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PLUMBING

TYPE OF VENTS
A vent connecting one or more individual vents with a vent stack or stack vent
A branch vent that serves two or more traps and extends from in front of the last fixture
connection of a horizontal branch to the vent stack
A vent connecting at the junction of two fixture drains and serving as a vent for both fixtures
A single vent that ventiliates multiple traps, in the case of back to back fixture
A vertical vent that is the continuation of the drain to which the vents connect
A vent that does not serve as drain and is located where if is not exposed to back up
of waste from a drainage pipe
See common vent
A branch vents that performs its functions for two or more traps
A pipe installed to vent, a fixture trap and w/c connects with the vent system above the fixture
served or terminates in the open air
A circuit vent which loop backs to connect with a stack vent instead of a vent stack
Any vent connecting a horizontal branch or fixture drain with the stack vent of the
originating waste or soil stack
Is a pipe on the fixture side of the trap through which vapor or foul air is removed
from a room fixture
he principal artery of the venting system to which vent branches may be connected
A vent installed so as to permit additional circulation of air between the drainage and vent
systems where the drainage systems might otherwise be air bound
An arrangement of venting so installed that that one vent pipe will serve two traps
he extension of a soil or waste stack above the highest horizontal drain connected to the
stack horizontal drain, the uppermost end above the roof
A vent which also serves as a drain
A pipe connecting upward from a soil or waste stack to a vent stack for the purpose of
preventing pressure changes in the stack
NATIONAL PLUMBING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES
Is the flow of water or other li!uids, mixtures or substances into the distributing pipes of a
supply of water from any source other than its intended source
Is the backflow of used, contaminated or polluted water from a plumbing
fixture due to negative pressure
"efers to any group of two or more similar adjacent fixtures which discharge into a common
horizontal waste or soil branch
A flange that is not drilled
A flange that closes the end of a pipe line used to discharge water
Is plugging an opening with oakum, lead or other materials
A short internally threaded section of pipe, used to join two pipes of conduits
#sed to connect the two ends of two pipes, neither of which can be turned
A short length of pipe with threads at each end$ used to join couplings or fittings
Is the extended portion of a pipe that is closed at one end to which no connections are made
on the extended portion
he length along the center of the pipe and fitting
Includes all piping within public or private which conveys sewage, rain water or often li!uid waste
to a legal point of disposal but does not include the main of a public sewer system or private or
or public sewerage treatment
Is a pipe connecting several fixtures
Is a device located at the bottom of the tank for the purpose of flushing water closets and
and similar fixture
A metallic sleeve, join to an opening of pipe, into which a plug is screwed
that can be removed for the purpose of cleaning
Is the lowest portion of the inside of any pipe or conduit that is not vertical
Includes water supply and distribution pipe$ plumbing fixture and traps, soil
waste and vent pipes$ house drain and house sewers including their respective connections
Installation of all parts of the plumbing system which can be completed prior to the installation
of fixtures
A wye connections used on fire lines so that two lines of hose maybe connected to the hydrant
or to the same nozzle
Is any pipe which conveys the discharge of water closets of fixture having
similar function w/ or w/o the discharge of other fixtures to the building drain
Is the maximum vertical depth of li!uid that a trap will retain measure between the crown weir
and the top of the dip of the trap
REVIEW CENTER (PLUMBING)
Install to be able to meet the water re!uirements during peak demands from a low yielding
water well
he device being used to eliminate the noise cause by water hammer
he location of water well to nearest septic vault
Slope of house sewer connected from the building to the main sewer
A passage under a road, embankment or canal which allow for the flow of water
he third kind of water after the storm water and area water
he type of bathtub oher than sunken, s!uare, free standing
%olor coding of high pressure steam
%olor coding for fuel oil division
he water column that seals the escape of unhealthy gases in the sanitary drainage system
Service drop conductor clearance over the roof
A valve which in the water flow is shut off by a flat disk that is screwed down onto its seat
An underground tank reservoir to store water
Another classification of storm drain, besides from inside drain and outside drain
ap used in high pressure water system with an interval valve to control the flow of water
A valve which maintains uniform pressure on its outlet side regardless of its pressure fluctuations
on the inlet side above the pressure level
A pipe fitting within the interconnection of pipes for the purpose of easy dismantling of
the connection when needed
A device that discharge a predetermined volume of water to fixture for flushing purposes and
is activated by direct water pressure
Another name for corporation cock
A #&shaped pipe filled with water and located beneath the plumbing fixtures
to form a seal against the passages of gases and odors
A trench containing course aggregate and a distribution tile pipe through which septic tank
effluent may flow covered with earth
he luminous flux density incident on a surface
An underground structure for drainage into which water from the roof or floor will drain through
sewer
A type of fitting for yoke bent
'inimum discharge pipe and fitting for bath tub
'inimum size of building sewer$ it should not be less than the building drain
TRAP SIZES OF FIXTURES
(A) *++
(A) S)+,-" SA..
(A) SI/
(A) #(
(I0-S
%+'(I1AI+1 *I2#"-
0"I13I14 *+#1AI1
*.++" 0"AI1
*+#1AI1 %#5SI0-"S
.A#10"6 "A6S
SI13S 70IS),AS)-"8
SI13S 7)+-. +" 5#(.I%8
SI13S 73I%)-1 +" "-SI0-1%-8
SI13S 7S'A.. 5A1"6 +" (A"8
S.+5 SI13S 7+"0I1A"68
S.+5 SI13S 7,I) %+'(I1- "A58
#"I1A. 75-0-SA.8
#"I1A.S 7.I58
#"I1A.S 7SA..8
#"I1A.S 7)"+#4)8
,AS) (ASI1 7.A9A+"I-S8
,A-" %.+S-S
TYPES OF WATER CLOSETS
SI5)+1&9+"-2
:uiet, extermely sanitary; .ike the siphon jet but having the flushing water directed through the
rim to create a vortex that scours the bowl
SI5)+1&<-
Sanitary, efficient very !uiet; A toilet bowl into which the flushing water enters through the rim and
siphonic action initiated by a water jet draws the contents of the bowl through the trapway
"-9-"S- "A5
Moderately noisy. Similar to siphon jet except that trap passageway and water surface area
are smaller
,AS) 0+,1
'inimum cost; .east efficient subject to clogging, noisy; Simple washout and emptying through
small irregular passageway, prohibited by some health codes
(.+, +# 1oisy but highly efficient; Strong jet into leg forces contents out
URINALS
,A.. )#14
)"+#4)
5-0-SA.
SA..
(I0- A basin like fixture design to be struddled for bathing the genitals and posterior parts of the body
NOTES
=>;?@mm or A/BC 1o building supply pipe shall be less than ,)A size in diameter
BD mm; 'inimum height of *ire Service %onnection from the grade/floor
=EEmm 'aximum height of *ire Service %onnection from the grade/floor
D= mm; 'inimum height of 0ry Standpipe +utlet from the floor line
=EE mm 'aximum height of 0ry Standpipe +utlet from the floor line
@ *-- %onsidered extension of bulding drain outside the building wall
=/BC (-10 F *itting for base or soil stack and building drain
@=mm or EC ,et standpipe for a riser not more than =@m
DBmm or E =/EC ,et standpipe for riser more than =@m
BC 0ry standpipe for a riser below EAm
DC 0ry standpipe for a riser more than EAm
"AI+ +* =GE@ "atio of water closets for female population for elementary and secondary school
"AI+ +* =GA? "atio of water closets for male population for elementary and secondary school
"AI+ +* =GH@ "atio of urinals for elementary schools
"AI+ +* =GH@ "atio of water closets for female population for principal worship places
"AI+ +* =G@ "atio of lavatory to number of occupants
B %.+S-S 'inimum number of water closet re!uired for female office and public buildings
A )-A0S 'inimum head of water re!uired in section of plumbing for water test
GI PIPE SIZES
=/EC, A/BC, =C, = =/BC, = =/EC, E, E =/EC
AC, BC, DC, IC, =?C, =EC
REVIEW CENTER (MECHANICAL)
AI" %+10II+1-" An apparatus that can heat, cool, clean and circulate air
(#4.A"S A10 5"+,.-"S hey were deter to the intrusion alarm system in residential signal system
AI" 0#% An air passage usually formed in sheet metal with insulation for ventilating on a building
0"A#4) +" 0"A* he current of air or gases
B S+"-6 "e!uirement for a dry standpipe
(.A%3 %olor coding of piping for fuel oil division
0#'(,AI-" A hoisting and lowering mechanism with a building e!uipped with relatively small car
excusively for carrying materials
)#'I0I*I-" he device for maintaining desirable humidity conditons in the air supplied
@? 4A.S; he average consumption of water per capita
)-"'+SA An automatic control of the operation of heating or cooling device responding to changes of
temperature of the space
(#..0+/-" A tractor e!uipped with the blade attached by arms and bolted to its end, used in piling earth
A%+#SI%A. .A6 I1 5A1-. he acoustical ceiling board design to be laid in an exposed grid suspension system
0-%I(-. he total sound units provided by a given material
=A@&=>H * )eat rating for a fixed temperature heat detector
"-A" +" +5 *ire tube boliers shall be provide with sufficient room for removal or replacement of tube
either from these places
S+#10 A(S+"5I+1 he process of dissipating sound energy by converting it to heat
S+#10 I1S#.AI+1 he system of deadening sound materials to wall, ceiling, floors to prevent sound from passing
through the members into adjoining room
.#2 he illuminance produce by luminous flux of the one lumen distributed uniformly over a one
s!uare meter surface
,A-" A(.- .evel of subterrenean water
AI" )A10.I14 #1I 5ackage assembly of air conditioning components which provides for the treatment of the air
before it is distributed to an air conditioned space
"A9-. I'- his is the criteria in selection of an elevator other than interval and average waiting time
%+1%"-- %ASI14 5rotection of 59% pipe underground
%"--5 "eflection of sound from curve surface
ESCALATOR AND ELEVATOR
"A9-. I'- he criteria in the selection of an elevator other than interval and average waiting time
*"-I4) -.-9A+" ype of conveyor that transport packages e!uipment crates
(#**-"
Important element of an elevator below the first level floor line that absorbs and minimize
building shocks to the car
5I
hat portion of the hoistway in the elevator extending from the threshold level of the lowest landing
floor of the hoistway
,I10I14 0"#' 'A%)I1- A geared drive machine in which the suspension ropes are fastened to and wind on a drum
4#I0- "AI.S 9ertical tracks that serves as a guide for the car and the counterweight
MECHANICAL REGULATIONS
ELEVATOR
D??mm %ar pit clearance depth from the bottom of the car
*+" "-5AI" A10 I1S5-%I+1
,hen machine room or penthouse is provided at the top of the hoistway, it shall have
a sufficient room for this
E )+IS,A6S ,hen B or more elevator serve all or the same portion of the bulding
B -.-9A+"S Shalll be located in any one hoistway
A )+IS,A6S 'inimum number of hoisting ropes for traction elevators
E )+IS,A6S 'inimum number of hoisting ropes for drum type elevators
A?mm 'inimum diameter of hoisting and counterweight ropes
+9-" .+A0 "-.A6 A10 5rovision for all elevators
"-9-"S- 5+.A"I6 "-.A6
ESCALATOR
A@ degrees 'inimum angle of inclination of an escalator
@@I mm 'inimum width of balustrade
=;E? m 'aximum width of balustrade
AA? mm 'aximum width of the steps
-'5-"-0 65- 4.ASS 3ind of glass re!uired in an escalatorJs balustrade
AI mpm 'aximum rated speed measured along the angle of inclination
BOILERS
";% %+1%"-- +" 'AS+1"6 5rovision for boiler rooms inside the building
A;?? mts; *"+' +#SI0- ,A.. 'inimum distance if the building is not made of fire resistive materials
= meter 1o part of the boiler shall be closer to this from the wall
@;?? mts 0istance of the smokestacks above the building within @? mts; radius
E %)-%3 9A.9-S 5rovision between any feed pump and the boiler in addition to the regular shut&off valve
1+1 "-#"1 +" S)# +** 9A.9- 5rovision when two or more boilers are connected in parallel
+1- SA*-6 9A.9- 5rovision of every boiler
,+ SA*-6 9A.9- 5rovision for boilers having generating capacity exceeding >?H kg/hr
=@ 0A6S 1otification in writing in advance for boilerJs inspection
REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
DIdeg&HBdeg * emperature and humidity of the air to be used for comfortable cooling
E;A? meters A(+9- )- *.++" 'inimum for refrigerant piping crossing a passageway in any building
S+5 9A.9-S 5rovision of installation for refrigerant system containing more than > kgs;
E;=A meters 'inimum for window type A% installed on ground floors
PIPING
4A.9A1I/-0 5I5I14 It should not be used for steam
S-A' 0I9ISI+1
,)I- )igh 5ressure
(#** -xhaust *an
,A-" 0I9ISI+1
(.#- *resh ,ater, low pressure
(.#- *resh ,ater, high pressure
4"--1 Salt water piping
+I. 0I9ISI+1
("ASS +" ("+1/- 0elivery
6-..+, 0ischarge
4"A6 51-#'AI% 0I9ISI+1
(.A%3 4AS 0I9ISI+1
(.A%3 *#-. +I. 0I9ISI+1
(.A%3 "-*"I4-"AI14 0I9ISI+1
ELECTRICAL TERMS
%I"%#I ("-A3-" he part of the cut out that is design to open or break an electrical current under an
excessive load
,AS #nit of power
A'5-"- he unit used in the measure of the rate of flow of electricity
+(S-"9AI+1 SA10S his is where an electric service conductor can be installed
+,-" +" *.A*+"'
31I*- S,I%)
A type of electric switch consisting of one or more movable copper blades which are hinged
and which make contact with stationary forked contract jaws being forced between them
"A1S*+"'-" 9A#. 5rovision for building with an expected electric load demand of E??39A
"-%I*I-" he conversion of alternating current 7A%8 to direct current 70%8
"A5I0 SA" *.+#"-S%-1 A kind of flourescent lamp that does not use starter element
.A'5
<#1%I+1 (+2 An iron box or casing by which electrical conduit branches are formed
@ S+"-6S A passenger elevator with a constant EB hour service for residential condominum
A;?? m 'inimum service drop of connection line above the ground and from the ground
@?? mm 'inimum distance of poles and transformer support located from the road right of way
AI" %#"AI1 A vertical flow of air used to separate different function of spaces
4++S-1-%3 +riginal name of 5&rap
0IS"I(#I+1 .I1- he main feed line of an electrical circuit to which branch circuits are connected
=;E?m he minimum width of door in hospital housing unit
5.#4 I1 65- Another type of circuit breaker element other than bolt&on
%+55-" ,I"- he most practical conductor of electricity
"A%-,A6 A channel system in carrying electrical wire
%A(.- ,I"-
An electric conductor consisting of a group of smaller diameter conductor strands twisted
together
0IS"I(#I+1 5A1-. Another name for power panel
"A1S*+"'-" A device used to convert voltage from higher to lower or vise versa
1+1 *-""+#S '-A. 'etal containing no iron such as copper, brass and aluminum
E;@?m
he minimum allowance clearance from the highest point of the roof to the service drop
conductor from 1(%
S-5 0+,1 "A1S*+"'-" o bring down voltage
+5-1 ,I"I14 ,iring not concealed by the building sructure
A#+'AI% "A1S*-" S,I%) ransferring the power load from the building circuitry to standby generator or during brownout
AI" S,I%) +ne with contacts that separate in air
A"% 9+.A4- he voltage across the welding arc
A"'+"-0 %A(.-
%able provided in wrapping of metal usually steel wires or tapes, primarily for the purpose
of mechanical protection
AS3A"-.
A synthetic non&flammable insulating li!uid which, when decomposed by an elctric arc
evolves only non&explosive gases
ASS-'(.6
Is combination of all or a portion of component parts included in an electric apparatus,
mounted on a supporting frame or panel and properly interwined
(AS- .+A0 'inimum load over a given period of time
("A1%) %I"%#I
hat portion of a wiring system extending beyond the final overcurrent device protecting
the current
(#S
Is a conductor, or group of conductors, in switchgear assemblies which serves as a common
connection for two or more circuit
(#S,A6
Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor terminations in a
completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing where the system is design to carry
fault current and to withstand the magnetic forces of the current
%A4-
System of conductor forming an essentially continuous conducting network over the object
protected and including any conductors necessary for interconnections of the object protected
and an ade!uate ground
%I"%#I ("-A3-"
A device design to open under abnormal conditions a current carrying circuit without injury
itself
%+10#%+"
A wire or combination of wires not insulated from one another suitable for carrying electric
current
%+1"+..-"
A device or group of devices which serves to govern in some predetermined manner, the
electric power delivered to the apparatus to which it is connected
%+"+1A
A luminous discharge due to ionization of the air surrounding a conductor caused by voltage
gradient exceeding a certain critical value
%# +# (+2 A metal housing that houses the circuit breaker or fuses$ surface mounted
0-'A10 *A%+"
Is the ratio of the maximum demand of the system or part of the system to the total connected
load of the system
0-9I%- A unit of electrical system which is intended to carry but not utilize electrical energy
0#% A single enclosed runway for conductor cables
-.-%"I% '++" 'achine which transforms electric power into mechanical power
*--0-"S
he circuit conductors between the service equipment or the generator switchboard of
an isolated plant and the branch circuit overcurrent device
*++%A10.-
#nit of illumination when the foot is taken as the unit of length; It is the illumination on a surface
one s!uare foot in area in which there is uniformly distributed flux of one lumen
*#S-
An overcurrent protective device with a circuit opening fusible member which is heated and
severed by the passage of the overcurrent through it
4-1-"A. .I4)I14 ypes of lighting that deals with lighting relatively large area covered
I..#'I1AI+1 0ensity of the luminous flux on a surface
31I*- S,I%)
Is a form of air switch in which the moving element is a hinge blade wedge between
stationary contact blades when closed
.A'5 Artificial source of light
.A'5)+.0-" 0evice for mechanical support of light
.I4) A radiant energy
.I4)1I14 A""-S-"
5rotective device for limitting surge voltage on e!uipment by discharging or by&passing
surge current
.I4)1I14 S#"4- Is a transient electric disturbance in an electric circuit caused by lightning
.I1- A5 Is the radial branch connection to a main line
.+A0 *A%+"
Is the ratio of the average load over a designated period of time to the peak load occuring
in that period
.#'-1 #nit of luminous flux
.#2 A unit of illumination e!ual to one lumen per s!uare meter
+#.- 5oint of the wiring system at which current is taken to supply utilization e!uipment
+#.- (+2 A metal box at an outlet which encloses one or more receptacle
5-A3 .+A0 'aximum load consumed by a unit in a stated period of time
5-10-1 0evice or e!uipment which is supended from overhead either by means of the flexible cord
5I.+ ,I"-
Auxillary conductor used in connection with remote measuring devices for operating
apparatus at a distant point
5#..(+2 (ox with a blank cover which is inserted in one or more runs of raceway to facilitate
pulling in the conductors and the distributing of the conductors
"A%-,A6 Any channel for holding wires, cables or busbars
"-%-5A%.- %onvinience +utlet$ %ontact device installed at an oulet for the connection of an attachment plug
"I4I0 '-A. %+10#I
A raceway especially constructed for the purpose of physical protection
of conductors, the pulling in or the withdrawing of wires or cables after the
conduit is in place and made of metal pipe of standard width and thickness
"+S--
-nclosure of porcelain or other insulating material fitted with terminals and intended for
connecting the flexible cord carrying a pendent to permanent wiring
S-"9I%- 0"+5
he overhead service conductor from the last pole or other aerial support to and including splices
if any connecting to the service entrance conductors at the building
S-"9I%- "A%-,A6 he raceway that encloses the service entrance conductors
S#('A"I1- %A(.- %able designed for service under water
S#"4- Is a transient variation in the current potential or power
5.5 mm
'inimum wire size of ), stranded copper conductor in raceway for a branch circuit in a A?
ampere rating
!"#$% #nit of fre!uency e!ual to one cycle per seconds
&!'( #nit of loudness of level
#")"#*"#A$+'( 5rolongation of sound as a result of succesive reflection
,A)"-"(.$! 0istance sounds travels during each cycles of vibration
/'0(1 1+22#A3$+'( Acoustical phenomenon which causes sound wave to bend or scattered around
/'0(1 *luctuation in pressure, a particle displaceent in elastic medium
&0#" $'(" Sound sensation in a single fre!uency
3A(1"-A A luminous intensity of light expressed in candela$ #nit of luminous intensity
-0M+(A+#" A lighting fixture
-AM*"#$ #nit of luminance e!ual to = candela per s!uare meter
-04 #nit of illmination e!ual to one lumen per s!uare meter
2''$ 3A(1-" #nit of illumination e!ual to one s!uare foot
-0M+('0/ 2-04 "ate of flow of light through a surface
+M&"1A(3" "esistance in A% system
3'(103$A(3" "eciprocal of resistance
/'0(1 +($"(/+$5 "ate of flow of sound energy
A33"($ -+.$!+(. .ighting used primarily to draw attention to particular point of interests
!&/ -AM& A type of )I0 lamp
CONNECTIONS
SI14.- 5)AS- + S#55.6 his connetions is used where the load is comparatively small and
=E? 9 .I4)I14 .+A0 the length of the secondary circuit is short
SI14.- 5)AS- + S#55.6 his connections is used in most urban distribution circuits
=E?/EB? A&,I"- .I4)I14
A10 5+,-" .+A0
SI14.- 5)AS- *+" 5+,-" he =E?/EB? volt winding is connected in series serving EB? volts on
a two wire system, this connection is used for small industrial applications
,+ 5)AS- %+11-%I+1S %onsist merely of two single phase transformers operated >?deg out
of phase, the common wire must carry 6 times the load current
0-.A&0-.A *+" 5+,-" his is used to supply a single phase lighting load and three phase
A10 .I4)I14 power load simultaneously
+5-1 0-.A *+" .I4)I14 his connection is used when single phase lighting load is large as
A10 5+,-" compared with the power load
6 0-.A *+" 5+,-" +ften it is desirable to increase the voltage of a circuit form a 788 to 79:8 volts to
increase its potential capacity
6 0-.A *+" .I4)I14 his connection is similar to the delta&delta bank with only the primary connection changed
A10 5+,-" he primary neutral should not be grounded or tied into the system neutral, since a single
phase ground fault may result in extensive blowing of fuses throughout the system
his connection requires special watt;hour metering
+5-1 6 0-.A ,hen operating 6 delta and one service is disabled, service maybe maintained at reduced load
0-.A 6 *+" .I4)I14 he single phase lighting load is all on one phase resulting in unblanced primary currents
A10 5+,-" in any one bank
6&6 *+" .I4)I14 A10 he primary voltage was increased from 788 to 79:8 volts to increase the potential
5+,-" capacity of the system
6&6 A#+ "A1S*+"'-" ,hen the ratio of transformation from the primary to secondary voltage is small,
the most economical way of stepping down the voltage
S%+ %+11-%I+1 In some localities two phase power is re!uired from three phase system
A5)AS- + E5)AS-
S%+ %+11-%-0 If it should be necessary to supply three phase power from a two
E5)AS- + A5)AS- phase system, the special tap must be provided on the secondary side
hermoplastic
, 'oisture emperature "esistant
#* #nderground *eeder
*-5, *lourinated -thylene 5ropylene 'oisture "esistant
") )eat "esitant "ubber
"), )eat and 'oisture "esistant "ubber
"#) )eat "esistant .atex "ubber
), 'oisture and )eat "esistant hermoplastic
),1 )eat and 'oisture "esistant hermoplstic with 1ylon
2)), 'oisture and )eat "esistant %ross .ink 5olymer
(2 Armored %able
))1 )-"'+5.ASI% )-A "-SISA1
5- 5+.6-)-.-1-
SA SI.I%+1 AS(-S+S
A9A AS(-S+S A10 9A"1IS) %A'("I%
HEAT DETECTOR
*I2-0 -'5-"A#"- #se low melting point solders or metal the expand when exposed to heat to detect fire
)-A 0--%+" =A@deg&=>Hdeg *
5)++ -.-%"I% 0--%+" #se of the scattering of light by smoke into view of photo cell through incandescent or diode
I1*"A"-0 *.A'- 0--%+" It responds to the high&fre!uency radiant energy from flames; Alarm is only triggered when
I" energy flickers at rate which is chracteristics of flame
I+1I/AI+1 S'+3- )-A #ses the interruption of small current flow between electrodes by smoke in ionized sampling
0--%+" chamber to detect fire
TYPES OF CABLE
A"'+" %A(.- 7A%8 *abricated assembly of insulated conductors enclosed in flexible metal
sheath; It is used both on exposed and concealed work
'-A. %.A0 %A(.- 7'%8 A factory assemble cable of one or more conductors each individualy
insulated and enclosed in a mettalic sheath of interlocking tape of smooth
or corrugated tube. his type of cable is especially used for service feeders,
branch circuit and for indoor, outdoor work
'I1-"A. I1S#.A-0 %A(.- 7'I8 Is a factory assembly of one or more conductors insulated with highly
compressed refractory mineral insulation enclosed in a li!uid and gas
tight continous copper sheath; his type of cable is used in dry, wet or
continously moist location as service feeders or branch circuit
1+1 '-A..I% S)-A-0 Is a also a factory assembly of two or more insulated conductors having
%A(.- 71'8 a moisture resistant, flame retardant and non metallic material outer
sheath; his type is used specifically for one or two family dwellings not
exceeding A storey building
S)I-.0-0 1+1 '-A..I% his type of cable is factory assembly of two or more insulated conductors
S)-A-0 %A(.- 7S1'8 in an extruded core of moisture resistant and flame retardant material
covered within an overlapping spiral metal tape; his type is used in
hazardous locations and in cable trays or in raceways
#10-"4"+#10 *--0-" A10 Is a moisture resistant cable used for underground connections including
("A1%) %I"%#I 7#*8 direct burial in the ground as feeder or branch circuit
5+,-" A10 %+1"+. "A6 his is factory assembled two or more insulated conductors with or without
%A(.- 7%8 associated bare or covered or grounding under a mettalic sheath, his is
used for installation of cable trays, raceways, or it is supported by messenger wire
*.A %A(.- ASS-'(.6 7*%8 Is an assembly of parallel conductors formed integrally with insulating
material web designed especially for field installation in metal surface or raceways
*.A %+10#%+" %A(.- 7*%%8 %onsist of three or more flat copper conductor placed edge to edge
separated and enclosed with an insulating assembly; his type of cable is
used for general purposes such asG appliance branch circuit, and for individual
branch circuits, especially in hard smooth continous floor surfaces and the like
'-0I#' 9+.A4- %A(.- 7'98 Is a single or multi conductor solid dielectric insulated cable rated at ,888
volts or higher; his type is used for power system up to <5,888 volts
UTILITIES 1999
-.-5)+1- -"'I1A. %A(I1- 5art of the facility which accept the house cable riser and house the
terminal block at each floor and at the highest or end of a feeder riser cable
-.-%+''#1I%AI+1 S6S-' Is the simplest type of building automation system, which intercoms, 5A(2,
microwave links, analog and digital telephone system, video conferencing,
satellite links, structured cabling and similar devices
+1 -9-"6 )+S- (I(( A full open type valve is used in several locations in a water distribution
system, which of the following does 1+ re!uire itF
0"6 SA105I5- A fireline system without a constant water supply and is e!uipped with a fire service
inlet and outlet connection installed exclusively for the use of *ire Service
,A-" S-"9I%- 5I5- erm used to main water pipe delivering portable water to a building
I1S#**I%I-1%6 I1 )- SI/- +* ,hich poor design in the plumbing system causes water supply drop
)- ,A-" S-"9I%- A10 when the fixture is simultaneously openedF
0IS"I(#I+1 5I5-
= KC 3I%)-1 SI13 "A5 SI/-
= LC .A9A+"6 "A5 +" ("A1%) SI/-
DBmm or E KC +#.- +* 0"6 SA105I5-
DBmm or E KC +#.- +* ,- SA105I5- for riser of more than =@ mts
S.+5- +* )- 0"AI1 5I5- 1ot needed in sizing the vent pipe for individual branch and circuit vent
based on the total linear footage of the pipe making up the ventF
A ,A6 9A.9- 0I9-"-" A hot and cold water supply pipes, where it is mix manually in desired water temperature
temperature and direct the mixed water either at the shower head or at the fooe spout
(A.. 9A.9- 5rinciple where a single lever valve used in kitchen sink and lavatory, they are
beautiful and maintenance free
=AE .I-"S 5-" 'I1#- 'inimum water delivery in liters per minute for an outlet of a wet standpipe
at a residual pressure or =;I kilos per s!;mts
-.(+, "-0#%-" A female 4I threaded pipe reducer fitting use to connect a reducing branch pipe at an angle
*.#S) 9A.9- *II14S 4eneral term used to described the fitting in the drawing
EC ,5" A10 E x =/I 4I fitting used to accept the 5 trap assembly of the lavatory 7drawing8
(-10 %+'(I1AI+1
%I"%#I 9-1 ype of vent applied on installations with multi branch interval where the vertical vent pipe
takes off in front of the first fixture and connects to a main vent stack
"-9-"S- +S'+SIS Stage in water purification which removes mineral deposits, slats, heavy metal, totally dissolves
solids while some useful minerals are retained
*I2-0 -'5-"A#"- *ire detector installed in a fire alarm system, which uses low melting point
)-A 0--%+" solders or metals that expand when exposed to heat to detect a fire, =A@deg&=>Hdeg *
%+#5.I14 4I fitting to join two threaded fittings as close as possible but not exceeding three inches
5"-SS#"- "-4#.A+" A device used to control an incoming high water pressure into the water distribution system
by mechanical means so as to bring it to a working pressure of I? psi
,"+14 %)+I%- +* 9-1 65- A poor venting system caused by a slow draining of water from
a fixture down a plumbing system
/0*M"#/+*-" &0M& A type of pump for driven well from =@? to E?? ft which work by a principle of venturi where
jet,jack,reciprocating water of high pressure is pump into the well to draw water upwards through the return pipe
A -9-"6 ("A1%) I1-"9A. ,hich of the following does not re!uire the installation of the cleanoutF
+* S+I. SA%3
@C ,hich is not a standard size of 4I pipe for water supplyF E =/EC, AC,BC,@C
#"I1A. *.AS) 9A.9- ASS-'(.6 0evice in control valve which work by discharging instantaneous
volume of water at higher pressure
AI. 5I-%- or 0-A0 -10 erm used for pipe extension of not more than E feet in length install in
any stack or branch of a plumbing rough in for the purpose of future trap
%)-%3 9A.9- A full open valve located in a supply pipe to every water heater
=E? .I-"S *or cold water, a family members of =E needs a A;D cu;mts; of cold water;
,hat is the maximum hot water probable hour demandF
==? =?? =E? =B? liters
A#+'A-0 "-"A%A(.- 5arking management system for two types of vehicular deterrent either articulated arm type
5I..A" S6S-' or straight beam type; It can be activated by means of radio fre!uency remote control, push
push button switch, photocell, magnetic loop or acces control
)"-- *I2#"-S -xception of fixture to be connected into a single trap
0"6 SA105I5- he presence of *ire Service %onnection
5+.6(#-.-1- 5I5- 5ipes and fittings which can exclusively be used for cold water lines for
A10 *II14S potable main distribution water service, sprinkler and irrigation system; It
could be KC, MC, =C, = KC, = LC and EC
#59% 0,9 SA1IA"6 +range or brown in color with sizes of BC and A meter in lengths of pipes
5I5-S A10 *II14S and fittings, AS' EHE> standards
AS(-S+S 5I5- .east popular and not recommended use as potable water distribution pipe
SI14.- .-9-" (A) *A#%- Shower set for bath 7drawing8
,I) )A10 S)+,-"&
-.-5)+1- S)+,-"
*I(-" %-'-1 5I5- 5ipe not used as water service pipe
4A- 9A.9- A cut off valve installed in the service piping system
DBmm or E =/EC 'inimum size of wet standpipe for a riser more than =@ meters from the source
D= cms 'inimum height of dry standpipe outlet from the floor line
AI" %)A'(-" 0evice used to prevent water hammering
9-1 SI/- IS A .-AS 96 $!" "ule of tumb in sizing an individual vent
1#A+( I S-"9-S (# 1+ .-SS
)A1 )- "-:#I"-0 'I1I'#'
,/% -9-" IS .A"4-"
*A1 %+I. #1I 'echanical e!uipment coupled with a central air conditioning system used
to dehumidify and cool the airstream injected to the conditioned space
=;@ I'-S '+"- )A1 )- Spacing provided for elevator with single bank in a non residential building
-.-9A+" %A" 0-5)
0+,1 %+..-%I9- %+1"+. "ecording calls even when car is in use; It answer calls starting from the
highest and so on while descending
#5 %+..-%I9- %+1"+.
"ecording calls even when car is in use; It answer calls starting
from the lowest and so on while ascending
4+9-"1+"
Safety device of a passenger elevator which activates if the car travels faster
than its rated speed by grasping the guide rail to stop the car safely safety gear, safety shoe
magnetic break
main drive chain, step chain, handrail
drive chain, bottom sprocket
-S%A.A+"JS 5A"
5+"A(.- 4AS )+ *I"-0 ,A-" (+I.-" 5A"S
+1- I1 *"+1 +* )- +)-" ,hen planning a multiple system of elevator layout where four or
more elevator are arrange in banks
==E?$>I?$I??$HD? 1ominal size of an escalator$ escalatorJs width like those in <apanese brand
==@?$==??$=???$>?? 1ominal size of an escalator$ escalatorJs step like those in <apanese brand
=?@ mts per min; ,hich is not the standard speed of electric traction type passenger
elevators for low to medium rise buildings
A0<#SA(.- .+%3I14 ype of dampers installed at supply ducts, which are electro&mechanically
0A'5-"S activated by building automation system to close in case of fire within the area
A )- -S%A.A+" .ocation of %ontrol System or computer brain of the escalator
'A%)I1- "++'
=E to =B S:;' 5-" +1 +* his is a guide for the initial estimate per on of "efrigeration per s!;mts; of a standard
"-*"I4-"AI+1 room of normal condition without external solar heat gain and excessive internal heat gain
International Standard and -1 I=;= %ode in designing a machine room
PIPING OR DUCT BELONGING TO OTHER SYSTEM SHOULD NOT RUN
THROUGH THE MACHINE ROOM
+5-1I14 (-,--1 )- 'A%)I1- "++' A10 )- S)A* '#S (- *#..6 +5-1-0
+ A..+, -AS6 A%%-SS
9-1I.AI+1 '#S (- S#**I%I-1 I1 +"0-" + 'AI1AI1 I10++" -'5-"A#"-
+* @ + B? 0-4"--S
+1.6 )+IS 'A%)I1- '++" ASS-'(.6, %+1"+. 5A1-. A10 A#2I..A"6
-:#I5'-1 *+" *I"- *I4)I14 A"- A..+,-0 I1SI0-
SA10A"0 I1SA..AI+1 +* -S%A.A+" 1+ -2%--0I14 B;@? 'S;/ "#SS
THE TOP CHORD OF THE TRUSS IS WITH A STEEL ANGLE SUPERIMPOSED
ON THE BUILDING'S STRUCTURAL BEAM
%+#1-",-I4) (#**-" 'ain purpose of pit of the elevator shaft space
5"-SS#"- "-.I-* 9A.9- Safety device caused by insufficient water flow on heater when brown out
-25A10-0 5+.6)-.61- 9ital part of Solar ,ater heater to keep the heat in and cold out
*+A' I1S#.AI+1
31+%30+,1 (6 'A<+" 5ackaging and assembly of elevator as it arrives on the site
%+'5+1-1 5A"
4++0S ,I) 5-"S+1 %ategory of the elevator IS+ B=>?;=
S-"9I%- .I*S *+" 4++0
5ASS-14-" +1.6
"A1S5+"S +* (-0
%++.I14 +,-" %ool the condenser unit in a central conditioning system
SI14.- 5+.- S,I%) A SA", wo lights in a long hallway connected in parallel are to be controlled simultaneously at
A&,A6 S,I%) A 'I05+I1 A10 three points
SI14.- 5+I1 S,I%) A -10
5+,-" A10 %+1"+. "A6 *actory assembled of two or more insulated conductors w/ or w/o
%A(.- 65- associated bare cover ground conductor under a non metallic sheath
approved forr installation in cable trays, in raceways or in supported by a messenger wire
") )eat "esistant "ubber / H@ degrees
'-A. )A.I0- .ight source used in lighting fixtures best specified in areas such as those re!uiring high illumination
levels for detailed work such as needle work
S%+ %+11-%I+1 E 5)AS- A transformer location re!uired in some localities, where a three phase
+ A 5)AS- power is re!uired from a two phase system
, 'oisture "esistant hermoplastic / D? degrees
I..#'I1A-0 S,I%) ype of switch where pilot light inside a lit to guide the person inside
I@ amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of A?degrees
w/a EE s!;m cross sectional area in size for #S-
.+, S,I%) -'II14 0I+0- Switch wiring device$ Identify all 7(rochure8
B&,A6 1+1 A55-.AI+1 S,I%)
0"A,I14S 'ain power supply and wiring system for ==?/EE? volt line$ which wiring diagram fits 7drawing8
H@??mm to >???mm ,hat is the maximum horizontal range between two or more air terminal for lightning
@???mm to D???mm arrest for an effective disaster prevention in building
=????mm to =E???mm
D???mm to HD??mm
@@?mm$ H??mm An air terminal for lighting arrest is distanced at HD??mm; ,hat must be the least height of the
D??mm$ I@?mm air terminal above the building part being protected for disaster prevention
=@ amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of A?degrees
w/a E;? s!;m cross sectional area in size for ,
59% IS A..+,-0 *+" AS .+14 AS (est suited for "igid 1onmetallic %onduit like 59% for underground installation in buildings
(+) (#"IA. 0-5) +* 1+ .-SS
BD?mm A10 3'(3#"$"
"(3A/"M"($ IS 5"+9I0-0
#."AS+1I% )igher than E?,??? )ertz
SA(I1S #nit of acoustic absorption e!uivalent ot absorption by one s!uare root
of a perfect absorber
A9+I0I14 /+1-S +* 0I"-% *irst defense method from external noise by site selection and site
S+#10 planning for !uiet internal acoustic environment
I1SA.. A(S+"(-1 'A-"IA.S he effective method can be employed to reduce direct noise, which is transmitted airborne,
,I)I1 )- ,A.. +* )- for noise reduction within a space
-1%.+S#"-
S+#10 "A9-.S S.I4).6 .+,-" his does not describe the velocity of sound correctly
=2A/$"#>'+IS AI" )A1 I1
0"6 AI"
H,AI? fps Sound with a wavelength of =;@? m at *re!uency =,@?? )z
I1-1SI6 5erceptual characteristic of sound which is the average rate of flow of
energy per unit area perpendicular to the direction of propagation
JUNE 1998 UTILITIES
9-1 5I5- It ventilates a house drainage system and prevent siphonage and back pressure
A/IC It is the size of supply valve tank type for water closet
D *-- he maximum horizontal developed length between the trap seal and the
vertical vent inlet at the trap
ExEC ,6- ,I) EC %+ A10 %ombination fitting between the vertical waste branch and the horizontal waste branch
E 2 =/I (-10
%+#5.I14 "-0#%-" A female 4I pipe reducer fitting used in straight connection, both are threaded inside
%I"%#I 9-1 A vent use in battery of plumbing fixture where the vent is installed in front
of the last fixture of the battery
?"$, S#('-"SI(.- A water pump for a E??ft driven well to deliver =?gpm against E??ft; It is
#"(I1-, S#'5 located at the surface
#"3+&#'3A$+(. A pump motor installed on the surface attached to a lift and push a rod to
%-1"I*#4A., 5IS+1, #"(I1- activate a submerge piston
+ *A%I.IA- AI" '+9-'-1 he purpose of a branch vent slope of =/BC
,I) .-SS-" "-SISA1%-
"-%I5"+%AI14 A pump with an impeller enclose in a housing coupled with the pump motor
%-1"I*#4A., 5IS+1, $0#*+(" Its principle is to add a velocity to already flowing li!uid
3"($#+20.A-, S#('-"SI(.- A pump which delivers high water discharge with high water pressure drawn
<-, #"(I1- from a shallow source like cistern, best suited as fire or transfer pump;
he motor is placed at the surface with shaft to turn the impellers below
BD mm 'inimum height of *ire Service station rom the grade
(-.. "-0#%-" A female 4I pipe reducer fitting use to connect a reducing branch from
a main water distribution
5+.6-)-.-1- 5I5- 5-
,A-" 0IS"I(#I+1 5I5-S 4eneral term for hot or cold water pipes containing portable water supplying
different plumbing fixture
A ("A1%) S#55.6 0#% AS ,here are dampers install to regulate the amount of cool air fo an even
*A" AS 5"A%I%A. *"+' )- distribution of outlets
+#.-
S-AS+1A. -1-"46 -**I%I-1%6 "ating index of an air conditioning system which rate the number for the unit
of (# heat moved per watt of electrical input energy
+1S +* "-*"I4-"AI+1 Standard unit rating to describe the capacity of the cooling tower
(++' S5"+%3- 5rime movers that drives the escalator parts
4-A"-0 )+IS
)-.I%A. 4-A"-0 '++" ,I)
"A1S'ISSI+1 "-0#%I+1
%+1"+. S6S-'&5"+4"A'
'A(.- #1I
SA10A"0 IS+ B=>?;= -.-9A+" %A-4+"6
5asenger use in which goods may be carried
4oods accompanied by persons
5assenger elevator
Service elevator for goods only
A -uropean brand of elevator
4+.0SA"&3+"-A
3+55-. A;,;
0+9-"
+IS&#;S;
@;@?? mm "e!uired minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
over residential and comercial properties and driveways not subjected to truck traffic and over
D?? volts to ground
"e!uired minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
over public streets, alleys, roads, parking areas subjected to truck traffic, driveways on other
than residential property, and other land traveresed by vehicular such as cultivated, grazing
forest and courtyards
(#S,A6S Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor
terminations in a completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing
where the system is design to carry fault current and to withstand the
magnetic forces of such current
"I4I0 S--. %+10#I A raceway especially constructed for the purpose of physical protection
of conductors, the pulling in or the withdrawing of wires or cables after the
conduit is in place and made of metal pipe of standard width and thickness
=E?/EB? 9+.S System of voltage used for computing branch circuits and feeder load
,I10'I.. 1atural energy source derived from force of wind acting on obli!ue blades
that radiates froma shaft attached to a dynamo to produce electricity
5A1-. (+A"0 A point in th electrical system where the electrical load of a given area
is assumed to concentrate
SI14.- 5)AS- A.-"1AI14 Alternating current generated by the alternator where its wave rises to the
%#""-1 peak, sinks to zero, drops to the negative peak and rises again to zero a
number of times each second depending on the fre!uency for which the
machine is designed
,+ 5)AS- A.-"1AI14 Alternating current where the alternator comprises of windings mounted
%#""-1 at right angles to each other and provided with separate external connections
current waves will be produced and each of which will be at its maximum
when the other is zero
E;E, A?, I, =B 'inimum conductor size for for overhead service drop for copper wire or cable
#* #nderground *eeder, D?&H@ degrees %
), 'oisture and )eat "esistant hermoplastic used for dry and wet locations
"-*"A%I+1
he physical behavior of sound when travelling forward in a straight path
changes in direction as it passes through different densities and causes
the sound waves to bend
JANUARY 1998 UTILITIES
AI mm 7= =/EC8 Standard size of wet standpipe outlet for each floor
,6- *II14 A type of pipe fitting for yoke vent
DC he minimum horizontal clearance of vent branch immediately above the flood
level rim of the fixture
)-"'+SA A device installed on electric water heater used to detect the working temperature to
to activate a switch
= =/EC he minimum size or trap of a bidet
A/IC Supply valve tank type for water closet
%+#5.I14 A threaded fitting to join two threaded fittings as closed as possible but
not exceeding A inches
A -9-"6 ("A1%) I1-"9A. +* .ocation that does not re!uire installation of clean out
A S+I. SA%3
(A-"6 +* *I2#"- Interconnection of the same fixture in one soil or waste branch with one branch vent
%+''+1 9-1 A single vent that ventiliates multiple traps, in the case of back to back fixture
1#'(-" +* *I2#"- A parameter in sizing the drainage pipe
S+I. 5I5-
%onveys a discharge of solid and li!uid wastes closets with or without the
discharged from other fixture to the house drain
=?E mm 7BC8
'inimum size of standpipe for a building in which the highest outlet is EA m
or less from the *ire service %onnection
#5*--0 +" 0I"-% '-)+0
In water distributon system which constantly rely its pressure from the main water pipe apply only
if the main fixture is supply continously with the flow rate and minimum re!uired working
pressure
5.#'(I14 S6S-'
System of building which includes the water supply distribution pipes the
fixture and fixture traps, the soil waste and the vent pipes, the house drain
and the house sewer, the storm water drainage with their devices
DB mm 7E =/EC8 'inimum size of wet standpipe for riser of more than =@ mts from source
DC 'inimum height of a branch vent above the fixture it is venting
SIA'-S- %+11-%I+1S %ommon term for a two way service connections
(A.. Single level valve used in kichen sink, lavatory faucets or at shower valve
1#'(-" +* ("A1%) 9-1S A parameter in sizing a horizontal soil branch pipe
=/BC, ,6- and =/IC (-10, .+14 *itting installed at the base of the soil stack and a building drain
S,--5, =/IC and =/IC %+'(I1AI+1
=E + =B S:;'"/" 4uide for initial estimate of on of refrigeration
<- 5#'5 ,I) I1<-%+" A suitable type of water pump for deep well BC or DJ casing to deliver
?A3@, %-1"I*#4A. A@gpm against B@? ft; total develop height
S#('-"SI(.-
/-+.I- 5assing on it can treat hardwater
%I"%#I 9-1 9ertical vent pipes take in front of the last fixture and connects to its soil
stack which acts as a vent
(#**-" A safety device of a passenger elevator which reduces the collision shock
of a car or counterweight due to over travel beyond the lowest stop; It
It stops the car or counterweight safely
S-AS+1A. -1-"46 -1-"46 "ating index of an air conditioning system which rates the unit for the number
-**I%I-1%6 "AI14 for (# of heat moved per watt of electrical input energy
5)AS- *AI.#"- "-.A6 Internal electronic safety features of an escalator; hey function as a
0"I9-%)AI1 A10 )A10"AI. 4+9 safety switches or detectors which monitors internal mechanical or
S3I"I14 5A1-. S,I%) electrical abnormalities and shuts down the system in any eventuality
M'(+$'#+(. 3'($A3$/ '(
/$"& 3!A+(
3+#30+$ *#"A@"# A passenger elevator safety device which protects the motor and its
-.-%"I%A. 5A1-. (+2 electrical parts from over current
5#.. (+2
-.-%"+1I% %+1"+. 5A1-.
/A2"$5 /!'" he elevator door components that detect the obstacle during the door closing and re opens
SA*-6 4-A" the door
+#SI0- 0++" .A%)
0++" .+%3 S,I%)
AI" %#"AI1 'echanical e!uipment install on top of the main doors used to retain cold in the interiors
,AI I1-"9A. 0ividing the travel length by the rated speed
-9A5+"A+"S %A11+ (- 'ajor physical restriction does a split type air conditioner system have which restricts
.+%A-0 A %-I.I14 its efficiency and performance
%+10-1S-" A10 -9A5+"A+" 1ot ideal physical installation of a split type air condition
A"- I1SA..-0 A )- SA'-
.-9-. ,/ =@ 'S; 0-9; 0ISA1%-
-'-"4-1%6 S+5 S,I%) Activate by preventing the door to open during elevator car run,
SA*-6 S)+- the door elevator will open only when the car stops at the floor
+#SI0- 0++" .A%)
1''# -'3@ /,+$3!
SA*-6 S)+- +pening of door for passenger in case of power failure in the elevator
'0$/+1" 1''# -A$3!
0++" .+%3 S,I%)
SA*-6 4-A"
MA.("$+3 *#"A@ Activate if the car travel faster than its travel speed, the power will turn off,
SA*-6 S)+- and grasp the rope to operate the safety gear
%I"%#I ("-A3-"
4+9-"1+"
*+" %A" +9-""#1 'ain purpose of shafts overhead space
.I'I S,I%) 0evice that open and closes the electric current in an elevator when it has reached the
-'-"4-1%6 S,I%) designated end of travel course
"A9-. S,I%)
'++" %+1"+. S,I%)
*A1 %+I. #1I
%oupled with central air conditioning system, used to dehumidify and cool
the air stream injected into the conditioned space
%I"%#I ("-A3-"
A device designed to open and close a circuit by non automatic means
and to open the circuit automatically on predetermined over current
without damaged to itself when properly applied within its rating
S-"9I%- "A%-,A6 he raceway that encloses the service entrance conductors
6&6 *+" .I4)I14 A10 5+,-"
A transformer connection which is ideal in the event of change of primary
voltage from EB?? volts to B=D? volts to increase the potential capacity of
the system
EB A'5-"-
'aximum allowed ampere rating of one chord or plug utilization e!uipment connected in a A?
ampere branch circuit for lighting or utilization e!uipment
@;@ s!;mm
'inimum wire size in s!;mm type ), stranded copper conductor in raceway for a branch
circuit with A? ampere rating
A@??mm
'inimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground, at the
electrical service entrance or above areas or sidewalks accesible only to pedestrian lanes,
measure from final grade line or other accesible surface only for service drop cabled together
with a grounded bare messenger wire and limited to A?? volts to ground
A? amperes
'inimum ampacity of feeder conductor with a load of more than two wire branch circuit supplied
by a A&wire feeder but not exceed the computed branch circuit load
A;@ s!;m
'inimum wire size in s!;mm type , copper conductor in raceway for a branch circuit with E?
ampere rating
B@ Amperes
Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of A?degrees
w/a I s!;m cross sectional area in size for ),
'#.I ,I"- ("A1%) %I"%#I
A branch circuit consisting of two or more grounded conductors having a potential difference
between them, and a grounded conductor having e!ual potential difference between it
A %.-A"A1%- +* 1+ .-SS )A1 5re re!uisite in use of split knob and tube wiring
HDmm S)A.. (- 'AI1AI1-0
(-,--1 %+10#%+"S A10 1+
.-SS )A1 EDmm
5"-SS#"I/-0 ,A-" "-A%+" A type of water coolant operates at a pressure of about =@? atmospheres
0-9I%- A unit of electrical system which is intended to carry but not utilize electrical energy
(#S,A6S
Approved assembly of insulated conductors with fitting and conductor
terminations in a completely enclosed, ventilated protective metal housing
where the system is design to carry fault current and to withstand the
magnetic forces of such current
D? %6%.-S Standard fre!uency of water supply by the company like 'eralco
#S- #nderground Service -ntrance / H@degrees
S-"9I%- 0"+5
he overhead service conductor from the last pole or other aerial support
to and including the splices, if any connecting to te service entrance
conductors at the building
(+I.I14 ,A-" "-A%+"
A type of nuclear reactor where the water coolant is permitted to boil
within the core by operating at somewhat low pressure
(A.A1%- .+A0I14
In a EB?9, a three phase A&wire service, branch cicuits are loaded and distributed to each
of the three phase with this objective to attain
%A(.- "A6S
#nit or assembly of unit sections and associated fittings forming a rigid structural system
used to support cables
+5-1 0-.A *+" .I4)I14
A10 5+,-"
A transformer connection where the secondary load is a combination of
lighting and power; his connection is used when the single phase lighting
is large as compared with the power load
0-.A 6 *+" .I4)I14 A10
5+,-"
A useful transformer connection applied when single phase lighting load is
all on one phase resulting into unbalanced primary
A"'+" %A(.- 65- A%.
ype of flexible cable which is a fabricated assembly of insulated conductors
which permit its use at exposed weather or excessive moisture
)"-- 5)AS- A.-"1AI14
%#""-1
A type of alternating current where the alternator comprises the three
armature windings set at =E? degrees to each other, current will be
produced in the form of triple wave
A? amperes 'inimum branch circuit rating for household ranges and cooking appliance
5+"+#S A(S+"(-1 ype of sound absorbent best for lower band fre!uencies
)-"/ #nit of fre!uency which is e!ual to one cycle per second
SI14.- 5)AS- A.-"1AI14
%#""-1
A type of alternating current generated by alternator, where its wave rises to
its peak, sinks to zero, drop to a negative peak and rises again to zero
a number of times each seconds depending on the fre!uency of the
machine is designed
MORE STUDIES
INTERNET
.A(-. +* 0"A,I14S
%A-4+"I-S +* -.-9A+"
-.-9A+"
-S%A.A+"
5#'5S
9A.9-S
.I4)1I14 A""-S-"
S-"9I%- 0"+5S
1(%
15%5
*+"'#.A +* .
%6%.- +* *A1 %+I. #1I
NEED TO BE RESEARCHED (SUMMARIZED)
NATIONAL PLUMBING CODE
%ombination fitting between the vertical waste branch and the horizontal waste branch
x ,5" ,+$! A 3' A(1 x 96B *"(1
E x =/B (-10
B x E ,6- ,I) EC %+ A10 E x =/B (-10
E x E -- ,I) EC %+
.+%AI+1 I *itting in water closet in its order of se!uence from the floor drain to the soil branch
EC 5&"A5 Ex=/B (-10 BxE --
EC 5&"A5 Ex=/=D (-10 BxE --
EC 5&"A5 Ex=/I (-10 BxE --
EC 5&"A5 Ex=/B (-10 Ex=/I (-10 BxE ,6-
*itting installed at the branching tee from a horizontal soil branch to a horizonal waste branch
B x E ,6- A10 EC =/I (-10 %+'(I1AI+1
B x B --
B x E --
B x B ,6- A10 BC =/I (-10 %+'(I1AI+1
.+%AI+1 =A *itting assembly joining the bare lavatory and the EC tapped tee
= =/BC 0IA'--" S"AI1-" ,I) 5+5 #5 9A.9-
= =/EC 0IA'--" AI. 5I-%- ,I) 5+5 #5 9A.9-
= =/EC 0IA'--" 5&"A5 ,I) 5+5 #5 9A.9-
= =/BC 0IA'--" 5&"A5 ,I) 5+5 #5 9A.9-
.+%AI+1 =E #se to accept the 5&trap assembly of the lavatory
EC SA1IA"6 --
EC --
EC A55-0 --
EC ,6- A10 E x =/I (-10 %+'(I1AI+1
*itting installed at the base of the soil stack and a building rain
967 *"(1
.+14 S,--5 (-10
,5" A(1 96B *"(1 3'M*+(A$'(
=/I (-10 A10 =/I (-10 %+'(I1AI+1
A parameter in sizing horizontal branch pipe
1#'(-" +* S+I. +" ,AS- ("A1%)
A'+#1 +* *A.. +* )- 5I5-
(0M*"# '2 *#A(3! )"($/
65- +* 9-1I14 S6S-'
PUMPS
/0*M"#/+*-" &0M&
jet,jack,reciprocating
A type of pump for driven well from =@? to E?? ft which work by a principle of venturi where
water of high pressure is pump into the well to draw water upwards through the return pipe
#"3+&#'3A$+(.,#"(I1- A pump motor installed on the surface attached to a lift and push a rod to
%-1"I*#4A., 5IS+1 activate a submerge piston
?"$, S#('-"SI(.- A water pump for a E??ft driven well to deliver =?gpm against E??ft; It is
#"(I1-, S#'5 located at the surface
#"3+&#'3A$+(.,#"(I1- A pump motor installed on the surface attached to a lift and push a rod to
%-1"I*#4A., 5IS+1 activate a submerge piston
"-%I5"+%AI14 A pump with an impeller enclose in a housing coupled with the pump motor
%-1"I*#4A., 5IS+1, $0#*+(" Its principle is to add a velocity to already flowing li!uid
3"($#+20.A-, S#('-"SI(.- A pump which delivers high water discharge with high water pressure drawn
<-, #"(I1- from a shallow source like cistern, best suited as fire or transfer pump;
he motor is placed at the surface with shaft to turn the impellers below
<- 5#'5 ,I) I1<-%+" A suitable type of water pump for deep well BJ or DJ casing to deliver
?A3@, %-1"I*#4A. A@gpm against B@? ft; total develop height
S#('-"SI(.-
ELEVATOR
(#**-" A safety device of a passenger elevator which reduces the collision shock of a car or
counterweight due to over travel beyond the lowest stop; It stops the car or counterweight safely
5)AS- *AI.#"- "-.A6 Internal electronic safety features of an escalator; hey function as a
0"I9-%)AI1 A10 )A10"AI. 4+9 safety switches or detectors which monitors internal mechanical or
S3I"I14 5A1-. S,I%) electrical abnormalities and shuts down the system in any eventuality
M'(+$'#+(. 3'($A3$/ '(
/$"& 3!A+(
3+#30+$ *#"A@"# A passenger elevator safety device which protects the motor and its
-.-%"I%A. 5A1-. (+2 electrical parts from over current
5#.. (+2
-.-%"+1I% %+1"+. 5A1-.
'0$/+1" 1''# -A$3! 0uring elevator emergency to rescue passenger, this type of elevator is used to open the door
from the outside
/A2"$5 /!'" he elevator door components that detect the obstacle during the door closing and re opens
SA*-6 4-A" the door
+#SI0- 0++" .A%)
0++" .+%3 S,I%)
,AI I1-"9A. 0ividing the travel length by the rated speed
-'-"4-1%6 S+5 S,I%) Activate by preventing the door to open during elevator car run,
SA*-6 S)+- the door elevator will open only when the car stops at the floor
+#SI0- 0++" .A%)
1''# -'3@ /,+$3!
SA*-6 S)+- +pening of door for passenger in case of power failure in the elevator
+#SI0- 0++" .A%)
0++" .+%3 S,I%)
SA*-6 4-A"
MA.("$+3 *#"A@ Activate if the car travel faster than its travel speed, the power will turn off,
SA*-6 S)+- and grasp the rope to operate the safety gear
%I"%#I ("-A3-"
4+9-"1+"
*+" %A" +9-""#1 'ain purpose of shafts overhead space
.I'I S,I%) 0evice that open and closes the electric current in an elevator when it has reached the
-'-"4-1%6 S,I%) designated end of travel course
"A9-. S,I%)
'++" %+1"+. S,I%)
4+9-"1+" Safety device of a passenger elevator which activates if the car travels faster
SA*-6 4-A" than its rated speed by grasping the guide rail to stop the car safely
SA*-6 S)+-
'A41-I% ("-A3
International Standard and EN 81.1 Code in designing a machine room
PIPING OR DUCT BELONGING TO OTHER SYSTEM SHOULD NOT RUN THROUGH
THE MACHINE ROOM
+5-1I14 (-,--1 )- 'A%)I1- "++' A10 )- S)A* '#S (- *#..6 +5-1-0
+ A..+, -AS6 A%%-SS
9-1I.AI+1 '#S (- S#**I%I-1 I1 +"0-" + 'AI1AI1 I10++" -'5-"A#"-
+* @ + B? 0-4"--S
+1.6 )+IS 'A%)I1- '++" ASS-'(.6, %+1"+. 5A1-. A10 A#2I..A"6
-:#I5'-1 *+" *I"- *I4)I14 A"- A..+,-0 I1SI0-
STANDARD INSTALLATION OF ESCALATOR NOT EXCEEDIN !."# $TS.% TR&SS
THE TOP CHORD OF THE TRUSS IS WITH A STEEL ANGLE SUPERIMPOSED ON THE
BULDING'S STRUCTURAL BEAM
SA10A"0 IS+ B=>?;= -.-9A+" %A-4+"6
5asenger use in which goods may be carried
4oods accompanied by persons
5assenger elevator
Service elevator for goods only
ransports of bed
A -uropean brand of elevator
4+.0SA"&3+"-A
3+55-. A;,;
0+9-"
+IS&#;S;
ESCALATOR
(++' S5"+%3- 5rime movers that drives the escalator parts
4-A"-0 )+IS
)-.I%A. 4-A"-0 '++" ,I)
"A1S'ISSI+1 "-0#%I+1
%+1"+. S6S-'&5"+4"A'
'A(.- #1I
A )- -S%A.A+" .ocation of %ontrol System or computer brain of the escalator
'A%)I1- "++'
main drive chain, step chain, handrail -S%A.A+"JS 5A"
drive chain, bottom sprocket
==E?$>I?$I??$HD? 1ominal size of an escalator$ escalatorJs width like those in <apanese brand
==@?$==??$=???$>?? 1ominal size of an escalator$ escalatorJs step like those in <apanese brand
ELECTRICAL
SI14.- 5+.- S,I%) A SA", wo lights in a long hallway connected in parallel are to be controlled simultaneously at
A&,A6 S,I%) A 'I05+I1 A10 three points
SI14.- 5+I1 S,I%) A -10
0"A,I14S 'ain power supply and wiring system for ==?/EE? volt line$ which wiring diagram fits 7drawing8
A %.-A"A1%- +* 1+ .-SS )A1 5re re!uisite in use of split knob and tube wiring
HDmm S)A.. (- 'AI1AI1-0
(-,--1 %+10#%+"S A10 1+
.-SS )A1 EDmm
'#.I ,I"- ("A1%) %I"%#I A branch circuit consisting of two or more grounded conductors having a potential
difference between them, and a grounded conductor having e!ual potential difference between it
@@?mm$ H??mm An air terminal for lighting arrest is distanced at HD??mm; ,hat must be the least height of the
D??mm$ I@?mm air terminal above the building part being protected for disaster prevention
H@??mm to >???mm ,hat is the maximum horizontal range between two or more air terminal for lightning
@???mm to D???mm arrest for an effective disaster prevention in building
=????mm to =E???mm
:888mm to C:88mm
@@?? mm "e!uired minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
over residential and comercial properties and driveways not subDected to truck traffic
and over D?? volts to ground
"e!uired minimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground
over public streets, alleys, roads, parking areas subjected to truck traffic, driveways on other
than residential property, and other land traveresed by vehicular such as cultivated, grazing
forest and courtyards
A@??mm 'inimum vertical clearance of an overhead service drop measured from the ground, at the
electrical service entrance or above areas or sidewalks accesible only to pedestrian lanes,
measure from final grade line or other accesible surface only for service drop cabled together
with a grounded bare messenger wire and limited to A?? volts to ground
EB amperes 'aximum allowed ampere rating of one chord or plug utilization e!uipment connected in a <8
ampere branch circuit for lighting or utilization e!uipment
A? amperes 'inimum ampacity of feeder conductor with a load of more than two wire branch circuit
supplied by a <;wire feeder but not exceed the computed branch circuit load
I@ amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of A?degrees
w6a sq.m cross sectional area in size for #S-
B@ amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of A?degrees
w6a B.8 sq.m cross sectional area in size for ),
=@ amperes Ampacity of an insulated copper conductor, based on ambient temperature of A?degrees
w6a .8 sq.m cross sectional area in size for ,
@;@ s!;mm 'inimum wire size in s!;mm type ), stranded copper conductor in raceway for a branch
circuit with <8 ampere rating
A;@ s!;m 'inimum wire size in s!;mm type , copper conductor in raceway for a branch circuit with
8 ampere rating
A? amperes 'inimum branch circuit rating for household ranges and cooking appliance