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Case Study: Energy-Efficient House in Finland

SP021a-EN-EU
Case Study: Energy-Efficient House in Finland
Villa Loiste was constructed for the Annual Housing Fair in Finland. It is a single family
house that is constructed in light steel framing using energy efficient techniques with U
values of 0,1 to 0,15 Watts/sq m/Degrees C. The building was monitored in operation for a
year and it was found that energy use was only 30% of the equivalent use in a conventional
Nordic house.



Villa Loiste, Kotka, Finland

Contents
1. The Achievement 2
2. Steel Solution 2
3. Project Team 3
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Case Study: Energy-Efficient House in Finland
SP021a-EN-EU
1. The Achievement
House of 200 m
2
gross floor area.
Low U value of walls, roof and floors using perforated light steel C sections.
Tubular steel columns and beams incorporated in floors and walls.
Energy consumption of only 30% of that of a conventional house.
Adaptable internal space use.
Energy use of : 47 kWh/m
2
space heating
31 kWh/m
2
hot water
Solar energy roof for hot water system.
Purlins from air ducting system
High quality internal environment.
2. Steel Solution
The house is located on a sloping site, with raft foundation on the upper side of the slope. On
the lower side of the slope the house is founded on tubular steel piles, driven down to the
bedrock. In the part of the house founded on a raft foundation the ground floor is a reinforced
concrete slab. In the part founded on steel piles the bottom floor is a load bearing composite
floor slab.
The load bearing vertical frame of the house is based on thermo profile wall stud elements; on
the ground floor, tubular steel columns and beams have also been incorporated in the thermo
purlin elements.
The intermediate floor between the two floors is in dry spaces realised as a dry structure.
The floor contains an integrated floor heating system. The requirements of adaptability were
considered in the planning of the beam system. The load bearing horizontal structure of the
roof consists of light steel sheet purlins and the thermo profiles that serve as a thermal break
are suspended from these. In the part of the solar energy roof, the purlins are covered by
profiled steel sheets, which act as a secondary load bearing structure and also form the air
duct system.
In addition to good heat insulation, special attention was also paid to the air-tightness of the
internal vapour barrier. An air barrier was installed between the 50 mm cross studding and the
thermo profile frame. The external walls have a U value of 0,15 W/m
2o
C, and the roof has a
U value of 0,11 W/m
2o
C.
The objective was to create thermal conditions that meet the requirements of a comfortable
indoor climate. The energy solution focussed on minimising heat losses, on efficient use of
energy as well as on utilising solar energy by new methods. The roof of the house acts as a
solar collector that generates thermal energy for the heating of the house the supply air for the
air conditioning system is preheated using solar collector realised with the steel roofing.
The heating system is constant temperature floor heating. The mechanical balanced
ventilation system has a heat recovery efficiency of 80%.
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Case Study: Energy-Efficient House in Finland
SP021a-EN-EU
3. Project Team
Project Team
Client: Ruukki Oyj
Architect: Asko Kaipainen
Structural Engineer: Finnmap Consulting
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Case Study: Energy-Efficient House in Finland
SP021a-EN-EU
Quality Record
RESOURCE TITLE Case Study: Energy-Efficient House in Finland
Reference(s)
ORIGINAL DOCUMENT
Name Company Date
Created by Mark Lawson SCI
Technical content checked by Dr Graham Owens SCI
Editorial content checked by
Technical content endorsed by the
following STEEL Partners:

1. UK G W Owens SCI 20/1/06
2. France A Bureau CTICM 20/1/06
3. Sweden A Olsson SBI 20/1/06
4. Germany C Mller RWTH 20/1/06
5. Spain J Chica Labein 20/1/06
6. Luxembourg M Haller PARE 20/1/06
Resource approved by Technical
Coordinator
G W Owens SCI 24/5/06
TRANSLATED DOCUMENT
This Translation made and checked by:
Translated resource approved by:

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