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Tugas Bahasa Inggris Profesi

Oleh :

Apri Dwi Sulistio (12130220 )
Muhammad Reza Pratama (1213022036)
Nina Rosita (12130220 )
Rita Laras (12130220 )


Number Terminologi
of physics
Definition Sentence
1. Wave vibrations that propagate. The waves can be
according to the
Medium and direction
of propagation
According to the
medium wave is
divided into two,
namely: Mechanic
Wave and

2. Measurement
the activity of compare to
a quantity is measured
with a measuring device
that is used as a unit.

you perform
measurement activities
lenght table with a
pencil. In the event
you compare the
length of the table with
the length of a pencil.

3. Stopwatch Stopwatch is a tool that is
used to measure the
length of time required in
the activity.

Stopwatch there are
two types of analog
and digital.

4. Meter Meter is a unit of length
Long table in the
classroom which is 1.5

5. Unit Unit is a comparable in
magnitude measurement.
Unit of length is the
meter scale.

6. Observer Observers are people who
are making observations.

Observer is watching
the events of

7. The Metric
The metric system is an
international system of
units of measurement

Metric system for
units of length: meter
8. International
System (SI)
International System (SI)
is the system unit or the
amount of the most
commonly used.

The unit of mass in
International System
(SI) is the kilogram.
9. Time Time is a quantity that
indicates the length of an
event taking place.

Time in physics can be
formulated by
displacement devided
by velocity.

10. Microwaves Microwaves are waves of
electromagnetic the
frequency of super high
(Super High Frequency,
SHF), which is above 3
GHz (3x10 9 Hz).

Microwaves are also
used in radar.
11. Frequency frequency is number of
vibrations that occur in
one second.
The frequency of the
vibration will be
undertaken within 0.5
second which is 4 hz

12. Radiation Radiation is energy
emitted by a material or
space in the form of hot.
Television one
electronic device that
emits radiation.

13. Length The length is the distance
between two points in
In the SI units of
length are meters (m).

14. Wave-length the distance between two
waves of energy, or the
length of the radio wave
used by a particular radio
station for broadcasting
Wave-lengths having
inverse relationship
fastene, againt
frequency the apex to
pass a given point in a
given time.

15. Speed of light the speed at which light
travels in a vacuum; the
constancy and
universality of the speed
of light is recognized by
defining it to be exactly
299,792,458 meters per

Speed of light is 3 x
16. Mass Mass is a measure of the
amount of matter in a
body by the bladder
An instrument used for
measuring the mass is
usually scale

17. Magnitude Magnitude is everything
that can be measured,
counted have a value and
Physical quantities are
obtained from the
magnitudes of

18. Perpendicular specialized at an angle
of 90 to another line or
The wheel rotates
about an axis which is
perpendicular to the

19. Displacement Displacement is the
prosses of reducing the
speed of a moving
The displacement was
formulated by the
position of the end- the
position of first.

20. Force Force is power in physics
is the rate of energy is
delivered or the work
done per unit of time.
In unit international
(SI) a unit of power
watts (d) or parcase
joule per second (J/s)

21. Unit vectors Unit vectors is a vector
has a length of 1 unit of
The vector unit serves
to indicate a direction
in space.

22. Scalar Something that has size
but no direction, such as a
quantity, distance, speed
or temperature
In physics, a scalar is a
quantity that can be
describe with a
number (whether it be
without dimensions, or
in a physical quantity).

23. Dot product Geometrically, the
dot product of two vectors
is the magnitude of one
times the projection of the
second onto the first.

The symbol used to
represent this
operation is a small
dot at middle height
( ), which is where the
name "dot product"
comes from.

24. Cross product Geometrically, the cross
product of two vectors is
the area of the
parallelogram between
The symbol used to
represent this
operation is a large
diagonal cross (),
which is where the
name "cross product"
comes from.

25. Magnetic
an area around a magnet
or something magnetic, in
which its power to attract
objects to itself can be felt
Magnetic field sciene,
physics is a field
formed with move
electric charge
(electric current)
causing the appearance
of force in an electrical
charge moving other.

26. Electric
The electric potential at a
point is equal to the
electric potential energy
(measured in joules) of
any charged particle at
that location divided by
the charge (measured in
coulombs) of the particle.

Electric potential,
including setting the
amount of scalars and
mathematizable can be
27. Angular
is a measure of the
amount of rotation an
object has, taking into
account its mass, shape
and speed.
Momentum anguler is
the value of a vecto
where the direction of
1 perpendicular
direction r, while the
amount of the fixed.

28. Torque a force which causes
something to rotate
Unit for torque is
international in
feet/lbs, feet-pounds,
or Newtonmeter (Nm)

29. Kilograms A unit of mass equal to
1000 grams
An object which has a
mass of one kilogram
will weighs between
9,78 newton and 9,83

30. Unit prefixes A unit prefix is a specifier
or mnemonic that is
prepended to units of
measurement to indicate
multiples or fractions of
the units.

For example, the
prefix kilo-,
abbreviated k, always
means a unit larger by
a factor of 1000.

31. Physical
A physical quantity is a
physical property of a
phenomenon, body, or
substance, that can be
We use equations to
express relationships
among physical
quantities, represented
quantified by

by algebraic symbols.

32. Acceleration Acceleration is the rate of
change of velocity as a
function of time.
Negative accelerations
try to get the objects to
move towards the left,
positive accelerations
towards the right.

33. Position This is precisely where an
object is located.
Displacement is
simply a change in the
position of an object.

34. Decelaration a rate of decrease in
Since the car
approaching a traffic
light, the car

35. British Units These units are used only
in the
United States and a few
other countries, and in
most of these they are
being replaced
by SI units.
British units are now
officially defined in
terms of SI units, as
Force: 1 pound =
newtons (exactly)

36. Equation Equation means a formula
who discovered by
scienctist from several

equations of motion is
v = v
+ at
37. Direction An object which moving
uniform or irregular to
one place.
Speedometer shows
only the magnitude of
velocity but not the

38. Significant
The figure obtained from
measurement is called
significant figure.

256.56 m has five
significant figures.
39. Uncertainty a parameter, associated
with the result of a
measurement, that
characterizes the
dispersion of the values
that could reasonably be
attributed to the
A vernier caliper
which has 0.01 mm as
its least scale has the
uncertainty value of
0.005 mm.

40. Temperature Temperature is a
measurement of the
average kinetic energy of
the molecules in an object
or system and can be
measured with a
thermometer or a

SI Unit sof
temperature is Kelvin
41. Density The density of a material
is the mass per unit
The SI unit of density
is kg/m

42. Velocity Velocity is obtained by
dividing distance by time

A car moves with
velocity of 72 km/jam
43. Scalar
A scalar quantity is a one
dimensional measurement
of a quantity
Example for scalar
quantity are mass,
time, length, area,
power etc.

44. Vector
a quantity that has both
magnitude and direction
Example for vector
quantity are
direction, velocity etc.

45. Radius Is diameter of a circle
devide 2.

A circle have a radius
5 cm.
46. Measure
Is a non-negative
parameter characterizing
the dispersion of the
values attributed to a
measured quantity.
Relative uncertainty is
the measurement
uncertainty divided by
the measured value.

47. Distances A measure of how far an
object has travelled from
its starting poitnt, or how
far a way it is.

Distance laboratorum
physics with the
library is 500 meters.

48. Micrometer an extremely precise
measuring instrument; the
reading error is 1/200 mm
= 0.005 mm.

Micrometers are also
used in telescopes or
microscopes to
measure the apparent
diameter of celestial
bodies or microscopic

49. Speed a scalar quantity that
refers to how fast an
object is moving.

Galileo defined speed
as the distance covered
per unit of time.
50. Caliper is an extremely precise
measuring instrument; the
reading error is 1/20 mm
= 0.05 mm.

The earliest caliper has
been found in
the Greek Giglio wrec
k near
the Italian coast.
51. Accuracy the nearness of a
measurement to the
standard or true value
i.e., a highly accurate
measuring device will
provide measurements
very close to the standard,
true or known values.

in target shooting a
high score indicates
the nearness to the
bull's eye and is a
measure of the
shooter's accuracy.
52. Diameter Is (the length of) a
straight line that reaches
from one point on the
edge of a round shape or
object, through its centre,
to a point on the opposite
edge .

Diameter of a tube is 5
53. Speedometer An instrument for
indicating speed and
distance traveled as well
as rate of speed.

Charles Babbage is
credited with creating
an early type of a
speedometer, which
were usually fitted

54. Scientic
a way of writing numbers
that are too big or too
small to be conveniently
written in decimal form.
Scientific notation has
a number of useful
properties and is
commonly used in
calculators and by
mathematicians and

55. Unit
There are two unit
consistency in MKS and

One of unit
consistency is MKS,
where M = meter, K =
kilogram, and S =

56. Conversions the change in a quantity's
numerical value as a
result of using a different
unit of measurement.

Km/h can be
conversion to m/s.
57. Dimensionally
Dimensionally Consistent
means that the units on
both sides of an equation
are equivalent as well as
each term also have same
Verifying dimensional
consistency is often
called checking the
units, and is a
powerful technique for
uncovering errors in

58. Molecule is an electrically neutral
group of two or
moreatoms held together
bychemical bonds.

The molecule of water
is H
59. Particle a particle is a
smalllocalized object to
which can be ascribed
severalphysical or chemic
al properties such
as volume ormass.

milk is a liquid with
many particles of fat
suspended in it
60. Discharge The volume of fluid
flowing along a pipe or a
channel in unit time.

Discharge in physics
formulated by volume
devided by time.