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Cover

Product Guide
2013 Editon
For nearly 50 years, Astralloy Steel Products, Inc. has been
providing innovatve and cost efectve wear, impact and
abrasion resistant steel solutons. We ofer superior customer
service, proprietary steel grades, readily available inventory
and fabricaton & machining services. Our success is driven by
partnerships with our customers to improve their efciency
and proftability.

Extensive product line of abrasion resistant and specialty
steel plate and bar

Unparalleled experience with thousands of applicatons
across various markets and industries

State-of-the-art warehousing and processing capabilites

On-tme delivery of fabricated parts precisely designed to
meet customer specifcatons
At Astralloy, we develop innovatve products and solutons for
our customers by listening to and understanding their needs.
Astralloy is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Nucor Corporaton,
the largest producer of steel in the United States.
Specialized Steel Solutons
www.astralloy.com 1
Table of Contents
Product Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
PLATE
Astralloy-V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Astralloy 8000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
EB 450 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Astralloy 4800 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
AstraWear 500F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
AstraWear 450F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
AstraWear 400F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
A-514 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Rol-Man . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
ROUND BARS
Astralloy-V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
4330 V-Mod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
4145 H-Mod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
ARMOR PLATE
Armor V2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
BP6:33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 2
Product Guide
Astralloy-V Plate
* The ultmate in toughness and through
hardness in a steel plate.
* Ideal for extreme impact and abrasion
applicatons with through hardness
and toughness.
* Air quenched/hardened ultra high
strength alloy steel.
* Hot forming capabilites allow tghter
radius bends than conventonal AR
steel plates.
* High temperature abrasion to 1100F.
* Hardness: 418 512 BHN.
Astralloy 8000
* A high performance oil quenched, work
hardening steel suitable for impact and
abrasion and high temperature abrasion
up to 900F.
* Through hardened up to 2" thickness.
* Up to 50% longer service life than AR 500.
* Produced for ease of forming and
welding.
* Hardness: 418 512 BHN.
EB 450
* Liquid quenched and tempered, through-
hardened, high impact, excellent high
temperature abrasion resistant up to
800F, alloy steel.
* Through hardened up to 2" thickness.
* Produced for ease of forming and
welding.
* Hardness: 418 495 BHN.
Astralloy 4800
* Titanium carbide impregnated.
* Suitable for all types of abrasion, sliding,
or impact, dry or wet media including high
temperature abrasion up to 660F.
* Up to 50% longer service life than AR 400.
* Through hardened up to 2" thickness.
* Produced for enhanced ease of forming
and welding.
* Supplied at 370 BHN average
hardness; work hardening in service to
approximately 440 BHN.
AstraWear 550
* Ideal for tough abrasion applicatons
and extreme sliding applicatons such as
chute liners.
* Water quenched and tempered.
* Helps you achieve longer service life.
* Hardness: 514-600 BHN.
AstraWear 500F
* Moderate impact and severe sliding
abrasion.
* Water quenched and tempered.
* Produced for enhanced formability and
ease of welding.
* Hardness: 470 530 BHN.
AstraWear 450F
* Excellent resistance to impact and sliding
abrasion.
* Water quenched and tempered.
* Produced for enhanced formability and
ease of welding.
* Hardness: 430 480 BHN.
AstraWear 400F
* Excellent resistance to impact and sliding
abrasion.
* Water quenched and tempered.
* Produced for enhanced formability and
ease of welding.
* Hardness: 360 444 BHN.
A-514
* Structural steel plate for wear
applicatons in multple industries.
* Ofers the optmum in strength,
toughness, corrosion resistance, and
impact-abrasion resistance.
* Quench and tempered alloy with high
yield strength at 100,000 minimum yield.
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf
* Ideal for severe sliding and abrasion
applicatons and moderate impact.
* 28% chromium carbide overlay plate,
pipe and fabricated wear parts.
* Hardness: 555 652 BHN.
Rol-Man
* 11 14% manganese steel plate.
* Work hardening abrasion resistant steel
plate. Excellent for severe impact
applicatons.
* Quenched and annealed conditon.
* Hardness: Supplied at 180 220 BHN.
* Hardness in Service: 500 650 BHN.
* Non-magnetc and ant-galling.
PLATE
www.astralloy.com 3
Product Guide
ROUND BAR
Astralloy-V Round Bar
* The ultmate in a high strength and
high wear, impact resistant round bar.
* Air hardened process produces a
through hardened round bar from
outer to inner core.
* High toughness at low temperatures
approaching -60F.
* High temperature resistance to 1100F.
* Hardness: 321 375 BHN.
* Furnished in a hot rolled state.
4330 V-Mod Round Bar
* Nickel alloy round bar.
* Normalized, quenched and tempered,
stress relieved round bar with excellent
toughness.
* Minimum 150 ksi yield.
* Hardness: 321 375 BHN.
4145 H-Mod Round Bar
* Quenched and tempered for uniformity
in strength, shock resistance, ductlity
and hardness.
* One of the most versatle machinery
steels.
* Furnished in a hot rolled state.
* Minimum 125 ksi yield.
* Hardness: 287 332 BHN.
ARMOR PLATE
Armor V2
* Commercial grade ballistc steel plate.
* Tested to multple threat levels.
* Hardness: Minimum 514 600 BHN.
BP6:33
* Ballistc resistant grade steel.
* Excellent workability, good weldability,
excellent ductlity and high hardness.
* Hot form capabilites without loss of
ballistc propertes.
* NIJ standard 0101.03 and 0108.03.
Listed with the Underwriters
Laboratories (Standard 752).
Product Guide
SPECIALIZED STEEL SOLUTIONS
For nearly 50 years, Astralloy Steel Products,
Inc. has been the industry leader in providing
the highest quality, most cost-efectve products
for abrasion, wear and impact resistance.
With our extensive product line, we are able
to furnish an entre spectrum of abrasion
resistant and specialty steel plate and bar to
satsfy a wide range of requirements.
With our state-of-the-art warehousing and
processing capabilites we can assure on-tme
delivery of fabricated parts precisely designed
to meet our customers specifcatons.
Processing Capabilites
* 1,000 ton 20 press brake
* 30" plate rolls capable of rolling 2" mild
steel 10 wide
* High defniton plasma and precision
oxyacetylene cutng
* Certfed AWS D1.1 welding personnel
* CAD/CAM and nestng sofware
* Bar sawing capacity of 20" diameter
Quality Assurance
* ISO 9001:2008 Certfed
* Original Certfed Mill Test Reports
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 4
Astralloy-V
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C M n Ni Cr Mo Si P S
.29 1.20 4.00 2.00 .50 .40 0.015 .010
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton in 2"
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
418 512 241 ksi 157 ksi 12% 22 f. lbs. @ RT
Comparatve Benefts
Astralloy-V Air Hardened Quenched and Tempered Wear Steel
1. Hardness combined with toughness
2. Work hardenability up to 550 BHN
3. Lower coefcient of fricton
4. Excellent cold weather propertes
5. Cold and hot formable and weldable,
without loss of propertes
1. Hardness with less toughness
2. No work hardening ability
3. Higher coefcient of fricton
4. Loss of propertes at lower temperatures
5. Loss of propertes during heatng and
welding
Astralloy-V is a unique deep air hardened
steel that is rich in chemical compositon
and physical propertes, through hardened
and unsurpassed in resistance to impact
and abrasion.
With contnuous impact and abrasion,
Astralloy-V can reach a hardness in excess of
550 BHN without britleness.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Abrasion and Impact Resistant, Air Hardened Wear Steel Plate
www.astralloy.com 5
CUTTING
Astralloy-V plate can be cut using traditonal methods (oxy, plasma,
laser). Plates less than 1" do not need preheatng, except in cold or
humid climates. Recommended preheatng temperature is 250F
(120C). All plates larger than 1" should be preheated between 400F
and 600F (205C and 315C) in order to avoid premature hardening
and cracking.
Preheated areas should be 2" to 3" on each side of the projected
cut. We recommend that sufcient tme is allowed for preheatng
so that the temperature can be evenly distributed throughout the
plate thickness.
When fabricatng gears or sprockets, we recommend the material
be stress relieved between 500F and 600F (260C 315C). Please
contact our technical department for more informaton.
Shearing is not recommended, as damage to shears may result from
Astralloy-Vs higher physical propertes.
DRILLING
Astralloy-V can be drilled with a high speed alloy or hardened bit.
The drill bit must be sharpened so that it has an angle of 140 to
150, being careful to center the point of union between both sides.
The speed for cobalt drill bits should be 8 10 SFM and 4 6 SFM
for high speed drills with a feed of 0.004" per revoluton.
To prevent Astralloy-V from work hardening, it is essental to use
a positve power feed with abundant soluble lubricant to dissipate
heat and lubricate the cutng edges.
FoRMIng And RoLLIng
When preparing for forming or rolling Astralloy-V, we recommend
grinding all edges to round of sharp corners in order to prevent
cracking. The minimum ambient temperature should be at least
80F (25C) and when cold forming with a hydraulic press, the
required minimum internal radius is 24 tmes the plate thickness. It
is recommended that Astralloy-V be cross grained formed, however
it is not essental.
One of the greatest advantages of Astralloy-V, compared to other
wear steels, is that it can be hot formed and allowed to air cool
without losing its original propertes. We recommend a minimum
temperature of 1600F (870C). Hot forming at a temperature below
1450F (788C) will result in lower hardness, greater stress levels and
reduced abrasion resistance.
WELdIng
In order to weld Astralloy-V, a fresh and dry electrode that is low
in Hydrogen is recommended. The E7018 is excellent for normal
welding procedures, providing adequate strength with good ductlity.
In colder climates, it is always recommended that the plate be
preheated to over 300F (149C) to remove moisture. The preheatng
should be applied to areas that will be welded and must uniformly
penetrate the full thickness of the plate. In cold temperatures or
moving air, insulate the weld to prevent rapid cooling.
THICKNESS & SIZES
Thickness Plate Size
3/16" 6" 96" x 240"
3/16" 6" 96" x 144"
3/16" 6" 96" x 120"
3/16" 6" 96" x 96"
3/16" 6" 48" x 240"
3/16" 6" 48" x 144"
3/16" 6" 48" x 120
3/16" 6" 48" x 96"
Astralloy-V
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 6
Astralloy 8000
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C Mn Ni Cr Mo S P
.28 1.60 .40 1.60 .20 .002 .015
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton in 2"
Charpy Test
Toughness index
430 470 236 ksi 156 ksi 12% 22 ft. lbs. @ RT
Astralloy 8000 is an ant-abrasive, high-quality oil tempered steel. It is characterized by its
high performance, with resistance to wear 50% beter than water tempered 500 BHN steels.
Astralloy 8000 features an innovatve concept, based on an original combinaton of chemical
analysis and heat treatment (oil tempering). This combinaton gives the steel enhanced
resistance to abrasion by adding the following features:
* Fine chrome and molybdenum carbides that reinforce the steels microstructure.
* Exceptonal added 70 BHN work hardening capacity, produced by a metallurgical process
called Transformaton Induced Plastcity (TRIP).
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
www.astralloy.com 7
Astralloy 8000
CUTTING
* All the classic thermal cutng processes (oxy-plasma-laser) can
be used without preheatng for thicknesses up to 1 " (the plate
temperature must be at least 50F (10C). Plates above 1 " thick
must be preheated to 302F (150C) to avoid fractures at the
edges. Plasma and laser processes are especially recommended
because they increase the precision and appearance of cuts and
limit alteraton of the afected area.
* Water jet cutng can be used.
* Do not shear thin plates.
MACHINING
* HSSCO high-speed steel bits should be used for drilling
(ex. AR 2.9.1.8 in accordance with ANFOR, M42 in accordance
with AISI), with conical shank, long helices, and short insert tps.
* Lubricate with soluble oils diluted to 20%.
* Carbide (K10 or K20) and evenly coated (TIN) bits signifcantly
improve performance when boring multple holes.
FoRMIng
* Cold forming or bending can be performed without difculty, as
long as the following conditons are observed:
Edges prepared by grinding to minimize imperfectons
produced by oxycutng.
Respect the minimum bend radius. The plate temperature
must be at least 50F (10C).
* Astralloy 8000 can be hot formed at temperatures of 930 1020F
(500 550C), without the need for subsequent heat treatng.
WELdIng
Astralloy 8000 plates can be welded using any conventonal welding
technology such as: manual welding with coated electrode, submerged arc
welding and gas metal arc welding with fux cored wire. These plates can
be welded without preheatng, for combined thickness up to 50 mm (2").
Surfaces to be welded must be sufciently clean, to avoid
deterioraton by oil, oxide, grease or other contaminant.
For welds that are unexposed to wear, the following welding
products may be utlized:
Processes AWS Class
Manual coated electrode AWS 5-1 E7016 or E7018
Semi-automatc
under gas
AWS A5-18 ER70S4 or ER 70S6
AWS-5-20 ER 71T5
For welds that are exposed to wear, please ask us for a
recommendaton on welding consumables.
Electrodes and fux shall be
stoved according to suppliers
recommendatons. The following
preheatng conditons shall be
respected for welded structures
without excessive stresses:
Welding Process
Heat
Input
(kJ/cm)
Pre and post heating conditions
Combined thickness (mm)
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Stck manual arc welding 15/20
Semi-automatc under gas
15
30
Submerged arc welding
20
30
Without preheatng Pre-post heatng at 212F (100C) Pre-post heatng at 302F (150C)
PROCESSING CAPABILITIES
* Plasma cutng & forming * Rolling
* Oxyacetylene cutng & forming * Drilling
* Laser cutng and forming * Welding
THICKNESS & SIZES
Thickness Plate Size
3/16" 2" 96" x 240"
3/16" 2" 96" x 288"
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 8
EB 450
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Mo Ti Cu B
.27 1.00 .025 .010 .20 .70 1.75 .30 .10 .35 .005
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton in 2"
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
Reducton of Area
418 495 225 235 ksi 180 190 ksi 8% 12%
18 28 f. lbs. @ RT
12 20 f. lbs. @ -40F
40% 42%
EB 450 is a liquid, quenched and tempered, through-hardened, high impact alloy steel
with excellent abrasion-resistant propertes. Its balanced boron, modifed nickel-chrome
moly chemistry is ideal for achieving an optmum hardness to toughness rato. EB 450
boasts a longer wear life due to its through-hardness which is more uniform than what
is found in conventonal carbon/manganese steels. This quench-hardened material is
compettvely priced for optmum cost/wear ratons. This steels resistance to atmospheric
corrosion further reduces surface pitng. EB 450 is feld proven in extremely abrasive bulk
handling installatons.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
www.astralloy.com 9
BEnEFITS
* Higher wear resistance, when compared to conventonal steels,
due to its uniform hardness.
* Easy to weld with normal low hydrogen simple techniques.
* May be fame cut with oxyacetylene, plasma or similar methods.
* Cold formable with heavy presses or rolls.
* The high hardness and toughness in combinaton with its high
fricton coefcient, reduces maintenance costs.
* EB 450 may be easily cut, welded, machined and cold formed,
as required.
The following parameters are provided as a guide:
CUTTING
The most common cutng methods for EB 450 plate are fame
and plasma. For a successful cut, use the procedures and fuel
recommended by equipment vendors.
As a precauton, the EB 450 plates must be pre-heated before
cutng. Thicknesses of up to 1" require a temperature of 250F
(120C) and larger thicknesses require a temperature of 300F
(140C).
Normally, for ant-abrasive applicatons, these cut methods provide
a precision range of +/- 1/8" along the length and width. For
applicatons where stricter tolerances are required, please consult
our technical department.
DRILLING
EB 450 requires slow speeds for beter drilling. Feed speed must be
maintained constant.
For optmum drilling results, we recommend using low rpm speeds
for tools, short stem bits and generous cutng lubricaton. Bits with
carbide inserts provide longer life; however, a good quality high
speed bit is enough.
To re-sharpen the tool, a point angle between 135 and 150 and
negatve rake is recommended. Speed must be between 10 20
SFPM (surface feet per minute). For example, when drilling 3/4", the
feeding must be between 0.004" and 0.008" per revoluton.
MAnUFACTURIng
Despite the high toughness of EB 450, it is possible to bend it
with a hydraulic press and cold form it. We recommend bending it
transverse to the rolling directon marked on each plate.
The internal minimum radius for forming EB 450 is:
* When bending transverse to the rolling directon, the minimum
radius is 6 tmes the thickness of the plate.
* When bending parallel to the rolling directon, the minimum
radius is 12 tmes the thickness of the plate.
* To cold bend the EB 450 plate to 90, form in gradual steps
without exceeding the recommended minimum radius.
WELdIng
The EB 450 is readily weldable by following some basic welding
guidelines.
To prevent cracking during the welding process, the following three
areas should be controlled:
1. Eliminate hydrogen pick-up in the weld metal during welding.
2. Minimize stress in the weld joint.
3. Use proper preheat and interpass temperatures and avoid rapid
cooling of the weld area following welding.
While welding the EB 450 product, we recommend the use of skip
welding and backstep welding procedures, as well as minimizing the
heat input.
THICKNESS & SIZES
Thickness Plate Size
" 3 " 96" x 240"
EB 450
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 10
Astralloy 4800
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C S P Mn Ni Cr Mo
Ti
0.20 0.005 0.018 1.60 0.20 1.90 0.40 0.20
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton in 2"
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
370 174 ksi 130 ksi 12% 27 ft. lbs. @ RT
Astralloy 4800 is supplied at average 370 BHN, and work hardens up to an additonal 70 BHN
in service. Astralloy 4800 is suitable for all kinds of abrasion, sliding or impact, dry or wet
media, including high temperature abrasion above 660F (350C).
Astralloy 4800 is an ideal steel for applicatons such as:
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
* Agriculture
* Cement
* Constructon
* Mining
* Pulp and Paper
* Quarries
* Recycling
* Steelmaking
* Wood Processing
* Many other industries
www.astralloy.com 11
WELdIng
Astralloy 4800 can be welded with all traditonal welding processes:
manual, semi-automatc under gas, automatc under fuxes. For welds
that are unexposed to wear, the following welding rods can be used:
Processes AWS Class
Manual Stck
Electrode
AWS 5-1 E7016 or E7018
Semi-automatc
under Gas
AWS A-5-18
AWS-5-20
ER70S4 or ER 70S6
ER 71T5
drilling
Diameter
Surface
(f/min)
RPM
Feed per
Revoluton
3/16 49 to 66 950 to 1,250 0.003
3/8 43 to 56 415 to 540 0.004
9/16 39 to 49 255 to 320 0.004
3/4 36 to 46 175 to 220 0.005
1 29 to 39 115 to 150 0.006
1-3/16 26 to 33 85 to 105 0.008
CoLd FoRMIng
Cold forming Astralloy 4800 can be done under the following
conditons:
* No marks or scratches in shaped zones, edges and external face
* Beveling by grinding sharp edges, especially on rough edges from
cutng
* Minimum internal bending radius (table below)
* Plate temperature above 50F (10C)
BEndIng (Minimum Internal Radius) CONDITIONS
Directon perpendicular to rolling ri 3 tmes thickness
Directon parallel to rolling ri 4 tmes thickness
Minimum die or V matrix aperture V 12 tmes thickness
THICKNESS & SIZES
Thickness Plate Size
3/16" 4" 96" x 288"
Astralloy 4800
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 12
AstraWear 500F
AstraWear 500F is a water tempered martensitc steel, with 500 BHN (51.5 HRC), typical
hardness and resistant to wear from very severe abrasion. Its mechanical propertes,
high wear resistance, hardness, and strength make AstraWear 500F steel ideal for use in
applicatons requiring resistance to sliding abrasion and where 400 BHN steels do not provide
a long enough service life.
Compared with conventonal steels, like A572-50 (S355), AstraWear 500F ofers real
improvement in equipment lifespans, of up to 5 tmes, and consequently allows for signifcant
reductons in design thickness.
AstraWear 500F steel is especially suited for applicatons in quarries, constructon, mines,
cement plants, and the iron and steel industry, among others.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
A 500 BHn Wear Resistant Steel
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Mo B
.25 .31 1.55 .025 .010 .40 1.50 1.50 .50 .0005 .003
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton
in 2"
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
470 530 230 ksi 205 ksi 10% 22 f. lbs. Longitudinal @ -40F
Thickness Range - in. C.Eq
0.375 1.00 .59
>1.00 2.00 .72
www.astralloy.com 13
AstraWear 500F
CUTTING
All classic thermal cutng processes are compatble with
AstraWear 500F (gas, plasma, laser).
0.3" to 0.4" thick plates do not need preheatng as long as thermal
cutng is performed at a temperature above 60F. Where that is not
possible or with plates thicker than 1.6", preheatng to 200 300F is
recommended.
Cutng Temperature
Thickness
0.16" 1.6" >0.6"
60F w/o preheatng Preheatng 212 302F
< 60F Preheatng 212 302F
Cutng with water jet or shearing can also be used.
MACHINING
Drilling and grinding can be performed with super carburized steel
with HSSCO high-speed cobalt bits, using an oil lubricant whenever
possible. However, classic high-speed steels may be used. Typical
cutng parameters are:
DRILLING = 0.40" = 0.80" = 1.18"
Cutng speed f/min 13 20 13 20 13 20
Rotaton rev/min 130 65 40
Feed in/rev 0.00394 0.00787 0.01181
THREADING = 0.40" = 0.80" = 1.18"
Cutng speed f/min 3.3 10 3.3 10 3.3 10
Rotaton rev/min 50 30 20
GRINDING
Depth
(in)
Cutng speed
(f/min)
Feed
(in/tooth)
HSSCO
AR 12.0.5.5 (T15)
0.04
0.16
0.31
3.9 4.7
3.1 3.9
2.0 3.1
0.00315
0.00394
0.00591
F40M 0.04 0.20 2.7" 7.9" 0.0059 0.0138
Wear Resistant Propertes
Low Energy Impact dry media
Low Energy Impact Wet media
High Energy Impact
Wear test data
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 14
BENDING
Thanks to its high level of refnement (low sulfur and phosphorus
content), AstraWear 500F is easy to bend, provided the following
conditons are observed:
* Cutng (or grinding) of gas cut edges to limit hardened areas
* Sufciently powerful equipment
* The minimum forming radius is respected
For plates under 0.8 in. thick, forming conditons are summarized in
the following table:
th = thickness
Perpendicular to
grain directon
Parallel to
grain directon
Inner bend radius R
i
(mini) 7 x th 9 x th
V die aperture (mini) 18 x th 22 x th
Please call regarding plates over 0.8 in.
Within these permissible bending parameters, the force required
to shape a plate is a functon of the
length bent, metal thickness, die
aperture, die shape (V or U), and
punch shape.
The following table shows the bending
forces, for minimum die aperture
(V=18 th), required to bend plates in V for a 1m bend.
Thickness
(in)
Bending force required
per foot of band *
(tons/f)
0.20 18.298
0.40 35.061
0.60 51.829
0.78 70.123
* 10%
AstraWear 500F steel is unsuitable for thermo-forming at
temperatures above 392F.
WELdIng
AstraWear 500F can be welded using the following parameters:
Preparaton for welding
The surfaces to be welded must be dry, clean, and ground/blasted to
eliminate remnants of rust, faking, grease, or paint, as well as rough
edges from gas cutng.
Welding process
Any conventonal fusion welding method can be used, such as
submerged arc welding (SAW), shielded metal arc welding (SMAW),
fux-cored arc welding (FCAW), MIG, MAG (GMAW), and TIG (GTAW).
Heat input should be limited to 3.94 11.81 kJ/in with a maximum
interpass temperature of 390 430F.
Welding consumable[s]
All products compliant with the following standards are acceptable:
Stck electrodes MIg-MAg
gas protected
fux cored wire
Submerged arc welding
wire fux
AFNOR
NF A81-340
EY50 1NiMo Bxxx1xTBH
NF A 81-322
FP/x xx/xx xB xSA31
47 05 04
ASW
A5-5-81 E 70xx
A5-28
ER 70 S-x
A5-29 E 7xT5-x A5-23 F7P4-Exxx-A2
DIN 1913 E51 55 BX
Conditons prior to heatng Combined thicknesses
AstraWear 500F can be welded without risk of cracks and without
preheatng up to a combined plate thickness of 0.4 in.
For greater thicknesses, the following conditons are recommended:
Preheatng
w/o preheatng 300F 400F
Comb. th <0.4" 0.4" 0.8" >0.8"
AstraWear 500F
www.astralloy.com 15
THICKNESS & SIZES
AstraWear 500F is available in a wide range of sizes:
Thickness Plate Size
3/16" 2" 48" x 96"
3/16" 2" 48" x 144"
3/16" 2" 48" x 192"
3/16" 2" 48" x 240"
3/16" 2" 48" x 288"
3/16" 2" 96" x 144"
3/16" 2" 96" x 192"
3/16" 2" 96" x 240"
3/16" 2" 96" x 288"
Other sizes are available upon request.
APPLICATIONS
* Quarries, constructon, earth moving
Screens, bulldozers
* Cement plants
Scrapers, crushers
* Mines, coal mines
Crushers, winding and unloading machines
* Iron and steel industry
Guide plates and elevators
AstraWear 500F
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 16
AstraWear 450F
AstraWear 450F is a water tempered martensitc steel, with typical hardness of 450 BHN,
which ofers a real response to wear from abrasion. Its resistance, high hardness, and yield
strength make it highly resistant to plastc deformaton and wear from scraping and impact.
AstraWear 450F shows resistance to wear typically equal to 4 tmes and any yield strength 3
tmes greater than those of a A572-50 (S355) steel. Using AstraWear 450F represents a major
improvement in terms of service life and lightening of equipment by reducing thickness. AstraWear
450F is easy to process, has good welding capacity and good bendability, considering its outstanding
mechanical propertes.
This steel is especially suited for applicatons in quarries, constructon, mines, cement plants,
and the iron and steel industry, among others.
AstraWear 450F is a grade especially suited for manufacturing truck bodies.
A 450 BHn Wear Resistant Steel
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Mo B
.18 .23 1.55 .025 .010 .40 1.0 1.0 .50 .0005 .003
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton
in 2"
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
430 480 205 ksi 175 ksi 12% 20 f. lbs. Longitudinal @ -40F
Thickness Range - in. C.Eq
3/16 1.00 .53
>1.00 2.00 .64
www.astralloy.com 17
CUTTING
AstraWear 450F can be cut using classic thermal processes (oxygen,
plasma, and laser).
Plates 0.15 to 0.39 in. thick do not require preheatng, as long as they
are processed at temperatures above 60F (plate temperature). If the
temperature of the steel is below 60F, preheatng is necessary to
prevent fssures.
Cutng Temperature
Thickness
0.16" 1.6"
60F w/o preheatng
< 60F Preheatng 212 302F
Cutng with water spray or shearing can also be used.
MACHINING
Drilling and grinding can be performed with super carburized steel
with HSSCO high-speed cobalt bits, using an oil lubricant whenever
possible. However, classic high-speed steels may be used. Typical
cutng parameters are:
DRILLING = 0.40" = 0.40" = 0.80" = 1.18"
Cutng speed f/min 20 26 20 26 20 26 20 26
Rotaton rev/min 380 500 190 250 90 250 60 120
Feed in/rev 0.0028 0.00394 0.00789 0.01181
THREADING = 0.40" = 0.80" = 1.18"
Cutng speed f/min 3.3 10 3.3 10 3.3 10
Rotaton rev/min 30 95 15 45 10 30
GRINDING
Depth
(in.)
Cutng speed
(f/min)
Feed
(mm/tooth)
HSSCO
AR 12.0.5.5 (T15)
0.04
0.16
3.9 4.7
3.1 4.3
0.00314
0.00472
F40M 0.04" 0.20" 2.7" 7.9" 0.0059 0.0138
Wear Resistant Propertes
Low Energy Impact dry media
Low Energy Impact Wet media
High Energy Impact
Wear test data
AstraWear 450F
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 18
BENDING
Thanks to its high level of refnement (low sulfur and phosphorus
content), AstraWear 450F is easy to bend, provided the following
conditons are observed:
* Cutng (or abrasion) of edges caused by gas cutng to limit
hardened areas
* Sufciently powerful equipment
* The minimum forming radius is respected
For plates under 0.8 in. thick, forming conditons are summarized in
the following table:
th = thickness
Perpendicular to
grain directon
Parallel to
grain directon
Inner bend radius R
i
(mini) 4 x th 4 x th
V die aperture (mini) 14 x th 14 x th
Please call regarding plates over 0.8 in.
Within these permissible bending parameters, the force required
to shape a plate is a functon of the
length bent, metal thickness, die
aperture, die shape (V or U), and
punch shape.
The following table shows the bending
forces, for minimum die aperture
(V=10 th), required to bend plates in V for a 3.28 f. bend.
Thickness
(in)
Bending force required
per foot of band *
(tons/f)
0.20 27.44
0.40 53.35
* 10%
AstraWear 450F steel is unsuitable for thermo-forming at
temperatures above 392F.
WELdIng
Thanks to a chemical analysis with low carbon content, AstraWear 450F
ofers outstanding welding characteristcs. It can be welded under
simple conditons with total safety.
Welding consumable[s]
All products compliant with the following standards are acceptable:
Stck electrodes MIg-MAg
gas protected
fux cored wire
Submerged arc welding
wire fux
AFNOR
NF A81-340
EY50 1NiMo Bxxx1xTBH
NF A 81-322
FP/x xx/xx xB xSA31
47 05 04
ASW
A5-5-81 E 70xx
A5-28
ER 70 S-x
A5-29 E 7xT5-x A5-23 F7P4-Exxx-A2
DIN 1913 E51 55 BX
The following standards are met by the following products on the
market:
Stck Electrode MIg-MAg FCAW Wire SAW Flux SAW
BHLER Fox Ev 50 EM K7 AM S3
COMMERCY CY2051 SG 6 CY 10 SP 1000
ESAB OK 48.04 OK 12.51 OK 15.00 OK 12.32 OK 10.62
KLCKNER FIRMA 5520 R VDG 15/60 EWB1-MF VDG-S3
LINCOLN CONARC 49C LNM 27 MC 710 H L60 880M
MESSER GRICON 515S UP S2 Ni LW 330
METRODE MET-MILD MP51 ER 70-S6
OERLIKON TENACITO 38R FLUXOFIL 31 SOUDOR SD3 OP 121TT
SAF SAFDRY NF58 NIC 70S SAFDUAL 200 AS 36 AS 589
THYSSEN B120 K52 S2 UV 421TT
UTP 613 KB
For truck chassis, this list is valid for classic welded structures
without any special applied tension. However, it is advisable to check
with each provider of welding consumables.
Conditons prior to heatng - Combined thicknesses
* In the thickness range of 0.15"
to 0.39", provided the welding
sequences are optmized to avoid
introducing high welding voltage,
preheatng should not be applied
for AstraWear 450F.
* Case of combined thickness: AstraWear 450F can be welded
without risk of fssures and without preheatng up to a combined
plate thickness of 2".
For greater thicknesses, the following conditons are recommended:
1.18" 1.57" 1.96" 2.36" 2.75" 3.14" 3.54" 3.93" 4.33"
gMAW
5.9 kJ/in
11.8 kJ/in
SMAW
3.9 kJ/in
7.9 kJ/in
SAW
7.9 kJ/in
11.8 kJ/in
Without preheatng
TPlate >40F
With light preheatng
79.44F
With pre-post heatng
129.44F
AstraWear 450F
www.astralloy.com 19
THICKNESS & SIZES
AstraWear 450F is available in a wide dimensional program:
Thickness Plate Size
3/16" 2" 48" x 96"
3/16" 2" 48" x 144"
3/16" 2" 48" x 192"
3/16" 2" 48" x 240"
3/16" 2" 48" x 288"
3/16" 2" 96" x 144"
3/16" 2" 96" x 192"
3/16" 2" 96" x 240"
3/16" 2" 96" x 288"
Other sizes are available upon request.
APPLICATIONS
* Truck chassis
* Quarries, constructon, earth moving
Separators, crushers, screens, bulldozers
* Cement plants
Pails, crushers
* Mines, coal mines
Backhoe, winding and unloading machines, conveyor belts
* Iron and steel industry
Various decks, guide plates, and elevators
AstraWear 450F
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 20
AstraWear 400F
AstraWear 400F is a water tempered martensitc steel, with typical hardness of 400 BHN
(42.5 HRC), which ofers real response to wear from abrasion. Its resistance, high hardness,
and high yield strength, make AstraWear 400F suitable for use in applicatons that require
resistance to wear from scraping or moderate impact.
AstraWear 400F ofers a real beneft for the service life of equipment and allows for
signifcant reducton of design thickness because its resistance to wear makes it up to 3 tmes
more durable than A572-50 (S355) grade. AstraWear 400F welds easily and has excellent
forming propertes, which combine to facilitate processing.
This steel is especially suited for applicatons in quarries, constructon, mines, cement plants,
and the iron and steel industry, among others.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
A 400 BHn Wear Resistant Steel
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Mo B
.12 .16 1.55 .025 .010 .40 .80 .60 .50 .0005 .003
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton
in 2"
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
360 444 180 ksi 145 ksi 16%
25 f. lbs. Longitudinal @ -40F
20 f. lbs. Transverse @ -40F
Thickness Range - in. C.Eq
3/16 5/16 .42
> 5/16 .75 .46
> .75 1.25 .50
> 1.25 2.00 .59
> 2.00 3.00 .51
> 3.00 4.00 .66
www.astralloy.com 21
CUTTING
All classic thermal cutng processes are compatble with AstraWear
400F (gas, plasma, laser).
0.16 in. to 1.6 in. thick plates do not require preheatng, provided
thermal cutng is performed at temperatures above 60F. When that
is not possible or the plates are thicker than 1.6 in., preheatng to
210 300F is recommended.
Cutng Temperature
Thickness
0.16" 1.6" >1.6"
60F w/o preheatng Preheatng 212 302F
< 60F Preheatng 212 302F
Cutng with water jet or shearing can also be used.
MACHINING
Drilling and grinding can be performed with super carburized steel
with HSSCO high-speed cobalt bits, using an oil lubricant whenever
possible. However, classic high-speed steels may be used. Typical
cutng parameters are:
DRILLING = 0.40" = 0.80" = 1.18"
Cutng speed f/min 20 40 20 40 20 40
Rotaton rev/min 190 380 90 190 60 120
Feed in/rev 0.00394 0.00787 0.01182
THREADING = 0.40" = 0.80" = 1.18"
Cutng speed f/min 6.5 13 6.5 13 6.5 13
Rotaton rev/min 60 120 30 60 20 40
GRINDING
Depth
(in.)
Cutng speed
(f/min)
Feed
(in/tooth)
HSSCO
AR 12.0.5.5 (T15)
0.04
0.16
0.31
4.7 5.9
3.9 4.7
2.7 3.5
0.0031
0.0039
0.0059
F40M 0.04 0.20 2.7 7.9 0.0059 0.0138
Wear Resistant Propertes
Low Energy Impact dry media
Low Energy Impact Wet media
High Energy Impact
Wear test data
AstraWear 400F
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 22
BENDING
Thanks to its high level of refnement (low sulfur and phosphorus
content), AstraWear 400F is easy to bend, provided the following
conditons are observed:
* Cutng (or grinding) of edges caused by gas cutng to limit
hardened areas
* Sufciently powerful equipment
* The minimum forming radius is respected
For plates under 0.8 in. thick, forming conditons are summarized in
the following table:
th = thickness
Perpendicular to
grain directon
Parallel to
grain directon
Inner bend radius R
i
(mini) 3 x th 4 x th
V die aperture (mini) 10 x th 12 x th
Please call regarding plates over 0.8 in.
Within these permissible bending
parameters, the force required to
shape a plate is a functon of the
length bent, metal thickness, die
aperture, die shape (V or U), and
punch shape.
The following table shows the bending forces, for minimum die
aperture (V=10 th), required to bend plates in V for a 3.28 f. bend.
Thickness
(in)
Bending force required
per foot of band *
(tons/f)
0.20 27.45
0.40 53.54
0.60 79.27
0.78 106.71
* 10%
AstraWear 400F steel is unsuitable for thermo-forming at
temperatures above 392F.
WELdIng
Thanks to a chemical analysis with low carbon content, AstraWear
400F ofers outstanding welding characteristcs. It can be welded
under simple conditons with total safety.
Preparaton for welding
The surfaces to be welded must be dry, clean, and sanded to
eliminate remnants of rust, faking, grease, or paint, as well as rough
edges from gas cutng.
Welding process
Any conventonal fusion welding method can be used, such as
submerged arc welding (SAW), shielded metal arc welding (SMAW),
fux-cored arc welding (FCAW), MIG, MAG (GMAW), and TIG (GTAW).
Heat input should be limited to 3.94 11.81 kJ/in with maximum
interpass temperature between the preheatng temperature and
390 430F max.
Welding consumable[s]
All products compliant with the following standards are acceptable:
Stck Electrodes MIg-MAg
gas Protected
Flux Cored Wire
Submerged Arc Welding
Wire Flux
AFNOR
NF A81-340
EY50 1NiMo Bxxx1xTBH
NF A 81-322
FP/x xx/xx xB xSA31
47 05 04
ASW
A5-5-81 E 70xx
A5-28
ER 70 S-x
A5-29 E 7xT5-x A5-23 F7P4-Exxx-A2
DIN 1913 E51 55 BX
Conditons prior to heatng Combined thicknesses
AstraWear 400F can be welded without risk of fssures and without
preheatng up to
a combined plate
thickness of 0.4 in.
For greater thicknesses,
the following conditons
are recommended:
1.18" 1.57" 1.96" 2.36" 2.75" 3.14" 3.54" 3.93" 4.33"
gMAW
5.9 kJ/in
11.8 kJ/in
SMAW
3.9 kJ/in
7.9 kJ/in
SAW
7.9 kJ/in
11.8 kJ/in
Without preheatng
TPlate > 40F
With light preheatng 165F With pre-post heatng 210F
AstraWear 400F
www.astralloy.com 23
THICKNESS & SIZES
AstraWear 400F is available in a wide dimensional program:
Thickness Plate Size
3/16" 4" 48" x 96"
3/16" 4" 48" x 144"
3/16" 4" 48" x 192"
3/16" 4" 48" x 240"
3/16" 4" 48" x 288"
3/16" 4" 96" x 144"
3/16" 4" 96" x 192"
3/16" 4" 96" x 240"
3/16" 4" 96" x 288"
Other sizes are available upon request.
APPLICATIONS
* Quarries, constructon, earth moving
Separators, crushers, screens, bulldozers
* Cement plants
Pails, crushers
* Mines, coal mines
Backhoe, winding and unloading machines, conveyor belts
* Iron and steel industry
Various decks, guide plates, and elevators
AstraWear 400F
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 24
A-514
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
Grade C Mn P S Si Cr Ni
Mo Cu V Ti B
B .12/.21 .70/1.00 .025

.010

.20/.35 .40/.65 .30/.70 .15/.25 - .03/.08 .01/.04 .0005/.005


F .10/.20 .60/1.00 .035 .035 .15/.35 .40/.65 .70/1.00 .40/.60 .15/.50 .03/.08 - .0005/.006
H .12/.21 .95/1.30 .025

.010

.20/.35 .40/.65 .30/.70 .20/.30 - .03/.08 - .0005/.005


Q .14/.21 .95/1.30 .035 .035 .15/.35 1.00/1.50 1.20/1.50 .40/.60 - .03/.08 - -
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
Grade Thickness Tensile Strength Yield Strength
B 1 " 110/130 ksi 100 ksi
F 2 " 110/130 ksi 100 ksi
H 2" 110/130 ksi 100 ksi
Q
2 " 110/130 ksi 100 ksi
> 2 6" 100/130 ksi >90 ksi
* Fine grained, fully killed alloy steel used in applicatons where
high strength, low weight and high impact values are required.
* Quenched and tempered constructonal alloy with high yield
strength at 90 or 100 ksi, minimum, weldability and good
toughness at low atmospheric temperatures.
* Ofers the optmum in strength, toughness, corrosion resistance,
impact-abrasion resistance, and long term economy.
* Used in components for earthmoving or transport equipment,
booms, bucket parts for power shovels or cranes, penstocks,
turbine scroll cases and unfred pressure vessels.
* Not recommended for service at temperatures lower than -50F
or higher than 800F.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Nucor resists P & S to lower levels than required by ASTM A514 Grade B/H
High Yield Strength, Quenched & Tempered Alloy Steel Plate
www.astralloy.com 25
WELdIng
Suggested welding consumables for arc welding processes:
Process 2 " >2 "
Manual Shielded
Metal-Arc Low Hydrogen
E11015-x,
E11016-x,
E11018-x
E11015-x,
E11016-x,
E11018-x
Submerged-Arc F11xx-Exx-xx F10xx-Exx-xx
Gas Metal-Arc ER110S-x ER110S-x
Flux Cored-Arc E11xTx-x E10xTx-x
Deposit weld metal shall have a minimum impact strength of 20 f-lb at 0F when Charpy V-Notch
specimens are required.
Suggested minimum preheat & INTERPASS temperatures for
welding:
Thickness Temperature
Up to " incl. 100F
Over " to 1 " incl. 150F
Over 1 " to 2 " incl. 200F
Over 2 " 250F
A preheat or inter-pass temperature above the minimum shown may be required for highly restrained
welds - preheat or inter-pass temperatures should not exceed 400F for thicknesses up to 1 " or 450F
for thicknesses over 1 ".
It is important to note that Grades B, F, H, and Q may be susceptble
to cracking in the heat afected zone of welds during post weld heat
treatment (stress relief). Careful consideraton should be given to
this phenomenon by competent welding engineers before stress
relieving is applied to weldments.
CUTTING
* Thermal or oxy-fuel cutng of plate steel with an oxygen torch is
recommended.
* Preheat plate thicknesses of 2 " and under; to a minimum of
50F in grades B, F, and H.
* Preheat plate thicknesses of 3" and over; to a minimum of 300F
in grade Q.
FoRMIng
Cold, warm, and hot forming are processes that can be utlized. The
mechanical propertes of the partcular steel grade being formed
dictates the process required for forming. Guidelines for forming
structural grades were developed by an AISI study. These results are
summarized and published in ASTM A6 Appendix X4.
For wear applicatons in many industries:
* Aggregate * Mining
* Constructon * Pulp & Paper
* Forestry * Steel
PROCESSING CAPABILITIES
* Plasma Cutng * Oxy Fuel Cutng
* Laser Cutng * Forming
* Drilling * Welding
THICKNESS & SIZES
Thickness Plate Size
3/16" 5" 96" x 288"
A-514
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 26
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuff
Chemical Compositon of overlay* % Weight
C Mn Si Cr Fe
6.0 3.0 1.0 28.0 Balance
ASTRALLoY TRIP-L-TUFF PLATE
Advantages over other wear materials
Metal: Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf has signifcant advantages in some areas
over AR products. Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf has the yield strength of mild
steel, making it easy to bend. It has no memory, so it holds shape. It
is not heat treated, so welding does not afect its propertes. It can
be formed to a radius as small as 3" (on thin plate.) With the relaxed
conditon of the Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf base material, the forming will
not create cracks on the outer bend, and with the consistency of the
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf weld material,no spalling or breakage will occur
on the inner surface.
Base material is ASTM A 36 structural steel. The overlay consists of
predominantly hard chromium carbides in a tough iron-base matrix.
Nominal hardness is 555 653; microhardness of chromium carbide
is 1800 VPH (70 75 Rockwell C converted.)
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf combines a super hard, tough surface on a ductle
and weldable mild steel backing to provide the ultmate wear-
resistant plate. Superior metallurgical propertes achieved In a highly
controlled process utlizing the proper blend of elements result in an
overlay with an abundance of ultra-hard chromium carbide partcles
evenly distributed in an extremely hard, tough matrix. These carbides
are 3 to 4 tmes as hard as steel as measured in microhardness tests.
The combinaton of the hard overlay with a structural steel backing
facilitates ready adaptaton to a variety of feld wear situatons. The
composite plate can be moderately formed and readily welded or
bolted in place.
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf will typically exhibit stress relief cracks in the
overlay surface. These cracks are an inherent feature of hard-facing
and develop as the overlay cools following depositon, at 5/8" to 2"
spacing transverse to the weld bead. They are confned to the overlay
and do not penetrate into the base plate nor propagate in service.
ASTRALLoY TRIP-L-TUFF PIPE And ELBoWS
The overlay applied to Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf pipe has the same
chemistry and propertes as the plate overlay. It is applied to the
inside or outside of the pipe, as required. All sizes are available down
to 2" inside diameter.
Applicatons and Uses
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf pipe is used primarily for wear due to fricton.
With plate, this could be from coal, rock, or gravel moving through
or across a chute, liner, cyclone, sizing screen, dozier blade, breaker
plate, etc. With the pipe, applicatons may include slurry, coke, coal
dust, etc.
Advantages over other wear materials
Ceramic: Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf also has certain advantages over
ceramics. Given the high price of ceramics, cost is a major factor.
Installaton costs are also a factor due to the thickness and
atachment procedures necessary for the fragile ceramic.
Chipping is another factor inherent in ceramic. Ceramic cannot
handle impact whatsoever, whereas the Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf will
handle moderate to (in some cases) severe impact. Atachment
failure is yet another drawback to glued on ceramic pieces. In piping,
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf is partcularly beter suited than ceramic. Due to
the thickness of ceramics, special odd-ball mechanical tubing and
elbow sizes, as well as fanges must be located and purchased, or
fabricated. Astralloy Trip-LTuf can be applied to every pipe or elbow
size, from a minimum of 2" inside diameter. Flanges, couplings, and
connectons are no longer a concern.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Chromium Carbide overlay Wear Plate, Pipe and Elbows
www.astralloy.com 27
Astralloy Trip-L-Tuff
CUTTING
* Plasma arc cutng is recommended for making holes, cutng
shapes, or beveling. Carbon air-arc method may be used for
gouging or non-precision holes. Cut from the mild steel side.
FoRMIng
* Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf can be formed by conventonal shop
procedures. The overlay side must be on the inside of any formed
radii. Protect bending rolls with 3/16" plate over hard-faced sides.
MACHINING
* Electrical discharge machining (EDM) methods are used for
precision machining of Astralloy Trip-L-Tuf. Conventonal
cutng tools, cermeis, and carbide will not cut Astralloy
Trip-L-Tuf.
* The hard chromium carbide overlay can be ground using a hard
grit wheel having a sof bond.
WELdIng
* A hard-facing pass of Hardalloy 58 (or equal) restores a wear
surface such as exposed areas from piercing or joining.
* Type 312 stainless is recommended for an intermediate pass
between hard-facing and base plate steel.
PROCESSING CAPABILITIES
* Plasma Cutng
* Oxy Fuel Cutng
* Laser Cutng
* Forming
* Drilling
* Welding
THICKNESS & SIZES
overlay
Thickness
Base Metal
Thickness
Standard
Plate Size
1/8" 1/4" 60" x 120"
1/8" 5/16" 60" x 120"
1/8" 3/8" 60" x 120"
1/8" 1/2" 60" x 120"
1/4" 1/4" 60" x 120"
1/4" 3/8" 60" x 120"
1/4" 1/2" 60" x 120"
1/4" 5/8" 60" x 120"
1/4" 3/4" 60" x 120"
3/8" 3/8" 60" x 120"
3/8" 1/2" 60" x 120"
3/8" 5/8" 60" x 120"
3/8" 3/4" 60" x 120"
1/2" 1/2" 60" x 120"
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 28
Rol-Man

Chemical Compositon* % Weight


Mn C Si P S
11.0 14.0 1.0 1.4 .10 .50 .06 .01 .03
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHn Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton
in 2"
Reducton
in Area
As Supplied: 180 220
In Service: 500 650
120 ksi 40 ksi 30% 60%
WELdIng
* Do not pre-heat.
* Remove rust, grease, organic and other foreign mater.
* Reduce energy input and heat buildup by maintaining a short arc,
minimizing puddling, and skip weld where possible.
* Inter-pass temperatures should not exceed 600F.
* The following targets should be used as an inital setng:
7/64 fux cored wire (GMAW) 350 400 amps
5/32 covered electrode (SMAW) 140 amps
1/8 covered electrode (SMAW) 120 amps
* Minimize undercut of base metal. Limit the width of the weave to
four tmes the wire diameter.
* Use DCRP (reverse polarity).
* Multple pass welding is recommended.
* Immediate peening of the red hot beads will reduce internal
stresses resultng from contracton during cooling.
* Do not post-heat.
Electrodes for Welding Like Metals (Mn to Mn)
* Use austenitc manganese composite electrodes covered or
tubular with less than 0.025% phosphorus and greater than 14%
manganese. Several good proprietary rods are available. The
following are recommended:
Covered - McKay Hardalloy 118 - composite coated, low
phosphorus austenitc manganese 21% alloy steel.
Tubular - McKay Tube-Alloy 218-0. - low phosphorus
austenitc manganese 19.5% alloy steel.
Electrodes for Welding dissimilar Metals (Mn to Mild Steel)
* Austenitc stainless steel- Type 308-16, 309-16, or 310-16 ttania
coated, stainless steel electrodes can be used, but are more
expensive than manganese steel fller metals.
* For fux-cored arc welding with an auxiliary gas, the best results
are obtained when the shielding gas is 100% argon.
Storage of Electrodes
* Purchase low hydrogen electrodes in hermetcally sealed
containers. Large containers may have electrodes with too much
moisture which can result in underbead cracking. Electrodes
which are exposed to air for over one hour should be baked in a
500F ventlated oven for two hours.
* Use smallest applicable rod diameter to allow for full
penetraton.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Hardness as Supplied (180 to 220 BHn)
This grade is supplied in the quenched and
annealed conditon.
Hardness in Service 500 to 650 BHn
Should only be used in wear situatons
where high impact and/or gouging abrasion
will develop a very high surface hardness.
The deeper layers maintain a ductle
structure capable of withstanding high
shock loads.
11 - 14% Manganese, Work Hardening Abrasion Resistant Steel Plate
www.astralloy.com 29
Rol-Man
DRILLING
* Rol-Man can be successfully drilled with M-Style Hardsteel
Drills. Hardsteel drilling is fricton drilling, not twist drilling. The
process involves heatng the steel under the drill point, not just
cutng it cold.
* Maintain selected speed and constant feed pressure.
* Use rust-inhibited water coolant to minimize drill heatng.
* Because Rol-Man is a work hardening steel, conventonal drill bits
tend to harden rather than cut the steel.
* Set the spindle speed according to the table below:
DRILLING SPEEDS
Drill Size RPM with Coolant
1/4" 2500
5/16" 2000
3/8" 1400
7/16" 1200
1/2" 1000
5/8" 900
3/4" 800
1" 700
1-1/8" 600
1-1/4" 500
1-1/2" 400
2" 300
MACHINING
* On a lathe, use carbide tools, 90 100 SFM, feed at .012" per
revoluton for roughing, and .008" revoluton for fnishing.
* For milling, use carbide tools, 50 SFM, with a .004- chip load per
insert per revoluton.
CUTTING
* Plasma or laser cutng works well. Oxyacetylene cutng gives a
poor edge.
* Shearing or punching on sturdy machines with property
sharpened edges is possible. However, this will work harden the
immediate area.
FoRMIng
* Rol-Man forms much the same as mild steel of comparable
hardness.
* There is litle work hardening in bending or rolling.
* Any previously work hardened areas, such as sheared edges or
drilled holes, should be ground away before bending stresses
are applied.
* A light beveling of edges is helpful. Preheatng is unnecessary for
cold forming operatons.
THICKNESS & SIZES
Thickness Plate Size
3/16" 2" 96" x 240"
Special Tolerance Thickness: 3/16" +/- 0.010" x 43 x 132"; " +/- 0.010" x 43 x 108".
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 30
Astralloy-V
Astralloy-V round bars have the same chemistry, uniform toughness and hardness as plate,
from surface to core. Astralloy-Vs ultra-fne grain structure, free of massive carbide partcles
due to its lower carbon content, provides beter machinability at its higher strength/hardness
level than quenched and tempered alloys.
AdVAnTAgES
* Maintains its toughness and hardness without britleness at temperatures of up to -75F.
* Uniform hardness throughout the mass (340 BHN) to resist abrasion.
* Hardenability in the range of 550 BHN by impact or sliding acton, without deformaton or
britleness.
* Astralloy-Vs small oxide surface quickly disappears, exposing a slick, durable surface.
* Can be hot worked and allowed to air cool without loss of hardness or toughness and
without warpage problems.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Round Bars
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton in 2"
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
320 388 175 ksi 153 ksi 15% 27 f. lbs. @ RT
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C Mn Ni Cr Mo Si P S
.29 1.20 4.00 2.00 .50 .40 0.015 .010
www.astralloy.com 31
MACHINING
For the best contnuous machining, we recommend using disposable negatve rake,
mechanically clamped tungsten carbide inserts and contoured grinders.
For an excellent fnish, speeds should be 180 to 270 SFM. A generous and contnuous
lubricant/coolant bath will prolong tool life.
For beter metal removal, the cutng depth should exceed the feed rate by a factor of 10.
MILLING
For optmum metal removal in interrupted machining, use negatve rake, mechanically
clamped tungsten carbide inserts. The generally recommended feed rate is 0.003" per tooth.
The total cutng rate is equal to 0.003" tmes the number of inserts in the cuter x rpm.
Uniform feed distributon requires the use of precision inserts.
At a hardness of 350 BHN, 150 surface feet per minute is reasonable. Slower rates for greater
hardness and higher rates for lesser hardness.
DIAMETER
1" 10" Hot Rolled Rounds
10 1/4" 20 1/4" Astralloy-V RTF (Rough Turned Forgings)
WELdIng
In order to weld Astralloy-V, a fresh and dry electrode that is low in Hydrogen is
recommended. The E7018 is excellent for normal welding procedures, providing adequate
strength with good ductlity.
In colder climates, it is always recommended that the plate be preheated to over 300F to
remove moisture. The preheatng should be applied to areas that will be welded and must
uniformly penetrate the full thickness of the plate. In cold temperatures or moving air,
insulate the weld to prevent rapid cooling.
Astralloy-V
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 32
4330 V-Mod
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C Mn Si S P Ni Cr
Mo V
.28 .37 .65 .95 .15 .35 .005 max 0.012 max 2.60 3.60 .95 1.50 .45 1.00 .05 .15
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton
in 2"
Reducton
of Area %
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
321 375 160 ksi 150 ksi 15% 50
45 f. lbs. Longitudinal @ RT
40 f. lbs. Transverse @ RT
30 f. lbs. Longitudinal @ -50F
* Nickel alloy round bar.
* Normalized, quenched and tempered, stress relieved round bar with excellent toughness.
* Minimum: 150 ksi yield.
* Hardness: 321 375 BHN.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Round Bar
www.astralloy.com 33
SCOPE
Rolled alloy steel bars, 2" to 10" diameter, used for petroleum
products afer quench and temper for a high level of tensile propertes
with excellent toughness.
MELTING PRACTICE
Produced by electric arc furnace, metallurgically treated in ladle
furnace and vacuum degassed.
CERTIFICATIon
A complete test report shall be provided with following indicatons:
* Chemical analysis
* Thermal statement
* Surface hardness on bars
* Mechanical propertes at 1" below surface
* Micro cleanliness values
METALLURGICAL CONDITIONS
Grain Size: The austenitc grain size shall be 5 or fner as defned in
ASTM E-112.
Micro cleanliness: According to ASTM E-45 method A:
Thin Series Heavy Series
A 1.5 A 1.0
B 1.5 B 0.5
C 0.5 C 0.5
D 1.5 D 0.5
SURFACE dEFECT
Internal defect: The internal defects shall be checked by ultrasonic
testng in following DGS method (fat botom hole reference).
Guarantes are: Through all the secton, out of a central core hole, no
defect greater than equivalent Flat Botom Hole of 1/8".
In central core area:
Bar Diameter 9" FBH 1/8" max level
9" < bar diameter 10" FBH 3/16" max level
10" < bar diameter 11" FBH 1/4" max level
11" < bar diameter 11" no guarantee
Surface defect: Bars shall be checked by eddy current or MPI method
to eliminate all defects having more than 3 mm maximum depth.
4330 V-Mod
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 34
4145 H-Mod
Chemical Compositon* % Weight
C Mn Si S P Ni Cr
Mo Cu
.42 .49 .75 1.30 .15 .35 .04 max 0.35 max 1.00 max .75 1.20 .15 .45 report value
Physical Propertes Typical Values at 68F
BHN
Hardness
Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
Elongaton
in 2"
Reducton
of Area %
Charpy Test
Toughness Index
287 332 140 ksi 125 ksi 14% 45 40 f. lbs. @ RT
* Quenched and tempered for uniformity in strength, shock resistance, ductlity and
hardness.
* One of the most versatle machinery steels.
* Furnished in a hot rolled state.
* Minimum: 125 ksi yield.
* Hardness: 287 332 BHN.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Round Bar
www.astralloy.com 35
SCOPE
Rolled and rough turned chromium, molybdenum with maximum 1.00
nickel alloy steel bars, 4" to 11.1" diameter, quenched and tempered
for uniformity in strength, shock resistance, ductlity and hardness; is
versatle as downhole motor parts, connectng rods, drill collars, tool
joints, shafs, and gears.
MELTING PRACTICE
Produced by electric arc furnace, metallurgically treated in ladle
furnace and vacuum degassed.
CERTIFICATIon
A complete test report shall be provided with following indicatons:
* Chemical analysis
* Thermal statement
* Mechanical propertes at 1" below surface
* Surface hardness on bars
METALLURGICAL CONDITIONS
Grain Size: The austenitc grain size shall be 6-9 as defned in ASTM
E-112.
4145 H-Mod
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 36
Armor V2

natonal Insttute of Justce (nIJ 0108.01)


Level Caliber Velocity fps Shots
I .22, .38 Special 1,050 / 850 5
II - A .357 / 9mm 1,250 / 1,090 5
II .357 / 9mm 1,395 / 1,175 5
III - A .44 Magnum / 9mm SMG 1,400 5
III 7.62 M80 2,750 5
TEST CRITERIA - natonal Insttute of Justce
A. Levels I, II-A, III-A & III: 5 Shot Test
* 1 shot at each, corner (4) and 1 shot center
* 2" from edge of test plate
* All shots min, 2" apart
* Zero (0) / No penetratons = "PASS"
B. Level IV: 1 shot test
* 3" from edge of test plate
* Zero (0) / No penetratons = "PASS"
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Commercial grade Ballistc Steel Plate
Armor V2 was developed for use in civilian
and government applicatons where ballistc
protecton is required. Every shipment of
Armor V2 steel plate has been certfed
to meet the Natonal Insttute of Justce
(NIJ) standard which corresponds to the
requested thickness of the plate.
Armor V2 is available in thicknesses ranging
from 3/16" to 3/8". Standard plate size is
96" x 288", but it can be cut to any size or
shape required.
www.astralloy.com 37
Armor V2

Weapons Caliber Ammuniton Bullet Type


Velocity
ms - fps
9mm 9mm 124 Grain Full Metal Jacket 358 - 1,175
.357 Magnum .357 Magnum 158 Grain Jacketed Sof Point 381 - 1,250
.44 Magnum .44 Magnum 240 Grain Lead 427 - 1,400
UZI 9mm 124 Grain Lead 427 - 1,400
AK 47 7.62 x 39mm 123 Grain Full Metal Jacket 716 - 2,350
30-06
.30-06
7.62 x 63
Jacketed Sof Point 774 - 2,450
SIG
.380
7.62 x 51mm
150 Grain Full Metal Jacket
M80 NATO Ball
838 - 2,750
M 16
.223
5.56 x 45mm
55 Grain Full Metal Jacket
M193 NATO Ball
975 -3,200
Size Threat nIJ Level Weapon group
1/8" .22, .38/.357 III-A Most Handguns
9mm, .44 Magnum III-A Most Handguns
3/16" 7.62 x 39 Russian Special Test AK-47 / AKM
1/4" 7.62 x 51 M80 III M-14, BM 59
5/16" 7.62 x 51 M80 III M-14, BM 59
3/8" 7.62 x 51 M80 III M-14, BM 59
Note: Ballistc performance is a functon of the variable efects of controlled and uncontrolled events, hence, ballistc tastng cannot be clearly defned as a science. Astralloy Steel Products makes no guarantee,
expressed or implied, as to the validity of its recommendatons to obtain the minimum ballistc protecton requirements to defeat a specifc threat level.
Toll-Free: 1-800-633-6635 38
BP6:33

Chemical Compositon* % Weight


C Mn Si Cr P S Mo Ni
.29 1.20 .40 2.00 .015 .010 .50 4.00
In todays world of hit and run tactcs by
vandals, thieves and terrorists; solid, reliable
materials must be used to defeat these
threats and to protect both person and
property. BP6:33 is expressly designed for
this purpose. With its unique metallurgical
characteristcs, it can be cut cold, or hot
formed, and welded using normal shop
practces and stll retain its high hardness,
without loss of ballistc propertes. BP6:33
will defeat a wide range of commercial and
military threats such as handguns, rifes,
automatc weapons, and fragmentaton.
BP6:33 is Astralloy Steel Products proprietary
grade of ballistc armor plate. BP6:33 is
independently tested to meet the Natonal
Insttute of Justce Standards 0101.03, 0108.03
and is listed with the Underwriters Laboratories
(Standard 752). Astralloy Steel Products quality
control standards meet the requirements
specifed in Mil-A-45208.
Note: The data contained in this document is accurate at tme of printng, and intended for use as a general guide.
*Typical maximum values. Chemical compositon may vary by thickness. Mill certfcatons are available upon request.
Ballistc Resistant Steel nIJ Standard 0101.03
BP6:33 Ballistc Steel Plate Mil-A-46100 Carbon Steel Plate
* Higher hardness and toughness through
chemistry
* Hardness is achieved at the expense of
toughness
* Air hardenable-no heat treat required
afer hot forming to return to minimum
hardness
* Must be requenched and tempered afer
hot forming
* Excellent workability * Difcult to work
* Good weldability - reduced heat
afected zones
* Welding creates vulnerable heat
afected zones
* Excellent ductlity * Reduced ductlity
* Resistant to atmospheric corrosion
* More vulnerable to atmospheric
corrosion
www.astralloy.com 39
FoRMIng
BP6:33 can be formed using either a brake press or by roll forming.
Because of its high toughness, BP6:33 forms to shapes not possible
with other high strength steel alloys, even those with hardnesses
as low as 321 BHN. Although modern meltng practces minimize
directonal diferences in the mechanical propertes of BP6:33 plate,
cross grain forming is preferred, especially when cold forming to tght
radii. During cold forming, allow 4 tmes the brake press power
required for forming the same thickness and size of mild steel. Also,
when forming cold, an allowance should be made for spring back.
Forming should be done hot (1600F minimum) if the bend radius
is less than approximately 20 to 24 tmes the thickness of the plate,
or if the forming equipment does not have adequate power to
overcome 172,000 psi yield strength. Unlike quenched and tempered
alloy steels, BP6:33 can be hot formed without loss of hardness
and allowed to air cool. Provided the hot formed parts are cooled
with free air circulaton afer forming, they will not only regain their
original high hardness, but also retain high toughness and strength.
WELdABILITY
As with other high strength steels, welding of BP6:33 requires special
consideratons. When welded with proper techniques, BP6:33
provides signifcant advantages over other ballistc steels. Because
of its air-hardened ability, the hardness of the heat afected zone
is similar to that of the base metal, virtually eliminatng concern for
sof zones next to the weld.
APPLICATIONS
Some of the many applicatons where BP6:33 has been successfully
used are:
* Add-On Armor Packages * Embassy Installatons
* Armored Cars/Limos * Firing Ranges/Targets
* Armored Personnel Carriers * Guard Towers
* Armored Railroad Cars * HMMWV Countermine Kits
* Armored Trucks/Trailers * Safe Rooms
* Bank Counters/Cages/Boxes * Security Vans
* Body Armor Vest Inserts * Security/Guard Buildings
* Bullet Resistant Shields * Nuclear Installatons
* Computer/Instrument Rooms * Up-Armored HMMWVs
* Doors & Louvers
Astralloy is a world leader in the supply and fabricaton of high
strength ballistc armor plate as well as wear-resistant steels used
in mining, steel, and pulp and paper industries. BP6:33 is a high
strength steel armor plate which sets the standards for security in
both the military and commercial sectors.
PROCESSING CAPABILITIES
* Plasma Cutng
* Oxy Fuel Cutng
* Laser Cutng
* Forming
* Drilling
* Welding
BP6:33
Astralloy Steel Products
251 Wheeler Place
Sharon, PA 16146
Toll-Free: 800-633-6635
www.astralloy.com
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