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%% A program which can calculate inverse of a given matrix by

%% by Gauss Elimination Method using complete pivot.



M = [0.2 1 0.2 0.0588 0.02702;0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.0385;0.0588 0.2 1 0.2 0.0588
;0.0385 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1; 0.027 0.0589 0.2 1 0.2]; % Given matrix whose inverse i
s to be found
A = M;
Ni = length(A(1,:)); % number of rows of given matrix
Nj =length(A(:,1));
if abs(det(A))<0.00000000001

fprintf('The matrix determinant is zero, the result found may not be cor
rect');

end
px =1:Ni;
qy =1:Ni;

%%main loop; find pivot entry in columns qy[k], qy[k+1], ...,qy[n-1]
%% and in rows px[k], px[k+1],.....px[n-1]

for k = 1: Ni-1

pct = k; qdt = k;

aet =0;

for i=k:Ni

for j=k:Ni

tmp = abs(A(uint8(px(i)),uint8 (qy(j))));

if (tmp>aet)

aet = tmp; pct = i;qdt = j;

end

end

end

if ~aet
fprintf('pivot is zero, No inverse possible \n');
end

% Swap the rows and columns to get highest number in the diagonal

px([k pct]) = px([pct k]);%//swap px[k] and px[pct]


qy([k qdt]) = qy([qdt k]) ;
%% eliminate column entries (make them zero) logically below and right t
o the entry mx[px[k]][qy[k]]

for i=k+1:Ni

if A(px(i),qy(k)) ~= 0 % if the entry is not equal to zero

mult = A(px(i),qy(k))/A(px(k),qy(k)); % get the multiplying fact
or

A(px(i),qy(k))= mult;

for j=k+1:Ni

A(px(i),qy(j)) = A(px(i),qy(j)) - mult*A(px(k),qy(j)); % ent
ry will become zero

end

end

end

end



AI = eye(size(A)); %% Identiy Matrix

%%forward substitution

for k=1:Ni

for i =2:Ni

for j =1:i-1

AI(px(i),k) = AI(px(i),k) - A(px(i),qy(j))*AI(px(j),k);

end

end

end

InMat = zeros(Ni,Nj); %InMat will be the required inverse after back substit
ution.

%% backward substitution

for k=1:Ni

for i = Ni:-1:1

for j = i+1:Ni

AI(px(i),k) = AI(px(i),k) - A(px(i),qy(j))* InMat(qy(j),k);

end

InMat(qy(i),k) = AI(px(i),k) / A(px(i),qy(i));

end

end

%% wee can also find error of our result by subtracting the identity matrix

%% from the product of given matrix (M) and our result (InMat)

I = eye(Ni,Nj);

error = InMat*M - I;

%% output of the results

fprintf('The given matrix is \n\n');

fprintf(' %f %f %f \n',M);

fprintf('The inverse of the matrix is \n\n');

fprintf(' %f %f %f \n',InMat);

fprintf('The error in the calculate of the invese of matrix is \n\n');

fprintf('\n %f %f %f \n',error);