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# Module 17, Propeller.

17.1. Fundamentals.
Question Number. 1. High speed propellers are designed to.
Option A. rotate at high RPM.
Option B. operate at high forward speeds.
Option C. operate at supersoni tip speeds.
Corret Answer is. operate at high forward speeds.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. %. &hen in the windmill position A'M.
Option A. opposes C'M.
Option B. is not related to C'M.
Option C. assists C'M.
!"planation. A'M normall( inreases blade angle but in the windmill ondition re)erses and assists C'M.
Question Number. *. 'he optimum angle for a fi"ed pith propeller is.
Option A. 1+ degrees.
Option B. % , - degrees.
Option C. . , 1/ degrees.
Corret Answer is. % , - degrees.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1%,- Refers.
Question Number. -. A left handed propeller is one that.
Option A. rotates lo2wise when )iewed from the rear.
Option B. rotates lo2wise when )iewed from the front.
Option C. is fitted to an engine on the left side of the airraft.
Corret Answer is. rotates lo2wise when )iewed from the front.
!"planation. \$eft hand propeller rotates anti,lo2wise when )iewed from the rear. http344www.ba(propeller.om4parts.html
Question Number. +. 5ores ating on a propeller are.
Option A. entrifugal6 twisting6 and bending.
Option B. tor7ue6 thrust and entrifugal.
Option C. torsion6 tension and thrust.
Corret Answer is. entrifugal6 twisting6 and bending.
!"planation. 0epperson Powerplant Page 1%,+ to 1%,8 refers.
Question Number. .. 'he blade angle at the root is.
Option A. less than the tip.
Option B. same from tip to root.
Option C. greater than the tip.
Corret Answer is. greater than the tip.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1* Refers.
Question Number. 8. &hat fore on a propeller blade turns the blades to a fine pith9.
Option A. A'M.
Option B. 'or7ue.
Option C. C'M.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1+ refers.
Question Number. :. 'he purpose of propeller twist is.
Option A. oarsen the blade angle at the root.
Option C. to maintain Angle of Atta2 at the same )alue along the blade.
Corret Answer is. to maintain Angle of Atta2 at the same )alue along the blade.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1* Refers.
Question Number. ;. 'he fores ating on a propeller blade are.
Option A. bending6 twisting and entrifugal.
Option B. thrust6 aerod(nami and tension.
Option C. thrust and tor7ue.
Corret Answer is. bending6 twisting and entrifugal.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Powerplant Page 1%, + to 8.
Question Number. 1/. Blade angle at the root is.
Option A. low.
Option B. high.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control Pages ++,+: Refer.
Question Number. 11. Blade angle is ta2en from the hord and.
Option A. propeller shaft.
Option B. relati)e airflow.
Option C. plane of rotation.
Corret Answer is. plane of rotation.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control Page1*% refer.
Question Number. 1%. &hat fores at on a propeller blade9.
Option A. 'hrust and tor7ue.
Option B. Bending6 thrust6 tor7ue.
Option C. Bending6 C'M and A'M.
Corret Answer is. Bending6 C'M and A'M.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1-,1+ Note 'hrust and 'or7ue are both.
Question Number. 1*. C'M will.
Option A. tr( to bend the blade awa( from the engine.
Option C. ause the tips to rotate at supersoni speeds.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls page Page 1+ refers.
Question Number. 1-. 5rom re)erse pith6 to return to normal pith it.
Option A. passes through oarse then fine.
Option B. passes through oarse.
Option C. passes through fine.
Corret Answer is. passes through fine.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. 1+. &hen in re)erse pith6 C'M will tend to mo)e the propeller blades towards.
Option A. a positi)e pith.
Option B. a position depending on rpm.
Option C. a negati)e pith.
Corret Answer is. a positi)e pith.
!"planation. C'M alwa(s rotates towards the plane of rotation.
Question Number. 1.. #f the blade angle is inreased.
Option A. the pith beomes finer.
Option B. the pith beomes oarser.
Option C. lateral stabilit( dereases.
Corret Answer is. the pith beomes oarser.
!"planation. Pith is an alternati)e name for blade angle.
Question Number. 18. As a propeller blade mo)es through the air6 fores are produed6 whih are 2nown as.
Option A. lift and tor7ue.
Option B. lift and drag.
Option C. thrust and tor7ue.
Corret Answer is. thrust and tor7ue.
!"planation. 0epperson A 1 P Powerplant Page 1%,..
Question Number. 1:. A rotating propeller imparts rearwards motion to a.
Option A. small mass of air at high )eloit(.
Option B. large mass of air at low )eloit(.
Option C. small mass of air at low )eloit(.
Corret Answer is. large mass of air at low )eloit(.
!"planation. <ermode Mehanis of 5light 5ig -.- refers.
Question Number. 1;. Propeller effiien( is.
Option A. the ratio of output speed to input propeller speed.
Option B. the ratio of the wor2 applied to the geometri pith to useful wor2 on the C.=.>.
Option C. the ratio of the useful wor2 done b( the propeller to wor2 done b( the engine on the propeller.
Corret Answer is. the ratio of the useful wor2 done b( the propeller to wor2 done b( the engine on the propeller.
!"planation. <ermode Mehanis of 5light Page 1*- Refers.
Question Number. %/. ?eometri Pith is the distane mo)ed.
Option A. in one re)olution.
Option B. in one re)olution when slip is ma"imum.
Option C. in one re)olution without slip.
Corret Answer is. in one re)olution without slip.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls page 1+. C'M inreases as a funtion of Centrifugal.
Question Number. %1. As propeller rotation speed inreases the entrifugal turning moment on the blades will.
Option A. inrease.
Option B. derease.
Option C. remain onstant through r.p.m. range.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls page 1+ refers.
Question Number. %%. Propeller tor7ue is the resistane offered b( the propeller to.
Option A. feathering.
Option B. hanging pith.
Option C. rotation.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1%,- refers.
Question Number. %*. 'he angle between the resultant airflow diretion and the propeller blade plane of rotation is 2nown as.
Option A. angle of atta2.
Option C. heli" angle or angle of ad)ane.
!"planation. 'he heli" angle is the angle between the plane of rotation and the relati)e airflow.
Question Number. %-. At onstant rpm6 ad)ane per re)olution depends on.
Option A. =HP.
Option B. forward speed. Corret Answer is. forward speed.!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant 5ig 1%,
1% refers.
Question Number. %+ . Aerod(nami 'wisting Moment. Option A. turns the blade to windmill. Option
B. turns the blades to high pith. Corret Answer is. turns the blades to high pith. !"planation. 0epperson
A1P Powerplant Page 1%4. refers.
Question Number. %. . >nder normal operation the point of ma"imum stress on a propeller blade is at the.
Option A. root. Corret Answer is. root. !"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant
5ig 1%,: refers
Question Number. %8 . Propeller blade angle. Option A. is onstant along the blade length. Option B.
dereases from root to tip.
Option C. inreases from root to tip.
Corret Answer is. dereases from root to tip.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls 5ig 11,** refers.
Question Number. %:. Coarse pith is used for.
Option A. ta2e off and limb.
Option B. ma"imum eonomial ruise in le)el flight.
Option C. landing and power he2s.
Corret Answer is. ma"imum eonomial ruise in le)el flight.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls page */ refers.
Question Number. %;. !ffeti)e pith is.
Option A. distane mo)ed in one re)olution.
Option B. geometri pith plus slip.
Option C. pith measured at the master station.
Corret Answer is. distane mo)ed in one re)olution.
!"planation. !ffeti)e pith is geometri pith minus slip.
Question Number. */. A windmilling Propeller has.
Option A. a small positi)e blade angle.
Option B. a small positi)e angle of atta2.
Option C. a small negati)e angle of atta2.
Corret Answer is. a small negati)e angle of atta2.
!"planation. &indmilling ours with a small negati)e AoA and a small positi)e blade angle.
Question Number. *1. &indmilling auses.
Option A. propeller underspeeding.
Option B. ma"imum propeller drag.
Option C. Centrifugal 'wisting Moment.
Corret Answer is. ma"imum propeller drag.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. *%. 'or7ue ats.
Option A. in the same diretion as the plane of rotation.
Option B. at right angles to the plane of rotation.
Option C. in opposition to the diretion of rotation.
Corret Answer is. in opposition to the diretion of rotation.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1+ refers.
Question Number. **. 'he purpose of blade twist is to.
Option A. redue angle of atta2 at the blade root.
Option B. to ensure that tip speed does not go faster than Mah 1.
Option C. to e)en out thrust distribution aross the propeller.
Corret Answer is. to e)en out thrust distribution aross the propeller.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1- refers.
Question Number. *-. 'hrust is greatest.
Option A. at 8/ to :/@ of propeller length.
Option B. in the first +/@.
Option C. the same all along the length.
Corret Answer is. at 8/ to :/@ of propeller length.
!"planation. Be(ond this point the blade hord is redued to lessen tip thrust.
Question Number. *+. C'M hanges the pith of a blade.
Option A. about its twisting a"is.
Option B. bending forward.
Option C. towards the feather plane.
!"planation. C'M redues pith towards the plane of rotation6 about the twisting a"is.
Question Number. *.. 'he )eloit( of the slipstream behind the airraft in relation to the ambient air is.
Option A. less.
Option B. greater.
Option C. e7ual.
!"planation. #f there was not a differene then no thrust would be produed. ' A mass B Cout,CinD.
Question Number. *8. High speed aerofoils are emplo(ed at.
Option A. the master station.
Option B. the tips.
Option C. the root.
!"planation. On heliopters the( are alled B!RP tips.
Question Number. *:. A right hand propeller.
Option A. rotates lo2wise when )iewed from the rear.
Option B. is alwa(s fitted to the starboard engine.
Option C. rotates lo2wise when )iewed from the front.
Corret Answer is. rotates lo2wise when )iewed from the rear.
!"planation. \$eft or right is determined b( sitting in the o2pit and )iewing the rotation.
Question Number. *;. ?i)en that blade angle is measured from the entre of the hub6 the blade angle at the hub is onsidered to
be.
Option A. lowest.
Option B. Master =tation )alue.
Option C. highest.
!"planation. Refer to 0eppesen Airraft Propellers and ontrols page 1*.
Question Number. -/. A windmilling propeller will reate.
Option A. more drag in feather.
Option B. more drag in fine pith.
Option C. more drag in oarse pith.
Corret Answer is. more drag in fine pith.
!"planation. A windmilling propeller is alwa(s in fine pith.
Question Number. -1. 'he hord line of a propeller is.
Option A. a line Eoining the leading and trailing edges.
Option B. a line Eoining the tip to the root of the blade.
Option C. a line Eoining the tips of the blades.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. -%. 'he plane of rotation is defined as.
Option A. the plane in whih thrust fore ats.
Option B. the plane in whih the propeller rotates.
Option C. the angle at whih the blade stri2es the airflow.
Corret Answer is. the plane in whih the propeller rotates.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. -*. 'hrust bending fore on a propeller blade.
Option A. intensifies the entrifugal fores to some degrees.
Option B. an be used in propeller design to redue some operation stress.
Option C. tends to bend the propeller blade forward at the tip.
Corret Answer is. tends to bend the propeller blade forward at the tip.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. --. &hat onditions are applied to a propeller blade windmilling9.
Option A. Positi)e angle of atta26 thrust negati)e.
Option B. Negati)e angle of atta26 thrust positi)e.
Option C. Negati)e angle of atta26 thrust negati)e.
Corret Answer is. Negati)e angle of atta26 thrust negati)e.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. -+. 'he primar( purpose of propeller is to.
Option A. hange engine horsepower to thrust.
Option B. pro)ide stati and d(nami stabilit( to airraft.
Option C. reate lift on the fi"ed aerofoils of an airraft.
Corret Answer is. hange engine horsepower to thrust.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. -.. 'he primar( purpose of a feathering propeller is to.
Option A. pre)ent further engine damage when an engine fails in flight.
Option B. pre)ent propeller damage when an engine fails in flight.
Option C. eliminate the drag reated b( a windmilling propeller when an engine fails in flight.
Corret Answer is. eliminate the drag reated b( a windmilling propeller when an engine fails in flight.
!"planation. N#\$.
17.2. Propeller Construction.
Question Number. 1. A fibreglass omposite blade.
Option A. will ne)er be stru2 b( lighting.
Option B. does not re7uire lightning stri2e protetion.
Option C. re7uires lightning stri2e protetion.
Corret Answer is. re7uires lightning stri2e protetion.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. %. 'he timber most often used toda( for propeller onstrution is.
Option A. birh.
Option B. sprue.
Option C. balsa.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. *. !letroni tor7ue measuring s(stems utilise.
Option A. strain gauges in the redution gear.
Option B. stress gauges in the redution gear.
Option C. pressure transduers in the redution gear.
Corret Answer is. strain gauges in the redution gear.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. -. A on)entional turboprop tor7ue meter uses.
Option A. h(drauli oil as the pressure medium.
Option B. oiled spring le)ers as the pressure medium.
Option C. engine oil as the pressure medium.
Corret Answer is. engine oil as the pressure medium.
!"planation. Pallett Airraft #nstruments and integrated =(stems page *+8.
Question Number. +. Metal at the tip and along the leading edge of a wooden propeller is.
Option A. for balaning.
Option B. for protetion.
Option C. for Anti,iing.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control page 1: refers.
Question Number. .. Blade uffs are fitted to the root of the blades.
Option A. to inrease the strength of the blade.
Option B. to inrease thrust.
Option C. to inrease flow of ooling air into the engine naelle.
Corret Answer is. to inrease flow of ooling air into the engine naelle.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Powerplant Page 1%, *.
Question Number. 8. \$ow tor7ue sensing is used to.
Option A. inrease power.
Option B. inrease pith.
Option C. initiate auto,feather.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1*+.
Question Number. :. 'or7ue sensing is used to.
Option A. redue drag.
Option B. redue drag following engine shutdown.
Corret Answer is. redue drag following engine shutdown.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls page 1*+ Refers.
Question Number. ;. 'he minimum perentage seating on a propeller rear one should be.
Option A. ;/@.
Option B. 8/@.
Option C. ;+@.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page *1 shows 8/@ Old CA#Ps shows :/@.
Question Number. 1/. 'he propeller is FfeatheredF when the blades are at.
Option A. /G to plane of rotation.
Option B. %/G to plane of rotation.
Option C. ;/G to plane of rotation.
Corret Answer is. ;/G to plane of rotation.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls page 8+ refers.
Question Number. 11. 'he thrust of a propeller is normall( ta2en b( the.
Option A. tor7ue meter.
Option B. propeller rear one.
Option C. front bearing in the redution gear.
Corret Answer is. front bearing in the redution gear.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1,*/41,*1 refers.
Question Number. 1%. On whih t(pe of turbo,propeller would (ou e"pet to find a par2ing bra2e9.
Option A. Compounded twin spool.
Option B. Hiret oupled twin spool.
Option C. 5ree turbine.
!"planation. 'he par2ing bra2e stops the propeller rotating when the engine is stopped.
Question Number. 1*. &hat does the tor7uemeter reading indiate in a gas turbine engine9.
Option A. 'or7ue reation at the redution gear.
Option B. 'he ratio between engine thrust and engine tor7ue.
Option C. !ngine tor7ue.
Corret Answer is. 'or7ue reation at the redution gear.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page ++ refers.
Question Number. 1-. 'he gear segments on the blade roots of a h(dromati propeller mesh with the.
Option A. stationar( am.
Option B. tor7ue tubes and e(e bolts.
Option C. mo)ing am.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1%,1. refers.
Question Number. 1+. A propeller is entralised on the propeller shaft b(.
Option A. the front and rear ones.
Option B. the front git seal.
Option C. the rear pre,load shims.
Corret Answer is. the front and rear ones.
!"planation. 5ront and rear ones , 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls.
Question Number. 1.. Redution gearing allows the.
Option A. blade tips to operate below the speed of sound.
Option B. blade tips to operate abo)e the speed of sound.
Option C. blade tips to rotate slower than the root of the propeller blade.
Corret Answer is. blade tips to operate below the speed of sound.
!"planation. Propellers alwa(s operate slower than the engine to ensure the blade tips do not go soni.
Question Number. 18. &hen fitting a propeller to a tapered shaft.
Option A. loate the master spline.
Option B. ensure the master spline and blade alignment are in aordane with the MM.
Option C. ensure full( seated.
Corret Answer is. loate the master spline.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page %; refers.
Question Number. 1:. &hat is the purpose of small holes at the tip of wooden propellers9.
Option A. Hrainage.
Option B. Balaning.
Option C. Pi)ot points used during manufature.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1-* refers.
Question Number. 1;. 'he thrust fae of a propeller blade is the.
Option A. root to whih the gear segment is fitted.
Option B. blade fae or flat side.
Option C. blade ba2 or ur)ed side.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant 5ig 1%,1. Refers.
Question Number. %/. =olidit( of a propeller an be inreased b(.
!"planation. AC <ermode Mehanis of 5light Page 1*: refers.
Question Number. %1. A turbo,prop engine.
Option A. uses an epi(li redution gear s(stem.
Option B. uses a spur gear redution s(stem.
Option C. does not re7uire a redution gear s(stem due to the propshaft being dri)en from the low speed ompressor.
Corret Answer is. uses an epi(li redution gear s(stem.
!"planation. All large engines use !pi(li redution gearing.
Question Number. %%. 'otal power of a turbo,prop engine is measured in.
Option A. !7ui)alent =haft Horsepower B!=HPD.
Option B. =haft Horsepower B=HPD.
Option C. Bra2e Horsepower BBHPD.
Corret Answer is. !7ui)alent =haft Horsepower B!=HPD.
!"planation. !=HP is =HP plus residual thrust.
Question Number. %*. 'he disad)antage of using re)erse pith on a turbo,propeller engine is.
Option A. e"haust gas ingestion 6 high gas temperature and debris ingestion.
Option B. debris ingestion.
Option C. high gas temperature.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant page 1%,** refers.
Question Number. %-. A ompound twin spool engine is.
Option A. turbo prop propeller dri)en b( a power turbine.
Option B. turbo prop twin spool ompressor.
Option C. \$P Compressor dri)en b( a free turbine.
Corret Answer is. turbo prop twin spool ompressor.
!"planation. Rolls Ro(e 0et !ngine Page + refers.
Question Number. %+. &ith the engine stationar( the indiation that the propeller is in ground fine pith is.
Option A. blade and spinner mar2ings aligned.
Option B. below stop warning light on.
Option C. flight fine pith stop le)er withdrawn.
!"planation. >nattributed notes.
Question Number. %.. &hen the power le)er on a turbo prop engine is mo)ed from ground idle to flight fine the fuel flow
Option A. inreases.
Option B. dereases.
Option C. remains the same.
!"planation. ?round idle is a lower pith than flight idle.
Question Number. %8. How is the blade station measured9.
Option A. #n inhes from the entre of the hub.
Option B. #n inhes from the tip.
Option C. As a perentage of blade length from the tip.
Corret Answer is. #n inhes from the entre of the hub.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1/ refers.
Question Number. %:. 'he oil used in the tor7uemeter s(stem is.
Option A. H'H + : +.
Option B. engine oil pressure boosted b( a pump dri)en off the redution gear.
Option C. PC> oil pressure.
Corret Answer is. engine oil pressure boosted b( a pump dri)en off the redution gear.
!"planation. Rolls Ro(e 'he 0et !ngine 5ig 1%,- Refers.
Question Number. %;. &hih t(pe of turboprop engine is pratiall( free from surge and re7uires low power for starting9.
Option A. Compound twin spool.
Option B. Hiretl( oupled.
Option C. One using a entrifugal ompressor.
Corret Answer is. Compound twin spool.
!"planation. Rolls Ro(e 'he 0et !ngine page + refers.
Question Number. */. Blade stations are measured from the.
Option A. entre of the hub.
Option B. tip.
Option C. shan2.
Corret Answer is. entre of the hub.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1* refers.
Question Number. *1. Auto feathering is disarmed.
Option A. during landing.
Option B. during ta2e off.
Option C. in the ruise.
Corret Answer is. in the ruise.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1*. refers.
Question Number. *%. &ith a multi,engined airraft the tor7ue pressure would be.
Option A. 'here is onl( one gauge for all engines.
Option B. same on all engines.
Option C. similar on all engines.
Corret Answer is. same on all engines.
!"planation. All engines are s(nhronised to the same RPM and are tra)elling at the same forward speed.
Question Number. **. #f tor7ue pressure fell to Iero during the ruise what would indiate that the gauge had failed9.
Option A. !ngine would auto feather.
Option B. !ngine would o)erspeed.
Option C. !ngine would ontinue to run.
Corret Answer is. !ngine would ontinue to run.
!"planation. Auto feather would engage if tor7ue had atuall( failed6 but if it is Eust the gauge6 then the engine would be unaffeted.
Question Number. *-. 'he purpose of using re)erse pith propellers is to.
Option A. pro)ide aerod(nami brea2ing.
Option B. allow airraft to ta"i ba2wards.
Option C. re)erse the diretion of rotation of the propeller.
Corret Answer is. pro)ide aerod(nami brea2ing.
!"planation. 0epperson airraft propellers and ontrols Page ;8 Refers.
Question Number. *+. 'he RPM of a windmilling propeller is primaril( related to.
Option A. !A=.
Option B. #A=.
Option C. 'A=.
!"planation. Relati)e airflow is a funtion of rotational speed and 'A=.
Question Number. *.. A duted propeller is used beause.
Option A. duted props gi)e more thrust for the diameter of dis.
Option B. onl( duted propellers an be )etored.
Option C. duted props gi)e less thrust for the diameter of dis.
Corret Answer is. duted props gi)e more thrust for the diameter of dis.
!"planation. 'he dut pro)ides for less tip losses.
Question Number. *8. A two position prop uses.
Option A. high pith for ta2e off and low pith for ruise.
Option B. low pith for ta2e off and limb and high pith for ruise.
Option C. high pith for ta2e off6 low pith for limb and desent and high pith for ruise.
Corret Answer is. low pith for ta2e off and limb and high pith for ruise.
!"planation. 0epperson airraft propellers and ontrols Page -; Refers.
Question Number. *:. A propeller operating in the Beta range is operating between.
Option A. 5light #dle and ?round #dle.
Option B. oarse and flight fine pith.
Option C. ma"imum re)erse pith and 5light idle pith.
Corret Answer is. ma"imum re)erse pith and 5light idle pith.
!"planation. 0eppesen Airraft Propellers and ontrols page 1/: refers.
Question Number. *;. 'he C=> oil pump is pro)ided to.
Option A. boost engine oil pressure to derease pith.
Option B. boost engine oil pressure to alter pith.
Option C. boost engine oil pressure to inrease pith.
Corret Answer is. boost engine oil pressure to derease pith.
!"planation. A C=> is used on a single ating propeller s(stem. =pring pressure J ounterweights mo)e it to oarse pith.
Question Number. -/. Counterweights are used to.
Option A. ounter the A'M of the blades.
Option B. ounterat the C'M of the blades.
!"planation. 'he ounterweights are seen on single ating propeller s(stems.
Question Number. -1. 'he pressure fae of a propeller is.
Option A. the flat fae.
Option C. the amber fae.
Corret Answer is. the flat fae.
!"planation. 'he pressure fae is the thrust fae or blade fae. 'he( all mean the same.
Question Number. -%. #n blade station numbering the stations nearest the hub are.
Option A. datum.
Option B. highest.
Option C. lowest.
!"planation. Blade stations are measured in inhes,from the hub.
Question Number. -*. A propeller mounted forward of the engine is 2nown as.
Option A. h(dromati propeller.
Option B. a trator propeller.
Option C. a pusher propeller.
Corret Answer is. a trator propeller.
!"planation. A trator propeller pulls the airraft through the air.
Question Number. --. Contra,rotating propellers are.
Option A. two propellers on the same shaft on one engine,eah re)ol)ing in a different diretion.
Option B. propellers geared to rotate in the opposite diretion to the engine.
Option C. propellers on a twin engined airraft re)ol)ing in opposite diretions.
Corret Answer is. two propellers on the same shaft on one engine,eah re)ol)ing in a different diretion.
!"planation. !nables e"tra power to be absorbed.
Question Number. -+. An aerod(nami bra2ing propeller goes through.
Option A. the feathered pith position to at as a bra2e.
Option B. the oarse pith position to at as a bra2e.
Option C. the fine pith position to at as a bra2e.
Corret Answer is. the fine pith position to at as a bra2e.
!"planation. Kou must go through fine to get to re)erse, the bra2ing position.
Question Number. -.. 'he term spinner is applied to.
Option A. a propeller tip )orte".
Option B. a streamline o)ering o)er the propeller hub.
Option C. an arobati manoeu)re.
Corret Answer is. a streamline o)ering o)er the propeller hub.
!"planation. 'he spinner o)ers the front of the hub.
Question Number. -8. 'urbo,prop engines re7uire a slightl( higher )isosit( oil than a turbo,Eet engine due to.
Option A. lower engine rpm.
Option B. higher engine rpm.
Option C. redution gear and propeller pith hang mehanism.
Corret Answer is. redution gear and propeller pith hang mehanism.
!"planation. 'he mehanial gear s(stem e"erts higher fores on the lubriant.
Question Number. -:. 'he propulsi)e effiien( of a propeller,turbine engine is higher than that of a Eet,turbine engine at
airraft speeds.
Option A. abo)e appro"imatel( -+/ mph.
Option B. within the range -+/ mph and 8// mph.
Option C. below appro"imatel( -+/ mph.
Corret Answer is. below appro"imatel( -+/ mph.
!"planation. 'urbo props are used onl( below -+/ 2ts as the prop beomes ineffiient abo)e this.
Question Number. -;. A propeller has the re7uirement of a.
Option A. manufaturers data plate.
Option B. t(pe ertifiate or e7ui)alent ertifiate.
Option C. bath number.
Corret Answer is. t(pe ertifiate or e7ui)alent ertifiate.
!"planation. 0AR %+.;/+ refers.
Question Number. +/. Cariable pith propellers are used beause the( are.
Option A. redue )ibration and noise.
Option B. ha)e pea2 effiien( o)er a greater speed range.
Option C. more eonomial.
Corret Answer is. ha)e pea2 effiien( o)er a greater speed range.
!"planation. range from 1+/,*+/ 2ts.
Question Number. +1. 'he ondition le)er normall( has the following settings.
Option A. normal6 beta,range and re)erse range.
Option B. ut,off6 idle and high idle.
Option C. rih6 lean and ut,off.
Corret Answer is. ut,off6 idle and high idle.
!"planation. 0eppersen A1P Powerplant page 1%,*. refers. the ondition le)er ontrols the propeller go)ernor.
Question Number. +%. &hat is the ground learane for a 'ri(le ?eared Airraft9.
Option A. 8 inhes.
Option B. ; inhes.
Option C. 1 inh.
!"planation. 0eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page ; refers.
Question Number. +*. #n a )ariable pith propeller s(stem6 a derease in propeller RPM will alter the angle of atta2 on the
Option A. inrease angle of atta2.
Option B. derease angle of atta2.
Option C. inrease negati)e tor7ue.
Corret Answer is. derease angle of atta2.
!"planation. 'he blade fines off to maintain RPM.
Question Number. +-. 'o ahie)e re)erse pith the blade angle must be.
Option A. more than 18G.
Option B. less than /G.
Option C. more than ;/G.
Corret Answer is. less than /G.
!"planation. 0eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page ;8 refers.
Question Number. ++. Centrifugal lathes are fitted to lo2 the propeller.
Option A. in the feathered position.
Option B. when stationar(.
Option C. in the fine pith position.
!"planation. >sed on lightweight single ating propeller s(stemsL lathes are used on shutdown to stop spring pressure pushing the
blades to the feather position thus ma2ing the load on the engine e"essi)e for the ne"t start.
Question Number. +.. Counterweights are fitted to blade root to.
Option A. ounterat A'M.
Option B. assist blade to mo)e to fine pith.
Option C. ounterat C'M.
!"planation. 0eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 81 refers.
Question Number. +8. 'he limits for blade angle are ontrolled b( pith stops on the.
Option A. propeller shaft.
Option C. (linder.
!"planation. eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page :1,:* refers.
Question Number. +:. 'he range of angles of a CP propeller is usuall( limited b(.
Option A. the fine pith position.
Option B. the feathering angle.
Option C. oarse and fine pith stops.
Corret Answer is. oarse and fine pith stops.
!"planation. A Cariable Pith BCPD propeller will ha)e at least % stops, oarse and fineL although sophistiated t(pes also ha)e
ground fine and re)erse pith stops.
Question Number. +;. 'he purpose of fine pith stop is to.
Option A. maintain onstant speed in flight.
Option B. pre)ent the propeller mo)ing below flight fine pith in flight.
Option C. maintain ma"imum RPM at ta2eoff.
Corret Answer is. pre)ent the propeller mo)ing below flight fine pith in flight.
!"planation. CA#PFs \$eaflet P\$41,1 para +.%.% refers.
Question Number. ./. &hih best desribes a Cariable Pith propeller9.
Option A. 'he blade angles an be hanged in flight.
Option B. #ts blade angles are set with an automati s(stem with whih the pilot has no input.
Option C. #ts blade angles an onl( be set on the ground.
!"planation. propellers whih an onl( be adEusted on the ground are 2nown as Fground adEustableF not F)ariable pithF.
Question Number. .1. 'he holding oil of a h(dromati propeller feathering button swith holds a rela( losed that applies
power to the propeller.
Option A. dome feathering mehanism.
Option B. feathering pump motor.
Option C. go)ernor.
Corret Answer is. feathering pump motor.
!"planation. 'he feathering pump is re7uired as the e"isting pressure from the engine will be dea(ing. 'he pump is held energised
until the prop feather swithes sense that the propeller has reahed the feather position.
Question Number. .%. 'he primar( purpose of the front and rear ones for propellers that are installed on splined shafts is to.
Option A. pre)ent metal,to,metal ontat between the propeller and the splined shaft.
Option B. redue stresses between the splines of the propeller and the splines of the shaft.
Option C. position the propeller hub on the splined shaft.
Corret Answer is. position the propeller hub on the splined shaft.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. .*. 'he onstant,speed ontrol unit is also alled a.
Option A. propeller pith ontrol.
Option B. aumulator.
Option C. go)ernor.
!"planation. N#\$.
17.3. Propeller Pitch Control.
Question Number. 1. &hen the ompressi)e fore on a speeder spring is redued6 the propeller blades will.
Option A. remain fi"ed.
Option B. fine off.
Option C. oarsen.
!"planation. Airraft Propellers and Controls.
Question Number. %. A h(drauli pith lo2 is utilised in a h(dromati propeller to.
Option A. lo2 out the ourse pith oil line in the e)ent of underspeeding.
Option B. lo2 out the fine pith oil line in the e)ent of o)erspeeding.
Option C. pre)ent the propeller o)erspeeding in the e)ent of oil suppl( failure.
Corret Answer is. lo2 out the fine pith oil line in the e)ent of o)erspeeding.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls page 1*..
Question Number. *. &hen in the beta range6 the propeller pith is ontrolled.
Option A. diretl( from the power le)er.
Option B. indiretl( from the power le)er.
Option C. diretl( from the pith hange mehanism to the PC>.
Corret Answer is. diretl( from the power le)er.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1/%.
Question Number. -. 'he ad)antage of the beta range is it allows.
Option A. high power settings with higher than normal pith settings when in flight.
Option B. low fine pith settings with high power.
Option C. low power settings with higher than normal pith setting for ground manoeu)res.
Corret Answer is. low power settings with higher than normal pith setting for ground manoeu)res.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1/%.
Question Number. +. #f the speeder spring pressure of a C=> is inreased the blade will.
Option A. oarsen off.
Option B. fine off.
Option C. will not mo)e.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control pages ++,+:.
Question Number. .. On an underspeed ondition the blades are turned to.
Option A. fine.
Option B. feather.
Option C. oarse.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page ++,+: refers.
Question Number. 8. #n a h(dromati propeller with ounterweights6 what is used to ma2e the propeller mo)e to fine pith9.
Option A. A ' M.
Option B. engine oil.
Option C. entrifugal fore ating on the ounterweight.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Pages ++, +:.
Question Number. :. Rela"ing tension on the go)ernor spring will result in the blade oarsening and.
Option A. RPM dereasing6 manifold pressure inreasing.
Option B. RPM inreasing6 manifold pressure inreasing.
Option C. manifold pressure onstant6 RPM dereasing.
Corret Answer is. RPM dereasing6 manifold pressure inreasing.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page +;.
Question Number. ;. 'he ground fine pith stop is.
Option A. ne)er remo)ed.
Option B. remo)ed on the ground.
Option C. remo)ed during flight.
Corret Answer is. remo)ed on the ground.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page *% \$ow pith stop is an alternati)e name on some appliations.
Question Number. 1/. #f go)ernor fl(wheel o)eromes the speeder spring6 it indiates.
Option A. underspeed.
Option B. o)erspeed.
Option C. onspeed.
!"planation. 0epperson Powerplant Page 1%,- refers.
Question Number. 11. Pith ontrol using tor7ue measuring is for.
Option A. reduing drag in engine failure.
Option B. inreasing drag.
Option C. reduing drag in binding.
Corret Answer is. reduing drag in engine failure.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control Pages 1*+ Refer.
Question Number. 1%. #f fore is applied to the speeder spring6 what will happen9.
Option A. Blade angle is froIen in last 2nown position.
!"planation. 5l(,weights will mo)e inwards6 tri2ing the C=> to belie)ing there is a redution in speed6 thus dereasing the blade
pith to speed the propeller ba2 up.
Question Number. 1*. &hen is superfine pith used9.
Option A. \$anding and ta2eoff.
Option B. #n ruise.
Option C. !ngine starting to redue propeller tor7ue loading on starter motor.
!"planation. Caips \$eaflet P\$41,1 refers to ground fine pithL belie)ed to be an alternati)e to =uperfine Pith.
Question Number. 1-. &hen the fl(weights fl( outwards in a PC>6 this is 2nown as.
Option A. onspeed.
Option B. o)erspeed.
Option C. low power settings with higher than normal pith setting for ground manoeu)res.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page ++,+:.
Question Number. 1+. #n an on speed ondition6 oil in the tube.
Option A. remains onstant.
Option B. flows in the tubes.
Option C. flows out of the tubes
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page ++,+:.
Question Number. 1.. On a re)ersing propeller mo)ing to the ma"imum re)ersing angle6 the propeller goes.
Option A. from fine pith through plane of rotation6 ourse re)erse then fine re)erse.
Option B. from ourse pith through plane of rotation ourse6 fine re)erse then ourse re)erse.
Option C. from fine pith through plane of rotation6 fine re)erse then ourse re)erse.
Corret Answer is. from fine pith through plane of rotation6 fine re)erse then ourse re)erse.
!"planation. 5ine re)erse must ome before oarse re)erse.
Question Number. 18. #f pressure is inreased on the speeder spring6 rpm inreases. &hat happens to the blade angle9.
Option A. Remains unhanged.
Option B. #nreases.
Option C. Hereases.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls pages ++,+: Refers.
Question Number. 1:. #n a prop with ounterweights6 what is used to ma2e it mo)e to fine pith9.
Option A. A'M.
Option B. Centrifugal fore ating on the ounterweight.
Option C. ?o)ernor oil pressure.
Corret Answer is. ?o)ernor oil pressure.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls page :1 refers.
Question Number. 1;. #f a propeller is in fine pith and then mo)es to feather it will pass throug.
Option A. flight fine onl(.
Option B. re)erse.
Option C. oarse.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls 5ig 11.1 refers.
Question Number. %/. A FdoubleF ating propeller has.
Option A. nitrogen or air on one side of piston.
Option B. oil pressure on one side of piston.
Option C. oil pressure on two sides of piston.
Corret Answer is. oil pressure on two sides of piston.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls 5ig 11,*% refers.
Question Number. %1. Huring normal propeller operation6 oil pressure for the go)ernor is pro)ided b(.
Option A. a pump in the go)ernor.
Option B. a )ariable )olume pump.
Option C. the engine dri)en pump.
Corret Answer is. a pump in the go)ernor.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls refer. All go)ernors ha)e a built in pump.
Question Number. %%. Oil for an on,speed ondition passes through.
Option A. the oarse pith line.
Option B. the fine pith line.
Option C. neither of the lines.
Corret Answer is. neither of the lines.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Pages ++,+: refer.
Question Number. %*. #f the spur gear pump in a single ating propeller go)ernor failed6 the.
Option A. blades would turn to a oarse pith.
Option B. blades would rotate to a fine pith.
Option C. blades would mo)e to the feather position.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page .% refer.
Question Number. %-. 'he h(dromati )ariable pith propeller is operated on the priniple of.
Option A. a )enturi or FuF tube with merur(.
Option B. an eletrial motor mo)ing a gear segment.
Option C. oil pressure mo)ing a piston.
Corret Answer is. oil pressure mo)ing a piston.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page :+ refer.
Question Number. %+. 'he onstant speed unit BC.=.>.D go)ernor wor2s on the priniple of.
Option A. manual seletion through a gearbo".
Option B. entrifugal twisting moments.
Option C. spring pressure ating against entrifugal fore.
Corret Answer is. spring pressure ating against entrifugal fore.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1%,84: refers.
Question Number. %.. 'he purpose of the pith hange ams is to.
Option A. on)ert rotar( motion to linear motion.
Option B. pre)ent windmilling.
Option C. on)ert linear motion to rotar( motion.
Corret Answer is. on)ert linear motion to rotar( motion.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft ?as 'urbine Powerplants 5ig 1%,1- refers.
Question Number. %8. 'he gear t(pe pump in a C.=.>. or P.C.>.
Option A. lubriates the entire propeller s(stem.
Option B. boosts engine oil s(stem pressure.
Option C. assist the go)ernor )al)e to mo)e.
Corret Answer is. boosts engine oil s(stem pressure.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls 5ig 11,** refers.
Question Number. %:. &hen an engine fails.
Option A. the propeller is feathered using an eletrial feathering pump.
Option B. the propeller is feathered using the propeller go)ernor pump.
Option C. the propeller is feathered using ounterweights.
Corret Answer is. the propeller is feathered using an eletrial feathering pump.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1%,*/ refers.
Question Number. %;. 'he purpose of an aumulator in a single ating propeller s(stem is to.
Option A. to port oil to the oarse pith oil line to assist in feathering the propelle.
Option B. aelerate the unfeathering proess.
Option C. pro)ide ba2 up to the go)ernor pump.
Corret Answer is. aelerate the unfeathering proess.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1%,%. refers.
Question Number. */. &hen auto feathering has ta2en plae the feathering pump is swithed off b(.
Option A. pressure ontrol drop swith.
Option B. arr(ing out the manual feather drill.
Option C. remo)ing the pump iruit brea2er or fuse.
Corret Answer is. arr(ing out the manual feather drill.
!"planation. 'he pump is swithed off b( pressing the alternate ation pump swith,part of the manual feather drill.
Question Number. *1. On a free turbine engine it is possible to )ar( the propeller RPM whilst the engine RPM remains
onstant.
Option A. b( operating the Power le)er.
Option B. it is not possible to )ar( the propeller RPM.
Option C. b( operating the PC> ontrol \$e)er.
Corret Answer is. b( operating the PC> ontrol \$e)er.
!"planation. 'he PC> le)er hanges the pressure on the go)ernor spring thus hanging the pith of the blades.
Question Number. *%. A propeller ontrol >nit h(drauli s(stem is supplied with oil from the.
Option A. engine lubriation oil tan2.
Option B. airraft h(drauli =(stem.
Option C. PC> oil tan2.
Corret Answer is. engine lubriation oil tan2.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page +; refers.
Question Number. **. \$ow tor7ue sensing is used to initiate.
Option A. relighting.
Option B. fine pith seletion.
Option C. auto feathering.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1*+ refers.
Question Number. *-. &hat is the purpose of the auto oarsening s(stem9.
Option A. 'o pre)ent o)erspeeding in the e)ent of the flight fine pith stop failing.
Option B. 'o redue drag during power loss.
Option C. 'o sa)e the pilot ma2ing minor hanges when hanging altitude.
Corret Answer is. 'o pre)ent o)erspeeding in the e)ent of the flight fine pith stop failing.
!"planation. CA#PFs \$eaflet P\$41,1 refer , note this is not an auto feather s(stem.
Question Number. *+. #n a single ating propeller6 blade angle is inreased b(.
Option A. ounterweights and a feathering spring.
Option B. C'M.
Option C. oil pressure.
Corret Answer is. ounterweights and a feathering spring.
!"planation. CA#PFs P\$ leaflets refer. Oil pressure turns the prop to fine. #f the oil pressure is released b( the C=> the spring and
ounterweights dri)e the prop to feather.
Question Number. *.. 'he funtion of a propeller pith lo2 is to pre)ent the propeller from.
Option A. oarsening.
Option B. reduing below flight fine pith.
Option C. fining off in the e)ent of pith lo2 mehanism failure.
Corret Answer is. fining off in the e)ent of pith lo2 mehanism failure.
!"planation. CA#PFs P\$ leaflets refer to a pith lo2 that holds the fine pith stop in position6 but also adds that some manufaturers
ha)e a pith lo2 de)ie that lo2s the prop in its last position in the e)ent of failure of the pith lo2 mehanism. 5or a desription of
this s(stem see 0eppesen Airraft Propellers and Controls page 1*..
Question Number. *8. 'he minimum propeller pith is established b( the.
Option A. superfine pith stop.
Option B. pith \$o2.
Option C. flight fine pith stop.
Corret Answer is. superfine pith stop.
!"planation. CA#PFs P\$ leaflets refer. Oil pressure turns the prop to fine. #f the oil pressure is released b( the C=> the spring and
ounterweights dri)e the prop to feather.
Question Number. *:. Oil for the feathering s(stem is ta2en from.
Option A. a separate feathering oil tan2.
Option B. a feathering reser)e in the engine oil tan2.
Option C. the engine lubriation s(stem.
Corret Answer is. a feathering reser)e in the engine oil tan2.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1/ refers.
Question Number. *;. &hat are the entrifugal lathes in a single ating propeller used for9.
Option A. Pre)ent C'M.
Option B. Pre)ent feathering of the prop on shutdown.
Option C. Pre)ent Propeller mo)ing to superfine.
Corret Answer is. Pre)ent feathering of the prop on shutdown.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls 5ig 11,- refers.
Question Number. -/. #n a two position propeller.
Option A. A'M turns the prop to fine.
Option B. oil pushes the prop to fine.
Option C. oil pushes the prop to oarse.
Corret Answer is. oil pushes the prop to fine.
!"planation. 0epperson airraft propellers and ontrols Page ;. Refers.
Question Number. -1. An o)erspeed ondition auses go)ernor spring pressure to be.
Option A. the same as entrifugal fore.
Option B. more than entrifugal fore.
Option C. less than entrifugal fore.
Corret Answer is. less than entrifugal fore.
!"planation. 'he bob weights lift the go)ernor )al)e in this ondition6 thus the( ha)e more fore than the spring.
Question Number. -%. &hen the engine is running6 the C=> is sensing.
Option A. propeller tip speed.
Option C. engine RPM.
!"planation. !ngine RPM is sensed )ia the go)ernor bob weights.
Question Number. -*. An aumulator ma( be fitted to.
Option A. feather the propeller.
Option B. unfeather the propeller.
Option C. pro)ide emergen( ontrol.
Corret Answer is. unfeather the propeller.
!"planation. 'he aumulator is needed to dri)e the prop out of feather and hene get it rotating. Normall( seen on a single ating
propeller s(stem.
Question Number. --. #f go)ernor weight spring pressure is redued.
Option A. go)ernor weights will pi)ot inwards raising the go)ernor )al)e allowing the blades to mo)e to a oarser pith.
Option B. go)ernor weights will spring outwards raising the go)ernor )al)e allowing the blades to mo)e to a finer pith.
Option C. go)ernor weights will spring outwards raising the go)ernor )al)e allowing the blades to mo)e to a oarser pith.
Corret Answer is. go)ernor weights will spring outwards raising the go)ernor )al)e allowing the blades to mo)e to a oarser
pith.
!"planation. &hen Fon speedF spring pressure e7uals the go)ernor entrifugal fore.
Question Number. -+. A onstant speed )ariable pith propeller is running whilst stationar( on the ground. #f it is faing into a
Option A. speed up.
Option B. remain onstant.
Option C. slow down.
!"planation. A headwind ats the same as inreased forward speed. 'he prop will oarsen off and the speed will remain the same.
Question Number. -.. #f the 'A= of an airraft inreases6 the C=> will.
Option A. inrease the blade angle to pro)ide onstant RPM.
Option B. derease the blade angle to pro)ide onstant RPM.
Option C. hange the blade angle to pro)ide onstant RPM.
!"planation. 'his auses blade to oarsen off to stop o)erspeeding and as a result the speed remains the same.
Question Number. -8. &hen go)ernor spring load is less than go)ernor weights6 the C=> is in.
Option A. o)erspeed.
Option B. underspeed.
Option C. underspeed.
!"planation. 0eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page +8 refers.
Question Number. -:. An airraftFs propeller s(stem beta range.
Option A. is used to ahie)e ma"imum thrust during ta2e,off.
Option B. refers to the most fuel effiient pith range to use at a gi)en engine RPM.
Option C. is used to produe Iero or negati)e thrust.
Corret Answer is. is used to produe Iero or negati)e thrust.
!"planation. Beta range is used on the ground.
Question Number. -;. How is a propeller ontrolled in a large airraft9.
Option A. B( engine power le)er.
Option B. B( )ar(ing teh engine RPM e"ept for feathering and re)ersing.
Option C. #ndependentl( of the engine.
Corret Answer is. B( engine power le)er.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. +/. Manuall( feathering a h(dromehanial propeller means to.
Option A. blo2 go)ernor oil pressure to the (linder of the propeller.
Option B. port go)ernor oil pressure to the (linder of the propeller.
Option C. blo2 go)ernor oil pressure from the (linder of the propeller.
Corret Answer is. blo2 go)ernor oil pressure from the (linder of the propeller.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. +1. How is the oil pressure deli)er( on a h(dromati propeller normall( stopped after the blades ha)e
reahed their full,feathered position9.
Option A. =top lugs in the teeth of the rotating am.
Option B. !letri ut,out pressure swith.
Option C. Pulling out the feathering push,button.
Corret Answer is. !letri ut,out pressure swith.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. +%. Counterweights on onstant,speed propellers are generall( used to.
Option C. unfeather the propeller.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. +*. Constant speed non,feathering MCaule(6 HartIell and other propellers of similar design without
ounterweights inrease pith angle using.
Option A. entrifugal twisting moment.
Option B. spring pressure.
Option C. oil pressure.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. +-. &hat are the rotational speed and blade pith angle re7uirements of a onstant,speed propeller during
ta2e,off9.
Option A. High speed and low pith angle.
Option B. High speed and high pith angle.
Option C. \$ow speed and high pith angle.
Corret Answer is. High speed and low pith angle.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. ++. A onstant speed propeller pro)ides ma"imum effiien( b(.
Option A. inreasing the lift oeffiient of the blades.
Option C. inreasing blade pith as the airraft speed inreases.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
17.4 Propeller Synchronising.
Question Number. 1. =(nhrophasing redues )ibration b( the use of.
Option A. pulse probes and a single s(nhrophase unit.
Option B. tahometers and orretion motors.
Option C. oordinating the rpm of eah engine.
Corret Answer is. pulse probes and a single s(nhrophase unit.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1*-.
Question Number. %. =(nhronising an onl( be ahie)ed if the sla)e propeller is.
Option A. the same speed as the master.
Option B. within %/ rpm of the master.
Option C. within 1// rpm of the master.
Corret Answer is. within 1// rpm of the master.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control page 1*% refers.
Question Number. *. =(nhronising is arried out to.
Option A. math propeller tip speed.
Option B. math engine rpm.
Option C. math blade phase angle differene.
Corret Answer is. math propeller tip speed.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control page 1*% refers.
Question Number. -. 'he s(nhronisation go)ernor monitors.
Option A. RPM.
Option B. propeller tip speeds.
Option C. thrust tip speeds.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page *8 refers.
Question Number. +. =(nhronisation is used to.
Option A. redue )ibration and noise.
Option B. redue the pith of the fastest running blade.
Option C. preset the phase angle of propellers.
Corret Answer is. redue )ibration and noise.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page1*1.
Question Number. .. =(nhronisation is used.
Option A. on the ground.
Option B. in flight e"ept landing and ta2e off.
Option C. in flight.
Corret Answer is. in flight e"ept landing and ta2e off.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control Page1*. refer to Auto 5eather s(stems.
Question Number. 8. 'he propeller s(nhronising s(stem is put into operation b(.
Option A. adEusting the engine rpm at re7uired ruise speed then swithing on the s(nhroniser.
Option B. adEusting the engine rpm then propeller rpm to re7uired speed then swithing on.
Option C. swithing on the s(nhroniIer then adEust the engine rpm so that all engines adEust together.
Corret Answer is. adEusting the engine rpm at re7uired ruise speed then swithing on the s(nhroniser.
!"planation. 0epperson airraft propellers and ontrols Page 1*% Refers.
Question Number. :. Propellers are s(nhronised b( the.
Option A. power le)er.
Option B. PC> go)ernor.
Option C. prop le)er.
!"planation. !H0 Pallett Airraft !letrial =(stems Page 1:% refers.
Question Number. ;. >nli2e the automati s(nhroniIing s(stem6 the s(nhrophasing s(stem of a two,propeller airraft.
Option A. sets the blade phase angle of two onstant speed propellers.
Option B. auses the same rotation speed of the two propellers.
Option C. mathes the blade angle of )ariable pith propellers.
Corret Answer is. sets the blade phase angle of two onstant speed propellers.
!"planation. =(nhrophasing is the setting of blade phase angle differene to minimise )ibration.
Question Number. 1/. #n a propeller s(nhrophasing s(stem6 an eletri atuator.
Option A. rotates BontrolsD the sla)e engine go)ernor.
Option B. e7ualiIes the go)ernor signals.
Option C. turns the fle"ible shaft leading to the trimmer assembl(.
Corret Answer is. rotates BontrolsD the sla)e engine go)ernor.
!"planation. 0eppesen Propellers and ontrols 5ig 1*,%/ shows the atuator attahed to the go)ernor.
Question Number. 11. #f one signal is lost into the omparator unit when =(nhrophasing is operating.
Option A. =(nhrophasing is lost and the engines ontinue to funtion normall(.
Option B. the slower engine immediatel( goes to feather.
Option C. both engines remain running until there is a differene6 of ommonl(6 B- to + perentD6 at whih the slower of the
engines is then feathered.
Corret Answer is. =(nhrophasing is lost and the engines ontinue to funtion normall(.
!"planation. =(nhrophasing is used in onEuntion with s(nhronising to redue airraft )ibration.
Question Number. 1%. =(nhronisation ontrols RPM within what range9.
Option A. 1// RPM.
Option B. 1+/ RPM.
Option C. +/ RPM.
!"planation. 0eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1*% refers.
Question Number. 1*. &hen should s(nhronisation be used9.
Option A. Huring ruise.
Option B. Huring landing.
Option C. An(time.
!"planation. 0eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1*% refers.
Question Number. 1-. Propeller =(nhroniIing wor2s utiliIing.
Option A. RPM \$e)ers.
Option B. propeller le)er.
Option C. go)ernor.
!"planation. 'he go)ernor is sometimes 2nown as a omparator unit.
Question Number. 1+. #n relation to a propeller airraft6 s(nhrophasing would be used on.
Option A. all Airraft.
Option B. all Multi engine airraft.
Option C. turbo prop Airraft.
Corret Answer is. all Multi engine airraft.
!"planation. =(nhrophasing an be used on an( multi propeller dri)en airraft.
Question Number. 1.. A propeller s(nhrophasing s(stem allows a pilot to redue noise and )ibration b(.
Option A. setting the RPM of all propellers e"atl( the same.
Option B. adEusting the plane of rotation of all propellers.
Option C. adEusting the phase angle between the propellers.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. 18. A propeller s(nhronising s(stem allows a pilot to redue noise and )ibration b(.
Option A. adEusting the phase angle between the propellers.
Option B. setting the RPM of all propellers e"atl( the same.
Option C. adEusting the plane of rotation of all propellers.
Corret Answer is. setting the RPM of all propellers e"atl( the same.
!"planation. .+,1%A.
Question Number. 1:. &hat is the funtion of automati propeller s(nhroniIing s(stem on multiengined airraft9.
Option A. 'o ontrol tip speed of all propellers.
Option B. 'o ontrol the power output of all engines.
Option C. 'o ontrol engine RPM and redue )ibration.
Corret Answer is. 'o ontrol engine RPM and redue )ibration.
!"planation. .+,1%A.
Question Number. 1;. On most reiproating multiengined airraft6 automati propeller s(nhroniIation is aomplished
through the atuation of the.
Option A. propeller go)ernors.
Option B. propeller ontrol le)ers.
Option C. throttle le)ers.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
17.5 Propeller ce Protection.
Question Number. 1. !letriall( de,ied propeller slip rings ha)e regular resistane he2s for.
Option A. o"idisation due to altitude.
Option B. open iruit heating elements.
Option C. wear between brushes and slip ring.
Corret Answer is. open iruit heating elements.
!"planation. A pair of slip rings ondut power to the heating elements CA#PFs leaflet P\$41,- refers.
Question Number. %. Propeller anti,iing ma( be ahie)ed b(.
Option A. using iso,prop(l alohol de,iing fluid spra(ed on the blade.
Option B. using ommerial de,iing fluid spra(ed on the pro.
Option C. a using hot air from the ompressor.
Corret Answer is. using iso,prop(l alohol de,iing fluid spra(ed on the blade.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control page 1%- refers.
Question Number. *. He,iing of the propeller an be monitored b(.
Option A. )iewing the deiing fluid le)el sight glass.
Option B. )iewing the blade and obser)ing ie falling off the blade.
Option C. an ammeter in the flight de2.
Corret Answer is. an ammeter in the flight de2.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control page 1%; refers.
Question Number. -. #nsulation testing of eletrial de,iing s(stems should be periodiall( arried out beause of.
Option A. an open iruit in one of the blades.
Option B. o"idation due to atmospheri onditions.
Option C. wear on the slip rings.
!"planation. CA#Ps leaflet P\$41,- refers.
Question Number. +. #nsulation he2s on propeller eletrial heating elements should be arried out fre7uentl( due to.
Option A. short4open iruits in the heating s(stem wires along the propeller blade.
Option B. o"idation of slip ring and brush gear assembl(.
Option C. deposits formed due to the wear of slip ring and brush gear assembl(.
Corret Answer is. short4open iruits in the heating s(stem wires along the propeller blade.
!"planation. CA#PFs \$eaflet P\$41,- Para *.*,% Refers.
Question Number. .. &here is the de,iing boot9.
Option A. Root.
Option B. 'railing edge.
Option C. 'ip.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Pages 1%.,1%8.
Question Number. 8. How is anti iing fluid fed to the indi)idual blades9.
Option A. Pump to a slinger ring.
Option B. Pump to eah blade rubber feed boot.
Option C. >nder gra)it( to the slinger ring then on to the blade.
Corret Answer is. Pump to a slinger ring.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1%- refers.
Question Number. :. #e is remo)ed from blades b(.
Option A. a ontinuousl( heated eletrial boot.
Option B. rubber boots inflated in se7uene using ompressor hot air.
Option C. inboard and outboard boot setions heated in se7uene b( ation of the timer.
Corret Answer is. inboard and outboard boot setions heated in se7uene b( ation of the timer.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1%. refers.
Question Number. ;. Propeller blades are de,ied b(.
Option A. eletrial heating elements bound in rubber o)ershoes on the blade leading edges.
Option B. generating edd( urrents in the blade.
Option C. eletrial heating elements wound around rubber shoes.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1%. refers.
Question Number. 1/. !letrial power supplies on large airraft6 for eletrial deiing are.
Option A. AC.
Option B. HC.
Option C. Both AC or HC.
!"planation. CA#Ps P\$ leaflets Refer.
Question Number. 11. Propeller slip rings.
Option A. on)e( oil for PC> to pith hange mehanism.
Option B. minimise slip.
Option C. ondut eletrial power for de,iing.
Corret Answer is. ondut eletrial power for de,iing.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page 1%. refers.
Question Number. 1%. On an eletrial deiing s(stem fast (le is used.
Option A. at low air temperature.
Option B. at high air temperature.
Option C. on the ground.
Corret Answer is. at high air temperature.
!"planation. Rolls Ro(e page 1+1 refers. =low (le meaning the elements are on for longer.
Question Number. 1*. 'he output of an anti,iing pump is ontrolled b(.
Option A. a rheostat.
Option B. the hand pump.
Option C. a (li timer.
!"planation. 0epperson airraft propellers and ontrols Page 1%- Refers.
Question Number. 1-. He,iing fluid goes to a slinger ring from.
Option A. an eletrial pump.
Option B. a hand pump.
Option C. a tan2 in the prop hub6 pro)iding onstant feed one released.
Corret Answer is. an eletrial pump.
!"planation. 'he pump is ontrolled b( a rheostat to 7ui2en or slow the flow.
Question Number. 1+. 'o inrease anti iing effeti)eness.
Option A. inrease (le times.
Option B. inrease the AC or HC urrent.
Option C. use li7uid as well as eletrial anti iing s(stems.
Corret Answer is. inrease the AC or HC urrent.
!"planation. Antiing refers to fluid deiing in 0eppersen Propeller and Controls page 1%* therefore it is the rheostat that is adEusted
to )ar( urrent.
Question Number. 1.. Propeller de,iing for )ar(ing rates of iing an be )aried b(.
Option A. inreasing propeller RPM.
Option B. inreasing (li timing.
Option C. inreasing the AC or HC )oltage.
Corret Answer is. inreasing (li timing.
!"planation. >suall( a slow and fast (le are pro)ided.
Question Number. 18. Propeller He,iing an be he2ed b(.
Option A. he2ing the tor7ue meter for abnormal readings.
Option B. he2ing the the de,iing ammeter.
Option C. )isuall( he2ing for ie on the blades.
!"planation. Histurbed airflow due to ie will redue the efiien( of the propeller.
Question Number. 1:. Proper operation of eletri deiing boots on indi)idual propeller blades ma( be best determined b(.
Option A. feeling the se7uene of boot heating and ha)e an assistant obser)e the loadmeter indiations.
Option B. feeling the boots to see if the( are heating.
Option C. obser)ing the ammeter or loadmeter for urrent flow.
Corret Answer is. feeling the se7uene of boot heating and ha)e an assistant obser)e the loadmeter indiations.
!"planation. .+,1%A.
Question Number. 1;. &hat unit in the propeller anti,iing s(stem ontrols the output of the pump9.
Option A. Pressure relief )al)e.
Option B. Rheostat.
Option C. C(ling timer.
!"planation. .+,1%A.
Question Number. %/. #e formation on the propellers6 when the airraft is in flight6 will.
Option A. derease a)ailable engine power.
Option B. inrease airraft stall speed and inrease noise.
Option C. derease thrust and ause e"essi)e )ibration.
Corret Answer is. derease thrust and ause e"essi)e )ibration.
!"planation. .+,1%A.
Question Number. %1. Propeller fluid anti,iing s(stems generall( use whih of the following9.
Option A. !th(l alohol.
Option B. !th(lene gl(ol.
Option C. #soprop(l alohol.
!"planation. .+,1%A.
17.! Propeller Maintenance.
Question Number. 1. 'hrust and amber faes of a propeller should be blended out to.
Option A. + times the depth of damage.
Option B. 1/ times to the depth of damage.
Option C. */ times to the depth of damage.
Corret Answer is. */ times to the depth of damage.
!"planation. Answer found in unattributed notes.
Question Number. %. An aerod(nami orretion fator that is preeded b( the letter Q indiates.
Option A. thrust balane.
Option B. d(nami balane.
Option C. tor7ue balane.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. *. \$eading edges should be blended out to.
Option A. + times the depth of damage.
Option B. 1/ times the depth of damage.
Option C. */ times the depth of damage.
Corret Answer is. 1/ times the depth of damage.
!"planation. Answer found in unattributed notes.
Question Number. -. #f the tip of an eletrial o)ershoe is torn.
Option A. it ma( be ut ba2.
Option B. it ma( be lassified as aeptable damage.
Option C. it must not be ut ba2.
Corret Answer is. it must not be ut ba2.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. +. 'he shan2 of the propeller is permitted to ha)e.
Option A. no repairs.
Option B. minor repairs.
Option C. no deals fitted.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1%,++.
Question Number. .. &hen blending out a gouge on the fae or amber side of a blade6 the additional metal to be remo)ed for
stress relief is.
Option A. /./% inh.
Option B. /.//% inh.
Option C. /.% inh.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. 8. &ooden propellers are permitted.
Option A. repairs that do not affet weight and balane.
Option B. no repairs.
Option C. repairs using sawdust and aeroglue.
Corret Answer is. repairs using sawdust and aeroglue.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant page 1%,+* refers.
Question Number. :. 'he preser)ati)e used to protet metal blades is.
Option A. lanolin.
Option B. brown storage wa".
Option C. petroleum Eell(.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. ;. Composite propellers ma( ha)e minor repairs arried out b(.
Option A. an( appro)ed *rd part( maintenane organiIation.
Option B. the operator.
Option C. an( appro)ed omposite repair failit(.
Corret Answer is. an( appro)ed omposite repair failit(.
!"planation. Must be omposite speialist organiIation.
Question Number. 1/. Hetails of propeller o)erhaul ma( be found in.
Option A. Airworthiness Notie 8+.
Option B. the AMM.
Option C. Airworthiness Notie ++.
Corret Answer is. Airworthiness Notie 8+.
!"planation. Refer CAA Airworthiness Notie 8+.
Question Number. 11. 'he ground learane of a single engine tail wheel airraft propeller is measured with the airraft.
Option A. tail wheel on the ground.
Option B. tail wheel in the ta2e off position.
Option C. in the rigging position.
Corret Answer is. tail wheel in the ta2e off position.
!"planation. Refer 0AR %+.;%+.
Question Number. 1%. 'he strutural learane of a multi engine airraft propeller.
Option A. is ta2en between the engines with the props aligned.
Option B. is ta2en between the prop and the fuselage.
Option C. is ta2en from the ground.
Corret Answer is. is ta2en between the prop and the fuselage.
!"planation. Refer 0AR %+.;%+. =ometimes 2nown as tip learane.
Question Number. 1*. &hat position should the blades be when installing the pith hange mehanism onto a h(dromati
propeller9.
Option A. 5eather.
Option B. Mero pith.
Option C. 5ull re)erse.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. 1-. 'he ground BseaD learane of a sea plane propeller is.
Option A. 1 inh.
Option B. ; inhes.
Option C. 1: inhes.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls 5ig %,+ refers.
Question Number. 1+. Cropping is permitted to a ma"imum of.
Option A. 1 inh on all blades.
Option B. N inh on all blades.
Option C. N inh on one blade onl(.
!"planation. #f 1 blade is ropped all must be ropped e7uall(.
Question Number. 1.. H(nami balane is onfirmed b( use of.
Option A. 2nife edges and mandrel.
Option B. a tra2ing he2.
Option C. a )ibration anal(ser.
Corret Answer is. a )ibration anal(ser.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Powerplant Page 1%,./.
Question Number. 18. A metal propeller ma( be statiall( balaned b(.
Option B. remo)ing metal from the opposite blade.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Powerplant Page 1%,1%.
Question Number. 1:. Mehanial )ibration relating to propellers in a piston powered airraft.
Option A. is due to the ran2shaft at intermittent power settings.
Option B. is due to the lead lag of the propeller ompared to the engine.
Option C. is due to the power stro2e of the engine and ma( ha)e a more detrimental effet than aerod(nami )ibration.
Corret Answer is. is due to the power stro2e of the engine and ma( ha)e a more detrimental effet than aerod(nami )ibration.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control page 1. refers.
Question Number. 1;. Aerod(nami Corretion 5ator BA C 5D.
Option A. orrets for stati balane.
Option B. is indiated in the form of degrees and minutes of pith.
Option C. orrets for d(nami balane.
Corret Answer is. is indiated in the form of degrees and minutes of pith.
!"planation. A C 5 adEusts indi)idual blade pith angle to ompensate for aerod(nami differenes of blades in manufature.
Option A. on the ground with the engine stationar(.
Option B. in flight.
Option C. on the ground with the engine running.
Corret Answer is. on the ground with the engine stationar(.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page *8 refers.
Question Number. %1. &hen on the ground with the engine idling the prop ontrol should be.
Option A. full( aft with the mi"ture at idle.
Option B. full( aft with the mi"ture at rih.
Option C. full( forward with the mi"ture at idle.
Corret Answer is. full( aft with the mi"ture at rih.
!"planation. 0epperson Powerplant Page %,1. refers, rih mi"ture ools the (linders.
Question Number. %%. Operation with the engine at ma"imum boost should be limited to.
Option A. prop at fine to pre)ent o)erstressing the engine.
Option B. prop at ourse to pre)ent o)erstressing the engine.
Option C. prop at windmill to pre)ent o)erstressing the engine.
Corret Answer is. prop at ourse to pre)ent o)erstressing the engine.
!"planation. Ma"imum Boost indiates ma"imum power is applied to the prop.
Question Number. %*. Hamage to a leading edge an be blended in omparison to a blade fae.
Option A. b( maintaining a smooth depression.
Option B. b( not e"eeding %+@ of the hord.
Option C. at a steeper angle.
Corret Answer is. at a steeper angle.
!"planation. 1/31 ompared to */31.
Question Number. %-. 'he longitudinal learane between the nose wheel and the propeller on a tri(le geared propeller is.
Option A. ; inhes.
Option B. 1: inhes.
Option C. 14% inh.
!"planation. Refer 0AR,%+.;%+.
Question Number. %+. A tra2ing he2 ompares.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page *%.
Question Number. %.. A line of indentations at one blade setion an be.
Option A. blended within limits.
Option B. left for up to 1% months.
Option C. delared unser)ieable.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Control Page 1%. Refer.
Question Number. %8. Propeller )ibration due to a problem with propeller installations would ha)e a.
Option A. the same fre7uen( as turbine )ibration.
Option B. lower fre7uen( than turbine )ibration.
Option C. higher fre7uen( than turbine )ibration.
Corret Answer is. lower fre7uen( than turbine )ibration.
!"planation. Propeller RPM is alwa(s less than ?as 'urbine RPM therefore )ibration fre7uen( will alwa(s be less.
Option C. aerod(nami imbalane on the blades.
!"planation. Preloading refers to shimming the blade gear boss when being mated with the be)el gear ams in the hub.
Question Number. %;. &hen unfeathering a propeller6 the blade should be put into what position to stop propeller o)erspeed9.
Option A. Negati)e pith.
Option B. 5ine pith.
Option C. Coarse pith.
!"planation. A Prop mo)ed to oarse pith will rotate the engine without o)erspeeding.
Question Number. */. Blade angle is measured using a.
Option A. linometer.
Option B. propeller protrator.
Option C. be)el protrator.
!"planation. Refer 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls 5ig 1,8.
Question Number. *1. #n the Beta range6 angle of atta2 inreases. 'he fuel flow inreases6 and what else inreases9.
Option A. 5uel temperature.
Option B. !PR and fuel temperature.
Option C. RPM and !?'.
Corret Answer is. RPM and !?'.
!"planation. #f fuel flow inreases then RPM and !?' of the ?as ?enerator must inrease.
Question Number. *%. &ith a propeller defet6 the fre7uen( of )ibration will be.
Option A. higher than a au"iliar( gearbo" defet.
Option B. lower than a turbine defet.
Option C. higher than a turbine defet.
Corret Answer is. lower than a turbine defet.
!"planation. Propeller )ibration is alwa(s lower then turbine )ibration.
Question Number. **. Blending of propeller blade defets refers to the.
Option A. repainting of blade tips after ropping.
Option B. mathing of paint finishes for appearanes.
Option C. on)ersion of rough or sharp edges into smooth depression.
Corret Answer is. on)ersion of rough or sharp edges into smooth depression.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page %1.Blending is the smoothing of a defet.
Question Number. *-. Remo)al of material from the propeller blade tips6 resulting in a redution in propeller diameter is
alled.
Option A. tipping.
Option B. ropping.
Option C. topping.
!"planation. #f (ou rop one blade Bnormall( 1 inh ma"imumD the opposite blade must also be ropped.
Question Number. *+. Prior to using the uni)ersal propeller protrator.
Option A. ensure the propeller blade is at the horiIontal.
Option B. determine the referene blade station.
Option C. he2 date stamp for ser)ieabilit(.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page * refers.
Question Number. *.. 'o fit a new front one to a prop shaft firstl(.
Option A. eth the propeller serial number to the rear fae.
Option B. ut in half with a ha2saw and eth a uni7ue serial number to both hal)es.
Option C. oat in !ngineers blue to ensure seating in the propeller front boss.
Corret Answer is. ut in half with a ha2saw and eth a uni7ue serial number to both hal)es.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page */ refers.
Option B. re,seating the propeller on the front and rear ones.
Option C. b( fitting shims to the propeller shaft hub.
Corret Answer is. b( fitting shims to the propeller shaft hub.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page ** refers.
Question Number. *:. &hih of the following funtions re7uires the use of a propeller blade station9.
Option B. Propeller balaning.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. *;. 'o ondut a power he2 of an internal ombustion engine re7uires.
Option A. oarse pith setting and ad)ane the throttle to the target RPM.
Option B. fine pith setting and ad)ane the engine to the target RPM setting.
Option C. fine pith setting and ad)ane the engine to the ma" RPM setting.
Corret Answer is. fine pith setting and ad)ane the engine to the target RPM setting.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page %,1. refers.
Question Number. -/. 'he power output of a turboprop engine is he2ed b(.
Option A. referene RPM.
Option B. referene 'hrust.
Option C. referene 'or7ue.
!"planation. Rolls Ro(e 0et !ngine Page 1*8.
Question Number. -1. #mmediatel( after blending out damage to to a blade the repair must be.
Option A. re,proteted against orrosion.
Option B. ra2 he2ed.
Option C. balaned.
!"planation. Cra2 he2 before re,protetion.
Question Number. -%. How is the effiien( of a turbo prop engine assessed9.
Option A. B( orreting propeller RPM for ambient Air temperature and barometri pressure.
Option B. B( omparing ompressor and propeller RPM against a referene figure.
Option C. B( omparing tor7ue meter pressure against a referene figure.
Corret Answer is. B( orreting propeller RPM for ambient Air temperature and barometri pressure.
!"planation. Rolls Ro(e 'he 0et !ngine Page 1*: Refers.
Question Number. -*. 'he limits for a tra2ing he2 are.
Option B. 14: inh ma"imum differene between opposite blades.
Option C. 14: inh ma"imum differene between all blades.
!"planation. 0epperson Airraft Propellers and Controls Page -* refers.
Question Number. --. After a lightning stri2e.
Option A. the prop must be tra2ed.
Option B. the propeller shaft should be he2ed for onentriit(.
Option C. the heater elements should be he2ed for ontinuit( and insulation.
Corret Answer is. the heater elements should be he2ed for ontinuit( and insulation.
!"planation. 'a2en from unattributed notes, has an(one got a referene9.
Question Number. -+. After o)erspeeding to 11/@.
Option A. no ation is re7uired.
Option B. return propeller for o)erhaul.
Option C. remo)e propeller for inspetion.
Corret Answer is. no ation is re7uired.
!"planation. >p to 11+@ no ation is neessar(.
Question Number. -.. #ndentations to the blade fae are measured.
Option A. indi)iduall(.
Option B. indi)iduall( and olleti)el(.
Option C. olleti)el(.
Corret Answer is. indi)iduall( and olleti)el(.
!"planation. 'a2en from unattributed notes, has an(one got a referene9.
Question Number. -8. &hen a propeller has had a report of o)erspeeding.
Option A. proedure is dependant on the e"tent of o)erspeeding.
Option B. the propeller must be remo)ed and sent to the manufaturer.
Option C. the propeller must be remo)ed and tra2ed.
Corret Answer is. proedure is dependant on the e"tent of o)erspeeding.
!"planation. CA#P= \$flt P\$41,- refers inspetion after o)erspeeding depends upon amount of o)erspeed.
Question Number. -:. 'he most signifiant effet of stone hips on a propeller is.
Option A. thrust output of the propeller.
Option B. strutural integrit( of the propeller.
Option C. aerod(nami apabilit( of the propeller.
Corret Answer is. strutural integrit( of the propeller.
!"planation. Cra2s are initiated b( stone hips et.
Question Number. -;. ?round running an airraft with a fi"ed pith prop with its tail into wind auses the engine RPM to.
Option A. inrease.
Option B. sta( the same regardless of wind diretion.
Option C. derease.
!"planation. A head wind on a dead engine will ause the prop to windmill. 'herefore a tail wind must do the opposite.
Question Number. +/. AdEustments to a )ariable pith propeller are.
Option A. made in the air using the s(nhroniIer.
Option B. made on the ground with the engine stationar(.
Option C. made on the ground with the engine running.
!"planation. ?o)ernor spring pressure ma( be adEusted but onl( with the engine stationar(OO.
Question Number. +1. &hen a propeller is remo)ed6 the seuring parts are 2ept with.
Option A. all separatel( in ases.
Option B. the propeller.
Option C. the engine.
!"planation. #t is belie)ed that the seuring parts sta( with the engine6 but no referene an be found to support this.
Question Number. +%. Huring engine warm up the mi"ture should be at.
Option A. rih6 blades at feather.
Option B. lean6 blades at superfine.
Option C. rih6 blades at superfine.
!"planation. A1P Mehanis !A.+ states that engines should not be warmed up with a lean mi"ture and (ou would not do it with
the prop in feather6 the engine load would be too great therefore b must be orret.
Question Number. +*. &hen unfeathering a propeller use.
Option A. minimum RPM4min throttle.
Option B. an( RPM min throttle.
Option C. ma"imum RPM4min throttle.
Corret Answer is. minimum RPM4min throttle.
!"planation. A orrespondent reports that for a =AAB *-/ the power le)er is set at ground idle B;-/ RPMD and the ondition le)er at
unfeather.
Question Number. +-. How is the onentriit( of a propeller shaft he2ed9.
Option A. Mirometer.
Option B. Hial 'est #ndiator BH'#D.
Option C. Ring gauge.
Corret Answer is. Hial 'est #ndiator BH'#D.
!"planation. CA#Ps show H'#Fs he2ing onentriit( of ran2shafts et.
Question Number. ++. Propeller slip rings should be.
Option A. lubriated with silion grease.
Option B. lubriated with graphite grease.
Option C. leaned and left dr(.
Corret Answer is. leaned and left dr(.
!"planation. CA#Ps P\$41,- para *.%.: refers.
Question Number. +.. A splined hub is found be loose with the.
Option A. e"essi)e spline wear.
Option B. front ones bottomed against the front end of the splines.
Corret Answer is. front ones bottomed against the front end of the splines.
!"planation. Cones used to entralise hubs on shafts. #f the( do not seat properl( the hub annot be held firm. =ee 0eppesen
propellers and ontrols fig +,1;.
Question Number. +8. &hen measuring RPM on a superharged engine with )ariable pith.
Option A. ma"imum boost pressure and atual air pressure is used.
Option B. engine boost pressure and atual air pressure is used.
Option C. Iero boost pressure and atual air pressure is used.
Corret Answer is. Iero boost pressure and atual air pressure is used.
!"planation. CA#Ps \$eaflet !\$4*,% para ;.:.* refers to testing on the fine pith stops and at the same manifold pressure indiated
before the engine was started B#! Iero boostD6 orreted for.
Question Number. +:. On propeller seuring plates irlips should be.
Option A. annealed and the springiness put ba2 into the irlip before it an be used again.
Option B. used one onl(.
Option C. used again as long as the irlip springs ba2 first time.
Corret Answer is. used one onl(.
!"planation. \$(oming ha)e issued mandator( ser)ie bulletin %-/= dated * 5eb %//* stating that irlips6 lo2plates shims and
retaining rings must be replaed at o)erhaul or remo)al regardless of ondition.
Question Number. +;. 'he ause of propeller out,of,tra2 )ibration is.
Option A. propeller blade angle too large.
Option B. stati imbalane.
Option C. blade stiffness not e"atl( mathed.
!"planation. Cibration aused b( blades being out of tra2 means that the blades do not rotate in the same plane of rotation. Cariable
blade stiffness ould ause the blades to fle" and thus ause the blades not to tra2 in the same plane.
Question Number. ./. How is blending arried out on an aluminium propeller blade9.
Option A. B( using a ourse file and peening.
Option B. B( using a needle file and finish with emer( loth.
Option C. B( using a sraper.
Corret Answer is. B( using a needle file and finish with emer( loth.
!"planation. 0eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page %1 refers.
Question Number. .1. &here would (ou find information on RPM and Power ratings9.
Option A. Painted onto the propeller.
Option B. !ngine \$og boo2.
Option C. !thed on the Propeller.
Corret Answer is. !ngine \$og boo2.
!"planation. CA#Ps leaflet !\$4*,% states that the referene RPM is reorded in the engine log boo2 for power assurane he2s.
Question Number. .%. Huring a test on the feathering and un,feathering s(stems6 1D after seleting 5eather and pressing the
feather button6 it remained pressed for about + seonds then automatiall( deseleted. %D &hen un,feather was seleted and the button
pressed6 it remained in for a short period and then autodeseleted. 'hese % situations would indiate.
Option A. both s(stems are wor2ing orretl(.
Option B. the 5eathering Pump is >nser)ieable sine the button did not de,press immediatel(.
Option C. there is nothing wrong with the 5eathering motor but the >n,5eathering pump is unser).
Corret Answer is. both s(stems are wor2ing orretl(.
!"planation. s(stem is a h(dromati t(pe propeller ontrol. 'he feather4defeather swith is auto deseleted b( a pressure swith
sensing the pressure build up in the hub after the desired position has been reahed.
Question Number. .*. On a HartIell prop with ounterweights6 full oil suppl( would indiate.
Option A. on,speed ondition.
Option B. o)erspeed ondition.
Option C. underspeed ondition.
!"planation. 'he ounterweights are the lue here. 'his is a single ating propeller6 therefore if the tan2 is full the spring must be
full( e"tended to ounterat an o)erspeed ondition.
Question Number. .-. #f a % blade prop is plaed on a 2nife edge and it ends up horiIontal Bblades at * and ; oFlo2 positionsD6
it is said to be in balane.
Option A. )ertiall(.
Option B. horiIontall(.
Option C. d(namiall(.
!"planation. 0eppersen Airraft Propellers and Controls Page %/ refers.
Question Number. .+. High !ngine Oil pressure ma( be aused b(.
Option A. blo2ed sa)enge filter.
Option B. restrited pump operation.
Option C. higher oil pressure.
Corret Answer is. blo2ed sa)enge filter.
!"planation. Restrition of flow in the iruit6 assuming the pump is a full flow BgearD t(pe6 will gi)e this indiation.
Question Number. ... &hih of the following defets is ause for reEetion of wooden propellers9.
Option A. An o)ersiIe hub or bolthole or elongated bolt holes.
Option B. No proteti)e oating on propeller.
Option C. =older missing from srew heads seuring metal tipping.
Corret Answer is. An o)ersiIe hub or bolthole or elongated bolt holes.
!"planation. =older or finish an be replaed elongated holes annot.
Question Number. .8. #nspetion of a propeller blade b( d(e penetrant inspetion is aomplished to detet.
Option A. ra2s.
Option B. orrosion at the blade tip.
Option C. torsional stress.
!"planation. H(e penetrant tehni7ues are used to detet surfae ra2s.
Question Number. .:. &hih of the following is used to orret horiIontal imbalane of a wooden propeller9.
Option A. =hella.
Option B. Brass srews.
Option C. =older.
!"planation. CA#Ps state that adding solder to the metal tiping of the blade is the orret method for horiIontal balane. Brass
srews are added for )ertial imbalane on the lightwieght side of the hub.
Question Number. .;. &hih of the following determines oil and grease speifiations for lubriation of propellers9.
Option A. Propeller manufaturers.
Option B. !ngine Manufaturers.
Option C. Airframe manufaturers.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. 8/. &hat t(pe of imbalane will ause a two,bladed propeller to ha)e a persistent tenden( to ome to rest
in a horiIontal position Bwith the blades parallel to the groundD while being he2ed on a propeller balane beam9.
Option A. Harmoni.
Option B. Certial.
Option C. HoriIontal.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. 81. &hat is the purpose of an arbor used in balaning a propeller9.
Option A. 'o support the propeller on the balane 2ni)es.
Option B. 'o mar2 the propeller blades where weights are to be be attahed.
Option C. 'o le)el the balane stand.
Corret Answer is. 'o support the propeller on the balane 2ni)es.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. 8%. 'he appliation of more proteti)e oating on one blade than another when refinishing a wood propeller.
Option A. has little or no effet on operating harateristis.
Option B. ma( be neessar( to ahie)e final balaning.
Option C. should ne)er be done.
Corret Answer is. ma( be neessar( to ahie)e final balaning.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. 8*. Apparent engine roughness is often a result of propeller unbalane. 'he effet of an unbalaned
propeller will usuall( be.
Option A. greater at high RPM.
Option B. greater at low RPM.
Option C. appro"imatel( the same at all speeds.
Corret Answer is. greater at high RPM.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. 8-. Propeller aerod(nami BthrustD imbalane an be largel( eliminated b(.
Option A. orret blade ontouring and angle setting.
Option B. stati balaning.
Option C. 2eeping the propeller blades within the same plane of rotation.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. 8+. Propellers e"posed to salt spra( should be flushed with.
Option A. fresh water.
Option B. soap( water.
Option C. stoddard sol)ent.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. 8.. How an a steel propeller hub be tested for ra2s9.
Option A. B( magneti partile inspetion.
Option B. B( anodiIing.
Option C. B( ething.
Corret Answer is. B( magneti partile inspetion.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. 88. &hih of the following defets is ause of reEetion of a wood propeller9.
Option A. An o)ersiIe hub or bolt hole6 or elongated bolt holes.
Option B. =older missing from srew heads seuring metal tipping.
Option C. No proteti)e oating on propeller.
Corret Answer is. An o)ersiIe hub or bolt hole6 or elongated bolt holes.
!"planation. AC-*.1*,1B.
Question Number. 8:. \$ongitudinal Bfore and aftD learane of onstant speed propeller blades or uffs must be at least 14% inh
B1%.8 mmD between propeller parts and stationar( parts of the airraft. 'his learane is with the propeller blades.
Option A. at the lowest pith angle.
Option B. at ta2e,off pith Bma"imum thrustD angle.
Option C. feathered or in the most ritial pith onfiguration.
Corret Answer is. feathered or in the most ritial pith onfiguration.
!"planation. 0AR %*.
Question Number. 8;. &hen lubriating a HartIell propeller blade with grease6 to pre)ent damage to the blade seals6 the
ser)ie manual ma( reommend on some models to.
Option A. remo)e the seals prior to greasing and reinstall them afterwards.
Option B. remo)e one of the two grease nipples for the blade6 and grease the blade through the remaining nipple.
Option C. pump grease into both grease nipples for the blade simultaneousl(.
Corret Answer is. remo)e one of the two grease nipples for the blade6 and grease the blade through the remaining nipple.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. :/. &hen running,up an engine and testing a newl( installed h(dromati propeller6 it is neessar( to
e"erise the propeller b( mo)ing the go)ernor ontrol through its entire tra)el se)eral times to.
Option A. remo)e an( entrapped air.
Option B. test the ma"imum RPM setting of the go)ernor.
Option C. seat the blades full( against the low pith stop.
Corret Answer is. remo)e an( entrapped air.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. :1. &hat is indiated when the front one bottoms while installing a propeller9.
Option A. Blade angles are inorret.
Option B. Propeller,dome ombination is inorret.
Option C. Rear one should be mo)ed forward.
Corret Answer is. Rear one should be mo)ed forward.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. :%. &hih of the following statements onerning the installation of a new fi"ed,pith wood propeller is
true9.
Option A. #f a separate metal hub is used6 final tra2 should be aomplished prior to installing the hub in the propeller.
Option B. NA= lose,tolerane bolts should be used to install the propeller.
Option C. #nspet the bolts for tightness after the first flight and again after the first %+ hours of fl(ing.
Corret Answer is. #nspet the bolts for tightness after the first flight and again after the first %+ hours of fl(ing.
!"planation. AC-*.1*,1B.
Question Number. :*. #f the propeller one or hub one seats show e)idene of galling and wear6 the most li2el( ause is.
Option A. the propeller retaining nut was not tight enough during pre)ious operation.
Option B. the front one was not full( bottomed against the ran2shaft splines during installation.
Option C. the pith hange stops were loated inorretl(6 ausing the one seats to at as the high pith stop.
Corret Answer is. the propeller retaining nut was not tight enough during pre)ious operation.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. :-. On airraft e7uiped with h(drauliall( operated onstant speed propellers6 all ignition and magneto
he2ing is done with the propeller in whih position9.
Option A. \$ow RPM.
Option B. High pith range.
Option C. High RPM.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. :+. Oil lea2age around the rear one of a h(dromati propeller usuall( indiates a defeti)e.
Option A. spider,shaft oil seal.
Option B. piston gas2et.
Option C. dome,barrel oil seal.
Corret Answer is. spider,shaft oil seal.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. :.. Ma"imum taper ontat between ran2shaft and propeller hub is determined b( using.
Option A. a mirometer.
Option B. a surfae gauge.
Option C. bearing blue olour transfer.
Corret Answer is. bearing blue olour transfer.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. :8. Propeller blade tra2ing is the proess of determining.
Option A. the plane of rotation of the propeller with respet to the airraft longitudinal a"is.
Option B. that the blade angles are within speified tolerane of eah other.
Option C. the positions of the tips of the propeller blades relati)e to eah other.
Corret Answer is. the positions of the tips of the propeller blades relati)e to eah other.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. ::. #n what position is the onstant,speed propeller ontrol plaed to he2 the magnetos9.
Option A. 5ull derease6 low propeller blade pith angle.
Option B. 5ull inrease6 low propeller blade pith angle.
Option C. 5ull inrease6 high propeller blade pith angle.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. :;. #f a flanged propeller shaft has dowel pins.
Option A. the propeller an be installed in onl( one position.
Option B. he2 arefull( for front one bottoming against the pins.
Option C. install the propeller so that the blades are positioned for hand propping.
Corret Answer is. the propeller an be installed in onl( one position.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. ;/. Repairs of aluminium allo( adEustable pith propellers are not permitted to be made on the.
Option A. fae.
Option B. shan2.
Option C. ba2.
!"planation. AC-*.1*,1B.
Question Number. ;1. &hih of the following methods is used to straighten a bent aluminium propeller blade that is within
repairable limits9.
Option A. !ither hot or old straightening6 depending on the loation and se)erit( of damage.
Option B. Cold straightening onl(.
Option C. Careful heating to aomplish straightening6 followed b( heat treatment to store original strength.
Corret Answer is. Cold straightening onl(.
!"planation. AC-*.1*,1B.
Question Number. ;%. #t is important that ni2s in aluminium allo( propeller blades be repaired as soon as possible in order to.
Option A. maintain e7ual aerod(nami harateristis between blades.
Option B. eliminate stress onentration points.
Corret Answer is. eliminate stress onentration points.
!"planation. AC-*.1*,1B.
Question Number. ;*. Minor surfae damage loated in a repairable area6 but not on the leading or trailing edges of aluminium
blades6 ma( be repaired b( first.
Option A. filing with a half round or flat file.
Option B. sanding and appl(ing a proper filler.
Option C. filing with a riffle file.
Corret Answer is. filing with a riffle file.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. ;-. Minor surfae damage loated in a repairable area6 but not on the leading or trailing edges of omposite
Option A. filing with a riffle file.
Option B. sanding and appl(ing a proper filler.
Option C. filing with a half round or flat file.
Corret Answer is. sanding and appl(ing a proper filler.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. ;+. After remo)al of aluminium blade damage6 the affeted surfae should be polished with.
Option A. fine steel wool.
Option B. )er( fine sandpaper.
Option C. powdered soapstone.
Corret Answer is. )er( fine sandpaper.
!"planation. AC-*.1*,1B.
Question Number. ;.. &hen preparing a propeller blade for inspetion it should be leaned with.
Option A. mild soap and water.
Option B. steel wool.
Option C. meth(l eth(l 2etone.
Corret Answer is. mild soap and water.
!"planation. AC.+,1%A.
Question Number. ;8. &hat method would (ou use to inspet an aluminium propeller blade when a ra2 is suspeted9.
Option A. H(e penetrant inspetion.
Option B. Magneti partile inspetion.
Option C. A bright light and magnif(ing glass.
Corret Answer is. H(e penetrant inspetion.
!"planation. AC-*.1*,1B.
Question Number. ;:. Remo)al of propeller blade tips within the '(pe Certifiate Hata =heet limits to orret a defet is.
Option A. a maEor repair.
Option B. permitted under the pri)ileges and limitations of a ategor( B1 liene.
Option C. a maEor modifiation.
Corret Answer is. a maEor repair.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. ;;. &hih of the following generall( renders an aluminium allo( propeller unrepairable9.
Option A. A trans)erse ra2 of an( siIe.
Option B. An( slag inlusions or old shuts.
Option C. An( repairs that would re7uire shortening and re,ontouring of blades.
Corret Answer is. A trans)erse ra2 of an( siIe.
!"planation. AC-*.1*,1B.
Question Number. 1//. &hat is the aeptable amount of ushion in a go)ernor ontrol le)er9.
Option A. 14: inh.
Option B. *4: inh.
Option C. 14- inh.
!"planation. N#\$.
17.7 Propeller Storage and Preser"ation.
Question Number. 1. Rubber omponents should be stored in.
Option A. the dar2.
Option B. natural light.
Option C. flouresent light.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. %. 'he ma"imum storage periods for installed propellers are detailed in the.
Option A. propeller o)erhaul and repair manual.
Option B. Airworthiness Noties.
Option C. airraft Maintenane Manual.
Corret Answer is. airraft Maintenane Manual.
!"planation. N#\$.
Question Number. *. &hen storing wooden propellers.
Option A. store in a dr( well )entilated and illuminated loation.
Option B. store in a horiIontal position.
Option C. wrap in greaseproof paper.
Corret Answer is. store in a horiIontal position.
!"planation. 0epperson A1P Powerplant Page 1%,+- refers.
Question Number. -. A wooden propeller should be stored.
Option A. a dr( and well )entilated area.
Option B. in a room with high humidit( to stop it dr(ing and ra2ing.
Option C. a warm but light storeroom.
Corret Answer is. a dr( and well )entilated area.
!"planation. A1P 'ehniian Powerplant te"tboo2 1%,+-.
Question Number. +. A wooden propeller in storage.
Option A. should not be wrapped at,all.
Option B. should be wrapped tightl(.
Option C. should be wrapped loosel(.
Corret Answer is. should not be wrapped at,all.
!"planation. A1P 'ehniian Powerplant te"tboo2 1%,+-.
Question Number. .. A CP propeller mehanism6 for storage for long periods should.
Option A. should be ompletel( emptied and dried.
Option B. be filled with speial inhibiting oil to pre)ent ondensation and orrosion.
Option C. be filled with the normal operating oil to pre)ent ondensation and orrosion.
Corret Answer is. should be ompletel( emptied and dried.
!"planation. N#\$.