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Specifications, mechanical

Note! As the illustrations in this service information are used


for different model years and / or models, some variation
may occur. However, the essential information in the
illustrations is always correct.
Engine manufacture number, engine serial number and
type

The engine serial number and type are stamped on the left
side of the cylinder block at the top of the mounting for the
water pump.
There is also a decal on the timing cover with the engine
type, manufacture number and serial number.
Classification of main bearings

The marking is stamped on the cylinder block and
crankshaft.
Cylinder
block
classifica
/
Cranksh
classifica
A
small
diamete
B
medium
diamete
C
large
diamete
block intermed
section
block intermed
section
block intermed
section
A
small
yellow
medium
yellow
medium
yellow
medium
blue
thick
blue
thick
blue
thick
B
medium
red
thin
yellow
medium
yellow
medium
yellow
medium
yellow
medium
blue
thick
C
large
red
thin
red
thin
red
thin
yellow
medium
yellow
medium
yellow
medium
General data (engine capacities)
B5204T5 B5234T3 B5244T2 B5244T3
Output (kw at rpm) 132/5280 184/5220 195/5700 147/6000
Maximum torque
(Nm at rpm)
240/2220-
5280
330/2520-
5220
350/2400-
5100
285/1800-
4980
Maximum speed
(rpm)
6200 6200 6200 6200
Idle speed (rpm) 670 670 850 670
No. of cylinders 5 5 5 5
"VCC-121724 EN 2010-10-13"
1(7) Copyright 2004 Volvo Car Corporation. All rights reserved.
Bore (mm) 81 81 83 83
Stroke (mm) 77 90 90 90
Cylinder
displacement (dm
3

=litres)
1984 2319 2435 2435
Firing order 1-2-4-5-3 1-2-4-5-3 1-2-4-5-3 1-2-4-5-3
Compression ratio 9.5:1 8.5:1 8.5:1 9.0:1
Total weight,
including oil (kg)
approxim
177
approxim
177
approxim
177
approxim
177
Cylinder block

1
The bore classification is stamped on top of the engine
block. For example: 1CCDDE is read as cyl 1=C, cyl 2=C,
cyl 3=D, cyl 4=D, cyl 5=E.
Bore (D) in mm
Standard B5204Tx B5234Tx B5244Tx
C-marked
1

81.000-81.010 81.000-81.010 83.000-83.010
D-marked
1

81.010-81.020 81.010-81.020 83.010-83.020
E-marked
1

81.020-81.030 81.020-81.030 83.020-83.030
Pistons (engine capacities)

1
The classification is marked on the top of the piston.

Bore (D) in mm
Standard B5204T5
Measured
16 mm
from the
bottom of
the piston
B5234T3
Measured
42 mm
from the
top of the
piston
B5244T2
Measured
42 mm
from the
top of the
piston
B5244T3
Measured
38 mm
from the
top of the
piston
C-marked
1
80.980-
80.990
80.980-
80.990
82.980-
82.990
82.980-
82.990
D-marked
1
80.990-
81.000
80.990-
81.000
82.990-
83.000
82.990-
83.000
E-marked
1
81.000-
81.010
81.000-
81.010
83.000-
83.010
83.000-
83.010
Piston running clearance (example)
Measured cylinder diameter........ 83.015 mm
Measured piston diameter........ 82.995 mm
The piston running clearance is........ 0.020 mm
The piston running clearance must be
0.0100.030 mm.
"VCC-121724 EN 2010-10-13"
2(7) Copyright 2004 Volvo Car Corporation. All rights reserved.

Piston rings

Piston pin
Axial clearance
Upper compression ring........0.030-0.070 mm
Lower compression ring........0.030-0.070 mm
Oil control ring assembly........0.038-0.142 mm
Compression ring dimension
Upper........1,200 -0.010/-0.030 mm
Lower........1,500 -0.010/-0.030 mm
Dimension, three piece oil ring
Spring........1,510 0.020 mm
Rail........0.460 0.011 mm
B52x4Tx
(excluding
B5244T3)
B5244T3
Diameter (mm) 23.000 +0/-0.004 21.000 +0/-0.004
Length (mm) 61.000 +0/-0.200 60.000 +0/-0.200
Valves

Valve crown diameter (A)
Inlet........31.00 0.15 mm
Exhaust........27.00 0.15 mm
Valve stem diameter (B)
Inlet (early versions)........6.970 +0/-0.015mm
Inlet (late versions)........5.970 +0/-0.015mm
Valve stem diameter (B1/B2)
Exhaust (early versions)
H1 = 22.7 mm B1 = 6,962 0.007 mm
H2 = 65.1 B2 = 6,954 0.007 mm
Exhaust (late versions)
H1 = 22.7 mm B1 = 5,962 0.007 mm
H2 = 65.1 B2 = 5954 0.007 mm
Total valve length (C)
"VCC-121724 EN 2010-10-13"
3(7) Copyright 2004 Volvo Car Corporation. All rights reserved.
Inlet........102.00 0.07 mm
Exhaust........101.05 0.07 mm
Disc edge height (D)
Inlet and exhaust........1.50 mm
Minimum height after grinding........1.20 mm
Valve angle
Inlet and exhaust........44.5

Valve stem vertical position
Valve stem height........48.4 0.5 mm
Maximum machining of the valve stem........0.5 mm
Valve seats

Upper reduction angle (A)
Inlet........20
Exhaust........15
Matching surface angle (B)
Inlet and exhaust........45
Lower reduction angle (C)
Inlet and exhaust........60
Valve seat, width (a)
Inlet........1.4-1.8 mm
Exhaust........1.8-2.2 mm
Tappets

Tappets, dimensions
Tappets, dimensions
External diameter (A)........32.000 +0.025/-0.041 mm
External height (B)........26.0 0.5 mm
Solid tappet shaft length (C)
15.96 mm at 0.02 mm intervals up to 16.16 mm. The
dimensions are listed on the inside of each tappet.
Valve springs
Valve springs
"VCC-121724 EN 2010-10-13"
4(7) Copyright 2004 Volvo Car Corporation. All rights reserved.
Length........45.1 +1.5/-0.5 mm
Type........Conical
Valve guides

Clearance between new components:
Inlet and exhaust........0.03-0.06 mm
Maximum play for used components:
Inlet and exhaust........0.15 mm
Camshafts
Inlet
camshaft
P/N
Maximum
lift height
(mm)
Exhaust
camshaft
P/N
Maximum
lift height
(mm)
B5204Tx
excluding
T4
9207943 8.40 B5204Tx 9207944 9.05
B5204T4 9207941 8.15
B5234Tx 9207943 8.40 B5234Tx 9207944 9.05
B5244Tx
excluding
T2, T3
9207942 8.40
B5244Tx
excluding
T3
9207944 9.05
B5244T2 9497231 8.40 B5244T3 9497822 9.05
B5244T3 9497823 8.45 B5254Tx 9207944 9.05
B5254Tx 9207942 8.40
Cylinder head

Caution! Scratches and corrosion to the cylinder head
gasket face should only be machined on a flat cylinder
head.
Maximum out-of-true
Front-rear........0.50 mm
Lateral........0.20 mm
Cylinder head height........129.00 0.05 mm
Maximum machining........0.30 mm
Crank mechanism
Crankshaft
Main bearing journal radial run out........maximum
"VCC-121724 EN 2010-10-13"
5(7) Copyright 2004 Volvo Car Corporation. All rights reserved.

0.040 mm
Axial play (Measured in the engine with the intermediate
section tightened)........0.08-0.19 mm
Main bearing journal radial runout........0.020-0.043 mm

Big end journals
Diameter, standard
1
........50.000 +0/-0.016

Bearing recess width........26.0 0.1 mm
Maximum out-of-round........0.004 mm
Maximum taper........0.004 mm
1
The variation in diameter for each bearing journal must
not exceed 0.008 mm.
Main bearing journals
Diameter, standard
1
........65.000 +0.003/-0.016 mm

Axial bearing width........26.00 +0/-0.04mm
Maximum out-of-round........0.004 mm
Maximum taper........0.004 mm
1
The variation in diameter for each bearing journal must
not exceed 0.008 mm.

Diameter, bearing recesses
Designation
B52x4Tx
excluding
B5244T3
B5244T3
Big end (mm) 53.000 -0/+0.013 53.000 -0/+0.013
Small end (mm)
21.000
+0.011/+0.005
23.000
+0.011/+0.005
Maximum ovality
in the bearing
recesses
0.006 0.006
Length big end-
small end (mm)
147 139.5
Engine oil
Filling with oil after reconditioning
Oil volume including filter........6.6 litres
Oil grade
According to API Service........lowest SH or SJ.
"VCC-121724 EN 2010-10-13"
6(7) Copyright 2004 Volvo Car Corporation. All rights reserved.
According to ACEA........Grade A2, A2/B2, A3 or A3/B3.
Oil pressure (minimum)
13.3 r/s (800 r/min)........0.10 Mpa
1

14.2 r/s (850 r/min)........0.10 Mpa
1

66.7 r/ (4,000r/min)........0.35 Mpa
1

Maximum oil pressure (the relief valve opens)........0.48
Mpa
1
The oil pressure listed is for an oil temperature of 100C,
which is reached after 1015 minutes driving.
Cooling system
Thermostat
Marking ........90
Starts to open at ........90C
Fully open at ........105C
"VCC-121724 EN 2010-10-13"
7(7) Copyright 2004 Volvo Car Corporation. All rights reserved.