Anda di halaman 1dari 21

13

Integral power of iota, Algebraic operations 13. The value of the sum ∑ (i
n =1
n
+ in+1 ) , where i = − 1 , equals
and Equality of complex numbers
[IIT 1998]
(a) i (b) i − 1
1. −2 −3 = [Roorkee 1978] (c) −i (d) 0
n
(a) 6 (b) − 6  i −1 
14. The least positive integer n which will reduce   to a
 i +1
– – – – – D – – –

(c) i 6 (d) None of these

2. If n is a positive integer, then which of the following real number, is [Roorkee 1998]
relations is false (a) 2 (b) 3
(c) 4 (d) 5
(a) i 4 n = 1 (b) i 4 n−1 = i
– – – –

1+ 3 + 5 + ... + ( 2n +1)
15. The value of i is [AMU 1999]
(c) i 4 n +1 = i (d) i −4 n = 1
– – D – – –

(a) i if n is even, – i if n is odd

4 n +1
1+i  (b) 1 if n is even, – 1 if n is odd
3. If n is a positive integer, then   =
1− i  (c) 1 if n is odd, – 1 if n is even
(d) i if n is even, – 1 if n is odd
(a) 1 (b) – 1
1
(c) i (d) −i 16. – If x + = 2 cos θ , then x is equal to
D – [RPET 2001]
m
x
1+i  (a) cos θ + i sin θ (b) cos θ − i sin θ
4. If   = 1, then the least integral value of m is
1− i 
– – – – –

(c) – cos θ ± i sin θ

– – – – (d) sin θ ± i cos θ

[IIT 1982; MNR 1984; UPSEAT 2001; MP PET 2002]

n +1 n+ 2 n+ 3
(a) 2 (b) 4 17. – The value of i + i –
n
+i +i , (n ∈ N ) is [RPET 2001]
(c) 8 (d) None of these (a) 0 (b) 1
5. If (1 − i)n = 2n , then n = [RPET 1990] (c) 2 (d) None of these
(a) 1 (b) 0 18. – The value of (1 + i)8 + (1 − i)8 is – [RPET 2001; KCET 2001]
(c) −1 (d) None of these (a) 16 (b) – 16
6. The value of (1 + i)5 × (1 − i)5 is [Karnataka CET 1992] (c) 32 (d) – 32
(a) – 8 (b) 8i 19. (1 + i)10 , where i 2 = −1, is equal to [AMU 2001]
(c) 8 (d) 32 (a) 32 i (b) 64 + i
2 2 (c) 24 i – 32 (d) None of these
1+ i  1−i 
7.   +  is equal to 20. The value of (1 + i)6 + (1 − i)6 is [RPET 2002]
1− i  1+ i 
7
(a) 0 (b) 2
(a) 2i (b) −2i
(c) 26 (d) None of these
(c) −2 (d) 2
21. If i 2 = −1 , then sum i + i 2 + i 3 + ... to 1000 terms is equal to
i 592 + i 590 + i 588 + i 586 + i 584
8. The value of −1 = [Kerala (Engg.) 2002]
i 582 + i 580 + i 578 + i 576 + i 574 (a) 1 (b) – 1
(a) −1 (b) – 2 (c) i (d) 0
(c) −3 (d) – 4 22. If x = 3 + i , then x 3 − 3 x 2 − 8 x + 15 = [UPSEAT 2003]
9. 1 + i 2 + i 4 + i 6 + ..... + i 2n is [EAMCET 1980] (a) 6 (b) 10
(a) Positive (b) Negative (c) – 18 (d) – 15
(c) Zero (d) Cannot be determined 23. The smallest positive integer n for which (1 + i)2n = (1 − i)2n is
[Karnataka CET 2004]
10. i 2 + i 4 + i 6 + ...... upto (2n + 1) terms = (a) 1 (b) 2
[EAMCET 1980; Kerala (Engg.) 2005] (c) 3 (d) 4
– (a) i – D – (b) −i – –
(1 + i)x − 2i
24. The values of x and y satisfying the equation
(c) 1 (d) −1 3+i
11. If i = − 1 , then 1 + i 2 + i 3 − i 6 + i 8 is equal to [RPET 1995] (2 − 3i) y + i
+ = i are [IIT 1980; MNR 1987]
(a) 2 − i (b) 1 3−i
(a) x = −1, y = 3 (b) x = 3, y = −1
(c) 3 (d) −1
200 (c) x = 0, y = 1 (d) x = 1, y = 0
12. If i 2 = −1 , then the value of ∑i
n =1
n
is [MP PET 1996]
25. If z1 and z 2 be two complex number, then Re (z1z 2 ) =

(a) 50 (b) – 50 (a) Re (z1 ). Re(z 2 ) (b) Re (z1 ) . Im (z 2 )

(c) 0 (d) 100 (c) Im (z1 ). Re (z2 ) (d) None of these
 1 3   3 + 4i  [IT 1982; Karnataka CET 2000]
26.  +  =
 1 − 2i 1 + i   2 − 4i  (a) 4(a 2 + b 2 ) (b) 4(a 2 − b 2 )
[Roorkee 1979; RPET 1999; Pb. CET 2003] (c) 4(b 2 − a 2 ) (d) None of these
1 9 1 9
(a) + i (b) − i  2i 
2
2 2 2 2 37.   = [BIT Ranchi 1992]
1 9 1 9 1 + i 
(c) − i (d) + i (a) 1 (b) 2i
4 4 4 4
27. Additive inverse of 1 − i is (c) 1 − i (d) 1 − 2i
(a) 0 + 0i (b) −1 − i 38. The real values of x and y for which the equation is ( x + iy)
(c) −1 + i (d) None of these (2 − 3i) = 4 + i is satisfied, are [Roorkee 1978]
(1 + i)2 5 8 8 5
28. Re = (a) x= ,y = (b) x = ,y =
3−i 13 13 13 13
(a) −1 / 5 (b) 1/5 5 14
(c) x=
,y = (d) None of these
(c) 1/10 (d) –1/10 13 13
29. If (1 − i)x + (1 + i)y = 1 − 3i, then ( x, y) = 39. The real values of x and y for which the equation
(a) (2,−1) (b) (−2, 1) ( x + 2 xi) − (3 x + yi) = (3 − 5i) + (1 + 2yi) is satisfied, are
4 2

(c) (−2,−1) (d) (2, 1) [Roorkee 1984]

3 + 2i sin θ 1
30. will be real, if θ = [IIT 1976; EAMCET 2002] (a) x = 2, y = 3 (b) x = −2, y =
1 − 2i sin θ 3
π (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these
(a) 2nπ (b) nπ +
2
(1 + i)2
(c) nπ (d) None of these 40. The imaginary part of is
(2 − i)
[Where n is an integer]
1 3
5 + 12i + 5 − 12i (a) (b)
31. = 5 5
5 + 12i − 5 − 12i
4
3 3 (c) (d) None of these
(a) − i (b) i 5
2 2
41. If z ≠ 0 is a complex number, then
3 3
(c) − (d) (a) Re(z) = 0 ⇒ Im(z 2 ) = 0 (b) Re(z 2 ) = 0 ⇒ Im(z 2 ) = 0
2 2
32. If z and z′ are complex numbers such that z.z' = z , then z' = (c) Re(z) = 0 ⇒ Re(z 2 ) = 0 (d) None of these
(a) 0 + i 0 (b) 1 + 0i 5(−8 + 6i)
42. If = a + ib , then (a, b) equals [RPET 1986]
(c) 0+i (d) 1 + i (1 + i)2
1 + b + ia (a) (15, 20) (b) (20, 15)
33. If a 2 + b 2 = 1, then =
1 + b − ia (c) (−15, 20) (d) None of these
(a) 1 (b) 2
43. The true statement is [Roorkee 1989]
(c) b + ia (d) a + ib
(a) 1 − i < 1 + i (b) 2i + 1 > −2i + 1
3 + 2i sin θ
34. will be purely imaginary, if θ = (c) 2i > 1 (d) None of these
1 − 2i sin θ
1 − 2i 4 − i
[IIT 1976; Pb. CET 2003] 44. + = [RPET 1987]
2 + i 3 + 2i
π π
(a) 2nπ ± (b) nπ + 24 10 24 10
3 3 (a) + i (b) − i
13 13 13 13
π
(c) nπ ± (d) None of these 10 24 10 24
3 (c) + i (d) − i
[Where n is an integer] 13 13 13 13
45. a + ib > c + id can be explained only when
35. The real part of (1 − cos θ + 2i sin θ ) −1 is [IIT 1978, 86]
(a) b = 0, c = 0 (b) b = 0, d = 0
1 1
(a) (b) (c) a = 0, c = 0 (d) a = 0, d = 0
3 + 5 cos θ 5 − 3 cos θ
3
1 1 46. If x + iy = , then x 2 + y 2 is equal to
(c)
3 − 5 cos θ
(d)
5 + 3 cos θ 2 + cos θ + i sin θ
(a) 3 x − 4 (b) 4 x − 3
x y
36. If ( x + iy)1 / 3 = a + ib, then + is equal to (c) 4 x + 3 (d) None of these
a b
100
( p + i)2 1−i 
47. If = µ + iλ, then µ 2 + λ2 is equal to 57. If   = a + ib , then [MP PET 1998]
2p − i 1+i 
( p 2 + 1)2 ( p 2 − 1)2 (a) a = 2, b = −1 (b) a = 1, b = 0
(a) (b)
4 p2 − 1 4 p2 − 1 (c) a = 0, b = 1 (d) a = −1, b = 2
( p − 1)
2 2
( p + 1)
2 2 z1
(c) (d) 58. If z1 = (4,5) and z 2 = (−3,2) then equals [RPET 1996]
z2
4 p2 + 1 4 p2 + 1
 −23 −2   2 −23 
48. If z = 3 − 4 i , then z 4 − 3 z 3 + 3 z 2 + 99 z − 95 is equal to (a)  ,  (b)  , 
(a) 5 (b) 6  12 13   13 13 
(c) – 5 (d) – 4  −2 −23   −2 23 
(c)  ,  (d)  , 
z z   13 13   13 13 
49. If z1 = 1 − i and z 2 = −2 + 4i , then Im 1 2  =
 z1  59. If z = 1 + i, then the multiplicative inverse of z2 is (where i =
(a) 1 (b) 2 −1 ) [Karnataka CET 1999]
(c) 3 (d) 4 (a) 2 i (b) 1 – i
3 x + 2iy 15 (c) – i/2 (d) i/2
50. If = , then
5i − 2 8 x + 3iy 6i − 3i 1
(a) x = 1, y = −3 60. If 4 3i − 1 = x + iy , then (x, y) is [MP PET 2000]
(b) x = −1, y = 3 20 3 i
(c) x = 1, y = 3 (a) (3, 1) (b) (1, 3)
(d) x = −1, y = −3 or x = 1, y = 3 (c) (0, 3) (d) (0, 0)
1+ a
100 61. If a = cos θ + i sin θ , then = [Karnataka CET 2000]
51. If ∑k =0
i k = x + iy , then the values of x and y are 1−a
θ
(a) cot θ (b) cot
(a) x = −1, y = 0 (b) x = 1, y = 1 2
(c) x = 1, y = 0 (d) x = 0, y = 1 θ θ
(c) i cot (d) i tan
1 + iz 2 2
52. If z(1 + a) = b + ic and a 2 + b 2 + c 2 = 1 , then =
1 − iz 62. Solving 3 − 2yi = 9 − 7i , where i = −1, for x and y real,
x 2

a + ib b − ic we get [AMU 2000]

(a) (b)
1+c 1+ a (a) x = 0.5 , y = 3.5 (b) x = 5 , y = 3
a + ic 1 3 + 7i
(c) (d) None of these (c) x= , y=7 (d) x = 0, y =
1+b 2 2i
53. Let z 1 , z 2 be two complex numbers such that z 1 + z 2 and 1 + 2i
63. The complex number lies in which quadrant of the
z 1 z 2 both are real, then [RPET 1996] 1− i
(a) z 1 = − z 2 (b) z1 = z2 complex plane [MP PET 2001]
(a) First (b) Second
(c) z1 = − z 2 (d) z 1 = z 2 (c) Third (d) Fourth
54. If ( x + iy)( p + iq) = ( x + y )i , then
2 2
1
64. The real part of is equal to
(a) p = x, q = y (b) p = x , q = y
2 2 1 − cos θ + i sin θ
[Karnataka CET 2001, 05]
(c) x = q, y = p (d) None of these
(a) 1/4 (b) 1/2
(cos x + i sin x)(cos y + i sin y)
55. A + iB form of is (c) tan θ/2 (d) 1/1– cos θ
(cot u + i)(1 + i tan v) 65. The statement (a + ib) < (c + id) is true for [RPET 2002]
[Roorkee 1980]
(a) sin u cos v [cos( x + y − u − v) + i sin( x + y − u − v)] (a) a + b = 0
2 2
(b) b + c = 0
2 2

(b) sin u cos v [cos( x + y + u + v) + i sin( x + y + u + v)] (c) a + c = 0

2 2
(d) b 2 + d 2 = 0
66. The multiplication inverse of a number is the number itself,
(c) sin u cos v [cos( x + y + u + v) − i sin( x + y + u + v)] then its initial value is [RPET 2003]
(d) None of these (a) i (b) – 1
56. If x, y ∈ R and ( x + iy)(3 + 2i) = 1 + i , then ( x, y) is (c) 2 (d) – i
 1  1 1  If z = x + iy, z 1/ 3 x y
= a − ib and − = k (a 2 − b 2 ) then
(a)  1,  (b)  ,  67.
 5  13 13  a b
value of k equals [DCE 2005]
 5 1  1 1
(c)  ,  (d)  ,  (a) 2 (b) 4
 13 13  5 5
(c) 6 (d) 1
FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
(a) 0 (b) 1
Conjugate, Modulus and Argument of (c) 2 (d) None of these
complex numbers c+i
12. If = a + ib , where a, b, c are real, then a 2 + b 2 =
c −i
1. The complex numbers sin x + i cos 2 x and cos x − i sin 2 x [MP PET 1996]
are conjugate to each other for [IIT 1988] (a) 1 (b) −1
 1 (c) c 2 (d) − c 2
(a) x = nπ (b) x =  n + π
 2 13. If the conjugate of ( x + iy)(1 − 2i) be 1 + i , then
[MP PET 1996]
(c) x=0 (d) No value of x
1 3
2. If z is a complex number, then (z −1 )(z) = (a) x = (b) y =
5 5
(a) 1 (b) –1 1−i 1−i
(c) 0 (d) None of these (c) x + iy = (d) x − iy =
1 − 2i 1 + 2i
3. If z is a complex number such that z 2 = (z )2 , then (2 + i)2
14. The conjugate of , in the form of a + ib, is
(a) z is purely real 3+i
(b) z is purely imaginary [Karnataka CET 2001; Pb. CET 2001]
(c) Either z is purely real or purely imaginary 13  15  13  −15 
(a) + i  (b) + i 
(d) None of these 2  2  10  2 
4. If z is a complex number, then z. z = 0 if and only if 13  −9  13  9 
(c) + i  (d) + i 
(a) z = 0 (b) Re(z) = 0 10  10  10  10 
(c) Im (z) = 0 (d) None of these 15. If z = 3 + 5i, then z 3 + z + 198 = [EAMCET 2002]
5. If (a + ib)(c + id)(e + if )(g + ih) = A + iB, then (a) −3 − 5i (b) −3 + 5i
(a + b )(c + d )(e + f )(g + h ) =
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
[MNR 1989] (c) 3 + 5i (d) 3 − 5i
2 − 3i
(a) A +B2 2
(b) A − B 2 2 16. The conjugate of complex number , is [MP PET 2003]
2 2
4−i
(c) A (d) B
3i 11 + 10i
6. The number of solutions of the equation z 2 + z = 0 is (a) (b)
4 17
(a) 1 (b) 2 11 − 10i 2 + 3i
(c) 3 (d) 4 (c) (d)
17 4i
7. For the complex number z , one from z + z and z z is
17. Conjugate of 1 + i is [RPET 2003]
[RPET 1987] (a) i (b) 1
(a) A real number (c) 1 – i (d) 1 + i
(b) A imaginary number 18. The inequality | z − 4 |<| z − 2 | represents the region given
(c) Both are real numbers
by [IIT 1982; RPET 1995; AIEEE 2002]
(d) Both are imaginary numbers
(a) Re(z) > 0 (b) Re(z) < 0
8. The values of x and y for which the numbers 3 + ix 2y
(c) Re(z) > 2 (d) None of these
and x 2 + y + 4i are conjugate complex can be
2z1 z −z
(a) (−2,−1) or (2,−1) (b) (−1, 2) or (−2, 1) 19. If is a purely imaginary number, then 1 2 =
3z 2 z1 + z 2
(c) (1, 2) or (−1,−2) (d) None of these
[MP PET 1993]
2 + 5i (a) 3/2 (b) 1
9. The conjugate of the complex number is
4 − 3i (c) 2/3 (d) 4/9
[MP PET 1994]
20. If z1 and z 2 are any two complex numbers then | z1 + z 2 |2
7 − 26i −7 − 26i
(a) (b)
25 25 + | z1 − z2 |2 is equal to [MP PET 1993; RPET 1997]
−7 + 26i 7 + 26i 2
(a) 2 | z1 | | z2 | 2
(b) 2 | z1 |2 + 2 | z 2 |2
(c) (d)
25 25
(c) | z1 |2 +| z 2 |2 (d) 2 | z1 | | z 2 |
10. (z + a)(z + a) , where a is real, is equivalent to
z −1
(a) | z − a | (b) z 2 + a 2 21. If z is a complex number such that is purely imaginary,
z +1
(c) | z + a |2 (d) None of these then [MP PET 1998, 2002]
z−i (a) | z |= 0 (b) | z |= 1
11. If (z ≠ −i) is a purely imaginary number, then z.z is
z+i (c) | z |> 1 (d) | z |< 1
equal to

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22. If z is a complex number, then which of the following is not (c) ≥| z 1 | + | z 2 | (d) ≤| z 2 | − | z 1 |
true [MP PET 1987] 33. The values of z for which | z + i |=| z − i | are
(a) | z 2 |=| z |2 (b) | z 2 |=| z |2 [Bihar CEE 1994]
(c) z = z (d) z 2 = z 2 (a) Any real number (b) Any complex number
23. The maximum value of | z | where z satisfies the condition (c) Any natural number (d) None of these
2 34. The value of | z − 5 | if z = x + iy , is [RPET 1995]
z+ = 2 is
z
(a) ( x − 5) 2 + y 2 (b) x 2 + (y − 5) 2
(a) 3 −1 (b) 3 +1
(c) ( x − y) 2 + 5 2 (d) x 2 + (y − 5) 2
(c) 3 (d) 2+ 3
24. If z1 and z 2 are two complex numbers satisfying the (2 + i)
35. (1 + i) = [MP PET 1995, 99]
(3 + i)
z1 + z 2 z
equation =1, then 1 is a number which is
z1 − z 2 z2 1 1
(a) − (b)
2 2
(a) Positive real (b) Negative real
(c) Zero or purely imaginary (d) None of these (c) 1 (d) −1
25. The solution of the equation | z | − z = 1 + 2i is [MP PET 1993] z1 − z 2
36. If z 1 , z 2 are two complex numbers such that =1
3 3 z1 + z 2
(a) 2 − i (b) + 2i
2 2 and iz 1 = kz 2 , where k ∈ R , then the angle between
3 3 z 1 − z 2 and z 1 + z 2 is
(c) − 2i (d) − 2 + i
2 2
 2k   2k 
26. If z1 and z 2 be complex numbers such that z1 ≠ z 2 and (a) tan −1  2  (b) tan −1  
 k +1 1− k 
2
| z1 |=| z 2 | . If z1 has positive real part and z 2 has negative
(c) – 2 tan −1 k (d) 2 tan −1 k
(z1 + z 2 )
imaginary part, then may be [IIT 1986] 37. Let z be a complex number (not lying on X-axis of maximum
(z1 − z 2 )
1
(a) Purely imaginary (b) Real and positive modulus such that z + = 1 . Then
z
(c) Real and negative (d) None of these
(a) Im(z) = 0 (b) Re(z) = 0
27. The moduli of two complex numbers are less than unity,
then the modulus of the sum of these complex numbers (c) amp(z) = π (d) None of these
(a) Less than unity (b) Greater than unity
38. If z1, z2 are any two complex numbers, then | z1 + z12 − z 22 |
(c) Equal to unity (d) Any
28. The product of two complex numbers each of unit modulus + | z1 − z12 − z 22 | is equal to
is also a complex number, of
(a) | z 1 | (b) | z 2 |
(a) Unit modulus (b) Less than unit modulus
(c) Greater than unit modulus (d) None of these (c) | z1 + z 2 | (d) | z1 + z 2 | + | z1 − z 2 |
29. Let z be a complex number, then the equation 1 1
z 4 + z + 2 = 0 cannot have a root, such that 39. (z 1 + z 2 ) + z 1 z 2 + (z 1 + z 2 ) − z 1 z 2 =
2 2
(a) | z |< 1 (b) | z |= 1
(a) | z 1 + z 2 | (b) | z 1 − z 2 |
(c) | z |> 1 (d) None of these
(c) | z 1 | + | z 2 | (d) | z 1 | − | z 2 |
30. If | z1 |=| z2 |= .......... =| zn |= 1, then the value of
 3 + 2i 
| z1 + z 2 + z3 + .......... ... + zn | = 40. Modulus of   is [RPET 1996]
 3 − 2i 
(a) 1 (b) | z1 | + | z 2 | +.......+ | zn |
(a) 1 (b) 1/2
1 1 1
(c) + + ......... + (d) None of these (c) 2 (d) 2
z1 z 2 zn
 z −1 
1 41. If | z |= 1, (z ≠ −1) and z = x + iy, then   is
31. For any complex number z, z =   if and only if [RPET 1985]  z +1
z [RPET 1997]
(a) z is a pure real number (a) Purely real (b) Purely imaginary
(b) | z |= 1 (c) Zero (d) Undefined
(c) z is a pure imaginary number 42. The minimum value of | 2z − 1| + | 3z − 2 | is [RPET 1997]
(d) z = 1
(a) 0 (b) 1 / 2
32. If z 1 and z 2 are two complex numbers, then | z 1 − z 2 | is
(c) 1 / 3 (d) 2/3
[MP PET 1994]
(a) ≥| z 1 | − | z 2 | (b) ≤| z 1 | − | z 2 | z −1
43. If | z |= 1 and ω = (where z ≠ −1) , then Re(ω ) is
z +1

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[IIT Screening 2003] (a) θ (b) −θ
(a) 0 (b) −
1 (c) π − θ (d) θ − π
| z + 1|2 53. The amplitude of the complex number
z 1 2 z = sin α + i(1 − cos α ) is
(c) . (d) α α
z + 1 | z + 1 |2 | z + 1 |2 (a) 2 sin (b)
2 2
 3 − 4ix 
44. A real value of x will satisfy the equation  = (c) α (d) None of these
 3 + 4ix 
α − iβ (α , β real), if [Orissa JEE 2003] 1 + 3i
54. The amplitude of is
3 +1
(a) α 2 − β 2 = −1 (b) α 2 − β 2 = 1
[Karnataka CET 1992; Pb CET 2001]
(c) α 2 + β 2 = 1 (d) α 2 − β 2 = 2 π π
45. Let z1 be a complex number with | z1 |= 1 and z 2 be any (a) (b) −
3 3
z −z π π
complex number, then 1 2 = [Orissa JEE 2004] (c) (d) −
1 − z1z 2 6 6
(a) 0 (b) 1 55. The argument of the complex number − 1 + i 3 is
(c) – 1 (d) 2 [MP PET 1994]
46. If z1 and z 2 are two non-zero complex numbers such that
(a) − 60o (b) 60 o
| z1 + z 2 |=| z1 | + | z 2 |, then arg (z1 ) − arg (z 2 ) is equal to
(c) 120o (d) − 120o
[IIT 1979, 1987; EAMCET 1986;
 3+i 3−i
RPET 1997; MP PET 2001; AIEEE 2005] 56. arg  +  is equal to
π  2−i 2+i
(a) −π (b) −
2 π π
(a) (b) −
π 2 2
(c) (d) 0
2 π
(c) 0 (d)
47. arg (5 − 3i) = 4
57. If z1.z 2 ........ zn = z, then arg z1 + arg z 2 + .... + arg zn and
5  5 
(a) tan −1 (b) tan −1  −  arg z differ by a
3  3 
π
 (a) Multiple of π (b) Multiple of
−1 3 3  −1  2
(c) tan (d) tan −
5  5  (c) Greater than π (d) Less than π
 
1+i 58. Let z be a purely imaginary number such that Im (z) > 0 .
48. Argument and modulus of are respectively
1− i Then arg(z) is equal to
[RPET 1984; MP PET 1987; Karnataka CET 2001] π
−π π (a) π (b)
(a) and 1 (b) and 2 2
2 2 π
π (c) 0 (d) −
(c) 0 and 2 (d) and 1 2
2 59. Let z be a purely imaginary number such that Im(z) < 0 .
49. If z be the conjugate of the complex number z , then Then arg (z) is equal to
which of the following relations is false [MP PET 1987]
π
(a) | z |=| z | (b) z. z =| z |2 (a) π (b)
2
(c) z1 + z 2 = z1 + z 2 (d) arg z = arg z π
(c) 0 (d) −
5π 2
50. If | z |= 4 and arg z = , then z = [MP PET 1987]
6 60. If z is a purely real number such that Re(z) < 0 , then
(a) 2 3 − 2i (b) 2 3 + 2i arg(z) is equal to
(c) − 2 3 + 2i (d) − 3 + i π
(a) π (b)
2
1−i 3
51. If z = , then arg(z) = [Roorkee 1990; UPSEAT 2004] π
1+ i 3 (c) 0 (d) −
2
(a) 60 o (b) 120o 61. Let z be a complex number. Then the angle between
(c) 240o (d) 300o vectors z and −iz is
52. If arg (z) = θ , then arg (z) = [MP PET 1995] (a) π (b) 0

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
π [MP PET 1999; Pb. CET 2002]
(c) − (d) None of these
2 1
(a) z 2 = z 1 (b) z 2 =
62. For any two complex numbers z 1 , z 2 we have | z1 + z 2 | = 2 z1

| z1 |2 + | z 2 |2 then (c) arg (z 1 ) = arg (z 2 ) (d) | z 1 |=| z 2 |

z  z  1−i 
(a) Re 1  = 0 (b) Im 1  = 0 72. Amplitude of   is [RPET 1996]
 z2   z2  1+i 
(c) Re(z 1 z 2 ) = 0 (d) Im(z 1 z 2 ) = 0 (a) –π/2 (b) π/2
(c) π/4 (d) π/6
63. If for complex numbers z 1 and z 2 , arg(z 1 / z 2 ) = 0, then
73. Which of the following are correct for any two complex
| z 1 − z 2 | is equal to numbers z1 and z 2 [Roorkee 1998]
(a) | z 1 | + | z 2 | (b) | z 1 | − | z 2 | (a) | z1z 2 |=| z1 || z2 | (b) arg (z1z 2 ) = (arg z1)(arg z2 )
(c) || z 1 | − | z 2 || (d) 0 (c) | z1 + z 2 |=| z1 | + | z2 | (d) | z1 − z 2 |≥| z1 | − | z 2 |
64. If | z 1 + z 2 |=| z 1 − z 2 | , then the difference in the 1+ 3 i
amplitudes of z 1 and z 2 is [EAMCET 1985] 74. The amplitude of is
3 +i
π π [DCE 1999; Karnataka CET 2005]
(a) (b)
4 3 π π
(a) (b) −
π 6 6
(c) (d) 0 π
2 (c) (d) None of these
3
z 
65. If | z 1 |=| z 2 |and ar g  1  = π , then z 1 + z 2 is equal to 75. The amplitude of 0 is [RPET 2000]
 z2  (a) 0 (b) π /2
(a) 0 (b) Purely imaginary (c) π (d) None of these
(c) Purely real (d) None of these 76. If arg z < 0 then arg (− z) − arg (z) is equal to
66. If 0 < amp (z) < π , then amp (z) – amp (− z) = [IIT Screening 2000]
(a) π (b) −π
(a) 0 (b) 2 amp (z)
π π
(c) π (d) −π (c) − (d)
2 2
67. If z = 1 − cos α + i sin α , then amp z =
1+ 3i
α α 77. The amplitude of is [RPET 2001]
(a) (b) − 3 −i
2 2
(a) 0 (b) π / 6
π α π α (c) π / 3 (d) π / 2
(c) + (d) −
2 2 2 2
−2
78. If z = then the value of arg (z) is [ Orissa JEE 2002]
z  1+ 3 i
68. If z 1 , z 2 ∈ C , then amp  1  =
 z2  (a) π (b) π / 3
(a) amp (z1 z 2 ) (b) amp (z1z 2 ) (c) 2π / 3 (d) π / 4
π π
z  z  79. If z = cos + i sin then [AMU 2002]
(c) amp  2  (d) amp  1  6 6
 z1   z2  π π
(a) | z |= 1, arg z = (b) | z |= 1, arg z =
13 − 5i 4 6
69. The argument of the complex number is
4 − 9i 3 5π 3 1
(c) | z |= , arg z = (d) | z |= , arg z = tan−1
[MP PET 1997] 2 24 2 2
π π π  π
(a) (b) 80. The amplitude of sin + i  1 − cos 
3 4 5  5
π π [Karnataka CET 2003]
(c) (d)
5 6 (a) π / 5 (b) 2π / 5
70. If | z1 |=| z2 | and amp z 1 + amp z 2 = 0 , then (c) π / 10 (d) π / 15
[MP PET 1999] 81. Argument of − 1 − i 3 is [RPET 2003]
(a) z1 = z2 (b) z1 = z 2 2π π
(a) (b)
(c) z1 + z 2 = 0 (d) z1 = z2 3 3
π 2π
71. | z 1 + z 2 |=| z 1 | + | z 2 | is possible if (c) − (d) −
3 3

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
82. If z and ω are two non–zero complex numbers such that 4. If x + iy = ±(a + ib), then − x − iy is equal to
π
| zω |= 1 and arg(z) − arg(ω ) = , then zω is equal to (a) ±(b + ia) (b) ±(a − ib)
2
[AIEEE 2003]
(c) ±(b − ia) (d) None of these
(a) 1 (b) – 1 5. The square root of 3 – 4i is [RPET 1999]
(c) i (d) – i (a) ±(2 + i) (b) ±(2 − i)
83. The sum of amplitude of z and another complex number is π . (c) ±(1 − 2i) (d) ±(1 + 2i)
The other complex number can be written [Orissa JEE 2004]
6. If a + ib = x + iy , then possible value of a − ib is
(a) z (b) − z
[Kerala (Engg.) 2002]
(c) z (d) − z
1 + 2i (a) x 2 + y 2 (b) x2 + y2
84. The modulus and amplitude of are
1 − (1 − i) 2 (c) x + iy (d) x − iy
[Karnataka CET 2005] 7. The number of non-zero integral solutions of the equation
π |1 − i |x = 2 x is
(a) 2 and (b) 1 and 0
6
(a) Infinite (b) 1
π π (c) 2 (d) None of these
(c) 1 and (d) 1 and
3 4 1 + 7i
z z  8. = [Roorkee 1981]
85. If z 1 = 1 + 2i and z 2 = 3 + 5i , and then Re  2 1  is (2 − i)2
 z2   3π 3π   π π
equal to [J & K 2005] (a) 2  cos + i sin  (b) 2  cos + i sin 
 4 4   4 4
−31 17
(a) (b)  3π 3π 
17 22 (c)  cos + i sin  (d) None of these
−17 22  4 4 
(c) (d)
31 17 9. If z = re iθ , then | e iz | = [Kerala (Engg.) 2005]
86. If (3 + i)z = (3 − i)z , then complex number z is [AMU 2005] (a) e r sin θ
(b) e − r sin θ

x − r cos θ
(a) x (3 − i), x ∈ R (b) ,x∈R (c) e (d) e r cos θ
3+i
1− i
(c) x(3 + i), x ∈ R (d) x(−3 + i), x ∈ R 10. is equal to [RPET 1984]
1+i
87. If ( 8 + i)50 = 349 (a + ib) then a 2 + b 2 is π π π π
(a) cos + i sin (b) cos − i sin
[Kerala (Engg.) 2005] 2 2 2 2
(a) 3 (b) 8 π π
(c) sin + i cos (d) None of these
(c) 9 (d) 8 2 2
(e) 4
11. If − 1 + − 3 = reiθ , then θ is equal to
[RPET 1989; MP PET 1999]
Square root, Representation and Logarithm
π π
of complex numbers (a) (b) −
3 3
a + ib 2π 2π
1. If x + iy = , then ( x 2 + y 2 )2 = (c) (d) −
c + id 3 3
1
[IIT 1979; RPET 1997; Karnataka CET 1999] 12. If y = cos θ + i sin θ ,then the value of y + is [RPET 1995]
a +b
2 2
a+b y
(a) (b)
c2 + d2 c+d (a) 2 cos θ (b) 2 sin θ
2 (c) 2cosecθ (d) 2 tan θ
c2 + d2  a2 + b2 
(c) (d)  2 
2  13. The value of (−i) 1/ 3
is [Roorkee 1995]
a2 + b2 c +d 
2. − 8 − 6i = [Roorkee 1979; RPET 1992]
1 + 3i 1 − 3i
(a) (b)
(a) 1 ± 3i (b) ±(1 − 3i) 2 2

(c) ±(1 + 3i) (d) ±(3 − i) − 3 −i 3 −i

(c) (d)
3. If (−7 − 24 i) 1/ 2
= x − iy, then x + y =
2 2
[RPET 1989]
2 2
(a) 15 (b) 25 14. If (1 + i 3 )9 = a + ib, then b is equal to [RPET 1995]
(c) – 25 (d) None of these (a) 1 (b) 256

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
(c) 0 (d) 9 3 (a) – 5 (b) 15
iθ (c) 5 (d) 25
15. Real part of e e is [RPET 1995]
2. The points z 1 , z 2 , z 3 , z 4 in the complex plane are the
(a) e cos θ [cos(sin θ )] (b) e cos θ [cos(cos θ )]
vertices of a parallelogram taken in order, if and only if
(c) e sin θ [sin(cos θ )] (d) e sin θ [sin(sin θ )] [IIT 1981, 1983; UPSEAT 2004]
− iθ
16. The amplitude of e e is equal to [RPET 1997] (a) z 1 + z 4 = z 2 + z 3 (b) z1 + z3 = z 2 + z4
(a) sin θ (b) − sin θ (c) z1 + z 2 = z3 + z4 (d) None of these
(c) e cos θ (d) e sin θ
3. The equation z z + a z + a z + b = 0, b ∈ R represents a circle if
1+ i 3
17. If z = , then (z ) 100
lies in [AMU 1999] (a) | a |2 = b (b) | a |2 > b
3 +i
(a) I quadrant (b) II quadrant (c) | a |2 < b (d) None of these
(c) III quadrant (d) IV quadrant 4. Let the complex numbers z1, z 2 and z3 be the vertices of
1
18. If x + = 3 , then x = [RPET 2002] an equilateral triangle. Let z0 be the circumcentre of the
x
triangle, then z12 + z 22 + z32 = [IIT 1981]
π π π π
(a) cos + i sin (b) cos + i sin
3 3 2 2 (a) z02 (b) − z02
π π π π (c) 3z02 (d) − 3z02
(c) sin + i cos (d) cos + i sin
6 6 6 6
5. The equation bz + b z = c, where b is a non-zero complex
19. (−1 + i 3 )20 is equal to [RPET 2003]
constant and c is real, represents
(a) 2 20 (−1 + i 3 ) 20 (b) 2 20 (1 − i 3 ) 20 (a) A circle (b) A straight line
(c) A parabola (d) None of these
(c) 2 20 (−1 − i 3 ) 20 (d) None of these
6. If three complex numbers are in A.P., then they lie on
5i  −1  [IIT 1985; DCE 2001; Pb. CET 2003]
20. The imaginary part of tan   is [RPET 1997]
3 (a) A circle in the complex plane
(a) 0 (b) ∞ (b) A straight line in the complex plane
(c) log 2 (d) log 4 (c) A parabola in the complex plane
(d) None of these
21. The real part of (1 − i)− i is [RPET 1999]
7. If a and b are real numbers between 0 and 1 such that the
−π / 4 1  −π / 4 1  points z1 = a + i, z 2 = 1 + bi and z 3 = 0 form an equilateral
(a) e cos log 2  (b) − e sin log 2 
2  2  triangle, then [IIT 1989]
1  1  (a) a = b = 2 + 3 (b) a = b = 2 − 3
(c) eπ / 4 cos log 2  (d) e −π / 4 sin log 2 
2  2  (c) a = 2 − 3, b = 2 + 3 (d) None of these
 x −i  8. If | z |= 2 , then the points representing the complex numbers
22. i log   is equal to [RPET 2000]
 x+i −1 + 5 z will lie on a
−1 −1 (a) Circle (b) Straight line
(a) π + 2 tan x (b) π − 2 tan x
(c) Parabola (d) None of these
−1 −1
(c) − π + 2 tan x (d) − π − 2 tan x 9. If the vertices of a quadrilateral be A = 1 + 2i, B = −3 + i,

23. If e = cos θ + i sin θ , then in ∆ABC value of e iA .e iB .e iC is C = −2 − 3i and D = 2 − 2i , then the quadrilateral is
[AMU 2005] (a) Parallelogram (b) Rectangle
(a) –i (b) 1 (c) Square (d) Rhombus
(c) –1 (d) None of these 10. In the Argand plane, the vector z = 4 − 3i is turned in the
7−i clockwise sense through 180 o and stretched three times.
24. If z = then z14 = [Kerala (Engg.) 2005] The complex number represented by the new vector is
3 − 4i
[DCE 2005]
(a) 27 (b) 27 i (a) 12 + 9i (b) 12 − 9i
(c) 214 i (d) − 27 i (c) −12 − 9i (d) −12 + 9i
(e) − 214 1
11. If ω is a complex number satisfying ω+ = 2 , then
ω
Geometry of complex numbers maximum distance of ω from origin is
(a) 2 + 3 (b) 1 + 2
1. Length of the line segment joining the points −1 − i and
2 + 3i is (c) 1 + 3 (d) None of these

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12. The vector z = 3 − 4 i is turned anticlockwise through an (a) z 1 + z 2 − z 3 (b) z 1 − z 2 + z 3
angle of 180 o and stretched 2.5 times. The complex (c) z 2 + z 3 − z1 (d) All the above
number corresponding to the newly obtained vector is
15 −15 20. The equation z z + (2 − 3i)z + (2 + 3i)z + 4 = 0 represents a
(a) − 10i (b) + 10i
2 2 circle of radius [Kurukshetra CEE 1996]
−15 (a) 2 (b) 3
(c) − 10i (d) None of these
2 (c) 4 (d) 6
13. POQ is a straight line through the origin O, P and Q 21. A rectangle is constructed in the complex plane with its sides
parallel to the axes and its centre is situated at the origin. If
represent the complex numbers a + ib and c + id
respectively and OP = OQ , then one of the vertices of the rectangle is a + ib 3 , then the
(a) | a + ib |=| c + id | (b) a + c = b + d area of the rectangle is

(c) arg(a + ib) = arg(c + id) (d) None of these (a) ab 3 (b) 2ab 3
14. Let a be a complex number such that | a |< 1 and z 1 , z 2 ,...... (c) 3ab 3 (d) 4ab 3
k −1
be vertices of a polygon such that z k = 1 + a + a + ..... + a
2
. 22. If the points P1 and P2 represent two complex numbers z 1
Then the vertices of the polygon lie within a circle and z 2 , then the point P3 represents the number
1 Y
(a) | z − a |= a (b) z− =| 1 − a |
1−a P3
1 1 P2
(c) z− = (d) | z − (1 − a) |=|1 − a | P1
1 − a |1 − a |
X
15. The centre of a regular polygon of n sides is located at the O
(a) z 1 + z 2 (b) z 1 − z 2
point z = 0 and one of its vertex z 1 is known. If z 2 be the
(c) z1 × z 2 (d) z 1 ÷ z 2
vertex adjacent to z 1 , then z 2 is equal to
23. If | z − 2 | / | z − 3 |= 2 represents a circle, then its radius is
 2π 2π   π π
(a) z 1  cos ± i sin  (b) z1  cos ± i sin  equal to [Kurukshetra CEE 1998]
 n n   n n
(a) 1 (b) 1/ 3
 π π  (c) 3 / 4 (d) 2/3
(c) z1  cos ± i sin  (d) None of these
 2n 2n  24. If complex numbers z 1 , z 2 and z 3 represent the vertices A,
16. The vertices B and D of a parallelogram are 1 − 2i and B and C respectively of an isosceles triangle ABC of which
4 + 2i , If the diagonals are at right angles and AC = 2 BD , ∠C is right angle, then correct statement is [RPET 1999]
the complex number representing A is (a) z12 + z2 2 + z3 2 = z1z 2 z3
5 3
(a) (b) 3i − (b) (z 3 − z1 ) 2 = z 3 − z 2
2 2
(c) 3i − 4 (d) 3i + 4 (c) (z1 − z 2 ) 2 = (z1 − z 3 ) (z 3 − z 2 )
17. If z 1 , z 2 , z 3 , z 4 are the affixes of four points in the Argand
(d) (z1 − z 2 ) 2 = 2(z 1 − z 3 ) (z 3 − z 2 )
plane and z is the affix of a point such that
25. If centre of a regular hexagon is at origin and one of the
| z − z1 |=| z − z 2 |=| z − z 3 |=| z − z 4 | , then z 1 , z 2 , z 3 , z 4
vertex on argand diagram is 1 + 2i, then its perimeter is
are [RPET 1999]
(a) Concyclic
(a) 2 5 (b) 6 2
(b) Vertices of a parallelogram
(c) Vertices of a rhombus (c) 4 5 (d) 6 5
(d) In a straight line 26. In the argand diagram, if O, P and Q represents respectively
18. ABCD is a rhombus. Its diagonals AC and BD intersect the origin, the complex numbers z and z + iz, then the angle
at the point M and satisfy BD = 2 AC . If the points D ∠OPQ is [MP PET 2000]
and M represents the complex numbers 1 + i and 2 − i π π
respectively, then A represents the complex number (a) (b)
4 3
1 3 3 1 π 2π
(a) 3 − i or 1 − i (b) − i or − 3i (c) (d)
2 2 2 2 2 3
1 1 27. A circle whose radius is r and centre z 0 , then the equation
(c) − i or 1 − i (d) None of these
2 2 of the circle is [RPET 2000]
19. The complex numbers z 1 , z 2 , z 3 are the vertices of a (a) zz − zz0 − zz0 + z0 z0 = r 2
triangle. Then the complex numbers z which make the
triangle into a parallelogram is (b) zz + zz 0 − z z 0 + z 0 z 0 = r 2

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(c) zz − zz 0 + z z 0 − z 0 z 0 = r 2 (a) | z 1 + z 2 |≥| z 1 | + | z 2 | (b) | z 1 − z 2 |≥| z 1 | + | z 2 |
(d) None of these (c) | z1 − z2 |≤ | z1 | − | z 2 | (d) | z1 + z 2 |≥ | z1 | − | z 2 |
28. Let z1 , z 2 , z 3 be three vertices of an equilateral triangle 38. If z 1 , z 2 , z 3 are affixes of the vertices A, B and C
1 1 3i respectively of a triangle ABC having centroid at G such
circumscribing the circle | z |= . If z 1 = + and that z = 0 is the mid point of AG, then
2 2 2
z1 , z 2 , z 3 are in anticlockwise sense then z 2 is (a) z 1 + z 2 + z 3 = 0 (b) z 1 + 4 z 2 + z 3 = 0
[Orissa JEE 2002] (c) z1 + z 2 + 4 z 3 = 0 (d) 4 z1 + z 2 + z 3 = 0
(a) 1 + 3 i (b) 1 − 3 i 39. Let z 1 and z 2 be two complex numbers such that
z1 z 2
(c) 1 (d) – 1 + = 1 . Then
29. For all complex numbers z1, z 2 satisfying | z1 |= 12 z 2 z1
and | z 2 − 3 − 4 i |= 5, the minimum value of | z 1 − z 2 | is (a) z 1 , z 2 are collinear

[IIT Screening 2002] (b) z 1 , z 2 and the origin form a right angled triangle
(a) 0 (b) 2 (c) z 1 , z 2 and the origin form an equilateral triangle
(c) 7 (d) 17 (d) None of these
30. If P, Q, R, S are represented by the complex numbers 40. If the area of the triangle formed by the points z, z + iz and
4 + i, 1 + 6i, − 4 + 3i, − 1 − 2i respectively, then PQRS is a iz on the complex plane is 18, then the value of | z | is
[Orissa JEE 2003] [MP PET 2001]
(a) Rectangle (b) Square (a) 6 (b) 9
(c) Rhombus (d) Parallelogram
(c) 3 2 (d) 2 3
31. If z1 , z 2 , z 3 are three collinear points in argand plane, then
41. If z 1 = 1 + i, z 2 = −2 + 3i and z 3 = ai / 3 , where i 2 = −1,
z1 z1 1
are collinear then the value of a is [AMU 2001]
z2 z2 1 = [Orissa JEE 2004]
(a) – 1 (b) 3
z3 z3 1 (c) 4 (d) 5
(a) 0 (b) – 1 42. Which one of the following statement is true [RPET 2002]
(c) 1 (d) 2 (a) | x − y |=| x |−| y | (b) | x + y |≤| x |−| y |
32. If z is a complex number in the Argand plane, then the (c) | x − y |≥| x |−| y | (d) | x + y |≥| x |−| y |
equation | z − 2 | + | z + 2 |= 8 represents [Orissa JEE 2004]
43. The area of the triangle whose vertices are represented by
(a) Parabola (b) Ellipse the complex numbers 0, z, ze iα , (0 < α < π ) equals
(c) Hyperbola (d) Circle [AMU 2002]
33. The points 1 + 3i, 5 + i and 3 + 2i in the complex plane are 1 1
[MP PET 1987] (a) | z |2 cos α (b) | z |2 sin α
2 2
(a) Vertices of a right angled triangle
1 1
(b) Collinear (c) | z |2 sin α cos α (d) | z |2
2 2
(c) Vertices of an obtuse angled triangle
44. If z1 = 1 + 2i, z 2 = 2 + 3i, z 3 = 3 + 4i, then z1 , z 2 , z 3
(d) Vertices of an equilateral triangle
34. If z1 and z 2 are two complex numbers, then | z1 + z 2 | is represent the vertices of a/an [Orissa JEE 2004]
[RPET 1985; MP PET 1987, 2004; Kerala (Engg.) 2002] (a) Equilateral triangle (b) Isosceles triangle
(a) ≤| z1 | + | z 2 | (b) ≤| z1 | − | z 2 | (c) Right angled triangle (d) None of these
(c) <| z1 | + | z 2 | (d) >| z1 | + | z2 | 45. The complex numbers z = x + iy which satisfy the equation
35. If z = x + iy, then area of the triangle whose vertices are z − 5i
= 1 lie on [IIT 1982]
points z, iz and z + iz is z + 5i
[MP PET 1997; IIT 1986; AMU 2000; UPSEAT 2002] (a) Real axis
(a) 2 | z |2 (b)
1
| z |2 (b) The line y = 5
2 (c) A circle passing through the origin
3 (d) None of these
(c) | z |2 (d) | z |2
2 z+i
36. If A, B, C are represented by 3 + 4 i, 5 − 2i , −1 + 16i , then 46. When is purely imaginary, the locus described by the
z+2
A, B, C are [RPET 1986] point z in the Argand diagram is a
(a) Collinear
(b) Vertices of equilateral triangle 5 5
(c) Vertices of isosceles triangle 2 4
(d) Vertices of right angled triangle (c) Straight line (d) Parabola
37. If z 1 , z 2 ∈ C, then [MP PET 1995]

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
47. If | z + 1| = 2 | z − 1|, then the locus described by the point (c) A straight line through the origin
z in the Argand diagram is a (d) A circle on the line joining (1, 0), (0, 1) as diameter
(a) Straight line (b) Circle | z |2 − | z | +1 
58. If log   < 2 , then the locus of z is
(c) Parabola (d) None of these 3 
 2+ | z | 
z−a
48. The region of the complex plane for which =1 (a) | z |= 5 (b) | z |< 5
z+a
(c) | z |> 5 (d) None of these
[ R(a) ≠ 0] is
(a) x − axis (b) y − axis π
59. If arg (z − a) = , where a ∈ R , then the locus of z ∈ C is
4
(c) The straight line x = a (d) None of these
a [MP PET 1997]
49. The region of Argand plane defined by
(a) Hyperbola (b) Parabola
| z − 1| + | z + 1| ≤ 4 is
(c) Ellipse (d) Straight line
(a) Interior of an ellipse
60. If z = x + iy and | z − 2 + i |=| z − 3 − i |, then locus of z is
(b) Exterior of a circle
[RPET 1999]
(c) Interior and boundary of an ellipse
(a) 2 x + 4 y − 5 = 0 (b) 2 x − 4 y − 5 = 0
(d) None of these
(c) x + 2y = 0 (d) x − 2y + 5 = 0
 z − 1
50. The locus of the points z which satisfy the condition arg  
 z + 1 61. Locus of the point z satisfying the equation | iz − 1| +
π | z − i |= 2 is [Roorkee 1999]
= is
3 (a) A straight line (b) A circle
(a) A straight line (b) A circle (c) An ellipse (d) A pair of straight lines
(c) A parabola (d) None of these 2
i
2z + 1 62. If z = x + iy is a complex number satisfying z + =
51. If the imaginary part of is –2, then the locus of the 2
iz + 1
2
point representing z in the complex plane is [DCE 2001] i
z− , then the locus of z is [EAMCET 2002]
(a) A circle (b) A straight line 2
(c) A parabola (d) None of these (a) 2y = x (b) y = x
52. If z = (λ + 3) + i 5 − λ , then the locus of z is a
2
(c) y-axis (d) x-axis
(a) Circle (b) Straight line  z −1
63. The locus of the point z satisfying arg   = k, (where k
(c) Parabola (d) None of these  z +1
53. A point z moves on Argand diagram in such a way that |z –3i| is non zero) is [Orissa JEE 2002]
= 2, then its locus will be [RPET 1992; MP PET 2002] (a) Circle with centre on y–axis
(a) y − axis (b) A straight line (b) Circle with centre on x–axis
(c) A circle (d) None of these (c) A straight line parallel to x–axis
54. If z = x + iy and | z − zi |= 1, then [RPET 1988, 91]
(d) A straight line making an angle 60 o with the x–axis
(a) z lies on x -axis (b) z lies on y -axis 64. If the amplitude of z − 2 − 3i is π / 4 , then the locus of
(c) z lies on a circle (d) None of these z = x + iy is [EAMCET 2003]
z −1 (a) x + y − 1 = 0 (b) x − y − 1 = 0
55. The locus of z given by = 1 , is [Roorkee 1990]
z −i
(c) x + y +1 = 0 (d) x − y + 1 = 0
(a) A circle (b) An ellipse
65. If | z 2 − 1|=| z |2 +1 , then z lies on [AIEEE 2004]
(c) A straight line (d) A parabola
56. R(z 2 ) = 1 is represented by (a) An ellipse (b) The imaginary axis
(c) A circle (d) The real axis
(a) The parabola x 2 + y 2 = 1
1 − iz
(b) The hyperbola x 2 − y 2 = 1 66. If z = x + iy and ω = than |ω |= 1 shows that in
z −i
(c) Parabola or a circle complex plane [RPET 1985, 97; IIT 1983;
(d) All the above DCE 2000, 01; UPSEAT 2003; MP PET 2004]
57. The locus represented by | z − 1 |=| z + i | is [EAMCET 1991] (a) z will be at imaginary axis(b) z will be at real axis
(a) A circle of radius 1 (c) z will be at unity circle (d) None of these
(b) An ellipse with foci at (1, 0) and (0, – 1)

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
67. The equation | z − 5i | ÷ | z + 5i |= 12, where z = x + iy,
De Moivre's theorem and Roots of unity
represents a/an [AMU 1999]
(a) Circle (b) Ellipse 1. i =
(c) Parabola (d) No real curve 1±i 1−i
(a) (b) ±
 z −2 π 2 2
68. If z = x + iy and arg   = , then locus of z is
 z + 2 6 1+i
(c) ± (d) None of these
[RPET 2002] 2
(a) A straight line (b) A circle π  π 
2. If xr = cos r  + i sin r  , then x1. x 2 ......∞ is
(c) A parabola (d) An ellipse 2  2 
z [RPET 1990, 2000; BIT Mesra 1996; Karnataka CET 2000]
69. If w = and | w |= 1 , then z lies on [AIEEE 2005]
1
z− i (a) −3 (b) −2
3 (c) −1 (d) 0
(a) A straight line (b) A parabola (cos θ + i sin θ )4
3. is equal to [MNR 1985; UPSEAT 2000]
(c) An ellipse (d) A circle (sin θ + i cos θ )5
70. If | 8 + z | + | z − 8 |= 16 where z is a complex number, then (a) cos θ − i sin θ
the point z will lie on [J & K 2005] (b) cos 9θ − i sin 9θ
(a) A circle (b) An ellipse (c) sin θ − i cos θ
(c) A straight line (d) None of these (d) sin 9θ − i cos 9θ
5 5
71. PQ and PR are two infinite rays. QAR is an arc. Point lying  3 i  3 i
in the shaded region excluding the boundary satisfies 4. If z =  +  + −  , then [MP PET 1997]
 2 2   2 2 
[IIT Screening 2005]   
π (a) Re(z) = 0 (b) Im(z) = 0
(a) | z − 1|> 2;| arg(z − 1)|< (−1 + 2 , 2i)
4 (c) Re(z) > 0, Im(z) > 0 (d) Re(z) > 0, Im(z) < 0
Q
π 5. The roots of (2 − 2i) 1/ 3
are
(b) | z − 1|> 2;| arg(z − 1)|<
2 P (1,0) A  π π   π π 
π (–1,0)
(a) 2  cos − i sin , 2  − sin + i cos ,−1 − i
(c) | z + 1|> 2;| arg(z + 1)|<  12 12   12 12 
4
R  π π   π π 
π (b) 2  cos + i sin , 2  − sin − i cos  ,1 + i
(d) | z + 1|> 2;| arg(z + 1)|< (−1 + 2 , − 2i)  12 12   12 12 
2
72. Which of the following equations can represent a triangle (c) 1 + 2i,−1 − i,−2 − 2i
[Orissa JEE 2005] (d) None of the above
(a) | z − 1|=| z − 2 | (b) | z − 1|=| z − 2 |=| z − i | 4(cos 75 o + i sin 75 o )
6. The value of is
(c) | z − 1| − | z − 2 |= 2a (d) | z − 1|2 + | z − 2 |2 = 4 0.4(cos 30 o + i sin 30 o )

73. The number of solutions for the equations | z − 1 |=| z − 2 |= (a)

2
(1 + i) (b)
2
(1 − i)
| z − i | is [Orissa JEE 2005] 10 10
10 10
(a) One solution (b) 3 solutions (c) (1 − i) (d) (1 + i)
(c) 2 solutions (d) No solution 2 2

74. If | z − 2 − 3i | + | z + 2 − 6i |= 4 , where i = − 1 , then locus 7. The following in the form of A + iB (cos 2θ + i sin 2θ )−5
of P(z) is [DCE 2005] (cos 3θ − i sin 3θ )6 (sin θ − i cos θ )3 in the form of A + iB is
(a) An ellipse [MNR 1991]
(b) φ (a) (cos 25θ + i sin 25θ ) (b) i(cos 25θ + i sin 25θ )
(c) i (cos 25θ − i sin 25θ ) (d) (cos 25θ − i sin 25θ )
(c) Line segment joining of point 2 + 3i and −2 + 6i
(d) None of these 8. If a = 2i then which of the following is correct
75. If z = 2 − i 2 is rotated through an angle 45° in the anti- [Roorkee 1989]
clockwise direction about the origin, then the coordinates of (a) a = 1 + i (b) a = 1 − i
its new position are [Kerala (Engg.) 2005] (c) a = −( 2 )i (d) None of these
(a) (2, 0) (b) ( 2 , 2 ) 9. If (cos θ + i sin θ )(cos 2θ + i sin 2θ )........
(cos nθ + i sin nθ ) = 1 , then the value of θ is
(c) ( 2 , − 2 ) (d) ( 2 ,0)
[Karnataka CET 1992; Kurukshetra CEE 2002]
(e) (4, 0)

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
2mπ (a) cos 49θ − i sin 49θ (b) cos 23θ − i sin 23θ
(a) 4mπ (b)
n(n + 1) (c) cos 49θ + i sin 49θ (d) cos 21θ + i sin 21θ
4mπ mπ
(c) (d) 19. (sin θ + i cos θ ) is equal to
n
[RPET 2001]
n(n + 1) n(n + 1)
n (a) cos nθ + i sin nθ
 1 + cos φ + i sin φ 
10.   =
 1 + cos φ − i sin φ  (b) sin nθ + i cos nθ

(a) cos nφ − i sin nφ (b) cos nφ + i sin nφ π  π 

(c) cos n − θ  + i sin n − θ 
(c) sin nφ + i cos nφ (d) sin nφ − i cos nφ  2   2 
4
 1 + cos θ + i sin θ  (d) None of these
11. If   = cos nθ + i sin nθ , then n is equal
 i + sin θ + i cos θ  (cos α + i sin α ) (cos β + i sin β )
20. The value of is [RPET 2001]
to [EAMCET 1986] (cos γ + i sin γ ) (cos δ + i sin δ )
(a) 1 (b) 2 (a) cos(α + β − γ − δ ) − i sin(α + β − γ − δ )
(c) 3 (d) 4
(b) cos(α + β − γ − δ ) + i sin(α + β − γ − δ )
 π π
12. The value of expression  cos + i sin 
 2 2 (c) sin(α + β − γ − δ ) − i cos(α + β − γ − δ )
 π π  (d) sin(α + β − γ − δ ) + i cos(α + β − γ − δ )
 cos 2 + i sin 2  ........to ∞ is [Kurukshetra CEE 1998]
 2 2  8
 1 + cos(π / 8) + i sin(π / 8) 
(a) −1 (b) 1 21.   is equal to [RPET 2001]
 1 + cos(π / 8) − i sin(π / 8) 
(c) 0 (d) 2
4 (a) – 1 (b) 0
 cos θ + i sin θ 
13.   equals [RPET 1996] (c) 1 (d) 2
 sin θ + i cos θ 
π  π 
(a) sin 8θ − i cos 8θ (b) cos 8θ − i sin 8θ 22. If xn = cos  n  + i sin  n  , then x 1 . x 2 . x 3 ....∞ =
4  4 
(c) sin 8θ + i cos 8θ (d) cos 8θ + i sin 8θ [EAMCET 2002]
14. If sin α + sin β + sin γ = 0 = cos α + cos β + cos γ , then the
1+i 3 −1+ i 3
value of sin 2 α + sin 2 β + sin 2 γ is [RPET 1999] (a) (b)
2 2
(a) 2/3 (b) 3/2
1−i 3 −1− i 3
(c) 1/2 (d) 1 (c) (d)
2 2
15. If cos α + cos β + cos γ = 0 = sin α + sin β + sin γ then
(cos α + i sin α ) 4
cos 2α + cos 2β + cos 2γ equals [RPET 2000] 23. = [RPET 2002]
(sin β + i cos β ) 5
(a) 2 cos(α + β + γ ) (b) cos 2(α + β + γ )
(a) cos(4α + 5 β ) + i sin(4α + 5 β )
(c) 0 (d) 1
(b) cos(4α + 5 β ) − i sin(4α + 5 β )
16. (− 3 + i)53 where i 2 = −1 is equal to [AMU 2000] (c) sin(4α + 5 β ) − i cos(4α + 5 β )
(a) 2 ( 3 + 2i)
53
(b) 2 ( 3 − i)
52 (d) None of these
24. The value of i1/3 is [UPSEAT 2002]
 3 1 
(c) 2 53  + i (d) 2 ( 3 − i)
53
3+i 3−i
 2 2  (a) (b)
 2 2
10
 π π  1+i 3 1−i 3
 1 − cos 10 + i sin 10  (c)
2
(d)
2
17. The value of   =
 1 − cos π − i sin π  Re(z)
 10 10  25. Given z = (1 + i 3 )100 , then equals [AMU 2002]
Im(z)
[Karnataka CET 2001] (a) 2100 (b) 250
(a) 0 (b) – 1 1
(c) (d) 3
(c) 1 (d) 2 3
(cos 2θ − i sin 2θ ) 4 (cos 4θ + i sin 4θ ) −5  1 + sin θ + i cos θ 
n
18. We express −2 −9
in the 26.   = [Kerala (Engg.) 2002]
(cos 3θ + i sin 3θ ) (cos 3θ − i sin 3θ )
 1 + sin θ − i cos θ 
form of x + iy , we get [Karnataka CET 2001]

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 nπ   nπ  36. If α and β are imaginary cube roots of unity, then α 4 + β 4
(a) cos − nθ  + i sin − nθ 
 2   2  1
+ = [IIT 1977]
 nπ   nπ  αβ
(b) cos + nθ  + i sin + nθ 
 2   2  (a) 3 (b) 0
 nπ   nπ  (c) 1 (d) 2
(c) sin − nθ  + i cos − nθ 
 2   2  37. If ω is a complex cube root of unity, then (1 − ω )(1 − ω 2 )

π  π  (1 − ω 4 )(1 − ω 8 ) =
(d) cos n + 2θ  + i sin n + 2θ 
 2   2  (a) 0 (b) 1
(c) – 1 (d) 9
27. If n is a positive integer, then (1 + i) + (1 − i) is equal to
n n
38. If ω is a cube root of unity, then the value of
[Orissa JEE 2003]
(1 − ω + ω 2 ) 5 + (1 + ω − ω 2 ) 5 =
 nπ   nπ 
(a) ( 2 )n− 2 cos  (b) ( 2 )n− 2 sin  [IIT 1965; MP PET 1997; RPET 1997]
 4   4 
(a) 16 (b) 32
n+ 2  nπ  n+ 2  nπ  (c) 48 (d) – 32
(c) ( 2 ) cos  (d) ( 2 ) sin 
 4   4  39. If x = a, y = bω , z = cω 2 , where ω is a complex cube root
1 1
28. If + x = 2 cos θ , then x n + n is equal to [UPSEAT 2001] x y z
of unity, then + + = [AMU 1983]
x x a b c
(a) 2 cos nθ (b) 2 sin nθ (a) 3 (b) 1
(c) cos n θ (d) sin nθ (c) 0 (d) None of these
29. If iz 4 + 1 = 0 , then z can take the value [UPSEAT 2004] 40. If ω is a complex cube root of unity, then ( x − y)( xω − y)
1+i π π ( xω 2 − y) =
(a) (b) cos + i sin
2 8 8 (a) x 2 + y 2
1
(c) (d) i (b) x 2 − y 2
4i
30. The two numbers such that each one is square of the other, (c) x 3 − y3
are [MP PET 1987] (d) x 3 + y 3
(a) ω , ω 3
(b) −i, i
41. If ω is a complex cube root of unity, then (1 + ω )(1 + ω 2 )
(c) −1, 1 (d) ω , ω 2
(1 + ω 4 )(1 + ω 8 )... to 2n factors = [AMU 2000]
31. If ω is a cube root of unity, then (1 + ω − ω 2 ) (1 − ω + ω 2 ) = (a) 0 (b) 1
[MNR 1990; MP PET 1993, 2002] (c) −1 (d) None of these
3/4
(a) 1 (b) 0  π π
42. The product of all the roots of  cos + i sin  is
(c) 2 (d) 4  3 3
32. (27)1 / 3 = [MNR 1984; EAMCET 1985]
(a) 3 (b) 3, 3i, 3i 2 (a) −1 (b) 1
3 1
(c) 3, 3ω , 3ω 2
(d) None of these (c) (d) −
2 2
33. If n is a positive integer not a multiple of 3, then 43. If ω is a cube root of unity, then a root of the equation
1 + ω n + ω 2n = [MP PET 2004] x +1 ω ω2
(a) 3 (b) 1
ω x +ω2 1 = 0 is [MNR 1990; MP PET 1999]
(c) 0 (d) None of these
ω2 1 x +ω
34. Square of either of the two imaginary cube roots of unity will
be (a) x = 1 (b) x = ω
(a) Real root of unity (c) x = ω 2
(d) x = 0
(b) Other imaginary cube root of unity 44. If x = a + b, y = aα + bβ and z = aβ + bα , where α and β
(c) Sum of two imaginary roots of unity are complex cube roots of unity, then xyz =
(d) None of these [IIT 1978; Roorkee 1989; RPET 1997]
35. If ω is a cube root of unity, then (1 + ω ) − (1 + ω ) =
3 2 3
(a) a + b 2 2
(b) a 3 + b 3
(a) 0 (b) ω (c) a b 3 3
(d) a 3 − b 3
(c) ω 2 (d) None of these 45. If x = a + b, y = aω + bω 2 , z = aω 2 + bω , then the value of
x 3 + y 3 + z 3 is equal to [Roorkee 1977; IIT 1970]
(a) a + b 3 3
(b) 3(a 3 + b 3 )

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
(c) 3(a + b )
2 2
(d) None of these 55. If ω (≠ 1) is a cube root of unity, then
a + bω + cω 2
a + bω + cω 2 1 1+i +ω2 ω2
46. The value of + will be
b + c ω + aω 2
c + a ω + bω 2 1−i −1 ω 2 − 1 is equal to [IIT 1995]
[BIT Ranchi 1989; Orissa JEE 2003] − i − i +ω −1 −1
(a) 1 (b) – 1
(c) 2 (d) – 2 (a) 0 (b) 1
47. The cube roots of unity when represented on the Argand (c) ω (d) i
plane form the vertices of an [IIT 1988; Pb. CET 2004] 56. The n th roots of unity are in [Orissa JEE 2004]
(a) Equilateral triangle (b) Isosceles triangle (a) A.P. (b) G.P.
(c) Right angled triangle (d) None of these (c) H.P. (d) None of these
1000
 1  57. If 1, ω , ω 2 are the three cube roots of unity, then
48.  − + 3 i =
 2 2  (3 + ω 2 + ω 4 ) 6 = [MP PET 1995]

(a) 64 (b) 729
1 3 1 3
(a) + i (b) − i (c) 2 (d) 0
2 2 2 2
58. (1 − ω + ω 2 )(1 − ω 2 + ω 4 )(1 − ω 4 + ω 8 )......... .. to 2n factors
1 3
(c) − + i (d) None of these is [EAMCET 1988]
2 2
(a) 2 n (b) 2 2n
49. If α , β , γ are the cube roots of p( p < 0) , then for any x, y
(c) 0 (d) 1
xα + yβ + zγ
and z, = [IIT 1989] ω
1 2ω 2
xβ + yγ + zα
59. Let ∆ = 2 2ω 2
4ω 3 where ω is the cube root of unity,
1 1
(a) (−1 + i 3 ) (b) (1 + i 3 ) 3 3ω 3 6ω 4
2 2
1 then
(c) (1 − i 3 ) (d) None of these
2 (a) ∆ = 0 (b) ∆ = 1
3 +i (c) ∆ = 2 (d) ∆ = 3
50. If z = , then the value of z 69 is [RPET 2002]
60. If n is a positive integer greater than unity and z is a
2
(a) −i (b) i complex number satisfying the equation z n = (z + 1)n , then
(c) 1 (d) −1 (a) Re(z) < 0 (b) Re(z) > 0
51. The roots of the equation x − 1 = 0 , are [MP PET 1986]
4
(c) Re(z) = 0 (d) None of these
(a) 1, 1, i,−i (b) 1, − 1, i,−i 61. If ω is an n root of unity, other than unity, then the value
th

(c) 1,−1, ω , ω 2 (d) None of these of 1 + ω + ω 2 + ... + ω n−1 is [Karnataka CET 1999]
52. If ω is a complex cube root of unity, then for positive (a) 0 (b) 1
integral value of n , the product of ω .ω 2 .ω 3 ........ω n , will be (c) −1 (d) None of these
[Roorkee 1991] 62. If z 1 , z 2 , z 3 ......nn are nth, roots of unity, then for
k = 1, 2,....., n
1−i 3 1−i 3
(a) (b) − (a) | z k |= k | z k +1 | (b) | z k +1 |= k | z k |
2 2
(c) 1 (d) (b) and (c) both (c) | zk +1 |=| zk | + | zk +1 | (d) | z k |=| z k +1 |
53. One of the cube roots of unity is [MP PET 1994, 2003] 63. If 1, ω , ω 2 are three cube roots of unity, then (a + bω + cω 2 )3
−1+ i 3 1+ i 3 + (a + bω 2 + cω )3 is equal to, if a + b + c = 0
(a) (b)
2 2 [West Bengal JEE 1992]
(a) 27 abc (b) 0
1−i 3 3 −i
(c) (d) (c) 3 abc (d) None of these
2 2
54. If ω (≠ 1) is a cube root of unity and (1 + ω )7 = A + Bω , 64. The common roots of the equations x 12 − 1 = 0 ,
then A and B are respectively, the numbers [IIT 1995] x 4 + x 2 + 1 = 0 are [EAMCET 1989]
(a) 0, 1 (b) 1, 0 (a) ±ω (b) ± ω 2
(c) 1, 1 (d) −1, 1 (c) ± ω, ± ω 2 (d) None of these
65. If z 1 , z 2 z 3 , z 4 are the roots of the equation z 4 = 1 , then the
4
value of ∑zi =1
3
i is [Kurukshetra CEE 1996]

(a) 0 (b) 1

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
(c) i (d) 1 + i (a) 128 ω (b) − 128ω 2
66. If α is an imaginary cube root of unity, then for n ∈ N ,
(c) −128ω (d) 128ω 2
the value of α 3n+1 + α 3n+ 3 + α 3n+ 5 is
[MP PET 1996; Pb. CET 2000] 77. If 1, ω , ω 2 are the cube roots of unity, then their product is
(a) −1 (b) 0 [Karnataka CET 1999, 2001]
(c) 1 (d) 3 (a) 0 (b) ω
20 20
 −1+ i 3   −1−i 3  (c) – 1 (d) 1
67.   +  =
 2   2 
    3 +i
78. If z = , then z 69 is equal to [RPET 2001]
(a) 20 3i (b) 1 −2
1 (a) 1 (b) – 1
(c) (d) −1
219 (c) i (d) – i
68. If α and β are imaginary cube roots of unity, then the  2π   2π  2
79. Let ω n = cos  + i sin  , i = −1 , then
value of α 4 + β 28 +
1
,is [MP PET 1998]
 n   n 
αβ ( x + yω 3 + zω 3 2 ) ( x + yω 3 2 + zω 3 ) is equal to [AMU 2001]
(a) 1 (b) −1
(a) 0
(c) 0 (d) None of these
69. If ω is the cube root of unity, then (3 + 5ω + 3ω 2 )2 + (b) x 2 + y 2 + z 2

(3 + 3ω + 5ω 2 )2 = [MP PET 1999] (c) x 2 + y 2 + z 2 − yz − zx − xy

(a) 4 (b) 0 (d) x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + yz + zx + xy
(c) – 4 (d) None of these
70. If ω is an imaginary cube root of unity, then the value of 80. If z + z −1 = 1, then z 100 + z −100 is equal to [UPSEAT 2001]
 π (a) i (b) – i
sin (ω 10 + ω 23 ) π −  is [IIT Screening 1994]
 4 (c) 1 (d) – 1
(a) − 3 / 2 (b) − 1 / 2 1+ 3i
81. If is a root of equation x 4 − x 3 + x − 1 = 0 then its
(c) 1 / 2 (d) 3/2 2
6 6
 3 +i i− 3  real roots are [EAMCET 2002]
71.   +  is equal to [RPET 1997]
 2   2  (a) 1, 1 (b) – 1, – 1
   
(c) 1, – 1 (d) 1, 2
(a) −2 (b) 0
n
(c) 2 (d) 1 1+ i 3 
72. If ω is an imaginary cube root of unity, (1 + ω − ω 2 )7 equals 82. If   is an integer, then n is [UPSEAT 2002]
1−i 3 
 
[IIT 1998; MP PET 2000]
(a) 128ω (b) −128ω (a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 128ω 2
(d) − 128ω 2 (c) 3 (d) 4
(−1 + i 3 ) 15
(−1 − i 3 ) 15 83. Find the value of (1 + 2ω + ω ) − (1 + ω + 2ω 2 )3n =
2 3n
73. + is equal to [AMU 2000]
(1 − i) 20 (1 + i) 20 [UPSEAT 2002]
(a) 0 (b) 1
(a) – 64 (b) – 32
(c) ω (d) ω 2
1
(c) – 16 (d) 84. If ω is a non real cube root of unity, then (a + b) (a + bω )
16
(a + bω 2 ) is [Kerala (Engg.) 2002]
74. If ω is a complex root of the equation z 3 = 1 , then
1 3 9 27  (a) a + b3 3
(b) a − b 3
3
 + + + + ... 
ω +ω  2 8 32 128 
is equal to (c) a +b
2 2
(d) a 2 − b 2
[Roorkee 2000; AMU 2005] 1 i 3
85. Which of the following is a fourth root of +
(a) – 1 (b) 0 2 2
(c) 9 (d) i [Karnataka CET 2003]

75. If cube root of 1 is ω , then the value of (3 + ω + 3ω ) is 2 4 π  π 

(a) cis  (b) cis 
[MP PET 2001]  2  12 
(a) 0 (b) 16 π  π 
(c) cis  (d) cis 
(c) 16 ω (d) 16 ω 2 6 3
86. The value of (8)1/3 is [RPET 2003]
76. The value of (1 − ω + ω 2 ) (1 − ω 2 + ω )6 , where ω , ω 2 are
(a) − 1 + i 3 (b) − 1 − i 3
cube roots of unity [DCE 2001]
(c) 2 (d) All of these

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
87. If ω is a complex cube root of unity, then (c) cos x cosh y − i sin x sinh y
225 + (3ω + 8ω 2 )2 + (3ω 2 + 8ω ) 2 = [EAMCET 2003] (d) None of these
(a) 72 (b) 192 100. If tan(u + iv) = i , then the value of v is [RPET 2001]
(c) 200 (d) 248
(a) 0 (b) ∞
88. If 1, ω , ω 2 are the cube roots of unity, then (c) 1 (d) None of these
1 ωn ω 2n 101. If tan −1 (α + iβ ) = x + iy, then x = [RPET 2002]
∆= ω n
ω 2n 1 = [AIEEE 2003]
1  2α 
ω 2n 1 ωn (a) tan −1  
2 1−α 2 − β 2 
 
(a) 0 (b) 1
(c) ω (d) ω 2 1  2α 
(b) tan −1  
2 1+α 2 + β 2 
− 1 + 3i  
89. If ω = then (3 + ω + 3ω 2 )4 =
2  2α 
[Karnataka CET 2004; Pb. CET 2000] (c) tan −1  

 1 − α 2
−β2 
(a) 16 (b) –16
(c) 16 ω (d) 16 ω 2 (d) None of these
90. If 1, ω , ω 2 are the roots of unity, then (1 − 2ω + ω 2 )6 is equal 102. If ω is a cube root of unity but not equal to 1 then
to [Pb. CET 2001] minimum value of | a + bω + cω 2 | (where a, b, c are
(a) 729 (b) 246 integers but not all equal) is [IIT Screening 2005]
(c) 243 (d) 81 3
91. If ω is a complex cube root of unity, then the value of (a) 0 (b)
2
ω 99 + ω 100 + ω 101 is [Pb. CET 2004]
(c) 1 (d) 2
(a) 1 (b) – 1
(c) 3 (d) 0 103. If 1, ω , ω 2
are the cube roots of unity then
−1 iθ
92. The real part of sin (e ) is [RPET 1997] ω (1 + ω ) − (1 + ω 2 )ω =
2 3
[Orissa JEE 2005]
−1 −1
(a) cos ( sin θ ) (b) sinh ( sin θ ) (a) 1 (b) –1
−1
(c) sin ( sin θ ) (d) sin −1( cos θ ) (c) i (d) 0
93. sinh ix is [EAMCET 2002] 104. Let x = α + β , y = αω + βω 2 , z = αω 2 + βω, ω is an
(a) i sin(ix) (b) i sin x imaginary cube root of unity. Product of xyz is
(c) −i sin x (d) sin(ix) [Orissa JEE 2005]

2 2 (a) α + β
2 2

(a) cos u + sinh v

2 2
(b) sin u + cosh v
2 2
(b) α 2 − β 2
(c) cos 2 u + cosh 2 v (d) sin 2 u + sinh 2 v (c) α 3 + β 3
95. The value of sec h(iπ ) is [RPET 1999]
(d) α 3 − β 3
(a) – 1 (b) i
(c) 0 (d) 1
96. cosh(α + iβ ) − cosh(α − iβ ) is equal to [RPET 2000]
(a) 2 sinh α sinh β (b) 2 cosh α cosh β
(c) 2i sinh α sin β (d) 2 cosh α cos β
97. The imaginary part of cosh(α + iβ ) is [RPET 2000]
(a) cosh α cos β (b) sinh α sin β 1. The number of real values of a satisfying the equation
a 2 − 2a sin x + 1 = 0 is
(c) cos α cosh β (d) cos α cos β
(a) Zero (b) One
98. Which one is correct from the following [RPET 2001]
(c) Two (d) Infinite
(a) sin(ix) = i sinh x (b) cos(ix) = i cosh x
2. For positive integers n1 , n 2 the value of the expression
(c) sin(ix) = −i sinh x (d) tan(ix) = −i tanh x
99. cos( x + iy) is equal to [RPET 2001]
(1 + i)n1 + (1 + i 3 )n1 + (1 + i 5 )n2 + (1 + i 7 )n2 where i = − 1 is
a real number if and only if [IIT 1996]
(a) sin x cosh y + i cos x sinh y
(a) n1 = n 2 + 1 (b) n1 = n 2 − 1
(b) cos x cosh y + i sin x sinh y
(c) n1 = n2 (d) n1 > 0, n 2 > 0

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
3. Given that the equation z 2 + ( p + iq)z + r + i s = 0, where (c) R(w1 w2 ) = 0, (d) All the above
p, q, r, s are real and non-zero has a real root, then 12. Let z and w be two complex numbers such that | z |≤ 1,
(a) pqr = r + p s 2 2
(b) prs = q + r p2 2
| w |≤ 1 and | z + iw |=| z − iw |= 2 . Then z is equal to

(c) qrs = p 2 + s 2q (d) pqs = s 2 + q 2r [IIT 1995]

(a) 1 or i (b) i or −i
4. If x = −5 + 2 − 4 , then the value of the expression (c) 1 or – 1 (d) i or –1
x 4 + 9 x 3 + 35 x 2 − x + 4 is [IIT 1972] 13. The maximum distance from the origin of coordinates to the
(a) 160 (b) −160 1
point z satisfying the equation z + = a is
z
(c) 60 (d) −60
1
b d (a) ( a 2 + 1 + a)
5. If 3 + i = (a + ib)(c + id) , then tan −1   + tan −1   has 2
a c
1
the value (b) ( a 2 + 2 + a)
2
π π
(a) + 2nπ , n ∈ I (b) nπ + ,n∈ I 1
3 6 (c) ( a 2 + 4 + a)
2
π π
(c) nπ − ,n ∈ I (d) 2nπ − ,n ∈ I (d) None of these
3 3 14. Find the complex number z satisfying the equations
6. If a = cos α + i sin α , b = cos β + i sin β , z − 12 5 z−4
= , =1 [Roorkee 1993]
z − 8i 3 z−8
b c a
c = cos γ + i sin γ and + + = 1, then (a) 6 (b) 6 ± 8i
c a b
cos( β − γ ) + cos(γ − α ) + cos(α − β ) is equal to [RPET 2001] (c) 6 + 8i, 6 + 17i (d) None of these

(a) 3/2 (b) – 3/2 15. If z1 , z 2 , z 3 are complex numbers such that | z1 |=| z 2 |=

(c) 0 (d) 1 1 1 1
| z 3 |= + + = 1 , then | z1 + z 2 + z 3 | is
7. If (1 + i)(1 + 2i)(1 + 3i).....(1 + ni) = a + ib , then z1 z 2 z 3

2.5.10.... (1 + n2 ) is equal to [MP PET 2004; IIT Screening 2000]

(a) Equal to 1 (b) Less than 1
[Karnataka CET 2002; Kerala (Engg.) 2002]
(c) Greater than 3 (d) Equal to 3
(a) a − b 2 2
(b) a 2 + b 2 16. If z1 = 10 + 6i, z 2 = 4 + 6i and z is a complex number such

(c) a2 + b2 (d) a2 − b2  z − z1  π
that amp  = , then the value of | z − 7 − 9i | is

8. If z is a complex number, then the minimum value of  z − z2  4
| z | + | z − 1| is [Roorkee 1992] equal to [IIT 1990]

(a) 2 (b) 2 2
(a) 1 (b) 0
(c) 1/2 (d) None of these (c) 3 2 (d) 2 3
9. For any two complex numbers z1 and z 2 and any real 17. If z 1 , z 2 , z 3 be three non-zero complex number, such that
z 2 ≠ z 1 , a =| z 1 |, b =| z 2 | and c =| z 3 | suppose that
numbers a and b; | (az1 − bz 2 )|2 + | (bz1 + az 2 ) |2 = [IIT 1988]
a b c
(a) (a 2 + b 2 )(| z1 | + | z 2 |) (b) (a 2 + b 2 )(| z1 |2 + | z2 |2 ) z 
b c a = 0 , then arg  3  is equal to

(c) (a 2 + b 2 )(| z1 |2 − | z 2 |2 ) (d) None of these c a b  z2 

10. The locus of z satisfying the inequality log 1 / 3 | z + 1|> 2

 z − z1   z − z1 
log 1 / 3 | z − 1| is (a) arg  2 
 (b) arg  2 

 z 3 − z1   z 3 − z1 
(a) R (z) < 0 (b) R (z) > 0
2
I (z ) < 0  z − z1   z − z1 
(c) (d) None of these (c) arg  3 
 (d) arg  3 

11. If z1 = a + ib and z 2 = c + id are complex numbers such  z 2 − z1   z 2 − z1 
18. Let z and w be the two non-zero complex numbers such
that | z1 |=| z 2 |= 1 and R(z1 z 2 ) = 0, then the pair of that | z |=| w | and arg z + arg w = π . Then z is equal to
complex numbers w1 = a + ic and w2 = b + id satisfies
[IIT 1995; AIEEE 2002]
[IIT 1985] (a) w (b) −w
(a) | w1 |= 1 (b) | w2 |= 1
(c) w (d) − w

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
19. If | z − 25i |≤ 15 , then | max .amp(z) − min .amp(z) |= 27. If the complex number z1, z 2 the origin form an equilateral
3 3 triangle then z12 + z 22 = [IIT 1983]
(a) cos −1   (b) π − 2 cos −1  
5 5
(a) z1 z2 (b) z1 z 2
π 3−1  3−1  3
(c) + cos   (d) sin   − cos −1   (c) z 2 z1 (d) | z1 |2 =| z 2 |2
2  
5  
5 5
20. If z 1 , z 2 and z 3 , z 4 are two pairs of conjugate complex 28. If at least one value of the complex number z = x + iy
z  z  satisfy the condition | z + 2 |= a 2 − 3a + 2 and the
numbers, then arg  1  + arg  2
 z
 equals

 z4   3  inequality | z + i 2 |< a 2 , then
π (a) a > 2 (b) a = 2
(a) 0 (b)
2 (c) a < 2 (d) None of these
3π If z, iz and z + iz are the vertices of a triangle whose area is
(c) (d) π 29.
2 2 units, then the value of | z | is [RPET 2000]
21. Let z, w be complex numbers such that z + iw = 0 and (a) – 2 (b) 2
arg zw = π . Then arg z equals [AIEEE 2004] (c) 4 (d) 8
(a) 5π / 4 (b) π / 2 30. If z 2 + z | z | + | z |2 = 0 , then the locus of z is
(c) 3π / 4 (d) π / 4 (a) A circle (b) A straight line
22. If (1 + x) = C 0 + C1 x + C 2 x + ..... + C n x n , then the value
n 2
(c) A pair of straight lines (d) None of these
of C0 − C2 + C4 − C6 + ..... is 31. If cos α + cos β + cos γ = sin α + sin β + sin γ = 0 then
nπ cos 3α + cos 3 β + cos 3γ equals to [Karnataka CET 2000]
(a) 2n (b) 2n cos
2 (a) 0 (b) cos(α + β + γ )
nπ nπ (c) 3 cos(α + β + γ ) (d) 3 sin(α + β + γ )
(c) 2n sin (d) 2n / 2 cos
2 4 rα rα
32. If z r = cos + i sin 2 , where r = 1, 2, 3,….,n, then
23. If x = cos θ + i sin θ and y = cos φ + i sin φ , then n2 n
x m y n + x −m y −n is equal to lim z 1 z 2 z 3 ...z n is equal to [UPSEAT 2001]
n→ ∞
(a) cos(mθ + nφ )
(a) cos α + i sin α (b) cos(α /2) − i sin(α /2)
(b) cos(mθ − nφ )
(c) 2 cos(mθ + nφ ) (c) e iα / 2 (d) 3
e iα

(d) 2 cos(mθ − nφ ) 33. If the cube roots of unity be 1, ω , ω 2 , then the roots of the
8
2rπ 2rπ  equation ( x − 1)3 + 8 = 0 are

24. The value of ∑ r =1
 sin
 9
+ i cos
9 
 is [IIT 1979; MNR 1986; DCE 2000; AIEEE 2005]
(a) − 1, 1 + 2ω , 1 + 2ω 2
(a) −1 (b) 1
(c) i (d) −i (b) − 1, 1 − 2ω , 1 − 2ω 2
25. If a, b, c and u, v, w are complex numbers representing the
(c) −1, − 1, − 1
vertices of two triangles such that c = (1 − r )a + rb and
(d) None of these
w = (1 − r)u + rv , where r is a complex number, then the two
triangles 34. If 1, ω , ω 2 , ω 3 ......., ω n−1 are the n, nth roots of unity, then
(a) Have the same area (b) Are similar (1 − ω )(1 − ω 2 ).....(1 − ω n−1 ) equals
(c) Are congruent (d) None of these [MNR 1992; IIT 1984; DCE 2001; MP PET 2004]
26. Suppose z1 , z 2 , z 3 are the vertices of an equilateral triangle (a) 0 (b) 1

of z3 and z 2 are respectively [IIT 1994]

35. The value of the expression
1.(2 − ω )(2 − ω 2 ) + 2.(3 − ω )(3 − ω 2 ) + .......
(a) − 2, 1 − i 3 (b) 2, 1 + i 3
.... + (n − 1).(n − ω )(n − ω 2 ),
(c) 1 + i 3 ,−2 (d) None of these where ω is an imaginary cube root of unity, is [IIT 1996]

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FOR IITJEE/AIEEE COMPLEX NUMBER
1
(a) (n − 1)n(n 2 + 3n + 4)
2
1
(b) (n − 1)n(n 2 + 3n + 4)
4
1
(c) (n + 1)n(n 2 + 3n + 4)
2
1
(d) (n + 1)n(n 2 + 3n + 4)
4
334 365
 1 i 3  1 i 3
36. If i = − 1, then 4 + 5 − +  + 3 − +  is
 2 2   2 2 
   
equal to [IIT 1999]

(a) 1 − i 3 (b) − 1 + i 3

(c) i 3 (d) − i 3
37. If a = cos(2π / 7) + i sin(2π / 7), then the quadratic equation
whose roots are α = a + a 2 + a 4 and β = a 3 + a 5 + a 6 is
[RPET 2000]
(a) x − x + 2 = 0
2
(b) x + x − 2 = 0
2

(c) x − x − 2 = 0
2
(d) x 2 + x + 2 = 0
th
38. Let z 1 and z 2 be n roots of unity which are ends of a line
segment that subtend a right angle at the origin. Then n
must be of the form [IIT Screening 2001; Karnataka 2002]
(a) 4k + 1 (b) 4k + 2
(c) 4k + 3 (d) 4k
39. Let ω is an imaginary cube roots of unity then the value of
2(ω + 1)(ω 2 + 1) + 3(2ω + 1)(2ω 2 + 1) + .....

+ (n + 1)(nω + 1)(nω 2 + 1) is [Orissa JEE 2002]

2 2
 n(n + 1)   n(n + 1) 
(a)   +n (b)  
 2   2 
2
 n(n + 1) 
(c)  2  −n (d) None of these
 
40. ω is an imaginary cube root of unity. If (1 + ω 2 )m =
(1 + ω 4 )m , then least positive integral value of m is
[IIT Screening 2004]
(a) 6 (b) 5
(c) 4 (d) 3

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