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1 A steam ejector water vapour refrigeration system is supplied with motive

steam
at 9 bar and 97 % dry. Flash chamber water temperature is 6 !. "a#e$up
water
is supplied at %& ! and condenser pressure is '' mm of (g absolute.
)a#e *o++le effciency , 9% %- .ntrainment effciency , 7& %- )hermo$
compressor
effciency , / %. )he 0uality of the mi1ture of motive steam and flashed
vapour at
the beginning of compression is 91 % dry and saturated. 2etermine the
following3
4a5 #g of motive steam re0uired per #g of flashed vapour
4b5 6uality of vapour flashed from ash$chamber
4c5 7efrigeration effect per #g of flashed vapour
4d5 8f the load on the system is 1 tons of refrigeration- find the weight of
steam
re0uired per hour.
%. A steam jet refrigeration system is to supply 1% #g per minute of chilled
water
at 6.' !. )he ma#e up water from the mains is at %7 !. 8f the steam supply
is available at 9.' bar and % ! and no++le- entrainment and diffuser
effciency
can be assumed as /9%- 6&% and 7%% respectively- the 0uality of vapour
entering
the ejector may be assumed .9/- and condensate leaves the condenser at
&& !.
2etermine3
4a5 9team consumption in #g:hour and #g:hr per ton of refrigeration
4b5 (eat rejected in the condenser in #;:hr and #;:hr per ton of refrigeration.
&. )he motive steam to a ash water plant is supplied at 6.' bar dry and
saturated-
ma#e up water is at %/ ! and condenser pressure is &.' cm (g absolute.
)he ash
chamber water is at / !. Assuming no++le effciency as /<%- entrainment
effciency
as 6<% and diffuser effciency as 79%- 0uality of steam and vapour mi1ture
at inlet to
diffuser as .//- 2etermine3
4a5 9team re0uired per hr. per ton of refrigeration
4b5 9team re0uired per #g of flashed vapour.
<. 2ry and saturated steam at & bar absolute is available for an ejector
refrigeration
unit. .stimate the steam consumption in #g:hr per ton of refrigeration if the
following operating conditions are assumed3
!ondenser pressure , ./ bar absolute- recirculated and ma#e up water
tempera$
ture , %%!- !hilled water temperature , 7!- *o++le effciency , 9'%-
entrain$
ment effciency , 6/%- and diffuser effciency , 77%- 6uality of flashed
vapour ,
.9/.
1. 4a5 =hat is a sling psychrometer> "a#e a neat s#etch and e1plain its use.
4b5 A sling psychrometer reads <<! dry bulb temperature and &! wet
bulb
temperature. !alculate the following3
i. 9pecific humidity ii. 7elative humidity iii. ?apour density
in air
iv. 2ew point temperature v. .nthalpy of mi1ture per #g of dry air.
%. )he following data refer to an air conditioning system for industrial
process for
hot and wet summer conditions3 outdoor conditions , && ! 2@) and 7/%
7(-
re0uired conditions , % ! 2@) and 7&% 7(- amount of out$door air
supplied, %%
m&:min- coil dew point temperature , 1% !. 8f the re0uired condition is
achieved by
first cooling and dehumidifying and then by heating- find3
4a5 the capacity of the cooling coil and its by$pass factor
4b5 the capacity of the heating coil and surface temperature of the heating
coil if
the by$pass factor is .1/.
4&5 An air$conditioned room is maintained at %7! 2@) and '%% 7.(. )he
sensible heat
load of the room is %7 #=- and room 9(F is ./. 2etermine3
i. room latent heat gain
ii. the apparatus dew point temperature
iii. the air supply to the room in m&:min- if it is supplied to room at
apparatus dew
point temperature.
<. 4a5 .1plain the following terms3
i. 9pecific volume of humid air. ii. 2ensity of humid air.
iii. .nthalpy of humid air.
4b5 2efine relative humidity- specific humidity- and dew$point temperature
and
describe a theoretical method for determining their values.
' )he air in a room is to be maintained at 19 ! and '< % 7.(. by air
supplied at a
temperature of 1< !. )he design out$door conditions are as follows3
9ensible heat gain3 % #;:hr- Aatent heat gain3 < #;:hr- But$door
condi$
tions3 &! 2@) and <%% 7.(.)he ratio of recirculated air to fresh air is
C1ed at
%./ 3 1 by weight .)he plant consists of direct e1pansion cooling coil and
after$heater
and a constant speed fan. !alculate3
4a5 )he 0uantity of air supplied per minute in cubic metres
4b5 )he load on refrigerating plant in tons of refrigeration assuming the
bypass factor
of the cooling coil .1'
4c5 )he load on after $ heater in #=.
6. A laboratory has a volume of <' m
&
- and is to be maintained at %%

!- ''%
7(.
)he air in the room is to be completely changed once every hour and is
drawn
from the atmosphere at 1.1 bar- &<

!- /&% 7(- by a fan absorbing .' #=.


)his
air passes through a cooler which reduces its temperature and causes
condensation-
the condensate being drained off at 6

!. )he resulting saturated air is


heated to
room condition. )he total pressure is constant throughout. 2etermine3
4a5 the temperature of the air leaving the cooler-
4b5 the rate of condensation-
4c5 the heat transfer in the cooler- and
4d5 the heat transfer in the heater.
1. 4a5 2iscuss the conditions of comfort you would prescribe for oCce building
in a
city- which has hot and humid climate.
%. 4a5 =hy ventilation is re0uired> .1plain why different ventilation standards
for
different purposes are recommended.
4b5 =hat are the important considerations in the design of an air
conditioning
system>