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Heavy Weather Moorings Manual


Purpose and Scope

In the vast majority of cases STS Operations take place in areas of relatively benign waters and
met-ocean conditions. In such cases the two vessels are normally moored together using the
vessels own equipment. Normally this equipment is supplied by the smaller (manoeuvring or
daughter) vessel but these may be supplemented by moorings from the larger (Mother) vessel.

Where STS Operations are conducted in open ocean conditions particularly where large, long
period swells are encountered, ships equipment is put under abnormal strain. It is the
responsibility of the STS Service Provider (STS Superintendent) and the vessels masters to
ensure that the ships are securely and safely moored together and that they remain so throughout
the operation.

In areas where such conditions predominate, Fendercare Marine will provide special Heavy
Weather Moorings to provide the added security required but also to allow for the safe and rapid
un-mooring of the vessels should the ambient conditions deteriorate.

Whereas the moorings described are designed to be as secure as practicable their specification is
designed also to be manageable by the limited workforce available


Equipment Specification

Storage of Equipment

All Heavy Weather Moorings and associated equipment must be stored in steel storage crates
designated for this purpose. The crates are to be of a size and strength capable of storing and
transporting the equipment in a safe manner without the risk of items falling out. Crates should be
fitted with lifting lugs and four-leg slings appropriate to the gross weight of the container including
its contents and shall be certified as to SWL.

Whilst not in use containers and equipment should be stored in a secure area, preferably covered
but in any case sheltered from the effects of strong sunlight and extremes of temperature and

Whilst in transit the crates should be secured firmly to the deck of the support craft and wherever
possible protected from ingress of salt water. The crates must be designed so as to be free

Item Number Description
A 14 1 x 9 galv iwrc w/r pendant with 56 eye one end, 16 eye the
other. Using a pressed steel ferrule with the eyes offset by 90
B 14 50 TONS Captive style Release Hook with manual control release.
C 14 11m Wire Mooring Tails 36mm dia (6x36) wire (2m soft eye on one
end and 1m soft eye on the other end)
D 28 Description: Mandel Fairlead Shackle Stainless Steel
Breaking Load: 120 tonnes
Proofload: 70 tonnes
E 14

56mm 8 strand Mooring Grommets
2m soft eyes each end
EWL 18.2m
MBL of rope 64.2 Ton MBL as Grommet 102 Ton
F 14 95mm Nylon 11m Mooring Rope, 2m eyes each end, MBL 158m


Preparations Prior to Operation

Prior to mobilisation all items must be physically checked by the base management and/or STS
Superintendent. The number of the various items of equipment must be ascertained and a close
visual inspection made to ensure no deficiencies.

This inspection should be arranged as soon as practicable after notification of an operation to allow
time for replacements or repairs to be effected should these be required.

The STS Feedback Form (Appendix G of the FCM STS Operations Manual) must be completed
and forwarded to the FCM Operations Co-ordinator.

Note: Item F 95mm Nylon Mooring Ropes. These moorings are an alternative to Item C -
56mm 8 strand Mooring Grommets. These items are both heavy and bulky advice should be
sought from the STS Superintendent regarding the number of Item F moorings (if any) to be
mobilised for a particular operation.

Transport of the equipment to the dockside and loading on board the Support Craft must be
supervised at all times by a responsible member of Base Agent or contracted party.

Note: Pre-arrival information to vessels must include a request to make ready suitable stores
trolleys to distribute heavy mooring equipment to mooring stations


Upon Arrival at the Rendezvous Position the Heavy Weather Mooring Equipment will be lifted
aboard the vessels as follows:

Mother Vessel

Quick Release Hooks (Item B)
Securing Pendant for Quick Release Hook (Item A)

Daughter Vessel

Wire Mooring Tails (Item C)
Mandal Fairlead Shackles (Item D)
Mooring Grommets (Item E)
Mooring Ropes (Item F If supplied)
Tool Kits


Preparations on Board

Daughter Vessel

Fendercare Riggers will board the Daughter vessel and, in addition to deploying fenders as
described in the FCM STS Operations Manual, will assist the vessels Crew in preparing the Heavy
Weather Moorings as follows:

Distribute Moorings from Manifold/Crane Landing area to Mooring Stations as determined by
the Mooring Master

Remove the Rope Tails from the vessels mooring wires as required by the Mooring Master

Fit and Secure Mooring Grommets to the Vessels Mooring Wires using Mandal Fairlead
Shackles (Vessels own Mandel or Tonsberg Shackles may be used if made available)

Fit Wire Mooring Tails to outboard end of the Mooring Grommets using Mandal Shackle

Ensure Heaving Lines and Messenger Lines are available at Mooring Stations

Ensure Stoppers are in place to control deployment of Moorings

Mother Vessel

Fendercare Riggers will join the Mother Vessel and make preparations as follows:

With Vessels crew Position Wire Pendants at appropriate Mooring Bits as directed by the
Mooring Master

Secure Quick Release Hooks to Wire Pendants

Test and release trip wires on Quick Release Hooks demonstrating this procedure to vessels

Ensure all chocks to be used for mooring are greased

Ensure sufficient strong messengers are available at mooring positions


Mooring Diagram


Post Operations

Upon completion of operations and unmooring, all equipment to be dismantled and returned to the
manifold area for crane access.

Mother vessel

All Quick Release Hooks to have the release mechanisms greased

All equipment to be numerically checked against list

All equipment to be returned to steel storage crates

Daughter vessel

Remove Mandel Shackles and Grommets from Vessels mooring lines. Re-secure the vessel's
rope tails using vessels Mandal/Tonsberg Shackles. (N.B. it is important to account for all
Fendercare Mandal Shackles at this stage)

Dismantle wire tails from Mooring Grommets and return all equipment to manifold area

All equipment to be numerically checked against list

All equipment to be returned to steel storage crates

In the execution of these procedures all Company and contracted personnel must comply with
Fendercare Health, Safety and Environmental policies and whilst on board the Tankers to the
Safety Procedures in force on the ship. Reference should be made to the International Safety
Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals (ISGOTT), the OCIMF Ship to Ship Transfer Guide and the
publication Safe Working Practices for Merchant Seamen


Contact Details

Head Office
Enterprise House
Harveys Lane

T +44 1508 482666
F +44 1508 482262