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APPLICATION OF VECTOR

ADDITION
There are four
concurrent cable forces
acting on the bracket.
How do you determine
the resultant force acting
on the bracket ?
Addition of Vectors
Trapezoid rule for vector addition
Triangle rule for vector addition
B
B
C
C
Q P R
B PQ Q P R


cos 2
2 2 2
Law of cosines,
Law of sines,
A
C
R
B
Q
A sin sin sin

Vector addition is commutative,
P Q Q P


Vector subtraction
Sample Problem
The two forces act on a bolt at
A. Determine their resultant.
SOLUTION:
Trigonometric solution - use the triangle
rule for vector addition in conjunction
with the law of cosines and law of sines
to find the resultant.
Sample Problem (cont)
Trigonometric solution - Apply the triangle rule.
From the Law of Cosines,


155 cos N 60 N 40 2 N 60 N 40
cos 2
2 2
2 2 2
B PQ Q P R
A
A
R
Q
B A
R
B
Q
A


20
04 . 15
N 73 . 97
N 60
155 sin
sin sin
sin sin

N 73 . 97 R
From the Law of Sines,
04 . 35
ADDITION OF SEVERAL VECTORS
Step 3 is to find the magnitude
and angle of the resultant vector.
Step 1 is to resolve each force
into its components
Step 2 is to add all the x
components together and add all
the y components together. These
two totals become the resultant
vector.
Example of this
process,
You can also represent a 2-D vector with a
magnitude and angle.
EXAMPLE
Given: Three concurrent forces
acting on a bracket.
Find: The magnitude and
angle of the resultant
force.
Plan:
a) Resolve the forces in their x-y components.
b) Add the respective components to get the resultant vector.
c) Find magnitude and angle from the resultant components.
EXAMPLE (continued)
F
1
= { 15 sin 40 i + 15 cos 40 j } kN
= { 9.642 i + 11.49 j } kN
F
2
= { -(12/13)26 i + (5/13)26 j } kN
= { -24 i + 10 j } kN
F
3
= { 36 cos 30 i 36 sin 30 j } kN
= { 31.18 i 18 j } kN
EXAMPLE (continued)
Summing up all the i and j components respectively, we get,
F
R
= { (9.642 24 + 31.18) i + (11.49 + 10 18) j } kN
= { 16.82 i + 3.49 j } kN
x
y

F
R
F
R
= ((16.82)
2
+ (3.49)
2
)
1/2
= 17.2 kN
= tan
-1
(3.49/16.82) = 11.7
Sample Problem
Four forces act on bolt A as shown.
Determine the resultant of the force
on the bolt.
SOLUTION:
Resolve each force into rectangular
components.
Calculate the magnitude and direction
of the resultant.
Determine the components of the
resultant by adding the corresponding
force components.
Sample Problem (cont)
SOLUTION:
Resolve each force into rectangular components.
1 . 4
N 1 199
N 3 14
tan
.
.
R
R
x
y
Calculate the magnitude and direction.
N 6 . 199
sin
N 3 . 14

R
1 . 4
Determine the components of the resultant by
adding the corresponding force components.
1 . 199
x
R 3 . 14
y
R
9 . 25 6 . 96 100
0 . 110 0 110
2 . 75 4 . 27 80
0 . 75 9 . 129 150
4
3
2
1





F
F
F
F
comp y comp x mag force

READING QUIZ
1. The subject of mechanics deals with what happens to a body
when ______ is / are applied to it.
A) magnetic field B) heat C) forces
D) neutrons E) lasers
2. ________________ still remains the basis of most of todays
engineering sciences.
A) Newtonian Mechanics B) Relativistic Mechanics
C) Euclidean Mechanics C) Greek Mechanics
READING QUIZ
3. Which one of the following is a scalar quantity?
A) Force B) Position C) Mass D) Velocity
4. For vector addition you have to use ______ law.
A) Newtons Second
B) the arithmetic
C) Pascals
D) the parallelogram
CONCEPT QUIZ
5. Can you resolve a 2-D vector along two directions, which
are not at 90 to each other?
A) Yes, but not uniquely.
B) No.
C) Yes, uniquely.
6. Can you resolve a 2-D vector along three directions (say
at 0, 60, and 120)?
A) Yes, but not uniquely.
B) No.
C) Yes, uniquely.
ATTENTION QUIZ
7. Resolve F along x and y axes and write it in
vector form. F = { ___________ } N
A) 80 cos (30) i - 80 sin (30) j
B) 80 sin (30) i + 80 cos (30) j
C) 80 sin (30) i - 80 cos (30) j
D) 80 cos (30) i + 80 sin (30) j
8. Determine the magnitude of the resultant (F
1
+ F
2
)
force in N when F
1
= { 10 i + 20 j } N and F
2
=
{ 20 i + 20 j } N .
A) 30 N B) 40 N C) 50 N
D) 60 N E) 70 N
30
x
y
F = 80 N