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Q=input('enter the value of kVA rating');%in our case-125kVA;

f=input('enter nominal frequency');%may be use to design pulse transformer


V1=11;%primary voltage in kV
k=0.45; %for 3 phase core type distribution transformer
Et=k*sqrt(Q);
phim=Et/(4.44*f);
Bm=input('enter the value of magnetic flux density');
Ai=1e6*phim/Bm;%net iron area in mm2
d=sqrt(Ai/0.6); %diametr of circumscribing circle{Ai=0.6*d^2(for 3 stepped)}
a=0.9*d;%width of largest stamping
kw=10/(30+V1);%window space factor for rating 50-200 kVA
cd=input('enter the value of current density (A/mm2)');
Aw=Q*1e6/(3.33*f*Bm*kw*cd*1e6*Ai*1e-6*0.001); %Q=3.33*f*Bm*kw*cd*Aw*Ai*0.001
Aw=window area in mm2
k1=input('enter the ratio of window height to window width i.e. Hw/Ww');%vary
from 2-4
Ww=round((Aw/k1)^0.5); %Aw=Hw*Ww=ki*Ww^2 width of window in mm
Hw=round(k1*Ww)%height of window in mm
Dis=Ww+d%distance b/w adjacent limbs
Ay=1.2*Ai%area of yoke{taken larger than limb so that flux is reduced in
yoke}
Agy=Ay/0.9%stacking factor=0.9
Dy=a%taking yoke as rectangular
Hy=Agy/Dy%height of yoke
H=Hw+2*Hy %overall height
W=2*Dis+a%overall width
V2=400 %secondary line voltage
V2ph=V2/sqrt(3) %secondary per phase voltage
Ts=V2ph/Et %turns per phase
I2=Q*1000/(3*V2ph) %secondary phase current
a2=I2/cd %area of secondary conductor in mm2

%standard area=79.1mm2 size of wire are 20*4mm and 25*3.2mm and the thickness
of
%insulation is taken as 1mm.
%If we take Hw/Ww=3, then
% If we use 20*4mm strip it doesn't effectively fit in the window using
two
% layer helical winding, that's why we use 25*3.2mm strip and three layer
% winding

%If we take Hw/Ww=4, then
% we get clearance on each side = 2mm, but the minimum clearance
% required is 6mm, that's why we are not using the Hw/Ww=4 with 2-layer
winding
cdn=I2/79.1 % new current density acc. to standard size.
Ns=V2/(1.731*Et) %no. of turns per phase on secondary winding
Nsl=round((Ns/3)+1) %no. of turns per phase per layer in secondary winding
thcs=Nsl*25.1 %total height of conductor in one layer of secondary
clrs=(Hw-thcs)/2 %clearance on each side of the layer

%clearance is within standard limits

%pressboard of 0.5mm is used between three layers and of 1.5mm between core
%and first layer thus total width of the winding is
IDs=d+(2*1.5)
rds=(3*3.3)+(2*0.5)% radial depth
ODs=2*((3*3.3)+(2*0.5)+1.5)+d % outer diameter of secondary winding in window

%design of high voltage winding
Tp=V1*1000/Et % primary turns per phase
Tp5=1.05*Tp; %for +-5% tappings

% We are employing total of 8 coils of primary winding and each coil has 24
layers
Tpc=round(Tp5/8) %turns per coil
Tpl=Tpc/24 % turns per layer
maximum_voltage_btw_layers=2*Tpl*Et

%maximum_voltage_btw_layers is below the allowable limit

I1=Q*1000/(3000*V1) %primary current per phase
cdp=2.5 % current density on primary side is larger due to better cooling
a1=I1/cdp %
Dc=sqrt(4*a1/3.14) % diameter of bare conductor

%we are using paper covered conductors for high voltage winding
% so for given diameter the standard value of diameter of 1.4mm with fine
% covering is 1.575mm

a1n=3.14*(1.4^2)/4 % modified area
cdpn=I1/a1n % new current density

% 10mm space is employed betweeen adjacent coils so
thcp=Tpl*8*1.575+8*10 %total height of conductor in one layer of primary
clrp=(Hw-thcp)/2 % clearance. This is used by insulation and bracing

% Radial insulation is done with paper of 0.3 mm thick
thl= 10 % thickness_of_insulation_between_HV_and_LV_winding in mm
IDp=round(ODs+2*thl)
rdp=24*1.575+23*0.3 % radial depth of coil
ODp=round(ODs+2*thl+2*(24*1.575+23*0.3)) % outer diameter of primary
clearance_bw_adjacent_HVwindings=Dis-ODp

% RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT
mdp=(ODp+IDp)/2 % mean diameter
lmtp=3.14*mdp/1000 % length of mean turn of primary winding in meters
Rp=Tp*0.021*lmtp/a1n %resistance at 75"C

mds=(ODs+IDs)/2
lmts=3.14*mds/1000
Rs=Ts*.021*lmts/a2

R=Rp+Rs*(Tp/Ts)^2 % total R referred to primary
Rpu=I1*R/(V1*1000)

%LEAKAGE REACTANCE
mdw=(ODp+IDs)/2 % mean diameter of winding
lmtw=3.14*mdw/1000 %length of mean turn of winding
hw=(thcs+thcp)/2 %height of winding
X=2*3.14*f*4*3.14*1e-7*(Tp^2)*(lmtw/hw)*(thl+(rdp+rds)/3)*1e-3 % referred to
primary
Xpu=I1*X/(V1*1000)
Zpu=sqrt((Rpu^2)+(Xpu^2))

%REGULATION
puRu=Rpu %per unit regulation at unity pf
puRl=Rpu*0.8+Xpu*0.6 % per unit regulation at lagging pf

%LOSSES
ohmloss=3*(I1^2)*R
%taking stray losses to be 15% of ohmic losses
TOL=1.15*ohmloss % total ohmic loss

%density of laminations=7.6*1e3 kg/m3
Wtl=3*Ai*Ww*1e-9*7.6*1e3 % weight of limbs
% Bm in limbs=1.3Wb/m2 so specific core loss=2 W/kg
corelossl=2*Wtl % core loss in limbs

Wty=2*W*Ay*1e-9*7.6*1e3
% Bm in yoke=1.1Wb/m2 so specific core loss=1.2 W/kg
corelossy=1.2*Wty

TCL=corelossl+corelossy %total core loss


%EFFICIENCY
TLfl=TOL+TCL % total loss at full load
eff=(Q*1000)/(Q*1000+TLfl) % efficiency at unity pf and full load

%for max efficiency
max_eff_occurs_at_this_load=sqrt(TCL/TOL)*100

















OUTPUT

enter the value of kVA rating125
enter nominal frequency50
enter the value of magnetic flux density1.3
enter the value of current density (A/mm2)2.3
enter the ratio of window height to window width i.e. Hw/Ww3

Hw =

420


Dis =

310.4551


Ay =

2.0920e+004


Agy =

2.3244e+004


Dy =

153.4096


Hy =

151.5156


H =

723.0313


W =

774.3198


V2 =

400


V2ph =

230.9401


Ts =

45.9020


I2 =

180.4220


a2 =

78.4443


cdn =

2.2809


Ns =

45.9299


Nsl =

16


thcs =

401.6000


clrs =

9.2000


IDs =

173.4551


rds =

10.9000


ODs =

195.2551


Tp =

2.1864e+003


Tpc =

287


Tpl =

11.9583


maximum_voltage_btw_layers =

120.3284


I1 =

3.7879


cdp =

2.5000


a1 =

1.5152


Dc =

1.3893


a1n =

1.5386


cdpn =

2.4619


thcp =

230.6750


clrp =

94.6625


thl =

10


IDp =

215


rdp =

44.7000


ODp =

305


clearance_bw_adjacent_HVwindings =

5.4551


mdp =

260


lmtp =

0.8164


Rp =

24.3625


mds =

184.3551


lmts =

0.5789


Rs =

0.0071


R =

40.5009


Rpu =

0.0139


mdw =

239.2275


lmtw =

0.7512


hw =

316.1375


X =

0.1278


Xpu =

4.4014e-005


Zpu =

0.0139


puRu =

0.0139


puRl =

0.0112


ohmloss =

1.7433e+003


TOL =

2.0048e+003


Wtl =

55.6460


corelossl =

111.2920


Wty =

246.2161


corelossy =

295.4593


TCL =

406.7513


TLfl =

2.4116e+003


eff =

0.9811


max_eff_occurs_at_this_load =

45.0429