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DSLC

DSLC
Page 1-1
DSLC
DSLC
O DSLC um microprocessador para o sincronismo
e controle de carga de geradores e controle de carga de geradores.
destinado para atuar em Reguladores de
Velocidade Woodward (tambm compatvel com Velocidade Woodward (tambm compatvel com
Reguladores de outros fabricantes) e tambm para
atuar em Reguladores de Tenso Automticos para g
fazer as funes de: Sincronismo, paralelismo, carga,
e descarga em conjuntos geradores trifsicos.
O DSLC monitora e coordena todas as funes e
operaes para obter transies suaves.
Page 1-2
DSLC
Funes do DSLC
Page 1-3
DSLC
Funes do DSLC Funes do DSLC
Carga e Descarga automtica do gerador com suave transferncia
de carga de carga.
Capacidade de controle de carga nos seguintes modos:Droop,
Base de carga e Iscrono.
Modo sincronizao programvel pelo usurio para fazer correo Modo sincronizao programvel pelo usurio para fazer correo
fases, com opcional correo tenso e capacidade de fechamento
automtico em barra morta e sincronismo com desvio frequncia.
Alarmes programveis para atuar em limites mximos e mnimos e p g p
chave de carga com sada para acionamento de rels
Rede comunicao digital para fazer Diviso de carga, Diviso
reativos ou fator de potncia e troca de outras informaes entre
os controles.
Capacidade total para se fazer ajustes, medies e diagnsticos
atravs de um programador manual (HHP).
S Sada discreta de rel para Potncia Reversa.
Controle reativos ou fator de potncia (Apenas nos DSLCs
completos).
C t l d i t / t
Page 1-4
Controle de processo para cogerao, importao/exportao,
controle presso ou outros processos (Apenas nos DSLCs
completos).
DSLC
Porque usar um DSLC?
Page 1-5
DSLC
P DSLC? Por que usar um DSLC?
Com ligao de um nico controle voc faz diversas funes.
Isto reduz tempo interligao, evita erros e diminui os custos.
Otimiza espao interno nos paineis.
Elimina o nmero de sensores (TPs TCs MOPs) Elimina o nmero de sensores (TPs, TCs, MOPs).
Elimina PLCs ou lgica de rels para fechamento barra morta.
Elimina o necessrio para um rel externo de potncia reversa. p p
Controla potncia ativa e reativa em apenas um equipamento.
Comunicao Digital para se fazer diviso de carga.
Sensor de potncia trifsico (True RMS)
Preciso mesmo em cargas desbalanceadas
Rede operao local pode tambm ser integrado no sistema de Rede operao local, pode tambm ser integrado no sistema de
controle digital Woodward QuadraLink DCS (Distributive Control
System) para mostrar os parmetros das funes e monitorar o
sistema de controle
Page 1-6
sistema de controle.
DSLC
Processando um Sinal Digital
Sada Gerador
Tempo CPU
Sada Digitalizada
Page 1-7
DSLC
Processando um Sinal Digital
O processo de um sinal digital uma tcnica de medio de O processo de um sinal digital uma tcnica de medio de
potncia usada pelo DSLC que envolve amostragem peridica
de tenso e corrente sobre um nmero integral de formas de
onda onda.
O DSLC usa a tcnica de processar um sinal digital para
derivar ambas as tenses (True RMS) e fase relativa da
frequncia fundamental medindo a forma de onda do frequncia fundamental medindo a forma de onda do
barramento e do gerador.
A tcnica de medio processando um sinal digital oferece
um significante aumento de preciso na presena de um significante aumento de preciso na presena de
distores de forma de onda e harmonicas, particularmente
uma vez que a medio de fase no depende do cruzamento
zero da forma de onda zero da forma de onda.
O microprocessador computa a multiplicao da tenso e
corrente amostrada, ento soma e tira a mdia para fazer o
clculo de potncia
Page 1-8
clculo de potncia.
DSLC
Opes de DSLC
P/N Speed Bi as Output PT Confi gurati on Vol tage Input Functi ons
9905-354 0.54.5 Vdc Wye 120/240 Reduced
9905-355 0.54.5 Vdc Wye 120/240 Full
9905-362 3.0 Vdc Open delta 240 Reduced
9905 363 3 0 Vd O d lt 240 F ll 9905-363 3.0 Vdc Open delta 240 Full
9905-366 0.54.5 Vdc Open delta 120 Reduced
9905-367 0.54.5 Vdc Open delta 120 Full
9905-368 0.54.5 Vdc Open delta 240 Reduced
9905-369 0.54.5 Vdc Open delta 240 Full
9905-372 500 Hz PWM Open delta 120 Reduced
9905-373 500 Hz PWM Open delta 120 Full
9905-374 500 Hz PWM Open delta 240 Reduced
9905-603 15 Vdc Wye 120 / 240 Full
9905-704 500 Hz PWM Open delta 240 Full 9905 704 500 Hz PWM Open delta 240 Full
9905-707 15 Vdc Open delta 120 Reduced
9905-708 15 Vdc Open delta 120 Full
9905-709 15 Vdc Open delta 240 Reduced
9905-710 15 Vdc Open delta 240 Full
9905 711 1 5 Vdc Wye 120 / 240 Reduced 9905-711 15 Vdc Wye 120 / 240 Reduced
9905-795 3.0 Vdc Wye 120 / 240 Full
9905-796 3.0 Vdc Open delta 120 Reduced
9905-797 3.0 Vdc Open delta 120 Full
9905-798 500 Hz PWM Wye 120 / 240 Reduced
Page 1-9
9905-799 500 Hz PWM Wye 120 / 240 Full
9907-007 3.0 Vdc Wye 120 / 240 Reduced
9907-205 Hand Held Programmer
DSLC
Opes do DSLC
Existem 24 diferentes Part Numbers de
DSLC DSLC.
Cada Part Number so selecionveis
por:
Sada para ajuste de velocidade. p j
Configurao de TP.
Tenso de entrada Tenso de entrada.
DSLC com funes completa ou reduzida.
Page 1-10
DSLC
Tipos de Sada para Ajuste de Velocidade
/ 3Vd
- 723 Plus
- Caterpillar
+/- 3Vdc
500 Hz
PWM
31
30
29 HI IMP VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V LO IMP
COM 30
29 HI IMP VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V LO IMP
- 2301A
- EPGs
Caterpillar
ADEM
36
35
34
33
32 +
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
-
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
-
+
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
35
34
33
32
31
+
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
COM
-
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
+
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
39
38
37
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
-
+
39
38
37
36
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
-
-
+
DDEC
0.5 - 4.5 Vdc 1 - 5 Vdc
31
30
29 HI IMP VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V LO IMP
COM
30
29 HI IMP VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V LO IMP
- DDEC
- Caterpillar
GECM
- 505
- NetCon
-
Micronet
36
35
34
33
32 +
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
-
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
-
+
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
35
34
33
32
31
+
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
COM
-
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
+
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
Page 1-11
39
38
37
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
-
+
39
38
37
36
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
-
-
+
DSLC
Tipos de Sada para Ajuste de Tipos de Sada para Ajuste de
Velocidade Velocidade
3.0 VccCompativel com todos os Reguladores
Eletrnicos Woodward Analgico e Digitais Eletrnicos Woodward Analgico e Digitais.
0.54.5 VccCompativel com controles Detroit
Diesel Corporation DDEC e Caterpillar tipo GECM Diesel Corporation DDEC e Caterpillar tipo GECM.
500 Hz PWMCompativel com Reguladores
Caterpillar tipo ADEMe comControles Woodward Caterpillar tipo ADEMe com Controles Woodward
tipo Gen Dec.
15 VccCompativel com produtos Woodward e p p
outros que requeiram 1-5 Vcc numa resistncia de
243 ohms.
Page 1-12
DSLC
Configuraes de TP
A
B C
N
A
B
C
Delta Aberto-
Open Delta
E t l WYE
A
A
B
Estrela - WYE
B
C
N
B
C
Page 1-13
DSLC
Configuraes de TP
Delta Aberto Consiste de dois TPs
entre fases A-B e B-C, sendo que a
fase B aterrada.
Estrela Consiste de trs TPs em
estrela como centro aterrado estrela com o centro aterrado.
Page 1-14
DSLC
Entrada de Tenso
A
B C
N
A
B
C
D l Ab Delta Aberto-
Open Delta
E t l WYE
A
B
A
B
Estrela-WYE
120/
120/
240
C
N
B
C
240 VAC
240
VAC
Page 1-15
DSLC
Entrada de Tenso
A tenso de entrada do TP do gerador ao DSLC
proveniente do secundrio do TP e pode ser linha-linha ou proveniente do secundrio do TP e pode ser linha linha ou
linha-neutro.
Configurao TP Estrela (Wye):
E t d 120 V (65 150 V ) t i i 7 12 9 12 Entrada 120 Vca (65 a 150 Vca), terminais 7 para 12, 9 para 12 e
11 para 12.
Entrada 240 Vca (150 a 300 Vca), terminais 6 para 12, 8 para 12
e 10 para 12.
Configurao TP Delta Aberto 120 Vca:
65 a 150 Vca, terminais 6 para 8, 8 para 10 e 10 para 6. 65 a 150 Vca, terminais 6 para 8, 8 para 10 e 10 para 6.
Configurao TP Delta Aberto 240 Vca:
150 a 300 Vca, terminais 6 para 8, 8 para 10 e 10 para 6.
Page 1-16
DSLC
Funes
Di gi tal Synchroni zer
d L d C t l
Di gi tal Synchroni zer
d L d C t l
Completo Funes reduzidas
33
32
31
30
29 HI IMP
+/- 3V
VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
LO IMP
COM
COM
3
2
1 -
+
240
18 - 40 VDC
SUPPLY
15 WATTS
and Load Control
W D
OODWAR
R
33
32
31
30
29 HI IMP
+/- 3V
VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
LO IMP
COM
COM
3
2
1 -
+
240
18 - 40 VDC
SUPPLY
15 WATTS
and Load Control
W D
OODWAR
R
A
B
C
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
NETWORK
TERMINATION J PR
COM
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
-
-
-
+
+
+
240
240
240
240
120
120
120
120
N
N
GENERATOR
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 OR 240 VAC
BUS A
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
A
B
C
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
NETWORK
TERMINATION J PR
COM
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
-
-
-
+
+
+
240
240
240
240
120
120
120
120
N
N
GENERATOR
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 OR 240 VAC
BUS A
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
CHECK
A
B
C
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
44
43
12 N
18
17
16
15
14
13
DIAGNOSTICS AND
SERVICE PORT
(RS-422)
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
CHECK
A
B
C
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
44
43
12 N
18
17
16
15
14
13
DIAGNOSTICS AND
SERVICE PORT
(RS-422)
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
LOADRAISE HIGH LIMIT
RAMP PAUSE LOAD SWITCH
LOAD / UNLOAD
VOLTAGE LOWER
BASE LOAD
VOLTAGE RAISE
VOLTAGE LOWER BREAKER OPEN
VOLTAGE RAISE BREAKER CLOSE
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
CB AUX +
RUN -
PERMISSIVE
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
LOADRAISE HIGH LIMIT
RAMP PAUSE LOAD SWITCH
LOAD / UNLOAD
VOLTAGE LOWER
BASE LOAD
VOLTAGE RAISE
VOLTAGE LOWER BREAKER OPEN
VOLTAGE RAISE BREAKER CLOSE
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
CB AUX +
RUN -
PERMISSIVE
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
Page 1-17
PROCESS CONTROL ALARM
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOADLOWER LOWLIMIT
55
54 27
28 PROCESS CONTROL ALARM
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOADLOWER LOWLIMIT
55
54 27
28
DSLC
Funes
Existem dois modelos de DSLCs: Completo e
f d id com funes reduzidas.
O DSLC com funes reduzidas no tem o
controle de reativos/fator de potncia, mas
ele ir responder ao comando de um MSLC
sobre controle de reativos/fator de potncia.
O DSLC com funes reduzidas tambm no
tem o controle de processo.
Page 1-18
DSLC
Programador Manual (HHP)
M B k d
Four Line
Display
Toggles Between
Upper and Lower
Displays
Moves Backward
Through Menu.
Moves Forward
Through Menu
Synchroscope
Active Power (P)
1750 KW
180.0 Degrees
p y
Through Menu.
" Turtle" keys increase
or decrease the
displayed value slowly.
Each Number (0-9)
Selects The
Corresponding Menu.
" Rabbit" keys increase
or decrease the
displayed value quickly.
Indicates Buttons
N t U d
Displays DSLC Software
Part Number & Revision
Level.
Saves Entered Values
Blanks Display
Page 1-19
Not Used
Saves Entered Values
DSLC
Programador Manual (HHP)
O programador manual (HHP) um pequeno
terminal de computador que alimentado
l DSLC pelo DSLC.
O HHP tem um display de 04 linhas e com
i t lh it it d i M isto lhe permite monitorar dois Menus ao
mesmo tempo ou dois itens do mesmo Menu
simultneo simultneo.
Os pontos de configurao e ajustes so
arranjados no DSLC em10 Menus Voc arranjados no DSLC em 10 Menus. Voc
pode acessar os Menus apertando as teclas:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 and 0 (zero)
Page 1-20
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 0 (zero).
DSLC
- Aplicaes do DSLC
- Modos de Controle do DSLC
Page 1-21
DSLC
Aplicaes do DSLC
Paralelo comrede emDroop Paralelo comrede emBase de Carga Paralelo com rede em Droop Paralelo com rede em Base de Carga
Generator
Utility
Load
Utility
Generator
Utility
Load
Utility
Utility
Diviso de carga Iscrona
Paralelo com rede em Controle de Processo
Generators
Diviso de carga Iscrona
Generator
Plant
Load
Generator Generator Generator
Utility
Load Load
Utility
Page 1-22
DSLC
Aplicaes do DSLC
Nem todas as funes so utilizadas nas
li DSLC aplicaes com o DSLC.
O usurio tem a opo de selecionar quais
funes so necessrias em sua aplicao
O DSLC aplicado na maioria dos sistemas O DSLC aplicado na maioria dos sistemas
gerenciadores de potncia, principalmente
pelo fato dele ser compatvel comdiversos pelo fato dele ser compatvel com diversos
tipos de Reguladores de Velocidade.
Page 1-23
DSLC
Modos de Controle
Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
Check Mode
Synchronizer
Mode Select
Permissive Mode
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
45
44
43
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
CB AUX
RUN
Mode Select
Close Both For
VAR / PF Control
Run Mode
CB Aux Contact / Open For Droop
Raise Voltage
Lower Voltage 49
48
47
46
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
BASE LOAD
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
Close BothFor
Base Load
Load / Unload
Load Ramp Pause
Raise Load 53
52
51
50
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOAD LOWER
Close Both For
Remote Load References
Lower Load
Process Control 55
54
Page 1-24
DSLC
Modos de Controle
O Status destes contatos determinam o modo
de controle do DSLC: de controle do DSLC:
Modo Sincronismo.
Modo Controle de Carga Modo Controle de Carga.
Droop
Diviso de carga Iscrona (Paralelo).
Base de Carga Iscrona
Controle de Processo
Modo Controle Reativos/Fator de Potncia Modo Controle Reativos/Fator de Potncia
Modo Diviso de Fator de Potncia
Page 1-25
DSLC
Tabela dos Modos de Controle
r
a
c
t
r
o
l
x x
0
0 =Contact Open
1 =Contact Closed
X =Dont Care
=Open to Closed Contact Transition
=Closed to Open Contact Transition
x x x x x Droop
V
o
l
t
a
g
e

R
a
i
s
e
V
o
l
t
a
g
e

L
o
w
e
r
C
B

A
u
x

C
o
n
t
a
B
a
s
e

L
o
a
d
L
o
a
d

/

U
n
l
o
a
d
R
a
i
s
e

L
o
a
d
L
o
w
e
r

L
o
a
d
P
r
o
c
e
s
s

C
o
n
t
r
Options:
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1 1
1 1
1 1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1
1
1
1
x x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Droop
Base Load at Lessor of Unload Trip Level or System Load Level
Base Load at Unload Trip Level
Ramp to Base Load at Internal Base Load Reference
Base Load at Internal Base Load Reference
Raise Internal Base Load Reference
Lower Internal Base Load Reference
Rampto Base Loadat Remote LoadSettingInput Level
(1) The internal load reference is equal to the remote
reference at the time remote was de-selected.
(2) Unload ramp terminates and breaker open command
is issued when load drops below the unload trip level.
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Ramp to Base Load at Remote Load Setting Input Level
Raise / Lower Rate Ramp to Remote Load Setting Input Level
Base Load at Remote Load Setting Input Level
Base Load at Internal Base Load Reference (1)
Ramp To Unload Trip Level (2)
Ramp To Isochronous Load Sharing
Isochronous Load Sharing (Parallel)
R t P Sl t S t L dL l (3) (7)
(3) Process slave mode is isochronous loadsharing. A
Master process control specifies the system load level
to all slaves.
(4) The internal process reference is equal to the remote
process reference at the time remote was de-selected.
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Ramp to Process Slave at System Load Level (3) (7)
Process Slave at System Load Level (7)
Ramp to Process Master at Internal Process Reference (7)
Ramp to Process Master at Internal Process Reference (7)
Process Master at Internal Process Reference (7)
Raise Internal Process Reference (7)
Lower Internal Process Reference (7)
(5) The base load reference is equal to the process reference
at the time process control was de-selected.
(6) Not recommended. Select base load, switch remote
reference input from process reference to load reference,
andthenselect remote.
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x x
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 1
1
1
1
1
1 1
1
1
1 1
1
1
1
Ramp to Process Master at Remote Process Reference Input (7)
Ramp to Process Master at Remote Process Reference Input (7)
Process Master at Remote Process Reference Input (7)
Process Master at Internal Process Reference (4) (7)
Base Load at Internal Base Load Reference (5)
Raise or Lower to Base Load at Remote Load Reference Input Level (6)
Raise Voltage Regulator Excitation
and then select remote.
(7) Full function models only
Page 1-26
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
0
0
0
0 0 0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Raise Voltage Regulator Excitation
Lower Voltage Regulator Excitation
VAR / PF Control at VAR / PF Reference (7)
PF Sharing at System PF (Isochronous) (7)
DSLC
Tabela dos Modos de Controle
Os status das oito entradas discretas no topo
d t b l d t i l d d da tabela determinam em qual modo de
controle o DSLC est.
0 = Contato aberto
1 = Contato fechado
X = No importa o Status
=Transio de contato aberto para fechado = Transio de contato aberto para fechado
= Transio de contato fechado para aberto
Page 1-27
DSLC
Modo de Sincronismo
v
e
0 =Contact Open
1 =Contact Closed
X =Dont Care
=Opento Closed Contact Transition -

C
h
e
c
k
-

P
e
r
m
i
s
s
i
v
-

R
u
n
=Open to Closed Contact Transition
=Closed to Open Contact Transition
Check Mode
Permissive Mode
1
1
0
0 0
0
4
4

-
4
5

-
4
6

-
Permissive Mode
Run Mode
1
1 0 0
Page 1-28
DSLC
Modo de Sincronismo
Rede ou Barramento Infinito:
Ajusta frequncia ngulo de fase e Tenso do Ajusta frequncia, ngulo de fase e Tenso do
geradores a ser paralelado com a rede ou um
barramento infinito e ento envia um sinal de fechar o
disjuntor disjuntor.
Barramento Isolado:
Ajusta frequncia, ngulo de fase e Tenso do Ajusta frequncia, ngulo de fase e Tenso do
geradores a ser paralelado com a barra de geradores e
ento envia um sinal de fechar o disjuntor.
Modos de operao do sincronizador: Modos de operao do sincronizador:
Desligado, Testes, Permissvel e Automtico.
Page 1-29
DSLC
Modo Controle de Carga
F db k
Load
Feedback
Load
Reference
S d Bi
Actual
Speed Bias
Output
PID
Actual
Generator
Load
Page 1-30
DSLC
M d C t l d C Modo Controle de Carga
Modo Proporcional de controle de carga A sada para ajustar Modo Proporcional de controle de carga A sada para ajustar
a velocidade proporcional ao erro entre a carga atual e a
referncia de carga.
No modo proporcional uma mudana na frequncia da barra No modo proporcional, uma mudana na frequncia da barra
ir resultar numa mudana na carga.
Usar o modo proporcional quando a frequncia da barra fica
estvel durante toda a operao estvel durante toda a operao.
No modo Paralelo a sada do DSLC proporcional.
Modo Integral de controle de carga A sada para ajustar a
l id d i t l l id fi d bt d velocidade integral para um nvel requerido afim de obter zero de
erro entre a carga atual e a referncia de carga.
No modo Integral, uma mudana na frequncia no ir resultar
uma mudana na carga.
Usar modo Integral quando a frequncia pode variar a
qualquer momento.
Page 1-31
Modo Integral ter um efeito quando o DSLC estiver em modo
rampa Mode ou em base de carga.
DSLC
Droop
Generator
Utility
Load
Utility
R
a
i
s
e
L
o
w
e
r
x

C
o
n
t
a
c
t
o
a
d
U
n
l
o
a
d
L
o
a
d
L
o
a
d
s

C
o
n
t
r
o
l
0 =Contact Open
1 =Contact Closed
X =Dont Care
=Open to Closed Contact Transition -

V
o
l
t
a
g
e

-

V
o
l
t
a
g
e

-

C
B

A
u
x
-

B
a
s
e

L
o
-

L
o
a
d

/

U
-

R
a
i
s
e

L
-

L
o
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e
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L
-

P
r
o
c
e
s
s
Page 1-32
=Closed to Open Contact Transition
x
Droop
x
4
8

x
4
9

0
4
7

x
5
0

x
5
1

x
5
3

x
5
4

5
5

DSLC
Droop
Droop a operao do gerador para manter
t t o mesmo com uma carga constante.
Os geradores ficam paralelados a rede e est
mantm a frequncia.
Droop realizado com o DSLC em Droop. p p
(Terminal 47 Entrada CB Aux. aberta).
O Valor da potncia determinado pelo O Valor da potncia determinado pelo
ajuste na velocidade do Regulador.
Page 1-33
DSLC
Base de Carga Iscrona
Generator
Utility
Load
Utility
0 =Contact Open
L
o
a
d
L
o
a
d
s
s

C
o
n
t
r
o
l
e

R
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e
e

L
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x

C
o
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t
a
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t
L
o
a
d
U
n
l
o
a
d
0 =Contact Open
1 =Contact Closed
X =Dont Care
=Open to Closed Contact Transition
=Closedto Open Contact Transition
3

-

R
a
i
s
e

L
4

-

L
o
w
e
r

5

-

P
r
o
c
e
s
8

-

V
o
l
t
a
g
e
9

-

V
o
l
t
a
g
e
7

-

C
B

A
u
x
0

-

B
a
s
e

L
1

-

L
o
a
d

/

Page 1-34
=Closed to Open Contact Transition
x x x
Base Load at Unload Trip Level
Base Load at Internal Base Load Reference
5
3
5
4
5
5
x
x
4
8
x
x
4
9
x
1
4
7
1
1
5
0
1
0
5
1
1 x x
DSLC
Base de Carga Iscrona
Base de Carga a operao de mantermos os Base de Carga a operao de mantermos os
geradores ajustados para uma carga constante.
Os geradores ficamparalelados a rede ou a outro Os geradores ficam paralelados a rede ou a outro
gerador e estes so responsveis em manter a
frequncia do sistema.
Base de Carga realizada com o DSLC em Base de
Carga, (Terminal 47 entrada do CB Aux. Fechada,
Terminal 50 Entrada base de carga fechada e terminal Terminal 50 Entrada base de carga fechada e terminal
51 entrada carga/descarga fechada).
O nvel da Base de Carga determinado por uma
referncia interna de base de carga ou pelo valor de trip
por descarga se o terminal 51 carga/descarga estiver
aberto
Page 1-35
aberto.
DSLC
Diviso de Carga Iscrona
Generator
Plant
Load
Generator Generator Generator
tl
0 =Contact Open
g
e

R
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s
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L
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x

C
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L
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/

U
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o
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L
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a
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r

L
o
a
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s
s

C
o
n
t
r
o
0 Contact Open
1 =Contact Closed
X =Dont Care
=Open to Closed Contact Transition
=Closed to Open Contact Transition
4
8

-

V
o
l
t
a
g
4
9

-

V
o
l
t
a
g
4
7

-

C
B

A
u
5
0

-

B
a
s
e

L
5
1

-

L
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a
d

/
5
3

-

R
a
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5
4

-

L
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5
5

-

P
r
o
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s
Page 1-36
0 1
Closed to Open Contact Transition
x x
0 Isochronous Load Sharing (Parallel)
x x
44
1
455555
DSLC
Diviso de Carga Iscrona
Diviso de carga iscrona (operao para
lti l d ) t t t multiplos geradores) mantm constante a
frequncia do gerador de 0 (zero) a 100% de
i di i i l carga e proporciona a diviso proporcional
das cargas entre os geradores.
Um sistema de DSLCs suporte uma diviso
de carga entre at 16 geradores.
Page 1-37
DSLC
Controle de Processo
Generators
Utility
Load
Utility
a
d
n
t
r
o
l
s
e
e
r
t
a
c
t
0 =Contact Open
1 =Contact Closed
s
e

L
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d
a
d

/

U
n
l
o
a
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s
e

L
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a
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w
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L
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o
c
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s
s

C
o
n
t
a
g
e

R
a
i
s
t
a
g
e

L
o
w
e

A
u
x

C
o
n
t
X =Dont Care
=Open to Closed Contact Transition
=Closed to Open Contact Transition
P Sl t S t L d L l
5
0

-

B
a
s
5
1

-

L
o
a
5
3

-

R
a
i
5
4

-

L
o
w
5
5

-

P
r
o
4
8

-

V
o
l
4
9

-

V
o
l
4
7

-

C
B
Page 1-38
0
0 0
1 x x
1 Process Slave at System Load Level
Process Master at Internal Process Reference
Process Master at Remote Process Reference Input
1 1 1
x x
x x
x x
1
1
1 1 1 1 1 1
DSLC
Controle de Processo
O controle de processo destinado a cogerao,
manuteno de um nvel de fludos controle por manuteno de um nvel de fludos, controle por
presso e outras aplicaes.
Sinal de entrada com filtro ajustvel da largura de Sinal de entrada com filtro ajustvel da largura de
banda, ajuste flexvel de controle do PID, uma
banda morta ajustvel e um controle selecionvel j
para ao direta ou indireta permite que o
controle de processo tenha uma grande
i d d d li variedade de aplicaes.
Page 1-39
DSLC
Controle Reativos/Fator Potncia
Generator
Utility
Load
Utility
0 C O
e

R
a
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s
e
e

L
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x

C
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a
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U
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l
o
a
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L
o
a
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L
o
a
d
s

C
o
n
t
r
o
l
0 =Contact Open
1 =Contact Closed
X =Dont Care
=Open to Closed Contact Transition
Cl dt O C t t T iti
8

-

V
o
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t
a
g
e
9

-

V
o
l
t
a
g
e
7

-

C
B

A
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x
0

-

B
a
s
e

L
o

-

L
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d

/

U
3

-

R
a
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L
4

-

L
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L
5

-

P
r
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s
s
Page 1-40
1 1
=Closed to Open Contact Transition
x x x
VAR / PF Control at VAR / PF Reference 1 1
4
8
4
9
1
4
7
5
0
5
1
5
3
5
4
5
5
DSLC
Controle Reativos/Fator Potncia
Em um sistema com barramento infinito o DSLC
compara a potncia reativa ou fator de potncia compara a potncia reativa ou fator de potncia
(programveis)do gerador com uma referncia
programvel interna e faz as correes no Regulador
d T t f i d t i ti de Tenso at que a referncia da potncia reativa
ou do fator de potncia sejam obtidos.
O DSLC dispe de dois mtodos para se fazer o O DSLC dispe de dois mtodos para se fazer o
ajuste de tenso no Regulador de Tenso:
Sada analgica de +- 9 VCC.
Por contatos para aumentar/diminuir tenso.
Para se fazer ajuste manual de tenso existem
entradas discretas p/ aumentar/diminuir tenso
Page 1-41
entradas discretas p/ aumentar/diminuir tenso.
DSLC
Diviso Fator de Potncia
Generator
Plant
Load
Generator Generator Generator
c
t
o
l
0 =Contact Open
g
e

R
a
i
s
e
g
e

L
o
w
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u
x

C
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n
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a
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L
o
a
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/

U
n
l
o
a
d
L
o
a
d
r

L
o
a
d
e
s
s

C
o
n
t
r
o
p
1 =Contact Closed
X =Dont Care
=Open to Closed Contact Transition
=Closed to Open Contact Transition
4
8

-

V
o
l
t
a
g
4
9

-

V
o
l
t
a
g
4
7

-

C
B

A
u
5
0

-

B
a
s
e

5
1

-

L
o
a
d

/
5
3

-

R
a
i
s
e

5
4

-

L
o
w
e
r
5
5

-

P
r
o
c
e
Page 1-42
0 0 0 0 1
p
PF Sharing at System PF 1 1
44
1
455555
DSLC
Diviso Fator de Potncia
O DSLC faz a diviso de fator de potncia entre
os geradores para barras isoladas ou em os geradores para barras isoladas ou em
sistemas de paralelismo iscrono.
O DSLC computa a mdia do fator de potncia O DSLC computa a mdia do fator de potncia
do sistema e a usa como referncia de entrada
para o controlador de fator de potncia para o controlador de fator de potncia.
O DSLC dispe de uma referncia de tenso
programvel e a funo de nivelar tenses programvel e a funo de nivelar tenses
quando na funo diviso afim de manter a
tenso do sistema em um nvel desejado.
Page 1-43
j
DSLC
- DSLC Hardware
DSLC E d S d - DSLC Entradas e Sadas
Page 1-44
DSLC
DSLC Hardware
29 HI IMP VOLTAGE BIAS
Di gi tal Synchroni zer
and Load Control
W D
OODWAR
R
Entrada fonte de
alimentao
Sada p/ Regulador Tenso
A
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29 HI IMP
+/- 3V
VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
LO IMP
COM
COM
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
6
5
4
3
2
1 -
-
+
+
240
240
120
N
18 - 40 VDC
SUPPLY
15 WATTS
BUS A
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
alimentao
Entrada TP barramento
Sada p/ Reg. Veloc.
Entrada Remota de
carga
A
B
C
42
41
40
39
38
37
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
NETWORK
TERMINATION J PR
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
12
11
10
9
8
7
-
-
+
+ 240
240
120
120
120
N
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 OR 240 VAC
Entrada TP do gerador
carga
Entrada Sinal
Processo
C i d
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
A
B
C
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
45
44
43
18
17
16
15
14
13
DIAGNOSTICS AND
SERVICE PORT
(RS-422)
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
Entrada TC gerador
Comunicao rede
LON
RAMP PAUSE LOAD SWITCH
LOAD / UNLOAD
VOLTAGE LOWER
BASE LOAD
VOLTAGE RAISE
VOLTAGE LOWER
BREAKER OPEN
VOLTAGE RAISE BREAKER CLOSE
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
CB AUX +
RUN -
PERMISSIVE
3
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
Sadas discretas
Entradas Discretas
Page 1-45
PROCESS CONTROL ALARM
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOAD LOWER LOW LIMIT
LOAD RAISE
HIGH LIMIT
55
54
53
26
27
28
DSLC
Ligaes Cabos Blindados
33
32
31
30
29 HI IMP
+/- 3V
VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
LO IMP
COM
COM
Speed Control
AVR
38
37
36
35
34
33
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
PROCESS
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
-
+
+
42
41
40
39
38
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
NETWORK
TERMINATION J PR
-
-
+
+
To Other DSLCs
Page 1-46
DSLC
Ligaes Cabos Blindados
Todos os cabos blindados devero ser com
duplo condutores e tranados duplo condutores e tranados.
Todas linhas de sinal devero utilizar cabos
blindados afimde evitar interferncias blindados, afim de evitar interferncias
externas.
A parte exposta do cabo sema blindagem A parte exposta do cabo sem a blindagem
no dever exceder 50 mm (2 polegadas).
O cabo blindado dever ter apenas umlado O cabo blindado dever ter apenas um lado
aterrado, o outro deve permanecer isolado.
Page 1-47
DSLC
Entrada Fonte Alimentao
1 - 18 - 40 VDC
Power
Supply 2 +
SUPPLY
18 WATTS
Supply
Input Input
Page 1-48
DSLC
Entrada Fonte Alimentao
O DSLC necessita de uma alimentao nominal de 18 to 40 Vdc, 18 W.
Manter a tenso para o controle sempre que o gerador estiver
disponvel para operao.
A alimentao deve ser aplicada ao DSLC no mnimo 15 segundos
antes do mesmo ser utilizado.
O controle deve ter tempo para fazer seu prprio diagnstico e
identificar sua posio na rede local de maneira a se tornar
operacional.
F lh d t t di ti d bilit f d t l Falha durante o auto diagnstico, desabilita as funes de controle
ativa o rel de alarme.
Nunca alimente o controle atravs de uma fonte de alta tenso com
resistores de queda e diodo zener.
Se o controle for alimentado por baterias, um carregador necessrio
para manter as mesmas com tenso estvel.
Page 1-49
DSLC
Transformador de Potncia Barra
4
3 240
120
BUS A
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
4
3 240
120
BUS A
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
BUS A
POTENTIAL
120 / 240 VCA WYE
C fi E t l 5 N
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
5 N
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
Configurao Estrela
5
4
3 A
NC
B
BUS POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
120 V, 45 - 66 Hz.
BUS POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
120 V 45 66 Hz
120 VCA Open Delta
Configurao Delta Aberto
5 B
120 V, 45 - 66 Hz.
g
5
4
3 A
NC
B
BUS POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
240 V, 45 - 66 Hz.
BUS POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
240 V, 45 - 66 Hz.
240 VCA Open Delta
Configurao Delta Aberto
Page 1-50
DSLC
Transformador de Potncia Barra
A entrada de potencial para o sincronizador
no DSLC conectado ao secundrio do no DSLC conectado ao secundrio do
transformador de potncia (TP) em 120 ou
240 VAC 240 VAC.
A fase A da barra dever corresponder a
fase Ado gerador da mesma maneira que fase A do gerador da mesma maneira que
conectado ao DSLC.
O sentido de rotao das fases da barra deve O sentido de rotao das fases da barra deve
corresponder ao sentido de rotao do
gerador para uma sincronizao adequada.
Page 1-51
g p q
DSLC
Transformador Potncia Gerador
A
B
9
8
7
6
240
240
120
120
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 OR 240 VAC
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 / 240 VCA Wye
C fi E t l
C
12
11
10 240
120
N
TRANSFORMERS
120 OR 240 VAC
Configurao Estrela
A
B
C 10
9
8
7
6
NC
NC
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 V, 45 - 66 Hz.
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 V 45 66H
120 VCA Open Delta
Configurao Delta Aberto
C
12
11
10
NC
NC
120 V, 45 - 66 Hz.
A 6
g
A
B
C 10
9
8
7
6
NC
NC
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
240 V, 45 - 66 Hz.
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
240 V, 45 - 66 Hz.
240 VCA Open Delta
Configurao Delta Aberto
Page 1-52
12
11
NC
NC
240 V, 45 66 Hz.
DSLC
Transformador Potncia Gerador
A entrada de potencial para o DSLC
conectado ao secundrio do
transformador de potncia TP em 120 p
ou 240 VAC.
O sentido de rotao de fase do O sentido de rotao de fase do
gerador dever corresponder ao sentido
de rotao da barra para uma correta
sincronizao.
Page 1-53

DSLC
Transformadores de Corrente Transformadores de Corrente
Gerador Gerador
A
14
13
A
B
C
18
17
16
15
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS B
C
Page 1-54
DSLC
Transformadores de Corrente Transformadores de Corrente
Gerador Gerador
Ligar a sada dos transformadores de corrente do
gerador as entradas para transformadores de gerador, as entradas para transformadores de
corrente do DSLC (respeitar a sequncia de fases).
Para uma operao adequada, importante que os Para uma operao adequada, importante que os
transformadores sejam ligados corretamente. Isto
significa que deve existir uma correspondncia entre
as fases dos transformadores de potncia e de
corrente, alm de observada a correta polaridade dos
transformadores de corrente transformadores de corrente.
Page 1-55
DSLC
Transformadores de Corrente Transformadores de Corrente
Gerador Gerador
No Remova com carga
A
14
13
B
17
16
15
14
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
C
18
Page 1-56
DSLC
Transformadores de Corrente Transformadores de Corrente
Gerador Gerador
Perigo:
Por motivo de risco de um choque
eltrico fatal, nunca desconecte eltrico fatal, nunca desconecte
nenhum cabo dos trasformadores de
corrente como gerador emoperao corrente com o gerador em operao,
somente faa isto aps curto circuitar o
TC e fazer a instalao temporria de TC e fazer a instalao temporria de
um resistor de 1 Ohm 5Watts.
Page 1-57
DSLC
Sadas Discretas
BREAKER CLOSE
Breaker Close Relay
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
18 - 40 VDC Discrete
Output Power Supply Input
+
+
-
-
21
20
19
VOLTAGE LOWER Voltage Lower Relay
VOLTAGE RAISE Voltage Raise Relay
BREAKER OPEN Breaker Open Relay
BREAKER CLOSE
Breaker Close Relay
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
24
23
22
21
ALARM AlarmRelay
LOW LIMIT Low Limit Relay
HIGH LIMIT High Limit Relay
LOAD SWITCH Load Switch Relay
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
26
27
28
25
ALARM Alarm Relay 28
FormA Relay FormB Relay F C R l Form A Relay Form B Relay Form C Relay
Page 1-58
DSLC
Sadas Discretas
Cada sada discreta isolada opticamente e designada como
de baixa capacidade, podendo suportar at 200 ma. de baixa capacidade, podendo suportar at 200 ma.
A utilizao de drivers permite aumentar a capacidade das
sadas para alimentar rels de maior capacidade.
As sadas discretas necessitam de aproximadamente 10 ma em
24 VCC de alimentao.
As sadas discretas devem ser alimentadas pela mesma fonte s sa das d sc etas de e se a e tadas pe a es a o te
do controle.
Cada sada discreta possui um diodo supressor para eliminar
os picos gerados quando a bobina desenergizada os picos gerados quando a bobina desenergizada.
Para uma melhor supresso de Interferncia Eletromagntica
(EMI), usar rels com seu prprio diodo supressor.
Page 1-59
DSLC
Rels do Disjuntor do Gerador
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE 18- 40VDC Discrete
-
-
19
BREAKER OPEN Breaker Open Relay
BREAKER CLOSE
Breaker Close Relay
18 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
18 40 VDC Discrete
Output Power Supply Input
+
+
-
-
22
21
20
19
HIGH LIMIT
LOAD SWITCH
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
26
25
24
23
ALARM
LOW LIMIT
HIGH LIMIT 26
27
28
Page 1-60
DSLC
Rels do Disjuntor do Gerador
Conectar o rel de fechamento do
disjuntor do gerador ao terminal 21.
Conectar o Rel de abertura do Conectar o Rel de abertura do
disjuntor do gerador ao terminal 22.
O rele de abertura do disjuntor
normal energizado, o mesmo
desernegizado para abrir o disjuntor.
Page 1-61
desernegizado para abrir o disjuntor.
DSLC
Rels de Ajuste de Tenso
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
18 - 40 VDC Discrete
Output Power Supply Input
+
+
-
-
20
19
VOLTAGE LOWER Voltage Lower Relay
VOLTAGE RAISE Voltage Raise Relay
BREAKER OPEN
BREAKER CLOSE
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
24
23
22
21
LOW LIMIT
HIGH LIMIT
LOAD SWITCH
O G O otage o e eay
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
26
27
25
24
ALARM 28
Page 1-62
DSLC
Rels de Ajuste de Tenso
Rels opcionais para ajuste de tenso
so conectados nas entradas do
Regulador de Tenso para aumentar ou g p
diminuir a tenso via contatos.
Page 1-63
DSLC
Rels de Gerenciamento de Rels de Gerenciamento de
Carga Carga
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
18 - 40 VDC Discrete
Output Power Supply Input
+
+
-
-
20
19
VOLTAGE RAISE
BREAKER OPEN
BREAKER CLOSE
+
23
22
21
20
LOW LIMIT Low Limit Relay
HIGH LIMIT High Limit Relay
LOAD SWITCH Load Switch or Reverse Power Relay
VOLTAGE LOWER
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
26
27
25
24
ALARM
y
27
28
Page 1-64
DSLC
Rels de Gerenciamento de Rels de Gerenciamento de
Carga Carga
O DSLC proporciona trs acionadores de rels para
seremconectados a rels fornecidos pelo cliente para serem conectados a rels fornecidos pelo cliente para
se fazer o gerenciamento de carga.
Estes acionadores incluem:
Uma chave para ajuste de set point de carga.
Se a chave de carga (terminal 25) est habilitada como trip por
potncia reversa, a chave de carga desabilitada. p g
Uma chave de limite mximo que pode ser selecionada
como uma chave de carga ou como um alarme indicador de
ter alcanado o limite mximo de carga. g
Uma chave de limite mnimo que pode ser selecionada
como uma chave de carga ou como um alarme indicador de
ter alcanado o limite mnimo de carga.
Page 1-65
ter alcanado o limite mnimo de carga.
DSLC
Rel de Alarme
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
18 - 40 VDC Discrete
Output Power Supply Input
+
+
-
-
20
19
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
BREAKER OPEN
BREAKER CLOSE
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
24
23
22
21
LOW LIMIT
HIGH LIMIT
LOAD SWITCH
VOLTAGE LOWER
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
26
27
25
24
ALARM Alarm Relay 28
Page 1-66
DSLC
R l d Al Rel de Alarme
O rel de alarme normal energizado O rel de alarme normal energizado.
As condies de alarme so selecionveis pelo
usurio atravs dos Menus.
Os alarmes disponveis no DSLC so:
SYNCHRONIZER TIMEOUT (Tempo para sincronizao
esgotado) esgotado)
SYNCHRONIZER RECLOSE LIMIT (Quando excede o nmero de
tentativas de sincronismo)
HIGH LOAD LIMIT (Limite de carga Mxima) HIGH LOAD LIMIT (Limite de carga Mxima)
LOW LOAD LIMIT (limite de carga Mnima)
HIGH PROCESS LIMIT (Limite Mximo de processo)
LOW PROCESS LIMIT (Limite Mnimo de processo)
VOLTAGE RANGE LIMIT (Limite do Range de Tenso)
LOWVOLTAGE LIMIT (Limite Mnimo de Tenso)
Page 1-67
LOW VOLTAGE LIMIT (Limite Mnimo de Tenso)
HIGH VOLTAGE LIMIT(Limite Mximo de Tenso)
DSLC
S d A l i R l d Sada Analgica para Regulador
Automtico de Tenso Automtico de Tenso
31
30
29 HI IMP
VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V
Automatic
LO IMP
COM 31
VOLTAGE
BIAS
INPUT
Automatic
Voltage
Regulator
COM
Page 1-68
DSLC
Sada Analgica para Regulador Sada Analgica para Regulador
Automtico de Tenso Automtico de Tenso
tima performance da regulagem de
tenso obtida quando o Regulador de
Tenso possui uma entrada auxiliar Tenso possui uma entrada auxiliar
(DC) para ajuste de tenso e esta
conectada ao DSLC conectada ao DSLC.
Um controle opcional do AVR
(Regulador de Tenso) feita atravs
de entradas discretas.
Page 1-69
DSLC
S d A l i Aj t d Sada Analgica para Ajuste de
Velocidade Velocidade
32 +
SPEED BIAS
Speed
Speed
33
32 SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
-
Speed
Bias
Input
Control
Page 1-70
DSLC
S d A l i Aj t d Sada Analgica para Ajuste de
Velocidade Velocidade
O DSLC possui as seguintes sadas O DSLC possui as seguintes sadas
para Reguladores: 3.0 VCC; 1-5 VCC;
0 5 4 5 VCC; and PWM Estas sadas 0.5 - 4.5 VCC; and PWM. Estas sadas
so selecionadas pelo P/N do DSLC.
Conecte a blindagem dos cabos Terra
somente do lado do Regulador. g
Page 1-71
DSLC
Entradas Discretas
Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
Check Mode
Synchronizer
Mode Select
Permissive Mode
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
45
44
43
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
CB AUX
RUN
Mode Select
Close Both For
VAR / PF Control
Run Mode
CB Aux Contact / Open For Droop
Raise Voltage
Lower Voltage 49
48
47
46
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
BASE LOAD
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
Close BothFor
Base Load
Load / Unload
Load Ramp Pause
Raise Load 53
52
51
50
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOAD LOWER
Close Both For
Remote Load References
Lower Load
Process Control 55
54
Page 1-72
DSLC
Entradas Discretas
As entradas discretas so comandadas por chaves
para o DSLC para o DSLC .
As entradas discretas so opticamente isoladas para
o controle e requer 10 mA em24 VCC cada para o controle e requer 10 mA em24 VCC cada para
serem ativadas.
A alimentao para as entradas discretas pode ser a A alimentao para as entradas discretas pode ser a
mesma alimentao do DSLC.
Todos os contatos usados nos circuitos discretos
devem ser do tipo contato seco isolado, uma vez que
estes circuitos trabalham com pequenas correntes
Page 1-73
DSLC
Seleo do Modo de Sincronismo
Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON ( ) 43
CB AUX
RUN
Check Mode
Synchronizer
Mode Select
Permissive Mode
Run Mode
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
47
46
45
44
43
LOAD / UNLOAD
BASE LOAD
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
CB AUX
51
50
49
48
47
LOAD LOWER
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
54
53
52
51
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
55
Page 1-74
DSLC
Seleo do Modo de Sincronismo
A chave de modo de sincronismo
controla o modo de operao do
sincronizador.
As quatro posies so: Desligado,
Teste Permissvel e Automtico Teste, Permissvel e Automtico.
Quando a chave est em Desligado o
Sincronizador est fora de operao.
Page 1-75
DSLC
Entrada do Contato Auxiliar do Entrada do Contato Auxiliar do
Disjuntor (CB AUX) Disjuntor (CB AUX)
Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
RUN
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
46
45
44
43
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18- 40 VDC (+)
CB AUX
RUN
Isoch / Droop Switch 49
48
47
46
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
BASE LOAD
APPLY 18 40 VDC ( )
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
CB Aux Contact
53
52
51
50
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOAD LOWER
55
54
Page 1-76
DSLC
Entrada do Contato Auxiliar do Entrada do Contato Auxiliar do
Disjuntor (CB AUX) Disjuntor (CB AUX)
Conecte o contato auxiliar do disjuntor (CB Aux.) de j ( )
tal maneira que este contato abra quando o disjuntor
esteja aberto e feche quando o disjuntor estiver
fechado.
Quando a operao iscrono e droop so requeridas,
t h i CB A conecte uma chave em srie com o CB Aux, para
que voc possa selecionar operao em droop ou
iscrona iscrona.
Page 1-77
DSLC
Chaves para Ajustes de Tenso Chaves para Ajustes de Tenso
do Gerador do Gerador
Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
45
44
43
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 40 VDC (+)
CB AUX
RUN
Close Both For
VAR / PF Control
Raise Voltage
Lower Voltage 49
48
47
46
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
BASE LOAD
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
53
52
51
50
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOAD LOWER
55
54
Page 1-78
DSLC
Chaves para Ajustes de Tenso Chaves para Ajustes de Tenso
do Gerador do Gerador
As chaves para ajustes de tenso do gerador so
utilizadas para umajuste de tenso manual e utilizadas para um ajuste de tenso manual e
acionam as sadas discretas de aumentar ou
diminuir tenso do DSLC ou acionam a sada
analgica diretamente para o Regulador de Tenso.
Fechando ambas as chaves de aumentar e diminuir
habilita a funo de controle de reativos/fator de
potncia (apenas nos DSLCs com funes completas
F ll F ti ) Full Functions).
Page 1-79
DSLC
Contatos para o Modo de Controle Contatos para o Modo de Controle
de Carga de Carga
Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
45
44
43
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 40 VDC ( )
CB AUX
RUN
CB Aux Contact / Open For Droop
49
48
47
46
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
BASE LOAD
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION Base Load
Load / Unload
53
52
51
50
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOAD LOWER
55
54
Page 1-80
DSLC
Contatos para o Modo de Controle Contatos para o Modo de Controle
de Carga de Carga
O modo de controle determinado pelo status dos
seguintes contatos de entrada: CB Aux (terminal 47) seguintes contatos de entrada: CB Aux (terminal 47),
Base de Carga (terminal 50) e Carga/Descarga
(terminal 51).
O status destes trs contatos de entrada determinam
os cinco modos de controle de carga a seguir:
Droop Droop
Diviso de Carga Iscrona (descarga at o nvel de trip)
Diviso de Carga Iscrona
Base de Carga (descarga at o nvel de trip)
Base de Carga (Sistema com Barramento Infinito)
Page 1-81
DSLC
Contato para Anular Rampa
Discrete Input Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON ( ) 43
RUN
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
46
45
44
43
BASE LOAD
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
CB AUX
50
49
48
47
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
BASE LOAD
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
Load Ramp Pause
53
52
51
50
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOAD LOWER
55
54
Page 1-82
DSLC
Contato para Anular Rampa
Quando este contato fechado,
qualquer rampa de carga/descarga
mantida em seu valor atual at que este q
contato novamente aberto.
Page 1-83
DSLC
Contato Aumentar/Diminuir Carga
Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-) 43
CB AUX
RUN
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
47
46
45
44
43
LOAD / UNLOAD
BASE LOAD
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
CB AUX
51
50
49
48
47
LOAD LOWER
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
Close Both For
Remote Load References
Raise Load
Lower Load 54
53
52
51
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
55
Page 1-84
DSLC
Contato Aumentar/Diminuir Carga
Conecte uma chave de duplo plo com zero
t l t i l 53 54 central aos terminals 53 e 54.
Se voc usar uma referncia remota, instale
uma outra chave de duplo plo para
simultaneamente selecionar (fechar) ambos
os contatos de aumentar/diminuir carga
Estes contatos so tambm utilizados para p
aumentar/diminuir velocidade manual, antes
do disjuntor estar fechado.
Page 1-85
j
DSLC
Contato Modo Controle de Contato Modo Controle de
Processo
Discrete Input
Processo
Discrete Input
Supply 18 - 40 Vdc
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-) 43
RUN
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
SC U CO O ( )
46
45
44
43
BASE LOAD
VOLTAGE LOWER
VOLTAGE RAISE
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
CB AUX
50
49
48
47
LOAD LOWER
LOAD RAISE
RAMP PAUSE
LOAD / UNLOAD
54
53
52
51
PROCESS CONTROL
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
LOAD LOWER
Process Control 55
54
Page 1-86
DSLC
Contato Modo Controle de Contato Modo Controle de
Processo Processo
Para uso somente nos DSLCs com
funes completas (Full Functions).
Quando este contato fechado junto Quando este contato fechado junto
com o CB Aux e o Carga/Descarga, a
carga controlada a umnvel carga controlada a um nvel
necessrio para manter o valor
requerido na entrada analgica para
controle de processo.
Page 1-87
p
DSLC
Entrada Referncia Remota Carga
34 REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
PLC
36
35
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
-
+
PLC
Page 1-88
DSLC
Entrada Referncia Remota Carga
Faa as ligaes do Trasmissor de
f i d t i i referncia de carga para os terminais
do DSLC.
Para trasmissores de 4-20 ma, um
jumper dever ser instalado entre os j p
terminais 34 e 35.
Para trasmissores de 1-5 VCC o Para trasmissores de 1 5 VCC, o
jumper no dever ser instalado.
Page 1-89
DSLC
Entrada Sinal de Processo
P
39
38
37
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
-
+
Process
Transducer
Page 1-90
DSLC
Entrada Sinal de Processo
Controle de Processo mantem um nvel de
KWno gerador determinado por umsinal de KWno gerador determinado por um sinal de
entrada externo de processo.
A entrada do sinal de processo gera umsinal A entrada do sinal de processo gera um sinal
de realimentao de 4-20 ma (proporcional
para a medio do processo) para o DSLC para a medio do processo) para o DSLC.
O DSLC varia a carga em KWno gerador
para manter a referncia do set point de para manter a referncia do set point de
processo quando operando no modo de
controle de processo.
Page 1-91
p
DSLC
Rede LonWorks
41
40
NETWORK
-
+
42
41
TERMINATION J PR
J umper
Page 1-92
DSLC
Rede LonWorks
Usar somente blindagem recomendada, cabo
d t d d L W k de par tranado para a rede LonWorks.
A rede tem de ser propriamente terminada
em cada final de cabo.
Em todos os DSLC, MSLC ou dispositivos da , p
Woodward compatveis com LonWorks
proporcionam uma terminao de rede com a p p
instalao de um jumper em cada final do
cabo de comunicao.
Page 1-93

DSLC
Conector para o Hand Held
DIAGNOSTICS AND
SERVICE PORT
(RS-422)
Page 1-94
DSLC
Conector para o Hand Held
O programador Manual (Hand Held
Programmer HHP) um pequeno
terminal de computador que p q
alimentado pelo DSLC.
Quando plugado ao DSLC o Quando plugado ao DSLC, o
programador Manual roda uma rotina
de diagnstico.
Page 1-95
DSLC
LEDs
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
Page 1-96
DSLC
LED LEDs
Quatro diodos Emissores de Luz (LED s) esto Quatro diodos Emissores de Luz (LED s) esto
disponveis para as seguintes indicaes:
SYNC ENABLE (Habilita sincronizao)
Ilumina quando a barra da rede e do gerador esto dentro da
janela do ngulo da fase ajustada. janela do ngulo da fase ajustada.
LOW LIMIT (Limites Mnimo)
Ilumina quando as entradas de carga, tenso ou processo
esto no limite mnimo pr-ajustado Selecionvel nos esto no limite mnimo pr ajustado. Selecionvel nos
Menu s.
HIGH LIMIT (Limites Mximo)
Ilumina quando as entradas de carga tenso ou processo Ilumina quando as entradas de carga, tenso ou processo
esto no limite mximo pr-ajustado. Selecionvel nos
menu s.
CPU OK
Page 1-97
CPU OK
Deve manter iluminado sempre que o DSLC estiver ligado.
DSLC
Section Four
- Hand Held Programmer (HHP) Hand Held Programmer (HHP)
- DSLC Menus 5,6,7,8,9,and 0
Page 1-98
DSLC
Handheld Display
M B k d
Four Line
Display
Toggles Between
Upper and Lower
Displays
Moves Backward
Through Menu.
Moves Forward
Through Menu
Synchroscope
Active Power (P)
1750 KW
180.0 Degrees
p y
Through Menu.
" Turtle" keys increase
or decrease the
displayed value slowly.
Each Number (0-9)
Selects The
Corresponding Menu.
" Rabbit" keys increase
or decrease the
displayed value quickly.
Indicates Buttons
N t U d
Displays DSLC Software
Part Number & Revision
Level.
Saves Entered Values
Blanks Display
Page 1-99
Not Used
Saves Entered Values
DSLC
Handheld Display
The Hand Held Programmer (HHP) is a small
computer terminal that gets its power fromthe DSLC computer terminal that gets its power from the DSLC
control.
The HHP screen features a four-line, back-lit LCD
display that lets you look at two separate functions or
menu items at the same time.
The DSLC control set points or adjustments are The DSLC control set points or adjustments are
arranged in ten menus. You access these menus with
the 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 0 (zero) keys.
Pressing the appropriate key selects and displays the
first item on each menu.
Page 1-100
DSLC
Menus 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, & 0
Menu 5 must be set-up before running the
DSLC DSLC.
Menu 5 - Configuration
Menu 6 - Calibration
Menu 7 - Generator Electrical Parameters
Menu 8 - Control Status Monitor
Menu 9 - Discrete Inputs and Outputs
Menu 0 - Diagnostics
Page 1-101
DSLC
Menu 5 - Configuration
Min. Max. Default Unit
Configuration Key 0 100 0
PT Winding Ratio 1:1 1000:1 1 0 : 1 PT Winding Ratio 1:1 1000:1 1.0 : 1
CT Winding Ratio 5:5 10000:5 5:5
PT Voltage 120 240 120 VAC g
Voltage Display V(L-L) V(L-N) V(L-N) V, KV
System Frequency 50 60 60 Hz.
P C t l A ti Di t I di t I di t Process Control Action Direct Indirect Indirect
Network Address 1 16 0 (unconfigured)
Network Service Pin Transmits unique IDcode to LON Network Service Pin Transmits unique ID code to LON
Revert Status Lock in Hardware Hardware
Last
N t D t Ti 5 50 5 S
Page 1-102
Net Dropout Time .5 50 5 Sec.
DSLC
Configuration Key
Min. Max. Default Unit
Configuration Key 0 100 0
Configuration Key is a security password needed to
adjust configuration menu set points.
Discrete input switches must be opened.
G t lt t b 40 lt Generator voltage must be <40 volts.
Must set "Configuration Key" value to 49 before
menu values can be changed menu values can be changed.
NOTE: Without the Configuration Key entered the menu
Page 1-103
NOTE: Without the Configuration Key entered the menu
items can be viewed (but not changed).
DSLC
PT Winding Ratio
Min. Max. Default Unit
PT Winding Ratio 1:1 1000:1 1.0 : 1
PT Wi di R ti i t t d t th t ti l PT Winding Ratio is set to correspond to the potential
transformer winding ratio.
NOTE: Bus and generator potential transformers must be
the same ratio.
Example:
480 Vac L L or
Example:
120 Vac L N 480 Vac L-L or
277 Vac L-N
from generator
120 Vac L-N
to Control
Page 1-104
DSLC
CT Winding Ratio
Min. Max. Default Unit
CT Winding Ratio 5:5 10000:5 5:5
CT Rating is set to correspond to the current transformer
ratio. The CT senses the generator current (load) and is
si ed to gi e the DSLC 5 0 amps at f ll load
Current
sized to give the DSLC 5.0 amps at full load.
Power Lead
From Generator
To Load
From Generator
C.T.
Page 1-105
C.T.
DSLC
Voltage and Frequency Configuration
Min. Max. Default Unit
PT Voltage 120 240 120 VAC
Voltage Display V(L-L) V(L-N) V(L-N) V, KV
System Frequency 50 60 60 Hz.
PT V lt I t ifi h th th 120 240 PT PT Voltage Input specifies whether the 120 or 240 PT
voltage inputs are used.
Voltage Display specifies whether voltages are Voltage Display specifies whether voltages are
displayed on the Hand Held Programmer as volts line-to-
neutral, volts line-to-line. Kilovolts line-to-neutral, or
kilovolts line-to-line on systems of greater then 33,000 V.
System Frequency is set to nominal system operating
f (50/60 H )
Page 1-106
frequency (50/60 Hz).
DSLC
Process Control Action
Min. Max. Default Unit
Process Control Action Direct Indirect Indirect
Process Control Action specifies if the process
variable is direct or indirect acting.
If the process ariable increases hen generator load If the process variable increases when generator load
increases, the action is direct.
If the process variable decreases when generator load If the process variable decreases when generator load
increases, the action is indirect.
Page 1-107
DSLC
Network Address
Min. Max. Default Unit
Network Address 1 16 0 (unconfigured)
Network Address is a unique address (1 to 16) for each
DSLC and MSLC in a system.
After setting the net ork address press the SAVEke After setting the network address, press the SAVE key
to put the new address into effect.
Page 1-108
DSLC
Network Service Pin
Min. Max. Default Unit
Network Service Pin Transmits unique ID code to LON
Network Service Pin causes a unique identification
code to be transmitted on the network.
This is sed for net ork management in s stems This is used for network management in systems
containing other network devices than DSLC controls.
An example is when a DSLC / MSLC / 723 Plus system An example is when a DSLC / MSLC / 723 Plus system
is being bound together. The Network Service Pin is
used to identify each item on the LON.
Page 1-109
DSLC
Revert Status
Min. Max. Default Unit
Revert Status Lock in Hardware Hardware
Last
Revert Status is a method of specifying which control
mode will have control of the DSLC in case the LON mode will have control of the DSLC in case the LON
failure.
If Lock In Last is selected, the DSLC will hold all values, , ,
and control will continue.
If Hardware is selected, the DSLC will revert back to the
Di t I t t l d l ti Discrete Input control mode selections.
Page 1-110
DSLC
Net Dropout Time
Min. Max. Default Unit
Net Dropout Time .5 50 5 Sec.
Net Dropout Time is the the time allowed before a
network failed condition is detected.
At the time of detection, the Revert Status is then
initiated (Lock-in-Last or Hardware).
Page 1-111
DSLC
Menu 6 - Calibration
Min. Max. Default Unit
Calibration Key 0 100 0
Process Input 0 22 n/a mA Process Input 0 22 n/a mA
Remote Input 0 22 n/a mA
Speed Bias Output -100 +100 n/a %
Voltage Bias Output -100 +100 n/a % Voltage Bias Output 100 100 n/a %
PT Phase A 0 300*PT Ratio n/a V, KV
PT Phase B 0 300*PT Ratio n/a V, KV
PT Phase C 0 300*PT Ratio n/a V, KV PT Phase C 0 300 PT Ratio n/a V, KV
CT Phase A 0 7*CT Rating n/a Amps
CT Phase B 0 7*CT Rating n/a Amps
CT Phase C 0 7*CT Rating n/a Amps CT Phase C 0 7 CT Rating n/a Amps
Bus Voltage* 0 300*PT Ratio n/a V, KV
Synchroscope* -57.3 +57.3 n/a degrees
Command Input Hardware Network Hardware
Page 1-112
Command Input Hardware Network Hardware
NOTE: These menu items are normally not used unless the bus and generator PT configurations are different (Wye
and Delta). Bus voltage and Synchroscope phase angle will have to be adjusted due to a 30 degrees phase shift.
DSLC
Calibration Key
Min. Max. Default Unit
Calibration Key 0 100 0
Calibration Key is a security password needed to
adjust the calibration menu set points.
Calibration should be done using calibrated reference
meters.
M t t C lib ti K " l t 49 b f Must set Calibration Key" value to 49 before menu
values can be changed.
Page 1-113
DSLC
Calibration Procedure
This Calibration Procedure is used to calibrate the DSLC and This Calibration Procedure is used to calibrate the DSLC and
compensate for component tolerances .
This procedure will bias the DSLC equation to compensate for
less then realistic PT &CT Ratings less then realistic PT & CT Ratings.
Adjust the HHP to view PT Phase A (Menu 6) on the top line
and Phase A Voltage (Menu 7) on the bottom line.
Monitor the actual A phase generator voltage with a
calibrated voltmeter or existing voltmeters.
Adjust PT Phase A (Menu 6) with the adjust keys until
Phase A Voltage (Menu 7) matches the voltmeter. g ( )
Repeat this procedure for calibration of the rest of the menu
items, Phase B, C Voltage, PhaseA,B,C Current, Process
Page 1-114
items, Phase B, C Voltage, Phase A,B,C Current, Process
Input, Remote Input, Speed Bias Output and Voltage Bias
Output.
DSLC
Command Input
Min. Max. Default Unit
Command Input Hardware Network Hardware
Command Input is a tunable used to select between
using the Discrete Inputs and the LON for selecting the
DSLC mode of operation.
Page 1-115
DSLC
Menu 7 - Generator Electrical Parameters
The items in Menu 7 are used to
monitor the generator electrical
parameters. p
Page 1-116
DSLC
Menu 7 - Generator Electrical Parameters
Name Min. Max. Unit Name Min. Max. Unit
Active Power (P) -30000 +30000 W, KW, MW
Apparent Power (S) -30000 +30000 KVA
Reactive Power (Q) 3000 (abs.) 3000 (gen.) KVAR
P F t (PF) 0 0 L di 0 0 L i Power Factor (PF) 0.0 Leading 0.0 Lagging
Phase A Volts 40 * PT Ratio 300 * PT Ratio Volts, KV
Phase A Amperes 0 7* CT Rating Amperes
Phase A PF 0.0 Leading 0.0 Lagging g gg g
Phase B Volts 40 * PT Ratio 300 * PT Ratio Volts, KV
Phase B Amperes 0 7* CT Rating Amperes
Phase B PF 0.0 Leading 0.0 Lagging
Ph C V lt 40 * PT R ti 300 * PT R ti V lt KV Phase C Volts 40 * PT Ratio 300 * PT Ratio Volts, KV
Phase C Amperes 0 7* CT Rating Amperes
Phase C PF 0.0 Leading 0.0 Lagging
Gen Frequency 0 66 Hertz q y
Bus Frequency 0 66 Hertz
Bus Voltage 40 * PT Ratio 300 * PT Ratio Volts, KV
Synchroscope -180 +180 Degrees
SlipFrequency 1 0 Slow +5 0 Fast Hertz
Page 1-117
Slip Frequency -1.0 Slow +5.0 Fast Hertz
System Load -100 +120 %
System PF 0.0 Leading 0.0 Lagging
DSLC
Menu 8 - Control Status Monitor
The items in Menu 8 are used to
monitor the control and alarm status of
the DSLC.
Page 1-118
DSLC
Menu 8 - Control Status Monitor
Name Value
Synchronizer Mode Off, Auto Off, Permissive, Check, Run, Sync Timer,
Synchronized
Load Control Mode Droop, At Unload Trip, Base Load Ramp, Base Load, Base Load Control Mode Droop, At Unload Trip, Base Load Ramp, Base Load, Base
Load Lower, Base Load Raise, Remote Ramp, Remote,
Unload Parallel, Parallel Ramp, Parallel, Unload Ramp,
Process Ramp, Process Master, Process Lower, Process
Raise
Load Reference Current Load Reference, Load Low Limit PU, Load High Limit
PU
Process Reference Current Process Reference, Load Low Limit PU, Load High
Limit PU Limit PU
Synchronizer Timeout Alarm On, Alarm Off
Sync Re-Close Limit Alarm On, Alarm Off
High Load Limit Alarm On, Alarm Off
Low Load Limit Alarm On, Alarm Off
High Process Limit Alarm On, Alarm Off
Low Process Limit Alarm On, Alarm Off
High Voltage Limit Alarm On, Alarm Off
Page 1-119
g g ,
Low Voltage Limit Alarm On, Alarm Off
Voltage Range Limit Alarm On, Alarm Off
DSLC
Menu 9 - Discrete Inputs / Outputs
The items in Menu 9 are used to
monitor the status of the Discrete Inputs
and control the status of the Discrete
Outputs of the DSLC.
Page 1-120
DSLC
Menu 9 - Discrete Inputs / Outputs
Name Value
Check Switch Open / Closed
Permissive Switch Open / Closed Permissive Switch Open / Closed
Run Switch Open / Closed
CB Aux Switch Open / Closed p
Raise Voltage Switch Open / Closed
Lower Voltage Switch Open / Closed
B L d S it h O / Cl d Base Load Switch Open / Closed
Load / Unload Switch Open / Closed
Ramp Pause Switch Open / Closed Ramp Pause Switch Open / Closed
Raise Load Switch Open / Closed
Lower Load Switch Open / Closed
P C t l S it h O / Cl d
Page 1-121
Process Control Switch Open / Closed
DSLC
Menu 9 - Discrete Inputs / Outputs
Name Value
Test Key * 0 - 100
Breaker Close Relay Energized / De-Energized
B k O R l E i d / D E i d Breaker Open Relay Energized / De-Energized
Voltage Raise Relay Energized / De-Energized
Voltage Lower Relay Energized / De-Energized
High Limit Relay Energized/ De Energized High Limit Relay Energized / De-Energized
Low Limit Relay Energized / De-Energized
Load Switch Relay Energized / De-Energized
AlarmRelay Energized / De-Energized Alarm Relay Energized / De Energized
Sync Enable LED On / Off
High Limit LED On / Off
Low Limit LED On / Off
CPU OK LED ON
* Note: The value indicates the indicated state of the relay!
Page 1-122
* Setting the Test Key to 49 allows the Discrete Outputs to be toggled for approximately one
second, provided all discrete inputs are open and the generator and bus voltage is < 40 VAC.
DSLC
Testing The Discrete Outputs
Make sure when testing the Breaker Close Discrete
Output that the generator breaker is Racked or Locked Output, that the generator breaker is Racked or Locked
out!
DANGEROUS CONSEQUENCES CAN OCCUR!
Page 1-123
DANGEROUS CONSEQUENCES CAN OCCUR!
DSLC
Menu 0 - Diagnostics
N Mi V l M V l Name Min Value Max Value
Diagnostic Result 49 Any Other Value
Indicates a CPU
Problem
ROM Check Sum ? Result of Check Sum
Test. An error free Test . An error free
control will give the same
number each time.
Active DSLCs 1 16 Active DSLC s 1 16
NOTE: Refer to DSLC Manual for the Definition of the
remainder of the diagnostic menu items in menu 0.
Page 1-124
DSLC
Menu 0 - Diagnostics
Name
Diagnostic Result
ROM Check Sum
A ti DSLC'
Min. Value
1
Max. Value
16 Active DSLC's
Retrieve Net Status
Transmit Errors
Transaction Timeouts
RcvTransaction Full
1
Press "." Key/Status Retrieved
0
0
0
16
65535
65535
65535 Rcv Transaction Full
Lost Messages
Missed Messages
Last Reset Cause
0
0
0
Power Up, Ext, Watchdog,
Software, Cleared/Unknown
R t
65535
65535
65535
Network State
Resets
No Appl, Unconfigured/Appl,
Unconfigured/Configured, Off
Line/Soft Offline/Bypass
Offline/Configured, On-
Network Error Log
Net Interface Errors
A/D Errors
Network Loop
g ,
Line/Unknown
See Manual
0
0
True/False
65535
65535
Page 1-125
Network Loop
Hardware Loop
DI Commands
True/False
True/False
Hardware/Software
DSLC
Section Five
- Digital Synchronizer Digital Synchronizer
- Menu 1
Page 1-126
DSLC
Synchronization Introduction
Page 1-127
DSLC
Synchronization Introduction
This section describes how generator and
b t hi d h ll diti bus matching occurs and how all conditions
are verified by the synchronizer functions.
Synchronization is the matching of the output
voltage wave form of one synchronous
alternating current electrical generator with
the voltage wave form of another alternating
current electrical system.
Page 1-128
DSLC
Five Conditions For Synchronizing
For the two systems to be synchronized and connected in
parallel, five conditions must be considered: parallel, five conditions must be considered:
The number of phases in each system.
The direction of rotation of the phases.
Th lt lit d f th t t The voltage amplitudes of the two systems.
The frequencies of the two systems.
The phase angle of the voltage of the two systems.
The first two conditions are determined when the equipment is
specified, installed, and wired.
The synchronizer matches the remaining conditions (voltage The synchronizer matches the remaining conditions (voltage,
frequency, and phase) before the paralleling breakers are
closed.
Page 1-129
DSLC
Five Conditions For Synchronization
G t
A
A
Generator
Breaker
B
B
C C
Generator
Utility
BUS
Generator
Breaker
A A
B
B
Generator Generator
C C
Page 1-130
The number of phases - must be the same.
DSLC
Five Conditions For Synchronization
A B
R
o
tat
i o
n
A B C
A B
A B
A C B
CC
R
o
tat
i o
n
Direction of rotation must be the same
Page 1-131
Direction of rotation - must be the same.
DSLC
Five Conditions for Synchronization
Generator #1 Generator #1
Generator #2
V lt lit d h ld b th l l t h d Voltage amplitudes - should be the closely matched.
Page 1-132
DSLC
Five Conditions For Synchronization
Bus Generator Bus Generator
Frequencies - should be closely matched Frequencies - should be closely matched.
Page 1-133
DSLC
Five Conditions For Synchronization
Phase angle - must be closely matched Phase angle - must be closely matched.
Page 1-134
DSLC
Synchronizer Features
Four operating modes.
Off Off
Check
Permissive
Run
Voltage matching.
Phase matching synchronizing Phase matching synchronizing.
Slip frequency synchronizing.
Synch-Check function Synch-Check function.
Multiple shot re-closing.
Dead bus closing
Page 1-135
Dead bus closing.
DSLC
Synchronizer Operating Modes
The synchronizer has four operating modes:
Off Mode: The synchronizer is out of operation Off Mode: The synchronizer is out of operation.
Run Mode: Allows for normal synchronizer operation and
breaker closure signal (Lowest Priority).
Check Mode: Allows normal synchronizing and voltage
matching, but does not issue a breaker closure signal
(Highest Priority) (Highest Priority).
Permissive Mode: Enables the sync-check function for
proper synchronization, but does not affect the engine's
d t lt If h f d lt speed or generator voltage. If phase, frequency, and voltage
are within proper limits, a breaker closure command is
issued.
Page 1-136
DSLC
Synch-Check Function
The Synch-Check function determines when all of the
conditions for proper synchronization are satisfied that the conditions for proper synchronization are satisfied that the
breaker closure relay is energized.
To minimize transients, the breaker must be closed when the
phase difference between the generator and bus is near zero phase difference between the generator and bus is near zero.
Due to relay delay the synchronizer must initiate the breaker
closing ahead of the zero phase point.
The DSLC uses slip frequency and the specified breaker delay
to predict breaker closure.
When all conditions of voltage and phase are met then the When all conditions of voltage and phase are met, then the
breaker closure command is given.
Page 1-137
DSLC
Menu 1 - Synchronizer
Min. Max. Default Unit
Sync Gain 0.01 100.0 0.1
Sync Stability 0.00 20.0 1.00 Seconds
Sli F R f 0 00 25 0 05 H t Slip Frequency Ref 0.00 .25 0.05 Hertz
Slip Window 0.00 1.00 0.05 Hertz
Max Phase Window 2 20 10 Degrees
Voltage Matching Enabled/ Disabled Enabled Voltage Matching Enabled / Disabled Enabled
Voltage Window 0.0 10.0 1.0 %
Dead Bus Closure Enabled / Disabled Disabled
Breaker Delay 0.00 2.00 0.10 Seconds Breaker Delay 0.00 2.00 0.10 Seconds
CB Close Hold Time 0.00 2.00 0.10 Seconds
Close Attempts 1 20 1
Re-close Delay 1 1000 20 Seconds
Sync Re-close Alarm Enabled / Disabled Enabled
Sync Timeout 0 1000 0 Seconds
Sync Timeout Alarm Enabled / Disabled Disabled
A t R S h i ti E bl d/ Di bl d Di bl d
Page 1-138
Auto Re-Synchronization Enabled / Disabled Disabled
DSLC
Synchronizer Dynamics
Min. Max. Default Unit
Sync Gain 0.01 100.0 0.1
Sync Stability 0 00 20 00 1 00 sec Sync Stability 0.00 20.00 1.00 sec.
Gain and Stability adjustments to the PI (Proportional, Integral)
controller are provided for stable operation controller are provided for stable operation.
Sync Gain determines how fast the synchronizer responds to an
error in speed or phase. Adjust gain to provide stable control during
synchronizing. Lower value to slow response.
Sync Stability compensates for delay in the synchronizer control
loop Prevents lowfrequency hunting and damping (overshoot or loop. Prevents low frequency hunting and damping (overshoot or
undershoot) when the synchronizer is enabled or a speed transient
occurs during synchronizing.
Page 1-139
DSLC
Phase Matching Synchronizing
Min. Max. Default Unit
Slip Frequency Ref 0.00 0.25 0.05 Hertz
The phase matching synchronizing mode corrects the
frequency and phase of the generator to lock and match
it to the bus frequency and phase it to the bus frequency and phase.
Phase matching synchronizing is selected when the Slip
Frequency Reference set point is set to zero Hz.
The microprocessor derives the difference in phase of
the generator and bus "A" phase voltage signals.
Th DSLC ill d d bi i l t th d The DSLC will send a speed bias signal to the speed
control, increasing or decreasing the engine speed to
match that of the bus.
Page 1-140
atc t at o t e bus
DSLC
Slip Frequency Synchronizing
Min. Max. Default Unit
Slip Frequency Ref 0.00 0.25 0.05 Hertz
The slip frequency synchronizing function is enabled
when the slip frequency set point is set to a non-zero
value. Slip Frequency Ref > 0.00
It is often desirable for the oncoming generator speed to
b li htl hi h th th b h th t be slightly higher than the bus when the generator
breaker is closed. This assures that power immediately
flows out to the systemas the DSLC ramps to the "AT flows out to the system as the DSLC ramps to the AT
UNLOAD" level.
The synchronizer will control the generator speed at the
Page 1-141
The synchronizer will control the generator speed at the
specified slip frequency.
DSLC
Slip Window
Min. Max. Default Unit
Slip Window 0.00 1.00 0.05 Hertz
Slip Window is the maximum allowed deviation in slip
(+ or -) from the Slip Frequency Reference when
initiating breaker closure initiating breaker closure.
Generator Freq. = Bus Freq. + Slip Freq. Ref. +/- Slip
Window Window
Generator Freq. = 60.0 + 0.0 +\- 0.10
Generator Freq. = 59.9 to 60.1 Hertz q
Note: To assure breaker closure Slip Window should not be
set to zero. Poorer controlling applications (i.e. Lean
Page 1-142
Burn gas engine, Landfill Gas) may require a larger
value.
DSLC
Max Phase Window
Min. Max. Default Unit
Max Phase Window 2 20 10 Degrees
Max Phase Window is the maximum allowable electrical
phase angle (+ or -) between the bus and generator
phase angle when the DSLC initiates a breaker closure
command.
-90
o
+90
o
Page 1-143
180
o
DSLC
Voltage Matching
Min. Max. Default Unit
Voltage Matching Enabled/Disabled Enabled
The voltages of the generators in parallel must be matched, within a small percentage,
to minimize the reactive power flow in the system.
If two synchronous generators of unequal voltages are paralleled, the combined
oltage ill ha e a al e different fromthe oltage generated b either of the voltage will have a value different from the voltage generated by either of the
generators. The difference in voltages results in reactive currents flowing in the
system.
If a synchronous generator is paralleled to the utility and the generator voltage is lower If a synchronous generator is paralleled to the utility and the generator voltage is lower
than the bus voltage, reactive power will be drawn from the bus and used to excite the
generator to the higher bus voltage. The power flow could motorize the generator.
A phase voltage of the Generator and Bus are sent to the sample and hold circuits of
the A/D (analog to digital) converters. The microprocessor then computes the RMS
values of the voltages and issues raise/lower commands to the voltage regulator.
The generator voltage is brought to within the specified window above the bus voltage.
Thi t th t ti ill fl t f th t ti ibl
Page 1-144
This guarantees that reactive power will flow out of the generator, preventing possible
reverse power trips.
DSLC
Voltage window
Min. Max. Default Unit
Voltage Window 0.0 10.0 1.0 %
Voltage Window is the maximum allowable percent the generator
voltage may exceed the bus voltage for the DSLC to initiate a breaker
closure command closure command.
Generator voltage may not be less then the bus voltage.
Page 1-145
DSLC
Dead-Bus Closure
Min. Max. Default Unit
Dead Bus Closure Enabled / Disabled Disabled
If Dead Bus Closure is enabled and a dead bus is detected, the
synchronizer will attempt to get an exclusive lock on permission to issue a
breaker closure command. A dead bus condition is considered to be less
than 40 Volts P T inputs and Generator Breaker open than 40 Volts P.T. inputs and Generator Breaker open.
This will prevent two or more units from closing their breakers at the same
time.
In the event two or more units attempt to get the lock simultaneously the In the event two or more units attempt to get the lock simultaneously, the
unit with the lowest assigned network address will receive the lock.
When all units have replied verifying that they also indicate a dead bus and
do not hold a lock, the requesting unit will attempt to close its breaker. , q g p
The lock is released after issuing a breaker closure command, thus allowing
any other unit to get the lock if the breaker fails to close.
Page 1-146
DSLC
Breaker Delay
Min. Max. Default Unit
Breaker Delay 0.00 2.00 0.10 Sec.
Breaker Delay specifies the time required for the circuit breaker
blades to engage after receiving a breaker closure command. Set to
0 when in Phase Match synchronizing 0, when in Phase Match synchronizing.
In Slip Frequency mode, the DSLC will calculate the Breaker Delay
in an attempt to have the breaker closed at 12:00.
0
o
p
Breaker Delay information is obtained from the breaker manufacture.
-90
o
+90
o
Page 1-147
180
o
DSLC
CB Close Hold Time
Min. Max. Default Unit
CB Close Hold Time 0.00 2.00 0.10 Sec.
CB Close Hold Time specifies the maximum elapsed time the
DSLC will maintain the breaker closure relay driver output
(energized).
Failure to receive the CB Aux contact signal during this interval
results in a failed close attempt.
The breaker closure relay driver returns high (de-energized) when y g ( g )
the CB Aux contact signal is received, the specified time expires,
the generator is out of the phase window, the generator exceeds the
slip window, or the generator voltage exceeds the voltage window (if g g g (
voltage matching is enabled).
Speed and voltage bias outputs are maintained for the entire time
the breaker close signal is active.
Page 1-148
g
DSLC
Close Attempts / Re-Close Alarm
Min. Max. Default Unit
Close Attempts 1 20 1
Sync Re closeAlarm Enabled / Disabled Enabled
Close Attempts is the number of attempts the DSLC will
make to close the breaker
Sync Re-close Alarm Enabled / Disabled Enabled
make to close the breaker.
This number should be set to two or more!
The Sync Re-close Alarm (if enabled) will be activated y ( )
and the DSLC will enter the auto-off mode if the breaker
fails to close in the specified number of tries.
Th h i d t b t t th ff d t The synchronizer mode must be set to the off mode to
clear the current close count and the alarm.
Set Close Attempts to one if operating in droop
Page 1-149
Set Close Attempts to one if operating in droop.
DSLC
Re-Close Delay
Min. Max. Default Unit
Re-Close Delay 1 1000 20 Sec.
Re-Close Delay is the number of seconds between
attempts to close the circuit breaker.
If the CB Aux contact remains closed for one reclose If the CB Aux contact remains closed for one reclose
delay interval, synchronization is assumed to have
occurred.
If the CB Aux contact opens during the reclose delay
interval, it is considered a failed closed attempt.
Th DSLC t l ill i i th l t d ti The DSLC control will remain in the selected operating
mode (Run, Check or Permissive) during the Reclose
Delay interval.
Page 1-150
Delay interval.
DSLC
Synch Timeout / Timeout Alarm
Min. Max. Default Unit
Sync Timeout 0 1000 0 Sec.
Sync TimeoutAlarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Sync Timeout is the interval over which the DSLC will attempt to
get synchronization.
Sync Timeout Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
get synchronization.
A value of 0 seconds disables the Sync Timeout function.
The interval begins when generator voltage is detected (generator A
phase voltage above 40 V L L) and either the Run or Permissive phase voltage above 40 V L-L) and either the Run or Permissive
mode select input is activated.
Failure to get a CB Aux contact closure within the specified time will
result in a Synch Timeout Alarm result in a Synch Timeout Alarm.
The DSLC synchronizer mode must be set to Off mode to clear the
interval timer and alarm.
Page 1-151
DSLC
Auto Re-Synchronize
Min. Max. Default Unit
Auto Re-Synchronize Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Auto Re-Synchronize enables or disables the synchronizer
function after achieving Synchronization. (Synchronization is
assumed to have been achieved if one Reclose Delay time interval y
passes with the CB Aux contact closed).
If enabled, the DSLC will automatically restart in the selected
synchronizer operating mode when synchronization is lost as synchronizer operating mode when synchronization is lost, as
indicated when the CB Aux contact opens.
On restart, the Sync Time-out timer and Close Attempts count are
reset to their specified values.
If disabled, the DSLC synchronizer mode must be set to the Off
mode and then back to the desired operating mode to resume
Page 1-152
mode and then back to the desired operating mode to resume
operation.
DSLC
Synchronizer Timing Diagrams
Page 1-153
DSLC
Synchronizer Timing Diagrams
Scenario #1 - Successful Synchronization -
B k Cl d O Breaker Closes and Opens
This scenario shows the timing diagram of a
f l t h i ti (b k successful generator synchronization (breaker
close) and Breaker Open.
Page 1-154
DSLC
Synchronizer Timing Diagrams
Page 1-155
DSLC
Synchronizer Timing Diagrams
Scenario #2 - Unsuccessful Synchronization -
N B k Cl No Breaker Closure.
This scenario shows the timing diagram of an
f l t h i ti ( unsuccessful generator synchronization (no
breaker closure).
Page 1-156
DSLC
Synchronizer Timing Diagrams
Page 1-157
DSLC
Synchronizer Timing Diagrams
Scenario #3 - Successful Synchronization -
M t B k Cl Momentary Breaker Closure.
This scenario shows the timing diagram of a
f l t h i ti ( t successful generator synchronization (momentary
breaker closure).
Page 1-158
DSLC
Section Six
- Load Control Load Control
- Menu 2
Page 1-159
DSLC
Menu 2 - Load Control
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Control Gain 0.0001 100.0 0.5001
Load Stability 0.00 20.00 1.00 Seconds
L d D i ti 0 00 20 00 0 00 S d Load Derivative 0.00 20.00 0.00 Seconds
Load Control Mode Integrating/Proportional Proportional
Load Control Filter 0.1 10.0 1.0 Hertz
Loadshare Gain 0 10 2 00 0 72 Loadshare Gain 0.10 2.00 0.72
Frequency Trimmer Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Rated Load 0 30000 1000 kW
Base Load 0 30000 1000 kW Base Load 0 30000 1000 kW
Unload Trip 0 30000 0 kW
Load Droop 0.0 100 5.0 %
Load Time 1 7200 20 Seconds
Unload Time 1 7200 20 Seconds
Raise Load Rate 0.01 100.00 1.00 %/Sec
Lower Load Rate 0.01 100.00 1.00 %/Sec
4mA Remote Load 0 30000 0 W kW MW
Page 1-160
4mA Remote Load 0 30000 0 W, kW, MW
20mA Remote Load 0 30000 1000 W, kW, MW
DSLC
Menu 2 - Load Control (cont.)
Min. Max. Default Unit
High Limit PU 0 30000 1000 W, kW, MW
High Limit DO 0 30000 900 W, kW, MW
Hi h Li it Al E bl d/Di bl d Di bl d High Limit Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Low Limit PU 0 30000 10 W, kW, MW
Low Limit DO 0 30000 10 W, kW, MW
LowLimit Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled Low Limit Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Load Limit Switches Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Load Switch PU 0 30000 300 W, kW, MW
Load Switch DO 0 30000 200 W, kW, MW Load Switch DO 0 30000 200 W, kW, MW
Reverse Power Trip Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Instant Reverse Power -50.0 -1.0 -10.0 % Load
Rev Pwr Time Delay 0.1 20.0 20.0 Seconds
Reverse Pwr Level -50.0 -1.0 -1.0 % Load
Page 1-161
DSLC
Load Control Dynamics
Load
Feedback
Load
Reference
Speed Bias
Output
PID
Generator
Load
Page 1-162
DSLC
Load Control Dynamics
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Control Gain 0.0001 100.0 0.500
Load Control Gain determines how fast the load
control responds to a load error and to provide stable
load control.
For integrating load control mode, use 0.5 as the initial
l d t l i load control gain.
In proportional load control mode, use 0.5001 as the
initial setting Use 2 0 for ADEMcontrol initial setting. Use 2.0 for ADEM control.
In proportional load control mode, the load control gain
is the gain setting used in base load mode and during
Page 1-163
is the gain setting used in base load mode and during
load control ramp time.
DSLC
Load Control Dynamics
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Stability 0.00 20.00 1.00 Seconds
Load Stability compensates for lags in the load control
loop.
It prevents slow hunting and controls damping
(overshoot or undershoot) after a load disturbance.
* Thi dj t t i i ff t l i th i t ti * This adjustment is in effect only in the integrating
load control mode.
Page 1-164
DSLC
Load Control Dynamics
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Derivative 0.00 20.00 0.00 Seconds
Load Derivative adjusts the rate of change in speed
bias output during a load transient.
* This adjustment is in effect only in the integrating
load control mode.
Page 1-165
DSLC
Load Control Mode
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Control Mode Int. / Prop. Proportional
Proportional Load Control - provides smooth, stable control of
load for operation in parallel or base-loaded with frequency-stable
systems systems.
In Proportional Load Control Mode, and base-loaded to the utility
grid, a shift in bus frequency will result in a shift in load.
This adjustment will not affect units in Parallel (Isochronous Load
Sharing Mode).
Proportional
Feedback
Load
Reference
Speed Bias
Page 1-166
Generator
Load
Output
DSLC
Load Control Mode
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Control Mode Int. / Prop. Proportional
Integral Load Control - provides accurate load control when in
parallel or base-loaded with a bus where the frequency may vary.
An integrating load control will control the true KWset-point of the An integrating load control will control the true KW set point of the
unit when in parallel or base-loaded to the utility grid.
Proportional, Integral
and Derivative
Feedback
Load
Reference
Speed Bias
Output
Page 1-167
Generator
Load
DSLC
Load Control Filter
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Control Filter 0.1 10.0 1.0 Hertz
Load Control Filter - adjusts the bandwidth of the filter on the load controller input.
Higher frequency settings than default result in faster control response, but also
more response to system noise.
L f tti lt i l t l d l t Lower frequency settings result in slower control response and less response to
noise.
In power systems experiencing rapid fluctuations in power (such as digester gas fuel
systems) reducing the Load Control Filter set point will reduce control sensitivity to systems), reducing the Load Control Filter set point will reduce control sensitivity to
the fluctuations, but more stable, performance can be obtained.
0
dB
-20
dB
Page 1-168
Filter Cutoff
10 Hz 0
-40
DSLC
Loadshare Gain
Min. Max. Default Unit
Loadshare Gain 0.1 2.0 0.72
Loadshare Gain - adjusts ratio of speed bias output voltage to load
error in isochronous load sharing control mode.
Do not change fromthe specified default value unless necessary to Do not change from the specified default value unless necessary to
get load sharing system stability.
If a unit picks up load too quickly compared to the system, as may
occur on a small, fast prime mover operating with a large slower
one, reduce the gain setting.
Conversely, if the unit is too slow, increase the gain. Conversely, if the unit is too slow, increase the gain.
If the initial value of 0.72 is unstable, decrease the value towards
0.2. The ADEM controls set point is normally 0.2.
* Thi dj t t i t d l it th t i
Page 1-169
* This adjustment is tuned only on units that are running
isochronous load sharing (parallel) on an isolated bus.
DSLC
Frequency Trimmer
Min. Max. Default Unit
Frequency Trimmer Enabled / Disabled Disabled
Frequency Trimmer - enables or disables the Isochronous load sharing
mode speed trim function.
When disabled, bus frequency in a load sharing system will be determined q y g y
by the average of the speed settings on all units.
When enabled, the DSLC control compensates slowly for small speed
setting errors between generator sets to maintain the specified bus setting errors between generator sets to maintain the specified bus
frequency set in Menu 5, step 6, within 0.1%.
Page 1-170
DSLC
Load Set Points
Min. Max. Default Unit
Rated Load 0 30000 1000 kW
Base Load 0 30000 1000 kW Base Load 0 30000 1000 kW
Unload Trip 0 30000 0 kW
Rated Load - Is the 100 %load
Example loads of a
Rated Load - Is the 100 % load
rating of the generator.
Base Load - Is the default base
Example loads of a
1 MW Generator
1000 kW Rated Load
Base Load
load operating mode reference.
Unload Trip - is the kW load
level where the breaker open
950 kW
Base Load
level where the breaker open
command is given when the
generator is automatically
Page 1-171
unloaded by opening the
Load/Unload switch. 50 kW Unload Trip
DSLC
Load Droop
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Droop 0.0 100 5.0 %
Load Droop - is the load droop operation setting when load is
applied to the generator and the CB Aux contact input to the DSLC
control is open control is open.
The Load Droop setting is only approximate due to dependence of
the gain on the speed control's bias input.
3 %
Page 1-172
DSLC
Load Ramp Times
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Time 1 7200 20 Sec.
Unload Time 1 7200 20 Sec Unload Time 1 7200 20 Sec.
Raise Load Rate 0.01 100.00 1.00 %/Sec.
Lower Load Rate 0.01 100.00 1.00 %/Sec.
Load Time and Unload Times - are used when ramping from one load mode to
another. Ramp times are calculated between the Unload Trip point and the Base
Load reference setting. Load reference setting.
Raise and Lower Load Rates - are used when the Load Raise / Lower contact
inputs are used. Also used when the Remote Load Setting is used.
Page 1-173
DSLC
Bumpless Load Transfer
Unit
Unit
Total Load
o
a
d
#1
Unit
#2
Isochronous
Load Sharing
L
o
Unit
#2
Unit #1
Breaker Open
Command
Unload
Trip
Level
Time
Unit #2
Breaker
Closes
Load
Contact
Closes
Unit #1
Breaker
Opens
Unload #1
Initiated
Level
Page 1-174
Unit #1 unloads at the #2 Load Time setting.
Unit #2 loads at the #1 Unload Time setting.
DSLC
Remote Load
Min. Max. Default Unit
4 mA Remote Load 0 30000 0 kW
20 mA Remote Load 0 30000 1000 kW 20 mA Remote Load 0 30000 1000 kW
Page 1-175
DSLC
High Limit Load Switching
Min. Max. Default Unit
High Limit PU 0 30000 1000 W,kW,MW
High Limit DO 0 30000 900 WkWMW High Limit DO 0 30000 900 W,kW,MW
High Limit Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
High Limit Alarm - Specifies if the HighLimitAlarmwill activate (de-energize) the High Limit Alarm Specifies if the High Limit Alarm will activate (de energize) the
alarm driver, terminal 28.
The High Limit PU point acts as a limiter for the load while in the Base Load or
Process Control modes and will remain active regardless if the alarm is enabled or
Energized
Example:
High Limit
g
not.
De-energized
Example:
PU = 1,000 KW
DO = 850 KW
High Limit
Discrete
Output
Page 1-176
De-energized
1,000 KW 850
DSLC
Low Limit Load Switching
Min. Max. Default Unit
Low Limit PU 0 30000 10 W,kW,MW
LowLimit DO 0 30000 10 WkWMW Low Limit DO 0 30000 10 W,kW,MW
Low Limit Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Low Limit Alarm - Specifies if the LowLimitAlarmwill activate (de-energize) the Low Limit Alarm Specifies if the Low Limit Alarm will activate (de energize) the
alarm driver, terminal 28.
The Low Limit PU point acts as a limiter for the load while in the Base Load or
Process Control modes and will remain active regardless if the alarm is enabled or g
not.
Energized
Example:
Low Limit
De-energized
p
PU = 50 KW
DO = 75 KW
Low Limit
Discrete
Output
Page 1-177
g
50 75 KW
DSLC
Load Limit Switching
Min. Max. Default Unit
Load Limit Switches Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Load Limit PU -30000 30000 300 WkWMW Load Limit PU -30000 30000 300 W,kW,MW
Load Limit DO -30000 30000 200 W,kW,MW
Load Limit Switches - Specifies if the High or LowLimit outputs, terminal 26 and 27 Load Limit Switches Specifies if the High or Low Limit outputs, terminal 26 and 27
will activate on high or low limit alarm.
The load limit switches will activate the Load Switch discrete output, terminal 25, if the
Reverse Power Trip is disabled. p
Energized
Example:
Load Switch
De-energized
p
PU = 750 KW
DO = 500 KW
Load Switch
Discrete
Output
Page 1-178
g
500 750 KW
DSLC
Reverse Power Relay
Min. Max. Default Unit
Reverse Power Trip Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Instant Reverse Power -50 0 -1 0 -10 %Load Instant Reverse Power -50.0 -1.0 -10 % Load
Rev Pwr Time Delay 0.1 20.0 20.0 Seconds
Reverse Power Level -50.0 -1.0 -1.0 % Load
Time to Trip = Reverse Pwr Level * Rev Pwr Time Delay
Actual Load
SECONDS
D
TIME (seconds)
0 10 20 30 40
EXAMPLE:
SECONDS
%

L
O
A
D
TIME (seconds)
REVERSE
POWER
TRIP
Reverse Power Trip
Enabled
Instant Reverse Power
-10%
Rev Pwr Time Delay
20 sec
Page 1-179
TRIP
Reverse Power Level
-1%
DSLC
Section Seven
- VAR / Power Factor Control VAR / Power Factor Control
- Menu 4
Page 1-180
DSLC
Menu 4 - VAR / PF Control
Min. Max. Default Unit
VAR/PF Control Mode Disabled/ Disabled
PF Control/
VAR Control VAR Control
VAR/PF Gain 0.01 22.0 1.00
VAR/PF Stability 0.00 20.0 2.50 Seconds
Rated KVARs 0 30000(gen.) 100 kVAR
KVAR R f 30000( b ) 30000( ) 20 ( ) kVAR KVAR Reference 30000(abs.) 30000(gen.) 20 (gen.) kVAR
PF Reference 0.00 lag 0.00 lead 0.8 lag
PF Deadband 0.000 1.000 0.025
Voltage Reference 50 300*PT ratio 70*PT ratio V (L-L,L-N) g ( , )
Voltage Trim Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Voltage Regulation 1.0 10.0 2.0 %
Voltage Low Limit 50 300*PT ratio 60*PT ratio V (L-L,L-N)
Voltage LowAlarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled Voltage Low Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Voltage High Limit 50 300*PT ratio 80*PT ratio V (L-L,L-N)
Voltage High Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Voltage Switches Enabled/Disabled Ensabled
V lt R Al E bl d/Di bl d Di bl d
Page 1-181
Voltage Range Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Voltage Ramp Time 1 600 60 Seconds
DSLC
Power Factor Control
Min. Max. Default Unit
VAR/PF Control Mode Disabled / Disabled
PF Control / PF Control /
VAR Control
Power Factor Control adjusts the generator voltage to maintain a j g g
constant power factor angle throughout the KW operating range.
A set-point, PF Reference, is provided to set the desired power factor
reference reference.
Voltage Raise and Lower input contacts (terminals 48, 49) must be
closed simultaneously to activate selected mode of control.
If on an isolated bus, Power Factor Sharing will automatically
become the selected mode of control.
Page 1-182
DSLC
VAR Control
Min. Max. Default Unit
VAR/PF Control Mode Disabled / Disabled
PF Control / PF Control /
VAR Control
VAR (Volt Amp Reactive) Control adjusts the generator voltage to ( p ) j g g
maintain a constant reactive power (KVAR) load on the generator
throughout the KW operating range. This assures sufficient excitation
of the generator field under all load conditions of the generator field under all load conditions.
A set point, KVAR Reference, is provided to set the desired VAR's.
Voltage Raise and Lower input contacts (terminals 48, 49) must be
closed simultaneously to activate selected mode of control.
If on an isolated bus, Power Factor Sharing will automatically become
the selected mode of control
Page 1-183
the selected mode of control.
DSLC
Power Factor Sharing
Min. Max. Default Unit
VAR/PF Control Mode Disabled / Disabled
PF Control /
When either VAR Control or Power Factor Control is selected, and
PF Control /
VAR Control
the DSLC is operating in isochronous load sharing mode, Power Factor
Sharing is automatically selected.
Power Factor Sharing adjusts the voltage regulators so that all Power Factor Sharing adjusts the voltage regulators so that all
generators carry the same reactive load by balancing the power factor
on all units.
V lt R f id t i t t d fi th t ti Voltage Reference, provides a set point to define the system operating
voltage.
Voltage Raise and Lower input contacts (terminals 48, 49) must be
Page 1-184
g p ( )
closed simultaneously to activate selected mode of control.
DSLC
VAR/PF Control Dynamics
Min. Max. Default Unit
VAR/PF Gain 0.01 22.0 1.00
VAR/PF Stability 0 00 20 0 2 50 Seconds VAR/PF Stability 0.00 20.0 2.50 Seconds
Gain and Stability adjustments to the VAR/PF PI
(Proportional, Integral) controller are provided for stable (Proportional, Integral) controller are provided for stable
control of VAR or PF.
VAR/PF Gain - Determines how fast the VAR/PF control
responds to an error in VAR or PF. Adjust gain to provide
stable control during VAR or PF Control Mode. Lower
value to slowresponse. value to slow response.
VAR/PF Stability - Compensates for delay in the reactive
power control loop. Prevents low frequency hunting and
Page 1-185
damping.
DSLC
VAR Ratings
Min. Max. Default Unit
Rated kVARs 0 30000(gen) 100 kVAR
KVAR Reference 30000(abs) 30000(gen) 20(gen) kVAR KVAR Reference 30000(abs) 30000(gen) 20(gen) kVAR
Rated KVAR is the generator manufacture's KVAR rating. If unknown
set to 60% of the KVA rating. (KVAR load at .8 lagging power factor at g ( gg g p
rated KVA.)
KVAR Reference - specifies the desired KVAR load at which to
control in the VAR control mode Active when the Base Load input is control in the VAR control mode. Active when the Base Load input is
closed.
Power Triangle
K
V
A
KVAR
Page 1-186
KW
DSLC
PF Ratings
Min. Max. Default Unit
PF Reference 0.00 lag 0.00 lead 0.8 lag
PF Deadband 0 000 1 000 0 025 PF Deadband 0.000 1.000 0.025
PF Reference specifies the desired power factor at which to control in
the Power Factor Control Mode. Active when the Base Load input is p
closed.
PF Deadband - specifies an error window about the PF or VAR Ref.,
inside of which the VAR/PF control will not adjust the voltage regulator inside of which the VAR/PF control will not adjust the voltage regulator.
Deadband is especially useful in systems using a MOP to adjust
voltage.
1.0.9
.
8
.9
8
8
.
7
.
6
.
5
.8
.
7
.
6
.
5
L
a
g
g
in
g L
e
a
d
i
n
g
Page 1-187
Power Factor
DSLC
Voltage Trimming
Min. Max. Default Unit
Voltage Reference 50.0 300*PT ratio 70*PT ratio V (L-L,L-N)
Voltage Trim Enabled / Disabled Disabled g
Voltage Regulation 1.0 10.0 2.0 %
Voltage Reference specifies the bus voltage reference for VAR/PF sharing
h i i h l d h i d d d i d b h PT R i d when in isochronous load sharing mode, and determined by the PT Ratio and
Voltage Display in Menu 5.
Voltage Trim when disabled, the bus voltage in an isochronous load sharing
system will be determined by the average of the voltage settings of all units.
Voltage Trim when enabled is active in Parallel Mode only. When enabled
and in power factor sharing, the DSLC control will adjust the bus voltage to
within the voltage regulation percentage before correcting for a power factor
error.
Voltage Regulation determines how close the bus voltage will be kept to the
Page 1-188
voltage reference when the voltage trim function is enabled and the operating
mode is isochronous power factor sharing.
DSLC
Voltage Trimming
Min. Max. Default Unit
Voltage Reference 50.0 300*PT ratio 70*PT ratio V (L-L,L-N)
Voltage Trim Enabled / Disabled Disabled g
Voltage Regulation 1.0 10.0 2.0 %
Voltage TrimDisabled Voltage Trim Disabled
Voltage Trim Enabled otage abed
Page 1-189
DSLC
Voltage Trim Function
During Power Factor Sharing there are two
b lt i i t i d ways bus voltage is maintained:
When a power factor error exists, only the unit
hi h ill th b lt i th which will move the bus voltage in the proper
direction will attempt to change the power factor.
When Voltage Trimis enabled the units will first When Voltage Trim is enabled, the units will first
trim their respective voltages to be within the user
tunable window. Then adjust to correct for any PF tunable window. Then adjust to correct for any PF
error.
Page 1-190
DSLC
DSLC VAR/PF O ti i DSLC VAR/PF Operation in
Isochronous Load Sharing Mode Isochronous Load Sharing Mode
Example:
VOLTAGE DISPLAY = Volts L-L
VOLTAGE REFERENCE = 4160 V
VOLTAGE TRIM = ENABLED
VOLTAGE REGULATION = 1% VOLTAGE REGULATION = 1%
PF DEADBAND = 0.005
" A"
4181 (0.5% above the voltage reference, fixed)
4202 (1% above the voltage reference, adjustable in menu 4)
" C"
" B"
A
4139 (0.5% below the voltage reference, fixed)
4160 (Voltage reference as set in menu 4)
" E"
" D"
C
Page 1-191
4118 (1% below the voltage reference, adjustable in menu 4)
E
" F"
DSLC
DSLC VAR/PF O ti i DSLC VAR/PF Operation in
Isochronous Load Sharing Mode
A - If the bus voltage is above the VOLTAGE REGULATION window ( > 4202 V)
the DSLC will immediately decrease the excitation until the bus voltage is within the
VOLTAGE REGULATION window (4118 V < BUS VOLTAGE < 4202 V) You can
Isochronous Load Sharing Mode
VOLTAGE REGULATION window (4118 V < BUS VOLTAGE < 4202 V). You can
expect the bus voltage to be within this window if the VOLTAGE TRIM is set to
enabled.
B - If the bus is within the VOLTAGE REGULATION window but above the fixed
0.5% window (4181 < bus voltage < 4202) the DSLC will decrease the excitation if a
power factor error exists and the DSLC needs to lower voltage to correct for the
power factor error. The DSLC will see a power factor error if the error is greater
than the PF DEADBAND. For example if the system power factor is 0.94 lagging
and the generator power factor is less lagging than the system power factor say
0.99 lagging the DSLC will not increase the excitation to correct for the power factor 0 99 agg g t e S C ot c ease t e e c tat o to co ect o t e po e acto
error because this would have the tendency to increase the bus voltage. If the
generator power factor is more lagging than the system power factor say 0.89
lagging the DSLC will decrease the excitation to correct for the power factor error
which has a tendency to lower the bus voltage closer to the voltage reference. If
the bus voltage is in this window and no power factor error exists the DSLC will not the bus voltage is in this window and no power factor error exists the DSLC will not
adjust the bus voltage. The voltage can remain in this window for extended periods
of time if the PF DEADBAND is large or if the system power factor is constant.
C - If the bus voltage is within the fixed 0.5% window (4139 < bus voltage <
4181). The DSLC will always correct for the power factor by either increasing or
Page 1-192
decreasing the excitation depending on the error.
DSLC
DSLC VAR/PF Operation in
Isochronous Load Sharing Mode
D - If the bus voltage is within the fixed 0.5% window (4139 < bus voltage <
4181). The DSLC will always correct for the power factor by either increasing or
decreasing the excitation depending on the error.
Isochronous Load Sharing Mode
g p g
E - If the bus is within the VOLTAGE REGULATION window but below the
fixed 0.5% window (4118 < bus voltage < 4139) the DSLC will increase the
excitation if a power factor error exists and the DSLC needs to increase voltage
to correct for the power factor error. The DSLC will see a power factor error if
th i t th th PF DEADBAND F l if th t the error is greater than the PF DEADBAND. For example if the system power
factor is 0.94 lagging and the generator power factor is more lagging than the
system power factor say 0.89 lagging the DSLC will not decrease the excitation
to correct for the power factor error because this would have the tendency to
decrease the bus voltage. If the generator power factor is less lagging than the
system power factor say 0.94 lagging the DSLC will increase the excitation to
correct for the power factor error which has a tendency to raise the bus voltage
closer to the voltage reference. If the bus voltage is in this window and no
power factor error exists the DSLC will not adjust the bus voltage. The voltage
can remain in this window for extended periods of time if the PF DEADBAND is can remain in this window for extended periods of time if the PF DEADBAND is
large and/or if the system power factor is constant.
F - If the bus voltage is below the VOLTAGE REGULATION window ( < 4118
V) the DSLC will immediately increase the excitation until the bus voltage is
within the VOLTAGE REGULATION window (4118 V < BUS VOLTAGE < 4202 V).
Page 1-193
You can expect the bus voltage to be within this window if the VOLTAGE TRIM is
set to enabled.
DSLC
V lt Li it d Al Voltage Limits and Alarms
Min. Max. Default Unit
Voltage High Limit 50 300*PT ratio 80*PT ratio V (L-L,L-N)
Voltage Low Limit 50 300*PT ratio 60*PT ratio V (L-L,L-N)
Voltage High & Low Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Voltage High Limit - Specifies the
voltage high limit alarmtrip point and the
Example of a
Voltage Limits
voltage high limit alarm trip point, and the
raise limit for the synchronizer and
manual raise voltage functions.
Voltage High and Low Alarms -
Voltage Limits
528 Voltage High Limit
Voltage High and Low Alarms
Specifies if the voltage high and low limit
alarm trip points activate the alarm driver,
terminal 28.
Voltage Reference
Voltage Low Limit - Specifies the
voltage low limit alarm trip point, and the
lower limit for the synchronizer and
480
Voltage Reference
Page 1-194
manual lower voltage functions.
432 Voltage Low Limit
DSLC
Voltage Control Configurations
Min. Max. Default Unit
Voltage Switches Enabled/Disabled Enabled
Voltage Range Alarm Enabled/Disabled Disabled
Voltage Switches - specifies if the High or Low Limit discrete outputs,
t i l 26 d 27 ill ti t hi h l li it lt l
Voltage Ramp Time 1 600 60 Seconds
terminals 26 and 27, will activate on high or low limit voltage alarm.
Voltage Range Alarm - enables or disables the voltage regulator bias
output limit alarm. This alarm activates if the limit of the voltage bias p g
output is exceeded (above 100% or below -100% voltage bias output).
Voltage Ramp Time - specifies the time required to ramp the voltage
bias output over its full range Also adjusts the rate of change in voltage bias output over its full range. Also adjusts the rate of change in voltage
matching function. Normally set to about 200 Seconds.
Page 1-195
DSLC
Section Eight
- Process Control Process Control
- Menu 3
Page 1-196
DSLC
Process Control Introduction
Feedback
Process
Reference
Speed Bias
Output
PID
Process
Parameter
Page 1-197
DSLC
Process Control Introduction
The process control function of the DSLC control will control any
process where the controlled parameter is determined by the process where the controlled parameter is determined by the
generator load, and the controlled parameter can be monitored
as a 420 mA or 15 Vdc input signal.
The control compares the input signal to the process set point The control compares the input signal to the process set point,
or the external load reference signal if it is used, and adjusts the
generator load to maintain the desired set point.
A cascade Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) process
controller is provided for co-generation, import/export control,
temperature control, pressure maintenance, or other application. p , p , pp
Page 1-198
DSLC
Examples of DSLCs Examples of DSLCs
Controllable Processes Controllable Processes
Utility
Gas Gen Sets
Import or Export with the Utility Landfill Gas Pressure Control
Generator
y
Load
Utility
Utility
Load Load
Utility
Pond Level Control
Steam Turbine Inlet or
Exhaust Pressure Control
Page 1-199
DSLC
Examples of DSLCs Examples of DSLCs
Controllable Processes Controllable Processes
Electrical import power from a utility.
Electrical export power to a utility.
Steamturbine inlet pressure Steam turbine inlet pressure.
Steam turbine exhaust pressure.
Landfill gas pressure.
Digester gas pressure Digester gas pressure.
Pond level (hydro-applications).
Page 1-200
( y pp )
DSLC
Process Master / Slave
Utility
Generator
y
Load
Utility
Generator Generator
Di gi tal Synchroni zer
and Load Control
W D OODWAR
Di gi tal Synchroni zer
and Load Control
W D OODWAR
Di gi tal Synchroni zer
and Load Control
W D OODWAR
Master Slave Slave
A
B
C
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29 HI IMP
+/- 3V
VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
NETWORK
TERMINATION J PR
LO IMP
COM
COM
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 -
-
-
-
+
+
+
+
240
240
240
240
120
120
120
120
N
N GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 OR 240 VAC
18 - 40 VDC
SUPPLY
15 WATTS
BUS A
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
W D OODWAR
R
A
B
C
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29 HI IMP
+/- 3V
VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
NETWORK
TERMINATION J PR
LOIMP
COM
COM
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 -
-
-
-
+
+
+
+
240
240
240
240
120
120
120
120
N
N GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 OR 240 VAC
18 - 40 VDC
SUPPLY
15 WATTS
BUS A
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
W D OODWAR
R
A
B
C
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29 HI IMP
+/- 3V
VOLTAGE BIAS
OUTPUT
+/- 9V
SPEED BIAS
OUTPUT
REMOTE LOAD
REFERENCE INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
PROCESS
SIGNAL INPUT
(4-20mA, 1-5 VDC)
NETWORK
TERMINATION J PR
LOIMP
COM
COM
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
REMOVE J PR FOR VDC
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 -
-
-
-
+
+
+
+
240
240
240
240
120
120
120
120
N
N GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
GENERATOR
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMERS
120 OR 240 VAC
18 - 40 VDC
SUPPLY
15 WATTS
BUS A
POTENTIAL
TRANSFORMER
120 OR 240 VAC
W D OODWAR
R
Process
Signal
Input
LOAD LOWER LOWLIMIT
LOAD RAISE HIGH LIMIT
RAMP PAUSE LOAD SWITCH
LOAD / UNLOAD VOLTAGE LOWER
BASE LOAD VOLTAGE RAISE
VOLTAGE LOWER BREAKER OPEN
VOLTAGE RAISE BREAKER CLOSE
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
CB AUX +
RUN -
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
A
B
C
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
44
43
26
27
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13 DIAGNOSTICS AND
SERVICE PORT
(RS-422)
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
LOAD LOWER LOWLIMIT
LOAD RAISE HIGH LIMIT
RAMP PAUSE LOAD SWITCH
LOAD/ UNLOAD VOLTAGE LOWER
BASE LOAD VOLTAGE RAISE
VOLTAGE LOWER BREAKER OPEN
VOLTAGE RAISE BREAKER CLOSE
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
CB AUX +
RUN -
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
A
B
C
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
44
43
26
27
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13 DIAGNOSTICS AND
SERVICE PORT
(RS-422)
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
LOAD LOWER LOWLIMIT
LOAD RAISE HIGH LIMIT
RAMP PAUSE LOAD SWITCH
LOAD/ UNLOAD VOLTAGE LOWER
BASE LOAD VOLTAGE RAISE
VOLTAGE LOWER BREAKER OPEN
VOLTAGE RAISE BREAKER CLOSE
18 - 40 VDC DISCRETE
OUTPUT POWER
SUPPLY INPUT
DISCRETE INPUTS
APPLY 18 - 40 VDC (+)
TO ACTIVATE FUNCTION
DISCRETE OUTPUTS
SINK 200 mA DC MAX
18 - 40 VDC
CB AUX +
RUN -
PERMISSIVE
CHECK
A
B
C
DISCRETE INPUT COMMON (-)
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
44
43
26
27
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13 DIAGNOSTICS AND
SERVICE PORT
(RS-422)
GENERATOR
CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
5 AMPS RMS
Page 1-201
PROCESS CONTROL ALARM
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
55 28 PROCESS CONTROL ALARM
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
55 28 PROCESS CONTROL ALARM
SYNC
ENABLE
LOW
LIMIT
HIGH
LIMIT
CPU
OK
55 28
LON
DSLC
Process Slave / Process Master
One unit should be selected as "Process
Master". Activate both the "Process Control" Master . Activate both the Process Control
and the "Base Load" inputs.
Other units have active "Process Control"
input but inactive "Base Load" inputs.
The Master will adjust the load on all the
engines in order to maintain the 4-20 mA
signal it sees.
Page 1-202
DSLC
Menu 3 - Process Control
Min. Max. Default Unit
Process Control Gain 0.0001 100.0000 .1000
Process Stability 0.00 20.0 1.00 Seconds
P D i ti 0 00 20 0 0 00 S d Process Derivative 0.00 20.0 0.00 Seconds
Process Deadband 0.00 20.0 0.10 mA
Process Droop 0.0 100.0 0.0 %
Process Filter 0 1 5 0 1 0 Hertz Process Filter 0.1 5.0 1.0 Hertz
Process Reference 0.0 20.0 12.0 mA
Raise Reference Rate 0.01 20.00 0.10 mA/sec
Lower Reference Rate 0.01 20.00 0.10 mA/sec Lower Reference Rate 0.01 20.00 0.10 mA/sec
High Limit PU 0.0 25.0 15.0 mA
High Limit DO 0.0 25.0 15.0 mA
High Limit Alarm Enabled / Disabled Disabled
Low Limit PU 0.0 25.0 10.0 mA
High Limit DO 0.0 25.0 10.0 mA
Low Limit Alarm Enabled / Disabled Disabled
Process Switches Enabled/ Disabled Disabled
Page 1-203
Process Switches Enabled / Disabled Disabled
DSLC
Process Control Dynamics
Min. Max. Default Unit
Process Control Gain 0.0001 100.0000 0.1000
Process Stability 0 00 20 0 1 00 Seconds Process Stability 0.00 20.0 1.00 Seconds
Process Derivative 0.00 20.0 0.00 Seconds
Process Control Gain - Determines howfast the process control Process Control Gain - Determines how fast the process control
responds to an error between the process variable and reference.
Adjust gain to provide stable control of the process.
P S bili C f d l i h l l Process Stability - Compensates for delay in the process control loop.
Prevents low frequency hunting and damping after a process
disturbance occurs.
Process Derivative - Adjusts the rate of change in speed bias output
during a process level transient.
Page 1-204
DSLC
P C t l S tti Process Control Settings
Min. Max. Default Unit
Process Reference 0.0 20.0 12.0 mA
Process Deadband 0 00 20 0 0 10 mA
Process Reference specifies the desired level at which
to control the process Active when the Process Control
Process Deadband 0.00 20.0 0.10 mA
to control the process. Active when the Process Control
input, terminal 55, is closed.
Process Deadband - specifies an error windowwithin Process Deadband specifies an error window within
which the process control integrator is not updated.
Deadband is especially useful in systems of high noise
processes. Set to 0.0 mA for normal, non-deadband
control.
Page 1-205
DSLC
Process Droop
Min. Max. Default Unit
Process Droop 0.0 100.0 0.0 %
Process Droop - specifies the desired level at which to
control the process. Active when the Process Control
input terminal 55 is closed input, terminal 55, is closed.
3 % 3 %
Page 1-206
DSLC
Process Control Filter
Min. Max. Default Unit
Process Filter 0.1 5.0 1.0 Hz
Process Filter - Adjusts the bandwidth of the filter on
the process input.
0
Higher frequency settings result in faster control
response, but also more response to process noise.
-20
0
dB
-40
20
Page 1-207
Filter Cutoff
5 Hz 0
DSLC
Process Ramp Times
Min. Max. Default Unit
Raise Reference Rate 0.01 20.0 0.10 mA/sec
Lower Reference Rate 0 01 20 0 0 10 mA/sec
Raise and Lower Reference Rates - the rate at which
the process reference is increased or decreased when
Lower Reference Rate 0.01 20.0 0.10 mA/sec
20
the process reference is increased or decreased when
the raise or lower command is activated.
20
4
Page 1-208
DSLC
Process High Limit Switching
Min. Max. Default Unit
High Limit PU 0.0 25.0 15.0 mA
High Limit DO 0 0 25 0 15 0 mA
High Limit Alarm - Specifies if the Process High Limit Alarm will
High Limit DO 0.0 25.0 15.0 mA
High Limit Alarm Enabled / Disabled Disabled
g p g
activate (de-energize) the alarm driver, terminal 28.
Note: The High Limit PU point acts as a limiter for maximum process
reference setting
Energized
E l
Hi h Li it
reference setting.
D i d
Example:
PU = 18 mA
DO = 15 mA
High Limit
Discrete
Output
Page 1-209
De-energized
18 mA
15
DSLC
Process Low Limit Switching
Min. Max. Default Unit
Low Limit PU 0.0 25.0 10.0 mA
LowLimit DO 0 0 25 0 10 0 mA
Low Limit Alarm - Specifies if the Process Low Limit Alarm will
Low Limit DO 0.0 25.0 10.0 mA
Low Limit Alarm Enabled / Disabled Disabled
p
activate (de-energize) the alarm driver, terminal 28.
Note: The Low Limit PU point acts as a limiter for minimum process
reference setting reference setting.
Energized
Example:
Low Limit
De-energized
p
PU = 5 mA
DO = 7 mA
Low Limit
Discrete
Output
Page 1-210
g
5 7 mA
DSLC
Process Switches
P S it h ifi if th Hi h L Li it
Min. Max. Default Unit
Process Switches Enabled / Disabled Disabled
Process Switches - specifies if the High or Low Limit
discrete outputs, terminals 26 and 27, will activate on
high or lowlimit process alarm high or low limit process alarm.
Page 1-211