Anda di halaman 1dari 29

CHAPTER 11 : OXIDATION AND REACTION

1. Which of the following reactions occurs when molten lead(II) bromide is


electrolysed by using carbon electrodes?
A Redox reaction
B etal corrosion of reaction
! Reduction of bromide ion at cathode
" #xidation of bromide ion at anode
$. Which of the following statements about reduction and oxidation is true?
A Reduction is a %rocess of adding oxygen
B #xidation is a %rocess of losing electron
! Reduction is a %rocess where the oxidation number of a substance
increases.
" #xidation is the %rocess of adding hydrogen
&. Which of the following is reducing agent?
A 'inc
B Bromine water
! Acidified sodium dichromate((I)
" Acidified %otassium manganate((II) acidified
). Which of the following reactions can*t be carried out byusing electrolysis
method?
A "anielle !ell
B +xtraction of Aluminum
! "ecom%osition of molten ,ead(II)oxide
" Recharging of ,ead Acid Accumulator
-. .he diagram shows the set u% of the a%%aratus used to determine the %osition of
hydrogen in reacti/ity series of metal.

Which of the following metal oxide will be reduced by hydrogen?
I 'inc oxide
II Iron(III) oxide
III !o%%er(II) oxide
1
etal oxide
"ry hidrogen gas
Burning of excess
hydrogen gas
0eat
I( ,ead1II) oxide
A I and II only
B II and III only
! II and I( only
" II2 III and I( only
3. Which of the following metal is easily oxidi4ed?
A 'inc
B ,ead
! Aluminium
" agnesium
5. Which of the following reactions do not in/ol/e redox reaction?
I "is%lacement
II 6reci%itation
III !ombustion
I( 7eutralisation
A I and II only
B I and III only
! II and III only
" II and I( only
8. Which of the following is not a redox reaction?
A Rusting of iron
B 7eutralisation reaction
! Reaction in nic9el cadmium cell
" +xtraction of iro from their ore
:. Which of the following does not occur during extraction of sil/er using carbon?
A !arbon is oxidi4ed to carbon dioxide
B .in(I() oxide2 ;n#$ is reduced to tin
! .in(I() oxide2 ;n#$ act as a reducing agent
" .he oxidation number of carbon increases from < to =)
1<. .he following are the ad/antages of using carbon in extraction of metals except
A carbon is easily a/ailable
B the cost for using carbon is chea%er
! carbon is located under tin in the reacti/ity series of metal
" the by %roduct of the reaction which is carbon dioxide is easy to eliminate
2
!arbon is used as a reducing agent in the extraction of metals2 li9e iron and
tin from their ores.
11. +lectrolysis is a %rocess when a chemical substance is decom%osed by using
electricity. Which of the following statement is true in an electrolysis %rocess?
A Anion recei/es electron at anode
B !ation recei/es electron at anode
! !ation recei/es electron at cathode
" Anion releases electron at cathode
1$. .he diagram shows the set>u% of the a%%aratus to determine the location of
carbon in the reacti/ity series of metals.
What is the obser/ation at the end of ex%eriment?
A .he mixture remains unchanged
B A brown solid is %roduced
! !arbon reacts as an oxidising agent
" !o%%er(II) oxide is oxidi4ed to co%%er
1&. What is the %ur%ose of carbon in the dis%lacement %rocess of iron?
A .o reduce iron oxide
B .o decrease the melting %oint of iron
! .o change iron ore to molten iron
" .o oxidi4ed the im%urity in iron ore
1). etal ? is located between iron and 4inc in the metal reacti/ity series.
Which of the following metals can reduce ? oxide?

A !o%%er
B .in
! ,ead
" Aluminium
3
ixture of carbon %owder and
co%%er(II) oxide %owder
6i%e>clay triangle
.ri%od stand
Asbestos %a%er
Heat
1-. 7ic9el is located between iron and 4inc in the metal reacti/ity series.
Which of the following metal can reduce nic9el oxide?
I .in
II ,ead
III Aluminium
I( agnesium
A I and II only
B II and III only
! III and I( only
" I2II2III and I(
13. All of the following metals can react as a reducing agent. Which one is the
strongest?
A Iron
B ;odium
! ;il/er
" Aluminium
15. Aluminium is extracted from its ore by electrolysis %rocess. Why is aluminium
cannot be extracted from its ore by heating it with carbon?

A Im%ure aluminium is %roduced
B .he cost of extraction is /ery high
! Aluminium is more reacti/e than carbon
" Aluminium can react with carbon
18. Which of the following shows the arrangement of the metal reacti/ity series with
oxygen in ascending order?
A @27a2g2Al
B ;n2Ae2'n2!l
! 'n2Ae2;n26b
" !u20g2Ag2Au
1:. What is the name of com%ound which its formula is 7a!l#)?
A ;odium chlorate(III)
B ;odium(I) chlorate(I)
! ;odium chlorate((II)
" ;odium(I) chlorate((II)
$<. Which of the following substances can oxidi4e iron(II)2 Ae
$=
ion to
Iron(II)2 Ae
&=
ion ?
A 'inc metal
B "ilute sul%huric acid2 0$;#)
! 0idrogen sul%hide gas
" Acidicfied %otassium manganate((II) solution
4
$1. .he following is an ionic eBuation2
Which of the following is true about that eBuation?
A C
$=
is oxidised to C
B ?
$=
is a reducing agent
! ? is an oxidising agent
" ? donates electron to C
$=
$$. .he diagram below shows the set u% of the a%%aratus to change iron(III)2 Ae
&=
ion
to iron(II)2 Ae
$=
ion.
Which of the following can re%lace 4inc %owder in this reaction?
A Bromine water
B .in(II) chloride solution
! 6otassium hexacianoferate(II) solution
" Acidicfied %otassium manganate((II)
$&. .he diagram shows the set>u% of the a%%aratus of an ex%eriment. .he a%%aratus
is left for an hour.
Which of the following statements is not true?
A +lectron transferred from electrode 6 to electrode D
B 6otassium iodide solution turn to brown in colour
! .he orange colour of acidified %otassium dichromate((II) decolourised
" .he oxidation number of chromium change from =3 to =&
5
+lectrode D +lectrode 6
Acidic dichromate((II) solution 6otassium iodide
solution
"ilute sul%huric acid
X
[s]
+ Y
2+
[aq]
X
2+
[aq]
+ Y
[s]
Iron(III) ion solution
'inc %owder
0eat
$). .he eBuation shows the changes of iodide ion to iodine.
Which of the following cannot ma9e that ion change?
A !hlorine water.
B 6otassium bromide solution.
! Acidified %otassium manganate((II) solution.
" Acidified %otassium dichromate((I) solution.
$-. .he table shows some chemical changes occur in four chemical reactions.
Reactions Ce!ica" can#es
$
X
Y
%
'inc atom changes to 4inc ion
n#)E changes to n
$=
Iodide ion changes to iodine
!hlorine molecule changes to chloride ion
Among the chemical changes abo/e2 which one loses electron?
A W and ?
B W and C
! ? and C
" C and '
$3. .he diagram shows the set u% of the a%%aratus of an ex%eriment to in/estigate
the effect of corrosion to iron


Which of the following decrease the rate of rusting of iron?
A Ion Ae
$=
acce%t electron
B etal ? is less electro%ositi/e
! etal ? donate electron easily
" ;odium chloride solution is a strong electrolyte
6
Iron nail
etal ?
;odium chloride solution
$5. .he diagram shows the reaction between hot lead %owder with bromine
gas.
Which of the following is correct ?
A White solid is %roduced
B ,ead atom oxidi4ed to lead(II) ion
! #xidation number of Bromine decreases from < to >$
" Bromine reacts as oxidising agent
$8. When the mixture of lead(II) oxide and aluminium %owder is heated2 lead is
%roduced as shown in the eBuation below.

.his reaction occur because2
A lead is an am%hoteric oxide
B aluminium burns reacti/ely
! lead is a strong reducing agent
" aluminium is more reacti/e than lead
$:. Which of the following reaction2 shows that nitric is an oxidising agent?
A g = $07#& F g(7#&)$ = 0$
B !u# = $07#& F !u(7#&)$ = 0$#
! 7a#0 = 07#& F 7a7#& = 0$#
" !a!#& = $07#& F !a(7#&)$ = !#$ = 0$#
&<. .he following chemical eBuation shows a halogen re%lacement reaction.
Which of the following statement is true about the reaction?
7
&'2[#] + 2(I[aq] ) I2[#] + 2(&'[aq]
*P+O + 2A" A"2O* + *P+
0ot lead %owder
Bromine gas
Gas Har s%oon
A Bromine gas is a reducing agent
B Bromide ion undergoes reduction
! Iodide ion undergoes oxidation
" #xidation number of iodine changes from =1 to =$
&1. In an ex%eriment2 concentrated sodium chloride solution is electrolised using
carbon electrodes. Which of the following statement is true?
A 0idrogen20
=
ion isoxidi4ed
B !hloride2!l
>
ion acts as oxidi4ing agent
! ;odium27a
=
ion undergoes oxidation
" .he oxidation number of sodium decreases from =1 to <
&$. .he diagram shows a sim%le /oltaic cell.
Which of the following2 is reduced in that cell?
A !o%%er
B ;odium ion
! agnesium
" 0idrogen ion
&&. .he diagram shows2 a few dro%s of acidic %otassium manganate((II) solution are
dro%%ed into ? solution.
8
Acidified %otassium
manganate((II) solution
? solution
V
!o%%er
agnesium
;odium sul%hate
solution
If the %ur%le colour of acidified %otassium manganate((II) is decolourised2 ?
solution should be
A bromine water.
B iron(II) ion solution.
! iron(III) ion solution.
" dichromate((I) ionsolution.
&). .he diagram shows chemical cell.

Which of the following2 will ha%%en in the cell?
A agnesium rode becomes thinner.
B .he number of co%%er(II) ion increase.
! !o%%er rode acts as a negati/e terminal.
" agnesium acts as an oxidation agent.
&-. .he eBuation below re%resents the dis%lacement reaction between metal ?2 C
and '.

!hoose the correct statement for this reaction?
A C is more electro%ositi/e than ?
B ? and ' are oxidising agents
! .he arrangement of reacti/ity in descending order is ' 2?2 C
" ?
$=
and C
$=
are reducing agents2 where as '
$=
is an oxidising agent
&3. .he extraction of stanum is a redox reaction. Which of the following substances
can be use to reduce tin(I()oxide to tin?
A !arbon
B !o%%er
! ,ead
" ;il/er
9
!o%%er(II) sul%hate solution2
1.< mol dm
>&

agnesium sul%hate
solution2 1.< mol dm
>&

!o%%er metal agnesium metal
Reaction I : X ,s- + Y
2+
,aq- ) X
2+
,aq- + Y ,s-
Reaction II : %,s- + X
2+
,aq- ) %
2+
,aq- + X,s-
&5. Which of the following eBuations re%resents a redox reaction?
A 0!l = @#0 ) @!l = 0$#
B 0$;#) = g ) g;#) = 0$
! 6b(7#&)$ = @$!#& ) 6b!#& = $@7#&
" !a!#& = $0!l ) !a!l$ = !#$ = 0$
&8. .he rusting of iron can be reduced by coiling the iron with other metals.Which of
the following metals can %rotect the iron from rusting?
A 'inc
B .in
! !o%%er
" ,ead
&:. Which of the following metals will increase in mass if heated in stim?
A !o%%er
B agnesium
! ,ead
" ;il/er
)<. Reaction between acidified %otassium dichromate2@$!r$#5 with iron(II)
sul%hate2Ae;#) solution is a redox reaction. In this reaction2 the oxidation
number of chromium changes from
A =5 to =&
B =3 to =&
! =3 to =$
" =- to =1
)1. Which of the following shows the correct oxidation number of manganese?
.nO .nO2 .n2O*
A $ ) 3
B 1 $ 3
! 1 $ &
" $ ) &
)$.
Based on the abo/e statement2 which of the following metal can be used to
%rotect tin from corrosion?
10
Corrosion of metal can be protected by using other metal
A 'inc
B !o%%er
! ,ead
" ;il/er
)&. .he eBuation below2 shows half eBuation for a redox reaction.
Arom the eBuation2 a ?$#5
$>
ion is reduced to two ?
&=
ion by recei/ing n
electrons2 (ne
>
) as shown in the abo/e half eBuation. What is the /alue of n?
A $
B 3
! 8
" :
)). .he eBuation shows a redox reaction.
In the reaction2 what is the change in the oxidation number for nitrogen?
A >& to <
B =& to <
! =1 to >$
" >$ to =$
)-. When a %iece of iron %lated with ? metal was scratched2 the iron did not rust but
when a %iece of ? metal %lated with iron was scratched2 the iron rusting /ery
Buic9ly. Arom the abo/e obser/ations2 the arrangement of metals ?2 C and iron in
descending order in electrochemical series is
A Iron2 ?2 C
B ?2 iron2 C
! ?2 C2 iron
" C2 iron ?
)3. .he following eBuation shows a reaction between hydrogen and excess air.
In the reaction2 the oxidation number of hydrogen changes from
A < to =1
B < to =$
! =$ to <
" =1 to =$
11
&!u# = $70& F &!u = 7$ = &0$#
$0$ = #$ F $0$#
?$#5
$>
= 1)0
=
= ne
>
F $?
&=
= 50$#
)5. .he chemical eBuation shows a redox reaction.
Which of the following is the changes of the oxidation number of nitrogen?
A =- to =&
B =3 to =)
! =& to =-
" =) to =3
)8. Which of the following substances contains nitrogen with the highest oxidation
number?

A 7$#
B @7#$
! 07#&
" 70)!l
):. .he eBuation below shows the reduction of iron(III) to iron(II) by ;n
$=.
What is
the /alue of n in ;n
n=
?

A &
B )
! -
" 3
-<. Which of the following %air of substances2 ha/e the same oxidation number for
the underlined elements?
A !r#)
$>
and !r$#5
$>

B @7#$ and 7a7#&
! ;#)
$>
and ;#&
$>
" @n#) and n$#&
12
$@7#& F $@7#$ = #$
I
$Ae
&=
(aB) = ;n
$=
(aB) $ Ae
$=
(aB) = ;n
n=
(aB)
/TR0CT0RED 10E/TION/
/ECTION A
Answer all the Buestions
1. .he diagram shows the set u% of the a%%aratus to in/estigate transfer of
electrons at a distance between iron(II) sul%hate solution and
acidified %otassium dichromate((I) solution
.he /oltmeter shows reading. After a few minutes2 solution at ? side and C side
of the u tube shows changes.
a) What is the function of dilute sul%huric acid?
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
b) ;tate the changes of colour in
(i) Iron(II) sul%hate solution
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
13
Acidicfied %otassium
dichromate((I) solution
V
X
Y
Iron(II) sul%hate solution
"ilute sul%huric acid
(ii) Acidicfied %otassium dichromate((I) solution
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[2 .]
c) 6otassium dichromate((I) solution contains %otassium2@
=
ion and
dichromate((I)2!r$#5
$>
ion. What is the oxidation number of chromium in
dichromate((I)2 !r$#5
$>
ion?
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
14
$. .he diagram below shows the set>u% of the a%%aratus used to in/estigate a
redox reaction.
.est tube 6 is filled with $ cm
&
of %otassium bromide while test tube D is filled
with $ cm
&
of %otassium iodide solution. A few dro%s of chlorine water is dro%%ed
into both of the test tubes and sha9ed.
a) ;tate one obser/ation for the ex%eriment.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
b) A little of %roduct in test tube D was mixed with tetra chloromethane
liBuid. .he mixture was sha9en
(i) What is the colour of tetra chloromethane layer after the mixture was
sha9en?
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
15
Potassium
bromide solution
Chlorine
water
Potassium iodide
solution
Chlorine
water
P
Q
(ii) Write an ionic eBuation to re%resent the reaction.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
c) Write the changes in the oxidation number of chlorine in both test tubes.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
d) 7ame one substance that can re%lace chlorine water in this ex%eriment
and state the obser/ation.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[2 .]
e) .ransfer of electron at a distance is also a redox reaction. Cou are gi/en
%otassium bromide solution2 chlorine water2 %otassium nitrate solution
and related a%%aratus. "raw the set>u% of the a%%aratus diagram for the
ex%eriment.

[2 .]
16
&. .he diagram shows an ex%eriment to in/estigate redox reaction for three
elements2 ? 2 C and 'inc. ? is in %owder form located between calcium and
aluminium where C is blac9 %owder and a non metal.
.his results are recorded as shown below.
+lements
#bser/ation
"uring 0eating After 0eating
? ;hining flame KKKKKKKKK.........
C Bright flame 7o residue
'inc (ery Bright glow KKKKKKKKKKK.
a) What is the function of %otassium manganate(((II) in the ex%eriment?
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
b) Which one need to be heated first to get a %erfect %roduct2 metal %owder or
%otassium manganate((II) ?
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
c) ;tate the elements that re%resent by ? and C ?
(i) ? LJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
(ii) CL JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[2 .]
d) ;tate obser/ation for ? and 'inc after being heated and when cooled.
17
0eat
6otassium
manganate((II)
Glass wool
Y

!in"
(i) ? L JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
(ii) 'inc L JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[2 .]
e) Residue from decom%osition of 4inc through heating %rocess is mixed
with ? and heated. A redox reaction occurs.
(i) Write chemical eBuation for the reaction.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
(ii) ;tate the changes of oxidation number for 4inc in this reaction
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[2 .]
(iii) Arom the abo/e eBuation2 determine the oxidising agent and
reducing agent
#xidising agent
LJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
Reducing agent
LJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[2 .]
). .he diagram shows the set u% of the a%%aratus used to electrolised concentrated
sodium chloride solution with carbon electrodes.
18
a) Write all the ions %resent in the concentrated sodium chloride solution.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
b)
(i) ;tate the obser/ation at electrode 6.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
(ii) 7ame the substance in (b)(i).
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
c)
(i) 7ame the reducing agent in this reaction.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
(ii) Write the changes in oxidation number of reducing agent in (c)(i).
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
19
#
!oncentrated sodium chloride
solution
!arbon electrode D
!arbon electrode 6
[1 .]
d) .he gas released at electrode D is reacted with oxygen.
(i) Write the eBuation in/ol/ed.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
(ii) Arom the eBuation2 determine whether this reaction is a redox reaction or
not base on the electron transfer.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
e) .he gas released at electrode is %assed through the test tube containing
%otassium iodide.
(i) Write the ionic eBuation for the reaction in the test tube.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[1 .]
(ii) Arom the eBuation2 determine the oxidising agent and reducing agent for
the reaction.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
[2 .]
/ECTION & : E//AY
Answer all Buestions. Cou are reBuired to answer this section within &< minutes.
20
1.
a) .he table shows the set u% of the a%%aratus and the results of an
ex%eriment to in/estigate the effect of other metals to the rusting of iron.
+x%eriment
#bser/ation after a
few days
Iron nail rusted Iron nail is not rusted
+x%lain the abo/e results.
[2 .]
b)

+x%lain the abo/e statement and draw the
set u% of the a%%aratus used
for the electro%lating %rocess
[3 .]
c) A student conducted two ex%eriments to in/estigate a redox reaction
between iron(II)2 Ae
$=
ion with bromine solution and magnesium ribbon.
21
$le"tro%latin& o' iron s%oon with "o%%er throu&h ele"trol(sis is a redo)
rea"tion
Iron nail
!o%%er metal
Water
Iron nail
agnesium ribbon
Water
.he table shows the set u% of the a%%aratus for +x%eriment I and
+x%eriment II.
+x%eriment I II
;et u% of the
a%%aratus
(i) !om%are obser/ations between +x%eriment I and +x%eriments II.
(ii) M#xidising agent in a reaction can also act as a reducing agent in
another reactionN
Based on +x%eriment I and +x%eriment II2 discuss this statement.
In your discussion2 you need to write ionic eBuations.
[14 .]
/ECTION C : E//AY (#%en Res%ond Item)
#rderL Answer the following Buestions
22
Iron(II) sul%hate
solution
agnesium
ribbon
Iron(II) sul%hate
solution
Bromine
water
.he suggested time to answer the Buestion in this section is &< minutes.
a)
+x%lain the abo/e statement. [2 .]
b) (i) &0$;(g) = $07#&(aB) F &;(s) = $7#(g) = )0$#(l)
(iii) 6b(7#&)$(aB) = @$!#&(aB) F 6b!#&(s) = $@7#&(s)
.he eBuation in (b)(i) re%resent the redox rection and the eBuation (b)(ii) is not a
redox reaction. +x%lain. [3 .]
c)
"escribe an ex%eriment to %ro/e the abo/e statement by using iron(II) sul%hate
solution as the reducing agent with a named oxidising agent.
[14 .]
PAPER *
23
etals which are located near the sea will be easily corrode.
+lectricity can be %roduced from transferring of the electron in a distance
Answer all Buestion
1. .he diagram abo/e shows the set u% of the a%%aratus of an ex%eriment by using
four different solutions. .he /oltmeter readings for all ex%eriments are shown in
the table below.
a) ;tate all the /ariables in the ex%eriment.
Res%onding /ariable L JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
ani%ulated /ariable L JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
Aixed /ariable L JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
1 @@<-1<O
b) ;tate the hy%othesis for the ex%eriment.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
1@@<-11O
24
+x%eriment II +x%eriment I
+x%eriment I( +x%eriment III
V
!arbon electrodes
;olution 6
;ul%huric acid2
1 mol dm
>&
6otassium iodide
solution2 1 mol dm
>&
.he diagram shows /oltmeter reading for ex%eriment I2 II2 III and I(.
!om%lete the table below.
+x%eriment ;olution 6 (oltmeter readingP (
I 6otassium dichromate((I) solution
II !hlorine water
III Bromine water
I( 6otassium manganate((II) solution
1@@<-<&O
c) ;tate two obser/ations from the abo/e ex%eriment not including
deflection of /oltmeter needle.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
1@@<-<1O
d) 6redict the /oltmeter reading if %otassium iodide solution in
ex%eriment(I() is re%laced with %otassium bromide solution.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
1@@<-<-O
e) Arrange solutions 6 according to descending order as oxidising agent.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
1@@<-<$O
25
$. An ex%eriment was conducted to determine the location of three elements2 ?2 C
and ' in the reacti/ity series of metal. ?2 C and 4 are metals %owder. After being
heated for a while. .he following obser/ations occurQ
E"e!ent O+se'5ations
26
"uring 0eating After 0eating
X Brightly burned White %owder
Y Aaintly glowed Blac9 %owder
% Aairly bright burned .he %owder is yellow when
hot and white when cold
a) Base on the ex%eriment results of the ex%eriment2 state the inference that
we can ma9e.
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
1@@<-<)O
b) "raw the diagram for the set>u% of a%%aratus for the abo/e ex%eriment.
1@@<-<3O
c) 7ame the elements re%resented by ?2 C and '.
(i) ? L JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
(ii) C L JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
(iii) ' L JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ 1@@<-<8O
d) 0ow can you build a reacti/ity series of metal based on the reacti/ity of
metals with oxygen?
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
1@@<-<:O
e) In metal extraction2 carbon is used to extract iron metal. !an we use
element C to extract iron metal ?
JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
1@@<-<5O
27
&.
28
I6 i'on is expose7 to 8ate' an7 ai'9 it 8i"" :n7e'#o ':stin# p'ocess q:ic;"<= /o9
in a'a+ co:nt'ies9 i'on pipe tat ca''ies oi" is tie7 8it !a#nesi:! +a# to
cont'o" it 6'o! :n7e'#oin# ':stin# p'ocess=
Refer to the abo/e situation2 %lan a laboratory ex%eriment to show that
magnesium can control rusting %rocess on iron.
Cour ex%eriment %lanning should consist the following matter.
(i) Aim of ex%erimentP 6roblem statement
(ii) All the /ariables
(iii) 0y%othesis
(i/) ,ist of a%%aratus and materials
(/) 6rocedure
(/i) .abulation of data
29