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AN APPROACH: TO IMPROVE THE SECURITY OF MANET OVER AODV

ROUTING PROTOCOL
A DISSERTATION
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the award of the degree
of
MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY
in
COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERING
By
SUNIL KUMAR VERMA
Enrollment No: 1201102081
Under the !"d#n$e %&
'MR( VIOMESH SINGH)

SCHOOL OF COMPUTING SCIENCE & ENGINEERING
GALGOTIAS UNIVERSITY* GREATER NOIDA
UTTAR PRADESH 'INDIA) MAY* +,-.
CANDIDATE/S DECLARATION
I hereby declare that the work presented in this dissertation entitled AN APPROACH: TO
IMPROVE THE SECURITY OF MANET OVER AODV ROUTING PROTOCOL0 towards
the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the degree of M#1ter %& Te$hn%2%y in
C%34!ter S$"en$e & En"neer"n submitted in the School of Computing Science & Engineering,
Galgotias uniersity, Greater !oida, "ttar #radesh, India is an authentic record of my own work
carried out during the period from $%uly &'() to *ay &'(+,, under the guidance of 'MR(
VIOMESH SINGH), School of Computing Science & Engineering, Galgotias uniersity, Greater
!oida, "ttar #radesh-
I hae not submitted the matter embodied in this dissertation for the award of any other degree or
diploma to any other Institute or "niersity-
.ate/
#lace/ Greater !oida 'St!dent N#3e)
CERTIFICATE
0his is to certify that the aboe statement made by the candidate is correct to the best of my
knowledge and belief-
.ate/
#lace/ Greater !oida 'MR( VIOMESH SINGH & ASSISTANT PROFESSOR)
School of Computing Science & Engineering,
Galgotias "niersity, Greater !oida

Intern#2 E5#3"ner E5tern#2 E5#3"ner
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
0he Student must acknowledge the authorities starting from the Chancellor and is free to
acknowledge all those who feel he1she should acknowledge on the basis of the guidance and help
proided during the implementation of the pro2ect-
.ate/ 'T% 6e 1"ned 6y the 1t!dent)
#lace/ Galgotias "niersity, Greater !oida !ame of Student
ABSTRACT
0he abstract should be well written, clearly defining the ob2ectie of the work which has been
carried out- It should precisely indicate the original pro2ect goals that were defined and if the same
hae been achieed- If the same were achieed the results of the work must be high3lighted- If the
same were not achieed, the reasons for the same must be briefly e4plained and it should be
e4plained as to what mid3course corrections were introduced and what was achieed-
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF TABLES P#e n%( '1!$h #1 " t% """)
LIST OF FIGURES 7777 t% 7777
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 77777t% 7777
PUBLICATIONS 77777t% 7777
CHAPTER - Intr%d!$t"%n P#e N%1
(-( 5b2ectie and goal of the pro2ect (
(-& 6iterature surey
(-)
(-)-( Sub3Sections
(-)-& Sub3Sections
(-+
(-7
(-7-(
(-7-&
(-7-&-(
(-8 9nd so on
CHAPTER + L"ter#t!re Re8"e9
0his chapter normally should gie the essential back3ground1 literature surey- 0heory on the sub2ect
of the pro2ect and essential deriations or the like-
$Same number pattern should be followed for Sections and sub3sections as in Chapter (,
CHAPTER : Pr%62e3 F%r3!2#t"%n
0his chapter should normally coer design 1 programming methodologies or other approaches
suggested in the literature- Critical analysis of these and the reason for choosing a different
approach-
$Same number pattern should be followed for Sections and sub3sections as in Chapter (,
CHAPTER . Pr%4%1ed S%2!t"%n; S"3!2#t"%n
.etailed approach followed for the implementation of the pro2ect-
$a, In case of :ardware or E4perimental #ro2ects;detailed e4perimental approach
followed, measurement setups, process steps, e4perimental setup etc- need to be defined
in detail-
$b, In case of simulation, modeling, programming techniques, the programming steps,
flow charts, simulation results, erification of the approach followed need to be discussed
1defined in detail-
$Same number pattern should be followed for Sections and sub3sections as in Chapter (,
CHAPTER < Re1!2t An#2y1"1
9nalysis of the results which may contain plots, simulated results, synthesis of process,
Interpretation of the results- Comparison of the results with the published data and deiations
1improements if any-
$Same number pattern should be followed for Sections and sub3sections as in Chapter (,
CHAPTER = C%n$2!1"%n & F!t!re >%r?
C5!C6"SI5! & 9pplications with future scope
$Same number pattern should be followed for Sections and sub3sections as in Chapter (,
REFERENCES
$Comprehensie list of references must be gien as per IEEE Standard1format,- 9ll these references
must be linked to the te4t of the thesis as reference no $7, must be shown superscript <7= or
<7=
or as
<7= along with the te4t-
.E09I6E. G"I.E6I!ES >5? .ISSE?090I5! ?E#5?0
S"@*ISSI5! .90E/ 5! 5? @E>5?E )'1'71&'(+
-( N%( %& C%4"e1 t% 6e 1!63"tted
>5"? C5#IES of the .issertation report should be submitted in the School of Computing Science &
Engineering on or before )'1'71&'(+- 0he hard bound copy should be in N#8y B2!e C%2%r- Each
hard bond copy should be attached with a SOFT COPY 'CD) pasted1fi4ed at the back side of
@9CA page contacting all the materials as defined in the table of contents-
+( Re4%rt F%r3#t
0he number of pages should be in the range of one hundred pages $desirable,-
6ength/ *a4imum of (','''3(7,''' words double3spaced 93+ siBe pages
of te4t e4cluding front pages-
0he print should be taken on one side only of the 93+ siBe good quality papers-
0he >ront page 1 top of the report must hae the title page embossed in
G56.E! C565? only-
0he title page $front coer, and the first page within the report should be
absolutely similar 1 same-
0he ne4t page is 9cknowledgement page
0he ne4t page is CandidateCs .eclaration, i-e- Certificate of the 5riginality
followed by the 9bstract-
0he ne4t page following the abstract page is the 0able of Contents page-
9ll the aboe mentioned pages must be numbered in ?oman numbering, iB- $i,,
$ii,, etc- from page first to table of contents page
9ll other pages of the dissertation reports $from chapter (, should be
numbered in 9nglo3Sa4on $English, numbers, iB- (, &, ), etc-
9bstract is the summary of the pro2ect, of appro4imately (''3(7' words, is
required- $0imes !ew ?oman ((pt regular, (-7 line spacing,-
6ist of Contents/ 0his should list in sequence, with page numbers,
all sections of the dissertation-
6ist of 0ables and >igures/ 0he list of tables and figures $diagrams,
graphics, and illustrations, should follow the list of contents and each has
its own numbering sequence-
:( O6@e$t"8e
9 clear and concise statement of the ma2or ob2ecties of the work
.( Intr%d!$t"%n
.iscuss the theory, concept, techniques or issues on which the pro2ect is based-
<( Meth%d%2%y
Gie a clear and concise sequential statement of the methods that hae been used i-e- the
methods used for the collection and analysis of releant data 1 information-
=- Re1!2t1
0his section will carry presentation and analysis of the salient information that has been
gathered in order to test the hypothesis- 0his section will ary considerably in both
length and content depending on the nature of the topic- It may include models or
systems constructed by the author as a result of the inestigation- Significant features of the
results must be clearly indicated- ?aw data, if appropriate, should be presented in appendices-
A( D"1$!11"%n %& re1!2t1* $%n$2!1"%n1
0his section should also include conclusions, and suggestions for further deelopment-
Dhere you hae e4tended recommendations $this may be the case with a practical
organiBation based pro2ect, you may wish to coer recommendations in a separate chapter-
B( P#"n#t"%n
9ll pages, including tables etc and appendices should be numbered consecutiely
throughout the pro2ect- #age numbers start with 5b2ecties as page one and should be at the
bottom center of the page
C( Se$t"%n He#d"n
It is often used to use section heading within a chapter such as the Introduction- 0he
hierarchy and system of numbering chapter and section headings should be consistent
He#d"n1
:eading ( $main sections, (& point bold upper case, left alignment
:E9.I!G 5!E $S9*#6E,
:eading & $sub sections, (( point bold italic, title case, left alignment
:eading 0wo $Sample,
:eading ) $sub sub sections, (' point bold sentence case, left alignment
:eading three $sample,
-,( P#r#r#4h1
6eae one and a half line spacing between paragraphs
(- 0ables and >igures
Dhere they are used they should, as far as possible be gien the same margins as a te4t $of,
page and bound in the pro2ect as near as possible to the releant passage- *aterials that
cannot be bound in this way should be contained in a pocket inside the back3coer- 0ables
and figures should be numbered separately in the order of their presentation-
&- 6ayout
0he margins at the binding $left hand, edge should be not less than (-&7 inches and other
margins like right hand, top and bottom should not be less than ( inch- 0ype should be (-7
line spacing, e4cept for indented quotations or footnotes, where single line spacing should be
used- 0yping should be both side of the paper-
REFERENCES
<(= @- *- 6einer, E- G- Cerf, .- .- Clark, ?- E- Aahn, 6- Aleinrock, .- C- 6ynch, %- #ostel, 6- G-
?oberts, and S- Dolff, Internet Society/ :istories of the Internet 3 9 @rief :istory of the
Internet,F ersion )-)&, aailable at, http/11www-isoc-org1internet1history1brief-shtml, last
accessed on &G3'73&''H-
<&= CE?0 Statistics, aailable at, http/11www-cert-org1stats1certIstats-html, last accessed on &G3
'73&''H-
<)= CE?0 .enial of Serice 9ttacks, aailable at,
http/11www-cert-org1techItips1denialIofIserice-html, 5ct- (JJH, last accessed on &G3'73&''H-
<)= C- .ouligeris, and 9- *itrokotsa, ..oS attacks and defense mechanisms/ classification
and state3of3the3art,F Computer Networks: The nternational !ournal of Computer and
Tele"ommuni"ations Networking, Vol. 44, No. 5, Elsevier North-Holland Inc., New York,
USA, April !!4, pp. 8+);888-
<+= CI9C Information @ulletin, 63'+'/ 0he ?amen Dorm, aailable at,
http/11www-ciac-org1ciac1bulletins1l3'+'-shtml, >eb- &''(, last accessed on &G3'73&''H-
<7= E- #a4son and *- 9llman, Computing 0C#Cs retransmission timer,F RFC 2988, &'''-
<8= @haana Gandhi, Arishan Aumar, ?-C- %oshi, 9n Efficient .S#3@ased 0echnique to .etect
the Signature of Shrew 9ttacks,F Proc. of the IEEE 1
st
International Conference on Signal and
Image Processing ICSIP-2006, Eol- &, :ubli, India, .ec- &''8, pp- GJH3J'&-