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FINAL EXAM B1

YEAR 3 BIOLOGY 1


Surname


Name




AMERICAN ACADEMY LARNACA

YEAR 3 FINAL EXAM

Biology


Unit B1: Influences on life Higher Tier

Monday 2 June 2014 Time: 30 minutes

You must have:
Calculator, ruler
Total Marks


Information
The total mark for this paper is [30/60].
The marks for each question are shown in brackets
use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question.
Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written communication
will be assessed

2

1. The graph shows the concentration of glucose in the blood of two people and how this changes over
a two-hour period.



(i) Calculate the difference in the blood glucose concentration between person A and
person B at 90 minutes. (2)






answer = __________ mmol/dm
3

(ii) Using the information from the graph, describe the change in blood glucose
concentration for person B during this two-hour period. (2)

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

(iii) State which hormone a type 1 diabetic, such as person A, would use to control their blood
glucose concentration. (1)

________________________________________________________________________

[Total marks Q1 = 5]

3

2. Auxins are plant hormones.

(i) Complete the sentence by putting a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer.
Auxins cause the shoot of a plant to grow towards light in a process called (1)

A negative gravitropism
B negative phototropism
C positive gravitropism
D positive phototropism

(ii) Explain how auxins cause the shoot of a plant to grow towards light. (2)

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

[Total marks Q2 = 3]

*3. Explain how the human body responds to an external temperature of 40 C. (4)

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

[Total marks Q3 = 4]


4

4. Tigers are classified as vertebrates.
The binomial name for the tiger is Panthera tigris.



(i) Complete the sentence by putting a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer.
The word Panthera in the tigers binomial name refers to its (1)

A class
B genus
C order
D species

(ii) State the phylum that includes mammals such as tigers. (1)

___________________________________________________________________________

[Total marks Q4 = 2]

5. Cigarette smoke contains carbon monoxide.
Explain the effect of breathing in carbon monoxide on the function of the blood. (3)

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

[Total marks Q5 = 3]


5

6. The diagram shows a motor neurone.


(a) (i) Label the structures A and C. (2)

(ii) When the brain receives impulses from receptor cells it coordinates a response.
Complete the sentence by putting a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer.
Responses are carried out by (1)

A alleles
B dendrons
C effectors
D senses



myelin
___________________
_
_________________
6

(b) A response can be affected by drugs.
The effect of drinking alcohol on reaction time was investigated using five adult volunteers A, B,
C, D and E.
After drinking a number of units of alcohol, the reaction time for each volunteer was measured
three times.
The results are shown in the table.

Volunteer Number of
units of
alcohol
drunk
Reaction time / ms
1
st
attempt 2
nd
attempt 3
rd
attempt Mean
A 0.5 34 38 27 33
B 1.5 36 47 40 41
C 3.0 59 62 59 60
D 4.5 67 60 62
E 6.0 80 68 83 77

(i) Calculate the mean reaction time for volunteer D. (2)

________________________________________________________________________

(ii) Explain why alcohol causes a change in reaction time. (2)

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

[Total marks Q6 = 7]

8. The peppered moth (Biston betularia) exists in dark and light forms.



(i) Complete the sentence by putting a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer.
Characteristics such as colour are coded for by alleles.
An allele is (1)

A a single chromosome
B a single gene
C an alternative form of the same chromosome
D an alternative form of the same gene
7

(ii) The allele for the dark colour is B and is dominant.
The allele for the light colour is b and is recessive.
Complete the table to show all possible genotypes of dark moths. (2)

possible genotypes of
dark moths



(iii) Complete the Punnett square for a cross between a moth heterozygous for colour and a
moth homozygous recessive for light colour. (2)





(iv) Give the ratio of light to dark moths in the Punnett square in (a)(iii). (1)

________________________________________________________________________

[Total marks Q7 = 5]
[Total marks for paper = 30]


8

Mark scheme

Question
Number
Answer Acceptable
answers
Mark
1(i) correct readings
from graph (1) 12
5 correct answer
(1) = 7 (mmol/dm
3
)

(2)
1(ii) A description
including two of the
following points
increases from 0
minutes to 60
minutes / peaks at
60 minutes
decrease
between 60 and 90
minutes
increases
between 90 and
120 minutes
some creditable
data manipulation
to show an
increase/decrease
between two time
points

(2)
1(iii) insulin (1)
2(i)
D positive
phototropism

(1)
2(ii) An explanation to
include the
following linked
points (auxins)
move to the shaded
side of a shoot (1)
causing cells on the
shaded side to
elongate (1)

Accept move to the
side opposite the
light
Accept get longer
for elongate Ignore
references to cell
division
(2)
*3 Indicative Content Mark
A explanation to include some of the
following
homeostasis / regulation of the body's
internal environment
controlled by the hypothalamus /
thermoregulatory
hypothalamus / thermoregulatory centre
monitors blood temperature
negative feedback mechanism
sweat rate increases
sweat glands will release sweat on to
skin surface (4)
9

evaporation of this sweat / water will
remove heat energy from skin
hairs on skin's surface lay flat
no trapping of insulating air layer so
body loses heat
vasodilation occurs
widening of the arterioles / blood
vessels eq, near the skin delivers warm
blood to skin surface
body loses heat by radiation
Level 0 No rewardable content
1 1 - 2 a limited explanation of at least one
method of thermoregulation
the answer communicates ideas using
simple language and uses limited
scientific terminology
spelling, punctuation and grammar are
used with limited accuracy
2 3 - 4 a simple explanation including at least
two methods of thermoregulation
the answer communicates ideas
showing some evidence of clarity and
organisation and uses scientific
terminology appropriately
spelling, punctuation and grammar are
used with some accuracy
Question
Number
Answer Acceptable
answers
Mark
4(i) B (1)
4(ii) chordata chordates accept
any reasonable
spelling of the term (1)
5 An explanation
linking three of the
following points
carbon monoxide
binds with red
blood cells (1)
containing
haemoglobin (1)
this reduces the
oxygen carrying
capacity of the
blood (1)
accept blood for
red blood cells
Accept
oxyhaemoglobin
less oxygen is
carried in the blood
Accept references
to
carboxyhaemoglob
in
(3)
6a(i) A nucleus (1)
C axon (1)
A cell body
(2)
6a(ii) C - effectors (1)
6b(i) (67 + 60+ 62) = 189
(1)
(189) / 3 ans = 63
(ms) (1)

Two marks for
correct bald answer
ECF for incorrect
calculation carried
out correctly. (2)
10

Question
Number
Answer Acceptable
answers
Mark
6b(ii) An explanation to
include the
following points:
alcohol is a
depressant (1)
slows down the
activity of the brain
(1)
(slows down)
neurotransmission
(1)
(slows down)
transmission at the
synapse (1)
Reject stimulant
(no further marks
awarded) Ignore
references to CNS
accept sedative
accept: slows
reactions /
reactions take
longer / reaction
time increases
(2)
8(i) D (1)
8(ii)

Accept any two of
the genotypes in
any order
(2)
8(iii)
1 mark for correct
parental gametes 1
mark for correct
offspring

(2)
8(iv) 2 : 2 e.c.f (1)