Anda di halaman 1dari 9

1

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Document Code: 1425
Zach Coughlin
Nevada Bar No: 9473
1422 E. 9
th
t. !2
"eno# N$ %9512
&ele: 775'33%'%11%
(a): 949'**7'74+2
,ttorne- .or /ro e ,00ellant denied i)th ,mendment "ight &o Coun1el
2N &3E EC4ND 56D2C2,7 D2&"2C& C46"& 4( &3E &,&E 4( NE$,D,
2N ,ND (4" &3E C46N&8 4( 9,34E
Z,C3 C46:372N;
,00ellant#
v1.
Cit- o. "eno;
"e10ondent.
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
Case No: CR11-2064
Dept No: 10
APPELLANT'S OPENING BRIEF
C4=E N49# ,00ellant# Zach Coughlin# >- and through him1el. a1 he ?a1 denied hi1 i)th
,mendment "ight &o Coun1el# and .ile1 thi1 ,00ellant@1 40ening Brie.: &hi1 =otion in i1 >a1ed
u0on the 0leading1 and 0a0er1 on .ile in thi1 matter# >oth in thi1 a00eal and the underl-ing "=C 11
C" 2217* and the .ollo?ing legal argument. &he under1igned .ile1 thi1 40ening Brie. ?ith the intent
to .ile a u00lemental to it or a Notice o. Errata ?ith re10ect to thi1 .iling# and a more com0lete
40ening Brie. >- (e>ruar- *# 2+12. &hi1 i1 >eing done due to con.u1ion a1 to ?hether the A?ithin 3+
da-1B deadline# ?hich ?ould 1eam to .all on aturda-# (e>ruar- 4
th
# 2+12# ?ould allo? .iling timel- a
- 1 -
Appellant Opening Brie
F I L E D
Electronically
02-07-2012:12:19:36 AM
Joey Orduna Hastings
Clerk of the Court
Transaction # 2747319
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Brie. on (e>ruar- *# 2+12. 2n an a>undance o. caution# thi1 i1 1u>mitted to at lea1t get 1omething
.iled.
LEGAL ARGUMENT
2ndeed# N"C/ "67E 5. E"$2CE ,ND (272N: 4( /7E,D2N: ,ND 4&3E"
/,/E" reCuire1 that:
ADa< ervice: 9hen "eCuired. E)ce0t a1 other?i1e 0rovided in the1e rule1# ever- order
reCuired >- it1 term1 to >e 1erved#... D><D2< ervice under thi1 rule i1 made >-: D,<
Delivering a co0- to the attorne- or the 0art- >-: Di< handing it to the attorne- or to the
0art-; Dii< leaving it at the attorne-E1 or 0art-E1 o..ice ?ith a clerF or other 0er1on in
charge# or i. there i1 no one in charge# leaving it in a con10icuou1 0lace in the o..ice;
or Diii< i. the o..ice i1 clo1ed or the 0er1on to >e 1erved ha1 no o..ice# leaving it at the
0er1onE1 d?elling hou1e or u1ual 0lace o. a>ode ?ith 1ome 0er1on o. 1uita>le age and
di1cretion re1iding thing a co0- >- electronic mean1 if the attorney or the party
served has onsented to servie !y e"etroni #eans... &he 1erved attorne-E1 or
0art-E1 con1ent to 1ervice >- electronic mean1 1hall >e e$press"y stated and fi"ed in
%ritin& %ith the "er' of the o(rt and 1erved on the other 0artie1 to the action. &he
?ritten con1ent 1hall identi.-: Di< the 0er1on1 u0on ?hom 1ervice mu1t >e made; Dii<
the a00ro0riate addre11 or location .or 1uch 1ervice# 1uch a1 the electronic'mail addre11
or .ac1imile num>er; Diii< the .ormat to >e u1ed .or attachment1; and Div< an- other
limit1 on the 1co0e or duration o. the con1ent. ,n attorne-E1 or 0art-E1 con1ent 1hall
remain e..ective until e)0re11l- revoFed or until the re0re1entation o. a 0art- change1
through entr-# ?ithdra?al# or 1u>1titution o. coun1el. ,n attorne- or 0art- ?ho ha1
con1ented to 1ervice >- electronic mean1 1hall# ?ithin 1+ da-1 a.ter an- change o.
electronic'mail addre11 or .ac1imile num>er# 1erve and .ile notice o. the ne?
electronic'mail addre11 or .ac1imile num>er. D3< ervice >- electronic mean1 under
"ule 5D><D2<DD< i1 not e..ective i. the 0art- maFing 1ervice learn1 that the attem0ted
1ervice did not reach the 0er1on to >e 1erved. D4< /roo. o. 1ervice ma- >e made >-
certi.icate o. an attorne- or o. the attorne-E1 em0lo-ee# or >- ?ritten admi11ion# or >-
a..idavit# or other 0roo. 1ati1.actor- to the court. (ailure to maFe 0roo. o. 1ervice 1hall
not a..ect the validit- o. 1ervice.
2t ?a1 rever1i>le error in the underl-ing matter ?here the Court: re.u1ed to grant a
continuance o. the Novem>er 3+
th
# 2+11 &rial# .ailed to 0rovide the i)th ,mendment1 guarantee o. a
"ight to Coun1el >oth in the 0etit the.t &rial and once even the 10ecter o. a ummar- Contem0t
.inding ?a1 announced. 9a- too 0reGudicial to den- the right to coun1el then announce the Court
- 2 -
Appellant Opening Brie
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
?ould nail the under1igned ?ith contem0t .or attem0ting to Healou1l- advocate on hi1 o?n >ehal..
(urther# re.u1ing to allo? inCuir- into the 1tated retaliator- motive1 o. 9al'=art and it1 ,11et
/rotection divi1ion# e10eciall- vi1 a vi1# 9al'=art@1 e1ta>li1hed 0ractice# even >- it1 manager1# o.
outright l-ing the the 0u>lic re0eatedl- a>out the term1 and e..ect o. the 0o1ted "eturn /olic-
a00lica>le to 0urcha1e1 in 9al'=art 1tore1. ,dditionall-# 0ro1ecutorial mi1conduct# D1u>orning
0erGur-# .ailing to turn over di1cover- in a timel- manner# l-ing a>out ?hether the "eno Cit-
,ttorne- had received an-thing .rom the "2C# etc< Gu1ti.- overturning the verdict. ,dditionall-# the
0ro1ecution1 im0ro0er motive in thi1 retaliator- 0ro1ecution 1tem1 .rom a de1ire to undermine the
under1igned@1 credi>ilit- and a>ilit- to litigate e10eciall- vi1 a vi1 the ?rong.ul arre1t# negligent
hiring training and 1u0ervi1ion la?1uit that the "eno Cit- ,ttorne- received ?arning o. ?ell in
advance o. the arre1t in thi1 matter. (urther im0ro0rietie1 and due 0roce11 de.iciencie1 in the "eno
=unici0al Court and it1 .iling o..ice Gu1ti.- overturning the conviction. ,dditionall-# a Notice o.
Entr- o. 4rder here .rom the "=C i1 liFel- reCuired given the 4rder ?a1 com0lete out1ide the
0re1ence o. one o. the 0artie1 Dmade in a>1entia<# and there.ore rendition o. 4rder i1 liFel- not
1u..icient. (urther# the 0ro1ecution did not meet it1 >urden to 0rove an- o. the element1 o. the crime
charged: ADa< 2ntentionall- 1teal1# taFe1 and carrie1 a?a-# lead1 a?a- or drive1 a?a-...B Each o. the
three ?itne11e1 contradicted them1elve1 a1 the material .act1# including ?hether the 6/C at i11ue
a00eared on >oth recei0t1 and ?hether the under1igned 0rovided hi1 driver@1 licen1e to the "2C
4..icer1# ?hich the video 1ho?ed he did# and there.ore# the 0ro>a>le cau1e to conduct a 1earch
incident to a cu1todial arre1t i1 vitiated and 0erGur- a00arent >- all three ?itne11e1 and mi1conduct >-
the "eno Cit- ,ttorne-. ,ll argument1 made >elo?# ?hether at &rial or in the 0a0er1 on .ile or
other?i1e 1u>mitted to the "=C are here>- incor0orated >- re.erence.
- 3 -
Appellant Opening Brie
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
"=C ec. %.1+.+4+. ' /etit larcen-: 2t i1 unla?.ul .or an- 0er1on to taFe or carr- a?a- the
0ro0ert- o. another ?ith the intent to de0rive the o?ner o. hi1 0ro0ert- therein# in an- value le11 than
I25+.++# and .or hi1 conviction there.or# he 1hall >e .ined in an amount not more than I1#+++.++
andJor >e incarcerated not more than 1i) month1. 2n addition to an- other 0enalt-# the court 1hall
order the 0er1on to 0a- re1titution.B DCode 19**# K 11.12.++3; 4rd. No. 27*2# K 1# %'13'79; 4rd. No.
3%**# K 1# 9'25'%9; 4rd. No. 4%15# K 1# 1+'2%'97; 4rd. No. 5+5%# K 1# 11'12'99< tate la? re.erence
L /etit larcen-# N" 2+5.24+. N" 2+5.24+ /etit larcen-; 0enalt-. 1. E)ce0t a1 other?i1e
0rovided in N" 2+5.22+# 2+5.22*# 2+5.22% and 475.1+5# a 0er1on commit1 0etit larcen- i. the
0er1on: Da< 2ntentionall- 1teal1# taFe1 and carrie1 a?a-# lead1 a?a- or drive1 a?a-: D1<
/er1onal good1 or 0ro0ert-# ?ith a value o. le11 than I*5+# o?ned >- another 0er1on; D2<
Bedding# .urniture or other 0ro0ert-# ?ith a value o. le11 than I*5+# ?hich the 0er1on# a1 a lodger# i1
to u1e in or ?ith hi1 or her lodging and ?hich i1 o?ned >- another 0er1on; or D3< "eal
0ro0ert-# ?ith a value o. le11 than I*5+# that the 0er1on ha1 converted into 0er1onal 0ro0ert- >-
1evering it .rom real 0ro0ert- o?ned >- another 0er1on. D>< 2ntentionall- 1teal1# taFe1 and carrie1
a?a-# lead1 a?a-# drive1 a?a- or entice1 a?a- one or more dome1ticated animal1 or dome1ticated
>ird1# ?ith an aggregate value o. le11 than I*5+# o?ned >- another 0er1on. 2. 6nle11 a greater
0enalt- i1 0rovided 0ur1uant to N" 2+5.2*7# a 0er1on ?ho commit1 0etit larcen- i1 guilt- o. a
mi1demeanor. 2n addition to an- other 0enalt-# the court 1hall order the 0er1on to 0a- re1titution.
M1911 CN/ K 374; , 1947# %5; 1949# 127; 1943 NC7 K 1+324OLDN" , 19*5# 3++# 1++7; 19*7#
5++; 19*9# 531; 19%3# 547; 19%5# 751; 19%9# 1434; 1995# 13; 1997# 342# 1114; 1999# 31+9; 2++9#
1243; 2+11# 1*5< N" 2+5.251 Determination o. value o. 0ro0ert- involved in larcen- o..en1e.
(or the 0ur0o1e1 o. N" 2+5.2175 to 2+5.27+7# inclu1ive: 1. &he value o. 0ro0ert- involved in a
larcen- o..en1e 1hall >e deemed to >e the highe1t value attri>uta>le to the 0ro0ert- >- an- rea1ona>le
- 4 -
Appellant Opening Brie
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
1tandard. 2. &he value o. 0ro0ert- involved in larcen- o..en1e1 committed >- one or more 0er1on1
0ur1uant to a 1cheme or continuing cour1e o. conduct ma- >e aggregated in determining the grade o.
the larcen- o..en1e1. :rant v. tate# 24 /.3d 7*1 234 7,"CEN8 23422 /ro1ecution and /uni1hment
23422DB< Evidence 234 54 9eight and u..icienc- 234F57 F. 2ntent. Nev.#2++1 "eCui1ite .inding o.
intent to 0ermanentl- de0rive o?ner o. 0ro0ert- ?a1 1u00orted in grand larcen- 0ro1ecution >-
evidence that de.endant ?a1 1een tucFing ca1ino 0atron@1 0ur1e into hi1 GacFet 1everal time1 and
heading to?ard1 lo>>- and e)it o. ca1ino. N.".. 2+5.22+ # 1u>d. 1# 2+5.222# 1u>d1. 2# 3. 3ogan v.
tate# 53* /.2d 1+2% Nev.#1975 &here ?a1 1u..icient evidence o. .eloniou1 a10ortation1 o. air
conditioner .rom .enced com0ound at rear o. 1tore to 1u00ort conviction1 .or grand larcen-
not?ith1tanding de.endant1@ a11ertion1 that the- .ound the air conditioner out1ide the .ence and
>elieved it ?a1 a>andoned. N.".. 2+5.22+ . tate v. /hi001# 2%2 /. 1+24 Nev.#1929 Evidence in
0ro1ecution .or larcen- o. mining 0ro0ert- held not to 1ho? code.endant@1 intent to taFe# 1teal# or
carr- a?a- 0er1onal 0ro0ert-. tate v. 9ard# 1+ /. 133 Nev.#1%%* &he .act1 that de.endant tooF a
hor1e .rom the 0remi1e1 o. it1 o?ner ?ithout hi1 Fno?ledge# and rode it .or a certain di1tance# and
then a>andoned it# a.ter removing and concealing the 1addle and >lanFet# are 1u..icient to Gu1ti.- a
.inding o. intent 0ermanentl- to de0rive the o?ner o. hi1 0ro0ert-# although de.endant te1ti.ie1 that
he had engaged another to taFe it >acF# and ?hen he did not a00ear he e)0ected 1ome one to taFe it
>acF# or that the animal ?ould 1tra- >acF. N" 2+5.+%24 ADe0riveB de.ined. ADe0riveB mean1 to
?ithhold a 0ro0ert- intere1t o. another 0er1on 0ermanentl- or .or 1o long a time that a 1u>1tantial
0ortion o. it1 value# u1e.ulne11 or enGo-ment i1 lo1t# or to ?ithhold it ?ith the intent to re1tore it onl-
u0on the 0a-ment o. a re?ard or other com0en1ation# or to tran1.er or di10o1e o. it 1o that it i1
unliFel- to >e recovered. N" 2+5.+%32 ,ction1 ?hich con1titute the.t. 1. E)ce0t a1 other?i1e
0rovided in 1u>1ection 2# a 0er1on commit1 the.t i.# ?ithout la?.ul authorit-# the 0er1on Fno?ingl-:
- 5 -
Appellant Opening Brie
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Da< Control1 an- 0ro0ert- o. another 0er1on ?ith the intent to de0rive that 0er1on o. the 0ro0ert-.
D>< Convert1# maFe1 an unauthoriHed tran1.er o. an intere1t in# or ?ithout authoriHation control1
an- 0ro0ert- o. another 0er1on# or u1e1 the 1ervice1 or 0ro0ert- o. another 0er1on entru1ted to him or
her or 0laced in hi1 or her 0o11e11ion .or a limited# authoriHed 0eriod o. determined or 0re1cri>ed
duration or .or a limited u1e. Dc< 4>tain1 real# 0er1onal or intangi>le 0ro0ert- or the 1ervice1 o.
another 0er1on >- a material mi1re0re1entation ?ith intent to de0rive that 0er1on o. the 0ro0ert- or
1ervice1. ,1 u1ed in thi1 0aragra0h# Amaterial mi1re0re1entationB mean1 the u1e o. an- 0reten1e# or
the maFing o. an- 0romi1e# re0re1entation or 1tatement o. 0re1ent# 0a1t or .uture .act ?hich i1
.raudulent and ?hich# ?hen u1ed or made# i1 in1trumental in cau1ing the ?rong.ul control or tran1.er
o. 0ro0ert- or 1ervice1. &he 0reten1e ma- >e ver>al or it ma- >e a 0h-1ical act. Dd< Come1 into
control o. lo1t# mi1laid or mi1delivered 0ro0ert- o. another 0er1on under circum1tance1 0roviding
mean1 o. inCuir- a1 to the true o?ner and a00ro0riate1 that 0ro0ert- to hi1 or her o?n u1e or that o.
another 0er1on ?ithout rea1ona>le e..ort1 to noti.- the true o?ner. De< Control1 0ro0ert- o.
another 0er1on Fno?ing or having rea1on to Fno? that the 0ro0ert- ?a1 1tolen. D.< 4>tain1
1ervice1 or 0art1# 0roduct1 or other item1 related to 1uch 1ervice1 ?hich the 0er1on Fno?1 are
availa>le onl- .or com0en1ation ?ithout 0a-ing or agreeing to 0a- com0en1ation or divert1 the
1ervice1 o. another 0er1on to hi1 or her o?n >ene.it or that o. another 0er1on ?ithout la?.ul authorit-
to do 1o. Dg< &aFe1# de1tro-1# conceal1 or di10o1e1 o. 0ro0ert- in ?hich another 0er1on ha1 a
1ecurit- intere1t# ?ith intent to de.raud that 0er1on. Dh< Commit1 an- act that i1 declared to >e the.t
>- a 10eci.ic 1tatute. Di< Dra?1 or 0a11e1 a checF# and in e)change o>tain1 0ro0ert- or 1ervice1# i.
the 0er1on Fno?1 that the checF ?ill not >e 0aid ?hen 0re1ented. DG< 4>tain1 ga1oline or other .uel
or automotive 0roduct1 ?hich are availa>le onl- .or com0en1ation ?ithout 0a-ing or agreeing to 0a-
com0en1ation. 2. , 0er1on ?ho commit1 an act that i1 0rohi>ited >- 1u>1ection 1 ?hich involve1
- 6 -
Appellant Opening Brie
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
the re0air o. a vehicle ha1 not committed the.t unle11# >e.ore the re0air ?a1 made# the 0er1on received
a ?ritten e1timate o. the co1t o. the re0air. 2t1 ?a1 rever1i>le error ?here 5udge 3o?ard Did not
com0l- ?ith the a>ove and the >urden o. 0roo. ?a1 not met in con1ieration .o the evidence o..ered.
(urther# ,00ellant ?a1 re.u1ed hi1 o00ortunit- to te1ti.- or 0ut on evidence# Cit- o. "eno 1u>orned
0erGur-# ect# etc. 2ntent ?a1 mi11ing too# and# a11umign the accu1ation1 are true# an-one con1uming
that man- o. tho1e cough dro01 ?ould not >e ca0a>le o. .orming the reCui1ite intent. Driver@1 licen1e
?a1 o..ered# there.ore rever1i>le error to allo? >a1ing the 1earch on .ailure to 0rovide driver@1 licen1e
or 1u..icent indenti.-ing in.ormation to i11ue a citation. (ruit o. 0oi1on tree.
,00ellant1 incor0orate1 >- re.erence all argument1# .iling1# corre10ondence etc made in the
trial court or 1o .ar in thi1 a00eal# e10eciall- tho1e in the 400o1ition to =otion to Di1mi11.
P &he 2++% 7imited Court 5uri1diction Bench BooF and it1 2+1+ u00lement 1et .orth a num>er
o. a00eala>le i11ue1 in thi1 matter# including:
6==,"8 /6N23=EN& ummar- 0uni1hment i1 onl- 0ermi11i>le .or direct contem0t1 Dtho1e
act1 identi.ied in N" 22.+1+ committed ?ithin the immediate vie? and 0re1ence o. the Gudge<.
Que1tion1 to anal-He .or ummar- /uni1hment R 21 the contem0t eligi>le .or 1ummar-
0uni1hmentS S ,ct or omi11ion 0er.ormed in 0re1ence o. Court S 2mmediate Gudicial action ?a1
reCuired to maintain or re1tore authorit-JGu1ticeJdignit- o. the Court S 9a1 there an order that 10elled
out the detail1 o. com0liance in clear# 10eci.ic and unam>iguou1 term1 1o that the 0er1on 1hould have
readil- Fno?n e)actl- ?hat dutie1 or o>ligation1 ?ere im0o1ed on himS S 21 the contem0t on in
?hich the 0er1on ha1 omitted 0er.orming an act ?hich i1 -et in the 0o?er o. the 0er1on to 0er.ormS R
9hat t-0e o. contem0t e)i1t1S S Civil in ?hich 0uni1hment i1 a00ro0riateS S Civil in ?hich
im0ri1onment to .orce 0er.ormance i1 a00ro0riateS S Criminal in ?hich adGudication o. a
mi1demeanor i1 a00ro0riateS R 9hat i1 the 1entence im0o1edS S 2m0ri1onment in count- Gail not to
e)ceed 25 da-1 S (ine not to e)ceed I5++ D0a-a>le to count-Jcit- trea1urer< S Both a>ove mentioned
.ine and im0ri1onment S 2. civil # e)0en1e1# including attorne- .ee1# o. inGured 0art- i. the contem0t
involve1 di1o>edience to a la?.ul order or ?rit S 21 the contem0t one that involve1 .ailure to do an
act ?hich i1 -et in the 0o?er o. the 0er1on to 0er.ormS 2. 1o# i1 im0ri1onment in the count- Gail
nece11ar- or a00ro0riate to .orce the 0er1on to com0l- ?ith the actS S 21 the contem0t .ailure to
a00ear or te1ti.- >e.ore a grand Gur-S 2. 1o# im0ri1onment mu1t cea1e ?hen the grand Gur- i1 no
longer em0anelled. R 3ave -ou com0leted the ?ritten orderS D=u1t have a ?ritten order .iled< S
"ecite1 the .act1 con1tituting the contem0t in the immediate vie? and 0re1ence o. the court or
Gudge; S (ind1 the 0er1on guilt- o. the contem0t; and S
- 7 -
Appellant Opening Brie
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
/re1cri>e1 the 0uni1hment .or the contem0
)ON)LUSION
Ba1ed u0on the .oregoing the under1igned re10ect.ull- reCue1t1 that thi1 Court vacate#
overturn# or other?i1e 1et a1ide the underl-ing 5udgment and 4rder o. Conviction in thi1 matter
D"=C 11 C" 2217*<. ,00ellant Declare1 under 0enalt- o. 0erGur-# 0ur1uant to N" 53.+45# that the
a11ertion1 in thi1 document are true and correct.
AFFIRMATION PURSUANT TO NRS *+,B-.+.
&he under1igned doe1 here>- a..irm that the 0receding document doe1 not contain the 1ocial
1ecurit- num>er o. an- 0er1on.

Dated: (e>ruar- *# 2+12
JJ Zach CoughlinTTTTTTTT
Zach Coughlin# ,00ellant
,ttorne- .or /ro e ,00ellant denied i)th ,mendment "ight &o Coun1el
PROOF OF SER/I)E
/ur1uant to N"C/ 5D><# 2 certi.- that 2 1erved a co0- o. the .oregoing ,00ellant@1 40ening
Brie. u0on the .ollo?ing 0art- >- electronicall- .iling on (e>ruar- 3
rd
# 2+12 and there.ore 1erving
u0on regi1tered e.iler:
/amela "o>ert1# E1C.
5ohn Uadlic# E1C.
/4 Bo) 19++
"eno# N$ %95+5
,ttorne- .or Cit- o. "eno
Date thi1 (e>ruar- *
rd
# 2+12:
JJ Zach Coughlin
Zach Coughlin# ,00ellant
- 8 -
Appellant Opening Brie
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
- 9 -
Appellant Opening Brie