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Proposed Syllabus

For 3 Years Evening M.Tech in Illumination Technology & Design


PAPERI:FUNDAMENTALS OF ILLUMINATION SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Light and electromagnetic radiation, sources of light- thermal radiator-blackbody radiator, laws of thermal
radiation, daylight and artificial light, spectral power distribution (SPD) of light sources.
Visual system-structure, external factors of vision, continuous adjustment- photopic, scotopic and
mesopic capabilities, perception, CIE standard observer, Glare- discomfort & disability glare.
Colorimetry trichromatic vision, RGB colour specification system, CIE 1931 XYZ colour specification
system, source colour & object colour specification, CIE standard illuminant.
Radiometric and photometric quantities, relation between Lumen and Watt, photometric standards,
Photometry measurement of luminous flux, illuminance, luminance, luminous intensity distribution.
Computation of lumen output from luminous intensity distribution of a source, computation of CCT and
CRI from CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram.
Different types of Lamps Its characteristics & Applications, Luminaire- its function and
classification,Lamp and luminaire specifications.
Basic concepts of lighting design- design objectives, design parameters, qualitative & quantitative
evaluation of lighting systems.
References :
1. Lamps and Lighting Edited by J .R.Coaton and A.M.Marsden, 4
th
Edition
Arnold
2. The Scientific Basis of Illuminating Engineering P.Moon
Dover Publications
3. Lighting for energy efficient luminous environments- Ronald N.Helms & M Clay Belcher.
Prentice Hall.
4. Fundamentals of Illumination Engineering V.V.Meshkov , Mir Publication, Russia .
5. IES Lighting Handbook IES North America.
6. Fundamentals of Illumination Engineering V.V. Meshkov, MIR Publishers Moscow
7. Light Science Rossing Chanerina, Springer



PAPER II: LIGHT SOURCES AND LUMINAIRES
Theory of light generation from incandescent, discharge and solid state sources, Materials of Lamps,
General classification of lamps & its electrical and photometric parameters, Variation of lamp parameters
with supply voltage, temperature, humidity etc, Construction of different lamps.

Functions of ballast, starter/ ignitor, Different lamp circuits and their operations,Working principle of
electronic ballast for FTL/CFL.
Luminaire- its function, mechanical stability and requirements,its enclosure and electrical, thermal,
marking, luminaire photometry, luminaire materials and manufacturing process.
Design of luminaire optics, basic optical contour, faceted reflector- steps of design, refracting elements-
lens, prisms etc.
References:
1. IES Lighting Handbook IES North America.
2.Illumination Engineering from Edison lamp to the laser J .B.Murdoch,
Macmillion Publishing company.
3.Lamps and Lighting Edited by J .R.Coaton and A.M.Marsden, 4
th
Edition ,Arnold
4. Lighting, what everyone should know M.S.N. Swamy (Pub MSN Marketing)
5. Electric Discharge Lamps J ohn F. Waymouth (Pub M.I.T. Press)
6. Designing With Light Anil Valia.










PAPER III: LIGHTING CODES & ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING SYSTEM
Indian Standards & Codes on lighting products and lighting designs, Testing of lamp, control gear &
luminaire- type test, performance test, acceptance test; electrical and photometric test of lamps and
luminaries, Luminaire Testing-IP test, mechanical test & photometric test.
IEC standards on lamps and ballasts, CIE standards on lighting applications, electronic file format of
luminaire intensity database- .ies file format.
National Lighting Code, Energy Conservation Building Code, Bureau of Energy Efficiency star- rating for
lamps.

Basics of lighting control devices, their principles of operation, Concept of energy efficient lighting system
design, design approaches & options, Lighting energy conservation measures, Concepts of daylight
integrated artificial lighting design, different design considerations-thermal, colour, visual comfort,
assessment of energy saving with daylight.
References :
1. Electrical Codes, Standards,Recommended Practices and Regulations Robert J .Alonzo
,P.E.,Elsevier.
2. IES Lighting Handbook IES North America.
3. National Lighting Code- Published by Govt of India,2011












PAPER IV: LIGHTING ECONOMICS, AUDIT & MANAGEMENT

Cost estimation of lighting systems-initial cost, running cost; economic analysis,pay back method, life
cycle cost; cost-benefit analysis of lighting system.

Fundamentals of lighting surveys and audits, measuring tools & instruments, types of surveys and audit,
techniques of collecting building information, design and use of software of lighting survey and analysis.

Energy management in illumination, Energy efficient illuminating system components, energy oriented
new and retrofit installations, Power Quality, Demand side management (DSM).
Maintenance of lighting system-indoor and outdoor, maintenance schedule, scheme, Relamping-spot and
group, Equipment and materials used for maintenance job, General guidelines on disposal of burnt out
lamps.
References:
1.Energy Management in Illumination Systems Kao Chen,CRC Press.
2.The Hand Book of Lighting Surveys and Audits J ohn L. Fetters, CRC Press.
3. Managing Energy from the Top down Christopher Russell, C.E.M., CRC Press.

4. Handbook on Energy Audit & Environment Management P.Abbi, S. J aia, Teri

5. The Lighting Management Hand book Craig DiLouie










PAPER-V : Renewable Energy based Lighting System
Different Renewable Sources of Energy - Solar, Wind, Tidal, Biomass, Geo thermal, fuel cell, human -
powered etc - Its Principles & Technical Description, Induction Generator Principle , Charging methods
from different sources Storage Battery Technologies, Charge control techniques, Principles of inverter,
dc to dc converter, Load management - energy efficient discharge lamp and different types of electronic
ballasts,LED lamps & its drivers, Wiring & Fittings, Lightning Protection, Installing, Managing, Maintaining
& Servicing off-grid systems, Sustainability & Building Design & Lighting, Integration of different sources
of Energy, Inter connection of Renewable Energy Sources with the grid.
References
1. Fundamentals of Solar Energy H.P. Gary, J ohn Wiley & Sons.
2. Integration of Alternative Sources of Energy F.A. Farret, M. G. Simoes, IEEE Press
3. Solar Energy - S.P. Sukhatime, Tata Mc. Graw Hill
4. Renewable Energy Technology, Economics & Environment M. Kaltschmitt,
W. Streicher, A. Wiese, Springer
5. Dictionary of Energy- Catler J . Cleveland & C. Morris.
6. Energy Today & Tomorrow M. Dayal, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Govt. of India.
7.Storage Batteries, George Wood Vinal, J ohn Wiky & Sons, Inc.
8.High Energ Density Lithium Batteries, Edited by K. E. Aifantis, S. A. Hackney, R.V. Kumar,ETC.
.Terrestrial Solar Photovoltaics Tapan Bhattacharya, Narosa.
9.Generating Electricity in a Carbon Constrained World Edited by Fereidoon P. Sioshansi,
Academic Press.
10.Stand Alone Solar Electric System Mark Hankins, Earthscar.
11.Solid state Ionics for Batteries T. Minami, Springer
12.Building Integrated Photovoltaics a handbook Simon Roberts, NicoloGuariento, Birkhauser.
13. Sustainable Building, Design Manual, 1 & 2 ICAEN
14.Ecohouse : A Design Guide S. Roof, M. Fuentes & S. Thomas, Elseveir
15. Sustainable Energy Systems Engg. Dr. P. Gevorkian, M.C. Graw
16. Environmentally conscious Alternative Energy Production M. Kutz, J ohn Wiley & SanInc
17. Prom Sunlight to Electricity S. Sinha, A. Shukla, N. Hazarika, Winrock International
18. Participatory Rural Energy Planning P. Malhotra, S. Dutta, V. Ramana, P. Teri
19. Industrial Applications of Batteries M. Broussely & G. Pistoia, Elseveir. D. Meschede
20.Storage Batteries G.W. VINAL, (Pub J ohn Willey & Sons, N.Y.







PAPER VI: Indoor Lighting Design
Lighting Field of Luminaires ,Practical Coordinate System , Concept of Coefficients of Utilization (COU)
in different luminaries,Calculation of COU by using COU table, Algorithm for development of COU tables,
problems of COU calculations, Average illuminance calculations by Zonal Cavity Method, Determination
of effective Cavity Reflectances and COU, Determination of effective Cavity Reflectance for non-
horizontal ceilings & coffered ceilings, calculation of illuminance at a point from point source, linear
source, area source , calculation of vertical surface illuminance at a point-,reflected illuminance
calculation; introduction to basic lighting layout,Spacing Criteria,Problems on layout , Glare Calculation,
Non-planar illuminance & its application in indoor lighting design.

References:
1. Applied Illumination Engineering, Second Edition, J ack L Lindsey, Prentice Hall.
2. Lighting Engineering Applied Calculations R. H. Simons & A.R. Bean, Architectural Press.
3. Philips Lighting Manual
4. Principles of Lighting Course 2000 J ulian ( Department of Architecture & Design Science)
University of Sydney
5. Interior Lighting Boer, Fischer, Pub Philips Technical Library














PAPER VII Laser Animation & Creative Lighting
Fundamentals of Laser & its application , Laser Hazards , General Rules for Laser Safety, Laser
Classifications , Laser Projection Systems ,Connecting Laser for Projection , Power Unit Connection ,
Water Connection , Connecting Laser to Animation Program , Laser Art, Animation and Atmospheric ,
Selecting a Theme, Building a Storyboard , Drawing Art Graphics Animation , Recording with Music
or Sound Effects , Adding Atmospherics , Projecting on Flat Screen , Projecting on Water Screen ,
Diffraction Gratings , Projecting with Live Action , Water as Rear Projection 3D Screen , Projecting with
Video Images , Laser Safety During Running a Show , Laser Maintenance.

Concepts and techniques of Creative Lighting ,Light & Perception , Conventional Lighting Moving
Luminaires, Lighting Consoles, Lighting Trusses & Grids ,Color Mixing, Practical Application of Colored
Light , Style in lighting -Conceptualization, Design Research, Image of light & Lighting Key , Lighting
System setup Procedure ,Plotting the Design.
References :
1 .Fundamentals of Light Sources and Lasers, Csele, Mark (2004) Wiley,. ISBN 0-471- 47660-9
2. Solid-State Laser Engineering, Koechner, Walter (1992). 3rd ed., Springer-Verlag. ISBN
0-387-53756-2
3 Lasers, University Science Books, Siegman, Anthony E. (1986). ISBN 0-935702-11-3
4.Laser Fundamentals, Silfvast, William T. (1996), Cambridge University Press.ISBN 0-521-55617-1
5.Lasers: Principles and Applications, Prentice Hall International Series in Optoelectronics, Wilson, J .
& Hawkes, J .F.B. (1987). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-523697-5
6.Laser Dynamics Thomas Erneux & Pierre Glorieux, Cambridge.
7.The Light Fantastic - A Modern Introduction to Classical and Quantam Optics Ian R. Kenyon,
Oxford.
8.Designing with Light J . M. Gillette, Mayfield Publishing Company.
9.Concert Sound and Lighting Systems J ohn Vasey, Focal Press.
10.Stage Lighting Richard Dunham, Allyn & Bacen.
11.Concert Lighting Dr. J ames L. Moody, ED. D. Focal Press.
12.Discovery Stage Lighting Fancis Reid, Focal Press.


PAPER VIII: OUTDOOR & LANDSCAPE LIGHTING
Basic Parameters required for Road Lighting Design, calculation of illuminance at a point on road surface
by using computer generated Iso-lux diagram of a luminaire , evaluation of a Road lighting design by
using nine-point method ,Design basics of floodlighting of buildings and areas ,Role of Computer in
Lighting design, advantages and limitations of Computer Aided Lighting design.
Roadlighting road classifications according to BIS, pole arrangements, terminology, lamp & luminaire
selection, calculation of road surface luminance, calculation of TI(Threshold increment), glare control
mark, measure of visibility, tabular & graphical methods, isoluminance diagram different design
procedures , beam lumen method, point-by-point method, isolux diagram method; tunnel lighting.

Arealighting- selection of floodlights, NEMA classifications, design procedure, Sportslighting- special
lighting requirements for football, cricket, badminton ground , BIS recommendation, selection criteria of
lamp and luminaire, design considerations, design procedure. Introduction to Facade & security Lighting.

Landscape Lighting -principles, concepts and techniques of landscape lighting- both exterior and interior,
natural light & artificial light, landscape perception, selection of lamp and lighting equipment, luminous
signal, operation & maintenance, creating nocturnal landscape, elements of landscape lighting design-
plant materials, sculptures etc., Lighting and response of plants, terrarium lighting, environmental
concerns in outdoor lighting.
Refernces:
1. Light Pollution Handbook (Part-I & II) Kohei Narisada & Duco Schreuder , Springer
2. Lighting for Driving: Roads, Vehicles, Signs and Signals- Peter R. Boyce , CRC Press
3. Philips Lighting Manual
4.The Landscape Lighting Book J .L. Moyer, J ohn Wily & Sons
5.Lighting the Landscape R. Narboni, Birkhanser

6.Lighting zone city C. V. Santen, Birkhanser

7.Light for Cities U. Brandi & G. Brandi, Birkhanser

8.Light Pollution : The global view H.E. Schwarj, Kluber Academy, C Publisher

9.Automotive Lighting & Human Vision, B. Wordonweber, J . Walla schek, P. Boyee, D.D.
Hoffmen Springer

10.LightPollutionHandbook(PartI)&(PartII)Narisada,Schreuder,Springer(Publisher)



PAPER-IX Lighting Power Conditioning Monitoring & Control
Lighting Control Strategies, Techniques & Equipments; Sensors & Timers; Switching Controls, Lighting
Panels, Dimmable ballast Dimming Methods & Controls, Switches vs dimming control algorithm , Impact
of Lighting Control, Protocols for Lighting Control (Analog, DALI, DMX, ACN, RDM)and Ancillary
Enablers, Lighting Control Consoles, Lighting Control by computer ,simple multichannel control and large
multichannel control, Architectural Building lighting Control System , Centralized vs Distributed system ,
Status monitoring, fault monitoring, electrical Load monitoring and Lamp Life monitoring system ,
Applications, Daylight Harvesting Control System, Harmonics , Electromagnetic Interference in Lighting
Systems , its measurement & suppression techniques,
References
1. Electricity for the Entertainment Electrician & Technician Richard Cadena, Focal Press.
2. Automated Lighting Richard Cadena, Focal Press.
3. Lighting Control Hand book Craig Dilovie, CRC Press.


Or


Paper-IX Daylighting Design and Analysis
The daylight and sunlight resource, Day-lighting concepts, designing side-lighting concepts,
designing top-lighting concepts,designing atria, light courts and sun control , planning for daylight.
Daylight availability data, Daylighting analysis, lumen input method, daylight factor method, flux
transfer method, physical scale model study,Lighting integration-daylighting / electric lighting
integration.
References:
1. Daylight Design of Buildings - Nick Bakes, Koen Stemers , Pub J ames & J ames (Science
Publishers) Ltd.
2. Daylight Performance of Buildings Edited by Marc Fontoynout
3. Daylighting Natural Light in Architecture, Derek Philips Architectural Press
4. Dynamic Daylighting Architecture : Basics, Systems, Projects Helmut Koster
5. Daylight Science & Daylighting Technology Kitter, Richard, Koafay, Miroslow, Springer.





PAPER X: Lighting & Architecture
Functional and aesthetic aspects of lighting - Offices, Residences, Hotels, Hospitals, Restaurants, Malls,
Museum Lighting, Heritage buildings and sensitive areas like artifacts and fragile paintings, Project
scope, Spatial factors, Psychological & Psychological factors, Task factors, Lighting patterns and forms,
Human reaction to light, Color application, Environmental impression, Daylight Technology, Task
Ambient lighting, Systems of Lighting Guidance, New Retro Technology, Night time Architecture, Design
Tools, Schematic Layout for the typical cases.
References:
1. Architectural Lighting - by Prafulla C. Sorcar
For Commercial Interiors - A Wiley - Interscience Publication - J ohn Wiley & Sons
2. International Lighting Design - J eremy Myerson
Lawrence King (J ennifer Hudson)
3. Architectural Lighting Design
2
nd
Edition by Gary Steffy
4. Lighting Modern Buildings - Derek Phillips - Architectural Press
5. The Art of Light & Architecture - M. Major, J . Speirs, A. Tischhanser Birkhanser
6. Light book U. Brandi, C.G. Brandi, Birkhanser
7. Dynamic Day lighting Architecture Basics, Systems Projects H. Koster, Birkhanser
Or
PAPER X: LIGHTING & BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
Optical Radiation- Ultra Violet(UV), Visible(VIS), Infrared(IR); Effects of UV,VIS and IR on human eye,
skin, practical considerations; bio-optical properties of human skin; simulations in health & life sciences,
phototherapy with non-lighting lamps.
Biological, physiological, and psychological aspects of light, the impact of light on human life-cognitive
science.
The circadian system-its structure, characteristics, effects of light exposure on it, effect of light on human
alertness, effect of dynamic lighting on productivity, shift work, jetlag.
Light operating through visual system and through circadian system.
Effects on Microorganism- germicidal UV radiation. Insect response - Decoy lamp and Insect trap,effect
on plant- plant response, plant lighting, green house and growth room photoperiod lighting, maximum
lighting.
References:
1. Human Factors in Lighting Peter R. Boyce, Taylor & Francis.
2. Light & Skin Interactions Gladimir V.G. Baranoski Aravind Krishna swami, Morgan Kaufun.
3. Lighting for health and safety N.A.Smith, Butterworth-Heimann.
4. Luminescence (Science for Every one) N.N. Barashkov, MIR Publishers, Moscow