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Centralloy

ET 45 Micro
MATERIAL DATA SHEET
Designation: GX45NiCrSiNb45-35
Data Sheet for information only September 2009, Rev. 02 Copyright Schmidt + Clemens GmbH + Co. KG
Schmidt + Clemens GmbH + Co. KG Edelstahlwerk Kaiserau P.O. Box 1140 51779 Lindlar, Germany
Schmidt + Clemens Group
Centralloy

ET 45 Micro GX45NiCrSiNb45-35 2
Centralloy

ET 45 Micro
Features
Centralloy

ET 45 Micro is an air melted nickel-base alloy con-
sisting essentially of a Ni-Cr-Fe-Si matrix. The high chromium
level, rare earth additions and primary carbide formation provide
the best compromise between good high temperature corrosion
resistance and high temperature creep rupture strength.
The presence of carbon leads to the formation of a series of
carbides:
a) Intergranularly occuring primary carbides, nitrides or car-
bonitrides of general form M(C,N) where M is usually niobium,
titanium and zirconium. These greatly affect the generation
of good high temperature properties. The phase is visible in
unetched micro specimens, its color varying from the orange/
yellow of the nitride to the grey/mauve of the carbide.
b) Chromium-rich intergranular carbides of the M
7
C
3
and M
23
C
6

types. These carbides have a profound influence on properties
due to the decomposition and re-precipitation reactions in
service producing secondary carbides in a rather uniform dis-
persion. By this mechanism dislocation movement is impeded
with the result of significant strengthening at elevated tem-
peratures.
Product Forms
Centralloy

ET 45 Micro was designed as centrispun tube mate-
rial to meet specific design criteria in terms of carburisation and
oxidation resistance, creep rupture strength and weldability. It is
available as centrispun tubes, vertically spun, statically cast and
investment cast product forms.
Other forms may be supplied upon request. Further information
regarding these topics and maximum und minimum sizes, may
be obtained from the sales department.
Chemical Composition
(*)
mass percentage
Carbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.45
Silicon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.60
Manganese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.00
Chromium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.00
Iron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16.00
Niobium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.00
Titanium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additions
Zirconium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additions
Rare earth elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additions
Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Balance
(*) This is a typical composition which may be slightly modified
according to the application.
Applications
Tubular systems requiring superior carburisation and oxidation
resistance combined with high creep rupture strength and high
creep resistance. No heat treatment is required for most appli-
cations of this alloy. Main high temperature applications for the
material are:
Process: max. operating temperature, C
Steam cracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1150
Direct reduction of iron ore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1150

18
17
16
15
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
Temperature, C
C
o
e
f
f
i
c
i
e
n
t

o
f

T
h
e
r
m
a
l

E
x
p
a
n
s
i
o
n
,

1
0
-
6
/
K
19
18.5
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
17.0
15.5
14.5
17.5
16.5
16.0
15.0
18.0
Mean Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion
Temperature, C
Contents:
Features, Product Forms,
Chemical Composition, Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Physical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Mechanical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Carburisation, Oxidation Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Parametric Stress Rupture Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Parametric Minimum Creep Rate,
Manufacturing Characteristics,
Health and Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Contact Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
160
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
140
110
90
Temperature, C
Y
o
u
n
g

s

M
o
d
u
l
u
s
,

G
P
a
150
130
120
100
Youngs Modulus of Elasticity
Temperature, C
3 GX45NiCrSiNb45-35 Centralloy

ET 45 Micro
Physical Properties
Density: 8.1 g/cm
3
Thermal Conductivity (20C): 14.0 W/mK
18
17
16
15
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
Temperature, C
C
o
e
f
f
i
c
i
e
n
t

o
f

T
h
e
r
m
a
l

E
x
p
a
n
s
i
o
n
,

1
0
-
6
/
K
19
18.5
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
17.0
15.5
14.5
17.5
16.5
16.0
15.0
18.0
Mean Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion
Temperature, C
C
o
e
f
f
i
c
i
e
n
t

o
f

T
h
e
r
m
a
l

E
x
p
a
n
s
i
o
n
,

1
0
-
6
/
K
160
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
140
110
90
Temperature, C
Y
o
u
n
g

s

M
o
d
u
l
u
s
,

G
P
a
150
130
120
100
Youngs Modulus of Elasticity
Temperature, C
Y
o
u
n
g

s

M
o
d
u
l
u
s
,

G
P
a
Centralloy

ET 45 Micro GX45NiCrSiNb45-35 4
60
40
20
0
700 750 800 850 900 1000
Temperature, C
80
950
350
250
100
300
200
150
50
700 750 800 850 900 950 1000
0
60
40
20
0
700 750 800 850 900 1000
Temperature, C
80
950
50
700 750 800 850 900 950 1000
40
10
0
30
20
Mechanical Properties
(only for wall thickness less than 25 mm in the as cast condition)
Tensile properties
Minimum tensile properties at 20C: 0.2% Yield strength: 245 MPa
Ultimate tensile strength: 450 MPa
Elongation (l = 5d): 6% for centricast tubes
3% for static castings
Typical Tensile Strength and 0.2% Yield Strength vs. Temperature
Oxidation Weight Loss vs. Temperature for 10 Thermal Cycles in Air
Between Indicated Temperature and Room Temperature
Typical Tensile Test Elongation vs. Temperature
Temperature, C
Temperature, C
S
t
r
e
n
g
t
h
,

M
P
a
E
l
o
n
g
a
t
i
o
n

(
l
=
5
d
)
,

%
Centralloy

ET 45 Micro
Ultimate Tensile Strength
0.2% Yield Strength
5 GX45NiCrSiNb45-35 Centralloy

ET 45 Micro
2.0
1025 1050 1075 1100 1125 1150 1175
1.5
0.5
0
1.0
0.0
1025 1050 1075 1100 1125 1150 1175
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
Temperature, C
0
1025 1050 1075 1100 1125 1200
15
1000
10
5
1150 1175
20
25
Increase in Carbon Content vs. Temperature after Pack Carburisation
for 260 Hours at Indicated Test Temperature
Oxidation Weight Loss vs. Temperature for 10 Thermal Cycles in Air
Between Indicated Temperature and Room Temperature
Temperature, C
Temperature, C
C
a
r
b
o
n

i
n
c
r
e
a
s
e
,

%
W
e
i
g
h
t

L
o
s
s
,

m
g
/
c
m
2
7 hours hold time per cycle at test temperature
Carburisation Resistance
Oxidation Resistance
Centralloy

ET 45 Micro GX45NiCrSiNb45-35 6
Parametric Stress Rupture Strength
Centralloy

ET 45 Micro
Temperature, C
10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 27.5
31
7.5
30
29
22.5 25.0
32
33
32
30
28
26
5 10 15 20 25 35
34
30
30.0 32.5 35.0
27
28
1
0
01
2
6
1
0
2
7
2
8
2
9
3
0
3
1
3
2
3
3
3
4
3
5
L
M
P
I n i t i a l S t r e s s , M P a
L
M
P

=

L
a
r
s
o
n

M
i
l
l
e
r

P
a
r
a
m
e
t
e
r
L
M
P

=

T

(
1
9
.
3

+

l
o
g

t
r
)
/
1
0
0
0
W
h
e
r
e

T
:

t
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

[
K
]

a
n
d

t
r
:

r
u
p
t
u
r
e

t
i
m
e

[
h
]
L
o
w
e
r

S
c
a
t
t
e
r

B
a
n
d

r
e
p
r
e
s
e
n
t
s

9
5
%

c
o
n

d
e
n
c
e

l
e
v
e
l
A
v
e
r
a
g
e
L
o
w
e
r

S
c
a
t
t
e
r

B
a
n
d
P
a
r
a
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e
t
r
i
c

S
t
r
e
s
s

R
u
p
t
u
r
e
7 GX45NiCrSiNb45-35 Centralloy

ET 45 Micro
Parametric Minimum Creep Rate
Manufacturing Characteristics Health and Safety Information
Machining
In general terms the machinability of Centralloy

ET 45 Micro is
similar to that of other heat resistant alloys.
Welding
For critical, highly stressed and corrosion resistant joints coated
electrodes, flux cored wire and bare filler material are com-
mercially available. These welding consumables have high
strength properties at elevated temperatures with good retained
ductilities. Besides fillerless PAW, TIG and MAW have been used
satisfactorily for component fabrication or repair welding. Pre-
heating and postweld heat treatment of the joint is not necessary.
For dissimilar weld joints to austenitic materials the same filler
materials are recommended. Further information will be supplied
upon request.
The operation and maintenance of welding equipment should
conform to the provisions of relevant national standards for the
protection of personnel.
Mechanical ventilation is advisable, and under certain conditions
in confined spaces, is necessary during welding operations in
order to prevent possible exposure to hazardous fumes, gases,
or dust that may occur.
Nickel- and iron-base materials may contain, in varying concen-
trations, elemental constitutions of chromium, iron, manganese,
molybdenum, cobalt, nickel, tungsten and aluminium. Inhalation
of metal dust from welding, grinding, melting and dross handling
of these alloy systems may cause adverse health effects.
Temperature, C
10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 27.5
31
7.5
30
29
22.5 25.0
32
33
32
30
28
26
5 10 15 20 25 35
34
30
30.0 32.5 35.0
27
28
Initial Stress, MPa
P
=

(
T
+
2
7
3
)

(
2
0
-
l
o
g
[
m
i
n
.

c
r
e
e
p

r
a
t
e

i
n

%

p
e
r

h
o
u
r
]
)
/
1
0
0
0
The information in this publication is as complete and accurate as possible at the time of publication. Variations in properties can occur to production and process routes.
However, no warranty or any legal liability for its accuracy, completeness and results to be obtained for any particular use of the information herein contained is given. Where
possible the test conditions are fully described. Where reference, is made to the balance of the alloys composition it is not guaranteed that this balance is composed exclu-
sively of the element mentioned, but that it predominates and others are present only in minimal quantities. The creep rupture data are frequently insufficient to be directly
translatable to specific design or performance applications without examination and verification of their applicability and suitability by professionally qualified personnel. The
primary units for property data are based on those of the SI-system.
Schmidt + Clemens Group
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Production
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WST_G_4852_2411.indd 8 25.11.2009 15:04:18 Uhr