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Grade Markings for Steel Bolts and Screws

Physical Properties Physical Properties

Tensile Bolt
Bolt and Proof Tensile
Strength and Proof
Specifications Material Screw Size Load Strength
Min. Specifications Material Screw Lead
(in.) (psi) Min.
(psi) Size (psi)
(psi)
(in.)
Up to
SAE - Grade 0 Steel - -
1-1/2" Low Alloy
Steel,
Low
Up to ASTM - A Steel, Up to
SAE - Grade 1 Carbon - 55,000 80,000 105,000
1-1/2" 354 Grade BB Quenched 2-1/2"
Steel
and
Low Tempered
ASTM - A
Carbon All Sizes - 55,000
307 Over
Steel
2-1/2"
Low to 4"
Up to
SAE - Grade 2 Carbon 55,000 69,000
1-1/2"
Steel
Over 1/2" to Physical Properties
52,000 64,000
3/4"
Over 3/4" to Bolt
28,000 55,000 Tensile
1-1/2" and Proof
Strength
Specifications Material Screw Lead
Min.
Size (psi)
(psi)
(in.)
Physical Properties
Low Alloy
Tensile Steel,
Bolt and Proof ASTM - A Steel, Up to
Strength 105,000 125,000
Specifications Material Screw Size Load 354 Grade BC Quenched 2-1/2"
Min.
(in.) (psi) and
(psi)
Tempered
Medium
Carbon Over
SAE - Grade 3 Up to 1/2" 85,000 110,000 2-1/2" 95,000 115,000
Steel, Cold
Worked to 4"

Over 3/4" to
5/8"
Physical Properties

Bolt
Physical Properties Tensile
and Proof
Strength
Specifications Material Screw Lead
Specifications Material Bolt and Proof Tensile Min.
Size (psi)
Screw Size Load Strength (psi)
(in.)
(in.) (psi) Min.
SAE-Grade 7 Medium Up to 105,000 133,000
(psi) Carbon
Alloy
Medium
Steel ,
Carbon
Quenched
Steel,
SAE - Grade 5 Up to 3/4" 85,000 110,000 &
Quenched 1/2"
Tempered,
&
Roll
Tempered
Threaded
Over 3/4" to after heat
78,000 115,000
1" treatment
Over 1"
74,000 105,000
to 1-1/2"
Up to 3/4" 85,000 120,000 Physical Properties

Over 1"
74,000 105,000 Bolt
to 1-1/2" Tensile
and Proof
Strength
Over 1" to 3" 55,000 90,000 Specifications Material Screw Lead
Min.
Size (psi)
(psi)
(in.)
Physical Properties Medium
Carbon
Tensile Alloy
Bolt and Proof Up to
Strength SAE - Grade 8 Steel, 120,000 150,000
Specifications Material Screw Size Load 1/2"
Min. Quenched
(in.) (psi) &
(psi)
Tempered
Medium
Carbon
ASTM - A Steel,
1/2",5/8",3/4" 85,000 120,000 Physical Properties
325 Quenched
&
Tempered Bolt
Tensile
and Proof
7/8",1" 78,000 115,000 Strength
Specifications Material Screw Lead
Min.
1-1/8" Size (psi)
74,000 105,000 (psi)
to 1-1/2" (in.)
High
Strength
Physical Properties Structural 1/2" to
ASTM A 490 120,000 150,000
Bolts, 2-1/2"
Tensile Alloy
Bolt and Proof Steel
Strength
Specifications Material Screw Size Load
Min. Over
(in.) (psi)
(psi) 2-1/2" 105,000 140,0
SAE - Grade Low or Up to 3/8" 85,000 120,000 to 4"
5.1 Medium incl.
Carbon
Steel,
Quenched
&
Tempered
Screw
with
Assembled
Lock
Washer