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Calculate Numer of Plate / P

   

Calculate No of Plate Earthing

     
   

As per IS 3043-1987

   
   

Short circuit Current(Isc)

65000

Amp

   

Duration of Fault in sec (t)

1

Sec

Soil Resisitivity (ρ) If You Know (Otherwise Leave Blank)

100

Ω-Mt.

   

Soil Resistivity

100

Ω-Mt.

   
 
Calculate Numer of Plate / P Calculate No of Plate Earthing As per IS 3043-1987 Short
 

Permissible Current Density at Earth Electrode (Id)

757

Amp/Sq.Mt

   

Permissible Earth Resistance of System

2

Ω

   
   

Detail of Plate Earthing:

   
   

Plate Width

600

mm

   

Plate Height

600

mm

   

Surface Area of both sides of plate(S)

0.72

Sq.Mt

   

Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode

545.04

Amp

Single Earth Plate Resistance

290.14

Ω

No of Copper Plates Earthing Required

119

Nos

   

Arrangement of Pipe Earthing

Parallel

1

   

Formation of Parallel Earthing (As per BS 7430):

Traingle

Distance Betweem successive Electrodes (D)

8

Meter

   

Overlall Earthing Resistance of 119 Nos of Electrodes

2.467

Ω

   
   

Whether Earthing Strip / Wire Buried in Ground

Yes

     
   

Earth Resistance of Buried Strip / Wire:

   
   

Strip Width(w):

12

mm

   

Strip Length(L):

2200

Mt

Depth of Burial of Strip Electrode(t):

200

mm

   

Surface Area of both sides of Strip(S):

52.8

Sq.Mt

   

Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode

0.00

Amp

Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire:

0.1601

Ω

   

Results

     
   

No of Plate Earthing

119

Nos

   

Arrangement of Plate Earthing

Parallel

Earthing Strip / Wire For Earthing Buried in Ground

Yes

Overlall Resistance of Earthing Plate

2.4666

Ω

Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire

0.1601

Ω

   

Total Earth Resistance of Plate Earthing & Earth Strip

0.1503

Ω

   
       
 

:Calculation:

Earthing Strip Size A=(IscX√t)/K

Current Density permissible at an Earth Electrode Id=(7.57*1000)/√(ρxt) Amps/Sqmeter

 

No of Plates required N=Isc/Id/S

Plate R=(ρ/S)*(√Π/S) Ohm Pipe or Rod R= (100ρ/2ΠL)*log℮(4L/d)ohms Stip or Conductor R=(100ρ/2ΠL)*log℮(2L²/wt) ohms

 

ipe Earthing

Jignesh.Parmar,

 

www.electricalnotes.wordpress.com,

jiguparmar@yahoo.com

 

Calculate No of Pipe Earthing

   

As per IS 3043-1987

 

Short circuit Current(Isc)

50000

Amp

 

Duration of Fault in sec (t)

1

Sec

Soil Resisitivity (ρ) If You Know (Otherwise Leave Blank)

72.44

Ω-Mt.

Soil Resistivity

72.44

Ω-Mt.

 
ipe Earthing <a href=Jignesh .Parmar, www.electricalnot es.wordpress.com, jiguparmar@ yahoo.com Calculate No of Pipe Earthing As per IS 3043-1987 Short circuit Current(Isc) 50000 Amp Duration of Fault in sec (t) 1 Sec Soil Resisitivity (ρ) If You Know (Otherwise Leave Blank) 72.44 Ω-Mt. Soil Resistivity 72.44 Ω-Mt. Permissible Current Density at Earth Electrode (Id) 889.42 Amp/Sq.Mt Permissible Earth Resistance of System 1 Ω Detail of Pipe Earthing: Diameter of Pipe(d) 100 mm Radius of GI Pipe(R.) 0.05 Mt. length of Pipe(L) Mt. Surface Area(S) 0.943 Sq.Mt Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode 838.37 Amp Single Cast Iron Pipe Resistance 18.408 Ω No of Pipe Earthing Required 60 Nos Arrangement of Pipe Earthing Parallel 1 Formation of Parallel Earthing (As per BS 7430): Hollow Sqare Distance Betweem successive Electrodes (D) 8 Meter Overlall Earthing Resistance of 60 Nos of Electrodes Ω Whether Earthing Strip / Wire Buried in Ground Yes Earth Resistance of Buried Strip / Wire: Strip Width(w): 12 mm Strip Length(L): 2200 Mt Depth of Burial of Strip Electrode(t): 200 mm Surface Area of both sides of Strip(S): 52.8 Sq.Mt Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode 46961.35 Amp Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire: 0.1160 Ω Results No of Pipe Earthing Nos Arrangement of Pipe Earthing Parallel Earthing Strip / Wire For Earthing Buried in Ground Yes Overlall Resistance of Earthing Pipe/Rod 0.5135 Ω Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire 0.1160 Ω Total Earth Resistance of Pipe Earthing & Earth Strip Ω " id="pdf-obj-4-69" src="pdf-obj-4-69.jpg">

Permissible Current Density at Earth Electrode (Id)

889.42

Amp/Sq.Mt

Permissible Earth Resistance of System

1

Ω

 

Detail of Pipe Earthing:

 

Diameter of Pipe(d)

100

mm

 

Radius of GI Pipe(R.)

0.05

Mt.

 

length of Pipe(L)

 

Mt.

Surface Area(S)

0.943

Sq.Mt

Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode

838.37

Amp

Single Cast Iron Pipe Resistance

18.408

Ω

No of Pipe Earthing Required

60

Nos

Arrangement of Pipe Earthing

Parallel

1

 

Formation of Parallel Earthing (As per BS 7430):

Hollow Sqare

Distance Betweem successive Electrodes (D)

8

Meter

Overlall Earthing Resistance of 60 Nos of Electrodes

0.514

Ω

 

Whether Earthing Strip / Wire Buried in Ground

Yes

   

Earth Resistance of Buried Strip / Wire:

 

Strip Width(w):

12

mm

 

Strip Length(L):

2200

Mt

Depth of Burial of Strip Electrode(t):

200

mm

Surface Area of both sides of Strip(S):

52.8

Sq.Mt

 

Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode

46961.35

Amp

Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire:

0.1160

Ω

Results

   

No of Pipe Earthing

60

Nos

 

Arrangement of Pipe Earthing

Parallel

Earthing Strip / Wire For Earthing Buried in Ground

Yes

Overlall Resistance of Earthing Pipe/Rod

0.5135

Ω

Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire

0.1160

Ω

Total Earth Resistance of Pipe Earthing & Earth Strip

0.0946

Ω

 
   
 
Normal Short Circuit Value 440KV 40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 220KV 40 KA for

Normal Short Circuit Value

440KV

40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

220KV

40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

132KV

35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

66KV

25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

11KV(Urban)

35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

11KV(Rural)

25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

415V

10 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

220V

6 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

Typical soil resistivity (IEEE 142 / BS 7430)

Soil Type

Avg. Resistivity (Ωm)

Wellgraded gravel Poorly graded gravel Clayey gravel Silty sand Clayey sands Silty or clayey sand

600 – 1000 1000 – 2500 200 – 400 100 – 800 50 – 200 30 – 80

Fine sandy soil Gravelly clays Inorganic clays Surface Soils Clay Sandy clay Moist gravel Dry gravel Limestone Porous limestone

80 – 300 20 – 60 10 – 55 1 50 2 100 100 150 50 700 700 1200 5 10000 30 100

Quartz, limestone

100 1000

Sandstone

20 2000

Granites

900 1100

 
   
   

Calculate Minimum Size of of Earth Strip

   

As per IS 3043-1987

   

Short circuit Current(Isc)

33880

Amp

Duration of Fault in sec (t)

1

Sec

   
   

Copper

Aluminium

Lead

   

Volumetric haet capacity of conductor material (Qc)

0.0345

0.025

0.00145

Reciprocal of Tmp.coeff of Resistivity at 0 deg.Centrigade (B)

234.5

228

230

Electrical resisitivity of conductorat 20 deg.Centrigade(∂20)

0.0001724

0.0002826

0.000214

   

Final Temprature of conductor(øt)

395

325

325

Initial Temprature of conductor(øi)

40

40

40

   

Value of k Constant for 1sec

205.60

126.05

34.94

   

Allowance for Corrosion in Earth Strip

0%

Per Year

Number of Year before replacement say

0

Year

Safety Factor

1

   

Calculated Min.Earth Strip Size

     

No

   

Earthing Strip Size (Copper):

164.79

Sq.mm

1

Earthing Strip Size (Aluminium):

268.77

Sq.mm

1

Earthing Strip Size (Lead):

969.76

Sq.mm

2

Earthing Strip Size (GI):

419.90

Sq.mm

1

       
 
   

Calculate Minimum Size of Earthing Conductor

 

Value

   

Cable

   

Short circuit Current(Isc)

33880

Amp

XLPE

Duration of Fault in sec (t)

1

Sec

PVC

   

Earthing Conductor Size for XLPE Conductor (Al.)

360.43

Sq.mm

Earthing Conductor Size for XLPE Conductor (Cu.)

235.28

Sq.mm

Earthing Conductor Size for PVC Conductor (Al.)

451.73

Sq.mm

Earthing Conductor Size for PVC Conductor (Cu.)

294.61

Sq.mm

 
 
   
   

Jignesh.N.Parmar

 

www.electricalnotes.wordpress.com,

 
 

jiguparmar@yahoo.com

 

Normal Short Circuit Value

440KV

40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

220KV

40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

132KV

35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

GI

 

66KV

25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

0.0038

J/°Cent-mm3

11KV(Urban)

35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

  • 202 °Cent

11KV(Rural)

25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

0.000138

Ω-mm

415V

10 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

  • 500 °Cent

 

220V

6 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

  • 40 °Cent

 

80.69

 
 

Actual Earth Strip Size

   

Width(mm) Thickness(mm)

Status

   
 
  • 10 20

O.K

 
  • 164.79 0.00

200

 
  • 10 30

O.K

  • 268.77 0.00

300

 
  • 60 10

O.K

  • 969.76 0.00

1200

 
  • 10 20

Increase No or Size of Strip

  • 419.90 0.00

200

     

of k Constant for 1 Sec.

 

Al.

Cu.

 
  • 94 144

   
 
  • 75 115

   
 

Typical soil resistivity (IEEE 142 / BS 7430)

Soil Type

Avg. Resistivity (Ωm)

Wellgraded gravel Poorly graded gravel Clayey gravel Silty sand Clayey sands Silty or clayey sand Fine sandy soil Gravelly clays

600 – 1000 1000 – 2500 200 – 400 100 – 800 50 – 200 30 – 80 80 – 300 20 – 60

Inorganic clays

10 – 55

Surface Soils

1 50

Clay

2 100

Sandy clay

100 150

Moist gravel

50 700

Dry gravel

700 1200

Limestone

5 10000

Porous limestone

30 100

Quartz, limestone

100 1000

Sandstone

20 2000

Granites

900 1100

Concrete

300 500