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EKSTRAKSI ZAT WARNA DARI KULIT MANGGIS DAN PEMANFAATANNYA

SEBAGAI PEWARNA UNTUK LOGAM ALUMUNIUM HASIL ANODISASI



Dyes extraction of Mangosteen Peel and Application as Dyes
For Metal Alumunium Anodizing Results

ABSTRAK

Kulit buah manggis dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai zat warna alami karena mengandung
antosianin. Antosianin dapat dipisahkan melalui proses ekstraksi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk
memisahkan zat warna dari kulit buah manggis untuk digunakan sebagai pewarna pada hasil
proses anodiasi logam alumunium. Ekstraksi kulit manggis menggunakan pelarut etanol. Proses
ekstrasi dilakukan dengan variasi perbandingan kulit manggis dengan pelarut 1:5, 1:10, 1:15,
:20, dan 1: 25 dalam gram per volume selama 60 menit. Dari kondisi optimum perbandingan
kulit manggis, dan pelarut, sekanjutnya dilakukan ekstraksi pada variasi waktu (30, 45, 90, 105,
120) menit. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kondisi optimum dengan perbandingan 1:10
dicapai pada waktu proses 60 menit, menghasilkan ekstrak sebesar 2,81 gram dengan yield 14,07
%. Ekstrak kulit manggis ini mempunyai kelarutan yang baik dalam air daripada dalam etanol
dan aseton. Warna ekstrak kulit manggis dalam larutan dipengaruhi oleh pH larutan, dalam
larutan asam berwarna kuning muda dan larutan basa berwarna cokelat tua. Ekstrak kulit
manggis dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai pewarna pada logam aluminium hasil anodiasi dengan
konsentrasi 5 % menghasilkan warna kuning keemasan. Warna kuning keemasan di permukaan
alumunium berubah menjadi cokelat akibat pemanasan pada suhu 50
o
C.


Mangosteen peel can be used as a natural dye because it contains anthocyanin.
Anthocyanins can be separated through the extraction process. The study aims to separate the
dye from the peel of the mangosteen to be used as a dye on result of aluminium metal anodizing
process. Mangosteen peel extraction using ethanol as solvent. Extraction process with
mangosteen peel ratio variation with solvent 1:5, 1:10, 1:15, 1:20 and 1:25 in gram per volume
for 60 minutes. From optimum condition of mangosteen peel and solvent ratio, then doing the
extraction at a time variation (30, 45, 75, 90,105 and 120) minutes. The result showed that the
optimum conditions in mangosteen peel and solvent ratio 1:10 achieved on 60 minutes
processing time, produce extracts in the amount of 2,81 gram by yield 14,07 %. The mangosteen
peel extract has good solubility on water than on ethanol and acetone. Mangosteen peel extract
color in the solution is affected by the solution pH, on the acidic solution is light yellow and dark
brown on base. Mangosteen peel extract can be used as a dye on aluminum metal anodizing
result in a concentration of 5 % produces golden yellow color. Golden yellow color on aluminum
surfaces turn brown due to heating at temperature of 50
o
C.

REVISI :
The rind of Mangosteen can be used as a natural dye because it contains anthocyanin.
Anthocyanin can be separated through the extraction process. This research aims to separate the
dye from magosteen rind to be used as a dye on result of aluminium metal anodizing process.
The Extraction process of mangosteen rind using ethanol as solvent. Ekstrasi process conducted
variation ratio mangoteen rind with solvent 1: 5, 1: 10, 1: 15 : 20, and 1: 25 in grams per volume
for 60 minutes. From optimum condition of mangosteen rind and solvent ratio, further the
extraction the variation time (30, 45, 75, 90,105 and 120) minutes. The result indicate that the
optimum conditions in mangosteen rind and solvent ratio 1:10 achieved on 60 minutes
processing time, produce extracts in the amount of 2,81 gram by yield 14,07 %. The mangosteen
rind extract has a good solubility in water than in ethanol and acetone. Mangosteen rind extract
color in the solution is affected by the solution pH, in the acidic solution is light yellow and dark
brown in base. The mangosteen rind extract can be used as dyes on aluminum metal anodizing
results in concentration of 5 % produces golden yellow color. The color of golden yellow on the
surface of aluminium turn brown as a result of heating at a temperature of 50
o
C.

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