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INTRODUCTION
Japaneed hand grenades are simple end *trea-
ties. Tis common fuse action 18 of the tine delay
type. The grenadier must impinge the striker upon
the primer to initiate the pyrotechnic delay before
throwing the grenade. The anti-personnel grenades
depend upon fragmentation for their effect. hem)*
they are called "defensive. grenades. The Japanese
have aade much use of the hand grenade in booby
traps.
Only one of the rifle grenades Incorporates
an impact fuse. The others are time delay lib*
the band grenades. The Japanese use both the spigot
and the cup launcher ttatabeent for the rifle.
The grenade discharger is much used Japanese
weapon. By its means hand grenades and rifled
mortar shells are propelled with diatom, and accuracy.
The mortar shells are included in this publication
as part of the general grenade warfare equipment.
.11.-
TABLE OF CONTENTS .
Type 91 Hand, mercer, or Rifle Grenade
Type 97 Hand Grenade
Type 00 Hand Grenade
Pull Type Hand Granada
Stick Grenade 69
Armor Piercing Grenade el
1/2 Kg. Inoendiary Orenade 63
Incendiary Stick Grenade 65
Molotov Cocktail Grenade 67
Frangible RCN Orenades 69
Frangible Smoke Grenada 69
Hollow Charge Rifle Grenada 71
hide Smoke Granada 73
Model BO Mortar Grenade li.K. Shell 75
Model 89 Mortar Grenada Smoke Shill 77
Model 89 Mortar Orenade Incendiary Shell 79
Model 89 Mortar Orenado Prectica .79
Modal 89'Grenado Discharger 61
51
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411/1/14010
FIRING PIN
BRASS CAP
FUZE BODY
INERTIA PELLET
CREEP SPRING
PRIMER
GAS VENT
*. BODY
T:NY.
ft.!.

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DELAY PELLET
WASHER
DETONATOR
PACKING
10
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000 te

JAPANESE
TYPE 97 HAND GRENADE
52
1.0
THESE CHARACTERS INSCRIBED
ON TUBE -
"C H *3A-
(C H TOKYO ti'MARCH 194I
ON.
-
J A PAiiieg e
1
1114141110111111r
Vats .
Overall length
Maximum diameter
Color
Total weight
Filling
Delsy
4inches.
2 inches.
Body black; fuze
cover red; fuze
brass.
1 lb. 3 oz.
Powdered T.M.T.
4 5 seconds.
TYPE 97
WAND GRENADE
Dewar! ptlon
The body is cylindric/ with serrations to give uniform fragmentation. Tole
grenade is identical to the Type 91 grenade except that the bass of this grenade is
solid and therefore cannot take propelling charge. It can only be used as band
grenade.
The fuze consists of brass inertia pe lle t with stool firing pinse parate d
from the primer by creep spring. The inertia weight is held into the fuse by
light brass cap which Is crimped into cnnelure In the fuze body so as to prevent
the firing pin from rescuing the primer. T he firing pin is threaded into the ine rtia
weight, and, before arming. it is not screwed in far enough and its point doe s not ,
protrude below the base of the inertia weight. Therefore, be fore using the gre nade .
it is necessary to screw the firing pin into the ine rtia we ight so that It will pro-
trude . In addition, a double brass safety pin fits through holes lc the brass cep
and fuze body into holes in the inertia 'eight thus pre ve nting the firing pin from
roacning the percussion cap.
The delay pellet screws into the base of the fuse and contains snail quantity
of granular black powder in the top and highly pre ss ed pellet of black powde r in
the lower * cotton. A hole drilled in the side of the fuse contain. fusible plug
which melts when the bleak powder burns, allowing the escape of the gases formed on
combustion of the daisy train. T he e scape of these gase s will e nable the throwe r
to know If the delay pellet has ignited. The tetryl
de tonator is oontaisold inthos
lowe r pe rt of brass tube .
Oper ation
Rhe firing plumme t first be thre ade d downinto tits ine rtia we ight. T he safe ty
pin must then b. withdrawn. Am *be grenade is to be thrown by band, it is n000seary
to strike the ine rtia weight onsome hard obje ct tints driving the firing piss into
the primer to ignite the de lay train.

-4
'4;
e j
1. Fuze oody
2. Striker
3. Safety fork
4. Fuze cover
5. Striker spring
6. Fuze cover retainer scree
7. Primer cap
Eh Flash guard
9. Air vent
2.0. Filling plug
11. Delay train
..12. Grenade-body
.13. Explosive filler
14. Detonator
glINIRIONO
0 0 TYPE
JAPAIIESE HAND GRENADE
r
veva b b - -
JAPANESE
le Is
0 1 length 3-1/2 inches.
Maximum di 1-5/8 inches.
Color body black with white
label pastedaround
It. The top of toe
grenade Is painted
red, fuze cover red
the fuse is brass.
total weight 0.8 lbs.
?Sluing Cast P icric Acid
Delay 4 - b seconds.
TYPE00
HAND GRENADE
Description
The cast steel body has smooth surfaces. There is shoulder projecting 1/16"
from ea ch end of the body. The inside of the body is finished with lacquer tokeep
the filler from reacting with the steel case. Tim filler is also wrapped inheavy
paper.
A light motel flash deflector le fitted inthe top of the grenade. This de-
flector ill 3/8" wide and7/8" Indiameter. Two 1/8" boles are punchedinthe
outemperiphary andmatch the spanner boles Inthe fuze body. This'positione the
ga s vents InUse fuze 900 from the hole. inthe flash deflector. The flash de-
flector reduces the possibility of the flesh from the sap burning the band of the
thrower end the possibility of the flesh being seenby the enemy at night.
The fuze is similar tothat usedInthe Type 91end97 grenade. with a fee
Improvements. Onthe oldtype the striker may turnor spring clear of the grenade
whenthe mffely sire Is pulled. Inthis fuse, scree inthe fuze body projects
through slot inthe striker cover and keeps the cover Inoleos. The slot allows
the cover to wove downwhenthe striker Is struck oh bard object. Also the
striker andInertia weight are machinedtogether andthe striker protrudes so tha t
it does not ha ve tobe threadeddownLoarm the grenade.
The Inertia weight is heldInthe fuse by the light brescap which Is crimped
intoonnelure inthe fuse body. A double brass safety pinfits through holes
Inthe brass cap endfuse body Intoholes inthe inertia weight thus preventing the
firing pinfrom reaching the percussionimp.
The delay pellet screws intothe base of the fuse andcontains email quantity
of granular black powder inthe top anda highly pressedpellet of blank powder In
toe lower ection. Ahole drilled inthe side of the P ass contains fusible plug
which melts whenthe blaok powder burns, allowing the *soaps of the pew formed
incombustionof the delay train. The *soapof these risme Will enable the
thrower toknow if the delay pellet has ignited.
The tetryl detonator is oontalned Inthe lower pa rt of a b a se tub e a za erellos
from the base of the fuse tothe bottom of the bursting Wargo.
Operation
The safety pinis withdrawnandthe heedof the fuse Is struck em some herd
object. This forces the striker downintothe prim er igniting the dela y .
55
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CI)
1111111111
1111110
1111111
AM11111
111111111116._
1. Lead cover
2. Lead cover
3. Lim plate
4. Delay pellet
5. Detonator
6. Cover twist) roam
7. Firing string
b. Friction igniter
9. Ketch co.position
JAPANESE PULL TYPE. RAND GigliPg:At


x.t1... .
maw
--
_
1
a
agglEnatim.
Data
Overall length 3-3/4 inch...
11421mue diameter 2 inches.
Color black.
Total weight 1 lb.
Tilling Granular T.Y.T.
Weight of filling . 39.5 grams.
Daley 5-1/2 second..
Description
JAP IREtr
PULL TYPE
NAND GRENADE
The body, unlike the Type 91 or 9/, hes no longitudinal serrations, but ooes hove
five Iran depressions. On one side, fitted top and bottom, are two ring.
which could be used for carrying or for anchoring. Th. lead clover is screwed on
to the top of the grenade end Is grooved to provide grip for easy removal. The
thumb cover reless holds the cover on and must be depressed before th. cover can
he removed. When this le dep d, the cover can be unscrewed in 000 and one-half
turns, thus exposing the firing string ableh is ettohed to :friCtiOn:igniter.
Operation
The thumb cover release must be dep , and then the cover must be removed.
When Lim firing string Is pulled, it drew. sanded tring through match composi-
tion. The Ignition of the match composition .111 ignite the black powder delay
train.

57
JAPANESE
iGRENADE
1
1. Sor t, Gap. 7. 78r .
2. Pull King . 8. Or ub Scr ews.
3. Pull Str ing . 9. Delay Pcslet.
4. Gr enade handle 10. Ter
6. Pr iotion Ig niter 11. Explosive Filler .
6. Sand Goso..t.on 12. Gr enada Eody
13. Detonator .
se
r
.7...--rwas...4.--,-..
AMMO
JAPANESE
STICK
GRENADE
IsL5 L5
Overall length 7-3/4 inches.
Maximum diameter 1-6/16 Inches.
Color
body black; handle
unpainted.
Total weight 1 lb. 3 oz.
Pilling Cast Picric Acid.
height of nixing 3 oz.
Delay 4 - 5 s000nds.
Dee cxLI1
The body is oylindrIoal In shape and Is made of oast steel 1/4* thick. The
handle is turned from soft wood and slips into the steel body where it Is held by
three scree.. This joint is seabed with costing of tar. The screw cap at the
pull end of the handle im of light tin plated steel.
Tho fuss consists of friction ignition composition with sanded string run-
ning through it. This string extends up the hollow handle and is connected to
pull ring which is exposed by removing the screw osp at the top of the beadle.
Operation
The screw cep is removed from the top of lb. handle. The ring inside the handle
Is then pulled. This draws the sanded string through the ignition oomposition ig-
niting the 4 or b seoond delay. The train detonate. asp union detonates the
mein energe.
This grenade has wore fragmentation effect then the Cowmen H.E. Stick Grenade.

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t
JAPANESE HAKOBAKURAI TYPE ANTI-TANK GRENADE
Data
Diame te r 4-5/4 Inc haw,
T hickne ss 1-1/2 1 iu he s.
tote r khaki
T otal we ight 2 lbs. 11 ot.
Le ngth of hut gamble d 6-1/4 inch.
De lay 5 - 6 ame nds.
T .N.T .
De scrl ,tion
JAPANESE
ARMOR PIERC ING:
GRENADE MOD.994
"NAKOBAKURA It
T his mine le of site so te at Its use as gre nade Is quite possible . It con-
ist of eig ht separ ate sections of Cast 1.N.T. wr apped in wax paper , all held to-
ge the r In khaki color canvas nove r. T he ge ne ral shape of the sine Is that of
flat disc, re se mbling wate r bottle . It Is malty re cognise d by four e qually
space d pe rmane nt magne ts e ttototte d by khaki we bbing to the oute r e dge of the mine
body.
T he fuze contains two springs, compre ssionspring and tiring-pinspring,
the latte r of which is containe d in firing pinsle e ve . Pour ste e l re taining balls
fit Into hole s inthe fuze body and notche s inthe firing pin'le ave re taining the
positionof the firing pin. A fuss cap provide s base for the two springs and is
groove d onthe inside about 1/5 of the my up from its base . T he re is safe ty pin
which p 00000 through the fuse body just be low the base of the safe ty osp and be -
twe e nthe strike r and the pe rcussioncap. T he powde r de lay trainthre ads into the
base of the fuse body, and the de tonator tube thre ads ove r the be e s of the de lay
traincontaine r.
11E1E1.22
T he fuse le carrie d se parate ly and Is se cure d to the mine by i locking ring.
T he mine is the nsloppe d against anarmore d surface , the safe ty pinIs pulle d,
and the foss ce p le give n sharp rap. T his fore ,. It downward against the com-
pre ssionspring, compre ssing the firing pinspring, e nd pre se nting the groove to
the re taining be lle . T he oompromionof the firing pinspring fore e s the balls
outward into thi groove and shoots the firing pininto the pe rme ate s e sp.
T he mine s are ofte ncouple d toge the r e nd whe nso use d will pe ne trate l-1/4e
ste e l plate .
Re marks
Jope ne o Armor Pie rcing Mine - ILyuchaku S akurai.
T his Is of the same nature as above but is shape d like bunpith a,flat be e s.
T he magne tise d e urfamo is the bass. With this ta crea sa d sweetie property it e on
be tosse d frank a range of te nfe e t.
41

62
Light brass
cover
Safety pin
Outer brass
cover
inner brass
cover
Fuze tube
Burster
Firing pin
Creep spring
Percussion cap
JAPANESE
KG. INC ENDIARY GRENADE
1 , -
1015
0.er sil leng th b.6 inches.
Maximumdiameter 2.0 Inches.
body (mater iel) br aes.
Weig ht 1.1 lb.
Filling White phosphor us.
Delay 4 - b seoonds.
De scription
JAPANESE
1/2 KG.
INCENDIARY
GRENADE
S
This g r ened may be thr own by hand or pr ojeotd with the 60 mmg r enade dis-
char g er , Yodel n9. The incendiar y filling Is oontelned in br ass body which may
hwee pr opelling char g e on the base.
The fuze is stellar to the one used in the Types 91 and 91 fr ag mentation hand
g r enade.. The fuse consists of br aes iner tia pellet with steel fir ing pin
separ ated fr om the pr imer by cr eep spr ing . The iner tia weig ht is held into the
fuse by lig ht br ass cap which le cr imped into cannelur s In the fuze body so
es to or ...ant the fir ing pin tr am r eaching the pr inter . The fir ing pin is thr eaded
into the iner tia weig ht, and, befor e ar ming , it Is not scr ewed in tar enoug h and
its point does not pr otr ude below the base of the Iner tia weig ht. Ther efor e, be-
for e using the g r enade it Is y to scr ew the fir ing pin into the iner tia
weig ht so that it will pr otr ude. In addition, double br ass safety pin fits
thr oug h holes in the br as, cap and fuse body into bolos in the Iner tia weig ht
thus pr esenting the fir ing pin fr om r eaching the per cussion cap.
The delay pellet Scr ews into the base of the fuse and contains smell quantity
of g r anular black powder in the top sod hig hly pr essed pellet of black powder
in the lower ection. hole dr illed in the side of the r ule oontains fusible
plug which melts 'nen the bleak powder bur ns, allowing the escape of the g ases
for med on comoumtion of the delay tr ain. The ***ape of these g ases will onside
the tnr ower to know if the delay pellet has ig nited. beneath the pr imer is
4 to 1 soonds delay pellet which will detonate centr al bur ster tube.
The steel pr opellent container is 11. long . 1.02 . in diameter , and has six per -
for ations in its walls. It is scr ewed into the base or the body. per for ated
plug scr ews into the base of this container and in cavity in this is per cussion
cap. Two flesh holes lead thr oug h the per cussion p ap holder to small quantity
of black powder . A per for ated steel disc cover the plug end inside the pr opellant
container pr oper is copper cup containing flakes of Unless pr opellant
powder .
Offe rs t11:a)
The tir ing pin must fir st-be thr eaded down into the iner tia weig ht. The safety
pin must then be withdr awn. If the g r enade im to be thr own by hand, it is r y
to str ike the iner tia weig ht on some har d object Lama dr iving the firing pin into
the pr imer to ig nite the delay tr ain.
If the g r enade is to be fir ed fr om the g r enade disehar g er , or knee mor tar se it
is sometimes wiled, the g r enade with pr opellant container Is dr opped base fir st
Into the disoher g er . When the tr ig g er mechanism of the dischar g er is oper ated. its
tir ing pin str ikes the per cussion cap ig niting the pr opelling char g e Which pr opels
the g r enade. For ce of setbaok causes the fir ing pin in the g r enade fuse to .empr ess
the cr eep spr ing and hit the pr imer So ig nite the delay train.
al

JAPANESE
INCENDIARY" STICK GRENADE
- 4
402321illb,
bets
Overall length 13 2 inenes.
Maximum diameter 2 1 inches.
Length of handle 5.3 inches.
Filling Phosphorus and carbon
disulphide.
eight of filling . . . . 2 lbs. 3* oz.
Imlay . 6 seconds.
Leg er! ption
JAPANESEiv-
INC ENDIARY
STIC K
GRENADE
This grenade body I. long end cylindrical with hemispherical ends. The handle
Is solid and has transverse hole drilled through one end. The body is filled
with 41 phosphorus-impregnted rubber pellets in carbon disulphide. These pellets
ere scattered by means of email central bursting charge. It is poasible that
the grenade la ...slimes filled with phosphorus smoke tilling. The handle pro-
trude. from ono ems of the body. the fuse from the other.
The lute consists of brass Inertl pellet with steel tiring pin separated
from Ulu primer by a creep spring. The inertia weight is held into the fuse by
light braes cop which Is crimped into ennelure In the fuse body so es to
prevent the firing pin from reaching the primer. The firing pin Is threaded into
the Inertia weight, end. before arming, IL is not screwed in far enough and its
point does not protrude below the base of the inertia weight. Therefore, before
using the grenade it is nee aaaaa y to scree the firing pin into the inertia weight
so that It will protrude. In addition. double bras safety pin fits through
holes in the bras, cep and fuze body Into holes In the inertia weight thus pre-
venting the firing pin from reaching the percussion nap.
The delay pellet serous into Lho base of the fuze and contain' Small quantity
of granular black powder In the top and highly pressed pellet of black powder
in th. lower section. A hole drilled in the side of the fuse contains fusible
plop, which melte when the black powder burns, allowing the escape of the
formed on combustion of the delay train. The escape of tnes gages will *noble
the thrower to know if the delay pellet has ignited.
Operation
The firing pin must first oe threaded down Into toe inertia weight. The safety
pin le then withdrawn. Just before throwing, It is necessary to strike the inertia
weight on a herd object, driving the striker down into 'the pilaw and igniting
the delay. The detonation of the burster tube will scatter the incendiary pallets
Witch will ignite sponLaneoully.
Th
I
,
- ,
ti
42102120110k
Date
Ove rall le ngth 11-1/ inche s.
Maximum ,iume te r 2-1/3 inche s.
Pilling Any infle mmabi, hon.
zinc type liquid.
Capacity 12 ounce s.
De scription
44-1
- 4" . . 40r1k*
JAPANESE
MOLOTOV
C OC KTAIL
T he body of this grme cie conale ts of Japane se be e r bottle into the top of
which Is fitte d an"all-we y" actionruts. T hor Is s rubbe r Vher unde r the
fut. to re nde r It liquid tight, and tho fuse fits Into the nook of the bottle in
the Bonne r of crownstoppe r.
T he ruts consists of tiring pincontlnod in housing and se parate d fre e
the de tonator containe d in carrie r by 'Hinny pine nd troop spring. T his
firing pinhousing hall he misphe rical .e ight onthe top of it and ble ars *soli:Lot
the unde rside of the nose cap which is of ladlar shape . T h. bottom or the
de tonator carrie r is also rounde d and boors &aslant cam aaaaa a. so that it too
Is fre e to move . T he safe ty pinruns through the tiring pinhousing and re sts
galme t tho top of tho de tonator carrie r so tint m a lthor pa rt is free to m ove.
be ne ath tho de tonator the w, is anince ndiary miAturo consisting of b a rrios nitra te
e nd magne sium.
T hep safoty pinis pulle d out and the gre nade is thrown. Onimpact the 'all-
o ys' fuse l will functionand se t off the de tonator thus igniting in. Ince ndiary
booste r and inflammable fille r.
If
...%!r '
A.*
HC N GRENADE
C OPPER STABILIZED
TYPE
COPPER 172 B-K
STABILIZED OR .
TYP E 172 C-K
/73
JAPANESE FRANGIBLE H C N
AND SMOKE GRENADES
7
SMOKE
HC N GRENADE
C ONTAINER
o
-1144;:z. 741001111111110
441120111111W
PHANAIPLF ONENADE3
hate
Maximum diame te r 3.9 inche s
T otal we ight 1.2 lbs.
Filling Hydrocyanic acid.
We ight of filling 12 2 fluid oc.
Capacity 14 5 fluid os.
JAPANESE
FRANGIBLE
H.C.N. GRENADES
4
FRANGIBLE
SMOKE GRENADE
le acri ntlon
T he se gre nade s are re cognisable mainly ms round glass bowls fine d with H.C.I.
T he y diffe r to minor de tails.
1. T he uppe r stabilise d typo As roundbottome d whe re as the 172 9-K
end 172 C-h have flat bottoms.
2. T he coppe r give s one ye llow tint while the othe r two appe ar to be
light gre e n.
3. T he coppe r tbilize d type has one moulde d ring around the outside
Inste ad of two as the othe rs have .
4. The copper stabilized type i closed by cr own nap over cor k
stoppe r and ins othe r two are close d by crownsap ove r rubbe r
washe r.
2. T he coppe r stabilise d type is carrie d in she e t me tal containe r and
the 172 h-K land 172 C-K are carrie d incardboard containe rs.
T he gre nade s contain12.2 oc. of liquid which is about S O% n7drocyanicacid. T his
is ve ry strong, syste mic poison.
22ultion.
T he gre nade is thrownand onimpact the glees will bre ak re le asing the H.C.N.
T ole goo is swift and de adly if Inhale d. Insuch quantitie s the gas is e xce ption-
ally non-pe rsiste nt goo the se gre nade s are de signe d for ma* inmall close d space s
such as pillboxe s or tams.
FheNg lr LF. GhENADE
T ots
roWe ll le ngth 3.3 inche s.
Maximum diame te r 2.6 Incise s.
Circumfe re nce 9.3 inche d'.
Color Light ye llow.
T otal we ight 9.7 og.
Filling T itanium & siliconte trachloride .
We ight of filling 4.1 OS .
hascr Iption
T hr gre nade Is a flat bottome d sphe rical containe r made of cle ar gle e s. It has
short ne ck close d by re d rubbe r toppe r he ld unde r re d rubbe r mashe r within
III, inne r ironcrownce p, this be ing e nclose d by he ade r ironoute r crowncap. T he
filling is mixtur e of titanium and siliconte trachloride which will be hydrolysed
by the moisture of the sir, with the formationof hydroxides and hydrochloric acid.
gre nade is thrownand onimpact the glass bottle bre aks re le asing the fluid
and producing moke . It I. Inte nde d for we e inscre e ning ope rations. T hough the
fille r Is irritating to the skinas liquid, inordinary fie ld conce ntrations this
smoke i hardly Irritating e nough to cause coughing,
tea

JAPANESE
HOLLOW CHARGE
RIFLE GRENADE
ACTIIIMUM,
Dote
----
Ove rall le ngth 7.911 incite *.
MARI 11111111 01110tOr 1.511 inche s.
(olor Ill ark e nd gre y.
T otal we ight 12 4 ., os.
Filling
We ight of filling 3.81os.
Descr iption
JAFrgr
VIOLLOW-C HARGE
RIFLE
GRENADE
T his gre nade Is Dopy of the women Gr ose newehr Panser g r anate and le fir ed
fr om a cup launcher attached to the standar d 6.6 ma. r ifle.
The body is cylindr ical with semi-conical ansped head. It Is made in two
par ts thr eaded tog ether and fitted with ballistic cap and cone to g ive the
hollow-cher g e effect. The for war d par t contains the explosive char g e east ar ound
the cons. Tne after par t which is made of alumina' has r ifled collar near tb
bass and contains the fuse and explosive tr ain.
The fuze le held in by base plate with pr otr uding spig ot wnich le Str ewed
into the base of the g r enade. The fuze is hold in position by the spig ot. The
needle fir ing pin is secur ed In housing that has four stir r up like Spr ing s pr o
tr uding fr om the side. Ar ound the housing is setback spr ing bold in by an ar m-
ing sleeve which has two sets of g r ooves notched on the inner side. Holding the
firing pin stationar y is coiled clock spr ing which Is bald In by the ar ming
sleeve. Ther e is also cr eep spr ing between the tir ing pin and detonator .
The pr opelling char g e consists of special par tr idg e with wooden bullet.
e t pt .lon
On fir ing , Pothook nausea the ar ming to move down and it is held down
by the stirrup spr ing s which eng ag e in the g r oove In the ar ising sleeve. Centr i-
fug sl for m. then (souses the clock spr ing to expand and the fuse le ar med. Gm
impact the fir ing pin housing ove rcome s the cr eep spr ing and moves onto the fleah
cap se tting off the detonator and booster .

71

44015100,
JAPANESE
RIFLE SMOKE GRENADE
SMOKE
MIXTURE
IGNITER
PELLET
SMOKE
PORTS
FL ASH PORTS
WOODEN BULLET
PROPELLANT
CHARGE
STOWED.
.0?
CARDBOARD
SEALING DISC
PULL
CORD

1'
itailsrannaio
bats
Ove rall le ngt
Maximum diame te r
Color
T otal we ight
Filling
T e scrlp tion
77. r-
1/2 inche s.
Body, 2 Inche s.
Fine , 2-9/16 Inche s.
S ilve r
1.29 lbs.
He xe chlore ttmne -b6.2%
Zinc, Me tallic -27.84
Zinc Chloride - 2.91
Zinc Oxide -13.4(
JAPANESE
RIFLE
SMOKE
GRENADE
T his gre nade is use d with spe cial adapte r which fits ove r the e nd of the
rifle barre l. it is painte d silve r and thoroughly roofe d with coats of
he avy lacque r and paraffin.
T he nose is of.No. 23 gage Be /tinplate with rolle d thre ads to fit those on
the body of the gre nade . S oft ironwire is wrappe d inthe thre ad groove
and
solde re d inplace , pre sumably to aid Inp e e ling the Joint. T he body prope r is
rolle d from so. 23 gage Be l tinplate and Is solde re d along one longitudinal se am.
!lolle d thre ads are provide d at e ach e nd to fit the thre ads onthe nose and base .
T he base is stampe d from No. lb gage Bab she e t te e l and is cre we d onto the
body by me ans of rolle d thre ad.. S oft ironsirs is wrappe d and solde re d into the se
thre ad groove .. T he base Is partially fille d e lth plastic which has thre ade d
hole half fille d with solde r. T he bottom plat. Is he ld Inplace by small scre w
imbe dde d inthe solde r. T he ignite r pe lle t is e ncase d ina thin walle d brass con-
taine r which is supporte d by tinplate scre we d and solde re d onto the body.
T he four smoke porta are place d st 900 I Is around the bass a nd a re cow-
e re d with light she e t me tal discs which are he ld Inplace by wate rproof ce me nt
cove re d with paraffin. T he re are thre e flash ports, e pe oe d t 120. Inte rval.. In
the bottom of the base .
T he gre nade tube le made of Mo. 18 gage !WS m ea slese he e l tubing and the
uppe r e nd is thre ade d to fit the sme ll e nd of the base *. T he thre ade d joint Is
wrappe d with adhe sive tope . T he tube is se ale d with paraffinimpre gnate d card-
board disc attache d to 9 of he avy twine . T he four fins e re solde re d to, and are
e qually space d .round, the tube and are of Mo. 24 B1 1 X tinpla te.
T he motive force and primary Ignitionare furnishe d by standard 0.256 cal.
Japane se rifle cartridge loade d with 1.927 gram. of powde r and fitte d with wood
pe lle t. T his cartridge is wrappe d inpape r and store d inthe gre nade tube .
O p era
T he rifle cartridge is re move d from the gre nade tube and inse rte d to the rifle .
T he gre nade is place d ove r the spigot adapte r. %ne nthe rifle is fired, the gashe s
from the cartridge prope ll the gre nade e nd a xeo pass through the flash ports to
initiate the ignite r pe lle t which Inturn Ignite & the S moke mixture . S moke ie
the ne mitte d through the e missionhole s.
73
r
Wi t'

8HOLES
AVAPART
BLACK
POWDER
PRIMER
COPPER CUP
T.N.T.
RING
CHARGE
CAP EXHAUST ROLES
STRIKER
SEATING WAGNER
ARMING SLEEVE
GAL "DETENTS
COPPER
ROTATING
SAND
JAPANESE TYPE 89 MORTAR GRENADE
71.
1
glezigazazOM
hats
Overall length 6-1/4 inches.
Maximum diameter 60 ma.
Color of body black.
Markings Tip 6/16 . red band.
Below bourrelet 5/16.
yellow band. Below
driving band 6/16"
white band. Midway on
shell 1/16" yellow
bend Is placed some-
times in lieu of the
other two mentioned
white & yellow bands.
Total weight 1.6 lbs.
Puce instantaneous impact.
Pilling
Weight of filling. . 6 . 6.4 015.
JAPANESE
MODEL 89
MORTAR GRENADE
N.E. SHELL .
Description
The body of this shell is made of throe parts. The propellant base housing
is made of steel and contains the propellant container and the propellant container
cover. A 6/6' wide copper rotating band is into it Immediately over sight
6/16 . boles. The band is held in place by 6 steel pins. The percussion primer is
contained In the base of the housing.
The slain shell bass cover is threaded to the topsection on one end and to the
propellant base housing on the other. The top emotion is of steel 6/32' thick and
has so opening in the top Into which the fuse fits.
All items of the fume are sonstruoted of brass except the firing pin, which is
steel, and the arming elemve, which is made of tinplate. A Setback spring bolds
the firing pin assembly guide up off of the arming sleeve. The arming sleeve has
two centrifugal detente within it. The striker cap enema the forward end of
the striker and the upper spring. There le a spring retainer between the two
springs.
The two-pronged safety pin passes through the fuse body immediately beneath
the firing pin assembly guide. Tho propellant is *copped of nitrocellulose
diphanylaadne flakes.
Opera tion.
This shell is fired from the Type '69 Grenade discharger. The safety pia is
removed and the shell is dropped into the open end of the discharger. Mum the
trigger mechanism of the discharger is operated, the firing pin of the discharger
nits the percussion nap, and the flash from this ignites the black powder sad then
the propellant powder. The gases generated blow through the perforations In the
base housing, expanding the copper rotating band into the rifling of the dis-
charger giving gas seal and imparting rotation to the shell. The shell can be
thrown from 140 to 700 yards depending upon the setting of the discharger.-
Setback action on firing causes the firing pin assembly guide In the fuse to
move downward compressing the setback spring and bending the three prongs OD the
arming sleeve back into lb* contour of the sleeve, thus allowing the firing pin
assembly guide to completely cover the arming sleeve. When setback ceased. the
setback spring formes the firing pin assembly guide and the arming sleeve forward
again. As anon as the arming sleeve Is clear of the centrifugal d they move
outward and the striker is free to hit the detonator upon tweet. It has been een-
eluded that the effective radius of the Shell is rather limited end the amenity
effect of nearby bursts should be small.
11
incrattgetaitt
EJECT ION
PLAT E
PAPER, IM
PREGNAT ED
WIT H SLACK
POWDER
FOIL
DIS C
RET ARDER
CUP
PROPELLANT
PRIMER
DETONATOR
JAPANESE
SMOKE
MORTAR GRENADE
SPRING
WASHERS STRIKER
IGNIT ER
MIXT URE
S MOKE
MIXT URE
S MOKE
MIXMT URE
CONT AINER
SAFETY PIN
UPPER
TIME
RING
TIME TRAIN
MOVABLE
TIME
RING
DETONATOR
POOSTER
1
.1)
c.
Leta
Overall Overall length 6-1/4 inches.
Maximum diameter b0 111K.
Color Black.
Markings On tip, 5/16" red
band. below Dour-
relet, 5/16" white
band. Just above
rotating bend,
5/16" white band.
Total weight
1.9 lbs.
Fuse
Type . 69 saall
time fuse.
Filling
Hexechlorethane
"nuke alzture.
weight of filling 1.70 o s.
APANESE
MODEL 89
MORTAR GRENADE
SMOKE SHELL
iascrlptlon
The projectile casing Is of forged steel. The noise screws onto the mein body
at point just behind the bourralet. The main body is jointed to the base with
press fit, held by four screw shear pins. The base is constructed of taro s e-
tiona, screwed together. The upper section fits Into toe main body. The lower
section is fitted with copper rotating band and contains the primer and propel-
lent charge. Tne lower section has eight holes in the base to allow the gage. to
escape into the dischargerond eight holes beneath the rotating band so that the
gases force the band into the rifling of the discharger. The smoke mixture is
held In brass cup inside the main body.
The propellant charge Is of nitrocellulose dipbenyl mina flakes.
The fut. is of pyrotechnic delay train type. The triter Is held by nafety
pin and creep spring. Settings are acquired by rotating the lower ring in relation
to the gradations in the fuse body. This positions port in the lower ring In
relation to the upper pyrotechnic train. The fuse is marked in gradation' of
hundreds of feet, not units of tine.
Operation
The safety pin Is pulled out and the shell is dropped, base first, into the
discharger. When the trigger nochaniam of the discharger is operated, Its firing
pin fires the percussion cap and tam ignite. the black powder and In turn the
propellant powder. The gases generated blow through the perforation beneath the
rotating band, expanding it into the rifting and providing gas seal. The shall
can be propelled fron'140 to 700 yards.
On setback, the striker overcomes the creep spring and Initiates the lower
powder train. This burns in clockwise direction until it reaches the pried-
juated port and then the upper train is Ignited. This burns in counter clock-
wise direction until it roaches the port In the fuse base leading to the maple.,
sive charge in the gain.. This charge ruptures the thin plate.in the bass of the
fuse gains, Ignites the smoke starter mixture, and expels the smote osuilla-rrea
the shell easing.
77

"
6022222MIEREP
/AW N" IIPAYAIWAWIPX4r.z.
tcr
rArArt4 074 WA IVA Ir a I VA PF /a k
0.
JAP ANESE MORTAR
GRENADES

INCENDIARY SHELL
7B
PRACTICE SHELL

afireziSaik
JAPANESE
lets
1
Ove rall le ngth
Me xlmum diame te
b1/4 IISIOS.
50 ma.
l.olor Aluminum.
We ight 1.25 lbs.
Pilling Potassium NItre te ,
47.7%; Aluminum,21.7%;
S ulphur, 19.9%; Anti-
mony trisulphide ,6.1%;
wax, 2.e%.
We ight of filling 0.67 lbs.
MOD.89 MORTAR GRENADE
INCENDIARY AND
PRACTICE SHELL
Le scri Dtlun
T his she ll is a cylindrical she e t me tal tube with se mi-he misphe rical nos.,
and is cove re d with a cle ar lacque r. Around the side of the gre nade are tour
silve r foil discs, e ach disc. oove ring se ve nports inthe gre nade casing. T he base
la of light me tal thre ade d to re ce ive the prope lling charge . T he prope lling charge
is of the same type as that use d with the Yode l 91 gre nade . T he charge is ignite d
by two black powde r pyrote chnic tra ins that runthrough the base of the gre nade .
T he se e re actuate d by the flash of the prope llant
- Ope ration
T he she ll le droppe d Into the discharge r base firat.14ne nthe trigge r me chanism
of the discharge r is ope rate d, the flring pinhit. the pe rcussioncap inthe pro-
pe llant charge which prope ls the she ll out of the discharge r and ignite s the de lay
traininthe base of the she ll. T his Inturnignite s the ince ndiary filling.
. -

- - .
PhACT ILE S HELL
Le ta
Ove rall le ngth 6-1/4 inche s.
Maximum the mnte r 50 mm.
'e ight 1.6 lb s.
T he practice she ll is of same outward shape and dime nsions as the E.F. she ll.
It doe . not have the re d be nd around the nose , howe ve r. as that is the .lap may of
indicating fille d she ll. T he base of the practice she ll is m a de of one part
only. T he prope lle nt base housing Is thre ade d dire ctly oh to the m a inab.11 base .
T he mainshall base is of he avie r oonstructLonthanis that of the Ii. g. Well.
79
f
80

"v
JAPANESE
MODEL 89 GRENADE DISCHARGER

dliaMIESP
Elevating
worm
Ma inspring
housing
7".7.71 1 7
MMO
Leta
Overfill length 24 inches.
Length of barrel 10 inches.
Weight 10 1/1 lbs.
Maximum flange
Model 09 Shell. . . . 770 yards.
Model 91 grenade . . . 175 yards.
Description
JA ANESE
MODEL 89
GRENADE
DISC HARGER
This 10 ma. discharger can fir, either the Model 09 shell or the Model 91 grenade.
It Is constructed of steel, pipe-like, rifled barrel which is attached to small
base. The base is curved so that it may be fitted over medium-sited tree trunk or
log. Between the barrel and the base is the trigger housing containing the tooting
end firing mechanism and range - adjusting assembly.
The discharger hem range eels on both sides of the trigger slot end the weapon
tan be eat t the desired range by turning the elevating knob. then the knob is
turned, it lengthens or shortens the distance that the trigger housing protrude@
inside the barrel of the discharger thus regulating the distance the projectile
travels through the barrel. Behind the firing pin housing is the main spring led
mainspring housing. The trigger protrudes through lengthwise slot in the pedestal
or trigger housing.
Operation
The safety pin on the shell is removed, and the shell 1
0
placed in the barrel
and allowed to drop to the firing pin housing, where it remains until fired. The
trigger is then pulled and the cogs in the trigger move the main-spring housing
forward by engaging the cogs in the front of the housing. thereby causing the
mainspring tc be comp d. As this action aaaa piece, the seer on the trigger
engages against the cocking lug on the firing pin shaft. A continued pull on the
trigger allows the sear to bacons disengaged from the cocking lug, end the oam-
pression of the mainspring, upon being , sends the firing pin forwerd sad
sets off the propellant.

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