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# MDM 4U0 PROBABILITY: TEST REVIEW NOV 2012

## PART A: MULTIPLE CHOICE

____ 1. A coin is tossed three times. What is the probability of tossing three heads in succession?
a.

c.

b.

d.

____ 2. If it is sunny tomorrow, Claire is 80% likely to go golfing. Which of the following is true ?
a.
% 20 ) ( sunny not golf P
c.
% 80 ) ( golf sunny P
b.
% 20 ) ( golf not sunny P
d.
% 80 ) ( sunny golf P

____ 3. If it snows tomorrow, Devon is 70% likely to go snowboarding. Which of the following is false ?
a.
% 70 ) ( snow snowboard P
c.
% 30 ) ~ ~ ( snow snowboard P
b.
% 30 ) ~ ( snow snowboard P
d. ) ( ) ( snow P upon dependent is ng snowboardi P

4. Two standard dice are rolled. What is the probability of rolling a total of 9?
a.

c.

b.

d.

____ 5. Which of the following statements is false?
a. Theoretical probability is based upon known characteristics of an event
b. Conditional probability,

) ( B A P
is translated as the probability of B, if A.
c. An event and an outcome are sometimes the same thing.
d. Subjective probability is probability based on someones personal
experience.

____ 6. If the odds of the Maple Leafs winning the Stanley Cup are 7:11, what is probability that they
will win the Stanley Cup?
a. 63.6% b. 36.4% c. 22.2% d. 38.9%

____ 7. If the odds in favour of event A are 2:3, what is the value of P(~A )?
a.

b.

c.

d.

____ 8. What are the odds in favour of randomly selecting a black face card from a standard deck of
cards?
a. 3:13 b. 3:26 c. 3:10 d. 3:23

____ 9. If a bowl contains ten hazelnuts and eight almonds, what is the probability that four nuts
randomly selected from the bowl will all be hazelnuts?
a.

b.

c.

d.

MDM 4U0 PROBABILITY: TEST REVIEW NOV 2012

____ 10. Without looking, Jenny randomly selects two socks from a drawer containing four blue, three
white, and five black socks, none of which are paired up. What is the probability that she
chooses two socks of the same colour?
a.

b.

c.

d.

____ 11. Suppose you simultaneously roll a standard die and spin a spinner with eight equal sectors,
numbered 1 to 8. What is the probability of rolling an even number while also spinning an odd
number?
a.

b.

c.

d.

____ 12. Which of the following pairs of events is mutually exclusive?
a. Drawing a face card or drawing a queen from a deck of cards
b. Rolling doubles or rolling a total of 6 with two standard dice
c. Spinning a prime number or spinning an even number on a spinner with
eight sectors numbered from 1 to 8
d. Electing a female class president or electing a male class president

____ 13. If P(A) = 0.4 and P(B) = 0.2, and A and B are mutually exclusive events, which one of the
following statements is true?
a. c.
b. d.

____ 14. When two cards are drawn from a standard deck, what is the probability of the cards being
either both face cards or both aces?
a.
221
12

b.
13
2

c.
13
3

d.
221
20

PART B: Matching Terms and Definitions
Match each of these terms with one of the phrases below.
a. sample space e. outcomes
b. experimental probability f. theoretical probability
c. complement g. trials
d. subjective probability h. event

____ 15. deduced from analysis of all possible outcomes

____ 16. repetitions of a probability experiment

____ 17. the outcomes not included in a particular event

____ 18. also called empirical probability

____ 19. the different results of a probability experiment

MDM 4U0 PROBABILITY: TEST REVIEW NOV 2012

PART C: Short Answer COMMUNICATE SOLUTIONS USING
APPROPRIATE NOTATION AND CONVENTIONS

20. If it doesnt rain tomorrow, there is a 40% chance that Lenny will go to Canadas Wonderland.
The weather channel is predicting a 20% chance of rain.
a) Determine the probability that it will not rain and Lenny will go to Wonderland.
b) What is the probability that Lenny will not go to Wonderland even if it doesnt rain ?
c) Lenny also says there is only 5% chance of him going to Wonderland if it rains. What is the
probability that Lenny will go to Wonderland tomorrow ?

21. Denise was told that the probability of her doing well on her SAT test and getting into her first
choice for university is only 5%. Denise figures there is a 20% chance that she will do well on
her SAT test. What is the probability of Denise getting into her first choice university, if she
does well on the SAT test ?

22. a) What is the probability of selecting either a Queen or a diamond from a deck of cards if a
single card is chosen ?
b) What rule did you use for the above question ?
c) Does this question involve dependent or independent events ?
d) Does this question involve mutually exclusive or non-mutually exclusive events ?

23. There are 9 people in Winslows class that are willing to be class president or vice-president.

a) What is the probability that Winslow will be randomly selected as president?
b) What is the probability that Winslow will be selected as either president or vice-president ?
c) What is the probability that Winslow will be both president and vice-president ?
d) What kind of events are being president and being vice-president ?

24. A coin is tossed 3 times. What is the probability of tossing at least one head?

25. The probability of Jim hitting the bulls-eye on a dart board is 0.04. What are the odds in favour
of Jim not hitting the bulls-eye?

26. If the odds against the Blue Jays winning this years World Series are 20:1, what is the
probability that the Blue Jays will win this series?

27. What are the odds in favour of a total greater than 9 in a given roll of two standard dice?

28. Participants in marathons are often given numbers to wear, so that race officials can identify
individual runners more easily. If the numbers are assigned randomly, what is the probability
that the eight fastest runners will finish in the order of their assigned numbers, assuming that
there are no ties?

29. A club with eight members from grade 11 and five members from grade 12 is to elect a
president, vice-president, and secretary. What is the probability (as a percentage to one
decimal place) that grade 12 students will be elected for all three positions, assuming that all
club members have an equal chance of being elected?
MDM 4U0 PROBABILITY: TEST REVIEW NOV 2012

30. A four-member curling team is randomly chosen from six grade-11 students and nine grade-
12 students. What is the probability that the team has at least one grade-11 student?

31. Lesley-Anne estimates that she has a 75% chance of passing physics and an 80% chance of
passing English. Assuming that {passing English} and {passing Physics} are independent
events,
a) what is the probability that Lesley-Anne will pass only one of these two subjects?
b) what are the odds in favour of Lesley-Anne failing both subjects?

32. A bag contains three white marbles, five green marbles, and two red marbles. What are the
odds in favour of randomly picking both red marbles in the first two tries? Assume that the first
marble picked is not put back into the bag.

33. If the probability of the Rangers defeating the Eagles in a hockey game is ,
a) What are the odds that the Rangers will lose to the Eagles ?
b) Determine the probability that the Eagles will win three consecutive games against
the Rangers?

34. The probability that Jacqueline will be elected to the students council is 0.6, and the
probability that she will be selected to represent her school in a public-speaking contest is
0.75. The probability of Jacqueline achieving both of these goals is 0.5.
b) What is the probability that Jacqueline is either elected to the students council or picked
for the public-speaking contest?
c) What is the probability that she fails to be selected for either the students council or the
public-speaking contest?

35. The probability of a teenager listening to the classic-rock radio station is 42%, while the
probability of a teenager listening to the new-country radio station is 36%. If 13% of the
teenagers surveyed listen to both these stations, what is the probability that a given teenager
listens to neither of the two stations?

36. If 28% of the population wears contact lenses, 37% have blue eyes, and 9% are blue-eyed
people who wear contact lenses, what is the probability that a randomly selected resident has
neither blue eyes nor contact lenses?

37. Tom is practising archery with a target has three concentric zones: a circular bulls-eye in the
centre, an inner ring, and an outer ring. He has an 0.12 probability of hitting the bulls-eye, an
0.37 probability of hitting the inner ring, and an 0.43 probability of hitting the outer ring. On an
given shot, what is the probability that Tom
a) misses the target?
b) hits the target but does not get a bulls-eye?
c) hits the inner ring or the bulls-eye?

MDM 4U0 PROBABILITY: TEST REVIEW NOV 2012

38. Leela has five white and six grey huskies in her kennel. If a wilderness expedition chooses a
team of six sled dogs at random from Leelas kennel, what is the probability the team will
consist of
a) all white huskies? b) all grey huskies? c) three of each colour?

39. To get out of jail free in the board game MONOPOLY, you have to roll doubles with a pair of
standard dice. Determine the odds in favour of getting out of jail on your first or second roll.
Hint: You only roll a second time if you failed the first time.

40. At an athletic event, athletes are tested for steroids using two different tests. The first test has
a 93.0% probability of giving accurate results, while the second test is accurate 87.0% of the
time. What is the probability that...
a) The first or second test is correct ?
b) Only ONE of the tests is correct ?
d) At least one of the tests is accurate ? ( try indirect )

41. Of the students at Statsville High School who take both mathematics and English, 83% pass
English, 65% pass both mathematics and English, and 5% fail both subjects. What is the
probability of passing mathematics and failing English for this group of students? Explain your
reasoning.

42. A survey of 50 female high-school athletes collected the following data.

Team Number of
Athletes
Field hockey 23
Volleyball 16
Rugby 29
Both rugby and field hockey 8
Both rugby and volleyball 9
Both field hockey and
volleyball
7
All three teams 6

a) Draw a Venn diagram to illustrate the above data.
b) Determine the probability that a randomly selected athlete from this sample will play either
rugby or field hockey.
c) What is the probability that a randomly selected athlete will play on only one of the three
sports teams?
d) Determine the probability that a randomly selected rugby player also plays volleyball.
e) Determine the probability that a randomly selected athlete who does not play rugby is on
the field-hockey team.