople.
b. Rome. d. Tyre.

Having begun to speak of the city of God, I have thought it necessary first of all to reply to its
enemies, who, eagerly pursuing earthly joys and gaping after transitory things, throw the
blame of all the sorrow they suffer in them . . . on the Christian religion, which is the one . . .
true religion. And since there is among them also an unlearned rabble [mob], they are stirred
up . . . to hate us more bitterly, thinking in their inexperience that things which have
happened unwontedly in their days were not wont to happen in other times gone by.
Augustine, City of God, Book IV

____ 61. Augustine believes that the enemies of the Christian religion are more likely to think that
a. they are to blame for their situation.
b. bad things that are happening have never happened before.
c. education is important.
d. the city of God is on earth.

____ 62. In terms of importance to Romes growth, which effect of Italys climate would you rank first?
a. It prevented others from attacking Rome.
b. It provided Romans with a large food supply.
c. It allowed people to travel across the country.
d. It made it possible for people to work outside.

____ 63. Which of the following was not a way in which Etruscans contributed to Roman society?
a. Etruscans built large temples in Rome.
b. Etruscans taught the Romans their alphabet.
c. Etruscans established Romes government.
d. Etruscans built Romes first sewer.

____ 64. The center of life in ancient Rome was the
a. Palatine Hill. c. temple.
b. Forum. d. Capitoline Hill.

____ 65. Which of the following was the most important factor in Romes military success during the 300s BC?
a. Gaius Marius encouraged poor people to join the army.
b. The Roman army was flexible because of its organization.
c. Neighbors saw the Romans as a threat and declared war on them.
d. The Roman trade network brought more metal goods into Rome.

. . . Complete the Hajj or 'umra in the service of God. But if ye are prevented (From
completing it), send an offering for sacrifice, such as ye may find, and do not shave your
heads until the offering reaches the place of sacrifice. And if any of you is ill, or has an
ailment in his scalp (Necessitating shaving), (He should) in compensation either fast, or feed
the poor, or offer sacrifice; and when ye are in peaceful conditions (again), if any one wishes
to continue the 'umra on to the hajj, He must make an offering, such as he can afford, but if
he cannot afford it, He should fast three days during the hajj and seven days on his return,
Making ten days in all. This is for those whose household is not in (the precincts of) the
Sacred Mosque. And fear God, and know that God is strict in punishment.
Quran Al-Baqarah 2:196

____ 66. What is a believer to do if he or she cannot complete the hajj?
a. accept shame c. move closer to Mecca
b. send an offering d. fear God

The technology of Arab shipbuilding in the Indian Ocean in that era before the Portuguese
arrived was a curious combination of strengths and weaknesses. The lateen sail, which the
Arabs brought to the Mediterranean, by its adeptness at sailing into the wind had made the
Portuguese ventures possible. The Arabs also pioneered in developing the stern rudder, which
made any ship more maneuverable. They were skilled at using the stars for navigation. He it
is, said the Koran [Quran], who hath appointed for you the stars that ye guide yourselves
thereby in the darkness of land and sea; we have made the signs distinct for a people who
have their knowledge.
Daniel Boorstin, The Discoverers

____ 67. Which statement about Arab shipbuilding is true?
a. Arab shipbuilding had strengths and weaknesses.
b. No flaws were ever found in an Arab ship.
c. The Koran gave instructions for shipbuilding.
d. The lateen sail was the only Arab invention of importance.

____ 68. This passage mentions Arab shipbuilding strengths and weaknesses, but it only discusses
a. Portuguese shipping. c. weaknesses.
b. the Koran. d. strengths.

____ 69. Who felt threatened by Islam?
a. women c. farmers
b. poor people d. wealthy merchants

____ 70. The Seljuks
a. were religious leaders. c. headed only the army.
b. ruled the government and army. d. were bureaucrats.

____ 71. After the Mogul Empire collapsed, who took control of most of India?
a. France c. the pope
b. Great Britain d. the Vikings



____ 72. ____ was located within the Eastern Roman Empire.
a. Baghdad c. Persepolis
b. Alexandria d. Yathrib



____ 73. Which city was NOT under the rule of the Umayyad caliphs?
a. Cairo c. Constantinople
b. Baghdad d. Crdoba

____ 74. Which city was under the rule of the Rightly Guided Caliphs?
a. Tours c. Damascus
b. Crdoba d. Constantinople

____ 75. Which sea bordered Arabia to the west?
a. Red Sea c. Mediterranean Sea
b. Arabian Sea d. Black Sea

____ 76. Which of the following was the best way to create a huge open area within a building?
a. combine a set of layers c. build connecting aqueducts
b. combine a set of arches d. build an arched bridge

____ 77. Why do geographers call Arabia a crossroads location?
a. It is home to very few cultures or people.
b. Trade routes linking Africa, Asia, and Europe run through it.
c. People from many different cultures live there.
d. It is where Islam, Christianity, and Judaism started.

____ 78. A nomad was a person who
a. traveled from place to place. c. sold cooking supplies and clothing.
b. farmed and raised animals. d. settled in an oasis.

____ 79. Which of the following events happened first?
a. Muhammad began to tell people about messages from God.
b. Muhammad taught that there was only one God.
c. Muhammad received messages from God through an angel.
d. Muhammad meditated in a cave outside Mecca.

____ 80. What was the most important difference between Muhammads teachings and the beliefs of other Arabs?
a. Muhammad taught that people should be kind to the poor.
b. Muhammad taught that there was only one God.
c. Muhammad taught that there were many gods.
d. Muhammad taught that people should make pilgrimages to Kaaba.

____ 81. Which of the following best summarizes how Muhammads teachings affected the people of Arabia?
a. The teachings made people want to be merchants.
b. The teachings had very little effect on the people.
c. The teachings made people turn to Christianity.
d. The teachings challenged and upset many people.

____ 82. Which of the following best describes how the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal Empire were similar?
a. They both were blends of different cultures.
b. They both encouraged people to learn Urdu.
c. They both were made up of Turkish Muslims.
d. They both made Shiism their official religion.

____ 83. In West Africa, what do the different regions running east and west have in common?
a. They are all warm.
b. They are all on a desert plateau.
c. They are all covered with grasslands.
d. They all extend to the Mediterranean Sea.

____ 84. Which two factors contributed most to the survival of early West African villages?
a. rulers and geography c. work and family
b. religion and culture d. technology and natural resources

____ 85. Which activity would both men and women do in a West African village?
a. hunting c. collecting firewood
b. farming d. caring for children

____ 86. What does the animistic belief system reveal about traditional West Africans?
a. They were well-traveled.
b. They were influenced by Asian culture.
c. They relied on nature for survival.
d. They kept religious practice separate from daily activity.

____ 87. Who were the mansas?
a. local leaders who held both political and religious roles in Malian society
b. merchants from territories north of the Sahara Desert
c. a group of elders who counseled Sundiata on important issues
d. a group of rebels who fought Sundiata for control of the empire

____ 88. Which city that was once the center of the Mali Empire became the center of the Songhai Empire?
a. Djenn c. Timbuktu
b. Gao d. Mecca

____ 89. What is an arquebus?
a. a large boat used to carry people across the Niger River
b. a large deposit of a valuable mineral
c. a large animal that the Moroccans used to carry goods
d. an early form of a gun

PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS
Study the passage below and answer the question that follows.

____ 90.
Which question could you ask to learn more about the origins of the blues?
a. Where did B. B. King grow up?
b. What purpose did singing serve for slaves in America?
c. Where is Memphis?
d. Who is the best modern jazz singer?

Since your serene Majesty and your lordships request a simple answer, I shall give it, with
no strings and no catches. Unless I am convicted by the testimony of Scripture or plain reason
(for I believe neither in the pope nor councils alone, since it is agreed they have often erred
and contradicted themselves), I am bound by the Scriptures I have quoted, and my conscience
is captive to the Word of God. I neither can nor will revoke anything, for it is neither safe nor
honest to act against ones conscience. . . . Here I stand, I can do no other.
Martin Luther, speech to Charles V,
as quoted in The European Emergence: Time Frame A.D. 15001600

____ 91. According to Luther, to act against ones conscience is
a. dishonest. c. safe.
b. wise. d. the Word of God.

____ 92. Will Luther take back anything he has said?
a. yes c. under certain conditions
b. no d. only if paid

When the mind returned, which closed itself before the pity of these two kinsfolk, that had
all confounded me with sadness, new torments and new tormented souls I see around me
wherever I move, and howsoever I turn, and wherever I gaze. I am in the third circle, that of
the rain eternal, accursed, cold, and heavy. Its rule and quality are never new. Coarse hail,
and foul water and snow pour down through the [murky] air; the earth that receives them
stinks. Cerberus, a beast cruel and monstrous, with three throats barks doglike above the
people that are here submerged. He has [red] eyes, and a greasy and black beard, and a big
belly, and hands armed with claws: he tears the spirits, flays them, and rends.
Dante Alghieri,
quoted on the Virtual Library Web site

____ 93. Who is above the spirits trapped in the third circle?
a. Dante c. rain god
b. Cerberus d. torments



____ 94. What is the fourteenth century word for diseases?
a. illness c. sijknessis
b. wymmen d. plague

____ 95. Florence grew wealthy through
a. banking. c. book-selling.
b. farming. d. the travel industry.

____ 96. Urban nobility in Italy blended what groups by marriage?
a. wealthy merchants and old nobles
b. clergy and nobles
c. landowning nobles and peasants
d. merchants and traders

____ 97. During the Spanish Inquisition
a. Jewish scholars flourished.
b. the Pope encouraged heresy trials.
c. Spain converted to Protestantism.
d. 2,000 Spaniards were executed.

[It is] the custom of pedagogues [teachers] to be eternally thundering in their pupil's ears . . .
while the business of the pupil is only to repeat what the others have said. [N]ow I would
have a tutor to correct this error. . . . [He should allow] his pupil himself to taste things, and to
. . . choose them, sometimes opening the way to him, and sometimes leaving him to open it
for himself. [T]hat is, I would not have [the teacher] alone . . . speak, but that he should also
hear his pupil speak in turn.
Michel de Montaigne, Of the Education of Children

____ 98. Montaigne believes that students learn best by
a. reading and taking notes. c. taking tests.
b. following their interests. d. home schooling.

____ 99. What did King Henry IV of France agree to do to remain in power?
a. convert to Protestantism c. convert to Catholicism
b. convert to Judaism d. convert to Islam



____ 100. What can you tell about Leonardo da Vinci from this display of his works?
a. Leonardo specialized in modernistic mechanisms.
b. Leonardo had little talent for sketching.
c. Leonardo drew only what existed at the time.
d. Leonardo showed artistic and intellectual genius.

Essay

101. How did geography affect the way Greeks made their livings?

Critical Thinking

102. Making Comparisons How was life different for the wealthy and poor people in Rome? Provide at least two
examples.

Short Answer

SKILL: ANALYZING PRIMARY SOURCES

In the paragraph below from The Iliad, Homer wrote what Achilles told a group of warriors who had been
affected by a plague. Use it to answer the following questions.

Come, let us ask some priest or soothsayer,
...if he can tell us why
[the god] Phoebus Apollo is so greatly angered...

From The Iliad, by Homer, written 800 B.C., translated by Samuel Butler. The Internet Classics Archive by
Daniel C. Stevenson, Web Atomics. World Wide Web presentation is copyright 19942000, Daniel C.
Stevenson, Web Atomics.

103. Write a one or two sentence conclusion that describes the quotation and whether you think the writer is
reliable.

SKILL: USING RELIABLE INFORMATION

Answer the following questions about reliable information.

You are writing a paper on the African Kingdom of Mali during the reign of Mansa Musa. One of your
sources is Ibn Battuta, a fourteenth-century Arab traveler who visited Mali during the reign of Mansa Musa,
who wrote the following excerpt:

One of their good features is their lack of oppression. They are the farthest removed of people from it and
their king does not permit anyone to practice it. Another is the security throughout the entire country, so
that neither traveler there nor dweller has anything to fear from robbers or men of violence.

Said Hamdun and Noel King, eds., Ibn Battuta in Black Africa (London, 1975) p. 47.

104. What qualifies Ibn Battuta to describe the kingdom of Mali?

105. What happened near the city of Tours in 711?

106. How did religion affect the kingdom of Songhai?

SKILL: DISTINGUISHING FACT AND OPINION

Read the paragraph below and answer the questions.

During the Middle Ages, cathedrals were built to glorify God and to be a credit to their cities. They often took
decades to build. The finest medieval cathedrals were built in France. The Cathedral of Notre Dame at
Chartres is the most beautiful Gothic cathedral in the world. Work on it began in 1145, but it was not finished
until 1220. Everyone who visits it is overwhelmed by its power.

107. How can you tell that it is a fact?
World History Final Exam 2014
Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 118
STA: H-1C-M6-35
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 118, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 4, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 4, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

2. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 145
STA: H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 145, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 4, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 4, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

3. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 127
STA: H-1A-M3-18
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 127, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 4, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 4, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

4. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 157
STA: H-1C-M7-37
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 157, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 5, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 5, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

5. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 157
STA: H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 157, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 5, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 5, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

6. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 177
STA: H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 177, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 5, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 5, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

7. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: 177
STA: H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 177, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 5, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 5, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

8. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 184
STA: H-1C-M6-35 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 184, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 5, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 5, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

9. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 186
STA: H-1C-M7-36
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 186, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 5, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 5, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

10. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 175
STA: H-1C-M7-37
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 175, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 5, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 5, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

11. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 169
STA: H-1C-M7-36
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 169, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 5, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 5, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

12. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 170-171
OBJ: 6.1.2 TOP: Greek Beginnings

13. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 171
OBJ: 6.1.2 TOP: Trojan War

14. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 188
OBJ: 6.2.3 TOP: Greek City-States

15. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 199
OBJ: 7.1.1 TOP: Public Life in Athens

16. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 201
OBJ: 7.1.3 TOP: Private Life in Athens

17. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 207
OBJ: 7.2.1 TOP: Living in Sparta

18. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 233
OBJ: 8.1.2 TOP: Roman Republic | Roman Armies

19. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 242
OBJ: 8.2.1 TOP: Ruling an Empire | Five "Good Emperors"

20. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 230
OBJ: 8.1.1 TOP: Etruscans | Rome's Geography and Early Settlement

21. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 234
OBJ: 8.1.3 TOP: Decline of the Roman Republic | Julius Caesar

22. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 260
OBJ: 9.2.1 TOP: Rise of Christianity

23. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 261
OBJ: 9.2.1 TOP: Rise of Christianity

24. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 262
OBJ: 9.2.2 TOP: Spread of Christianity

25. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 275
OBJ: 9.3.3 TOP: Constantine | Constantinople

26. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 287
OBJ: 10.1.2 TOP: Age of Justinian | Byzantine Culture

27. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 286
OBJ: 10.1.1 TOP: Constantinople | Trade

28. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 295 | 296
OBJ: 10.2.3 TOP: Muslim Beliefs

29. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 327
OBJ: 11.3.1 TOP: East African Trading Cities | Aksum

30. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 319
OBJ: 11.2.1 TOP: Kingdoms of the Savanna | Trade

31. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 399
OBJ: 14.1.4 TOP: Peasants and Serfs

32. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 403
OBJ: 14.2.1 TOP: The Church in the Middle Ages

33. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 407
OBJ: 14.2.3 TOP: Towns and Cities in the Middle Ages

34. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 408
OBJ: 14.2.3 TOP: Towns and Cities in the Middle Ages

35. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 419
OBJ: 14.4.3 TOP: Hundred Years' War

36. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 290
STA: H-1A-M2-17 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 290 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

37. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 290
STA: H-1A-M2-17 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 290 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

38. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 290
STA: H-1A-M2-17 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 290 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

39. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 269
STA: H-1A-M2-17 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 269 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

40. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 281
STA: H-1A-M2-17 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 281 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

41. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 283
STA: E-1A-M9-14
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 283 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

42. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: 269
STA: H-1A-M1-16
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 269 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

43. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 271
STA: G-1B-M2-3
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 271 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

44. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 288
STA: H-1A-M2-17 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 288 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

45. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 265
STA: H-1A-M2-17 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 265 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 8, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 8, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

46. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 333
STA: E-1A-M4-12
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 333 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 9, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 9, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

47. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 304
STA: H-1C-M6-35
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 304 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 9, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 9, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

48. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 319
STA: H-1C-M10-43
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 319 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 9, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 9, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

49. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 330
STA: H-1C-M7-37 | H-1C-M10-44
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 330 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 9, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 9, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

50. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 310
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 310 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 9, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 9, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

51. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 320
STA: H-1C-M7-37
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 320 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 9, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 9, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

52. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: 324
STA: H-1C-M7-37
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 320 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 9, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 9, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

53. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 332
STA: H-1C-M7-37
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 332 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 9, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 9, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

54. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 357
STA: H-1C-M8-40
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 357 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 10, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 10, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

55. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 345
STA: H-1C-M7-38 | H-1C-M8-39
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 345 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 10, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 10, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

56. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 353
STA: H-1C-M8-40
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 353 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 10, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 10, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

57. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 353
STA: H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 353 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 10, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 10, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

58. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 360
STA: H-1C-M7-38 | H-1C-M8-39
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 360 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 10, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 10, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

59. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 344
STA: H-1C-M8-40
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 344 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 10, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 10, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

60. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 352
STA: H-1C-M7-38 | H-1C-M8-39
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 352 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 10, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 10, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

61. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 357
STA: H-1C-M8-39
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 357 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 10, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 10, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

62. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 10.1.1

63. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 10.1.2

64. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 10.2.3

65. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 10.3.1

66. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 377
STA: H-1A-M2-17
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 377 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

67. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 391
STA: H-1A-M2-17
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 391 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

68. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 391
STA: H-1C-M6-35 | H-1C-M8-40
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 391 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

69. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 375
STA: H-1A-M3-18 | H-1C-M8-40
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 375 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

70. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 383
STA: H-1A-M3-18
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 383 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

71. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 386
STA: H-1A-M2-17 | H-1C-M8-39
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 386 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

72. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 374
STA: G-1B-M1-2
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 374 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

73. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 380
STA: H-1C-M14-51
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 380 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

74. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 380
STA: H-1C-M14-51
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 380 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

75. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 380
STA: H-1C-M6-35
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 380 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 11, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 11, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

76. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 11.1.4

77. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 12.1.1

78. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 12.1.1

79. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 12.1.2

80. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 12.1.2

81. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 12.1.2

82. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 12.3.3

83. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 13.1.1

84. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 13.1.2

85. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 13.1.2

86. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 13.1.2

87. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 13.3.1

88. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 13.3.2

89. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 13.3.2

90. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 OBJ: 13.4.2

91. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 633
STA: H-1C-M12-48
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 633 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

92. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 633
STA: H-1C-M14-52
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 633 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 3. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 3 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

93. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 620
STA: H-1C-M8-40
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 620 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

94. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 620
STA: H-1C-M14-52
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 620 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

95. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 612
STA: H-1C-M12-49
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 612 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

96. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 614
STA: G-1D-M2-9 | E-1A-M9-14
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 614 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 1. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 1 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

97. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 646
STA: H-1C-M12-49
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 646 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

98. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 619
STA: H-1C-M12-49
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 619 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

99. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 644
STA: H-1C-M14-52
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 644 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

100. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Average REF: 621
STA: H-1C-M14-52
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 621 and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 17, section 2. For additional
practice, complete chapter 17, section 2 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

ESSAY

101. ANS:
Answers will vary but may include that the mountainous terrain prevented Greeks from taking up a nomadic
lifestyle. The mild climate allowed some farming, and the many miles of seacoast provided opportunities to
work as sailors, fishers, and traders.

PTS: 1 DIF: Challenging REF: 146 STA: H-1A-M3-18 | H-1C-M7-38
NOT: Learn more about this question in Journey Across Time: Early Ages, page 146, and in the Active
Reading Note-Taking Guide and Reading Essentials and Study Guide, chapter 4, section 4. For additional
practice, complete chapter 4, section 4 of the Interactive Tutor Self-Assessment CD-ROM, and visit Study
Central at jat.glencoe.com.

102. ANS:
Answers may include at least two of the following: The wealthy lived in large elegant houses while the poor
lived in crowded, unhealthy, and dangerous buildings. The wealthy often had feasts with exotic dishes and
entertainment while the poor often needed free grain just to survive. The wealthy often got support from the
government for their families and the poor didnt.

PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: 254-255 OBJ: 9.1.2
TOP: Roman Social Classes

SHORT ANSWER

103. ANS:
The quote is what Achilles might have said to people regarding the source of the plague being Apollos anger.
Since Homer was not there at the Trojan War, the quote is what he imagined Achilles might have said.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 214-215 OBJ: 7.3.2
TOP: Greek Culture

104. ANS:
He has actually visited the kingdom of Mali.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 324-325 OBJ: 11.2.1
TOP: Kingdoms of the Savanna | Mali | Ibn Battuta

105. ANS:
In 711 near Tours in France, the Christian army stopped the Muslim advancement into Europe.

PTS: 1 DIF: 2 OBJ: 12.3.1

106. ANS:
The Muslim leaders of Songhai were able to trade with the Berbers. Sunni Ali practiced both Islam and local
religions to keep religious harmony. Askia the Great encouraged the growth of Muslim influence.

PTS: 1 DIF: 3 OBJ: 13.3.2

107. ANS:
It can be proven with factual evidence.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 414-415 OBJ: 14.2.1
TOP: The Church in the Middle Ages | Gothic Cathedrals