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YEAR 11 Chemistry Topic Test Assessment

2006 20%
Name: __________________
1. Briefly describe an experiment you carried out to separate a dissolved solid from its solution.
4 marks
Name the: solution: _______________ solute:______________ solvent: _________________
Aim:_______________________________________________________________________
Method: ____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
Diagram (labeled):

2. Water of crystallization in a compound can be removed by heating the compound in a


crucible. Determine the percentage of water of crystallization in a compound using the
following experimental results: Mass of empty crucible: 23.64g; mass of crucible plus
compound: 27.72g; mass of crucible plus compound after heating: 26.56g.
2 marks
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

3. a) Explain the difference between boiling and electrolysis of water in terms of chemical and
physical change.

1 mark

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
b) Describe the process of electrolysis as evidence that water is a compound.

2 marks

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

4. Place the following elements in a table to show whether they belong to metals, non-metals
and semi-metals: selenium, zirconium, osmium, germanium, rubidium, xenon and
antinomy.
3 marks

5. Complete the table:


Name
Formula

Metallic, Ionic or
Covalent

3 marks
Solid, Liquid or
Gas

Sodium Fluoride
CH4
Sulpher Trioxide
CaCO3
Iron (III) hydroxide
Hg
6. Draw Lewis electron dot diagrams to show the bonding structure in:
3 marks
a) water, H2O
b) oxygen, O2
c) ethane, C2H6

7. Show the formation of ions in terms of gaining or losing electrons (use half equations) by
the following substances:
2 marks
a) Ca ________________________________________________
b) F

________________________________________________

8. The table below gives the melting points of the chlorides of seven consecutive elements A to G in
a period of the Periodic Table.
Element
Melting point of chloride (C)

A
801

B
712

C
193

D
-68

E
-91

F
-80

G
-101

(a) Give one element, A to G, which could be a metal._________________________ 1 mark


(b) Name the type of banding which would exist in the chlorides of elements A and B. 1 mark
_____________________________________________________________________________
(c) Explain, in terms of the bonding, the low melting points of the chlorides of elements D to G.
1 mark
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
9. 2.1 g solid calcium metal reacts with excess dilute hydrochloric acid to give calcium chloride
solution and hydrogen gas.
(a) Write down the ionic equation for the reaction.
1 mark
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
(b) Calculate the moles of calcium used.
1 mark
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
(c) How many moles of hydrogen gas were produced?
1 mark
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
(d) Determine the volume of this hydrogen gas at 25C
1 mark
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
10. A molecule of a certain gaseous oxide of nitrogen can be represented by the formula NxOy.
In a series of experiments, various volumes of NxOy gas were decomposed into nitrogen gas (N2)
and oxygen gas (O2). The table shows the results of the experiments. All volumes were measured at
the same temperature and pressure.
Volume of NxOv gas Volume of nitrogen Volume of oxygen gas
Experiment
decomposed (L)
gas produced (L)
produced (L)
1
6.0
6.0
3.0
2
1.0
1.0
0.50
3
0.40
0.40
0.20
(a) Show how these results agree with Gay-Lussac's Law.
2 mark
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________

(b) Use the results from any one of the three experiments to determine the molecular formula of
this oxide of nitrogen. Show your reasoning.
2 marks.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
11. Methane burns according to the following reaction:

CH 4 ( g )

2O 2 ( g )

CO 2 ( g )

2H 2 O (g )

(a) Determine the volume of 32.0 g methane at 25 C and 100kPa


1 marks
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(b) If 32.0 g methane and 2.0 moles oxygen are reacted, not all of the gases are used up.
Determine which one will be left over, and the mass of carbon dioxide produced.
4 marks
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
12. Identify why there are more metals available for people to use now than there were 200 years
ago.
2 marks
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
13. Explain why ores are non-renewable resources.
2 marks
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

1. Solution: Salt Water


Solute: Salt
Solvent: Water
Aim: To separate salt from salt water.
Method: Heat the salt water until all the water has evaporated leaving behind only
the salt.
Diagram:
2. 28.43%
7. a) Ca 2e + Ca 2 +
b) F + e F
8. a) A
b) Ionic
+
9.a) Ca + 2 H Ca 2+ + H 2
b) 0.052 moles
c) 0.052 moles
d) 1.300L
11.a) 49.45L