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# APPLICATION OF VECTOR

There are four
concurrent cable forces
acting on the bracket.
How do you determine
the resultant force acting
on the bracket ?
B
B
C
C
Q P R
B PQ Q P R

cos 2
2 2 2
Law of cosines,
Law of sines,
A
C
R
B
Q
A sin sin sin

P Q Q P

Vector subtraction
Sample Problem
The two forces act on a bolt at
A. Determine their resultant.
SOLUTION:
Trigonometric solution - use the triangle
rule for vector addition in conjunction
with the law of cosines and law of sines
to find the resultant.
Sample Problem (cont)
Trigonometric solution - Apply the triangle rule.
From the Law of Cosines,

155 cos N 60 N 40 2 N 60 N 40
cos 2
2 2
2 2 2
B PQ Q P R
A
A
R
Q
B A
R
B
Q
A

20
04 . 15
N 73 . 97
N 60
155 sin
sin sin
sin sin

N 73 . 97 R
From the Law of Sines,
04 . 35
Step 3 is to find the magnitude
and angle of the resultant vector.
Step 1 is to resolve each force
into its components
Step 2 is to add all the x
the y components together. These
two totals become the resultant
vector.
Example of this
process,
You can also represent a 2-D vector with a
magnitude and angle.
EXAMPLE
Given: Three concurrent forces
acting on a bracket.
Find: The magnitude and
angle of the resultant
force.
Plan:
a) Resolve the forces in their x-y components.
b) Add the respective components to get the resultant vector.
c) Find magnitude and angle from the resultant components.
EXAMPLE (continued)
F
1
= { 15 sin 40 i + 15 cos 40 j } kN
= { 9.642 i + 11.49 j } kN
F
2
= { -(12/13)26 i + (5/13)26 j } kN
= { -24 i + 10 j } kN
F
3
= { 36 cos 30 i 36 sin 30 j } kN
= { 31.18 i 18 j } kN
EXAMPLE (continued)
Summing up all the i and j components respectively, we get,
F
R
= { (9.642 24 + 31.18) i + (11.49 + 10 18) j } kN
= { 16.82 i + 3.49 j } kN
x
y

F
R
F
R
= ((16.82)
2
+ (3.49)
2
)
1/2
= 17.2 kN
= tan
-1
(3.49/16.82) = 11.7
Sample Problem
Four forces act on bolt A as shown.
Determine the resultant of the force
on the bolt.
SOLUTION:
Resolve each force into rectangular
components.
Calculate the magnitude and direction
of the resultant.
Determine the components of the
force components.
Sample Problem (cont)
SOLUTION:
Resolve each force into rectangular components.
1 . 4
N 1 199
N 3 14
tan
.
.
R
R
x
y
Calculate the magnitude and direction.
N 6 . 199
sin
N 3 . 14

R
1 . 4
Determine the components of the resultant by
1 . 199
x
R 3 . 14
y
R
9 . 25 6 . 96 100
0 . 110 0 110
2 . 75 4 . 27 80
0 . 75 9 . 129 150
4
3
2
1

F
F
F
F
comp y comp x mag force

1. The subject of mechanics deals with what happens to a body
when ______ is / are applied to it.
A) magnetic field B) heat C) forces
D) neutrons E) lasers
2. ________________ still remains the basis of most of todays
engineering sciences.
A) Newtonian Mechanics B) Relativistic Mechanics
C) Euclidean Mechanics C) Greek Mechanics
3. Which one of the following is a scalar quantity?
A) Force B) Position C) Mass D) Velocity
4. For vector addition you have to use ______ law.
A) Newtons Second
B) the arithmetic
C) Pascals
D) the parallelogram
CONCEPT QUIZ
5. Can you resolve a 2-D vector along two directions, which
are not at 90 to each other?
A) Yes, but not uniquely.
B) No.
C) Yes, uniquely.
6. Can you resolve a 2-D vector along three directions (say
at 0, 60, and 120)?
A) Yes, but not uniquely.
B) No.
C) Yes, uniquely.
ATTENTION QUIZ
7. Resolve F along x and y axes and write it in
vector form. F = { ___________ } N
A) 80 cos (30) i - 80 sin (30) j
B) 80 sin (30) i + 80 cos (30) j
C) 80 sin (30) i - 80 cos (30) j
D) 80 cos (30) i + 80 sin (30) j
8. Determine the magnitude of the resultant (F
1
+ F
2
)
force in N when F
1
= { 10 i + 20 j } N and F
2
=
{ 20 i + 20 j } N .
A) 30 N B) 40 N C) 50 N
D) 60 N E) 70 N
30
x
y
F = 80 N