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S5-1

NAS400, Section 5, April 2011


Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
SECTION 5
Advanced Nonlinear Elements
S5-2
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
S5-3
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview
Advanced Conventional Elements
1D Elements: ROD, BAR, BEAM
2D and 3D Solid Elements
Shell Element
Advanced Composite Elements
2D and 3D Solid Composites
Composite Shell Element
Nonlinear Connector Elements
BUSH
WELD and FAST
S5-4
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview (cont.)
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements
RBE1, RBE2, RBE3
RBAR, RBAR1
RJOINT
Additional Results Output for the Advanced Nonlinear Elements
S5-5
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview 1D Elements
Membrane ROD
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
Truss (9)
1)
CROD PROD & PRODN1 ROD L
1)
Marc Type
2)
underlined for default
Membrane & Bending BAR
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT SECT
Thin elastic beam (52)
1)
CBAR PBAR(L) & PBARN1 BAR LC
2)
S/N
Thin elastic beam (98)
1)
CBAR PBAR(L) & PBARN1 BAR LS S/N
Closed Section beam (78)
1)
CBAR PBARL & PBARN1 BAR LCC N
S5-6
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview 1D Elements (cont.)
Membrane & Bending BEAM
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT SECT
Bernoulli beam (52)
1)
CBEAM PBEAM(L) & PBEMN1 BEAM LC S/N
Shear flexible beam (98)
1)
CBEAM PBEAM(L) & PBEMN1 BEAM LS S/N
Closed Section beam (78)
1)
CBEAM PBEAML & PBEMN1 BEAM LCC N
Open Section beam (79)
1)
CBEAM PBEAML & PBEMN1 BEAM LCO N
Legend for INT:
L linear; C cubic; S shear
LCC linear/cubic/closed section
LCO linear/cubic/open section
Legend for SECT:
S smeared cross section
N numerically integrated
with warping
1)
Marc Type
2)
underlined for default
S5-7
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview 2D Solid Elements
Plane Stress
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
4 node quad (3)
1)
CQUAD4 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PSTRS L
4 node quad red. int. (114)
1)
CQUAD4 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PSTRS LRIH
8 node quad (26)
1)
CQUAD8 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PSTRS Q
8 node quad red. int. (53)
1)
CQUAD8 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PSTRS QRI
6 node triangle(124)
1)
CTRIA6 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PSTRS Q
Plane Strain
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
4 node quad (11) CQUAD4 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PLSTRN L
4 node quad red. int. (115) CQUAD4 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PLSTRN LRIH
3 node triangle (6) CTRIA3 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PLSTRN L
S5-8
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview 2D Solids (cont.)
Plane Strain (cont.)
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
8 node quad (27) CQUAD8 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PLSTRN Q
8 node quad red. int. (54) CQUAD8 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PLSTRN QRI
6 node triangle (125) CTRIA6 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 PLSTRN Q
4 node gasket (151) CQUAD4 PLPLANE & PSHLN2 COMPS L
4 node composite (151) CQUAD4 PLCOMP COMPS L
8 node composite (153) CQUAD8 PLCOMP COMPS Q
cohesive zone (186/187) CIFQUAD PCOHE G or N
Axisymmetric
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
4 node quad (10) CQUADX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXSOLID L
S5-9
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview 2D Solids (cont.)
Axisymmetric (cont.)
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
4 node quad w. twist (20) CQUADX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXSOLID LT
4 node quad red. int. (116) CQUADX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXSOLID LRIH
3 node triangle (2) CTRIAX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXSOLID L
8 node quad (28) CQUADX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXSOLID Q
8 node quad w. twist (67) CQUADX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXSOLID QT
8 node quad red. int. (55) CQUADX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXSOLID QRI
6 node triangle (126) CTRIAX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXSOLID Q
4 node gasket (152) CQUADX PLPLANE & PSHLN2 AXCOMP L
4 node composite (152) CQUADX PLCOMP AXCOMP L
8 node composite (154) CQUADX PLCOMP AXCOMP Q
cohesive zone (190/191) CIFQDX PCOHE G or N
S5-10
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview 3D Solid Elements
Solids
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
hex8 (7) CHEXA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID L
hex8 (117) CHEXA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID LRIH
6 node penta (136) CPENTA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID L
tet4 (134) CTETRA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID L
hex20 (21) CHEXA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID Q
hex20 (57) CHEXA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID QRI
15 node penta (21) CPENTA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID Q
tet10 (127) CTETRA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID Q
tet10 (184) CTETRA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SOLID LRIH
hex8 gasket (149) CHEXA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SLCOMP L
hex8 solid shell (185) CHEXA PSOLID & PSLDN1 SLCOMP ASTN
S5-11
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview 3D Solids (cont.)
Solids (cont.)
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
hex8 composite (149) CHEXA PCOMPLS SLCOMP L
hx8 comp. solid shell (185) CHEXA PCOMPLS SLCOMP ASTN
hex20 composite (150) CHEXA PCOMPLS SLCOMP Q
cohesive zone (188/189) CIFHEX PCOHE G or N
cohesive zone (192/193) CIFPENT PCOHE G or N
Legend for INT:
L linear
Q quadratic
RI reduced
H hourglass control
G Gauss
N Newton-Coates/Lobatto
ASTN assumed strain solid shell
S5-12
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Overview Shell Elements
Shells ( for composite, use PCOMP or PCOMPG )
Name Connectivity Properties BEH INT
4 node quad (18) CQUAD4 PSHELL & PSHLN1 MB L
3 node triangle (158) CTRIA3 PSHELL & PSHLN1 MB L
8 node quad (30) CQUAD8 PSHELL & PSHLN1 MB Q
6 node triangle (200) CTRIA6 PSHELL & PSHLN1 MB Q
4 node shear (18) CSHEAR PSHEAR & PSHEARN MB L
4 node thick quad
*
)
(75) CQUAD4 PSHELL & PSHLN1 DCT L
4 node thick quad
*
)
(140) CQUAD4 PSHELL & PSHLN1 DCT LRIH
4 node thin quad (139) CQUAD4 PSHELL & PSHLN1 DCTN LDK
3 node triangle (138) CTRIA3 PSHELL & PSHLN1 DCTN LDK
8 node thick quad
*
)
(22) CQUAD8 PSHELL & PSHLN1 DCT QRI
*
)
with transverse shear effect
LDK linear discrete Kirchhoff
S5-13
NAS400, Section 5, April 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Advanced Conventional Elements
S5-14
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
PBEAM(L) PBAR(L)
MATS1
MAT1
PRODN1
from previous Enhanced
Enhanced Input for 1D
+
MAT1
MATS1
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
or
PBEAM
(plastic hinge)
PBARN1 or PROD or PBEMN1 or
PBAR
(not effective)
PROD
(nlelast + plastic)
S5-15
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for Rods
PRODN1 nonlinear property extension for PROD
S5-16
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for Rods (cont.)
Example for PRODN1 ( MATEP used )
BEGIN BULK
NLMOPTS LRGSTRN 1
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
NLPARM 1 1 FNT 15 PV YES
+ 1.-5 -3
FORCE 1 2 3.+4 1.
GRID 1 0.0 123456
GRID 2 100.0 23456
MAT1 1 100000. 0.3
MATEP 1 200. 1000.
PROD 10 1 100. 2000.
PRODN1 10 1
CROD 101 10 1 2
ENDDATA
; e
nom(eng)
would be s
y
/ E + Ds / H = 0.103
N O N L I N E A R S T R E S S E S I N R O D E L E M E N T S ( C R O D )
ELEMENT AXIAL STRESS EQUIVALENT TOTAL STRAIN EFF. STRAIN EFF. CREEP LIN. TORSIONAL
ID STRESS PLASTIC/NLELAST STRAIN STRESS
1 3.604114E+02 3.604114E+02 1.640155E-01 0.0 0.0
D I S P L A C E M E N T V E C T O R
POINT ID. TYPE T1 T2 T3 R1 R2 R3
1 G 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
2 G 1.528253E+01 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
e
finite(large strain)
100.
U
nom(eng)
=10.3
H
s
y
S5-17
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for BARs
PBARN1 nonlinear property extension for PBAR(L)
SECT:
S smeared cross section
N numercally integrated
R:
curved pipe
(not available yet)
S5-18
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for BARs (cont.)
Example for PBARN1 (same model as before)
BEGIN BULK
NLMOPTS LRGST 1
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
NLPARM 1 1 FNT 15 PV YES
+ 1.-7 -3
.
.
PBARL 10 1 BAR
+ 10. 10.
PBARN1 10 1 N
CBAR 101 10 1 2 0. 1. 0.
N O N L I N E A R S T R E S S E S I N B A R E L E M E N T S ( C B A R )
ELEMENT GRID POINT STRESS EQUIVALENT TOTAL STRAIN EFF. STRAIN EFF. CREEP
ID ID STRESS PLASTIC/NLELAST STRAIN
0 1 1 C 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
D 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
E 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
F 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
2 C 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
D 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
E 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
F 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
e
nom(eng)
no finite strain available
PBAR will always be
SECT=S and linear elastic
S5-19
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for BEAMs
PBEMN1 nonlinear property extension for PBEAM(L)
same as for BAR
S5-20
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for BEAMs (cont.)
Example for PBEMN1 (same model as before)
BEGIN BULK
NLMOPTS LRGST 1
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
NLPARM 1 1 FNT 15 PV YES
+ 1.-7 -3
.
.
PBEAML 10 1 BAR
+ 10. 10.
PBEMN1 10 1 N
CBEAM 101 10 1 2 0. 1. 0.
PBEAM will always be
SECT=S and linear elastic
N O N L I N E A R S T R E S S E S I N B E A M E L E M E N T S ( C B E A M )
ELEMENT GRID POINT STRESS EQUIVALENT TOTAL STRAIN EFF. STRAIN EFF. CREEP
ID ID STRESS PLASTIC/NLELAST STRAIN
0 1 1 C 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
D 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
E 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
F 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
2 C 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
D 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
E 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
F 3.000000E+02 3.000000E+02 1.030000E-01 9.999997E-02 0.0
same results as for BAR
S5-21
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
PLPLANE PSHLN2
from previous Enhanced
Enhanced Input for 2D Solids
+
MAT1 MAT2 MAT8 MATHE
MATS1
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
MATEP
MATVE
MATF
MATVE
MAT3 MATort
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
MATG
MATHP
MATS3
MATEP
MATS8 MATSort
S5-22
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
PSHLN2 nonlinear property extension for PLPLANE
Enhanced Input for 2D Solids (cont.)
S5-23
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for 2D Solids (cont.)
S5-24
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
MID (materials) and DIRECT (layer orientation)
for COMPS and AXCOMP:
Enhanced Input for 2D Solids (cont.)
will be shown later with PLCOMP
S5-25
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Small Test Case to show the Results Formats
Enhanced Input for 2D Solids (cont.)
QUAD4, 10x10x10 mm
E=100 GPa
n=0.3
y
b
1 2, 12
3, 1 4
x
b
1.5E4
1.5E4
Test Case applied to Plane Stress
BEGIN BULK
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MAT1 1 100000. 0.3
MATEP 1 200. 1000.
PLPLANE 1 1
PSHLN2 1 1 10.
+ C4 PSTR
CQUAD4 101 1 1 2 3 4
s
y
m
.

a
x
i
s

f
o
r

A
X
S
O
S5-26
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for 2D Solids (cont.)
Results for Plane Stress
N O N L I N E A R S T R E S S E S I N P L A N A R Q U A D R I L A T E R A L E L E M E N T S ( QUAD4FD )
ELEMENT GRID/ POINT CAUCHY STRESSES/ LOG STRAINS PRESSURE VOL. STRAIN
ID GAUSS ID X Y Z XY
0 1 GRID 1 -2.772397E+02 -1.459266E-03 0.0 4.303163E-14 -9.241373E+01 -4.055405E-02
-8.001141E-02 3.945735E-02 0.0 -6.114626E-18
2 -2.772397E+02 -1.459266E-03 0.0 -4.980505E-14 -9.241373E+01 -4.055405E-02
-8.001141E-02 3.945735E-02 0.0 3.866429E-18
3 -2.772397E+02 -1.459266E-03 0.0 -4.544615E-14 -9.241373E+01 -4.055405E-02
-8.001141E-02 3.945735E-02 0.0 5.076220E-18
4 -2.772397E+02 -1.459266E-03 0.0 6.207892E-14 -9.241373E+01 -4.055405E-02
-8.001141E-02 3.945735E-02 0.0 -4.885475E-18
S T R E S S E S I N P L A N A R Q U A D R I L A T E R A L E L E M E N T S ( QUAD4FD )
ELEMENT GRID/ POINT ---------CAUCHY STRESSES-------- PRINCIPAL STRESSES (ZERO SHEAR)
ID GAUSS ID NORMAL-X NORMAL-Y SHEAR-XY ANGLE MAJOR MINOR
0 1 GAUS 1 -2.772397E+02 -1.459266E-03 2.591385E-14 90.0000 -1.459266E-03 -2.772397E+02
2 -2.772397E+02 -1.459266E-03 -2.774897E-14 -90.0000 -1.459266E-03 -2.772397E+02
3 -2.772397E+02 -1.459266E-03 3.692384E-14 90.0000 -1.459266E-03 -2.772397E+02
4 -2.772397E+02 -1.459266E-03 -2.522938E-14 -90.0000 -1.459266E-03 -2.772397E+02
NLSTRESS = ALL
STRESS = ALL
This is a limitation right now that 2D results
are always in the format of hyperelastic material
S5-27
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for 2D Solids (cont.)
Test Case applied to Plane Strain
BEGIN BULK
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MAT1 1 100000. 0.3
PLPLANE 10 1
PSHLN2 10 1
+ C4 PLSTRN
CQUAD4 101 10 1 2 3 4
N O N L I N E A R S T R E S S E S I N P L A N A R Q U A D R I L A T E R A L E L E M E N T S ( QUAD4FD )
ELEMENT GRID/ POINT CAUCHY STRESSES/ LOG STRAINS PRESSURE VOL. STRAIN
ID GAUSS ID X Y Z XY
0 1 GRID 1 -2.870081E+02 -1.924351E-03 -1.667499E+02 8.993561E-14 -1.512533E+02 -1.815040E-03
-4.607959E-02 4.426455E-02 0.0 3.228621E-17
2 -2.870081E+02 -1.924351E-03 -1.667499E+02 3.974964E-15 -1.512533E+02 -1.815040E-03
-4.607959E-02 4.426455E-02 0.0 2.744412E-18
3 -2.870081E+02 -1.924351E-03 -1.667499E+02 -8.923872E-14 -1.512533E+02 -1.815040E-03
-4.607959E-02 4.426455E-02 0.0 -3.622263E-17
4 -2.870081E+02 -1.924351E-03 -1.667499E+02 -1.429180E-14 -1.512533E+02 -1.815040E-03
-4.607959E-02 4.426455E-02 0.0 -1.277675E-17
S T R E S S E S I N P L A N A R Q U A D R I L A T E R A L E L E M E N T S ( QUAD4FD )
ELEMENT GRID/ POINT ---------CAUCHY STRESSES-------- PRINCIPAL STRESSES (ZERO SHEAR)
ID GAUSS ID NORMAL-X NORMAL-Y SHEAR-XY ANGLE MAJOR MINOR
0 1 GAUS 1 -2.870081E+02 -1.924351E-03 5.097109E-14 90.0000 -1.924351E-03 -2.870081E+02
2 -2.870081E+02 -1.924351E-03 1.282847E-15 90.0000 -1.924351E-03 -2.870081E+02
3 -2.870081E+02 -1.924351E-03 -9.275978E-15 -90.0000 -1.924351E-03 -2.870081E+02
4 -2.870081E+02 -1.924351E-03 -5.259789E-14 -90.0000 -1.924351E-03 -2.870081E+02
NLSTRESS
STRESS
S5-28
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for 2D Solids (cont.)
Test Case applied to Axisymmetric
BEGIN BULK
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MAT1 1 100000. 0.3
PLPLANE 10 1
PSHLN2 10 1
+ C4 AXSO
CQUADX 101 10 1 2 3 4
N O N L I N E A R S T R E S S E S IN A X I S Y M M E T R I C Q U A D R I L A T E R A L ELEMENTS (QUADX4FD)
ELEMENT GRID/ POINT CAUCHY STRESSES/ LOG STRAINS PRESSURE VOL. STRAIN
ID GAUSS ID RADIAL(X) AXIAL(Y) THETA(Z) XY
0 1 GRID 1 -3.395956E-01 -3.411921E-02 4.789650E+01 3.406230E-02 1.584093E+01 1.900911E-04
-1.469831E-04 -1.430119E-04 4.800861E-04 8.856200E-07
2 -1.352211E-01 3.400619E-02 4.762400E+01 3.406232E-02 1.584093E+01 1.900911E-04
-1.443262E-04 -1.421263E-04 4.765436E-04 8.856204E-07
3 -1.352211E-01 3.400619E-02 4.762400E+01 -3.406232E-02 1.584093E+01 1.900911E-04
-1.443262E-04 -1.421263E-04 4.765436E-04 -8.856204E-07
4 -3.395956E-01 -3.411921E-02 4.789650E+01 -3.406230E-02 1.584093E+01 1.900911E-04
-1.469831E-04 -1.430119E-04 4.800861E-04 -8.856200E-07
Modifications to Model
inner radius 1000 mm
SPC at grid 1 in y only
S T R E S S E S I N A X I S Y M M E T R I C Q U A D R I L A T E R A L E L E M E N T S (QUADX4FD)
ELEMENT GRID/ POINT ---------CAUCHY STRESSES-------- PRINCIPAL STRESSES (ZERO SHEAR)
ID GAUSS ID RADIAL(X) AXIAL(Y) SHEAR-XY ANGLE MAJOR MINOR
0 1 GAUS 1 -2.964761E-01 -1.974593E-02 1.968919E-02 85.9506 -1.835208E-02 -2.978700E-01
2 -1.783406E-01 1.963291E-02 1.968920E-02 84.3751 2.157208E-02 -1.802797E-01
3 -2.964761E-01 -1.974593E-02 -1.968919E-02 -85.9506 -1.835208E-02 -2.978700E-01
4 -1.783406E-01 1.963291E-02 -1.968920E-02 -84.3751 2.157208E-02 -1.802797E-01
NLSTRESS
STRESS
below yield
S5-29
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
PSOLID
MAT1 MAT9
MATS1
PSLDN1
from previous Enhanced
+
MAT1 MAT9 MATHE
MATS1
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
MATVE
MATG MATort
MATSort
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
Enhanced Input for 3D Solids
S5-30
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for 3D Solids (cont.)
PSLDN1 nonlinear property extension for PSOLID
S5-31
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
BEHi (behavior) and INTi (integration type)
Enhanced Input for 3D Solids (cont.)
S5-32
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
MID (materials) and DIRECT (layer orientation)
for BEH8=SLCOMP, INT8=L:
Enhanced Input for 3D Solids (cont.)
will be shown later with PCOMPLS
S5-33
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
BEGIN BULK
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MAT1 1 100000. 0.3
MATEP 1 200. 1000.
PSOLID 10 1
PSLDN1 10 1
CHEXA 101 10 1 2 3 4 5 6
+ 7 8
Enhanced Input for 3D Solids (cont.)
Example for PSLDN1
similar to model before
will give the same results as for plane
stress
plane strain different since
deformation in z is free here
z
x
y
1
2,123
3,1
4
5
6,12
7,1
8
Cube
10x10x10 mm
E=100 GPa, n=0.3
S5-34
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Results for PSLDN1
N O N L I N E A R S T R E S S E S I N H E X A H E D R O N S O L I D E L E M E N T S ( H E X A )
CORNER STRESSES/ TOTAL STRAINS EQUIVALENT EFF. STRAIN EFF. CREEP
ELEMENT-ID GRID-ID X Y Z XY YZ ZX STRESS PLAS/NLELAS STRAIN
0 1 0GRID CS 8 GP
CENTER -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 3.0712E-15 -1.2232E-14 -3.3034E-15 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 -2.8888E-17 -7.8482E-18 -1.4705E-18
1 -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 2.2495E-13 -8.2312E-14 -7.0250E-14 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 8.9886E-17 -4.0506E-17 -7.3093E-17
2 -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 -4.0129E-13 -2.3197E-14 -3.2889E-14 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 -2.5580E-16 -3.1180E-17 5.0519E-18
3 -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 -2.4887E-13 -1.5915E-13 -2.3530E-14 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 -1.7271E-16 -9.8195E-17 8.3285E-18
4 -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 3.5860E-13 -7.3002E-14 2.1225E-14 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 1.6761E-16 -3.7622E-17 8.6098E-18
5 -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 3.5170E-13 9.0636E-14 2.6746E-14 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 1.7727E-16 6.0124E-17 -1.8353E-17
6 -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 -3.0811E-13 1.0989E-13 6.5281E-14 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 -2.1672E-16 5.1683E-17 5.4634E-17
7 -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 -3.1198E-13 -5.8632E-14 -2.1511E-14 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 -2.0872E-16 -3.3308E-17 1.1423E-17
8 -2.7724E+02 -3.7915E-04 -3.7915E-04 3.5957E-13 9.7914E-14 8.5002E-15 2.7724E+02 7.7235E-02 0.0
-8.0008E-02 3.9449E-02 3.9449E-02 1.8808E-16 6.6220E-17 -8.3650E-18
NLSTRESS = ALL
Enhanced Input for 3D Solids (cont.)
S5-35
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
PSHELL PCOMP(G)
MAT1
MAT1
MAT2
MAT8
MATS1
PSHLN1
from previous Enhanced
Enhanced Input for Shells
+
MAT1 MAT2 MAT8 MATHE
MATS1
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
MATEP
MATVE
MATVP
MATF
MATEP
MATVE
MATF
MATVE
or
S5-36
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for Shells (cont.)
PSHLN1 nonlinear property extension for PSHELL or PCOMP(G)
S5-37
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for Shells (cont.)
BEHi (behavior) and INTi (integration type)
S5-38
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for Shells (cont.)
MID1 (membrane) and MID2 (bending)
except for MAT1, MAT2 and MAT8 only available with PSHLN1 !
NSM not available at this time (no message indicating this in f06)
S5-39
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for Shells (cont.)
BEGIN BULK
PARAM LGDISP 1
NLMOPTS LRGST 1
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MAT1 1 100000. 0.3 2.7-9
MATEP 1 500. 1.-10
PSHELL 1 1 5.0 1 1
PSHLN1 1 1 1
$
CQUAD4 1 1 1 2 13 12
Example for PSHELL & PSHLN1
Plate 1000x1000 mm
E=100 GPa; n=0.3
5 mm thick
simply supported
constant pressure of 1 MPa
z
x
y
grid 61
quad 46
S5-40
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for Shells (cont.)
Results for PSHELL & PSHLN1
1 QUAD4_10X10 - PSHLN1 - MATEP JUNE 2, 2008 MD NASTRAN 5/ 8/08 PAGE 13
0 SUBCASE 1 STEP 1
LOAD STEP = 1.00000E+00
N O N L I N E A R S T R E S S E S I N Q U A D R I L A T E R A L E L E M E N T S ( Q U A D 4 )
ELEMENT FIBER STRESSES/ TOTAL STRAINS EQUIVALENT EFF. STRAIN EFF. CREEP
ID DISTANCE X Y Z XY STRESS PLASTIC/NLELAST STRAIN
0 46 -2.493541E+00 4.999142E+02 4.999142E+02 0.000000E+00 3.810283E+00 5.000000E+02 1.674281E-04 0.0
3.582057E-03 3.582057E-03 -2.587031E-03 1.024309E-04
2.493541E+00 3.478169E+02 3.478169E+02 0.000000E+00 8.907989E-01 3.478508E+02 0.0 0.0
2.435762E-03 2.435762E-03 -2.587031E-03 2.323268E-05
0 SUBCASE 1 STEP 1
LOAD STEP = 1.00000E+00
D I S P L A C E M E N T V E C T O R
POINT ID. TYPE T1 T2 T3 R1 R2 R3
61 G -1.258384E-16 2.782326E-15 -3.666331E+01 -3.251228E-17 -1.437026E-16 1.186709E-12
For comparison with full linear:
u = 3.5 m; s
e
= 1.1E4 MPa
S5-41
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Enhanced Input for Shells (cont.)
PSHEARN nonlinear property extension for PSHEAR
+
BEGIN BULK
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MAT1 1 210000. 0.3 7.85-9
MATEP 1 500. 1000.
PSHEAR 10 1 1.2
PSHEARN 10 1
CQUAD4 101 10 1 2 3 4
CTRIA3 102 10 4 3 5
S5-42
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
QUADR/TRIAR elements have been extended to nonlinear static and
transient analysis for SOL 400 only
Benefits:
No K6ROT necessary
MOMENTs and SPC normal to plane rotations can be applied
The membrane performance of QUADR/TRIAR is superior to that of
QUAD4/TRIA3
For material nonlinear analysis, 4 (QUADR) or 3 (TRIAR) in-plane integration
points are used. This will give better results.
Nonlinear QUADR / TRIAR
S5-43
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Benefits (cont.):
Green strains are implemented
The stress output location can be either corner or integration points
Type of analyses:
Material nonlinear analysis the material models are elastoplastic and
nonlinear elastic
Geometric nonlinear analysis PARAM, LGDISP,1
Geometric nonlinear analysis for temperature dependent composites
PARAM, COMPMATT, YES
PARAM, EPSILONT, SECANT or INTEGRAL
Nonlinear QUADR / TRIAR (cont.)
S5-44
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
There are two methods to compute the out of plane shear stiffness:
The stiffness method new method implemented for QUADR
The flexibility method the method used in QUAD4
These methods can be selected by the user with MDLPRM,
QRSHEAR, n
n=0, use the stiffness method if MID30 on PSHELL entry and use the flexibility
method if MID3=0. This is Default.
n=1, use the flexibility method
n=2, use the stiffness method
Nonlinear QUADR / TRIAR (cont.)
S5-45
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Green strain
Green strain is implemented for QUADR/TRIAR. It can be requested by
MDLPRM, GNLSTN, n
n=0, Small strain. Default
n=1, Green strain
Stress output locations
For QUADR/TRIAR, the stress/force output locations can be either at the
corner points or at the integration points. User can select the output location
by MDLPRM, INTOUT, n
n=0, corner point output. Default
n=1, integration point output
Nonlinear QUADR / TRIAR (cont.)
S5-46
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Nonlinear QUADR / TRIAR (cont.)
An option is provided not to compute the differential stiffness by
MDLPRM, NLDIFF, n
n=0, compute the differential stiffness / follower force stiffness (default)
n=1, do not compute the differential stiffness
Please note, the differential stiffness / follower force stiffness can be
deactivated and the solution will still be correct
Limitations:
No CREEP, creep material
No MATHP, hyperelastic material like rubber
S5-47
NAS400, Section 5, April 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Advanced Composite Elements
S5-48
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Input for 2D Composites
PLCOMP property for 2D composite
-etc-
S5-49
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
BEHi (behavior) and INTi (integration type)
Input for 2D Composites (cont.)
S5-50
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
MID (materials) and DIRECT (layer orientation)
Input for 2D Composites (cont.)
S5-51
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
l
a
y
e
r

1
l
a
y
e
r

2
l
a
y
e
r

3
layer 3
layer 2
1
3 4
2
layer 1
Input for 2D Composites (cont.)
Meaning of DIRECT (layer orientation)
DIRECT = +1 or -1
1
3 4
2
DIRECT = +2 or -2
x
m
x
m
DIRECT >0 fractional layer thickness
<0 absolute layer thickness
S5-52
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
BEGIN BULK
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MATORT 1 100000. 100000. 100000. 0.3 0.3 0.3
+ 38461.5 38461.5 38461.5
MATEP 1 200. 1000.
PLCOMP 10 1 10.
+ C4 COMPS
+ 1 1 0.5 0.0
+ 2 1 0.5 0.0
CQUAD4 101 10 1 2 3 4
Former 2D Test Case also applied here
Input for 2D Composites (cont.)
- plane strain
- 2 plies for
same number
of integration
points
- MATORT for
demo
S T R E S S E S A N D S T R A I N S F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT INTEG. --------------- S T R E S S E S & S T R A I N S --------------
ID PLY ID POINT ID S11 S22 S33 S12 S23 S31
1 1 1 -2.870E+02 -1.924E-03 -1.667E+02 -5.145E-14 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
-2.370E-03 1.361E-03 -8.065E-04 -1.338E-18 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 -2.870E+02 -1.924E-03 -1.667E+02 1.111E-13 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
-2.370E-03 1.361E-03 -8.065E-04 2.889E-18 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 1 -2.870E+02 -1.924E-03 -1.667E+02 -8.686E-14 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
-2.370E-03 1.361E-03 -8.065E-04 -2.258E-18 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 -2.870E+02 -1.924E-03 -1.667E+02 7.393E-14 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
-2.370E-03 1.361E-03 -8.065E-04 1.922E-18 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
stresses the same,
strains are the
elastic strains.
to request the total strains NLOUT has to be used
S5-53
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
NLSTRESS(NLOUT=1) = ALL
.
BEGIN BULK
NLOUT 1 CTOTSTRN
Additional Results Output
Input for 2D Composites (cont.)
LOAD STEP = 1.00000E+00
TENSOR OUTPUT QUANTITIES
element output ply-id CID gaus tensor components
id quantity point X Y Z XY YZ XZ
1 CTOTSTRN 1 0 1 -0.461E-01 0.443E-01 0.000E+00 0.342E-16 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 -0.461E-01 0.443E-01 0.000E+00 -0.490E-17 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 0 1 -0.461E-01 0.443E-01 0.000E+00 0.459E-17 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 -0.461E-01 0.443E-01 0.000E+00 -0.310E-16 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
Further information on NLOUT
are in a separate section
these are the same strains as before
5-85
S5-54
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Input for 3D Composites
PCOMPLS property for 3D Composite
S5-55
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
BEHi (behavior) and INTi (integration type)
Input for 3D Composites (cont.)
S5-56
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
MID (materials) and DIRECT (layer orientation)
Input for 3D Composites (cont.)
S5-57
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
l
a
y
e
r

1
l
a
y
e
r

2
l
a
y
e
r

3
layer 3
layer 2
layer 1
1 2
6 5
Input for 3D Composites (cont.)
Meaning of DIRECT (layer orientation)
DIRECT = 1
1
6 5
2
DIRECT = 2
3
T
8
7
8
3
l
a
y
e
r

1
l
a
y
e
r

2
l
a
y
e
r

3
DIRECT = 3
1 2
6 5
3
7 8
+

x
m
y
m
7
R
S
z
m
CORDm
S5-58
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
BEGIN BULK
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MATORT 1 100000. 100000. 100000. 0.3 0.3 0.3
+ 38461.5 38461.5 38461.5
MATEP 1 200. 1000.
PCOMPLS 1 1
+ C8 SLCOMP L
+ 1 1 0.5 0.0
+ 2 1 0.5 0.0
CHEXA 101 1 1 2 3 4 5 6
+ 7 8
Input for 3D Composites (cont.)
Example for PCOMPLS solid HEX8
same model as for PSLDN1
S T R E S S E S A N D S T R A I N S F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT INTEG. --------------- S T R E S S E S & S T R A I N S --------------
ID PLY ID POINT ID S11 S22 S33 S12 S23 S31
1 1 1 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 7.837E-14 -3.707E-14 7.723E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 2.038E-18 -9.637E-19 2.008E-18
2 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 -9.877E-14 -3.631E-15 -3.535E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 -2.568E-18 -9.440E-20 -9.190E-19
3 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 1.247E-13 -8.523E-14 -5.593E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 3.242E-18 -2.216E-18 -1.454E-18
4 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 -5.422E-14 -4.472E-14 -9.106E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 -1.410E-18 -1.163E-18 -2.367E-18
2 1 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 6.552E-14 4.256E-14 8.577E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 1.703E-18 1.107E-18 2.230E-18
2 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 -4.464E-14 1.240E-13 -1.435E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 -1.161E-18 3.225E-18 -3.732E-19
3 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 9.989E-14 1.732E-14 -1.898E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 2.597E-18 4.503E-19 -4.935E-19
4 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 -1.330E-14 5.600E-14 -4.757E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 -3.457E-19 1.456E-18 -1.237E-18
stresses the same,
strains are the
elastic strains.
S5-59
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Input for 3D Composites (cont.)
Example for PCOMPLS solid HEX8 (cont.)
total strains ( NLOUT request )
interlaminar shear stresses
TENSOR OUTPUT QUANTITIES
element output ply-id CID gaus tensor components
id quantity point X Y Z XY YZ XZ
1 CTOTSTRN 1 0 1 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 -0.314E-16 -0.322E-16 0.161E-16
2 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 -0.147E-17 0.118E-15 -0.636E-16
3 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 0.212E-16 -0.514E-16 -0.621E-17
4 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 0.474E-16 -0.283E-16 -0.487E-16
2 0 1 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 0.428E-16 0.278E-16 0.496E-16
2 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 0.102E-15 0.127E-15 -0.469E-16
3 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 -0.222E-16 0.688E-17 -0.324E-16
4 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 0.370E-16 -0.225E-16 -0.730E-16
I N T E R L A M I N A R S T R E S S E S F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT INTEG. N O R M A L S T R E S S S H E A R S T R E S S BOND
ID PLY ID POINT ID 1 2 3 1 2 3 INDEX
1 1 1 -5.436E-28 9.836E-20 -3.792E-04 8.703E-14 2.748E-15 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 -5.436E-28 6.475E-20 -3.792E-04 -1.932E-14 6.021E-14 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
3 -7.296E-20 9.836E-20 -3.792E-04 -8.528E-14 -3.396E-14 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
4 -7.296E-20 6.475E-20 -3.792E-04 -1.171E-13 5.637E-15 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 1 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
3 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
4 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
S5-60
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
BEGIN BULK
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MATORT 1 100000. 100000. 100000. 0.3 0.3 0.3
+ 38461.5 38461.5 38461.5
MATEP 1 200. 1000.
PCOMPLS 1 1
+ C8 SLCOMP ASTN
+ 1 1 0.5 0.0
+ 2 1 0.5 0.0
CHEXA 101 1 1 2 3 4 5 6
+ 7 8
Input for 3D Composites (cont.)
Example for PCOMPLS solid shell HEX8
same model as for PSLDN1
S T R E S S E S A N D S T R A I N S F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT INTEG. --------------- S T R E S S E S & S T R A I N S --------------
ID PLY ID POINT ID S11 S22 S33 S12 S23 S31
1 1 1 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 1.828E-14 -1.426E-14 -8.839E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 4.753E-19 -3.709E-19 -2.298E-18
2 1 -2.772E+02 -3.792E-04 -3.792E-04 2.960E-14 -2.105E-14 -9.214E-14
-2.772E-03 8.317E-04 8.317E-04 7.697E-19 -5.473E-19 -2.396E-18
stresses the same,
strains are the
elastic strains.
S5-61
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Input for 3D Composites (cont.)
Example for PCOMPLS solid shell HEX8 (cont.)
total strains ( NLOUT request )
interlaminar shear stresses
I N T E R L A M I N A R S T R E S S E S F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT INTEG. N O R M A L S T R E S S S H E A R S T R E S S BOND
ID PLY ID POINT ID 1 2 3 1 2 3 INDEX
1 1 1 6.384E-19 3.237E-19 -3.792E-04 -1.006E-13 -1.730E-14 1.841E-28 0.000E+00
2 1 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
N O N L I N E A R O U T P U T I N H E X A H E D R O N E L E M E N T S ( H E X A )
TENSOR OUTPUT QUANTITIES
element output ply-id CID gaus tensor components
id quantity point X Y Z XY YZ XZ
1 CTOTSTRN 1 0 1 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 0.774E-17 -0.105E-16 -0.595E-15
2 0 1 -0.800E-01 0.394E-01 0.394E-01 0.393E-18 -0.157E-16 -0.590E-15
S5-62
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
In addition to PCOMP(G): Integration Control
INT=1 (Default), conventional through the thickness integration of each layer, allows all available material behavior
through the thickness.
INT=2, linear elastic material, fast-integrated through the thickness - thermal strains and temperature dependent
material properties are not allowed.
INT=3, linear elastic material, fast integrated through the thickness.
Composite Shell Elements
S5-63
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Composite Shell Elements (cont.)
BEGIN BULK
PARAM LGDISP 1
NLMOPTS LRGSTRN 1
+ TSHEAR TSHEAR
$.......2.......3.......4.......5.......6.......7.......8.......9.......0
MAT8 1 140000. 12000. 0.26 5800. 5400. 5400. 1.5-9
MATF 1 0 100.
+ CRI 1 2000. 1500. 70. 230.
+ 90.
$
PCOMP 1 100. STRN SYM
+ 1 0.5 90. YES
+ 1 0.5 0. YES
+ 1 0.5 90. YES
+ 1 0.5 0. YES
+ 1 0.5 90. YES
+ 1 0.5 0. YES
+ 1 0.5 90. YES
+ 1 0.5 0. YES
PCOMPF 2 1
PSHLN1 1 1 1
Example for PCOMP(G) & PSHLN1
maximum stress criterion
Same model as for PSHELL:
u
max
= 36.8 against 36.7 mm
weight = 12 against 13.5 kg
for quadratic shear calculation
S5-64
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Results for PCOMP(G) & PSHLN1
S T R E S S E S A N D S T R A I N S F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT INTEG. --------------- S T R E S S E S & S T R A I N S --------------
ID PLY ID POINT ID S11 S22 S33 S12 S23 S31
46 1 1 6.446E+02 6.648E+01 0.000E+00 -6.764E-01 3.271E-03 3.272E-02
4.481E-03 4.343E-03 0.000E+00 -1.166E-04 6.057E-07 6.060E-06
2 6.242E+02 6.603E+01 0.000E+00 -9.326E-01 3.271E-03 4.170E-02
4.336E-03 4.343E-03 0.000E+00 -1.608E-04 6.058E-07 7.721E-06
3 6.450E+02 6.825E+01 0.000E+00 -4.217E-01 2.722E-03 3.272E-02
4.481E-03 4.489E-03 0.000E+00 -7.270E-05 5.041E-07 6.060E-06
4 6.246E+02 6.779E+01 0.000E+00 -6.778E-01 2.722E-03 4.170E-02
4.336E-03 4.489E-03 0.000E+00 -1.169E-04 5.041E-07 7.721E-06
2 1 6.101E+02 6.598E+01 0.000E+00 6.175E-01 6.935E-02 -3.965E-02
4.235E-03 4.365E-03 0.000E+00 1.065E-04 1.284E-05 -7.342E-06
2 6.097E+02 6.430E+01 0.000E+00 8.395E-01 8.837E-02 -3.965E-02
4.235E-03 4.226E-03 0.000E+00 1.447E-04 1.637E-05 -7.342E-06
3 6.299E+02 6.642E+01 0.000E+00 3.967E-01 6.935E-02 -3.300E-02
4.376E-03 4.365E-03 0.000E+00 6.840E-05 1.284E-05 -6.110E-06
4 6.295E+02 6.474E+01 0.000E+00 6.187E-01 8.837E-02 -3.300E-02
4.376E-03 4.226E-03 0.000E+00 1.067E-04 1.637E-05 -6.110E-06
16 1 3.953E+02 4.157E+01 0.000E+00 2.071E-01 3.271E-03 3.272E-02
2.746E-03 2.730E-03 0.000E+00 3.571E-05 6.057E-07 6.060E-06
2 3.872E+02 4.139E+01 0.000E+00 4.633E-01 3.271E-03 4.170E-02
2.689E-03 2.730E-03 0.000E+00 7.987E-05 6.058E-07 7.721E-06
3 3.955E+02 4.227E+01 0.000E+00 -4.767E-02 2.722E-03 3.272E-02
2.746E-03 2.788E-03 0.000E+00 -8.219E-06 5.041E-07 6.060E-06
4 3.874E+02 4.209E+01 0.000E+00 2.085E-01 2.722E-03 4.170E-02
2.689E-03 2.788E-03 0.000E+00 3.594E-05 5.041E-07 7.721E-06
Composite Shell Elements (cont.)
S5-65
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Results for PCOMP(G) & PSHLN1 (cont.)
I N T E R L A M I N A R S T R E S S E S F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT INTEG. N O R M A L S T R E S S S H E A R S T R E S S BOND
ID PLY ID POINT ID 1 2 3 1 2 3 INDEX
46 1 1 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 6.693E-02 -6.691E-03 0.000E+00 6.693E-04
2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 8.529E-02 -6.691E-03 0.000E+00 8.529E-04
3 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 6.693E-02 -5.568E-03 0.000E+00 6.693E-04
4 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 8.529E-02 -5.568E-03 0.000E+00 8.529E-04
2 1 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 7.190E-02 -7.434E-02 0.000E+00 7.434E-04
2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 9.162E-02 -7.434E-02 0.000E+00 9.162E-04
3 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 7.190E-02 -6.187E-02 0.000E+00 7.190E-04
4 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 9.162E-02 -6.187E-02 0.000E+00 9.162E-04
3 1 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 1.210E-01 -7.925E-02 0.000E+00 1.210E-03
2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 1.542E-01 -7.925E-02 0.000E+00 1.542E-03
3 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 1.210E-01 -6.595E-02 0.000E+00 1.210E-03
4 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 1.542E-01 -6.595E-02 0.000E+00 1.542E-03
16 1 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
3 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
4 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
Composite Shell Elements (cont.)
S5-66
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
F A I L U R E R E S U L T S F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT INTEG. FAILURE MAXIMUM STRENGTH FAILURE TOTAL FIBER MATRIX
ID PLY ID POINT ID THEORY FAIL.INDEX RATIO MODE DAMAGE DAMAGE DAMAGE
46 1 1 MAXSTRES 9.497E-01 1.053E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 MAXSTRES 9.432E-01 1.060E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
3 MAXSTRES 9.750E-01 1.026E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
4 MAXSTRES 9.685E-01 1.033E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 1 MAXSTRES 9.425E-01 1.061E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 MAXSTRES 9.185E-01 1.089E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
3 MAXSTRES 9.488E-01 1.054E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
4 MAXSTRES 9.248E-01 1.081E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
3 1 MAXSTRES 9.023E-01 1.108E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 MAXSTRES 8.963E-01 1.116E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
3 MAXSTRES 9.255E-01 1.081E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
4 MAXSTRES 9.195E-01 1.088E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
16 1 MAXSTRES 5.938E-01 1.684E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
2 MAXSTRES 5.913E-01 1.691E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
3 MAXSTRES 6.039E-01 1.656E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
4 MAXSTRES 6.013E-01 1.663E+00 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00
M A X / M I N F A I L U R E O U T P U T F O R L A Y E R E D C O M P O S I T E E L E M E N T S
ELEMENT ------ FMAX ------ ----- SRMIN ------ FAIL ------ DAMAGE ------
ID max(FIi) PLY ID min(SRi) PLY ID FLAG max PLY ID
46 9.750E-01 1 1.026E+00 1 0.000E+00 0
Results for PCOMP(G) & PSHLN1 (cont.)
Composite Shell Elements (cont.)
S5-67
NAS400, Section 5, April 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Nonlinear Connector Elements
S5-68
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
General Description
The BUSH element is a generalized spring-damper element used to model
everything from special connectors to gap elements
large rotations are included ( MD R3+ )
FUSE capability can be used to model bearing failure in rotor dynamics
(MD R3+)
Input Description
Changes have been made to the PBUSHT Bulk Data Entry
Output Description
No changes
Connector Element BUSH
S5-69
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Connector Element BUSH (cont.)
+
+
S5-70
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Large Rotation Option
Controlled using LRGR flag on the PBUSHT entry
For the axial BUSH element
1)
LRGR is ignored
For BUSH defined using a coordinate system CID or an orientation vector v
LRGR=0 (Default): the element coordinate system is rotated with the rotation of
grid A for both the CID and the v vector
LRGR=1: will suppress large rotation at end A. The initial CID and the v vector
will remain unchanged
LRGR=2: a mid-increment method is used to rotate the element system for the v
vector
Connector Element BUSH (cont.)
1)
grids A and B are non-coincident and vector v nor CID are specified
S5-71
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Fuse option, with following entries on PBUSHT
FDC, force-deflection curve rule
NR: all directions are independent (default)
TRXY, TRXZ or TRYZ: radial dependence, useful for radial bearings. For example,
the force results from the length of u
x
and u
y
times K1.
TS: spherical dependence. The force results from the length of u
x
+ u
y
+ u
z
times
K1.
FUSE
0: no fuse (default)
1: associated elements are deactivated if failure criterion is met, elements remain
for post processing only
2: associated elements are deactivated if failure criterion is met, elements are
removed from post processing
Connector Element BUSH (cont.)
S5-72
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Fuse option (cont.)
DIR, fuse direction
0: any direction can fuse, same as 123456
1-6: directions which can fuse (like SPC input)
OPTION, failure mode
ULTLD for load
RELDIS for displacement
UPPER/LOWER, failure limits
depending on OPTION a load or displacement limit
FRATE, fraction for stiffness scaling to avoid sudden zero (default=1.-5)
Connector Element BUSH (cont.)
S5-73
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
WELDs and FASTs are elements designed for the connection of shells
Applications are spot welds
and fasteners
WELD is a BEAM element
FAST is a BUSH element
Both elements are connected to the shells by internally created RBE3
elements
Both elements can undergo large rotations
The WELD element can have all nonlinear materials allowed for
BEAM(PBEAM) elements
Connector Elements WELD / FAST
S5-74
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Example for the WELD Element
weld element 1 is connecting 4 elements
on each side in this case
pressure on upper
plate (1.+3)
WELD / FAST Elements (cont.)
BEGIN BULK
PARAM LGDISP 1
CWELD 1 11 100 PARTPAT
+ 100 200
PWELD 11 10 0.8
$
PSHELL 100 10 .1 10 1. .833333
CQUAD4 1000 100 1000 1001 2001 2000 0. 0.
.
PSHELL 200 10 .1 10 1. .833333
CQUAD4 4005 200 5006 5007 5013 5012 0. 0.
.
MAT1 10 3.+7 1.153+7 0.3 .0074
z
x
y
grid 5030
2.5x2.0x0.1
E=3E7
n=0.3
connector diameter
S5-75
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Results for WELD Example
WELD / FAST Elements (cont.)
0 SUBCASE 1 STEP 1
LOAD STEP = 1.00000E+00
F O R C E S I N W E L D E L E M E N T S ( C W E L D )
STAT DIST/ - BENDING MOMENTS - - WEB SHEARS - AXIAL TOTAL WARPING
ELEMENT-ID GRID LENGTH PLANE 1 PLANE 2 PLANE 1 PLANE 2 FORCE TORQUE TORQUE
0 1
101000001 0.000 -8.839650E+02 2.412787E+03 3.064666E+02 -3.020579E+02 -4.963424E+03 -6.540462E+02 0.0
101000002 1.000 -9.605817E+02 2.488301E+03 3.064666E+02 -3.020579E+02 -4.963424E+03 -6.540462E+02 0.0
0 SUBCASE 1 STEP 1
LOAD STEP = 1.00000E+00
D I S P L A C E M E N T V E C T O R
POINT ID. TYPE T1 T2 T3 R1 R2 R3
5030 G 1.445504E-02 -1.584998E+00 -2.640457E+00 -1.381116E+00 -1.278003E-01 9.589864E-02
without GNL WELD (MD R2.1)
this value would be -2.44
This value meets top plate area
(2.5x2.0) times pressure (1E3).
Without GNL WELD it would be far
off (-1502.2).
these grid points are the grids A and B
of an internally created BEAM
for the WELD
S5-76
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Results for WELD Example (cont.)
WELD / FAST Elements (cont.)
0 SUBCASE 1 STEP 1
LOAD STEP = 1.00000E+00
G R I D P O I N T F O R C E B A L A N C E
0 3002 2001 QUAD4 1.084012E+03 1.374482E+03 -8.756651E+02 4.998597E+02 -1.588867E+02 1.458691E+02
3002 2002 QUAD4 -9.773187E+02 1.014899E+03 -1.177605E+02 4.968433E+02 1.249129E+02 -1.175040E+02
3002 3001 QUAD4 1.340506E+03 -1.484548E+03 6.786337E+02 -4.930043E+02 -1.708182E+01 7.086414E+01
3002 3002 QUAD4 -1.472552E+03 -7.252704E+02 3.445563E+02 -5.036438E+02 5.055989E+01 -9.921779E+01
3002 100001004 RBE3 2.550272E+01 -1.790153E+02 -3.152349E+01 0.0 0.0 0.0
3002 *TOTALS* 1.497325E-01 5.466715E-01 -1.759053E+00 5.487696E-02 -4.957646E-01 1.150136E-02
0 SUBCASE 1 STEP 1
LOAD STEP = 1.00000E+00
S T R E S S E S I N W E L D E L E M E N T S ( C W E L D )
STAT DIST/
ELEMENT-ID GRID LENGTH SXC SXD SXE SXF S-MAX S-MIN M.S.-T M.S.-C
0 1
101000001 0.000 7.711506E+03 -5.787528E+04 -2.746034E+04 3.812645E+04 3.812645E+04 -5.787528E+04
101000002 1.000 9.235746E+03 -5.937759E+04 -2.898458E+04 3.962876E+04 3.962876E+04 -5.937759E+04
0 SUBCASE 1 STEP 1
LOAD STEP = 1.00000E+00
S T R A I N S I N W E L D E L E M E N T S ( C W E L D )
STAT DIST/
ELEMENT-ID GRID LENGTH SXC SXD SXE SXF S-MAX S-MIN M.S.-T M.S.-C
0 1
101000001 0.000 -5.445103E-04 -1.928071E-03 -1.137843E-04 1.269777E-03 1.269777E-03 -1.928071E-03
101000002 1.000 2.348792E-04 -1.978735E-03 -8.931737E-04 1.320440E-03 1.320440E-03 -1.978735E-03
this is one of 8 newly created grid points which not directly belong to WELD
S5-77
NAS400, Section 5, April 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements
S5-78
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements are the rigid elements with Lagrange
formulation used in geometric nonlinear analysis of large rotation
These include RBAR, RBAR1, RJOINT, RBE1, RBE2, RBE3, RTRPLT, and
RTRPL1
Type of elements that can be combined with the kinematic elements:
CBEAM, CQUAD4, CQUADR, CTRIA3, and CTRIAR
CHEXA, CPENTA, CTETRA (4 and 10 nodes)
CBAR and CSHEAR, which are converted into CBEAM and CQUAD4 by
new bulk card:
MDLPRM, BRTOBM, 1, SHRTOQ4, 1
S5-79
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements (cont.)
Implemented in SOL 400 only. User fatal error issued if used in SOL 106
or 129
Implemented in both nonlinear static and transient analyses
This type of element becomes linkage if any dof is released
Appropriate constraints must be supplied, otherwise the structure model will
be singular and the solution diverges
S5-80
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Benefits:
The kinematic elements can be combined with shell, beam, and solid
elements
Differential stiffness are computed to facilitate convergence of the solution
Appropriate scale factors for Lagrange multipliers and penalty functions are
computed automatically
Allow thermal load to be used with the kinematic elements
Both force and GPFORCE outputs available for output
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements (cont.)
S5-81
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Thermal effects are computed if thermal load is requested
ALPHA field on the Bulk Data entry must be supplied
Outputs:
Element force is requested by the Case Control command MPCFO
The GPFORCE output is requested by the GPFO Case Control command
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements (cont.)
S5-82
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
The scale factors for Lagrange multipliers and penalty functions are
computed automatically based on:
the geometry of the kinematic elements
the average magnitude of the stiffness matrix
PARAM, LMFACT and PENFN will overwrite the computed default
values for the stiffness portion
Case Control command RIGID=LINEAR can be used to request the
corresponding linear rigid elements instead of the NL kinematic
elements
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements (cont.)
S5-83
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Example for RJOINT
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements (cont.)
S5-84
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
An RJOINT can be:
Spherical joint - A spherical joint is a mechanical joint that rotates freely
about all three axes. All rotational degrees of freedom released,
i.e. CB = 123.
Hinge - A hinge is a mechanical joint that rotates freely about one axis of the
local coordinate system. One rotational degree of freedom released,
i.e., CB = 12356, 12346, or 12345.
Universal joint - A universal joint is a mechanical joint that rotates freely in
two axes. Two rotational degrees for freedom released,
i.e., CB = 1234, 1235, or 1236.
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements (cont.)
S5-85
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
An RJOINT can be (cont.):
Prismatic joint - A prismatic joint is a mechanical system with two blocks that
are constrained to have the same rotations, but translate relatively with each
other along a local axis,
i.e., CB = 23456, 13456, 12456.
Cylindrical joint - A cylindrical joint is a mechanical system that allows two
grid points have relative translation along a moving axis and relative rotation
about the same axis,
i.e. CB = 2356, 1346, 1245.
Nonlinear Kinematic Elements (cont.)
S5-86
NAS400, Section 5, April 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Additional Results Output
S5-87
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Additional Results Output
1)
applies only to the nonlinear property extension elements ( PSHLN1, PSLDN1, )
Extended NLSTRESS Command
1)
which refers to an NLOUT Bulk Data Card
with the following results quantities
S5-88
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
Additional Results Output (cont.)
back
5-53
S5-89
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation
EXERCISE
Perform Workshop 4: Buckling of a Composite Plate.
S5-90
NAS400, Section 5, August 2011
Copyright 2011 MSC.Software Corporation