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Si ngl e J ET +

Jet grouting solution





Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

Page 1 sur 13

Rev E

Marketing & Development page 1
This document and the information contained are confidential and intended solely for the use of the
addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.

1.
1.1.
Position of the technique
JET+ is a system to do jet grouting columns, using a special patented monitor with
optimized flow (so with more focused jet).
What is JET+ ?






JET+ allows doing the same column with less energy than conventional jetting system.
The table bellow gives the dynamic pressure (in bar) at distance varying from 0.5 to 2 m
measured in air :










1.2.
The single JET+ allows
pushing away the limits of
the jet single. In some
conditions, it can replace the
double J et.
Scope of application



The scope of soil for JET+ is the same than for standard J et (sand, gravels, marl, peat,
clay, silt).
The scope of use for JET+ is equivalent to the normal jet (underpinning, break in/ break
out, small retaining wall, jetted cut off...). It can be implemented particularly for jetted slab,
doing bigger diameter.
Single J ET+
Standard single J et
Single J ET+
Standard single J et



Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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Rev E

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1.3.

Strength - weakness








Compressive layer
Soil improvement Umbrella vault
Underpinning
Small retaining wall
Cut off
J et Grouting slab
S
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j
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Strengths
- more efficient (less energy for same
diameter) even with lower pressure (300
bars).
- Less pressure losses in the monitor.
- Better productivity (output)
- Less cement consumption and less spoil
production.
Weaknesses
- Thicker spoil in clay (lower substitution
ratio).
- Too efficient for small columns in soft or
loose soils.
- Expensive monitor difficult to amortize on
a small site
- Monitor to be cleaned after each column
(need of 2 monitors at least).
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J
E
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+
Strengths
- Almost as efficient for small diameter columns either in
soft or stiff soils (no real improvement of efficiency with the
air)
- No use of pressured air (cleaner site, single jet rods, less
risk of building or structure heave, less risk of pressured air
pocket into the ground).
- No spoil "drying effect" due to the air (especially when
jetting above the water table).
- More fluid spoil (higher substitution ratio).
- Higher achievable strength.
Weaknesses
- Less efficient for big diameter columns =>lower
productivity.
- No air to ease the spoil return in case of deep columns.
- Impossible to perform V-check in single rods (compared
to SB double jet rods).
- Expensive monitor.
- Monitor to be cleaned after each column.
S
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d
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j
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Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

Page 3 sur 13

Rev E

Marketing & Development page 3
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addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.
2.
2.1.
Site organization
The team is the same than for standard J etting.
Team
2.2.
The installation for JET + (single / double) is the same than for standard J et (single /
double).
Installation
2.3.

Equipment single Jet+


















Connection at top in 23/8 IF
Connection at bottom in 23/8 API REG, possibility of
27/8 or 31/2.
Usual nozzles from 4.5 to 6.5 mm (step of 0.5 mm).
Maximum pressure : 40 MPa.








monitor body
bottom connection top connection
nut
nozzle
monitor
counter nut
674 mm dia 88.9 mm 28 kg
300 mm



Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.
2.4.
2.4.1 drilling method for JET + :
Method statement single JET+


During drilling operation, the drilling fluid
comes out through the tool at bottom, and a
little through the nozzle.
The injection fluid can be water, or bentonite
or cement grout.
During the jetting operation, the flow
increases and closes the pressure valve (see
picture) and all the flow comes out through
the nozzle.







2.4.2 drilling tools :
Drilling tools are the same than conventional drilling (nozzle bit, tricone etc).
2.4.3 controls :
Diameter control can be done with CYLJ ET or with coring.
3.
All the shift costs, fixed costs and subsidiary costs are the same than for standard jet
grouting site. The only monitor is different.
Cost elements
J et +single monitor with the top and bottom connections #5 600
Nozzle for J et # 150
It is necessary to have 2 monitors on site (1 for work, 1 for cleaning/maintenance).
4.
The examples below are done with a maximum of data to help the understanding of the
JET + process.
References

Drilling mode Jetting mode
nozzle
pressure valve
check valve



Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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Rev E

Marketing & Development page 5
This document and the information contained are confidential and intended solely for the use of the
addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.
France, Paris Louvre museum, - 2009
Presentation of work
373 columns J ET+single
:
for retaining wall under piles built on XIX
th
Drilling 2650 m / J etting 2450 ml
c.
Diameter 1400 / 1600 mm
Average depth 6.55 m
Geotechnical data
0 1.50 m : backfills
:
1.50 5.60 m : Alluviums
Pl #1.2 MPa at top
Pl #3.5 MPa at bottom
5.60 6.60 m : gravelly marl
Water table is at 4.80 m from plate-form
Used technique
Equipment : Beretta T46 & SM401 +pump SM7T450
:
Method : drilling downward with cement grout and jetting upward
C/W Grout : 0.76 (600 kg/m
3
Required strength : 5 MPa,
),
J et parameters : J et pressure 31 MPa nozzle 5.5 mm
Diameter (mm)
1400 1600
Top alluvium Bottom alluvium Bottom alluvium
Flow (l/mn) 300 300 300
Up Speed (cm/mn) 22.5 22.5 13.8
Up step (cm) 3 3 3
Tempo (s) 6 9 13
Rotation speed (rpm) 10 7 9
J et energy (MJ /m) 31 44 67
Obtained data
Industrial production : 2.8 m/h or 3.3 columns/8h
:
Cement consumption : 880 kg / th jetted m
760 kg / column th m
3

Spoils : 162% / th jetted m
3

140% / column th m
3


3



Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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Rev E

Marketing & Development page 6
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addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.
UK, Birmingham - 2010
Presentation of work
44 columns single J ET+& 30 columns double J ET+
:
(test 1) for a jetted slab inside a shaft
global overlapping between columns of 75%
treatment between 17.50 m and 12.50 m
Geotechnical data
0 17.50 m : silty gravely fine sand
:
STP : 20 to 30
Water table is at 2 m from plate-form
Used technique
Equipment :klemm +SM 7T500J
:
Method : drilling downward with water and jetting upward
Required strength : 8 MPa
J et parameters : nozzle 5.5 mm
Diameter (mm) 1650 2200 2750
J etting system Single Double Double
Grout cement content (kg/m
3
800 ) 900 900
Grout C/W 1.08 1.26 1.26
Grout density 1.55 1.61 1.61
Grout flow (l/mn) 300 300 300
Grout pressure (MPa) 342 357 357
Step (cm) 3 3 3
Tempo (s) 28 14 20
Up Speed (mn/m) 15.56 7.78 11.11
Rotation speed (rpm) 9 10 9
J et energy (MJ /m) 160 83 119
Obtained data
Industrial production : 3.5 columns / 11 h
:
(drilling 60 m / 11 h & jetting 20 m / 11 h),
Cement consumption : 1260 kg / th jetted m
3
860 kg / column th m
,
3
Spoils : 236 % / th jetted m
,
3
145 % / column th m
,
3
On this site, the monitor has suffered excessive
breakdown in J ET+double.
.





Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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Rev E

Marketing & Development page 7
This document and the information contained are confidential and intended solely for the use of the
addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.

France, Strasbourg - 2011
Presentation of work
22 columns J ET+single diameter 1200 mm
:
79 columns J ET+single diameter 1400 mm
for foundation underpinning
(existing and new foundations)
Drilling up to 7.50 m, jetting on 6.30 m
Geotechnical data
0 7.50 m : silty backfills
:
Pl #0.1 MPa
No water table
Used technique
Equipment : Beretta T46 +SM 7T450
:
Method : drilling at down operation with water and jetting at up operation
Required strength : 4 MPa
J et parameters : nozzle 5.5 mm
Diameter (mm) 1200 1400
J etting system Single Single
Grout cement content (kg/m
3
550 ) 550
Grout C/W 0.69 0.69
Grout flow (l/mn) 305 305
Grout pressure (MPa) 315 315
Step (cm) 3 3
Tempo (s) 5 8
Up Speed (mn/m) 2.80 4.44
Rotation speed (rpm) 12 15
J et energy (MJ /m) 27 43
Obtained data
Industrial production : 3.5 columns / 8 h
:
Cement consumption : 1550 kg / th jetted m
1360 kg / column th m
3

Spoils : 165 % / th jetted m
3

155 % / column th m
3


3




Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.


Viet Nam, Ho Chi Minh M&C - 2010
Presentation of work
Diaphragm wall joint treatment with J ET +single columns
:
Maximum depth 30 m drilling & 10/12 m jetting
Geotechnical data
0 30 m : clayey silty sand
:
SPT 30 to 35
Water table is at 4 m from plate-form
Used technique
Equipment : local drilling rig +SM 5T302
:
Method : drilling downward and jetting upward
Required strength : 5 MPa,
J et parameters : nozzle 5 mm
Diameter (mm) 800 1300
J etting system Single Single
Grout cement content (kg/m
3
650 ) 650
Grout C/W 0.84 0.84
Grout flow (l/mn) 235 235
Grout pressure (MPa) 285 285
Step (cm) 4 3
Tempo (s) 4 11
Up Speed (mn/m) 1.70 6
Rotation speed (rpm) 15 11
J et energy (MJ /m) 12 40










Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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Rev E

Marketing & Development page 9
This document and the information contained are confidential and intended solely for the use of the
addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.

France, Le Havre - 2011
Presentation of work
171 half columns J ET+single diameter 1800 mm
:
for soil improvement near diaphragm wall in harbour
Maximum depth 9 m drilling & 8 m jetting
Geotechnical data
0 7 m : fine sand (no compact)
:
7 9 m : gravels
Water table is at 7 m from plate-form
Used technique
Equipment : PX1200A +SM7T450
:
Method : drilling downward and jetting upward
Required strength : 1 MPa,
J et parameters : nozzle 5.5 mm
Diameter (mm) 1800
J etting system Single, alternative
Grout cement content (kg/m
3
430 )
Grout C/W 0.5
Grout flow (l/mn) 260
Grout pressure (MPa) 220
Step (cm) 3
Tempo (s) 8
Up Speed (mn/m) 4.44
Rotation speed (rpm) 11
J et energy (MJ /m) 25
Obtained data
Industrial production : 5.9 columns / 8 h (7.5 m
:
3
Cement consumption : 580 kg / th jetted m
jet /h)
260 kg / column th m
3

Spoils : 130 % / th jetted m
3

104 % / column th m
3


3






Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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Rev E

Marketing & Development page 10
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addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.
USA, Manhattan 2010
Test 2
Presentation of work
40 columns diameter 1500 in J ET+double
:
for building underpinning
Maximum depth 36 m drilling & 31 m jetting
Geotechnical data
0 5 m : backfills,
:
SPT 3 to 9, Qt 0.8 to 1 MPa
5 8.50 m : organics,
SPT 0 to 3, Qt 0.8 to 1 MPa
8.5 18.5 m : silty sand,
SPT 6 to 15, Qt 5 to 14 MPa
18.5 36 m : silty clay,
SPT 4 to 14, Qt 4 to 10 MPa
Used technique
Equipment : C14 +metax MP7
:
Method : drilling downward and jetting upward
Requested strength resistance : 3.5 MPa,
J et parameters : nozzle 5.5 mm
Soil layers 5 to 8.50 m 8.50 to 18.50 m 18.50 to 36 m
Grout cement content (kg/m
3
650 ) 650 650
Grout C/W 0.83 0.83 0.83
Grout flow (l/mn) 210 290 320
Grout pressure (MPa) 160 300 365
Step (cm) 4 4 4
Tempo (s) 41 15 23
Up Speed (mn/m) 17.1 6.25 9.6
Rotation speed (rpm) 1.5 4
J et energy (MJ /m) 56 54 111
Obtained data
Industrial production : 1 column / 11 h
:
On this site, the monitor has suffered excessive
breakdown in J ET+double.





Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.
5.
Following the test on Birmingham and Manathan of double J ET+, with a lot of breakdown
of the monitor, a new elbow has been designed and manufactured, with improved sealing
(tested at 450 b). This new monitor can be used for single or double J ET+. A single J ET+
monitor can be converted to a double J ET+ monitor. Two new monitors have been
successfully tested in the site of Lee tunnel. It seems that the problem is solved. It needs
more sites to check with time now.
Opportunities
A removable rubber plate can be fitted on nozzle (or other system), to avoid plugging the
nozzle.
6.
General sale approach :
Sale arguments
Focus the discussion with the customer around his need, argue of our differences and put
forward his value creation.
Product :
J et grouting process.
Price :
Cheaper than standard jet grouting, on large sites.
Position : CAB
Characteristic Advantage Benefit (customer)
No air use in J ET+single No stress on the soil No risk of building heave
Less jetting energy for same
diameter
Less fuel consumption
Less human risk
More ecologic
Quieter client
Bigger diameter with same
energy
Less columns Faster work
Less equipment for same target
Less fuel consumption
Less human risk
Softer site
Safety site









Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.
Environment
More ecologic technology of single J et+in front of double J et :
:

CO
2
energy
,
transport,
water
waste
spoil
material
Promotion :
Your large safe J etting solution.
People :
This product can be built for :
Small building promoters,
Infrastructure directions,
Industries, mines,
Dam administrators.
In front of a buyer customer typology, refocus all time the discussion on technical matters
and ask for a technical person during the meeting. Make the buyer worrying about
existing buildings, resident problems, quality of the work.
In front of a hitech customer typology, focus on the hitech patented monitor with good
environment matters (less energy, less noise etc...), flatter his pride.
In front of family customer typology, focus on the safety of the process, his quietness with
residents (we will take care of them, less noise, less pollution, less vibration, no risk of
uprising), the better quality, the environment.
Place :
This product can be used for :
Underpinning
Soil improvement between two strong layers
Slope reinforcement
Small retaining wall
Cut off
Umbrella vault
This technology is particularly adapted to replace double jet with single J ET+.


SINGLE J ET+ DOUBLE J ET




Si ngl e J ET +
Jet grouting solution



Date : 17/ 05/ 13 V1

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addresses. Dissemination, copying or disclosure of this document, either wholly or partially, is strictly
prohibited without express approval.
7.
Business development : Bertrand Steff de Verninac
To go further
bertrand.steffdeverninac @soletanche-bachy.com
Methods : Basile Leconte
basile.leconte @soletanche-bachy.com,
Equipment purchase : DMG,
pascal.plique@soletanche-bachy.com
Complete documentation : preventive maintenance, corrective maintenance,
spare part book.
Support for jobsite : according to Groups conditions.