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INTERIM REPORT

Paavai Engineering College


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2013-14



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Paavai Engineering College

Interim E-Governance Report for Agriculture Mission Mode Project under NeGP
(NeGP A)
In Paavai Engineering College, the allocated NeGP Mission Mode project is 21. Agriculture ::
State MMP :: Delivering Services Partially.
Information needs of farmers have been traditionally catered to through schemes implemented by
States / UT governments. The Government of India has been supporting the States by initiating and
funding quite a few programmes. All these schemes have a component about information dissemination.
There are a number of current IT initiatives/ schemes undertaken or implemented by DAC which are
aimed at providing information to the farmers on various activities in the Agricultural value chain.
Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC) has over the years undertaken several IT
initiatives such as AGMARKNET, SEEDNET, DACNET etc. Agriculture Mission Mode Project
proposes to integrate these IT initiatives with the new applications / modules being developed as a part
of the Project.
Similarly, States / UTs have also either developed or are in the process of developing IT
applications such as AGRISNET under various programmes of DAC. All such applications will be
integrated with the Central Agri Portal (CAP) and the State Agri Portals (SAPs) envisaged under NeGP-
A. The Central Agri Portal (CAP) and State Agri Portals (SAP) will also have the options of providing
online feedbacks by the stakeholders. This would not only improve transparency but at the same time
would help in efficient monitoring.
Vision
The vision of the Agriculture MMP is "To create an environment
conducive for raising the farm productivity and income to global
levels through provision of relevant information and services to
the stakeholders"

Objectives
In order to achieve the aforesaid vision, the department has also articulated key SMART (Specific,
Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Time-bound) objectives which need to be achieved through the
Agriculture MMP. These objectives are
Improve access of farmers to timely and relevant information & services throughout crop-
cycle
o By providing multiple delivery channels to access information
o By reducing time between generation and dissemination of information
o By providing information to the farmer through a uniform platform


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Bringing farmer centricity & service orientation by providing location specific and up-to-
date crop management related information in terms of:
o Good Agriculture Practices (GAPs) - how many days, season specific, crop specific,
location / zone specific
o Packages of Practice (POPs) - How many days, season specific, crop specific, location /
zone specific
o Providing personalized advisory services
Increasing effectiveness of government service delivery in
o Certification and licensing related to Manufacturing and Marketing through use of ICT
o Providing easier and approachable channels for grievance registration and tracking
More effective management of schemes of DAC through process redesign aimed at
o Effective Monitoring of the Schemes (timeliness of implementation etc)
o Reducing time required for data consolidation and reporting of schemes at all levels
Enable private sector participation to benefit farmers by providing an integrated platform
to promote value added services in
o Extension
o Marketing (both input and output)
o Post harvest& Storage

Central Agricultural Portal
NIC has been given the responsibility of Software design, development, deployment and training
under this project. Software component includes design and development of (i) Central Agricultural
Portal (CAP), (ii) 7 States Agricultural Portals (SAPs) (iii) 12 clusters of information services.
Central Agricultural Portal is at the centre stage of the project as it will provide platform for
all stakeholders (farmers, private sector and the Government, research scholars) to access information,
avail services, collaborate and share knowledge.
It would play a critical role in providing single access point to government information and
services related to agricultural sector, eliminating the need to navigate multiple web sites and
applications. The CAP would allow to present information, applications and services in a single
consolidated browser view. It would provide a secure and individualized view of multiple online
resources and interactive services. In this sense, the CAP would become an interface between the
government and other stakeholders.

The major functions of the Central Agricultural Portal are as listed below: -

1. Content Management System


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2. Grievance Redressal, Management and Analysis
3. Expert Advisory and Knowledge Management Database
4. National Farmers database
5. Identity and Access Management for Registered and non-registered users, Internal users,
External Users, etc.
6. Links for applications and services identified under 12 service clusters Pesticides,
Fertilizers and Seeds, Soil Health, crops, farm machinery, training and Good Agricultural
Practices (GAPs), forecasted weather and agro-met advisory, prices, arrivals,
procurement points, and providing interaction platform, Electronic certification for
exports & imports, marketing infrastructure, Monitoring implementation / Evaluation of
schemes & programs, fisheries, irrigation infrastructure, Drought Relief and
Management, Livestock Management.
7. Links for State Agricultural Portals
8. Feedback Mechanism and analysis
9. Collaboration Tools
10. Search and indexes
11. Directories
12. Dashboards
13. News and Alerts
14. Discussion Forum
15. Blogs Success Stories
16. Related links links for e-Governance projects in agricultural sector
17. Help



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The component Architecture of the portal has been depicted below

NeGP-A Services
The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC), Ministry of Agriculture is implementing
National e-Governance Programme (NeGP) in the Agricultural Sector as a Mission Mode Project (A-
MMP), covering Agriculture Sector, Livestock Sector and Fisheries Sector. The NeGP-AMMP aims to
address the needs of the farming community and its other related stakeholders, through provision of
relevant information and services through the various delivery channels available in their vicinity for
assisting them in making rational decision for raising farm productivity and farm income.
In the first phase of development of NeGP-A, more than 100 services were identified and were
prioritized into 22 services after wide ranging consultations with various stakeholders. Besides this, the
scope of NeGP-A was defined and processes, services and functions were mapped. Detailed field study
with end-users and beneficiaries in six states and in various departments and organizations of DAC was
carried out. These 22 services were then finally clustered into 12 services from the point of view of
application development and implementation. These include G2F (Government to Farmer), G2B
(Government to Business) and G2G (Government to Government) services. The services offered by
Agriculture are:
1. Information on Pesticides, Fertilizers and Seeds
2. Providing information on soil health


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3. Information on crops, farm machinery, training and Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs)
4. Information on forecasted weather
5. Information on prices, arrivals, procurement points, and providing interaction platform
6. Electronic certification for exports & imports
7. Information on marketing infrastructure
8. Monitoring implementation / Evaluation of schemes & programs
9. Information on fishery inputs
10. Information on irrigation infrastructure
11. Drought Relief and Management
12. Livestock Management



SERVICE 1: INFORMATION ON PESTICIDES, FERTILIZERS AND
SEEDS
This service aims at providing information
on good agricultural practices, prevalent prices and
availability in an area closest to the farmer,
information on dealer network, quality control and
assurance mechanism for Pesticides (including
insecticides), Fertilizers and Seeds. The service will
also automate registration and licensing for
manufacturing and marketing of pesticides and
fertilizers and process of license to retail seeds, log
sale transaction records for different seed varieties
down to the district level, process registration of
seed growers and certification of seeds, publicly
display quality testing of the samples drawn for pesticides, fertilizers and seeds. It will also provide


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expert advice and grievance management related to pesticides, fertilizers and seeds through multiple
service delivery channels to the farmers.

1.1 Information Dissemination System on Quality Pesticides
1. Information on package of practices that can be followed by the seasoned or new farmers
for effective and efficient use of pesticides during the cultivation of crops
2. Information on prices prevalent in the nearest region of the farmer; as well as the dealer
network
3. Information on quality control and assurance mechanism such as list of banned, registered
& restricted for use pesticides, list of pesticide testing laboratories, notified pesticide
inspectors.
4. Automation of existing backend processes or sub services to decrease the lead time in
processing applications and to provide the most up to date information on
a. registration of pesticides,
b. License to manufactures
c. License to sell, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute insecticides
d. License for commercial pest control operations
5. SMS Based alerts and information dissemination.
Information on good agriculture practices (e.g. Integrated Pest Management & Seed
Treatment) integrated through SAP.


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Service Components Classification & Categorization
SR Service
Name
Component Classification & Categorization
Content
Based
Category Transaction
Based
Category Workflow
based
Category
1 Providing
information
on quality
pesticides
Package of
Practices
G2C Pesticide
prices and
stock
availability
G2C, G2B Integration
with
Pesticide
registration
G2B
Prices of
Pesticides
G2C SMS Based
Alerts
G2C License to
manufacture
G2B


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SR Service
Name
Component Classification & Categorization
Content
Based
Category Transaction
Based
Category Workflow
based
Category
Dealer
Network
G2C Monitoring
of Seed
Treatment
G2G Grant of
permission
for sale
G2B
Quality
Control &
Assurance
G2C, G2B Monitoring
of Pesticide
Production
G2G License to
sell, stock or
exhibit for
sale or
distribute
insecticide
G2B
License to
pest control
operations
G2B
Pesticide
Quality
Testing
G2C,G2G

Service Components Solutions
Information on
- Good Agriculture Practices
- Online video
- Front line demonstration

Integration with Service-3

- IPM Package of Practices Online
- Information updated every season
- Changes uploaded
- Available instantaneously
Information on
- Prices of Inputs
- Dealer Network
- Quality Control & Assurance
- Registered Pesticide Products
- Banned and restricted for use Pesticides
- Organic fertilizers & pesticides
- Crop Pests, Insects & Diseases
- Pest Prevention & Cure
Online
- Information updated every season
- Changes uploaded
- Available instantaneously

- Pesticide Stock with dealers and sale to
farmers
- Pest Infestation Status

Online
- Information updated daily
- Available instantaneously
- Changes uploaded


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- To follow prescribed format
- Grievance Management
- Expert Advisory
Integration with common application for Grievance
Management and Expert Advisory
SMS based
- Price alert
- Alerts to Manufacturers/Pest control
operator/ Wholesaler/ Retailer
- Result, Status of application
SMS
SMS sent within 2 hrs of information updating on
the system
- Integration with Pesticide Registration
System
- License to manufactures
- License to sell, stock or exhibit for sale or
distribute insecticides
- License for commercial pest control
operations

Application Submission
Online
- Immediate Acknowledgement
- Application Reference No.
Availability of Forms
Online
- Available 24 x7
Status Tracking
Online
- Status Change
Verification of documents
Online
- Documents verified within 30 days (as per
feedback received from MP) of application
submission
Physical verification / Field Visit
- Parallel activity while documents scrutinized at
office
- Inspection report submitted online
Payment
Online
- Through Payment Gateway
Availability of Service
- Online, 24 x 7
- 99.9% uptime

1.2 Information System for Seed
ISS (Information System for Seed) is one of the 12 Core software applications envisaged as part
of Phase II of the National e-Government Plan under Mission Mode project (MMP) initiated by the


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Ministry of Agriculture which aims service orientation to farmers no matter if the services originate
from the central or the state government, they would be provided through a single delivery interface.
ISS will be a generic and Open Source software that capture the information and automation of
registration, licensing and certification processes for the manufacturing and marketing of agriculture
inputs and generates the reports in the pre define formats. The framework product would be prepared
under the sponsorship of Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. The software would provide a
holistic view of the Processes involved in delivery of inputs followed by different Agencies (both Public
and Private) with respect to the Seed, for a better decision making and information delivery.
Service Components Proposed Solutions
Information on
- Good Agriculture Practices
- Package of Practices
Online
- Information updated every season
- Changes uploaded
- Available instantaneously
Information on
- Prices of Inputs
- Dealer Network & Seed Availability
- Quality Control & Assurance
- Seed Varieties
Online
- Information updated every season
- Changes uploaded
- Available instantaneously
- Online video
- Front line demonstration
Online
- Available instantaneously
- Changes uploaded
- To follow prescribed format
- Grievance Management
- Expert Advisory
Status Tracking
Online
- Immediate Acknowledgement
- Immediate Reference No.
- Status change
Grievance Redressal


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Online
- Initial response time
- Redressal of grievance
Availability of forms
Online
Availability of service
Online
- 24 x 7
- 99.9% uptime


- License to manufacture, wholesale &
retail
- Registration of seed growers
- Seed Certification

Application Submission
Online
- Immediate Acknowledgement
- Application Reference No.
Availability of Forms
Online
- Available 24 x7
Status Tracking
Online
- Status Change
Verification of documents
Online
- Documents verified within 24 hrs of
application submission with Payment
Physical verification / Field Visit


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- Parallel activity while documents
scrutinized at office
- Inspection report submitted online
Payment
- Through Online Payment Gateway and
- Draft and Challan

Availability of Service
- Online, 24 x 7
- 99.9% uptime



Gap Analysis between existing and proposed system
Service Existing System Proposed System
Licensing Information available but no online
process
A online system for all type of Licensing
(import, manufacture, distribute etc)
Status Tracking Manual (applicant has to visit or call
respective office)
Applicant can check in the portal and
send SMS
Alert system No alert system SMS will be sent to applicants registered
mobile, e-mail etc
Testing (seed) Information available through
testing labs
All information will be available in portal
(form to be filled, sample to be tagged
etc)
Manufacturer /
Dealer information
Varied sources and not complete All information will be available at single
point (consolidated and classified)
Prices Information available through
product distributors.
Manufacturer / Distributors can post
prices through their login.
Stock Availability Information available through block Manufacturer / Dealers can post their


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Service Existing System Proposed System
office. stock through their login
Proactive &
Forewarning system
Any identified problems is
documented in detail and mailed to
the respective offices. And the
control measures are taken after lot
of damage.







GAP Analysis between as Is and to Be Process w.r.t. States
Application State Name As Is Process To Be Process
Issuing License
in Seed
MP In MP, the registration and license for selling seed
is issued at District level.
The new web
based system
will allow
dealers
registration
and issue
license for
selling seed at
State level,
District level
and Range
level.
J harkhand In J harkhand, registration and license for selling
seed is issued at District level, Range Level and
State Level
Karnataka Dealers Registration is done at the block level and
license is issued at District level
Maharashtra Dealers Registration and License for selling seed
is issued at State level as well as District level.
Assam Dealers Registration and License for selling seed
is issued at State level as well as District level.


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HP The dealers registration and selling license is
issued at the State level after getting
recommendations from Dy. Director of Agriculture
Seed
Certification
MP At Division level-
1. Seed Growers source verification is done by
seed producing agency. Seed producing agency,
on behalf of seed grower apply for seed
certification registration. If seed grower is filling
registration details himself, he has to specify and
attach the source verification certificate issued by
seed processing center along the application
Form-A. After successful verification,
registration acknowledgement is issued.
2. Sample Procurement process is also considered
in MP. (Extra step)
3. After field inspection, the inspection report is
sent to the seed grower as well as concerned
offices and the seed grower goes to Processing
Center for seeds cleaning.
4. Sampling takes place at the Processing center.
5. State level- Codification of the collected samples
is done by SCA-HO. Then these samples are sent
to testing laboratory.
Follow To Be
Process as
mentioned
above.
J harkhand Division level-
1. There is no concept of source verification. After
submitting Form-A, the registration
acknowledgement is issued to the seed grower.
The inspector verifies the details after field
inspection.


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2. The inspector in the field collects samples and
sends them to the STL for testing.
3. There is no concept of Processing Center.
State level-Certificate/Release Order is issued at
SCA-HO.
Karnataka The process is same as MP except point-2.
Assam Same as J harkhand
Maharashtra 1. District level-The seed grower has to
register him for the source verification
Process at District Seed Certification Office
(DSCO). Once it clears registration
certificate/acknowledgement is issued to the
seed grower.
2. Sampling and Sample Codification is done
by District Seed Certification Office.
3. Seed Certificate is issued by DSCO.
Kerala Same as MP except point-2

1.3 Providing information on quality fertilizers
1. Information on package of practices that can be followed by the seasoned or new farmers for
effective and efficient use of fertilizer during the cultivation of crops
2. Information on prices prevalent in the nearest region of the farmer; as well as the dealer network
3. Information on quality control and assurance mechanism such as list of fertilizer testing
laboratories, notified fertilizer inspectors.
4. Automation of existing backend processes or sub services to decrease the lead time in processing
applications and to provide the most up to date information on
a. Certificate of Authorisation to Manufacturers/Importers/ Pool Handling
Agencies of Fertilizers
b. Certificate of Authorisation to Wholesale/ Retail Fertilizer
5. SMS Based alerts and information dissemination


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6. Information on good agriculture practices

Service Components Proposed Solutions
Information on
- Good Agriculture Practices
- Online video
- Front line demonstration


Integration with Service-3

- Package of Practices (Packages of organic
practices)

Online
- Information updated every season
- Changes uploaded
- Available instantaneously

Information on
- Prices of Inputs
- Dealer Network & Availability
- Quality Control & Assurance

Online
- As updated in mfms
- Changes uploaded
- Available instantaneously

- Grievance Management
- Expert Advisory
Integration with common application for
Grievance Management and Expert
Advisory
SMS based
- Price alert
- Alerts to Manufacturers/Importers/ Pool
Handling Agencies/ Wholesaler/ Retailer
- Result, Status of application
SMS
SMS sent within 2 hrs of information updating
on the system
- Certificate of Authorisation to
Manufacturers/Importers/ Pool Handling
Agencies of Fertilizers at State level
Application Submission
Online
- Immediate Acknowledgement


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- Certificate of Authorisation to Wholesale/ Retail
Fertilizer at Range and District level
- Collection of samples , test results and action
taken report on suspension/cancellation of
certificates
- Application Reference No.

Availability of Forms
Online
- Available 24 x7
- Status Tracking
Online
- Status Change

Verification of documents
Online
- Documents verified within 24 hrs of
application submission

Physical verification / Field Visit
- Parallel activity while documents
scrutinized at office
- Inspection report submitted online

Payment
Online
- Through Payment Gateway

Availability of Service
- Online, 24 x 7
- 99.9% uptime



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s.
n
o
Service
Name
Component Classification & Categorization
Content
Based
Category Transactio
n Based
Category Workflow based Cate
gory
1









Providing
informatio
n on
quality
fertilizers





Good
Agriculture
Practices
G2C SMS Based
Alerts
G2C Certificate of
Authorisation to
Manufacturers/Impo
rters/ Pool Handling
Agencies of
Fertilizers
G2B
Package of
Practices
G2C Grant of permission
for sale
G2B
Prices of
Fertilizers
G2C Certificate of
Authorisation to
Wholesale/ Retail
Fertilizer
G2B
Dealer
Network &
Availability
through mfms
G2C




Quality
Control &
Assurance
G2C,
G2B
Fertilizer Quality
Testing
G2G,
G2C



GAP Analysis between as is and to be Process w.r.t. States
Application State Name As Is Process To Be Process


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Issuing Dealership Certificate
in Fertiliser
MP In MP, the certificate for
selling fertiliser is issued
at District level. The
selling permission to the
company of other states is
to be granted at the state
level before applying at
the district level.
The new web
based system will
allow dealers
registration and
issue certificate
for selling
fertiliser at State
level, District
level and Range
level.
J harkhand In J harkhand, certificate
for selling fertiliser is
issued at District level,
Range Level and State
Level
Karnataka Dealer applies for
obtaining certificate at the
block level and certificate
is issued at District level.
The selling permission is
to be granted at the state
level before applying at
the district level.
Maharashtra Dealers Certificate for
selling fertiliser is issued
at State level as well as
District level.
Assam Dealers Certificate for
selling fertiliser is issued
at State level as well as
District level.


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HP The dealers certificate for
selling fertiliser is issued
at the State level after
getting recommendations
from Dy. Director of
Agriculture







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SERVICE 2: PROVIDING INFORMATION ON SOIL HEALTH
This service aims at providing information
on soil health conditions, Package of Practices
suitable to the soil type, balanced use of fertilizers,
automation of soil testing labs for quick
dissemination of results, soil surveys, organic
farming, details of soil testing labs, expert advice
and grievance management through multiple service
delivery channels to the farmers. Farmers would be
able to get information on recommended doses
based on the recommendations of University or IISS
formulae. Results of the front line demonstrations
conducted on different crops for proving efficacy of soil health management would be listed for
different agro climatic zones. Farmers will also be advised about right kind of seeds of the same crop or
an alternative crop depending on expected yield and maturity period after considering soil condition and
other agro-climatic parameters.
Objective:
To provide information on:
Soil health Conditions
Package of Practices suitable to Soil Type
Balanced use of Fertiliser (In-Organic / Organic)
Automation of Soil Testing Labs for quick dissemination of results
Soil Survey
Organic farming
Details of Soil testing laboratories
Expert Advisory
Grievances redressal
To propose computerized system and to define its facilities as well as limitations.




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System Architecture Diagram

Soil Health & Soil Health Card
Soil health plays a vital role to ensure Agricultural production in a sustainable manner. The basic
objective of the soil-testing is to give farmers a service leading to better and more economic use of
fertilizers and better soil management practices for increasing agricultural production. High crop yields
cannot be obtained without applying sufficient fertilizers to overcome existing deficiencies.
Efficient use of fertilizers is a major factor in any programme designed to bring about an
economic increase in agricultural production. The farmers involved in such a programme will have to
use increasing quantities of fertilizers to achieve the desired yield levels. However the amounts and
kinds of fertilizers required for the same crop vary from soil to soil, even field to field on the same soil.
The use of fertilizers without first testing the soil is like taking medicine without first consulting a
physician to find out what is needed. It is observed that the fertilizers increase yields and the farmers are
aware of this. But are they applying right quantities of the right kind of fertilizers at the right time at the
right place to ensure maximum profit? Without a fertilizer recommendation based upon a soil test, a
farmer may be applying too much of a little needed plant food element and too little of another element


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which is actually the principal factor limiting plant growth. This not only means an uneconomical use of
fertilizers, but in some cases crop yields actually may be reduced because of use of the wrong kinds or
amounts, or improper use of fertilizers.
A fertilizers recommendation from a soil testing laboratory is based on carefully conducted soil
analyses and the results of up-to-date agronomic research on the crop, and it therefore is most scientific
information available for fertilizing that crop in that field. Soil testing is essential and is the first step in
obtaining high yields and maximum returns from the money invested in fertilizers.
Organic Farming
Organic agriculture, to begin with has been the outcome of concerns related to increasing
contamination in food and its consequent negative effects on human health. Originally, only chemicals
especially pesticides in agriculture were considered to be the culprit. Subsequently and more recently
pesticides contamination even in ground water, used for food industry and human consumption has
given rise to further restrictions on the use of pesticides for any and every application.
Organic agriculture covers all kinds of food and fiber production systems and can be defined as
essentially farming system with maximum use of internal inputs and without use of prohibited materials
(as listed in different standards) to produce uncontaminated farm produce of high quality in sufficient
quantity. It allows agricultural producers to cover their needs by obtaining adequate returns, satisfaction
from their work, and a safe working environment. It aims to further create ecologically, socially and
economically sustainable system of food and fiber production without use of artificial external input
such as chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Organic farming management is an integrated approach, where all aspects of farming systems are
interlinked with each other and work for each other. A healthy biologically active soil is the source of
crop nutrition, on-farm biodiversity controls pests, crop rotation and multiple cropping maintains the
systems health and on-farm resource management with integration of cattle ensure productivity and
sustainability. Organic management stresses on optimization of resource use and productivity, rather
than maximization of productivity and over exploitation of resources on the cost of resources meant for
future generations.
Incorporating principles of organic agriculture in Policy: Organic agriculture is a unique
production management system which promotes and enhances agro ecosystem health, including
biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity, and this is accomplished by using on-farm


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agronomic, biological and mechanical methods in exclusion of all synthetic off-farm inputs. Organic
farming as a system avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides,
hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop
residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of
nutrient mobilization and plant protection. Organic is not only about replacing inputs, which is the
starting point of the process, it goes beyond, as enshrined in the four principles of organic farming
advocated by IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movement).
Principle of health: Organic agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant,
animal, human and planet as one and indivisible.
Principle of ecology: Organic agriculture is based on living ecological systems and cycles,
work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.
Principle of fairness: Organic agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness
with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.
Principle of care: Organic Agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible
manner, to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations, as well as the
environment.
Soil Survey
India is a country of splendid diversity of soil, climate, food, clothing and culture. The stability
in the sector of food security, fiber and shelter provisions and animal wealth has been threatened due to
ever-increasing population pressure and in discriminatory use of land resources. It is also well
recognized all over the world, specially in the developing countries that inappropriate land use leads to
decline of soil productivity and ultimately to poorer quality of life. The objectives of the soil survey
done in India are:
To identify and evaluate the land and water resources
To develop a sustainable land use plan based on resource inventory data and socio-economic
scenario.
To stimulate research and to collect, collate and disseminate information relating to all aspects
of soil survey, pedology and land use planning.


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To sponsor and organize symposia, seminars and conferences which provide forum for
presentation of papers in all areas of soil survey, pedology and land use planning.
To publish journal, bulletins, reports and other publications to achieve the objectives of the
Society.
To present a common forum for scientists working in soil survey, pedology and land use
planning where they can discuss topics of mutual interest.
To enhance the education and teaching standards in soil survey, pedology and land use
planning.
To work in association with other national and international societies having similar objectives.
To undertake all other activities that may assist in the fulfilment of the aboveobjectives of the
Society.
Soil Survey Maps:
Soil testing is the base for management decisions about fertilizer requirements. It involves the
estimation and evaluation of the available nutrient status and acidic reaction of a sample of
soil.
After testing, a fertility map is prepared where the available nitrogen, phosphorous and
potassium is marked as low, medium or high.
Areas of sufficient and insufficient nutrients are marked out and nutritional requirements are
determined. Fertilizers such as NPK, lime or gypsum are recommended to improve soil
fertility.
Fertilizer addition, which is based on soil testing, usually leads to an increase in yields and
profits by providing the correct amounts of needed nutrients.
It also leads to uniform application of nutrients in a field. As nutrient availability becomes less
variable, the crop growth is more uniform.
Regular soil testing also contributes to environmental sustainability as the use of excess
fertilizers can be avoided.




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SERVICE 3 : PROVIDING INFORMATION ON CROPS, FARM MACHINERY, TRAINING &
GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
This service aims at providing
information on agronomic practices for different
crops as per the recommendations of the
Scientific Institutions. Such practices would
inform about the week by week calendar of
activities from pre-sowing to harvesting stage of
crop cycle. Best practices for each crop stage for
management of plant population, crop stand and
monitoring of pests and diseases. Service would
be provided through automation of dissemination
of information of pest roving survey, expert
advice on different aspects of crop management and grievance management through multiple service


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delivery channels to the farmers. It will also provide information services addressing farm machinery
availability, quality and guidance to farmers. It also aims to provide digital tool-kits to trainers and
progressive farmers using ICT, and SMS based alerts on training calendar. In addition, the service aims
at collecting, storing, indexing and disseminating information on Good Agricultural Practices generated
by farmers, research institutions.




The key objectives of service 3 are listed below:-
Crops and Good Agricultural Practices(GAPs)
State-wise Crop details (variety wise) including Aromatics and Medicinal Plants
o Introduction (Description, season, classification, Nutritive Value)
o Climate Requirement (Temperature requirement at different growth stages)
o Soil Requirement
o Varieties (Varieties for different climate and cultural condition)
o Cropping System (Crop rotation)
o Field Preparation & Sowing (Field requirement, Seed selection, Organic treatment, Bio-
fertilizer, Time & Method of sowing )
Crop
Good Agricultural
Practices (GAPs)
Training
Farm Machinery
Expert Advisory
Grievance
Management
Information on Crops,
Farm Machinery, Training
and Good Agricultural
Practices (GAPs)


29

o Nutrient Management
o Water & Irrigation
o Weed Management
o Disease Management (Symptoms & Control Measures)
o Harvesting
o Post Harvesting(Threshing, Storage.)
Crop-wise recommendation -POPs/GAPs (Pre- & Post- sowing cultivation Practices) for
o Soil preparation
o Fertilizers doses
o Seed recommendation
o Irrigation advisory
o Pesticide recommendation
o IPM packages of Practices
o Harvest advisory
Providing Information (Expert Advice) about Crop (Cycle) Management
Week-by-Week Calendar of Activities (Crop/Season/Duration /Period) (Agro-climatic region
wise, site specific and season wise) from Pre-sowing stage to harvesting stage:-
Pre-Sowing Land development, Soil Suitability, Requirement & Preparation, Soil treatment,
Crop Varieties
Cultivation Practices- Seed Treatment, Method of Sowing, Manuring, IPM, Irrigation
Rotation of Crops
Multiple Cropping
Harvest Technology Time, Methods
Post Harvest Technology Cooling, Cleaning, Sorting, Storage, Grading, Packaging,
Practice for maintaining good quality, Processing, Marketing, Equipments
Providing information on Crop Diseases
Providing information about Pest Roving Survey through automation(Providing information on
Plant Health (Disease and Pests) Management Practices), e-Pest Surveillance System
Providing district wise Statistical Information such APY and Crop-wise MSP data


30

Providing information on Frontline Demonstrations- Locations, Participating Farmers details and
Demonstrations details
Providing Information of FASAL (Forecasting Agricultural outputusing Space, Agro-
meteorology and Land based observations) Reports of Space Applications Centre, Department of
Space;
Farm Level Planning
Farm Machinery
Providing Information services to address District wise Farm Machineries
Manufacturer&Dealerdetails and contacts, availability of farm machinery, prices, quality and
guidance to farmers.
Agro Climatic Zone wise, Soil type and Cropping System based recommendation for Machinery
Disbursement of Input Subsidy on procurement of Farm Machinery
SMS based alerts on - Dealer contacts, Machinery Stock with Market Value, Alerts to Dealers &
Famer under Input Subsidy Workflow
Training
Providing Training Institutions Information (Trainers Training/Farmers Training- Name,
Resource availability (Rooms/Halls/Meeting rooms, Visuals Aid, Power Backup, Library,
Trained Faculty Member Extension/IT) for following:
o Farmers Training Centers (Public Sector Banks)
o Farmers Schools
o Farmers Clubs (NABARD)
o Rural Development and Self Employment Training Institute (RUDSETI) Centers
o Extension Education Institutes (EEIs)
o MANAGE / NIPHM / NIRD/ SIRD / BIRD / NERIWALM etc
o State Agricultural Extension Centers (ATMAs, SAMETIs, etc)
o FMTTI/CIAE/State Engineering Departments
o ATICs/ KVKs / VIKAS SAMITIs/ WALMIs/Irrigation Management Training
Institutes (IMTIs) etc
o NGOs
Providing Information on Training Calendar of Training Institutions


31

o Topics Sector,
o Title,
o Objectives,
o Contents,
o Locations details (Venue),
o Eligibility Criteria (Participants),
o Duration (Start Date End Date),
o Methodology Lecture, Group Discussion,
o Case Studies, Demo, Field visit,
o Resource Person (Name, Address, Phone, Email),
o Coordinator (Name, Address, Phone, Email),
o Funding Pattern Sponsored Scheme/ Paid/ Non-Paid
Providing information on Post Training details including Impact Analysis & Feedbacks
Providing Information on Training tool kits (e- learning) in the form of e-Learning Materials,
Lecture Series in following format.
o Text
o Videos
o Audio
Details of FFS, FS FF, FIGs
o FFS, FS, FF, FIGs details
o Calendar
o E-learning materials
SMS based alerts on Training Calendar
Resource Repository
SREP
CDAP
SEWP
A Farmer Friendly Handbook
Providing district-wise Agriculture Contingency Plan
Standards - IndiaGap Standards (BIS No FAD 22(1949)C)
Mass media Contents Video, Audio& Publications


32

Development of GAPs Repository(collection, storing, indexing and dissemination on
Good Agricultural Practices) using metadata standards
Success Stories
Mass Media Contents- Online Audio & Video on GAPs
List of owner of Subject matter expert and Research & Academic Institutions and
progressive farmer.
Grievance Management
Grievance management applicable to G2G,G2B,G2F, F2G
Providing system on Grievances Management to manage the Grievances
Expert Advisory
Expert advisory system w.r.t. to crop on Week-by-Week Calendar of Activities (Agro-
climatic region wise, site specific and season wise ) from Pre-sowing stage to Post-
harvesting stage:-
o Pre-sowing Practices
Land development
Soil Suitability
Requirement & Preparation
Soil treatment
Crop Varieties
o Cultivation Practices
Seed Treatment
Method of Sowing
Manuring
IPM
Irrigation
o Rotation of Crops
o Multiple Cropping
o Harvesting practices
Time,
Methods


33

o Post-Harvesting Practices
Cooling
Cleaning
Sorting
Storage
Grading
Packaging
o Practice for maintaining good quality,
o Processing, Marketing , Equipments
Service Components Classification & Categorization:

Component
Name
Component Classification & Categorization
Content Based Category Transaction Based Category

Crop
Farm machinery
Training
Resource repository
Expert Advisory
Grievance
management
Crop G2C Grievance Management G2C
Farm machinery G2C
G2G
Expert Advisory G2C
Training G2C
G2G
SMS based training alert G2C, G2G
Resource
Repository

G2C G2C, G2G








34






SERVICE 4 : PROVIDING INFORMATION ON FORECASTED WEATHER & AGRO-MET
ADVISORIES
PIFWAMA (Providing Information on
Forecasted Weather & Agro-Met Advisories)is one of
the 12 Core software applications envisaged as part of the
National e-Government Plan under Mission Mode project
(MMP), initiated by the Ministry of Agriculture which
aims service orientation to farmers no matter if the
services originate from the central or the state
government, they would be provided through a single
delivery interface. This service also aims at providing disaggregated district/block level information in
each agro-ecological sub-region on forecasted weather, agro-met advisory, SMS alerts for weather
forecast and crop impact and grievance management through multiple service delivery channels to the
farmers.
PIFWAMA will be a generic and information portal that captures the information related to agro-
met advisory and disseminates the advisory to the end user. This portal will also give an opportunity to
the user group to file their grievance, under the grievance management activity. The framework, as
stated above, will be prepared under the sponsorship of Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
The portal will provide a holistic view of the Weather forecasting and dissemination of agro-met
advisory, in accordance to the agro climaticzones.

Objective
Provide information on forecasted Weather and Agro-met Advisories issued by
authorized centers (stakeholders) to farmers/citizens, through delivery channels;
To disseminate Expert advice on issues related to weather vagaries for agricultural
operations by domain experts;


35

Disseminate agro-met advisories throughout the crop life cycle (operations from pre-
sowing period to post-harvest);
Disseminate agro-met advisories for livestock farmers and poultry farmers;
Disseminate agro -met advisories to Fish Farmers (both Inland and Marine)
SMS alerts for weather forecast and crop impact;
Information availability on Local Language;
Update stakeholder for best practices in respect to their climatic zone
Make public information and government services available to citizens and officials
anytime, anywhere;
Create users convenience by subscribing to SMS alert and advisory archive;
Provide personalized information for individual stakeholder or groups of Farmers;
Grow efficiencies on farming activity;
Reduce cost through agro based advisory;
Increase adaptability for farming future requirements;
Provide mechanism for grievance management with regards to a specific activity /
process within the state and central government framework.

System Overview:










36

Service Component to Application mapping
Content Based Components
Sl. No. Service Component Application
1. Weather forecast summary Medium Range Weather Forecast
comprising of capturing of forecast data
published by the IMD, allow for its
moderation by IMD local office
2. Information on Actual weather
summary
Actual Weather comprising of capturing
actual weather data on different parameters
(Temperature min. / max. Wind Speed /
direction, Rainfall, Humidity min. / max.
Cloud) as sent by the different Agro-Met
Stations, converting and incorporating
weather historical data (one-time)
generating actual weather summary
3. Information on monsoon status (Weekly / Monthly / Yearly for planning
based on north West Monsoon
4. Information on Agro Met Bulletin Information on Agro Met Bulletin
comprising of crop staging advisories
filtered/aggregated at any level
5. Advisory on Crop staging information
and Insect/ Pest infestation information
related to Agro Met
Expert Advisory on Crop staging
information and Insect/ Pest infestation
information
6. Information / impact of prevailing
weather conditions on different crops
Providing Information / impact of
prevailing weather conditions on different
crops by the agricultural officers.
7. Information on Weather based /
seasonal livestock disease
Providing information on livestock
diseases and advisories to take care
livestock from various weather based /


37

Content Based Components
Sl. No. Service Component Application
seasonal conditions.
8. Crop weather calendars

Up-to-date crop weather calendars for
entire country. That consists crop growth
stages, warnings, weather condition, water
requirement, phytophases, meteorological
conditions, crop pests and diseases,
planning, irrigation scheduling and plant
protection measures.
9. Agro climatic Atlas of India

An updated version of Agro climatic Atlas
is prepared by taking more no. Of stations
along with inclusion of more no. Of
parameters.
10. Soil Moisture Mapping of India

Soil moisture status is an important
component of water balance in a region.
Based on short period data series
publication on Soil Moisture Mapping of
India has been prepared by the Agri-met
Division. Gravimetric observations of soil
moisture (SM) on bare soils from a
network of 30 stations in India
11. MIS Reports Few dynamic MIS reports related to agro-
met System.

SERVICE 5 : INFORMATION ON PRICE & ARRIVALS, PROCUREMENT POINTS AND
PROVIDING INTERACTION PLATFORM


38

This service aims at providing
information on prices, including minimum
support prices (MSPs), SMS based
information on MSPs, crop quality
associated with MSP and historic prices. It
will also provide information on arrivals of
different standardized commodities at the
market yards, SMS alerts for prices,
arrivals and commodity indices, SMS
alerts and expert advice on issues related to future prices and arrivals trends and mechanism for
grievance management.
It will also provide an e-platform for marketing of agricultural produce, SMS based alerts for
buyers and sellers and details of transporters.
Objective
To provide information on:
Prices and arrivals of commodities (complied to standards (?)) at market yards :
Capturing information from auction/market points (Clarifications : In Kerala,
there is no regulated market).
Alerts on Prices (SMS/Email/Web)
Alerts on arrivals (SMS/Email/Web)
Alerts on Commodity indices (?) (SMS/Email/Web)
Minimum Support Price (MSP)
Minimum Support Price (Central Government) +Support Prices declared by state
Governments, commodity wise, season wise; year wise;
Crop quality (Measures as applicable and in operational)
Historic Prices - databases of MSP and related support prices announced earlier
(from which cut-of-date) (past history);
SMS , email and web based alerts on MSP


Details of transporters


39

Details of transporters - name, address, phone, mobile including specialized
refrigeration vans , rate of transportation, etc. Facilities of transportation from
place of production to place of selling (http://www.bhuvan.nrsc.gov.in);
Details about subsidized transport and transport subsidy (?) provided by
government to farmers;
transporters within the vicinity of place of production (e.g. farms);
Details of Government Procurement Points (GPPs) (e.g. Local Markets or Co-Op Societies,
) - A sound Database on Government Procurement Points with all details ; - Crop commodity,
livestock product, Dairy products, fishery products etc;
e-platform for marketing agricultural produces (equivalent to matrimonial column)
An integrated web-based platform
Which will have a business directory (Producer - Trader - Wholesaler - Buyer -
Retailer),
Commodity, Variety Directory and Product catalogues,
Which will have a local search engine,
Which will have a Search Engine Optimization (SEO) tool,
Which will have customer relationship management (CRM) package , and
Which will have content management system (CMS) to store Agreements, terms
of conditions etc
Match making
Estimation of demand for agricultural produces (instead of issues related to Future prices
and arrival trends) - one shall understand how demands for seeds and Fertilisers are projected
to the MOA from district level) Demand-Supply Model : econometric model ;
DMI to identify the Stakeholder
Grievances Management and Redressal (relatedto agricultural marketing) Linking of
CONFONET project, WTO issues; linking service-6 etc;
International Market prices on agricultural commodities (linking of URLs of various
identified websites of competitive Markets, FAO website etc).

The prices and arrivals of commodities would cover the following categories :-
Agriculture Crops
Horticulture crops
Floriculture crops


40

Plantation Crops
Fish
Livestock
Milk
Livestock Fodder
Aromatic & Medicinal Plants
Non-Timber Forest (NTF) Produces
Minor Forest Produces

Information Providers
Prices and arrivals of commodities: AGMARKNET (http://agmarknet.nic.in)
Fish prices (Fisheries Co-operative Societies, National Fisheries Development Board
(NFDB), etc.)
Livestock Prices (Central Livestock Organizations and its allied institutions, etc.)
Milk Prices (Primary Village Dairy Co-operatives etc.)
Minimum Support Price (MSP): Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP)
Government Procurement Points (GPPs): State Governments Agriculture Marketing Boards,
Food and Civil Supply Departments, Agro Industries Corporations, FCI, etc.
Transport Service Providers: State Transport Authority, Regional Transport Unions, APMCs
e-platform for marketing agricultural produces : Users registration interface to build database on
buyers & sellers, Agricultural Markets
Estimation of demand for agricultural produces: DES, DMI, FMC etc.
SERVICE 6 : ELECTRONIC CERTIFICATION OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS

This service aims at providing information on
certification procedure, fees, competent
authorities; automation of certification process
on a work flow basis, SMS based status alerts
and mechanism for grievance management.


41




It Providing Information on :
Certification Procedures for Imports & Exports of Plants, Livestock and Fish Products (of
India and importing countries) In Indian languages and English;

Associated Fees and Charges (Inspection, Treatment supervision and Import Permit)

Details of Certifying Authorities for Plant , Livestock and Fish Products (for Issuance of
Import Release Order, Import Permit, and Phyto Sanitary Certificate; Import & Export
Inspection, Treatment, Quality Assurance and Testing, Trading, Export Promotion Councils,
Commodity Boards, Export Authorities, Food Safety Standards Authority of India, etc)

Automation of Certification Processes using Workflow Technology for Plant , Livestock and
Fish Products

Status Alert Management (through SMS, email, e-Post, IVRS, Portal, Kisan Call Centre, CSC
etc)

Grievances Redressal and Management (Workflow System) (specific to this Service, general-
in-nature, FAQs, CVC guidelines, etc)


42

Overall information system flow:
User Ex: Exporter/
Importer
Mobile Users Ex:
Exporter/Importer
etc.
Service 6 Application
Exporter/ Importer can
/
Via
.
CAP PORTAL
Hyperlink Will be Provided to Access
the PQIS & AQIS Application
S
M
S
/

E
-
m
a
il
A
le
r
t
Service 6 Application
Exporter/ Importer can apply
for IP/SIP/PSC/AQC
.
Stakeholders
APEDA
MPEDA
DGFT
EIC
FSSAI
FPI
ECB
Stakeholder
Custom
1. AQIS Application
2. PQIS Application
SMS/E-Mail Services
IP/SIP/PSC/AQC Issued
or Rejected
Regarding information
related to E-certification
of Export/Import, User
can enter by typing URL
of application or through
CAP Portal
.
, ,
.
Exporter/ Importer
Other User



Plant Quarantine Certification Service

Export or Import certification (PSC/IP/IRO) is essential for agriculture commodity to ensure that the
commodity which coming to India or going out of India is free from pests and diseases.
Plant Quarantine is mandatory for import of any plant material under the provisions of destructive insect
& pests act 1914.
Plant Quarantine Certification Service is already operational since 2011 and its website is
http://plantquarantineindia.nic.in .


43



Animal Quarantine Certification Service

The purpose of the Animal Quarantine and certification (AQC) is to prevent the ingress of livestock and
poultry exotic to India as per provisions of livestock importation Act, 1898.
The Electronic Certification for Import & Export Will Lead to:-

Reduce the technical personnels time in entering the application details in the
system.
Reduce the process time of the application.
Optimize the employees performance.
Provide status update on export/import certification applications.
Provide information on export/import certification procedure.
As of now the information dissemination process runs manually. The Ministry of Agriculture
came up with the plan under NeGP plan to integrate various components and systems which can talk and
handshake to each other to make the whole process run with seamless manner.

Service Components
Sr.
No.
Service Components Application
1 Sanitary Import Permit This section contains the work flow that how an importer can get
the Sanitary import permit for Livestock Product
2 Animal Quarantine
Certificate for Import
This section contains the work flow that how an importer can get
the Animal Quarantine Certificate for Livestock/Livestock
Product/ Pet Animal from AQIS.


44

3 Animal Quarantine
Certificate for Export
This section contains the work flow that how an Exporter can get
the Animal Quarantine Certificate for Livestock/Livestock
Product/ Pet Animal from AQIS.
4 Grievance Importer/Exporter should be provided facility to submit their
grievances/ground level fact and the public suggestion to
government. A system may also be provided for monitoring the
grievance lodged and action taken /solution provided by advisory
bodies
5 SMS Alert SMS alert sent to exporter or importer in case of
deficiency/Issuance/Rejection
6 E-mail Alert IP/PSC/NOC/AQC/SIP certificate sent to importer & exporter on
their email id either Issuance/Rejection/Grievance
7 MIS Report Few dynamic MIS reports related to AQIS System.
8 Printing Exporter/Importer can download/Print directly from the web site
of e-Certificates
9 Payment Portal will provide the net banking payment facility for
Exporter/Importer
10 Status Tracking Report The status of particular issue would be checked any time.




45


SERVICE 7 : INFORMATION ON MARKETING INFRASTRUCTURE FOR AGRICULTURE,
HORTICULTURE, FLORICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES CULTURE,
HORTICULTURE, FLORICULTURE
This service aims at providing information
on Marketing infrastructure at the Regulated
Market Yards, Post Harvest facilities available at
the yards.
This service also aims at providing
information on storage infrastructure like
availability, capacity and fees for storages /
warehouses of both the private and public sector.
This service will also address the information
needs of the farmers on credit linkages.
Objective
1. Providing timely information on marketing & storage infrastructure, post-harvest facilities at
regulated markets state-wise, district-wise, Marketwise.
2. Providing Multiple Delivery Channels (MDCs) for access to information to farmers and all the
stakeholders.
3. Reducing time lag between generation and dissemination of information.
4. Increasing effectiveness of government service delivery.
5. Design of a Web based application to collect information forMarketing ad Storage infrastructure
& post- harvest facilities at regulated markets in prescribed format from APMCs with the help of
existing AGMARKNET project Network.
6. Share the existing information available in the form of market profiles under AGMARKNET
project.







46




NeGPA- Service-7 Service to Farmer Linkage (Information on Marketing Infrastructure)

This service aims at providing
Mandi Profile creation
Information on Regulated/Unregulated Mandi
Information on Regulated Marketing Committees
Information onPost-Harvest facilities available at the market yards
Information on Storage Infrastructure
Information on Other facilities (Availability of Transport, Rest rooms, Procurement
and distribution of commodities etc.)
Information on credit linkages
Expert advice on any specific issues related to marketing and storage infrastructure, post-
harvest facilities which would be answered by appropriate domain experts


47

Mechanism for grievance management with regards to a specific activity / process within
the state and central government framework.



The proposed solutions under the identified service components are specified bellow:
Service Components Proposed Solutions
Information on
- Package of Practices
Online
- Information updated every season
- Changes uploaded
- Available instantaneously
Information on
- Mandi Profile
- Marketing & Storage Infrastructure
- Post-Harvest facilities
- Transport facilities
- Other facilities available in the market
Online
- Information updated every season
- Changes uploaded
- Available instantaneously

- Online video
- Front line demonstration
Online
- Available instantaneously
- Changes uploaded
- To follow prescribed format
- Grievance Management
Status Tracking
Online
- Immediate Acknowledgement
- Immediate Reference No.
- Status change
Grievance Redressal
Online
- Initial response time
- Redressal of grievance
Availability of forms
Online
Availability of service
Online
- 24 x 7
- 99.9% uptime


48



SERVICE 8: MONITORING IMPLEMENTATION / EVALUATION OF SCHEMES AND
PROGRAMMES
This service aims at providing information on schemes and programs implemented at the state
with respect to physical progress and fund utilization, automation of issue and submission of utilization
certificate and mechanism for grievance management. It will also provide information on list /
categories of beneficiaries and will help remove duplication by codifying and linking them with Land
Records database. This service will also provide the facility to common public and government officials
to search for relevant information using customizable queries.
Monitoring mechanism for each scheme would be defined and the reports of the monitoring teams
would be posted at the end of the scheduled work.
Evaluation reports would be listed for different schemes for the past five evaluations. There would be
calendar of activities listed for approaching and ongoing evaluation work.
Objective:
To provide information on
Schemes and Programs implemented at State with respect to
Physical Progress/ Financial Progress
Fund Utilization
Automation of issue and submission of utilization certificate (UC)
Beneficiary Identification and its tracking
List/Categories of beneficiaries
Remove duplication by codifying and linking them with Land Records,
MGNREGA, UID etc.
Search Facility
For common public and government officials to search the relevant information using
customizable queries


49

Monitoring mechanism for each scheme
Listing of Evaluation reports of schemes
Calendar of activities for evaluation work
Grievance Management

The Service covers the following features:
Framework Standardization of Schemes
Scheme information
Schemes Creation & its Monitoring (Physical and Financial)
Preparation , submission and its approval of Annual Action Plan/Project Proposal/ Annual
Requirements
Automation of Issue and submission of Utilization Certificate
Fund Utilisation
Beneficiary Identification and linkage with Land Record, UID, MGNREGA database etc.
Apply for Benefit & Workflow for its approval
Searchable information through customizable queries
Monitoring Mechanism and Listing of Reports of Monitoring teams for each scheme
Evaluation- Calendar of Activities and Listing of Evaluation reports of each scheme
Restructuring of schemes
Convergence of schemes
Integration with CPSMS and E- Lekha
Integration with existing MIS for various schemes
Grievance Management
Alerts


50

The whole application can be conceptualized as given





Service Components to Application Mapping
All the above mentioned services have been categorized under the following three main components:
Content Based Components
S No. Service Component Application
1 Schemes and programmes information E-Monitor Application
2 Guidelines for various schemes E-Monitor Application
3 Available benefits to the farmer E-Monitor Application
4 Listing of Evaluation reports of each
scheme
E-Monitor Application

Transaction Based Components
S No. Service Component Application
1 Physical and Financial progress of
Schemes & Programs
E-Monitor Application


51

Transaction Based Components
S No. Service Component Application
2 Fund Release E-Monitor Application
3 Fund Utilization E-Monitor Application
4 Evaluation- Calendar of Activities
and Listing of Evaluation reports of
each scheme
E-Monitor Application
5 Integration with existing MIS for
various schemes
E-Monitor Application
6 Linkage with Land Records E-Monitor Application
7 Scheme Restructuring E-Monitor Application
8 Registration by the farmer E-Monitor Application
9 Grievance Management E Grievance Management
Application
10 Monitoring Mechanism and Listing
of Reports of Monitoring teams for
each scheme
E-Monitor Application
11 Beneficiary Identification Beneficiary Information
System
12 Convergence of schemes E-Monitor Application
13 Master Data Management E-Monitor Application

Workflow Based Components
S No. Service Component Application
1 Preparation , submission and its E-Monitor Application


52

approval of Annual Action
Plan/Project Proposal/ Annual
Requirements
2 Utilization Certificate E-Monitor Application
3 Apply for Benefit & Workflow for
its approval
E-Monitor Application

SERVICE 9: PROVIDING INFORMATION ON FISHERY INPUTS
This service aims at providing information on
good practices for fish farming, efficient
use of feed material etc, dealer network,
quality control, fishermen safety, fish
diseases, schemes for fishermen and fish
production statistics, automation of fish
seed grower registration, vessel
registration, expert advice and mechanism
for grievance management.
The Service covers the following features
1. Good practices for fish farming
2. Efficient use of feed material
3. Networking of dealers
4. QC&A certificate to hatcheries, farms
5. Fishermen safety ,Fish diseases,
6. Schemes for fishermen ,Fish production statistics
7. Automation of fish seed grower & Vessel registration
8. Expert advice
9. Market Information System
10. ICT based Grievance Redressal Management System


53

11. E-payment
12. E-alert
13. Sms (pull/push), e-mail, e-post,
14. GIS for Dealers
15. Thematic Maps of availability
16. Location Maps of Testing Infrastructure for fish seeds
17. Availability of product with GIS


All the above services are categorized under 3 components
1. Transaction based
Master data management
Market Information system - Arrivals & Market price, details of transaction
Market Intelligence system to predict the price details of species
Fisherman-wise details of daily catch of reservoir fishermen at the fish landing centers.
Insurance details, Distribution of fish seeds to the farmers ( PVT)
Training Modules, Statistics (inland, marine)
Collection of Samples for testing & publishing results
Stock position of fish seed growers agency
Fish disease management system (includes Aquatic Animal Disease and trans boundary
disease)
Survey of fish fauna in inland fisheries
Fishermen safety system - Early warning, it may be linked with incois)
2. Work flow based


54

Networking of dealers -fish seed growers, labs, processing, units , fishing vessel
manufacturing and repairing units etc
Issuing Registration & License certificate to the registered dealers / agencies /labs etc
Distribution of fish seeds to the beneficiaries
Networking of all insurance agencies for Online Insurance claim
Networking of fishermen, fish farmer, traders etc
Online scheme monitoring system at beneficiary level through networking of all fisheries
cooperatives (linked with service8)
Information on QC&A
Collection of samples from the hatcheries, nurseries
Analytical results, recommendations based on analytical result
Issuance of QC&A certificate
Vessel registration of marine fisheries (http:// fishcraft.nic.in)
Fisherman safety system
Recording movements of crew by issuing boarding pass
Online insurance claims
Implementation details of welfare schemes at beneficiary level
Early warning system
Operationalization of safety mechanism
Weather forecasting
3. Content based
Fish Diseases, treatment & preventive measures
Fish production , export, Import statistics


55

Welfare schemes and implementation details
Analytical Result of samples collected from hatcheries
Institution wise Training calendar
Contact details of stakeholders
List of water resources , cultivable species
Download forms
Utilization of fish caught (location, fish type, processing
Methods, utilization (export/import etc)
List of banned medicines, Antibiotics & other pharmacologically Active Substances, Gears
List of license cancelled feed growers, seed growers etc
The Guidelines on Good Management Practices (GMPs)
Financial institutions - procedure, subsidies, conditions and ceiling in getting loans,
Insurance Agencies - importance of insurance & its details
Market arrivals , price and traders details



56

To Provide Fishermen a single platform for obtaining



















SERVICE 10 : PROVIDING INFORMATION ON IRRIGATION INFRASTRUCTURE
This service aims at providing information on water release schedule, best practices on irrigation,
web based interface for selection of beneficiaries under amended NREGA clause, information on ground
water, availability and viability of tube wells etc in an area, water level in reservoirs and likely area of


57

different crop mixes that can be irrigated from it, irrigation equipment, expert advice and mechanism for
grievance management.
The service would list the command area created planned and actually serviced at the end of each
crop season under different projects including the Government Tube wells, Lift irrigation and Canal
irrigation (including information on distribution network in a command area).
The service envisages to
1) Provide a mechanism for the dissemination of information on water release schedule.
2) Build centralized repositories for information on Water Reservoirs, Canal Systems, ground water
resources, Land degradation , water logging, water bodies etc. which can be consumed by other
services and applications
3) Build a linking between the existing information systems on watersheds of NWDPRA,
RVP&FPR etc. and the GIS maps / digital watershed atlas available with SLUSI
4) Provide searchable content on the farmer centric information such as best practices on irrigation
and information on irrigation equipment.
5) Build a mechanism to provide expert advisories to the Farmers on the irrigation related issues.
6) Provide a mechanism to monitor the progress of projects related the Command Area
Development
The following are the components of the service 10 as envisaged under NeGP-A to be delivered by the
proposed solution.
Provide a repository of the Water Reservoirs in the country and a mechanism to provide the daily
water level information of the reservoirs
Provide the details of network of canals linked to the various water reservoirs in the country.
Provide for a mechanism to calculate the water requirement of the standing crop within a
Command Area at any point of time within the crop season
Assist in preparation and delivery of the canal water release information to the farmers.
Provide for a mechanism to link the watershed information in the repositories like RFS and
NRM with the GIS information on the watersheds available with SLUSI.
Create a repository of information related to the Ground Water resource in the country.
Create a repository of information related to Land degradation and water logging details and a
mechanism to link the same to the GIS based database available with SLUSI.


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Create a repository for the best practices on irrigation.
Create a repository of the information on Irrigation equipment
Set up a mechanism for identification of the beneficiaries for irrigation related projects under the
MNREGA based on the various social and financial parameters like dependents, land holding
patterns etc.
Set up a mechanism for dissemination of Expert advice on the various irrigation related issues to
the farmers
Set up a mechanism for monitoring of the projects related to the development of the Command
areas. It should provide details of the area created planned and actually serviced at the end of
each crop season under different projects including the government tube wells, lift irrigation and
canal irrigation (including information on distribution network in a command area)
Set up a mechanism for grievance submission and redress monitoring.
Provide a Web based System for Receipt and Processing of Applications for the issue of NOC to
Abstract Ground Water by CGWA
Service Component Classification & Categorization
These components identified for the Service 10 are classified into content and transaction based
components and further categorized into Government to Farmer (G2F) and Government to Government
(G2G) services.
The components can be classified as
Content based components: Components for which data needs to be collected, stored and managed
for appropriate dissemination.
MIS Based Components: the components for which the parameters are updated at regular intervals
and the information is used to monitor the components
Transaction based components: components for which input data is captured, processed and an
output is generated for the use of the end beneficiary. This component would apply where one to one
interactions are conducted.
Workflow based components: Components where an initial input is captured and processed, based
further inputs at each stage of process, and an output is generated




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The following table gives the classification and categorization details of the
S No Component Classification Categorization
1 Water Release Schedule Workflow Based G2F
2 Water Reservoir information MIS Based G2G
3 Canal System information MIS Based G2G
4
Information on Best Irrigational
Practices Content Based G2F
5 Watershed Information MIS Based G2G/G2F
6 Ground Water Information MIS Based G2G
7
Information related to Land
degradation and water Logging Content Based G2G
8
Information related to Irrigation
Equipment Content Based G2F
9 Expert Advice Transaction based G2F
10 Grievance Monitoring
Transaction/Workflow
Based G2F
11
Command Area Development Project
Monitoring MIS Based G2G
12
Applications for the issue of NOC to
extract Ground Water Workflow Based G2C

The following block diagram depicts the perspective of the proposed solution with reference to the other
entities:



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Solution - Perspective
Service 10
Users
External Systems
Farmers WUAs
Water Resource
Departments
Command Area
Development
Project
CWC CGWB
Crop Pattern
and Water
requirement
Water
Reservoirs
Information
Canal System
Information
Expert
Advisories
and Best
Practices
Water Release
Schedule
Ground Water
Information
Command
Area
Development
Project
Monitoring
SAP and CAP
Watershed
Information DBs
SLUSI GIS DB


SERVICE 11: PROVIDING INFORMATION ON DROUGHT RELIEF AND
MANAGEMENT
This service will provide information on past / present trends and management by linking with inputs
from the States and expert bodies such as Space Application Centre, National Remote Sensing Centre,
and Indian Meteorological Department etc. Drought Management Information System will also be
upgraded to make it Tehsil centric and, if possible, convert the information to GIS.
The service will provide a template for online submission of memorandum on drought relief under
NCCF based on the manual of drought management published by the Department.
A template for the report of the Central Team would also be prepared for online submission of the
report. Decision making tools would be backing the report for making recommendations.
It will also provide relevant information through up-gradation of Drought Management Information
System and linkages with efforts of Department of Space.


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Drought
A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water
supply whether surface or underground water
Drought is perhaps the one climatic event that is most linked with desertification. It is a natural hazard
originating from a deficiency of precipitation that results in a water shortage for some activities, some
groups or environmental sector and is often associated with other climatic factors (such as high
temperatures, high winds and low relative humidity) that can aggravate the severity of the event.
Drought differs from aridity in that the latter is restricted to low rainfall regions and is a permanent
feature of the climate. Drought occurrences are common in virtually all climatic regimes. Drought
should be considered relative to some long-term average condition of balance between precipitation and
evapotranspiration (i.e., evaporation +transpiration) in a particular area, a condition often perceived as
"normal".
It is also related to the timing (i.e., principal season of occurrence, delays in the start of the rainy season,
occurrence of rains in relation to principal crop growth stages) and the effectiveness (i.e., rainfall
intensity, number of rainfall events) of the rains.






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The Complex Nature of drought
(Source: DPR on Integrated Drought Management Information System)
Drought disrupts cropping programs, reduces breeding stock, and threatens permanent erosion of the
capital and resource base of farming families and /or enterprises. A continuous drought stretching over
several years significantly affects productivity and national economies. In addition, the risk of serious
environmental damage, particularly through vegetation loss and soil erosion, has long term implications
for the sustainability of agriculture. Bushfires and dust storms often increase during the dry period.
Drought onset and end are often difficult to determine, as is its severity. Drought severity is dependent
not only on the duration, intensity and spatial extent of a specific drought episode, but also on the
demands made by human activities and vegetation on a specific regions water supply.
The impacts of drought are largely non-structural and spread over a larger geographical area than are
damages from other natural hazards. The non-structural characteristic of drought impacts has certainly
hindered the development of accurate, reliable, and timely estimates of severity and, ultimately, the
formulation of drought preparedness plans by most governments.


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Drought risk is a product of a region's exposure to the natural hazard and its vulnerability to extended
periods of water shortage. If we need to make progress in reducing the serious consequences of drought,
then we must improve our understanding of the hazard and the factors that influence vulnerability.
Classification of Drought
There are three types of droughts
1. Meteorological Drought
2. Agricultural Drought
3. Hydrological Drought

Types of Drought
(Source: DPR on Integrated Drought Management Information System)

The following are the components of the service 11 as envisaged under NeGP-A to be delivered by the
proposed solution.
Drought MIS:


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a. To enable the data acquisition of the Drought related parameters from the Tehsil/Block
Level to have more granular information
b. To provide a mechanism to tools monitor and analyze the data to identify the onset of
Drought like situations
c. To provide a mechanism to associate and correlate the field data with the scientifically
available data, from agencies like IMD/NRSC etc., for a better insight in to the situations
Decision Support System:
a. To provide a set of Business Intelligence tools which can assist the users in the decision
making process
Drought Response System
a. To provide an integrated workflow for Drought Management Process in to the system.
b. To provide a mechanism to monitor the Drought Management Process
Self Service System
a. To provide searchable content on the practices to be adopted by Farmers in Drought like
situations
b. To provide a mechanism to provide expert advisories to the Farmers in the Drought like
situations.
c. To provide a mechanism for the Farmers to register their grievances.
Central Repository
a. For Tehsil/Block Wise Drought Prone Areas
Content Management
a. For package of practices during drought
GIS Maps
The following figure shows the various functions to be implemented by the solution


65


NeGP-A Service 11- Ecosystem





66

The figure below shows the interactions of service 11 with other NeGP-A services.





67

Breeding
Livestock
Management
Feeding
Housing
Organizati
on
Disease
Control
Extension
Livestock
Insurance
Waste
mannage

SERVICE 12 : LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
This service will provide information on livestock management related activities at the state
level; It also aims to provide information and expert advisory on live-stock during normal circumstances
and also during drought; it will also provide information on availability of fodder in the nearest region of
the farmer
Objectives of the Service :
To Deliver an efficient and reliable information and services to realize the basic
need of the livestock farmer
To automate the process of monitoring reports on various Livestock Issues at the
centre.
To bring transparency in the monitoring process.
To provide a large pool of information on Livestock Related Issues.
Increasing Effectiveness of Government Service Delivery
The NeGP-A Mission Mode Project for Service 12 on Livestock Management Information System aims
at providing a web enabled interface at the Centre Levelfor monitoring the Livestock Management
related activities at State Level, which would be the source of relevant information and an interface for
providing information on Government Services.












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Apart from this it will serve as an important source of information for Livestock Management Related
Activities/Practices such as:
Livestock Daily Health
Feed and Fodder/ Fodder Seed Information
Medicinal Help
Expert Advisory Services
Veterinary Services
Breeding related Activities/Practices
Disaster Management
Preparedness and Surveillance of Animal Diseases
Artificial Insemination
Livestock Insurance and Claims
Livestock Disease Control
Forecasted Weather & Agro-Met Advisories
Waster manangement,
Recycle mangement 3
Training
Family tree
The system will also work as an interface for availing of Livestock related Government services like:
Veterinary Services at Farmers door step
Feed and Fodder Availability
Livestock and Poultry Products
Grievances
Expert Advisory
All the services can be categorized into the following types:
Work Based
Disease Reporting


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Availing AI Services
Availing Veterinary Services
Livestock Insurance
Vaccination Services
Feed and Fodder Management
Breeding Management
Poultry Management
Training of Farmers
Marketing of Livestock Products
Import Export of Livestock Products Content Based
Information on various Livestock Diseases
Information on various Poultry and Duck Diseases
Information on Superior Breed of Livestock& Poultry
Information on Livestock Management related Activities
Information on Poultry Management related Activities
Information on Feed and Fodder
Information on Market and Marketing of farm products
Information on Hatchery units and feed mills
Information on Government of India Sponsored Schemes
Information on State Government Sponsored Schemes
Information on Zoonotic Diseases
Information on Management of Pet Animals
Information on Quality of Meat and Meat Products
Information on Preparedness before Drought Circumstances
Important information during Drought
Information on Preparedness before Flood Circumstances
Important information during Flood Circumstances
Important information during Epidemic
Information on Slaughter Houses
Information on Registered Farmers
Information on Meteorological Conditions
Information on Problems due to Different Hazardous weathers
Transaction Based
Grievance Management
Expert Advisory
Registration of Farmer
Registration of Domesticated animals
Registration of Pet Animals


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GIS Based
Animal Diseases
Cattle & Buffalo Breeding Farms
Animal Disease Diagnostic Testing Labs
Veterinary Dispensaries/Hospitals
livestock Pasture Land for Fodder
Dairy Cooperatives & Milk Collection Centers
Artificial Insemination(AI) Centers
Stockman Centers
Frozen Semen Bank
Graphical Description of System

















Animal Farmer Request for
Information/Service
Livestock Management Service
Delivery Outlet

CSC
Department KCC SCC
Mass
Media
Mobile/I
VRS
Agricult
ure

Delivery Channels


Pvt. Sector
Department
Pvt.
Kiosk


71

























Display
Boards
NeGP-A 12 Portal

Livestock
Insurance
Livestock
disease


Livestock Health
care Management
Grievances Redressal
System


Livestock Production
& Development


Livestock Breeding and
Artificial Insemination


Livestock feed and
fodder Development

Livestock
Infrastructure
Expert Advisory
System
Livestock Management Training for
Block/District Veterinary Officers

Livestock Databases

Livestock
Infrastructure

Feed and Fodder
Development

Animal Health &
Disease

Livestock
Insurance

Poultry
Development




Piggery
Development

Sheep & Goat
Development
Cattle&Buffal
o
Development


72



Conclusion
The 12 Cluster of Services identified under this project, will cover detailed information on Pesticides,
Fertilisers and Seeds, Soil Health, crops, farm machinery, training and Good Agricultural Practices
(GAPs), forecasted weather and agro-met advisory, prices, arrivals, procurement points, and providing
interaction platform, Electronic certification for exports & imports, marketing infrastructure, Monitoring
implementation / Evaluation of schemes & programs, fisheries, irrigation infrastructure, Drought Relief
and Management, Livestock Management.